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THE PITTSBURG-" " DISPATCH. 'SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 1889.
CHOICE LITERATURE PREPARED, ESPECIALLY
FOR THE COMING RACE.
By Eekest H. Heixbichs.
rWKITTIS FOB mi DISPATCH.l
was one of the might
iest fairies of the for-
was built of pure cold,
with windows in it of
the rarest and most
brilliant of diamonds,
was hidden beneath
the noisy wares or the
stream. Here, under
neath the water's sur
face, Olinda Quanda
lived among a large
cumber ol other fairies, who all of them were
Only once a year would Olinda Quanda
and her servants leave the golden castle be
neath xhe forest stream, and that was in the
beginning of the spring, immediately after
the ice had disappeared from the water and
the snow had been driven from the ground
and the trees by the warm rays of thespn.
That waB a very busy time for the fairies,
because they left their house for a
very important purpose. In short they
went throughout the vast area of Olinda
Ouanda's dominion to nlant the seeds for all
the beautiful flowers that grew within the j
wide wood. Flitting over the grouna, tney
dropped a seed here and another one there,
and thus the anemones, the wood-sorrels,
the woodruffs, the dogwoods and all the
other beauties that grow beneath the shade
of the forest foliage were brought to life.
The world had again laid off the heavy
mantle ol snow and ice; the dreariness of
-. . . . -. S K
r rLc-. K
The Jmiry Grotto.
the woodlands had already disappeared to
make room for a scene of animation and a
springlike aspect; the little birds had again
returned to their trees from the village
barns, their places of refuge from hunger in
the cold and pitiless winter, and Olinda
Quanda was making preparations as well
for her annual trip through her estate. As
usual, this was a busy day for the fairies,
because it was quite a laborious task to get
all the seeds for the many flowers
readv. But at last everything ias
in shape, and the flight of the fairies
through the forest commenced. Olinda
Quanda as the Queen, of course, led the
train, and soon they were again the midst of
their occupation. Suddenly, however,
Olinda Quanda was startled by the sight of
a sleeping yonng man, whose form lay
across her course, under a hawthorn bush.
v4ne let out a scream of surprise, -and im
mediately the young man opened his eyes.
"When he beheld the many beautiful faceB of
the fairies around him, and especially when
he looked into the eyes of the lovely Olinda
Quanda. he became bewildered at the
dazzling sight before him. But when the
fairy Queentgtain looked at the young man,
whose face was very handsome, sne ordered
her servants to continue at their work while
she remained and talked to the stranger.
"How did you come into this lone wood?"
she asked tbe young man.
Fora moment the sleeper could cot find
his power of speech, so much was he over
come by the sudden apparition of tbe
beautiful Olinda Quanda. But her looks
and manner made such a reassuring im
pression upon him that he felt she was well
deserving of his confidence. "I am a very
unfortunate young man," he at last burst
forth, "because I hare lost my bride, a
young maiden as beautiful as you are. I
am disconsolate, because I do not know
how I shall ever be able to recover her."
"Will you not tell me how you lost her,
may be I can help you to find her?" said
the fairy. "My power is great, and I have
many servants at my command."
"Well," replied the yonng man, "I will
tell you, though I do not see how you can
help me. I am the Prince of a great king
dom. The lands of my father, the King,
are many, and his soldiers and generals
number hundreds of thousands. My mother,
The Prince and Kit Bride Meet the Witch.
however, died many years ago and my
father has since brought another Queen to
our court, a woman who is as wicked as she
is beautilul, ind as proud and haughty as
she is without a heart or affection. " From
the moment she entered our castle she
Bhowed a great dislike to me. Of course,
knowing that my father was verv fond of
me, she never gave any open evidence of
her hatred toward me, but she never
omitted to harm me secretly. I must also
tell you that she is a great witch and
sorceress, and she is so clever in her devilish
arts that my father is completely under her
control, and it would be hard for anyone to
prove to my lather how bad his wile-is."
"It so happened, however, that I tell in
love with the Princess Amalda, the daugh
ter of the King who reigns in the country
next to my father's dominion. "Now Amalda
was renowned the world over for her up
equaled beauty and tbe great charm of her
, lovable disposition. "When my stepmother
heard, therefore, that I proposed to bring
Amalda to our castle as the future Queen,
she at once attempted to persuade my ather
not to sanction tbe marriage. It is not
necessary for me to say that she succeeded,
but she never expected that I would form an
important obstacle. "When I was told that
I must not tnarrr Ainalda I swore that I
would do so in spite of everything, and at 1
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JrEyCmAtu' "V &M l a. I F
last my father told me secretly that he had
no objection. That was all I wanted. The
next day I went to Amalda's home, married
her and started on my way bacK to my
"We had already traveled over three
fonrths of our journey, when one day we
had to halt in a deep wood, because Amalda
was very tired and hungry from the exer
tions of the journey. "While we were, rest
ing nnder a tree and I ws contemplating
what to do to get some food I had sent our
servants already to the nearest town to pur
chase something an old and ugly woman
came hobbling along the path on a stick.
When she siw us she approached and look
ing verv sharp at Amalda she said:
"Well, my pretty little dove, what ails
Before I could speak and tell the old
crone to go about her business, Amalda re
plied that she was awlully hungry.
"Is that all, my little dear?" screeched
the hag in a scraping, snarling voice, "well,
come along with me; I will give you some
food; I live close by here."
"Now I did not trust the old woman, and
I hesitated for a moment, but when I looked
at my beautiful Amalda, who was almost
faint with hunger, I got up, and leading
Amalda along, we followed the old hag,
who took us into a dilapidated, tumble
down log cabin not far off. "When we ar
rived there, she got some vegetables from a
cupboard, which I now remember were tur
nips. She handed a plateful of this food to
Amalda, who was so hungry that she ate
them. But, alas I no sooner had she swal
lowed a mouthful of these turnips than she
fell to the floor of the cabin, her lovely
form shriveled together. Everything before
me disappeared witch, cabin, "Amalda and
all and when I looked around again I
saw nothing else except a turnip. Of course
you cm imagine my rage and anger. I was
nearly frantic I was about to grind that
turnip into the ground with mv heel when a
sudden thought prompted me to pick it up
and take it with me as a memento of my
lost Amalda. I ran away from the place
distressed and I have since been hunting all
over the world to find a trace of mv bride,
of the witch or of the cabin, hut all in vain.
Now you know my story, can you help me,
do you think?"
"Have you still got that turnip?" asked
"Yes, here it is," replied thePrince, "tak
ing it irom his pocket."
"Well, then dig a hole right here and
plant the tnrnip," the fairy commanded the
young man, who mechanically obeyed.
Then, after he had covered it up with earth,
Olinda Qnanda stooped'duwn over the place
where the turnip was buried and blew at
the spot. Immediately the ground began to
move, then it opened up, and within a few
seconds a torm grew up from the ground
which resembled in every particular the
shape or a woman. More and more it grew,
and before very long a lady as beautilul as
the fairy herself stood before the astonished
"Is it possiblel" he cried, "here is my
Amalda, my beautiful bride brought to life
"Yes," now said Olinda Quands, "it is
your bride and no witch, however powerful,
will be able to ever harm her again. But I
know who waB the witch you met in the
"Who was she?" eagerly asked the
"It is your stepmother. But you hurry
home and she will not escape from punibh
The Prince and Amalda departed, thank
ing the kind fairy over and over again .for
wnat sne naa aone.
"When the two arrived at the house of the
Prince, the stepmother stood at the castle
gate, out no sooner did she see and lecog
nize Amalda when she fell down dead.
The Little French Rape
rwaiTTEX roa the disfa.tch.3
A great many years ago more than half
a century in fact a family of French acro
bats traveled through Europe and made
their living by giving entertainments in the
villages through which they passed.
They did not perform in theaters or opera
houses because there were none in the ham
lets of France and Germany in those days.
No, this family of acrobats performed in the
market place or onv the open green, and
stretched their long rope from the ground to
the top of the tallest steeple.
All the members of the family were acro
bats, and their parents before them had been
acrobats, too, journeying lrom one village to
another, and buying their bread with the
pennies and sixpences that the countrv peo
ple threw into the father's hat. I said that
all the members of the family were acrobats,
but I had forgotten little Henri, who was
only 4 years old, and too young, therefore, to
do his share in amusing the public. So lit
tle Henri went about with his father and
mother and sister and big brother, and slept
in the wagon at night and played with the
big dog or toddled about the village green
while bis elders were dancing on the long
rope. It was his sister Jeanne who took
care of him, washed and dressed him i'u the
morning, put him to bed at night, and
taught him to say his prayers before he went
to sleep. She was a kind, good girl, and
little Henri loved her more than anyone in
the world, and when he saw her take her
long-pole in her hand and dance gracefully
up the long rope toward the top of
the steeple while the people looked on
and clapped their hands, he" .thought there
was no one in the world as lovely and
charming as his sister Jeanne.
One day they stopped in a beautiful old
fashioned village on tbe banks of the Rhine.
They stretched their long rope from the
ground to the top of the steeple and Jeanne
took her pole in her hand, bowed and
smiled to the people and danced lightly and
gracefully up toward the top. And little
Henri, standing on the ground with his
father'6 cane in his chubby hands watched
her with as much delight as if he had never
seen her do it be 'ore. But when she bad
gone about half the distance a gust of wind
shook tbe rope; she tumbled, almost lost
her balance and cried out in terror:
"I'm coming," screamed little Henri, and
while his mother turned away his face, and
his father implored him to return, he bal
anced his cane as his sister balanced her
pole and ran up the rope to help her. It
was the first time he had ever been on a
slack rope in his life, but heas not alraid,
nor did it make him dizzy. He ran up to
where Jeanne was clinging and threw him
self into her arms. She held him tigbt un
til his father came and carried him down.
"He will make a great rope walker," Baid
his mother as she clasped the little boy in
her arms. "He takes to It as a duck takes
to water. It must be in his blood," said the
father; and from that dav little Henri's edu
cation as a tight-rope walker began,
The Bewitched Bride Bestored.
Years afterward this same little boy
stretched a rope across Niagara Falls and
walked across it as easily as if it had been a
barn floor, and then1 the whole world re
sounded with the fame of Blondin. And
one day, after he had performed in Paris in
the presence of thousands of people, he sat
in his tent and told me the story of how he
had run up the long rope to save his sister.
Little Boy BIue.
iWHi'iTim roa tub dispatch. 1
Little Boy Bine, go blow your horn.
The wind is caroling through the corn,
Ihe sun is climbing his meadow of blue
And drinking his early cup of dew;
Little Boy Blue, the sheep and cows
Have strayed in the Hilda for a royal browse
Blow, till your lungs are full .ind free
As the wide world's morning minstrelsy.
Little Boy Bine, when tbe leaves are dead,
And summer her plnmape green has shed.
The wind will carol another tune,
"he sky will hare lost ihe blue of Jane,
But the boy whose heart is as strong and true
As when the summer was gay and new
Will face without faltering or fear
The changes of life with the changing year.
Little Boy Blue, when the heart and brain
Are wearv of strife and straggle and strain,
Tbe ear will listen aeain for the tune
Of the drowsing music of youth and June;
Little Boy Blue, tbe wandering sheep
Homeward come in tbe fold to sleep;
After the day world's cares and joys.
Home is the safest place for boys.
John Paul Bococe.
Little Wnmen'B Pene
HVltmCX FOB THIS DISPATCn.".
Jules Goodman, the artist, and his
wife, who writes as well as he designs,
are well-known people in the world of
letters and art "What child who loves
a good old-fashioned circus, with the
daisies growing all about the fresh-made
ring and the grass carpeting the ground
over which tiers of seats have grown like
Aladdin's palace, does not delight in such
stories as that which the Goodmans made
with pen and pencil a week or two since in
Harper's Weekly, a story of the old-fashioned
county circus in all its glory.
These talented folks have a little girl who
already, at tbe age of 7, makes pictures of
people, and good pictures too. Not long
ago -she sat down in her mother's parlor,
while her parents were talking to a friend
of theirs, and drew on a sheet of white pa
per a likeness of their friend which was so
true it seemed to speak! She sent it to him
in a letter and he sent her a book in return.
This is her letter:
"my der mr Core rice:
1 thank you very mnch for your book. I read
one of your stories i like it very much I am co
ins to see the rivals 1 hope to see you again
yours gladys goodman."
Gladys may make a famous artist alter
a while. She draws much better than she
writes. Her friend is "William J. Florence,
the popular actor, who plays with Mr.
When Mrs. Cleveland, who lived in. the
"White House before Mrs. Harrison went
there, was a little girl, named Frances Fol
Bom, she wrote a little story called "Little
Moll," of which this was the plot:
.juuu vtjjtci uu a iambus jxew aorK
paper has' to write everyday in the crimi
nal courts. The ferreting out of crime and
the arrest of criminals and their daily pun
ishment are hour by hour renorted bv him.
Stories of crime black and foul as were ever
wnttenare unrolled beiore him, until his
belief in human nature nearly perishes.
But his faith is preserved through meeting
a poor news girl who comes and goes dailv
to the office for copies of the journal on
which he Berves. The sequel can be imag
ined. The reporter, steeped as he is in
visions of the world's iniquity, and in daily
danger of his life (since he had incurred the
enmity of the criminal classes), has his life
saved by "Moll." In return he places her
at school, and ultimately marries her, after
wnicn ne leads a me ot happiness.
How many little girls can draw pictures
and write stories if they will only try?
A Cigerette Smnker.
rWBITTEK rOB THE DISPATCIT.1
Just two weeks ago yesterday a New York
boy named John Barry was taken away
from home in a queer wagon that rang a bell
as it rumbled along over the rough streets.
The Bell warned everybody to keep out of
the way. A man sat in the wagon under
the bell and held John Barry's arms. The
boy didn't know where he was. The queer
wagon was an ambulance hurrying John to
Bellevue Hospital to see if the doctors there
conld cure him. He was in a bad way.
The horse card, trucks, carriages, wagons
and drays got off the road when their own
ers heard the ambulance bell ring. They
looked in and saw that somebody's lad was
in trouble there. They didn't know what
was the matter with John. Nobody knew
until the hospital doctors took him in hand.
John's father is Leonard J. Barry, a po
lice officer in Leonard street. Mr. Barry,
was much grieved to see his son go away in
this strange fashion. But he did not try to
punish or airest the men in the
ambulance. He wanted John to go to the
hospital. The reason why a good, kind
lather felt that way about John was this:
The boy smoked five packages of cigarettes
a day. When he got to the hospital tbe
doctors said: "His heart beats weak and
low; his eyesare dull; he -can see nothing;
he is so weak' he cannot raise his arm to his
head; he has no appetite and doesn't like to
play with other boys."
John's father was distressed beyond
measure when he heard what the doctors
said. It was the awful mania for a cigar
ette smoking. A great deal of fun has been
madeoi ciearette smoking. It is not funny!
Poor John Barry's case shows that; if he
had refused to learn to smoke he would be a
sound, wholesome boy to-day. The doctors
say he will never be able to do a boy's part
or a man's part in the battle of life unless
he Dromises and keeps his promise never to
smoke a cigarette. This means life or death
to John. He's gone now to live among tbe
crazy people. He knows, of course, that
Dr. Wood and Dr. Hamilton or any other
famous New York surgeon will give him no.
medicine oat this: mop BMOEiu a
THE HERO'S WEAPON.
Some Curious and Remarkable Facts
About the Sword.
KING ARTHUR'S FAMOUS BLADE.
Swords That Form the Theme for Poem
SYMBOL OF WAR, POWER AND JUSTICE
1WWTTIK FOB THE DISPATCH..'
The sword is the oldest weapon mentioned
in history, and it has held its place even to
these days of dynamite and electricity. It
has a prominent place in literature, and fig
ures largely in legend, song and mythology.
It is mentioned in the third chapter ol Gen
esis, where we are told that the Lord placed
"a flaming sword which turned every way
to guard the tree ot life," in the Garden of
Eden. The same thine is said in tbe Chal
dean account of the Genesis. This sword Sb
not in the hands of the cherubim, but turns
of its own accord the first of many legen
dary swords which out without mortal aid.
This flaming sword is, Inthe Tedio accounts
of the Creation, from which the Hebrews
borrowed it, "a sinuous darting flame." The
sword is thus early likened to fire, and it is,
in fact, coupled with it in the well-known
phrase to devastate "with fire and sword."
Pythagoras had a favorite saying, "Poke
not fire with a sword," meaning not to irri
tate an angry man with sharp words. Mil
ton equips the host of fallen angels with
Millions of flaming swords, drawn from tbe
Of mighty Cherubim: the sudden blaze
Far round illumined hell.
AH through antiquity and the middle
ages the sword held its place as a weapon,
crowded z. little by the spear and the bow.
The advent of gunpowder destroyed its
supremacy, and since that it has become the
symbolical staff of authority, sacred to the
Such iconoclasts as General Gordon, who
carried a cane into action, even deny the
usefulness of the sword as a soldier com
pelled So long has it 'had sway, however,
that cavalry men and men-of-war s men are
still encumbered with it in spite of breech
loaders and machine guns.
As an ornament the sword has had a his
tory equally interesting. No gentleman, in
what may be called the dueling acre, was
well dressed without one, and survivals oj
this custom still exist in .Europe, where
officers' swords impede their dancing steps'
much as do their spurs the movements of
other revelers. Laws have been enacted
prescribing the wearing or the laying aside
of swords, their lengths and shapes have
been matters of fashion and even
a national characteristic. To tbe
same aze may he referred the origin of
the saying "to measure swords with one,"
since duelists gauged the lengths of their
weapons with exactness. Special makes
ot swords became famous Damascus,
Toledo and Bilboa being particularly noted
for their makes. As a matter of course, par
ticular blades had a great reputation, and
swords were often distinguished by names
and had sentences engraved upon them ex
tolling their virtues. As a consequence
much elegance was displayed in the matter
of dress swords, and the museums of Europe
contain many weapons with jewel-studded
hilts and scabbards, and blades inlaid with
gold. Stowe says the. finest gallant in
Elizabeth's time was he who wore "the
deepest ruff and tbe longest sword."
SOME FASIOUS J3WOKDS.
Many swords have been "famous in ro
mance and in legends, and these have
usually possessed high-sounding names.
Caesar's was named "Crocca Mors" (vellow
death), as he himself tells us. Mahomet,
whose followers preached their faith by the
eogeofthe sword, had swords with 'such
high-sounding names as "Halef" (the
deadly). "Dhu' 1 Fakar" (the trenchant).
"Al Battar" (the brutes), and "Medham"
(the keen). The last two were confiscated
trom the Jews when they were exiled from
Medina. The great Charlemagne possessed
two celebrated swords "Joyeuse" and
"Flamberge." William (Short nose) had
one named the same as the first, which be
came in some sort a kind, of generic title for
the sword. The last-named was made by a
famous swordmaker of the middle ages,
Galas, who shared his fame with two others,
Munifican and Ansias, each of whom fabri
cated three swords, taking three long years
to make each one. The same name was
given to the sword of Malagiei, the hero of
an old romance, who took it from a Saracen
Admiral at a certain siege. Two famous
heroes of the North had similarly named
s.rords. These were Haco I of Norway and
Thorald the Strong.
Quern-biter of Haken the good'
"Wherewith al a stroke be hewed
Tbe millstone through and through.
Quern-biter means "foot-breadth," a pe
culiar name for sword. .
This keen blade was surpassed by other
celebrated swords. "Durindante,"" the
property of Orlando, the lamous hero of
cnlvalry, could cut tnrougn tbe .Fyreenees
at a blow. It was said to have belonged to
FTnittn. nrtiACA cwnrfl IS tpntlAnflvmanttnnpil
in the Iliad:
Nor plated shield, nor tempered casque de
fend, Where Durandanda's trenchant edge descends.
Another hero of the same romance,
Bogero, was the possessor of "Balisarda,"
which could also cut through enchanted
But these were all surpassed by the blude
of Doolin of Mayence, "Merveillense"
(wonderful), which, when placed edge
downward, would cut through a block of
wood by its own weight.
Perhaps the most famous sword of the
"age of swords" was the well-known "Es
ealibar," "Excalibur" or "Calibum" of
King Arthur. It was found, after the death
ot TJthcr Pendragon, sticking in a stone and
carved, with this inscription: "He who can
draw forth this sword, the same is to be
King." Arthur was the only one able to
do this. , There is a similar enchanted sword
in the romance ot Amadis de Gaul. Who
ever should bo able to draw this from the
rock in which it stuck would gain access to
a great underground treasure.
Kisa abthue's vteapoit.
There seems to have been two swords
named Excalibur. The one spoken of was
so bright "that it gave light like 30 torches."
of the Lake." Merlin took Arthur to the
lake, where an arm appeared "clothed in
white samite, that held a fair sword in the
hand." When about to die King Arthur
had this swordHhrown into the lake again,
when the same hand appeared, took the sword,
and drew it into the lake. Even its scabbard
was wonderful. The wearer would lose
no blood while the scabbard was upon him,
although he should receive many wounds.
Upon the blade was written:
Icb ampbote excaliboro.
Unto a King fair treasure.
(In Inells is this writing)
Kene steel, and greu, and altbing.
Another Arthurian hero, Lanncelot, was
the owner of "Aroundlight," a famous
blade. Speaking of a certain blade Long
What matter if it be not bright,
Joyeuse, Calada, Durindale
Excalibar, or Aroundlight?
"Colada" was the sword of that famous
Castilian hero, the Cid. It had'two handles
of solid gold.
Other famous swords were "Tranchera"
(cutler), belonging to Brandimarti; Closa
monte's "Hauteclaire," Oliver's "Haute
claire," and Otuels' "Corrouge," in Italy;
"Chrysair," possessed by Artegal, and
"Sanglamore, the property of Braggadocio,
both Spenserian knights of renown. Sir
Bevis ot Hampton fought with "Alorglay,"
Dietrich of Berne with "Nagelring," and
Ogie, the , Dane, with "Courtaine" and
"dauraglne," both made bv one ofhe three
igreai swora masers .named abqve.,:Schxlt'
1 was BieroU s" trusty Wade: "I
wielded by Eck; "Blutgang" by Heine,
while Irving possessed "resistless Weske,
that sharp and peerless blade," and Hilde
brand fought with "Brinnlg." To these
heroic kniehts of Teutonic romance should
be added the Greek hero, Siutram, who was
the owner of the blade "Weltung," and
8trong the arm who wielded "Babtism,"
"Florence" and "Grabau."
Ul this long list of famous weapons, but
two are said to be in existence "Colada"
Every museum is, however, the possessor
of one or more blades that were in their day
more or less renowned. Many of these are
gorgeous presentation swords, lor in this
shape was it customary to testify ap
preciation ol a military chieftain. In one
of the English collections is the celebrated
two-handed sword ot the Scottish hero, Sir
William Wallace, which an ordinary man
can scarcely wield. These long blades were,
as Scott tells us, worn at the back, and
drawn from the scabbard overthe lett shoul
der a most unique mannerof bearine arms.
Usually, the sword has been slung to a bell
on the left side. The Japanese who had the
distinction of wearing two or more swords,
these indicating the rank of the wearer,
wore them stuck in a sash or belt, on both
THE STVOBD AS A SYMBOL.
In its present status, as an emblem of
military authority, the sword is older than
the scepter or the crown. It was for cen
turies a custom lor kings to have their
sword-bearers, bothas a defense and to ex
hibit this symbol of power, and such a cus
tom is still in vogue in many Eastern lands.
The Kings of England from the time of
Edward the Confessor, were accustomed to
have a blnnt sword borne in the coronation
procession, as an emblem of mercy. This
sword was, curiously enough, called "cur
tana" (the cutter). Flaming swords, r
those with a wavy edge, were worn by the
Dukes of Burgundy as emblems of author
ity. The sword also became the emblem of jus
tice, on which oaths were sworn. This cus
tom prevailed during and after the crusades.
The guard of a plain sword was a simple
bar betweeen the blade and handle, and
this forming a cross was used by the Knights
for the purpose of binding oaths. Shakes
peare speaks of it. Samlet says to Horatio:
' "Never to speak of this that you have seen,
Bear by my sword."
And Leonato, in "Winter's Tale:"
Swear by this sword
Thou wilt perform by bidding.
Sometimes tbe sword had the name of
Jesus engraved upon the handle, by reason
of this custom of swearing by it.
in tolt lore tbe sword is frequently given
magic powers, freeing the hero from great
perils, and frequently acting for itself. In
the Hindoo Katha Sarit Sagara,a sword
goes forth at the owner's wish, and'eonquers
all enemies, even demoniacal ones. In a
folk tale the sword Kreischinger performs
similar feats at the bidding of its possessor.
In another, a dwarf gives Hans a sword
which is so small that it can be carried in
tbe pocket, but, like the ship Skidblander,
it grows, and cuts down all who oppose it.
In the old "Girla Saga," a sword named
Graystele figures. It is forged by dwarfs,
the tabled swordmakers ot tbe middle ages,
and cuts through steel with ease. The
sword Dh'armi, the property of an Arthurian
chief, was forged out of a thunder bolt that
had fallen and killed some animals.
The old astrologers and alchemists made
use of a "magic sword" in some of their in
cantations. This was a plain, double-edged
rapier, with a steel blade and ivory handle,
dipped in the blood of a male goose. It
must be prepared on the day and hour when
Mercury is in the ascendant, from the first
to the third hour of the night. Three com
mon masses were then said over it, and on
the handle certain characters were inscribed
with a needle made for .the purpose. This
sword was used to call "up certain spirits,
and then to keep them at a proper distance
from the operator.
As a suicidal weapon the sword has had
I .. n. '. . -
I its day. ane example of itrutus and Uato
did not prove to be contagious, and more
effectual means of ending life are usually at
A 8YN01TZM FOE 'WAE.
The sword has entered largely into figura
tive language. Many expressions contain
ing the name of the weapon are in common
use. and some of them are very old. The
Bible contains a great number of them,
the sword being almost the synonym for war
to the Jews. "He smote them with the
edge of the sword," is frequently
used, ana "to put to tbe sword
meant indiscriminate slaughter. An ex
pression in Bevelations, "Out of His
mouth went a two-edged sword," referring
to the Savior's power to condemn and then
to save, has given us a phrase. "Your
tongue is a double-edged sword" cuts both
ways. Symbolical of peace is tbe saying to
"beat the sword into a plowshare." It
would, however, need to be either a very
large sword or a very small plowshare. "He
that lives by the sword shall perish by the
sword," is "a saying by no means true.
More of those who get their living by the
sword die of disease than by violence. "
Shakespeare uses, in "Henry IV.," a cu
rious itrni with regard to the sword:
Come, brother John, full bravely hast thou
Thy maiden sword.
A youne soldier was said to flesh his
sword the first time he drew blood with it.
Many an officer's sword goes now un
fleshed. fistol says, in "Merry Wives":
Why, then tbe world's mine oyster.
Which I with sword will open.
Another saying of Shakespeare's with
regard to the sword still puzzles the com
mentators. It is in "Coriolanus" :
Here I clip
The anvil of my sword.
May it not have been "handle?"
Some commentators also think there is an
allusion in the lines from "Antony and Cleo
H e. at Philinn). tent
His sword e'en like a dancer.
There- were many varieties of these
dances, which are popular even to
this day among the Highlanders,
They seem, according to Scott, to have in
herited it from the Norsemen. Olaus
Magnus tells1 me that the youth among
them danced this among "naked swords and
dangerous weapons." Scott gives a long
poem in dialogue form, used by tbe Shet
landers, who still keep up the custom. Cer
tain characters were represented, and the
dancers leaped over the swords, clashed
them together, and manipulated them other
wise. In former times, when men lived by the
sword, great achievements with itwere re
ported. Several of the knights of romance
are said to have cut a man cleverly in two
To that burrcs a stroke he sent.
Through helm and hauherts down it went,
Both man and horse, on that stound.
He cleaved it down to the ground.
King Arthur cut 'a giant 15 feet high
(they were abundant in those days) so that
halt of him fell on either sidS of his horse.
Wayland, the smitb, made ''Balmung"
for the Nibelungen hero, Siegfried. In a
trial of skill, the maker clove Amilias to
the waist, but so fine was the edge that the
victim was not aware of the fact until he
moved, when he fell asunder.
F. S. Bassett.
THEI DOVT CATCH ON.
A Yale Stndent Couldn't Make Ihe English
New Haven Palladium.
A Yale student returning from abroad is
disgusted with the slow appreciation of tbe
English people. He' says that on the trip
home he had occasion to make use of the
phrase "in the soup." As it was new to
British ears it provoked the curiosity of one
old gentlemanwho begged an explanation.
The embarrassed young man began with a
cheerful homely example. "If," said he,
I started for America, and ray trunk was
by some inadvertance detained in Liver
pool, I should be sadly "inconvenienced,
would X not? Well, then mV trunk would
be in tbe soup, and so would 1." "But,"
broke out the .Englishman. "I cannot see
what yonr trunk has to do.wilh .an, article ot
diefe- " '
THE ACTOR'S HOODOO.
A Pew of the Prevailing Superstitions
of the Profession!
SAM TULA'S SCHEDULE OP FATE.
The Sad Eesnlt of Meeting Three lellow
A BAUD COMPOSED OF BASS DEUMMEES
fWRITTEK POB THE DISrJ.TCB.1
In a profession noted for its superstitions
a man or woman must have an unusual re
gard for the different omens consequent
upon good or ill fortune to attract attention,
and such a man is Sam Villa. According
to his schedule Monday is the only day
upon which an enterprise should be com
menced, Tuesday means doubt, Wednes
day continuous annoyance, Thursday
sure failure. Friday very bad luck,
Saturday, disappointment, while any busi
ness performed on Sunday is a dire failure
from the start. To pass beneath a ladder
gives him a fit o f blues. Three lights burn
ing at once in a dressing room is sure death
to some member of the company or their
relatives. To ring the curtain bell at re-,
hearsal means a bad house at night As
the first thing a novice always does while
waiting around the stage is to fool with the
bell, Sam alwavs places it out of harm's
way before starting.
A cross-eyed man, or a woman or any per
son of either sex with a complimentary
ticket must not be allowed to enter the thea
ter until a paid ticket presented by a map
has been placed in the ticket box. I have
known him to stand at a theater door and
hold back a large party of ladiesuntil a man
had passed inside. Should a woman pass
into the house first, the bnsiness would be
"Jonahed" for the night.
THE YELLOW DOG HOODOO.
While on an errand of any kind should a
yellow dog pass in front of him, he would
abandon his visit or return to the starting
point and proceed by another route. To
see a cross-eyed person looking at you is
sure disappointment The more the eyes
are crossed the greater the disappointment
While to be connected in any way with num
ber 13 gives him an attacK of chills and
He is always on the lookout for some had
omen, and can find more cross-eyed people
and more yellow dogs in a eiven space of
time than any other human being on earth.
His whole liie is rendered wretched by his
superstitions. One of the best hearted fel
lows living, he drives away all his friends
by his constant irritability.
In the olden time he always carried a
band, and every actor was supposed to play
an instrument One season the entire com
pany had been engaged through an adver
tisement in the Clipper, and all arrange
ments concluded by mail, but apparently
everything was satisfactory. While on the
way to the depot to meet his incoming com
pany THBEE YELLOW D003
passed in front of him. Sam saw them all.
and when he reached the station he was in
a state of nervous excitement What was
going to happen? Something, that he would
have sworn to, and he trembled like a leaf
as he thought of the possibilities.
When the" train arrived -he
was conscious of a sense of relief. The
members were all good-looking1 and well
dressed. He proudly conducted them to the
hotel, he tried to throw off his presenti
ments, but the yellow dogs were ever before
his mind. After dinner a rehearsal of the
band was called to arrange the different in
struments, when, to Sam's horror, out
of his eight men six declared that
their musical abilities were confined
to a knowledge of the bass drum,
"There," the disappointed manager de
clared to his wife, "I knew something was
going to happen when I saw those vellow
The next season the Villa letters to appli
cants for positions bore in bold, black-faced
type tbe legend:
"P. S.-We have a bass drummer."
HE WANTED THE EECIPE.
Actor Sotbern Neatly Kebnke no Individual
With Remarkable Nerve.
New York Bun.I
They are telling a story about E. H.
Sothern. He ws coming up town in a car
a few moments ago, and. upon entering,
found the car full, though one man took
more than his share by stretching his feet
out along the seat Sothern held on to the
strap and bore this for a while, but when
two ladies entered and were obliged to stand
his patience gave out Then leaning over
the diffused man he,said in a clear, loud
voice, bnt with elaborate courtesy, and with
his most honest and innocent Dundreary
"E-excuse m-me, sir. for a-addressingyon,
b-but I'm very anxious to 1-learn w-what
nerve tonic you take?"
A grin spread over the face of the passen
gers,"the man got red, opened and shut bis
mouth two or three times, and then bounced
up and left tbetcar, upon which the actor
and the two ladies sat down, and Sothern
gazed pensively out ot the window.
THE TYPICAL DEMOCBAT.
A St. Lonil Philosopher Thinks a Girl of 18
the Beit Example.
St. Louis Globe-Democrat.l
The girl of sixteen, I think, is the typical
Democrat all over the world. "When I was
going to school I used4o wonder why it was
that all the pretty girls showed favor to the
bad boys and gave the cold shoulder to tbe
best ones. I couldn't understand it, and I
never did until long alter x naa leit school
and gone out into the world. Then Z began
to see that the girls were the best judges,
after all. It was not that the girls liked
the bad boys.
It was that they liked those of force
of character, manliness and aggres
siveness, and were not attracted to the milk
sops who called the other crowd bad. 'When
they get older, unfortunately, there is a
change, but up to this age of sixteen the
girl is a Democrat of the most unerring in
stinct. The Lack of a Mechanical Education.
. Jimmy I'll sit here and keep watch
while yon go in, and if anybody comes I'll
rattle this piece of wire.
Here eeatea tie (kaf ) !, ,fif.
THE FIRESIDE SPHINX
A Collection of EniaiaM Nuts for
Addreu communication for this department
to E. B. Chasboubs-. LemUton, Maine.
813 THAT BOOKS AEE OK THE TABLE ?
flV-Sl II ap58
114 V -41 . !
D. M. Haywood.
814 ALMOST A -SVEDDUJO.
Once upon a time, so I've heard say.
An awkward woman was taking her way
Through forests shady and meadows green.
Where daisies and lilies were often seen.
When a rural cod, residing nearby.
This woman ungraceful, happened to spy.
Like many another, in love he fell.
For what earthly reason no mortal can tell;
His suit so earnest, no denial would take.
Such passion as bis through all bars will
At last she consented to be wed on the spot.
So a parson was summoned to there tie the
Symbolic of union through fair and foul
He made them first their hands join to
gether: When, stranee to relate, like lightning flash.
The punishment came for an action so rash
They both disappeared, and now on t5e spot
Was only a pudding all steaming and hot.
Tbe parson surprised such wonders to see,
Chagrined, indeed, at losing his fee.
Eut delicious steam hU nostrils Inflated,
Tempting bis appetite now to be sated;
The padding be fonnd was made up in slices
Of apple and bread with plenty of spices;
And that day. at least, it conld not ne said
That praying and fasting be went to his bed.
JL C. Woodford.
815 A WOED OF MANY ABBBEVIATIONS.
In using words 'tis oft convenient found
To name a long one by a single sound;
And lest onr words should be in length profuse
Abbreviations have their proper use.
But can yon find a word whose form complete
Is five syllabic tones yon often meer.
Each one of wblcb. anart from all tbe rest
is an abbreviation manifest? ...
A given name of man or boy; a State;
A hazing, pompous undergraduate:
An island, next: another State tbe last; '
These five are with abbreviations classed.
And when In order these are all combined.
How good a thought they bring before the
Tis 'caol," or "calm," or "temperate," or
With you, my friends, Heave this exercise.
816 DIVEB8ELY BEAD,
Take one of a certain religions seer.
In bnsiness said to be second;
When tbe two are combined in a union com
pact You've a musical Instrument reckoned.
817 the sbummer's pbice-mabe.
Stated in Long Division. '
WE I 8
YM W K
Y P O 1
My colors stand for State, or clique, or crew,
Fori am called "an ensign" false or true.
Bemove my head, a wombril, by the way,
I like the deed so well, "again" 1 say.
Then take another headtwlll oringpo tear.
For stoic "negative" is now my sphere.
Once more to skillful surgery resort.
And I am one of the "adnering" sort;
Again decaoitate me and 'tis plain
That I'm a "liquid" found in sober Maine.
What we all wish to do who obey nature's
Or, if not, then transpose me, and find out the
I am reckoned a curse, but transposed I'm no
Though I'm part of a church, if you drop tha
Transpose, Vm a priest that once flourished in
Mix again, and you'll find ma as false as De
lilah, Behead and curtail, and 1 stand all alone,
So I'll' bid yon good-bye till tha answer be
shown. S. Mookx.
820 HALF SQUABE.
1. Devilish. 2. Unmarried persons. 3. A ro
dent mammal inhabiting South America. 4.
Arab nrinces. 5. Saltpeter. 0. Tho'jirinclpal
goddess worshiped by tbe Egyptians. 7. Cents
Abbr. & A Roman weight of twelve ounces.
v. A letter. EoBiET.le Duble.
821 DOUBLE LETTER ENIGMA.
In "f umef
In -hatesf -
In "steer? '
In "rear? '
Whole is a "nurse" and nothing: more
You're beard of this of ttimes before.
One hundred and fifty-seven,
If you aright transpose.
Will show what yon should always be
To both your friends and foes.
MS A cat-o'.nlne-talls.
808 Honesty. The word is formed by taking
"bJrom "three," "o" from four," "a" from
"naught" "e" from "one," "a" from "seven,"
"t" from "two" and "j" from "forty," leaving
a perfect word in each case."
SOT-Creek. reet, ree.
"Ful! many a gem, of purest ray serene,
Tbe dark; nnfatbomed caves of ocean bear;
Full many a flower is born to blusb unseen.
And waste its sweetness on tbe desert air."
8U9 Fourteenth (the fortune).
Mao e bat B
i I D I O T I 8 M ;
li E NT AKDO
TBIMTB T 1
CA B A C OL I -AN
C H OBZT
li EG TJX INS
813 Pallah, Allah, pall, pall, pal, alh
STATESMEN WITH THICK SECSS.
Phenomenally Large Collar Worn by Lead
lag- English Politician.
The collars of leading Englishsaen form
the subject of study chosen by a ondon
journalist, says a writer in the Boston
Trantcript. Mr. Gladstone by common
consent is admitted to wear tbe grandest old
collarin 'England. It is a "19," and has
peaks so pronounced, so high, rising three
and one-half inches from the hand, that tbe
tradition is that the great statesman lets
himself down behind them to enjoy a nap
undisturbed and undetected, or to conceal
his emotions when attacked or preparing an
No one ever dared draw Mr. Gladstone's
collars until a young man on PuncV;staff
depicted them in their true proportions and
immediately fonnd hlraselt famous. Prince
Albert Victor, eldest sea of the Prince of
1 Wales, goes by the sobriquet of "cellars and
f cuffs." He wears what is known as a "tern
pot" collar, a tunnel of stitr linen witn no
seaoe, very suggestive of a formal sore
ut. Vrnon iiarcdurt wears a turn-do wa
18; tbe Sneaker, a 17, and John Morley, a
M. Letd JUadv's 'wllt fire his fee
public men take large collars. Perhaps thiij
is an indication of the large physical cbhsti
tntion which keeps Englishmen strong laJ
power long after the time when American
pouttolaus have Deen placed perforce on,
the retired list The English leaders are
mostly of that bis necked, bulbons-headed.
type which, according ' to Dr. Holmes,
"steams ' well.
A purely Vegetable)
Compound that expels
all bad humors from tha
I system. Removes blotch
es and pimplea, and
. The Urten EitabUituwrat la tfc Worll
i for tfc treatment f Hair wad Scalp,
I Eetemm, Xolea. Wwti, Snperthums Hair,
BlrtfemsKs. ILtth. TrecUe. Wrl&Ue,
Bed oe. Bed veiai. our axm. xen.
' PfsraleJL Blscklmdf. Barber's Itdu Sean.
Plttlar. Powder Harks. Bleaehiiir. Facial '
DTtotiment etc SeadlOetafiirlSS.Dan
book oq all ttn liBperfccttooa and their treatment.
JOJtS IT. WOODltCltT, DermntalottfaV
r8.tM WeiiBBr7rMlalStMarortBakias4aatec JJJ
WJT cva aj au wbct1?' mj BUf v
814 PEXN AVEXTJE, riTTSBUKG.FA., ,
As old residents know and back, files of Pitts--burg
papers prove. Is tbe oldest established'
and most prominent pnysiaan in tna city. aa-sM
votin: special attention to all chronic diseases.-1 a
j rom respon
IQand mental diseases physical
decay, nervous debility. Iaelc of j
energy: ambition and hope, impaired memory.'!
disordered sight, self distrust bajhfulnesa,-y
dizziness, sleeplessness, pimples, eruptions,' im-r
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ness, dyspepsia, constipation, consumption, un
titling the person for business, society and mar-!
mge. permanently, saieiy ana privately curea
m nnn a Kin ClIM diseases in al
DLUJUniHU OMNstages, eruptions;?
Dlotcnes, iainng nair. nones, pains, siauauiaxi,
swelllne?. blcerations otlonue.moutn. throats
ulcers, old sores, are cored for life, and blood u
poisons luorouguiyeraaicaieairom ms irneabs
1 1 D I M A D V kidney and bladder derange-
Unilinn l iments, weak back, gravel.-ica4
larrhal discbarges, muammation ana owe
painful symptoms receive sear
nromut relief and real cure.
Dr. Whittler's Ilfe-Ionz. extensive c
ence, insures scientific and reliable treatment
on common-sense principles. Consnlatlonfree.1
Patients at a distance as carefully treated as ill
here. Office hours 3 A. M. to a P. M. Hnnaay.n
1 0 A. sr. to 1 P. M. only. DR. WHUTTEB; . 8111
Fenn avenue, Pittsburg, Pa. iffd
no9-S0K-DSu-wk. -, 3 a
How Lost! How RegiiMK
ASdeTitiftffsnd Standard Popular IteaTealTrattisioa j
ine .Errors ot xontn.riemature.ijeciine.xierrosai
and Physical Debility, impurities ol the Blood,
Besultinr from Folly, Vice, ignorcnee,
cesses or Overtaxation. Enervating and is
tine the victim for Work. Business. tB8iMr-1
rlaire or Social Relations. -,' '
Avoid unskdlfnl pretenders. Possess ?tfeU
great work. It contains 300 pages, royal
Beautiful btndinc embossed, full rrilt. P:
only II by mail, postpaid, concealed la ptetal
wrapper, illustrative .rrospectnsr-roajuyc
Parker, if" D.. received the GOLD AttD JEW
ELEO MEDAL from the National Maaiwl A3
soeiation, for this PRIZEESSAYonNERrW
and PHYSICAL. DEBILITY. Dr. Parker ami a
corps of Assistant .Physicians may oa.o-H
united, confidentially, br mall or in nenea.!
tbe office of THE PEABODY ME0ICAt.il
SriTUTE, No. 4 BulBnch St, Boston, M.?t
whom all orders for Iwoks or letters for aemes
should be directed as above. aulS-67-niFSCMc
Health is Weal tffl
De. E. C West's .Nkbvx
Treatment, a zuaranteed JDecifl
dizziness, convulsions, fits, nervous neural!,
headache, nervous prostration caused bytba
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Oram, seu-aousa -or over-inauigence. m
box contains one month's treatment. Hal
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E GUARANTEE SIX BOXES
To cur any case. With each ord er received Vs
ior six. ooze, accompanied witn sowi.wi
send the purchaser onr written guarantee!
ref and the money if tbe treatment doe aet
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stnesy. Druggist, sola Agent, i7ui anaawi em
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best remedy for Hc
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Tans. lis portablefMMkJI
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time man any otaerj
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desirable remedy v
manufactured. All a
ine has red itrin across face of label. witi.S
nature of Tarrant ACo New .York. nomS
Price. SL Sold by. all druggists. ocl-oS
GRAY'S SPECIFIC MEMCME
LOSS OF MEMOftY.1
Toll naxtlealars la Tuaa
sent free. The-genuine.
BneelUe sold by drntxlsss
forss, or by
on receipt of
'Int of nrlc
Sir TBE GKAT MEUIC'INK CO.,
Sold In l'lttlbnrs- bv S. S- HOLLANOL it
ouuuiuoiuaaa A.iuny .
:'s Cotton. 3M
of Cotton 'Boot. TaaM
insTroral a reoeat diseovefr I
'old nlrrslcian. I mucemfvM '
iwmiAitf-Ssfe, Effectual. Price & Bjv
sealed. Xadles. ask your druggist for O
notion Snot Cotnnonnd and take ne I
or taeloaea (tamps for sealed partleBlaaavcri
Srtm FOND UI.Y COMPANY, Ko. S j
Koek, 131 Woodward aveDetroit,
49-aold In Pittsburg. Pa by Joseph ,
lug tBou,.I)lamond and Market stSL s
Uxnboo4. Ac b&Tlxig tried m Tata stott knows
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Addrwkt, J. H. REEVES, P.O. Boz , YofAG
For ment Checks tha worst
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J. FLEMING'S DKUORi
cicfclMiir fall particBJat Mr i
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