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.THE PITTSBUEG- DISPATCH,
TMCiniT thaturAWB fhllf ttnNviiiiio 4l!iiuHt1i
l3 year she should hare professed the Chris-
The following touching and beautiful
account of her conversion is in her own
It was about this time tbatlfirst believed
. myself to be a Christian. I was spendinc; a;
kammer vacation at home. In Litchfield. I
shall erer remember that dewy, fresh, summer
morning. I knew that it was a sacramental
Sunday, and thought with sadness that when
an. the goad people should taVe the sacrificial
. ueadand 'nine! should be left out. I tried
bard to feel try sins and count them up, but
what with the birds, the daisies, and the brooks
that rippled by the way, it was impossible. I
came into cburch quite dissatisfied with niyaeli,
tmds 1 looked upon the pure white cloth, the
Fnowy bread and shining cups of the com
munion table, I thought with a sigh: "There
won't be anything for me to-day; it is all for
these crowu-up Christians." Nevettheless,when
rather began to speak 1 was drawn to listen by a
certain pathetic earnestness in his voice. Most
of father's sermons were as unintelligible to me
u if he had spoken in Choctaw. But sometimes
he preached what he was accustomed to call a
frame sermon!" that is, a sermon that sprung
out of the deep feeling of the occasion, and
which, consequently, could be neither premed-
ivhi nor repeaieo. iiis text was taKen irom
the Gospel of John, the declaration of Jesus:
"Behold, I call you so longer servants, but
friends." His theme was Jesus as a soul friend
offered to every human being.
Forgetting all his hair-splitting distinctions
and dialectic subtleties, he spoke in direct, sim
ple and tender language of the great love of
Christ and His care for the soul. He pictured
Him as patient with our errors, compassionate
Mn. Harriet Beecher Stowe.
with our neatnesses and sympathetic for our
sorrows. He went on to say how He was ever
sear us, enlightening our ignorance guiding
our wanderings, comforting our sorrows with a
love unwearied by faults, unchilled by ingrati
tude, till at last He should present us faultless
before the throne of His glory with exceeding
I sat Intent and absorbed. Oh! how much I
seeded just such a friend, I thought to myself.
,Then the awful fact came over me that I had
never had any conviction of my sins, and con
sequently could not come to Him. I longed to
cry out. I will." when father made his passion
ate appeal, "Come. then, and trust your soul to
this faithful friend." Like a flash it came over
me that if I needed conviction of sin. He was
able to give me this also. I would trust Him
for the whole. My wholo soul was illumined
with joy, and as I left the church to walk home
It seemea to me as if .Nature herself were
liushing her breath to hear the music of
As soon as father came home and was seated
in his study I went up to him and fell in bis
arms, saying: "Father, I have given myself to
Jesus, and He has taken me." I never shall
forget the expression of bis face as he looked
down in my earnest, childish eyes; it was so
Sweet, so gentle, and like sunlight breaking out
upon a landscape. "Is it so?" he said, holding
me silently to bi&heart, as I felt the hot tears
tail on my head. "Ifcen has a new flower
blossomed in the kingdom this day."
At the age of 25 Mrs. Stowc married Prof.
Calvin E. Stowe, whose former wife had
been one of her intimate friends.
A bbide's sensations.
Her last act before the welding was to
write the following note to the friend of her
girlhood, Miss Georgians May:
January 6 1838.
'Well, my dear G about half an hour more
and your old friend, companion, schoolmate,
sister, eta, will cease to be Hatty Beecher and
change to nobody knows who. My dear, you
are engaged, and pledged in a year or two to
encounter a similar fate, and do you wish to
know how you shall feel? Well, my dear, I
have been dreading and dreading the time, and
lying awake all last week wondering how I
should lire through this overwhelming crisis,
and lol it has come, and I feel nothing at all.
The wedding is to be altogether domestic;
nobody present but my own brothers and sis
ters, and my old colleague, Mary Button; and
""-s tnere is a sufficiency of the nhnistry in our
family we have not even to call in the fojelgn
aid of a minister. Sister Katy is not here, to
she will not witness my departure from her
care and guidance to that of another. Xone of
my numerous friends and acquaintances who
have taken such a deep interest in making the
connection for me even know the day, and it
will be all done and o er before they know
anything about it.
well, it Is really a mercy to have this entire
Stupidity come oyer one at such a time. I
should be crary to feel as" I did yesterday, or in
deed to feel anything at all. "But I inwardly
rowed that my last feelings and reflections on
this subject should be yours, and as I have not
cot any, it is just as well to tell you that.
well, here comes Mr. S., so farewell, and for
the last time I subscribe your own H, E. B.
In 1876 Mrs. Stowe wrote in a letter to
cne of her children, of the period of her life
-during which she was writing "Uncle Tom's
1 well remember the winter ton wer a Tmli
andlwas writing "Uncle Tom's Cabin." Mv
heart was bursting with the anguish excited by
the cruelty and injustice our nation was show
ing to the slave, and praying God to let me do a
little and to cause my cry for them to he beard.
I remember mau v a night weeping over you as
you lay sleeping beside me, and I thought of
the slave mothers whose babes were torn from
MEETING CIIABLES DICKENS.
In 1852, while in the zenith of her fame,
while abroad Mrs. Stowe thus speaks of
Charles Dickens, whom she met for the first
time at the Lord Mayor's dinner in London:
Directly opposite me was Mr. Dickens, whom
I now beheld for the first time, and was sur
prised to see looking so young. Mr. Justice
Talfourd, known as the author of "Ion," was
also there with his lady. She had a beautiful
antique cast of head. The Lord Mayor was sim
ply dressed in black, without any other adorn
ment than a massive gold chain. We rose from
table between 11 and 12 o'clock that is, we
ladies and went into the drawing room, where
1 was peented to Mrs. Dickens and several
other ladies. Mrs. Dickens is a good SDecimcn
of a trulv English woman: tall, large and well
developed, with fine, healthy eoler, and an air
of frankness, cheerfulness and reliability. A
friend whispered to me that she was as observ
ing and fond of humor as her husband.
After a while the gentlemen came back to
the drawing room, and I had a few moments of
very pleasant, friendly conversation with Mr.
Dickens. They arc both people that one could
not know a little of without desiring to know
Daring tbe summer of 1874 while Mrs.
Stowe's brother, the Eev. Henry "Ward
Beecher, was the victim of a most revolting,
malicious and groundless attack on his
purity, Mrs. Lewes (George Eliot) wrote
the following words of sympathy:
MY Deab Feiend The other day I had a
letter from Mrs. Fields, written to let me know
something of you under that heavy trouble, ot
which such information as I have had has been
untrustworthy, leaving me in (entire incredu
lity In regard to It except on this point that you
and yours must be suffering deeply. Naturally
I thought most of yon in the matter (its public
aspects being indeterminate), and many times
Del ore our friend's letter came I had said to
Mr. Lewes: "What must Mrs. Stowe bo feel-
lagf" I remember Mrs. Fields once told me of
the wonderful courage and cheerfulness which
helonged to yon. enabling you to bear up under
exceptional trials, and I imagined you helping
the sufferers with tenderness and counsel, but
5 et, nevertheless, I felt that there must oe a
bruising weight on your heart. Dear honored
friend, yon who are so ready to give warm fel
lowship, is it any comfort to you to be told that
those afar off are caring for you in spirit, and
will be happier for all good issues that may
bring you rest?
I cannot, dare cot, write more in my ignor
ance, lest I should be using unreasonable
words. But I trust in your not despising this
scrap of -paper which tells you, perhaps rather
for my relief than yours, that I am always in
crateiul, sweet remembrance ot vour goodness
me and your energetic labors for all.
" VEFESVlXa HEE BEOTHEB.
The following are extracts from
It was very sweet and kind of you to write
what you did last. Isnppose it is so long ago
you may have forgotten, but it was a w ord of
tenderness and sympathy about my brother's
trial; it was womanly, tender, and sweet, such
bj at heart you are. After all, my love for you
it greater than my admiration, lor I think it
more and better to be really a woman worth
loving than to have react Greek and German
nnd written books. And in this last book I
read. I more feel with you in some little fine
points- that stare at you as making an amusing
exhibition. For. my dear, I feel myself at
last as one who has been playing and picnicking
late in the afternoon to nnd that everybody al-1
punt fcadgoaa OTUtothe. beyond, .And ttoJ
rest are sorting their things and packing their
trunks, and waiting for the boat to come and
It seems now but a little time since my broth
er Hsnry and I were two young people togeth
er. He was my two years junior, and nearest
companion out of seven brothers and three
sisters. I taught him drawing and heard his
Latin lessons, for yon know a girl becomes ma
ture and womanly long before a boy. I saw
him through college and holped him through
the difficult lore affair that cave him his wife:
and then he and my husband had a real Ger
man, enthusiastic love for each other, which
'ended in making mo a wife. Ah! in those days
we never dreamed that he, or L or any of us.
were to be known in the world. All he seemed
then was a boy full of fun, full of love, full of
wronged people, which made him in those early
days write editorials, and wear arms and swear
himself a special policeman to protect the poor
enuiusiasm tor protecting aDusea sua tieuuuk
nerroes in Cincinnati where we then lived.
when there were mobs instigated by the slave
holders of Kentucky.
Henry told me then that be meant to fight
that battle in New York; that he weuld have a
church that would stand by him to resist the
tyrannic dictation of Southern slave holders.
I said: "I, too, have begun to do something; I
have begun a story, trying to set forth tbe suf
ferings and wrongs of the slaves." "That's
right, Hattie," he said, "finish it. and I will
scatter it thick as the leaves of Valambrosa,"
and so came "Uncle Tom," and Plymouth
Church became a stronghold where the slave
always found refuge and a strong helper. One
morning m v brother found sitting on his step
poor old Paul Edmonson, weeping; his two
daughters, of 16 and 18, had passed into the
slave warehouse of Bruin A Hill, and were to
be sold. My brother took the man by the band
to a public meeting, told his story for him, and
in an hour raised the 32,000 to redeem his chil
dren. Over and over again, afterward, slaves
were redeemed at Plymouth Church, and
Henry and Plymouth Church becaroo words of
hatred and fear through half the Union.
He has had the misfortune or a popularity
which is perfectly phenomenal. I cannot give
you any idea of tne love, worship, idolatry,
with which he has been overwhelmed. He has
something magnetic about him that makes
everybody crave his society that makes men
ioiiow anu worsmp mm.
But all this time I saw and suspected the two
men wno nave urougut on an tne persecution.
I saw the long-haired, handsome Tito, follow
ing, frowning, harrassing, using and abusing
his confiding nature but in vain. My brother
is hopelessly generous and confiding. His ina
bility to believe evil is something incredible,
and so has come all this suffering. You said
you hoped I should be at rest when the first
investigating committee and Plymouth Church
cleared my brother almost by acclamation.
Not so. Tbe enemy had so committed them
selves that either they or he must die, and
there has followed two years of the most
This has drawn on my life my heart's blood.
He is myself; yes, I know you are tbe kind of
woman to understand me when t say that I
felt a blow at him more than at myself. I, who
know Jtfs purity, honor, delicacy, know that he
has been lrom childhood of an ideal purity.who
reverenced his conscience as bis king, whoso
glory was redressing human wrong, who spake
no slander; no, nor listened to it.
Never have I known a nature of such
strengthana such almost childlike innocence.
He is of a nature so sweet and perfect that,
though I have seen him thunderously indignant
at moments, I never saw him fretful or irrit
ablea man who continuously, in every little
act of life, is thinking of others, a man that
all the children on the street run after, and
that every sorrowful, weak or distressed pei
son looks to as
A NATURAL HELPER.
In all this long history there has been no cir
cumstance of his relation to any woman that
has not been worthy of himself pure, delicate
and proper; and I know all sides of him, and
certainly should not say this if there were even
a misgiving. Thank God there is none, and I
can read my New Testament and feel that by
all the beatitudes my brother is blessed.
His calmness, serenity and cheerfulness
through all this time has uplifted us all. Where
be was. there was no anxiety, no sorrow. My
brother's power to console is something pe
culiar and wonderful. I have seen him at
death-beds and funerals, where it would seem
as it hope itself must be dumb, bring down the
very peace of heaven, and change despair to
trust. He has not had less power in his own
adversity. You cannot conceive bow he is be
loved by those even who never saw him old,
paralytic, distressed, neglected people, poor
seamstresses, black people, who have felt these
arrows shot against their benefactor as against
themselves, and most touching have been their
letters of sympathy. From the first be has
met this in the snirit of Frances de Sales, who
met a similar plot by silence, prayer and work,
and when urged to defend himself said "God
would do it in His time." God was tbe best
judge how much reputation he needed to serve
Iny our portrait of Deronda, j on speak of him
as one of those rare natures in whom a private
wrong bred no bitterness. "The sense ot Injury
breeds, not the will to inflict injuries, but a
hatred of all injury;" and I must say, through
all this conflict my brother has been always in
the spirit of Him who touched and healed tbe
ear of Malcbus; when be himself was attacked.
His friends and lawyers have sometimes been
aroused and sometimes indignant with his hab
itual caring for others, and his habit of vindi
cating ana extending, even to his enemies,
every scrap and sired of justiee that might be
long to them. From first to last of this trial,
he has never for a day intermitted his regnlar
work. Preaching to crowded houses, preaching
even in bis short vacations at watering places,
carrying on his missions which have regener
ated two once wretched districts of tbe city,
editing a paper, and in short giving himself up
to work. He cautioned his church not to be
come absorbed in him and his trials,
to prove their devotion by more faithful
church work and a wider chanty; and never
have the Plymouth missions among the poor
been so energetic and effective. He said
recently, "The worst that can befall a man is
to stop thinking of God and begin to think of
himself; if trials make us self-absorbed, they
hurt us." 'Well, dear, pardon me for this nut
pour. I loved you I love you and therefore
wanted you to know just what I felt. Now,
dear, this is over, don't think you must reply
to it or me. I know how much you have to do,
yes, I know all about an aching bead and an
overtaxed brain. This last work of yours is to
be your best, 1 think, and I hope it will bring
you enough to buy an orange grove in Sicily, or
somewhere else, and so have lovely weather
such as we have.
It is of course impossible to give in such a
limited article an adequate conception of
the wonderfully interesting material with
which the 500 pages of this life of Mrs.
Stowe is filled, nor would it be right to
further anticipate the pleasure of the thous
ands of readers who will enjoy the book.
It may be proper in closing to add that
I although Mrs. Stowe is now in her 79th year
r !... V.IIv ln.lfli is .......l a t.&-i-
JlCl VUU11J UCUII.lt 49 ftUVU, HUU 1113 b BUG IS
spending the declining years of her life sur
rounded by the tender ministrations of chil
dren and tree from cares and anxieties. Her
life has been indeed a glorious one filled
with good works.
SMYRNA BUGS AT HALF-PRICE.
Four Sizes Smallest to Largest 81.75,
S2, $3.50 nnd S5.
During the week beginning Nov. 4 we will
offer extraordinary bargains in Smyrna
The $5 rugs are the same the peddlers car
ry around and sell at $10 to 12.
All the rest are sold by the peddlers at a
corresponding increase over onr price.
627 and 629 Penn avenue,
EXCURSION TO BALTIMORE
The B. & O. E. B. will sell excursion
tickets to Baltimore, good to stop at Wash
ington, D. C, at rate ot $8 for the ronnd
trip, from Nov. 7- to 12 inclnsire, good to
return until the 16tb, on acconnt of the
Catholic Congress- Trains leave Pittsburg
at 8 A. if. and 920 P. M.
Happy Little Ones.
Make the children happy by getting them
some of Marvin's Little Xiord Fauntlerov
Cakes, the newest and most delicious cake
on the market. Grocers keep them, ttssu
Don't he misled. Stick to the old relia
ble "Wainwright's beer. All dealers keep it.
5525 is their telephone number. Tusu
Pbomikekt saloons, hotels, clubs and
restaurants have Baeucrlein Brewing Co.'s
Wiener, standard and Kulmhacher lager
beer on tap.
Cat Flower Stands
Specially designed to economize flowers in
winter, at French, Kendrick & Co.'s, 16
Smithfield street, opposite City Hall.
OUE assortment of kid gloves is still com
plete. Prices below nil others.
F. Bchoexxhal, 612 Penn avenue.
Furs watch repairing at Hauch's, lowest
prices. No. 295 Fifth ave. wrsu
Cabotex photos, 51 per dox. Lies' Pop
ular Gallery, 10 and 12 Sixth at TTSu
-A. GLASS of F. & V.'s Iron
City beer at
night insures quiet sleep.
Louis Pasteur, the Famous French
Specialist, Describes the
SYMPTOMS OP THE DREAD DISEASE.
A (Speculation Upon the Origin of BaMes in
THE EFFECTS OF AELT INOCULATION
WBITTEJrrOE TBI DISFATCH.l
Babies is a disease which has been known
from the earliest times. The dog may give
it to the man and to domestic animals.
Animals, again, may communicate it to each
other. At the time of writing this paper
rabies is raging in England in a herd of
deer in the park ot the Marquis of Bristol at
Ickworth. The herd was composed of COO
animals, and 200 of them have died already,
though the disease still rages. A rabid dog
fonnd the way into the park during the
month of April last, bit several animals,
which died of rabies, but only after they
had bitten a large number of their fellows.
A short time ago our knowledge of this
disease was still surrounded by many popu
lar fallacies. Old writings, recent papers
even, state that rabies may originate spon
taneously, and the occasional causes pro
ducing the disease are likewise described.
In the streets of certain towns one mar see
along the walls, in the summer time, small
tin vessels filled with water in order that
dogs may satisfy their thirst Many think
that unless such precautions are taken
some animals may become rabid. Never
theless it is a fact that in whatever
physiological or pathological condition a dog
or any other animal is placed, rabies never
makes its appearance in that animal unless
it has been bitten or licked by another suf
fering from rabies at the time the wound
was inflicted. Every person who is of
opinion that rabies may originate spontan
eously an opinion'I am even now fighting
against will at once answer: "Bnt there
must have been, at some time or other, one
first animal spontaneously afflicted with
rabies." That answer simply opens up the
whole question of the origin of things, a
question which is altogether outside the do
main of scientific investigations. Whence
came the first man? Whence came the first
oak tree? Nobody knows, and it is useless
to discuss such mysteries. Observation alone
shows us that rabies -
XETEE OBIGINATES 8PONTAITEOUSI.Y.
Nobody has ever proved the existence of
spontaaeous rabies, though many have at
tributed it to the symptoms of epilepsy, a
disease frequently met with in tne canine
species. Further it never breaks ont in any
country nnless introduced there by an ani
mal bitten in another place where rabies is
endemic Many islands in the Pacific
Ocean are quite tree from it. It is not met
with in the wide Australian continent, Nor
way or Lapland. And yet these countries
will be free of it only as long as they take
proper measures to prevent the introduction
of dogs which, after being bitten in another
country, carry the virus with them in a
Moreover.it is not difficult to prove that
rabies is a disease which cannot appear de
novo under any physiological conditions,
and that in spontaneous origin is quite im
possible. We know nowadays that conta
gious or virulent affections are caused by
email microscopic beings which are called
microbes. The anthrax of cattle, the malig
nant pustule of man, are produced by mi-.
crohes; croup is produced by a microbe.
The microbe of rabies has not been
isolated as yet, hut, judging by analogy, we
must believe in its existence. To resume:
every virus is a microbe.
Although these beings are of infinite
smallness, the conditions of their life and
propagation are subject to'the same general
laws which regulate the birth and multipli
cation of the higher animal and'vegetable
beings. They, like the latter, never have a
spontaneous origin. Like the latter, they
are derived from beings similar to them
selves. It has been proved, without a
shadow of a doubt, that in the present state
of science the belief in spontaneous genera
tion is a chimera. If it be said that life
must have appeared on this earth spon
taneously at some period or other, I must
repeat the statement which I made just now,
namely, that the origin ' of all things on
earth is hidden behind an impenetrable
veil. In short, rabies is not a spontaneous
ERADICATING THE DISEASE.
As it is always due to the direct inocula
tion of its Tims by a rabid animal.it is easy
to understand that simple police measure's
will suffice to stamp out this horrible dis
ease, more especially in insular- countries
like England or Ireland. Two or three
years would perhaps be enough to eradicate
it if owners were compelled to muzzle their
dogs or to lead them by a string when in
the streets. The destruction of all wolves
in the United Kingdoaa was a far more diffi
cult task, and yet it was successfully accom
plished. Everybody, medical men especially, agree
in thinking that rabies, in man tit least, is
an incurable disease. If a man be bitten by
a rabid animal in such a manner that he
must necessarily die of rabies, his health
may nevertheless remain perfectly good for
several weeks, though the treacherous virus
creeps on in his body, carried by the blood
or finding its way along the nerves Lastly,
it invades tbe nervous centers. It is always
found there first, and from thence it passes
into the salivary glands. The first symp
toms now make their appearance: fear of
water and of all liquids, intense headaches,
spasms of the throat, dilated pupils, hag
gard eyes, severe pain or mere itching at
the seat of the bite. In rare cases the
patient tries to bite ; if so he bites the
bedclothes, but only seldom the people near
him. He expectorates frequently, while
convulsive movements follow the slightest
breath or draught of air. He is afraid of
shining objects, and the slightest noise
canses him to start. These are
some oi the striking signs of the disease. If
one or several of these morbid symptoms
make their appearance rabies has airly be
gun, and, whatever may be done, it follows
its own independent and fatal course.
Death, sometimes preceded by horrible suf
ferings and by indescribable maniacal at
tacks of fury, shortly follows.
Strange to say, this disease, on which all
the resources of medicine have no effect, has
been treated in all countries by an endless
number of remedies, all supposed to be in
fallible. There is no country in Enrope or
America, be it small or large, in which per
sons are not to be found who are supposed
to be able to cure rabies, or in which prac
tices which are said to prevent the occur
rence of the disease may not be studied.
Such erroneous beliefs are .widely, spread.
The idea on which such practices are
based is due to the fact that it is difficult
for men in general to apply to their knowl
edge oi facts, which are more or less mysteri
ous in their nature, and the causation of
which is unexplained, tbe precepts derived
from experimental methods. The human
mind is always struck by anything which
appears to be marvellous. , A man, for in
stance, will oiten believe the quack who
tells him that a stone of a certain kind,or a
plant, will prevent the evil effects of a bite
from a rabid animal, provided this stone or
plant be merely placed in contact with the
wound. He may say even that he has per
sonally experienced the good effects of such
a practice if rabies has not followed the ap
plication of the remedy to one patient. He
forgets that to draw such a conclusion must
necessarily be a mistake,. simply because
every bite Irom a rabid animal is
not always followed by the breaking
out of the disease in the person so bitten.
Now, suppose a hundred people to have
been bitten by rabid animals, how many
will die of this terrible disease? It is difit
cult to ansvrer such a question. Moreover,
the number of victims varies, for several
reasons. Nevertheless it' it generally surJ
posed that if the deaths taking place among
a large number of persons bitten by rabid
animals be 'added up, and if their seat and
gravity be next taken into account, the mor
tality among persons bitten amounts to 15
to 20 per cent. In other words, more than
80 out of 100 persons suffer no evil effects
from the bite. It is easy, therefore, to be
deceived as to the value of any preventive
remedy, For if we apply it to a small num
ber of persons it will seem to have been suc
cessful in four cases out of five. Is that not
more than sufficient to warrant a quack,
whose advice is taken, to say that his rem
edy is infallible, and to cause men to blindly
share his belief?
The experimental method judges facts
more severely. That method teaches us
that if we are to believe in the efficacy ot a
preventive remedy against rabies among
persons bitten by rabid animals, it would be
necessary, in the first place, to discover a
process enabling the experimenter to repro
duce rabies in an animal at wilL A num
ber of dogs having, then, been inoculated
with rabies according to tbatprocess, would
then have to be divided into two batches,
the remedy being applied to one batch, and
the disease being allowed to run its course
unopposea in tne omer umu ueam iiuioweu.
It would be easy to compare the course of
the disease in the two lots, and the action
of the remedy could thus be conclusively
demonstrated, provided rabies and death
did not follow on the introduction of the
virus into animals treated by the remedy.
We have tested in this way remedies which
are supposed to be able to prevent the oc
currence of rabies, and are said to be in
fallible by their owners, but we have never
ootained any satisfactory results.
It is not so easy as Zone might think at
first to inoculate a series of animals with
rabies successfully. We have already
called attention to the fact that if dogs be
bitten by rabid animals the disease does not
appear in all of them. A direct subcutane
ous inoculation of the saliva of a rabid dog
is hardly more successful. Tbe saliva con
tains; together with the microbe of hydro
phobia, other microbes of different kinds,
which may give rise to abscesses and other
morbid complications, and thus prevent the
occurrence of rabies. In short, only a few
years ago, experimenters would not have
known where to find the virus in a pure
state, nor to use it in such a way as to pro
duce rabies, and nothing but rabies.
Luckily, these two difficulties were solved
at the same time by the following discovery:
If the autopsy of an animal dead of rabies
bemade, and if a small portion of the brain,
spinal cord, or, better perhaps, of the
thicker part of the cord which unites this
to the brain a part which is called medulla
oblongata, or bulbous be taken, and if
this portion of the central nervous system
be crushed in a sterilized fluid, with all
necessary antiseptic precautions, and if a
small quantity of this fluid be nov intro
duced on the surface of the brain of a
chloroformed animal (dog, rabbit or guinea
pig) by means of a hypodermic needle, after
trephining, the animal thus inoculated will
contract rabies to a certainty, and that in a
relatively short time; that is, a period not
exceeding 15 days or 3 weeks. f
Do you wish, then, to test any remedy
which is said to prevent the occurrence of
rabies ? Take two dogs and inoculate both
of them with the virus in the manner which
has jnst been described. Now give that
remedy to one of the dogs before or after the
operation, as many times as you like, and
leave the other dog to take its chance. You
will then notice that rabies makes its ap
pearance as easily in the first as in the sec
ond animal. Of course we have not tested
in this way all the numerous remedies
praised by quacks, bnt we have tried some
which are said to have proved most suc
cessful without our meeting with the least
"Very different results are obtained if the
method which I published before the Acad
emie des Sciences de Paris on October 16,
1885, be used. That method of vaccination
resembles in many of its characteristics the
method of prophylaxis against contagious
diseases. These methods are based on the
inoculation of attenuated virus. The injec
tion of such attenuated virus vaccinates
animals, and thus enables them to resist the
attack of the corresponding virus.
Every virus, or rather all virulent and
infectious microbes, may be attenuated by
natural or artificial means. The .virus of
smallpox in man is represented in an atten
uated condition by the cowpox virus of bo
vine animals. The latter has been produced
at least so I am inclined to think by
accidental and successive inoculations of
human smallpox virns on the udders oi
cows, and its present state of virulence has
at last become "fixed" there. In the same
way the virus of rabies is greatly modified
by successive inoculations on monkeys or
EFFECTS OF INOCULATION.
Similarly again the fatal virus of anthrax
is modified by the action of air and heat un
til at last it is thus rendered harmless. It
passes through intermediate stages, how
ever, in which it may still prove fatal to
animals .of small size, bnt harmless when
inoculated into domestic animals, althongh
it vaccinates the latter against the attacks
of the primitive fatal virus. In the same
way the virns of rabies may be attenuated
to any wishedtfor degree by the action of air
and moderate heat; and may then, when in
oculated into animals, enable them to resist
tne action or the primitive fatal virus. In
other words, one may produce in a dog a
state in whish it is impossible for that ani
mal Jo contract rabies. Take a dozen dogs,
vaccinate them in the manner which I have
just mentioned, and then inoculate them at
tne sunace of the Drain with the pure virus
of rabies. Then perform the same opera
tion, at the same time, on 12 other non
vaccinated animals. Not one of the first
dozen will contract tbe disease, but the 12
other animals will all die of it after exhib
iting all the various symptoms typical of
rabies ATlfl It rPCPTTlhlAfl in JVaiv nai4i.nl..
that produced by the bite of a rabid animal
wandering apout the streets. The experi
ments which I have just mentioned, and
which show that dogs may be vaccinated
against rabies, maybe successfully repeated
on other dogs even if they have been bitten,
before the inoculations are begun by rabid
animals, provided too long a period between
the time of the bite and that of the protec
tive inoculations has not elapsed. The
success of such a course of treatment de
pends on the usually long period of time
intervening between the day of the bite and
the time at which the first symptoms of
rabies show themselves. The immunity due
to vaccination is produced in animals before
the epoch at which the acute symptoms of
rabies ought to appear. This is indirectly
but fully proved by the fact that if the pe
riod of incubation in a dog be much short
ened our method maynot prove successful
in vaccinating that animal. It the virus
be, for instance, inoculated at the surface of
the brain, the disease often follows as early
as two weeks after the inoculation. It is
noticeable that in order to protect an animal
efficiently under these conditions, the whole
process of preventive inoculations must be
carried on as quickly as possible if that an
imal is to be efficiently vacciuated before
the fatal symptoms of rabies appear on the
It is necessary to demonstrate by experi
ments that an animal may acquire immu
nity against rabies if it be submitted to tbe
prophylactic treatment of which we have
spoken here. Needless to say, all experi
ments demonstrating this fact must be made
on animals onlyand all trials on men must
not only be forbidden, but.-moreover, must
be considered as criminal. .Nevertheless,
we are justified in thinking that results ob
tained on animals may, for the most part at
least, be obtained in man also. Now, it is
easy to prove that a dog previously vaccin
ated and so rendered incapable of contract
ing rabies may be inoculated under the skin
with almost any quantity of the purest and
strongest virus without this inoculation
being followed by any evil consequences.
Vaccinated dogs have been inoculated on
different occasions with several cubic centi
metres of virus taken from the medulla ob
longata of dogs dead of rabies without no
ticeable evil effects, although such inocula
tions were practiced not only once bnt every
day during several months. Vaccinated
dogs during the year succeeding this opera
tion are not injuriously affected by tbe
bites of rabid Animals.
SOME EXPEBIMENIS. J "
Several years ago I brought together at
Villeneuve l'Etang many dogs vaccinated
during the year 1884, and placed them in a
large kennel. After haying-demonstrated
the fact that in 1885 and 1886 the larger
number of these animals, though not all (11
out of 14 in 1885, 4 out of 6 in 1886) had not
suffered any harm from the inoculation of
the rage des mes (street rabies) even if tbe
virus was deposited on the surface of the
brain, I came to the conclusion that, after
all, it was only necessary to know whether
snch vaccinated animals, would be able to
resist the action of the virus when intro
duced by a bite. Accordingly, in 1887, 1888
and 1889, vaccinated animals were merely
bitten by dogs suffering from rabies, and not
inoculated under the skull. In 1887 the
vaccinated dogs suffered no evil effects after
being inoculated by the bite of a rabid dog.
In 1888 five dogs vaccinated in the year
1884 were bitten in the month of July, to
gether with five non-vaccinated ani
mals. The five vaccinated animals
are now (August, 1889) still in perfect
health, whereas of tbe five others, three died
of rabies and two are living now. At the
time of writing (August, 1889) a similar ex
periment is in progress on aaother group of
animals vaccinated in 1884. If these' ani
mals resist, and if all or part of the non
vaccinated animals die of rabies, it will be
a positive proof that the artificial immunity
against fresh bites from rabid animals may
extend over a period exceeding five years.
However great the advances made in our
knowledge ot the etiology and prophylaxis
of rabies among animals 'rriay have been,
these results were interesting chiefly because
they justified ns more and more in hoping
that the preventive methods against rabies
might be successful in theease of men bitten
by rabid animals. But tbe question was
how to summon up courage enough to make
that trial and to overstep tne frontier which
separates man from animals. If it be true
that the Goddess of Chance helps men who
are determined to find out the truth, we are
certainly justified in thinking that she did
so under the circumstances which presented
themselves. Louis Pasteub.
SECRET SOCIETY NOTES.
C. OI. B. A. Notes.
Charters have been granted for Branch No.
73 at Dunbar, and for No. 73 at Kane.
Branch No. 70 was instituted last evening
at Homestead, with 40 charter members.
Dep uty F.J. Brady, of this city, has been
to Altoona, and is getting things in good shape
for a branch there.
Denuty J. A. Skelly, of McKeesporX is
working up branches at west Newton, Conlt
ersville and Elizabeth,
Branch No. 71 will be instituted on next
Saturday evening at Holy Cross school house,
in the Twenty-fourth ward.
Branch No. 1, of Tltusvflle, will bold its
annual reception on Thursday evening. The
Grand Deputy will be present.
District Deputy P.J. florrlgan.of Con
nellsville, will shortly start branches in Scott
dale, Unioctown and Dawson.
There are now 28 branches in Allegheny
county, and a fair prospect of organizing six
more inside of the next CO days.
Branch No. 49, of the Southside, had 15 ap
plications at the last meeting; the result of the
open meeting held a lew weezsago.
A special meeting of the board of presi
dents of Pittsburg has been called to meet at
tbe hall of Branch No. 38, at the corner of
Butler and Main streets, Seventeenth ward, at
7.30 next Thursday evening.
The Grand Deputy i urging all branches to
hold as many open meetings as possible, so they
can invite their friends outside the association
to hear the C. M. B. A. explained. It adds con
siderable to the membership.
There will be a meeting this evening at
730 at St. John's school house, on Fourteenth
street, Southside, to start a branch. It will be
addressed by Deputy L. D. Buckley, Chancel
lors M. J. Clark and Lawrence A. Sbott.
The following Is the list of officers of
Branch No. 69, of Natrona, instituted by Grand
Deputy J. W. Sullivan on Saturday. October
26: Spiritual Advisor, Rev. John Price; Presi
dent, Peter Wehner; First Vice President,
Richard Walsh; Second Vice President. George
Nold; Recording Secretary, Albert C. Adler;
Assistant Recording Secretary, Adolph M.
Habn; Financial Secretary, Rev. John Price;
Treasurer, Joseph Sinsz;2tarshal, Christy Mar-
nu; uuaro, joscpn oeiiz; xrusiees, iev. .rnillp
Brady. Thomas O'Malley.
Albert C. Adler.
Christy Martin. Richard Walsh.
win do neiu on tne1 secona ana xoutin (Satur
days of each month.
6. K. of A. O. V. VT.
Liberty Lecion No. 20 will initiate several
candidates in the near future, and they cer-
Comrade Lew Davis, Commander of New
Castle Leigion No. 29, died suddenly on the
street in that city a few days ago.
The Reception Committee have all proved
to be good workers, hence it is safe to predict
that the affair will prove a grand success.
Duquesne Legion No. 10 is about to add a
few more members to its roll as a proof oCits
energy. Some of the other legions should be
looking to their laurels.
Pnde of the West Lodge, of Allegheny,
paid a friendly visit to Sharpsbnrg on Tuesday
evening last. Speeches for the good of the
order were delivered by some of the best or
ators of both lodges, and with good effect, after
wnicn -nue oi tne west returned, well pleased
with their Visit.
It is safe to say that Commander McKee, of
Duquesne Legion No. 10,1s glad that he is alive
alter the rousing reception he received at the
last meeting of that legion. Seven members at
one time, all shouting at tho Commander, is
a little rough, but he has been seen under more
A new conclave Trill shortly be organized at
Alarpre conclave wasoreanlzed at Scranton
a few days ago.
Deputies are now making their second visit
daring tbe term.
A number of conclaves in the smaller
towns are preparing to hold an open meeting.
The Supreme Archon is sending ont a
special circular to the secretaries to be placed
in the hands of each member.
AH the active conclaves have applications
pending. The outlook throughout tbe juris
diction looks very favorable lor an increased
Charles A. Parsons, .Deputy of the Cleve
land district, and Robert Johnson, Deputy of
tbe Altoona, district, were in the city during
the week, and called on tbe Supremo Archon.
Industry Conclave No. M were paid an offi
cial visit by the Supreme Archon and District
Deputy Charles Cornellns at its last meetlnc
Fire applications are pending. Hon. Alfred
Marland made an extended address on insur
Dnnsbtera of Si. George.
The members ot Lady Gladstone Lodge,
No. 20, are earnestly requested to attend the
meeting to be held next Thursday, November
7, at 2.30 P. Ji., at the hall, Fourteenth and Car
son streets, to transact special business.
Jr. O. U. A. Iff.
Reliable Conncil, No. 00, will hold its fourth
annual reception at Cyclorama Hall, on
Wednesday evening, November 13. The com
mittee promise their friends a good time.
TBE SOUTH AMERICAN DELEGATION
To Beach Fittibnrir ThI. Week A Blast
Intcrcstlnc TUIt Anticipated One of the
Natural gas, ateel, iron and glass will of
course greatly interest the South American
visitors. But they will not neglect to try.
and then highly commend, the unrivaled
Prince Regent whisky at John HcCul-
lough's Half-Century House, 523 Liberty,
foot oi Filth ave.
The Latest From Pari.
The H. J. Heinz Company have just been
officially notified that they have received
the medal on pickled condiments at the
Paris Exposition. This is a gratifying sur
prise to the house, since no effort was made
to display their goods. At the solicitation
of the Department of Agriculture at "Wash
ington they sent a few cases of their goods
in care of the department.
It will be remembered that at the "World's
Exposition at Heir Orleans in 1884-5 this
house also received the highest awards over
all competitors, foreign and domestic. In
deed, this isitheir uniform histoiy wherever
their goods have been exhibited.
Go to Oroetxinger's great kale of carpets,
oarpet remnants and rugs, beginning Nov.
4. 627 and 629 Penn avenue.
Onyx fast black hosiery 25 per cent
eheaper than regular price at the doting
out sale of P. Schoenthal, 612 Penn avenue.
BLAHt'S Pills Great English gout and
rheumatic remedy. Sure, prompt and effect
ive. Atdrugxists'. . r ,ttw
what is rummn
Progress of the Mania for tbe Col
lection of Postage Stamps,
THE CONFEDERATE HAND STAMPS
A Feature of the Service Between Mexico
and This Country.
SOME TET YALUABLE COLLECTIOKS
iwmmuf for tbb dispatch.!
Philately What is it? Even wise old
Noah Webster did not know the word, but
"progression" is the world's motto, and to
day, in the appendix of the unabridged, we
find that philately is "the collection of
stamps of different countries, and the intel
ligent study and systematic arrangement of
them." The name was coined by M. Her
jin, a celebrated French collector. The sci
ence has made more rapid strides than any
other pursuit of like nature. The stamp
collector a few years ago was denominated a
crank, and the collection of these little bits
of paper taken up with secrecy and ridi
culed as childish pastime. The public
press scoffed and scorned at the collection of
stamps now it is fast becoming the philan
thropist's friend, hy opening up its columns
and permitting him to air his views and ad
vocate Philatelia's cause.
The study is being taken up in every
country, in the Scotland hamlet as well as
in the most populous city. The progress of
the science or mania can be judged by the
number of philatelic societies. The first
one was started in Loudon, then followed
one in France, and three years ago tbe Na
tional Philatelic Society of New York was
organized. The association, which is just
about to celebrate its third anniversary, has
already 800 members, and among its officers
are some of tbe most influential men of our
country. Since the founding of the Ameri
can society the progress in this country has
been phenomenal and almost every corner in
the United States has some lover of the
hobby. To the true philatelist the value of
his collection lies in
THE ABTISTIC FEATUEES
of and the history of each stamp. The
materialist, money making collector, sees
only tbe monetary value, but the prices paid
for these rare specimens show how highly
prized they are. The Sterling collection,
which consisted largely of United States
proofs, brought over $7,000. Bob C. H.
Brock, of Philadelphia, has, perhaps, the
finest collection in America, valued at ?25,
000. He prizes .them as he would a rare
painting. Each stamp has its history, and
the whole collection a peculiar fascination,
and hours are spent looking over the series
with friends who. too, love the science.
According to stamp catalogues, among
the United States stamps, the New Haven,
Conn., 6-cent red stamp of 1845 is the most
valuable $350. The Brattleboro, 5 cents,
184& $250, and the 3-cent, 1842, New York
stamp, buff in color, $100. Stamps that
were once plentiful are now becoming
scarce, and once worth but a few cents now
command dollars. There is a peculiar fascin
ation in these bright bits of paper that
come to us from every clime. The charm is
subtle, whatever it is, and "no lotus of
South Airic's land ever held its victims in
more bending servitude than does the god
dess Philatelia exert over her willing sub
jects." Among tbe various issues of postage
stamps of our country the Confederate
stamp has a history making it the most
interesting of souvenirs. After the use of
United States stamps had been abandoned
in the seceded States, and before the Gov
ernment had provided its own issue of
stamps, Southern postmasters were left to
their own resources for such facilities in the
line of stamps as were required by the neces
sities of tne Southern mail service.
A PEATUEE OP INTEREST.
The "hand stamp" of '61 certainly pos
kmsm romantic associations it is in itself jl.
Tiistory of the pressure of the war. JTo the
stamp collector tnese uonieaerate -nana
stamps" have a distinct value, consisting oi
a great variety of patterns differing in form
and device, according to the fancy or eccen
tricity of the postmaster. Struck in a vari
ety of colors, tbey make an,interesting series
in the collector's'albUm and allude to the
most memorable events of our national his
tory. To-day we can scarcely conceive of a
time when unperforated stamps were used,
and a postoffice clerk's outfit not complete
without a pair of scissors.
Among varieties in collections are the
unperforated English stamp, mutilated and
I.UI U CTCIJ l.uutt. ,.... nnj HW.W i...h
top cut off, some with the bottom, some al
most in the shape of a diamond all evi
dently done in a hurry by the clerk under
some particular stress of business.'' If
every business man carried a pair of scissors
to-day, what a grand opening for another
From a newspaper in 1851 this item ap
pears: "Great call for postoffice stamps.
Seventeen hundred dollars worth of stamps
were sold during business hours in Boston
on Friday Jast This too under the rule
that no individual can purchase more than
$3 worth at a time. The reduction of post
age has even at this early time given ample
evidence that correspondence will be mate
rially increased." Among
in the service the system in old Mexico
is perhaps tbe most curious. Under the XT.
P. TJ. rnling, a letter can be sent from
the northernmost corner of Maine to the
most-southern point of Mexico for a 3-cent
stamp, but vice versa in Mexico a resident
there cannot communicate with his next
door neighbor without paying the local
rate 5 cents the same beyond the borders
into the United States, hut back again it is
only 2 cents. So these Mexicans who live
on tbe borders take advantage
ot our postal system, and each
morning "with mail bags full of
unposted letters, step across tbe river to ad
jacent American towns, patronize our post
offices and send their mail back into their
own country or abroad into ours ornamented
with profiles of Washington and Jefferson."
If there is a perfect postal system in the
world our Government has a just claim to
it. Already our system is being studied by
officers from the land of the celestials, and
when we ponder over Japanese mail service
we nope now soon it may De improved.
Now where no railroad exists the mail is
carried by a man traveling day and night
the carrier being exchanged at every sta
tion. These carriers generally require five
days to go 250 miles. The new stamp issue
is now uuder discussion. The present con
tract expires this year, while the next pro
vides for bids for two series of stamps one
being the size now in use, the other about
one-third smaller. Postmaster General
"Wanamaker is reported to have said, that
he believed the smaller stamp would be
quite as useful and popular as the size now
in use, and by reducing the size of the
stamp, a material saving would be effected,
which could be expended in a better and
everyway more desirable color.
"While postage stamps are "in everybody's
mouth," except the wise ones, who use a
sponge, we little realize the care and minute
ness of their progress in manufacture. Even
at tbe last stage each sheet is counted 11
times, and if a single stamp is torn or in any
way mutilated the whole sheet of 100 is
burned. It is said several hundred thou
sand are destroyed each week from that
cause, and shows, too, the positive law
which protect? and governs Government
work. M. M.
Bread and Batter PI te
In Mlriton, Haviland, Boyal Danish and
other makes, at French. Kendrick & Co.'s,
616 Smithfield st,, opposite City HalL
Interesting to Stoat Ladles.
We have left a lot of chemise, night
dresses, etc.. in sizes frost 40 to 50, which, we
.are selling at half price. Large eeneta also
greatly reduced. r. bchoesthai,
612 Peaa aveaue. .
IS a complaint from which many suffer
and few are entirely free. Its cause
to indigestion and a sluggish liver, tha
core for which is readily fonnd in tha
use of Ayes Pills,,
" I have fonnd that for sick headache,
caused by a disordered condition of tha
stomach, Ayer's Pills are the most re
liable remedy." Samuel C. Bradbuxa,
"After the use of Ayer's Pills for
many years, in my practice and family,
I am justified-in. saying that they axe an
excellent cathartic and liver medicine
sustaining all the claims made for them."
W. A. "westfall, M. D., V. P. Austin
& N. W. Ballway Co., Burnet, Texas.
"Ayer's Tills are the best medicine
known'to me for regulating the bowels,
and for all aiseases' caused by a dis
ordered stomach and liver. I suffered
for over three years from headache. In
digestion, and constipation. I had no
appetite and was weak and nervous
most of the time. By using three boxes
of Ayer's Pills, and at the same time
dletiDgmysell,Iwas completely cured."
Philip tockwood, Topeka, Kansas.
"I was troubled for years with Indi
cation, constipation, and headache. A
few boxes of Ayer's Pills, used in small
daily doses, restored me to health.
They are prompt and effective" W.H.
trout, Meadville, Pa.
Dr. J. C. Ayer & Co., Lowell, Mass.
Bold by all Druggist and Dealers a Medicine.
Be wary how you
The abente advice, it is needless to say, is followed intfi$
, writing-of their advertisements by all reliable houses,
;;: and particularly so by ' :::
iliiiiiiiKitii la n rat
Last Sunday our announcement contained a number of
special bargains, with prices attached, and. among the hun
dreds 'of buyers who responded to this advertisement NOT
I ONE was disappointed. All
left the store highly pleased with their bargains. People nat
urally look to Keech's as the Champion Low Price Credit
House in this city, and Keech's, well aware6f the public con-,
fidence reposed in them, endeavor to prove themselves worthy1
of it by supplying their customers with t
The Best Furniture! '-Hie Best Carpets! The Best"
House Furnishing Goods! The Best Cloaks
Clothing! at prices guaranteed to be from 20
33 peB cent lower than
Nevermind the wincing and whining o the little dealers
They are the lame ducks of
flutter onlyjends to show up
unmindful of it" all, sails on serenely, selling more goods
any two houses in this city put
want to purchase
A Unnilonmo DoiIni Qfirfoa ' - " yOt
n naiiuouiiic ai iui vjuuuj
An Elegant Bed Room Suite,
A Substantial Dining Room Suite,
A Comfortable Sitting Room Suite,
A Sofa, a Couch, a Rocker,
A Folding Bed, a Wardrobe,
Some Carpets or Matting,
Some Rugs or Oil
You can get all of
CASH or on CREDITR
IBI IE E cmb:
".Gash and Credit House,
ISrOpen Saturday Nights till 10
We have just received and hare aoir ready far inspeoikw,
beamtiftd China Dinner Seta, Tie-lr Beta ael-& roll line of nice
China? odd pieoee, to whloh we
R: P. WALLACE & CO.,;
. OPP0TKBT. CKAJUJW.
s r & '' ar &?
"Wo ara determined to close tot,
our entire stook by December, andu
ror this purpose have marked!
everythinsr avay belo-w the actual h.
value. loano Extension Lamps, 25;!
anierenu patterns; Library, Ban-i
quet and Vase Lames, elesant' de3r
signs; Tea, Dinner and Chamber rJ3?'
Sets, large variety; Brio-a-Brao ft,
from all the renowned potterles;
Onyx and Bronze Tables, Pedestatei
and Easels; Ouspldores, Umbrella ;
Stands, "Vestibule Seats and Lawn '".
Vases, Gas Ftetures, Bronzes aad ' '
Clocks, "Wedding and AnniversaiT Aj?
crirte, noiioay uircs In proiu8OB.
. -ril.s .-.. j ' ; J-w ' T.&
THE J. P. SMITH
Lamp, Glass & China Ciif
935 ?enn Avenue.
Between .Ninth and Tenth Sta.
P. S. Our assortment of Gas Fl3t
tures being depleted, -will close butl
the balance at less than value?
place your words I'
obtained what they wanted all
those of any com-
V i Ohm M
the trade, and. their constant
their crippled condition.
together. And; now, iP
.J3&. t liSBaaV
- 'tfEnwJF "
Some Curtains or Pertmrtt,
Some House Fumatenf Goods,
Some Dry Goods tr CJtaks,
Some Men's Suits or Overcoats,
these goods for
.. . . 'i
larlta tke attention of the ladiek
H iMfc. fcS