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ft Jri ' -
How to Have Lots of Enjoyment With
a Home-Made Coaster.
A rOPULAfi AMERICAN BPOET.
Toloffganlng on Dry Land, on Enow and on
A B1SDWICD ISLANDER'S IIYEITI03
W JU1TJLX FOB TBX DISPATCH. 1
The toboggan may now be fairly ranked
u a. representative American amusement
It has been claimed by more than one no
table writer "on sports that it ii essentially of
Indian origin, and therefore may be classed
as a purely" American phase of sport It is
a representative' s"phrt among the best known
nations, although no other civilized nation
than onr own makes n- leading feature of it,
or carries it to inch perfection.
The earliest mention of the primitive to
boggan is found in theTiistsrv of the inbab
itants of the Sandwich Islands, in the Pa
cific Ocean. The game arpracticed by them
ras called holne, and was undoubtedly the
forerunner of the coaster and toboggan slide.
It was participated in by seTeral players,
each of whom was iarnished with a kind of
sleigh called a papa. This was composed
of n eonnle of rather narrow, runners.
varying froni.7 to.18 feet in Jength, accord
ing to the skill and caprice 01 tne piayer.me
runners being made of hard, sound, seasoned
wood, about three inches in thickness, and
curved up at one end so as not to catch
in the pronnd. and to better enable the
sleigh to rise over small obstacles en-
JTative of the -Sandwich island Tobogganing.
countered in the "run," or slide. A curious
point of construction, however, was that
these runners were not placed In a parallel
position like those on a sleigh, but diverged
.ltltl .t fh. n. .nd tuiinfr nhnnt fipvpn
inches apart and converged at the front
wnere tney inrnea np, unui wty were wnu
iu two inches of each other. The idea was
'to render the sleigh more easy of guidance.
These runners are bridged across with nieces
of board to render them rigid, and the
bridges were covered with a mat of native
THE KBSX TOBOGGAN SLIDES.
To form a slide the side of a steep moun
tain was chosen, and a narrow trench cnt
extending from tne summit to tne oase, ana
frranentlv a mil; or more noon the flat, the
distance varying according to the nature of
the su.' ounding country, xnis irencn was
nlwa kept clear of jregetaiipn when not in
nieand coulif ueplainly seen from a con
siderable diet-.- ce. When the season came
lor the came the trench was lined with dried
Trasses so as to make the sleighs run faster.
The players assembled at the top of tho
mountain and one of them, drawing baek
some little distance from the trench, raised
bis sleigh in his bands, and, running at full"
speed, tbr-w himself bodily into the trench
with his sleigh underneath him. Falling
upon tht slippery, dry grass, it shot lorward
down the" incline at a terrific pace. As the
angle was frequently as high as 40 to 45,
it is a matter of wonder that scores ol riders
were not killed in that headlong flight.
The art of balancing-upon the converging
runners was a delicate one. If a plajer
overbalanced himself or was nnable to keep
straight in the trench he was lucky to
escape serious injury. The frail convey
ance was frequently smashed to pieces, the
rider thrown several feet in the air and sent
rolling down the incline with very few
chances of stopping himself and every
possible chance of fracturing his skull.
'The winner was the man who traveled the
fastest. So excited did the players become
that they frequently wagered their huts,
their lands everything they possessed, even
to their wives and children, on the result or
the sport. Cases are recorded where, 60
years ago, men who had lost everything else
staked their own bones, to be made into
fishhooks and arrow heads alter their death.
This pastime had existed for centuries
among these people, and the history of its
eventiul introduction into America and its
subsequent development is very interesting.
The first use of the toboggan in this country
One Way of Doing IU
-is said to have been as a hand-sleigh used
by "tht Indians when on snow-shoes, on
-which to pact tbeir pelts. These sleighs
-'were nsed extensively in the early wars oe
tween the French, English and Indians,
(and were found invaluable in transporting
.camp baggage through the northern wilds.
THE INDIAST ODA-BOGCAN.
" i-'Frenoh -writers call them the train
' ' - jaauvage, but the Indian name was oda-
"-fc'-Jr.Vrtire.an. Th r1pic.1i was turned nn nt hnth
cuds, while the modern one tnrns np at one
,cnd only. Sixty years, ago the British
officers at Montreal emulated the pacific
islanders by sliding on these odaboggans
-down the slopes of Mount Boyal, and the
-pastime, becoming popular, spread until it
finally crossed, the Canadian line and lo-
; catedat Saratoga, K. Y., which may aptly
be termed the "home of" the toboggan,"
Here was erected the first artificial slide,
- which still ranks as one of the finest in the
country, although many others have been
erected at greater expense by elnbs and pri-
.Any ingenious person can make a modern
toboggan at a trifling cost, and can have
considerable fun with it, wherever there Is
-inill and plenty of snow. To make one,
"take a piece of white oak, iron wood or
hickory, 16 to 20 inches wide, a quarter of
an inch thick and one foot longer than the
height of the maker. Seven round strips
of hard wood, one inch in diameter and ot
the same length as the width of the main
TIank, are the next item. Then, two strips
t hard wood lonr feet long and one inch
square (or round) and a number of leather
thongs -shoe, laces will do)-coniplete the
inventory. Lr the seven (trips of hard
-wood across the inaio plank, 12-inches apart,
.and the first one' a. few inches from the "end.
Then, st richt aniles to form a kind of lee
w- fcoard or, tail alonj theadge of the tobog-J
tan. lav ftlikMLWSMnrJbutJjBrjfcst
length. . ,
A SERVICEABLE COASTER.
Select the end to form the tail of your
toboggan, and bore two small holes in each
of the corners ot the main plank and two
more near each of the ends of thefoor-foot
rails. Now, with the leather thongs tie the
first cross-piece on the main plank and the
four-foot piece firmly to the main plank,
with the knotson the top, cutting a slight
groove for the under loop of the string to
run in, so as to prevent it wearing away,
and. taking care not to cut it too large or
too deep, and so lorm a roughness to act
like a mild brake upod the speed when
iw mii f t"
Sections of Home-ilade Toboggan,
finished. Prepare In precisely the same
way the -pieces at the other end of the
four-foot pieces, and then similarly bind in
the cross-pieces between the ties now se
cured. Tbe-remaining cross-pieces may now
be fastened forward, placing the last one on
the under side, so that the curl will bring it
on top. If the board is not too thick it may.
sometimes be bent by simply using leather
thongs; but the most satisfactory way is to
steam it, by building a fire under a large
kettle of water and holding the end desired
to be bent in the steam, or even plunging it
into the boiling water. Then, if the end be
placed upon the ground and the opposite end
raised, it will bend little by little to the de
sired shape, when it cau be secured by
thongs or wire.
This is the most serviceable form of a to
boggan for ordinary rough work down a
hill-side, or on an improvised or badly
finished track. For high speed upon n perfectly-laid
slide a new idea was evolved last
season. This was to build the toboggan
of as light wood as was consistent with the
weight to be carried, and then to attach to
the under side thin runners of hard wood,
which decreased the amonnt of irictional
resistance and added considerably to the
speed. This principle would prove a disad
vantage on any but a perfect slide.
The art of steering a toboggan is one that
can only be gained by practice, and had
best be learned on a "bob" sled. The prin
ciple is to drag the leg at the rear of the
conveyance and steer it as one would steer a
boat or drive a horse, extending the leg on
the side toward which it is- desired the head
of the toboggan should turn.
A SUMMEB TOBOGOAN SLIDE.
So popular has this sport become in win
ter that a modification of it will be adopted
next snmmer at Fort Hamilton, Ii. L, and
Ocean Grove, K. J. At both of these places
a long, solid slide will be built, extending
from the land over into the water, the end of
it being slightly above the water line, so as
to insnre the toboggan clearing the slide in
its run. Not having the smooth surface of
the snow or ice to produce speed and easy
transit, the flooring of the slide is to be
fitted with a number of small iron wheels
four feet abreast, and each row about two
feet apart over the entire length of the slide.
The toboggan is intended to be of the usnal
shape and will run rapidly over these rollers
to the water, turning over as it reaches it
and upsetting the riders in- all directions.
A trial of this idea this summer proved so
successful that a leading feature will be
mede of it at these two resorts.
Still another form of a water toboggan, to
be used next summer on Lake George, is
one that will not necessitate the wearing of
bathing costumes. The toboggan will be
built-in the form of a boat, which will run
in a slide having a deep groove in it, and
with rimilar wheels to those already de-
Steering the American Home-Madc Toboggan,
scribed for the keel to run on and along the
sides. The upper part of the slide will nave
quite an incline to get up the necessary
speed, but the lower end will rnn almost flat
for some distance before it reaches the water,
so as to reduce the danger of the water run
ning into the bow and wetting the occu
pants. The projector of this scheme expects
to make it unusually popular, and guaran
tees that when- the boat leaves the slide it
will shoot forward into the lake to a great
distance. To obtain this result the bottom
of the boat is hnilt upon a new form, calcu
lated to offer the least possible surface re
sistance to the water. "Wilf. P. Poud.
Tbs Limited Ft fllnll.
The Union Facifio Bailway, the Overland
rente, has just put on a limited fast mail
train to carry the United States mail be
tween Council Bluffs and San Francisco and
Portland. This daily fast mail train will
carry a limited number of passengers, and'
in addition to the United States mail cars
and a baggage car, will be composed of a
Pullman Palace sleeper and Pullman dining
car for Portland, and a Pullman sleeping
car for San Francisco, thns accommodating
a limited nnmber of passengers.
The sleepers and the diner will run
through from Chicago, via the Chicago and
Northwestern Bailway. Only first-class
tickets will be honored on this train.
This train with its connections, makes the
extraordinary time of 107 hours, New York
to San Francisco, and 101 hours to Portland.
As accommodations are limited, early ap
plication for same should be made to the
Union Pacific agents in New York, St
Louis, Cincinnati, Chicago, or to E. L.
Lomax, Gen. Pass. Agent, Omaha, Neb.
n. J. Lynch,
438 and 440 Market st, is offering for the
holidays special bargains in black silks,
surahs, satins, plushes, velvets, black and
colored cash merer, serges, plaids, embroid
ered robes and combination suits, to which
he invites buyers' special attention.
Fob a finely cut, neat-fitting suit leave
your order with waiter Anderson, 700
Smithfield street, whose stock of English
suitings and Scotch tweeds is the finest in
the market; imported exclusively for his
At 15e a yard 100 pieces mohair challis,
regular price during the season was 60c,
beautiful effects and colorings.
ttssu Htjops & Hacks.
Of new patterns and shapes of toilet chamber
sets- in unique designs and colorings at
Beizensteln's, 1S2, 154, 166.Federal st, Alle
gheny.. . TTSSU
Made comfortable by wearing our felt slip
pers foryonng and old at low prices.
CAUr & VRNB,Fifth are. and Market st
WAiKWMonT's beer leads in favor. All
best dealers keep It Families supplied
direct oa short notiee. Telephone 6525.
prises; at Hatch's, No..3M Fifth ave.
i Shonld Sot Hear or Bay Hard
'Words About Our Neighbors.
MORE GOOD THAN. EVIL IN MANKIND
Christ's Unexpected Reply to the Accusers
of a Woman.
FEW OP DS CAN AFFORD TO BE ACCDSEES
tWBlTTEjr TOR TUB PISPATCH.J
There is a question which in some shape
or other conlronts us every day. The
millennium is still distant in the future; that
kingdom which Christ instructed us. to call
God's kingdom, and which whatever else
it means will evidently be the reign of
peace and good will and love over the deeds
and speech and hearts of men, has not
"come" yet; and we are accordingly tempted
every day either to say or to hear hard things
about people. And we want to know how
to behave ourselves when that temptation
comes. This is the question which, as I say,
enterrof necessity into the daily thinking
of all people who are attentive to the voice of
The temptation comes because the offenses
come. And the offenses will undoubtedly
keep on coming. "It mnsteeds be that
offenses come." And when they do come
we have in spite of ourselves n strong curi
osity to hear about them, and an instinctive
impulse to speak about them. Now, what
shall we do?
Why, we will do, if we are good Chris
tians, whatever Christ tells us to do. "We
look to Him.
We have but a slender record of the life
of Christ It is all set down within the
comnass of a few napes. And vet the
record is singularly adequate. This brief
recital of the words and works of Christ, so
meager as a history, is absolutely complete
as a revelation. No matf: these 18 cen
turies back, has been in any place of
difficulty so dark but that the light of the
life of Christ conld show him a way out.
And when we look for an answer to this
question, which concerns so closely our re
lation to our fellow men, we find it readily.
It is within our reach to know exactly what
Christ Himself would do if Ho were placed,
as we .are every day, within touch ol the
temptation to speak and hear hard things
about our neighbors.
A PLAIH DUTT.
The hard things which solicit hearing or
speech from ns are some of them true, but a
great many of them are lalse. And so far
as the false reports are concerned, our duty
is of the plainest We do not need to open
the pages of the Bible to learn it There is
only one thine to do with lies. And that is
to deal with them as they dealt in the mid
dle ages with blasphemers, cut their tongues
out first and tbeir heads off afterward.
There is no question as to the attitude of a
Christian toward a lie.
Now, I will venture to affirm that two
thirds of the evil report which gets a hear
ing In the world is false. I wonld not say
that it is maliciously false, though, of
course, some of it is. But it is, nevertheless,
false. It is founded upon mistake, scaffolded
with misapprehension, wiped over with igno
rance. I suppose that, as a matter of tact,
addition and multiplication take up the
most pages in the aritbmetio of gossip; but
division and subtraction will bring us nearer
to the truth, and get the right answer often
est Because the evidence upon which we con
vict people is of necessity circumstantial.
The meaning, the motive, which these dam
aging circumstances cover is almost always
covered out of sight We can only guess at
it. The whole signification of the cirenm-
Ktnnppa traits nnon the motive. The whole
meaning ot this suspicious transact!6ria adfl
penas tor solution upon a j actor
have no absolute knowledge of.
And, as (or motive, I know that the world-
is a pretty bad world, and that the prince of
this worm tne aevii nas an extenuea em
pire and a good many loyalaubjects,andyetI
would fain believe that there is a large propor
tion of goodnessin the world alter all, that total
depravity has no real existence ouside the
logic of the theologies, and that the motives
ot men and women are at least as likely to
be good as to be bad. Indeed, my own
opinion is that so far as desire, intention
and motive go, there is more of good in
most people than there is of bad. The
kindest judgment, ninety times out of
ninety, is the truest
THE BEST THING TO SO
when we hear an evil report is to deeline to
believe it. There is some explanation of it,
there is some other side to it, there is some
other meaning hidden somewhere behind it
Put it away. Do not repeat it; do not let it
stay in your mind; do not believe it It is
Bnt sometimes it is not a lie. Sometimes
the evil report, is unfortunately and miser
ably true. What shall we do then? Here
we appeal to Christ. We ask advice from
the Master. What would Christ have us do
in such a case as that?
One day they brought to Christ an offender
caught in the offeiise. Concerning the
offender's gnilt there was no possible ques
tion. Here, they said, is one whom we have
found breaking a commandment of God.
There they stood before the Master, the
aeensed and theaccusers. On one side a
woman taken in a grievous sin; on the
other the upright, the pions, the orthodox,
scandalized, whispering among themselves,
frowning, making their stern information
and asking sentence. Here were men who
had a hard thing to say about a neighbor,
and the hard thing was no lie; it was plainly
and disgracefully true. TlTus before the
great teacher of God's law, the preacher of
immaculate purity,, the upholder of absolute
righteousness, they bring this miserable
fallen woman. Moses, they' said, com
manded that such as this should be stoned.
What sayest thou?
The whole thing was evidently a very
cunning trap. It was the case of the trib
ute money over again. Christ must, tbey
thought, make either a damaging assertion
oil a damaging denial of the jnstice of that
old law. If He said, "let her be stoned."
He put Himself in opposition to the
Bomans, who alone held in that conquered
province the right to inflict capital punish
ment If He said, "let her alone," He
put a slight upon the legislation of the
Hebrews. It was a choice between Cesar and
Moses. Whatever answer He returned,
whatever choice He made, wouldbe the fur
nishing of material tor accusation against
Him. The men were thinking more about
humbling the Master than about punishiug
the sinner. There can be no question as to
-WHAT THESE MEN EXPECTED.
Christ however, was always saying and
doing that which no man expected. He
looked at human life from a point of view so
different from oars, that His cot-venation
of necessity was fnll of surprises. Through
out the record of , His dealings with men, in
every chronicle of what they say and what
lie answers, there is constantly present this
element of unexpectedness.
And so Trhen they bring this shrinking
and humiliated woman and ask the judg
ment of Christ upon her sin. He does not
make the answer which they look for. "Let
him," He says, "that is without sin among
you first cast a stone at her'
The answer wna not only unexpected; it
was not anyjescape out of a clever trap; it was
so directly true and so universal and eternal
in its application that it concerns ns here
to-day. All that was local In it passes ont
of sight; accused and accusers nave long
gone, centuries ago, into the nearer presence
ot the Judge ot all, but the words, however
forgotten, have never become obsolete.
"He that is without sin.among you, let
him first cast a stone." Set beside this
those other words in which Christ spoke of
people with beamsjn th?ir eyes -discovering
specks of dust in. other peoples' eyes. Add
that lirief and onaualified co'ramandmehYTri.
the sermon oa .the.. Moant, in. which GhrUtj
wtfavvjuage'sot;. .Kernes Der aoir .tie
sr.&..-:s--iffiE- -. '
.was forever tacking brotherly love, forever
by precept and example, nrgine obedience
to the golden rale, and allegiance to tho
royal Jaw. "We can bequtte sure of. Christ a
ideal for' a Christian's conversation. We
may know yenr well what He would ap
prove and what He would disapprove in onr
talkabont the failings and the faults of
other, people. AH unnecessary comment,
all unpleasant speech; all unkind criticism,
all evil report, Christ would have ns pnt
away. He forbids us, to throw stones.
Christ forbids us tq comment unkindly
upon our acquaintances, because we have,
most of us, all that we can do to look out
for onr own selves. I we are desirous. ot
any reformation, we can begin at home. The
very best criticism into, which anybody can
venture is the silent criticism of example.
THE PIJBPOSE OT RELIGION.
The men who brought that accusation had
a wrong idea about the purpose of religion.
They thought that religion was a capital de
vice for keeping other people in order.
There are those to-day to whom that is the
chief value or the church. The parson wot
use in the community in proportion as he
helps the policeman. The trouble with this
idea about religion Is that it fails to begin
at the right place. Christ called theatten
tion of these zealous people to their own
selves. He made them think about them
selves. This they had not done before,
after that fashion. Whatever thought they,
had given to themselves had been the sort
or thinking which the Pharisee bestowed
upon himself in the presence of tb.e Publi
can. It bad been of the nature" of compli
ment and congratulation. Christ changed
that Suddenly, within hearing of His
voice, within sight of His eyes, a newreve
lation came into the hearts of these careless
accusers, and they, saw themselves as they
were. And yon know that when they saw
that sight, they quietly went out, one alter
another, beginning first with those who were
the eldest and most thoughtful, ending with
the youngest; out they went, letting their
accusation lapse, uttering no hard word
more, flinging no stones; not one of them re
mained. The Christian religion is above all else
intensely personal. Christ was forever in
sisting -upon this application of it Alone
we stand, each man and woman of ns, in
God's presence, and are held responsible for
just our own sins. The very first thing
which Christ asks of us is to give him the
undivided allegiance of our own hearts.
When we begin to' question about this one
and that of our acquaintance, Christ says,
as He said in the old time, "Follow thou
Mel" That is what we have to do, to follow
Him. , .
I am afraid that when we come to look
into the matter honestly, it will be found
that none of us can throw many stones. The
people who do the stone-throwing are for the
most part people who are quite ignorant
about themselves. They have so much time
to And fault with their neighbors, because
they do not take time to amend themselves.
The best help toward kindly judgment of other
people is honest and unsparing judgment of
our own selves. That will make us charita
ble. That will make us pitiful and fore
bearing. That will, mate us careful, just
and gentle in our speech.
TVHICH TVAS THE TOEST?
Christ forbids us to comment unkindly
npon our acquaintances, because the spirit
which above all others He desires to find in
who loves his brother. He, who judges not
will not be judged. Upon this loving
spirit Christ insisted more than upon any
other virtue whatsoever. Here He stood
before two kinds of sinners. On one side
was this woman, guilty of grievous trans
gression; on the other side .were these men
whose lives were probably righteous for the
most part, but who were rejoicing at her
humiliation. Which of the two, the ac
cused or the accusers, was the worse, do you
think, in the estimation of Him who knew
perfectly the will of Ood and the heart of
man? Plainly, .He liked the accusers least
There is no sin which so contradicts the
purpose for which Christ came into the
world as the sin of unkind speech. He
icame to bring us all closer together, to ob
literate all falsa distinctions, to break down
'barriers of ill-will and prejudice, to bind
'men into brotherhood. All the time, we are
defeating that divine intention. Wo, are
postponing the' coming of that kingdom
whose advent waits upon our spiritual readi
ness for it We are making other people
unhappy and ourselves unhappy. He came
to bring peace into this world, and joy un
speakable; and all the time, by our unkind
ness, one to another, by our careless criti
cisms, we are keeping bitterness in.
If it did any good, there might be some
excuse for it If unkind speech really re
formed anybody, there might be some reason
for it. The truth is that it does no good at
all. If what we honestly want is the bet
tering of our fellow-men, we will accom
plish that by-kindness, not by criticism.
One time in the early history of Austra
lia they wanted to persuade the natives to
leave the mainland and live upon a certain
island. They tried the plan of arming all
the able-bodied men in the colony and going
out to hunt the savages like bears to drive
them to the seashore. The struggle turned
against the colonists. And the nativts were
more troublesome than ever, At last a
man who had some Christain sense, a work
logman, a bricklayer, put his trowel down
one day and started off alone into the savage
country. And in a space of time not very
long, that single, unarmed man had done
what all the muskets and bludgeons in Aus
tralia had failed to do. He had persuaded
the native tribes to move.
MAKING THE 'WOELD BETTER.
Ihave no faith in violence. I do not be
lieve in reforming people by going after
them with sticks; nor in bettering people by
abusing them. The only thing which will
make good men ont of bad men is the gen
uine brotherliness of good men.
They wanted to throw stones at that poor
woman. What good would that have done,
do you think, toward making her a better
woman? Christ would have none of that
He said a kind word to her. He did a kind
deed for her. And then when He told her
to go away and sin no more, do you think
she disobeyed Him? Nol
We have gone. along now a good many
centuries, trying in one way and another to
make the world better. But here is Christ's
wav really untried, except by a good man
and woman here and there; really untried,
this way which Christ Himself set down.
Wonld it not be a good plan to try that?
It is quite plain what Christ wants of you
and me. He wants us to think: a great deal
about our own sins and very little about
anybody else's sins. He wants usto be con
siderate of everybody's feelings, and careful
of everybody's character. He wants us to
be perlectly xilent About the faults of other
people; to look always on the best side; to
put away prejudice, criticism and coldness;
to try to bring all the happiness we can into
this world, by every kind word we can say,
and by every kind work we can do, and to
keep out all the bitterness against which we
can bar the way. He wants us to be readiest
to help those who are most in need.of help,
and to be the friend of those who have no
He wants us to love one another. He
wants us to cast no stones.
Look Here, Friend, Are Ton SIckt
So vou suffer from dysnensla. indigestion,
rsour stomach, liver complaint, nervousness,
lost aupeuie, uuiuu3ues3, exnausuou ut
tired feeling, pains in chest or lungs, dry
coughs, nightsweata, or any form of con
sumption? If so, send to Prof. Hart 88
Warren street, New York, who will send
you free, by mail, a bottle of Floraplexion,
which is a sure cure. Send to-day. eos
No Christmas and New Tear's table
shonld be without a bottle of Angostura
Bitters, the world renowned appetizer of
exquisite flavor. Beware of counterfeits.
Something handsome in Peau de Sole
colored silk; a 35-piece lot, regular $3 60
quality, at ?3 a yard.
ttssu Hughs. & Hacks.
Diascokd scarf pins and studs, lowest
prioes, at Hauch's, No. 965 Fifth aye.
Pawwwize -.hcW 1iBiry..sd ;ri4:
A Pittsburg Girl YhoHasAcfcieYed
. Fame as a Vocalist
HEE BRILLIANT CAKfiER ABROAD.
The Trials of a Poor Aspirant for Operatic
A. TBIP WITH CHRISTINE KILSS0N
tconaEsr-oTTDixcx or thb dispatch.
LONDOlf , November 29.In spite of the
many years of my life which I have spent
in Europe, I have never ior a moment for
gotten that" my real home lies across the
Atlantic. Had I ever been tempted .to do so
the splendid welcome which I metwlth in
all parts, when I made my first public ap
pearance in the United States some five
years" ago, .wonld be in itself a lasting claim
on mv, affection. As it is, I feel encouraged
to hope that some of my old friends may
still remember me well, enough to be inter
ested in. the following slight sketeh of my
professional career in England, which I
Have been asked to write. -
Though I was actually born at Pittsburg,
it is to Iowa City that all my childish
recollections refer, for there my family
lived" during all my early years. How I
ever managed to possess myself of a voice
ojt'in the Wild West, I really cannot say;
none of my relations were ever in the mu
sical line, and certainly in those days there
were no mnsical advantages to be enjoyed
in the town of Iowa. Even as quite a
small child I remember being much in re
quest for my vocal capacities at school
treats and other juvenile festivities, and at
tho age of 10 my parents were urgently re
quested to allow me . to join pur church
choir, where I enjoyed the honor of singing
the alto part all by myself. Though it had
never occurred to me personally, I imagine
my voice must have been rather exception
ally strong for a child's, for in a recent
work of his on the voice, Sir Morell
Mackenzie that kind and faithful friend to
all singers quotes my case as an example
of a voice suffering no injury from constant
use in early childhood.
It was a great shock to my people when I
first announced my aspirations toward a
professional career, and it was only after a
prolonged struggle of a year's duration that
I won the day so far as to be allowed to
settle in Chicago under the, care of the
well-known teacher, Frederick Boot. En
couraged by him I subsequently crossed the
ocean and studied for a year under Mme.
Viardot-Garcia, in Paris, and then at Milan
under Lamperti, where it so happened that
I fell in with my two compatriots. Miss
Van Zandt and Mme. Guilia Valda. I,
too, at ,that time aspired' to the operatic
stage, and on the completion of my training
I accepted an engagement to sing for a
season at the new Opera Souse in Malta,
which was successfully carried out But it
mnst be remembered that I was literally
alone in Europe, without friends or protect
ors of any sort I was dismayed at the im
mense difficulties and dangers which inevi
tably hamper ,a young artist on the operatio
stage, and, changing my plans, I came to
London determined to devote myself to ora
torio and concert singing.
A FOOB OIBL'S STRUGGLES.
At this point the real struggle of my life
began, and if I dwell upon it a little, it is
only that I feel American girls should know
what they must be prepared for when they
hurry over to Europe in the expectation of
making an easy and rapid fortune. Unless
a girl has a balance at her banker's to draw
upon, a professional career is by no means
all wine and waluuts. as the saving goes, in
its earlier stages, even when success await
one later on. At tne moment ot my arrival
inXondon my father was' ruined by tbs
treachery of a business colleague, and 'I was
left with' barely the traditional half-crown
In my pocket Since that day I have
depended on no one but myself. For
tunately, besides a voice, I was lucky
enough' to possess two essentials to success
good health and kind friends, tnd with their
help I struggled through the drat years. My
earliest friend in England was the great
conductor Sir Julius Benedict, the lament
ed friend and adviser of so many musicians.
After bearing my voice, he strongly advised
me to persevere in my career if I could
count on remittances from'bome, warning
me that it took three years to make a repu
tation in England as a concert-singer.
Almost the next day I heard of my father's
misfortune, bnt I determined, Nevertheless,
to stick to my work.
Another piece of encouragement, which I
like to look back upon, came to me about
that time from America irom our great con
tralto, Annie Louise Carey. She sent me a
present and wrote: "Come home and I'll
give you my shoes and my blessing."
One of the most powerful as well as one of
tne kindest of my musical friends has been
and indeed still is Sir Arthur Sullivan,
In recent times I have often had the pleasure
of singing in his great dramatic cantata
"The Golden Legend," while Sir Arthur
himself has conducted. Another old friend
is Sir Charles Halle, who, by means of his
wonderful orchestra, -which he has con
ducted and managed for so many years, has
turned Manchester into' one of the most
mnsical center of England. Here I have
had considerable successes, and I am always
happy to return there.
The serious musical publio in England
have a great predilection for oratorios, and I
have sung all the well-koown ones, the
"Elijah," "Messiah," "St. Paul," "Sam
son," etc., both in London and in all the
large provincial towns. But, besides that,
I have sung at concerts of all sorts, both
public ones, such as the Monday popular
concerts at the St James' Hall, an engage
ment at which is considered almost a sine
qua non of success in the musical world,
and also at private houses. On these latter
occasions I have Bung before various mem
THE DOTAL FAMILY.
Among other well-known houses where I
have appeared, I may mention those of the
Earl of Cadogan, the Bothseuilds. Sir
Thomas Lucas, the Cavendish Bentincks,
Dr. William Playfair, the Blumenthals and
at Grosvenor House, the residence of the
Duke of Westminster, which contains one
ot the most sumptuous picture galleries and
music rooms in London. Some ot the most
charming of parties in the select musical
and artistic world are given by Mr. Hamil
ton Aide, the well-known critic and novelist
and "man about town," in his delightfully
furnished rooms in Queen Anne's mansions.
One ot my most delightful professional
reminiscences is connected with the visit of
the great Abbe Liszt to this country, a visit
which unhappily proved to have been be
yond his strength. His first reception took
place at Sydenham at the really palatial
residence of Mr. Lyttleton, of the great
music-publishing firm of Novello, and him
self an enthusiastic lover of music The
large musio hall wSs closely thronged with
member of the nobility and the leading
representatives of music and art in the
Kingdom eager to do honor to the revered
master: and I shall never forget the thrill of
enthusiasm which passed through us. as the
Abbe appeared in the hall, with his beaut;
ful dignified face and flowing white locks.
To me had fallen the honor of singing one
of his own beautiful compositions,
""Mignon's Song;" and the charming
grace with which at its close
he pressed my hand and ex
pressed his thanks In a few courteous
words made it easy for me to realize the
wonderfnl fascination which all through
his life he exercied over the weaker sex.
The news of his death, only a few weeks
later, came with a terrible shock fa all who
had enjoyed the. privilege of meeting hira
during his short visit among us.
Although so far I have spoken principally
of oratorio singing, I devote, myself nearly
as much to bnllad singing. Indeed, there is
nothing I enjoy more than singing a good
homely -ballad. : . ; ..
repeat r im . aaeeaote esaswswf;. a sea
wst erijriBsl eewpliami ,1 o'reeeiyW,
but which Tfelt to be a very gwalne one.'
On leaving the platform after singing the
old Scotch song, "Caller Herri s,J' at, oae-of
the Crystal Palitce' ballad so'atferts, I oth.
served signs of laughter among my fellow
artists, and it appeared that our eondaetor,
the celebrated August Manns, had just re
marked: "Really, Miss .Hope Glenn :;sag
that so well that I could smell the fish!"'
cheistine nilssos's ktndnhss.
I have left for the end all reference to my
American tour in 1863, which I made in
company with Mme. Christine NJIsson. It
is needlessto say that under the able man
agement oi Mr. Abbey we enjoyed every
luxury that special railway cars and. the
best hotels could provide, and I hope, it is
needless too, ior me to say whafan immense
joy it was to me to find myself singing once
more to a real American audience, while
the warmth of my reception quite surpassed
all my expectations; During all these
months I found Mme. Nilsson a most pleas
ant traveling companion. Sho has always
had rather a reputation for sternness,' so I
should like to give a little instance of her
real goodbeartedness which came under my
One cold day we heard a small child
singing in the street under the hotel
windows. The prima donna immediately
sent for her, and after talking kindly to her
and making her promise to go home and
take care ot her voice, she presented the
astonished and delighted little girl with a
I have also been for concert tours through
England with both Albani and Patti. The
latter, with all her greatness, still manages
to retain a charming' simplicity and youth
fulness .of manner, which captivates all
One of my most recent enterprises took me
to Biarritz last spring during the visit oi
Queen Victoria. Oa that occasion I had the
pleasure of meeting Princess Frederics of
Pawel-Bammingen at the house of the En
glish Consul, and at my conceit on the fol
lowing day, Her Boyal Highness presented
me with an exquisite bouquet
Altogether, as an American, I lite to
testily to the kindness and courtesy which I
have met with iu England, both in the busi
ness and social relations of life. There is'no
section of London society more enjoyable
than the artistic and literary circles, which
always bold open a hospitable door to talent
of every kind.
When my advice is asked as it con
stantlyis by young girls who are am
bitious to shine in the ranks of prime
donne, I feel bound to warn them against
the almost insurmountable difficulties to be
encountered by a young artist without rela
tives near at hand, and no balance at the
banker's. At the same time I can never for
a moment regret that I myself acted con
trary to my own theories. Just now, above
all others, I feel that fortune is smiling upon
me, for it is only a few months ago that I
added one more link to my connection with
America by my marriage with Mr. Bichard
Heard, ot Boston. On that occasion Sir
Arthur Sullivan, in the inevitable absence
of all my relations, took my fathtr's place
before the altar, while my friend Mme.
Nordica took the leading part In the choral
service. I have had many offers of engage
men in the United States, and before very
long we both look forward to crossing the
Atlantic together, and renewing acquaint
ance with all my old friends.- .-
The largest and best selected stock 'of
diamonds, watches, jewelry, novelties,
clocks, bronzes, statuary, gold and silver
handle canes and umbrellas, sterling and
silver plated ware, etc All new goods
purchased this fall; no old or shop-worn
stock. Large street clock in front of door.
M. G. Cohek,
Diamond Expert and Jeweler,
' , 633 Smithfield st
Store open evenings till January 1. -
All the latest novelties in stick pins and
Gipsy rings at M. G. Cohen's, 33 Smith
field at Large street clock in front of the
door. Store open evenings till January t-
HOLIDAY TABLE DELICACIES.
T.nrseat Line Lowest Prices.
Look for our special card in next Sun
day's Dispatch. . Better send - for the
Housekeeper's Guide;' it will post you oa
everything in our line; also contains valua
ble information for all housekeepers. Store
open till 9 P. it. until Christmas.
William Haslage & Son,
18 Diamond Square, Pittsburg.
Mr. L. B. Johnston, 321 Kebeeea St., Alle
gheny, Held Everett Clab Certiorate
And receives an elegant upright grand
piano on payments of $1 per week. This is
the eleventh piano that has been delivered
on these easy payments, one each Week.
The Everett club system is a grand success,
and it onght to be, 'it gives people a chance
to own one of the finest-pianos made, get the
lowest wholesale price and the privilege of
easy payments. The best people' in the city
have gone Into theclnband are delighted with
the plan. We understand the membership
is limited to 350, and that it is almost com
plete. We advise anyone contemplating
the purchase of a piano to investigate this
system and this piano at once. For informa
tion apply to the manager, Alex. Boss, 137
Federal st, Allegheny.
rre-Eralnent Vocalists of tne World.
Many of the great vocalists of the world
during'their stay in this country have chosen
for their home use the Henry F. Miller up
right pianos, and have frequently spoken of
them as the best instruments they have ever
An elegant assortment of these famous
pianos can be seen at W. O. WhltehiH'a
Music Parlor. Also some second-hand in
struments. Small grand Kranich & Bach,
$325. Mason & Hamlin upright, largest
size, $300. Marshall & Mittaner square,
$125. Bent organ. $75. Sboninser organ,
$50. At W. C. Whitehill'a Music Parlor,
152 Third avenue, opposite Government
50c, 60o and 75c a yard during our clear
ing sale for Priestley black silk warp Hen
riettas, were 85c, $1 and $1 25.
ttssu HuGTJ3 & Hacks.,
Fine bisque goods and artificial flowers,
at Hauch's, No. 295 Fifth ave. WFau
At Taft'a Phtlada. dental rooms, 39 Fifth
ave., you can get the best set of teeth for
$8 00. A good set for $5 00.
' lylfe lb ?HC TRi
wl WjSbMWwSUi 1a Jul IsT
- ViVmSjBc. SST .bI
XG?if .7ZGSX)m9tL TM
c&ke of scouring soap -Try &
Cheap comfort can
cake of SAPOLIO when you have
From the paint to the pots and
and floors, it is the very best labbr-sayinr soap which can'MjiutMl
fbr scowincf and clswfcic
TV Oki fSjiliafflf ni
Our Cook I hear the children eomin'
downstairs to wish me a merry Christmas;
'tis a pleasure to look at their pretty littla
They had come down chiefly, however, to
show those funny masks that Uncle George
had given them. PucJfc:
Bzkchax'S Pills cure sick headache
Peaks' tioap, the purest tnd best ever made.
' llf4 AfErf
Silks. Dress Goods. Wash Fabrics, etc., etc, ALMOST GIVEN
AWAY. The Cost not considered to this Great Clearance?-
BUY NOW AND SAVE MONEY.
EXTRAORDINARY VALUES IN ':
LADIES', MISSES' AND CHILDREN'S
Cloaks, -Wraps and' Jacke1
Walker's Genuine London Dyed Seal Plush Sacques, $20. $25, $23, $30.
"Walker's Genuine London Dyed Seal Plush Wraps, $12, $15, $15, $20.
Lester's Genuine London Dyed Seal Plush Jackets, $8, $10, $12. $15.
Also 73 very fine Imported Modjeskas, at one-half of original cost, noti
every size, but to those that they happen
life. Ask the saleslady to show them
Fine Beaver Newmarkets, $5 75, $8, $10, $12.
Extra Fine Imported Long Ciats, $10, $12, $15, $18.
Elegant Ladies' Jackets, $3, $4, $5, $6.
Vest Front Directoire Jackets. $3. $5. $8. $10.
J flTf" . Ladies will confer a favor
liy Ljgg seivoajuswcc, vjuuujiug
avoiding tne usual aiternoon rusn.
f . " 1
SPECIAL 1 he
Christmas uoods in
Dolls, Games, 13nc - a -
cure Sets. Rich and
Wagons and Mechanical ioys ol -all kinds:
Uur leading ieature:
Call on, or write to BEN SW ANGER
Pittsburg, Penna., and secure a Policy of Insurance in the EMPLOYERS LIAB
ASSURANCE CORP- OF LONDON, ENG., protecting jou against accidents; to
Employes and defending you in casa of suit
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in house-cleaning wiihoUrSAP0LIfl
ze&l wimoul' knowledgejsHSl
of Folly. aSKPOLia is a.
be secured by the small Investment In ofi5
A MywerlwHr and Pretty Fe4tfrv
Greenville, N. J., has a mysterious fem alaj
perfume peddler, who goes about in bsJm
attire endeavoring to dispose of fragrant exl
mi.1 In return for the coin of the realtaifi
She is very pretty, and cute as well, andj
has so far eluded all attempts Of the over.
curious to interview her. Ta
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I -Vnni.TT1 XtnSraa W FKST.EK.5
to fit they will he the bargain of their
to you. - -. ::JL
on us, and at the same time do them;
aa vntty iu uia uaj as pusaiui?, laictcuj
largest assortment oi
the two cities,, lewsj
rJrac, Albums, Mang
Elegant Vases .and
ropuiar jlow rnces.i
St, 55!2 Pet Ii
& ZAHN, Ajjenls, No. 60 Fourth
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or a kitchen to cltiria
including: the window