Pittsburg dispatch. (Pittsburg [Pa.]) 1880-1923, November 18, 1889, Image 1
mmr?- -ttVJ; "vwf Wffijjtt X fBMjqz&'gmmpjm If yon want Board, Rooms, ITcraei or Help, advertise la THE DISrATCH. rorcbaer can be fonnd for eYcnthlng eflerrd For Solo In THE DISPATCVH. THE DlbPATCH ii the best advertising medinm In Western Pennsylvania. Trr lU FABYZKTISZ yonr- hBofsess talTBW'BISi S, -"--. 1. ..VI9PD ffllIKI !( l MKBlf . -" WANTS nro always proasatly responded to when advertised Is TltS DISPATCH. Real Estate can be sold through adyer tlseraeat In THE DISPATCH. rOKTT-FOimTH TEAK. PITTSBURG, MONDAYS NOVEMBER 18, 1889. THREE CENTS IS ITAFAILINGFUEL? First Chapter of a Series, Pre senting Facts About Natural Gas. GREAT LOSS IN PIPEAGE, And Kot a Single .Figure Tet to Show the Resistance of Flow. CAS THE! KEEP TRYING HEW FIELDS? No Mere Second-Hand Investigation, bnt a Personal and Scientific Research Where tbe Anticlinals Tend, and What They signify Pressure That is Blighty Uneven, and the Ucnaons for It Absolute Failure to Solve Tnat Phase of the Problem in a Practical WaT Some Definite Data and Conclusions to Follow. The Dispatch has made such investi gations, through a special commissioner, aided by experts, as will, in three or iour chapters, throw a much clearer light than any heretofore brought to bear upon the problem whether or not natural gas is to be a failure. The first chapter really only a necessary preface gives pood groundwork for a clear understanding of what will follow. It should afford not only interesting but useful reading for the thousands in this region who think they can't get along without the gas. Undoubtedly it will. "Will Pittsburg continue to have natural gas? It is a question of great moment, for upon the truthful answer depend many thiogs. If the supply, without diminution in quantity, or increase in price, could be maintained, there is no question but that Pittsburg would gain even greater suprem acy than she has ever attained as a manu facturing center. More frequent and louder have been the complaints since the advent of winter, that the supply of cas was short. More often has the statement been made that the sources of supply were being exhausted. It seemed to present an enigma not capable of Eolation without careful investigation. The Dispatch, knowing the ques tion to be one of great interest one well worthy the time and expense de voted to it determined to investigate. To be of value the investigation must neces sarily be of an expert nature. It required the services of a trained observer, entirely unbiased in the start, and capable of reach ing a conclusion warranted only by the facts, and the gathering of the testimony of ' experts. ;,. so EAsr u-EKTAETira. it is not always easy in such a case to get facts. Self-interest, or perversion of belief through pre-conceived ideas, leads many otherwise perfectly honest and truthful per sons to color the facts to suit themselves. Under such circumstances it becomes nec essary to make a careful, even a minute ex amination. To make such a research, re quired that the person delegated to the task should go over the ground personally; for second-hand statements get sadly twisted. In seeking for the answer to the question of whetherornot Pittsburg will continue to have anjadequate supply of natural gas, the first fact to be considered is, what is the visible supply? That is, how much territory con tiguous to the city limits may be depended upon to produce gas in paying quantities? "Whatever arguments may have been urged against what is known as the "anti clinal theory," time has demonstrated the correctness of it. In no single instance has gas been found in paying quantities beyond tbe anticlinal lines, or their less well de fined but clearly understood cross cuts. For the benefit of unscientific readers, it may be said that "anticlinal" simply means one incline placed against another. That is, in geological phraseology, the upheaval of the strata of the rock so as to make a ridge. A monoclinal is the upheaval of strata of rocs: in such a manner as to leave them without any corresponding support. A. monoclinal maybe found between two parallel anticliuals, but never, or at least seldom, if the anticliuals are closely con tiguous. PLENTT OF AUTICLKTALS- In "Western Pennsylvania, according to the last geological svrveys, there are no less than 11 anticliuals, in which it is possible 'gas may be found. It is not pretended that gas can be found in all of them, nor in the entire length of any one. The antilcinals often are lost; but they retain their general identity, through outcroppings, in many in stanees an astonishing distance from where they disappeared. The general, though very irregular, direction is northeast Taking Pittsburg as the center, the limit of possible gas territory would be found on the west on the Harrisville anticlinal, near New Cumberland, Hancock county, W.Va. Directly east, It would reach nearly 100 miles, on the Laurel Hill anticlinal, be tween the Conemaugh river and Black Lick creek. Directly north, on the eightieth parallel, it would again reach the Harris ville anticlinal at a distance of 100 miles, 1 near Harrisville, Butler county. Directly south, the Waynesburg anticlinal would be the limit, less than 40 miles from the city. But it must be borne in mind that these anticliuals run in a northeasterly direction, and that Pittsburg lies in almost the center o the field, so that the territory is actually much greater than would be indicated by direct lines north and south and east and west. In. fact, shonld gas be found on each anticlinal, and at every place on each, Pitts burg would have a gas territory of many thousand acres upon which to draw, and need have no fears of a failure or the sup plyfor years to come. It is not the purpose M of iibii article, however, to state where all the gas territory exists; that will come .farther along. ? ajt expebt's view of it. j F Some two or three weeks ago I was talk ning with Prof. J. C. "White, the person who - prepared the only map that has been pub- ,..ucu ui iuc muciiuaii in n esiern i'enn ilsylrania with direct referpnre to trio cm. fields. ... - ..... ,.. u was not about gas that we were speaking, but the extension of the oil fields in West Virginia, which he was developing thorongh faith in his own anti clinal theory. He said very significantly in pantomime that it required elbow grease to demonstrate whether or not oil or gas was to be found in any anticlinal, although neither could be found outside the limits of an anticlinal. Since then I have read an article which he published in the Petroleum Age, a magazine now deceased, in which he says: The essence ot it all is that tbe great supplies of natural gat have accumulated in tbe rock reservoirs, in regions of disturbtnee by which tbe reservoirs in question have been elevated above contiguous areas of the samo beds, and in tbe lower levels ot which oil and water may be expected; or, in other words, gas has accu mulated where anticlmals or monocllnals of considerable (but not too great) extent have raised tbe rocks into arcbes and other forms of elevation, and bence, as Frof. Orton says, structure Is tbe main element in the occurrence of gas and oil in large quantity. I will not attempt to dwell now upon the potency of this paragraph. Its meaning will be more clear in subsequent papers. WHAT THEY DEPEND UPON1. The large natural gas companies of Pitts burg do not depend upon the State geologi cal surveys, nor upon any maps published by -any person. They make their own sur veys, and follow the anticlinals with their eccentric windings and turnings, and secure territory where the practical experience of thelrained civil engineers think it will be best. The chief official of the land depart ment of one natural gas company looked over Prof. White's map on Saturday, and smiled sardonically as he followed the in dicated anticlinals. But after all he con fessed that the general direction of each was correct, while pointing out the variations, and the places in which the anticlinals were lost, by actual surveys. A suppressed anti clinal it becomes under such circumstances, that title having been given to it by general acceptation. After finding the scope of the territory upon which Pittsburg may draw for natural gas, tbe next question is, How can it draw? At first gas was brought to Pittsburg un der high pressure through small pipe lines. So high was the pressure that stringent regulations were made by the municipal au thorities against carrying over a specified number of pounds per square inch within tbe city limits. No pipe larger than ten inch was laid, or was deemed necessary when the gas first came into general use. The gas was carried in these pipes at such an enormously high pressure that it was necessary to have escape pipes in the city to relieve the pressure at night It is not so now. A FOETY-HILE BOCK PBESSUBE. What is known as rock pressure is the carrying power of the gas. It must come from the wells under a pressure great enough to propel it through a long line of pipe. The principal supply for Pittsburg comes from a distance of from 30 to 40 miles, some of it as much as CO miles away. It might be supposed that a simple alge braic problem would give the amount of flow through a given sized pipe under a known initial pressure, and for a known distance. It would be easy enough to de termine the quantity of water delivered un der such circumstances; but it is not at all possible to determine the amount of gas. In the first place there is an astonishing difference in volume in gas under differing pressures and difierenttemperaturej. A change of 450 in temperature of the gas will increase or decrease the volume of natural gas SO per cent A difference in pressure of 200 pounds will make a differ ence of at least one-sixth in volume. Re markable as it may seem, no formulas have been made to show the resistance of flow, so that it is only possible to guess at it by iso lated cases. A2T ES-OEHOUS LOSS. What is known as the Acme natural gas pipe line, 10 inches in diameter, which was one of the tightest and best ones ever laid, started with gas at 500 pounds pressure from the wells and brought it to the low pressure lines at the city limits, at only 65 pounds pressure an enormous waste. A 16 inch line from Murrysville, reasonably tight, left the wells at 200 pounds pressure, and SO miles distant gave only 15 pounds pressure. Snch figures as these simply prove nothing. It is known that the carrying capacity of a pipe 10 inches in di ameter is much more than twice that of a pipe only 5 inches in diameter, when it is water that is carried; and the resistance is known under certain pressures at the initial point with the pipe discharging freely at the end; but water is not subject to the great changes in volume that gas is. These unlcnown quantities have not been made a subject oi so much study by the natural gas companies as they would have been had there been more time to study them. The whole business is done with a rush. It is a singular fact, but never theless a fact, that no reliable test has ever been made of the tempera ture of gas as it comes from the sand rocks, and then what it is when it enters the pipe. Several German scientists, who were over here recently, seemed espe cially anxious to get such tests. why rr WAS IMPOSSIBLE. It was impossible to gratify them, simply for the reason that all the wells are drilled by contract, and no contractor would allow the six hours' loss of time which would re sult by the stoppage of work each time such a test was made, in order to allow the sand to regain its normal temperature after the heat made by the friction of the drill had subsided. No known method has been devised for driving natural gas. It must carry itself, or it does not go at all. Taking the two in stances named, ont of many that might be given, it follows that with small pipes there must be a high rock pressure from the wells or the gas cannot be piped for a distance of SO or 40 miles. Whether or not this rock pressure is still maintained, and what effect the decrease in rock pressure has, where it has occurred, anu way, win De toia in suosequent arti cles, in connection with field observations; since it is the aim, iu publishing this series, to proceed in aconsecntive and progressive line, in order that the interesting and vital conclusions be clearly understood, without wearying the reader by attempting to go too far at a single reading. Another question equally important in determining the problem oi stability is the character of the sand in which the gas is fonnd; whether it generates gas, or is simply a storage uouse wuicu may in time Decome exhausted. Gas is never found in solid granite; it invariably comes from A LOOSE, rOKOUS BOCK. Sometimes this sand is actually pebbly, as is found in some sections of the Murrvs ville field. In other cases it may have the appearance of greater density; but, never theless, it will be found to be porous. No gas sand that will produce a paying well is of greater density tnan will admit of one sixth of its volume in gas. The gas is con tained in the interstices ofthe (tone possibly in a liquid form, because ot the high pres sure. It certainly is greatly condensed, at any rate. The boring of the hole allows it to escape; but it escapes from a storehouse, and, when it is all out, there is and can be no immediate or early process of regenera tion or restoration; it is gone. ".Always taking out of the meal tub. and never putting in, will soon exhaust the supply," is an old saw which is axiomatic As there is no replacing of the gas, as it cannot now be replaced, having been gen erated and stored countless years ago, it follows that there must be exhaustion of fields in time. How Jong? Well, we shall all come very close to knowing, later on. The dependence, then, for future sup plies must be on new territory. As the cost of pipeage is now as $50 to every ?1 in vested in drilling a well (which in itself reaches as high, in cases, as 5,000), the opening of new territory must necessarily become more and more expensive. These are only preliminary statements, which will be more fully explained and demonstrated in what is to follow, continu ing Tuesday and Wednesday mornings. C.'T. Dawson. POUND HIS FATHER. A Modern Japhet Tarns Up In a Now York Police Conn The Romantic Tnlo Told by a Young Man Tinder Arrest for Mlsnppro- priallog Money. EPECIAI. TELBOKAK TO TBZ DISrATCH. New Yobk, November 17. Victor L. Johnson, a young man of 20, told a remark able story at the Harlem police court, to day. He was employed as a collector by Henry A. Connolly. Until quite recently, he says, he supposed himself to be an or phan, his grandparents having had charge of him since childhood. They live in East New York. Not many weeks ago Victor received information which led him to be lieve that his grandparents had deceived him all these years, and that his father was alive. He left his grandparents' house and went to live with the family of Mr. Earle, East New York. It is said that he expects soon to wed Mr. Earle's daughter. At all events Mr. Earle aided young Johnson all he could in his search for a father. Two weeks ago the young man .earned beyond donbt that his father was all e and was editor, or proprietor, or both, of a news paper published in Fayetteville, N. C. The newspaper directory does not mention this Mr. Johnson. Victor had in his pocket, when he made this discovery, $95, which he had collected for his employer. He started for North Carolina without pavtng it over. Arriving there he says he received a hearty- welcome irom nis lather, who had been tola that the boy had died at birth, with his mother, whereas only the mother died and her parents took charge of the infant and reared him, in ignorance of the fact that his father was alive. After spending several days with his father, Vietor says he returned to New York to settle up his affairs here and make ar rangements to go and live at Fayetteville. Meantime, Mr. Connolly had secured a warrant for his arrest Victor went to his employer's office Saturday with this story, and said he was going back to North Caro lina on Sunday or Monday, and would for ward tbe 05 as soon as he got there again. Mr. Connolly sent for a policeman and young Johnson was locked up. Mr. Earle had not lost faith in him, and has either settled the young man's indebted ness or guaranteed it, and Mr. Connolly asked at the police court to-day to be al lowed to withdraw the complaint. Justice White canceled the warrant, Victor says he will return to his father at once. DIFFICULT ENGINEERING FEAT. A Large Dnnvbridse Swung Into Position In Less Than One Da j. rEFECLU. TZXEOBAM TO THE DISPATCH.) New Yobk, November 17. The diffi cult engineering feat of swinging into place a new and unusually large railroad draw bridge, with but a 'few hours' interruption of traffic, was accomplished tr?3ay at te Hackensack river, on the Erie road. The old draw was of wood, and single. It has been in use about 26 years, ever since the construction of the old Morris road. The new draw is double, and of iron. It has been built upon a newly-constructed pivotal foundation during the past four months, and it opens a wider channel ou each side than the old single passageway. To-day's work comprised the riveting together of two halves of the new dam, and the removal of tbe old one, together with several feet of the approaching trestle work on each side. The new approaches for one track had been completed on each side, the grade be ing raised about two feet A large force of men began work after the last train had crossed Saturday night, and the undertaking was practically accomplished soon after dark this evening. The calculations of tbe engineers were exact, and as soon as the riveting was accomplished and the old piling had been removed the new bridge swung around in its proper place, exactly as was expected. A MISSING BRIDEGROOM FOUND. Bo Is Discovered Admiring the Grnndenr of KIngara Falls. ISFZCIAL TKLEOBAM TO TUB SIBFATCH. Suspension Bridge, N, Y., Novem ber 17. George S. Bequa, a missing bride groom from Tenafly, N. J., has been found here at the Spencer House. He arrived at Niagara Falls at 7 o'clock a. m. Wednes day, and at the hotel it was noticed that he was not in strong mental condition. He walked about Prospect Park and Goat Island, and spoke especially of the fascina tion experienced while standing at Prospect Point, viewing the American falls, and asked numerous questions in regard to peo ple who have jumped from the point into the river. The agony of the parents and the young bride was something terrible during the few days his whereabouts was unknown. EXPLOSION 0P A BOILER. Ono Dion's Hend Blown Off The Roof of a Steel Works Broken. ISFSCTAL TSXEOBAX TO THX SIBFATCH.1 TrrusviLLE, Pa., November 17. This morning at 2 o'clock a terrible explosion shook the city. It was found that the boiler at the Titusville Bedstead Works had bursted, tearing John Carlsen, the watch man, to pieces. His head was blown off. The dome and boiler went 20 feet in the air, and came down through tbe roof oi the Burgess Steel Works. Carlsen had a wife and six children in Sweden. He was just going to send for them. The wreck is dreadful. MRS. PARNELL'S CONDITION. Denial of tbo Story of Her Poverty and Physical Sufferings. Bobdentown, N. J., November 17. Dr. William H. Shipps, of this city, attend ing physician of the Parnells here several years, says tnat at no time since Mrs. Par nell took up her residence at "Ironsides" has she lacked medicine or medical attend ance. He further savs that her present physical condition, considering her years, is remark able for its vigbr. TWO KENTUCKY GIRLS, DROWNED. Fannie Reese and Sadie Smith Swept From u Boggy at a Ford. Ctnthiana,K:t., November 17. Fannie Reese and Sadie Smith were drowned to-day while crossing a swollen stream near here. They were young people who had attended a social gathering and been compelled to remain over night by the rain. The girls were returning home in a baggy, and the buggy nas swept away at a ford. DOM PEDRO HAS GONE i The Brazilian Emperor Sails for Lisbon Under an Escort. GIVEN A TEAELT .ALLOWANCE, Bat Had to leave the Country Upon Twenty-four Hours' Notice. PORTUGAL HAI ALSO FOLLOW SUIT. Tbe Eesult in the South American Empire Causes, , Uneasiness la tbe Kuropeau Conntiy. Ex-Emperpr Dom Pedro H., of Brazil, is now on the Atlantio Ocean on his way to Lisbon, Portugal. He was notified by the Provisional Government that he must leave the country within 21 hours, and he sailed under escort of a Brazilian ironclad. He is given a yearly allowance to' support himself in Europe. There now seems to be a possibility that Portugal will follow the action of the South American Empire, and a revolution is momentarily expected there. The members of the Brazilian legation are still without information direct from their own country in regard to the situation of affairs there. They were in hopes of receiv some news to-day, but none came, and their only intelligence was derived from the press and from a telegram to the United States Department of State. Secretary Blaine said this evening that he had received only one dispatch from Bio, and that simply confirmed the press dis patches. It stated in substance that the army and navy were on the side of the in surgents; that a provisional government had been formed, and that the Emperor was a prisoner in his palace. ' NOT COME TO STAT. A Brazilian, who is thoroughly conver sant with the affairs of his country, and who is well qualified to speak with regard to the situation in Brazil, said this evening: "I believe that the movement has occurred and that the capital is in the hands of the insurgents, but I do not believe that this new Government has come- to stay. We need to have more information about the personnel of the newly pro claimed government to believe in its per manence. I think it is a military movement supported by a few thousand civilians, and that when the provinces are heard from a reaction will take place. The names of those announced as at the heard of affairs are all those of Bepublicans, and they are not men of high standing. The Ministry is mostly composed of lawyers and men of the press. I don't believe they will have the confidence of the people. If we could see some ofthe old leadersof Brazilian affairs in the movement it would be differ ent, but there is not one who is not already a recognized Bepublican. A POPULAS MOVEMENT in favor of a Bepublic could not spring up in a night without any warning. The last elections show that the Bepublican party re turned only two members, and that.; the elections were tair and open. That does not show any sentiment favoring "a TJepublicT The insurgents have captured the capital, the head of the nation, and as the navy Is with them, they control all means of communication. There is undoubtedly a' censorship of the cable service, and the company has been notified that its wires would be cut un less it submitted all messages be fore they were sent I would like to hear what the other side are doing and something from the provinces. If yon were an American in Bio and heard that by a sudden and able movement the garrison and the citizens had captured the departments. imprisoned tbe President and the Cabinet and set up a government you would want to know what Virginia, New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio and other States were doing before being convinced that the new government would last. I be lieve the movement is a military one and not supported by more than 5,000 civilians. AN EAST THING TO DO. It would be very easy for the army and navy, by surprise, when the officers of the Government were peacefully and quietly attending to their business, to capture the city of Bio, secure them through the navy control of outside communication and im prison the Emperor. '"But," it was suggested, "if the people are favorable to the Emperor, how can they maintain control?" "That," was the reply, "is just what is lacking, and I expect to hear that the Prov inces have rallied to the Emperor s support. Although he is imprisoned, he is still the Emperor, and the Provinces can declare tor him. I think the Provinces will declare war against the Capital, and that the situa tion will resemble that in France at the time of the Paris Commune. There are in the navy about 5,500 officers and sailors, not all of whom are in Bio, many being abroad. The army has about the same strength, and with 5,000 civilians upholding them, it would make 15,000 men only, and I do not believe the movement has greater strength, rr all came fbom bio. "It Is trne the dispatches say some of the Provinces have declared for a republic, but mis ait comes irom aid ana those who have seized the Central Government We have not got the other side. Knowing the coun try, I do not think the Provinces have so declared. The Bepublican party through out the Empire is organ ized into small clubs and their members would, of course, send in their felicitations to the General Government There are also small garrisons of 50 or more men in the various Provinces, and these have sent in their congratulations. This, I think, is the foundation for tbe statement in regard to the Provinces. I cannot be lieve in the permanence of the republic until we get more information and something from tbe other side." Of the new Cabinet three members are journalists, the President, Deodoro Da Fonseca, and the Minister of War, Benjamin Constant are soldiers, and the remaining three members are lawyers. Senor Quintauo Bocavuva is looked upon here as perhaps the leader in the revolution movement He is the editor of La Pais, published in Bio de Janeiro, and is said to have a beautiful style as a writer. He is a Bepublican of long stand ing, and-has earnestly labored for the crea tion of a republic. Benjamin Constant, tbe Minister of War, has heretofore been a professor in the Polytechnic school, and a member of the Board of Military Engineer ing. DOM PEDRO HAS LEFT. The Emperor Sails for Lisbon After Learn . Ing of His Deposition. London, November 17. A dispatch from Bio Janeiro says: Dom Pedro has de parted from Brazil. He sailed direct for Lisbon. Before his departure he was for mally notified of his deposition. At the same time he was informed that thexivil list would be continued.. The Province of Bahia opposes the .Bepublic, bat most-of the other provinces have signified their ad herence to tbe new regime. Dr. Barboza says contracts entered into by. the Imperial Government will be main tained. The city is quiet. The overthrow ofthe monarchy has temporarily paralyzed business. Ou the exchanges nothing is doing. The Pans corresnnnri nut nf thn Daltv Newt says: The Republican Council at Bio Janeiro PUbllC ThAlMdM .f tha n.rtvv.tn An P.ftnfl. dent of success that they ordered a number of Republican flags to be made in this city. In the new flag the imperial crown is replaced by a Phrygian cap. It is reported that Dom Pedro recently ex pressed to his Prime Minister tbe opinion tbat the Government bad not much longer to live. Among the causes that led to the revolutlonwere tbe tyrannical measures to which the Govern ment resorted in order to secure the return of its supporters at the last elections, when many e'eetors were arrested and imprisoned. The Brazilian Minister here expresses sur- Snsa that several staunch Monarchists, whom e thought incapable of treason, are among the reported ringleaders ot the Brazilian Civil Government. He said the Republicans-are only a small minority; that the Emperor is uni versally beloved; that General Da Fonscca has much prestige and is popular with the army, and tbat Senhor Constant is not important as a politician. The Minister's son scouts tbe idea that slavery had anything to do with tbe movement The Republicans, be said, supported tbe eman cipation ot the slaves. A revolution had been foreseen, but was not expected to take place until after the death of the Emperor. ENOUGH TO LIFE UPON. Dom Pedro la Allowed a Yenrly Bum to Snpport Himself In Europe. Lima, November 17. Via Galveston. The latest advices from Bio Janeiro, dated November 16, 9:55 P. M., are to the effect that the province of Bahia is opposed to the revolution. Viscount Onro Preto, ex-Minister of tbe Interior, and Senhor jiayunck, a banker, have been arrested. The Emperor is looked on with suspicion. The provisional Government has abolished the monarchy. The revolutionary commission addressed a message to the Emperor, telling him to leave the conntrv in 24 hours. The Emperor acknowledges this and leaves by tne pacKet Alagoas, accompanied oy the ironclad Trachuelo. The Brazilian Bepublic will give the Emperor a certain amount to live in Europe, The Bevolntionary Commission has been sworn in before the Chamber of tbe Muni cipality. The Bepublio is a certainty and great enthusiasm prevails. Slay Do tbe Same In Portugal. Bbtjbsels, November 17. The Inde pendence Beige has a dispatch from Lisbon saying: "The overthrow ot the Brazilian monarchy is regarded as definitive. The people sympathize with the Brazilians. Similar events are possible in Portugal." MILLIONS Iff VIEW. Philadelphia Capitalists Investing Heavily In nn Alabama Iron Furnace Great Retnrns Expected by tho Pro moters of tbe Enterprise. rerrciAr, tzleobam to the dispatch. Philadelphia, November 17. A com pany, with a capital of $2,000,000, of which Judge W. A. Hudson, of Alabama, is president, is being organized by Philadel phia capitalists, for the purpose of operat ing iron furnaces in Florence, Ala. James Pollock, the carpet manufacturer, who is the prime mover in the enterprise, said to-day: "We have contracted for 8.400 building lots, 1,000 acres of ore land, and 20 acres, with foundations already laid, lor the lar gest furnace in the South. Our furnace will have a capacity of 150 tons per day. It will be directlv opposite the North Alabama fEruaee,-oh.tbe banks, of 'theTennessee uooper snapiey nas gone oown 10 Florence to examine the titles, and reports them ab solutely clear. As to the ore, the North Alabama furnace, in which the ore has been used, has produced a yield of 115 tons of iron from 200 tons of ore, which I under stand is unprecedented. "Coal is within easy reach, and we have limestone on the premises, while the cost of transportation by steamer up the Tennessee being only $51 25 per ton to St Louis, will give us an excellent chance to compete for the Western trade, the Birmingham fur nace having to pay $3 25 per ton to bring their iron to the same marset The cost ot labor is 20 per cent less than, it is North, which fact, in conjunction with the cheap ness of transportation, enables the North Alabama Furnace Company to deliver iron in St Louis at $11 to $12 per ton. We have, beside, the advantage over the Bir mingham furnace that their ore contains an excess of. 'phosphorus, while our ore is more of a neutral ore, which produces stronger iron." Joseph S. Patterson and a number of friends engaged iu the iron business, and who have subscribed for blocks of the stock, intend going down toward the end of this month to examine the quality of the iron manufactured by the North Alabama Fur nace Company. SATS NOTHING. BUT SAWS WOOD. Senator Sawyer, a Sinn of Few Words, Hard at Work for Gaentber. .'SPECIAL TELZOBAM TO TUX DISPATCH. Washington, November 17. Senator Sawyer, of Wisconsin, has the reputation of being an exceedingly shrewd man, both ic politics and business. He has been very successful in both pur suits, and attributes much of his good fortune to his life-long habit of keeping his mouth shut Uncle Sawyer served as a Bepresentative in Congress for ten vears. is now in his second term as Senator, and has held various other public offices, including that of Mayor of Oshkosh. During all this service he never made a speech, and it is said that he does not intend to. The Senator -now has a little matter on hand that he is saying nothing about to anyone except a few of his colleagues, bnt which he hopes to bring to a successful conclusion nevertheless. For the past two or three months the wily Senator has beenconduct ing a quiet bnt effective canvass in the in terest of ex-Bepresentative Gnenther, ofthe Badger State, for the office of Sergeant-at-Arms of the Senate, A FRE1TI CLOSE GALL Harry Beard, the Illustrator, Almost If Not Qnite Asphyxiated. ISFXCIAt. TZ1EQEAM TO TUX DISPATCH.! New Yobk, November 17. Harry Beard, the artist, well known as an illus trator, took a room at Coffey's little two story frame "Household" Hotel, Saturday night, as he had done frequently before, and retiring late, left word that he wished to be awakened at 1 o'clock Sunday afternoon. When his door was opened at that hour, by Mr. Coffey's daughter, Mr. Beard was found in his bed, unconscious. A drop-light with two jets hung from the wall opposite the foot of his bed. One ot the jets was lighted, and. the gas was escaping from the other. Dr. W. L. Mackenzie was summoned, and later on Dr. James E. NewcQmb. After working over Beard until 7 o'clock. Dr. Newcomb called a Booievelt Hospital ambulance. The hospital physician Jate to night considered Mr. Beard's condition very serious. Mr. Beard lives at"Flushing, and has a studio in the Judge building. The circumstances seem to indicate accident rather than design. Boy Killed by a Train. Piedmont, W. Va., November 17. Walter Buckalew aged 12 years, was struck br a Baltimore and Ohio train here this afternoon ana killed MTOE HIGH LICENSE. Baltimore Catholics Say That is the Best Temperance Method, NOTABLE PEELATES PEESEHT. Resolutions Which Leave no Boom for Don&t as to Meaning. CARDINAL GIBBONS THE PRESIDENT. A Talk by Arcbbisbop Ireland Fall of Snestloa to Temperance Workers. A notable gathering was that in Balti more last night, in which the Catholic Church of America took the ground that high license is the. best method of curing the evils of intemperance. Cardinal Gib bons presided, and Archbishop Ireland made an address, Strong and expressive resolutions were adopted. Baltimoee, November 17. A natural sequence ofthe position taken by the Catho lic Congress was the mass meeting to-night under the auspices of the Catholio Church in favor of high license at Harris' Academy of Music It was attended by persons of all shades of religious opinion. On the' stage sat His Eminence, Cardinal Gibbons, Monsignor McColgan, Archbishop Elder, Bishop Virtue, Bishop Keane, Bev. James Nugent, Bev. James Cleary and some hun dred prominent citizens interested in tbe movement Every seat in the great theater was occupied, and crowds were turned away. Mr. P. Harris tendered the use of the Academy free as a favor to his friend, Archbishop Ireland. Cardinal Gibbons presided. As he came forward to speak; he received a warm greeting. Cardinal Gib bons said: CAKDINAI. OIBBONS' LITTLE SPEECH. I appear before you to-night, not only as a1 churchman, but also and chiefly as a fellow citizen, anxious for tbe moral welfare of my native city. Whatever contributes to the moral growth of Baltimore, whatever contri butes to tbe happiness of the people, has my must nearly cooperation: ana x nrmiy believe to-nlghe that the noble cause which will be advocated here. If successful, will contribute, under God's bless ing, to the moral welfare of our beloved city; tojhe welfare of tbe people: to tbe domestic happiness and tranquility of the poorer classes and of the laborer, f Applause. I The blow tbat we strike to-night is a blow struck for tbe the cause of the laboring man. and it must and shall be successful. Applause. Bey. James Nugent, the English temper ance orator, spoke at some length of the temperance work in England. BISHOP ICELAND'S BEMABKS. Bev. Dr. James Cleary next spoke, and after him Archbishop Ireland was pre sented. The latter said in substance: Tbe position of tbe Catholic Church ou tem perance and other social questions bas been clearly stated In tbe Catholic Lay Congress held In Baltimore. Tbe corrupting influence of saloons in politics, tbe crime and pauperism resulting from excessive drinking, require legislative restriction, which we can aid in pro curing by-joinine our influence with that oi the other enemies of temperance. Tbe Catholic Church Is absolutely and irre vocably opposed to drunkenness, and to drunkard-making. In vain we profess to work for souls if we do not labor to drive out an evil which is daily begetting sms by the ten thous and and peopling belt. In vain we boast of civilization and liberty It we do not labor to ex terminate intemperance. Your movement for high taxation of tbe traffic with judicious supplementary olanses as to character of venders of liquor, and for feiture la case of violation of laws, deserves. Tb6"snpportota!Wrhi3 will not do away with aii evu; is wm reauce immensely tne evil, and its best results will be where they are most needed among the poor and the, laboring classes. THE RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED. A series of resolutions were then read as follows: The Catholic clergy and laltyof tbe city of Baltimore, in mass meeting assembled under the presidency of their diocesan bead, keenly alive to the gigantic evils of intemperance in the use ot Intoxicating drinks, evils which menace tbe dearest Interests of religion and thus imperil the well-being and stability of the State and society at large; justly alarmed, moreover, at tbe fearful havoo wrought in so many ot their co-religionists by this deadly vice, which thwarts tbe best efforts of the Church in their behalf and renders fruitless ber noblest influences and casting aDont lor a means wmen will, it not at once and entirely enre, at least greatly diminish the evil, and thus pave the way to a complete moral restoration, believe tbat they see this remedy in what is known as the hizh license move. ment Wherefore, it Is resolved as the sense of this meeting: First Tbat high license is at present tbe only feasible and the only hopeful means of stemming the deluge of vices and crimes of which drunkenness is the frightful source. Second That to make the remedy really effective tbe license sbonld be put so high as to make It practically prohibitory as regards tbe multitude ot low saloons which are de moralizing and brutalizing tbe poor, who, more than any other class,need the help and comforts of religion to make their hard lot endurable Third That not merely a high license will secure all the good aimed at by tbe movement, but tbat certain restrictions should be enacted as to tbe time and place of sale, and the character of those who may be per mitted to carry on the traffic Thus, the number of saloons in any one radius should be limited by statute: they shonld not be suffered too near to churches or schools. The excellentSnndaylawof onr city npon this point should be rigidly enforced, ana failure upon the part of the authorities to carry out the law shonld be summarily pun ished. INSPECTING SOUTHERN STREAMS. General Comstock Leaves New Orleans for His Red Blver Work. New Obleans, November 17. General C. B. Comstock, President of the Mississippi Biver Commission, arrived here this morn ing from Wilson's Point, and left a few hours later for Bed river to inspect the Government works on that stream. General Comstock states that a board of engineers will meet in New Orleans on the 29th instant to examine and -report on the proposed railroad bridge across the Missis sippi river at that place, aa directed by the Secretary of War. SIX C0HET8 NOW IN SIGHT. Prof. Swift Discovers a Large One Without Any Tail. rsrxctu. txixoham to ths dispatch.1 Eochesteb, N. Y., November 17. Prof. Louis Swift, of Warner's Observatory. has discovered another comet, which he lo cated in right ascension 22 42' 25'', north declination 11 50'. The comet has a slow northeasterly mo tion, is without a tail, but quite large, and can be faintly discerned in Pegasus in XI. This makes six comets now in sight. SAM JONES CATOIJES ON. The Entire Neighborhood of VIckibnrg Toms Ont to Hear Him. Vicksbhbo, Miss., November 17. This afternoon Sam Jones delivered a powerful sermon to men only, and addressed about 6,000 people, the immense tent being to crowded that even standing room was hardly obtainable. To-night an equally large assemblage met to hear him, and the city is full of people from adjacent towns and country. Miners Frozen to Death Glentvood Spbtnos, Col., November 17. Pat Gallagher and, Ed Connelly, two miners at Coal Bidge, eight miles from here, lost their way Friday night while retBraiag to the miaes from New Cati, m4 were ibeih roea to death. A BAND OF MARTI WSrctt tOU4 Confirmation ot tbe Tale of Saffel Ubop Taylor's Missionaries 31an Them Had to Saccarab to the Pangs of Hanger Des titution of Others. tSFXCIAt. TXLKOSAX to the Disr ATCS.I new Yobk, November 17. A yesr or so ago one of Bishop Taylor's missionaries re turned with his wife from the Congo,and re ported that the party whom the Bishop had led from this country to the great river was to poorly sup plied with the necessities of life that the greatest suffering and destitution ex isted. The report was denied by friends of 'Bishop Taylor, and the returning missionary was accused of great exaggera tion. His story, however, seems to be fully confirmed by a report just published in Xe Mouvemenl Geographfym on the con dition of the Congo missions. Considerable space is given to tbe Taylor mission, which is said to have been "most unfortunate in its beginnings." It is said in tbe first place, that Bishop Taylor went to the Congo with the idea tbat after he had reached Stanley Pool he could gain the country of the Baluba, his chief destination on the Lulus river, by means of barges and sail boats to be built at Stanley Pool. He gave up this idea as soon as he reached the Congo, and it is said he abandoned at Banana. Boma and Vivi, a considerable part of tne stores he had brought at great cost from America,as he tound them wholly nnsmted to tbe needs or hii expedition. When he returned to Europe and America to getfnnds to build a steamer, he lefta part of his peopleatVivi, sheltered only by a tent, and a very poor one at that. The sufferings of the party were severe, there were a number of deaths and several missionaries returned home. The Bishop has not despaired of ultimate success, and at present "he is investigating the chances of successfully attempting to carry his steamer along the north shore of the river to Manyanga. Meanwhile, his missionaries, who, as is well-known, are expected to be' mainly self-supporting, are scattered along the lower river, far from their intended destination, and are living as they can. Their principal resource is hunt ing and fishing. ME. DAVIS MAY DIB. Friends of the Lnte President of the Bontn- era Confederacy fenr HI Illness Will Prove Fatal ITU Age and WeakAss Against Hint. nrSCIAI. TXLXOSAX TO THX DISPATCH.! New Obleans, November 17. Mr. Jef ferson Davis, ex-President of the Southern Confederacy, now lying dangerously 01 at the residence of Mr. L IT. Payne, in this . city, passed successfully through last night As on the previous night, he was very rest less, and became much worse after midnight, although not as sick as on Friday. The weather, which was iheavy, damp and cold, seemed to affect him unfavorably, and great difficulty was encountered in preserving that even temperature in the room regarded as absolutely necessary to the patient. It is evident that Mr. Davis' condition is extremely critical, and he will not be re garded as out of danger for three or four days to come. Shonld he have a return of the difficulty in breathing , which attacked him Friday night, or any other relapse, the chances are unfavorable for a second escape from death which then threatened him, and igwould require but a short paroxysm to prove fatal. His weakness is so great that he is unable to lift his arm or to turn over on the bed. His only food is beef tea, and this he takes by the teaspoonful. Last night he suffered from nausea, and it was feared that his stomach also was 'failing him, which would have proved dangerous in his present low condition, but lie recovered and took the beef tea regularly. During the day Mr. Davis had a return of fever, but it passed sway, and to-night he is somewhat better. Mrs. Davis still takes a favorable view of her husband's condi tion, and calls attention to the fact that she has nursed him through many similar attacks. The unfavorable circumstances are his age and his present great weakness. For nearly a year past friends who have seen him at Beau voir have recognized the fact that his health waa failing and that old age was beginning to tell oa him. LOTTA HAS A RUNAWAY. The Little Actress Palnfally Injared by aa Accident la Boston. ISrlCIAt. TXtXPBAX TO THX DISPATCH.! Boston. November it. Lotta, theactress. who is spending the winter in Boston, met with a serious accident on Beacon street, last Thursday evening, the facts of which have just been made public. She and her mother had stepped into their carriage, when the horses turned and started down Beacon street- By the purest accident Miss Lotta discovered that the driver was not on his box, and the horses were increasing tneir speea. as quicc as thought she realized her perilous position, and forcing open the carriage door she sprang output in doing so her dress caught and she was thrown violently to the ground, striking on her head and side. She was picked up in a half-conscious state and taken into the house where she had been visiting, and two physicians were called. It was found that her injuries were a con tusion on the head and severe braises on the left limb and foot. Mrs. Crabtree, who re mained In the carriage while the horses ran a couple of blocks, cried for assistance, when the driver and a couple of men chased and caught the horses and relieved her from her perilous position. During the few minutes which the mother and daughter were separated each naturally thought tbat the other might have been killed. In getting into the carriage neither of the ladies nor the gentleman who wag assisting them noticed that the driver was not on the box. After the accident Miss Lotta was removed to the Brunswick, and she will not be able to leave her apartments for a week or two. This is the second acci dent Miss Lotta has experienced withia six months. MURDERED BY A WAITER. Edward Gregg Shot and Killed by Hesry Robinson la Kansas City. Kansas Cm, November 17". Edward Gregg was shot and killed this evening by Henry Bobinson. Bobinson was a colored waiter at the Centropolls Hotel, and became engaged in a quarrel with David Daven port, a fellow waiter. He hit Davenport in the mouth with his fistj and then chased him into the kitchen with a revolver. The fugitive, arriving at the kitchen, ran behind .Edward Gregg, the second cook. Just then Bobinson discharged his re volver. The shot took effect in Gregg's breast, and produced a wound from, which he soon died. SEED READ! TO TALK BU3I5ES3. The Most-Tolked-of CandMato for Speaker at Mr. Morton's Washlagtoa Tavern. rarscxu, tx-bsxax to sax dispatch.! WASHmQTOir, November 17. Kepre fe&tative Beed, the most aggressive Speak ership candidate ofthe whole lot, arrived, in town to-day. With due regard to the Sab bath he refrained from talking ou pablio matters, but announces that he will be at home to-morrow, prepared to vigorously open the canvass. Mr. Beed is domiciled at the Bhoreham, where he will be under the prattetiae wing ofiteTiee Freidatal owner, proprietor of the ;'het rtrtttifed fcr fat Ww wWld." "ST.VtIi nLfartti XUi Ki BED-HOI ANARCHISTS x&eet in Philadelphia and Listen to vumauiuiiaub ujicciiucs AHD POLICE DMOUKCED; Won Hade to SHI Of AU.tlia Wicked Reporters. K THfrBEDSDENT THEFRE POREIGNKS Any Mors Hon Washington or Any of HUColoaftf Colleagues. 14m VRft. tttstk Wk DloK' Philadelphia Anarchists yesterday-met, to the number of 700, to commemorate the death of the Chicago "martyrs" to theCr". cause. Bed-hot anarchistic speeches wera made by local Anarchists, and Prof. Gar- -side, an eloquent Baltimorean, held the au dience for a while with a harangue. tSrXCZUi TZLXOBAX TO TBX DUTATCH-l Philadelphia, November 17. Th AnarchuU who masquerade nnder the) name ofthe Workingmen's Society held a ' meeting this afternoon in a lodge room aft Tenth and South streets. The hall wag crowded with the disciples of revolution. Fully 700 men were preseat, with a sprink", line of women, wearing in their hats bits of red ribbon, the emblem of the society, andrf. carrying scarlet handkerchiefs in their, hands. &," Before the meeting was called to order,' there were vague rumors of interference by the police, but the Anarchists rejoiced un molested in the possession, of the free speech' they have been complaining so much about. They made use of their opportunity to de liver hot speeches denouncing the Govern ment and the "bloated capitalist." THE riBST SPEECH. The meeting was called tinrrW1wRTnTi1 Pranner, who delivered an address of weli $1 coma in uerman. He introduced a wild- i : looking, erizzlv-bearded man niraef .:,: Matthew Bhaller, who spoke in German, aoout iree speech, tree assembly and fre . press. He declared that this conntrv of. free ceonla had refused thn rMit nt tmJ .nAh . 4t.fi. muT.1- a.J .ir.u..u 3 f&it.. "K-v- aw.c-jr, wiu uiwuiuagcu UK- every way tneir attempts to tree tne Bard-1 worked workinzmanfrom the slaverv of th'a. capitalists. The speaker then eulogized th1 "Chicago martyrs," and bemoaned their i ' crnei ana untimely death, wnicn he deJt?i, souucea as muruer. ji The next speaker was Prof, L. H. Gar-' ja side, of Baltimore, who remarked that he' . .11 V- 1.1.1 . .t-c g.iGu)iau Aic uau jew years ago u t6 i come an anarchist agitator. Hemadethigi uncomionaoie suggestion: xnearsttaiaa;i.4-i we must do u to KILL ALL THE BEPOBTZBS " of the capitalistic press,and next-the poliee men, who have been abusing us and calling ' us iu.-B.gi.en ana traitors, v e are not for eigners, any more than George Washingtoa and the other men who signed the Deciara- ' as for being untrue to our country, I would say that we are the most patriotic citizens alliens who try to free their fellow-working-men from the power ot robbers, who arV backed up by the law in their so-clii legitimate robbery. "The politicians and nnblie sneakem continued the eloquent Professor, "sarttaf we cannot remedy tbe position ot the i Ineman of this conntrv-In a month day; that the workingmaa mast jtork oa be Patient.' ftadllhatthev' will Ssd'a rem fortheevil;butlteilyonwea . T tibed OS1 BETSO PAirEXT, and must take the matter in handVaa remedy it for ourselves. We are slaves the rich man, and every day we are robbed! of what is ours by- right: The capitalittcj say -tne worgingman De ; and the work- in eman goes on slaving, his wages beus, eaten -p by exorbitant rents and groeen bills. ? "I sayto you. fellow workmen, thb- c wav to free ourselves from this slaverv J organize, and when you are ready. ti the blow which will obliterate. But; yoal say, wnen tne revolution is complete a the so-called law and order are thrown- i the winds, who will be master? The saa and the Anarchist's victory will be thi'j ireeingoi tne woraungman irom slavery,' and we'll know no master. To the TOuBjtj men wmo nave Decome agitators In the gIo-3 rious cause I would say that yon caaait, turn back now the bridges, are being burned behind you, and there is no retret. The men who attempt to rebel against Mm taw are BBASDED 70S ZJTE, and can only devote their life to the cause, as aw tnose Drive men in unieageri wnogave up tneir lives in nope of DeeiiBj their fellows. (-m "Abe judges said when those men lal Chicago were .martyed," shouted the pro- fessor, "that anarchy was dead, but I tells you anarchy has grown from a band of ra men to an army of 5,000, and will grow iata a body oi o.wo.ow, who will need ail t. powers of evil to overcome them,"' , J Prof. Gsrside, after pausing to bretssM ana to mop tne loam from nis lips, said tfessj newas going to new iorc ana attempt t establish an anarchist paper, and asked ft the snpport ot his hearers. "I am not goi to establish a goody-goody Sunday scfcoe -, ..fo thn fit ..WMI.i. . . lutionary journal, devoted to promoting 1 cause of anarchy." The closing speech was madebv Goldstein, who grew eloquent whiUhi ranguing tne crowa in nis native ueraM The meeting adjourned, with cheers for 1 red nag, to meet next Sunday in toe i piace. PIFTI CENTS APIECE f OS XlSSISh A Plfteen-Year-OId Boy Used 93 for S lax a Married Woataa Six Ttaws. nrzciAX, TEUtoaiXTOTOX dispatch, v Watebbxtbt, Costs., November 17.- George Ackerman, a good-natured Pi er, whose grocery is on Main street op the principal betel in Naugatack, hail very handsome wife and three childrea Mr. Ackerman's domutie relations been at times more or less ruffled, bat thj was a climax a dsyor two ago when Tho Clancy, IS years old, who- is in AckeraM? employ, was fonnd making love" Mrs. Ackerman. The injured hus4t tried to reason with the voung Lothario, ball was only abused for his pains. AekersM&i swore out a warrant for the arrest of Cla-acyj jfriaay, ana justice xutue. oeiore v&eft the case was tried ln-Naugamcsvaaea 1 boy $3 and costs. "Dld.voa kiss the woman?" was the as tlon asked by the prosecution. The la nung nis neaa, ana amia a proit.os.e blushes admitted that his lips touched, pretty cheeks of the wife ot his employer s times. It was 60 cents a kiss. i j EIQ LAND PURCHASE. Ex'Seaator Camden, of West Tligbts, S4,M9 Acres. rsrXCXU. TZLXOBAX TO THX DMPAJ6S. Wheeldto, W. Va., November"7. The heirs of ex-Senator Allen T. Ca-Mr have transferred to ex-Senator J. N. Ci den 94,000 acres of land in Clay i ing counties at the price of 80 acre. -AHOUtau, m cuai ow iniw ! RaL B aafB.-s' Id AaAahl .Si -a JM Of af ! a. a.- A -K J aa verr vaiuiDia wnsa xtaaaasss,. i s ran u is. ;,4 u. : J&. 5kr, .