Newspaper Page Text
now made to them, will jet obtain for it
v HOW BLOODSHED WAS ATOIBED IK
BRINGING IT ABOUT.
f A Special Bet of Uin Desired for tbe
jA-1 Newly-Settled Cities aad Region
Alaska Considered la tbo
Same Connection Ter
Under tbe agreement made between the
United States and the Muscogee (or Creek)
Nation of Indians on January 19, 18S9, an
absolute title was secured by the United
States to about 3,600,000 acres of land.
Section 12 of the general Indian appropria
tion act, approved March 2, 1S89, made pro
vision for tbe purchase by the United States
from tbe Seminole tribe of a certain portion
of their lands. The delegates of the Semi
nole Nation, having first duly evidenced to
me their power to act in that behalf, deliv
ered a proper release and conveyance to the
United States of all the lands mentioned in
tbe act, which was accepted by ine and cer
tified to be in compliance with the statute.
By the terms of both the acts referred to, all
the lands so purchased were declared to be a
part ot the public domain, and open to set
tlement under the Homestead law. But of
the lands embraced in these purchases, be
ing in the aggregate about 5,500, Q00 acres, 3,
500,000 acres nad already,under the terms of
the treaty of 1866, been acquired by the
United States for the purpose of settling
other Indian tribes thereon, and had been
appropriated to that purpose. The land re
maining and available for settlement con
sisted ot 1,687,796 acres, surrounded on all
aides by lands in occupancy of Indian tribes.
Congress had provided no civil government
for the people who were to be invited by my
proclamation to settle upon these lands, ex
cept as the new court, which has been estab
lished at Muscogee, or the United States
Courts in some of the adjoining States, had
power to enforce the general laws ot the
HENCE HE HESITATED.
In this condition of things I was quite re
luctant to open the lands to settlement.
Bnt in view of the fact that several thou
sand persons many of them with their
families had gathered upon the borders of
the Indian Territory, with a view to secur
ing homesteads on the ceded lands, and that
delay would involve them in much loss and
suffering, I did, on March 23 last, issue a
proclamation declaring that the lands
therein described -would be open to settle
ment under the provisions of the law on
April 22 following at 12 o'clock noon. Two
land offices had been established, and were
open for the transaction of business when
the appointed time arrived.
It is much to the credit of the settlers that
they very generally observed the limitation
as to the time when they might enter the
Territory. Care will be taken that those
who entered in violation of the law do not
secure the advantaee they unfairly .sought.
There was a good deal of apprehension that
the strife for locations would result in much
violence and bloodshed; bnt, happily, these
anticipations were not realized. It is esti
mated that thero are now in the Territory
abont 60,000 people, and several consider
able towns have sprung up, for which tem
porary municipal governments have been
Guthrie is said to have now a population
of almost 8,000. Eleven schools and nine
churches have been established, and three
daily and five weekly newspapers are pub
lished in this city, whose charter and ordi
dinances have only the sanction of the volun
tary acquiescence of the people from day to
OIHEB CITIES, A2TD PEOHIBITIOK.
Oklahoma City has a population of about
5,000 and is proportionately as well pro
vided as Guthrie" with churches, schools and
newspapers. Other towns and villages,
having populations of 100 to 1,000, are scat
tered over the Territory.
In ordero secure the peace of this new
community, in the absence of civil govern
ment, I directed General Merritt, command
ing the Department of the Missouri, to act
in conjunction with the Marshals of the
United States to preserve the peace, and
upon their requisition to use the troops to
aid them in executing warrants and in quiet
ing any riots or breaches of the peace that
might occur. He was further directed to
use his influence to promote good order and
to avoid any conflicts between or with the
Believing that the introduction and sale
of liquors, where no legal restraints or regu
lations existed, would endanger (he public
peace, and in view of the fact that such
liquors must first be introduced into the
Indian reservations before reaching the
white settlements, I further directed the
General commanding to enforce the laws
relating to the introduction of ardent spirits
into the Indian country.
The presence ot the troops has given a
sense of security to the well-disposed citi
zens, and has tended to restrain the lawless.
In one instance, the officer in immediate
command of the troops went further than I
deemed justifiable in supporting the de
facto municipal government of Guthrie, and
he was so informed and directed to limit the
interference of the military to the support of
the marshals on the lines indicated in the
NEW LAWS ABE ESSENTIAI
I very urgently recommend that Congress
at once provide a Territorial Government for
these people. Serious questions, which may
at any time lead to violent outbreaks, are
awaiting the institution of courts for their
peaceful adjustment. The American genius
for self-government has been illustrated in
Oklahoma, but it is neither safe nor wise to
leave these people longer to the expedients
that have temporarily served them.
Provision should be made for the acquisi
tion of title to town lots in the towns now
established in Alaska, for locating town
sites and lor the establishing of municipal
governments. Only the mining laws have
been extended to that territory, ana no other
form of title to lands can now be obtained.
The general land laws were framed with
reference to the disposition of agricultural
lands, and it is doubtful if their operation
in Alaska would be beneficial.
"We have fortunately not extended to
Alaska the mistaken policy of establishing
! reservations for the Indian tribes, and can
deal with them from the beginning as indi
viduals with, 1 am sure, better results. But
any disposition of the public lands and any
regulations relating to timber and to the
fisheries should have a kindly regard to
their interests. Having no power to levy
taxes, the people of Alaska are wholly de
pendent upon the General Government, to
, whose revenues the seal fisheries make a
large annual contribution. An appropria
tion for education should neither be over
looked nor stinted.
SPABSE POPULATION AND THE LANDS.
The smallness of the population, and the
great distances between the settlements, offer
serious obstacles to the establishment of the
usual Territorial form of government. Per
haps the organization of several sub-districts,
with a small municipal council of limited
powers for each, would be safe tnd useful.
Attention is called in this connection to
the suggestion of the Secretary of the Treas
ury relating to the establishment of another
port of entry in Alaska, and of other needed
customs facilities and regulations.
In the administration of the land laws the
policy of facilitating, in every proper way,
the adjustment of the honest claims of indi
vidual settlers upon the public lands has
been pursued. The number of pending
cases had, daring the preceding administra
tion, been greatly increased under the oper
ation of orders for a time suspending final
action in a large part of the cases originating
in the West and Northwest, and by the sub
sequent use of unusual methods of examina
tion. Only those who are familiar with the
conditions under which our agricultural
lands have been settled can appreciate the
serious and often fatal consequences to the
settler of a policy that puts his title under
suspicion, or delays the issuance of his
patent. While care is taken to prevent and
.to expose fraud, it should not be imputed
HOW TO GET HOMESTEADS.
. . Themanifett purpose of th honestead
sad pre-emption laws was to promote the
settlement of the public domain by persons
having a bona fide intent to make a home
upon the selected lands. Where this intent
is well established and the 'requirements of
the law have been substantially complied
with, the claimant is entitled US a prompt
and friendly consideration of his case. But
where there is reason to believe that the
claimant is the mere agent of another, who
is seeking to evade a law intended to pro
mote small holdings and to secure by fraud
ulent methods large tracts of timber and
other lands, both principal' and agent
should not only be thwarted in their fraudu
lent purpose, but should be made to leel the
full penalty of our criminal statutes. Tne
law should be so administered as pot to con
found these two classes, and to visit penal
ties only upon the latter.
The unsettled state of the titles to large
bodies of lands in the Territories of New
Mexico and Arizona has greatly retarded
the development of those Territories. Pro
vision should be made by law for the
prompt trial and final adjustment, before a
judicial tribunal or commission, of all
claims based upon Mexican grants. It is
notjnst to an intelligent and enterprising
peonle that their peace should be disturbed.
and their prosperity retarded by these old I
contentions. I express the hope that differ- J
ences of opinion as to methods may yield to
the urgency of the case.
ONLY THREE OF THEM. AND THEY
OCCUPY LITTLE SPACE.
Dependent Soldiers and Sailors All Recom
mended as Worlhr of KecognU
Uon Inequalities to be Recti
The law now provides a pension for every
soldier and sailor who was mustered into the
service of the United States during the
Civil War and is now suffering from wounds
or disease having an origin in th,e service
and in the line of duty. Two ot the three
necessary facts, viz.: muster and disability,
are usually susceptible ot easy proof, but
the third, origin in the service, is often diffi
cult,and in many deserving cases impossible
to establish. That very many of those who
endured the hardships of our most bloody and
arduous campaigns are now disabled from
diseases that had a real but not traceable
origin in tbe service, I do not doubt Be-JJ
siaes tnere is anotner class, composed of
men, many of whom served an enlistment of
three full years, and re-enlisted veterans
who added a fourth year of service, who
escaped the casualties of battle and the as
saults of disease, who were always ready for
anjr detail, who were in every battle line of
their command, and were mustered out in
sound health, and have, since the close of
the war, while fighting with the same in
domitable and independent spirit the con
tests of civil life, been overcome by disease
I am not unaware that the pension roll al
ready involves a very large annual expendi
ture, neither am I deterred by that fact from
recommending that Congress grant a pen
sion to such honorably discharged soldiers
and sailors of tbe Civil War as, having ren
dered substantial service during the war, are
now dependent upon their own labor for a
maintenance, and by disease or casualty are
incapacitated from earning it Many of tbe
men who were included in this form of re
lief are now dependent upon public aid, and
it does not,in my judgment, consist with the
national honor that they shall continue to
subsist upon the local relief given indis
criminately to paupers, instead of upon the
special and generous provision of the nation
they served so gallantly and unselfishly.
Our people will, I am sure, very generally
approve such legislation. And I am equally
sure that the survivors of the Union Army
and Navy will feel a grateful sense of re
lief when this worthy and suffering class of
their comrades is fairly cared for.
There are some manifest inequalities in
the existing law that should be remedied.
To some of these the Secretary of the In
terior has called attention. It is gratifying
to be able to state that, by the adoption of
new and better methods in the War Depart
ment, the calls of the Pension Office for in
formation as to the military and hospital
records of pension claimants are now
promptly answered, and the injurious and
vexatious delays that have heretofore oc
curred are entirely avoided. This will
greatly facilitate the adjustment of all pend
THE FOUR NEW STABS, AND THE
Means of Developing the Former nnd Solv
ing; tbe Latter Workmen on Rail
roads Considered An Aarlcnl
tnral Department Started
District of Columbia.
The advent of four new States, South
Dakota, North Dakota, Montana and Wash
ington, into the Union under the Constitu
tion, in the same month, and the admission
of their duly chosen Eepresentatives to our
National Congress at the same session, is an
event as unexampled as it is interesting.
The certification of the votes cast and of
the constitutions adopted in each of the
States was filed with me as required by the
eighth section of the act of February 22,
1889, by the Governors of said Territories
respectively. Having, after a care
ful examination, found that the
several constitutions and governments
were republican in form, and not repugnant
to the Constitution of the United States;
that all the provisions of the act of Congress
had been complied with, and that a ma
jority of the votes cast in each of said pro
posed States was in favor of the adoption of
the constitution submitted therein, I did so
declare by a separate proclamation as to
each; as to North Dakota and South Da
kota, on Saturday, November 2; as to Mon
tana, on Friday, November 8, and as to
Washington, on Monday, November 11.
Each of these States has within it a re
serve, development of which will employ the
energies of, and yield a comfortable sub
sistence to, a great population. The small
est of these new States, Washington, stands
twelfth, and the largest, Montana, third,
among the 42 in area. The people of these
States are already well-trained, intelligent
and patriotic American citizens, having
common interests and sympathies with those
of the older States, and a common purpose
to defend the integrity and uphold the honor
of the nation.
The attention of the Inter-State Commerce
Commission Iras been called to the urgent
need of Congressional legislation for the
better protection of the lives and limbs of
tbose engaged in operating the great inter
State freight lines of the country, and es
pecially of the yardmen and brakemen. A
petition, signed by nearly 10,000 railway
brakemen, was presented to the commission,
asking that steps might be taken to bring
about the use of automatic brakes and
couplers on freight cars.
At a meeting of State Railroad Commis
sioners and their accredited representatives,
held at Washington in March last, upon the
invitation of the Inter-State Commerce Com
mission, a resolution was unanimously
adopted, urging the commission "to con
sider what can be done to prevent the
loss of life and limb in coupling and un
coupling freight cars, and in handling the
brakes of such cars." During the year
ending June 30, 1888, over 2.000 railroad
employes were killed in service, and more
than 20,000 injured, fit is competent, I
think, for Congress to require uniformity in
the construction of cars used in inter
State commerce and the use of improved
safety appliances upon snch trains. Time
wifl be necessary to make the needed
changes; but an earnest and intelligent be
ginning should be made at once. It is a
reproach to our civilization that any class of
American workmen should, in the pursuit
of a necessary and useful vocation, be sub
jected to a peril of life and limb as great as
that of a soldier in time of war.
OABDEN SEEDS IN THE CABINET.
' The creation, of an Executive Department,
THE' POTTSBTJRa" "DaBPATOH-WEPNESDAT
to be known as the Department of Agri
culture, by the act of February 9 last, was a
wise and timely response to a request which
had long been respectfully urged. by the
farmers of the country. But much remains
to be done to perfect tbe organization of the
department, so that it may fairly realise the
expectations which its creation excited. In
this connection attention is called to the
suggestions contained in the report of the
Secretary, which is herewith submitted.
The need of a law officer for the" department,
such as is provided Tor the other Executive
departments, is manifest The failure of
the last Congress to make the usual pro
vision for the publication of the. annual re
reports should be promptly remedied. The
public interest in the report, and its -value
to the farming community, I am sure, will
not be diminished under the new organiza
tion of the department
I recommend that the weather Bervice be
separated from the War Department and
established as a bureau in the Department
of Agriculture. This will involve an entire
reorganization both of the Weather Bureau
and of the Signal Corps, making of the first
a purely civil organization, and of the other
a purely military staff corps. The report
of the chief signal officer shows that the
work of the corps on its military side has
LITTLE COLUMBIA'S INTERESTS.
The interests of the people of the District
of Columbia should not be lost sightof in
the pressure for consideration of measures
affecting tbe whole country. Haying no
Legislature of its own, either municipal or
general, its people must look to Congress
for the regulation of all those concerns that,
in the States, are the subject of local in
terest Our whole people have an interest
that the national capital should be made
attractive and beantiful, and, above all,
that its repute for social order should be
well maintained. The laws regulating the
sale of intoxicating drinks in the District
should be revised with a view to bringing1
the traffic under stringent limitations and
In execution of the power conferred on
me by the act making appropriations for
the expenses of the District of Columbia for
the year ending Jnne 30, 1889, I did, on
August 17 last, appoint Kudolph Hering, of
New York, Samuel M. Gray, of Bhode
Island, and Frederick P. Stearns, of Massa
chussets, three eminent sanitary engineers,
to examine and report upon the system of
sewerage existing in the District of Colum
bia. Their report, which is not yet com
pleted, will be in due course submitted to
The report of the Commissioners of the
District is herewith transmitted, and the at
tention of Congress is called to the sugges
tions contained theiein.
The proposition to observe the four hun
dredth anniversary of the discovery of
America by the opening of a World's Fair
or Exposition in some one of our great cities
will be presented for the consideration of
Congress. The value and interest of such
an exposition may well claim the promotion
of the Government
CIVIL SERVICE IN BRIEF.
A SHORT CHAPTER ON EMBARRASS
MENTS AND OUTLOOK.
The High Theory and the Loir Practice ns
to Certain Appointments Pointed Out
Better Thlnca Are Aimed At Rewords
Based Upon Official Records.
On March i, last, the Civil Service Com
mission had but a single member. The va
cancies were filled on May 7, and since then
the commissioners have been industriously,
though with an inadequate force, engaged
in executing the law. They were assured
by me that a cordial support would be given
them m the faithful and impartial enforce
ment of the statute and of the rules and reg
ulations adopted in aid of it.
Heretofore the book of eligible has been
closed to every one except as certifications
were made upon the requisition of the ap
pointing officers. This secrecy was the
source of much suspicion and of many
charges of favoritism in the administration of
the law. What is secret is always suspected
what is open can be judged. The commis
sion, with the full approval of all its
members, has now opened the list of eligi
bles to the public; the eligible lists for the
classified postoffice and custom houses are
now publicly posted in the respective offices,
as are also the certifications for appoint
ments. The purpose of the eivil service
law was absolutely to exclude any other
consideration in connection with appoint
ments under it than that of merit as tested
by the examinations.
THEOEX AGAINST PRACTICE.
The business. proceeds upon the theory
that both the examining boards and the ap
pointment officers are absolutely ignorant as
to the political views and associations of all
persons in the civil service lists. It is not
too much to say, however, that some recent
Congressional investigations have somewhat
shaken public confidence in the impartiality
of the elections for appointment
The reform of the civil service will make
no safe or satisfactory advance until the
present laws of the administration are well
established in the confidence of the people.
It will be my pleasure, as it is my duty, to
see that the law is executed with firmness
and impartiality. If some of its provisions
have been fraudulently evaded by appoint
ing officers, our resentment should not sug
gest the repeal of the law, but reform in its
administration. We shonld have one view
of the matter, and hold to it with a sincerity
that it is not affected by tbe consideration
that the party to which we belong is for the
time in power.
THE BAILWA.T MAIL OBDEB.
My predecessor, on January 4, 1889, by an
executive order to take effect March 15,
brought the Bailway Mail Service under
the operation of the civil service law. Pro
vision was made that the order should take
effect sooner in any State where an eligible
list was sooner obtained. On March 11, Mr.
Lyman, then the only member of the com
mission, reported to me in writing that it
would not be possible to have the list of
eligibles ready before May 1, and requested
that the taking effect of the order be post
poned until that time, which was done, sub
ject to the same provision contained in the
original order as to States in which an eli
gible list was sooner obtained.
As a result of the revision of the rules, of
the new classification, and of the inclusion
of the Bailway Mail Service, the work of the
commission has been greatly increased, and
the present clerical force is found to be in
adequate. I recommend that the additional
clerks asked by the commission be appro
A HIGH RESPONSIBILITY.
The duty of appointment is devolved by
the Constitution, or by law, and the ap
pointing officers are properly held to a high
responsibility in its exercise. The growth
of the country and its consequent increase of
the civil list have magnified this function of
the Executive disproportionately. It can
not be denied, however, that (the labor con
nected with this necessary work is increased,
often to the point of actual distress, by the
sudden and excessive demands that are made
upon an incoming administration for re
movals and appointments. But, on the
other hand, it is not true that incumbency is
a conclusive argument for a continuance in
office. Impartiality, moderation, fidelity to
public duty, and a good attainment in the
discharge of it must be added before the
argument is complete. When those holding
administrative offices so conduct themselves
as to convince just political' opponents that
no party consideration orbias affects in any
way the discharge of their public duties, we
can more easily demand fewer removals.
PAITHFtrLNESS AND PEOMOTION.
I am satisfied that both in and out of the
classified service great benefit would accrue
from the adoption of some system by which
the officer would receive the distinction and
benefit that in all private employments
comes from exceptional faithfulness and effi
ciency in the performance of duty.
I have suggested to the heads of the Ex
ecutive departments ihat they consider
whether a record might not be kept of all
these elements that are covered ny the terms
"faithfulness'; and efficiency,", and a rating
made, showing the relative merits of the
clerks oi each claw, this rating to be re
garded sa a test of merit in making promo
tions. I have also suggested' to the Postmaster
General that he adopt some plan by which
he can, upon the basis of the reports to the
department and of frequent inspections, in
dicate the relative merit of postmasters f
each class. They will be appropriately in
dicated in the official register and in the re
port of the department That a great stim
ulus would thus be given to the whole
service, I do not donbt, and such a record
would be the best protection against incon
siderate removals from office.
THE GREAT COLOR PROBLEM OF THE
State Rights and Privileges In) That Particu
lar A Plea for tbe Black Han's Ele
vation and Protection No Ex
odosEliber Wise or
The Interest of the general Government
in the education of the people found an
early expression, not only in the thoughtful,
and sometimes warning utterances of our
ablest statesmen, but in liberal appropria
tions from the common resources for the
support of education in the new States. No
one will deny that it is of the gravest na
tional concern that those who hold the ulti
mate control of all public affairs should
have the necessary intelligence wisely to
direct and determine them. National aid
to education has heretofore taken the form
of land grants, and, in that form the consti
tutional power ot Congress! to promote the
education of the people is; not seriously
questioned. I do not think it can be suc
cessfully questioned, wheij the form is
changed to that of a direct grant of money
from the public treasury.
Such aid should be, as it always has been,
suggested by some exceptional conditions.
The sudden emancipation of the slaves of the
South, the bestowal of the suffrage, which
soon followed, and the impairment of the
ability of the States where these new citi
zens were chiefly found to adequately pro
vide educational facilities, presented not
only exceptional, but unexampled condi
tions. That the situation has been much
ameliorated there is no doubt The ability
and interest of the States have happily in
creased. AN ENOBUOUS UNDERTAKING.
But a great work remains tq be done, and
I think the General Government should
lend its aid. As the suggestion of a na
tional grant in aid of education grows
chiefly out of the condition and needs of the
emancipated slave and his descendants, the
relief should, as far as possible while neces
sarily proceeding upon some general lines,
be applied to the need that suggested it It
is essentia, if much good is fo be accom
plished, that tbe sympathy aid active in
terest of the people of the States should be
enlisted, and that the methods adopted
should be such as to stimulate, and not to
supplant, local taxation for! school pur
As one Congress cannot biid a succeed
ing one in such a case, and as the effort
must in some degree be experimental, I
recommend that an appropriation made for
this purpose be so limited in antual amount
and as to the time over which if is extended
will oc the one hand give the local school
authorities opportunity to mace the best
use of the first year's allowance and on the
other deliver them from the tepptation to
undnly postpone the assumption of tne
whole burden themselves.
The colored people did not in rude them
selves upon us; they were brou, ht here in
chains, and held in the commu lities where
they are now chiefly found by a'cruel slave
code. Happily for both races, they are now
IN SPITE OF ALL NEGLECT.
They have, from a standpoint of ignorance
and poverty, which was our
theirs, made remarkable advance in educa
tion and in the acquisition of property.
They have, as a people, shown Unerase! ves
to be friendly and faithful towars tbe white
race, under temptations of tremendous
strength. They have their representatives
in the national cemeteries, where,a grateful
Government has gathered the asses of those
who died in its defense. They 'have fur
nished to our regular army regiments that
have won high praise from their command
ing officers lor courage and soldierly quali
ties, and for fidelity to the enlistment oath.
In civil life they are now the toilers of
their communities, making their full con
tribution to the widening streams of pros
perity which these communities are receiv
ing. Their sudden withdrawal would stop
production and bring disorder into the
household as well as the shop. Generally,
they do not desire to quit their homes, and
their employers resent the interference of
the emigration agents who seek to stimulate
such a desire.
But, notwithstanding all this, in many
parts of our country where the colored pop
ulation is large, the people of those States
are by various devices, deprived of any ef
fective exercise of their political rights and
of many of their civil rights. The wrong
does not expend itself upon those whose
votes are suppressed. Every constituency
in the Union is wronged.
EEFOBJI BOUND TO COME.
It has been the hope of every patriot that
a sense of justice and of respect for the law
would work a gradual cure of these flagrant
evils. Surely, no one supposes that the
present can act as a permanent condition.
If it is said that these conditions mast work
oat this problem for themselves, we have a
right to ask whether they are at work upon
it If they suggest any solution, when and
under what conditions' the black man to
have a free ballot? When is he in fact to
have those full civil rights which have so
long been his in law? When is that equal
ity of influence which ,our form of Govern
ment has intended to secure to the electors
to be restored?
This generation shonld courageously face
these grave questions, and not leave them as
a heritage of woe to the next The consul
tation should proceed with candor, calm
ness and great patience; upon the lines of
justice and humanity, not of prejudice and
cruelty. No question in our country can
be at rest, except upon the firm basis of jus
tice and of the law.
A FULL AND FBEE BALLOT.
I earnestly invoke the attention of Con
gress to the consideration of such measure,
within its well-defined constitutional
powers, as will secure to all our people a
free exercise of the right of suffrage and
every other civil right under the constitu
tion and laws of the United States. No
evil, however deplorable, can justify the as
sumption, either on the part of the Executive
or of Congress, of powers not grantedbut
both will be highly blamable if all the
powers granted are not wisely but firmly
used to correct these evils.
Tbe power to take the whole direction and
control of election of members of tbe Honse
of Representatives is clearly given to the
General Government A partial and quali
fied snpervision of these elections is now
provided lor;by law, and in my opinion this
law may be so strengthened and extended as
to secure, on the whole, better results than
can be attained by a Taw taking all the pro
cesses of such election into Federal control.
The colored man should be protected in all
of his relations to the Federal Government,
whether as litigant, juror or witness in our
courts, as an elector for members of Con
gress, or as a peaceful traveler upon our
THE MERCHANT MARINE.'
A PRESENT HUMILIATING WEAKNESS,
AND ITS CURE.
Subsidy, of Limited Scope, and for Limited
Periods, Suggested A Benefit Com-
merclallr Not Onlr, bnt In a
Naval Direction Plans
There is nothing more justly humiliating
to the national pride and nothing more hurt-
fni in the national nm-merltv than the in
feriority of our aercM-sat marine, compared
. a .& . ' i
with that of other jMtio&s whose general re
sources, wealth and seacoast lines do not
suggest any reason for their supremacy on
he ses. It was not always so, and our peo
pie are agreed, I think, that it shall not con
tinue to be so.
It is not possible in this communication
to discuss the causes of the decay ol our
shipping interests, or the differing methods
by which it is proposed to restore them.
The statement of a few well-authenticated
facts, and some general suggestions as to
legislation, is all that is practicable. That
the great steamship lines sailing under the
flags of England, France, Germany, Spain,
and Italy, and engaged in foreign com
merce,, were promoted, and have since been
and now are liberally aided by grants of
public money, in one form or another, is
EVEBYBODT KNOWS IT.
That the American lines of steamships
have been abandoned by us to an unequal
contest with the aided lines of other nations,
until they nave been withdrawn, or, in the
few cases where they are still maintained,
are subject to serious disadvantages, is of
common knowledge. The present situation
is such that travelers and merchandise find
Liverpool often a necessary intermediate
port between New York and some of the
South American capitals. The fact that
some of the delegates from South American
States to the conference of American na
tions, now in session at Washington, reached
our shores by reversing that line of travel,
is very conclusive of the need of snch a con
ference, and very suggestive as to the first
and most necessary step in the direction of
fuller and more beneficial intercourse with
nations that are now our neighbors upon the
lines of latitude, but not upon the lines of
established commercial intercourse.
DIRECTION. OF THE SUBSIDIES.
I recommend that such appropriations be
made for ocean mail service, in American
steamships, between our ports and those of
Central and South America, China, Japan,
and the important islands in both of the
great oceans, as will be liberally remunera
tive for the service rendered, and as will en
courage the establishment, and in some fair
degree' equalize, the chances of American
steamship lines in the competition which
they must meet That the American States
lying south of us will cordially co-operate
in establishing and maintaining such lines
of steamships to their principal ports, I do
Weshould also makeprovisidn for a naval
reserve, to consist of snch merchant ships,
of American construction and of a specified
tonnage and speed, m the owners will con
sent to place at tbe use of the Government,
in case of seed, as armed cruisers. England
has adopted this poller, and as a result can
now, upon necessity, at once place upon her
naval list some of-the fastest steamships in
the world. A proper supervision of the
construction of such vessels would make
their conversion into effective ships ot war
NOT AFTEB FALSE ECONOMY.
I am an advocate of economy in our na
tional expenditures; but it is a misuse of
terms to make this word describe a policy
that withholds an expenditure for the pur
pose ot extending our foreign commerce.
The enlargement and improvement of onr
merchant marine, the development of a suf
ficient body of trained American seamen,
the promotion of rapid and regular mail
communication between the ports of other
countries and our own, and the adoption of
large and swift American steamships to
naval uses in time of war, are public pur
poses of the highest concern. The enlarged
participation ot our people in the carrying
trade, the new and increased markets that
will be opened for the products of onr farms
and factories, and the fuller and better em
ployment of our mechanics which will result
from a liberal promotion ofour foreign com
merce, insure the widest possible diffusion of
benefits to all the States and to all our
THE TIME IS FATOBABLE.
Everything is most propitious for the pres
ent inauguration of a liberal and progressive
policy upon this subject, and we should en
ter upon it with promptness and decision.
The legislation which I have suggested, it
is sincerely believed, will promote the peace
and honor of our country, and the prosperity
and security of the people.
I invoke the diligent and serious attention
of Congress to the consideration of these and
such other measures as may be presented,
having the same great end in view.
Executive Mansion, Washington,
December 3, 1889.
so. EECOGNIZED THE EEf DBLIC.
How a Brazilian Was Naturalized la a
Philadelphia, December 3. The new
Bepublic of Brazil has been officially recog
nized by Court of Common Pleas No. 3, in
the naturalization a grandson of Charles
J. Earrah, Bowland C. Hayden, who was
born at Bio de Janeiro, in November, 1868.
Under the new rule of Court, which pre
vents the naturalization of anyone between
July 1 and December 1, and outside of those
dates only in open court, the yonng man,
tbe first applicant, was presented to the
court by Lawyer Carson.
Mr. Hayden and his older brother, who
appeared as his voucher, were then sworn,
and Mr. Carson was directed to examine
them. That gentleman put the usual ques
tions, and finally asked the applicant if he
renounced all the allegiance to the late Em
peror of Brazil, or the new Bepublic of Bra
zil." Mr. Haden answered in the affirma
tive. ''Swear bim to renounce allegiance to
the new Bepublic," said Judge Finletter to
Crier Mclntyre, and the oath was adminis
tered in that form.
AN ELECTION AND BANQUET.
The Dlonongahela Insurance Electa a New
Board of Directors.
The stockholders of the Monongahela In
surance Company met yesterday forenoon
and elected the lollowing directors: Will
iam A. Caldwell, George A. Berry, George
W. Dilworth, Charles Atwell, Henry Hays,
James A. McDevitt, John Caldwell, Jr.,
Charles S. Spang, J. W. Dalzell, John G.
Stephenson, William Thaw, Jr., Charles H.
Shinkle, A. D. Smith, Nathaniel Holmes
and H. L. Mason. The only new member
Of tbe board is John Caldwell, Jr., a brother
of Charles L. Caldwell, who died during
After the meeting the 15 members of the
directory board and ten bf the stockholders,
including Secretary John A. Claney, Presi
dent Caldwell and Vice President Berry, en
joyed a quiet dinner at the Monongahela
House. The directors will meet at No. 98
Fourth avenue on Tuesday, January 7,
1890, to elect officers.
It is not many years ago people travelled on
horseback or by stages; now fifty miles an hoar
is not fast enough for them. Formerly people
wrote letters that were weeks in reaching their
destination; now the telegraph flashes thought
around the world. Formerly doctors bled tbelr
patients lor nearly every complaint; now they
nso advanced science ot tbe highest order.
Prof. Austin Flint of Bellevue College, says:
"The judicious use of alcoholic stimulants is one
of tbe striking characteristics of progress in tbe
practice ot medicine daring tbe last half cen
tury." Prof. Henry Mott, Pb. D- F. C. 8., says;
"By a most carefnl analysis I have found
Duffy's rare Malt Whiskey free from adultera
tions or foreign substances, and It deserves to
meet withgreat success." The well-known
Dr. R. W. Hutchinson, of New York, savs: "I
highly recommend Duffy's Pure Malt Whiskey
and prescribe it extensively in my practice."
Bev. B. Mills, ot Princeton. Iowa, says: "I have
used Duffy's Pare Malt Whiskey with great
benefit to my wife, who is a confirmed invalid.
I know from experience it is a pure and most
valuable medicine. I am also using it in the
case of my son, who is threatened with con
sumption. 1 am a Presbyterian clergyman and
a doctor of divinity, bnt I am not afraid to reo
ommend Duffy's Malt Whiskey as the purest
and most efficient tonic that I know of. and my
experience is a large one."
-L O. D. LEVIS, Solicitor of Patents,
311 Fifth avenue, above Smlthfleld, next Leader
ettce. (No delay.) Established 29 years. '
Ketnrn of tbe Thetis .From HerSesHBerla
the Arctic Sea.
Victoria, B. C December 3. The
United States gunboat Thetis has arrived
at Departure Bay, from the Arctio Sea, for
a supply of coal. She had been in the
Arctio region all summer, and met a whole
tjhaling fleet in excell'nt order. The crew
of the Thetis bnilt'a very large Ttfuge honse
near Fort Smith, being assisted by tbe
crews ot the whaling vessels. This house is
situated. aboutseven miles from Fort Smith,
which is thought to be tbe handiest place
in case of any mishap or shipwreck. The
gunboat left a very large supply of provi
sion there, as well as many other tbings
which they may find necessary incase of
The Thetis reports thelossoftbe Aecretia'J
which was wrecked off Harold Island on
September 5. The gunboat Z herself got
jammed In the ice and was unable to get out
lor! seven days, during which time she only
made 20 miles, but eventually favorable
winds sprang up and cleared the ice, which
enabled her to continue homeward.
The Daily Spenk-Easy Case.
John and Mary A. Quinn were given a
hearing yesterday afternoon before Aider
man McKetfna on the charces of selling
liqnor without a license and keeping a dis
orderly house, preferred by Inspector Mc
Aleese some weeks ago. Quinn was com
mitted in default of bail in each case, and
Mrs. Quinn was discharged.
A Steictly Vegetable BESTOBA
TIVE to the BEAIN and NERVOUS
There is no substitute for this remedy.
IT CUBES, it GIVES NEW LIFE, it is
PUBE and WHOLESOME.
Sold by druggists. Price, 1.
Prepared only 'by BOGEBS' BOYAIi
EEMEDIES CO., Boston, Mass.
. A vrw TRiaAnmrv'VT.
Sufferers are sot generally aware that
these diseases are contagions, or that they
are due to the presence of living para
sites in the lining membrane ot the nose
ana eustacnian tuoes. Microscopic re
search, however, has proved this to be a
fact, and the result of this discovery is
that a slmplo remedy has been discovered
which permanently cores themost aggra
vated cases of these distressing diseases by
acartlbvtho patient at home. Anamoh-
let explaining this new treatment is sent
free by A. H. Dixon & Son, 337 and 333
West King Street, Toronto, Canada-
GUN WA is a Chinese Physician.
Owing to existing laws he cannot practice
medicine in America. So be has prepared a
line of Chinese herb and vegetable specifics
wbich, instead of simply relieving symptoms,
strike at the VERY HOOT OF DISEASE, and
perform cures that are nothing less than mar
velous. A friendly talk and CONSULTATION
with Gnn Wa COSTS NOTHING. He charges
bat a small sum for his remedies, which, though
gentle and harmless to take, are certain and
unerring in their effects. They SPEEDILY
CURE all blood, nervous and chronic diseases.
Young, middle-aged or old men, suffering,
quickly restored to PERFECT PHYSICAL
HEALTH. GUN WAis a FRIEND TO THE
AFFLICTED. If you cannot call, write him,
in perfect confidence. Send for history of bis
life, and his circular on Cancer, Tumors, Tape
Worm, Rheumatism, Catarrh, Female weak
ness, or Piles. Inclose 4c stamps for reply.
Office hours; 9 A. M. to 13 jr.; 1 to 5 and 7 to 9
' G-TTZLST W.A.;,
04.0 Pcnn Aofo.jDPittslJTxrg, Io.
PrrrsBUKG and lake kbie kailkoao
COMPANY. Schedule In effect November 17,
1889. Central time. DlfABT-For Cleveland,
5:03, 8:0O. m., "1:35. 'tax. 9:30p. m. For Cin
cinnati. Chicago and St. Louis, 5:00 s. in.. '1:35,
:80 p.m. For iIufflo. 8:00 a. m., 4:20, "9:dO p.
m. For Salsmancs, 8:00 s. m., 4:3) p. m. For
Younntown and Newcastle, 8:00, "3:00, 10:15 .a.
m., '1:35, '4:20. 9:S0 p. m. For Beaver Fails,
5:00. 7da,,8:00, 10:15 . m., '1:15, 3:30, '4:20, S20,
9:Sup. m. For ChartiersMJO, 15:33 a.m., 5:35,
6:55.7:15.7:30. 8:05. 8:3a 9:50.10:15a.m.,12:0il5::J5.
11t:45, 1:40, 3:30, 3:50, 14:30, 5:05, 5:2 "SO, 10:30
ARRrVE From Cleveland, t:S &., 12:30.
5:40, 7:55p. ra. From Cincinnati, Chjcafto and
St. Louis, '12:33, 70S p. m. From Buffalo. '8:2$
a. m., '12:30,10 p. m. From Salamanca, 12:3Q,
"7:53 p. m. From Yonngstown and New Cattle,
6.1 ":20 a. m 12:30. 5:40, lain p. m. From
Beaver Falls. 5:25, "8:3, 7:20, "SdO a. m., 12:30,
1:20,5:40. "7:55,10p.m. . , . , .
P.. C. & Y. trains for Mansfield. 8:30 a. m 3:30,
5:05 p. m. For Essen and Beechmont, !S.n,,
P.'C.&Y. trains from Mansfield, Essen and
Beechmont, 7:08 a. m. ,11:50a.m.
1., McKY&Y. B. B. DIFAUT-For New Ha
ven, 5:30 a.m., '3:30p.m. For West Hewton,
15:30. 9:30a. in.. 30, 4:20p. m.
AKiilVE-From New Haven, t'820 a. m., "5:15
p. m. From West Newton, 8:15, t'8:20 a. m., 1:25,
For Mckeesport, Elliabfth. Monongahela City
and Belle Vernon, 6:30, 17:30, 11:15 a. m., 13:30,
3:50 p. m.
From Delle Vernon, Monontpihela City. Eliza
beth and McKeesport, 7:43 a. m., 1930, 12:30, 5;00,
15:15 p. m.
Ually. iSundays only. W1U run one hour
late on Sunday. I WUl run two honrs late on Sun
day. City Ticket Office, 639Smlthlleld Street.
PlTTSBUltO ANO CASTLE SHANNON B. K.
Winter Time Table. On and after December
1880. until mrthcr notice, trains will rnnasfollowj
on erery dar, except Sunday. Eastern standard
time: LcaVlng l'lUibarg-:3) a. m., 7:10 a.m.,
8:00 a.m.. 9:30 s. in.. 11:30 a. m.. 1:40 p. m.. 3:40 p.
m., 5:10 p. m.. 5:50p.m., 6:30p.m., 9:30p.m.,
11:30 p. m. Arllnirton-5:40 a. m., 6:20a. m., 7:10
a. m 8:00 a. m., 10-0 a. m., 1:00 p. m.. 2:40 p. m.,
4:20 p. m., 8:10 p. m., 5:50 p. ro., 7:10p. m.. 10:30
p.m. Sunday trains, leaving Plttsbnrg-10 a.m.,
12:5u p. m.. 5:10 p. m.. :30p. m. Arlington 'J:10
a. m., 12:10 p, m., 429 p. m., 6:30 p. m.
JOHN JAHK, Snpt.
A LLEQHENY- VALLEY KA1LKOAD
xU&slns leave Union Station (Eastern Standard
lime): Klttannlng Act. 6:55 a. m.: MlagsraEx.,
dally. 8:15 . m Hulton Ac, 10:10 a. m.; Valley
Camp Ac., cioFp. m.; Oil City and DnBols Ex-
.c, IWpTm.; Braebnrn Ex.,8a5bp.m.: Klttaan
lngAc, 5.30 p.m.; Braebnm Ac, 6:20p.m.: Hal
ton Ac. 7:30 p. m.: Buffalo Ex dally,
8 i&o p. m. i Hal ton Ac, 9:45 p.m. : Braeoarn Ac,
11)30 p, m. Church trains Braebnrn. 12:40 p. m.
and 9:33 p.m. Pnllman Sleeping Cars betwtea
ntUburg and Buffalo.- J AS. P. ANDERSON,
V, A. AXlii AAVAJS jUbAAUVi usm ouv
nTSBUKQ AND WESTERN KAIL WAY
Trains tcvi Btan aumei ieive. atiuc
DayEx.,Axron,Toledo,Kane 6:40 a in 7:37 pm
Butler Accommodation . a m 5.-00 p ra
Chicago Express (dally..... . 12:25 p m llSSa m
New Castle fc Clarion Accom. 4:80 pm 7.-OTam
BntlerAccom : P m : a
First class fare to Caleage, 59. Seeondela,
t 8S. Pi-nnr- JtaSet ttesaiBg; asr to CUsacc
A WV.J jOV-T X Vi-
From PtHtburg Usloa Ststloa.
taB Trains Run by Canlral Time.
SOUTHWEST SYSTEM-PANHANDLE BO DTE.
Leare for Cincinnati and St. Louts, d 1:15 am.,
d7:30 a. m.,d9:00saddll:15p.m. Dennlton, 2:4St
p. m. Chicago, d 1:15 a. m. and 12:06 'p-t-m.'
Wheeling. 7.-30 a. m.. 12.-05. 6:10 p. m. Stenben-
Tiue, o:oa a. m. h uDiUKHD, o o;u ft. ou, '
3:30, :, 4p. m. ticinr. io:id a. m. no
9:30. 11.00a.m.. 1:05, 6:30, d 80.80 p.m. 'ile-'
Donalds, a 4 is. a 10:45 p. m. .
TBAIKS ABHIVEfrom the West d XilO. d 6:00s.
m., 3 JS, d 6:55 p. m. Dennlsos, 9:30 a-m. Sten-
benrnie, o;uap. m. wneeung, 2:10, 8:45 s..m..-a
3:05, 6:55 p. m. Bnrgettstown, 7:15 a. m.r S. 9:051
a. m. wsiningion.o:K. .uo. 8:10. 103 a. m..-l
2:35,6:23 p. m. Mansfield. 5:35, 8.30, UM0 a., m.,
11:15. 3:5 9:40 and 3 6:20p. m. Bulger, ls40 p. JoA
jUCUOUUU u v.mf a. u.., u 9iW p. m
NORTHWEST SYSTEM-rr. WAYNE ROUTE. --jSf
Le&te lor uucago. a i:a a.m., d 1I:TV d 1:00. a -
8:15, except Saturday HrtO p.m.; Toledo. 7:25 aTSfi
m., d 12:33, d 1:00, and exceptSamrday 11:20p.m. ;WJU
Crestline S:t a. m., Cleyeland, 6:10.12:45 dliaSBTf
p. m.. and 7:23 a. m., via P.. Ft.W.&UBy.: MewsrX.
Castle and Konngstown, 7:05 a. m.. 12:20, S:45p.S
m.tYonnzstown and Nlles. dl2:20 p. m:;MeadA&'
vine. Erlesnd Ashtabula, 7:0i a. m.. 12:20 p. m.;"3;
Nlles and Jamestown. 3:45 p.m.: Maulllon, 4jl V
p.m.: Wheeling and Bellalre, S:10 a. m.. 12:45.- J
3:30p.m.: Bearer Falls, 4:00. 5:05 p. m.;BeaTerF .
Falls S 8:20 4. m.; Leetsdale. 5:30 a. m. - data.
Dipabt FROM ALLiOHZXT-ltocbester, 6:30 sTj v"
m.; Beaver Falls, 8:15. 11:00 a.m.; Enon. salp
r -rr' - . . -.j. c.. - -
Tbaiks akbivs Union station from Chicago, e?f .
cept Monday. 1:50, d6a)0, d 6:35 a.m., d 5:35 and-
d 0:60 p.m.: Toledo, except Monday, 1:50, d6:35a.
m., 6:55 and 6:50 p. m ; Crestline, 2:10 p. m;:i
Yonngstown and Newcastle, 9:10 a.m.. 1:25, 6:50, f
10:15p.m.; nlles and Youngstown, a 6:50 p.m.:?'
Cleveland. d5:50 a. m., 2:25, 7-00 p. m.; Wbeellnrf
and Bellalre. 9:00 a. m.. 2:25, 70 p m.: Erie and
Ashtabula, 1:25, 10:15 p. m.: Masilllon, 10:00a.m.: "
Nlles and Jamestown, 9:10 a.m.; Beaver Falls.
7:30a. m., 1:10 p. m.; Bearer Falls, S 8:25 p.m.:
Leetsdale, 10:40 p. m.
Akiuve AXLiohint, from Enon. 8.00 a. m.:
Conway 6.40, Rochester, 9.40s. m.; Bearer Falls,
7.10a. m., 5.30 p. m.: Leetsdale, 4.30, 5.S0, 6.15.
6.50, 7.45 a. ra., 12.00, 12.45, 1.45, 3.30, 4.30. 6.SO, 9.00 '
II. ra.; Fair Oaks. S 8.55 a.m.: BeaTer Falls. 3
1.30 p. m.; Leetsdale, 8 6.05 p. si.: Beaver Falls,
B 8.15 p. m.
d. dally; S, Snnday only; other trains, except
PENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD ON AND
after November 10, 1888. trains leave Union
Station, Pittsburg, as follows, Eastern Standard
MAIN LINE EASTWARD.
New Tors and Chicago Limited or Pullman Yea,
Ubule dally at 7:13 a. m.
Atlantic Express dally for tne East, 83) a.m.
Mau train, dally, except Bandar, 6:30 a. m. ana.
day, mall, 8:40 a. m.
Day express dally at sao a. m.
Mall express dally at 1.-00 p. m,
Philadelphia express dally at 4:30 p. ra.
Eastern express dally at 7:15 p. m.
Fast Line dally at 8:10 p. m.
Greenibargexpressouop. m. weekdays.
Derry express f 1 :09 a. m. week da ys.
All tnrongh trains connect at Jersey City wirs
boats of "Brooklyn Annex' for Brooklyn. S. Y- -avoldlngdoubleferrlageand
journey through N.
Trains arrive at Union station as follows: i
St. Louis, Chicago and Cincinnati Express.
dally. -..2:00 a. m.J"
MaU Train, dally 8:10 p, m,?
Western Express, dally...., 7:45s, m.-'
Paclllc Express, dally. 12:45 p.m.
Chicago Limited Express, dally 9:30 p.m.
Fast Line. daUy .11:55 p. ra.
SOUTHWEST trmtH KAILWAl.
For Unlontown, 5:30 ana 8:35 s. m. and 433 p.
m., without change of cars: 12.50 p. m., connect
lng at Oreensburg. Trains arrive from Unload
town at 9:45 a. m.. 12:20. 6:35 and 8:10 p.m.
WEST PENNSYuv-ANlA DIVISION.
From FEDERAL or. STArlON. Allegheny City.
Mall train, connecting for Blalrsrllle... 6:45 a. m.
Express, for Blalrsvllle, connecting for
Bntler ....... SX13p.ia.
Butler Accam 8:20 a. m., 2-25 and 6:45 p.m.
BprlngdaleAccom9:00ll:50a.m.3:30and 6:3) p.m.
Freeport Aecom 4:15. 8:20 and 11:10 p. m.
On Snnday 12:35 and 8;30p. m.
North Apollo Accom. ....110 a. m. and 8:00 p. m.
Allegheny Junction Accommodation 8:20 a. m.
Blalrsvllle Accommodation 11:00 p. m.
Trains arrive at FEDERAL STREET STATION:
Express, connecting from Butler 1035 a. m.
Mall Tram. 1:45 p.m.
BntlerAccom 9:10 a. m., 4:40 and 7:25 p. m.
Blalrsvllle Accommodation ..9:32 p. m.
Freeport Accom.7:40 a.m.. 1:25, 735 and 11:10 p. m.
On Sunday 10:10 a. m. and 7:00 p. m.
Bprlngdale Accom. ...6:37,11:43 a. m., J:13, 0:45 p. ml
North Apollo Accom. .....8:40a. m. and 6:40 p. m.
Trains leave Union station. PInsonrg. as follows:
For Monongahela City, West Brownsville and
Unlontown. 10:40 a.m. For Monongahela City and
West Brownsville, 7H and 10:40 a.m.and 4:40 p.m.
On Snnday, 1:01 p. m. For Monongahela City, 5:13
p. m., week days.
Dravosburg Ac, week days, 1:20 p. m.
West Elizabeth Accommodation, 8:20a. nu, 2:00,
620 and 11:35 p. m. Snnday, 9:40 p. m.
Ticket offices Corner Fourth avenue and Try
street and Union station.
CHAS. E. PUGH, J. E. WOOD,
General Manager. Gen'll'ass'r Agent.
BALTIMORE AND OHIO RAILROAD.
Schedule in effect November 10, 1889:
for Wasnlngtpn. D. C, Baltimore, Pblladel
pbla and i4ew Tork, "8:00 s. m. and "9:20 p. m.
For Cumberland, "8:00 a. m., 11:00, "9:2) p.m.
For Connellsrllle, 46:40 and "8 .-CO a. m., tl.-OO, t4.-0)
and "930p.m. For Unlontown, $8:40. 8rtOs.m.-;T' ,
$1:00 and $4:00 p. m. For Mt. Pleasant, $8:40,
8:00 a.m. and $1:00 and $4:00 p. m. For Wash
ington, Pa., "7:05 and $9:40 s. m., 3:35, $5:30 and
7:10 p.m. For Wheeling. "7:05, $9:40 s m "3:35,
7i30p. m. For Clnstnnatl aid St. Louis, 7S5s.
m.. "JJO p. m. For Columbia, 705 a. m., "7:30
p. m. For Newark. 7:05, $9:40 a. m, "3:35. 100
p. m. For Chicago, 7:05 and "730 p. m.
Trains arrive from New York. Philadelphia,
Baltimore and Washington. 630 a. m., 8 .35 p.
m. From Columbus, Cincinnati and Chicago,
8:25 a. m., 9:00 p. m. From Wheeling, "8:2s,
10:50 a.m., $5:00, 9:00 p.m.
Through sleeping cars to Baltimore, Washing
ton, Cincinnati and Chicago. '
Connellsvllle accommodation at S3:35 a. m.
The Pittsburg Transfer Company will call for
and check baggage from hotels and residences
upon orders left at B. & O. ticket office, corner
Fifth avc and Wood St. CHAS. O. SCULL, Gen.
Pass. Agent. J.T. O'DELL. General Manager.
814 PENK AVENUE, PITTSBURG, PA.
As old residents know and back files of Pitts
burg papers prove, is the oldest established
and most prominent physician in the city, de
voiine special attention to all chronic diseases.
MCDAni loand mental diseases physical
IN tH V UUOdecay, nervous debility, lack of
energy, ambition and hope, impaired memory,
disordered sight, self distrust, bashfulness,
dizziness, sleeplessness, pimples, eruptions, im
poverished blood, falling powers, organic weak,
ness, dyspepsia, constipation, consumption, un
fitting tbe person for business, society and mar
riage, permanently, safely and privately cured.
BLOOD AND SKINJSS,ltJ5Wll
blotches, falling hair, bones, pains, glandular
swellings, ulcerations of tongue, mouth, throat
ulcers, old sores, are cured for life, and blood
poisons thoroughly eradicated from the system.
1 1 D I M A D V kidney and Dladder derange
Unilinn I jments, weak back, gravel, ca
urrhal discharges, inflammation and other
painful symptoms receive searching treatment,
prompt relief and real cures.
Dr. Whittlers life-lone, extensive expert
ence, insures scientific and reliable treatment
on common-sense principles. Consolation free.
Patients at a distance as carefully treated as it
here. Office hours 9 A. M. to 8 v. m. Sunday.
10 A. 31. to 1 V. K. only. DR. 'WHITTIER, 814
Penn avenue, Pittsburg, Ps.
GRAY'S SPECIFIC MEDICINE
LOSS OF MEMORY.
Full particulars In pamphlet
lent free. The genuine Urw's
Specific sold by druggists only In
yellow wrapper. Price, fl per
package, or six for S3, or by mau
on recelnt of nrlee. bv address-
9g TillS UllAI MEDICINE CO., BUliaiO, K. a
Sold la Pittsburg by S.S. HOLLAND, cornet
Smlthfleld and Liberty sts. ap!2-ai
'..... .......- jr.- T. .1 . .. v
SPECIALISTS in all cases re
quiring scientific and confiden
tial treatment! Dr. a K. Lake.
M. R. C. P. a, lithe oldest and
most experienced specialist in
the city. Consultation free and
strlctlv confidential. Office
honrs 9 to 4 and 7 to 8 P. M.; Bundajs. 2 to 4 P.
M.Consult them personally, or write. Doctoes
Laex, 328 Penn ave, Pittsburg, Pa.
ioIc's Cotton. Hoo
imtiAtutl if fVi-rtrtTT Ttnn-L TanfT tUIu.
t - -.,.. AitHfwamrtrT an
L-Iold physician. Is aieeasfuOti ussd'a
rnontUtf-Safe. "Effectual. Price JL oy.msj.s
sealed. Ladies, ask your druggist fr"fj
Cottoa Boot Compound and take no 6sat3ic5'l
or Inclose 3 stamps for sealed particTilars; am
rintm PONTi T.lEv COMPANY. No. S iMBe'
Hock, 131 Woodward ave Detroit. MIch.
-3old in Pittsburg, Pa., by Jose ph Flem
ing 4 Hon, Diamond and Market sts. se2Sa
containing foil particulars for home cure, tree w
'rffiftrfOW.tK, Moodu., Conn, i .
T A XiTT? C! BET-OXIDE PILLS are saferK -J
ADLJ&lO . superior to pennyroyal, orjLM
tsasy; particulars, 4c. Clarke Ca, Box!