Pittsburg dispatch. (Pittsburg [Pa.]) 1880-1923, November 25, 1889, Image 1

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If yon -font "Board, Boons, Homes "or
Htlp, udrertlae ia TBS DI&PATCtl.
Fnreh" can 'be found for evrrrtulns;
offered Far Sale In THE DI-PATCU.
THE DISPATCH U the best ndrertlslng
medium In Western Pennsylvania. Try It.
though it May "be Hard to Be
tain for Many More Years.
By the Seeming Limits of the Fields,
the Loss in Pipage,
And the Sure but Gradual Exhaustion of
Uaturo's Storehouse.
The summary and conclusions appended,
as to the possible exhaustion of natural gas
an both interesting and important. Each
assertion is accompanied by a statement
of the character of evidence on which it is
based. There is, beyond this evidence, how
ever, the gratifying fact that a less
easily exhaustible fuel lies in abundance at
Pittsburg's very doors, and that the gas,
even if the bulk of it roes within four years,
will still stay long: enough to admit of an
other gas fuel being nicely and cheaply in
stalled in its place. Economy, as is shown,
will tend to lengthen the natural gas period.
In arriving at a conclusion as to how long
Pittsburg may reasonably expect to .have
natural gas in sufficient quantities for all
purposes, at a price not exceeding coal, it is
not proper to accept simply the opinion of
one person, nor the mere guesses of several.
One gentleman, an official of one of the
largest companies, whose duties require him
to keep posted in regard to the different
fields and their production, said to me that
this would be the last year for natural gas
at less than coal rates in Pittsburg.
'I mean by that," he continued, "that
within a year natural gas will be to some
extent a luxury. It will not be exhausted
within that time, or for long afterward; but
there will not be enough for all manufactur
ing purposes. There are no more good
fields obtainable, and the old fields are being
"One way to prove this is by asking the
farmers, and see what they say. "We are
not looking for any more new territory now.
"We have secured some leases in Greene
county; but that field, when developed, will
not change the general result, in my opin
ion." Quite different was the statement of a
prominent official ot the Philadelphia Com
pany. In answer to the question, "Does
there seem to be any new field toward which
to look after the present producing ones are
exhausted?" he replied:
: "We now look to the Bellevernon -field.
-It is evident that, no matter how far north
theTdurrysville field is extended, we will
still find gas in great quantities. Every
other new well discovered is larger than the
last one, and nobody can say where the
thing will stop. Then the new fields in
Greene county and "West Virginia also look
as if tfiey would continue for an indefinite
time. "Within a radius of DO miles of this
city there are
of as good gas territory as were ever devel
oped. This is especially true of West Vir
ginia and Greene county. There is no
earthly necessity to go after high pressure;
it is too hard to control. The Philadelphia
Company means to use low pressure lines.
To that end we are building large pipe
"Thirty or 40 100-pound wells will pro
duce more gas with less waste than 10 600
pound wells."
In a subsequent conversation this same
gentleman said that the Philadelphia Com
pany was not securing any more territory;
instead of securing any more land, the com
pany is throwing up leases on many thou
sands of acres which it did control.
Mr. S. F. Jones, President ot the Belle
vernon Company, said he felt confident that
the Bellevernon field could not furnish any
considerable supply to Pittsburg for a
longer time than 'two or three years, at
most, altbough the supply for manufactories,
near the wells in the district, would proba
bly last for ten years, if not longer. He
based this opinion on the fact that
and that there is no uniformity in the pres
sure ot the wells, some having a high pres
sure and others being of low pressure.
It will be remembered that in the second
article of this series I quoted a well
informed gentleman at Canonsburg. He
said: "It is my belief that we will have
plenty of gas for years to come at this place.
There are thousands of acres that will give
gas yet; but I fear that it will not be under
sufficiently strong pressure to pipe it to
Pittsburg. I think we can send gas to
Pittsburg for three or four years yet, but I
am afraid it will not be much longer."
This same gentleman was of the opinion
that shut-in wells would gradually accumu
late gas again, but would never regain the
lost high rock pressure.
Mr. Kuhn, Superintendent of the Xough
iogheny Natural Gas Company, at Greens
burg, said that the gradual failing of the
rock pressure indicated that it would be
only a few years at the utmost, when the
pressure would become so low as to render
the piping of gas for long distances im
possible. Mr,' Joseph D. "Weeks, who has prepared
,seTeral papers upon natural gas for the
United States Geological Survey, and has
given the subject of sources of supply; the'
amount and duration, inucn carclul study,
says it is simply folly to pretend that the
gas.is illimitable or that it will last forever.
Atvthe present rate of production he esti
mates that the districts in the Pittsburg
field will need to fall back on coal in three
to four years more. Through the practice
of economies it may last a few years longer.
Prof. Orton, State Geologist of Ohio, says
that high pressure wells come from reser
voirs, and rapidly exhaust large sections of
Prof. I. a "White, who has been quoted
before in these articles, says that the gas
tha( 1S borued is not replaced in the. reser
voirs from which it is drawn.
But.snppose it to be granted that the J
weight of the testimony inclines to show
that the gas fields from which Pittsburg
draws its supply will gradually fail, the
next question is: "With wtiat rapidity?
Any diminution of supply was not notice
able for some four or five years after the
reservoirs were first tapped. Confidence in
the lasting qualities ot the fields was
largely established because one or two wells
had been pouring out gas for a long penoa
with no apparent diminution in rock pres-
sure, flow pressure, or volume, it was no
fully realized then that one well in a large
but that many wells in the same territory
would be of correspondingly short life as each
new outlet was made in the reservoir. The
first great Murrysville well might still be
producing gas in the enormous quantities
that it did when first drilled,- if other wells,
and many of them.had not been put down in
the same gas sand. "When gas was struck in
it no one "thought of measuring the rock
pressure and flow. Indeed, there was no
method then known of doing either. Since
then two or three methods have been put
into use for such purposes; the anemometer
for wells yielding not over 1,000.000 cubic
feet of gas per day, and a modification of
pressure is obtained by shutting in a well
until it reaches the normal pressure. As
has before been said the rock pressure is the
carrying principle of the gas. The flow
pressure is obtained bv measuring the gas as
it leaves the well, and indicates how fast it
Before the Murrysville field was filled
with holes all the wells had a normal rock
pressure of about 500 pounds, and the flow
pressure indicated a daily production of
about 15,000,000 cubic feet for each well.
That wonld give lor the 48 wells in that
field on November 1, 1886. 870,000,000 cubic
feet per dav, or about 317,550,000,000 cubio
leet per year.
Instead of 58 wells in the Murrysville
district, there are now about 260, the Phila
delphia Company alone having about 150
wells in the old and new Murrysville fields.
The average rock pressure in the old field,
as has been shown, is now about 100 pounds
instead of 500 pounds. Por 1886 the Phila
delphia Company, which supplied
about one-half of all the natural
gas used in Pittsburg, estimated its
production at 60,000,000,000 cubic feet, and
yet it then owned 48 of the 58 wells in the
Murrysville field and ten wells at Tarentum
besides, so that the calculatian ot 15,000,000
cubic feet per day for each well in the Mur
rysville field could not have been correct at
that time, or else there was an enormous
waste in some way.
A Philadelphia Company official, in an
interview in The Dispatch on last
Thursday, estimated that they were
now furnishing 450,000,600 cubio feet
of gas per day Irom the Murrys
ville, Grapeville and "Washington fields,
that would amount to 164,250,000,000 feet
per year, now. as against 60.000,000,000 feet
in 1886. or nearly three times the amount of
1886, which has to be secured from 171 wells
in the Murrysville field; nearly four times
as many as there were in 1886, with the
number of wells in the Washington county
fields not stated.
These figures themselves would prove
a gradual, vet marked diminution of supply.
If a well at 500 pounds rock pressure
yields 15,000,000 cubio teet per day, it might
naturally be inferred that a well at. 100
pounds pressure would .give only one-fifth
as much, or only 3,000,000 cubic teet, there
fore the 260 wells now in the Murrysville
district, with an average rock pressure of
100 pounds, would yield 90,000,000 feet less
per day than did the8- wells three yean
ago. i5v1" "f
But this would be Incorrect and mislead-1
ing, as the production of a well is not always
the same with the same rock preessure, and
the decrease in flow is not in direct ratio
with the decrease in rock pressure. It is
beyond question that more gas can be ob
tained from 50 wells at 100 pounds pressure
than from 10 at 500 pounds. But, it will re
quire a much larger pipe to carry the same
quantity of gas at 100 pounds than it would
at 500. ,
It is reasonable to suppose, and it is un
deniably correct, that -the reservoir will not
be exhausted nearly so rapidly when the
rock pressure and flow pressure decrease;
that is, that the exhaustion is arrested, and
' proceeds more slowly.
Therefore, if a pipe is laid large enough
to carry the same quantity of gas at low
pressure as was carried under high pressure
the supply will remain as great, and be of
longer continuance.
in having large pipes under low pressure Is
that the waste will be so much less through
leakage. Becognizing these facts, all the
natural gas companies, or the principal
ones, at least, are now laying large pipes as
fast as they can. They will increase the
life of the gas fields to a very great extent.
I have spoken of this point in previous
articles. I also called attention to the
great amount of leakage in the mains con
veying the gas to the city. It is almost
certain that one-half the gas which comes
out of the wells is lost by leakage in pipe
joints during the long carriage to the city.
In addition to putting down larger pipes,
the Philadelphia Company is now devising
a method for securing the joints of the old
lines more perfectly. Tnese changes will
give as much gas, if not more, without
making it necessary to ami new high-pressure
wells for the present
Another important factor in prolonging
the period during which Pittsburg will
have natural gas is the practice of economy
in its use. Although there is not so much
waste now as there was three years ago, still
probably one-half of the gas drawn from
the mains by manufactories is lost through
imperfect methods of using it, and careless
handling by employes. Although
as it was three or four years ago, it is still
verv great. "It is estimated," says Joseph
D. Weeks hi the official natural gas report
before alluded to, "that in the past four
years Pittsburg has consumed and wasted
enough gas, in one way and another, to have
lasted ten times as 'long if it had been
judiciously produced and burned."
In spite of the attempts on the part of the
gas companies to enforce economy in use in
the mills and manufactories, there is still
entirely too much wasted, as will readily be
seen by observing the mill stacks still belch
ing forth flames. The gas should go into the
furnace at a low pressure and be entirely
consumed in the lurnace, and none of it be
allowed to escape into the stack. This has
been known for some years, but the theory
has not been strictly applied.
Under the system of furnishing gas for
domestic service by contract instead of bv
meter there has been large and hurtful
waste. Manv families use all tbe gas they
can get in their houses instead of as much
as they need. Then the methods of com
bustion are imperfect The grate fires suit
able for coal are not always suited to hum
gas economically. One gas company official
said that the grate fires should be abolished
altogether and .stoves substituted, as by that
means all the heat would be radiated into
the room, instead of three-fourths of it
going up the chimney as it does in a grate
But stoves are disagreeable to many per
sons, and are not likely do be generally
adopted. An open grate, however, can be
so arranged as to throw out four times as
much heat with less than half the gas now
used. This can be done by placing an
asbestos back wall in the grate at such an
angle as to throw nearly all the heat into
loom. It has been tried with great success.
Compelling all consumers to use meters
"i- - "J
will lead to these chancres being adopted by
private families. The mill owners now find
that the service pipes in their establish
ments are not large enough for low pressure,
and when they put in enlarged pipes they
will have enough gas, but not under such
high pressure as to drive it through the fur
nace and into the stacks.
The enlargement of pipes and the enforce
ment of economies must prolong the life of
the present fields to a considerable extent
J erai ne1r fiei,jSi or ratner extensions of the
'-hen, as has been shown, there are sev-
old ones, which can he relied upon to furnish
considerable quantities of gas for at least
three or four years to come, probably even
longer. Since I was in "Washington there
has been
extending the Hickorv field ten miles fur
ther. This was at Amity, where the "Wheel
ing Natural Gas Company has just brought
in a well with 800 pounds rock pressure and
550 pounds flow pressure. Extensions like
this may be expected in different directions
on the old fields until their final limits are
Tljere are also some limited fields of low
pressure lying near the city, which may
possibly be used, but which would scarcely
pav to develop because of the great expense
inlaying large pipes, but which might be
connected with other fields and be made to
The final conclusions then are:
First That the developed resonrces of the
natural gas fields are rapidly diminishing as the
drafts upon them increase and accumulate.
Second That by the laying ot large pipes,
carrying low pressnre, and the enforcement of
reasonably economy in thense of gas, tho life
of the fit-Ids can be materially prolonged.
Third That the extensions of old fields give
much promise.
Fourth That not the slightest alarm need
be felt that the supply will fall short of what is
needed for at least two or three years more:
and that by within that time the discoveries of
new fields, the unexpected extension of old
fields and the greater experience gained in
producing, carrying and using tho gas may be
such as to make the supply last much longer.
Fifth Very emphatically, neither this nor
the next is the last year for natural gas in
Pittsburg and vicinity.
The Antics of a Number of Canines They
Grab nt- Carcasses In Front of a
Batcher Shop, Then Yelp
nnd Ran Awnj.
St. Paul., Met., November 24. A dog
was observed to twitch suddenly, then yelp
and run away, just as he was passing the
butcher shop of Wiel & Vuckel, on Seventh
street, Thursday. Presently another dog
meandered along that way and took occasion
to smell at the carcass ot the hog that was
hung outside the shop. At the moment his
nose touched the carcass he shot backward
as if sent that way by the toe of a boot, re
covered himself quickly, and ran away
yelping vigorously. A third dog came
along, smelt of the carcass, and went heels
over head across the walk into the gutter,
where he quivered a moment, then sprang
to his feet and ran away howling.
Quite a crowd of "people was soon at
tracted by the strange gymnastics of the pass
ing dogs, but all were content, to stand
quietly by and be amused at the way the
canines were getting fooled on that hog.
Hobody understood what was the matter,
and all seemed to be overcome by a sort of
superstition and willingness that the dogs
should do all the investigating.
One dog was ahead of another, and the
hind one became jealous of the one ahead,
and rushed with all his might between him
and the carcass, took first a snap, with a
growl at the outside canine, and then a snap
withont a growl at the carcass. Result
two astonished Jogs went sailing out into
the street A canine that witnessed the
performances conclnded the carcass was
poor meat, .and thought he1 would trv a
-dressed "turkey hanging hear- He was a
cautious uog, nowever, ana sninea at tne
turkey at long range. Another dog thought
he was a coward and proposed to make him
ashamed of himself, so the brave dog took
first a sneaking look at the -people about, to
estimate his chances of getting kicked, and
then opening his mouth wide enough to en
velop half of the bird, made a bold rush
for it For a moment there was a limp dog
hanging to the turkey, then the cur sud
denly came to, and his body began flying
about the turkey like a chicken's during
the process of neck-wringing, while he
yelled as if mad.
A bntcher standing by got excited at the
way the dog hung to the turkey, and forget
ting all about the previous scenes, rushed
in headlong to save the bird. The butcher
went to grass with a dull thud, and then it
began to dawn upon the people what was
the matter. An investigation disclosed the
fact that an arc wire was touching the iron
Ejsts upon which the carcasses of the tur
eys hung, so that the meats were all
heavily charged with electricity.
Demanding That His Candidate for Post
master of Richmond be Appointed.
Richmond, Va. .November 24. Ifahone
is making his last fight now on the postmas
tership of Bichmond. His candidate is S.
Blair Morris, who was his main organizer in
Bichmond, and was therefore a bitter
enemy of the straightout element
Mr. John S. Grubbs, another applicant,
was the choice of Hon. John S. Wise, and
was the cause of the bitter language used by
Mr. Wise to the President, he claiming that
the President had promised him to appoint
Mr. Grubbs.
The third applicant is Judge Thomas S.
Atkins, formerly Judge of the Hustings
Court, and the man who sentenced the
murderer Cluverius. Atkins has the strong
est backing among the citizens, and is a. native-born
Marcus Brown's Bad Bay Skips Oat and
Cannot be Fonnd.
New Xobe, November 24. The failure
of Marcus Brown, the shirt manufacturer of
40 White street, was due to the speculation
of his son, Harry Brown. Samuel Brown,
Mr. Brown's nephew, a member of the firm,
which was dissolved on November 1, was
found to-day at the office examining the
books. He'said that Barry's losses of the
firm's money were pretty large they would
be at least $50,000.
Harry le t town Thursday last, as soon as
his irregularities became known, and he has
not been seen since by any of his friends.
Nothing is known of his whereabouts,
One Was Murdered and tbe Other Had n.
Narrow Escape From Lynching.
IJOSTOBIA, O., November 24. Reuben
Gardner fatally stabbed Lafayette Fronts
at West Millgrove. a small place near here,
last night A quarrel arose over a game of
cards. Frontz died in a few minutes after
the knife was plunged into his side.
Gardiner's speedy removal to the connty
jail at Bowling Green stopped the talk of
Avenger Has Recovered From
Attack of Nervons Prostration.
New Tobk, November 24. Mrs. Hannah
SoUthworth, who Bhot and killed Stephen
Xi. Pettus, had a good night's rest and was
able to eat quite a hearty breakfast. Since
her arrest she has not read any newspapers.
The only person who visited her to-day
was the prison physician, Dr. Magee, who
said the did sot need any more prescrip
tions. '
WWrSfflR'3 JWF
tT" :' A'A .A JSV-W -a. , - 4
sbbbss-! "B H B maS l "F Bar m T? BB 2 BB u .
A Tery Unenviable Task Ahead for
the New Speaker of the House.
For the Purpose of Preserving the Eight
to Filibuster Awhile.
A Statistical EtpDrt to be Hade by tho Censes
Borean in a Barry
The Democratic members of the House
nowin Washington, headed by Mr. Mills,
are busily-at work outlining the' part each
is to take on the opening of Congress In
order to keep in nsa the rales of the last
Congress as long as possible. Filibustering
is to be kept up at the risk of raising a
veritable row. The Census Bureau will
make its report on statistics of population
as soon as possible, in order to give the Be
publican party all advantages that may
be made thereby.
Washington, November 24. It is verf
evident from the movements and expressions
df the Southern Democratic members of
Congress who are in the city, and who lead
the Democratic side of the House, that it is
not their purpose to abandon without a
vigorous struggle the advantages which
they would derive from the privilege of
dilatory motions if the rales in force during
the last Congress are not disturbed. They
n,A nlnmnrnnn fnr the pnfnrcement of the.
old rules. They say little to thegeneralH
public, but while the Bepublicaus are
absorbed with the Speakership, they are
buttonholing Democratic members as they
arrive, explaining the situation, allotting
the part that each must play, and arrang
ing, with such method as they can, to resist
the abolition of the right to filibuster-;in
other words, of the right othe minority
to rule.
getting in his wobk
Boger Q. Mills is the busiest member in
this work. He is a bulldozer by nature,
and as filibustering is but another name for
bulldozing,'he is in his element when laying
his plans for a fight against the elimination
from the rules of the House of a law of pro.
cedure that is not tolerated by any other
parliament of the civilized world. Mr. Mills
has had sundry meetings at his rooms of
members from his own section, who are still
imbued with the old spirit which prompted
them to rule In Congress, right or wrong, by
fair or foul means. The proposition is for a
fight to the death, and at all hazards against
any attempt to curtail the right to filibus
ter. No matter who is elected Speaker, it is ex
pected and certain that he will, with the first
word he utters, declare against the main
tenance of the custom by which a new
House proceeds under the rules of the next
preceding House until new rules are adopt
ed, and on the other hand, that it shall pro
ceed under general parliamentary law pre
vious to the adoption of rules.
It is at this juncture that Mr, Mills and
his associates must get in their work, for
that declaration once made final the chance
for their success is greatly lessened. They
tviII nnncnl from this decision. On the an.
The Bepubrtcans will endeavor to pass a
motion that a vote on the appeal shall be
taken at a oertain time. The Democrats
will filibuster against a vote on the motion.
The debate on the appeal will go on. After
enough has been said, a motion will be
made to lay the appeal on tbe table. As
such a motion is not debatable, Mr. Mills
and his circle of able obstructionists will
lall back on motions to adjourn or to take a
recess, and other dilatory motions, and keep
up this monotonous bit of aggravating war
fare until the Speaker takes the bulldozers
by the horns, so to speak, and refuses to
recognize any o! them for further obstruc
As movements to adjourn or to take a
recess are always in order, provided some
other business intervenes between each mo
tion, a refusal to recognize a member to
make one of these motions will be an ex
treme procedure, and Mr. Mills and his
friends will raise a fine row in case of such
blindness and deafness on the part of the
Speaker. Just how far they will carry their
obstruction they probably cannot themselves
now estimate. Their present consultations
are for the purpose of looking up every
trick of the parliamentary trade, arranging
the parts each is to play in 'the serio-comedy,
and pledging nerve and backbone to carry
the scheme to the end according to pro
gramme. When the Bepublicans have carried their
point as they will if they do not make a
woful mistake in their choice of a Speaker
the next fight will occur when the Commit
tee on Bules reports a new code of proce
dure, which of course will embody
of the rights of the fihbuster,the crane, and
the professional objector, whose only means
to gain notoriety is by unremitting repeti
tion, pairot-like of the words "I object,"
on occasions when unanimous consent is de
sired for the introduction, consideration or
passage ot a motion or measure. Again
Mills, the Breckenridges, McMillin, "Kil
gore, of Texas," and the rest of tbem will
exhaust their mind and ingenuity to defeat
the new rules or to modify, the anti-filibus-tering
clause which they will certainly con
tain. How long they can continue the fight
will probably be known only when it is
ended. There is not only a possibility of a
very long contest, but of a regular row be
fore the end is reached. Much depends on
the Speaker.
One thing which, it is asserted by some,
will ham per the action of th.e Southern fili
busters is the fact that Speaker Carlisle
once ruled that each House was tbe creator
of its own rules, and that until it adopted
rules it must proceed under general parlia
mentary law.
on this question, but Mills and the others'
declare lrankly that they care nothing for
Carlisle's attitude, that they never agreed
with him, and that they propose to fight to
the last inch of ground. While they are not
publishing their plans, they have flung
down the challenge, and the Bepublican
candidates for Speaker know jnst what a
fiery trial the lucky man will have to endure.
There is more than one candidate who, if put
in position to go through that fierv trial,
will be exceedingly lucky if he is not hauled
out of the coals completely roasted.
The Census Bnrcaa to Hurry TTp
Statistical Report Benefits Ex
pected From It for tbe Repub
lican Party Very Soon.
Washington, November, 24. One of
the things that the Census Bureaus proposes
to do promptly is to finish the report of the
statistics of population at the earliest
possible moment. This is not only desirable
on account of the work itself, but also that
thel"iftv-rirt Oowrres awyhaveaa oppor
tunity before its expbtttio ea tke- 4thf J
NOVEMBER 25, 1889.
March, 1891, to reapportion, on the basis ot
population discovered by the new census,
the Congressional representation of the
Various States, that it may take effect
previous to the Presidental election of 1892.
This is highly important to the Bepublican
party, as it is well known that several of the
Invulnerable Democratio States have de
creased largely in their population, while
many of the strong Bepublican Stater have
greatly increased.
It is probable that if each State had in
1884 cast only that number of electoral votes
to which it would have been entitled ac
cording to the basis of. representation fixed
by law, Blaine, and not Cleveland, wonld
have been President, so generally had the
population of the Southern States either de
creased or remained stationary, while that
of the Bepublican States had either greatly
increased or remained stationary in the
years intervening between the taking of the
census of 1880 and the Presidental election
of 1884.
It is expected that the new census will
'increase the chances of Bepublican rule In
Congress, though its effect in this respect
may be to some extent counteracted by
gerrymandering in Bepublican States whose
legislatures may happen to be Democratio
when the State is redistricted. The im
portant effect, however, will be on the
Presidental election, as almost undoubtedly
the representation In Unwavering Bepub
lican States will be considerably increased,
and in no State decreased, while in some
Democratic States it will be decreased, in
others left as it is, and in only a few in
stances increased in any important degree.
This conclusion is reached irom a compari
son of the votes for President in 1880, 1884
and 1888. At any rate, the Bepublican
Fifty-first Congress will try to dispose of the
reapportionment question.
For SG Days He Was Completely Pros
trnted Discoveries of tbe Greatest
Importance Tha Fate
of Trotters.
London, November 24. Mr. Marston
has received a letter from Henry M. Stan
ley dated South End Victoria Nyanza, Sep
tember 3, from which the following extracts
are taken:
The rebels of the Emin Government relied
Upon their craft and on tbe wiles of the
"Heathen Cninee,,rand it is amusing now to
loos: back, and note how punishment has fallen
on them. Was it Providence or was it luck?
Let those who love to analyze such matters re
flect on it The traitors without camp and
traitors within were watched, and tbe most
active conspirator was discovered, tried and
banged. The traitors without fell foul of one
another aqd ruined themselves. If it is
not luck, then it is surely Provi
dence, in answer to good men's prayers.
Far away, our own people, tempted by their
extreme wretchedness and misery, sold our
rifles and ammunition to our natural enemies,
the Manyema, the slave traders' true friends,
without the ieast grace, either of bodies or
souls. What happy influence was it that
restrained me from destroying all concerned In
HI .Each time t read the story of Nel
son's and Parkes' Sufferings X feel
vexed at my forbearance, and yet again 1
feel thanlcfnl for a higher power than man's,
which severely afflicted them with cold-blooded
murders by causing them to fall upon one an
other a few weeks after the rescue and relief of
Nelson and Parkes.
The memory of those days alternately hardens
and unmans me. With tbe rescue of Emin
Pasha, poor old Casatland those who preferred
Egypt's flesh-pots to tbe course plenty of the
province near Nyanza, were returned, and whilo
we were patiently waiting, tho doom of the
rebels was consummated. Since that time of
anxiety and unhappy outlook, I have been at
the point ot death from a dreadful illness.
The strain had been too much, and
for 23 days I lay helpless, tended
by the kindly and skillful hands
of Burgeon Parkes. Then little by little
I gathered strength and finally gave orders for
tbe march far home. Discovery after discov
ery in this wonderful region was made the
snowy ranges of Bnevenzonl, the Cloud King
or Rain Creator, the Semofiu, the Albert Ed
ward Nvanla. the Dlains of Nooucora. tbe salt
lakes of Katlve, the new peoples-of tbeWa-
featured Wasonyora, the" Wanyoro bandits,
and then Lake Albert Edward, the tribes and
shenberd races of the Eastern unlands. then
Wanyakori besides the Wanyaruwamba and
Wazinja. until at last we came to a church,
whose cross dominated a Christian settlement
and we knew wohad reached the outskirts of
blessed civilization.
Mr. Mackinnon, the Chairman of the
Emin relief committee, has also received a
letter from Stanley. It is dated August 6,
and was written at HZaiurro, an Arab settle
ment on the Karagwe.
Baltimore Green Glass Battle Blowers Is
sne a Cbnllense and a Warning;.
Baltimore, November 24. The green
glass bottle blowers of this city who have
been on a strike since last September are out
with a statement of their grievances. The
cause of the trouble, they say, is
due to the non-compliance of the man
ufacturers with the apprentice regulation
adopted by the Eastern and Western di
visions of "the bottle blowers. Tne Eastern
manufacturers also decline to start factories
until the employes accept a reduction of 25
per cent in wages and allow the full control
of the apprentice regulation. Tne address
concludes as follows:
We challenge any one to show us any trade
that has been as liberal to the apprentice
question as the green glass bottle blowers.
There is no trade that can make
such a showing on this question.
There is one apprentice to less than fonr jour
neymen at the present time, yet we are asked
to give those 16 firms unlimited control of the
apprentice question. Now we propose to not
only protect the American boy, but to protect
the American man, fellow workmen, and citi
zen, against the greedy and grasp
ing manufacturer, and, Jn the present
warfare now waged against the green glass
bottle blowers by the 16 firms, we do honestly
and firmly notify them that we will never sur
render to tbem until such time as they are
willing to grant to us snch terms as have al
ready been conceded by their competitors in
the green bottle business.
Coles Secures a Divorce From Hrr
Hnsbnnd, a IT. 8. OScer.
SanDieoo, CaE., November 24. For
nearly a year Mrs. Mary Thurman Coles,
youngest daughter of Judge Allen G. Thur
man, has resided at San Diego.
Shortly after arriving here she
filed 0 a petition in the Superior
Court, asking for a divorce from her hus
band, Lieutenant William 8. Coles, now in
command of the United States steamer
Despatch. The principal charge in her
complaint is neglect
The couple were married at Washington,
16 years ago, when Mrs. Coles was only
a girl. The complainant alleges that
Lieutenant Coles soon forgot his
marriage vows and ceased to
provide for his wife. The divorce proceed
ings were kept secret until to-day, when the
decree was issned.
The Trustees nt Cincinnati and St. Zionis
Have Resltrned.
St. Louis, November 24. It is reported
on what is believed to be good authority
that the local representatives of the National
Lead Trust have resigned their trusteeships,
audthat developments respecting the con
dition of the trust are likely to follow
which will be very interesting. It is also
said that the trustee at Cincinnati has taken
the same action.
Trouble on an Ocean Steamer.
Queenstown, November 24. The
Canard Line steamer Etruria, from Liver
pool for New York, is delayed here by a fog.
There was trouble on board the steamer,
owing to the union saea refusing to sail with
the aoa-anlon men. The unlo aM were
imprisoned fer dajv -,'
i tTuT1I I ill "
The New Government of Brazil Has
Been Enthusiastically
Interference From Germany or Abj Giber
Foreign Power Will
The European Monarehs Will be Easy Watc&fBC Their
Own Subjects.
Minister Valente has received .authentic
information from Brazil that the Bepnbllo
has been accepted by all the provinces and
blessed by the Church. ThUr he says,
assures a united front against any attempt
at foreign interference. Dom Pedro is ex
pected to arrive at Lisbon in a few days.
Washington, November 24. Senor Va
lente, the Brazilian Minister, this afternoon
received the following important cable,
gram, which shows that the Bepnblie has
been accepted by all the provinces of
Rio mi Jasteibo, November 24.
I inform yon that all tbe provinces have sig
nified their adherence to the Republic and Pro
visional Government without anx resistance or
protest Tbe Government has extended the right
to vote to all citizens, except only those usable
to read or write; Tbe Archbishop, head of tbe
Church In. Brazil, has conferred to-day his
solemn benediction upon tbe Government and
tbe Republic. IRtnr Babboza.
Minister of Finance
In reply to a suggestion that cable dis
patches from Germany stated that there
was dangeb op a division i
of Brazil into three parts. Minister Valente
said that the telegram received to-day was a
complete refutation of all such reports. It
showed that Brazil was united and that the
sentiment of every province was in favor of
a Republic It was not pleasing news a
most of the countries of Europe, the Min
ister said, to hear that a monarchy had
quietly and without bloodshed become
a Bepnblie
It might set the people there to thinking
abont Republics. Doubtless the other
monarchies would like to see a reaotion
and would like to pnt obstacles in the way
of a Bepubiic
It was the will of the people of Brazil,
however, that a Bepnbllo should be estab
lished. It was accomplished without any
bloodshed or commotion because the time
Was ripe for It
The people were tolerant in religion and
politics, and- this prepared the way for the
change. The Government had never at
tempted to interfere, and everyone was per
fectly free to express his view. When in
Brazil last Jnne the Minister had heard
two members o'f the House riie aad hail tho
coming of the Bepnblie.
good feeling all abound.
The movement had gone on, fortifying
and fructifying; until every one was ready
forit. The Emperor, Dom Pedro,' knew of
tbe movement, and had said fie weald re
tire if it were for the good of the coantry.
Tbe Minister would not say that the Em
peror was pleased with the. notification that
lie was to be deposed, but he was sure that he
bore no one any ill will for the measures
which had been token. Dom Pedro wonld
not countenance any movement looking to
his forcible replacement on the throne.
"There is one thing in the telegram in ad
dition to the fact that all the provlnaas.
wiWpsIb. aaaSja'l, -BjSrsej -Tapf&QHk SaefaA-
Yi&ioBai cruTCfiiincai, uja. is yexy uapert.
ant," said MiVTlate, "and that is that
the Boman. Catholic church Jms to-day
blessed the new Governmen t That is a
very powerful support. Ton see, in Brazil,
while every one is free to worship his own
religion, the Roman Catholic church is the
church -of the State, Just as the established
church is endowed by England. The fact
that the Church has accepted the change ia
Government shows, that it is the will of
the' whole TEOPLE
and there is no opposition. The priests had
nothing to do with politics, and they are
naturally conservative and friendly to mon
archists principles. They had acquired
their privileges under a monarchy ana did
not desire a change. Republics are Dot
friendly toithe establishment of any church,
as they believe that each church should he
supported by its own congregation.
"So. when the church formally recognizes
the Republic, it shows that it is convinced
that it is the will of the whole people, that
all the provinces favor it, and that there is
no hone of a restoration."
Continuing, the Minister said that if
other countries sought to interfere, they
would aid instead of harm the Bepubiic
Germany would like to have a South
American Empire, and be had seen It stated
that there were 200,000 Germans in South
ern Brazil. That number might not be too
large if it included those of German descent,
bnt those Germans did not wish to be under
the control of the Home Government They
were free to leave the country, and he was
sure that they would, if asked, say that they
were happier than they were in Germany.
Any attempt at interference on the part ot
an outside nation would strengthen the
country and make every Brazilian rise up
in her defense The people would not per
mit any intermeddling with their domestic
Bpeaking of the statements that the revo
lution had been largely due to hostility of
Count d'Pu, the husband of the Princess,
and to the emancipation of the slaves, Mr.
Valente said both statements were untrue.
The Bepnbllo was not brought about by hos
tility to any man, nor any set of men, bat
because the people believed that a Bepublio
was for the good of the country.
la Expected to Arrive In Europe Setae Thae
This Week.
London, November 24. It is expeeted
that Com Pedro, the deposed Emperor of
Brazil, will arrive here about the end of the
month, and ihat after remaining here eight
or ten days, he will go to Cannes.
Will Centals a Great Amenst ef Terr Ex
citing History.
Beblin, November 24. The lettsrwhlca
Dr. Scbweinfurth has received from Emin
Pasha is dated "Mission Station TJssaabrfo,
Victoria Nyanza, August 28." Imin ex
presses the hope that he will soon be able to
give an account of the military revolution;
the imprisonment of himself and Jeppson at
Dufile; the arrival of the Mahdists at Lado;
the capture and destruction of Bedjaf; the
massacre of the soldiers and officers seat
against the Mahdists; the departure from
Wadelai and flight to Tungnru; the
Mahdists attack on Dufile and their ee
plete defeat: the final union with Stanlar,
and the highly interesting raareh, geograph
ically and otherwise, from, the Albert
Died From His Irjsrtes.
Matthew Lavery, who was m terribly
injured by falling three stories apen a pile
of brick at theWestlnghoBseEleetrle build
ing en Garrison alley, dtei at the Heaseo
attifc Hospital last STsalay. Ohm
ks-wsUwill4Wasiiastall A.JC
.- T -?
2&fci., .,j.-5if!lL.,.JS??X. jJWAMJ1
V ; .wh.UmilM-lW'-- ,&,
i - lul but. , . ..U Hnm ilm. '.:'
' theie plans hset.
Montana RejwtllcaB.. fTATNt Tws
Sesatsrs.'tYna K
6e The Bemsera
Agree te a JMvl
, Afik nrAA. Ai )
- v,as
Helena,.- Mont., Novembr'3$"3
failure of the Seast to nreanfae yeslKl
owintr to "the absence of eight Deaafc,4
members, ha had the tSect of disarrange
all plans for electing twq Bepubln
Senators and sendlne them, with cer
tificates (torn the Bepublican Secre
tary, of State at Washington. The
Democrats are not much better off, but they
have not regarded the qnestion of the Sen
atorship as being of the first importance.
So far all the Democratio Senatorial aspi
rants have kept in the background, aaa
their entire effort has been to see that the
Silver Bow members secured the seats to
which tbey were elected.
Theresultof the two policies has been
that while the Democrat representatives
present a solid front, the bolting Republi
cans'are split up into factions,, and cot a few
in private conversation condemn the action
of Auditor Kinney in. ordering the .Repub
lican members to Beet in another place
than that selected by the Governor. The
report was published last night that Auditor
Kinney had been Offered $20,000 by the
Democrats to call the House to order in the
place designated by the Governor, at the
same time recognizing"the Democratic mem
bers from Silver Bow.. Kinney, in a morn
ing paper, pronounces the story a canard.
When tne committee from the Repub
lican bolters calls pn Governor Toole-, to
morrow, to inform him that the House of
Representatives is ready for business they
will not be recognized in their alleged
official capacity. Thereis good ground for
the assertion that whea they return to tbe
body whieh'seat them, and report the re
sult, that two members, and probably three,
will favor the Republicans going up to the
Court House and answering to roll call.
The Bepublieaa caucus sat last evening,
the object being, to agree upon one Senator
ial candidate, and then make an offer to the
Democrats that each side be allowed a Sen
ator. This will not: be successful, as the
Democrats will not yield a single point in
what they believe to be their rights.
As the matter stands now, everything is
blocked, and as the-Democratio Senators
will not take the oath until the. Hoase
question is settled, it will be seen the only
way oat of it is for some one to back down.
A Female Betsetlre TrjlBr la Saye a Mas
Coadesss4 to be" Haafed Aaetaer
Mas Reported lo Have Caa
'fused B4aaeK' sfca
New Zobk, November 25. Jadgs
Moore.fwhM for the third time he seBteseed
John Gme.wald.to be hanged, said ia sub
stanctkat he never had had aaydesU
of his guilt of the Harder of
Lyman S. Weeks, The saate feeliag- of
certainty oa this peintwas shared 4y hat
few people, Aasoflg those posscsasCmrHi the
idea that the prisoner was iaMst of
this crJBM, and was b-ns; stwfe the
scapegoat t a. .g ef cat throats
wasMr--JT-Binghs-, a ftsaale deieet
ive. Whea Greenwald, thrlee condemned
and apparently friendless, was taken back
to his cell it was she who went to
him and whispered ( hope. She said
to him fraaklyr "John, I believe yoa are
iBfioeeat ef this roHraVr, an if yoa will
;Wp--eI -Ul. try to aslawMsss aayslwy
VrI9VvB3 .Sa!BsrOoaSrTB or alxv Ma j a"asM afTassvBBfSar VVATsrSirTv
daatlsedvsa fx the KeMsw,'
This evideaee M friendship at a tisM
whea hope seesasd to have deserted him,
unnerved the condemned man, and for
several minutes he sat in dark re
cesses of his prison chamber, sobbing
like a child. Saddealr springing from his
seat, and looking earnestly throngh his
tears at the good woman who had
brought cheer to him in his darkest"
hours, he raised his hands dramatically
and said in hroken "English: "As God is
my judge, I may have bees a thief, bat I
am not a murderer."
A local paper prints this sseraing the
result of Mrs. Bingham's diseeveries.
This inclades the confession of an accom
plice ia the barglary, "Frederick Christian,
who was outside1 the hoase, heard the fetal
shot, knows Greenwald had no pistol, and
declares that Paul Krouse, who was inside,
confessed firing the shot" later, while asleep
id Christian's roost.
Kill Oae FbHadelBbhi Ffreasaa asd Isjere
Others, WUIe Here Were Mteded
,by Barnia- Frar aad Dfas
tard A Flannels! Lass
f 93,a.
Philadelphia, November 24. Follow
ing the damaging fire of last evealag, which
destroyed the drygoods storehouse of Sbarp
less Bros., another conflagration, more de
structive in its character sad aeeosapanied
by loss of life, broke oat shertly before 4
o'clock, this adrniag ia the wholesale
grocery hoase of Janaey & Andrews, Nos.
121 and 123 Market street. The building Is
six stories high, and the fire is supposed to
have originated from spontaneous combus
tion. The firemen worked for over aa hear, and
thoaght they had the fire well uader control,
whea flames suddenly burst oat, aad the
four upper stories were soon completely
gutted. Theiarning pepper and mustard,
sent up fumes which interfered considera
bly with tbe work of the firemen,, and five
of them are now in the hospital under treat
ment for partial blindness caused by the
pepper getting into their eyes.
The burning building far overtoppe'd the
others in the vicinity, aad -at about S
o'clock, when the wall fell, eight fireaseB,
who were fighting the Jasaes from the roof
of a building in the rear of 115 Market
street, were caught by the debris. James
McCuen, foreman of No. 4, suffered a frac
ture of the skull aad otfaeciajaries aad died
while being carried to the hospital. Tbe
other seven men were qnieker ia getting
away and were only slightly injured, oae of
them, having an arm broken. Tbe dead
fireman was a widower. He leaves two
children. The aggregate less is estisaatsd
at nearly 1250,000.
He TMaaM tbe Fanfa AlWaass WW Aasal
Philadelphia November 24. Gen
eral Master Workman T, T. Powderly;
General Secretary Joha W. Hayes, and
Member of tbe Xxeeatlve Board A. W.
Wright arrived at the Windsor Hefel this
afteraeoa. frees Atlanta, Ga., where the
General Assembly of Mm Kalthts of Labor
had beaa ia sessii. Mr. xww4k1t said
this emlaf : "I am red. I aaa tell yea;
we had a very saseessfal assembly, aad
there is eae thing that is particularly grati
fying, and thai is the books mi the geaeral
efiee were thrown open to all whe wasted,
te see them, and thereby wa hav eftetaally
silenced the mischisi'm-ksts ws have been
continually waking falsa aeeasations. ,
There will be a meetiaf Wsweea our ef-
MHiMlBMtl IM-rarasa - Ainssai
l , U m-ens.1, jus
-- & aaa. X SCSamasU. Illlllll I
smmmL mf " lMhr aanmsjam
" ?-.ja -
aroal a-a a- islislsTsinainl
Baal Batata caa be aeM tan saw advar-
Jl ----!,
Piecautioss Taken to PreTefij
Shooting of Jatlge or Lawyeisf
a fn
Jeeessary Attention Faia te Thtttta Ibml
Against Attorneys. .
lad the la s Gnarss sfPsUce ts be TrtMe,
d i
Precaution snwe
Weaken by ntyftSI
connty ofieer t-psrresrt ther
of lawyers or Jodsjeisv. the Croaiajtea
iBxtra guards arec tsbe on. duty dariafW
summing up by th lawyers. Bamori oiw-1
hears! by the police have led to this sisp.f
rsnciu. -xxzoxAK so saMNat S
Chicago, Novessber 24. Sheriff Matse
Is considering plans to limit the a4tesdase
at the Crbnin trial while the attorn j x
making their final arguments. His
for doing so is not a selfish oae. Be!-
merely consulting the wishes of JudgeJaal
uonneii ana an tbe attorneys, aaaassa
same time he is keeping in mind twsTiS
that threats have repeatedly and boIdlifMsatl
made against the lives of both Mr.. ayssB
and. Mr. Mills. Even Judge Los
has notescanedin this carticnlan '7-
The threats have been made by sll'i
of people, and in all sorts of plaeesT-t
first the lawyers were inclined to'pay,' &
tention to them, xney continued totses
the subiect Fn this way until one dav a eai
man visited the State's Attorney's oSesj
Which he overheard between two Irisk
men in a saloon on State street He over?
heard the larger of the pair say, after tallgy
ing atgreat length about the conduct of Ail
Cronln case: "What has been done by 'small
... . ... n. . . . . . -il
jeiiows in liBicago? xne repiy was ia e
that arrangements had been made to "
care of the bis; lawyer, and that "the UMKl
man would be looked oat lor later. ,.
In referring to the attorneys they swm
vilest epithets they could command. Taajsj
suosequent conversation reyeaiea ts,
that the men had referred to Mr. Mill i
Mr.Hynes, and they were discTHiinggMfl
com uioou lue posmumtj oi eiuser t r a
gentlemen, being assassinated la saw aaas
room, in tact one of them eteaMW.
mated that both attorneys woald W
down before they could address
stents to the jury.
Neither Mr. Mills nor Mr. Iryass wsaifgj
cliaed to pay any attenue sa issscsaaasaayi
batwnea uniei xmnoarei aeara as .js isst
once issned orders to doable tsts sMaaM
board in the court oss. The fcatveaast
policemen on every beaeh eaefc day,. a
when the speeches are bean it is ae4jz
likely that tne namBer ot oat ee an
Will be doubled ortK est as
of the time seav sanest
The Chief also insisted apea oteiliejf
officer to gnard Mr. Mills bOHsa,;
against the attorney's protest WmS
selected- a sssn (oruis duty nr
remarkable discovery Ihat ths
who was traveling the beat am wsakig
.Mills boase is locatea was aames
and a little more investigation a
the additional fact that 7w
the man who ran the saloea ea
street where. Conghlia aad
ssntesead Dr. Cseejai is i
S amWajsv. XaJasiaa
Jerria Pauley sa saittsr ksatai
-!- lia'aA A l
Chief Hubbard aad S-srst M,
are acting in harmony oa this
protection, have detersaiaesl ta
Khte Haadrc Ceraaratlaw IniM (
lKJar! The Westera
Freea and Wetlasasass 1
trie Cannay Aa
the Sasferi
rs s At-T-taaaAiiTOT tiiisi i iaayj
ST. Louia, November 24. The
of 700 Misseari eeraoratioas and 3M I
corporations doiag basin ess fas
have been revoked by Seeresarys
Lesarer, for rtfasiBs; to comply
provisions of the anti-trust law. Oft
revoked, at least half have sJreawfJ
to exist The Secretary of Stata
One good effect of the law- wBI batbaaf
immense amount of rubbish will bessajaai'.s
of the archives of the state. uas
be that new corporations caa takes
of soase dead one. Tbe name Of a
Hon oft; expresses a eood deal.
is an almost dally occurrence tbat 1
relnse to issue lBcotporauoa oa
rans at x cosfilct of names. The 1
of all these charters will furnish sew
tions with plasty of expressive nanus tej
from. Under tbe law pre en ting i
tbe various eoantles of the State -
ta bring suit airalnst tae irein
that bare net complied with tbe law
to the returning ot the snMar
not a party to any pool or trust
tion of those that have failed to
the purpose of informing proeeeasaHt
tne corporaaofis 10 proceeu .
All the trusts except theLss4
seed Oil have suffered. The Jaea
Trust the. Coffin Trust, thd Tiaws
aad others are on the list AsssaflssS;
eign companies who are kaoeicM
N, K. Fairbanks Company, ah
Paekinsr Csmnanv. the Oiivs
PIow Co bdv. the Wests.
Press, Diamond Match Campaayyfij
uase .new vmpauy. am -
Clock. Comaaav. Michiaaa Salt
and the Westiagkouse EleetrieLIejfcs'
nanv The hi local comsaaiss aa Hk
Loais StasapiBff Comnsav, owaed hju'
greesmss NeidriBgnsus; Biswas
ware Company, Citizens' CaUe"
St Loais Cofta Company, Si. Leafit!
ging Company, Standard Jsg W
psay, "Union Elevator Company; aaals!
of lesser note.
Aa Xadteasi Van Fteda the Na
Tali Casta er.
anAfc -at-asRAH to ths
the dragste-af Theasaa Willi
mammoth gray eagle. Its
same abet alter oaa of aha
izbts a ssoa ever had. A far
Frank, li-sin was rHiag
road sem miles fram town wheat
saddealy as-asd against him
fx - k-BAjdc' Mm fro his
fight lasted aa hamr. The have Wm
sad scratefced with the fary of a
Eggormaa oeaM not getaway,
aaarswd, eeald not for a leaf
aay advaataga. At last fee
Mtllnrtfc aird dews aad
3ta. Trsitrstaa'n Boss is
of, aa4 Mi wttakiaee leaks lilni
His stetkac was eompieMty
aUtwd a Oakdaht C
The CarasMT received a
18:30 T. X. yesterday, seatrne:
Whitman, the wife of a wall
of OaksVUa, was accidentally
aay evsMBff. wnuew
the pMWadla read at
,:&3Mi: , .i.m; JffiL&
in -
. '
iy. - r