Pittsburg dispatch. (Pittsburg [Pa.]) 1880-1923, November 19, 1889, Image 1
SJ Pr !WS"I ir yo -want Board, Room, Hemes OP Help, advertise la THE DISPATCH. Purchasers can be fonad far everything ottered For Sale In THE DISPATCH. THE DISPATCH la the beat adrerttalnff medium In Western Pennsylvania. Try lu SH. ftisilintigmniii. ' ri are always m easgtly .xrayoaa'ast- advertised in THE DISPATCH. state cam bo sold tferMgh adrer. THE DISPATCH MgMtn ' ' ATMHia JATCi, wnwu tvivK111 t ' L FORTY-FO UKTJi TEAR. I CHANG1NGTERRIT0RY A Principal Discovery' Made in ; the Washington County Gas Field. DRILLING VERY UNCERTAIN Some Few Phenomenal Wells, and Many With Ko Gas Whateyer. WILL POtJB IEAES STOP THE FW? Certainty That There is Mock Gaa Below the Coal Stratnm Extension of the Hickory District Corroborated One Awfcl Smell, and Another That Might , Hate Been The Remarkuhle Canons burs District Contradictions bet nt Rest Fire Weils Wasted to Get Ono Great Gnsber of S00 Pounds Pressure Good Undeveloped Coniieaons Tcrri- ' torr What Larger Mains Woo Id Ac complishEconomics in Mill Furnaces Superintendent BndUe'a Ominous Opinion. The Dispatch special commissioner gives his second and mighty interesting chapter of information he has found in the adjacent natural gas territory. The Wash ington county field is quite clearly and ex haustively treated. Its unquestionably ex cellent undeveloped territory makes a prob lematical section. But the enormous cost of development there is fully set forth. A well-posted man in the midst of the field thinks that it may continue frith pressure enough to reach Pittsburg for three or four years yet, but ot longer. "However, he says nothing about the known advantages of enlarged pipe lines. Because the "Washington county natural gas field was the one in which most interest centered, that was the one which I first vis ited. The Bridgeport and Rochester fields are exhausted, as most people who read the newspapers know. The Wheeling Natural Gas Company, a Pittsburg organization; the Manufacturers' Natural Gas Company of West Virginia, composed more largely of Wheeling capitalists; the Boyal Natural Gas Company, which supplied Steubenville. O., and other points, depended most upon the Washington county territory for their gas.. It had been published that each of the places supplied by these companies was suffering so much from a shortage in supply that many manufacturing firms had been compelled to go back to coal. It was then necessary. Jo .mate -inquiry-- as to the facte- of the shortage. That teak rae to Wheeling. There I found th,at the Wheeling Natural Gas Company did not supply any manufacto ries in that city. It has only the right to supply private houses. But it attempted to supply the factories and mills in Martin's Perry, Bridgeport and Bellaire. FORCED BACK TO COAL. In each of these places I found that there was so much complaint in regard to the supply of natural gas that the factories were either contemplating a return to coal, or had already returned to that fuel. To carry gas to Wheeling, or to Steuben ville and Bellaire, requires a greater length of pipe than to bring it to Pittsburg from either the Murrysville or the Washington county fields. It must, therefore, start un der a higher pressure in order to reach its destination. The first gas district I visited was the Hickory field. It had been said that the Hickory field was exhausted. It was not true. The Wheeling Natural Gas Company has 118 wells in that district; but only 29 are of sufficient rock pressure to keep them in the line. The pipeage capacity is limited, and the only way to carry it is under high pressure. So long as new wells of high-rock pressure can be found the gas will reach the end of the line. "Washington county hasfourgasproducing nds. The first one is the Gantz, in which oil is more often found than gas. It requires deeper drilling than in the Murrysville dis trict to get any gas at all. Very few of the wells are "stayers;" that is, they become ex hausted, utterly and entirely, within two or three years. EEOAKDINO COAL AND GAS. In the Hickory and the Canonsburg dis tricts the surface is above the coal belt, as the following list of wells will show: WelMn Hickory territory begun October 12, 1SS5, completed February 1Q, 1SS6. at a depth of 2.0S91 eet; coal found at GO feet. This well was deepened two years later to 2,211 feet, passing through the last sand rock. It started with a rock'pressure of over 500 pounds, and is still in the line with a pressure of about 100 pounds. The S. Willlson well No. 3 had coal at 73 feet. The Simpson well was cut out of the line In less than a year. The Dr. M. Eaton well struck gas at 2,238 feet, and was deepened to 2.509 feet through the last gas sand, and is now cut out of the line, being of no account. In the S. Willlson well No. 2, coal was found at a depth of 23S feet, ana gas at 2,270 feet. It was necessary to deepen the well to 2,407 feet. It Is still in the line. The Slater well, drilled to 2,257 feet, has exhausted the first gas sand, and was cut out of the line last week for drilling deeper. Id the Thompson No. 1 coal was found at 248 feet, and paving gas at 2.217 feet. In the Thompson No. 2 coal was fonnd at 260 feet: in the Thompson No. 3 it was reached at 195 feet. The Thompson 1 o. 3wasdeepened to 2.393 feet, through the last gas sand, and was then shot, a rare thing to do In a gas well. It is still in the line. The Johnston No.1, about a half mile from Hickory, was drilled to a depth of 2.217 feet, and found no gas, or not enongb, at any rate, to pay for piping It In the Acheson No. 1 coal was found at 160 feet and a good flow of gas at 2,210 feet Tho Morgan No. 2 struck coal at 285 feet, and gives a good supply of gas at a depth of 2,450 feet THST "WTEEE MISTAKES'. The fact that gas is found below the coal stratum is clearly demonstrated by this, and the reason I have enumerated these wells is because several persons, whose names I can not use, have said that gas could never be lioand. where coal existed. Another "ex pert," u he claimed himself to be, said that sulphur water was never found below the coal veins. Both of these statements are clearly disproved by the facts. Of course I went to Hickory district first It required two horses, a buggy and a boy to get there. It was said that the Hickory field had been extended, and that several new gas wells had been brought in. The story was true, because I found the Bussell well, two and a half miles west of Hickory, oonnected with the supply pipe line, and wasting gas through imperfect joints at a rate that would supply several houses, not to speak of an iron mill. The Bussell well is in a hollow. On the hillside above it is theJKinncman well. The Bus sell well is owned by the Wheeling Natural Gas Company. The Kinneman well is owned by the Boyal Company. The Bus sell has 600 pounds rock pressure, and is down 2,300 feet. The Kinneman has about the same pressure, but is about 100 feet deeper, because it is located on a hillside. GAS ODOES AND OTHERS. A circuitous drive was necessary to reach the Kinneman well. Washington county gas absolutely stinks; no milder term suits it As I walked through the woods to where the well was located I became certain that it was not only gas that greeted my nostrils. I was more convinced of the fact when I saw a -polecat seated upon a log, and eyeing me with considerable curiosity. My curiosity was equally great, and my circumspection and circumlocutions were greater. If the polecat would remain quietly where it was I had not the least idea of disturbing it I didn't; and we passed peaceably and ami cably by each other. On the other side of the hollow from the Bussell well is the Connors well. It was only down 800 feet when I saw it, but it is possible that it is now in. The value of the trip consisted in this: That I had visited territory which was an extension of the Hickory field. The Hick ory field is located on the fifth anticlinal. The new wells are nearly five miles BEYOND THE LIMIT , , of developed territory. That they indicate a rock pressure of over 500 pounds proves that there is territory there which may be of paying quality. Weary and dreary indeed was that drive, yet it was not altogether unprofitable, since I got precisely the information I was after. The Canonsbursr field is also on the fifth anticlinal. I went there next "Go away from home to hear the news" is an old ad ace. I am afraid the editor of the Canons burg JVbtes doesn't go away from home, or else he deliberately shuts his eyes and ears. He told me that Canonsburg No. 1, the well which was the pioneer in the territory, had been abandoned. I went out to the well. Instead of being abandoned it was furnish ing all the gas needed for the Canonsburg Iron Company; all that was needed for the Morganxa Beform School; furnished through an inch pipe enough gas to bore another well, and had over 200 pounds pres sure left to "blow it out" One well alone furnishes all the gas needed for domestic purposes in Canons burg. It is sent into the town under 25 pounds pressure until it reaches the last reg ulators, where it is heated and sent out under five pounds pressure, and goes into the distributing pipes at one pound pres sure. ABUNDANT, TET TTNDEVELOPED. There, is an abundance of goad ess terri tory still undeveloped around Canonsburg. The Burnside well, with a rock pressure of 800 pounds, owned by the Manufacturers' Natural Gas Company, lies only two and one-half miles north of. town. The trouble has been that the gas companies bored their wells, good and bad, too close to the pipe lines alreadv laid. They avoided, as long as possible, the seeking of new territory, or putting down wells where it would require the laying of long lines of new pipe. In the Canonsburg field is one of the strongest rock pressure wells which was ever struck. It is nearly 800 pounds pressure, and the volume is nearly sufficient to furnish the whole of the Southside. One of the stockholders of the company re marked to one of the officials: "That's a big well, isn't it?" "Yes." replied the official: "but von for get that we put down five wells before we got this one, and each well cost $6,000." That is the difficulty with the Washing ton county field. There is no certainty about boring for gas. It may be obtained, and it mav not; and there is some reluct ance to lay pipe for only two or three new wells, however strong they may be LAEGEE HAINS WOULD DO IT. In conversation with another stockholder of the Manufacturers' Gas Company, how ever a well-posted Pittsburg gentleman another fact was broucht out It came with sucb distinctness that it will not and ought not to be overlooked in this connection. Said the gentleman in question: "The Man ufacturers' Gas Company is now piping such satisfactory quantities bi its fuel through very small pipes as to demonstrate beyond Jill peradventure that, if this company should adopt the method already nursued by other companies notablv in their pipeage from the Murrysville field and enlarge its pipe line dimensions, a pressure and quan tity might thus be supplied at the Pittsburg end ample to provide for a manifold in crease of consumers. For example, as other companies have clearly proven, the laying of a" 20, 2G or 30-inch main where onlv a 12 or 16-inch main had belore been tried has enormously increased the distribution pres sure -without increasing the sources of sup ply at all. WHEBE MISTAKES TVEBE MADE. "Yet all the results of the most recent in vestigation show good ground for the" belief mat, lor awnne yet at ail events, both the supply and the pressure from the Washing ton connty field may be increased. Like several other gas companies, the Manufac turers' laid mains of too small capacity at the outset" -it was at Canonsburg that I learned more of the economies of the use of natural gas iimu a urn anywuere else. -MX. JJUOKe, the superintendent of the Canonsburg Iron and Steel Company, called my attention to the Tact that no extra gas was being burned. Not a semblance of flame came from any stack in the mill, yet every department, puddling furnaces, annealing furnaces, con verters, and whatever other kind of work requires aurnace and heat, was running in It is because I watch it so closely, Mr. Bndke, "that I have been able to teach Rfltrl our men it is not necessary to turn in the furnace all the gas they can get in order to secure sufficient heat We bring the gas into the mill at 25 pounds pressure. If it were allowed to be turned on in each fur nace at full pressure, it would onlv bum ; the stock; tbe furnace. WOULD GET NO BENEFIT of the combustion: or at least, bnt Ui That is where tbe Pittsburg iron manufac turers are making a mistake. They do not exercise economy in the use of the gas. "It is my belief," continued Mr. Budke "that we will have plenty of gas for years to come at this place. You have seen "some of our gas fields, bnt you haven't seen all of them. There are thousands of acres that will give gas yet, but I fear that it will not be under sufficiently strong pressure to pipe it-to Pittsburg. I am one of the stock holders of the Manufacturers' Gas Com pany. Mr. Charles Meyran, you know is the President ot it I think we can send gas toiPittsburg for three or four years, but I am afraid it will not be loncer." In the next article I will tell of the Mur J rysville field: It is the one upon which Pittsburg has most depended, and upon which its dependence must still be largely placed. O. T. Dawson. ALL IN .RUINS NOW. The Finest Pottery In the World Destroyed by Fire, Caused by a Gas Explosion The Loss Folly a Quarter of a Million. , :CrZCIAI.Tn.rOBAM TO THE DISPATCH. I ' East Livebpool, November 18. The magnificent new vitrious china works of Knowles, Taylor & Knowles, of this city, were entirely destroyed by fire this evening, starting from an explosion of gas escaping from a pipe in the warehouse, near the ele vator. In an hour the finest pottery in the world was in ruins, nothing remaining but the blackened kilns and a few feet of broken walls at the base. One workman named James Nicholson, fell through a skylight on the roof of the kiln shed, and was seriously hurt The factory was well-provided with hose, and the fire could have been extin guished, but for some cause the water pres sure failed. T These china works were the only ones In the West making vitrious china and art goods. They have been in operation steadily for several months, and from $80,000 to $100,000 worth of stock was ou hand. The plant cost $130,000 to $150,000. It was all paid for, and there was not a dollar of mortgage debt on the place. The total loss is fully $250,000, and the in surance is only the scanty sum of $30,000 placed as lollows: Phcenix, of Hart ford, Commercial Union, of London, Hart ford, of 'Connecticut, Fire Association, of Philadelphia. $5,000 each; Queen, of Liver pool, $7,000; Providence, of Bhode Island, $2,500. Taylor said to-night it was a mistake to have so little insurance, but the plant was considered fire proof. The works will be re built at once, but it will take at least a year to put the plant in the shape it was before the fire to-day. The three white granite fac tories of the same firm were not injured and work will co on as usual to-morrow. Be sides the china works two frame buildings adjoining were consumed. The fire is a se vere blow to East Liverpool, as it will throw a large number of hands out of employ ment HELPED BI JAI G0DLD. The Widow of Maurice B. Flynn Wins nn Important Salt. I SPECIAL TZLEOBAM TO THE PlgPATCH.l Kichmond, Va., November 18. The widow of Maurice B. Flynn has won. When the city electric railway property, which was mostly owned by ber husband be came tangled in litigation, it seemed that she would lose her interests, but unexpect edly Mr. Jay Gould's lawyer appeared on the scene, and stated tb.'.t Mr. Gould meant to stand bv her and see that she was pro tected, if it cost a million dollars. From that time her prospects improved, and to-day the announcement is made that the papers giving her possession of the entire property have been signed by all.the parties to the suits except Mr. Henry Steers, who was expected to sign. WINDOM ON BINE DEPOSITS. Ho Doesn't Acree With Ex-Secretary .Fair- child, Bat IaTlndecided What to Do. rSFXCUX. TELEGRAM TO TUX DISPATCH.I Washington, November 18. Secretary Windom said to-night ttjat if is not true, as reported, that he has decided to 'withdraw all United State deposits from the banks of the large cities. He admits, however, that he is considering the advisability of reduc ing the amount on deposit in these banks, am applying it to the purchase of bonds. Mr. Windom does not believe in the sound ness of the policy inaugurated by Secretary Fairchild, of keeping such large snms on deposit, but says he has not fully determined what course to pursue. The total amount of deposits at present is in the neighbor hood of $47,000,000. JEFF DAT1S MUCH WORSE. No One bnt tbe Doctor, Bis Wife and Nnrse Allowed to See II I m. IS FECIAL TELEO RAM TO THE DtSrATCn. ' New Obleans, November 18. Mr. Jef ferson Davis was much worse to-day. He was restless all last night, and weak this morning, in consequence oi a fever that came on early in the morning, and his tem perature rose to 101. In tbe evening the fever passed off, leaving him somewhat bet ter than he had been in the morning, bnt worse as compared with yesterday. No one but the doctor, his wife, and Mrs. Penner, who is assisting in nursing him, were allowed to enter his room. BIG OIL DEAL COMPLETED. A Company With 30,000 Acres Leased nnd SS0O.O00 Capital Stock. FrNDLAY, November 18. The independ ent oil deal in the Ohio field, reported a few days since, has been completed. It em braces the reorganization of the Geyser Oil Company, with a capital stock of 5800,000 and leases on 30,000 acres of valuable oil land. The principal movers in the deal are Ohio and Pennsylvania oil men. A pioe line to some convenient shipping point is contemplated, and it is probable that refineries will be erected in the field. AT tYOEK FOR THEMSELTES. Virginia Colored Men to Ask Congress for a National Election lmw. ISrlCTAL. TELKORAM TO TOE SISfItCB.1 Petersburg, Va., November 18. A conference of the most prominent colored men in the State will be held in Kichmond on December 17, to consider the condition of colored men in Virginia, politically and otherwise. A call has been issued for repre sentatives from every county in the State. A committee wiil probably be appointed to visit Washington and trv to influence Congress to pass a National election law. 8TABBED IN THE SH0DLDEE: Serious Result of a Qonrrel Between Two MeKeeport Laborers. If FECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE DISPATCH.! McKeespoet, November 18. While at work in the National Tube Works to-night at 9 o'clock, two Germans had an altercation, when William Kettle pulled a pocket-knife with a long blade and stabbed Pred Krill in the shoulder. The blade went in full length and inflicted a dangerous wound. Kettle was arrested and tviII be held to await the result of Krill's injuries. H0ESB ASD DR1TEE DE0WNED. An Indiana .Physician's Soo Foaod Dead Un der Strange Circumstances. WabAsh, Ind., November 18. This morning some farmers discovered the dead body of Dr. Stradler'g son, Monson, in the river near this city. His horse was lying near by, also drawned in shallow water. Tbe anair is very mysterious and in an ont-of-thc-way place. It is supposed that he had a companion, and the river is being dragged. , PITTSBURG-, TUESDAY,' ALL WATCH BRAZIL. Europe's Keen and Greedy Eyes Taking in the New Situation. WILL GERMANY DARE INTERFERE? Poll Articles of Government, as Proclaimed by Headings. THEHINISTEB TO WASHINGTON IIELDS. Merchants in Hew York Are Informed Abead cf toe Consul General. A covert insinuation about Brazil comes from a semi-official organ in Germany, It hints at chaos and German interference. Just how the exiled Emperor was deposed and set'afloat is told for the first time. The articles of proclamation of the Republic are enumerated. Washington and New York Brazilian officials are convinced. London, November 18. A number of private telegrams, received in Lisbon to-day from Bio de Janeiro, differ as to the name of the steamer whicb is conveying Dom Pedro to the former port They state, however, that the Emperor was the object of sympa thetic -demonstrations, both on the part of the 'people "and the Provisional Govern ment. The Duke of Nemonrs, father of Count D'Eu, son-in-law of Dom Pedro, has tele- ""JZsewjysWOt THE CriT OP BIO graphed to Queen Victoria at Balmoral that the exiled Emperor and his family em barked at Bio de Janeiro without beingsub jected to any disagreeable experiences. Dr. Barboza, the new Brazilian Minister of Finance, has telegraphed to the Brazilian Minister here to the following effect: "The Government is constituted as the United States ofBrazil. The monarchy .is deposed, and Doni Pedro and his family have left the country. A Mi PROVINCES COEEALED. "The Provinces have signified their ad hesion to the Government Tranquillity and general satisfaction prevail. Toe Re public will strictly respect all State en gagements, obligations and contracts." Dom Pedro submitted to the terms im posed by the new Government, and agreed to leave the country within 24 hours after he received the notice at his summer palace at Petropolis. He was offered $2,C00,000 in cash, and provision for the rest of his hie in the form of an annual pension of $450,000 which is to be provided for in the civil list of the new Bepublic. He promptly ac cepted the offer and went to Bio de Janeiro with his family Saturday nigh$ to embark for Lisbon. The family, at 3 o'clock yesterday morning, boarded the Brazilian gunboat Pnrnahyba, which was still flying the imperial flag in the har bor. The Parnahyba transferred the impe rial party to the Alagoas, which steamed out of the harbor in the forenoon, convoyed by the cruiser Biachuelo ana the gunboat Parnahyba. BOUND FOR LISBON. Dom Pedro and his family go into per petual exile, their absence from the country being regarded by the leaders of the repub lic an essentia! to the peace and welfare of the new Government The new flag of the United States of Brazil, which takes the place of the Im perial emblem with its crown and coffee leaf, is composed of green and gold stripes, with a blue field on which are emblazoned 19 stars. To-day it is hoisted everywhere, and is recognized in every province. The Cologne Oaze'tte, alluding to German interests in Brazil, says: "A great part of the population of Southern Brazil is faith fully attached to tbe Fatherland and cher ishes German traditions. POSSIBLE CHAOS, AND WHY. Vlt is hardly likely that the Bepublic will succeed in saving this enormous State from chaos. The political destiny of Southern Brazil has special claims upon German in terests and sympathy. It may, therefore, seriouidv afiect German relations with Brazil." The Brazilian Minister in Vienna states that General Da Ponseca, when intrusted with the command of the garrison at Bio Janeiro, became fired by the example set by General Boulanger, and con ceived the idea of seizing the Government He gave nightly recep tions to the officers, and commiserated them on the miserable pay which they received. He promised that they should receive an advance, if the monarchy was abolished. HOW THEY WORKED TT. The officers talked with the men. and pointed out that their pay was in arrears, while the throne swallowed tbe money. This becoming known, the Prime Minister advised the Emperor to increase the pay of the officers. Dom Pedro consented to do this on condi tion that the garrison was changed. But the Prime Minister, knowing this to be im possible, allowed the matter to drop. Thus the situation rested till Thnrsdav night, when General Da Fonsecn'stutioned bodies of troops in every part of the city in readiness for the revolution. It is reported that several financial houses in Vienna knew that a revolution was pend ing in Brazil iwo days before the Bepublic was proclaimed. THEY BELIEVE IT MW. Tbe Brazilian minister and Others In Washlneton Convinced They Don't Reslsv, Thong-b Great Prob lems for tbe New Government, Washington, November 18. The Bra zilian Minister this evening received two telegrams from Brazil, one from the Minis ter of Foreign Affairs, -and the other from theMinislernf Finance- They were simply confirmatory of tbe press reports: Dr. Va- if W.1'jz,jS'" ,,j2i A NOVEMBER 19, 1889; ilente, the Brazilian Minister, to-night denied the truth of the reports that he had re signed. It is understood to be the intention of the Brazilians here in an official capacity to await the pleasure of the newly organized Government In the course of a conversation to-day a prominent citizen of Brazil said he was convinced that the men who led the revolution could not retain their leader ship. They are unknown to fame, and without followers in their own country. There are two courses open to the Revolu tionists. Thev might perceive their own weakness, and call a convention, which would bring together the really representa tive men of the country, like Seratva and Dantes, and this convention would naturally consider the problem of providing a satisfactory form of government and settle the question as towhether Brazil is yet ready for a Re public, or whether the Imperial family bad better be recalled. If the present leaders refused to adopt this course then they would be obliged to assume, more and more arbitrarily, the di rection of affairs, and the result would be a dictatorship. EfiOMETODEJANEIEO. Detnila Telling How the Bloodless Revo lution Was Brought About Articles of the Government Decree Dom Pedro's Splendid Behavior. Bio de Janeibo, November 18. The Be publio will allow the deposed Emperor 800 comes de reis per annum during his life. The fi ve articles of the Government decree are: First The Republic is proclaimed. Second The Pr ovine of Brazil, united by federation, conipose the United States of Brazil . DE JANEIBO .AS SEEN FROM THE Third Each State will form its own local government Fourth Each State will send a representa tive to tbe Congress, which will convene shortly, and tbe final decision of which the provisional Government will await. Fifth Meantime the Governors of the States willadopt.meana to maintain-Order, and protect citizens' rizhts. The nation's internal and ex- texnal relation. wJlKbe presented -meanwhll a by tbe provisional Government. Senhor Patrocinio .has been imprisoned r for conspiring against' the Bepublic. The Governors named by the Provisional Gov ernment are all military men. How it all came about is told as follows: The city awoke on Friday to hear the Be public proclaimed. General Da Fonseca, Senhor Constant and others proceeded to Pe tropolis in the morning, and informed the Emperor that he had been dethroned. Dom Pedro, supported by his family, received the deputation with absolute composure. Gen eral Da Fonseca was the spokesman. He said that Brazil had advanced far enough in the path of civilization to dispense with the Monarchy. The country, while grateful to the Emperor for his patriotic services, was firmly resolved to recognize only the Be public Dom Pedro made a dignified reply. He declined to abdicate, but said he would yield to force. The Imperial family were allowed one hour to prepare for their departure. Car riages escorted by soldiers were waiting to take them to the outer harbor, where a man-of-war was lying under steam. The captain had been instructed to sail as soon as the imperial family had embarked. He had received sealed orders, instructing him what route to take. It is only supposed that Lisbon is the destination of the vessel. ALL IS CONFIRMED. Latest Cable Advices to New York Mer chants Say the Sitnatlon Has Been Accepted Tbe Consul General 0 Una Vet Received no Newa From tbe New Republic rsFECIAL TELEGHAM TO TOE DISPATCH. I New York, November 18. Nearly all downtown merchants interested in the Bra zilian trade had definite cable news from the centers of the new republic to-day. A sin gular exception was Salvador DeMendonca, the Brazilian Consul General. He had been in Washington for a number of days. He returned this morning, made a flying visit to his office in State street, and started back to Washington at 3:40 o'clock in the afternoon. Before leaving he said he bad not received any official notice of the change of Government in Brazil. "I will continue to transact tbe business of the con sulate," he added, "just as if nothing had happened. I am not surprised because the new Government has not communicated with me. The new Government, provis ional or whatever it is, has doubtless been busy about other matters." He said that the Brazilian delegates to the Pan-American Congress have decided not to attend its essions until instructions are reieived from the home Government. Baron Thomsen, whose business interests are almost entirely in Brazil, and who has just returned from London, was among the coffee people to-day. "It is the general im pression -of Brazilians in this city," he said, "and it is my own opinion also, that the Jimperor was fully acquainted witn what was coming. His ready resignation and quick sailing away confirms this. I believe that it he had objected to the change, a large part of the populace would have stood by him. The Emperor 'was a great favorite with the people, and it was well that no hands were laid upon him. He had frequently offered to resign in favor of a republic if the people desired it" Captain Lachlan, of the Brazilian Steam ship Company, said that there had been no cancellation of cargo or passenger engage- I ments lor tbe steamship sailing to-morrow. The cables irom Bio to the- Cofiee Ex change showed no changes in the prices on exchange. The transactions were 81,250 bags. It was a six-hour session. At Satur day's two-honr session 81,750 bags were -sold. There were moderate bnt steady ad vances, with heavv selling; big -firms cred ited with big holdings. The December op tion closed up H cent a pound, tbe January option was1 up nearly cent at tfie close, and the March option, showed a net advaaee of nearly 13 ceatfor the day.,"- s pi. KNIGHTS IN POLITICS. Great Power Placed in the Hands of the General Executive Board. THET CAN ADVISE AS THET.TVILL. The Most Important Actios Tit laa Been Taken by the Awessly. GEOEGE'S SHGLE-TAXTHEOEI AMfTID The cf I Calls for Interesting Informatics in ' Census Eetarai. Henry George's single-tax theory was yesterday adopted by the Knights of Labor General Assembly as the fourth plank in the order's platform. The assemnly also passed a set of resolutions asking' that cer tain information of interest to laboring men be incorporated in the census reports. The General Executive Board was given great political influence. " t israelii, telxokax to the dispatch. i Atlanta, November 18. The Knights of Labor took up the land question to-day, and after some discussion as to the best methods to get at.jtSeir ideas, promulgated the following as taw fourth plank in their platform r That land. Including an the natural sources of wealth, is the heritage of all the people, and should not be subject to speculative traffic Occupancy and use should be the only title to the possession of land. The taxes upon land ISLAND OP CORBEAS. should be levied upon its full value for use, exclusive of improvements, and should be suf ficient to make for the community all the Un earned increments. Tbe following resolntlons were adopted : Whereas, Tbe accnmalation of vast for tunes In the bands of a few", and the growth of a plutocracy threatening the stability and -at-: istence of free Jnstitutioea. readers tmpartoat a jLauwicuge. ot ecopogMSf ooaqmaann so Kfceretore be' It. f ""' -r,:?. . 'sPU siaiiii ji -aasaa 'XNFOBXAXiqN REQUESTED. Besolved, By the General Assembly of the Knights of Labor, that it is oar Judgment that tbe next census of the United States should show what proportion of the peoplo of this country occupy their own homes and farms; what proportion have their property free frost debt, and, of tbe homes and farms under mortgage, what percentage of the value is so mortgaged. Resolved, That the General Secretary Treas urer be and is hereby instructed to transmit a copy of these resolutions to tbe President of theUnlted States and the Hon. John W. Noble, Secretary of tbe Interior, Washington, D. C. Resolved, That all local assemblies be urged to at once adopt resolutions requesting Con pressmen from their districts to use their In fluence, to have these facts collected and pub lished. Tbe resolutions were adopted, with the further recommendation that the members of the order make efforts to have similar reso lutions passed in the several State Legisla tures which may convene at an early date. THE KNIQHTS IN POLITICS. The question of the feasibility of the Knights taking part in polities was the one most discussed. The Law Committee had reported as favoring no action at present, but this report was upset The discussion was decidedly lively at times, all the prominent men in the order taking part It was finally decided that power be given tbe General Executive Board to take the report of the Legislative Committee, exam ine it in detail, and publish to the order, from time to time, such information as will be of benefit to them in voting for the dif ferent candidates for legislative honors. This gives the General Executive Board almost unlimited power over the political action of the members, and is regarded as the most important action yet taken. The eight-hour question comes up to morrow. A LIKEHA&'S LIFE 1MPEKILED, A Cincinnati Workman Rendered Hetplesa by Touching; an Are Lamp. Cincinnati, November 18. An electric lineman jiamed Lundrlgan, while trimming the arc lamp in front of Havlin's Theater on Central avenue this morning, received tbe current of the arc circuit . His feet swung loose from the ladder, and he hung helpless, one hand grasping the lamp and the bther the ladder by which he had as cended. The employes of tbe theater and of neighboring stores watched his sufferings helplessly until a bystander climbed a pole on the opposite side or the street and turned the cut-off key. Lundrigan fell 12 ieet from the wire, almost lifeless, but by the vigorous use of restorative measures he was soon enabled to walk to a Car. Beyond his terrible nervous sufferings he will probably recover In a few days. ' MRS. STOWE'S JIIND CLODDED. The Fires of Gedlns, Dead, and She is Onco More ns a Cblld. ISPEC1AI.TILXGBAKTO TUB DISPATCH.I Haetpoed, Conn. November 18. Mrs. Harriet Beecher Stowe is.slightlydemented. The fires of genins are dead, and the once brilliant mind is choked with their ashes. The heart -once filled with bright dreams and sunshine is now haunted by ghosts and shadows. She has become again a child, and day by day she wanders arourfd under the bare boughs of the autumn trees, gath ering their dead leaves. She is quite harmless, and, in fact, so in sidious has been the approach of the dis ease that not over 200 people in Hartford are aware of her condition. PITE BODIES IN A WELL. A Tendetta tho Snpposed Cnase of the Harder of a Whole Family. Bome, November 18. The' bloodless bodies of a man. and his wife asd their three sons were found to-day in a well Bear Foggia. All tbe members of a Amiiy re siding in the vicinity have besa arrested g suspicion of being concerned ia Mm anWr. A vendetta had existed bstwum" mm tore Mutt.; . . i. HOME APPOINTMENT ' Hams, of Beaver, IJltely to Be IMarsb Tbe Sarveyorsfclp la Some Bonbt Will Raran Get the Castoms Collectors W? TEOlt Jl STAFF COSBXSrOXnZXT. Washington, November 8. It was ex pecten there would be some activity among the offices in Western Pennsylvania to-daj: but tbe time passed without the announce ment of any appointment, though that of Mr. X. D. Harrah, of Beaver county, for the Marshalship of the. Western District, was virtually made. The Attorney-General was simply not ready to give out tbe formal 'announcement Other changes will follow soon, and it is possible that one-or two- may afford something more of a surprise than that of Harrah, whose selection for the Marshal's office was announced three months ago in The Dispatch. Tbe four years term of Arbuckle, Col lector of Customs at Erie, expired yester day, and the appointment of his successor will doubtless be made very soon. The term ot Mr. D., O. Barr, Surveyor of the Port a PJttsburg, will not expire until March,23'.of.uext year, as his commission wnj'issu'ed'on that dav in 1886. His enn- firmation by the Senate did not occur until May 20, 188ft To wait until the expiration of ibnr years from either date before ap pointing'nis'successor wonld be such an act of cruelty to tbe latter that it is possible a new Surveyor may not be outside tbe prob abilities of tbe near future. Hon. John F. Dravo, of Beaver, is still actively prosecuting his campaign for the place, and he and his friends are said to be sanguine of his appointment, notwithstand ing the fact that Mr. Harrab, the new Marshal, is a resident of the same town with Mr. Dravo, and that it would seem, somewhat improbable that two such prom inent offices, both, with headauarters at Pittsburg, should be given to the "State of Beaver." It Is whispered and the whisper is very loudthat a well-known gentleman of Alle gheny is booked for the customs division; and, irthc whisper be true, even MrvDravo would not be a more popular appointment Senator Quay had thought to go to Phila delphia this evening to further confer with the Republicans there in regard to appoint ments, but is yet undecided when he will go, or if he will go atalL Hon. Thomas M. Bayne is not seeking, as has been reported, the Chairmanship ot the Committee on Bivers and Harbors. In fact, he is not seeking any chairmanship. His friends in the House, however, are very anxioM to see him placed well to the head ot'the Committee On Ways and Means, and some are even urging that he should be made Chairman of that committee, as ita work Is exactly? to His taste, and no man on, the floor is-better fitted for the position than he. Liohejee. PHIL AEM0DS UKDER AEEE3T. Toe Makl-Mllllonalre Pork Packer la Chares ofSeraeant-at-ArBis Canady. rSrXClAL TIXXOSAJt TO TWA DISrATCH.1 Chicago, November 16 Phil Armour, the multi-millionaire pork packer, is under arrest Sergeant-at-Anas Canady, o( the United States Senate, arrived in town this morning, armed with -an attachment for Arraoar, citing him to appear before the committee of the Senate investigating the dressed beef interest of the country. "Whea Wifl. aonnjit(ea wg.. iaqaking fate tbe, auaga Mareoasjslae flagad ' Wsf adasb ia g tare, . Arsyjfcgaflaaa, be- Peeai Ssaate.-nfetetned -'Senator' M tfee- Vet Sad served te-day, is the result Caaady informed the millionaire that if lie failed to respond, to the attachment- by refusing to go to Washing ton, marines and soldiers enough wonld 'be sent here to take him by force. Armour was greatly concerned, bnt sat at his desk as usual all" day, while Canady sat a few feet away. Toward evening, when Armour left, ostensibly for home, In his carnage, Canady too enjoyed a ride down the boulevard. It is thought that to-morrow Armour will endeavor Va shake his companion by writ of habeas corpus. Failing in this, Armour's friends de clare he will not give up the secrets of his-business, and will defy the Senate's power by every method possible. He might even take a trip to Canada or Europe. Canady also has subpeenas for the other Chicago packers wbojciused to appear be- lore tne commission. lEAYELING ON FOEtiED CHECKS. A Toanar Swindler Wanted by New Hasf. lUrs Bank Omclals. New Yobk, November 18. New Hamp shire Bank officials are anxious to lay their hands upon a young swindler who goes by the name of Lewis French, and who has. been cheating people in this city. He is supposed to be ia the South, this week. Last week he met a truest of the Fifth Avenue Hotel, who cashed for him a check for $210 on the Pittsfield National Bank. It was drawn to French's order, and signed H. A. Tuttle. Tbe guest turned the cheek over to the hotel cashier and it came back pronounced a forgery. a. tew days later tbe same Mew Hamp shire bank received another check, in the same handwriting, for 5510. it was sent on by a Florida bank, whose cashier had hon ored it, -purported to be drawn by Osgood Sargent, of Duncock, to the order of Noah Goss, of Epsom. French is alleged to have a supply of blank checks on New Hamp shire banks with him in the South. PAENELL SUCH SDEPEISED. The Mother Never Told Her Sob That She Needed Money. London, November 18. Mr. Parnell states that he was greatly surprised when he read in the newspapers the reports which spoke of the poverty of his mother, and that he immediately cabled to his agent in New York to supply her with funds. He had no reason to suppose that his mother was pressed for money, as on previous occasions, when she desired help she had always applied for and obtained a "prompt remittance or the sum required. He had received a number of letters from her recently and in none of them did she complain of a want of money. KANSAS PARSERS IN DISTRESS. SnBtrina nnd Starvation Tfcrcatea the Fee pie of a Whole County. Topeka, Kan., November 18. The County Commissioners of Stevens county have issued an appeal for aid for the desti tute population, of tbe county. Tbe appeal states that the crops of the last year were a total failure; that the whole farming popula tion is in a destitute condition, and that im mediate aid most be furnished or starvation and terrible suffering must essae- The appeal is addressed only ta the pros perous residents of Kansas. ENFORCE THE ALIEN LABOR LAW. Mr. Bateheller's Order Kerds th Al leged Importation ef CaaaaHaas. Washington, November 18. Com plaints having bees made to the Treasury Department that the alien labor contract law is being Violated at Detroit by Cana dian laborers who cress the Use every day to aarferk labor in the TJalteel States and ratarm to their homes at sight, Acting See retary.fiatelM&lr to-dsy refwred the matter to (be Cstieetac ef Cbosm at Detroit vitfe laaaSaWsauaAtkaskal man aasaaffj fcaBamat! tiaaasat aaBlmUVIaaafaaaaat taaf ikat asaaaajaaiaarsaiBBBBB, aaay tjaanai atUSSi nmaa aajea f jsaaaaaaajraj. can sjassaj JNIri JmsB" SssianH J araaPHima '1a"r-" .v . nmRl THREE CENTS, (king car msm e Eastern Express Wrecfced'oih09, TdHKt1"- Pennsy flear the Union Depot.! JUSUHl kkucKKK CAITT UECOYfi&S - V P The Twenty Passensers on BoariWffewl More or less Injured PIEESTlETDEB01tTflEDEADLIT0ml as uuaena Mia ajuea u junp Bianco a son ilastv Before toe Accident iT; .VI The smoking car of the Eastern express. on the Pennsylvania road, last night,' was overturned at the Penn Incline. The coacbli took fire, and Joseph Brucker, of ChicagSJsi was so badly burned and crushed that-he'j cannot recover. All of the 20 pasengtrsjj were more or less bruised, some of thea3 seriously. The cause of the trreek -isjnotl known. I'lSfa Th,e Eastern Express, or No. 6, .leMthal depot on time last night, at 7115, ouugvef minutes later was brought to an abrupt hlt at the Penn Incline by the overturnfngjofl the smoker, or second-class carriage OlltSea 20 or more people in the car, six were 'mo raj! or less injured. Their names are: Joseph Beuckeh, about 30 years, a passes b uviuuuiwtiuuij.iow Aurs, eurotuG to man noma at .trreloerg. near Daden-BadetwaGeN many, badly barned abont tbe lower, lfmbsTfl right side and hands. Doubtful as to wnetherj be can-recover; Loins Hoowtth. a years, single. oi."22l Thirty-sixth street, an employe in Messrs; Car-Si nczie, trnipps s. iw.'s worx; cat about the bead H and chest. His injuries not regarded as set Qua. EDWARD Wxlltaws. a?ed GO vean aniif wife Sarah, aged 69 years, resident at 720 Fif tal avenue, jir. wuiiams sprained across bacKl xieponea wax ootn would De all rtiht in a les days. Thev were on their hit ta KiimTVA ..an RiciiAF.n LEvinrnK of 1.119 Ria rEm Philadelphia, aged S3 years; married andVsufJ lering irom a contusion ox toe nzntifo Was retnrnlnz home. i a Maboabxt McTiohe, 24 years old, doseaSsl Lately employed at Albion HoteL StiSforiwl Irom a contusion on the back. Was on ber.wayl to England. All of the above will recover.wlasj wo cLccpusa ui jur. oracser. aoous waoae re covery grave tears are entertained. BESDLT Olf A JOXT. The accident occurred about M$;ySd2 south, of the brewery switches, whsehfiwii situated under the Penn Incline. The trail! puuea siowjy out oi the depot oa tlatesMl naa proceeaea as tar as tne point indie wnen, without warning, a jolt wag t ex perienced, and the smoker turned bver.tejj the ngbt, bringing the rear trnk-witsTjUTj while the front set of wheels remained iiso3 sition on the track. The smoker, ia fllii2l cut loose in front and rear and was theved forward, and partially off the trstekHibyf the impetus of the cars behiadl it The baggage cars in advance .ofl it were hauled away by the esiae...tl baggage car immediately in froat ot.tfcSl smoker being derailed at the tame tia the smoker was overturned. The 30 1 gers in the car at the time were'l against" the sides, sustaining sen'Sfil injuries, bst with the exceptlea oftfi oonvevea to me wen rcn m sm Xt"! wbkfcer tMijaadwee ( ceaaiaax." their josraer. Ia the car -tarsia over: it took rBJI tfie stove. The women faisad Jfjaiy were unable to help themselves, wfcSemil men, recovmg from the. shock, made a J lortneaoor. j&eanwniie tne passe) the other coaches had alighted sad, l witn tne yardmen ana clerks, who J near at tne time, began to render t to those imprisoned in the barsiaar.i 'Among those who were fbremaat- wereX Hess, of this city, a passenger vst PsdMrnaK puis, Whose bands PTEKE BADLY BTrENED in assisunir tne imprisoned womemi from tbe wreckage, and Clerk Fr JNeaL who, seizing an ax, was iastrnaseasMl in releasing Jir. -Dructer, wnose isatjsi been caneht between the car and &eni Mr. Near s timely assistance was at)t soon. Air. ruccer occupies a . cent to tha sloTe whfoh. whm tha av w turned, gave loose its .fiery contests,! W poured down upon Mr. Brucker as fresl fastened to the side of the car. As it isMw gentleman is so oacuy burned as tarsar,K doubtful if he will recover. Willing were not wanting la helping the re9t;of(the imprisoned and soon they were rosea ad.id those of them who needed treatmistfwass sent to the West Penn HosBitaL H The cause of the accidest ceBlsVistjfill ascertained. The car left the tMekfaVSj switch, which, on examination nrcved assatl closed, or cleared for the train tQ-iss?$OinJ ot tne ue oars connecting tne two rails ( tne switch, was fractured; the break indicating that it bad been partially 1 before, as evidenced by the rust. Oth the switch seemed to be there a Wy order. tki Mr. Brucker was so severely baraaVi it was deemed necessary to suassoa miiiisll assistance previous to removing hiss, tat; Mas! nospitai, ana accordingly ne was cesvyai into the brewery switcher's office waeaJgWM 'j. xx. xiixon and . n. namutoa m his limbs in bandsges, and made his comfortable as possible under the cam stances. Subsequently he was carries! the West Penn Hospital. MB. HTJSSEX'S EXPEBTENCX ; Mr.'C. T. Van Hussen. of Freedemtt who was in the smoker when it overturn ada described his sensations to a LMSF.ilCXfs4 porter. "We left the depot at s4e'w5sij of speed, and I had just moved iats ijMt aaat waaa-a, nuwi niauwuaau tuaim a , ing, the car gave a lurch, and I was A or rnsa sarin vnan wiinnnr qvs in mr-ajet'm aaaaa ia the right side, finally cominar to reat'atl point near the roof. As soon as X recovstsdj my wits, I struggled up, and made fer,tti aoor, wnere i. saw anotuer passenger sJra forcing his war throueh. Mr.BraekerT sitting near the stove, which set smite tne trimmings and woodwork of the I 'was so scared I did not &stst to see now many mere wi in the car. but I -believe there were .-aw women. As I clambered out I saw talarsj getting higher,, but before it had gowjijlsrl tne yardmen and clerks in tbe sued en water in buckets and soon had it out'; when last seen Mr. Hussen occupied seat in another smoker, hitched on ia)asaj of that wrecked, and was investiatMM witn calm philosophy, the contents otBa well-filled basket The parts of the disconnected traiavw hauled back to the depot, where the.tfajSJ was maae up anew, and finally leJaai ward, as tne tint section of xio. 4 the J Line co minutes behind tune. Three i sections followed. E. N. Aiken, a hraieman on the. gfaeny Valley Bailroad, had his armf Vhm injured at Standard station yesterday eviaVj ing. Ho was brought to the WestPtnaJl where it was dressed. Dr. Herron ssjdlatalil bethought the arm would be, saved, yl muscies were oauiy lacerated. A man, whose name could not be - tained. was ran over at Bonn statlesU evening by the" Wall accommodstfe aada badly injured about the bead that aMastl Dut aye minutes alter nis conveys him "West Pean Hospital. He was atWtlp years old, had 120 in his inside siitu "Bs1 was dressed In s pair of mm treBsets and wore a blue eeat Dr. Hemm, of the WestPwM. j Mm JMSMtsi m Steve, mhV k eeetrpisd, sd eeta are ewaasadliija nWMvra CWMT, iJsWrw Jfes ataMaaa.'v 1 .?--, ,'i.J, -i" i"s .A HiASd -i,' f 3m.; v ,J-i,tii SKWV?- .