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ESTABLISHED FEBRUAKV 8, 1MB.
Vol.44, o.l70. Entered at Pittsburg Postoffice.
November 14, 1SS7, u second-class matter.
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P1TTSB0BG. MONDAY. NOV. 4. 1SS9.
TEE OFFICE-SEEKEB'S WRATH.
The bolt which Mr. Baker, of Indiana,
hurls at President Harrison is very thun
derous in its first appearance; bnt upon ex
amination it proves to have a remarkably
familiar appearance. Mr. Baker wants a
consulate and has not got it Consequently
Mr. Baker is in a wrathful mood.
Yet there are grave features connected
with Mr. Baker's wrath. He is the original
Harrison man. The multitudinousness of
the original Harrison man is so well known
that if all of him are coing to get mad at the
inability of the consulates to go round, and
denounce the President as a traitor, the ad
ministration is in danger of discovering
itself to be in a minority at the next elec
tion. On the other hand there is tbe compensa
tion of the knowledge that the wrath of the
office-seekers who repudiate the Republican
platform, and "want no Chinese civil ser
Tice," is one of the most encouraging testi
monials to the sincerity of this administra
tration that can be obtained.
BEAUTY VS. BTJMOE.
The investigation of the new "West Vir
ginia oil field, reported in another column,
cuts down the wild reports which have been
made concerning that field to the sober pro
portions of reality. Instead of the 500 or
1,000-barrel well that rumor reported, a well
with a good showing for 25 barrels daily of
good oil has been discovered. "Whether
farther developments will show that the
new field is large or small, and whether
the wells will be lasting or die ont quickly,
are matters of conjecture which each can
settle for himself. That there is a new field
there, and that it produces good oil, are im
portant facts bearing upon the oil produc
tion of the future; but that the new field is
going to be a market smasher it has yet to
CANNIBALISM IS MURDER.
Onr esteemed cotemporary. the Philadel
phia Press, has asked its readers to send in
their opinions of the moral principle in
volved in the cannibalism among the sur
vivors of the shipwrecked Earnmoor, and a
number of them have complied. Among
then correspondents are a doctor and a
clergyman, both of Philadelphia. The doc
tor believes that it would not be healthful
for anyone to eat the body of a man or other
animal reduced in vitality. This has not
much to do with the morality of cannibal
ism or common sense either for that
matter, for the doctor forgets how much
more unhcalthful it wonld be for a man to
die of starvation. The clergyman's opinion
is equally valuable. He says that an ap
peal to the Almighty would be all sufficient
in such a case, and that if the Divine answer
indicated tbe sacrifice of one of the party for
the sustenance of the survivors cannibalism
"would not be sinful. This clerical gentle
man's morality is, to say the least, peculiar.
He would invite the Deity to preside over a
murder, though he does not explain how
the victim is to be chosen. Under the cir
cumstances we fear the answer to the
prayer would point to the other man.
Our cotemporary should amend its co
nundrum and present it in this condensed
form: Is a man justified under any circum
stances in murdering his innocent fellow to
preserve his own life?
NOT THAT KIND OF A BEPOET.
"The Government Directors of the Union
Pacific Railroad have officially reported
that the road ought to pay up its indebted
ness to the Government. But it will not,"
remarks the Boston Globe. But this is
where the esteemed Gkoe 'a error. The
Government Directors have not reported
that the road ought to pay the debt, but
that the Government ought to pay it, and
give the road a prolonged extension at re
duced interest. "Whether this is the best
that can be done or not, is a question for
future discussion. But it is worth while to
recollect that Government Directors do not,
in this corporate era, take the position that
the corporations should pay ud their debts
at maturity just as any vulgar private
debtor has to. That is not the apparent
business of Government Directors.
TELEGBAPH BATES AND G0VEBNHENT.
Concerning Postmaster General "Wana
maker's recent revision of telegraphic tolls on
Governmental business to a basis of about
what business has been done for the general
public in this country, and is now charged
in England, the New York Post remarks
that "the probability is that he will not get
the service done at that rate." As the Post
recognizes in the succeeding sentence that
liis fixing of the rate is a duty required by
law, it becomes pertinent to inqnire if it has
information that the telegraph company
proposes to defy the law and nullify the
contract under which it obtained the privi
lege to do an inter-State business. There
could hardly be a more decided avowal of
the principle that the corporations are above
the law, than that credited to the telegraph
company by this statement of its policy.
A journal more anxious for the public in
terest in this connection inquires why, if
the Government can get these rates, the peo
ple cannot. There is a difference between
the two, in the fact that under the legal
contract the Postmaster General is given
the power of namiDg rates on Government
business in return for privileges which the
Government has granted the company.
Hut there is reason to believe that, if the
influence of competition had been preserved
inahe telegraph business, the people wonld
be getting such rates to-day. This view is
supported by the cogent fact that when
there was competition the public did get
, these, rates, greatly to the detriment of the
water in the telegraph stocks. Possibly the
people may find it instructive to take that
fact to mind and consider it seriously.
LIGHT ON TBUST WfJEKlHrjS.
The developments at the meeting of the
Cottonseed Oil Trust last week ought to be
a shock to those who have preached the
doctrine that the trusts are the perfection
of business organization. It was authorita
tively stated by one of the Board of Di
rectors, and no less a man than Mr. Thomas
ot lofty fame in corporate circles, as an ex
planation why the promises with regard to
the earnings had not been fulfilled, that he
with other directors had failed to give the
close attention to the bnsiness that they
should; that the staples handled by the
combination had been bought at high prices
and sold at a loss; that the mills had turned
out oil of poor quality; that the capital had
been watered about 100 per cent; and that the
best remedy for the unsatisfactory returns
was to pay more attention to the business in
future and to scale down the capital 50 per
What mincemeat this makes of all' the
claims of the trust advocates! It shows that
all the talk about the advantage of great
capital, the securing of the best manage
ment and the highest organization is the
merest bosh. It proves, on the contrary,
that the inevitable result of such overgrown
combinations is to insure neglectful manage
ment, careless condnct and poor results. It
proves also, what every intelligent observer
knew before, that tbe purpose of the trust
combinations is not only to escape the
penalty of these business vices which
eliminates them under competition, but
also to make the public bear by high
prices the cost ot capital unon arbitrarily
closed plants and excessive profits on
This would have been secured, had the
orginal purpose of the Cotton Oil Trust been
successful. It was intended to secure a mo
nopoly of the cotton seed oil business, like
that of the Standard on the petroleum busi
ness, by the same lever of exclusive privi
leges secured through special advantages in
railroad transportation. During its first
year it enjoyed such favors; but the inter
State commerce law cut them short, and the
result is that, after a full trial of the trust
scheme without its attendant monopoly, it
finds its profits cut down and is forced to
adopt a corporate form of organization with
the water squeezed out of its capital to a
One or two facts of this sort are worth all
the tomes of theory which the trust advo
cates have ground out to becloud the issue.
And now it is said that Colonel Hassein
Ghooly is coming back to this country, and
will endeavor to cultivate friendly relations
with the newspapers. The press of the
country will receive Mr, Ghooly with open
Now that Michael Davitt's speech is
ended it is to be noted that it has produced
a much better effect than was thought prob
able from reports which came from quarters
friendly to Mr. Dayitt, Justice Hannen
complimented Mr. Davitt as having put
new light before the Commission, which is
certainly an undeniable and unexpected
certificate to the value of the speech. But
it remains to be seen whether the Commis
sion can sufficiently divest itself of partisan
ship to give an impartial finding.
The evidence in the Cronin trial is being
brought in a way that promises to discour
age both murder as a political method and
jury-bribing as a means of getting the mur
derers off, without punishment.
General Butlee asserts that the ob
ject which he has in view in writing his
memoirs is to do his enemies justice. But
in view of the manner in which tbe General
deals with his enemies, there is no doubt
that those gentlemen will be well satisfied
to rub along with the present quality of in
justice. Moreover the General should re
flect upon the personal application of the
proverb that if justice was done to everyone,
other hearts than those of his enemies might
The Cotton Oil Trust people are making
the salutary discovery that water is of no
use unless exclusive privileges can enforce
the earning of dividends upon it.
Mb. Baker's, of Indiana, denunciation
of the President as a traitor would be sensa
tional if it'had not already become familiar.
The definition of treason in this connection
is well understood to be "a failure to fur
ish the denouncer or his friends with fat
offices." The Constitution of the United
Statesjdefines the offense differently; but
what is the Constitution worth beside the
great unwritten law of political spoils?
After a large, if not varied, assortment
of bad weather, a prolongation of the bright
ness and clearness of yesterday will be
A yeey pertinent suggestion is cast with
the force of a heavyweight projectile at a
prevalent political practice by the Phila
delphia Ledger. It is that the poll-tax re
ceipts paid for by political committees and
handed over to voters of their own party, do
not qualify the voter, as he has not paid the
tax himself. It would cause a stirring up
among the political drybones if this ruling
Pittsbtjbg js getting ready to give South
America a greeting with her industries and
her weather, both arrayed in their most at
The last scheme in favor of the New
York "World's Fair is to levy a ten per cent
assessment on the earnings of the railroads
entering New York. This is a fresh illus
tration of the New York genius in devising
methods to get someone else to pay for
tbe enterprises that are to benefit New
You may lead a prince close to the altar;
but you cannot make him take the vows on
a paltry allowance of ten thousand a year.
An objection that the saloon-keepers have
to the Law and Order Society in Philadel
phia, according to the Times of that city,
"is that they order too little." Here it is
different the liquor sellers think that the
society orders too much, and they don't like
A Civilizing Acent In Kentucky,
from tbe Detroit Free Frets.!
Judge Lewis, of Kentucky, who was driven
from his courtroom by the Howard gang while
trying one of their number, has hunted them
over a distance of SO miles and killed six and
wounded five. Good for html Two or three
others of his make would civilize tbe State in a
year or so.
The New Light of Asia.
From the Washington Post.;
The new "Light of Asia" Is not Sir Edwin
Arnold's, but the Westlngbonse patent. Tbo
Pittsburg Company has secured a contract for
illuminating the city of Pekin with electricity.
A VILLAINOUS LOOKING KNIFE
That Can Bed a Good Deal of Laughter at a
Berlin eltate Dinner.
Berlin Letter to New York Tribune.
An amusing incident took placo at Berlin the
other day on the occasion of the banquet given
by the odors of the "Kaiser Alexander von
Russland" Regiment to tbo Czar and to Em
peror William. During the dinner tbe two
monarchs, who sat side by side, were served
and waited upon by Captain Von Hoyer and
the lieutenants of the color company. As
soon as dessert had been put upon the table
the three officers in question resumed their
seats, cigars were lighted and a less con
strained and ceremonious tone began to reign
among those present. When about to light a
fresh cigar, .Emperor William suddenly turned
round and asked a stalwart grenadier who was
stationed just behind tbe imperial chair to
hand him a knife for the purpose of cutting off
the cigar end.
Utterly taken aback by the request, the
worthy soldier looked upon him helplessly for
a knife. There was none to be obtained from
anywhere neiror than the other end of the
room. The Emperor, thinking that the man
had not beard his request, repeated it in louder
and slightly sharper tones. Realizing that His
Majesty was becoming impatient and that thero
was no time to be lost, tbe grenadier, with a
look of desperation on his face, dived into his
trouser pocket and fished out a gigantic and
somewhat rusty clasp-knife of the pig-sticking
class, and smelling strongly as if it had been
recently used to cut up "wurst" This, after
opening, he banded to tbe Emperor.
The latter on having such an instrument sud
denly and unexpectedly thrust under his im
perial nose, started back in alarm, gazed and
sniffed at it for a moment, and then grasping
tbe whole situation, burst into a roar of laugh
ter in which be was joined by tho Czar and
everybody else present, the unfortunate soldier
xneanwnue remaining at attention wiuiuut a
muscle of his face moving, but with a look of
despair in his eyes. This, however, disap
peared when, after cutting off the cigar end
with tbe jack-knife in question, tbe Emperor
handed it back to him with a couple of 20
mark gold pieces, and tbe good-humored re
mark, "Here, my friend, you should keep this
knife in future as a souvenir of tbe present oc
casion." HOW WAFFLES MADE A MAN.
A Boy Tickles a Railroad Officials! Palate
nnd Makes Ilia Mark.
From the Philadelphia Press.i
The tall, handsome man who, as dispatcher ,
conducts the business of tbe freight depart
ment of tbe North Pennsylvania Railroad,
at Third and Berks street, is Common
Councilman William Geary, who is one of
the leading railroad men in that section of
tbe city. He has been with the company, in
one capacity or another, for neatly 30 years, or
since he was a boy. He is a self-made man,
having received but three months' schooling in
the sense of obtaining educational training, at
a public school while a boy, though later on he
fitted himself for admission to a private educa
tional institution, and made rapid strides in his
But it was not his book learning that brought
him into railroading and freight dispatcher.
It was his ability as a baker of waffles tbat at
tracted the attention of the official who was
instrumental In getting him on the 'Toad."
When a boy he somehow learned the art and
mystery of making waffles. At that time he
was engaged in doing tbe chores for a family at
ton wasmngton. President jbrankx. uomiy,
of tbe North Pennsylvania Railroad, lived near
by. One of Mr. Comly's weaknesses was an
appetite for naffles. One day he took dinner
nhere William was working, and his host,
knowing the railroad man's fondness for the
very thine which his hired boy was most com
petent at makinz. instructed Geary to bake
some waffles and told him to do them ''first
class." After dinner Mr. Comly sought the boy and
made a proposition to him. which was not only
flattering to his pride, but was indicative of
large pecuniary results in tbe immediate future.
Geary was overjoyed at his unexpected good
luck, and promptly accepted tbe offer, with tbe
reserved condition, however, that he remain
with his present employer until tbe time for
which his services were eugaged bad expired.
During tbe first few years of bis services on tbe
railroad Geary was given a good many days off,
which time he would spend at Ft. Washington
at the residence of Mr. Comly, when he would
be given frequent opportunities to keep bis
hand in on waffles.
TO AUSTRALIA IN A LIFEBOAT.
Two Men Start From London, Hoping to
Arrive at Cape Town in December.
Captain Jorgensen. whose arrival at Madeira
in his new patent lifeboat Storm Ring was re
ported in London on the 2d of October, has
sent to his friends In London an account of his
outward voyage. Tbe boat, as the Pall Mall
Gazette describes it, is intended for use on
board passenger vessels, and is built in three
water-tight compartments. It is SO feet long, 8
feet 6 inches in beam, and i feet 9 inches deep,
and to prove ber seagoing capacities Captain
Jorgensen and his mate, Mr. Nelson, are now
sailing ber from London to Melbourne. On
September 12 they left tbe West India docks.
On tbe afternoon of the 23d, in latitude 43 26'
north, longitudo 20 west, the wind commenced
to freshen from tho westward, with rain and a
falling barometer, and at S P. 51. they hove to.
The boat lay splendidly to the wind, with tbe
rudder fast amidships and the main sheet
Next day, just to test the boat's good quali
ties, they decided to see bow she would run be
fore the wind. They set the four-reefed main
sail and wore round about 11 A. H. It was then
blowing a cale from north-northwest, with
heavy squalls and sea running mountains high.
nut down Detween tne seas tney naa hardly
any wind, tbe sails actually flapping. Tbe
Storm King took each big wave splendidly, and
when she came up in the breakers she went
like an arrow. They steered her with their
faces to tbe stern, so as to enable them to take
each sea stern on.- and only shipped three
heavy seas, which, however, did tbe boat no
harm. They ran before tbe storm, which lasted
until the 26th, during the day time and hove to
at night. From tbe 26th until their arrival at
Maderia they experienced fine weather, with
light northeasterly winds and now and then a
heavy swell from the westward. Captain Jor
gensen nopes to reacn v.ape xown aoout tne
end of December.
LIGHTING KAILROAD CARS.
An Ingenious Method of Forcing Gas Into
From tbe Philadelphia Inquirer.!
The method of refurnishing railroad cars
with gas is one of the most interesting opera
tions to be seen in the great railroad sheds in
the old depot at Thirty-second and Market
streets. When a draft of empty cars is run
on one of tbo sidings, a number of gas
men board the cars and examine tbe small
pressure meter in the lavatories of each
car. If less than SO cubic feet is registered tbe
tanks need replenishing, and long rubber hoses
are attached to a three-way cock at one end of
tbe tank. Gas under great pressure is forced
through this direct from a main to the tanks.
It requires but few minutes for enough gas to
be forced into the supply tanks to furnish
illumination for about 36 hours.
By a clever piece of mechanism in the meter
the light would be Immediately extinguished
if there should be any accident to the train. It
only requires a fraction of time and force of
men necessary to refurnish tbe old-fashioned
lamps, which have so often proved to be the
fatal causes of holocausts, tbe deadly compan
ion of many railroad wrecks.
PEOPLE OF PROMINENCE.
Thomas A Edison's 16-year-old daughter
speaks four languages.
Queen Victobia Is much worried about the
Prince of Wales and is very low-spirited.
The Sultan of Turkey has sent to a London
tailor an order for two suits of clothes. If tbe
tailor is wise he will send them C. O. D.
Mb. Field, the new postmaster at Philadel
phia, began bis intimacy with Mr. Wanamaker
long ago, when the latter was Secretary of the
Y. M. O. A
M Henri Rochefort has come to this con
clusion since his recent visit to England, that
"of all the nations on the earth tbe English
alone are fitted for liberty."
Mrs. Mart C. Leavttt, of Boston, who is
on a temperance advocating tour around the
world, has lately been the guest of John
Brieht's sister, Mrs. Lucas, in London. Mrs.
Lcavitt has travelled 70,000 miles since she set
out in 1881.
The Siamese representative In the Inter
national Maritime Conference is a fine English
scholar, thoroughly understanding and cor
rectly speaking our language. .He Is annoyed
by the bad English spoken by some of his col
leagues, and openly corrects them when they
make grammatical mistakes.
PAux Dn CHAlLi.Tr, the writer and traveler,
is 62 years of age. He Is under the average
height, round-shouldered and not at all hand
some. His face is strong and his forehead
commanding. He has French blood in his
veins, which is shown by his vivacity of man
ner. He has an inexhaustible fund of anec
dotes, and his conversational powers are great
fie has done a Vast amount of work, bat is in
fine health. His long journeys in African
jungles do not seem to have injured his consti
tution at all.
Mario BasnklrtsefT, an Old But Remarkable
Theological Novel, That la Commented
(On bv Gladstono Deadly Alternating
Currents Sultus on Fiction, and How
Emln Pasha Looks A Belated Revenge
and Other Stories.
Messrs. Cassell & Company will publish on
November 11 a translation of tbe journal of
Mane Bashklrtseff. The October Nineteenth
Century contains a comment upon this book,
written by no less a notable than tho lit. Hon.
W. K. Gladstone, Scribner'e and tbe Atlantic
for November have articles of considerable
length about Marie Bashklrtseff.
'The Journal of Marie Bashklrtseff" Is not a
new theological novel, nor does it discuss any
of the ecclesiastical or economic questions
which get into so much recent fiction. It Is
not even a novel. It Is simply the diary of a
young girl who died five years ago in Paris.
This diary, Mr. Gladstone says, "opens a now
chapter in the experiences of human nature."
"I tell you everything, everything, every
thing," Marie Bashklrtseff wrote In her diary;
and when she said "you," she was thinking of tbe
whole population of tbe habitable earth. For
years this yonng girl set down in this journal of
he"rs every thought she had. Her love affairs,
her jealousies, ber Impressions of people, and
books, and places, and art, her impressions of
This bright, unusually gifted, pretty Russian
princess wanted to oe a phenomenon, a
prodigy. She desired to be seen, o attract at
tention, to produce an effect. Nothing equaled
her self-conceit except tbe frankness of her
confession of it
Such a book can hardly fail to be Interesting.
The plainest human life is interesting when we
know it well. Perfectly frank autobiography
will rarely fail of readers. We look with inter
est for Mr. Serrano's translation.
In the meantime, however, to read these
three notable reviews li almost as good as to
read tbe book itself. Between the confessions
of St. Augustine and the confession of Marie
Bashklrtseff what a significant difference. ,
"Electricity in Relation to the Human Body"
is discussed by Dr. Starr in the November
Scribner'e. Two questions which are debated
in this article are considered at greaterleneth
In the North American Review, in which
Thomas A Edison writes ot "The Dangers of
Electric Lighting," and Harold P. Brown com
ments on "A New Instrument of Execution."
Mr. Edison contradicts the ' notion tbat any
added safety is secured by putting the wires
underground. He says tbat you might as well
put a nitro-glycerine factory underground with
the idea tbat by so doing you were securing the
community against explosions. His remedy Is
to prohibit tbo use of alternating currents,
which, he says, are as unnecessary as they are
dangerous. Mr. Brown describes an ideal
electrical execution. Hyland C. Kirk, In the
Popular Science Monthly, answers the ques
tion "Is the Human Body a Storage Battery?"
He thinks it is, and gives some curious illus
trations. Dr. Norvin Green. In tbe North
American, asks an even more Interesting ques
tion which concerns electricity in its relation
to the human pocketbook: "Are Telegraph
Rates Too High?" The answer may be readily
The old contention between realism and
nominalism which vexed the philosophical
theorists of tbe Middle Ages has never been
fought to a finish. Literary theorists have
taken up the old gloves in an endeavor to
settle that old battle, and tbelr war
cnes are in tbe air to-day. The medieval
names have passed away. The nominalists
of the old folios would call themselves realists
now, and the realists would be romanticists.
The battle is a good deal like the fight about
the two sides of the shield. It is a contention
in which each side stands for a part of the
truth, and the need, as so often is the case In
controversy, is simply that each shall acknowl
edge the position of the other. Why should
analysis oppose synthesis? After all, as Edgar
Saltussays in the North American, "there are
but two classes of fiction stories which are
well written, and stories which are not." Mr.
Saltus' paper is entitled, "The Future of Fic
tion." Maurice Thompson, who of course
stands for just the opposite school from Mr.
Saltus. has a paper in the November Forum on
"The Domain of Romance." He holds tbat the
romantic school. Instead of dying in 1830, only
began a new life, and tbat the great romancer
is Charles Darwlnl It Is interesting to compare
tbe two papers.
Emln Pasha. Governor ot the Equatorial
Provinces of Africa, wears spectacles, and
looks like a schoolmaster; this, at least, is the
impression given by the picture of bim in the
November Scribner'e. Colonel H. G. Prout,
who describes Emln and his country, has but a
sorry anticipation of tbe future of tbe Upper
Nile district. Tho need there, unless tbe land
is to be given over to barbarism, is railroads
As for guns, however, there is more chance of
their being used this side of tbe equator.
Sometime there will be war between England
and some continental power. We hope not,
but the chances are tbat way. Now where
will we be in such a war? Of course, we will be
neutral, hut what will neutrality mean as re
gards our commerce? English merchants, for
instance, will hasten to put their sbipnmg
under a neutral flag. It would be well if that
flag, might be ours. It will not be ours, how
ever, because there is a law on our statute
books which forbids the entering upon our reg
istry lists of any foreign made vessel. Tbat is a
law that needs looking after. This is tbe gist
of Prof. Soley's article on "American Com
merce In an Anglo-Continental War."
When that condition of universal war has
come upon us,by which tho Anarchists hope to
introduce tbe reign of universal peace, when
the world has finally been blown up with
dynamite, and moss has grown upon the ruins,
and, as by a natural reaction, the "ages of
faith" have come back again, Andrew Lang
would like to wake up In that delightf nl era.
"Tell them I falu would sleep, and then
Be born In other days
A hermit in some happy glen
Where some clear river strays.
2Cursed in some faith I know not I
Wherein a man might live and die.
'Ah, early would I rise to pray,
And early would 1 steal
From chapel. In the dawning gray.
To earn the Friday's meal
A Monk who never dreamed of doubt,
I'd catcb uneducated trout.
"A priest where woman might not come.
Nor any household care,
A land where newspapers were dumb
From scandal and from scare
That priest I'd be, that lind I'd see
Would fortune work my wish for me?"
"A Belated Revenge," which comes out as
the "complete novel" of tbe November Lip
pincotfs, is a belated story. The first writer.
Dr. Robert Montgomery Bird, began it more
than 60 years ago, and left it half finished.
Last summer, tbe Rev. Frederick M. Bird, his
son, of South Bethlehem, Pa., took up the
novel and completed It. The additions, how
ever, made it too long, so it was cat down into
shape to fit the magazine. None of these halts
or hackings, however, are visible in the story,
which runs smoothly enough. The scene is
laid in the times before tho Revolution. Dr.
Bird was a student of colonial history and cus
toms and his studies bear fruit lUjthis interest
ing story. "Handwriting and Writers" is a
subject which no one can treat adequately
without some reference to Horace Greeley.
William a Walsh contributes the incident of a
now compositor who declared that if Belshaz
zar had seen fcuch writing on the wall he would
have lost his sensesl R. H. Stoddard writes
appreciatively of bis old friend William Cullen
Bryant, regretting that so much of his life bad
to bo spent in "dingy and stuffy editorial
rooms." "An Odd Love Story" ventures into
the undiscovered country.
SL Ntchotaa begins a new year with the No
vember nnmDer, with new type and more pages.
There is a capital and lively article entitled
The Month Before Christmas," which tells
small people some of the best things to buy or
make for gifts, and gives good suggestions to
oldor people, too. This is an outdoors number,
horses and dogs, skates and bicycles, and foot
ball, have place la It "Coursing with Grey
hounds in Southern California," "A Pueblo
Rabbit Hunt," "A Btory of a Horse." "A Race
for Life," "A Race with a Wooden Shoe" and
"Inter-collegiate Football Jn America," glvo us
inspiring tastes of fresh air. "The Prince and
tho Brewer's Son" Is Illustrated with lino
draw Ings of Hirshcbrook Hall. Thero is a pic
ture of that queer little encounter between the
boy Cromwell and the boy Charles Stuart, which
reads with so much meaning in the light of
what happened afterward. "The Poet of the
Hempstead Centennial" and "A Scientific Ex
periment," are two stories which will Inspire
tho boys. "Ann Llzy's Patchwork" and
"Kitty's Best Friend," wiU Interest small girls.
Tbe November Atlantic has a careful study
of the '"Character of Democracy In tbe United
States." by "Woodron Wilson. What we need,
Mr. Wilson thinks, it we would solve the prob
lem which immigration forces npon us, is to
centralize tbe administration and executive de
partment of the Government. As it is the
most elaborate part of our political machine is
the brake. We are weak In the provision for
progress. Wo ought to have a Democratic
Even Greenough Scott, however, would
not voto for such a king as tbe French had.
when they colonized Canada. Mr. Scott's paper
on "Tbe French in Canada," is an examination
of the differences between the French and the
English colonization of this country. The
French colonization was an "occupation," the
English colonization was a "settlement." One
was temporary and military, tho other was per
manent and civil. New England stood for liberty.
New France for feudalism. Boston was a town
of industrious people. Quebec was a garrison
of priests and soldiers. "The Begum's
Daughter" gets into chapter 21, and "The
Tragic Muse" into chapter 33. There ispoetry
by Editb M. Thomas and Christopher P.
Cranch. Charles H. Moore discusses "Materials
for Landscape Art in America."
Outing for November ranges from the Gulf
of Mexico to Bebrlng Sea, from Tennessee to
Iiavarra and from bass-fishing to whale-hunt
ing. Photography helps out the illustrations.
The first section is "A Fisherman's Luck," and
represents tho catch of a fisherman who seems
to have had very good luck Indeed. "The De
velopment of Football" shows how tbe practice
of "slngging" declined and fell, and how, with
the following of more careful rules, football
to-day is really a fair, decent, scientific and in
teresting game. Kennecope lobsters and Ten
nessee squirrels receive attention. There is a
bright paper by an unscientific shooter who
went after squirrels in Virginia with "Triple
B"shot "Flycatcher" Hawley Smart's story
is in chapter 5. There is a good dog paper with
"The Art of Cooking" In tbe November
Popular Science Monthly is by Edward Atkin
son. A man invented the sewing machine.
And now another member of the
sterner sex ' gives a lesson In
cooking! Mr. Atkinsou has invented a cooker
and an oven. By using Mr. Atkinson's stove
the family breakfast can be put in after supper
and will be found just ready to eat as early in
tbe morning as one pleases. Bread can be
mixed at noon, raised ready for the oven by 6
o'clock, and baked in two hours, "by the heat
of the evening lamp, which at the same time
serves for reading or sewingl"
The North American Indians are not de
scended from tbe "ten lost tribes;" if for no
other reason, because the tribes were never
lost. Mr. Garrich Mallery, however, thinks that
mere are correspondences oetween -unwuw
and Indian." Tbe Indian part of tbe paper is
Interesting; the Israelite part is queer. It Is
certain tbat Israelite and Indian both begin
with the same letter. Nearer likeness than tbat
does not appear to the unscientific reader even
after Mr. Alallery's article.
The name "Indian" is of course a misnomer,
and perpetuates a blunder of Columbus. Tbe
men whom he called "Indians" belonged to the
Lucargan tribe. Prof. W. K. Brook's gives an
interesting account of them. In "Speech and
Song" Sir Morrell Mackenzie has his opinion of
the effects of cigarette smoking.
Three names associated with Pittsburg ap
pear amone"The Owners of the United States"
in the November Forum. The estates of Mrs.
Scbenley, William Thaw and Dr. Hostetter
are set down as each amonnting to $20,000,000.
The United btates of America are practically
owned,Mr.Sbearmansays,by 250,000 people. And
it present methods of taxation are continued 23
years longer, this country will belong to only
Arcbdeacon Farrar, writing on "Modern
Claims Upon the Pulpit," strongly urges the
clergy to resist the temptation of dogmatism.
There are three departments of thought in
which nobodv, be thinks, can be quite abso
lutely certain: These are science and Biblical
criticism, and doctrinal theories. The facts
are sure enough tbe tacts which we need to
know but everybody has a right to his own
K. L. Godkin, editor of the Nation, has a
paper on "Public Opinion and the Civil Ser
vice." Ho notes how "in America, the busi
ness view of business, whether it be Govern
ment or private business fills the air." There
mnst be a collision between the business man's
view and the politician's view. In this colli
sion tbe spoils system, he devoutedly trusts,
will get effectively telescoped. Prof, firyesen
has "always sympathized with the perverter
of Pope, who declared that the noblest study
of mankind is woman." and after a good deal
of observation be is able to affirm that "of all
Womankind no variety better repays sympa
thetic and discriminating study than the Amer
ican," Hence, his paper on "Types of Amer
ican Women" is very interesting reading.
The North American Review Is offering new
proof every month that nobody is really essen
tially necessary in this world; that for every
work there Is somebody who can do it just as
well as the man at the head. Lloyd Bryce has
taken Allen Tborndike Rice's place, and all
goes on as well as before if not better. It is
promised, for example, tbat Mr. Gladstone and
Mr. Blaine will presently discuss the merits of
protection and free trade in the pages of this
magazine; and ailong programme of similar
good things is advertised. The November num
ber is as good as any number we have read.
The most notable feature is a discussion of tbe
ethics of divorce. Dr. Dike opens the debate
by calling attention to tbo fact tbat
during tbe pas ten years divorces
have increased in Europe 67 per cent,
and with us 7Z5 per cent This is shown by a
comparison between 1876 and 1886. Cardinal
Gibbons says "to tbe question, then, can di
vorce from the bond of marriage ever be al
lowed?' the Catholic can only answer. No."
Bishop Potter says that In tbe Episcopal
Churcb divorce is permitted for the single
Scriptural reason, with privilege of re-marriage
given to the innocent party; but that "di
vorce amons ber members is excessively rare.'
Robert G. Ingersoll is as eloquent as ever.
"Tbe world for tbe most part is ruled from tbe
tomb, and the living are tryannized over by the
dead. -Opinions on the subject of divorce have
been for the most part inherited from the early
Christians. They have come down to ns
through theological and priestly channels."
And so on for ten heroic pages. Mr. Ingersoll
is getting a little tiresome.
THAT EXTBA0RD1NARI CHARTER.
Territory Covered br Victoria's Generous
Grant to Her Noble Lords.
From the Mew York Herald. 3
Tbe territory that lies north of the South
African Republic, beyond the Limpopo nver
and northwest of the Portuguese possessions on
the east coast, is the country of the Matabeles,
a powerful and intelligent tribe, who are sup
posed to be a kindred race to the Zulus. The
mineral deposits of the country have long been
known to be of great value. There are numer
ous old workings in tbo country that can be
traced back to the Portuguese in the sixteenth
century. Ho great has been tbe dread of the
invasion of the white men thar Lobengulo. the
King, has persistently refused for years to
grant them any permission to mine, and it bas
been decreed tbat tbe punishment of death
should be inflicted on any native bartering
gold with white men. Gold is so plentiful that
nuggets are picked out of tbe streams.
The mining enterprise tbat has recently
drawn an investment of 20,000,000 of capital to
tbe South African Republic has attracted a de
termined speculative spirit toward Matabele
land, and tbe natives havo been agitated into
believing that Germans, Portuguese and Boers
respectively contemplated tho seizure of their
territory. Through this intriguing tbo King,
Lobengulo, was induced to send two of his bead
men to England under tbe guidance of a specu
lator. They were feasted and received many
Tbe result of all this graciousness was tbat
England established a protectorate over lis
tabeleland, and as the outcome of this a char
ter is now granted to a private company, of
whom tbe Duke of Fife is one, granting tbem a
monopoly of trade and absolute rule in tbe
territory of an Independent sovereign even
though he is black. A a matter of right or
justice, Victoria has no more power to do this
than tho German Emperor would have to
grant any company of Americans a charter of
privileges to be exercised in Great Britain.
From the news l have just had from the Trans
vaal I leam that the new act has evoked a
great ferment among tbe Matabeles, and it is
likely there 'will be bloodshed.
PIFTI TEARS A CH0RIBTEB.
An Octogenarian ftlnslc Teacher Who Hns
Attended 4,000 Funerals.
From the Pb IladelpbU Times.
Prof. Samuel Boyer, who resides about fire
miles from Pottstown, and Is nearly 80 years of
age is the veteran music teacher and; chorister
of this section of Pennsylvania. He has acted
as chorister at 4,000 funerals, and at the preach
ing of over 9,000 sermons, which were conducted
by 86 different ministers, 41 of whom were Luth
eran, 24 Reformed, 11 Mennonlte, 6 Baptist 3
Methodist. 1 Presbyterian and 1 Episcopalian.
Of tbese clergymen 43 arc dead.
He sings lu both English and German, and at
present has a class of 50 scholars scattered in a
radius of 20 miles of his home, where he cives
Inctmilnn fin tllA wfnltn mil rmi and tn wramI I
culture. He has been followlugthe profession I
incr w jeaiB. . . ,
' AUTUMN'S SOLAR TUEITH.
The End of Heat Roys That Are Only
91.998,068 Miles Long Notes on the
Plans of the Planets for November
Mars. His Satellites and Little Tides.
The Sun, braln-smltlng lord of tbe
Scorchlnc the earth all the day, and then resting
at night In thy bosom.' '
So sings Klngsley, In his "Andromeda," of
the brilliant orb of day. Clouds and his great
southern declination have prevented the sun
from doing much scorching in this neighbor
hood; but when tbe sun leaves Northern climes
he goes to more Southern regions, and the
brave party of 25 astronomers who recently left
for the west coast of Africa will experience
the full realization of this truth. In fact, the
Southern summer is hotter than the Northern,
for the reason tbat tbe sun is nearer the earth
then than during our summer. About the
middle of this month, for example, the sun is
but a trifle over 91,000,000 miles away, a differ
ence of a few millions of miles from his dis
tance on tbe 1st of July. Tbe day's length Is
now about ten hours, and It will decrease to
about nine hours next month.
Mercury, swift messenger of the gods. Is now
making a short stay on the western side of the
sun. During the early part of tbe month he
may be seen by a Keen-eyed observer In tbe
early morning, about three-quarters ot an hour
before sunrise, in the east He Is best seen In
autnmn as a morning star, but Is even then a
difficult object for tbe unassisted eye, especially
if his position in the heavens is not accurately
known. He should be looked fora few degrees
south of the point where the sun rises. He Is
in the constellation Leo, about 5 northeast of
Sptca. His apparent diameter is 6", and his
distance from the earth on the 6th about 102,.
Venus is waning, but may still be seen in tbe
early morning until the end of the year. She is
about one-third as brilliant as she is at her best,
and her phase is nearly full, tbe diameter of the
disk being 11". She is about 110,000,000 miles
from the earth.
On tbe morning of the 10th the distant planet
Uranus may be seen with a good telescope
about ay south of Venus. Both planets are
traveling east but Venus travels much the
more rapidly, and soon leaves Uranus behind.
Mars Is another morning star, but Is still too
far away to be of much interest He Is the
next to the smallest of the major planets, and
must be near at hand for the astronomer with
bis telescope to see much on his ruddy disk.
His two satellites, top, are so small tbat tbey
can be seen only with tbe largest Instruments
and tbat, too, when Mars Is near opposition. A
calculation has recently been made with a
view of determining whether they can have
any influence on the planet in the way of tides.
Appearances have been noted on Mars which
might be explained by supposing that the land
was inundated by large tides, but it was found
tbat tbe tides raised by tbese diminutive
bodies would be but a small fraction of an inch
In height, so the appearances must be attributed
to other sources, or else the moons must be
larger than tbey are supposed to be. Judging
from the light they give, neither is more than
10 or zu miles in diameter.
Mars is now moving through the constellation
Virgo, on the morning of tbe 16tb passing only
2' north of tbe star Eta of that constellation.
Bo close a conjunction of a planet with a third
magnitude star is something uncommon. It
will require good eyesight to see the star and
planet separate. ,
Jupiter is still evening star, and before tbe
25th Is tho only evening star of the lot He is
too far away and too low down in the sky In the
evening to be of much Interest His diameter
Is 32" and his distance 540.000,000 miles.
Baturn Is morning star, rising about mid
night and can be pretty well seen two or three
hours after he rises. He comes to quadrature,
L e. that position where be is 90 west of tbe
sun, on the 25th. He Is in the constellation
Leo, a few degrees east of Regulus. On the
morning of the 16th he will be 3 south of the
Uranus is morning star, but too near the sun
to be visible.
Neptune is morning star until the 25th, when
he passes opposition to the sun and becomes
evening star. This far-away planet is at pres
ent the most distant of the planets known, and
requires 165 of our years to complete a single
revolution. If this planet bas any inhabitants,
and their lives are limited by tbe tbree score
and ten prescribed for dwellers on this earth, it
would not be unreasonable to suppose tbat it
would be tbree score and ten nf tbelr years, in
which case the life of a single individual on
that planet would bo greatsr than the period
tbat bas elapsed since "Adam delved and Eve
span." Best E. V. Ltjtt.
A HOESE THAT PLAYS BAIL.
Catcher Who Displays Great
Skill In the Game.
From the X ew Tork Tlmez.3
One of the handsomest ot tbe horses which
drag Uncle Sam's mail wagons about Is a big
fellow named Tom. Tom would be an orna
ment In any walk, or trot of horse life. Tom Is
happiest when waiting at the postoffice for the
load to be put into his wagon. His great
superiority over his fellows is then more notice
able than at other times. The moment he has
finished his lunch of oats he begins to ask. In a
way not easily to be mistaken, for someone to
come and play with him. If no one responds, he
taps the tires of the front wheels with nervous
raps of his hind feet This usually brines some
of tbe drivers to tbe front Tbey all know tbat
Tom wants to play ball. Catching Js his favor
ite pastime when off duty. There IS not a
hnsehnll crank In the country who likes to
watch a came mora than lorn likes to play as
A horse catching ball plays at a disadvantage.
A dog's month was evidently made to enable
bim to catcb anything thrown to bim. A horse's
wasn't. It is apparently a painful effort for a
horse to open his mouth more than two or three
inches. Tom has practiced until be can gethhr
jaws twice as far apart as an ordinary horse
does. The pitober stands ten or twelve-feet
away, not in front but on one side of Catcher
Tom. Tom lays his head over sideways, opens
his mouth to its widest extent, and when ready
so fomeor the drivers say winks one eye
for the pitcher to proceed. If tbe ball is thrown
with any degree of accuracy he will get it
every time. When he "muffs" it he is very
mm with the nitcher.
It took Tom some months to acquire this
trick. He is not particular what he catches.
If it Is an apple, or even a banana peel, he stops
the game long enongh to eat it If it is a small
ball, a wad of paper, or an orange peel, he
holds it until the pitcher comes up, being
unable with all his genius to gain proficiency in
throwing. The larger tbe audience tbe more
Tom seems to enjoy playing balk
A N018E IN THE HEAYENS.
How the Aurora fiorealisBIade Its Presence
From the Wa3hlngtonPoit.l
John E. McGratb, In charge of one of the
surveying expeditions to locate the boundary
line between Alaska and British Columbia, bas
written to the Superintendent of the Coast
Survey, giving an account of his operations
since his arrival in Alaska. The letter is dated
30 miles above Charley's Village, August 18.
The party bad reached tbat point after some
littlo annoyances and delays. Tbey had ob
served several brilliant displays nf tbe aurora
borealis, one of which was Interesting because
of its being attended by a noise, an unusual
phenomenon. The letter relates tbe circum
stance as follows:
One nleht while John Luis was on watch at Fort
Yukon, be beard a noise behind bim which made
bim think a flock of geese was coming along.
Turning to tbe North to see tbem he beheld what
looked like a rainbow flying up toward the zenith.
Then it divided into two parts, one going toward
tbe ast and one toward the West. The phenome
non was not high and seemed t be aftou t 12 n-et
wide. ITn wm badir frichtened bv It at flrst. as
John bad never seen an aurura, knwnotbing of
tne dispute as to wnetner any noise accompanied
it or not his positive testimony that the noise it
made first drew bis attention to it will be or value.
Thenextmornlngmy magnet acted erratlcallytMr.
Wallace, the Lngllsh Minister at Kampart House,
told Turner and myself that there was no doubt of
noises accompanying the aurora. They are very
fine up at his station and he bas heard the sounds
Richmond Recorder: The weather Is as un
certain as tbe age of a girl over 3a
BAlrraoBB imerfean.- It Is a sailor's
experience tbat Eeas generally wash in dirty
Phtladeuhta Ledger: The Pan-American
question Can the delegates stand tbe
New Oeleass Picayune: Hush-money,
when used, is more apt than any other money to
mako a noise.
BrNonAMTOH-Repuoltem: Daniel was not
a seafaring man, but he was familiar with tbe
Atchison Globe: The easiest way for a good
wife to get along pleasantly is to practice what
her husband preaches.
Boston Transcrint: It is the opinion of the
American Board that tbe churches should
plank down more money.
BURMSOXON Free Prut; Some men's affairs
don't get straightened out until about the tame
time they do themselves.
Boston Gazette: Two hearts that beat as one
An eloping pair who leave tho congdlsg
trosian's uuuna wisuoui owt.
A-WW1HHJS FAFIlP I
Testerday's Bfspatefc, With a Few af In
Mors BrHHaat Featsres.
Sustained, all-round excellence is a very dif
ferent thing from occasional, spasmodic brill
iancy. If many of the journals and periodicals
throughout the country are accredited with the
latter. The Dispatch can confidently lay claim
to the former, and superior quality.
from the press with some new improvement.
some added luster. But It never recedes one
inch from the standard of quality It has so long
and so successfully upheld. Last week's splen
did 20-page edition of The Dispatch was a
gem among journals. News from "Greenland's
icy mountains to India's coral strand? litera
ture of tbe brightest and raciest description;
gossip on music, art society and the military;
together with wir and wisdom culled with lov
ing fingers from tbe luxuriant garden of Amer
ican thought these formed a few of the special
excellencies of this remarkable sheet
The grand reception of Germany's yonng
Kaiser by the sublime Porte is described at
length on tbe first page among tbe telegraphic
news. Tbe London Lord Mayor's show keep
alt tongues a-wagging across the Atlantic
The Cronin case still goes on, and evidence,
bas been produced which convicts Martin
Burke. Tbe BIgler-Boyer contest for State
Treasurer fast nears consummation. The Re
publicans claim a large majority for Boyer.
Mrs. Scbenley bas given 300 acres of herMt
Airy property to Pittsburg for a public park.
Tbe close of tbe Ohio campaign proves inde
scribably exciting. Both Foraker and Camp
bell claim big majorities. A bloody fight was
wageTbetween the supporters of tbe law in
Kentucky and Howard, the outlaw. In which
Howard's party was defeated. North ana
South Dasota were formally admitted into tbe
Union by the President Two New York
schoolma'ams are charged with stealing the
affections of another woman's husband. A ver
dict ot murder in the second degree was rendered
against Lee, in the Natcher case. The Demo
crats are looking for' a leader in the next
House, The Hoosick Falls Catholics are
greatly stirred up over the removal of their late
pastor. A terrible incline accident occurred
at Gooseberry station, on the B. O. R. ft., by
which several people were Injured, some per
Ihterrlews with leading citizens on the com
ing visit of the members of the Pan-American
Congress showed bow Pittsburg expects to be
benefited thereby. A Dispatch reporter had
an interesting talk with Dr. Blade, the noted
Spiritualistic medium. Local politics are live
ly. Leaders on both sides are confident of suc
cess. The body of Miss Jennie Paulson Is re
ported to have been found at Johnstown.
A review of sports and legal opinions con
cerning the League contract with the usual
news and gossip, filled the seventh page.
The second and third parts, as usual, were
filled with choice literary productions. L. E.
Stoflel contributed a remantJc story of a rose.
A.M.H. wrote of sailors as athletes. Knicker
bocker described an English fair. Underjthe
heading "A Great Authoress," an account of
the life and works of Harriet Beecher Stows
was given. Ahlnterestlngpaperfromthepen of
M. Louis Pasteur treated of tbe disease known
as hydrophobia and its cure. M. M. con
tributed a sketch that will interest
all who have paid attention to tho sub
ject of philately. Rev. George Hodges
wrote of Sabbath observance. A Wash
ington correspondent sketched the growth
of Catholicism la America during the
past century. Baron Von M. gave a graphic
picture of a boar nunt In Germany. Frank
Carpenter described the methods used by
barbers of various lands. Prof. Georg Ebers'
fascinating story of "Joshua" was continued.
A. Oakey Hall's story, "Vengeance," was a
pleasing romance with an Ingenious plot
Ernest H. Heinrichs also contributed one of
his. delichtfol fairy tales. T. J. Fitzgerald
wrote of "Women as Lawyers." Dr. Jackson
furnished a paper treating of the adulteration
of coffee. Buffalo Bill detailed the experiences
of a cowboy In Pans, ana Oliver Optic-told
stories of adventure. Other entertaining papers
were from the pens of Bessie Bramble, R. W.
Shoppell, Shirley Dare, Clara Belle, E. Lynn
Linton, "A Clergyman" and others.
WHERE SH00TINQ IS TIE FAS110N.
A Kentackr Native Wba Considered tho
Schoolmaster Bfa" Gassev
From the Washington Post!
A kind friend tells ns that a recent para
graph In this column relating to the Harlan
county feud in Kentucky recalled to his mind a
story which is now so old as to be new again.
A stranger bad gone Into one of ths Southern
States to have a little sport with his gun, but
after hunting nearly all day was well nigh dis
gusted at having found nothing to shoot Ha
was about to give up when he chanced to meet
a native with whom he fell Into conversation.
"I thought this was a great country for
garnet" said the stranger.
"Waal, so It war a hi t ago. Tber war a right
smart o' game roun hyar afo' tbe bora got to
gnnnn' fur it but I reckon it's mostly killed
"I should say It had been. Why. Pve been
tramping through these woods since early this
morning, and I haven't seen a blessed thing to
The native, whose "heart was full of tbat
beautiful hospitality for which tbe South was
so famous in ante-bellum times, stopped and
stood In deep meditation for some seconds.
"Dogged efl don't hate to see yon go 'way
disappointed, stranger, hut "
An idea struck him a good idea. His face
"What time is it, stranger?" he asked.
"Quarter past four."
"Waal, now,' said the native with spirit
"you go over and stand beblud tbe big tree at
the fork of the road jnt beyond tbe knoll.
School '11 be out in just 15 minntes. an you'll
get a right good shot at the Yankee school
master." Their Lust Opportunity.
From the Chicago News.: '
Over in Ohio there will be a politician on
every stump to-day waving his arms like a wind
mill and yelllngjlke the foreman of a volunteer
fire company. .
PEOTnOKOTAEY COLLXEB. of ClariOn COUn-
ty. has a highly prized War rellcjn the shape of
a Sergeant's report book which saved bis life,
A mlnle ball struck the book and spent its
force, though the blow was heavy enough to
Knock the soldier down.
Strwabd Zuts, of the York county alms
house, has -an interesting Ireak of nature. It
Consists of six cars of corn grown together,
somewhat after tbe manner ot tbe Siamese
twins, from one stem. For about two Inches
from tbe stem tbe ears are all joined together
as one ear. Above that point they branch out
into five distinct ears.
A deer was killed just outside the borough
limits of New Florsnce the other day.
Hugh Smith, of. Keating. Pa., recently shot
two catamounts within a fewyards of his home.
The animals were chased down from the woods,
'and at last took refuse in a tree to the rear of
Smijh's" house. Tbe gentleman procured a
rifle and killed them both. They were large,
fierce looking creatures.
A Nevt BbIQHTon barber took bis girl to
the theater to witness tbe production of a
blood-curdling drama. In the most exciting
part of the play tbe prl lost control of herself
and her chewing gum. She swallowed a big
hall of the, gum, and nearly choked to death.
"Avoibdutois suppers," at which each per
son is weighed and charged for their meals at
the rate of 25 cents per IOO pounds of their
weight, are the latest in the country towns. ,
A few days ago Drummer Fritchard. and
wife, of Parkersburg. were down in Kentucky
attending to tbe marriage of a near relative.
Tbe ceremony was performed in a church, and
When the minister in charge sawPrltchard
strolling up the aisle he at once jumped to tbe
conclusion that the well-dressed drummer was
a visiting preacher, and invited him to a seat
on the rostrum. Pritchard took the proffered
seat and carried through his pt all right
Thomas Lamb, a United States prisoner re
ceived at tbe Ohio penitentiary from Texas In
January, 1869, on an 18 months' sentence for
smuggling, has been pardoned by tbe Presi
dent Lamb, who Is an Englishman by birth,
is the owner of an enormous tract of land in
Mexico, where his wife and four children live,
which ia said to be valad at, 11,000,(00, and yet
he attempted to lacseeie his wealth by re
sonteg teortoe. Xewt fce released Disss.
A steel bridge across the English Chan
nel Is proposed. '3-5
At Atchison, Kan., potatoes selFfor 15
cents per bushel. -' ' gjjjg,
An electric engineer says 20O miles per
hour will be made by electric tralns.'.f
A pair of candelabra once owned'SyLa
fayette brought 50 at a New'Yorkauctloa
sale two days ago. t . -'
It Is proposed In New rorfcLto'tsetiUp
&i,!t!le"8lotmachh" to recelve-World's
iralr contributions. -iff
.Ii?achine that cnhi matchstieks makes
10,000,0008 day. They are arranged over a"vat.
W. A. Rice exhibited 20 onisns at the
Arroyo Grande, Cat. fair that weighed 108
EfMiriYonD toa -PundcabV
, ?h- 5ipS5' owro. Wb Mr.BercellosV
A Putnam (Conn.) man succeeded tho
other night in eating 2J squash pies to 13X
minutes, winning a prize- Thepieswore an
an inch and a half thick. Six men entered-tho
?D.estand two doctors were at hand In case
their services were needed, - '5'
Africa requires 2,000,000 blankets 'to
supply tbe native population "alone. -Besides
this there is a demand for woolen clotblDgfor
the ever-lncreasing white populationJVTbni
i e l001,, although tho Capo wool-ia
of the best quality in the world. Ji.
Experiments are now being madaja
Italy upon this year's vintage In tbo electrifica
tion of wine. Fifty different sortsl of'wino
?iltei.sH.ealyJ,een "Perimented upon, and tho
ff!n:i?niTBbeen,rer3r satisfactory. Thewlno
J...ed' ?3nl"9. a "bouquet" and Usalo
jwmeysebqyUsWeUtraMport T "d or long
For C5 years Christian Fegley, of Sha-
mokin, has worked in the coal mines of Penn- '
sytvania. He is the oldest miner in the State
but he does not look it Although silver locks
adorn bis head, his eyes are keen, his carriage
erect and bis arms are brawny. The average
life of a miner is 45 years, yet this man is as'
haleandheanyasmanyaminerat40. Ho was
born in 1822 and entered the mines at the age
A company has laid a main, in Pulton
street New Tork, and will begin next week to
supply the batchers of Washington market
with cold air. Tbe supply may be regulated by
acock. The air is made frigid by the ammonia
system. The butchers will use the space form
erly occupied by Ice to put meat In. The com
pany intends to supply restaurants and saloons,
and possibly summer resorts In the city, just as
soon as it gets its pipes laid. .
A man in 3angor, Me., who tarried in
a cemetery after dark in order to finish a job
of digging, had an encounter with a ghosf It
wes of the regulation whiteness, and groaned
just as did those encountered ia imitr places
hy Some of our great grandmothers. The
Bangor man was frightened and started to runy
but managed to run against the ghost and both '
fell to tbe ground together. It was an innocent
white calf that first recovered its feet after the)
Into Butler Bates' Bouse, at "Webster,
Mass., a partridge flow, a day or two ago, and
nimble George Tracy caught It as it careered
about tbe room. At Ware, in the same State,
a partridge drove at lightning speed through
the town hau, going In through a pane ol glass
on one side and, without an Instant's delay, go
ing out through a window glass on the opposite
side. Then It fell to the ground dead. The
two broken panes were exactly opposite each
other, so tbe bird had Varied hardly a hair's
wiaia in ner straigni arrow-iuce course.
At Chester, Conn., one evening, a
farmer was shoveling cut feed from the feed
trough into his horse's manger, when he beard
a fluttering in the hayloft and tMnytng j
chickens were in trouble, he set his lantern on t
tbe floor and looked about him. Then came
another rustle and flutter and down from the ,
loft tumbled a big partridge on the floor; It
was stunned for a moment and the farmer ;
caught it W. P. Skinner, of Higganum, got a -partridge
in the same way, but it cooty walked
Into the bouse Sunday morning instead of dodg
ing into the barn.
Francois Chaynot, of Cornwall Hollow,
among the Cornwall Mountains, In Connecti
cut has been searching for three years fox Iron
ore on his farm. For the past year he has
been employed in digging a tunnel about six
feet square into the side of a mountain. He
has gune in 850 feet At tbe entrance he-,
blasted lor a long way through solid rock, then,
came a Kind or clay or a yellow color, and next .
be round a red substance resembling ocSre.
Ho bas a gravity track and Car runnmg'tho3&
whole length of his queer mine, whichbe is
working alone. Many springs have Dew fcmnd,.
mat gusn loria pure, cam water. . uajJj5
has now struck; Into stone containing larae'
quantities ox iron, ana ms nnus are ncner, as he
Every county In the "United Slates isiv
supplied more of less with ladles' cloaks nudo
In th e city ot New York; Expeftsestlmate tfcejj ,
total value ot ladles' cloaks produced In Jhef.-
About three-fourths of the manufacturing : of
these cloaas Is done In the city of New York:
unicago comes next uieveiana next, uowon,
Philadelphia and Cincinnati do still smaller
cloak business. In the last 17 years th cloaks
nave driven snawis steadily out or tne marsev
Until they have almost disappeared. There !1
about S000, 000 capital Invested in the Iadiee'y
cloak business ot tbe United States, About
17,000,000 a year is paid In wages to the work
men. To make S5Q.06Q.0G0 worth of cloaks usee'
up about 25,000,000 Worth of domestic goods
ana trimmings every year. 4
A useful application of the telephone to
military, railway, ana otner purposes nas been
effected by a firm of telegraph 'engineers fnj
Berlin. This apparatus Is conuinea in a caee?
12 Inches lone by 8 inches wide and 8 inches
deep, which, for general purposes Is slung by?''
& Ktrsh In front of tho Dftpr. TTia mu rnnta!nU
a dry cell battery, a magnetic bell, and an In-"""
auction coll. In some Instances where ltls do- '"
slrable that tbe sound of the bell should not be
beard, the Neef hammer is substituted for it
ind is used as a means of calling attention be
tween the communicating parties. The case
also contains a combined receiving ad trans
mitting apparatus, which la fitted with a micro
phone as a transmitter, the apparatme eeag
conveniently made for application to the ear
and mouth. For field purposes an outpost
equipped with tbe apparatus proceeds to ths
front, his telephone being in communication
by a wire with that f the field watch the lat
ter being again is communication with head,
quarters, to the rear.
' ? : t
TBE LAUGHING PHILSPHKRS.
'A man doesn'i look at a salary as he does
at a wheelbarrow. Hethlnksltoszhttobedrswa
In advance. Burlington Fru lfrttt, ,
She What do yom suppose supports th '.
vast arch of the heavens?
Ile-Tbe moonbeams, I guess. LoietU Cltoa.i
Loafer How are yon? Just though; I'd' .
drop In a while to kill time. . j.
Busy Man WUV we doa't want any of our time -vf?
&U1CU. Jjawrzncc vktwhi, 4"
Criticus I don't think Badgeleyf
flesh tints are good.
Wltttrna . No. Ra should have eoti I
Badeelev to touch un those cheeks; sheshadlex3
Mlaulth havnwti ftwivTa JfTWTf ',y!
Annabel Count dear, I love tojb
rnn nut mv cheek in vonr true loving wsvi
hmmiii reitf&L. too. &.a
Count (sotto voce) Zounds, can ze girl knowIJ
vaz ze bartier In my own countree ijLcar-utymn
Ought to Be Satisfied. Papa (whojhael
just been made magistrate, addressing hlsjlimij
daughter my, i can marry people nowtb
yon know that r &
Lily (anxiously) But yon won't papa,f
you thing mamma's enough iuarper-j
"Force, gentlemen," said the professor;
1 and power are not always found In targe bodleVA
Sometimes the smallest things will be more power-i
ful than the great ones. Can, you give me an 111 ujkJ
tration, Mr. niowitinr' -; tg
-iue see ox trampst bu, ' xepuea lua stuuest.-1
Chicago Girl Oh, auntie, we'vej
been out shooting at the target. Great sport I tag I
Boston Uirl-Tes, indeed; I fully eoluelaeT
Belinda, although the diversion 1 somewhat ard
uous- 1 succeeded In perforating tbe bovine oMte
thrte times In succession. Kearney &n!trsi luM
Not a Lcap-Tear Propossl.YHiJH
Widow-Mr, JTeaeiny. win you marry me i
Mr.Preachly-Well, really, Mrs. Bucks
Is so sudden, and.
Young Wldow-Oh, well, take yoeaf
think It over. Mr. Harklns and I thoaatg
like to have you perform the ceremony)
THE TWO BOTE.
John was known when a boy as t
A talkative loafer, a shirk;
While J ake was an old-fashioned 1
Who seemed to find pleasure In work.S
. . . " "a
They have grown, jonnfires laabi
And Jake In a mansion. TkeyJNi
John is known as a labor ref ormttJ ",
Aad J u fellow, who laswtr;