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,TB3B PJCTTSBUEG: DISPATCH;- SIHSTDAY, -. NOVEMBER, ' 17; 1889.
ITS SPECIAL NEWS.
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in Addition to All tbe General
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fiT O-HORHOWS DISPATCH.
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the Mediterranean ; Brenan Will Write
on the Rise and Fall of a
Pittsburg Industry; ana
on Every rage
TEE PAPER WILL SHIKE
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PITTSBURG. SUNDAY. NOV. 17. 18S9.
A LESSON FOE ALDERJIEH.
The conviction of Aldermen Doughty,
Gallen and Manccse for conspiracy yester
day concludes a case of the utmost public
importance. The practical maintenance of
justice in the primary courts, and the pro
tection of the people against extortion and
imposition under the guise of legal authori
ty, were at stake in this trial, and the result
is decidedly in the public interest
The verdict of the jury needs no indorse
ment; but it is pertinent to say that any
other result would have been a failure of
justice. The evidence left no reasonable
doubt that these officials had been engaged
'in the extortion of illegal fees, had winked
at the arrest of. people simply for the sake
of getting money out of them, and had gen
erally conducted their offices for purposes
of oppression and dishonesty, instead of for
justice and fairness. Such perversion of
justice in the instrumentalities of law
strikes at the foundations of society, and
nny failure to punish when exposed would
have been a public calamity.
The conviction of these offenders should
certainly work a decided reformation in the
.methods of justice courts. People are gen
erally informed of the severe penalties that
can be applied to officials who misuse their
power, and the consequence is likely to be
exceedingly careful conduct on the part of
those officials in the fnture.
The reported admission by counsel for the
Bell Telephone Company, of Boston, that
the Drawbaugh invention had priority, puts
the legal tactics by which the Bell patents
have been sustained in a most remarkable
,' light. For years the Bell company have
been asserting in the courts the priority of
their invention. They have defeated Draw
baugh in one suit, and now it appears, by a
ihlunder into veracity on the part of their
lawyer, that all this contention was a per
' sistent lie. well stuck to for the sake of
'.holding on to the immense revenues derived
'from the patents. In case, the story is true,
the position of those who have maintained
the priority of the Bell patents may be
doubtful before the law; bnt in morals it is
teyond question. The men who stick to
falsehood to hold immense fortunes that do
not belong to them are simply dishonest on
a colossal scale.
HABE'S HEST EECEECT.
Announcements are now made of the
precautions which are to be taken by the
President to preyent the unbridled press
from getting hold of his forthcoming
message ahead of time. The hazard of
printing the message will not be accepted;
but the document in manuscript will be
copied by typewriter, and the copies so
turned out sent to Congress before any
chance is afforded to get it into print.
All this fearful guarding of the secrets of
the message is unnecessary. That document
has been distributed, year after year, with
reliance on the good faith of officials and
press agencies; and only in a few excep
tional cases has that reliance been mis
placed. It wilr save time and trouble for
the President's message to take the usual
course, and the resolution to do otherwise
will indicate a striking tendency to make a
great fuss over little things.
' Beyond that, the cases in which thePresi-
g, dent's message has got into the papers ahead
",IA1tia.t nnarinn Mat (.1L.....J f .11 4l .
lyicviiliiivuj, oust, great evil
nation as a result of these premature publi
cations? Was Congress triable to dispose of
the questions presented for its action be
cause the newspapers published the message
a day too soon? Was the administration
thrown into paralysis by the disclosure of
its views 24 hours sooner than was intended?
Wc do not seem to remember that such evils
were more noticeable in the years when the
message got out ahead of time than at
The necessity of guarding the message
is generally put upon the ground of respect
to Congress; but could there be any truer
respect to Congress than to let its members
have an opportunity to readpver the docu
ment at their leisure before thev have it
formally submitted to them?
POLinCIAHS BUI WOHEH STILL.
Without touching upon the question,
which is probably the most important in
the eyes of the women present, as to who
had the last word in the combat between
Mrs. J. Ellen Foster and Miss Willard1
the W. C. T. XT. convention calls for some
remarks. There are many men naturally
who would like the world to see in the
tempestuous proceedings of this convention
the entire futility of women meddling in
politics. It may be that the behavior o
the delegates to the W. C. T. TJ. Conven
tion was not all it should have been, but
nothing done in the convention showed un
fitness on the part of those present,
to deal in practical politics. On the
contrary Mrs. Foster conducted her
fight in the convention with all the laiest
parliamentary dodges, and her opponents
opposed craft to craft, finally defeating Mrs.
Foster mainly by weight of numbers. If
women are kept out of the practical use of
pplitics it will not be because they do not
understand how to conduct a convention in
as noisy, turbulent and enthusiastic a
fashion as ever a party of men could.
The disposition of some women to make
a great deal of iuss about trifles, and to ex
aggerate the importance of forms and petty
proprieties was as usual exhibited at the
convention. "Wherever any number of
women are gathered together whether for
the purpose of discussing missions to the
heathen, help to the poor, or politics for the
nation, some of them will be sure to quarrel
and dispute. This tendency was ferociously
exhibited by Mrs. McC. Harris in her at
tack upon Miss Daisy Stoddard, of Ne
braska, for daring to address the convention
in frills and a white dress. The Nebraska
Daisy is only sixteen, and frills are natural
enough to a girl of that age, but the conven
tion applauded her suppression.
BRAZIL'S BEACTIOKABY REVOLUTION.
The dispatches of yesterday confirm the
reports of a revolutionary movement in
Brazil, which is at least temporarily suc
cessful in establishing a republic and de
posing Dom Pedro. It is also shown, as
conjectured in these columns yesterday, that
the republic, far from being a popular
movement for the establishment of greater
freedom, is a revolt of the late slave-holding
element against the liberal Government
which has given them representation tor
many years, and the offense of which is the
recent emancipation of thn Brazilian slaves.
Upon such a basis the revolution, while
commanding little sympathy in this country
or in Europe, probably has a stronger
foundation than could be possible elsewhere.
All the intelligence and political power of
the country, outside of the deposed Govern
ment, is comprised within the classes that
have recently lost their slaves. If that, class
is united against the Government it prob
ably includes the great mass of the wealth
and education of the country, with not much
more to oppose it than the influence of the
late Government backed by the mass of
ignorance just emerged from slavery. If
any considerable portion of the intelligent
population supports Dom Pedro and his
daughter, their restoration to power may be
The outbreak of this revolution concur
rently with that reported from Venezuela,
may have a dampening effect on the utility
of the Pan-American Congress. It is to be
hoped that in the era of the development of
American relations, the South American
Governments, and especially one so liberal
as that of Dom Pedro, can prove to stand
on a stable foundation.
PBEACBOTG AJTD PB0FIT.
A rather novel view of the utility of first
class pulpit oratory has been presented by
a real estate boomer of Minneapolis, who
declares that city lots are bound to keep an
upward tendency in that thriving town be
cause "we have been getting a daisy lot of
preachers," and "nothing is more help to a
town than live and energetic preachers.
They draw the people and make business
good." This moral view is indorsed by
the esteemed Philadelphia xress as a great
It ought to be true that live and energetic
preachers help a community in the sense of
improving its morals and leading the people
to aim at higher objects than mere money
getting. But we fail to discover in the testi
mony of the value of live men in the pulpit,
just referred to, any desire for the elevating
influence of spiritual leadership of that
sort The utility of the pulpit is to "make
business good," and that of making people
good can drop into the background. They
are to draw people, so as to put up the
price of real estate and aid the making
of money. They are thus put iu the cate
gory of agencies in the great life-work of
getting rich; and. when they have got their
church members in a comfortable condition
of wealth, they may prove themselves live
and energetic enough to conquer that little
difficulty about getting a camel through the
eye of a needle.
Of course any fanatical and strait-laced
clergyman who should preach from the
text "Lay not up wealth for yourselves,"
or assert that "Ye cannot serve God and
Mammon" would be totally without utility in
this view of the uses of preaching. Preach
ing is valuable in proportion as it help3 the
object of money-getting; and any such minor
idea as fidelity to the principles taught by
the Founder of the church is not to be taken
If the unhappy victims of Russia's bar
barbarous tyranny are to be released from
Siberian torture, it will hardly be by the
interference of the United States. Some
kind bnt impractical Fhiladclphian has
started a movement, however, to induce
Secretary Blaine to request the Bussian
Government to treat its Siberian prisoners
better. "We can imagine with what precipi
tate haste Mr. Blaine will pigeon-hole that
petition. Mr. Blaine may be in favor of a
brilliant foreign policy, with plenty of dash
and color in it, bnt we fear he will hardly
see his way to advising the Czar as to how
to run his penal establishment
And it is pretty certainly a fact that
George Kennan. with his vigorous descrip
tion of the shameful atrocities perpetrated
inthe name of justice by Bussian officials
of allthese is doing more to bring theCiar toa realiza-.befell-trie,
iiFon o'f his terfiblej'responslliilityUn' Ihe
matter, than any memorial our Government
could present at St Petersburg.
A fact reported from Iowa with regard to.
the recent election there presents gratifying
proof that it is possible to conduct political
campaigns to a successful issue without roll
ing in the barrels of boodle. The account of
the Democratic State Central Committee
shows that its total expenses during the
campaign were within $2,000. That amount
paid for printing; postage and headquarters,
and the campaign so operated was the most
successful lor the Democrats ever known in
Iowa. This is a pretty clear evidence that if
the class who are in politics for the money
are kept ont of the party organization, the
legitimate work of appealing to the people
can be done as effectively with very small
expenditure as with an ontpouring of
money. Col. Elliott F. Shepard is witness to
the fact that a man can put large sums of
l money into a campaign and yet not get the
John Ii, Sullivan has retired from the
editorial profession because tho publication
which hired him as sporting editor actually ex
pectcd him to work. This was more than John's
proud spirit could brook and he resigned. His
attitude was lofty, but hia tactics were erro
neous. Had lie turned in and tried to do some
newspaper work his employers might have paid
him liberally to quit
The discovery that a stray electric light
wiro was likely to create trouble in Wall street
mado a decided sensation tho other day. When
the electric death threatens the money kings,
the capitalists may get new light on the neces
sity of keeping underground.
Between the women's clubs that are form
ing in New York and tho men's clubs that have
been in operation for years, fashionable society
may soon come to regard the home as an extinct
institution ot the effete past
The practical declaration of Allegheny
City that it will not permit a public work of
such importance as the Hen's Island dam to be
constructed on account of an imaginary inter
ference with local interests, is an exhibition of
a picayune spirit which bad not been suspected
of the Northside municipality. It is to be hoped
that Allegheny councils will think better of it.
The Liverpool Chamber of Commerce is
of the opinion that the United States officials
do not understand our imported labor act
This sounds rather funny; but it has a founda
tion in tho great doubt whether anyone under
stands that remarkable law.
The collapse of the beer pool in Philadel
phia is another evidence of the oft-repeated
fact that the pools which have no means of
freezing out outsiders,only offer a premium for
their own destruction.
The declaration in the Boston Journal
that it has "yet to see the first man who voted
under the new ballot system and would go back
to. the old method," seems to be the general
testimony. Pennsylvania should not be too far
behind the other States in adopting what
appears to be a demonstrated reform.
Yesterday gave us a touch of Indian
summer which was some compensation for the
cold and darkness of the previous week. A
few more days of such bright sunshine and
mellow haze will prepare us for the winter
storms that must follow.
Speculation in British iron is hamper
ing consumption and producing fluctuations
there which ought to serve as a warning to the
American iron trade, that that sort of business
The Lake Johanna mystery, turns out to
be abont the equivalent of the Baden mystery
of a good many years ago in this county. A lot
of medical students tried their prentice hands
at dissection and the results of their work when
discovered were taken f ormurderous butchery.
Mess LielianBusselis declaration that
she has lest ten pounds of flesh over the report
of her elopement suggests a theory that the fair
actress started the idea herself as a novel and
original scheme of banting. Lillian can spare
the ten pounds.
The movement to form a union of the
Central American States is one which the
United States, from their own experience, can
approve and encourage.
Well, it Brazil does not want Dom
Pedro, ho can come to this country and run for
tho Senate. The old gentleman is far ahead of
the class of Senators who are getting elected
now; and he is understood to possess the essen
tial qualification in being quite-wealthy.
The continental idea of things is strik
ingly illustrated by the report that Herr
Johann Orth, formerly the Archduke John of
Austria, has his sanity questioned because he
insists on earning bis own living when he does
not have to.
Beck's Bun keeps on at its old habit of
enriching the water of the Monongahela to a
much greater degree than suits those who use
the fluid as a beverage.
Theee city aldermen convicted of con
spiracy ought to produce a marked attention
to the legal methods of doing business in the
other justice shops.of . the. county. "Settling"
on fifty-dollar cost bills, is likely to be strictly
eschewed in the immediate future.
The complaint that the Knights of Labor
have lost in membership cannot be well founded.
From the way In which they are firing men out
of the order it is evident that it contains
altogether too many members.
Holzhay will "go for life where the irre
sistible and insane disposition to holdup trains
and rob them, cannot be gratified.
It now turns out that the report of that
battle between the factions of Samoa was an
unqualified fabrication. The Samoans are
pursuing the peaceful tenor of their way, and
will continue to do soil the war-like correspond
ents and Germans will permit
PEOPLE OF PEOHINENCE.
Henky Lea, of Philadelphia, has been ap
pointed a corresponding memberpf tho Munich
Boyal Academy of Science.
The Hon. George Bancroft takes a long walk
every pleasant afternoon, often with a volume
of Shakespeare in his hand.
The Emperor of China, who was married ac
cording to his mother's wishes, now refuses to
see either his mother or his wife.
The Hon. Qrover Cleveland and Mr. Henry
W. Grady are to attend the dinner of the Bos
ton Merchants' A ssociation on December la
Bakos Axphonse be Rothschild, of
Paris, is preparing an elaborate catalogue of
his wonderful collection of gems, mosaics and
other works of art
Mahomet Reciiad, brother of the Turkish
Sultan and heir to the throne. Is described as a
miserable looking specimen of humanity, wbo
is kept under constant surveillance, as though
suspected of treason.
Genehal D. H HASTiNGS.of Pennsylvania,
who was with the Fan-American delegates dur
ing the first two weeks ot their trip, suggests
that the American members of the congress
go to Booth America. He says that we are
as ignorant regarding Sonth America as the
South Americans are In regard to this country.
Pennsylvania friends of Governor For
aker, of Ohio, are trying to have bim take np
his abode in Philadelphia. Foraker writes as
follows to one of then: "I note what you say
about Philadelphia, and would be glad to make
my home at such a pity if there were any occa
sion for me to change my residence, but, for
tunately, notwithstanding the tremendous ma
jority against me hkre, I lore my present home,
ana snail use up mv lawpracnca again w.yiB.-
THE PKESIDENT'S ENEMIES.
Harrison Is Not Worried About the Probable
Atlltndo of the Senate Uncomplimen
tary Criticisms of tho Administration A
Desiro for OfUco at tbo Bottom of the
tCOnRESPOIfDEJtCE OP THE DISPATCH.l
Washington, November 16. The mutter
'ing of approaching war between the President
and the Senate, or, rather of a war of the Sen
ate on the President, does not seem to have
disturbed that high official to any great extent.
Senator Farwell swoops down on the White
House with something; of the woltishness of
the ancient Assyrian on the camp of his enemy:
he finds that he cannot make a collector to
order for tho port of. Chicago; he gets himself
interviewed in tbo newspapers, and tells how
"me and Cullom" will take the President in
hand and discipline him when the day comes
for the confirmation by tho Senate of the
nominations that have been made daring the
past summer; bis threats are direct; ho pro
poses to show the President that the- Senato is
superior to him; that the Chief Executive is
the crcaturo and not tho master of the law
making power; and in tho midst of the storm
raised by the millionaire of gimp and gingham
the President coollypacks his gripsack, buckles
his cartridge belt about his waist, swings his'
game bag over his shoulder, grasps bis double
barreled breech loader and goes duck hunting
in the swamps of Maryland. This is a direct
intimation that when the time comes he will
bringdown a Senator as easily as he brings
down a duck.
Criticizing tho Administration.
Were "me and Cullom" all of the army of
the enemy the President might rest assured
that bis supremacy will not be disturbed. One
Senator does not make a rebellion any more than
ono swallow makes a summer. But Illinois is not
by any means the only State that has produced
Senatorial "kickers," Such States apd such
Senators are scattered all over the Union
wherever there are Republicans, and wherp
there are no Republicans the Democrats,such as
Mr. Wade Hampton, are taking matters in
hand and telling tho wor)d how a Republican
administration promised them favors and then
refused to make good their promises. I wish.
I could give to the public the criticisms of tho
President and his Cabinet officers that I have
heard in private. To no paft of the world
would they be more interesting than to those
gentlemen. Cleveland was excellently well
cursed by members orchis party and by Sen
ators and Representatives, bnt the estimate of
bim was complimentary compared to the esti
mate of Mr. Harrison by the Republicans. It
is possible, however, that the threatened re
fusal of the Republican Senators, to confirm
appointments may amount to no more than
that of the Democrats if pur years ago. When
the time came for the sensational outbreak the
fiery statesmen became as meek as lambs, and
when Republicans endeavored to reject some
of the nominations the Democrats on nearly
every occasion stood in solid phalanx by the
President and, with a few of the Republicans
to assist them, would always carry their
point So it may be in the pres
ent instance, though there is no doubt
the disaffection is far more widespread among
the Senators of the majority now than it was
among the minority then. And nowtherois
this other difference, that in the event of tho
disaffection of two or three or half a dozen
Republican Senators there will come no Demo
cratic response to the cry for help from the
President No few kind hearts among them
will stand by him such as stood by Mr. Cleve
land In the ranks ot the Republicans. Demo
crats are not made of that sort of stuff. There
ate no Mugwumps among tnem. They will bo
delighted with every evidence of inharmony
among the Republicans, and will do all they
lean to foster and aggravate the feeling.
No Kind Words for Harrison.
But the antipathy to Mr. Harrison is far
more extended, than merely to the boundaries
of the United States Senate. L'et me state as a
simple fact without prejudice, and with much
sympathy f or the Presiddnt on account of the
position in which he is placed, that I have not
heard a single Republican speak a really sin
cere kindly word for the Chief Execntive since-,
his return from his summer vacation. Up to
that time judgment of his administration was
In a manner suspended. It was expected that
.promptly on his return he Would begin reor
ganizing the unclassified service, and soon re
lieve the departments of all Democrats not
held in place by the force of the civil service
law. Instead of that practically nothing has
been done In that direction.
Many of the most offensive chiefs of divis
ions, and others, who have ever been in the
service, have not been molested, and what is
the most aggravating feature of this matter is
that no Democratic influence has been exer
cised to keep them in and they have been con
stantly expecting their own removal. They
give the President or the head of the depart
ment in which they are employed no credit for
their kindness. They sneer at them and poko
fnn at their Republican fellow employes, and
guy tho Republican applicants for tbeir places,
and, in short hold the whole administration
and the party in contempt for keeping them in
office. Several of these chiefs of divisions who
liyc in Maryland went home to vote the other
day, and made themselves conspicuously ob
noxious by the insulting manner in which they
spoke of the President and his administration.
They helped to pile up tho majority against the
Republicans, and then returned to their desks
to insult and annoy Republican employes by
various inelegant methods of rejoicing at the
defeat of the "grand old party" nearly all aloDg
Where Reform is Needed.
Now, as a constant- advocate of the right
kind of civil service reform, I say that this is
not only a proper excuse for righteous indigna
tion, but it is in antagonism to the reform of
tho civil service to permit snch conduct in
either Democrats or Republicans. Mr. Cleve
land and his heads of departments fired snch
fellows out of office without benefit of the
clergy. Many a poor Republican, mistaken as
to what was right and decent was summarily
discharged because ho had mouthed too freely
the scandals in circulation abont the President
This is extremely aggravating to Republicans,
but the reason of it is that the struggle between
party leaders fpr the control of the patronage
prevents the President and heads of depart-
-meuts from making changes they would like to
The moral ot all this "kicking" on the part
of Senators and dissatisfaction of the rank and
file of the party is that every feature of tho
public service, apart from that on which abso
lutely depends tho duty of making operative
the principles of the dominant party, should bo
removed entirely from the influences of party
politics. The present system, improved as it
is over the old. is a menace not only to the effi
ciency of the service, but to tho usefulness of
the administration. Senators are offended at
tho President, not because he does not carry
out the principles of the.party, but because he
does not appoint their henchmen to office. Of
course so long as the control of offices Is within
tno reach of Congressmen they want to exer
cise that control. They do not propose, and
they ate right, to let an office fall into the
hands of persons who will use tho office and its
patronage to defeat theirambitions. The erec
tion of an "office-holding class," which is such
a bugaboo with some people, is a thousand fold
less dangerous to tho public interests than this.
It is as plain as the nose on- one's face, that
there can be no public service of a high char
acter until the civil service is mado as stable
and non-partisan as the service of the army and
navy, snd until that time Presidents and Sena
tors will be at loggerheads over appointments.
and parties will curse their President for his
Retvnrd of Merit,
From the Detroit Free Fress.1
See what It is to"be a good man! George W.
Chllds has not only always been good himself
but has ever enconraged. others to the same
course, and has finally succeeded In making a
collection of 750 different sorts of paper weights.
Wbnt Wonld Salt Hill.
From the New York Tribune.l
According to ex-Speaker Carlisle, "Cleveland
Is (n the air." There can't be any doubt that
that is j ust where David B.Hillwouldbeglad
to keep him for several years to come.
As Generous as Usual.
From the Philadelphia Cress.;
Tho Ohio Democracy is carefully preparing
to demonstrate its undying love for the vener
able Allen G. Tburman by elect ing some other
man to the United States Senate.
A Promise Fulfilled.
From the Baltimore American.
A flowiof natural gas. bis -been discovered
ineariChlcago Tdtthoie-th'atti'ihall bi
FOEETOLD IN A DREAH.
A. Vision of Death That Wn Suddenly nnd
Owatonna, Minn., November 18. Last
spring Mr..Samuel Cranston, of Ellington, a
well-to-do farmer, well read in the sciences,
who has a daughter, a successful doctor in
Boston, dreamed that as he was finishing his
corn-husking in the early Dart of November,
be fell dead in tho fjeld. He was so impressed
with tho dream that he related it to his wifo
and began making preparations for the end.
Ho had requested her not to mention it to any
one, but during the summer she told of it to
some of her near relatives. "
'To disabuse his mind of the hallucination
Dr.Sperry. ofNorthfleid College, and Mr. D.
W. Sperry, a grocer of this city, and other
friends, gave bim a surprise birthday party,
and attempted to divert hi? cind from the,
subject. Although he was averse to speaking
about his dream, he felt that it was to
come to pass. Last Wednesday the fall work
was all finished, tho last load of- corn placed in
the crib, and Thurday, after seeing that all the
chores were done, he seated himself in a rock
inc; chair near the stove and expired almost
SOLOJIOK'S MINE OP WEALTH.
A. Bank Clerk's Error Slado Him 834,000
Richer for a Fovr Hours.
New Yoek; November IS. Solomon Lalz, ot
No. 210 East Forty-ninth street, a'iuror servine
in the Court of General Sessions, was made a
wealthy man for a few hours by the mistake of
a bank clerk, but has now resumed his normal
condition. On Wednesday while serving in
court he received notice that his agents bad
disposed of some of his property uptown for
$20,000. Ho got excused by the Judge, and,
after receiving two checks one for $14,000 and
one forS6,000 hastened toa trust company and.
deposited them, getting in return a.certiflcato
of deposit He out it in his pocket without
looking at it When he got home he found the'
certificate was for 871.000, making him just,
$54,000 richer than ho sunposed he was.
He called at the bank' yesterday morning to
Inquire how ho had become suddenly sp
wealthy. He found the clerk in a great state
of consternation. Ho had discovered that in
adding the two checks together he had taken
the $6,000 check for 860,000. That mistake was
quickly corrected, although it was not banking
A SNAKE IN THE GRASS.
A Monster Reptile Comes From the Booth
in a Bale of Hay.
New York, November 18. Three Westside
truck drivers, who stable their horses at No.
438 West Seventeenth street are in a state of
open revolt against the proprietors of the
stable, who, they say, are responsible for the
presence of a monster snake, whose present
habitat is the stable hayloft. A bale of straw
was ordered last week from a hay dealer on
Tenth avenue, in the vicinity of Fifteenth
street. This hay dealer gets his bay and straw
from the South, and the snake must have been
bundled np in the bale. 'Tnis. at least, is what
the drivers say. When they ordered straw on
Monday they were given a bale that they are
positive must have harbored the pnake In its
journey from the South.
Accounts vary as to the actual length of this
snake. It has been seen several times during
the past few days, and has always been aggres
sive and altogether ugly when approached.
On Wednesday one of the men saw It drinking
water out of a bucket It was then, he says,
some 10 feet long. As usual, the snake spit at
the man, who got out of the loft instantly.
How an Immlgrnnt Was Forwarded to HU
Watekbuby, Conn., November 16. The
drowning of James Mathers by tbo breaking of
a scaffold under the upper bridge at Ansonia
recalls tho arrival of the man at Castle Garden
five years ago and his subsequent journey to
Winsted as C. O. D. freight in charge ot tbo
Adams Express Company. Mather's mother,
who was then a domestic iu the family of Will
iam C. Welch, a Winsted druggist sent for her
son to trainer uearuon, ana uavug no money to
pay his fare the emigrant was checked by the
Castle Qarden authorities C. O. D.
In due time the man arrived at Winsted, con
signed to Mr. Welch, his mother's employer.
He was met at the depot by bis mother, but the
express company refused to release the vonne-
man until ho was delivered at Welch's drug
store and tbo fuIlC O. 1). charges paid, for-
lupines mat uuuupieu uvutij ua uours time,
and which gave the poor greenhorn a poor opin
ion of the laws and customs of America.'
'Twonld be Immensely Popular.
From the Philadelphia Inquirer. 1
Somebody is trying to devise an international
dollar. The kind of a dollar humanity needs is
a dollar that can be had by putting a nickel in
DEATHS OP A DAT.
Mrs. Annie C. Moorliend.
Mrs. Annie C. Moorhcad, wife of the late John
Hoorliead, died at her home on Fifth ayenue in
Oakland, yesterday morning. Mrs. Moorhcad.
whose maiden name was Tnrner, was a nitlve of
Ohio, where her parents resided for a time. Her
mother was a sister of the ceienratea painter,
Peter Kothermel, of Philadelphia. Her home at
the time of her marriage was In Huntingdon
county, where her husband was then encaged lu
managing the iron business of the late Ur. Peter
Shoenbcrjrer, of this city. .Not long after their
marriage Mr. and Mrs. Moorljcad came to Pitts
burg, and this city from that time forward became
Mrs. iloorhead was characterized in her early
years, as well as In later lire, byslrlkinggraccof
person and a sunny, cheerful disposition, which
attracted and held the friendship of all who
learned to know her. She displayed exemplary
faithfulness in all the relations and dntles ot life,
fulfilling, in the minds of those who knew her
best, the Ideal of a true and noble womanhood pre
sented by the author of the book of Proverbs. As
siduously devoted to her household, she still found
time to engage in acts of thoughtful cha.rlty.and to
practice a warm and generous hospitality, she
was deeply rellzlous, and with her husband took
an active part In the establishment or Christ M.
E. Church in this city, but lor many years has
been identified with the Presbyterian Church of
which ber sou-in-law, Bey. Dr. Holland, is the
Her last Illness, which overtook her early In the
Buramerwhlle traveling in Europe, was of alin
gerlng and painful character, out she bore her
trials with wonderful fortitude and Christian res
ignation until the end came.
she leaves a family of six children. They are
Frauk and John lloornead, of the firm of Moor
head Bros., the owners of the Vesuvius Iron
Works; Horace K. Moorhcad, Mrs. Allan U.
Bakewell, Mrs. Louis W. Dalzell and Mrs. W. J.
The funeral services will beheld at the residence
at 2 o'clock to-morrow afternoon.
Mrs. Mnegie Olmsted.
Another victim of the Conemaugh calamity died
last Thursday in the person of Mrs. Maggie Olm
sted, a former resident or Connellsvllleand Alle
gheny. Mrs. Olmsted occupied, with her hus
band, rooms In a brick block on Main street The
building was swept away aud she was carried
down to Curranville and there rescued. Her hus
band, a traveling man. was absent at the time.
Mrs. Olmsted was conveyed to the home of Cap
tain James M. Morrow, 112 Washington street,
Allegheny, her home for 13 years previous to her
marriage.' Despite the most assiduous medical at
tention she sank gradually, the exposure or the
awful night having been too great a shock to her
constitution. The tuneral will be from Captain
resiuence aw:aj o-ciocit ims evening.
and the interment will be at Johnstown at 2:"su
o'clock to-morrow. Many friends will mourn
Mrs. Olmsted's death and condole with her be
reaved husband In bis loss.
Sir Samuel Morton Pctp.
LOKDOS, November 18. sir Samuel Morton.
1'eto is dead. The firm of which he was a member
were awarded the contract for building the.new
houses of Parliament but In 15 Sir Samuel with
drew from the firm and the work was continued
byhlsformtr partner, Mr. Thomas Orlssell. Sir
Samuel then devoted himself to railway building,
and was interested in the construction of the lead
ing lines In England, besides building roads in
several other countries. He was at one time a
member of the House of Commons,
T. C. Lenk, Jr.
KicnuosD, Va., November is. T. C. Leak,
Jr., Vice President of the Tennessee Midland Hall
way Company, died at hl3 residence here this
morning aged 25. He was one of the most promi
nent and enterprising citizens of KIchmond. He
was a pioneer in the development of the mineral
district of Birmingham, Ark., has been promi
nently identified with railroad development or
the South, and was. at the time of his death. Presi
dent or the Alabama Land Development Cora?
.nr. controlling over 1.000.000 acres of land on
the line of Mobile and Ohio Kallroad. He had
been In ill health for several months,
an estate valued at over 3iu,uuu,
Dr. Robert Gamble Cabell.
BICIIMOND, VA., November 16. Dr. Bobert
Gamble Cabell, a prominent physician, died this
evening aged 80 years. Ho was the oldest son or
Governor wUHam Henry Cabell. During the late
war he was a surgeon in the Confederate army.
Ee was the fathtr of Dr. Arthur Cabell, now sur
geon in the United States army.
Captain A. J. Warner.
CurrnALiA, III., November IS. Captain A. J.
Warner, aged 79 years, died at his home near this
city Thursday evening. During" the War of tho
Rebellion ho was quartermaster of Llbby prison,
at KIchmond. Va. After tho war he came here
aud lived with his sous.
John if. Gllmnn.
BALTIUOK. November l.rJohn 8A Oilman,
aged CO, President of the. Second, Natloi slBank,
Vice President of the Abbott Iron, Com lanv and:
morning at his home lttialtlmorc,eonnt
KEFOfiJIING THE COTOT.
'Ex-President Hayns Speaks on Prison
Abases and Melbods of Correcting Thrra
Fearful Fnalshments That Were Meled
Oat a Hundred. Years Ago Good Work
of tbo Prison Congress.
Nashville. November 16. General Rnther-
ford B. Hayes delivered an address before the
National Prison Congress here this evening.
Among other things be said:
''Surrpunded as I ani by active friends of the
cause, wbo aro engaged In the practical man
agement of prisons and reformatories, 1 need
not employ many words in protesting that this
body of men and women are not sentimentalists
nor visionary enthusiasts, who are prepared for
the work of dealing with convicts and of Im
proving the methods ot criminal procedure
merely by th study of books and by the distant
contemplation of facts of which they have not
personal knowledge. Tbe value of these meet-,
ings is largely die to ttfo fact that the lamp ot
experience Is always with ns. Name tbe great
penal institutions of our country and you will
find that tbe heads and other officers of nearly
ail of them are present with us, ready and com
petent to give facts and opinions having
the "authority which belongs to a practical
familiarity with tho subject acquired by years
of responsible experience.
"The work of prison reform In the United
States did not begin with this society. More
than a century ago tho Philadelphia, society
began tbe first persevering and efficient efforts
in. America to reform tbe whole system of
orison discmline. It was followed hv nthpr
similar societies in Massachusetts. New York
and other States, Thla society, national in its
character, cngin and work, was formed at Cin
cinnati almost 20 years ago.
Wbnt Has Been Accomplished.
"What of this work, begun a century ago,
and carried on by voluntary organizations,
Stato and National and by philanthropic indi
viduals, always in the face of great general in
difference and of ten in spite of popular preju
dice and opposition?' It Is the old question,
does the world indeed move? Are society and
mankind in the grasp ot an inexorable fate
which forever holds them helplessly exposed to
crime and its inevitable wretchedness? To
find a satisfactory reply to this question, we
need not dig into masses of statistics, nor la-'
boriously investigate official reports.
"For more than 50 years (1773-1827) Connecti
cut, .had an. underground prison in an old
mining pit, on the bills pear Simsbury, which
equaled in horrors all that was ever related of
European prisons. Hore the prisoners were
crowded together at night their feet fastened
to heavy bars of Iron and chains about their
necks attached to beams above. These caves
reeked with filtb, causing "incessant contagious
fevers. The inmates were seledncators in
crime. Their midnight revels are said to have
resembled often tho howlings. ot a, pande
monium banishing sleep and forbidding all re
pose. - r
Eighteenth Century Horrors.
'In Philadelphia all ages and sexes, were
mingled the novice in crime, the hardened
veteran, the debtor, the wretch streaming with
blood from the whipping-post, the vagrant the
drunkard and the convict Intoxicatlngllquors
were bought and sold at tbe bar kept by one of
tbe prison officials; acquitted prisoners were
kept for jail fees; the custom of garnishee pre
vailed. No instruction, religious or otherwise,
was known there. When the first sermon was
preached a man stood by with a loaded cannon
and a fuse during the preaching. In the Bos
ton jail in one' year a thousand debtors were
confined in the same crowded night rooms with
a thousand criminal?. Men, women and boys,
idiots, lunatics, drunkards innocent and
guilty were mingled pell-mell together. No
restraint was put upon gambling, foul conver
sation or quarreling. The penalties were often
"During the early history of New York ne
groes were burned alive sometimesnith green
wood, to prolong their agony; at other times
they were banged in iron frames, to die of
starvation, their bodies being devoured by
birds of prey. In almost every village in the
country the stocks, pillory and whipping-post
were to bo seen throughout tbe eighteenth cen
tury. Many Abases Corrected.
"But why multiply these slckoning details?
"Let us look on the other side of. the picture.
Cropping, branding, whipping and torture in
punishment of crime have been abolished, with
an unfortunate exception in one small State.
The lash, as a disciplinary punishment is very
generally forbidden by the law, as are also.
cruel, unusual or degrading inflictions, and if
any such are used it-.Is by an abuse of power.
Imprisonment for debt is everywhere done
away 'with, intoxicating liquors' bare been
universally shut out ot prisons. Penal labor,
which in tbo English sense never had great
currency among us, exists in none of our
prisons to-day: but everywhere industrial, br at
least productive labor has been substituted,
Commutation laws, by which prisoners by good
conduct and industryjnay earn some abbre
viation" of sentence, are very extensively found
on the statuto books of the States and the
effect Is universally reported as excellent.
There is no longer any mingling of sexes, ex
cept it may be in a- few extremely rare cases
in small county jails. Two State prisons for
women only and managed by women only, in
Indiana and Massachusetts, are now in full
operation. Tbe former, which is older, has
already wrought marvels of reformation and,
tbe latter is full of promise.
"There are now chaplains in nearly all our
i prisons, and Bibles arts very generally f onnd in
every cell. Flourishing Sunday schools are
also now quite common. Prisoners' prayer
meetings have been established and are well
attended in several of our prisons.
Systematic Methods of Reform.
"The chief aim in tbe treatment of convicts
is to protect society against its avowed ene
mies, tbe criminals. Tbe advocates of im
proved prisons and prison discipline add to this
a more specific statement They wonld reform
all convicts whom they can reform by wise sys
tems wisely administered. Those wbo cannot
thus be reclaimed should remain under their
sentence of conviction where they can support
themselves by labor and do no harm to society.
Is this a bard doctrine? Is it not just and hu
maneis It not good sense to Bay as long as you
are a criminal so long shall you be a-convict?
Consider briefly tbe facts. The prison popnlaT
tion embraces all ages after responsibility be
gins, both sexes, all descriptions of people and
all conditions In life. Many ot tbem, we know,
can be reclaimed and will lead honest and in
."Onr belief In the divine beneficence is too
profound to permit ns to think any man abso
lutely beyond the reach of God's goodness, but
as practical men and women we are bound to
admit that a lamentably large percentage, with
tbe best efforts we can make, aro not likely to
leave the life of crime upon which they have
entered. Our duty as men and Christians is to
dQ all we can to enlarge the percentage of re
formed, and to. reduce to tbelowest possible
figure tbe list of the determined criminals.
Only n. Few Incorrigible.
"I am convinced that a very large number of
those who fill our prisons and reforma
tories, aro either accidental criminals, Incipient
criminals, whp break the law from some
thoughtless impulse, or from drink;. This is
especially true of tbe young who constitute so
large a preponderance of prisoners. It is prob
able that a minority only of those committed
to jails, reformatories' and prisons can be
properly classed as. old and confirmed of
fenders. We can say with Bums:
The real, hardened wicked, who hae nae check
but human law.
Are to a few restricted.
"As to the majority of convicts, we have at
our command an agency for their reformation,
if practically and intelligently employed, of
almost unlimited power. It is in tbe largest
and most comprehensive sense of the word,
education. It must include tbe training and,
upbuilding of tho whole nature of the convict
It must reach him with all' tbe forces which
belong to nhysical, mental, moral and religious
ODD ITEMS FK0JI ABROAD.
The newspapers of Italy are raising snbscrin
tlons to erect a roonqment to Columbus on
Fbench Canadians assert that a majority of,
their fellows In Canada are in favor of annexa
tion to the United States.
SrxTT Neapolitan churches naye been con
demned for destruction for tbe sake of exten
siyeimprovements of the city.
Trra Alheneum again annonnces that-Mrs.
Amelio Hives-Chanler is at work in Paris on a
novel in collaboration wl(h Catulie Mendcs.
TnE Australian Legislature has passed a taw
taxing all married couples living with, their
mothers-in-law; t90O It residing with the hus
band's mother-in-law, and' $120 if with the
nmnrRjU, BoiTLANaEn. In London, received
an offer from an American ot a lucrative invi
tation to make a tour through American cities
and ventilate bis ideas on tho French Re
A Paeis butler won last.rnpntn the ?iw,oou
prize in tha Exhibition lo(teryr His wife runs
tbe goat carriages for babies In the Tullerjes'
Pkincb BflSJCABCB-, incoBeieco.ofar-
eeBtiJlnesv u Joftt tko:Mw,hi tt were ok.
JiEW YORK NEWS HOTES
Hllll Clamoring for Hti eet MusICj,
r.XXW TOBK BD-KIAU SPCCIJLLsTl
NewiYobk, No.vember 16. A circular ad
dressed to "Musicians, Italian and of "other
Nations," appeared here to-day. It is signed
by a committee of six, whose names, though
unknown to tbe musical world, are stroqgly
suggestive of Spaghetti and Chlantt The cir
cular states that the recent ordinance passed
by the aldermen for'biddingitinerant musicians
to play on the street, is a great blow to a- poor
class of people unable to speak English, and
also bits bard the mannfactnrersf musical.
instruments. Such a measure, tbe circular!
adds, tends to form an oligarchy which would
ruin tbe down-trodden masses wbo are only too
glad to have their existence eked out by a little
music A meeting is therefore called for Mon
day evening, to formulate resolutions on tho
subjept A direct result of the suppression of
street music in New York has been a tremen
dous influx of discordant sounds into Brook,
lyn and Jersey. In Brooklyn the streets are
filled with German bands and all kinds of or
gans, and the notes of "Boulanger's Marcb."
and"Wh?reDidYou Get That Hat?" often
blend together with an effect that makes, the
penny-gathering monkey look as though he.
was on the verge of delirium tremens. Tbe
Brooklyn aldermen, now threaten to take some
action similar to that of their New York
A Wild Steer on Broadway.
Awild.Texas steer rushed madly through
Rcade street this morning, and turned, bellow
ing, into Broadway, The street was, thrown
into a state of terrible commotion. Pedestrians
tumbled belter-skelter into the shops., Four
women fainted and several men were, thrown
down, and bruised In the panic. The steer
dashed up Broadway, followed by a howling,
hooting mob of small boys yellipg, "Head bim
oil I Head him off!" But no. one had the
temerity to get in the road. The crowd in
creased at every step. At Leonard street a
policeman made a sweep for the animal with
his club, but Ittnljsed its work. When last
seen tbe steer was disappearing in Central
Park, in the direction ot tho World's Fair site.
Mrs. Grant Going Ip California.
Mrs. TJ, S. Grant expects to go to California
shortly to pass several months with Jesse
Grant's family. Mrs. Grant, has never taken a
prominent position in New York, society. She
has not even entertained in a qniet way. She
affects to care as little for Mr. McAllister and'
bis 400 as they care for ber. Mrs. Grant's
health was- greatly improved by her recent.
visit to her son. United States, Minister Fred
Grant, in Vienna.
Standing Opt, Against n Trnir. ,
For the last six months an English syndicate,
bas been trying to buy out the largo cigar manu
facturers in the United States. The. syndicate
had 10,000,000 backing, and planned to gat con
trol of the whole tobacco product of the-country.
The agents of the syndicate succeeded in
rounding up all but one or two big manufac
turing firms, one of which was Stratton &
Storm. Tbey therefore tried to intimidate this
firm, for without complete control their scheme
would fail. In speaking of it Mr. Storm said:
"Contrary to the usual custom, tbe attorney of
the proposed cigar trust offered to pay me in
cash for our plant, and allow our firm to "step
down and out Tbey told me they bad the re
fusal of every large cigar manufactory in the
"United States except purs, and therefore, must,
make the deal at any. cost Not only did. the
attorneys attempt to show me that I was stand
ing in my own light by not selling, but they per
suaded tbe members of .the other cigar firms to
use tbeir influence- lith-me. Finding I would
not sell, tbey threatened to use every means In
their power to either force me to sell or orire
our firm oat of business. We have now decided
to not sell to them at any price"
Not Near the End Yet.
The body of Miss Theresale!ly was removed
from tbe Calvary vaults to Wpodlawn Cemetery
to-day. It was refused burial In Cajyary. by tbe
cemetery authorities because Miss; Kelly, al-
.though anions uamouc, was a follower of Dr.
MeGIynn. Mgr. Preston and his fellow-trustees
of tbe cemetery have not heard tbo last of the
Kelly case. Dr. McGljnn and. his. supporters
intend to carry tbo. famous Magnlro case, which,
waajecently decided by theSapraaoCourt In
favor of the cemetery, up to tbe Court of Ap
peals. It they get a. favorable-decision they
-wjll Immediately take legal steps to compel
JIgr. Preston to allow tbe interment of Miss.
Kelly's body in the Calvary plot which, she
owned and which the. cemetery authorities have
Collided With na Express Train.
Ahorse car was. driven upon, the Jersey Cen
tral tracks at the East Jersey City crossing; this
morning, just as, the Long Branch express
rounded the curve, half a block away. The
driver tried to stop bis horse, bur the car was
under such headway that despite the brakes it
slipped halfway on tbe track before the. train.
The locomotive struck the horse and killed
him. The front of the car was completely
smashed. The driver was burled SO feet away,
and so badly Injured that he will probably die.
The conductor was thrombin to a gutter beside
the track, and one passengexwas jumbled un in
a heap in the back corner of the car. The
carelessness olthe gateman was the cause of
The Gymnastic Craze.
Gymnastics are having a boom in the East
End. The members ot the gymnastic clnb bare
obtained tbe services of Professor S. T. Kirch
ner as instructor, who has been engaged, in
teaching.the young lad!es,of .the. Wuson Female
College at Cnajnbersburg for some years. A
heavy felt running track will be a new and so
far exclusive feature In the city. Several
classes are. being formed, one. for youthful
would-be athletes, one tor. business men, and
also a ladies' class, which will meet in tbe
The entertainment- of- the Washington In
fantry, in old City Hall on the evenings of No
vember 25i28audi27, promises to bo one of the
grand events of the season. The, members, of
the organization axe working; bard to make it
a success financially, and their efforts are re
ceiving, substantial recognition at tbe hands of
the citizen.'. Tbe musical portion of the pro
gramme win ue unaer we direct ion oi riou x.
The Carlton Club, of Filth avenue, held are-
ception at Central Tnrner Hajl on last Wednes
day evening- There were 200 couple present
and a delightful evening was spent, uoripg
the evening' several' selections w,era rendered
by the Carlton Quartet ,
Unacquainted with the game birds at this
country a newly-arrived German Hvipg near
Scrantqn shot a barnyard turkey under the im
pression that it was a wild fowl. He took It,
home and bad It cooked, and. waa about to sit
I dawn at tbe dinner table to eat it when he was).
arrested for kiljlng bis neighbors poultry.
' Tbbee men being unable to drive or drag a.
400-pound pigfrom Its pen at Beiahold, Berks,
county, tbey called In tbe assistance ot John
Berkley, a. giant lnytrength. He deliberately
picked the kicking porker np and carried him
BwoorrxQ down or a, weasel, chlckenhawk
at Manatawny carried! the animal np, but be
fore many mlnutesJthe weasel planted its teeth
in the bird's neck and killed it, The weasel
waa not hurt by its fall.to.the ground.
Br an error of. the types an, advertisement In
the Med)a Record annonnces the location of a
piece of property op for sale as li inches from
Wawa., Miles it should have been,
Bedlord.county, has. a. cactus with 118 full
blown'flowers on it at the .present time.
In a handful ot clover plucked in his yard.
Edward Koehler, of BethJeheB, found GO four
There Is a, hovel law snltin progress at New
Concord, O. A few weeks 'ago Miss Hattie
Starrett got a set of false teeth from Flnley,
tbe dentist Tng teeth did not suit ber and the
took.them back, but Fialey would, not receive
them: so Mattie got on her muscle and fired,
tho teeth'at bis head. He la turn threw then
in hen Jaosi mi told he stet bom pay for tha-
T-A feminine resident of "Caribou.' '1Te.t
harvested 40 acres of grain this season withonS
any help from the masculine sex. ,Sb0fUsed a
machine reaper. " ' '
Some one, sent a Missouri church
deacon a postal card advising him not to pray
so loud, and not to attempt to sing at all; and
hejnsfcbackslld and licked three of hl-neigS'
hors inside of a week. v" ,
The 9-year-old son of P.ev. Mr. Sweenjv.
pastor of the Episcopal Church at Geneva
Neb., arrived from London, England." afeWiy
aays ago, having made the long journey alone"?
and without a mishap.
Just what a full-grown black bear can -
'dd in the wav of hn".ln w .i-n.AnatmtvVfi M
- o-. B -. .u-....-
jviame a weeK or two ago, when brain seized a,
u.ine. ui uni, gave n a squeeze and crusnea lsij
iu pibcu. a waa estimated to be a squeeze ox
vtsu suuutwii'ai rinirt nr n arnmiiiuiii.j .
Me,, James H. Wright, of Temple, was fined: aa
SSO ana costs for violating the liquor, law.1 ";
Wright sold some young men a quantity "of Wif'
sweet cider as it rap from the press, whichlisfS?
violating thelaw as it now stands on the statute.
books. Wright appealed and gave bondsJfor5'
appearance at tbe next term of the SupremeS-i.
For several nights the inhahlUnUi'at?it
West End, a suburb of Palatka, FJa hafej ??
been bothered. by tbe whooping of an owl.' who'
lodges la a large tree near the river. Monday ,
night the owl setup a howl near the colored!
Methodist Church, and it came near breaking:!. -np
the meeting. Superstitious people llTlDg ii
near there dropped on their knees andbeggedr!
for forgiveness. Tuesday morning -,,-. wt .
ont in town, "and the scary folk now claim that .,
mo- uwt came io warn me people ot danger.
One"ofhe chief attractions at thoTati:
Stock Show at Chicago is th e trottlnz doe from
" viijr, ou mu aener cauea JJpc, weigh- n.'i
ing S? pounds. Thursday night he beat the
buckskin pony three times around the. ring.-'
The spectators were most enthusiastic over the
performance of the Irish setter, and members
of tbe Turf" Congress declared that no such
novelty had ever been seen before. When lit
tle Willie.Ketcbnm, tbedogsownerand driver,
cut sharp in on the turns be held tbe lines Uko
a. thorough horseman. The buckskin pony
trotted one-halt mile in 133,
A Philadelphia reporter was so (Jeter
mined to go on tbe second trial trip of the Bal
timore that be hid in one of the coal bunkers,
where ha remained for hours. Tbe Cramps
were informed that be was on board and made
an ineffectual search tor him. As tbe fog wis.
very heavy, theBaitimore did not start at.tie.
appointed time, but her engines were started;
while she was still tied at the wharf and kept
running for four hours. At tbe end of" that
time the reporter concluded ho must beiaxl
enough down tho river, so he came out from bis J.
piace ot concealment and was much cbagrinedf
to find he was still at Mrs wharf. Ha wasrenA
tertained'at luncheon, however, before he wis i.
escorted to shore, the ofDcers greatly enjoying-?
me ag&iuuavai ueieat ox a is enterprising pur-..
A man whose locks were sprinkled.witlijj
tbe frost of 73 winters, with slow- and solemn i
demeanor, strolled into Castle Garden 'the
other morning and said to Detective Peter -Groden,now
known as the "wife obtalne?,"
that he was Jonathan McBeynolds, or Green
wich; Conn,, where he has. a farm valued at
$80,000. He wanted a wife, not a giddy girl, but
a plump Irish lass who woald lore hirafor him
self alone Detective Groden told him to take
-a seat and then trotted ont Mary McGown, Inst
arrived from County Tyrone, Ireland. Her
looks and general appearance satisfied SleRey
nolds. bnt her solicitude about his worldly and
financial affairs made theViJd man suspicious.
Mary waa allowed to depart and. Detective '
uroden is now watching out tor another canal-'
aateior.aiciieynoiai- nana ana money.
Amopg the cariosities to be found in ti&v
Minnesota State Law Library are two vol-f!
umesoftae colonial laws of Massachusetts. a
1760 to 1772. They are. of course, reprints,.bttSt!
"ye olden style" has been faithfully reproduced.-
Thecodeof laws In vogue in those provincial g
the whipping postwasresorted to as a mode o ''?
punishment, butit is stipulated that "ho, man 4,
shall be beaten with above -40 stripes, nor shall "'
any true gentleman, nor any man equal to .
gentleman, be punished by whipping unless-hls!
crime be very shameful, and hia course of life ,
vitious and profligate." Again the code says: 4-. '
"Ifany man shall Blasnbeme the name of cod.. ?--,.
expnsse. presumptuous or highhanded. bias-..
pneraie. or soau cursa uoa la ue like mitaBstvl
ho,shalib&put to death. V. v"- ,. jonjj
A( .Brunswick, Q&i JaateMC
brizht'scpoJcbad quite an experience 'wlthra
hawk- His hawkship had grown hungry froBal
the moraine's fasting, and suddenly determined.;'
to enjoy a-passing pigeon, so at hint he weat:
The pigeon new tor dear luev ana recognising
tbe fact-that man was its best friend, darted, a
into) tbe kitchen through an open door andhld, j
under a table, Tho hawk was in not pursuit,,,
and ai he. entered the door he saw a windows
beyond, and supposing: his pray had, gone that
war. dartcalor me aperture, but. to bis horror.-!
found an invisible pane of glass, through whicU2
hu momentum cameu him, and to the grounajj
bovona. where ne lav tor some time, "wnox
trow dat brick?" aarjg out the Cook. Mr. Lam-J
bright arrived on the scene just in time to dij-J
cover that "dat brick." was a hawk, and to seal
him disappear alter recovering from his en
counter with the window pane.
The remarkable achievement of sinking;1
a deep shaft through treacherous grounds byx:
means of first freezing the earth has beenac- j
complished at the Chapin mine, in the upper i
Michigan peninsula, by the FoeUch process.'
The contract was to freeze; excavate and curb "
np a rectangular shaft laxI6 feet, and';
100 feet deep. This was done by first putting
down the freezing pipes three- feet; apart, in a
circle 29 feet in diameter, to the depth proposed, '
to be reached by the shaft The pipes were
connected at tbe top and filled with- a solution
of brine containing about 25 pec eentoteal- -cjurn
chloride. The brine -was frozon; to. a
point below zero by means of an ice machine,
and in 40 days a frozen wall, ot ice. earth j and
stone was formed ten feet thick. Tbefexcava-'
ttonin the meantime had been going on. and70f ,
days from tbe commencement it waa completed
totbeledsolOO feet down, in spite of, soma
difficulty from the percolation of water near
tbe bottom, which was stopped by freezing.
Exceptforthls lngen!6us method the sinking
of the shaft would, it seems, have been practi
cally Impossible on account of. the great iaSow
THE LAUGHING PHILOSOPHISE
With the admission of "Washington as a
State the American nation can Justly claim that 1
hu 41: to- meet any emergency. WWuttorrtJ
Examiner Can. yon give me an instances
of a person ipclthn another to perjury? -
Candidate Yes: when the Court asks a female
witness bow oldshe Is. Texas Sfftinpt,
"Well, Tom, do you. ever write-. to-yoi
"Oh, yes; three times a week. I only see her i
Monday, Wednesday, Jrwayaad aanday,,-d
A Kind-Hsarted Girl. Dude (to shop
girl)-Lovely creature! I adore you. Dojoag
me your love In return?
Shop; girl-Of course l do, Anything else t
afternoon.T-rtra Sifting t
Wibble "Wonders-will never cease..:
tee they are making cocoanutbutter now.1
Wabble 'CChatJS nothing- new. ThehmygaatJ
has used cocoannt for a butter from timet
mortal." Terrs llaTits Express.
He Would Profit by Experience La
Mr poor map. If you had. in your possession s
all the mosey yod have spent for bad whisky
have no doubtyon would spend-It differently.
Trampp-Oh, yes, mam; PI buy goo whisky
WUB 11. iw -jcrr OKI.
Yonng;wiCs Dossaft boss mean, dnjq
Latlnt " '
Young husband Yes, dear.
Young wife-Then t don't think It's a bit nl
for yoa to call me dneky if it-means bossy. That'!
an old tovt.mngnampion jtepiuuean.
He Had Stndled Human Natun
Han-It's- very hot la here. I wish every e
wouldn't shut the door when they go oat.
Second lUn-i'U fix U so they woot..
And be did. He pat up s sign which -Pease
Shut the.Door." Sea Jtofc ffust,
Jones Can jou speak Irench?'.
Jones Yes. fresco.
lirpwp WelL lsDOkelt-yrenca, Doyoti
me to.imgiir new wr rep.
AWAT WITH ANTI-rAT.
The fatter your purae, it' tha bests;
Tn Ufa's raes to come ont a winner.
As the fatter the,turky the. mire chance It's j
rio ne asxea to a xusnEsgrnng- amner.
"AfVr all," remarked th stadM.
Bettytare, "Sampson was, the areatost.
tor, who ever Uvea."
"How do yoa ;