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PITTSBURG DISPATCH, THURSDAY, OCTOBER
24, ; 1889.
ESfABLISHED FEBRUARY S, 1S46.
VoUM, A 0.159. Entered at Pittsburg l'oslofflce.
November It, 18S7, as second-class matter.
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PITTSBURG. THURSDAY, OCT. 24 1SS9.
AN OLD CHABACTEBISTIC.
The oil market, which proved such a live
ly delusion to many speculative people here
abouts in times past, has lost much of its
activity, but not its old characteristic of run
ning counter to the field reports. Yesterday
it danced up to four cents above the dollar
line, utterly regardless of the late strikes in
the Chartiers field and of the accounts of big
gushers in "West Virginia. There was a
time when a sudden advance like this would
bring in a crowd of lambs, who generally
bought on a rise, but the attractions of oil as
a speculative commodity are not now nearly
bo strong as formerly. There is a healthy
reason for this, besides merely the experi
ence which was dearly bought on
the exchanges. It is neither more nor
less than the industrial growth of this town,
and the recent multiplication of opportuni
ties for money making in so many lines of
safer investment. Alike the people with
large and those with moderate surplus find
profitable business openings in a time when
The movement in real estate the extensive
buying and building of homes also makes
a diversion of funds from the merely specu
lative channels into which they formerly
The vagaries of the oil market will con
tinue to be watched with curious interest; but
no very considerable part of the public will
be found taking such an extensive hand in
it as was usual three, five or seven years
THE UNDEBGBADUATES' DICTUM.
The announcement that co-education of
the sexes would be permitted at the Uni
versity of Pennsylvania seems to have been
premature. The students of the University
have interposed their veto. The students
of this institution appear to entertain the
not uncommon theory among under
graduates, that the greater part of the wis
dom connected with that scholastic seat, is
concealed in their own brains; and of coarse
they next proceed on the universal prin
ciple that whatever is outside of their per
sonal experience is all wrong. These con
siderations lead them to the conclusion that
co-education at the University of Pennsyl
vania would be ruinous. Tney consequent
ly send in their weighty opinion to the
trustees, that it should not be allowed. The
freshness of the average undergraduate is
calculated to impress the mind with an
overpowering sense of the total insufficiency
of the world's snpply of salt
A WISE MODIFICATION.
The modification of that order of the Pitts
burg and "Western Eailroad prohibiting the
shipment of nut coal and slack, so as to per
mit a certain proportion f the cars to be
used for that purpose, removes the railroad
from a decidedly false position. It surely
ought not to require any argument to show
that a railroad combining the obligations of
the public highway and a common carrier,
cannot place one class of traffic under an
embargo in order to give others better facil
ities. That this should be done in the case
of so legitimate a freight as nut coal and
slack, which is nsed in the production of so
much other -freight, is a singular, and so far
unexplained, idiosyncrasy of railway oper
ation. The modified order changes the rule
so that it amounts to a distribution of cars
among the various classes of traffic This
may be an allowable method of getting over
the car shortage; but it is a question
whether any shipper has not the right to de
mand his proportion of cars and to use what
he gets in the way that his business most
ARMENIA AS AN EXCUSE.
The latest war report in Europe is to the
effect that Eussian agents have been quietly
investigating the outrages of Turkish ofii
cials among the Armenian Christians, and
will present so strong a case as to justify
Russia before Europe in entering Armenia
and assuming the protection of the people
there, as she did in Bulgaria in 1878.
There is little doubt that Russia has kept
a close watch upon all events in the history
of Turkish misrule, and is prepared to take
her position as the champion of the oppressed
Greek church. That has been her traditional
attitude from the inception of the Crimean
"War, if not before, and in the last war it
was eminently successful in keeping the
hands of Europe off the contest, until
Bussia had won the victory. But the fruits
of victory were then wrested from her at the
Congress of Berlin, and it is doubtful if the
same plea will now suffice to permit the ex
tension of Bussian power into Asia.
Prince Bismarck, who holds the reins or
the alliance which stands in Bussia's way,
is not likely to allow any sentimental con
siderations of sympathy for oppressed and
abused common people to interfere with his
chosen policy. That is not the Bismarck
method. So long as the Iron Chan
cellor can maintain his quintuple alliance
against the growth of .Russian power, the
Czar will not be permitted to overstep his
boundaries on any pretext That Bussia is
ready to take possession of Armenia when
she can do so safely is beyond question; but
such a step is not likely to be taken so long
as it means war with Germany, Austria,
England, Italy and Turkey combined.
The war at present appears to be indefi
nitely postponed; but so long as the great
armaments are kept up the possibility of its
outbreak at any time always darkens the
TURNING THE TABLES.
'Why shouidn't a man sue for breach of
promise of marriage? If he can be sued,
sorely he should be allowed the privilege to
sue. Set the world frowns on the man who
tries to punish the perfidious fair in court,
and juries are sadly civen to putting a low
value on broken hearts if they be mascu
line. But surely a man's heart is damaged
by being broken, even if the process of
fracture be not so painful as in the case of a
woman. Men who are unfortunate enough
to be jilted deserve the sympathy of the
world, but jeers and jests are all they are
like to get
There is one man in Ohio at least who
does not propose to let his feelings be trifled
with, his heart lacerated and his purse de
pleted by a heartless female without some
revenge. He has sued the wealthy widow
who gave him her heart, took his, and then
withdrew the former without a word of ex
planation. Good, substantial damages are
what he seeks for the breach in his affections.
We do not suppose he will win the suit, but
his courageous effort will be a splendid ex
ample for his sex to keep before them.
These triflers in petticoats, widows equipped
in all the panoply of experience, maidens
demure but dangerous, willvbe less un
scrupulous and daring when they see that
the law has some hold upon them even in
the domain of love.
A CONCLUSIVE STATEMENT.
Mr. "Westinghouse, who is more candid
than most investors or inventors even where
his own interests are concerned, said to a re
porter yesterday that he was "firmly con
vinced" that electric wires could be operated
underground and that he was in favor of
the change, but did not consider the recent
fatalities at New York the pertinent argu
ment in support of that position. The pub
lic will not quarrel about the reasons so long
as the conclusion is conceded. What is evi
dent is that the whole system of overhead
wires, telegraph, telephone and those for
electric lighting, constitute an unsightly
nuisance; and that whatever view is taken
of their relative fatality as compared with
railroads, elevators, or other sources of
accident, the danger can be greatly lessened
by placing the wires underground.
The public appreciate fully the value of
electricity. Its uses are abundantly recog
nized. No one wants to do away with the
telegraph, the telephone or the electric
light But what -people do want and insist
upon is that the corporations which are
supplying these necessities shall not,because
of mere cheapness, keep their appliances
where they are a disfigurement to the streets
and a menace to life.
It is the adoption of the safest methods of
use which the public demand in Kew York
and elsewhere. The statement of an au
thority so admittedly well posted as Mr.
Westinghouse, that the underground system
is feasible and safe, should put an end to
the insincere pretense which other less can
did or less competent electricians put forth,
that the overhead system alone would an
swer. A NEW BOSTBUH.
Some ingenious and patriotic person has
suggested that Congress make an appropria
tion for a permanent rostrum to be built in
front of the White House grounds in "Wash
ington. It is to take the place of the tem
porary reviewing stands that are erected
from time to time to accommodate the Pres
ident The rostrum is to be of white marble
with Corinthian pillars, and wide steps ris
ing from the White House grounds. It is
hoped that by this means the nation may
be spared the melancholy spectacle of an
administration floundering among the tim
bers of a collapsed stand.
But the rostrum may be utilized for more
purposes than merely reviewing processions.
To a President who is fond of making
speeches the rostrum wonld be very accept
able. Instead of shaking his hand off at
tiresome public receptions, he might address
the people from the rostrum once a week.
These al fresco orations would be hailed
with delight in Washington. Mr. Harrison
is not fond enough of hearing himself talk
to care to establish such a custom, and he is
too cautious a speaker to take full advan
tage of the opportunities to blunder. An
drew Johnson WQuld have added to his rep
utation as an indiscreet orator had the
White House rostrum been standing in his
In a casual way also the rostrum will be
handy for Presidents who desire, like Mr.
Cleveland, for instance, to rate the Wash
ington newspaper correspondents, or like a
still more recent occupant of the White
House to express his opinion of the swarms
of office-seekers. Pessimists may also hasten
to point out what a convenience the rostrum
will be to future Chief Magistrates who de
sire to sell Cabinet places to the highest
bidders. An auction of this sort would be
most appropriately held in front of the
White Honse. But then pessimists say rude
things about everything and everybody.
Even a Presidents! rostrum is not safe.
Wiseacres say that a hard winter is upon
us. They base their prophesy upon sundry
signs in nature, of which the thick skins of
certain fruits are one. If thickskincdness
is an omen of cold weather, what does it
portend in man? Take the habitual sinner,
the man who does unto his neighbor as he
would not have his neighbor do unto him,
who lives a pariah and dies incorrigible, are
we to suppose that a cool season awaits him
across the Styx? We trust not He is
more like to complain of heat than cold
where he is jrolnp to. Yet vonr inenrrmiriln
sinner always has a thick skin.
In the arena of politics it is markedly of
interest to examine the pachydermatous
portents. Did you ever know a thin
skinned politician? Bid you ever see a
crimson crow? There is no danger of in
justice in asserting that all politicians of
any prominence are thick-skinned. Then are
we to suppose that they are doomed to see a
cold day? Some of them may, nay, some of
them must experience the chill air of dis
content and defeat But in most cases the
thickness of the politician's skin portends a
cold day not for himself bnt for the dear
public. The thicker the statesman's skin
the colder the weather for the taxpayer.
How thick are the skins of the political
leaders in nation, State and city to-day?
About as usual and the pnblic will enjoy
its cold day.
IT WILL NOT WORK.
The extreme legislation which is provoked
by some of the exactions of wealth, has
just received an illustration in the State of
Kansas. There a farmer who wished to
borrow $8,000 was forced to sign notes, give
security and pay interest on $12,000. When
the creditor came to collect the debt the
debtor took refuge in the law, which vir
tually forfeits both principal and interest
of usurious loans.
It does not seem at first sight as if very
much sympathy need be wasted for a lender
who exacts a note of $12,000 for an advance
of $8,000, and seeks to collect interest and
principal of the larger sum. Such methods
of profit are usually confined to fields of
corporate management But an intima
tion that the holder of the note,
who was defeated in the suit, might
have been an innocent purchaser,suggests thl
particular way in which such alawmay provi
to be the most injurious to Kansas borrow
ers. It ought to be evident to them that the
condition which will soonest bring them re
lief from usurious exactions like this one, is
to have their notes and mortgages given
such security and reliability that investors
everywhere can take them with confidence
in their reliability. Of course, after the re
sult of this suit is widely known, no East
ern investor, however desiring he may be of
getting 7 or 8 per cent interest, will buy a
Kansas mortgage; for the simple reason that
he can have no assurance of its security.
In this particular case there appears to
have been equivalent mixtures of fool and
knave on the side of both borrower and
lender. But the experience of the world
testifies beyond question that the most
stringent usury laws never accomplish their
object of bringing down interest rates.
The testimony in the conspiracy cases
has produced facts by no means flattering to
the private detective agencies; has been de
cidedly damaging to the aldermanic system,
and yesterday brought out an unfavorable as
pect of the practice of some of the brethren
of the bar. Broken heads are distributed
impartially in this affair.
It is calculated to overwhelm the public
mind with pleasure to learn, on the editorial
authority of the Chicago Inter Ocean, that
"The original idea of Washington and the
early fathers of our republic in asserting the
Monroe doctrine was to keep the United
States out of the meshes of European wars."
When this information is followed 'up with
the declaration that the original theory of
Christopher Columbus was that American
colonies should not pay taxes to support
European governments, the genesis of our
great political theories will be complete.
The gilded youth of New York who are
going to the wilds of Africa to hunt the
lion, have our approval and blessing. Al
though the chase of the royal beast may be
expensive and dangerous it is less so than
the contest with the royal tiger in the wilds
of New York.
Ix is certainly an effort of dry humor on
the part of the Baltimore Sun to assert that
the strength of "caste prejudice in the North
is shown by the fact that Morgan, the
colored class orator at Harvard, was elected
by a majority of but one in a vote of 250."
The Sun omits to point out the contrast be
tween this exhibition of caste, and the entire
absence of that obnoxious sentiment in the
South, with the result that if a colored
student shonld apply for admission atone
of the leading colleges he would be run out
with the aid of shotguns.
The Turkish outrages in Armenia may
give Bussia an argument in favor of her in
terference with Turkey; but the increased
military appropriation inclnded in the Ger
man bndget is likely to furnish a stronger
argument against it
It is an interesting fact that the trial of
"Silver Dollar Smith," the saloon keeping
Assemblyman "of New York, who was in
dicted for bribery, was concluded the other
day with such a weak case presented by the
State as to make acquittal almost inevitable.
The New York District Attorney's office
knows too much to make out a strong case
against the influential political bribers who
pnt its present incumbents in their places.
If Barnum's show had only reached Paris
in time to swell the American exhibit at the
World's Pair we might have felt that our
conntry was creditably represented at the
centennial of free government in Europe.
It is reported approvingly that the salary
of Mr. Belmont's jockey is to be $10,000 a
year. Of course in the matter of jockeys
the law of supply and demand governs; but
does it not amount to a classification of the
tastes and aspirations of our Eastern million
aires til at there is such a marked demand
among them for high-priced jockeys; and so
little demand for moderately paid men who
canMo some good in the world.
Ten million dollars being stated as the
cost of Mr. Huntington's princely son-in-law,
he must be expected to prove one of
the dearest husbands on record.
Regardless of tight money and the ap
pearance of bears in the new fields, the pe
troleum market braced up above the dollar
line yesterday. This may be intended to
bring in the lambs; but experience in move
ments of this sort for the past year or more,
substantiates the truth of the scriptural
saying: "In vain is the snare spread in
sight of any bird."
If the railroads cannot furnish cars for
the Pittsburg shippers, they have no excuse
for preventing the shippers from furnishing
the cars for themselves.
The excuse is offered for one of the Re
publican officials in Cincinnati, who has
been put in an uncomfortable attitude by
the pnblication of one of his letters, that he
was insane when ho wrote. Perhaps that is
the best explanation that can be offered for
the Ohio politicians and organs on both
sides at the present time.
PEOPLE OP PROMINENCE.
He. Paolo Tosti, tbe famous song com
poser, has lately taken unto himself a wife,
Mme. Baldl, an opera singer.
Miss Constance Fenimore Woolson will
henceforth have two homes, in winter in
Florida and in summer on the shore of Otsego
Tbe Hon. Hannibal Hamlin is a member of
the committee that will solicit gifts of cakes,
pies, doughnuts and other eatables for the
coming G. A. R. fair at Bangor, Me.
Vice Pbesident Mokton is devoting his
time to encouraging the fox hunters of tbe
District of Columbia. A few days ago bo was
interviewed regarding the English sport. He
claims that the anise-seed scent Is better than
a real fox, in that it is less cruel to the fox.
Dr. AVELTNO,'the socialist, who visited this
conntry not long ago and made lavish expendi
tures of cash at florists', livery stables, etc, to
tbe scandal of some of tbe weaker bretbren,
has lately been brought to book in court by a
London typewriter whom ho owed 20 for
Sccxftob McDonald, of Washington, is
making a bust of tbe lato Chief Justice Waite.
of tbe United States Supreme Court. The bust
is not complete, bnt even in its present condi
tion is a speaking likeness of the dead Jurist.
Mr. McDonald, at the request of the family,
made a death mask of the Chief Justice, and
from tbis and numerous photographs and a
personal acquaintance ,with Mr. Waite he is
greatly aided in his work.
Geoeqe W. VANDEEnrrvrhas begun to put
to nse the extensive property that he has lately
been purchasing near Asheville, N. O, his pur
poses with regard to which have been some
thing of a mystery. Work was begun this week
under direction of Frederick Law Olmsted,
the landscape artist, 2a laying out the immense
grounds into a park, which is Intended to be
one of tbe most beautiful pieces of landscape
in the world. Besides miles of drives it will
contain artificial lakes, fountains, groves, wide
meadows and other features worthy of the
finest pnblic parks. At the same time Richard
M. Hunt, tbe architect, is preparing to con
struct in the heart of the domain one of the
most elegant residences that art, skill and
money can devise and craate. Mr. Vanderbllt's
ownlngs there aggregate 5,009 acres.
THE TOPICAL TALKER.
Toothache a a Tonic A Serlo-Comlc Fan
tasia Jim Bladso and the Newsy.
These Is nothing pleasanteror easier than to
gossip in a cheerful way with one's friends
when one has a pet tooth playing the scales
upon the high-strung piano of pain. Every
jump and jab of tbe nerve is an incentive to
fresh cheeriness and renewed humor. You can
fancy that that almost invisible thread, the
nerve of your pet tooth, is before your eves.
Now glowing red hot now quivering like a car
bon filament In an incandescent lamp, now
showing a forked sting, now still for a moment
and then off again into a wild whirl of excru
ciating twinges. Teeth, so painful to get and
so painful to lose, are a man's merry Jesters.
Prince and peasant must know their infinite
There never was a man who did not heartily
love the toothache. It is a moral bracer. A
cocktail to character. The man who can witch
the jumping nerve of his own tooth and crack
a jest or exchange a courtesy with his best
friend need never worry about the future. He
can command it
Ann the samel had rather lack the tooth
ache and the chance to exhibit Spartan indif
ference to pain.
What a precious concert that selection of
music is between acts one and two of the play
at the Grand Opera House this week! "A Trip
to Coney Island," by Theodore Moses-Tobani.
It is a reminder of the "Battle of Prague" order
of music. Supposed to be fearfully, realistic
ally descriptive. AH the scenes of a trip to
Coney Island are pictured in selections from
operas and extraordinary music from the hand
of Moses-Tobani himself. One would have paid
a goodly snm in cash to have seen tho great
Tobanl at work dh this masterpiece. Doubtless
a peck of peanuts was on the piano flanked by
high-collared beakers of beer, a la Coney
Island, and a dinner bell roosted between the
great composer's knees.
Then the sky rockets! When the man who
plays the drum, and the cymbals and tbe tri
angle fired off the pistol on Tuesday night, a
stout man who had retreated into the lobby ex
claimed: "There! It's ended iu bloodshed. I
knew it would."
Another man who was also stout, and who
believed that a good deal of distance is needed
to lend enchantment to a serio-comic fantasia,
remarked: "Those pistol shots remind me of
"Of the Western herof
"Precisely but in the play."
"You never saw Jim Bludso T" continued the
stout man. "Then you missed a treat In the
last act he kills every man upon the stage all
the characters in the piece. He does it with
two big revolvers. The house had to come
down,sir. Up wonld go the curtain and there
in tbe center of tbe scene of carnage stood Jim
with a smoking gun in each hand. Stepping
lightly over a corpse to the footlights, Jim
would say: 'I have two loads left who wants
themf and the house would roar riotously, till,
a 'quick curtain' cut off the sight.
"A newsy said to me after this play once:
'Dot's der boss play, Mister der bloke kills'
ev'rybody but der all-fired dawg!"
TO THE IIIGH AND MIGHT! I0EDS.
A Quaint Old Document, Telling of the
Purchase of Manhatlnn.
St. Paul, October23.-SamuelH. Thayer, of
Minnesota, United States Minister at The
Hague, has written to the Bev. Dr. E. D. Neill,
Dean of Macallister College, inclosing a quaint
and ancient document The letter and docu
ment are self-explanatory. Here they are:
MYi)EABDoCTOB:-Knowlng that the Histor
ical Society sometimes accepts small contribu
tions, I take tbe liberty of Inclosing herewith
copies In Dutch and English text of the only docu
ment In tbe archives of The Hague relating to the
transfer of Manhattan Island from the Indians to
the Dutch in 1626. 1 also send you under separate
cover a photograph of the original, which I pro
cured a few days smce. Samuel R. Thayer.
The following is a translation of the original
To the High and Mighty Lords of the States-General
at the Hague:
Mt Lords There arrived here yesterday the
ship called The Arms of the Amsterdam, which
sailed from the river Mauritius (now the Hudson),
in New Netherland, on September 23. Beport is
brought that our people there are diligent and live
peaceably. Their wives have also borne them chil
dren. They had purchased the Island of Manhattan
from the Indians for the sum or CO guilders. It
contains 11,000 margins Of land. They have sown
all kinds of grain in the middle of May, aud reaned
It in the middle of August
I send you small samples of the summer grains,
as wheat, rye, barley, oats, buckwheat, canary
seed, beans and flax. Tbe cargo of the ship con
sists of 7,248 beaver skins, 17,812 otter skins. 43
mink, 38 cat-lynx, 33 mink, 31 small rat. together
with a considerable quantity of oak timber and
nutwood. Commending your high and mighty
lordships to the favor of the Almighty, I am your
high mightinesses' bumble servant,
At AMSTIBDAK, Novembers, 1KB.
MAH0NE FOE TICE PEESIDENT.
Why Virginia's Lltilo Boss Wants
Governor Jnst Now.
Washington. October 23. The true inward
ness of the fight which General Mahone is
making in Virginia at tbe present time is not
bo much his election as Governor, as the ulti
mate object of securing the Vice Presidental
nomination in 1892. Those who make this
statement and they are in a position to know
whereof theys peak, outline General Mahone's
plans as follows:
His election as Governor would Justify his
claim of having broken the "Solid South."
Every Republican paper in the North, it is be
lieved, would immediately hail him as the little
Napoleon of Virginia. With tbe prestige thus
gained and fortified with the State and Fed
eral patronage General Mabone would, It is
thought, carry a solid Mahone delegation to
the next Presidental Convention,
Tbe desire of the Republicans to elect their
candidate without reference to New York State
would aid General Mahone in his efforts to
seenre the second Dlace on tbe ticket in return
lor his pledge to wheel Virginia in the Re
publican column. This is said to be the real
stake tor which Mahone is playing.
A 8AEAT0GA. PHENOMENON.
A Geyser that Spouts a Foamy Pillar Forty
Saratoga, Oct 23. A new and very power
ful spouting spnng has just been developed at
Geyserville. Hundreds of people from this
village visited it to-day to witness its intermit
tent activity. The new spring is about two
miles south of Saratoga, a short distance be
low the other geysers, and near tbe Coesa, a
pretty little stream flowing through a romantic
ravine. The bore of the new spring is six
inches in diameter and 318 feet deep. At this
depth a stratum of rock was struck, so hard
that it took five honrs for the diamond drill to
penetrate it ten inches. While the drill was
still in this rock the water began to flow.
Tbe action of tbe spring is at intervals of
about three minutes. Froth gathers quickly on
tbe surfaco and then a great snowy pillar rises
until the spume from its top Is from thirty to
forty feet above gTound. The SBonting lasts
about half a minute. The water & of a pleas
ant salty taste and abundantly charged with
gas. This new spring and the seltzer spring in
the villago are owned by Mr. IAvondale of
WEEDED IN LIFE'S WINTER.
A Groom of Seventy-Seven Joined to a
Bride of Seventy-Five.
Lima, October 21 The wedding of Mr.
Frederick Knavel, of Decatur, Ini, and Mrs.
Martha Eaton, of this city, to-day, was the oc
casion of uniting the oldest conple in the his
tory of AUen county, and probably the State.
The croom was acred 77 years and the bride 7.?
They left to-night for tbelr f utnre home in De
catur, Mr. Knavel having large interests there.
The wedding was a very quiet one and was
performed by 'Squire Hawthorn. Neither has
any children, and both are well fixed.
Seeking a Smnller Field.
From the Baltimore American, i
London syndicates are now at work in Mex
ico. Perhaps the bigness of this country was
a little too much for tbo size of their bank
A Trust-KIIHnc Scheme.
From tbe Fhlladelnhla Times.
If the wire trust would Include the electric
light wires the public might learn whether a
trust could be killed or not.
DEATHS OF A DAT.
Frank SI. Wilson.
Frank M. Wilson, of Fayette street, Allegheny
died yesterday morning with consumption. Mr.
WUson was one of Flttsburg's rising young artis
ami had been away for some time visiting the 1 -clflo
slope Denver and other climates in hopes f
regaining health, but all tc no avail. Uegra!.
nallv weakened and was enmnelltd to retnrn
Fittsburg. During hu sickness, which has besti
of long duration and with much suffering, be wis
most patient and bore tho ordea with Chrlitlsa
CAPITAL CITIZENS MCOtJRAGED,
They Think the World's Fair Question Set
tied la Their Favor.
rgFECIAL TZLIGBAM TO TUX DISPATCH.!
Washington, October 23. There is great
enthusiasm tbis evening among the local mem
bers of the Board of Promotion of the Exposi
tion of 1892, on account of the success of the
convention of the national board held at
their headquarters at Willard's to-day. Of
the more than 100 members present there
seemed to bo none who were not in favor of
Washington. Colonel Anderson said this
evening that he felt the influence of this great
convention would settle the question of loca
tion if there were any doubt about it before.
The convention was composed of a number of
Governors and members of boards of trade
from every part of the country. Western
Pennsylvania was represented by C. F. Horn
ing, of the Corn Exchange, Pittsburg, and E.
O. Emerson, President of Titusvillo Board of
Trade. The illustration of the great Kinkel
Tower, in The Dispatch of Tuesday, at
tracted much attention when passed around
among the members of the convention, and
the handsome face of the architect beamed
with pleasure to hear the boundless praise of
his beautiful design.
When asked the cost of his 80,000 tons of iron
erected into this wonderful tower, Mr. Kinkel
said bi3 estimate was $3,000,000. When a donbt
was expressed whether so much could be got
for this purpose, Mr. Kinkel suggested that no
better investment could be made byaprivato
corporation, as the Income from theExposition
would be immense, and the permanent patron
age would be always growing. The pertinent
editorial comment of The Dispatch, that
such a tower in Washington would dwarf tbe
Washington Monument, was met with the ex
planation that it would necessarily be built so
far distant from that column as to avoid all
comparison. The banquet this evening Is a
brilliant affair, and altogether an undoubted
impetus is civen to tbe Washington move
ment, which will make itself felt among Con
gressmen from all parts of the conntry.
Tbe signers of a memorial oresented to the
National Board pray that tbe Exposition be
held at the capital under tbe direction of
the Government, and that under no induce
ment should its management be intrusted to
any corporation, association or municipality.
Mr. Hallet Kilbourne stated that the local
board requested that Congress give authority
to Issue 510,000,000 District of Columbia bonds
to ueiray toe expenses, provided tne question
of location depended on the action of a .guar
antee ANCIENT PAINTINGS ADMITTED.
A Decision That Will be Regarded as Im
portant In Art Circles.
Washington, October 23. Assistant Secre
tary Tichenor has- instructed the Collector of
Customs at Detroit Mich., to admit free of
duty as an antiquity, a painting invoiced as
"David and Abigail," ascribed to Rubens and
purchased by Mr. James E. Bcripps, in Paris,
at the sale of the collection of M. Secretan.
The appraiser at Detroit doubted the antiquity
of the painting and gave it as his opinion that
it is either the original or a copy of a painting
entitled "David before Abigail," executed by
Sabattelli, in 1806. He reported that tho
canvas upon which the picture was painted
had been supplied with a new back and
stretcher of textile fabrics and wood of modern
manufacture, and therefore, the painting was
deprived of the right of entry as an antiquity.
In regard to this contention, Assistant Secre
tary Tichenor says that it is a well-known fact
that the great majority of paintings (if not all),
executed on canvas by the' old masters, have
been lined and placed on new stretchers for
their preservation and that the Department
does not regard such repairs as precluding
such paintings from admission free of duty as
"antiquities.' Assistant Secretary Tichenor
reviews all tbe circumstances in the case and
concludes his letter to the Collector, as
"In view of the facts stated and the further
fact that the price of $21,616, was paid for the
painting at the sale of tbe famous Secretan
collection, which was a noted event in the
artistic world and was attended Dy connois
seurs from all civilized countries, and of your
report that the painting answers completely to
the minute description given in Smith's cata
logue of Rubens' paintings, the department is
of opinion that there is no reason for doubting
that It is the actual painting described in said
catalogue and executed prior to the year 1700,
(ftubens having died before that date), and it
is entitled to exemption from duty, under the
decisions, sec 7,870 and 8,058. You are there
fore authorized to grant Mr. Scripps' applica
tion." MEN WITH DEVICES.
A List of tho Inventors Whom Uncle Snm
Has Jnst Recognized.
The following patents were granted to West
ern Pennsylvania. Eastern Ohio and West Vir
ginia inventors foe the week ending October 22,
18S9, as f urnishedby O. D. Levis, patent attor
ney, No. 131 Fifth avenue. Pittsburg, Pa.:
P.W. Allen, Pueblo, O., attachment for tinners'
seaming machines; W. 8. Bacon, Tiffin. O., ap
paratus for burning hydrocarbon oil; Joslah Bai
ley, Wilmington, O., auger; G. L. Blackmore and
F. 8. Fort, Allegheny, thill coupling; H. B.
Camp, Cuyahoga FaUs, O., coupling for stone
ware pipes; 'William Carter, Martinsville, O.,
machino for making wire fence; Hlrsm Clawion,
Uawson, O., vehicle fender; U. Y. Cmlkshank,
Danville, Fa., carriage: mry Davis. Kane, Fa.,
Inkstand: WllllamH. Uenung, Madison, o., drill
George D. Gilbert, Corry, tramway locomotive:
A. M. Jenkins, Norrlstown, grain binder; C. P.
Jennings, Bradford, micrometer calipers; J. p.
Ketcbledge, Tunkhannock, Pa., wagon tongne:
J. O. Leep. Bed House Shoals, W. Va., nut lock
Peter Lightner, Landesburg, Fa., fence: F. K.
Marks, Ashland. O , slate dressing machine: G.
F. Mcsslnger, Tatamy, Fa., corn sheller; John M.
Miller. .Newton Falls, u,, weU-drllllng machine:
J. S. Mayer, Bethlehem, Fa., school slate; A. M.
Mazier, Gallon, O., operating railway train or-
lttSbnrg. Shoe blacklnirkltrjufo; It. M- Tu-hium'
Feckerlngton, O., fence machine.
CALYES ATE DP HIS CASH.
A Mnnitoba Farmer Mourns tho Loss
Hli Hard-Earned Dfonoy.
Ottawa, October 2a Mr. Krooker, a Men
nonite farmer living at Moras, Manitoba, heard
cows in bis garden one night last week, and
went out and drove them away. In tho morn
ing ho missed his pockotbook, containing 180
in bills and silver, and. going over his tracks of
tho nrevious nicht, discovered it covered with
saliva and partly chewed nn, with the bills
missing and the silver scattered about the
The calves bad evidently secured it and, ex
pecting to And the missing bills, be killed two
out of the five, without however, finding the
DOUBLE DIT0RCE DEMANDED.
Separation Songht bv Sisters Married on
the Samo Day.
Indianapolis, October 23. An odd double
divorce suit was filed to-night. Amanda Cook
seeks a separation from John Cook, and
Anna L. Farrell from Frank Farrell. The
complaints show the plaintiffs are sisters.
Both were married August 19, 18S7, and both
were deserted by their respective husbands
three days after marriage.
Glorious In Streaks.
From the Detroit Free Press.
The glorious West is glorious only in streaks,
and it is predicted that large portions of it will
ultimately be returned to savagery. Drought
flood, blizzard and cyclone seem to have their
regular runaways, and the people who are af
fected must pick up and move to other locali
ties. One Kegatlvo nJnUca an Affirmative.
From the .New York World.l
A German living in Dubuque, la., recently
fell in love with the photograph of a young
woman in bis native land. He had never met
her, but crossing tne Atlantic, has been suc
cessful in his suit In this case a negative led
to an affirmative: a shadow became substance.
Hurdahlpi or Metropolitan Life.
From the .New York World. 3
A New Yorker who escapes the sandbagger
and footpad at night shonld not be obliged to
dodge the stray ballets from a policeman's re
volver. Perhaps the safest course is to stay
home o' evenings.
On account of the great demand for seats for
Saturday matinee, the whole house having
been sold, the Grand Opera House management
has arranged for a special matinee next Friday
afternoon. Tommy Russell and Ray Masketl
will both appear in the cast of "Little Lord
"Ziq-Zig," with Miss Anna Boyd and a good
company under Mr. Tlllotson's management,
revisit the Bijou next week. Box office sale be
gins to-day. This rollicking comedy has been
altered for tbe better, it is said.
Mb, Roland Reed, tbe popular comedian,
will present "The Woman Hater" all of next
week at the Grand Opera vHouse. assisted bva
( good company.
t GAS TO GO ON FOBEYEB,
Brlce Denies tbe Stories of General Diminu
tion of Supply.
In view of tbe general outside discussion as
to tbe permanency of Pittsburg's supply of
natural gas, and the disposition at borne to de
press the. values of certain investments in that
line, the following from the New York Star's
interviewer Is certainly seasonable; "Hon.
Calvin 8. Brlce is One of the largest own
ers of natural gas wells in tbe country, his
property lying in the thickly populated dis
tricts of Indiana and Ohio, where he and his
associates have expended a great deal of money
for the effective working of their enterprise.
Mr. Brice sayB It is a mistake to suppose that
there is any diminution in natural gas produc
tion. On the contrary, each month witnesses
fresh developments. To be sure, there is a de
cline and almost total stoppage of wells which
have been exhausted, but they are simply few
compared with the vast number of new wells
in a fresh territory opened from month to
"In the vicinity of Pittsburg natural gas has
been very wastefully managed. Naturally,
this would have some effect on tbe output and
be reflected in the revenues of the companies
controlling the properties. It la not as serious
as it seems, however, for these natural gas
companies, with tbe view to eliminate compe
tition, have purposely started the bear stones
themselves. Then, again, the large manufac
turing companies using natural gas .have con
cluded that where these supply companies un
dertake to serve too many customers it would
militate against the interest of the manufac
turers. A number of them, therefore, like the
Edgar Thomson Steel Works, have secured
their own properties, laid their own pipes, and
are now independent of any outside auxiliary.
This has been to them a great economy
both of gas and money. One large Penn
sylvania company, which was among the
pioneers in this branch of business, started
with a revenue of $000,000 per year, and in
eight years their revenues have increased to
$3,400,000 per annum. This is a remarkable in
crease, and it is not to be expected that all new
enterprises of the natural gas character will
always do as well, but to suppose that the
natural gas supply is in danger of total stop
page is as absurd as it would be to imagine
that because one field of petroleum has been
exhausted there are none others to take its
place. The history of petroleum production
will be repeated in the history of natural gas.
Wells will come and go, but the grand supply
will continue forever.
OUE MAIL JWCE
A New Fnrk Suggested.
To the Editor of Tbe Dlspatch.l
As a citizen who cultivates the virtue of
economy iu public outlay, permit me to suggest
that tbe County Commissioners take steps to
acquire the property lying east of the jail and
bounded by Fifth and Old avenues. Tbis
would make a much-needed park, Is necessary
to the protection of the jail, and would add
materially to the appearance of the elegant
public buildings on the bumptop.
.Probably owners of property abutting on the
lines referred to would not object to giving
substantial assistance to such a scheme, inas
much as if carried out their holdings would bo
increased In value very largely.
PrrrsBrrEG, October 21
Polos That Are aa Eyesore.
To the Editor of The Discs ten:
While City Councils are in condition of mind
suggestive of regard for public interests, in re
the electric wire abuses, permit mo to hint that
they should make a clean sweep and insist
upon regulation of telegraph poles. In many
East End sections the beauties of residence
places, secured by large private outlay, are
overslaughed by poles standing so higgledy
plgeldy as to intimate that no Councilman not
afflicted by locomotor ataxis of the brain would
refuse to do all that in him lies to. correct the
It is a shame that there should be occasion
for such complaint and an outrage that the
poles upon which the city wires are stretched
present the very worst appearance of all the
poles. These do not seem to be in any better
condition as to uprightness than the profes
sional boodlera. Smith.
PrrrsBUBQ, October 23.
The Frizes Are Granted Only to the Skllltnl
Player of the Guest.
A progressive enchre party will bo given this
evening at the residence of Mrs. C. B. McLean,
Winebiddle avenue, iu honor of her guest Miss
Louise Savage, of Kenwood, Chicago. Fifty
invitations have been Issued, and aa the prizes
will not include the old-fashioned "booby
prize,'1 but be presented to the two winning the
greatest number of games and the two playing
tho greatest number of lone hands, the interest
will doubtless be absorbing. Quaint little
oddities well worth working for will constitute
the prizes. Haglnwill serve an elaborate sup
per. In n (Social Way.
Edith V. Day, a well-known society woman
of Brooklyn, N. Y., passed through the city
last evening on her way to Chicago, where she
will wed Mr. J. Henry Davenport a well-known
young business man of that place, to-day. She
occupied a drawing room of one of the sleepers
on the vestibuled limited express, and was sur
rounded by a large sized wagon load of flowers.
They bad been presented to her by her friends
upon her departure.
An early morning wedding was celebrated in
West Liberty yesterday, contracting parties
Annie M. Wenzel and Mr. Joe A. Rising.
Mb. James W. Smith, of the Westinghouse
Electric Company, was married yesterday to
Miss Alice Tomb, of WilUamsport
Mes. Frank Osbubn, of Sewickley, will
give a euchre party next Tnesday evening.
AFTER THAT MILLIONTH CHANCE.
Boring Into a Man's Brain With Possibility
of Saving Life.
Xenia, 0., October Dr. Dawson, of Cin
cinnati, arrived here yesterday, and, in con
nection with Dr. Bmndage, performed an
unusual operation on Mr. R. B. Davidson,
who was so badly injured in a runaway acci
dent Monday. Mr. Davidson struck his head
when he was thrown from the vehicle, iractnr
ing the inner table of tbe skull, at the back of
his head, by reason of which a blood clot
formed in tbe brain, causing a total paralysis
of bis left side.
Tbe operation performed by tho doctors is
that of boring into tbe brain through the skull
and letting tbe blood out Mr. Davidson has
not been conscious since the accident and
there is only one chance in a million for him to
An Idea They Never Have.
From the Chicago Herald. J
A New York paper runs a special department
called "Ideas for the Great Fair." It contains
a score or more of ideas of the wildest and
most extravagant kind, but not one of them Is
accompanied by a subscription. That is an
idea that never occurs to a New Yorker.
Two Fighting Kings.
From the New York World.1
With two young hotheads on the thrones of
Germany and Portngal tbo outlook for peace
in Europe is not hopeful. Youthful ambition
is a poor exchange for aged conservatism to
the minds of those who study continental poll
tics. To Transform a Bird.
From the Chicago tfews.3
An Eastern man wants tbe canvas-back duck
to be transformed into the national bird. Jnst
let him supply that glorious bald-headed em
blem, the American eagle.' with duck and free
dom's proud bird will attend to the transforma
tion. An Army of Non-1'roducers.
From the Philadelphia Inquirer.
If tho numerous applicants for office aro all
engaged in some useful wort while waiting for
their appointments, tbey must have added con
siderably to the wealth of the country by this
A DAY TO COME.
There'll come a day when the snpremest splendor
Of earth, or sky, or sea,
Whate'er their miracles, sublime or tender,
Will wake no Joys in me.
There'll come a day when aU the aspiration
Now with such fervor fraught
As lifts to heights of breathless exaltation
Will seem a thing of naught.
There'll come a day when riches, honor, glory,
Musle and song and art
Will look like puppets in a worn-out story
Where each has played his part.
There'll come a day when human love, the
Gift that Includes the whole
Of (locfs grand glvlug-sovcrclgnestcompletest
Shall fall to fill my soul.
There'll come a day 1 shall not care how passes
The cloud across my sight,
ironly, lark like, rrom earth's nested grasses,
1 spring to meet Its Ugbt "J STf
MIBOR METBOPOLITAN SEWS. -
A Bogus Detective In Trouble.
fXXW TOBX BC&EAU SFXCIALS.I
New Yobk. October 24 Francis B. Mc
MahoD, a well-dressed young man, introduced
himself last May to the officers of the Whiting
Manufacturing Company, silversmiths. He
said he was an expert private detective. The
company had been losing a great deal of their
metal and McMahon proposed to ferret out and
identify the thieving employe. He introduced
at the same time two men who claimed to be
Detectives Carey and Logan, of tbe city police,
and who recommended him highly. The com
pany hired him. All summer he pretended to
be close upon the heels of the thief. He re
ported progress frequently, and every time he
did so he got J25 or more with which to prose
cuts his investigation. Day before yesterday
he asked the company for 63 and reported that
be had found the company's most trusted em
ploye to be the guilty man. McMahon's story
looked fishy and excited the suspicions of
President Bulkley, who put the whole matter
into the hands of the city police. McMahon
was told to call on President Bulkley last night
for his 93. When he got there he found two
detectives waiting for him. They were Carey
and Logan, tbe men whom he had got some of
his pals to personate when he first sought the
job. They hauled him off to a police celt Mc
Mahon was arraigned to-day for swindling and
Blew Oat the Gas and Died.
Christopher FInken and Max Bauer, em
ployes in an Eastside saloon, were found dead
in their common bed this morning with the gas
turned on full head. Finken went to bed early
last night and left the gas burning. Bauer, who
came to New York from the country but a few
days ago, got home shortly after midnight It
is thought that he blew out the gas.
Only Eight, and a Burglar.
Charles Peterson, a mite of a child hardly 8
years old, was arraigned to-day before Judge
Martlne for burglary. He was so very small
that the Judge could not find him at the bar
till, at the clerk's suggestion, he peeked over
his desk and down at a little tousleyhead, a
pair of big innocent blue eyes and a frayed yel
low jacket This wee bit of humanity was on
trial for having committed three burglaries.
He broke into an Italian's fruit booth twico
and stole bananas. Recently he was caught
robbing a downtown fur store atnlgbt or, at
least helping an older boy to rob It To-day he
was sentenced to a juvenile asylnm during his
minority. The little fellow cried hard when he
heard his sentence; then he climbed upon his
mother's lap and fell asleep in her arms.
Lively Day for the Shovelers.
For a long time the Department of the City
Works in Brooklyn has been trying to persuade
the Long Island road to elevate its tracks to
the level of several streets newly cut through
and graded. Last week City Works Commis
sioner Adams informed thu company that it
must elevate its tracks at street crossings of
the Manhattan Beach .road, and if it were not
done by to-day tbe city would cover the tracks.
The company's attorneys were trymgtogetan
injunction to-day, when they learned that Com
missioner Adams' men were covering the tracks
with earth, and that several Long Island trains
were blocked. Street Inspector Hickey had
tvrned out in force to encourage tbe city's
laborers. The railroad men shoveled off the
earth as it was shoveled on. The blocked trains
got by finally, at moments when the railroad
shovelers outshoveled their opponents. The
situation was getting hot and the railroad men
were being pelted with stones when a squad of
policemen arrived. The police stopped the
stone throwing but gave the street force pro
tection. Then the track was covered over.
Somebody, amid tbe cheers of the people,
planted an American flag over the buried
A HOFtJL WEITEE INSANE.
Rejection of Her Manuscript Drives a Young
Canandatgtja, N. Y October K-Mrs.
Jacob Beaton, who lives near Naples, Ontario
county, was startled early yesterday morning at
discovering a young woman sitting on the steps
of her house clad only in a thin nightgown.
She was moaning and mumbling to herself, and
when disturbed fled toward the woods. Mrs.
Reaton concluded that the girl was insane, and
summoned her son, who started in pursuit
After a long chase be overtook the girl, who
stoutly resisted capture. When she was at last
subdued the young man was horrified to find
that she was Hattie French, the 19-year-old
daughter of a prominent and wealthy citizen of
Naples. Shehad been a bright and favorite
member of society, had taught school with suc
cess and had literari pretentions.
She was taken home and it was learned that
in the night she had become violently delirious,
and when her father attempted to subdue her
bad fled from tbe house. Organized parties had
searched for her in the rain all night and it
was feared she had drowned herself in Canan
da!guLake. Miss French had worked hard at
her duties in the schoolroom and had added to
the strain upon her mind by literary work.
She was always a great reader, and she had
lately been at work upon a novel, from which
she hoped great snecess. It was rejected by tbe
publishers and she brooded over her failure
until her mind became unsettled. She has
beenplacedin an asylum.
AN ASILUM FOE THE AFFLICTED.
A Benevolent Catholic Mission to be Estab
lished at Nassau.
1SPICLU. TXXXOBAX TO THB DISPATCH.!
Newark, N. J., October 23. Among the
passengers of the steamer San Diego, which
will sail to-morrow for Nassau, N. P., will be
the Rt Rev. Hilary Pfraengle, O.S.K, abbot
of St Mary's Benedictina Abbey in Newark;
the Rev. Denis P. O'Flynn, Mother Mary Am
brosia, Superioress of tbe Sisters of Charity;
Sister Mary Irene, Sister Marie Dolores, Sister
Evangelista, Sister Teresa and Sister Medici.
Iheyareto establish a Catholic mission at
The sisters, with the exception of Mother
Ambrosia and Sister Irene, under the direction
or Bister Marie Dolores, will have charge of an
institution, tbe object of which will be the
amelioration of all who are in any wise afflicted
An elderly man came to a Harrlsburg mer
chant and tendered him a quarter of a dollar,
saying it was due him. On asking why, he told
the merchant that about one year before his
daughter had bought a remnant at his store,
paying 25 cents therefor. But on getting home
she discovered that two remnants had been pnt
into the package by mistake. She intended
paying for the second remnant, but put it off
from time to time, until she fell sick, when she
told her father the circumstance and asked
him to see that the money was paid. He
promised, but also neglected the matter. Final,
ly the young woman reached death's door, and
with almost her last breath she asked her
father if he bad paid for the remnant.
The Bherut of Wood county, 0., is after a
farmer who lives all alone by himself and has
14 dhgs to guard his bouse and 4 spring guns set
to guard his barn. He was once robbed of a
bag of oats, and he took it as a warning and is
acting accordingly. Tbe farmers around him
claim that the barking of tbe dogs can be
heard two miles.
HAbbisbobo hunters w&l probably have to
pay dearly for shooting a fanner's turkeys.
One of them is in jail at Huntingdon in default
of SaWball. '
James Atkinson, of East Liverpool, has
raised a tfeet that weighs nine pounds.
A list of 23 "social events" at Scran ton con
tains 11 raffles and prize drawings.
Joseph Yobs, of Meadvllle, for GS years a
railroad conductor, has just resigned from ac
tive service on the 'New York, Pennsylvania
and Ohio road.
The Debating Society of Fredericksburg,
Berks county, has come to the conclusion that
"a cross and clean woman does sot make a bet
ter wife than a dirty and good-natured one.' -
A 5-year-old. Reading boy, who was bitten
by a rat has bloated so badly that he scarcely
resembles a human being; His Ufa la despaired
A SBsrnEXT of Wheeling, who has an un
fortunate faculty for swearing, had for years
been endeavoring to break himself. He has
only'"ucceeded after Inventing a bureau pro
vided with t!raweis working on roller?, whiefc
render the drawer unasaaUy weH behaved, aad
never Invite tbe customary oatfesrsta of pe-
issny.,, jserag zasteaeo. iom toe wn aadtwer
lt ptereh maslftisM mHiiftWisi
YrQSa affuasBasmss ua(sssa ssslsjs set
sWsilS" JskyJJsssV.Tjm.jTJiJiPJsjm MM . w
A pure white English sparrow dwells
with a colony of browns in Hartford, Coan.
John Masgatt, aged IS years, of West
Ellsworth, Me., drove) miles last week toba"
initiated a Good Templar.
A Hannibal, Mo., man baa killed 910
squirrels smce the first of June,batprobaWyhe "
has not done much of anything else. -j,
The wine list on the bills of fare used
in dining cars on railroads crossing Iowa has
this notice at the bottom: "No liquors sold in
the Stole of Iowa."
The grave of a woman buried in Cobees,
N. Y-, 18 years ago, was opened recently aad
tbe body found petrified. The features looked
as natural as it the woman had just died.
A plague of monkeys afflic&s Tanjore,
in Southern India. The creatures do so muck
mischief that an official monkey catcher re
ceives a rupee for each monkey captured.
It Is proposed to bring In a bill at the
next session of the British Parliament to pat a
restraint on improvident marriages, the great
proportion of such marriages being made by
those under 26 years ot age.
The monuments oi aatiquity at Athens,
are being cleansed from the dirt and rnbWsh&fp i
ages for the approaching royal wedding.. la"
doing this several entire streets of the modern
town have had to be pulled down.
In Houlton, He., lives a lady wW
never wore an article of jewelry, a piece of
! 5r a collar, even In the days ot conrfsMfii
which experience she has passed through mere
than once, having married twice.
The fish are getting so numerous around
the docks at Port Tampa, Fla.. that taev Iran . fi
out of the water and land on the wharves. A, M
kincrfish weiirhincrl7 nanndx-w Mntnwii Kf
Captain George Warner in that way oa
Tuesday. A Maine girl pnt a note and her ad
dress in a box of tootholcks, requesting the
finder to write to her. A Kansas City man get
the box, opened a correspondence, aad a few
days ago started East t see if the young lady
was tbe sort of, woman be wanted for a wife.
Hypnotism is to be elevated into a
science. Already a society is beiag formed ia
London to investigate iu merltsvaad has prom
ise of influential support. So much encourage
ment has. In fact, been given to the movement
that a semi-public gathering has been held in
Westminster Town Hall to take it In to still fur
ther consideration. t
The advertising columns of the Loadoa
newspapers have recently announced that nina
cannibals from Terre del Fuego wonld be fed
three times a day in view of the audience at
the Aquarium. The family now ia Londea'ifr
dudes a woman about 60 years old, her soaa
tall and not bad-looking specimen of his raee,
his two wives and their five children, raaglagr ,
in age from 1 to 16 years. The thing about the,
Onas which most stimulates scientific Interest
and popular curiosity is the fact that they are
regarded by some authorities as the lowest
stratum of uncivilized humanity that has yet
James Lukens, an old colored man oi
Nornstown, was taking a walk through the
woods near that town about a week ago when
his dog, a large brlndle cur, pounced apes aa
enormous hawk in tbe bushes feagtiBgupesa
wild pigeon. The dog seized the hawk by the
right wing in his teeth, and broke it Instantly
the hawk showed fight. It bit the dog about
the eyes and nose, scratched him severely aU
over tbe body, and Anally drove him oS whim
pering with his toil between his legs. Lukens
took a club and killed the hawk. The bird
measured men feet from tip to tip of iu
If. de Quartrefage, the leading French
ethnologist, in presenting the second part of
bis "Introduction to the Study of the Hnaaa
Races" to the Academy of Sciences, has gives
an interesting sumoaary of his general cos
elusions with regard to the origin aad distribu
tion of mankind. Neglecting the minor differ
ences, he estimates that there are no fewer
than 73 distinct races la the human speefes. All
these descend or branch oil froai three luada
mental typea-the Mack, tbe yeUewaad tbe
white watch had their origin at tfee great ess
tral mass of Northern Asia, whiehis teas tee
cradle of mankind. Representatives of these
different types and the races whien sprung from
"iwu tua uu w IK? luuau uiere.
Last Saturday Dr. F. H. Wiley, ot
Ceaterport, brought to Reading a bkd of prey
rare in this State, known as t&eweaderfal
falcon, which the doctor had shot sear his
home. In soma localities the bird is knows aa
the duck hawk, bat nose hag bees seen ia
Berks county for some years. Tf Iff itimititorol
one of tbe most rapid and powerful flyew
known. It has a large, round head, a seek
snort ana win, and a robust tnidy. bread ta
front with tibial feathers covering the kaee,
strong toes of remarkable length, and very
sharp claws. The plumage ia compaet aad Im
bricated, aad the feathers are resaded oa tfee
back- Dr. Vflley's speehBea Is proaoaaeed fee
handsomest ever snot in that put of the
At the last session of the Maryland,
Legislature a bill was passed providing far tbe
extermination of eel in ttta Wvnominn Jt '
and the sum of $5,000 was appropriated fer the';
purpose. The State Fisa Coaaaieetoaers weM.'
uo.. u..k.u .wvycuw nun oust jura topvtk U9
reaoii oi weir unors. xoar wote Baa Beast
well done, but they say tfee nuisance hs net
been abated. The mosey was expend sa
bounties, 2 cents beiag paid for each eel de
livered to any of the six inspectors dJsttttBted
along the river. ThaeaorBeet namhetofTI,
000 eels Were, captured aad paM for, aad Mr."
Aoauruie, oas ui un uummi uroners, says taefe
are more eels in the Wyeouaieo river (0-407
than when he began his work of extennlnaMoa.
They were anywhere ia length from two feet to
Captain John Qaiaey Adaaw, who died .""'
recently at North Vaseebore, Mo,, saved bis'
leg during the war in aa original way. After
tbe battle of Cedar Mountain, Captain Adams
was wounded by a rebel ballet wfcieb. prod need
a compound comminuted iraetnseof a thigh
the surgeons eaaw areaad, he was "nhnHrsif
for amputation. After the surgeons had passed, l&j
Adams rubbed oat tbe chayr mark; aad 1hm,."s
gained a day. When the surgeons ease MeaadjKH
again they decided, that bis was a ease ier atB-1?7p
putation, bur Adams thought otherwise. asraM '
rubbed out their markings as before Tt .." '
night Dr. Gareelon arrived oa the seeae, aanae,
been sent out by Governor Waahbars to leejc
alter Maine wounded, aad to hia f itnms a$
pealed In behalf of hu shattered femur. Am
putation was deferred, aad the result was that
Adams saved his leg, which served WaSairiy
well during tbe remainder of his life.
BRIGHT BITS FROM THE WITS.
"plunger" risks bis money oa divers
.No lawyer worth his salt ever takes" tike
will for the deed. WaiMngton Star. ,'. t
The police judge has got his badness
down to a fine art-Aeonuy (2ft.) Ifateryrttri
Time flies, yet the orchestral leader sits
still and beats Umt.M(ckmon(i JHtpatek :W
pA boastful shoemaker will prate of' tie
goodness or his sole WM he pegs oat. Ckartntai
The German cornet player very often flads
himself in need of a toot-tonic JSeArtr Ptt
Esprui. v ,
When he has a old ia the head htae
only time Bab IngerseUis on his sneeze. Tasoj
It is not well for a stranger to ge alone
a bank when he wishes to get a loan. iferttsj
Tfsies- Union. if,
The Key West ekar ankers are still
on a striae fsr Wher wages, sad there deesa't
appear tone any Immediate prospector a
meat of the keywesttaa. Birten Herald.
He And to-morrow Is ear wedding day;
She Yes, and it is barftfa day at 88kas?f
too. Isn't that tggravatlBg? Tern JMtm x
prtst. ' V "
Dog Fancier Yes, madam, i' have all
kinds of dog here. Iff there say particular breed
Old Lady (who reads tbe pBrs)-0, anything
that's ftsblenabJe. Lsmme see aa oeeaa grey
hound. New Xork WttMy.
Box Office Man Free list k suspended,
Disappointed Desdbead-Wbat! wKh "Slsf
Henry Y." on the boards?
Box.lMBee Mas What has that to do with It?
Disappointed Dead&ead-Don't the plaT f
"Base I toe slave that pyf
Gets his pass. jenuet1 WttUf.
Seme tiaae intae great hereafter,
Whiea with hope we're looking to;
Whleh is fl8ed with Joy and laughter,
Aad w& wealth fcr me and joa.
Sosae Mme Is the subsequently.
When m Me shaH H be true,
When the worW stwH Me as sently.
There's a'bed MU eealag due,
bssu ii sjarsnpj
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