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""THE PlWsWEG- DISPATCH, FEIDAt' NOVEMBER 8, 1889. ' ' .
ESTABLISHED FEBRUARY S, ISM.
VoL4t, No. 174. Entered at l'ittsburg 1'ostoSce,
November 14, 1SST, as second-class matter.
Business Office 97 andG9 Fifth Avenue.
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Building, hew York.
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TOE DisrATCH for six months ending October
a, 1S89, as sworn to before City Controller,
Copies per Issue.
Average net circulation or the Sunday edition or
The Uisfatcu for five months ending October
Copies per Issue.
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PITTSBURG. FRIDAY. NOV. 8, 1SS9.
PITTSBUBG ON EXHIBITION.
The sources of Pittsburg's greatness 'were
disclosed to our visitors from South America
yesterday; the curtains were drawn back
and tbe mysteries and marvels of her many
industries were laid bare. It is certain that
many and wonderful as the sights have been
that the hospitable cities of our country
have offered to the traveling statesmen, yes
terday's exhibition of the power and prod
ucts of Pittsburg, her resources and the re
sults must have surpassed all that had gone
before. Tney were taken through the heart
of the industrial body of this community,
and in succession saw the manufacture of
glass, iron, steel and other staple articles of
universal use. The greatest mills the
country boasts were shown to the
Congress in full operation. The industrial
armies were not on dress parade when the
visitors called, but in the very heat of
battle. It was a grand object lesson, illus
trating the facilities which this continent
has for supplying her sister continent of the
The entertainment of the evening was
supplementary in a fitting way to the doings
of the day. More at their leisure the dele
gates were enabled to contemplate some of
the principal products of Pittsburg in the
great machinery hall of the Exposition. The
immensity and splendor of Pittsburg s great
natural ally, natural gas, was also grandly
displayed over the great river which flows
toward the far-off homes oi the visitors. It
is impossible that this practical exposition
of this city's abilities to aid the march of
civilization all over the globe will not re
sult to the mutual benefit of the entertained
and their hosts. "We are glad that this op
portunity to knit together the commerce of
our own land and that of so many of neigh
bors has been so well utilized.
JTO DEMAND POE ANABCHY.
Pittsburg has never been a healthy place
for Anarchists. The red flag has never en
tered into serious competition with the Stars
and Stripes here. One does not have to go
far to find the reason of this. The great
community of which Pittsburg is the center
is composed mainly of men who labor and
receive a fair reward for their toil. They
are generally banded together in lawful or
ganizations which they find powerful
enough to secure for them their rights. At
present, too, there is work and wages for
any man who sects them, so supremely
prosperous are all our industries. In times
of great industrial distress, or when dis
putes arise between employers and the em
ployed there might be some distant chance
of anarchy finding here and there afollower,
but now, in the absence of such unhappy
circumstances, there is no such chance. "We
do not believe anarchy has a dozen sincere
friends in this county.
The portentous announcements and thinly
veiled threats of the man Prick, which are
printed as news elsewhere, may therefore
be read in a compassionate spirit. They
are not worth regarding seriously; the delu
sions of an excitable man are pitiful to be
jfcold. At the same time it is well enough
that the police should, as they have already
done, make it clear to any turbulent spirits
who may see in the projected meeting in
memory of the executed Anarchists on Sat
urday next an opportunity to create a dis
turbance that they will be watched care
iully and punished summarily if they
break the law. "We do not anticipate any
trouble, but in a case like this it is ad
visable to have the premises thoroughly
understood by all parties concerned.
CHICAGO'S TALLEST FANCY.
Chicago's exposition plans are getting
bigger and bolder as the days go by. Per
haps the growth, which is confined to paper,
occurs on the principle that as there is no
chance of the exposition going to Chicago
in 1892, it is cheap and cheerful to provide
for it on paper regardless of expense. Or
has the half column editorial which ap
peared in the Journal des Debats of Paris
yesterday favoring Chicago's claims con
vinced our sanguine friends of the prairie
that they are the chosen people in spite of
all? Anyhow the Chicagoans are exhila
rated about something, and their high
spirits have proved contagions conspicu
ously in one instance.
Miss Harriet Hosmer, tbe eminent sculp
tor, whose statue of Isabella is to be erected
in Chicago in 1892, has conceived a tall idea
for a culminating attraction at the "World's
Pair. She is willing there shall be a lofty
tower, but proposes that it shall culminate
in the solar system. "Hot in an empty
planetarium," says Miss Hosmer, "but a
solar system constructed for transportation
through space; each planet a car revolving
upon its own central axis with varying
velocities, as do the planets in space. Thus
the longest radius carries the car Neptuce,
the next in length carries the car Uranus.
Then Saturn and so on, until the shortest
arm carries the car Mercury. 8eated therein
we may experience the sensation of inhabit
ing other worlds than our own and of view
ing our own planet, earth, from a new point
At night each planet will be illuminated
by an electric light of its own characteristic
color, and the planetarium will be man
aged, we presume, on the plan of a meny
go round, at so much a ride.
After this perfervid flight of fancy Chi
cago's competitors for the "World's Pair
ought to give her a clear field.
THE PBESLuENrS VIEW.
Every politician on the Bepublican side
who has had a grievance against President
Harrison's administration feels now entirely
competent to explain why the party met its
reterses on Tuesday. The only embarrass-J
ment about this source of illumination is
that the number of persons having griev
ances is so considerable, and the details of
their complaints are so various and con
flicting, that to attach decisive importance
to any one of them as a factor in Tuesday's
vote is to proportionately diminish the
As was expected, the spoilsmen declare
that the landslide was caused by President
Harrison's dilatoriness in turning the
Democrats out of office. At the same
moment the Civil Service reformers are
claiming the cause of deleat to have been
the too great readiness of the President to
hearken to tbe spoilsmen. On the pensions
business, no less an authority than ex
Commissioner Tanner is to the front to
blame the results on Bussey, while another
class of analysists blame them on Tanner.
But the strangest claim of all comes from
those Democratic wiseacres who insist that
it was because of a new and sudden en
thusiasm for tariff reform that their party
won on Tuesday. It is only a vear since the
Democrats were signally defeated when
tariff reform was their only issue.
President Harrison gave the truest version
of the case when he stated as reported in yes
terday's Dispatch that local causes almost
wholly determined the results in the several
States. At the utmost, the onlyinferencetobe
drawn from Tuesday's election as to the dis
tribution of patronage is that the Bepublican
party would be stronger if the patronage
question was wholly removed from partisan
conflicts. On issues of legislation, such as
the tariff policy, the party is strong before the
people they being the very reverse of what
some of the Democratic oracles are now
contending and contending rather stupidly,
when the ink is hardly dry, on the record of
last year's Presidental canvass.
TJNDEBGBADTJATES AS BULEBS.
The question seems to be arising rather
frequently at present whether the under
graduates or the faculty of colleges shall
rule. Not long ago The Dispatch
had occasion to comment upon the fact that
the students of the University of Pennsyl
vania had sent in their veto of the proposed
co-education rule; and now it appears that
the State University of "Wisconsin is con
fronted with a question as to whether the
faculty shall rule the students or the stu
dents the faculty. The deadlock has arisen
on the attempt to diseipline a case of hazing;
and the dilemma is said to be presented
whether the regents shall back down or a
majority of the students be expelled.
A faculty which would hesitate over such
a dilemma is not fit to be intrusted with the
control of an institution of learning. All
the education that such institutions seek to
impart is absolutely worthless, if the lesson
of subordination and respect to legitimate
authority is not taught with it Any such
teaching is destroyed if there is the slightest
hesitation over the expulsion of students who
defy anthority for the protection of lawless
ness and brutality. Any college troubled
with students who imagine themselves su
perior to the law, should make haste to get
rid of them, and if it cannot fill their places
with students who have some slight knowl
edge of the respect dne to law and anthority,
should accept the conclusion that their
function is not in the education of youth.
AMERICAN FASHIONS, PLEASE
It is pleasant to hear from the Sartorial
Art Journal that the merchant tailors' ex
changes have brought .about a change for
the better in the trade. The result of the
softening usages to which we are told these
exchanges have given birth is that whereas
not long ago there were but few who could
see any merit in the work of a rival, and
fewer still who, if they did see it, would ac
knowledge it, now there are none so quick
to discover the grace and beauty of a gar
ment made by a merchant tailor as his
brother in business. This is as it should be,
and with such harmony in the trade the
sartorial art may achieve heights hitherto
Surely if the merchant tailor exchanges
have been so successful in stilling the jeal
ousy and rancors born of competition among
the tailors, they can be depended upon to
encourage laudable projects aiming at the
elevation of the trade. Foremost among
necessary and widely demanded reforms, is
the establishment of a national school of
tailoring. A school as purely and primely
American as our men of letters have formed
with their works. Our tailors have bor
rowed fashions long enough from Bond
street; they have endured the dictation of
the royal fashion plate in St, James' Palace
lar too long, and the time has come for a re
volt against this foreign tyranny. "We do
not run our Government to suit Albert Ed
ward's desires, why should we cut our pan
taloons on his pattern? That's what tbe
free and independent tailors of America
have to consider. It is conceded that
American tailors make better clothes than
the Old "World rivals, let them show us that
they can devise more sensible and more
beautifnl fashions. The task is not a diffi
DANCING AS A CEIKE.
Philadelphia is pledged to reform. Hot
any of your flimsy, fantastical reforms, such
as the purification of the ballot or the water
supply, but a reform with a big B a
moral reform of the first magnitude. The
police began the good work on Saturday
last by descending upon a reputable danc
ing class at Prof. MacDonald's hall and ar
resting the young men and women dancing
there. The police say that some of Prof.
MacDonald's neighbors had complained
that the music and dancing disturbed their
peace of mind; but we prefer to believe that
the police of Philadelphia were actuated by
the highest moral motives. It had dawned
upon the police authorities that dancing was
a naughty practice, a seductive sin. So
they swooped down upon MacDonald's
dancing school and carried off the dancers,
male and female, to the bastile.
Besides, how is Philadelphia to enjoy her
sleep, if the giddy and godless dance after
sunset? Sleep is next to godliness by the
Schuylkill, and when frivolous citizens
outrage decorum and slumber at the same
moment, they commit the unpardonable
offense in "Wanamakerville. It may seem
to Pittsburgers that it was something of an
insolent outrage on the part of Philadel
phia police to arrest and publicly convey
through the streets a party of young people
of both sexes who had done nothing worse
than dare to learn to dance; but Pittsburg,
even after a course of Captain "Wishart's
sprouts, is not Philadelphia. Even in the
city which has started this radical reform,
there are murmurs against the policy which
treats dancing as a crime, and some of the
Philadelphia papers encourage the people
THEY talk of French legislators going
to confer with Boulanger iu Jersey, but
Boulanger himself would confer a great
boon npon the world at large if he would
disappear from sight
The financiers of Spain are almost fright
ened beet use, for the first time in years, the
national treasury has a surplus But the
Spaniards will not find it so difficult to get
rid of as the United States have theirs.
Spain indulges in big standing armies, a
baby King, a Queen Begent and other cost
If the infamous Pigott's private diary
proves to be worse than that wretch's public
record, the Timet is likely to regret that it
stayed in court after it had a chance to re
tire. Humorists are not in demand on the
German press. The luckless correspondent
who alluded to the sea-sickness of the
Emperor and Empress of Germany in a
jocular way is now without aejob in
Ex-Seceetaey Bayabd's most suc
cessful stroke of diplomacy, his marriage
with Miss Clymer yesterday, occurred after
he had leit the State Department.
The explanations of the defeat of Hutchi
son for Governor in Iowa are as various as
they are lucid. One wiseacre says Hutchi
son was defeated and Boies was elected be
cause they were both friendly to the rail;
The revolt of the League ball players has
something of the appearance of a "Btrike,"
but it is likely to turn out to be nothing
more than a "foul fly."
Chief Jones, of the Allegheny Fire
Department, does not think a fire engine
station is the proper place for a speak-easy.
The public agrees with him and will support
him in enforcing his views.
The New York Sun proposes Hill and
Campbell as a Presidental ticket in 1892.
"What has Campbell done to deserve this?
Mb. Cleveland sees in the Democratic
victories in the "West the triumph of his
ideas. It must be very aggravating to the
ex-President to observe that his ideas win
when he is out of the field.
PEOPLE OP PROMINENCE.
Last Forester, of London, is a practical
philanthropist. Each week she sends to the
factory girls of London upward of 2,000 bunches
of flowers Gathered by the servants on her
Mrs. Frances Hodgson Burnett could
not pose as a professional beauty, either on her
face or figure. Her hose is long and sharp, her
hair almost of tbe png-dog style, her shoulders
high and her chin long.
James R. Randall, author of the famous
Southern war song, "Maryland, My Maryland,"
is now 50 years old, bat in his mental and physi
cal prime. He was 22 when he wrote his spirited
lyric For 20 years after the Civil War he was
editor of the "Augusta, Ga., Chronicle, part of
that time serving as clerk to Senator Joe
Brown, of Georgia. Mr. Randall is a fluent
talker as well as writer.
James A. Harbison, one of tbe most
scholar of the Southern writers, is 10 years
old, fair, but not fat He is a good talker, has
dipped deeply Into Anglo-Saxon literature and
also knows something about Southern dialects,
much more in fact than Cable, who has dabbled
so profitably in the Creole dialect Mr. Har
rison has been since 1876 Professor of Modern
languages and English Literature in Washing
ton and Lee University at Lexington, Va.
Mrs. Mart Spear Tiernan, author of
"Homosclle" and other popular stories, has be
come so disheartened by the present favoritism
practiced by some American magazines that
she has been heard to say she thought of giving
np literature and taking to plain sewing. Mrs.
Tiernan is very popular in society, her charm
ing and cultured conversation makes her the
center of attraction at all social and literary
assemblages in Baltimore and Washington.
General Joseph R. Anderson, President
of the famous Tredeger Works, in Richmond,
Va, was a prominent Confederate soldier. The
Tredeger works were established In 1835, and
before the late war made most of the heavy
guns used in the United States Army and
Navy. When in full operation the Tredeger
Works employ 1,600 hands. Gen. Anderson has
lone: been a conspicuous figure in Richmond.
His son. Colonel Archer Anderson, married the
daughter ot the Hon. John Y. Mason, United
States Minister to France under Buchanan.
Colonel Louis M. Montgomery has inter
viewed more celebrated men than any living
American. Among others he has met Pope
Leo XIIL, King Humbert,. Bismarck, the
Sultan and the Czar, Gladstone, Cardinal Man
ning, General Grant, President Cleveland, eta
He was on General Femberton's stall when
Vicksburg surrendered, and drew up the
articles of capitulation, which General Grant
agreed to accept Colonel Montgomery is 65
years old, but be does not look 0, and is active
and dashing as a man of 35. He has a fine,
military appearance, speaks all tbe modern
languages, can talk on any subject rides like a
Centaur, writes with charming ease and is
always a gentleman.
HIS LAST EEP0ET.
Interesting Land Figures From the Gover
nor of the Late Dakota Territory.
Washington, November 7. Arthur C.
Melle. the Governor of Dakota Territory, in
his annual report to the Secretary ot the In
terior, says tbat tbe crowth ot population in
the territory has been singularly rapid and
stable, and now reaches 550,000, as against 415,
61U in 1885. Tbe number of filings, eta, at the
ten United States land offices in Dakota during
the year, is given as follows: Pre-emption fil
ings, 5.449; homestead filings, 8,787; timber cul
ture filings, 4,528; pre-emption proofs, cash en
tries, 2.C37; commuted homesteads, cash entries,
689; final homestead proofs, 5,680: timber cul
ture proofs. 112. Tbe total area filed upon dur
ing the year was 2,096.030 acres, against 1,838.142
the preceding year. The bulk of the present
vacant land area, about 19,877,237 acres, lies in
the Bismarck and Devil's Lake districts, in
North Dakota, and the Rapid City district in
South Dakota, the amount still open for settle
ment in the Bismarck district being nearly 14,
000,000 acres. The area of land sold by the
Northern Pacific Railway from its grant and
by private owners is estimated to equal about
25 per cent of the lands entered during the
The report says that during the past year
there has been practically no railway building.
The year of 1887 was one of unusual activity in
railway circles, and about 700 miles of new
road was constructed in tbe territory. This
remarkable activity, the report says, has been
followed bv a period of inactivity, though sev
eral new lines have been projected and a con
siderable amount of grading done during the
THEIR OWN DETICES.
Men With Practical Ideas Get Them Pat
ented to OfTer For Bale.
List of patents issued from the United States
Patent Office to Western Pennsylvania. West
Virginia and Eastern Ohio durinc the week
ending Tuesday, November 5, as furnished by
O. D. Levis, patent attorney, No. 131 Fifth
avenue, Pittsburg :
John W. Anderson, Allegheny, apparatus for
charging ingots into furnaces, etc. ; Daniel Ar
g erbrlght Troy, O., split pulley; Jonah Barrett,
Allegheny, lighting Jaok (relssut): Albert A.
Uoncher, Euclid, Pa., burglar alarm; Agnes
Hardle. Leetonia. O., combined wardrobe, cabi
net, commode, etc ; John Hopkins, assignor to
Westingbouse Company, of Pittsburg, system of
electrical distribution by alternating currents;
Klchard W. Hubbard, Ashtabula, huskln. Im
plement; Gustave Llndenthal. Pittsburg,
rotary puddling furnace; Harry bem
pie, Steubenville, assignor of one-third
to A. H. Hetsey, C'nartiers, and 1.
Nicholson, of Allegheny City, machine for finish
ing glassware: Oliver B. buallenberger, Boches
ter. Pa., assignor to Westingbouse Electric Com
pany, Pittsburg, meter for alternating electric
currents: Allen V. Smith, Canton, ()., thill coup
ling: Abraham 1. Snyder, Louisville, .. auto
matic railway signal: John bosenhamer, Hamil
ton, Pa., ice tongs: Maurice Spltxer, Davton, U.,
lubricator: Edward L Tennant, Springfield, O.,
carriage coupler: John K. Tltss. Tryonvllle, Pa.,
car coupling; BcrnartP. Haynes. Sidney, O., cash
Indicator and records: lsaae H. Webb, Oil city,
combined valve and spraying apparatus Tor clean
ing oil wells; diaries J. Young, assignor to West
lnghouse Electric Company. Pittsburg, lightning
arrester: Lyon, Clement & Greenleaf, of Warren,
O., wheaten flour trade mark.
DEATHS OP A DAI.
Ephrnlm E. Ellsworth.
ALBANY. N.Y., November 7.EphralmE. Ells
worth, father of the famous Colonel Elmer E.
Ellsworth, tbe first victim of the civil war, died
yesterday at ttecbanlcsyllle, at the age of 81 years.
THE TOPICAL TALKER.
Very Big; Feet In tbe Weal The Welcome
to the South Americana A Case of Fits
and a Kent Fire Alarm.
The walking a Western missionary has to do
seems to develop his feet abnormally, if one
can judge from the shoes tbat are to be sent in
a Home Mission box from a church in this
county. The missionary himself requires a
number ten shoe, while three ladles of bis fam
ily call for sixes, with D width.
There is no doubt about the ability of these
good people to trample down Satan under their
feet, if they get a fair chance.
Our South American visitors ought to know
how general has been the desire to see them
and to welcome them. Last night the suburban
trains citywards were filled to overflowing with
people who were bent upon getting a look at
least at tbe gentlemen from the Far South, and
t he streets down town were as thronged for the
It is probable, too, that a great many people
were disappointed grievously because the show
in the machinery hall of the Exposition build
ing was not open to the publia There seems
to have been a very general misunderstanding
upon this point Still the night was such a
pleasant one, the .Exposition building all ablaze
with light was such a pretty sight even from
the outside, and the illumination of the Court
House and the natural gas display in the Alle
gheny, were in themselves so well worth seeing
that those who did not see the Pan-American
Congress :and the exposition prepared for
them had a very fair compensation for walking
A Pittsburg doctor was summoned tbe
other day to attend a man who, it was said,
suffered from "fits" a rather indefinite com
plaint, by the way.
The doctor went to the bouse it was in the
lower part of Allegheny and found his patient
to be a middle-aired man, who was neither more
or less than a raving lunatic. The doctor had
no doubt about the case. It was as clear as
could be tbat the man was out of his mind.
The wife and brother of the unfortunate man
were both in tbe house and the doctor informed
them of his diagnosis. Neither of them ex
pressed any surprise and the woman said:
"Sure, we knew that doctor, long ago."
"Well," said the doctor, "you must send him
to some asylum."
"Ob, we put him in the lunatic asylum for
three years and it didn't do him any good, poor
dear," replied the wife. And talk as he might
the doctor fonnd it impossible to convince
these people that the "fits" were incurable, and
that the sufferer's only proper destination was
A correspondent informs me that there is,
or has been, a merry little war in "The Still
Alarm" Company. Tbe beautiful white corses
and the fire engine have nothing to do with it
Mr. Harry Lacy, the star and part proprietor of
the play, and his leading lady, Miss Virginia
Harned, are the combatants. Mr. Lacy dis
charged her, as he says, because she insisted
that her part was all rot and gave a burlesque
Interpretation to it, as she says, because he
wanted to put his Mrs. Lacy into her shoes.
Nor is this all, for the indignant, leading lady
says she has Mr. Arthur, the other proprietor
of "The Still Alarm," on her side, and proposed
to make the procession of the fire engine and
the horses as exciting as if they were on their
way to a genuine conflagration.
0D2 MAIL forjCfl.
A Separate Colored Masonic Order.
To the Editor of Tbe Dispatch:
Are there any colored masons? If so, can
they enter a Masonic lodge composed entirely
of whites? Do white Masons repudiate the
colored fraternities? Have I cot read in The
Dispatch that the first charter to organize
tbe order in this country was granted to a
negro? This, I believe, appeared in print about
a year ago, when a controversy was started at a
grand conclave of the Masons in this State over
colored Masons. Can white and colored
Masons recognize each other by sign and grip?
Please answer the foregoing and oblige.
Robt. L. Devebatjx,
Kane, Pa., November 7, 1889.
There is an organization of colored Free
Masons, but it is entirely distinct and separate
from, but not unlike, the great order of Free
and Accepted Masons, with its hundreds of
thousands oC members.
Objects to TCllbelm'a Statement.
To the Editor or The Dlspatcn: '
In regard to the statement made by Mr. Carl
Wilhelm, editor of the IPittsburger Bonntags
blatl und die Reform about the Anarchists'
Circular, aR published in to-day's Dispatch,
saying: "That circular was written ana set up
in a German paper office" (meaning the ArbeUer
Zeitung), we beg to be allowed a word: First,
Mr. Wilhelm is mistaken; that circular was not
printed in our office; Second, the Arbeitcr
Zeitung is neither an Anarchistic nor a Social
istic paper, it is an official organ of the German
Trades Assembly, published by the German
Workingmen's Publishing Company; Third.Mr.
Ernest Walter, editor of the Arbeiter Zeitung.
is neither an Anarchist nor a member of the
Main Committee of tbe Anarchists; Fourth,
it seems to us that said Wilhelm is interested,
with the. German daily papers m Pittsburg,
whose intentions are to ruin our paper.
By order of the Board of Directors.
Ernest amiet, manager.
PrrrsBDRQ, November 8, 1889.
Read Tennyson's I,ockIey Hnll Acorn.
To the Editor of The Dispatch:
A stray poetical waif, from the storehouse of
the past has been floating through my mind,
eluding capture, for days past. I should very
much like to know where to find tbe entire
poem. Can you direct me in the search? I
quote one of the couplets:
We are living, we are dwelling, In a grand and
In a time to ages telling to be living Is sublime!
McKeespoet, November 7, 1889.
ftlnnd S. Never Bent 2:0S 3-4.
To the Editor of The Dispatch:
Please let me know whether Maud S ever
beat 2:07 with a pacer, and, if so, where and
when. I thought I saw it in The Dispatch,
some time ago, that she made it in less than
2:07 with a pacer. Emmet.
Galutzht, Pa, November 7, 1889.
It la 262 Feet High.
To the Editor of The Dispatch:
Will you kindly inform me, through your
paper, as to the exact height of the Court
House to the top of the tower, and oblige,
J. L Ltndsat.
Allegheny, November 7. 1889.
M00DI ON PEOHIBITIW,
It Is Good for States Which Will Uphold It
Not Good for Illinois.
TtoCKFOED, III., November 7. Evangelist
Moody surprised the many Prohibitionists here
to-day by saying in an interview: "I believe
tbat a prohibitory law would be a failure in
this State as matters stand. We have in this
State the great city of Chicago. Prohibition
would be a failure there. Then why foist a
failure of law npon the State? We must look
at these matters from a common-sense stand
point Taking that kind of a view, we con
clude that prohibition is a good thing, and
wherever it can be secured those who love law
and order and their fellow-men should stand
for it We also conclude that where there is
not sufficient sentiment to uphold a prohibitory
law tbat it means that it will be a dead law if
passed, and we bad better have no law than
to have a dead one. Now, I believe in prohibi
tion. I believe in it for a State where the
sentiment exists. For a State like Illinois I
believe in local option, as that will give
prohibition in tbe localities where thosenti
tlraent is ripe."
Mr. Moody closed his work here to-night ad
dressing an enormous audience. He has made
a great sensation, though the number of con
verts is not as large as was expected.
TO DISRUPT THE W. C. T. U.
That's What Mrs. J. Ellen Foster Predicts
of Third Party Machinery.
Chicago, November 7. Among the many
delegates already here to attend the National
Convention of the Women's Christian Temper
ance Union, which assembles Friday, is Mrs. J,
Ellen Foster. In an Interview regarding the
continued indorsement of third party politics,
by the organization, Mrs. Foster was asked:
"If the indorsement is again given in this
convention, and the protest of. the minority is
ignored, what will be the result?"
"I cannot state positively," replied Mrs.
Foster, "but I think I am safe in saying that
the minority will withdraw from the W. C. T.
U. in a body."
Miss Esther Pngb, a prominent adherent of
the minority, said: "We are in hopes that the
issue will not come up. If it does, the result
will doubtless be the withdrawal of the minor
ity. We are in nowiso disposed to recede from
the policy already adopted."
FED EGGERS HAKEIKD.
A Quiet Little Society Wedding nt tbo
Trinity Church was the scene of a pretty
wedding last evening. Mr. Frederick William
Eggers and Miss Mary Mackenzie were united
in tbe bonds of matrimony by Rev. Samuel
Maxwell, rector of that church.
The organist Leonard Wales, opened the
musical programme with a gavotte In B flat
from the "Lion ot Peru." and followed with
excerpts from Tacnhauser and a march by
Joachim Raff. For the entrance and exit of
the bridal couple, the familiar bridal chorus
from "Lohengrin" and Mendelssohn Barth
old's "Wedding March" were rendered.
The bride, loaning upon the arm of her
father, Mr. J. E. Morrison, and preceded by
tbe maid or honor, Miss Jean E. Eggers, and
ushers Messrs. William and John Morrison and
Edward and Howard Eggers. brothers of the
contracting parties, passed up the main aisle
of the. church. At the altar the groom and
best man, Mr. Gus Hartje, Jr., met them.
The bride wore a beautiful toilet or cream
white satin handsomely trimmed with seed
pearls. The basqne bodice was high neck and
long sleeves, and pointed. The skirt was a
round petticoat front with three embroidered
panels of the satin heavily fringed. The back
was a long train. She carried white roses and
wore a veil thrown back from her face.
The maid of honor wore a soft silk costume,
with low neck, the puff of the sleeve just meet
ing the evening gloves of tan. White roses
composed her bouquet also. The groom, best
man and ushers were all in full evening cos
tume, with white gloves, and the ushers carried
white telescope fans.
A reception was held at the home of the
bride's parents on Liberty street and at the
conclusion of the festivities the young couple
were driven to their future home, a pretty
little residence on Ohio street Allegheny.
Presents from friends and relatives included
everything valuable and tasty. "At home"
cards have been issued for the remaining
Thursdays of this month.
AT L0TELI SWISSTALE.
aiarsnret Jnllet Lytle United In Mnrrluge
to Dr. C J. Phillips.
In tbe pretty little suburb of Hawkins last
evening, at the lovely home of Mr. and Mrs. H.
M. Lytle, their daughter, Margaret Juliet
Lytle, was married to Dr. J. C. Phillips, of Penn
avenue, this city. At 6 o'clock the bride and
groom were announced by tbe "Bridal Chorus,"
from Lohengrin. They were attended by
ushers Mr. David Collingwood and Mr. Robert
A. Bola Rev. Fisher, of the Swissvale Pres
byterian Church, performed the ceremony.
The bride, a beautiful blonde, wore a pure
white faille dress, trimmed in duchess lace.
The front was slightly draped and the corsage,
with elbow sleeves, was half high. She carried
a drooping cluster of white roses and wore a
sparkling pendant the gift of the groom. The
ceremony was witnessed by a very small gath
ering of relatives and friends. At the conclu
sion they repaired to the dining room and par
took of a wedding supper served by Knhn.
Roses in varied colors, and milax formed
the decorations of the home. Each room was
decorated with the color that harmonized with
the furnishings and hangings. The drawing
room in yellow, library in red, dining room in
pink, ana tbe hall with palms and draplngs of
smilax. Toerge Brothers' Orchestra lent the
charm of sweet music to the occasion. Tbe
young people will spend a few weeks visiting
Eastern and Southern cities and will then be at
home in Swissvale.
OLD BLUE BEARD.
A Creditable Performance on Mount Wash
ington Last Night.
A large and fashionable audience thoroughly
enjoyed the presentation of "Blue Beard," an
original adaptation of the old fairy tale, given
for the benefit of the Mount Washington Free
Reading Room, at the hall on Grandview ave
nue last night. Some ot the best local talent
Including the Misses S. G. Keenan and S. C.
Keenan, sisters of tbe well-known editor, as
sisted in the presentation.
The character of Abou-llalek, Blue Beard,
Pasha of Three Tail!, was undertaken by Mr. G.
F. Muller, wboacted the tyrannical old Oriental
to the life. His marital troubles, caused by his
inquisitive wires, kept the andience Interested
to the end. and when he was finally slain every
body breathed a sigh of relief. The costumes
were rich and elegant, and the new scenery,
painted for this occasion by the Art Students
League, was beautiful. One of the most inter
esting portions of tbe performance was the
minuet danced by eight beautiful young ladies
from the School of Design. The performance
will be repeated this evening.
A Reception to Tener.
Mrs. W. H. Johns, of Boquet street, Oakland,
gave a reception last evening in honor of her
brother, Mr. John K. Tener and bride. Mr.
Tener is the well-known baseball player who
was married at Haverhill, Mass., last week. A
great many friends of the groom presented con
gratulations and made the acquaintance of his
A Neighborhood Reception.
An informal reception was given by Mrs. Sol.
Schoyer, of Swissvale, last evening, A "neigh
borhood reception," as the hostess herself
called it where neighbors and friends had a
social reunion and spent a most delightful
evening. Music and a dainty lunch added to
the enjoyment of the occasion.
Miss Maud Wynard, daughter of the proprie
tor of the Central Hotel, Braddock, and Mr.
William Gilmore were married in one of the
parlors of tne hotel last evening by the Rev.
The Fair Postponed.
Owing to illness, the fair for the benefit of
the Society of Mercy of Trinity Church, will be
held at tbe Cyclorama Friday, November 8
from 8 until 10 o'clock.
Social Pebbles Gathered.
THE Helping Hand Society held its annual
reception at their rooms, on Federal street,
yesterday afternoon. A continual throng of
visitors were received between the hours of 3
and 9, by the managers of the society. Re
freshments were served by those in attendance
to the visitors and all had an enjoyable time.
A fashionable gathering assembled at the
home of Mr. Charles Flaccus, No. 406 Butler
street last night to participate in an evening's
enjoyment arranged by the ladles of Butler
Street M. E. Church. Quite a sum of money
was raised for the benefit of the church.
The Cambrian male choir, under the di
rectorship of Mr. Morris Stephens, rendered
several fine selections. A very enjoyable pro
gramme has been arranged for this evening.
One feature is an hour of wit pathos and
humor by Miss Sadie L. Stevenson.
Ctclorama Hall, Allegheny, will be the
scene this afternoon of the fair for the Society
of Mercy of Trinity Church. The committee
have made elaborate preparations for this event
and expect a great many visitors.
A novel entertainment was given at the
Second Congregational Church, Allegheny, last
evening. A series of tableaux vivants illus
trating Hindoo domestic life and travels In
tbat country was given.
THE marriage of Mr. John May to Miss Ber
nadina Salm, sister of Mr. John P. Balm, city
editor of the Beobachter, was solemnized on
Tuesday by Rev. Father Rebhahn, of St
Mrs. John Dalzell and Mrs. H. H. West
inghouse, the committee on the annual fair
and reception of the Swissvale Presbyterian
Church, insure a pleasant and happy time to
all who attend.
The Allegheny German Cotillion opened the
season by a reception in Cyclorama Hall last
evening. Luther served an excellent supper
and Gnenther furnished the music.
Mrs. Lawrence Dilworth, of Fifth ave
nue, has issued cards for an afternoon recep
tion next Thursday, from 4 to 6 p. it.
Me. and Mrs. George Gordon will soon
become the host and hostess of an elegant
borne on Western avenue, in Allegheny.
A progressive euchre party will be given
by Mr. and Mrs. Mansfield Cochrane, at 8e
wickley, this evening.
Miss Caroline Booruu, of Brooklyn, N.
7., is a guest of her sister, Mrs. George
The Shadyside Euchre Club were enter
tained last evening by Mrs. Alan W. Wood.
A MEDAL FOR HARRISON.
Ode of the Pan-American Sliver Souvenirs
Presented to Him.
Washington, November 7. Secretary Proc
tor, Senator Hawley, Postmaster James M.
Warner, of Albany. N. Y.: Major T.J. Noble
and Mr. R. Meyer, of Omaha, were among the
President's callers this afternoon. Tbe latter
presented the Presldeut with a beautiful silver
medal, stamped lu Teller with the beads of
Presidents Harrison and Diaz.
It is one of those struck off at Omaha in
honor of tbe delegates to tbe Pan-American
Congress and presented to them on their recent
visit to that city.
GETTIMG OLE TIN.
Hovr English Syndicates Are Gobbling Up
the Richest Mineral Lands of the Black
mils Ore of Many Thousand Tans
Virtually In Sight Above the Surface
How tbe Metnl Is Worked.
The Iron creek and Battle creek tin mining
districts are in the Southern Black hills, Da
kota, about 24 miles from Rapid City, and 13
miles from Hermosa, the nearest railroad
point They are without doubt the richest
sections so far known. Veins of ore from 10 to
20 feet In width can be traced mile after mile,
the ledges stand from 6 to 800 feet above creek
levels, and, says tbe Stoves and Hardware Re
porter, the tin can be found as well on the top,
showing even on one claim of l,S00x300 feet ore,
virtually in slghtof many thousand tons. Field
assays made of ores from different ledges in
this district showed average of over 3 percent
tin to ton of ore, and in numerous Instances
specimens that assayed over 80 per cent
The vein system throughout the tin belt is
plainly defined. Tbe tin oxide, or casslterite,
is fonnd in greison rock which has been forced
up through the slate walls from depths below.
The metal-bearing quartz differs more or less
In the different sections. The metal of tbe
Eastern portion is fonnd mostly in alblte. with
more or less mica, the latter sometimes In large
books, but as depth is obtained tbe mica seems
to become finer and tbe metal finely distrib
uted through the quartz. Other sections show
a hard, glassy quartz, with bunches of almost
pure casslterite, and In some instances pieces
of casslterite from five to ten pounds in weight
have been found that assayed 70 per cent tin. '
The tin-bearing veins west of the Harney
Peak lie in a celt running generally in a
northerly and southerly direction. The width
of the belt is from three to five miles. The
vein matter is quartz, with more or less mica,
but with hardly any albite. Here tbe casslt
erite is fonnd in coarse crystals. The
veins are true fissures, cutting the formation
at various angles. The distinction between
vein and wall rock is clear and marked; the fis
sures of the deep veins have been made by sub
terranean action or movement, and their walls
frequently bear indications of tbe movements
from mutual abrasion. The geological condi
tions are similar to those of foreign countries.
As to Dakota tin, there is no possible doubt
but that tbe tin oxide contained in the ore is
of greater purity than any known mines in the
world. Without any refining of the bullion as
it comes from the laboratory it is aspure as tbe
English commercial refined product There
are thousands of tons of such tin ore practically
in sight in the Black Hills, standing far above
In noting the question of profit in this tin
mining industry it might be well to explain
the method of working the ores. The Chicago
Company have adopted the principle of the old
Cornish style of machinery, with American
improvements. The ore is first passed through
a rock breaker, then to Cornish rolls, and
granulated to sizes from 0 to 60 mesh, then
passed through screens, separating the different
sizes, thence the coarser sizes are concentrated
with the Hartz jig, and the finest sizes Dy con
centrating tables or belts. The oxides are now
free from all silica and are ready for the
furnace. After drying, tbe concentrates are
mixed with the charcoal and the charge run
through an ordinary water Jacket furnace or
cupola, the charcoal taking up the oxygen and
freeing the metallic tin. The whole process is
very simple and Inexpensive. The oxides are
readily separated from the quartz, the former
having a specific gravity of from 7 to 9, and tbe
latter 2.5 to 3. An entire plant to concentrate
and smelt a daily output of 100 tons can be
completed for less thin $50,000.
A great deal has been said as to why tin has
not been sent to the market since such vast
quantities of ore have been found. To those
practically unacquainted with mining enter
prises it, perhaps, is not a surprising question.
To build a mill for working ore before the
mine is developed sufficiently to supply the
same would be a poor business transaction; it
takes time to develop any mine. The character
of tbe ore mast be taken into consideration,
the nuantitv that can be gotten out tier diem.
and many other points must be noted before the
question of milling. A great deal of develop
ment work must be done before the tin can be
made commercially valuable.
The Harney Peak Tin Company, of English
notoriety, are, no doubt, trying to discourage
American capital from seeking investment in
the tin districts of tbe Black Hills, and their
methods are apparently not understood by the
majority. They, however, are pushing the
purchase of property wherever experts In their
employ hear of a new find. The amonnt of
work done by them is, and has been, confined
entirely to assessment work or representation
the Government requiring 100 worth of work
done on each claim each year or doing- work
for patents, which they are secnrlng as fast as
Eossible. At Hill City, where the company
ave made their headquarters, a great many
permanent buildings have been put up for va
rious purposes, offices, boarding houses, eta
Tbe machinery set up so far has simply been
for hoisting and rock drilling. They have not
built reduction or concentrating works, and it
is understood that they do not intend to for
some time to come.
The English company, or the Harney Peak
Tin Company, owns some 400 claims, as well as
placer grounds, making some 5,000 acres, all
the law allows any one company, or individual,
in the mining territory hence the organization
of a new company, so-called a French syndicate,
the latter having already bonded and pur
chased nearly as many more acres.
The apparent object Is to control, if possible,
tbe tin output of America, and another seem
ing reason why they do not care to commence
actual milling operations is the fact that as
long as the English cart of tbe company can
continue to place English tin in this market,
there is no occasion for the operation of their
possessions in this country. Hence the advant
age of keeping Americon mines in the back
ground, for the cheapness of mining, the quan
tity and tee puntv oi toe ores, wouia soon
oblige the Cornwall mines to cease operations
entirely, as tbev could not compete with us.
The original Etta Company, composed of New
York men, built a mill of some 100 tons capac
ity at tbe time the tin discoveries were first
made, and run long enough to satisfy them
selves that the tin was of commercial value.
The mill was then shat down and has not been
A BLOW AT THE TRUST.
The Lower Court Sustained on the Sugar
New York, November 7. The general term
of the Supreme Court to-day handed down
about 90 decisions upon cases submitted during
the past few months. Among the most import
ant was that in which Judge Barrett's order
dissolving the North River Sugar Refining
Company is sustained and the decision of tbe
lower court in the matter of tbe Tildentrnst is
reversed and a new trial ordered. The decision
which disposes of tbe Sugar Trust was written
by Justice Daniels, Presiding Justice Van
Brunt and Justice Brady concurring. In his
opinion. Justice Daniels, after speaking of the
Sugar trust, says:
The law does not require that an instrument of
this kind shall affirm the Intention to prevent com
petition and control themarketoradvancetbeprlce
of necessary commodities. If It did it would by tbat
requirement supply a device for evading- its
wholesome restraints and renderiug its principles
utterly nugatory. In this case it was a leading
object to combine the different corporations ana
individuals engaged in the business throughout
the country, and to secure control for an In
definite period or time. This was done to place
tbe business within the control or this association,
and derive pecuniary benefit from such action.
When control is secured in this way, human self
ishness Is sure to turn It to profitable account. A
Jury certainly would be fully Justified in conclud
ing from the facts of the evidence in the case that
tbe governing object of tbe association was to
raise the price of the product by limiting tbe sup
ply. That it was the intention of this combina
tion, agreement, association, or wnaievereise it
may be called, to raise the price of a necessary
of life by limiting the supply, is apparent, and as
such is subject to tbe condemnation or the law, by
which it is denounced as a criminal enterprise.
After quoting tbe law making it a misdemean
or to commit auy act injurious co trade or com
merce, Justice Danieis conunuea:
This controversy is within the authority and
principles of tbe other adjudications which have
oeen mentioned so distinctly and entirely as to
render it only necessary to depend npon and fol
low them for its disposition. As tbe facts have
been developed tbe association into wblcb the de
fendant has in this manner entered wa cre
ated for an unlawful object. A wrongdoer Is
never excused for the consequences or his -wrung
for tbe reason that other parties not acting nnder
his direction or authority may Interpose and In a
measure defeat the consequences of the wrong.
Tbe defendant has disabled itself from exercising
its functions and employing its franchises as
it was Intended it should by tbe act under which
it was incorporated, and placed itself in complete
subordination to a different organization to be used
Tor an unlawful purpose. It Bad become a party
to a combination designed to create a monopoly
and exact from tne public prices which could not
be otherwise obtained. Therefore, for tbe reasons
already mentioned, as well as those assigned by
the Judge presiding at tbe trial, the Judgment
should be affirmed.
ALL'S WELL THAT ENDS WELL.
That Cincinnati Romance Has a Very
Cincinnati, November 7. The legal fight
over the romance of two young lovers from
Holland was happily terminated here to-day.
Bertha Weber was released on habeas corpus
by Judge Buchwalter. and Judge Sage held
that tbe arrest of Cornelius Oberwater was a
gross outrage. It was apparent tbat Bertha
had come of her own accord to this country.
Oberwater and Bertha were married to-day,
and Kill remain for some time in Cincinnati.
Sadly In Need of a Wife.
rXSW YORK BUBZAU SFZCIALS.1
New YoRK;NoTember7. Early in the morn
ing ot October 20 Anna Mnessen, 26 years old,
tottered into an Eastside police station with a
little baby boy in her arms. When she reached
the rail in front of the desk she dropped npon
her knees and besought tbe Sergeant cot to
turn her out upon the streets. She said that
she and her child were starring. She told how,
shortly after landing at Castle Garden, one
year ago, she had been betrayed and aban
doned by one who bad been an old friend of
her family in Germany. Investigations of the
Humane Society prowd her story to be true,
and she and her child were sent to Ward's
Island. Herman Weiss, of Ridgway, Elk coun
ty. Pa., read the story of this little tragedy in a
city dally, and to-day wrote a loug letter about
it to tbe police sergeant, to whom Anna first
appealed for help. In this letter, which was
received to-day, Mr. Weiss said: "I desire to
get married, and therefore ask your help. I
read an account In a newspaper of how you so
nobly befriended a poor young German girl
who bad been deceived and deserted in her
time of need. If she will consent to live in the
country I will make her my wife. Assure her
of a good home, as I am in fair circumstances.
I beg you to kindly assist me in ascertaining
her whereabouts, and forward an answer." The
letter was sent over to Ward's Island for Anna's
consideration this afternoon. She has not yet
A Cronln Murderer Confesses.
Drunken members of "Battle Row" gang, on
the Eastside, did a little promiscuous shooting
last night with a record of one man killed and
four men arrested. This gang is one of the
toughest in the city. The fight started in a
saloon. Joseph Murphy entered the saloon
with Jack O'Connor. O'Connor borrowed
Murphy's revolver, which he had just pur
chased, and started a row by rubbing It in the
face of a drunken man who was sitting in the
corner. The bartender protested, whereupon
O'Connor fired his revolver into a closet again
through tbe front of the saloon, and then going
into the street fired a third shot at Jeremiah
Cronic, a 20-year-old truckman, who was sit
ting on a box, two doors away. Cronln fell with
the bullet in his head, and died In a few
minutes. O'Connor gave himself up to the
police. He admitted having shot Cronln. He
said he was drank and did not know what he
Had Romnnee Enough for Awhile.
A stylishly dressed young woman with big
blue eyes, pink and white cheeks and heavy
yellow hair, called upon Mrs. Conkling, of 42
West Twenty-seventh street late one evening
in the middle of last month. She introduced
herself as Madeline Earlscourt, a penniless
orphan from Richmond, Va., in search of work.
Mrs. Conkling gave the girl a home till October
20, and then got her a position as the com
panion of Mrs. E. S. Hart, the wife of tbe
famous Democratic "stereopticon man."
Madeline was a fine companion. She played
the piano, sang, danced and did a dozen other
things which penniless orphans are generally
supposed to know nothing about. These ac
complishments made Mrs. Hart suspect her
companion of not being what she pretended to
be. When questioned, however, Madeline
stuck fast to her original story. Last Monday
Madeline started out shopping. Ten minutes
later she came running home with a Washing
ton paper in her hand, broke in upon Mrs.
Hart like a bomb, and tumbled down weeping
at her feet Between her sobs she explained
that she was cot Madeline Earls
court at all, but Belle Brown, a
Washington school girl, and tbat she had
run away from her home to New York to get
some of the romantic experlnces of which she
had read in novels of the "Madeline" and
"Earlscourt" style. She had just found a per
sonal for her in the Washington paper in her
band, to the effect that her mother was very
ill and that all would bo forgiven if she would
only come home. A telegram brought Mr.
Brown here yesterday. He took his daughter
back to Washington last night Belle is 17
years old, well formed, and noticeably refined
in matters of dress. She is a great favorite in
Washington, and ber parents were well-nigh
distracted over her mysterious disappearance.
Mr. Brown employed detectives to search for
her, and a reward was also offered for informa
tion which would lead to the discovery of ber
whereabouts. She has promised to be good
and not run away in the future.
Another Ocean Kecord Beaten.
A cablegram to the Hamburg-American
Packet Company to-day announced that the
steamship Columbia, of their line, bad de
creased the record between here and Hamburg
byl hour and 10 minutes. The Columbia ar
rived at Hamburg this coon, just S days. 18
hours and 10 minutes after passing Sandy
Hook. Tbe Columbia's new record is but 3
hours and 20 minutes behind the best eastward
record of the Inman liner City of Pans, and is
12 minutes better than the famous eastward
record of the Cunarder TJmbrla, against which
the Inman line fought so vainly until the Pans
made ber appearance.
THE BAfAKD-CLIMER HUPTIALS.
Ex-Preildent Cleveland and Wife Present
at the Muptlnls of the Ex-Secrctnry.
Washington, November 7. The marriage
of Hon. Thomas F. Bayard, ex-Secretary of
State, and Miss May Clymer, took place at 1
o'clock this afternoon. For an event of such
social and official Interest, the ceremony was
conducted with a privacy that left no room for
ostentation and display. Tbe scene of the
ceremony was the Clymer residence, at the
corner of Connecticut avenue and H street a
square, old-fashioned bnck mansion. The
rooms were decorated with the usual abund
ance of ferns, growing plants and blooming
flowers, the decorator's best efforts being be
stowed on tbe rear parlor, where the marriage
was solemnized. In this room and in the ad
jacent hallway the invited guests bad as
sembled. Ex-President Cleveland and Mrs.
Cleveland were present and attracted a great
deal of attention as they nodded to or shook
bands with many of tbe company. Tbe bride
was dressed in a superb gown of white crepe
trimmed with jasmines, worn high In the neck.
Pearls were tbe only ornaments. There were
no brldemaids or other attendants. Rev.
George William Douglass, tbe new rector of
St John's Church and the successor of Bishop
Leonard, of Ohio, was the officiating clergy
man. A wedding breakfast and a reception followed
the ceremony. Among the oersons present
were ex-Secretary and Mrs. Fairchild, Mr. and
Mrs. Don M. Dickinson, George L. Rives, ex
AS3istant Secretary of State, and numerous
relatives of the bride and groom. The Bayard
family were represented by Tbomas F. Bayard,
Jr., of New Haven; Miss Bayard. Miss Flor
ence Bayard, Miss Ellen Bayard, Pbilip I. Bay
ard, James Williams, Mr. and Mrs. J. R. Nich
olson, of DelawarejMr. and Mrs. J. D. Warren.
oioston; Airs. o. u. warrca uuu riaMi war
ren, of Boston. Mrs. Clymer. the mother of
the bride, and Miss Mary Clymer, after whom
she was named, a venerable lady, were the
principal representatives of the Clymer family.
The wedding present, which were displayed
In a separate room, were numerous and all of
them costly. Some family heirlooms are among
tbe collection. At the conclusion of tbe recep
tion Mr. and Mrs. Bayard left on their bridal
tour, which will inclnde a trip toNew York and
other places In tbe North. They will probably
return to Washington for a short stay, and
then go to Wilmington, where they will reside.
The Mayor of London, O..got drunk, opened
the jail door, and liberated a large number of
offenders. His method may be said to be the
"wide open" policy.
A very dilapidated envelope, which had evi
dently gone through a railroad wreck, was
received at the West Chester postoffice a few
days ago. Within its ragged embrace it held a
Rice Boyd, of TTniontown, has been pastur
ing his cattle on a $90,000 coal field, never sus
pecting its value. He sold it to a sharp neigh
bor a few days ago for $000. and the purchaser
disposed ot it at once for S90,00UL
Ex-Congressman Stephen F. Wilson, of
Wcllsboro, has built for himself a granite
tomb in shape of a log cabin.
William Franklin, of Lancaster, has
been arrested for stealing a bag of peanuts
from Adam Ripple.
The-rb hare been two springs discovered in
BramweltW. Va., which are only about 15 feet
apart the water of one of which is colder than
ice, if possible, while the other almost reaches
a boiling temperature.
A confident supporter of Foraker, living
at Akron, O.. bet a house and lot against a
box of cigars that the Gevernor would be re
elected. He says that he will stick to the
A conscience wave is sweeping over tha
land. The Secretary of the Treasury has Jus
received a letter containing four 2-cent jampjf
which, the writer says, is the amount, with in
terest, of two stamps which he used twice.
Swimming baths are becoming popular
additions to English schools. The school board
contends tbat It is quite as important for a boy
to learn to swim as for a girl to leam the art of
cookery, and claims that tbe swimming bath
adds to the comfort of the scholars and assists
in the work of education.
A swindler sold a Clinton county,
Mich., farmer a recipe for making his wheat
weigh twice as much as it ought to, and signed
a contract to divide the money gained by tna
extra weight with tbe scientific swindle. Tbe
"contract" eventually turned no as a promis
sory note and the farmer paid J3C0 for it and
didn't advertise the matter with a brass band,
The salt industry in Southern Kansas!
is assuming majestic proportions. It Is said
that the salt taken up at Wellington, in that
State, is the purest in tbe world. A dozen great
salt plants are already in operation, and others
will soon be established, in a few years all the
salt used for ordinary purposes west of the
Mississippi river will probably be supplied by
The tin mines in the Black Hills are
attracting a great deal of interest Within tha
last year a company of foreign capitalists has
been organized, with a heavy capital, to de
velop what are known as the Harney peak
properties, located in Pennington and Custer
counties. It is tbe opinion of experts, tbe Gov
ernor says, that these mines contain the largest
and most valuable aggregation of tin veins ever
brought to the attention of the world.
The most profitable book ever printed,
at least in this country, was Webster's Spelling
Book. More than 50,000,000 copies of this pro
duction have been issued, and could Dr. Web
ster and his heirs hare enjoyed the royalties
from it they would have found it more valuable
than the cave of Monte Cristo. Yet Dr. Web
ster wrote It that he might procure the means
to support himself while engaged in other
work, notably his dictionary, which was really
on elaboration of the spelling book.
The National Prison Congress will meet
in Nashville November 16-20. Tbe objects of
this organization are three-fold. First the
amelioration of tbe laws in relation of publio
offenses and offenders, and of the way in which
they are enlorced; second, the improvement of
the prison systems of the country; third, the
providlug of suitable employment for dis
charged prisoners. Ex-President Hayes is
President of the congress, and ex-Governor
Bullock, of Georgia, is one of the Vice Presi
dents. Probably the courts do not afford a mora
curious case than this : In 1839 Mme. Hardouin,
of Paris, bought three tickets in a lottery, the)
capital prize of which was 100.000 francs. By
presentiment she chose the number 40,631, put
ting the ticket away among her husband's
effects. He became bankrupt and all ot his
books were seized. Tbe lottery was drawn in
1S61, and 40,631 won tho prize. Since then Mme.
Hardonin has been accumulating evidence to
show tbat she was the person who bought the
ticket and cow expects the judgment in he
favor every moment.
A small boy at Marshall, I1L, has
voiced a sentiment which would be a good
thing for general adoption. He was a very
tough urchin, and, together with bis little
brother, got so bad that the townspeople de
cided to send him to a reform school, so he was
arrested on an old charge of theft and advised
to plead guilty. The little fellow stoutly main
tained his innocence of this particular crime,
and while acknowledging that be onght to go to
the reform school, declined to plead guilty to
something he had not done. He won the sym
pathy of both the spectators and the court and
was finally discharged.
The King of Siam is a magnificent ob
ject in state attire. He glistens from head to
foot with jewels worth more than 82,000,000. Is
is commonly reported in Bangkok that be has
WO wives and 87 children, though tbe exact
figures hare never been given to his subjects.
He was a father at the age ot 12, and is now
only 36 years old. If he lives a few years more
he will be able to assume the title of "father of
his country." Tbe King is a good tellow, fond
of a reasonable number of his children and
very kind to his 300 wives. He is very pro
gressive and has done a great deal of good to
A young Englishman who landed in
New York a few days ago has started out to
"beat hs way" across America and around tha
world in the space of four months wlthoutcasli
output. From San Francisco be will stow him
self away or work his passage to New Zealand.
thence ship for some Chinese port, and journey
through tbe Balkan Pass to Russia, thence to
Germany, down the English channel to En
gland, acdsbip from tbsra to SewYorkCIty
H tbe railway officials observe his proclamation- -'
and have him "spotted," be is liable tolengthen
his schedule ot running time. He may get
marooned at some way station for a fortnight
An old farmer in the Granite State one)
Sunday morning started to wind up his great
silver watch, and found tbat tbe key was filled
with dirt. Being nnable to dig the matter ous
with a pin the farmer drilled a hole in the key,
and with a single breath blew all the dust out.
Then he sat down to think, and within a month,
had patented that hole. To-day in Lebanon,
N. H., there is a large factory running by
electric power wherein are manufactured dally
thousands and thousands of watch kevsof
every possible size, shape and design. Each
one of these kevs contains the bole which has
been patented by the farmer. The latter has
already made a fortune.
No romantic tale ever had so many in
cidents as that of a young woman: of Buko
wina. She was very beautiful, and all the
young men who were in tbe district fell in love
with ber. She had a hundred offers of marriage
before she was 20 and before she accepted the
one hundred and first. Then her troubles be
gan. Her first fiance died suddenly from an
accident; tbe second was taken away with the
army, likewise the third and fourth; tbe fifth
and sixth were drowned; the seventh and
eighth broke off on learning of the smallness
of ber fortune; the ninth got drunk on bis be
trothal day and tried to beat the young woman,
so she broke it off ; the tenth seemed promising
in every way, but as the marriage was about to
take place it was learned that he bad a wife and
children in Bessarabia. Tbe wedding was fixed,
for tbe eleventh, but he decamped for some un
known reason, and thereupon the voung woman
gave it up and poisoned herself.
The new census of India gives the pop
ulation in March, 1888, as 269,477,728, of which
60,684,378 belonged to the native States. Dis
tributed according to religion, in round num
bers, the Hindoo population, in millions, is
about 190, tbe Mobamedans 81, "aboriginals"
6K. Buddhists 3K. Christians nearly 2. Sikhs
nearly 2, Jains 1. while Parsees, Jews and
others are comparatively very few. Tha
Church of England has nearly 300,000 members,
other Episcopalian churches 20,000. the Church
ot Scotland the same number, "other Protest
ants" 133,000, Roman Catholics nearly 1,000.000,
and Syrians, Armenians and Greeks over 300,
000. About IUO.000,000 males and 111.000,000 fe
males are neither under instruction cor abla
to read or write. Details are given of 109 dif
ferent languages spoken. Hindustani comes
first with over 82,000.000. then Bengali with
nearly 40, Telogu with 17, Mahratti also 17,
Punjabi 16, Tamil 13. Guzrati. C3narese,
Ooriya,t Maylayalum, aindl, Burmese. Hindi,
Assamese, Knl, Southali and Gondi come next
in order. Next to Calcutta. Bombay and
Madras, Hyderabad is the most populous city
in India, Lucknow coming next.
SAID TO BE FUNNY.
The man who boasted that he was as "reg
ular as the sun" forgot that tbat luminary rises
only twice In the year at the same time. Pack.
Politically biased. Sunday School Teach
erTommy, who were the publicans and sinners
mentioned in the lesson?
Tommy Bepublicans and Democrats. Drakt'M
Some months ago the edict was sent forth,
The bustle mustg-o!" From the graceful, glid
ing, sideling movementwithwhlchladles sitdown
in a car to-day, it looks as If the bustle Is still
"WhatBroke the Cable. Managing Edi
torThe cable news was scarce this morning.
Telegraph Kditor X es, sir. The man at the other
end tried to send the names of some Servian offi
cials, and the cable broke In two. Drake's Maga
zine. No Mean Temperature There. Kecenl
Arrival (at anewEocky Mountain summer re
sort, to hotel clerk) What was tha mean temper
ature here for last month?
Hotel Clerk We don't havenomean temp'ature
hyur: It's all good. Harper's Bazar.
Too Strong for Her. "Seir-denial," said
a traveling man to another. '1 a trait tbatwUl bo
found in nearly every woman. It seems to be an ,
essential part of her nature. Bbe Is equal to almost
every self-denial.' ,
"And yet" was the rejoinder, "how few cf
them are equal to a sealskin sack-rlilee., Jftr
Counsel Assigned. Mr. Rising Briefly
How's that case of Bill Jenkins getting along. I
see you've taken charge of It.
Mr. Snap Oamraon-Oh. Urst-rate; I Just got 30
out of him, and he's to give me another fifty in the
Mr. KlJlng Brlefly-That's good; but Where's
Bin? . i ,
Mr. Snao Gammon-Bill? Oh, he's all right,'
I i ,