Pittsburg dispatch. (Pittsburg [Pa.]) 1880-1923, November 17, 1889, THIRD PART, Page 17, Image 17

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

fry , ' : "
PAGES 17 TO 20.
1 ' I
Chinese Gastronomy and How
They Prepare Their
Curious Dishes.
Dogs' Meat at 10 Cents a Bowl and
Cats' Ejes at 2 Cents a Piece.
Dried Rati nnd Boiled Cats Pork Eater of
Ibc Eit-Wbj the Buddhists Do Not
Eat Meal Koreans tho Greatest Enters
In tlie World Chinese Boiled Bread
Meats tn Mam and Bnrmah A Bit Din
ner In Upper Egypt Kitchens and Cook
Inc Stoves of Half the World Candy in
HAT are little girls
made of;
Sugar and spice, and
everything nice.
Tilt's what little cirla
are made of.
What are little boys
made off
Bats and snails and pup-
py dogs tails,
That's what little boys
are made of.
This nursery rhyme
is especially true of
the little boys of Chi
na. There are thou.
sands of almond-eyed,
yellow-skinned, pig-tailed little ones
throughout South China -who consider the
above menu a feast. I visited rat restau
rants and -watched the cooking of dogs and
cats in the soup. I priced dried rats at
many a butcher shop, and was offered
plump, juicy pussys for less than the cost of
their raising. I was told that the flesh of
dogs would make brave the men who ate it,
and I watched not a few people who
smacked their lips as they conveyed bits of
cat from their bowls to their mouths. These
Chinese dog restaurants are largely patron
ized by the poor people of Canton. They
ore usually on ,the ground floor, and they
consist of a kitchen at the lront and a dining-room
in the Tear. Prom nails on the
walls and in the ceiling hang the dressed
bodiesof dogs, which look not unlike the car
casses of pigs, and which hang tail down
wards. Just below these.upon great beds of
coal or in oven-like stoves.are pots in which
dog and cat stews simmer away. The meat
is cut up into bits as"big as4he end ofyqnr
A Chinese Restaurant.
finger, and it is friend with chestnuts and
' garlic in oil, or is stewed into a sort of soup.
At the restaurant which I visited,!, was told
that I could have a pint bowl of cat flesh
for 10 cents, and, as
I was offered fried cat's eyes at 2 cents
apiece. The cats are skinned before cook
ing, but the doss are prepared for tbe pot in
the same war that w e make our pork. They
are killed and the bodies are soused in boil
ing water to get the hair off. A little hair
is always left on the end of the tail to show
the color of the dog. for the meat of black
dog is worth twice that of the yellow
variety, and black cat's flesh is a dainty.
In some parts of China you can buy dried
and smoked dogs" bams, and some regions
make a business of exporting them. The
season for rats is the winter, and cats are
good at any time of tbe year.
The Chinese are the greatest pork eaters
of the world. The pigs are the scavengers
of the city, and they root their way into
every quarter, and turn up the ground and
wallow in the mire on the very edge of the
Emperor's palace in Peking. You see pigs
for sale in every market, and the sucking
pig is the piece de resistance at every feast
It is never eaten in the roast, however, but
is hashed up into bits and stewed, and this
is the case with all Chinese meats. Small
bits are a necessity where the chopsticks are
used, and the result is that most of the Chi
nese dishes are soups or stews or roasts cut
fine. There is little beef used in China, and
good cows are practically unknown.
Such milk as is offered for sale is by no
means reliable as to cleanliness and charac
ter. Where there is no milk there
cannot be butter and you will
find little butter in use by Asiatic nations.
In Japan all the butter used bv foreigners
has to be imported. The Chinese use oil in
tbe place of butter, and the Indians use a
serf of substitute for butter in ghee, which is
a sort of clarified butter. The Indians are
milk drinkers, and the sacred cows supply
many a family with a great part of their
food. In Egypt butter is often made of
buffalo's milk, and the result is a white,
cheesy, tasteless, insipid mixture, which
hears no comparison to that produced from
the Jersey cow. The Egyptian eggs are very
small, and their chickens are not half the
size of ours. The Chinese are the greatest
fowl raisers in the world, and they rank high
among the egg-eating nations. They never
eat nn' egg unless it be boiled hard or
pickled, and the Chinese preserved eggs are
one o( the peculiarities of their gastronomy.
It takes 40 days to cure an egg properly. It
is not fit to eat before that age, and, after
that, the older the better. Lime, salt and
vinegar are mixed together in the pickling,
and the egg, when ready for use, is black as
coal. The Koreans are also egg eaters, and
I found many of the Japanese who like their
eggs raw,
Baw fish is a common article of diet in
both Japan and Korea, and I attended a
.Japanese dinner at Tokio where slices of
white, uncooked trout were brought in cor-
ereawiiu ice and strred as one oi toe en
tres. It was not bad to taste, and mv Jan. i
.2s 1!!J jj
r t
anese friends ate it with great gusto. In
Korea it is not uncommon for the fishermen
to take a bottle of pepper sauce along with
them and to eat fish as they take it from the
book, sprinkling a bit of redhot Chili over
it, and eating it down without- cleaning
anything off except the scales. The Kore
ans are by no means particular as to the
manner in which their fish and meats are
served. The entrails are sold and eaten as
well as the rest of the meat, and a common
dish at a big dinner is a chicken baked,
feathers, entrails and all, and served whole
upon the table.
The Korean is the greatest eater in the
world, and more than anv other man in the
world, he lives to eat The average man
the country over eats everything he can get
his teeth on, and he will take a dozen meals
a day if he have thechance. I had 16 chair
bearers in a trip which I took into the in
terior, and these bearers stopped at every
village and at almost every house to rest
and leed. They would dart off one by one
into fields of turnips by the wayside, and
for the next half mile would go along eatitg
raw turnips. The bigger a man's stomach
is in Korea the more wealthy he is supposed
A Family Feast in Japan.
to be. The Korean country produces good
meat, and the Koreans are greater meat eat
ers than either the Chinese or the Japanese.
All nations of the East which have a
large number of Buddhists among them are,
to a great extent, non-consumeri of meat
The Buddhists believe their ancestors are
trotting around inside the feathers and un
der the fur and hair of the animal creation,
and they believe it is a sin to take animal
life. According to the theory of transmi
gration of souls a man may be chewing up
the choicest bit of his great grandfather's
body when he masticates a tenderloin steak,
and the tendejest wing of this year's spring
chicken may have trotted around under the
animation of his grandmother's soul-- To
people ot delicate sensibilities possessed of
that faith which moves mountains such gas
tronomic remembrances would spoil their
feast It is for this reason that the Bur
mese and Siamese eat so little meat, and it
is largely due to this that you find but little
meat consumed in the greater part of India.
The meats of Asia are, however, very fine.
"Western Japan has lately turned to cattle
raising, and you can get as good beef at
Kobe as you can at Chicago. It is largely
consumed by the foreign population of
Japan, and a great deal is shipped to
Shanghai and Hong Kong. The finest mut
ton in the world is raised in North China,
and there is.no meat sweeter or better than
that of the fat-tailed sheep ofThibct I saw
thousands of these sheep about Peking, and
in some cases the tail seemed to be almost
as big as the sheep. It grows. I am told, as
heavy as 50 pounds, and this is pure fat.
In Mongolia the shepherds sometimes
make little sleds and lasten them to the
tails in order that the sheep may not be im
peded by dragging its own tail, and this tail
is considered the most delicate part of the
sheep. It is used by the Tartars in making
the tea soup which is so common an article
of 'diet among the Mongols. This soup is
made of brick tea or tea ground into a dust
and pressed into the form of a brick, mixed
with sheep's tail and water. When the
water has boiled a lump of cheese as big as
an egg is thrown into the mass and it is
served steaming hot in wooden bowls to
guests. It does not sound very appetizing,
but it is greedily devoured in the cold re
gions where it is made.
There is fine game all over China, and
you can get wild ducKs for five or six cents
apiece. Ducks are cheap in Japan, and at
Peking I found the finest of venison, pheas
ants and hares. I think the markets of
Peking are as fine as those of any capital
in the world, and the richest of the Celes
tials live very well. Some of their dishes
are more costly than terrapin stew, and
bird nest soup costs five dollars a plate.
It is made from the nest ot the swallow
found in tbe caves in some of the islands of
the Pacific Ocean, and the exporting to
China of these nests is quite a business. The
material of the nest is made of sea weed,
crushed by the bird in its crop and drawn
ont in fibres with which the nest is woven
and fastened to the side of a cliff. These
nests are seldom larger than three inches in
diameter. It Is a big job to clean them,
and they are cooked with pigeon's eggs and
spices into a soup. When cooked they look
like isinglass, and it tates an artist to pre
pare them for the table.
The bread of different Asiatic nations is
worthy of mention. In China, India, Japan
and Korea by no means all the people live
upon rice. In North China much wheat is
used, and Northern India is one of the
greatest wheat-growing districts of the
world. The Chinese boil all their bread in
stead of baking it, or if baked at all, it is
browned after boiling. In Egypt the bread
of tbe lowest classes is largely made of
sorghum seed and in North India andNorth
An Egyptian Sweetmeat Seller.
China millet is largely used. Both Chinese
and Japanese are fond of sweet cake, and in
Japan one of the most popular cakes is al
most exactly like our sponge cake. It is
said to have been brought over from Hol
landjby the Dutch Christians when they
came to Japan centuries ago, and you will
now find it all over the country. The Turks
are very fond pf sweet cake, and the sweet
cake peddlers of Cairo and Constanti
nople are the noisiest of their
kind. It is the same with candy as it is
with cake. Some of the best candy I have
ever eaten I bought of a pig-tailed merchant
in the Chinese city of Peking. He had nut
candy of all kinds, and he told me he im
ported some of his nuts from Mongolia for
his shop. The -Smyrna fig paste is noted tho
world over, and you will find it in every
confectioner's store in thecountry. Turk
ish n licit it one of tho fmmrifp Hoint;.., r
the hnreni. and it tastes httr uli.n . ..
, J'
it fresh at Constantinople than when it is
six months old and is sold in America. At
a dinner which I once attended in Upper
Egypt we had a course of candy between
each one of the other courses, and we had at
least ten desserts during the meal. The
Turkish tooth is a very sweet tooth, and
with sweetened water sherbets, candies and
cakes he makes his thick blood flow slower
and slower.
At least half the world know not the use
of the fork, and fully one-quarter of all the
men, women, and children in it eat with
their fingers. The Egyptian and the Turk
pride themselves on their cleanliness in
using their fingers rather than forks. The
forks, say they, have been in some other
man's mouth, and you hare to depend on
your servants for their cleaning. They wash
their hands before sitting down to the table
or squatting around the meal on the floor,
and they pick up the morsels of food with
thin pieces of bread, rolling it around the
food or sopping it in the soup. They use
their hands in aiding in the carving, and
tear rather than cut their roasted fowls. A
whole sheep is often served at an Egyptian
dinner, and the guests go at this with knife
ar;d fingers.
X once attended a wedding of the daughter
j of the richest man of Upper Egypt, and
una oucci lutmeu one oi toe many curiusi
ties of the meal. As we entered the house
richly-dressed servants brought us cups of
water as sweet as the sap of the maple, and
flavored with anise seed, and behind him
came a boy with a gold embroidered nap
kin. I took a sip of the water and used the
napkin in common with the rest of the
guests. I was led into the salemlik and
given a seat on a divan. Beside me,
squatted a richly-dressed Egyptian in a
turban, and with him I took a sip at the
cup of black coffee, which followed the
sweet water. Then we had candies and
brandy, -and after this a cigarette, when the
dinner was announced. In addition to the
sheep there was roast turkev, roast beef,
vegetables and all the extras of a big French
dinner. Between each course candies and
sweet cakes were served, and the meal took
several hours. The foreigners present were
given knives and forks, but the natives ate
with their fingers. A large part of the 250,
000,000 inhabitants of India
The Burmese do not know the use of
chopsticks, and the Siamese hare the same
table utensils as were used by Adam and
Eve. The 400,000,000 Chinamen use in the
neighborhood of 1,000,000,000 chopsticks
every morning, noon and night, and the
Korean carries his chopsticks with him
wherever he goes. The chopstick is about
as big around as a slate pencil, and not
much longer. They are made of wood.
ivory or metal, and the Emperor is said to
use chopsticks of gold. It is customary at
a first-class hotel in Japan to give each
guest a fresh pair of unnsed chopsticks at
every meal, and the sticks are so cheap that
thev cost practically nothing.
The kitchen and dining room furniture of
the far East is as simple as the table uten
sils. In Bnrmah the cooking stove, consists
of a box of ashes, on the top of which is
built a fire ot charcoal. It is much the
same in Japan, save that vou find here and
there little clay stoves of the rudest descrip
tion, and so small that only one dish at a
time can be cooked upon them. The stoves
in Egypt and China are much the same,
and an American cooking range would be a
greater curiosity in the interior of China
than Barnum's show in a country village.
Here fuel is so expensive that the use of it
is reduced to a minimum, few fires are
used for heating, and many houses in China
use fuel ouly for cooking, and depend upon
their wadded cotton clothes for warmth.
'Boiling-water is an article of merchandise
in some of the cities, and in Peking I saw
great quantities of coal dust mixed with dirt
and ottered for sale in the shape, of little
cakes the size of a biscuit All over the
East manure is, to a large extent, used as
fuel, and this is especially so in Egypt and
India. Eeank G. Caepentek.
A Condnctor on the Pennsylvania Bond
Whom Everybody Knows.
"Everybody who travels on the Pittsburg
division ot the Pennsylvania Railroad
knows Conductor John Dinges, says the
Philadelphia North American. He is one
of the greatest jokers in the service, and
when not punching tickets is busy telling
stories or perpetrating a joke. Conductor
Dinges' ears are historical. They are re
markable not for their size, but fortheir
wonderful pliability. His favorite trick is
to double up his ears, and then stuff them
further into the orifice. This mases them
look as if they had been mashed with a
The other night, while the train was
speeding along toward Altoona at the rate
of 55 miles an hour, Dinges doubled his
ears and passed through the fourth car.
Nearly all the passengers were ladies. They
regarded Dinges with amazement The
conductor's face wore a look of superb un
consciousness. One old lady, with iron-gray
curls and a pug nose, could not take her
eyes from the ears. When Dinges passed
through the car again her curiosity was so
great that she could not resist the tempta
tion to stop him.
"What's the matter-with your ears, con
ductor?" she asked.
"Nothing," he replied, innocently, as he
elevated his eyebrows, and the ears flew
back to their normal position.
The old lady nearly fainted.
All tho Occnpnnts Moved Ont Because of a
Woman's Suicide.
Brooklyn Standard Union.
Last summer a woman residing in an up
town boarding house went down cellar
one night and hung herself. Since then the
lady who ran the house has been obliged to
give up because people will not stay in a
house where a suicide has occurred. The
neighbors have been talking about the mat
ter a good deal, and a woman living at the
upper end of the same block says that she
has not been down into ber own cellar since
the suicide took place, and that she won't
go there. Another neighbor criticises the
poor suicide very severefy, and says that if
she wanted to kill herself why didn't she go
out to the park or some other place, instead
of breaking up a good boarding house and
taking away an honest woman's liveli
hood. This, of course, makes no allowances for
the person who killed herself being insane.
Many people hold that no one can take their
own lite without being mentally deranged,
though in this case there was no manifesta
tion ot insanity before the act was com
Hypocrisy, Meanness nnd Deceit Necessary
to Gain tbe Desideratum.
Detroit Free Press)
The man who seeks a wife for the purpose
of securing the means of living without
working does not merit the respect of the
meanest person that walks about the earth.
His intentions are so manifest that they de
reive no one. He plans his attack with the
ingenuity of a general. His is an aggressive
courtship, and a hypocritical one as well.
He cannot afford to let the flame flicker for
a moment He must act the role of decep
tion rontinuallv.
If there should ever come the moment
when a feeling of self-independence and
self-respect enters the young woman's mind,
his hopes in that instant may be shattered
beyond redemption. There is tho necessity
of ever-present caution and a constant re
course to hypocrisy.
The glories of women are luxuriant hair
and fine teeth. To preserve and adorn both
use Atkinson's Tooth Paste and Quinine
HairTonic -' ;su
Chien Yang, Mandarin of the Bed
Button, Gives His Views on
He Is Well Satisfied With Their Wort and
Management. .
Chien Yung, Mandarin of the Bed But
ton, cousin and Counsellor of State to His
Imperial Majesty the Emperor of China,
has departed from Pittsburg en route for the
Flowery LandJ His Highness has been
staying in this city for several days, strictly
incognito it is scarcely necessary to say to
anyone who knows the modesty and even
bashfolness of this great dignitary. This
exceeding shyness, together with a fear
born of experience that a reporter might
discover his existence, prompted Chien
Yung to visit our city lions in the dusk of
eyening or at night
But it may be-objected, very little of
Pittsburg can be seen by night This is
fairly truejmore especially in the Mandarin's
case, for that nobleman (who is also a grad
uate of the college of Too-Chow) happens
to be here, for the purpose of studying our
educational mechanism. But the wise
reader will remember that Pittsburg night
schools have acquired an excellent reputa
tion. Chien Yunir is Quite caDtivated by
the night school idea, and in visiting these
schools, he found profitable occupation for
his nightly walks. As any impressions left
by our institutions on the minds ot intelli
gent foreigners, has a certain amount of in
terest, the writer has great pleasure iu an
nouncing that he is in a position to present
to the public a copy of Chien Yung's mem
oranda concerning night schools.
Captain Tseng, a scion of the ancient
family of Tseng, acts as secretary to the
Mandarin. The captain is peculiarly fitted
for the position by his knowledge of En
glish, and he is as showy and talkative as
his patron is reserved and silent. He had
no hesitation about traversing our streets
by day, and it was owing to this fact that
the writer came into possession of Chien
Yung's notes. He met Captain Tseng in a
street car, fell into conversation with him,
and soon found out all about the Mandarin
and his mission. Anon it leaked out that
the Mandarin wrote down his impressions
in a "big book." The writer prayed, and
coaxed, and finally succeeded in wheedling
Captain Tseng into a promise that he could
see a translation of the MSS. Thus the
copy of the document came into the posses
sion of a Pittsburger, who hastens to give
it to the world. Thus run the Mandarin
sage's notes:
"I, Chien Yung, of Pekin, lound in the
city of Pittsburg good things many and va
rious. Among others I discovered the night
Here the Mandarin digresses a little upon
the origin, nature and government of the
night school. He then resumes: "In the be
ginning of this year there were 24 night
school districts. Twenty-threeof the schools
were open for 40 evenings each, and one
closed at the end of 35 evenings. One school.
which men call the O'Hara school,
pupils registered their names, and in the
second month 1,478 only registered. The
average attendance of pupils iu the first
month was 1,452, in the second month 853.
Sixty teachers were engaged during the first
month; dnring the second month the num
ber was reducsd to 44. These figures clearly
show that the desire to know, which every
year attacks many Pittsburgers, gradually
dies away. The novelty of the night school
pleases at first, but when the novelty begins
to fade the attendance declines. It is but
an exemplification of human nature, and
has been explained by onr great Confucius
long ago in the night of ages.
'"The most prominent and tbemost largely
attended of these Pittsburg'night schools is
the Balston school on Penn avenue. Next
in order comes the Soho school in the
suburban district of Oakland, and the
Moorehead school mar be placed about
third upon the list. Attended by my Sec
retary Tseng, I risited the first named of
these schools in the night time, and was
shown orer the establishment by the Super
intendent, one Prof. Burgoyne, a gentle
man to whose courtesy I feel indebted. He
expressed surprise at a risit from a China
man, but on being informed by tbe hot over
discreet Tseng that I was the accreditee
messenger of the first cousin to the sun. he
was satisfied. A night school is certainly
an object of interest, and even surprise. We
entered a room one of the less advanced
class rooms and stayed to look about us.
The pupils were learning the early rules of
mathematics, and were' diligently studying
tbe spelling ot English words of one and two
syllables. And how looked these pupils?
Were they small boys in the curtailed leg
coverings affected by American children?
Were they urchins in scant petticoats, mak
over the threshold of knowledge? No; they
were men. (Jreat bearded men men with
the stamp of care upon their brows and the
stains of toil just cleansed from their great
brown hands. Men with bodies inured to
labor; broad-shouldered, stout-limbed, sin
ewy men. These were the pupils who
learned their simple spelling from the pretty
school teacher and rubbed their aching
heads over the early rules of arithmetic.
To be sure there were boys there, too; boys
of all ages and sizes; boys who were almost
men, and boys who were little more than
babies. But "that only enhances the incon
gruity of the class. Here sat a small urchin
who called himself 12 years, in order to gain
admittance to the school, but who can bo
scarcely 9. By his side sits a rough me
chanic old enough to be the lad's grand
father. The man's head is bald: there are
gray streaks in bis beard and whiskers, but
here he sits puzzling over his slate like the
little fellow by his side. There were tall
young fellows, handsome, too, whom I no
ticed, casting sly glances at their teacher.
I have no doubt that these young men like
night school exceedingly and keep up their
attendance to the end ot the season.
"In another room we found the small boys
in great numbers. At a table by them
selves sat some half dozea of larger youths,
who kept aloof from the young ones, and
were extremely sensitive to reproof. Tho
chewing of tobacco, a vice much practiced
in the country, as I have already stated in
my notes on, American customs iu street
cars, they are much addicted to.
"The superintendent is forced to use strin
gent measures to repress this failing; and
the instant a tobacco stain is discovered on
the floor, a search is made for the culprit
If found, he is at onee expelled from tho
school. We talked with the superintendent
for some time over the night school system.
He informed us that the ages of his pupils
varied from 12 (or even under) to 46 or 47.
He suspects many children of putting dowu
their ages as 12 years while they are really
only 8 or 9. The'majority of his pupils are
of the Irish race, as the district is one colo
nized by Irish laboring classes.
"'He finds many of them quick-witted and
apt to learn, but, of course, can. as yet,
point to no very signal success in liie
achieved by pupils. Twenty years hence it
will-be time enough to publish statistics of
that kind.
"Of tho African races, not one erer at
tended Prof. Bnrgoyne's night school; and
the professor only recollects one Afro-American
child in the day school. But then tbe
quarter is not much settled by the colored
people. The oldest men pupil are GerJ
mans, who desire to perfect themselves in
the English language, but there are many
grown men of other nationalities.
"With regard to females, scarcely any at
tend the night schools. In this respect
Pittsburg seems to be a sensible city, fol
lowing the example of my own great na
tion. A very little education sufneeth for a
woman. Let her learn to make her feet
small, and to arrange her hair, and she hath
all that Confucius requires her to know.
"I must admit, however, that some of the
lady school teachers I have met are highly
agreeable, and would, I am certain, have
pleased our great sage, in spite of bis
"At the conclusionof our visit we bid Prof.
Burgoyne goodbr, and I promised him the
Position of President of Loo-Chow College
if ever he should come to the flowery land.
On the following night we visited some
Allegheny night schools, and observed there
much tbe same state of things as we had al
ready noticed in the Pittsburg ones. I am
much pleased with these night classes, and
on my return to my native country shall use
my influence with the Queen mother to ob
tain from our young monarch his consent to
the opening of such establishments in
So ends the manuscript of Chien Yung. It
is pleasant to think that our schools hare
satisfied so wise and so derated a personage.
How a Young Mali Secured a Respectable
Cash Contribution.
Detroit Free Press.l
The other afternoon a young man with a
forlorn-looking countenance and a suit of
clothes which seemed to hare run all to
gether and consolidated to save expense,
mounted a salt barrel on the sidewalk on
Michigan avenue, and started off with:
''My dear friends, pause fora moment and
hear my narrative. I am a poor but honest
young man. My motto is 'Excelsior.' My
parents are dead, and I am a lone orphan,"
He added considerable to the above, and
in a few minutes he had a crowd of 50 people
around him. Then he announced:
"My dear friends, I do not ask for char
ity. All I want is a fair show to make my
way in life. I shall now ask you to chip in
a nickel apiece, and I will endeavor to do
something never yet done on the face of the
globe. I will try' to turn a quadruple som
ersault in the air."
The crowd seemed to like the idea, and
the small change rattled in until the gross
amount was about $3. Then the young man
got down off tbe barrel, spit on his hands,
nicked out his ground and turned a pretty
fair somersault He turned another and an
other, and then lemounted tbe barrel and
"Kind friends, I have tried to, but I can't
do it Assuring you of my heartfelt thanks
for your kindness, I remain yours truly."
And not a man uttered a word of com
plaint '
How the Sight of a Two-Headed Baby
Affected a Chicago Man.
Chicago Herald.l
"Where are you going in such a hurry?"
asked a friend of a well-known salesman for
a wholesale house, who looked rather "rocky"
and who was rushing along the street last
"Don t stop me," said the salesman, "for
I'm following that advertising wagon. I've
been following it all morning," and he in
dicated a canvas-covered vehicle bearing a
"What do you want with that two
headed baby?" asked .the friend, wonder-
"Has itreally got two heads?"
"Why, of course."
"Thanks," said the salesman, looking ro
liered. "I was out with the boys last
night, and I was a little worried orer it. I
was following the wagon to see if there were
really two heads, or only one;" and he
gare up the chase and looked happier as he
wiped great beads of perspiration from his
The Australian Toting System a Success In
Helena Journal.
A representative of the Journal has in
terviewed a number of contractors and their
employes, manufacturers, and operators
upon the Australian system of roting, the
workings of the system, its benefits, the im
proved facilities, the gain In time, and the
secrecy afforded the TOter in preparing and
casting his ballot All classes and
members of trades and pro
fessions hare been visited and the
verdict of all was in its favor. Some slight
alterations were suggested,-but on the whole
the system was declared a most complete
and emphatic success. Adherents of both
parties are almost unanimous in their ex
pressions of approbation of the system, and
it is evident that the utmost satisfaction
is to be had by its continuance. The judges
and clerks of election, as before stated in
these columns, are loud and enthusiastic in
their praises of the efficiency and benefit of
its system, being a great help in recording
and counting votes.
'A Writer of Versa Wbo Got Only Thanks
for Her Best Work.
New York Commercial Advertiser.
Good Dr. Holmes says that every man Is
capable of producing one norel in the
course of his life time, but he did not say
anything about women or poetry. Here is
Bose Hartwick Thorpe, who never wrote
but one poem, as far as tho public is con
cerned, and that was "Curfew Must Not
King To-night" Sho wrote it when she
was 17 and sent it to a Detroit paper and
all she ever got for it was a letter of thanks.
Of the two, it is better to have had one's
manuscript accepted with thanks than de
lined without them.
Tbe Slot MoVcmont.
Hungry Wanderer I've be'n In der trar
elin' biz some years now, but dis is der most
beneverlent snap I ever struck!
Inventor (at window) She, works better
'nIa'posedBhewouldIPucfci ,,
IB;?- C3-eoxg ETdojtts,
Author of "UARDA," "SERAPIS," Etc.
Jhe story opens with the death of the first
born of Egypt The Egyptians, frenzied by the
great calamity that has overtaken them,descend
upon the Hebrew quarter with Intent to slay
all of that race In their midst,- to whom they
attribute their troubles. One man Is found and
Btoned to death, the other houses being de
serted by their occupants. Hornecht, Captain
ot Pharaoh's bowmen, passed by tbe ruins ot
the Hebrew village, and in rescuing some cats,
held sacred by the Egyptians, discovers the un
conscious form of Ephraim. a Hebrew youth,
who was tbe bearer of a message from Miriam
to his uncle Joshua, a Captain in Pharaoh's
army and a warm friend of Hornecht The
latter has a widowed daughter, Kasana, who
was compelled by her father to marry an Egypt
ian while loving Joshua. Joshua had just re
turned from a long campaign, atjd knew little
of what had transpired among his people. He
was satisfied with his position, which was one of
honor. He has determined within himselt to
stay with the Egyptians, when Ephraim deliv
ers his message from Miriam,, tbe prophetess,
calling upon Joshua to lead his people out of
Egypt. Joshua was still unshaken in his deter
mination to remain in Egypt, when he was
called to sea Elian, an aged slave, who had been
suddenly takon ill. The old man talked to
Joshua abont the exodus until the latter re
solves to Join his people in their wanderings.
Josbna returns to his tent and tells Ephriam
that be will resign his position in Pbaroah's
army and join his people. Joshua Is summoned
by Pharoah and during bis absence Ephraim,
whose heart is filled with love of Kasana. de
termines to go to her and bid her farewell. On
his way to find Kasana Ephraim falls fainting
in the desert Pharoah sends for Joshua, who
tells the King that he desires to Join bis peo
ple. Pharoah makes a proposition for the re
turn of the Israelites, assuring them of in
creased privileges and the removal of many
irksome restraints, and prevails upon Joshua
to act as his messen; .
HE hot wind was still
blowing, but the glad
tidings seemed to hare
broken its power orer
the spirits of men. and
thousands had come pouring out to assemble
under the sreamore. Miriam gare her
hand to Eleazar, the son of her Jin-other
Aaron, sprang on to the bench which stood
close to the huge, hollow trunkjof the tree,
and in a loud voice prayed to the Iord,
raising her hands and eyes to heaven, as
though in ecstasy her eyes beheld Him.
Then she bade the messenger speak, add
-when he hadbneejsore declared all thai had
befallen in Toan, aloud cry went up froto
the multitnde. Then Eleazar, the son of
Aaron, described in glowing words all that
the Lord had done for his ueoplc, and had
promised to them, and their children, and
their children's children.
Erery word from the speaker's eager lips
had fallen on the hearts of his hearers like
the fresh dew of morning on parched grass.
The believers had shouted greeting to him
and Miriam, and the faint-hearted had found
new'wingsof hope. Tzehar and Michael
and their followers murmured no more; nay,
most of them bad caught the general en
thusiasm, and when presently a Hebrew
soldier of the garrison stole ont from the
storehouse and revealed to them that his
chief had been informed of wbat was going
forward, Eleazar, Nahshon, Hur and some
others had ield a council with the shepherds
present, and had urged them in fiery
language to show now that they were men
and not afraid to fight, with God's mighty
help, for their nation and its freedom. There
was no lack of axes, staves, sickles and
brazen pikes, of heary poles and slings,
the sheperds' weapons against the beasts of
the desert, though of bows and arrows they
had none. A strong force of powerful
herdsmen had collected around Hur, and
theyat once had marched upon the Egyptian
overseers who were in authority over some
hundreds of Hebrew Jsondsmen toiling at
tbe earthworks.
With the cny, "They are coming! Down
with the oppressors! The Lord our God is
our Captainl" they threw themselves on the
Libyan guard, scattered them abroad and
released the Hebrew laborers and stone
hewers. The noble Nahshon had set the
example of clasping one of tbe hapless serfs
as a brother to his heart, and then the others
embraced the men they had set free, and
thus the shout: "They are comingl The
Lord God of our fathers is our Captainl"
rang dut far and wide. When at last the
handful of shepherds had swollen to 1,000
Hur had led them on to meet tho Egyptian
warriors, whose numbers were far inferior.
The garrison, inaeeu, was out a nanoiui;
the Hebrew host was now beyond counting.
The Egyptian archers had shot a flight of
arrows, and .the slings or the stalwart
Hebrews had sent a shower of deadly peb
bles among the foremost of the foe, when a
trumpet-call vw heard calling the party of
soldiers back into the shelter of the scarped
walls and stont doors. Tho Egyptian chiet
had judged the Hebrew force too great, and
his first dutv was to hold the fort till rein
forcements should arrive.
But Hur had not been content with this
first victory. Success ha'd fanned the cour
age of his followers as a new breeze fans a
smoldering fire; whenever an Egyptian
showed himself on tbe roof of the store
house a smooth pebble hit him sharply from
the sling ot a shepherd marksman. By
Nashon's orders ladders were brought out
In an instant the besiegers wero swarming
up the building on all sides, and after a
short and bloodless struggle the stores were
in the hands of the Hebrews. The Egyp
tians could only Keep possession or the ad
joining stronghold.
Meanwhile tbe wind had fallen. The
more furious of the released bondsmen had
piled straw, timber and brushwood before
the door of the little fort into which tbe
Egyptians had retired, and they could with
out difficulty have destroyed the foe to tbe
last man by fire; but Hur, Nahshon and tho
other wiser heads among the Hebrews had
not permitted the destrnctiou of the victuals
laid up in the great storehouse.
It had, indeed, been no easy aatler to
keep the younger men among theoi)pressed
serfs IroBi this deed of rengeance; bat they
ail beioageti to sobm laauy la wsetue-
"" i, sB
Meeting Place of the Israelites.
ment, and as Hur's prohibition was sup
ported by the commands of their parents,
they were soon not merely pacified but
ready to help in distributing the contents of
the granaries among the households and in
loading them into carts or on to beasts of
burden, to be carried off by the fugitives.
All this took place Jjy the flaming light
of torches, and it soon had assumed the
character of an orgie for neither Nahshon
nor Eleazar had been able to hinder the
men and women from opening the wins
skins and jars. However, they lueceeded
Carrying Water From the Well.
in saviog the larger part ot the precion
booty for the time of need, and although
there, indeed, too many were drank, the
strong juice of the, grape and their glee at
securing so mnch plunder moved the multi
tude to thankfulness. When 4t length.
Eleazar went among them rfhee mere to
speak to them of the Promised Land, they
were ready to listen to him with uplifted
hearts, and Joined in a hymn of praise
started by Miriam.
As in Toan the spirit of the Lord had
fallen on the people in the hour of their de
parting, so now in Succoth. When some
ancient men and women who had hidden
themselres in the temple of Toan heard the
song of triumph, they came forth and joined
the rest, and packed up their possessions
with as much glad hope and confidence In
the God of their fathers as if they had nerer
murmured at departing.
As the stars faded, joy and exoitement in
creased. Men and wo&en went out in
troops on the road to Tanis to meet their
brethren. Many a father led his youthful
son by the hand, many a mother carried her
infant on her arm; for there were kindred to
greet in the coming maltitade. and this day
aaiiiiisg Muse mciunats-et SeleB. junj ill
which all who were near and dear must
share, nnd which even the youngest child
would remember when he himself had chil
dren and grandchildren.
None sought his bed in ttmt. T,nt re
houses, for every hand was needed to finish
the work of packing. The crowd of toilers,
.j .uc uuiuuiin uau uiiaioiineu, ana most
households were furnished with as much
food as they could carry away.
In front of the tents and hovels men and.
women, ready to depart, were camping
round hastily lighted fires, and iathe farm
yards the cattle were being driven together,
and such beasts and sheep as were unfit to
march were at once slaughtered. Outside
many of the houses men plied the ax and
hammer, and the sound of sawing was
heard, for litters and couches had to he
hastily1 constructed for the sick and feeble.
Here, again, chariots and wagons were still
being loaded, and husbands had no smalL
trouble with their wires; for it is
always hard to forfeit a possession
be it great or small, and a
woman's heart often, clings more fondly to
some worthless trifle than to the most pre
cious object she owns. When Kebecca was
eager to carry away the roughly made
cradle in which her infant died rather than
the beautiful ebony chest inlaid with ivory
which her husband bad taken in pledge
from an Egyptian, who could blame her ?
Denouncing the Egyptian Propoiitlort,
Lights shone trom every window and tent
door, and torches or lanterns blazed from the
roof of all the better dwellings to welcome
the coming host.
At the feast which had been held on the
night of the harvest festival not a table had
lacked its lamb-roast with fire, bat in this
hour, ot waiting the housewives again offered
such food as they had ready.
The narrow street of the Jlltle town was'
alivo with stir; tbe waning stars had never
(- before looked down on such joyful faces.
such bright and eager eyes, such beaming
looks of hope and happy faith. '
When morning dawned all those who had
not already come forth to greet tbe wander
ers were gathered on the roof of oae of the
largest houses in Succoth, where the coming
Hebrews were to make their first long halt
Hurrying on before them fleetfooted men
and boys, one after another, arrived in the
town. Amiuadab's house was their goal.
It consisted of two buildings, one of which
was inhabited by Nahshon, the son of the
owner, and his family. In the other and
larger part, besides the master of the bouse
and his wife, his son-in-law, Aaron, dwelt
with bis wite, children ana grandchildren,
and also Miriam.
The old man, a prince of a tribe, who had
given over the duties connected with his
position to his son Nahshon, stretched out
his trembling hands toward each metseager,
and listened to his story with sparkling eyes
that were nearly blinded by tears. He had
persuaded his old wife to sit in the armchair
In whleh she was to be carried after their peo
ple, ae that she salgBt becosae aceaeteiBed to
it, a f k ta sane reaeoa be was reelteiac ha
sVlkaUB) 4sb.iV sldJ saeaaasasWi J AsatA satsYSaAlsUitakastS
jiVv yM yfflj, ,
been tiramfutA tha nettala wm now wlthtn
reach, her eyes sought ber husband's andshs.. j'j
cried: "Aye, through Mosesf For she held 5-J
the brother of her daughter's bnsbana in bizn
esteem and it pleased her to see his prophecies
lulOIled. She looked also with pride on Aaron,
her son-in-law; but above all she loved Eleazar.
her grandson, in whom she looked forward to
the development of a second Moses. She had'
found Miriam, after tbe death of her parents,
very welcome honse companion. Bat the
warm-hearted old folks' affection for the grave
young maid never grew to parental tenderness,
and Ellsheba, Aaron's busy wife would not
share the cares of the great household with
Miriam; nor did their son Nanshon's wife need
ber help, for she, indeed, lived with hernearest
of kin under their own roof. But the old peo
ple were grateful to Miriam for her care of
their crandchild.Mllcan, the daughter of Aaron
and Ellsheba, whom a great misfortune had
changed from a happy child into a melan
choly woman for whom all Joy was dead. A
few days after her marriage with & beloved
husband he had allowed himself, in a fit of
wrath, to lift his band against an Egyptian tax
gatherer, who, when Pharaoh was passing east- .
ward by Succoth, wanted to drive off a large
herd of his finest oxen for the kitchen of the
redress the unfortunate man wa taken as
State nnsonertntrort In the mines, and it was
well known that the conricU there most periab, 'v
'Hl Wn-nfi ha faflttanAa 1kfn liuhns'l Kav
tbe prisoner's wife and household were spared i'
pined away mors and more, and the only one
who understood the way to rouse the pale,
silent wife from ber brooding was Miriam. To
her bad the deserted woman attached herself, .
uu sua louowea juinatxi waere sno pracucau.
the medical Knowledge that she had learned.
ana earned remedies and aims into the BUB OIF ,
me poor. , .,
The last raesienzeriL whan Amlnidah and!:.
his wife received on the roof, sainted in dark!
colon the pain and misery of the wandering of?
which he bad been a witness, bat when a soft4l
hearted creature among them wept aloud tf
xne great sunenngs ine women and cnuareas
had undergone durlngthe gale from the desert
and gloomily foretold for the f utnre horrors!
not less than those be So vividly remembered!
tbe old man spoke words of comfort to him.-'
reminaing mm or me airoignty power ot iocs
and of the force of habit, which would alia'
help them. His wrinkled face expressed shvfi
cere hope, whereas in Miriam's beautiful but J
Btern features there was little expression ot the!
religions trust of which youth usually has more
thS.Tl Al T I
While the messengers went and came she dld&l
not ur irom the side or the old people, andloRS
it to ner sisier-in-iaw, uuneDa, ana ner serving
maids to give refreshments to the fatigued!
wanderers. She listened to them intently, and:
with deep-drawn breath, though it appeared tog
her that all she learned forbode trouble. For3
she Knew that only those who were attached!
to her brothers, the leaders of the people, would!
have foond tnelr way into the house that!
Sheltered Aaron.
Now and then shawonld ask a Question, i
well as the old man. and as she spoke, the mes
sengers, who beard her voice for the first time.'
looked up at her in surprise, for it was Indeed
sweet, thongh singularly deep. wa
After several runners had assured her. is an
swer to her inquiry, that Josbns. the sob,, of
Nun,had not come with the others,she dropped
her head and asked no more, until pale Mifcak;
who followed her everywhere, cast a beseeob-in-
look from her black eves and whlrsereil
"Reuben," the name of ber imprisoned.hn;
ana. xneo we young. Km jcistea we loaeiv
cnua ana loozea at ner as tnougn she had neg
lected something- and sited tbe messengers
with pressing eagerness if they bad beard aay
thing of Reuben, who bad been carried awayj
to ine mines, bu onjy one caa jaeara jroaaial
reieasea criminal mat mucin-s nasoaMiwaai
alive in the copper mines in tho distrtettoj
. ft.
Miriam Seeking Joshua.
Beck, near Mt Sinai. The news encoar
the -tonne prophetess to assure MilcahwMtl
vlnd warmth that when the people lhosUll
marca eastwara uy woaia ceriauuy kupji
mines to release me capareaeorews wno i
there. ,-
These were good words, and Mllcah. whs i
leaning oil the breast other comforter. woaMl
c-ladlr have heard more, but those who
looklnff out tato the distance from ABiiaadaVs
roof were now In great excitement From tk
north came a dark cloud, and directly afterjaV
wonderful muttering; men. a lona roar, a
lastly a thousand voiced cry and shout, wMk
bellowing, neighing and bleating, such as ha
never been heard before and the mnltlta-"
nous and many-voiced mass of men and her
came rolling along lnitbat interminable stieaiu'
which the astrologer's grandson, when wsttea-
lng from the temple at Tanis, bad takea for tsM
Even now, "by the light of dawn.lt was easy tev
mistake it for as army of disembodied sp&ttt
driven from me strongaoia oi me aeaa;.ier
Sale gray column of dust reaching to the bias
eaveas swept before them, and no siaaja
figure could Be aisasguisnea amosgtM ;
mens rwarmlse. noisy throne- which was
veloped in the clond- Every now and lialw tsVej
sunbeams caught the metal point of a fence ocj
of a brass vessel witb a bright gleam, and tho
loud shout oi oae voice coma do neaxa
th Anthers.
NowtheforeBOSt waves ot the stream fc
reached Asaiaadab's court yard, laxnacac
which lay a vast tract of pasture lanes. l'
Commands rang outand tbe multitude aelseal
and parted lute a mountain jaxe.wnica. see
in sorinc overflows in brooks and tiny t
However, the narrow streams soon resaiteeTl
and, taking possession of the broad. Ism
pasture land now wet witn morning new; at j
procession of men and beasts settled down te
rest and there the veil of dust that had J
them nresentlvvaalsbeiL
The road remained for some time wrapped kil
thn elond. but in the meadows, men. woieavl
and children were to be seen in the blase, of taws
rising sun. with oxen ana asses, sheep
i-nnt. and In a little while tent after test
erected in the fields around AminadsVs aadj
Nahshon's bouses. Tbe cattle were penned sJ
with hurdles; poles and stakes were drives tetaj
tbe bard ground, awnings spread, cows ft4
tered, herds ox oxen ana sneep.anves to wssau
and fires lighted. Long files o women, oarrv-ni
ing jars on their heads, which they balanced $a
witn easily ana oeanuxuiiy cairva ra.pnsuouM
try me weu oenraa w tuu sycamore, or we;i
banx of the nearest canai.
To-dav. as on every other work dar.a hun
ai turned tbe water wheel. It Irrigated
land that the owner of the oxen must leave
the morrow; but the slave that drove lttbotiaar
not of the morrow, and. as no one hindered
him, worked on rathe stolid way be was used
to, watering- the grass for the enemy ia
whose bands it would fait 0A
It was a good hour before the ii iniTsilt
crowd cau au reacnea toe camp, anujauaaamj
as she described to Amlnadab whose spas
were no longer strong enough to see ataess-
tanre what was colsc on down below, bw
many a sight from which, she would gladly, haaj
turned away ner eves. mm
She dared not tell the old man openly all smj
saw, for It would, have destroyed his giaa i
She, who, trusted with the: whole ardor of i
insnird onl in the God of her fathers, sh
shared till yesterday the confidence of tbe oJd.1
man. although the Lord bad certainly granted I
ber tbe fatal gut ox. seeing mings ana ne
wiriYa nvnno a1a rnnld rftnrnrahfliid
generally took place in her dreams, but sJseJail
lonely boots vara sob Mwiuwuuii
tttinn nn th a Tiait And the f ature.
The message from me Most High. waMfc
Ephraim had carried to J osnua in nei
had come to ber from invisible lips as i
nnitr the sycamore, thinking of the I
and nf the man ahft had loved from her
hood; and this very morning, .between i
nioht &nd iliwn as she lav under the vesw
tree, overpowered by fatigue, it seesedtetarj
that she had again heard mo tame votes. Tassl
words had vanished from ber minuas sae wa
bat she knew that they bad beea sad
. Vag-se as the warning had bees, lt.s
hannted her Tiahif nllr. and tbe cry which
up from the plain was certainly no eboat of Jew
at having happily reached their breueen a
the first of their wanderings, as the old see af
her side believed: nay, it was the aagryotyei
fierce, ungoverned men wrangling avt ajpbw
Ins- for a -nlAisant snot in the raeaaew wseaaatk
to pitch their tents or for a good watsrtec phtes
for their beasts by the well or oa tfea beassi af
tae nruien.
-Race, dlsaoneintment anddnaalrwsfc a
fatkatcrytaad presently; lousaas; roendii
hw soot wnenoe rose tus wants, i
a weaMtn's corvee Borne aloner ar as
saeaoaasMecef tent eleth.and.ai
Sri -- H
1 1jsS' H
wrW'wmmr 8C-.wiiisB.ttt