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THE HTTSBURG DISPATCH, SUNDAY, -NOVEMBER IT,' 1889.'
Mi WHO ARE MISSED.
il , An 1- TlTl II..
Euoirange atones 01 reopie uu jujs-
- .' lenously Disappear.
FAMOUS CASE OF MARY EOGEES.
A Clergyman Who Wanted to be a Subject
rTEE PIEATICAL AKCflBISHOP OP TOEK
pnUTTTN TOR THE DISrATCH.
If ire only knew how many people an
nually disappear from home, from their
business haunts, and from the circle of their
acquaintance without leaving a trace be
hind them, we might well stand aghast, not
only at the length of the list, but at the ap
parent futility of the best directed efforts for
seeking and finding them. Even the ulti
mate fact of their death is, in the majority of
cases, never asserted or proved, and the
friends of such waifs and ktrays of society
hare not even the melancholy satisfaction of
knowing that further search is futile.
Hundreds of cases of mysterious disap
pearances come under the notice of the po
lice every year. In many cases the missing
person is eventually found. But a consid
erable number vanish as ii they haa dis
solved into thin air, and hundreds more of
similar cases are never reported to the po
lice nor made public in any way except by
accident. The friends or relatives are
afraid of having their private affairs pa
raded before the public, and they either
wait in tearful silence for the missing one
to return or make some sign, or else they
prone cautiously in the dark by Eending peculiarly-worded
advertisements through the
press. Again, the person who disappears
ma have neither relatives nor friends who
feel any responsibility lor him.
Sadden disappearances or individuals al
ways suggest two possible explanations,
crime or mental abstraction. The crime
may have been committed upon the indi
vidual or by him. The distressed woman
who rashes into police headquarters with
the story that her husband went to his work
the other day, and hasn't been seen or heard
of since, may find that the dear departed
was merely drunK ana disorderly, was ar
restedj gave a leisuea name to the justice
and is serving out a few days in jail. But
the case may be worse than that, it may be
murder, it mar be suicide. Skeletons
found in mines, in coalpits, in dismal wells,
in the quarries, in waste lands, in
ploughed fields; just below the surface of
the soil imply so many social mysteries
which profoundly agitated some circle of
friends or relations, or haply created wide
A FAMOUS CASE.
The disappearance of Mary Bogers, the
pretty New York cigar girl, was one of the
sensations of our grandfathers' times and
furnished Poe with the plot for one of his
most ingenious stones, "The Mystery of
Marie Boget." for he transferred the locale
from New York to Paris, a story, indeed,
so ingenions that it took the clews which
had proved useless iu the hands of the New
York detectives and worked ont what
eventually proved to be the true solution.
Poe laid great stress upon the length of
time a body can remain in the water before
it comes to the surface, and in fact, at the
Very time he wrote, Mane's body was lying
at the bottom of the Hudson river. Poe's
conclusion was that the girl had been
murdered by her lover. Several years
afterward the confessions of two people
, established not only the truth ot the conclu
sion, but also of nearly all the incidental
People sometimes disappear through a
diseased vanity, which amounts to partial
insanity. They love to startle their neigh
bors, to be talked of or speculated about;
they thus become more acutely conscious of
their own existence, and flatte- themselves
they are of some consequence. It matters
little to them that the means are undignified.
that they occasion pain and sorrow and
mortification to their Kindred. In the early
part of 1868 all England was thrown into a
turmoil by the mysterious disappearance of
the iter. -Mr. bpete, a brother ot the ex
plorer. He bad come down to London to
visit a relative; he had walked ont of the
house to purchase a hat and was to return
to dinner at 7. He never returned. The
hat which he had purchased came
home in due course. The hat
he had been wearing was found
by a laborer in the Bird Cage "Walk
and handed oyer by him to the police. Days
and weeks passed without a word from the
missing. The Saturday Review and other
papers took up the case and abused the de
tective force for their inefficiency. At last
it was discovered that the reverend gentle
man had simply been in hiding iu order
that he might sport with public curiosity
and gratify his vanity by becoming for a
few days the subject of general conversa
tion. Shortly after this discovery he was
'placed in a private asylum. It was said
that he was suffering from the delusion
that his family did not like him. If he had
endeared himself to them by bis ridicnlous
escapade, they cordially deserved to be put
Into straight waistcoats.
A PECULIAR nUSBAKD.
In his story of "Wakefield, Hawthorne
has endeavored, with curious metaphysical
subtlety, to explain a still more remarkable
case which actually occurred in London,
and is duly chronicled in King's Anecdotes.
One Mr. Howe, a man of some fortune, after
seven or eight years of apparently happy
marriage, rose early one morning and told
his wife he was summoned to the Temple on
important business. At noon she received
a note from him saying he was going to
Holland for a month. He remained away
17 years. Then he suddenly and myster
iously returned. For the remainder of his
life he proved a most devoted husband. It
turned out that he had been living incog
nito in a neighboring street during the
whole period of his absence, disguised mere
ly in a black wig; that he had frequently
worshiped in the same church with his
wife, seeing but not being seen in return,
and that he had made friends with one Salt,
whose house overlooked hers, and was fond
of dining there so as he could look into her
dining-room and see what she ate and how
she received her friends. He had even en
joyed the satisfaction of having his own
wife recommended to him as a suitable per
son, Salt thinking him a bachelor. He
never would conless why he left his home
nor why he had returned to it
An old house in Manchester, England,
known as Garret Hall has a similar legend
with a more intelligible explanation. Early
in the last century the owner was a young
married man with several children. One
day business took him to London, a week's
journey in tho-e days. He wrote once on
nrriving, he never wrote again. His wife,
after exhausting all efforts at tracing him,
gave him np for dead. But when her eldest
son arrived at his, majority, certain deeds
were necessary to establish his title to the
property. These deeds the family lawyer
remembered having delivered up to the
father just before his disappearance. An
advertisement was pnt in the papers, so
worded that only one who held the import
ant documents would understand to what it
referred. At last a mysterious answer was
received. The deeds weTe iu existence and
would be surrendered to the heir in person,
on his solemn promise to accede to certain
HE FOUND HIS FATHER.
The young man agreed, went up to Lon
don, and repaired as per instructions to an
old house in the Barbican, where he lound
a servitor waiting for him. He had to con
sent to be blindfolded, was led through sev
eral long passages before he left the house,
and finally placed in a sedan chair in which
he was carried for about an hour. He al
ways reported that there were many turn
ings, but that he believed he was at last set
down not lar from the starting point When
his eyes were unbandaged he found himself
in a comfortable sitting room in the presence
of a middle-aged gentleman, who bound him
to secrecy and then acknowledged he was the
youug man's father. He had fallen in love
with a London maiden, the daughter of a
small shopkeeper, but represented himself
as a bachelor and easily won her consent
and that of her father, in whose business he
had risen to be a partner. He was comfort
ably situated, had a large family by his sec
ond wife, and bad never repented the mes
alliance. He inquired after the first wife
with friendly interest, approved of all her
actions, but declared that he was jdead to
her and she to him. When he really died
he promised that a message should be for
warded to his son at Garrett and the latter's
lips should then be unsealed. In due
course the message arrived.
A PIRATE ARCHBISHOP.
There is a tradition at Oxford College
that a yoang student, looking forward to
eminence in the church and theological dis
tinction, suddenly vanished from among his
friends. Some years afterward he reap
peared as suddenly as he had left, applied
himself, as belore, to study, and entering
the church, gradually rose to its highest
honors and died Archbishop of York. Con
jectures were busy with reasons for his un
explained disappearance, and it had one
ascertained fact to build upon. Almost
coincident with the young man's departure
a daring corsair had appeared on the Med
iterranean, plundering ships of all nations
and piling up immense wealth on a desert
island, which he made his abiding place.
Here he associated more or less freely with
his followers, leaving them at interval for
the company of a woman whom he had made
the partner of his wild life. When the lady
died the rock was left untenanted, the pi
rates dispersed, the corsair was no more
heard of. But shortly afterward the young
student was found in his accustomed place
Tro centuries ago, Everhard Feith, a
French scholar living in Prance, enjoyed
considerable reputation as a teacher and
classical authority. He is still remembered
by all lovers of Greek literature for his
learned and interesting antiquitatis homer
iens. Walking out one day, while the
streets of his adopted city were full of peo
ple, a man standing at a door on the oppo
site sidewalk beckoned to him. The profes
sor crossed over and passed into the house.
From that moment he was never again seen.
Iu Lincolnshire, a marriage was being
celebrated in the year 1750. While the
lestivities were at their height, the bride
groom was suddenly summoned away by a
domestic, who said that a stranger had
asked to see him. He was never seen again.
A similar tradition lingers about an old
deserted "Welsh hall near Pestiniog; there,
too. the brides-room was sent for to eive
audience to a stranger on his wedding day,
and promptly disappeared from the face of
the earth. But there they tell in addition
that the bride lived long that she passed
her three score years and ten, but that daily
during all those years she sat watching at
one particular window which commanded
the approach to the house. She grew weak
and childish before her death, but she had
only one wish, to sit in that long, high win
dow, and watch the road along which he
SOME MODERN INSTANCES.
One afternoon in thesummer of 1873 a
shoemaker named O'Neill, the founder of
the Sixth avenue firm which still bears his
name, told one of his clerks that he had
business downtown and boarded a passing
car. From that day to this no one who
knew him has ever laid eyes upon him. He
was doing a good business, he was sober and
industrious, bis private life was happy, he
had never been afflicted with any mental
disorder. But the most liberal rewards, the ,
most persistent enorts ot the detectives,
failed to solve the mystery.
A few years later another prosperous busi
ness man, James Digman, a grocer on Third
avenue, told his wife he was going to see a
friend and would be back in a few minutes,
as he had an engagement at home. The
triend never laid eyes on him, the gentle
man who called according to appointment
never saw him he disappeared as utterly
as if the earth had opened and swallowed
Balph Keeler, a well known journalist,
was an assistant editor on the Atlantic
Monthly in 1S72. He had made all his
arrangements to go to Cuba to write up that
island for his superior, Mr. W. D. Howells,
sent his baggage to the steamer, bade good
by to a large circle of friends, and started
for the wharf. He never reached the
wharf; he has never been seen or heard of
The husband of Mrs. Margaret B. Sang
ster, the present editor of Harper's Bazar,
was a thriving lawyer and lived in Brook
lyn. On July 4, 1870, he complained that
the din of the firecrackers had given him a
headache and went out on the front stoop ot
his house at 9 in the evening to get a little
fresh air. He was clad in dressing gown
and smoking cap. As he remained out for
some time, Mrs. Sangster went out to the
front door to call him. He was not on the
stoop. He was never seen again. One
might have supposed that the sight of a man
on the street in a dressing gown ana smok
ing cap would have excited someattention,
yet no one could furnish a clew as to his
This case is all the more striking becanse
Harper's establishment contains another
lady editor, Mrs. Helen S. Conant, who
knows not if she be wife or widow. Her
husband, S. B. Conant, editor of Harper's
Weekly, left his office for home one summer
evening in the early part of 1885 and was
never seen again. Three weeks later a dead
body was found in the Jersey swamps,
which was at first thought to be that of the
missing editor, but the widow failed to
identify it, and the best efforts of the police
were exhausted in vain.
William S. Walsh.
The only street clock on Smithficld st.
is in front of M. G. Cohen's jewelry estab
lishment, where yon will find one of the best
selected stocks ot diamonds, watches, clocks,
jewelry, sterling silver and silver plated
ware, stickpins, gypsy rings, gold and
silver canes and umbrellas, bronzes, statu
ary, etc. Our stock is composed entirely of
new and freh goods, no old stock. Call
earlv, make vour selections and we will keep
the goods tili called lor. Don't forget the
place, M. G. Cohen, formerly cor. Fifth ave.
and Market St., now 533 Smithfield st.
Large street clock in front of door.
A HAPPY BRIDE
-s " "" -
Receive an Everett Cabinet Grand Piano.
C. H. Siedle, of the Third National Bank
of Pittsburg, is the fortunate member of the
Everett Piano Club this week. He held
card No. 211. Mr. Siedle is a recent bride
groom, and gets his piano just in time to
complete the inrnishing of his new home in
the East End. He is also the first tenor of
the famous Haydn Quartet and an accom
plished musician, and at present about the
happiest man in Pittsburg. The Everett
club plan is a grand success. There is one
piano delivered each week on $1 weekly
payments, but members can take their
pianos any time by making larger payments.
We understand the membership is not quite
complete, and the manager will accept a
few more good members. The pianos can
be seen at the music- house of the manager.
Alex. Boss, 137 Federal st., Allegheny.
LACE CURTAINS AT 03 c A PAIR.
That If, 65 Cents U the Reduced Price
Tliey Ought to Sell for Doable That.
We had a big run all week on our special
lots of odd lace curtains.
Where lots are reduced to three pairs of a
pattern, they go in with the odds and ends,
and we sell them tor just one end of the
We have them from 65c a pair np.
Sea the display in our show window and
on first floor.
Lace curtains, 65c up.
627- and 629 Penn avenue.
Fob a finely cut, neat-fitting rait leave
your order with Walter Anderson, 700
Smithfield street, whose stock V English
suitings and Scotch tweeds is the- finest in
the market; imported exclusively for his
Blair's Pills Great English gout and
rheumatic remedy. Bare, prompt and effect-
At druggists'. rrsa
CLAEA BELLE'S CHAT.
A Fresh Outburst of Anglomania
Among Stylisli Hew York Girls,
MRS. KENDAL'S CLEVER SPEECH.
Grades of Bank Anion? Nursery Maids and
TEACHING BELLES THE STAGE LAUGH
IcomutsrounEias or Tint disfatcii.I
New York, November 16.
is a fresh outbreak
of Anglomania in
the speech of modish
new influx of actors
and actresses from
London has caused
it. The worst symp
tom is a lengthening
and broadening of
the letter A.
"I'm sorry to part
with yon, Polly," I
heard a Fifth avenue maiden say to her be
loved pet parrot, "but I must have a bird
with an English accent.
"I'm a d'isy I'm a d'isy," the parrot re
sponded, pronouncing "daisy" in the way
that happens to be alike common to the Bow
ery and the Seven Dials.
"That is very good, but unfortunately yon
are altogether New Yorky in everything
else you say."
"Polly wants a cracker."
"How often have I told you that they
don't have crackers nowadays in London.
Say 'Polly wants a biscuit.' "
But the bird insisted that it was a cracker
he wanted, and so he was doomed to banish
ment from the boudoir, while the girl set
out to find a parrot with an English accent.
NETV TOEK NUBSEKT MAIDS.
Foremost among the inciters of new
Anglomania is Mrs. Kendal the actress.
She made a tremendous hit when she went
to school, one day in this city. A better
advertisement couldn't have been devised.
She is a lovely lady large and healthy,
queenly and wholesome, smart-and sympa
thetic, a delightful talker, and a woman of
wit and sense but she did the artful thing
when she went to Normal College, and if
there is an ulster of blue silver fox on sale
in Asiatic Bnssia or British America she is
to have it. There were 1,760 girls in the
college the day she called with the ladies
of her company. She made a speech the
best of her life so far as cash estimates go.
She asked the admiring principal where he
was going to get 1,760 husbands, and the
very inquiry enslaved not only the 1,760
palpitating collegiates, but captivated 1,760
papas, 1,760 mammas and at least 1,760 big
brothers and sisters, each croup an audi
ence in itself. The result was a tremendous
rush for tickets, which necessitated an
extra matinee just to accommodate those
dear Normal College girls. And did they
come? Didn't they come? At 1 50 each,
and with them a perfect avalanche of love
letters, as gushable as only a pupil in
rhetoric can write, a garden of roses,
chrysanthemums and violets, and a jeweler's
stock of lace pins, hair ornaments, bonbon
niers, vinaigrettes and the designing
lapidary only knows what else. Mrs.
Kendal will be back in February, and she
promises to call at the college again, and
bring her husband and the sweet girls have
nothing else to live for.
Among the swells it is singular to note
how teaching merges downward into menial
employment. On pleasant afternoons, when
the sun warms the broad walk of Madison
Square, this and the other public breathing
spots present an appearance asdifferenirom
the business portions of the .town as the
parade of the Coaching Club 'differs from
the daily procession of Fifth avenue stages.
It is picturesque and it is pretty. Here the
New York nursery maid makes her prom
enade. Here she is to be found in all her
glory, and it is a glory of fresh complexion,
bright eyes and neat figure that is not to be
despised even in this big city of pretty
women. There are two kinds of nursery
maid, and the distinction between privacy
and rank in an army isnotmore pronounced.
One is the nursery maid simply, and the
other is the nursery governess. The differ
ence is not strongly marked in a financial
way, for the former receives from $15 to 520
a month and the latter only from $20 to $30.
But socially there is a wide distinction. The
nursery maid washes and dresses her little
charces. She lakes care of infants in arms.
She runs on errands. She is simply a maid
servant. On the other hand, the nursery
governess would scorn to be called a servant.
Her charges are able to walk and talk. She
washes and dresses them, it is true, but she
does more, she teaches them.
It depends largely upon circumstances as
to what lessons the governess gives. Sometimes-it
is German, but faroftener it is
French. The governess is selected on ac
count of her nationality. She is employed
to impart to her little pnpils a correct ac
cent in the adopted tongue. In addition to
this, she teaches table manners, the letters
of the alphabet and those other various
juvenile accomplishments that fell to the
lot of mothers in more remote and less fash
There is a stern rivalry between the
nurses and the governesses, and when both
are housed under the same roof, the latter
always take preference. She must be ad
dressed as "Miss" while the former mnst
content herself with "Sarah." "Marie," or
"Johanna," as the case may be. The gov
erness, too, like the butler, generally finds
her place through recommendations from
her former employer, while the nnrse is
picked from an employment agency. Then
the governess has a chance of advancement.
If she be well educated she may become the
real governess of her charges when they at
tain age and importance. Several of the
best known private teachers in this city
began their professional work as nursery
governesses, and it was only the other day
that a world-renowned millionaire married
the nursery governess, in the family of a
MUST HAVE AN ENGLISH ACCENT.
All the nursemaids and nursery govern
esses alike arc enioined to use an English
accent, at least to the extent of broadening
and softening the vowels, else they will meet
with the fate of the parrot. "In the way of
schools, among the thousand and odd ones
in and around New York City, those that
are regarded as "fashionable" can be num
bered by the fingers of two hands. With a
woman membership in the Four Hundred
means the gratification of social ambition,
but the recognition of a private school by
society means not only that, but a substan
tial fortune as well. It is hard to start a
private school, but if it has once gained the
reputation of being "fashionable" the pu
pils flock in day scholars lrom the city
and boarders from all over the United
States for the parents know that their
daughters have for companions young ladies
ot the most select society only, and that they
are taught by the most fashionable teachers
to be found in this country. Board and
tuition in thesef schools cost from $800 to
$2,000 a year. The lower price entitles the
Eupil only to instruction in the English
ranches and two languages, Latin and
French, which latter language is used in
conversation during the day. All other
tuition is extra. Included in the so-called
extras are the charges for instruction in any
other languages and in music and singing.
The instrumental and vocal teachers are
selected according to the price the parents
wish to pay and the lessons are given at
the school, or at the teacher's residence,
where the young lady goes chaperoned by
one of the resident tutors. Three lessons
cost from $5 to $10. Drawing and painting
are taught in classes and charged as extras,
but any Dupil who wishes may take private
instruction beside, and choose her own mas
ter. The price for these lessons is the same
aa that for the musical instruction. Dancing,
III '" 'a''.'
riding, gymnastics and fencing are mostly
taught in class lessons, but the best and
highest priced teachers are engaged at the
parents' expense. Sometimes the owner of
the school engages the masters for these
extra lessons herself, furnishes the room and
charges for that a certain percentage. A
man with moderate means cannot gratify
his daughter's vanity by sending her to one
of these schools, for, besides the regular
charges for board and tuition and the neces
sary extras, there is the expense of a sitting
in a fashionable church, of tickets for the
opera and the symphony concerts and beside
these birthday and Christmas presents with
out number, fees for the servants and con
tributions to school entertainments, all
backed np and set in relief by the most
fashionable toilets. In all these schools an
English (not Cockney) accent is culti
vated. COSTLY LESSONS.
The things a woman cannot learn in the
beauty parlors of New York, where Mme. de
Cosmetique lolls about in scented hair and
clinging silk, are not worth prosecuting.
But it isn't every Lady Jane who can get
the entree and the privilege of being robed
aesthetically. Begular patrons are asked
to be chary about recommending new people
and unless the "would be" is properly pre
sented, she "can't be" and that ends the
But the sweet ways a patroness can be
taughtl Shade of the guileless Martha
Washington. There's the Piccadilly walk.
for instance, that requires a tree leg from the
knee, and a rotary motion at the hip, with a
three-quarter side advance as the lesson
says. Master the formula, and you save
$10. Then, there's the hollow back, which
is as hard to master as a table of logarithms.
It will be remembered that the bustle was
dropped like a flash, and all of a sudden the
rubbers were unbuckled, and away went the
extendors, leaving the style flat, the gown
flatter, and the girl the flattest thing in
clothes. For awhile she was afraid to sit
back in the cars. But that didn't hurt any
body's eyes. The trouble began when she
stood np or walked about. Madam puts her
patron in training for a week, at $5 an hour,
walking first in her night gown, and by de
grees through and into her clothes, rounding
off with a full evening dress.
Another costly lesson is the stage laugh,
warranted to sound well, to ring musically
and to prevent wrinkles. It has been proven
that merriment and hearty laughter is more
productive of wrinkles than care or the
cruel touch of Time. The instructress does
not pretend to remove the furrows already
plowed about the eyes of beauty, but she
does claim that her method will keep the
face in repose, and while it remains so the
creases will be insignificant She gives the
pupil a handglass, seats her in a mirror
lined corner and commands "a quiet face."
Then she gets a funny-paper, from which
the very cream of risibility is selected, and
as she reads the listener is expected to look
in the mirror and laugh, if at all, with the
lower part of herface. "Move your lips and
chin, and open your mouth if your teeth are
good, but keep the muscles of your eyelids
rigid." The expression produced is simply
fiendish, and it the laugh is not a vocal
shudder it is of the cylindrical sepulchral
sort with which all theater goers are
familiar. In the training it is necessary to
hind the cheeks and temples with strips of
court plaster,and the mockery of it all would
be ridiculous if it wasn't so serious. But
there's good even in humbuggery, and loud
laughs are cat down, harsh voices sweetened
and gratuitous advice given in "making
faces," tinting ears and lips and dyeing
hair. At the rate of $15 a sitting, madam
can afford to be magnanimous.
A CANINE CHBISTENINO.
There's nothing newer on the tapis than
the dog's christening party, one of which
entertainments given a few Sundays ago
convnlsed Sorosis. Cards were sent out be
forehand with the usual B. S. V. P. affixed.
The hour was 9 o'clock, and alter the re
ception the portieres of the library were
drawn back, and the beautiful new-borns,
four in all, displayed in a crystal and white
kennel, etched in a tracery ot gold and lined
with blue tufted satin. The box rested on a
center table; near by was a square piano
stool to be used as a sort ot prie dien, and
about it the curious guests grouped them
selves. All the brutes had a bang-up pedi
gree. The mother was a sister of the cham
pion terrior of London, and the father came
from the kennel of the Mikado of
Japan. Instead of ducking or sprink
ling the beautiful little creatures, at
a signal from the host each hopped out of
the glass house, saluted the company and
took his place on the piano stool, sitting
through the whole ceremony. There was a
a long speech written in dogology. purport
ing to have come from his canine majesty
the father, and read by the hostess. Then
followed a dog dance and a canine quartet,
with piano accompaniments by a virtuoso,
and with the bestowal of the name of each
pampered pet, which was decorated with
tricolors. The ceremony ended, the Chris
tianized quadrupeds mingled with the com
pany and performed all the tricks they had
been taught and a number that were strange
to the mistress. Then came supper, consist
ing of a variety of Japanese delicacies,
among which was a six-sided loaf of cake
made by a native for the occasion, which
the father of the doga went through the form
of cutting. This marvei of pastry was to all
appearances a mosaic of nuts, and not a
great deal easier of digestion than slices ot
The dog presents were not aa varied as
bridal gifts, but quite as numerous as a
populaiTbride might expect. In the display
were dog bridles made of fancy cord, beaded
rope, gilded twine, steel, jet, rhine stone,
plate and sterling silver; there were blaukets
enough for all dogdom superbly worked and
embroidered; there were pillows to baffle
rest with their sense of ease and comfort;
there were leather and silver collars, collars
with bells and bangles, and many ladies
sent bracelets of real value and great beauty
with the date inscribed; there were toilet
spts consisting of comb, brush and tooth
brush, mounted in shell, ivory and silver;
there were feeding spoons of solid silver,
drinking cups of crystal and plate, and the
big porcelain bowls for bread and milk, the
trays for juicy bones and the tiny cups for
medicine would fill any ordinary china
closet from bottom to top shelf. All the
guests received favors. There were fan pins
for the ladies to wear in their hair, and the
men received natural bugs, belonging to the
Empire, gold mounted. And so fashion
amuses and is amused. Claba Belle.
Trusses carefully fitted and satisfaction
guaranteed at 909 Penn avenue, near Ninth
street, Pittsburg, Pa-
Special Trusses made for bad cases of rup
ture and a perfect fit guaranteed. Artificial
Limb Mfg. Co., No. 909 Penn avenue, near
Ninth street, Pittsburg, Pa.
Can It Be Possible.
Bradford Piano( T octaves, square.... $100
Von Mindei Piano, li octaves, square 125
Grovestine & Fuller Piano, 1 octaves,
squ ire 150
New Upright Piano, 6J octaves 175
New Organ, 5 octaves 44
New Organ, 6 octaves 55
Mel lor & Hoene Organ, 5 octaves 20
Pittsburg dealers' expenses are so high
that it is impossible for them to sell within
25 per cent of our prices.
ECHOLS, MOMUREAY & Co.,
123 Sandusky st,
(Telephone Building), Allegheny, pa.
Beady for the Holiday.
Make your selections now, while the
stock is complete. By paying small amount
down goods will be laid away until the hol
idays at Hauch'a jewelry store, No. 295
Fifth ave. wrs
Special Sale Flash Saeqaeit
800 fine plush sacqnes, $15 to ?25, best
values ever shown.
MWSE KOSENBAUM Ss Co.
Cabinet photos, ?1 per dox. Extra
panel picture. Lies' Popular Gallery, 10
and 13 Sixth si irsm
ETERT DAY SCIENCE.
Increasing Use of Petroleum and Its
Products for Heating, Etc.
THE ELE0TI0 FIRE EHGIHE.
Experiments Upon the Phenomena
SCIENTIFIC AND INDUSTRIAL NOTES
rrniFAitED ron tub dispatch..
Headers of The Dispatch who desire
information on subjects relating to indus
trial development and progress in mechani
cal, civil and electrical engineering and the
sciences can have their queries answered
through this column.
The use of petroleum in the arts is ex
tending rapidly. Used originally for
illuminating purposes, it is now employed
as fuel for heating furnaces and steam
boilers; as a working agent in heat engines
and as a Inbricant it stands unrivaled. As
an illuminant, even in Great Britain, it is
to a large extent superseding every other in
private houses. As fuel it is especially con
venient, cleanly and economical. Stored in
tanks of suitable construction, it is sprayed
into the furnace without labor and without
creating dust and dirt; and it is especially
convenient in locomotive and marine work
on account of the rapidity, ease and cleanli
ness with which it can be run into the ten
der or into the oil bunkers of the ship. As
a working agent in these engines it
is employed in two ways; first as a
vapor, generated from the liquid petro
leum contained in the boifer, very much in
the same way as the vapor of water is used
in an engine with surplus condenser, the
fuel for producing the vapor being also pe
troleum. Very signal success has been ob
tained in this mode of using mineral oil,
esDecially for marine purnoses and for en
gines ot small power; there seems to be no
doubt that by using a highly volatile spirit
in the boiler, a given amount of fuel will
produce double the power obtainable by
other means, and at the same time the ma
chinery willbe lighter and will occupy less
space than if steam were the agent used.
The other method is to inject a very fine
spray of hot oil, associated with proper
quantity of air, into the cylinder of an or
dinary gas engine, and ignite it there by
means of an electric spark or other suitable
agency. It is hardly necessary to state the
nse of petroleum for furnace purposes of all
kinds is increasing very rapidly, not only
abroad but in this country.
Experiments in Crystal Vision.
A lady writes anonymously in a recent
number of "The Proceedings of the Society
for Physical Research" upon the phenomena
of crystal vision. The use of the crystal
for this purpose, though simple, has a very
ancient and varied history. It consists in
gazing into a crystal, a drop of water,
polished metal, a gem, or even the finger
nail, and seeing there reflected certain ap
pearances usually to be interpreted as of
prophetic significance. The custom has
been widespread in the Orient, both in
ancient and modern times. It has been
found among savages, it has been counted
as an instrument of the devil, and it has
been honored by the learned before the
courts of princes. Like most of such cus
toms, it has been surrounded with mystic
and religions proceedings, and its exercise
controlled by elaborate and fanciful direc
tions. Considering the function of the
crystal simply as a means of concentrating
the gaze, the writer in the article referred
to attempts to follow the course of
these visions by analogy with other hallu
cinations, and regards them as consist
ing mainly of, first, "after-images, or re
crudescent memories, often rising tnus, and1
thus only, from the subconscious strata to
which they sink;" and second, "as object
ivations of ideas or images consciously
or unconsciously in the mind of the percip
ient." "The tendency of the conscious
memory is so strongly in favor of picture
making, that we may naturally assume this
habit on the part of that which is latent or
subconscious." These remarks are fol
lowed and confirmed by the actual exper
ience of the lady in question, who appears
to have brought much intelligence to bear
upon her investigations. The conclusion
arrived at is that just as much of the mys
tery that surrounds the mesmeric phenom
ena fall away when men looked for their
explanation, not in some peculiar gift of
tne mesmerist, but in the pyschophysic con
stitution of the subject, so the phenomena
connected with crystal vision become psy
chologically rational when we seek their
explanation, not in the magic properties of
the crystal, but in the mind of the seer.
FreTentlon of Colds.
The author of a late paper which was
read before the New York Homeopathic
Medical Society, declares that colds can be
prevented by developing the elasticity and
vigor of the skin. The skin should be pre
pared to meet ana resist atmospheric cold by
systematic and regulated exposures to cold
treatment, which is easiest applied in the
bath. It is recommended to begin with
such a temperature as is easily within the
reactive powers already present, when the
time of exposure is properly regulated, and
increase the demand for reactive effort as
the ability to respond become greater. It is
by a similar system that the muscles are
developed. A case in point was that of a
Boston man whose lunes. after an attack of
pneumonia, were thought to be too much-
Lanectea to oear another JMortnern winter.
Alter spenaing several winters in tne booth,
to the neglect of his business, he was hard
ened sufficiently for a Northern winter by
trunk and spme rubbings twice a day,
washing off with water Gradually reduced
in two weeks' time from 90 Fahrenheit to 70
Fahrenheit.and maintained at this tempera
ture all winter.
The Coming; Electric Firo Engine.
Present indications point to the adoption
of the electric fire engine in the near future.
The combination of the electric motor and
the pump would supply a want that is con
stantly arising, that of a portable engine for
mills, factories, etc. A small electric motor
attached to a suitable pump, such a com
bination as has been produced by several of
the motor companies, mounted upon a light
truck, that can be easily moved to any part
of a factory by two or three men, and there.
connected to the hydrant ana to electric
terminals, and used to thrqw water to any
part of the building, ought to find extensive
use in the manufacturing districts of the
country especially. Such an apparatus
need not weigh more than a few hundred
pounds at most, and might in many cases,
should necessity demand it, he manipulated
and put to work by the night watchman
alone, and an incipient fire could be extin
guished belore an alarm had called ont the
city fire department, only to find that the
headway gained in the meantime would
cause the destruction ot the building.
Use of Oil on Bongh Seas.
"With the approach of winter storms it is
incumbent upon navigators to note the many
instances where serious danger and damage
have been avoided by using oil to prevent
heavy seas from breaking on board. There
many cases where oil can be used to advan
tage, suoh as lowering and hoisting boats,
riding to a sea anchor, crossing rollers or
surf on a barand fromllfeboats and stranded
vessels. Thick and heavy oils are the best.
Mineral oils ere not so effective as animal or
vegetable oils. Haw petroleum has given
favorable results, bnt it is not so satisfactory
when refined. Certain oils, like cocoannt
oil and some kinds of fish oils, congeal in J
cold weather, and are therefore useless, but
may be mixed, with mineral oils to advan
tage. The simplest and best means of dis
tributing oil is by means of canvas bags
about one foot long, filled with oakum and
oil, pierced with holes by a coarse sail
needle, and held by a lanyard. The waste
pipes forward are also very nseful for this
Poisoning by Tinned Provisions.
The use of an acid flux for soldering the
inside of provision tins is a serious source of
danger to health, while the resin flux com
municates its taste to the contents of the
can. In France and Germany all tins con
taining articles of food have to be soldered
on the outside, and attempts have been
made to wholly abolish inside soldering in
the United States, bnt they have not yet
been entirely successful. The first danger
lrom the msine sunace 01 solder is the
direct solvent action of an acid fluid on, the
lead, when acid vegetables or fruit are pre
served without syrup. The second source
of danger is galvanic action. The reputa
tion of the American sardine as at present
put up is not good, 'and attempts are being
made to improve it. Hitherto, althongh
the label has been French, in many cases
the contents were not sardines, nor were they
pnt np in hnile d'nlive et pure, but in cot
tonseed oil, and serious cases of poisoning
after they had been eaten have been re
ported. New Use of Mica.
Mica is a mineral that has attracted some
attention for the past few years in the
Southern States, particularly in North
Carolina, and large mica mines are now be
ing developed in South Carolina. The
principal nse to which the mineral has been
put heretofore, is for stove doors and decor
ative purposes, such as bronzing, wall
papering, etc. When properly prepared, it
can be used for a variety of purposes, and
the discovery of this fact has led to the in
vention of machineiy and processes for its
special handling. This result is probably
mainly owing to its adaptability as a lubri
cant for railway purposes, whsre its value
lies in the fact that it is absolutely anti
frictional, and it is claimed that with its use
hot boxes or journals are simply impossible.
A company has been formed with facilities
for pulverizing about five tons of mica
Patent Flour Arraigned.
The organization of the Old Stone Mil
lers' Association at Detroit, with the avowed
purpose of educating the public mind to the
dangers to health attending the use of roller
flour and the superiority of old stone flour,'
throws some doubt upon the statement that
"the world do move." The association
charges patent flour with being the cause of
the rapid increase of insanity and kindred
diseases, as well at the startling fact that
the human race are fast losing their teeth
and dentists are multiplying by hundreds
in every part of the country. The new as
sociation has already started a healthful in
fluence in the inquiry and investigation
which the discussion of the subject will in
volve, even if the result should be its own
A California Rabbit Drive.
The rabbit scourge, which has reduced
such large tracts of land in Australia to
barrenness, is now threatening parts of Cali
fornia with similar effects. In Fresno
county these vermin have become so numer
ous and destructive to the farmers that the
wholesale extermination of them is impera
tive. It is estimated that five rabbits con
sume as much as one sbeep. Thev are par
ticularly fond of the grapevines, fruit trees,
corn and other grain. A drive has been
made by stretching fine wire netting about
three feet high and seven miles in length,
V-shaped, terminating at the smaller end in
a circular corral. One of the drives re
sulted in the death of 12,000 rabbits.
Ice Ace of America.
One of the most interesting of recent con
tributions ofarchseological interest is Prof.
Wright's lecture on the "Ice Age of Amer
ica." Prof. Wright shows that the whole
backbone of Long Island is formed of gla
cial deposits, and he takes his hearers all
along the moraines that mark the farthest
points touched by the wonderful field ot
ice. The lecture concludes with a descrip
tion of the small stone god recently brought
up by a sand pump near Boise City, Idaho,
from a depth of 320 feet. He and many
other scientists think it is the oldest mark
of human life that has yet been discovered,
and believe it to be the synrk of the ante
New Vie for Carrier Pigeons.
A new use has been found for the carrier
pigeon in Eussia carrying negatives taken
in a balloon to the photographer's; A Rus
sian paper gives an account of some experi
ments recently made in which the Czar's
winter palace was photographed in the air,
the plates being sealed in paper bags im
penetrable to light, tied to a pigeon's foot,
and sent to the developer.
New Aluminum Process.
It is reported that the new Maussier alum
inum process is coming to the front in
France, where one of the largest engineering
firms has undertaken to work it on an ex
tensive scale. The process comprises three
distinct periods and kinds of operations the
desilification, the reduction, and the liqua
tion. The alnminum obtained by this pro
cess is nearly pure.
IN its first stages, can be successfully
checked by the prompt use of Ayer-s
Cherry Pectoral. Even in the later
periods of that disease, the cough is
wonderfully relieved by this medicine.
"I have used Ayer's Cherry Pectoral
with the best effect in my practice.
This wonderful preparation once saved
my life. I had a constant cough, night
sweats, was greatly reduced In flesh,
and given up by my physician. One
bottle and a naif of the Pectoral cured
me." A. J. Eidson, M. D.,Middleton,
" Several years ago I was severely; ill.
Ths doctors said I was in consumption,
end that they conld do nothing for me,
but advised me, as a last resort, to try
Ayer's Cherry Pectoral. After taking
this medicine two or three months I
was cured, and my health remains good
to the present day." James Birchard,
" Several years ago, on a passage lome
from California, by water, I contracted
bo severe a cold that for some days I
was confined to my state-room, and a
physician on board considered my life
In danger. Happening to have a bottle
of Ayer's Cherry Pectoral, I nsed it
freely, and my lungs were soon restored
to a healthy condition. Since then I
have invariably recommended this prep
aration." J. B. Chandler, Junction, Va.
Ayer's Cherry Pectoral,
Dr. J. C. Ayer & Co., Lowell, Mass.
The Most Coitpxrra
Stock In tne city.
BED BOOK PBI0E3
We also manufacture the
STEVENS CHAIR CO.
No. 3 SIXTH ST,
' ' ' Tjgjjfr
IfeftSli P p
CAUGHT IN TIE SAME SOI.
Way mKIch Banker Was Obliged to
don His Son's Disobedience.
IS-rZCIAZi TJ'LIGB-Ui TO TUB DISFATCH.1
Newport, Ky., November 16. Bobert
Waring, an ex-banker, and perhaps the
wealthiest man in this city, has been bit
terly opposed to the marriage of his son
Bobert and Miss Belle Metcalf. Miss
Metcalf is a remarkably pretty girl, and a
thorough lady. Her mother is a poor
widow. The elder Wartng's only objection
to his son's affianced was her poverty. He
declared the girl was mercenary, and only
sought to obtain his money. He said that un
der no circumstances should she get a dol
lar of it. He told his son that marriage
with Miss Metcalf meant disinheritance.
The young man, who is the junior partner
in a prosperous firm in Cincinnati, decided
he conld paddle his own canoe, and last
evening the young couple slipped off to
Hamilton, 0, and were quietly married.
On their return this morning, and while
driving to the bride's home at an early hour,
by a quiet street, young Waring surprised
his father coming out of a prominent
widow's house. In the explanation that
followed, it transpired that the old man
himself and the widow had been married
two months, having gone to an Ohio town
for their wedding. Under the circum
stances, the old man concluded to forgive
the boy and his bride.
Choice and tasty designs in all the latest
novelties in jewelry and diamond goods at
M. G. Cohen's, 533 Smithfield st. Large
street clock in front of the door.
ROSEN BAUM& CO.
Bight in the Midst of the Fall Season Have Commenced to
Out Prices of
During the past mild spell some of
stock.' They were obliged to sell, for their
tage of their predicament and secured stylish
therefore, the most
Ever offered here or elsewhere. The following prices prove out assertion:
BEAD SEAL PLUSH JACKETS, 8 25, ?9 75, $11 45", $13 60.
SEAL SEAL PLUSH SACQUES,
worth $7 to $10 more. v
PINE, TAILOE-MADE, BEATEB NEWMARKETS, $5, $5. $7 60,
$9 75 and np.
EXQUISITE BEAVER NEWMABKETS, velvet sleeves (Bishop style),'!
latest novelty. S12 75. 'V1
LADIES' BEAUTIFUL DIBECTOIBE NEWMABKETS, $9 75; worth tU&
LADIES' FINE BEAYEB WBAPS, new paasementarie trimmings, $11 76V- j
VEBY FINE TAILOB-MADE BEAYEB JACKETS, $5. '
EXTBA SCOTCH TAILOB-MADE CHEVIOT JACKETS, $7 45; worth $13. ' v
An endless variety of Misses' and Children's Wraps and Coats at lowest prices U
the city. X
HOODS made to order to match
An elegant'line of CAPES in real and
Seal, Hare, with MUFFS to match.
A grand selection of Children and Misses
FUR TRIMMINGS in all the leading
No. 22 Pnre Silk Watered Ribbon, Satin
and fancy work, at 25o a yard, worth 50c
Fine Bibbed'Yests, long sleeves, 29c; worth 45c Another lot at 35c, worth 60c
Wool Bibbed Vests, 75c and $1; extra values.
All the leading styles a P., P. D.,
Sense, French and 100 other styles, at lowest
510, 512.514 MARKET ST.
AN INSTALLMENT HOUSE!
Test An Installment House where every customer, sines we have heea la ifct
GOODS AT LOWEST PRICES I r"
Bnt it is not the kind of installment house that is shunned and detested by decent
people who have suffered from the greatest possible deception and Imposition, by the
sharks with which the good, honest, old-fashioned installment business is unfortunately 1
DO NOT BE MISLED
By the planning, sensational, yet withal, utterly ridicnlous advertisements of the house
hold furniture dealers who would have yon believe that they will let yon have goods tot ''
next to nothing. Take no stock in the "mark-down" -sales now so prevalent Bemeabex -;
that these tricksters, who deserve a much
not till they have first MABKED THEM UP.
WE DONT CLAIM TO KNOW. EVERYTHING ABOUT THE HOUBB.
HOLD FUBNISHING BUSINESS, BUT
largest, Handsomest, Best Asserted and the Lowest Fricei
Stock of House bold Firiitire, Carpets, Etc.,
In this city, and farther than this, we claim
ments at actually less prices than the stores
A bold statement, truly, but oh, ray, how easy
gation into the prices other houses charge as compared with ours, will quickly show howl
much to yonr advantage it is FOB YOU TO TBADE WITH US. M
Now is the time for you to purchase Parlor and Bedroom Furniture, and ours is thai
store to buy at.
Now is the time for you to buy Blankets
Why? Beeanse a saving of at least twenty-five cents oa every dollar expended eaaJ
Some Houses Who Sell Ladies'. "Wraps, Lad
Newmarkets, Ladies' PlusH Coats, Ladies'
Circulars, Ladies' Dolmans, Etc.
Are making a great Jhss and feather about their low cost prices- Why, bless their
eent (?) hearts, we'll give yoa the same identical goods at their , prices, and allow 70a
all the time yoa want to pay for the same.
Call and see ns. You'll find us at the
OLD BETJABLB HOUSE,
of pure Cod Uver Oil with Hys-o-
pbosphltes of Lima and Soda la
almost aa palatable- as milk.
Children enjoy it rather than
otherwise. A MARVELLOUS FLESH
PRODUCER It Is Indeed, and the
little lads and laaaleswho take cold
easily, may be fortified asafnat a
couch that might prove serious, by
THKinjs octoj tmuislon after their
meals during the winter season. -
.Beware of substitution and imltationit
-A. T B 35T T S'Sf
O. D. LEVIS. Solicitor of P.lmtt -. -
311 imth avenne,aboTe Smithfleld.nextLead,f
omce. inooeiaj.; iuuDusned 20 years.
the manufacturers have accumulated too much
season is nearly over. We have taken advan
garments at our own prices.
We offer yonK-
chamois pockets, $15, $16 75, $19 75, $33 60;
5 MttJL xtiBt
Infants' Cloaks, of which we have an immen
imitation Astrachan, Beaver, Monkey, Freaekf
Sets, from 60c to. $5, in latest designs.
styles and widths to match the above i
BABG- A TN"'l
Edge, la choice shades, for dress
Warner's Health, Her Majesty's, Cobtcw i
AND 27 FIFTH AVENUE.
nas received Sri
worse name, never mark down prices, at leasv
WE DO CLAIM TO HAVE THE
to sell everything is onr store on easy Py3
with high rent and big expenses sell for e-uhlj
of proof. A few minutes of qniet Investi
for the winter, and oars is the store to bny .
same old staad.
and Penn Avenue!
ilk -W , ' , - t 7 C -