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THE PCTTSBTffiGT p&MQiMGSJXk't', NOVEMBER :V?i889.
FEBRUARY 8, 1S4S.
Vol.tL lt"o.S7. Entered at Pirtshnrr Poctaffiee.
eTovember 14, 1857, as second-class matter.
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PITTSBURG. MONDAY. If OV. 11, 1SS9.
EEVESyilB AND EUKPLTJS.
The report of the Treasurer of the United
States shows that the revenue of the
last fiscal year was 5587,000,000, the ex
penditures $299,000,000 and the surplus
S8S,000,000, in round numbers. The rev
enue and expenditures were among the
largest on record outside of the times of war
finance. The surplus is somewhat decreased
from last year.
These figures show, first, the needlessly
large revenue of the Government, and next
the lavish expenditure which is stimulated
by the presence of immense surplus. While
the growth of the country renders natural a
moderate increase of Government expenses,
growth of expenditures from the vicinity
of $200,000,000 in the last decade to that of
$300,000,000 mutt be attributed to the ex
travagance that comes of having more
money than we know how to use.
Congress has bsen trying for two years to
reduce the surplus revenues. It is to be
hoped that it will reach some plan of doing
it at the coming session.
HAKES AND CONSOLIDATION.
The discomforts of the Mansfield people
from the similarity of their name to other
the Mansfield, in Tioga county, and the
proximity of Chartiers borough, which also
has a double in Chartiers station at the foot
of the valley is producing a decided agita
tion for a consolidation and change of
names. The advantages of a consolidation
which will make a thriving municipality
of 9,000 or 10,000 people are obvious. The
adoption of a name which will be expressive
of the prosperity ot the thriving confhinnity,
and the beauty of its site may be a matter
requiring the exertion of considerable taste;
but we have no doubt that it will be well
done. "With the Chartiers valley booming
as it now is, its chief town should make the
best of itself, both in name and in municipal
.woman onght to ask her dressmaker what
she ought to wear. But the reformer, per
haps, does not mean to save the money of
incorrigible man. In fact the context shows
that she wants women to cultivate taste and
judgment in themselves, and not to trust
blindly in the dressmaker. That is all right,
too; but we echo Mrs. Miller's words for an
economical object chiefly. Avoid the wiles
of the dressmaker for the sake of your hus
bands', parents' and guardians' pocket
WHY NOT BOTH!
Colonel J. B. Andrews, gives in another
column, his views in favor of supplanting
the Erie ship canal with a four-track freight
railroad, using large cars to carry hun
dreds of tons of ore from the lakes to Pitts
bnrg and to take back coal and coke. The
proposition is an interesting one, and coming
from a source of such authority will attract
It hardly seems, however, that even
Colonel Andrews opinion will turn away
the support of the people of Western Penn
sylvania from the canal project It militates
against the accepted principle that large
volumes of heavy freight can be moved far
more cheaply by water than by rail, as
demonstrated on our own rivers and the
Erie canal. It has the objection that the
ore and coal shipped by such a road must be
handled twice, while the canal project con
templates that it shall go through without
breaking bulk. Notwithstanding Colonel
Andrews high authority, it will be gen
erally doubted whether the difference in
cost between a canal such as engineers have
estimated upon, and a railroad of such mag
nitude as he proposes, wonld be so great as
to overcome the cheapness of moving freight
Nevertheless these objections need not
prevent the realization of Colonel Andrews'
project. Any project to cheapen the charges
on these fundamental freights will be wel
comed by Pittsburg and receive the public
approval. Colonel Andrews' wide fame as
a practical builder of great public works,
and his connections among men of large
capital, make him eminently fit to demon
strate the practicability ot his plan by se
curing the construction of such a road and
putting it into operation. Such a proof
that the project can lower the cost oi ore
and coal freighting, and be operated cheaper
than a canal would be unanswerable; and
the profits on it would yield a rich reward
to the promoters and investors In the pro
ject. In other words, why not let Pittsburg
have both the canal and four-track railroad,
and make it the cheapest iron and steel
manufacturing point in the known world.
Youghiogheny brings a new section into direct
connection with Pittsburg, and promises a val
uable addition to the already vast mineral pro
duction of Southwestern Pennsylvania.
Amid ail tho explanations of the causa of the
Republican defeats, it is not well to overlook
the solid and significant fact that the Demo
crats got the most votes.
Everyone will be dad to see the river
miners getting better wages. Present rates are
undoubtedly low and should be raised. But
before going into a strike at this season of the
year, the miners should be very certain that It
will not have the same result as the shutdown
of a rear ago.
ANOTHER fire-hundred barrel well In the
Chartiers Valley gives a stunning bow to the
theory that the petroleum production of Penn
sylvania is playing out. ,
PEOPLE OP PEOMINENCK
AN INVIDIOUS CONTRAST.
The remarkable disclosure made in New
Tork last week of the nature of the
trust organization, which permits the officers
of a trust to use the money of the organiza
tion "ta support the market for certificates,"
has another phase beside the one already
pointed out, of the facility which it affords
the managers of these anomalous concerns
to fleece the unwary people who put their
money into certificates. That is the remark
able difference in the application of such
principles to wealthy men and to ordinary
'It is not presuming anything to say that
if some cashier or clerk in the employment
of the Cottonseed Oil Trust had used $5,000
in speculations on whatever excuse, he
would have been promptly lodged in jail.
It is only where the misappropriation is
counted by the half million and the specu
lators have the position and influence of
millionaires that it is discovered that they
have no legal liability, and that the best
thing the owners of the money can do is to
take whatever is offered to them.
When the law permits millionaires to do
with impunity what ordinary men are put
in prison for, there is something radically
out of adjustment in our legal system.
CUTTING BOTH WAYS.
There are very strong indications that our
esteemed cotemporary, the Commercial Ga
zette, of Cincinnati, has not yet fully cooled
off from the heat and fervor of the recent
campaign. In fact there is reason to sus
pect that it is hotter than ever, when we find
in its editorial columns the declaration:
"The victory won in Ohio has been by the
worst, the smartest and the most reckless,
the boldest and the most unscrupulous band
of cut-throats ever known in any State of
the Union." This is severe. Its severity is
somewhat reckless when we remember that
one of the causes of Democratic victory was
the Commercial Gazette's rather headlong
adoption of apolitical forgery as a campaign
document That journal does not intend to
class itself among the "cut-throats;" but at
the same time its resort to language of that
sort cuts more throats than those of its po
AN EFFOBT OF HUHOB.
The objection to the innocuous theory of
Governor Hill's late reference to encyclo
pedias, to the effect that the report was in
the printed report of his speech before he
went South, is met by the New York Sun
in the following shape:
Mr. Flower's speech, like Governor Hill's,
must have been prepared before leaving home.
What is more natural than to suppose that Mr.
Flower submitted a copy of his proposed re
marks to the 'Governor before they started";
and that the latter, with a quiet twinkle in his
eye, aimed a harmless and good-natured joke
at a friend whom he knew to be too substan
tial and sensible a man, too good a fellow, too
little wrapped in pompous self-contemplation,
to take the slightest offense?
This is ingenious, if not ingenuous. Pos
sibly it may be accepted by some people as
credible that the New York statesmen be
fore leaving for the South, submitted their
famous remarks about the Lacadaemon
ians to each other's revision; and that the
result of Governor Hill's study on the sub
ject was the production of the brilliant re
mark that he had not brought his encyclo
pedia along with him. But if so, the Gov
ernor ought to use his influence with the
Sun to say nothing about it
That production of the statesman-like
mind, conceived in the leisure of his library
and perfected by his deliberations on his
journey to Atlanta, is not calculated to
arouse admiration for its brightness. It
does not present the same objection to his
advancement as the theory which has been
stated in the late S. S. Cox's case, that no
humorist can be President; for the universal
judgment will be that the deliberate produc
tion of that gem oi thought as a joke,(is only
one in its unconscious aspect On the con
trary, the American people will unanimously
come to the conslusion that the man who,
after weeks of thought, presents that remark
as an effort of humor has no business to as
pire to be President of a nation of American
The theory of theSunthat Governor Hill's
encyclopedia remark was a prearranged and
long-considered joke, stabs the Governor in
the house of his friends.
M. be Lessefs will be 81 years of age on the
18th of this month.
Colonel Oassius JL Goodloe, of Ken
tucky, could have had the Russian mission had
ho desired it, after Mr. Rice's death.
Colonel Swore, who was killed by Colonel
Goodloe at Lexington, Kj, last Friday, bore a
striking resemblance to Colonel Robert G.
Frank R. Stockton lives at Madison, N. J.
He is fond of rural lite, and his wife's tastes
agree with his. Mr. Stockton will remain at
his home in Madiaon until Thanksgiving Day,
after which he will go to Washington.
Samuel J. Randall is so ill in Washington
that ho is unable to leave his bed. He has not
progressed toward recovery as rapidly as his
physicians thought he would. He spends his
time in reading and dictating. His wife never
leaves his bedside.
Judqe Longworth, of Ohio, who was re
cently appointed Colonel on Governor For-
aker's staff, has countermanded the order for
his new uniform. It would hardly pay to get
it, as he would have but one opportunity to
wear it, and that at the Inauguration of Governor-elect
Bib Julian Pacncefotb, British Minister
it Washington, spends much of his time in
driving and walking with his four daughters,
Maud, Sybil, Lillian and Audrey. He is de
lighted with Washington, and considers it one
of the pleasantest cities in the world. Lady
Pauncefote is still suffering from a severe
indisposition which was caused by the stormy
weather encountered during her voyage from
It is related of Cyrus W. Field that when he
owned the Mail and Express he asked his man
aging editor what a certain member of the edi
torial force was doinc. 'That's Mr. , our
exchange editor." replied the managing editor.
'Well," said Mr. Field, frowning, "it's my
opinion that be isn't worth his salt. As often
as I have been in his office I've never seen him
doing anything except read newspapers, and
he's always got a big pile of 'em in front of
DANGERS OF COURTSHIP.
A Connectlcnt Lover Almost Asphyxiated br
Habtfobs, November 10. A young man
named Clark Is engaged to a Durham girl, and
visits her often. One evening last week two
coon hunters passing the girl's home were
startled by piercing shrieks. They found
young Clark almost insensible and his sweet
heart quite distracted with grief. The youth
soon came too, however, and no questions were
The next day Mr. Clark, Sr., father of the
lover, drove over to the maiden's home. He
had a huge wood stove in his wagon, and was
evidently bent on business of some mighty im
port. He drove straight to the house and in
terviewed the lather of his son's fiancee. After
an exchange of greetings, Mr. Clark offered to
trade bis wood stove for a certain coal stove
owned by the other. The bargain was made.and
Mr. Clark drove back to his home with the coal
It is now made known that young Clark, when
found by the coon hunters, was in a state bor
dering upon asphyxiation from coal gas. His
father, determined that the son's life should be
no further endancered. if he could help it. had
made the offer to trade bis big wood stove for
the coal burner, which produced so much gas.
The other family saw the matter in the same
light, and everything Is lovely now.
And now we hear that the reason for the
Republican defeat in Ohio was that the Stand
ard Oil Company was on the Republican side in
that fight. It seems to be rather difficult to
tell which party the great monopoly does favor.
Injview of past experience with regard to Sen
ator Payne's election, the public may not be
disinclined to jump to a conclusion that tho
Standard has a mortgage on both party organ
izations. At all events, if the control of a Sen
atorsbip is to be gained by it, we do not think
that the regular Standard arguments will be
deterred by party lines from working among
the Democratic members of tho Legislature.
T0UNG ABE LINCOLN'S ILLNESS.
His Parents Summoned from London to His
Bedside at Versailles.
Cable dispatch to New York'World.l
Paris, November 9. The TToWd correspond
ent called upon Minister Lincoln to-day at the
Pension Passa, Rue Mario Charlotte, at Ver
sailles, where his son Abraham, more famil
iarly known as "Jack," is lying very ill. Mr.
Lincoln said that his boy's sickness was very
sudden; He had been with him on Tuesday,
and starting for London on that day had left
him quite well,
"On Thursday," continued the Minister. 'T
received a telegram informing me that he was
dangerously ilL I crossed over to jf aris at once
with my wife and found him well attended by
the local doctors. The illness was due to an
accidental cut on the arm which developed
blood poisoning with severe fever. Yesterday
bis condition was very critical. In the night,
however, he took an excellent turn. To-day all
cause of anxiety has disappear and I shall
return to London on Tuesday. Indeed, mf
boy's recovery has been almost as sudden as
The fleaning Tower of Pisa is reported to be
offered for sale. It would be an appropriate
feature of the New York World's Fair project,
as typifying the main quality which that enter
prise has so far displayed.
WISDOM FOB WOMEN.
' Mrs. Jenness Miller all bowl says that
so woman should ask her dressmaker what
v she ought to wear. Most righteous prophet
of dress reform, you have won the sdmira-
',- tion of millions of husbands, fathers and
'- other bill-footers by thai word. We repeat
for the benefit of our fair readers: Do not
" listen to the voice of the dressmaker, under
' any 'circumstances! The dressmaker is as
shrewd as the serpent and full well she
f knows how to enthral her victims.
The new-dress question, over which our
homes are agitated as regularly as season
j- follows season, wonld lose its gigantic pro
. portions if the dressmaker were not an ac
complice in the conspiracy. It is the dress-
; maker who tells Seraphina that her rival,
' Angelina, has bought an evening dress that
( is a sublime combination of moonlight and
v gray clouds, a dainty thing of silk and laces,
I at a bargain only so many hundred dollars.
And Seraphina, a Queen Bess in the pienti-
tude of her wardrobe, begins to sigh for
something in the way of sunlight and dew,
men shall outshine the robes of the odious
Angelina. Then is the dressmaker's
chance. She must insinuate: she does
Insinuate, and in the course of time Sera-
jphicVs papa pays the bill, just as Angelina's
juiusua&d paid hers. The dressmaker'? ad
vice, whatever it is. is costly to a man in the
fcaekgronnd always. It is the dressmaker
.who sows the seed which grows into dresses
innumerable and unnecessary. "Mil. Jen
net Miller knows this when she savs no
Chjltahan Coolet's recommendation to
the railroads that they Shall make a general re
duction of their passenger rates, instead of
cutting rates on excursion and thousand-mile
tickets, is sound sense and good policy. If the
corporations could follow it, the results would
be good for themselves and the public. But it
is not easy for them to emancipate themselves
from the superstition ot holding up rates
wherever they can, and slashing them where
they meet competition.
The production of Hill and Campbell as the
Democratic ticket for 1592 is the best reason
for not pinning much faith on it These pre
mature Presidents! tickets always get frost
Now the New York Herald says: "That the
Grant Monument Fund is not larger, is the
fault of the country at large, and not ot the
metropolis, which has given -Its share." Did
the country at large promise to erect a million
dollar monument to General Grant if his tomb
was located at Riverside? The passion of New
York forputting off the fulfillment of its obliga
tions on the outsiders is one of the unrivaled
Idiosyncrasies of metropolitan pettiness;
Pretty Wedding nt the Anstro-Hungarlan
A brilliant marriage took place at the Austro
Hungary Hebrew Church, on Grant street,
yesterday. The contracting parties were Mr.
A. Wolfe, of Penn avenue, and Miss Clara
Nudel. The nuptials were performed by the
Rev. S. S. Kohn, of Philadelphia. The quaint
Hebrew ceremony,f nil of solemn and profound
significance, was duly performed. During the
service the bride and groom stood under a
pretty canopy of cream colored satin.
After the conclusion of the exercises at the
synagogue, the wedding party were regaled
with an elegant supper at the home of the
bride, on Penn avenue, between Fourteenth
and Fifteenth streets. The house was elegantly
decorated. About 70 irnests were invited to the
marriage. The bride received a number of
elegant presents. They left for the Hast for a
BOUGHT WHISKY AT NORTON'S. ,
Senator Blackburn Find It Easy to Get a
Drink nt the bboreliam.
Washington, November ltt Senatdr Black
burn, having been asked by the editor of a
Western Democratic newspaper whether liquor
could be bought at vice President Morton's
hotel by others than guests of the house, went
into the Sboreham Cafe with the correspondent
of the Western newspaper, bought and drank
some good old Kentucky whisky, and then tele
graphed the Western editor that, although he
was not a guest of the Sboreham, he had hadno
difficulty in buying a drink in its cafe.
MBS. BURNETT'S LUCK.
Pictures and Verne In Christmas Books
Those That Are Best for the Llttio Folk
Juvenile Proso' and the Romance It
Rconlres Oibcr Lines of Literature
Sergeant Ton, Arthur Merton and Their
Opposite! The Czar Rending Kennan's
"O, monstrousl but one-half pennyworth of
bread to this intolerable deal of sack!" Evi
dently. Sir John was more thirsty than hungry.
He ordered more sack than bread, because he
wanted less bread and more sack. So with the
Christmas picture books. There is a half
pennyworth of verse to a deal of illustration.
But we will not join with Prince Henry, and
say an "intolerable" deal. Because this Is just
what we want. All the year round we can get
poetry with pictures; at Christmas time let us
have pictures with poetry.
One of the first comers, heralding the army
of the season's artists, is The Song of the Brook
(Cassell & Co.; H. Watts 4 Co.) This is Tenny
son's pretty poem, set to graceful and fitting
illustration. The artist IS Wedworth Waas
worth. The book is pictured in soft blacks and
browns, the full page drawings being especially
good. Some of the smaller sketches have, per
haps, a little too much frame about them. The
trees, of which there are many, are done with
evident sympathy. The best ones to our taste
being in the "Haunts of Coot and Herb."
Miss Elisabeth N. Little, who published a
Christmas book last year, has another in a sim
ilar style this year. Off the Weatherbow
(White & Allen; H. Watts & Co.). is full of
pictures ot the sea. Even the poetry has bits
of sea weed tangled in the letters. The selec
tions are for the most part of a religious turn.
The verses are so well chosen that it Is a pity
that they should be written out in such a
"blackboard exercise" style.
'After a good deal of experience in choosing
books for boys and girls, we are prepared to
commend, even without qeading, any publica
tion which is addressed to a juvenile constitu
ency with the imprint of Roberts Bros, on its
title page. The young people's books of this
house are uniformly excellent having a good
purpose, written in an admirable spirit, with
manly boys for heroes and nice girls for heroines.
Here are three volumes from the Roberts
press in this week's book bundle. Kibboo
Garey is by Walter Wentworth. It is the
story of an expedition into the heart of Africa,
Colonel Leslie and two bright boys, Bob and
Ted, aged 16, and a negro servant. Nap, who
had been a slave, and Jack, a dog, are the
members of the company. They have all man
ner of adventures with- snakes, and sand
storms, and savages. The boys are captured
by the Warlcks and get away again. Finally,
Nap turns out to be Tibboo Garey, the lost
chief of the Copper Mountain, Mr. Went
worth promises a serial whicn will deal with the
"dangers and horrors of the slave trade."
Their Canoe Trip, by Mary P. W. Smith, Is
dedicated to two boys of Roxbury, whose real
adventures are related in the book. The
frontispiece is a map of a part of New Hamp
shire and Massachusetts showing the course of
the "Black-Eyed Susan." The boys have a
first-rate good time. They meet with snags
and tramps, sleep In queer places, and have
funny experiences which season their dinners.
They see whatever is worth seeing, and remem
ber what interesting things happened at all the
places which have histories. They ate capital,
manly young fellows; any mother may be
satisfied to have her boys in such good com
pany. Lit is by the author of "Miss Teosey's Mis
sion." That, of itself, promises a good book;
and the promise is generously fulfilled. LUJand
Ken and Sylvia and the others are like the
boys and girls in some of the best of Miss
Yonge's books, notably in "Pillars ot the
House." These young people are just what
young people ought to be manly and womanly,
earnest and merry, enjoying their lives and
making the most of them. There is enough of
a love story to add to the charm of the book
without any sentimentality. Everything comes
out delightfully In the end.
These three books are well printed and taste
fully bound. The first two are illustrated. H.
Watts &. Co. have them for sale.
Deb and the Duchess ( White & Allen. J. B.
Weldln & Co.) is another child's book. Deb is
a little fly-away of a girl, whom the maids and
governesses can do nothing with. TheDuchess
is the little daughter of a circus performer.
Mike is the young heir to a good many broad
English acres. The father of the Duchess, by
way of revenge for some old injury, steals
the young heir, and also, to provide a
playmate for the Duchess, steals Deb. The three
children are bronght together in a wretched
tenement in London. Mike has to act in the
circus. At last the Duchess, taking the part
which her father had meant for Deb, gets
hugged too tightly or somehow hurt by the
dancing bear, and the story ends tragically.
But the little stolen children are recovered.
Ll T. Meade is the author.
Esther Bradford, aged 18, possessor of $10. in
a strange country, with no friends, comes to
meet us in the first chapter of Esther's Fortune
(Porter'4 Coates; -J. R. Weldin A Co.). Her
father has just died suddenly, and the is left
alone. Dr. Maurice, who has been attending
her father, introduces her to Miss Janet Lisle,
a charming lady, who becomes her friend.
Miss Lisle takes her to her home in England,
where she has a "flower home" London flower
girls, and does all manner of helpful things for
other people. Esther's fine voice is cultivated.
Relatives, good and not so good, are discovered.
At last after various adventures and mtsad.
ventures, Esther's fortune is effectually and
happily made. Lucy C. Llllie has thus added
another to her lengthening list of good, pleas
ant, uplifting books for girls.
this case is on a false trail most of the time
but on the rascal.
There is not so much of the adventurer, but
quite as much of the rascal in the principal
villain Of Admiral Porter's Arthur Merton
(D.Appleton 4 Co J. R. Weldin & Co.) -Arthur
Merton's father is a miserable,
low-browed, despicable scoundrel. Whom
he will he sends Into dungeons
and whom he will he weds and makes misera
ble. We have a sort of shamefaced liking for
such a brilliant scamp as Belcourt, but we hate.
Merton with a vigorous hatred. There are
Several reprobates in this book. They get all
the money, and the good fellows have their
character defamed and make acquaintances
with iron bars. The heavy villain business is a
little overdone. Merton is just a trifle too
'The Banner Library" has for its motto,
"Hang out our banners on the outward walls,
the cry is still They come.' " We hope that the
cry in this case is a false alarm; or at least that
those that "come" will be pleasanter people to
meet than My Good Friend (Worthlngton &
Co., J. R. Weldin & Co.) Robert de Vernier is
a susceptible youth, who spends his time
falling in love and playing roulette at Monte
Carlo. The story is about as highly colored as
Four paper-bonnd novels are added to the
International Series, which is published by
Frank F. Lovell & Co. (Pittsburg: J. R. Wel
din & Co.) One is Toung Mr, Alnslle's Court
ship, by F. C. Philips, a well-written story with
a tragical ending. Another Is Sheba, by "Rita.''
not a pleasant book. The Saute Noblesse, by
George Manville Feun, is adramatlc,Somewhat
stagey story, with a robbery and pretty nearly
a murder in the middle of it, and many compli
cations following, which, however, are happily
untangiea at me eno. xne Tree oj unowieage
has always proved a tree of evil fortune from
the beginning. The fruit has a bitter taste to
it. It U not sweetened any in O. M. Robins'
story, which ends like the myth of Cnpid and
Psyche. Psyche tells the secret, and Cupid
puts on his yachting Suit and sails away into a
John A. Grier, of Philadelphia, in Our Silver
Coinage (John W. Lovell; J. R. Weldin 4 Co.),
calls upon "the people of our common country
to rally around one of our old well-tried meas-'
ures of value, the silver dollar, just as we are
now all glad to rally around our common flag."
Mrs. S. T. Rorer, also of Philadelphia, tells us
not of silver, but or sugar. Home Candy Making
i Arnold & Co.) is a book of recipes. Mrs.
torer says that the best wajr to keep candy is
to use air-tight boxes. If the candy is made
after these sensible directions the air-tight
boxes will need locks on them. Lectures by the
Thompson Street Poker Club (White A Allen:
J. R. Weldin & Co.) will please those whom the
antics of this remarkable organization have al
The Czar, they say, is reading Mr. Kennan's
articles in the Century. Mr. Kennan finds one
good prison In Eastern Siberia, so' he tells us in
his Installment for this month, and gives it
what praise he can. He has great trouble in
one place to get anybody to provide horses for
him. The whole town, man, woman and Child,
is enthusiastically drunk. "Whit's the matter,"
he Says, "with everybody in this villager The
whole population seems to be drunk." "They've
been consecrating a now church,' - said the
driver, soberly. The November Century is un
commonly good, many of the articles being not
only interesting but of permanent value. Jo
seph Jefferson begins his autobiography
in a way which promises the reader
abundance of coming pleasure. Mr.
Stockton's "Merry Chanter'' catches the
wind in her sails and sets otit
to sea, with her crew of captains. Amelia D
Barr "begins a serial story. "Friend Olivia,'
with the scene in Oliver Cromwell's England.
Madrid" is charmingly sketched
'NEWS OM AHCISTD8 llA.
Quaint Featares Called from a Journal of
1V41 A Year That Began In Btarcb, set
January Early Foreign Trade The
Privateers Uneven Values of Money
Stavea and Other Commodities for Sale.
rwBiTTZir iron TUB dispatch.
The Philadelphia American Weekly Mer-
cury on JanuarV 7. 1711 was in its 23d rear.
From the 8x11 leaflet of Its babyhood, it had
grown into a sturdy youth of four pages. The
two old woodcuts which for many years had
adorned the title were supplemented by a third,
a larger one, quaintly portraying the harbor
and city. Let us dance at a f ew of the feat
ures of this ancient publication, sidelights as
it were, on the history oi tne day.
Turning over its flies, one is made aware that
the old method of beginning the year, in March
instead Of January, was still in effect, and un
less the fact is borne in mind, the reader is
likely to forget that the month after December
was in the same year. February, 1711. Was sub
sequent to June, 1741, not prior thereto. Unless
the relations of the months lire clearly settled
in the memory, the reader is apt td -become
The Spanish privateers were the greatest
source of annoyance and anxiety the colonies
had. These piratical craft literally swarmed
from Florida to Newfoundland, and almost
drove commerce from the seas. In the years
1741-2 17 vessels bound for or from Philadelphia
were seized. For one port only this was a very
heavy lossf but the colonists were powerless to
aid themselves, and the home Govornment
seemed little more able to cope with the enemy,
Privateers were fitted out by the Americans,
but in the main they accomplished little. Now
and then, however, one or two reprisals were
made, and we find two Spanish vessels, with
their cargoes, advertised for sale in one in
stance. In those early diys our trade appears to have
been chiefly with Jamaica and Batbadoes, four
or five vessels advertising every week for car
goes, from which it would appear that the busi
ness was profitable, notwithstanding risks of
seizure by the Spanish. War with Spain had
begnb in 1739, and the West Indies were the
scenes of much tumultuous strife. The col
onies were, of course, expected to contribute
their quota of men, and we read in the Mercury
that several officers arrived in Philadelphia Jn
the shin Elizabeth frdm Jamaica. March 12.
1713, and the following week a call for recruits
is printed in English and German. Pardon is
promised all deserters who will re-enlist, and
ffentlfiitiftn" ftrn nffttrprl th first MTnTnleiatnna
A lift! KUMim
'centlemen" are offered tha first commission
becoming Vacant if they will but join. At the
same time rewards are promised for apprehen
sion of fugitive Soldiers, and householdersare
warned against entertaining them..
'Street Life in
with pen and pencil, old son in velasduefs
Slcture leading off as frontispiece.', Brander
atthews tells of the "Grolier Club.' Grolier
was a lover of books and bindings several cen
turies ago in France. The members of the
Grolier Club are book lovers and book makers
in .Hew York. The vagaries of New England
transcendentalism are described in a capita ar
ticle, entitled, "The 'Newness. V The late Mr.
Robert Carter read this paper of reminiscences
at a literary club in Rochester. The perform
ances of rabid Abolitionists, the experiment at
Brook Farm, where Nathaniel Hawthorne
tended the pigs, the queer cranks and mono
maniacs who took part in that singular move
ment, partly pnuosopnicai, partly religious,
paruy vegetarian, ana sxetcnea aeiic
The November Cosmopolitan is a horse num
ber. She first paper, which concludes an arti
cle on the French army, is illustrated with.
drawings oi Detaiue's characteristic and Bplf.
ited dragons and cuirassiers, splendidly mount
ed. The second paper describes the stables of
the Queen of England, and the complete novel,
which Is now a feature of the Cosmopolitan, is
'The Dark Horse." The number is a very good
one. The illustrations are well done, the little
sketches of headswhich accompany the Cornell
University article and the book review depart
ment being especially attractive. Senator Far
well discusses "Chicago's Candidacy for the
World's Fair of 189a." Elizabeth Bisland.ina
valuable paper, with pictures accompanying,
writes on "Co-operative Housekeeping in Ten
ements." This Is one in a Series of practical
economic articles. Social problems are treated
in a special regular department conducted by
Edward Everett Hale. Mr. Hale has a good
word for the associated charities of Pittsburg.
"The reports of the city of Pittsburg," he says,
"are a most satisfactory illustration of what
can be achieved under the most difficult circum
stances. SMALLEST BOOK IN THE WORLD.
The biggest revenue, biggest expenditure
and among the larcest surplus, are the features
of the United States Treasurer's report. Who
says that we are not a great nationT
The remark of an esteemed cotemporary,
that the snow storms of New Mexico, have
caught thousands of cattle without shelter of
which "many have perished. It is said, and with
them a number of cowboys," gives a unique in
dication of the respective priority and import
ance which the financial point of view- assigns
to cattle and cowboys.
The opening of the Confluence and Oakland
road along the beautiful upper valley of the
The Authoress Thinks a Moonstone King Is
Some years ago a daughter of Harriet
Beecher Stowe gave Mrs. Frances Hodgson
Burnett a thin gold ring, set with a single
moonstone (moonstones are accounted as
"lucky" stones), and shortly afterward she
made her first success in the field of literature,
where she had formerly labored in vain. She
laughingly attributes ber success to the moon
stone, and since then the ring has never left
her finger, and she declares never will.
Determined Not to Become a Hooslcr.
Leaveitwohth, Ihdm November 8. The
Hon. John Benz recently bought a 4-weeks-old
pig from a farmer living two miles south of the
Ohio river, and placed it in a pen. In less than
two hours the pig escaped, and, it was ascer
tained afterward, had swam the river, bank
full at the time, and was back home in advance
of the boy who had delivered it to the purchaser.
Keep an Eye on Campbell.
From the St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
Governor Hill's friends are beginning to talk
about Mr. Campbell in connection with the
Vice Presidency; but tbgy are mistaken if they
think tbey can make a dicker of that sort with
the Ohio man. His gun Is loaded for larger
Death or Tbomns Christian.
Thomas Christian, janitor of the First ward,
Allegheny, school, died suddenly about 6 o'clock
last- evening, it is supposed, of apoplexy. He
was about 60 years of aire, and at one time was
an Allegheny Park policeman, but for the plat
six months hat been Janitor of the First ward
A "birthday book" of a new kind Is Evert
Day Biography (Fowler fc Wells: J. B. Wel
din & Co.). Under each day of the year are set
the names of several more or less eminent
people who were born on that day, each with a
brief paragraph of description. The selections
are often rather queer, Some of the American
notables, especially, being people not very
extensively known to fame. We Open at ran
dom at September 3. Helnrlch Christian Schu
macher, "an able Danish astronomer;" John
Humphrey Noyes, "founder of the sect called
Perfectionists?' Caroline A. Soule, "an emi
nent American lecturer .writer and journalist,"
and Sarah Orne Jewett, "an Amelrican
author," are the prooer people to think of on
the third day of the ninth month. We are
informed concerning Miss Jewett that "she has
traveled extensively in Europe, Canada and
the United States, and, lb addition to valuable
contributions to periodicals, is author of many
books." This is a fair sample page.
A capital series of practical .papers tot boys,
which appeared in St. Nicholas, is now gathered
into a book, under the title Heady for Business
(Fowler 4 Wells: J. B. Weldin 4 Co.)
These papers give just the right
sort of advice in the difficult
matter of choosing an occupation. Mercantile
and professional life is written up in interest
ing chapters. The young man who thinks he
would like to be an electrical engineer, or an
architect, or a builder, or a drummer, or a
banker, or a chemist, or a druggist, can get
good "points" out of Mr. Manson's bright and
common-sense comments. Even if he aspires
to be a sea captain or a city editor, he can still
find good suggestions.
The occupation which Vernon Belcourt
chose for the exercising of his peculiar talents
is not recommended in Mr. Manson's papers.
Mr. Vernon Belcourt was a professional rascal.
His remarkable adventures make the latest
Installment in the Inspector Byrnes Series of
detective novels a good deal the most exciting
ot the lot. Sergeant Von is the title. Cassell
4 Co. arethe publishers. It is for sale at Wei'
din's. The writer is not Julian Hawthorne this
time, but somebody "unknown." We suspect
that the "unknown" has' taken half a
dozen of Inspector Byrne's scamps and added
them all up into the character and
exploits of Mr. Vernon Belcourt Such an
amazingly versatlle,accomplished, "all around"
rascal never lived within the enclosure of one
skin. Whether it is fooling bank presidents or
beguiling learned professors, or making love to
young ladies, or imposing upon princes, or es
caping from dungeons, or mere common every
day stealing, it makes Bmall difference to Bel
court. His disguises are as many as his talents.
He can be the mayor of an earthquake-stricken
town or the advance agent of an' opera conn
pany, and lie just as Ingeniously in one case as
in the other. Sergeant Von might as well have
been left out, for this story begins on the othef
side from most defective stories. The interest
is centered not In the pursuing officer who in'
A One Hundred Fags Volume Only Half an
Inch In Length.
From the Fall Mall Qaf ette. I
Considerable Interest seems to have been
taken in our recent article on "The Smallest
Book In the World." We now proceed, there
fore, to describe a much greater (no, a much
less) curio than any of those hitherto men
tioned. For indication of its whereabouts we
are indebted to Mr. Axon, M. R. S. a, of Man
chester, ana for courteous permission minutely
to examine it to Mr. John Plant, F. G. S., the
accomplished curator of the Salford Royal
Borough Library and Museum. The work in
question which differs from the rest in the
essential point that while, like them, de jure a
book, it is also de facto a manuscript consists
of 1U0 leaves of the finest rice paper, octagonal
in shape, and measuring from side to side one
half Inch, stitched together and covered in
silt. Nothing can exceed the lightness, deli
cacy and softness of the material or the neat
ness of the penmanship. This dainty little
morsel of caligraphy, which at the first glance
precisely resembles, in its glass prison, a very
tiny butterfly of some uncommon kind, is very
probably unique in the Western world.
How it escaped Imminent destrnction Is not
the least wonderful feature of its history, for
itwaSlootedatGhanzl,in India, by a private
soldier during the mutiny but it has been safe
in Mr. Plant's possession for many years. The
work bae not been translated, but is officially
defined, on the authority of an Indian scholar,
to be an example of the "Katbas, or Sacred
Recitations of (the) Mahrattas Brahmans,"
and it Is written, without blot or alteration. In
the Mahrattas character In glossy black ink,
with a Driiuant margin of vermilion to every
page, which is also numbered. Possibly the
acme of Biblical minuteness is reached in this
beautiful little work of art. which, for the pres
ent, at any rate, may claim to be "the smallest
book" as well as "the least collective manu
script in the world."
In glancing idly over the pages of this paper
the eye catches such "news" as this; A long
article, printed by request, upon the resurrec
tion of the body, taking np nearly all the space
devoted td reading matter; a comet seen in
Philadelphia on March 4, 1741-42, and visible a
few days later in New York; Saturday, April
24. 1742, Thomas Smith and Thomas Skinner,
standing under a shed on Society Hill, were
struck by lightning, and the former Instantly
killed; in April, 1742, two very large whales were
washed ashore at Cape May, hearing harpoon
wounds, and were held for aemahd of owners.
Prior to the Revolution Pennsylvania was un
der the control of a Gbverridr appointed by thd
Proprietaries with the approval of the Crown.
who, in concert with the single house of the
Assembly, exercised the government. As may
be supposed, the Assemblymen and the foreign
Governor did nor always concord In their
views, and the differences between them were
often serious, Governor Thomas In particular
had an unusually thorny path to follow, and
the dislike for him was so strong that it could
not be restrained, A matter trifling in itself
brought affairs to a tapis. The Immigration
qdestlon was already a much discussed one,
and the members of the Legislature were, al
most to a man. Opposed to the landing of Ger
man and Irish redemptioners. Thomas, bn the
Contrary, was earnestly In favor of the acces
sions, even though the newcomers were little
more than slaves. Difficulties culminated
when about January 21, 1741, the Governor sent
a message to the House calling their attention
to the necessity of providing a proper hospital
for sick Immigrants. The Assembly was evi
dently far from pleased with the suggestions,
for it answered immediately td the effect that
as the Governor had applied the State funds to
other purposes, there was no money available
for such uncalled-for ends as he proposed.
There were renewed charges against him,
however, and, as the House shut oft .reply by
adjourning on thd 17tb, sine die, the Governor
did not have a chance to defend his actions I
until Thursday, May ,20. when he answers the
charges at length, claiming that his is the Cor
rect position, and has the commendation of the
King. To still further strengthen his asser
tions, the next ship brings reply from the Pro
prietaries to an appeal made by the Assembly
on October 22, preceding, in which the Gover
nor's removal is petitioned for. The Penns not
only decline to accede to this request, but
approve of Thomas' course so strongly that the
Assembly was evidently badly stunned by the
untoward response. Nothing more is heard
from them until three months litter, when, in
a much more submissive spirit, they ask the
Governor whether he will not agree to consider
the business in hand, to which be Consents.
Much inconvenience was felt In the olden
times on account of the dissimilarity in the
money standard in different localities. A coin
had one value in Maryland, another in this
State and a third in New York. Pennies were
a drug on the market, and could scarcely be
gotten rid of at Any price. One enterprising
shopman advertises on January 21, 1741, that he
will take 3 out of 20, or in proportion in more
or less sums in pennies at the old rate for pres
ent pay. A few months later the merchants of
Philadelphia convened and united upon a stand
ard by which all foreign moneys were rated.
Among the signers to the agreement we note
such names as Joseph Sims, Richard Nixon,
Joseph ana Edward Shipped and Charles Will
ing. To close the volume before us without
noticing the advertisements, would be to over
look what is possibly the most Interesting feat
ure of all; for instance:
f-pO BE SOLD BY DEBOKAH CONNOLT AT
I tlifejuritet street wuarr a very iixeiy negro
woman; lit for either city or country business;
she has a young child about 15 months old, which
will also be sold with her.
The following announcement of an old time
merchant U rather long, but it Is so quaint that
It is well worth insertion here. It will reach a
hundred-fold mote readers than it did in the
Mercury, but no matter, the advertisement
will be gratuitous:
Lately imported from London and Bristol, and
to be sold by Samuel 2(eave at bis store, fronting
Flshbonrn's wharf in Water street, the following
goodf: Fine dnfalls, broadcloth. German sarres,
dnroys, shalloons, silk and nalrtaffiblets, flower'd
damasks, strlp'd and plain callimancoes, men and
women's hose, felt and castor hats, women's
shammy rloves, mnslin. eambrleks, broad lawns,
garllx, check linen, calicoes, firnr'd fustians,
Bartering pretties, Manchester and JJolland tapes,
oDblns, thread cottom ferret and sllx laces, fer
retts and ribbons, handkerchiefs. Nunn'B thread,
eaten and fringes, fine green tea, and London
double refined sugar, tea kettles and pots, brass
and Iron candlesticks, brass scales and brass coat
and breast buttons, pewter plates, dishes, basins
and water plates, cinnamon, nutmeggs, cloves
and mace, barr lead and ahott, sad irons, frying
Good! Lkeratare la Akaadaaee h Teeter
day's MFage Dispatch.
There was a great deal of it, and it was all
good. In fact, it is doubtful whether a greater
quantity of entertaining and instructive read
ing matter thad The Dispatch of yesterday
contained was ever printed In a single issue of
any newspaper. Of the ISO columns in this
mammoth number 120 columns, equivalent to
15 pages, were devoted to news and literary
articles. The list ot contributors included
many names of authors of world-wide reputa
tion. Each of the great triple numbers of
the dispatch is a library of useful informa
tion In Itself.
Tne W. C. T. U. convention had an animated
discussion over the question whether or not
Vice President Morton's Washington apart
ment house has a bar. Some of the delegates
became quite excited. St. John made a speech.
Stating positively that a liquor license had been
issued for the building in question. Expert
testimony was given on the stand in the Cronih
case, and fresh clews tending to establish the
euilt ot the accused were f oundi Judge Thur
inan ascribes the Democratic victory in Ohio to
the tariff reform agitation. A great gathering
ot the Catholic clergy is reported from Balti
more where the centennial of the cherch IS
being1 celebrated. At Newark, N. J., three
pretty' girls cowhided a man who claimed
to have been their protector. Briee
is believed to be the coming Democratic Seri
Atef from Ohio. Colonel Goodloe, who was
shot by Colonel Swope, it Lexington, Hy-
is still alive, though In a critical condition. A
New York correspondent had a long interview
with a frlendjOf Mayor Burke, ex-Treasurer of
Louisiana, explaining th e reason for that gentle
man's sudden return from England. Super
Intendant Porter has made his preliminary re
port on the census work of 1891
At Bismarck's Instance it has been decided hot
tb formally recognize the present Bulgarian
Government The Chancellor is making eO
ahdes td strengthen the position of Germany.
Lord Mayor's Day in London was celebrated
with imposing ceremonies. Other interesting
news and gossip was contained In the cable dis
Lafayette Hall was crowded at the meeting
of Pittsburg Anarchists. The oratory was of
the usual incendiary order. Duff City, near
Sewlckley, is experiencing a boom and an
oil excitement Local delegates left td attend
thd Catholic Congress in Baltimore. The Pan-
Americans bade farewell td the city. Lee, thd
slayer Of Natcher, was sentenced to the Pent
tentlary for 12 years. A letter received from
Chicago contained interesting information re
garding the troubles in the W. C. T. U. Nation
Mayor McCalllri U said to be a stockholder in
the new baseball Brotherhood. Sunol,. the
California trotter, beat Axtell's record, making
a mile in 2d0)$. Pringle'a review and the usual
newsj1 batch of sporting matter filled theslxtfi
Parts second and third contained, id addition'
to the regular departments, special articles on
a wide variety of subjects. The continuation
of Prof. Beers' "Joshua?.' PhiliD Braggalan's
ridVeiettef "The Case of Moit Barrios." and
Ernest H. Helnricbs' tale of "The King's Bar
ber" were among the choice fiction. A number
of noted authors told the history of their
nomd de plume. Bfenan sketched scenes
in Pittsburg courts, describing the manner in
which oaths are administered and the be
havior of witnesses in General; "The' Riff-
pickers of Paris" formed the subject of Mrs-t
frana: jjesne's entertaining paper. Grace
Greenwood wrote oi a wonderful process of
preserving the dead forever. F. & Bassett con
tributed a rdost entertaining paper on "Songs'
of the Sea." "Society in .tie East"
was a theme which 'Bumbaio" made Interest
ing. Gambling and intemperance in Asia were
discussed by Frank G. Carpenter. The charity
fairs of London were described by the daughter
of Sir Horrel Mackenzie. '"Sweetbrlir" told
how begging letters are treated by millionaires.
"Breaking Bronchos,'' by Will C. FemL
"Saved by Suitani," by" Charles Fayer "Falr
xypewriters,"Dyj.L. Ford, and "Where Art
is Born;" by Gerald E. Flanagan,- were other
bulIOUS COJTDMSAIIOM- -
A big horned owl perches nightly, la
the trees near the Norwich, Conn., ity hilt
Sight thousand pounds of lead ore in
one chunk were taken from the De Graff mine
at ZIncite. Mo., the other day.
-John J. Znille, a noted anti-sIaTerr.
!.'!,M,i5fnJ91?laTe W their, to
erty, is sail living in New Tork Citr.' - '
J. L. Crane, of Saticoy, Cal., has raised
a pumpkin that weighs 237 pounds and meas
ures e feet 10 inches in circumference;
A bear encountered a locomotive on tha
5a,c?eLCold PrfhCFa. He refused to
yieia wa nsus oi way and was killed. Ha
weighed 390 pounds.
. A "B?lijJcent golden owlwascanght
J&'iEl? Vl Psclflc Methodist College
at Santa Rosa, CaL, recently. The janitor in
tends to keep it for exhibition. ii""
Alive lobster, half red and half" green,
the dividing color line running lengthwise his
whole body, ls.hdw on exhibition in Portland,
Me. Fishermen say that specimens like this
are yery rare.
William Neal, in Crawford county,
IndU stole a chicken valued at 20 cents and 'was
sentenced to prison for one yean Tayl or Bayles
was found guilty of attempted murder and re -carved
the same seatedee. ""
Paris, Ky., Hunters drove into a nolid
leg a peculiar looking animal, and thehknled
It. It as ft creature that none in that region
knew the name of. It resembles a catamount
but is thought not to be one. "i''
The expression that a man feels flat hits
the ease of James Jordan, of Newhnre. He
5iKdiwl1?i2!,cli J6nn 8tok,and when
lie finally pitched in he got Sochi pedndlne
that he had to be carried off In an ambulanceT
There is one Democratic postmaster ia
Pennsylvania who contemplates a possible re
moval with complete satisfaction. Tho receipts
of his office have been H 68, while the expenses
have aggregated tS 72, leaving him tl 01 out ot ..
Old Jimmy CransEatfi who resides In i
lonely and tbinly-beopled district in Lags'
county. Cat, has what he terms a 'varmint
farm." and makes his living by raising foacesj
coons, skunks, coyotes and other fur-bearing
Peter Skiff, a vetefail htiater ol 2To'rta
BTeht, Conn., recently shot a wildcat five feet
long that weighed 40 pounds. It was the big
gest wildcat that has been Shdt in the State.
Skiff killed the animal in the air as It was
springing at hinfc
A Rnssiart paper notes' the terininalidd
recently of a law suit beghh in 149Q, or ' &?
centuries sgd. The litigation was over a 40-acreT -tract
of uncultivated laiid, has been hiiided '
down through numberless gederatiohs; and
curiously enough has been finally settled by
Peter Laing; who has probably only
one senior in years lri this country and who ii
certainly the most remarkable centenarian id
Great Britain, was the other' day admitted in
his native town of Elgin a member of the local
lodge of Odd Fellows.
The origin of tie word "hurrah" has
for some time been a theme of discussion ia
the press; A writer in an English journal ex
presses the convlctianthat It is. nothing bui
an enlarged form, of hurr (signifying a rapid
movement), and is of purely Teutonic origin.''
Also, that tho word -hurry" is Its Anglicized '
The' famous Leaning Tower of Pisa nss
has! been put up for sale by lottery. The md
nicipaiity of Pisa, having become greatly"
straite'ned for money on account of expensive'
improvements, offers the tower for sale id
Order to prevent the Town Hall from being
Seized, and has adopted the method of a low
tery so as to get the highest price possible.
As as instance of the quick way is
which some things are done nowadays, it IS told
that In a late divorce trial in Maine, at the nu
ment when the judge was decreeing the di
vorce; tho clerk held In his hand a telegram
from the libelee asking to be informed as soon
as her husband obtained his divorce, as she and
another man were waiting to be married as
soon as it could legally be done.
Th6 family of William Beytndur, oi
Bumside, BL, bad been annoyed for many
weeks by stringe noises, and suspected that
some noxious animal was in the house. The
other night they discovered the intruder in tho
excellent papers. There were also Many choice"! shape ol a.huge rattlesnake which had bee
selections, both in poetry and prose, asd cos-- I aronseel to inry by a cat. There was intense
tributions front thd peal bf tOrf. Gedf re l "dtemrat, esMeJally 'tl!Je,'i
Hodges, Clara Belie, H. W. KtopSell, "A
Clergyman;" Bessie Bramble." Willie KenVon
HANCOCK'S NEGLECTED SEATK.
The Tomb of the GetuAnrsj Here) tTseared
For and TJnadernedi
From the Philadelphia Record,.!
The pilgrim who jouineys td thaMontgoMefy
Cemetery, at Norrlstdwn, to 36 reference to
the tomb of General HahCock is hot apt id
bear away with him the most agreeable Im
pression. If. he be a stranger he eaters the little'
city of the dead with exalted ideas of s tower
ing monument 6 1 imposing mausoleum, erected
over the dead soldier's remains, fie will carry
away a picture bf a deserted and neglected
vault in a solitary corder of the graveyard,
with not a word bra token or a bit of marble to
tell that a national hero lies entombed within.
Only a few months before his death General
Hancock chose his own testing plica. It was
in the eastern corner of the cemetery, far re
moved from all other graves, and directly be
side the grim and gloomy receiving vault
When he died he was laid to rest amid great
pomp and ceremony. A monument was imme
diately proposed, and the subscription list
started the rounds. The mound surrounding
the vault was well sodded, and the surround
ings made neat and attractive. Now, however,
the place presents a Shabby appearance. The
grassy mound that was once smooth and even
is punctured with deep holes. The grass has
ceased to grow within a foot of the roadbed,
thus exposing a long strip of bare earth, above
which the sod is ragged and unkempt. The
general air of neglect makes the hero's grave a
picture of desolation.
household, tmtll-tko reptile wae dlapatcaea. .
The agent of a Berlin concern has bee '
arrested St Lockpdrt N. X; charted Wit
hiving sett postal cards to a flrta In that' city;
in which he dunned them for, a small bill and
after their names wrote the letters "D- B."
Dunning by postal card is a penal offense under
a law passed on June 13, IBS), and this being the
first case to be tried under it the result will be
awaited with Interest in legal circles.
If there is one commodity more neces
sary than another It Is a coifln. This inevitable
conclusion of a man's career has, of course,
run tho price of a funeral and fixtures up ta
exorbitant figures. Newark, N. J-, has filled a
long-felt want by organizing a coffin club, mem
bers of which contributing $Bi M the install
meat plan are able to buy a coffin and Incidental
services for something like a living price. Of
course the rosewood and nickel-plated profes
sion Is aroused and is trying to arrest .the club
organizers, but public sentiment that buys
watches, pianos and kitchen stoves , on this
AH InrOLtJNTART THEFf.
Hovr a Young Man Picked a Pocket and
, Never Knew It.
From the Providence Journal.
A curious story is told of a robbery which oc
curred on a Broad street car last ovenine. Dr.
A. O. Bobbins was relieved of a costly gold
watch and chain on the rear platform of a car
on Broad street. There were five persons on
the platform Dr. Robbins, Deputy Chief of
Police Brown, the conductor and two others.
The watch was not missed until the doctor
entered a watchmaker's to have his time'
place set The police were notified, and
a description of the watch left with
them. It was of gold, made by Brelt
ling Snlderich at Loch, Switzerland, for
Dr. Bobbins when he was traveling abroad, 80
years ago, and cost $360. In answer to a care
fully worded advertisement in the Bulletin,
Dr. Bobbins succeeded in meeting the young
man who had stood opposite the Deputy Chief
of Police on th e car platform. The young man
had unconsciously taken the watch; from the
doctor, and from him the doctor recovered it
When the doctor boarded the car between the
Deputy Chief and the yonng man his watch
chain caught and took a turn around a button
on the young man's coat The watch was
dragged from its place in the doctor's pocket
without disturbing its owner. The young man
discovered it dangling there after .the doctor
had left the car, and was a good deal surprised,
After some consideration he decided it wonld
not be wise to ask for a claimant for a valuable
watch among an indiscriminate company of
people, so he pocketed the timepiece and ad
vertised for the owner.
Two Millions Thrown At-ray.
From the Chicago Times. 3
Prince Hatzfeldt cbst Papa Huntington $2,-
nuiii. chest locks. 4. B. 8. ID ana zo nennv nails.
large and small looking glasses, gilt and vellum
pocketbooks, needles and pinns, men and
women's horsewhips, awl blades and ticks, va
riety or xaDie Knives ana lorjtB. puexct Knives ana
flihlnff lines and rods, tobacco boxes and innfl
boxes, ivory and borne combs, buckles and spurs,
wire pipes coffee mills syths, spectacles, hair
bines, buckram, white and blue oznabrlggs,
forks, spring knives ana peunknives, wooll cards.
lines ana roas, tooacco ooxes ana iuuii
httgabaggs with small wares, etc
Joseph Sims advertises a stock of similarly
assorted goods, and, in addition, "A Likely
Parrol nt Nfim-o Bora and Girls."
Will our descendants ISO years hence, resur
rect the files of our papers for the yearlSS9,
and enjoy perusing our news, and the then
quaintly worded announcements of the Post
master General's store, the fair sex wondering
what sort of cloth cballls, satines andglorldsa
were, while the men smile as they read of our
mall facilities, fast vessels and Keely motorsT
Philadelphia, November 9, 18S9.
GOSSIP ABOUT THE CAMEEONS.
Their Winter's "feutertnlnlng to be Quiet Be
cause of Their Mourning,
rspiciii tiliqkjIm To ran dispItch.i
Washington, November 10. A local paper
has the following to-day in regard to the family
ot Senator Caineton:
Senator and Mrs. Cameron have just come to
town, and the quaint cream-colored house, where
the Senator has lived so long( is assuming its
wonted air of hospitality. Mrs. Cameron is in
mourning for her father, so tnat the winter's
entertaining will 6e of a quiet nature. Th seclu
sion from gaiety will be partially broken by the
festivities attending the debntof the youngest of
Senator Cameron's five daughters. Miss Baehel,
which will occur some time during the season.
She has not yet reached the city, but is expected
to arrive in the near future. A debutante dinner
will be the initial entertainment. At this a lew
Of her most intLnate friends will be the guests.
Miss Cameron will be one ot the most attractive
belies of th season. She is very, pretty, and in
addition to that has received the thorough educa
tion for which the Cameron girls have always been
noted, and la as bright and accomplished as a girl
may wise to oe duo is graceful, idu nas very
Sweet and winning manners, .which will Insure
her popularity. IBlss Marv Cameronwill make
flitting visits to Washington during the winter.
OOdie cold cash, which It W.0W.W0 01 Mere XFiSW3&tS
'than he is worth., .- .-,". - v '";, ;- IHarrMnrg, ofwMca she n Use head.
George Jennings, of New Portage, Om was
fishing In Wolf Creek and had seta line and
went further up the stream. When he re
turned he found a duck had swallowed the
minnow and swam away with the pole and line.
He followed It up and captured 14 ThlsiJ a
new way to get ducks.
Seveeal weeks ago Henry Yaggi, son of
Chris Yaggi, of Knox township, Stark county;
0., swallowed a collar button. It lodged in the
inngs, and from spasms which resulted several
times it was thought the boy would die. Phy
sicians demanded an operation, but the boy's
father refused. While in onsof his conghlng
Spasms the .father struck the boy a stunning
blow between the shoulders. The button was
thrown from the lungs, and he almost fainted
ilRS.HAEDHitf, bf London, 0., has sent a
rooster by express to Governor-elect Campbell.
The peculiar circumstance which Induced her
to send the pet fowl to Mr. Campbell was that
she had given it the name 6f James Campbell
long before thd State Convention and before
she ever heard that name. Being a great friend
td the Democrats, she thought it appropriate to
send it to the Governor as his hamesake.
Xxi tb the spot by a dream, Frank Stout, ot
Catasanqua, recovered the body of his friend,
Wilha'm Kennedy, who was swept over' ft dasi
and drowned a few days before.
A Wheeling youth died his auburn' Mus
tache. He must have got hold of the wrong
bottle, for the hair on his ilp turned a rich sea
green. He is bow sffloethly shaven.
ti-ebBsfe dtivx, of Leach's Flat, Fa., routed
a rabbit oat ot a fallow on hli place the bthet
day, intending to Are at it after it had run a
short distance. Just as he was about to pall
the trigger an enormous hawk darted down,
capturing the rabbit and attempted to rise.
The rabbit sqdealed and struggled to free
itself, while the hawk tightened. Its claws and
got a good held. When the, hawk had got
about IS feet from the groand with Its prey
Mr. Govd baaffed away at it It dropped llxo a
Stone and died in. a moment The rabbit was
dead, too, although none of the she had hit It
TAMAHAC. creek feat tafefc Carlton J.
Brown's farm, sear ScraBtes. Several tisaes
during October Fanner Brews had sees ah
otter, a mink tM a muskrat fceepiec one aa
otbereoispaeyK the beaks of tteKreaM.
Three times he has seea these rtsyfatj tssaer
around a stssfi, he iays, and M wea't pttK
ids boys to trap er sheet taessk 'They wy
life ia their way as stack MUttsis om,"
Said JWar1 ra UK , "a4 1 like e
see thorn a mlaSiiiHj -had fctiaMt- M (Mi
plan will see nothing monstrous in the eofin
A "French papef gives i fiacinatin i ad
count of a newly-discovered .Mower; of which
rumors have from time td thSe reached the)
ears of floriculturists. It ii called the snow"
flower, and it is said to hate been discovered by
Count AnthoskoS In the most northern por
tion of Siberia, where the ground is continu
ously covered with frost This weederf nl ob
ject shoots forth from the frozen sail only on
the first day of eacn succeeding year. It shin ea
but f era single day, and then resolves, to,, ita
original elements. The leaves see three in
number, and each about three inches la .
diameter. They are developed only os .ta--,
aideot the stem toward the north. as&'feaeH' .
seems covered with mlcToecopia uijutaai -5
fasciks dif jrtrttirif max.
It was a butcher who remarked tht fin
quarters were less than the whole. Life. , '
Jit. Cambridge Miss Lakeside, hare yen
ever read "Looking Backward?"
iliss Lakeside Noi I tried to once, bat It gave,
me a crick in the heck. Life. ' '
Fond llothei You should remember, niy
child the little birds la their nestaacree. .,
Johnny But every once in a While one of 'em I
falls out I'm that one. Munsey't Weekly. ;.
An Autumnal Proposal. He (as ttey.'i..
stand on tne Daieony-ii is very enat
and very dreary without Is itnotf
iie tinspireaj ion. narpcr'i mwr, r;-
-.. -i .vri 1. it.i I ? .tm.
Mr ijyer -xnose snoes isn x goner yi'
llhl. k. . uV ... lfL.Ml.ht .M 1. 1M " S1
Hr.B. t want another pair justlike 'em. Nets -
knew boys' shoes to wear so long in my uft.-"
Irate Politician Look here, ysi pals-"
llihed a lie about me this momlng-an lnlkmeW'
lie. I won't stand It.
Serene Edltor-'But lust think where fod would
be If we were io publish .the troth about you..
Xtrrt Hants express.
A vnTincr mari xrrHam in tu tnnntrtn9 hnw
. .i 4i. .-.. , ;.v.- tl
ter. Atfe think no young man who wants to learnt
.....lav .tia tmmhmi. Is. t. if. wnv. bIK. ni. -
master, and a stern, unyielding master he should
be, too.-rero Biftirtgt.
Poet Uaa voxt teli ae the eanie of taeee
pains I have in the legs?
Doctor Slay 1 ask where yoa liver
Poet In the aide room, sir.
Doctor-Then the pains are room attic, i iv dt
iarsV ple&te.-i'fae Xork Ban.
Kirby 6teae-i dWt Jee ydS it tie ealV.
whets; yott nsed td- take lunch with the boys,
roungldve-tfo, 1 ant eating very light lunches
how. 1 sit oa a high stool aHd chew sndwlch.
Klrby Stone BeraoBSHlaKj ehV
Tounzlove Yes, lam saving np enough td py
for the present my wife Is going to five me next
Two CoBMliaioBS. Customer Is Bub-'
note's HheamaM Jiesiedy good for acute rheu
matism tae resait ora eoldr
Drag Clerk-I-I don't know. I'll See. (Wnlitf
persto proprietor. Save we Balraose'i Bhea-s '
Proprletor-ifo; only Bullflnehe'a. '.-'.
. Clerk (to enstotnetHNoj riot halfstf good as
je xosamy. i hear yon got a thras. $
ing in seaoei to-day. ..... 3;
mmmj-iH, at, tne leacnerwnigpei. mo, u-
hdUtetUacsvOld and weak that it didn't hart
Jtosfcer-lHdlidSirTT . .
, TWMajos.Tei 1 bawled id tea
haasd t te next block. . j- .
ill HiraMfHBQUIU., Afc.l
"-- .- . .4.1- ; i
"-i-ijiiiat so suu vaf.tf3
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