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ptffell-Known Authors Tell the Stories
of Their 5dm De Plumes.
IKAHES THAT CAEEI WEIGHT
frAdopted bj Soled Writers to Conceal Their
F.lSTi&ESTlKG PACTS FOB EEADER8
omnM ron tub ciBf atcb.j
"While to thousands the nom de plumes of
favorite writers are as familiar as household
rords. to but a comparative few is known
'anything of the real identity of the authors
whom the pseudonyms screen. And to even
a smaller class is anything known of the
significance oi famous pen names, and the
circumstances under which they were adopt
ed. "We all know, perhaps, that "Mark
Twain" is a leadman's cry in shallow water,
and that it so originated with the famous
humorist. Likewise are the particulars of
the pseudonym of "Charles Egbert Crad
dock" familiar. But these are exceptional
instances. Tor the most part, nothing is
known concerning them. Accordingly, for
the past three years, I have sought by mail
and by personal solicitation to prepare an
article which should embody the facts so
long withheld from public knowledge. Z
confined mvself almost exclusively to living
writers. The results of my efforts are sub
joined, and will prove, I think, the most
complete and exhaustive contribution ever
made to tne literature of the subject treated.
Edvtaed W. Bok.
HISTOET OP A FAMOUS XAME.
Bow Grace Greenwood Obtained Her Lit
erary "om De Flnme.
How did I come by my nom de plume?
Most naturally and legitimately.
My mother gave it to me; the first part at
my birth, the second "twenty years after."
She was romantic and liberal enough to
fly in the face of old, Puritanic and prosaic
family customs, and called me "Grace"
after a dear friend, an exceedingly lovely
girl of Israelitish descent, and the accom
plished daughter of a rich merchant of
ISew Haven. This Miss Grace Incersoll,
by the way, had a history. Her father
seems to have been ambitious for her, for he
took her to Paris. "When she was introduced
into high society, she was recognized as one
of the beauties of the court of the First Na
poleon. She married a French nobleman,
on whote estates she mostly passed the re
mainder of her life, quietly, and, let us
hope, happily. I sported her pretty name
during my infancy, up to the time of my
christening, which did not take place till I
was 3 years old. Except that we were a
procrastinating family, 1 can give no reason
lor tins postponement of that sacred rite.
Xet X have always been belated in such
matters. I did not have the measles "till I
was in my teens, nor the scarlet fever till I
was out o'f my twenties."
As ill luck would have it, just at the
time of my christening, my dear mother was
confined to her room with illness, and my
more unromantic father stole a march upon
her, saying, "I must have this thing over."
He took me to church, when, wishing to do
honor to particular friends of his. sifters
and maiden ladies, "rich and rare," he be
stowed on me, with all due solemnities, the
very respectable but commonplace appella
tions proper, "Sara"-"Jane." a little re
deemed by the patronymic "Stuart."
They were strange words to me, and I felt
doubly aggrieved when the minister not
only flung cold water in my lace, but called
me names. Yet though to the rest of the.
world graceless, I was always Grace to my
mother; and when, in about the year of our
Xord well, somewhere this side of the
"driit period," I wanted a nom de plume
for my magazine stories, etc, and called on
my best friend to cognominate me, she at
once suggested my resuming the name which
I had been basely aud baptismally deprived
of. I assented, "but my dear mother had
a weakness for alteration and "Grace"
and "Ingersoll" did not alliterate well. So
she tbonght again, and in a moment's time
gave forth the word "Greenwood," as the
second name; which certainly had Ihe merit
of appropriateness for a rural writer, as I
then was much given to wild roviug and
wilder riding in the woods. I had before
become pretty well known, and been gener
ously encouraged as a writer of pcems so
called under my own name. I used only
for my prose letters and sketches the nom
de plume, which for some time was a family
secret; so that in literary society I more
than once heard my identity discussed. I
need the new name first in the Home Journal
of Morris & "Willis.
The literary field for women is not only
broader now than it was in those days, but
more inviting and flowery, with more'honey
to the square acre, and it swarms with bees
and butterflies, bearing alliterative pseu
donyms. I have often wanted to drop mine,
as no longer appropriate in any way; but it
will not be dropped. I belong more to it
than it to me; and must remain to all in
tents and purposes except check-signing
("but that's not much.")
JOAQUIK KILLER'S STOKY.
He Nearly Lost HU Head in Obtaining; Hie
Saint Joaquin was the husband of Saint
Aun, who was the mother of the Virgin
Mary, and is the patron saint of sailors.
The shrine of Saint Ann de Bonpere, below
Quebec, Canada, holds a lilesize statue of
Saint Joaquin. Secondly, Joaquin Mari
etta was a boy of good family in the San
Joaquin country of California in 1852. But
some "roughs" despoiled his home, hung
his brother, misled his wife, and drove him
to desperation. The Mexicans were sadly
treated by the Americans in the early Cali
fornian days, and Joaquin Marietta vowed
revenge. He killed at least 20 of the
roughs with his own hand, and finally had
a band of Mexican outlaws so brutal about
him that both State and federal troops were
called out A reward of 55,000 wis offered
and the brave boy was finally killed and his
head cut off and exhibited in San Pranclco.
But many held that he never had been
killed; that some other fellow's head was
substituted to get the reward,
Well, in 1854. 1, a long-haired lad, took
up my abode with the then wild and splen
did savages of Mount Shasta, afterward
famous as the Modocs, and as no one seemed
to see any purpose but that ot plunder on
the part or one casting his lot with these
denizens of the mountains, why, of course, I
was called a robber; and finally It began to
be said that 1 was the original "Joaquin,"
and must be killed or captured. I nnally
had to Itave my leafv home, and next turned
up in "Washington Territory as a school
teacher. Here X wrote, in verse, a sketch of
Joaquin Marietta. In 1866, when a lawyer
Ore., X published this poem in Port
land, Ore., along with some other verses
and called the book "Joaquin et al." At
the same time it was still vaguelv hinted
that I was the original Joaquin Marietta.
My horsemanship and knowledge of Spanish
gave color to this, and even when a candi
date In the hotly-contested election forjudge
this charge was brought up. This poem is
now called "California" in "Songs ot the
Sierras." Thirdly, I was almost compelled
to accept the name "Joaquin" alter'l pub
lished "Joaquin et al." To have tried to
denv or explain would have made matters
worse, and so I at once, 180G-G7, took the
same and tried to make it respectable. X
can only add that X am not the robber
Joaquin Marietta, and also should like to
add that I should count it no great reproach
even weef so; for he was driven to his
bloody deeds, and was not bad at heart
BILL KIE EXPLAINS
That He Is Kot n Dangerous al Hta Kama
Ton ask me how I came to adopt the) nom
de plume of Bill Eye, and I can truthfully
reply that X did not do so at alL
My first work was done on a territorial
paper in the Itocky Mountains some 12
years ago, and was not signed. The style,
or rather the lack of It, provoked some com
ment, and two or three personal encounters.
Other papers began to wonder who was
responsible, and various names were as
signed by them as the proper one; among
them Henry Nye. James Nye, Robert Nye,
etc, and a general discussion arose, in
which X did not take a hand. The result
was a compiomise, by which 1 was
christened Bill Nye, and the name has
clung to me.
X am not especially proud of the name,
for it conveys the idea to strangers that X
am a lawless, profane and dangerous man.
People who judge me by the brief and
bloody name alone, instinctively shudder
and examine their firearms. It .suggests
daring, debauchery and defiance to the law.
Little children are called in when X am
known to be at large, and a day of fasting
is announced by the Governor of the State.
Strangers seek to entertain me by showing
me the choice iniquities of their town.
Eminent criminals ask me to attend their
execution and assist them in accepting their
respective doom. Amateur criminals ask
me to revise their work, and to suggest im
provements. All this is the cruel result of an accident,
for X am not that kind oi a man. Had my
work been the same, done over the signature
of "Taxpayer" or "Vox Populi," how
different might have been the result! Seek
ing as I am, in my poor, weak way, to make
folly appear foolish and to make men better
by speaking disrespectfully of their errors,
X do not deserve to be regarded, even by
strangers, as a tough or a terror, but rather
as a plain, law-abiding American citizen,
who begs leave to subscribe himself
Yours, for the Public "Weal,
Edoae Wu-soir Nye.
A FOSTUXATiS ACCIDENT
Brought Mrs. Parlincton Before the Public'
The beginning of the Partington para
graphs was something like the loss of Mr.
Silas "Wecg's leg, "in an accident" There
was no intention or premeditation in the
matter, and the result was a great surprise
to me. It was at a time when steamers
twice a month brought news" from Europe,
and one arrival brought the intelligence
that bread stuffs had advanced in price.
This was the occasion of a three-line
paragraph, which I think, I "set up"
without writing, stating that "Mrs.
Partington said that it made no differ
ence to her whether the price of flour
increased or not, as she alwavs had to pay
just so much lor half a dollar's worth." The
name was not chosen, but it came with a
sudden memory of Sydney Smith's dame
who mopped back tne Atlanticwhcnit bver
flowed into her cottage at Sidmouth. I had
no intention for aught beyond the moment.
Flattered by the success of this virgin ef
fort, which was copied everywhere, I tried
it asrain, with like success, and what was
begun in a sportive moment became a sort
of "point d'appui for many things latent in
my inkstand, until the little one became a
thousand. I was surprised to find that Mrs.
Partington was a bona fide name, and I re
gretted that, under the circumstances, I had
not taken another, but it had grown into
public favor, and would not be changed
without being abandoned altogether, and
therefore was continued until the offence
became mountainous. X justified it to my
self by laying the original blame on Sydney,
to whose assumption I bad merely given "a
local habitation and name" on this side of
the water. His character, however, said
nothing; mine was garrulous, and (that ii
all the story. B. P. Shillabeb.
HEE GBACE, THE DUCHESS.
The Jferry Jest of n Host Slicks (O a Kovel
As to the origin of my nom de plume,
there is not very much to say about it
Many years ago while engaged npon my first
novel, "Phyllis," I happened to attend an
"At borne" at the house of one of my inti
mate friends. As I was about to enter the
receution room, my host saw me and came
forward. He waved the footman back,
and himself announced me to the guests,
within, as "Her Grace, The Duchess."
Very solemnly he said it, and being all well
known to each other, the laugh was univer
sal. Then somebody else took up the plot,
and said the title well became me. X was a
person ol snch an "august presence;" being
full five feet in height, and at that time very
young and slight Thisstill further delighted
us all, and from that hour the sobriquet
clung to me. It was all very foolish, very
irivolous, very light-hearted, but we were
all youcg together, and a laugh seemed to
us then the best life could give.
In England I am not known by this title.
My editors here strongly disapprove of my
making use of it; but ou the first sheets of
"Phyllis" it was inadvertently printed, and
these sheets, uncorrected, were sent across
the water. Hence your knowledge of me by
There have, I believe, been foolish reports
to the effect that I am dead, or else have sold
the richt to my nom de plume. Let me here
once and for all declare that such reports
possess ho smallest tithe of truth.
IHE BOIS" FAT0RITE.
How William T. Adams Adapted the Kame
of Oliver Optic.
The words of the name "Oliver Optic"
have no meaning in themselves, aud X can
best give you the information you require
by copying a paragraph from the Boston
Past and Present, for which I furnished the
material many years ago:
Mr. Adams' nom de guerre had its origin in
this wise: The ISOstou Young Men's Total Ab
stinence Society was more a literary than a
tcniperanco organization. Its meetings were
fur lectures, yocit s, debates., etc., uv the mem
bers. Governor B.mks u as a member, so Was
Kev. Air. Stadley (Methodist). Hon. J. 21. Lin
coln, Rev. J. A. Ames, same of whom here De
jrau their career as speakers and literary men,
Air. Adams wrote a poem lor this society.wblch
was pubhsutd in the Flag of Our Union under
this caption: M93L. A Poem Delivered Before
the Mutual Admiration Society, by Oliver
Optic, M. D."
Tbis was tho first time ho ever used the name
of Optic A drama, w rltten b v "a ccntleman of
Boston," -was performed at "the Museum, In
ubicli was a Uiancter, a philosophical phy
sician, played bv W. H. bmith, called Kt)r.
Optic" Mr. Adams ued the name with the
alliterative prefix of "Oliver," without think
ing he should ever do so again. He next used
It In a conple of essays In the Waierley Maga
zine. The domestic stories under this name
were so popolar, that he felt obliged to con
tinue the use of it even when he desired to
And this is the story of "Oliver Optic"
"William t. Adams.
PRETTY OCTAVE THANET
Got Halt of Her Name From a. Frelsbt
Some years ago I was on a train going
from Boston to Chicago. X had written a
few newspaper articles, and was ambitious
for magazine work. I had not enough con
fidence in myself to use my own name, and
X was casting about in my mind for a
pseudonym. Just at that moment my eye,
roviug over a row of freight cars, fell on the
name "Thanet" written in chalk on one of
the cars. X forgot now whether it was a
place or : man's name. Anyhow, I adopt
ed it on the spot, because it might be
Scotch (there is, Ithink, an Isle of Thanet),
or it might bcPrcnch. And I wanted to
use the came of my room-mate at school for
the first part of iy lalse name. Octave is
a man's name in French and a woman's in
English. So-X pnt the two names together,
and first introduced the psudonym to the
fiublic in connection with a story published
n 1878. That is the whole history of
"Octave Thanet" Alice Ebknch.
JOSIAH ALLEN'S WIFE
Had Ko Particular Design in Choosing; Her
Nom De Gnerre.
I really do not think I can give any very
good reason for choosing the com de plume
of "Josiah Allen's Wife." I remember
when I chose the name I had become rather
weary of the more fanciful pseudonyms
adopted by literary women, and I had a
great liking for thesensible names of George
Eliot and Artemus "Ward. "When I chose
the nom de gnerre. I did not expectifrwould
ever become widely known, but I wished to
choose a good, plain, sensible name, one
that would, if ever it became famous, have
a solid, substantial sound and be adapted to
tho characters in my stories. I took great
pains in the selection, and thought for a long
time before the right name suggested itself
to mc Finally it came to me, and of my own
creation.. And thus "Josiah Allen's Wife"
came into the world.
' SMRLEI DAEE
Wae Adopted When the Writer WmYoras
and Loved Pretty Kame.
Pew names were in fashion when I began
to write, and I wanted one which should
have the initials of my own name, yet give
no clew to the sex of the writer. Being
young, of course I wanted something pretty,
according to juvenile taste, so "Shirley
Dare" I became Other juveniles seemed
to find it so at least, for it was so parodied
in imitation that I vowed ten years ago
never to use it again. But editors found it
an ornamental flourish to finish an article,
and signed it themselves to my work,
whether or no. It Berves as a convenient
veil of personality, and I use it with the
drawback that funny people always ask
upon introduction, if I am "The woman
who Dared," which is the last I ever want
to hear of them. Mrs. S. D. Poweb.
AETEHUB WAED PLAIED GODFATHER
And Gave Melville V. Lnndon His Name of
Artemus Ward spent several weeks with
me on my plantation in Louisiana in 1865.
II was here that, when in a very funny
mood, he would call me Eli Perkins. The
name Eli Perkins was a never-ending
source of amusement between us two.
Whenever Artemus wished to describe a
certain character he would say:
"Oh, he's a regular Eh Perkins of a
An Eli Perkins kind of a man was a dry,
humorous, statistical man, with odd concep
tions and clumsy movements.
It was thns that I came by the nom de
plume of "Eli Perkins." Artemus Ward
gave it to me. Melville D. Laxdox.
GOT IT BI MISTAKE.
A Carelesa Printer Gave to the World Ik
It was in the winter of 181647 that, at the
instance of Henry J. Baymond (then man
aging editor of the New York Courier and
Enquirer), I wrote some rambling letters
from Washington, D. C. To the first, and
without much thought, I appended the
signature of "Jk Marvel" (sic). The New
York compositor, however, misread the mat
ter, and printed "Ik Marvel," which
seemed to me an improvement; so "Ik" I
allowed it to stand thenceforward through
out my correspondence and at the ftont of
my earlier books. It is a short story, and
not much worth, but here you have it all.
Dokald G. Mitchell.
AFEAID OF FAILURE.
The Benson Henry Harlnnd Adopted the
Name of Sidney I.unkn.
X determined to publish my first novel
over a nom de plume, so that in case the
novel failed I should not be handicapped by
it. Then, as the novel dealt with Hebrew
subjects, I thought for the sake of verisimil
itude I had better don a pseudonym that
wonld be Hebrew, too. Hence, "Sidney
Luska." The name "Luska," was an in
vention of my own. I never saw it else
where, though it is possibly a genuine
name, nevertheless. "As it was Written."
published in September, 1885, was the first
story printed over the name.
A MOTHER'S ItEMOEI
Led to the Adoption of the Kame of Fanny
When she had finished her first article
she tried to think of some nice name to sign
it; but got no farther than "Fanny," which
she wrote down on nnother piece of paper.
Then her thoughts wandered to her mother,
and to her mother's extreme fondness for
ferns, and how often she had gathered large
bundles of sweet fern for her when they
were in the country together. So, at last,
she said to herself, "Why not Fanny Fern?
It is a pretty name." And it wbs "Fanny
DROPPED HER HUSBAND'S NAME.
How Mm. Hector Became the Fnmons Mrs.
When I made my first venture and wrote
"The Wooing O't" I had but faint hopes of
success; and, not liking to have my name
associated with failure, I determined to use
only the first half of it. I have (as is the
fashion with you as well ns with us, l be
lieve) my husband's first and second name;
and am Mrs. Alexander Hector. I there
fore only dropped the latter. My first book
was published in Temple Bar, 1872.
Ann IE Hectob.
LEEDLE IAWC0B STRAUSS.
The Kame Fitted b l'otm and Fleased the
I hardly know why I happened to adopt
my nom de plume, except that the came is
thoroughly German, and fitted well into the
stanzas of the poem, "Leedla Yawcob
StrauBs,"as originally blocked out The
name was received with favor, and I found
the name of the poem so strongly associated
with my own that I retained it; hence the
nom de plume of "Yawcob Stftluss."
Chables Folles Adams.
PETROLEUM V. NASM.
A Combination of Ancient and Modern
My father's nom de plume, I hardly
think, has any particular significance. The
word "Nasby" was coined probably from a
remembrance of tho battle of Naseby.
About the time the Nasby letters were com
menced in the Toledo Blade the petroleum
excitement was raging in Pennsylvania,
and Vesuvius was used for euphony. Fath
er never gave any other explanation of this
pseudonym than the above.
How Max O'ttell Cnme by His.
My grandfather was an officer in the French
army, and was called Max Blouet During the
N&polean war he was taken prisoner by the
English and sent to England, whore he met an
Irish girl, Miss O'RelL whom he loved, courted,
married, and brought bacfc to France. Such Is
the origin of my nom de plume. I Drat used It
on the tide page or "John Bull and His
Island." PAOL Blouit.
Whence Came Naughty Oalda.
My pen-name was born from the lisp of a
little jrtrl a relative who, calltoff me by my
ffrct nnmp TnUa ltanpri it to sound "Weedie."
I took the pronunciation from the child's lips.
essea it, ana it Decame, as n uas reuiaiueu,
From Cansile Kym Crinkle.
The words "Nym Crlnklo" weTe put together
1th the one tinrDose of dissulsinir my person-
.lity with an odd but euphonious Combination.
'hprn I nn rhlrantpr t.n the nsendonim Other
than has been conferred upon It by the articles
to which it naa Been appenueo.
: A. O.-Whmi-eb.
THE PITTSBUBQ- DISPATOH,
FLIRTING AflNE ART.
Clara Belle Bednces Society Flirta
tion to an Exact Science
HAN IS A SUSCEPTIBLE CBEAT0RE.
Hobbies of Oar Fashionable and
THE AUTOCRATIC POWERS OP A BUTLER
icosBX8romJc or inn mtrAioB.i
Nfcw Yobk, November 9.
HE mail has brought
to me a letter from
a girl who asks for
advice as to how to
flirt Now, if I
were writing for a
magazine, I should
don't'" But a
newspaper doesn t
care to have matter
so ancient and mean
ingless as the maga
zines take, and so I
will try to instruct
f, f the lair reaaer oi
The Dispatch, or course none oms
flirts. But it won't do to be too sincere
with men. We must all find that out
sooner or later. Life is pretty serious,
especially for the boys. People must amnse
themselves. Girls must learn to let men
say pretty things to them, and do pretty
things for them, without either losing their
own hearts or heads or making the mistake
ofholdingthemen too strictly responsible
for what they say or do. Because a man
finds a girl attractive, likes to be with her,
enjoys doing the gallant thing by her, it
need not mean that he has an idea of marry
ing her or of breaking her heart.
The management of such pretty complica
tions as our rather free society brings about,
in relations between men and women, is
worth thought Friendship is too exacting.
Grave attachments are to be avoided. But
there is a big middle ground of sociability,
congeniality, airy sympathy and gallantry,
that is worth cultivating, and which should
be sale as well as legitimately amusing. In
other words fencing is
A PBETTY PASTIME.
Buttons on the swords you know. There
may be all the graceful movements, quick
passes, swish of blade and flash of steel, and
yet the swords are tipped, and it is quite
harmless. Fencing with points bare is an
other matter. I don't pretend to advise
those who do it beyond suggesting bandagej
and a doctor, or perhaps I had better say
bans and" a divine, ready at hand. Girls
are too inclined to place something of a mat
rimonial value upon "attention." They are
too prone to look upon every man as a pos
sible lover and husband. Dear me! That
is the most foolish thing in the worldl One
cannot, and one does not want to marry
every man who makes himself agreeable.
Men ought not to feel themselves required
to back up with a proposal every compli
ment they pay.
Better regard every man as merely so good
a partner in passing time as he is clever
enough to make himself. If he is to be more
the fact will develop naturally. You need
not seek it Don't take things too seriously.
Flirting at best and worst is pretense. At
best it is pretense, recognized as such by
both parties. Judgment, tact and constant
presence of mind are necessary to Ijeep to
mere pretense to keep the buttons from
getting knocked off the swards' tips. (That's
what gives zest, I suppose, to the amuse
Every girl should be versed in fhe re
quired tact, equipped with the judgment
necessary and capable of sustained presence
of mind. Of course, granted that mutual
amusement is all that is sought, each desires
to avoid deceiving the other into belief in
sincerity. If you encourage your friend to
get in earnest you will have cause to blame
yonrself. Hence the necessity for constant
presence of mind. Bememher a womanneed
never say anything. She hears. It is the
province of tne stronger sex to ask; aud a
question can be answered or not, as one
A COQUETTE'S TBIU1IPH.
By the way, the triumph of coquetry is to
hear "I love you" said and avoid reply.
But I am telling my correspondent about
flirting, not coquetry. The comfort and
safety of a flirtation lies in letting each say
firmly its own story. Begin all over
again every time you meet, else that inex
orable law of progression which governs the
emotions will soon rush you out of pretense
into seriousness, out of comedy into compli
cation, out of flirtation into heart-break or
matrimony. Keep that law of progression
in mind. Never be surprised into taking
things in earnest Men like to talk desper
ately, but they don't usually want to be be
lieved. It is expecting ioo much of Alfred
to wish him to go and really
shoot himself because he says he is going to.
Because Dick says he v is thinking of you
with dangerous lrequency you need not get
scared. He likes to put it that
way. You must have too much
tact to embarrass htm by tak
ing him in earnest Because moon
light and the music afloat from the ball
room inclines Mr. Motltmorancy to senti
ment you need not horrify him by fluttering
into blushing embarrassment, or pnt a
vision of breach of promise action before
him by expecting him, at his call the next
day, to renew the moonlight melody. Of
course I don't mean you are to laugh. Dear,
no. Always be gentle and sympathetic.
Because a man with fine eyes likes to let
them soften and melt as he looks at a girl is
ho reason why she should think he is going
to propose, or fall in love with him, or think
he wishes her too. It is quite right that
girls should be treated With much deference;
tli.lt flowers shonld be given them, pretty
things said to them, attention paid them.
It is thehomagetheolheraexdclightsto pay
them. Let it betaken gently, graciously,
simply as homage, and so valued.
HEN ABE SUSCEPTIBLE.
I kuow there are men who do cot find
themselves sufficiently amused unless they
fancv they are making a genuine "im
pression" on the girl to whom they devote
themselves. Well, well! it is a harmless
enough vanity. Let them fancy so far as
your judgment permits, and ns safely as
your tact can accomplish. The idea is
simply not to let the genuine impression be
really made, and not to let the man get too
interested trying to make it
Men are awfully susceptible. They can
afford to be. Falling in and out of love
means less to them than it does to Us. You
really need not worry about them. First
attend to yourself. As long as you have
not fanned the spark of sincerity that Ignites
their fancy you can without worry depend
upon going harmlessly out. Just take care
of your own family, that's all. Don't
think you must help him to "get over it"
He will do it very nicely all by himself
just give him a chance to recover and a
loophole to believe you never noticed his
slip. It hurts a man's dignity to know that
you realize he not only made a fool of him
self, but would have made a bigger one had
he been allowed to. Don't rub that in.
Let him fancy you thought him pretending
all the time. So the wee affair will blow
over without a whir of ashes and the man
will always have a sneaking regard for you'
as a good 'fellow. Never be a goose and talk
frieudsbip to a man who even fancies him
sell in love with you. It simply makes you
seem vastly irritating in a calmly superior
way, and inclines the man to rage and reck
lessness. Pat yourself in his place and you
will promply see why.
Here are two good rules: Never lead a
man on, and always leate htm free to with
draw. Two more: Don't get scared when he
If t iffi
comes on of himself, and don't get antrry
whin he withdraws; Two moreTDdn'tlet
him think yott don't know that ha is com
ing on, and don't let him think you notice
when he withdraws. Ode big one for always:
XTsa your bead and cot your heart Save
your heart for the time that will not be
A CAHDLKSTlCK CHADS'.
Only several weeks aeo I wrote of the
time and money spent by some well known
ladies in making collections of certain
toilets or household things. .Mrs. Jesse
Grant has just brought to her home a dozen
candlesticks. She had plenty already. The
lady is candlesticktruok; she has been fill
iue her cabinets ever since she married, and
her husband rarely returns from a journey
without bringing her another one. All
nations, art schools, potteries and kilns are
represented in the modern, while her
antiques are like a museum collection in
number, rarity and value. A peep at her
chinas is like a glimpse of the certain Broad
way house where Dresden figures, French
studies and floral effects in porcelain rival
the nature in her gayest mood. A virtuoso
wonld forget his contentment looking at the
dragons, vestal virgins, harlequins, reptiles,
sea monsters, ooipnins, warnors.nsnmongers
and fabled deities modeled In bronze,
wrought iron, brass, silver and ormolu. The
quaint bits of color and the lovely forms of
laid work and under glazing would make a
suppliant of an independent artist Aside
from their artistic value many of the candle
sticks are priceless as souvenirs, coming as
they did from immortals, living and dead.
Mrs. Wllber F. Storey, until recently the
owner of the Chicago Times, and who is as
much at home in the Windsor Hotel as she
is in her Michigan avenue house in the
Lake City, is a slave to her handkerchiefs.
When her husband was alive he used co
have them made to order, not by the dozen,
but by the hundred. Mott men will admit
that pretty underwear is the most witching
part of a woman's trousseau, but Mr. Storey
put the handkerchief at the head ot every
PAID THE BILLS GLEE1TOXLY.
There was one French firm that used to
fill his order, and the delicate squares Were
sent home in an oaken box big enough to
hide a family of children id. One specialty
of this house was a bobinette handkerchief
made with a'two-lnch ruffle of the same web
and finished with bands and bows of ribbon.
Usually it reauired 15 a day to supply the
lady, and she kept a maid who did nothing
but wash them, pull them dry, and baste in
the ribbon. There were mulls and sheer
linens, batiste and fine lawns,a lavishly
trimmed and stitched flat, and point lace in
a hundred different Varieties; but the gem
was and still is the bobinette. Nothing
like it was ever handled by many women.
As a supplement Mrs. Storey wears ottar of
roses that costs 60 an ounce, one drop of
which is a veritable benediction to the
Mrs. William Livingstone has a weakness
for window draperies of applique lace, with
her monogram picked out ot the delicate
web in batiste lines. Mrs. Major General
Schuyler Hamilton, who on the day of her
marriage to the distinguished soldier, was
presented with the famous cearls in the
Hamilton family, has an inordinate love for
th; jewels, which she is more fond ol play
ing with than wearing.
The actresses go into fads for advertising
purposes, just as they sign literary contribu
tions which most of them are incapable of
writing. Lillian Russell is an adept, and
yet I can hardly leave her out of tbis letter,
lor she has a really remarkable colleotion of
silver bound toilet articles. She is mad on
the subject of brushes, and I really believe
there are three dozen alone in her outfit
She has nail brushes, jewel brushes, brow
brushes, hair brushes and manicure brushes,
all woven with imported bristles and backed
with silver sterling, every inch of it, and
superbly carved or hamuiered. These things
are spread over her dressing and toilet
tables, backs up, and if you didn't See the.
French bed with its silken canopy and
hangings in her chamber, the polished
wardrobes of her dressing room, and the
porcelain tub and twinging health lift of
her bathroom, you might fancy jrourself in
the shop of a dealer in exclusive novelties.
These brushes, with the hand mirrors, jewel
and powder boxes, are distributed over tbt
tables of three rooms, and against the white
drapery they suggest a mosaic of pearl and
silver. To the sight they are admirable.
To the chambermaid, who has to shine 'em
up every Monday morning, they are appall
ing. AK IMPOBTANT fUNCTIOMABr.
Let us consider that climax of pomposity
in servitude, the butler. "When a man
comes to me and wants me to find him a
situation as a butler, I have no opinion of
him from that time on." This is the state
ment of the proprietor of an up-town em
ployment agency where more than one
member of the Four Hundred has obtained
her servants, and it, is a statement that
holds equally good in other agencies. Why
butlers who are in need of employment
should be discriminated against in this
fashion is more than the ordinary mind can
grasp. It Is nevertheless a fact and a sad
and cruel fact for more tnon one butler who
suddenly finds his imposing presence no
longer in immediate demand.
"Most families," continued the dispenser
of domestic patronage, "especially those
families that belong to the best sooietr,
never think of going to an agency for a
butler, though they have no hesitancy in
calling for a maid, a coachman or a nail
boy. Butlers see more of society than any
other servants and they are expected to
have polished manners. These can only bs
acquired by living in families of high
breeding and culture. Sometimes the butler
is evolved, often he starts in service as a
sturdy little hall boy. As he gradually at
tains height and angularity he becomes a
valet in the household of his master and in
course of time he is graduated a tall, im
posing, full-blown butler, with dignity and
grace and manners that send cold chills of
terror up aud down the spines of un
sophisticated guests from the country.
"The ideal butler is one who is addressed
as 'sir' by the country Cousin. This may be
said to be the great test of his fitness for the
high office he holds, and such a salutation
is treasured by the perfect flunkey as an
emotional actress holds the tears of her au
dience. When a family breaks up house
keeping the butler is disposed of to some
A SOCIAL ABDITEB.
Sometimes there is a struggle to secure his
services, for a well-trained butler cau do
much toward building Up the reputation of
a family just beginning Hs acquaintance
with fashionable society. Tbis is particu
larly the case With butlers who are imported
from some titled English family. Iu some
instances such butlers have been known to
exercise the functions of a Social arbiter in
matters of taste and etiquette.
"New York has cot finished laughing
over the revelations of a butler imported
direct from the family of ft noblo- British
Duke. He soon left the service of his im
porter and found more congenial employ
ment with another family ot more established
Social standing. After his initial dinner
party with his first employer, he was taken
into the library and consulted concerning
the manners of the guests, and his opinions
were so highly regarded that those guests he
criticised were not Invited to the second
h "Thara l nnnftia nnint ftlinnt bnllprt "
continued the agent "They must be over
5 feet 10 inches tall. The sight of a short
man in knee breeches, back ol the table, is
ludicrous in the extreme, and Such unfortu
nates seldom find their services in demand.
There are many excepti6ns to this rule, how
ever. I know one instance where a family
have been obliged to take their" butler to
Europe with them every summer as a valet
because they found it impossible to place
him in another household. He was a valued
servant, and a feeling of sentiment prevented
his discharge." ClabA Belle.
Beem creeping along the back bone of the in
dividual who feds the malarial chill. Don't
wait for a second attack, friend, but away with
you to the neatest drat; store or dealer where
Hostetter's Stomach Bitters can be procured.
That's the article that will enable you to snap
firarnngers at cuius ana lever, use it, aio,
rir rheumatism. IniiLtetlorr. liver complaint
uibUity, nervousness and kidney inactivity..
SONGS OF TIE SEA.
'Bhymes Which Cheer the Sailor as
He Hauls the Tarry Bopes.
SOME FAVOBITE OLD CHASTIES.
Rollicking Choruses Bang on Fast Atlantic
BLENDIHG OP BUJIUK AND PATHOS
rwaifnit on raa ciSFATcn.l
All who have been within sound of the
sea have- doubtless heard, on a fine bright
morning, the merry click of the windlass on
board of some outward-bound craff, while
there also came,occasionalIy heard, strains of
song, peculiar in rythm and melody. Tbis
curious song was a chanty, or sailors work
ing song. Merchant sailors do- no heavy
wo without a sOng. Men-of-war's men
areTed in their motions by the shrill notes
of a whistle, or heave at the capstan ac
companied by fife and drum; but merchant
men "lilt up their voices and" sing. Col
lections of these songs, as sung by sailors of
all conntries, have been made, and form a
curious library of melody and nonsense.
For it is not'so much the sense, but the
sound principally that influences the men
in their choice of a "Chanty." These songs
are not without a certain beauty of their
own, especially when sung to the ac
companiment of the tempest and the
boom of the flopping sail. They
are usually the genuine compositions of
sailors, and are frequently improvised in
part, at least. The melodies are recitatives,
which are snug by the best and usually the
loudest voice, while the chorus is taken up
by all, Suiting the labor to the rythm. They
are ot various kinds, some being adapted to
the monotonous clank of the windlass or
pump-brake, others suited to the quick pulls
at toprail halliards or main sheet Dana,
in "Two Years Before the Mast," says, "A
song is as necessary to sailors as a fife and
drum to soldiers. They cannot pull in time,
or pull with a will, without it'' Some cap
tains say a good chanty is worth an extra
Sailorshaveinhented this penchantfor the
stimulating song. The Argonauts moved to
the sound of Orpheus' lyre, and the rowers in
the ancient galleys kept stroke to the strains
oftheKeleusura. This was explained by
the whistle in the middle ages, which
usage remained to the navy, but merchant
sailors returned to the song. Boatmen are
noted for their use of rowing songs in many
parts of the world. Venetian gondoliers
formerly repeated whole passages of Tasso's
poems, singing in alternation the glowing
verses. Thev still repeat parts of familiar
operas, but '"in Venice Tasso's- eohoes are
heard no more." Improvised verses to
some familiar melpdy are more commonly
used. Love sodgs are very popular with
them. Boat songs were and are still popu
lar among the highlanders, whose pictur
esque lakes resound to the echoes of the
stirring melodies. These were called
"Terrains" and one is given in Scott's
Lady of the Lake. A favorite one is that
"Bow, vassals, row, for the pride of the High
lands." Another fine song Is given in Black's
vathting romance, "White Wings." Its
burden is "Ho, rd, Clansmenl"
Thekeeltnen of the Tyne have many
cherished songs, of which the best known is
"Weel May the Keel Bow." The same is
true of the bargemen of the Loire, and other
French rivers, a famous rowing song with
most of them being "La Corsarienne." Nor
is Venice the only Italian port where boat
men's songs are heard. They are exceed
ingly popular in Naples, and no visitor to
that charming port has failed to hear "Santa
Lucia," a barcarolle, in the mouth pf every
fisherman and boatmai..
amebicax boat songs,
' On this side of the Atlantlo each songs
are not so common. In Canada, however,
they continue to be heard, and Moore's "Ca
nadian Boat Song" is but a specimen of a
Class of them, A recent traveler in Brazil
describes the Amazonian boat songs: "The
best wit on board starts the verse, Improvis
ing as he goes on. and the others join in the
chorus. They all relate to the lonely river
life, and the events of the voyage, the
ihoals, the wind, ho far they have to go
before they go to sleep, and so forth." The
boatmen of the Nile are particularly adept
in the songs, having one for each separate
Occupation. Hindoo, Chinese and Japanese
have them, and co boat is rowed in the
South Sess, among the many islands, with
out a song, consisting of a short solo and
chotus. Wilkes' exploring expedition
found them using one with an undoubted
reference to Captain Cook:
"Cook tells you, pull awayj
1 will do so. and so must yon."
The true sailors' chanty is of the. Same
class as these boatman's songs. There are
many such in Use among mariners of all na
tions, although English, American and
Scandinavian sailors take the lead in tbis
nautical minstrelsy. A noted Italian writer
On these themes says the Italian sailors
bring the English songs home and sing
them in preference to their own. These
chanties are of various classes, adapted to
each class of work. First, there are the
anchor songs, used in weighing anchor.
These are best known to landsmen, because
most frequently heard. The true capstan
song is generally in "long meter" and the
airs are rather pathetic in their melody.
One Of these best known is thatgiven below!
"Yo, heave hoi
Bound the capstan go;
Bound men. with a will:
Tramp, and tramp It still;
The anchor mutt be heaved,
Yo, heave hoi"
In the days of our clipper ships and sail
ing liners, there were many popular songs
of this class, such as "Valparaiso," "Bound
the Horn," "Santa Anna" and "Bio
Grande." The latter consisted of any num
ber of solo verses, with a resounding chorus,
Solo Were you ever In Bio Grandef
Chorus Away youBro!
Solo O, were you erer In Bio Grande.
Chorus 1 am bound to the Bio Grande.
Away you Bio, awiyyou Elo,
Kare yott well, you pretty young girl,
I am off to Bio Grande.
The history of the pretty milkmaid who J
0 J 'Plaa'&KlsVL'-LiiH m
Deg1nyo:ur watk by buying &
issTp y a, G&ke and judge. for
UiUAT IP CiDflffnO It U a solid,
TfnAI Id iAnJLfU J To use It is to
nn!JtA.fclta iLTlA ahYe A fiAV AtlMAMJlCe.
..l fArira tilth It .nrl tniVa thn tin thlnss
saw pin if yon n BArOtilO. Oke eske wM
is oat gin waruuv.
this tun. - -Oar- characteristic American
chanties mostly comerom the dark; sailor,'
whose stroag,and melodious voice and mu
sical Instincts fit him for the role of leader
in these working songs. "Qceanida,"
"Johnny's Gone," "The Black Ball Line,"
and others were; formerly well known. One
of these is ''Slopandcrgoshat"
"Have yoa got lady, a daughter so fair T
That b fit for a sailor that has crossed the Una Z
One of the finest of these songs is the
weird ditty known as "Lowlands:"
Solo I dreamt a dream the other night
Chorus Lowlands, lowlands, hurrah, ml
Solo I dreamt I saw my own true love.
Chortii My lowlands away.
But perhaps the most cherished of all
these chanties is "Old Stormy," decidedly
of negro origin. Sometimes the verses are
sung alternately as solo and choruses.
"Old Btonn be Is dead and gone.
To me, 'way hey, storm along, John.
Old Stormy be is dead and gone.
Ah! hat come along, get along, slomklong,
OKI Stormy he WIS a bully old man,
To me, 'wayyou storm along!
Old Stormy ho was a bully old man.
It II II maasa, storm along."
Frequently,however, there is a long verse,
descriptive of the death and bnrial of Storm
Alonff. and a rollickinu choms after It.
Among the old negro songs was one with a
beautiful melody, the words of which ran
OhI the wildest packet yon can find,
Ah. het ah, hoi are" you most donel
Is the Margaret Evans la the Black X liner
Bo clear the track, let the balgtne ran.
To my high Tle-a-rag. in a low-back car,
Ah. hel ah, bol are you most done?
With Eliza Lee all on my knee,
So clear the tract, let the bulgine run!
"Heave Awav, My Johnny," "Sally
Brown" and the""Dreadnaught" are well
known capstan songs sung by our sailors In
the palmy'days of clippers and liners, while
tramping about the capstan.
Norwegian and Danish sailors' chanties
are much like those of our own sailors, and
are frequently composed of native and
English verses, "Heaving the Ajichor" is
one of these, the chorus of which is English:
"Goodby, fare you well, soodby. fare yoa well.
Hurra, my boys, we're homeward boundl"
There is another, entirely Norwegian, en
titled "Opsang." Bussian sailors have two
favorite songs for heaving the anchor, the
melodies of which are very fine. Windlass
songs are much like those just spoken of.
The meter is apt to be shorter, as the
motions are quicker. "Shanandore" is a
I long to hear you."
Chorus "Hurrah! you rolllnttver."
Ton Shanandore, I long to bear too."
Chorus "Ah, hal you Shenandore."
Another is "Boiling KIo," and a true
favorite is this:
"For seven long years I courted Sally."
Chorus "Horratt, you rollln' rlverf
"1 courted Sally down in yon valley."
Chorus "Ab, hat I'm bound away on the
Still another celebrates the Mexican
"Did yon never hear tell of that GeneratT"
Chorus "Hurrah, you Santy Anna."
"Did yott never hear tell of that Generalr"
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. .. . J' .. ...... l.- "
baawa uAe ot seeertof ses wale ass ae sansf
tala it. Wsat wIUSi(K)&adat War.
K W ttw ate oa B euenes aaa xm. is
The wM-bMt. the bata-taik evea
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a a etttsr uma ao sse
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AddreasTaxas Sittings PtiMMiIn Company,
lOfOCX MOMsfttaJTS eVOWl OB JPHLf ; TOBpUsL
Chorus "All oa the plains of Mexico."
-Somewhat similar to- these, yet having;!;
peculiar feature of their own, are the haul -ing
songs which are in general usealloveti.
the world. These are of two kinds, one ia""
lor the "short haul," when the men, standi
in line and pall on the-ropes "hand overt",
hsml " Then than. I. il,.!--.- -.,11 f,ntv-'
used when there are many men who "walk;
away wim tne rope: In tho "short poll- J
chanty stress is laid unon narticular words."!
at hlh Dlifti.1 IL. .11 i .JT t.. S!
- .-. b...m hue pun 13 znaue. van wla
' "Oh! Shake her up, and away we'll co;
So handy, my girls, so handy.
TJp aloft from down below.
Ho handy, my girb, so handy."
"-a -mujuu BdAAUta m mo
Mieuiren i-aaro is another song very
popular among ssllors. It is the history of i
a miiui nuu Lccumo captain. Anotner,
"Totisail Halliard Chaniv tthiK nud frr.
the crews.of the timber ships at Quebec, is
"Sally Eochet," whose chorus Is "Cheerily
ho: cheerily. cheerilV. mm 'OTn!lre,
Johnny" is known among sailors every-ytfj
Oh, whisky makes me pawn my clothes.
Oh. whiskV cave ma a hrntran i.
And so forth, ad libitum, with ths chorsist
aiter eacn verse oi:
w. ... j, w... HUUUUJJ fc-T
"Tommy's Gone to Hilo" is a well-Jnowai
uicij;ui uuauty, wim a long dragging
chorus (in measure). "I'm Handr Jlmfl
from Caro line," with its chorus of "Sol'
nanny me uoys, so rrandy," details an nn
fortnnate courtship with a certain "Sambo
Jones. Although the history of "Beubefl
Badzo" may not he easily traced, historical
characters better known are the subjects of t
tna sailors songs. AiiKe "Santa Anna, -f
Napoleon is thu3 immortalized under, the
nntne of Bonev. The "Chants" ttiti? ;
Ob, Boney was a warrior!
cnorus: , i
and tells us many, surprising things about
him; for instance; that he was not a French--man,
and that he went to Elbow, wherever
.that may be.
Sometimes these songs were used only for
hauling or particular ropes, or for soma
other especial task. The bowline songs are
oi this clan, one of which is the best known
"chanty" of all.
Haul on the bowlin'. the fore and. maintop
Haul on the bowlin', the bowlin' haul. ' -
The word haul Is the signal for a long and, i
strong pun. ur tne same class is tne .van
ish ballait-throwine sone. detailioer the ad-:
ventures of a hunter, with its nonsensical!
Hall, halo. hauVhalo, . ' ,'
We sail and we pull I ' ,
Ja-jalhali. halo, hall, halo,
We sail and we pull!
Bussian sailors have an especial song for
holystoning the decks, and there are others"
nscd for special purposes. Singing it especi-
any encourasjea in tne Russian service, ana
tne national nymc, uoa csave tne JLar,
is frequently heard from the decks of their
The principal motive in these "chanties''
is sound, time and melody. Not much at
tention is paid to sense, as far as the words
are concerned. F. S. Bassett.
Yottkg and old, what yott need for your
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(56 books in all.)
they may select either no. 1, a or i.
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