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THE PITTSBURG , DISPATCH V'MOND AT, OCTOBER '14,, ' 1889.
GOEDFIELDS IN CHINA
Experiences of Travelers- in the
AFLACE WHERE TIMEISK'TMONEY
t4?hi Kew land Commissioner and Stories of
0K1BNTAL EMBASSADOR ESJOIMEST
icoBitxsroxDEScx or thb DisrATcn.i
"Washington, October 12. I met a few
days ago a man who Lad just returned from
China alter a year spent in travel throuch
that country and the unexplored part of
Thibet. Discussing the possibilities of rail
road construction in the far East, a subject
to which he haspaid some attention, he said:
"It will be many years betore they accept
rapid transit in China, if, in fact, they ever
accept it Time is not money to the Orien
tal Money is even thing to him and time
is an unconsidered quantity. The people
who put money into railroads in India dis
covered that long ago. AVhen they made a
third-class rate of travel for the natives on
the basis of the other rates of fare charged,
they ran their third-class cars empty. The
people found that they could travel as
cheaply by bullock carts, living at wayside
inns, as they could by the railroad. They
continued, therefore, to travel by bullock
carts. In order to build up a business among
the natives the railroads had to put third
class fares down to a ridiculously low rate.
LONG 'WALK FORFOUB CENTS.
"The same trouble will be experienced in
China. There is a little railroad there
about 40 miles of it. The trip costs 25 cents.
"Well, a native can walk 40 miles in two
days. It costs him 10 or 11 cents a day to
live. Ho saves by walking, perhaps, 3 or 4
cents, which is quite an item to him.
"As for the products of the soil, they are
transported principally by water, the means
ot water communication belli? verv perfect
There is a great deal of commerce between
the different sections of China. One section
cultivates rice, one barlev and another oats.
Tt is a popular error to believe thatCbinamen
live almost entirely on rice. In one section
of China the natives live principally on oat
meal, in another on barley meal, in another
on potatoes. A very large number of them
live on rice. You seldom see meat there.
Thev have pork occasionally. Traveling
over the plains of Thibet we lived princi
pally on barley meal made into dough-balls,
with butter. Mongolians
EAT MEAT EATEN OUSLT.
""When I started with my party across
Thibet we were seven in all, and we took
with us about 150 pounds of mutton and 50
pounds of butter. It was all gone in six
days. The Mongolians take the meat in
great hunks, and alter boiling it, devour it
"Everything is boiled in Thibet Travel
ing we had but one kettle. "We boiled our
meat and our barlry in that, made our tea
in it, and alterwanf fed the dogs from it.
Leading a 'dog's life' in earnest, was it not?
The people of Thibet are very jealous of in
vasion. They believe that the strangers
who attempt to penetrate their country are
in search of gold. They believe that Thibet
is the richest country in the world in pre
cious metals. It is certainly very rich in
gold, although very little effort has been
made to develop its gold fields. Mining
there is entirely placer that is, the gold
lies loose in theearth and sand and is washed
out. They have a saying in Thibet that no one
ever became rich hunting tor gold. I met a
man one day who had evidently been after
gold. He had on his shoulder the wooden
cradle in which he had been washing it. I
asked him what lnck. "Verv good, he said,
and opening the needle case which hung at
Iiis side, he produced a little pinch of gold
as the result of four days' work. The
natives never go after gold until they have
exhausted every other means of supply. Yet
GOLD IS TElrr CHEAP
there. Before going into Thibet I bought
some gold at the Chinese rate of 20 times its
weight in silver, and sewed it in my cloth
ing as a precaution against being robbed. I
found when I got into Thibet that my gold
was worth there only 12)4 times its weight
lu silver; so I lost on my investment.
"We had some odd experiences in boats,"
said my informant "Going through Thi
bet we crossed a number of streams which
were so deep that we could not ford them.
"We had to let the horses swim across, and
we went over, one at a time, in a boat The
boat was a native affair, made of skins
drawn over a light frame of wood, and
about four feet in length I had to sit very
still in it for fear of capsizing it, and put
my feet on the little wooden cross-pieces for
safety. The skin was softened by contact
with the water, and, if my feet had touched
it, the chances are ten to one it wonld
break and the boat sink beneath me. In
China I went down the Yangtse river in
boats. Near the western border there were
heavy rapids, and we sat with our eyes shut
while the 12-foot boat spun around and
around. I felt like the man whom Jules
Verne describes as caught in a maelstrom.
SOT AT ALL HOSPITABLE.
"The Thibetans are not a hospitable peo
ple. I bad to flee from their country for
my life. I had six guides with me when I
started, but when I was half through with
my journey, two of them had left me and
we were a party of five. Two or three
times the native chiefs had acted in a sus
picious manner. I had to bribe them with
gifts" from time to time until I had hardly
anvthing left except the clothing on me.
One day a number of them went off for a
conference about me, and I thought from
their looks that I had better leave. I took
two of my companions, leaving the others
with my baggage. It was as well I did.
The chiefs returned and put the two Mon
golians in irons. They escaped, but were
recaptured. Then they made a second es
cape and succeeded in getting out of the
country with my papers. I found on reach
ing the western border of China that, al
though the French missionaries had been
established there 27 years, none of them had
ever been able to penetrate into Thibet"
THE NEW LAND COMMISSIONER.
Judge Groff, the new Commissionerof the
General Land Office, slipped into "Washing
ton so quietly that his appointment and his
coming attracted very little attention, al
though the office which he holds was one of
the most difficult to fill under the new ad
ministration. None ot the candidates who
first applied for the appointment were
chosen. One of them Governor Stone, of
T Colorado was rewarded with the position
of Assistant Commissioner, but the others
are still waiting for the voice that shall call
them into public life. Ferwraallv Judge
Groff is a most agreeable man. He is tall
and thin and his shoulders are a bit rounded.
"When he sits down he curls himself ud in
his chair for all the world as Gillette used
to do in "The Private Secretary." He
wears no hair on chin or lip, but a pair of
light sideburns depend from his head of
bushy hair. He reminds one verv much in
his manner of Gillette's almost inimitable
impersonation. There is nothing of "The
Private Secretary" in Judge GrofTs con
versation, however. He is a very entertain
ing conversationalist And he seems to find a
great degree of enjoyment in talking.
AN INCIDENT EECALLED.
Judge Groff went to the Executive Man
sion with Colonel Perry Heath, the corre
spondent of the Omaha Bee, to call on the
-President While they were talking with
the President, Congressman Butterworth. of
Ohio, came up. Being introduced to him,
Judge Groff said: "I have never met you
before, Mr. Butterworth, bnt I know you
Tery well by reputation."
"That reminds me," said Mr. Butter
worth, "of my first meeting with Don Piatt
I extended my hand when I was introduced,
and said: 'I have never seen jou before.
Colonel Piatt, but I know you by reputa
tion.' 'Then, I am glad to have you know
me personally,' said he, 'fur my reputation
is Tery bad."'
"And that' said Judge Groff, "reminds
me of the salutation that passed between two
men who met on the street in Omaha and
were introduced by a mutual friend. One
of them said to the other: 'I have never seen
you belore, but I know you very well by
reputation.' The other replied: 'I have
never heard of yon, sir; but your face is Tery
familiar.'" y ' ., L
The President laughed Tery heartily at
both of these anecdotes. He appreciates a
story, although he has not Abe Lincoln's
extreme fancy for pleasantry.
CURTAILING THEIR ENJOYMENT.
It is said the new Chinese Minister docs
not intend to allow the members of his suite
to indulge in social enjoyment as freely as
their predecessors in the Chinese legation.
This is unfortunate, as about the only
pleasure that there is for the Chinamen is to
no out in "societv" and to the theater.
Many members of the old embassy were very
popular in their way. When I say "in
their way," I mean that they were popular
as far as they were amusing. They spoke so
little English that they could hardly have
been entertaining. An impression pre
vailed last winter that the Chinese used
their photographs as visiting cards to recall
their identity to the memories of those whom
they honored with their society. I believe
this was a fallacy, but there is no doubt
that they distributed their portraits rather
freely, and that if it had not been for this
they would have had great trouble in estab
lishing their identity. They had very little
to say in English, although I do not doubt
that they weie very eloquent
IN THEIE NATrVE TONGUE,
and their chief eojovment seemed to consist
in sitting still and listening to the sweetly
accented words that fell from the lips of
pretty American girls. Even those who
spoke no English at all found a certain re
lief from the monotony of the legation in
going about in the social world.
Their chief enjoyment, however, was
always found at the theater. Whenever
opera is given at any of the theaters the
Chinese Legation is represented in one of
the boxes at least once during thg week.
The Chinese are always in full native cos
tume of bright-colored silks, and they
alwaj s attract a great deal ot attention.
The fat, yellow faces seldom express any
understanding of what is going on or any
appreciation of the music. But I suppose
they enjoy the performance in a way. It
must be more enjoyable than sitting in the
legation staring out of the windows or in
the little park in front of the legation feed
ing crumbs to the snarrows.
A EIOT IN CHUBCH.
Two Excommunicated Members Refuse to
Leave the Bnlldlng Constables Called
In, bnt Are Not Able to Carry
Oat Their Orders.
IEPECUL TELEGRAM TO THE DISPATCH. 1
Atjbuen, N. Y., October 13. The old
fight between the Bev. Louis A. Lambert,
now in Borne, and Bishop McQuaid, of
Bochester, broke out with now vigor in
Waterloo to-day, and a riot was narrowly
averted in the church. Seven weeks ago to
dav Bev. Eather Hickey, the present pastor
of St. Mary's Church, read a Jetter excom
municating William Dempsey and James
Kelly because they had ben instrumental
in bringing Bev. Dr. McGlynn, of New
York, to Waterloo to deliver a lecture upon
This morning, at a few minutes before 11
o'clock, John Welch, one of the trustees,
advanced to the altar rail and said: "Ire
quest James Kelly and William Dempsey
to leave their pews and stand at the door of
the church." Neither man stirred and Mr.
Welch then called npon the congregation
to put them out Michael Boyle and James
Talbot, two Auburn constables, went down
to Mr. Kelly's seat and ordered him out.
After some talk he got up and took a seat
near the door, from which he refused to stir.
Then the constables tried to get Dempsey
out He relused to stir even when they
took hold of him.
Several men, members of the congregation,
crowded around and made fun of the two
constables, and the latter finally saw that
they had gotten into a muddle and left the
church. Kelly and Dempsey remained in
the church until 15 minutes to 12, when
they went out, followed by the members of
the congregation who had staid in the
church during the scene. Deputy Sheriff
Yancleef came up to the church during
the squabble inside but did nothing.
FOE A PICTURE OF JI0SEB
An Artist Selects n Pbotocrnph of General
The picturesque figure of the venerable
General Albert Pike, who was in a carriage
with other grand officers of the Templars in
the parade, attracted considerable attention
yesterday, and one of the grand officers tells
an interesting story about the General's
striking head. "A Canadian priest," said
he, "desired a model for a plaster represen
tation of Moses. He had searched for a
long time in his own and other countries,
and had never seen anything approaching
his ideal. Not long ago, however, he was
in New York, and in passing along Broad
way he spied a full-length photograph of
General Pike disnlayed in one of the photo
grapher's windows. He did not know
whose picture it was, but determined to se
cure it at once, and did so.
Another story abont General Pike, which
is Touched for by the best authority, is that
a Chicago artist recently took one of the
pictures of the .head of the Ancient and
Accepted Scottish Bites to make a paint
ing of one of the saints to send to the Pope
MET ON THE SAME TBAC1L
One Man Kllled'nnd Several Injured in n
Railroad Colli ilan.
Cincinnati, October 13. At 9 o'clock
last night at Bapid Bun, Several miles west
of this city, on the Big Four railway, a
west bound freight, consisting of an engine
and 11 cars, met and collided with an east
bound wrecking train, both going at full
speed, owing to a misinterpretation of orders.
The result was a terrible wreck of both
trains, the instant death of fireman Edward
Morris, of the wrecking train, and the
serious, if not fatal, injury of fireman Jack
Whetstein. The injuries of the other mem
bers of the train are so slight as to be un
worthy of mention. Engineer Green, of the
wrecking train, seems to be the one that
Mistook the orders.
TOO MUCH ALCOHOL.
Railroaders Eacace In n Drunken Quarrel
With Fatal Resnlta.
ISrXCLlt. TZXSPBXH TO THE DISPATCU.1
Grafton, "W. Va., October 13. At
Kowlesburc, Preston county, at 1 o'clock
Saturday morning Thomas Dunn shot and
instantly killed George Moore. Both men
were employes of the Baltimore and Ohio
Railroad. On Friday night a young man
stole a gallon of alcohol from the express
office, and about half a dozen road employes
began to drink the stuff. About 1 o'clock in
the morning a quarrel was started, in which
Moore had his jaw and collar bone broken
before he killed Dunn.
Among the manv brands of lager beer
thrown upon the market the output of the
Bauerlem Brewing Co., of Bennetts, Pa.,
was uccu jusuy assignea a place in tne lront
rank of the brewing industry and is ad
judged to be one of the finest beers brewed.
Families and the trade supplied. Tele
phone 1,018, Bennetts, Pa,, opposite Forty
third st, PitUbnig, Pa. irwrsu
Monday October 14 Our Great Dress
Be sure to read our advertisement, then
come to the store for the special bargains.
Jos. Horne Ss Co.'s
Penn Avenue Stores.
Use Thea Nectar Tea,
F. & V.'s Pittsburg beer pleases better
every time. Can't be excelled.
Ko Better Ground Than the Isle of
JerseyCould Be Chosen
FOE A MOVEMENT UPON FEANCE.
All the Coast in That Vicinity Eeady to
Eise in His Farort
THEEEYIYAL OP AN ANCIENT LEGEHD
If General Bonlanger seriously entertains
any notion of leading a desperate attack on
the strongly intrenched Eepublican Govern
ment of Prance he could have chosen no
better place to start out from than the rocky
Isle of Jersey. Standing on any of the
fortress-crowned heights that encircle the
quaint old city of St. Helier's, one can on
looking to the east see plainly on a clear
day the long, low blue coast line of Nor
tiandy. With a glass, further off to the
south, scarcely distinguishable, between sea
and sky can be seen the cliffs of St Lunaire,
in Brittany, and sometimes even the light
house is visible on the extreme point of Cape
Frehel, which, like some enormous wall,
pushes out from the French coast miles and
miles into the sea. "La Belle France" is
hardly 15 miles away.
Once the doughty General should cross
that stretch of tempestuous channel water,
however, he would have truly burned his
bridges behind him. The English garrison
of Jersey would doubtless offer him any
thing but a safe retreat after violating their J
hospitalitr. while between him and the
coveted Elysee would be the soldiers of the
Republic he defies.
POINTS IN HIS FATOB.
Nevertheless there are several points which
would count in the General's favor in case
he casts his sword in the balance, which he
must have reckoned by selecting Jersey for
his present residence. Romance and relig
ion appeal strongly to the emotional French
man, and on these impulses the exiled officer
will have to depend if he lands on the Breton
or Norman coast and unfurls the standard
of revolt to constituted authority. The an
cient religion of Brittany, the Boman Cath
olic, is still the creed of the simple peasan
try of that province and of Normandy. It
is'well known that this Church has openly
rnirAftnn 9 ln IJnfi&vfll ' Annn raaini 11 Ilia
favored the General's cause, seeing in his
snecess, probably, a chance of relief from
the somewhat intolerant edicts of the pres
ent.Government On the day of the recent election at Mont
martre, the Parisian suburb where General
Bonlanger was a candidate, prayers were
offered lor his success in many of the Catho
lic churches throughout the district The
General would find nimself among a friendly
people at the outset should he land in either
Brittany or Normandy. If he has any
chance at all of upsetting the Government
he could not select a population in France
who would flock to his side sooner than
those peasants and fisherfolk whose
thatched-roof cottages line the rocky shores
of ancient Bretagne and Normandie, or are
hid away in the dark recesses of the great
Forest of Pontual.
THE BEST SPOT POSSIBLE.
Then not far inland is Rennes, the Gen
eral's birthplace, and his hold upon popular
favor in that vicinity is well known, and
would be a source of material help to him as
a base of operations in an uprising and a
mad dash on Paris. That part of the French
army garrisoned at Rennes, Dinan, St
Malo, and neighboring cities are all be
lieved to be secret adherents of the cause of
the "Brav' General," and doubtless it is
upon their help that he counts when the
crucial time comes.
The French title to Jersey remained un
questioned for hundreds of years after the
Christian era, until it was brought under
English sovereignty by William the Con
queror along with his other Norman posses
sions. The islands they got in this easv way
the English have stubbornly held on to ever
since. Normandy they were forced to let
go, but their islands, never! True, it costs
more to hold them than they are worth.
Every height in Jersey and Guernsey bristles
with cannon and is clad with masonry, while
the keeping of the garrisons and the con
tinual engineering experiments to strengthen
the forts make a oig hole in the annual war
estimates. But it would never do to let the
French have them again.
Nevertheless, the French yearning to get
back these lovely lands has never abated.
It is a patriotic flame that burns with
special brightness in the breasts of the peo
ple of Brittany and Normandy. For centu
ries the peasantry of these 'provinces, the
most superstitious in Europe, have been
taught from their cradles the tradition that
some city in either Bretagne or Normandie
would bring forth a hero whose mighty
arm would restore to France these islands,
these jewels in her crown, of which she was
robbed by the combined forces of natnre and
the prowess of Norman arms at Hastings.
AIT OLE- LEGEND REVIVED.
The ancient capital of Ann of Brittany,
Bennes, with its great cathedral, according
to popular belief is to be the city' that will
get the proud distinction. Three times have
the French landed in Jersey, and vainly
tried to drive out the Saxons. Twice have
they been led by men from Rennes. Bonlan
ger, a native of Bennes,wnen War Minister,
contrived to feed this superstition with fresh
fuel, and the crednlous Bretons began to
think that," with the "man on the black
charger" 8t the head of the State, nerhans.
after all, the hour was at hand when a blow
would be struck which would give them
hack their ancient islands. His presence in
St Helier's just now will hardly fail to re
vive this wistful feeling.
Eminent men besides Boulanger have
found seenrity in Jersey when forced by
political exigencies to fly'their native lands.
The thought is doubtless consoling to the
General tl at, besides his illustrious country
man, Victor Hugo, Jersey was a refuge for
Charles IL, of England," when Cromwell
ruled Britain. The rooms the King occu
pied at Mount Orgueil andElizabeth Castles
are among the interesting sights pointed out
to visitors to these fortresses.
HE FELT BELIEVED.
A Georgia Shooting Affair Which Beinllcd
rSrZCTAI. TELEOItAM TO TUX DISPJlTCn.1
Augusta, GA.,October 13. Major Chas.
E. McGregor, who shot and killed Mr.
James M. W. Cody in Warrenton, Ga.,
yesterday, was brought here this morning
by Sheriff Shurley, of Warren county, for
safe keeping. Judge Lumpkin apprehended
that Cody's friends would do violence to
Major McGregor if he remained in Warren
ton, so he ordered his removal here. The
excitement in that little town is somewhat
quelled, but there is blood on the moon
McGregor was seen in jail this-morning
by a Dispatch correspondent, and said he
now felt relieved for the first time in oyer
two years. He will waive preliminary ex
amination and remain in Jail here until
next April, when court meets, and he will
then return to Warrenton and stand trial.
A Falllnc Derrick Kill Three Bleu.
Lansing, Mich., October 13. While a
wrecking crew was eogased in clearing away
a freight wreck on the Lansing Transit Rail
way to-day the hoisting beam of the steam
derrick broke and fell upon a group of over
a dozen men, killing Peter Quinn, conductor
of the construction train, of West Bay City:
George Buby, of Jackson, a machinist, and!
John Tentile Vest, a brakeman, of Bay City.
The two former leave families. The other
men escaped serious injury.
Arrlvnl of n S100.000 Picture.
New York, October 13. The steamer La
Bourgogne, from Havre, which arrived to
day, has on board Millet's picture, "L'An
gelus," which was recently purehased for
the American Art Association for $100,000.
HISSING THE FLAG, -
ChlqaBO Socialists Ininlt the Stars and
Stripes, While Cheering: for the Ban
ner of Annrchr Inflammatory
Addresses on Snndny.
Chicago, October 13. When the stars
and stripes were raised at the Socialist mass
meeting in Vorwaert's Turner Hall this
afternoon the flag was greeted with hisses.
There were probably 1,000 men and women
in the room at the time, all the seats on the
floor and most of the seats in the galleries
being filled. The banner was brought out
by the janitor, and when he unfurled it so
that the red, white and blue could be seen,
the hissing commenced. He fastened the pole
so that the folds of the flag fell on the stage
at the foot of those who were to he speakers,
and as he did so the hissing increased In
volume. Probably half those in the hall
joined in it
The red flag was then unfurled and fast
ened on the opposite side of the platform.
Immediately the hissing ceased, and was
succeeded by a burst of applause. Men
cried "Bravo," and women clapped their
hands and waved handkerchiefs. After this
demonstration, Martin Schmiedinger was
chosen Chairman of the Meeting. He in
troduced Sergins E. Shevitch, of New York,
as the first speaker. Shevitch spoke in
German, and began by declaring the hang
ing of the Anarchists to be the gravest
crime ever perpetrated in America. This
statement, and every statement of the
sort that was uttered, was loudly
applauded. He" said he was proud of the
city in which that execution occurred, be
cause he felt that one day It would be the
Paris the city of revolutions of America.
An awful discontent was smoldering in the
hearts of the laborers, and would soon burst
forth in the fiery revolution.
He said it was useless and idle to think
that this revolution would be a peaceful
one. The other speakers, Philip Rappa
port of Indianapolis; Mrs. Greie,of New
York, and Franz Seubert, of Brooklyn, all
took a milder tone. A session of the con
vention was held dnring the morning, but
was occupied in the appointment of com
mittees. X50CKED OFF THE TBACK.
A Man and Ills Daughter Ban Into by a
Trnln and Seriously Injured.
tSFXCIAL TELEGRAM TO TBS DISPATCH. I
Feanklin, October 13. Last night as J. I
C. Davison and his daughter, aged 16 years,
were crossing the Lake Shore and Michigan
I Southern Bailroad track two miles east of
this city in a wagon, they were struck by an
accommodation train and so terribly in
jured that they will probably die. Tho
horse was killed and the wagon was reduced
to kindling wood.
At the point where the accident occurred
the above road runs parallel with that of the
Erie Bailway. Mr. Davison saw a train ap
proaching on the latter road and drove his
horse on the Lake Shore tracks to avoid it.
He failed to heed the warning of the en
gineer or observe the train approaching
until it was too late to escape. He was
caught on the cow-catcher and carried
several yards and then thrown over an em
bankment, receiving terrible injuries. His
daughter was thrown some distance, but
was not hurt as badly as her father, and
CONTENTED AND HAPPI.
A FlttsbnrEcr Finds His Lost Wife Married
io n Hubbard Mlllmnn.
ISrECIAL TELEGKAil TO THE DISPATCH.!
Youngstown, October 13. Peter Ar
nold, employed in a bridge works in Pitts
burg, came here yesterday in search of his
wife, who, he claimed, had disappeared a
year ago, and stated that probably she sup
posed him dead, as it had been reported that
he had been killed in an explosion.
Arnold learned that she was in Hubbard
and, npon his arrival there last night, that
she was living happily as the wife of George
Hill, a rougher at the rolling mill. Se
curing the escort of a constable, to whom he
said Hill had a wife and three children
living in Eugland, Arnold called upon his
wife. She informed him that she had ob
tained a divorce and then married Hill.
After some further conversation Arnold
left, stating that he had no desire to cause
her any trouble, as she appeared contented
A WOMAN MOONSHINES,
Doing a ProsperousBnsiaessInlllicItLtqnor
Selling, Is Arrested.
ISFXCIAX TXX.EOBAU TO THE DISPATCB.1
Louisiana, Ky., October 13. Martha
Seward, a good looking woman about 30
years old, was convicted of moonshining Sat
urday in the United States District Court
Her home was in a little cabin high up in
the hills, and some of her friends and rela
tives conducted a secret distillery in the
forest near by. To Martha was entrusted
the task of selling the liqnor. She took
jugs of it away every day and peddled it
throughout the county, doing a prosperous
Deputy Marshals heard that such a traffio
was being carried on, but for a lonj; time
they could not ascertain who was selling the
liquor. A customer finally betrayed Martha,
and the officers seized her when she had the
whisky in her possession.
OCT OF THE MOD.
The Steamer City of New York Beaches
Dock la Good Condition.
New Yoek, October 13. The City of
New York reached her dock shortly before
noon to-day looking none the worse for her
enforced encounter with the mud. Divers
were engaged to go down and ascertain if
she had sustained any damage to her bot
tom. As far as could be learned they found
nothing wrong. She will probably leave
here on Wednesday, as scheduled.
Scrofula in Its severest forms, salt rheum,
and all other blood disease', aie cured by the
great blood purifier, Hood's Sarsaparllla. The
voluntary statements of cures by this medicine
are really wonderful. Send for particulars to
C. L Hood & Co., proprietors Hood's Sarsapa
rilla, Lowell. Mass.
BLOCKER'S DUTCH COCOA.
ISO CUPS FOB tU
CHOICEST, PUREST. BEST.
For a DISORDERED LIVER
Try JEEGHAII'S PILLS.
2octs. a Box.
op .ftTiTi sxELtJOtOrxmrvm
Monday, October 14 Our Great Press
Be sure to read our advertisement, then
come to the store for the special bargains.
JOS. HOBNE & CO.'S
Peon Avenue Stores.
Too Benson Why.
Because it is the purest, best and cheap
est Because it will not chap your hands
or face. Because it will not shrink your
flannels or make them hard.
Because if you use it once you will find it
superior to all other soaps. Ask your gro
cer for "Walker's "Wax Soap, and insist on
getting it. MXUP
See Our All Wool Sultlnei-33c to 50 Cents
Big lots, all new; the yard sticks will be
busy to-day, if you see these goods.
JOS. HOENB & CO.'S
Penn Avenue Stores.
Use A. & P. Baking Powder,
Time is the true test F. & V.'s Pilsner
beer grows daily in popularity.
Use Thea Nectar Tea.
ANTHONY On Sunday. October 18. at 9
o'clock p. it, Thomas J. Anthony, aged 18
years 7 months.
Funeral services at Central Presbyterian
Church, Forbes and Seneca street, Monday
evening, at 7:15 o'clock.
BROWK-On Saturday, October 12, 18S9, at
S.45P. m., John Hxnby, son of Robert and
Hattie Brown, aged 11 years.
Funeral on Mondat. October 14, at 1 p. h.,
from the residence of his parents, No. 622 Sec
ond avenue. Friends of tho family are respect
fully invited to attend.
CREED At Johnstown, May 31, 18S9, DATTD
Creed and his wife, Elizabeth.
Funeral from Onion station on Tuesdat,
October 15, at 1 o'clock. Interment private.
FULTON-On Sunday, October IS. 1883, at 7
a. M., John Fulton, Sr., In his 65ta year.
Friends of the family ate invited to attend
the funeral services on Tuesday afteknoon,
October 15, at 2 o'clock, at his late residence,
No. 299 Federal street, Allegheny City., Inter
ment private. - 2
FRIESEL At the residence of her grand
mother, Mrs. Robert Curry, 4916 Penn avenue.
Twentieth ward, on Saturday, October IX 1889,
at 8:10 P. M., Edna Boyd, daughter of John A
and MaryE. FrieseL. aceQ 2 years 7 months 8
Little Edna was our darling
Of our hearts and of our home,
But the Savior from above us
Whispered Edna, dear, come home.
Funeral services on Monday, 14th mst, at 2
P.M. Friends of the family are respectfully
Invited to attend. 2
KENNEDY Sunday, October 13, 1SS9, at5
o'clock 7. Jfc, Annie, wife ol ratnucKxaneay,
aged 87 years.
Funeral from her late residence, 18 High
street, on Tuesday, October 15, 1889, at 2
o'clock p. M. Friends of the family are respect
fully invited to attend. ' 2
MALONE On Saturday. October 12, at 9:45
p. m., Jennie, daughter of Christ and Nancy
Malone, aged 15 years.
Funeral this day at No. 32 North Main
street, Sharpsbnrg, at 3 P. M. Friends of the
family are respectfully invited to attend.
McCiiAFFERTY At the residence of her
son, Mr. H. W. McClafferty, No. 85 Sheffield
street, Allegheny, at 2.30 P. M. Sunday, October
13, 1889. .Emily v., wife of Robert McClafferty,
aged 69 years. ,
Friends are invited to attend the services at
7 o'clock this evening. Interment at Will
iamsport, Md. '
Williamsport, Md., Kingwood and Grafton,
W. Va., papers please copy.
NELSON On Saturday, October 12. 1888, at
5.20 p. m., Caroline Nelson, wife of William
Nelson, aged 52 years 1 month and 8 days.
Funeral services at the family residence,
Ashton avenue. Eleventh ward, Allegheny
Citr, on Tuesday afternoon at 220 o'clock.
Interment private. 2
ROBINSON At his father's residence, No.
102 King avenue, Columbus, O., Octobers, 1SS9,
of nervons prostration and brain trouble, W.
W. Robinson, formerly of the National Blank
isook iompany. xie was a memDer or n eaerai
Council, No. 100, Royal Arcanum. 2
REILLY-On Sunday, October 13, 1S89, at
10.15 A. m.. John A. Retlly, in his 27th year.
Funeral from the residence of his parents,
Colwell and Jumonville streets, Tuesday
morning, October 15, at 9 o'clock. Interment
SCOTT On Sunday. October 13, 1889,, at 8 P.
m., Elizabeth Scott, aged 27 years.
Funeral from her late residence, Wyoming
street, Mt. Washington, Thirty-second ward,
on Tuesday, at 2 p. m. Friends of the family
are respectfully invited to attend.
STOUFFER On Friday, October 11, 1889, at
his residence, corner Fifth avenne and Vine
street, Wilson Sioufeeb, in the 30th year of
Funeral from the M. P. Church, comer Fifth
avenue and Vine street, on Monday, the 14th
inst, at 2 o'clock P. M. Friends of the family
respectfully invited to attend. 2
(Successor to Meyer, Arnold & Co., Urn.,)
UNDERTAKER AND EMBALMEB.
Office and residence, 1134 Penn avesne. Tele
phone connection. myl0-69-MWTSU
For Most Exquisite Flowers,
GRANDDECORATIVE PLANTS, TREES
BULB3. ETC, GO TO
JOHN R. &A. MURDOCH,
508 Smithfield Street.
Telephone 239. se24.Mwy
CHOICE CUT FLOWERS AND SMILAX
A. M. & JT. B. MURDOCH,
r A SMITHFIELD ST.
deS-f 4 Kwr
-pEPRESENTED IN PITTSBURG: IN lSCl
ASSETS . . 9 71,696 33.
Insurance Co. of North America,
Losses adjusted and paid by WILLIAM L
JONES. S4 Fourth avenue. ia20-s2-D
20"rTTTCr A INSCRANCE CO.,
iXLj J J-N .A. Hartford, Conn.
Assets, January 1, 18S7. '.. JU,K,K9 6C
EDWAKDS 4 KENNEY, Agents,
on Fourth avenue Pittsburg.
A. GOOD-ByE SAliB
SMALL BOYS' CLOTHING.
Wo are dropping this department and are not
particular what prices we get for what is left;
we need the room so badly for our rapidly etow
Ids Cloak and Wrap Department, that we are
prepared to sacrlflce our
SMALL BOYS' CLOTHING.
Boys' Overcoats, $3, reduced from H 5o
Boys' Overcoats, reduced from S7 60.
Boys Overcoats, $8, reduced from $9.
Boys' Overcoats, 9, reduced from f 15.
Boys' Kilt Suits, $2 60, reduced from S8 73.
Boys' Kilt Suits, S4 75. reduced from $7.
Boys' Kilt Salts, $6 60, reduced from $10.
Boys' Pants Suits, $3 60, reduced from SSL
Boys' Pants Suits, 6, reduced from 19.
Boys' Pants Suits, $9. reduced from SIS.
Boys' Odd Pants, 75c, reduced from SI 10.
All other prices reduced accordingly.
Fleishman & Co.!
HAVE YOU SEEN OUR GEM
If not come and see it We guarantee it
to be the Finest Diamond in the city. "We
37 FIFTH AVEilUE.
Pure wool, French,
finest and choicest of
Plush Coatsand Jackets
and also the finest
In latest cnt and fit, are here perfect.
Children's, all sizes, that never were seen so
low for pure wool goods.
9,869 yards, this week 50c, of
Ingrain and Tapestry Carpet-
T, M, LATIMER,
138 Federal St, Allegheny, Pa,
OUR MISSES and CHILDREN'S
WILL BE ON
Saturday of this "Week,
Latest Novelties and ideas out in
MISSES AND CHILDREN'S
TRIMMED HATS AND TURBANS
will be shown. Also
TJntrimmed Felt Hats and Turbans.
Velvets, Fancy Birds, Fancy
Feathers, Ribbons, Eta
This is the only kind of an announce
ment made of this IMPORTANT EVENT.
Come and bring the children.
41 FIFTH A rjSNUJB.
t FUR SHOULDER CAPES
In Seal, genuine Sable, Astrachan. Persian
Lamb, Lynx and all kinds of fur. We would
call attention to our genuine ASTRACHAN
CAPE at 312 and real SABLE CAPE at f 35.
Our stock of Seal Jackets, Sacques, Muffs,
etc.. Is also very large and complete. Our prices
are the LOWEST for BEST QUALITIES.
441 WOOD STREET.
N. R Wo. are now showing onr latest im
portations of LADIES' ENGLISH WALK
ING HATS, in all the new shades to match
of tbe Firm Manufacturing the Re
nowned t P, A1A SIRENE CORSETS
Was appointed a Member of the Jury on Cor
sets by the French Government, rendering
their Exhibit "Kors-Concours," signifying "out
of all competition," the Highest Honor that
can be bestowed on a manufacturer in France,
outranking the Highest Medals.
446 AND 448 BROADWAY,
M j I
B. & B.
Mondat, October U
First of the season z and 2 pieces
at a time sufficed the trade. Now
we have provided them in case lots
Beautiful, lustrous Mohair Ta
mise, 42 inches, wide, 50c, 60c, 70c,
7Sc, 85CJ $1 and $1 25. Special
values ar& the 75c, 85c and $1
Extra weighty Mohair Brillian
tine, 75c, 85c and r 35 nothing
more desirable and this season few
fabrics as popular for fall and win
We have plenty of them now,
and the prices are extremely low.
Entirely new fancy Mohair Bro
cades a stripe of a fancy weave,
with a beautiful all-over pattern,
making very beautiful effect
50-inch Mohair Secilliene, 50c
Wonderful sales last week in
Black Silk Warp Cashmeres. '
5 celebrated makes (including
Priestley's) 40 and 46 inches wide,
85c, 90c, i, $1 i2j, $1 25, $1 40,
1 50, $i 65, $1 75, $2, $2 25,
$2 50, $2 75, $3 and $3 75.
New lot of Paris Robe Modelsr
Late getting to importer his sea
son about over--ours just on we
bought them cheap a bargain for
you at 10. See them quick. To
day if possible.
New India Linen Hemstitch
tucked Skirtings, 52 inches wide:
1 tucks, s
5 tucks, n 10.
New Nainsook Tuckings, solid
and cluster tucks, 50c, 60c, 75c,
85c and $1.
B066S & BUHL,
115, 117, 119. Federal Allegheny.
In the Annals ot the Dry
JFBENCH BBOADCLOTHB, 50 Inches
wide, $1 per yard. This is the best value ever
shown in the way of Broadcloth. It has a
superior finish and is of medium weight,
and is the quality sold by other merchants
at $1 B0 a yard.
DOMESTIC BEO ADOLOTHS, 64 Inches
wide, 65c per yard. la this line we excel
any house in the city. We are showing all
the leading colors. The cloth is strictly all
wool and is the quality sold everywhere
Two Special bargains in PLUSHES. 300
pieces pnre Silk Plush, 19 inches wide, all
the latest cfilors, 59c.
150 pieces Fine SILK PLTJSiI, beautiful
assortment of colors, and at the price an
assured bargain, 39c
Nottingham Lace Curtains, fully worth
$1 CO, at 99c a pair. x
Nottingham Lace Curtains, fully worth
J2, at $1 25 a pair.
Nottingham Lace Curtains, fully worth
53, at $1 99 a pair.
Also Fine Brnssels Lace Curtains. S4 BO.
worth $6 0 a pair.
Irish Point Lace. $6 25, worth $10 SO a
Nottingham Lrfce, for Sash Curtains, at
one-half original price, 8c, 10c, 12c, 15o and
18c per yard.
Special Bargains in Portieres at $1 99 per
Special offerings in all Chenille Portieres
at ?6 50 per pair.
Speolal and 'Extraordinary Offer
ings in Blankets and Com
fortables. 10-4 Gray Blankets, $1, fl 99, ?3 60 per
10-4 Scarlet Blankets, $2 60, 3 25, $i 99
10-4 White Blankets, 1 76, f2 S9, f4 99
11-4 Gray Blankets, $4 99 per pair.
11-4 Scarlet Blankets, H 99,57 99 per pair.
11-4 White Blankets, 3 99, $4 60, $7 99
Crib Blankets, oil colors, $1 76, $2 99,
$3 26 per pair.
Large Comforts, 99c, ?1 60, 52 25, 52 99,
54 25 each.
Special attention is called to our large and
varied stock of
for Ladies, Misses and Children.
Also Men's Hose In Natural Wool,
Camel's Hair, Cashmere, etc., and all at
our famous LOW PBICES.
SIXTH ST. AND PENN AVE.
No. 106. j
AN ORDINANCE-AUTHORTZTNG THE
construction of a boardwalk on Cobasset
street, from Grandvlew avenue to Pawnee
Section 1 Be it ordained and enacted by the
city of Pittsburg in Select and Common Coun
cils assembled, and it is hereby ordained and
enacted by tbe authority of the same. That
the Chief of theDepartmentot Pnblic Works be
andis hereby authorized and directed to adver
tise for proposals for the construction ot a
boardwalk on tbe. west side nl Cohasset street,
from Grandview avenue to Pawnee street, and
the same shall belet in the manner directed by
an act relating to street) and sewers, approved
May 18, 18S9. and ordinances of Councils rela
tive to tbe tame.
Section 2 That any ordinance or part of
ordinance conflicting with the provisions of
this ordinance be and the same is hereby re
pealed, so far as the same affects this ordi
nance. Ordained and enacted into a law In Councils
XT -D TZni
Nw .. UAM.Aml. . Tft 1GIU
U.A.l'W.U1 IDSIUCllk I
D, President of Select Council.
Attest: GEO. SHEPPARD. Clerk of Select
Council. GEO. L. HOLLIDAY. President
of Common Council. Attest: GEO. BOOTH.
Clerk of Common Council.
Mayor's office, October 7, 1S89. Approved)
WM. MCCALLTN, Mayor. Attest: ROBESC
Recorded in Ordinance Book. voL 7. pace Mst
7, paee tot 1
v .. I
I ' n3 fWWWfbi r
N ORDINANCB-AUXHORIZDHJ Tp
oeBStraetraa. at a sewer on Came ;
. at a sewer on Cafeat sfic
irora a point about 7S feet east of SavskflM
street to a ooaaeoMoo with a sewer aim at'
feet east M 800th StsM sweet. , si
Section l0e it erdatoed and eaaete4 kr tb
citr or PitUfeare, is Siet and Cobbob Omb-
Hla aftMmfelArf and It M MHBV BrhLiaA taj 1
juta..n h h ftntfcuwttv Ar ttu Kama TaWa. fi
Chief or the Department of Public Work fc
and is hereby authorized and directed to ad
vertise, la aceorduee wHh tne acts ot Asms .
biy of the Commonwealth ot PesasylvaaiaMd
the ordinances of said city of Pltutmrr retet
ln thereto and regulating the ease, far yre- '
posatefortbe coastraetlOB of, a'jatp sewer oa
Cabot, alley, from a point aboat 75 foeteMtet
South Fifth street to aoooaoetion with a sw
about SO feet east of Seth StxUi streat,
menclne at Cabot alley "dlstaat about 75 fact
east ef South Fifth street, thenee alesg CeC
alley in an eastward!? direction to a oeanse
tlon with a sewer about S6 feet u
South Sixth street, sise of sewer to fee
inches in diameter, toe contract shefefer M be
let In the manner directed by the sM aets ef As
sembly and ordinances. TheeoetadexpeMeC
the same to be assessed asdeotteeted la aeeetd
ance with the provisions of as. Mt ef AimniMj
of the Commonwealth of PenDejtraais etrittlei
"An act relating to streets and sewew la eittso
of the second class," approved tie Mttadt? at
May,A.D. Use. ,
Section 2 That any ordieenee er-yert eC .
ordinance conflicting with the ytorhaeua of i
this ordinance be and the sane s heisfcy N-
pealed so far as the saae affeets ttu otev V
Ordained and enaeted into a law ie.
thlaSOtadavof September. A. D. 1.
H. P. FORD, President of S4es OM
cil. Attest: GEO. 8HEPPARD. Cleric e
Select Council. GEO. I HOLL1BAT,
dent of Common CouneH. Attest Bmk
1JOOTH, Cleric of Common Coeoefl.
Mayor's office, October 7, MM.
WM. McCAIitv. Vavor. Atteetrl
OBTEBMAIER. Assistant Haver's Cleric.
Recorded m Ordinance Book, voi. 7. Ha MS,
9th day of October, A. D. m. eel-ftF
AN ORDINANCE-AUTHORIZING TUX
construction of a sewer oa Fraakstew
avenne from Homewoed aveaoe to Fifth ave
nue. Section 1 Be it ordained and eaaetod by Am
city of Pittsburg, hi Select and Cewssea Ceae
cils assembled, and it is hereby erdeJaedspd
enacted by the authority of the sasse, tsfit
the Chief of tho Department of FebHeWesBs
be and is hereby authorized and direetMt te ad
vertise In accordance with the urtonf rtesntj
bly of the Commonwealth of Peensfliewlh
and the ordinances of the said eity of PiMeexufc
relating thereto and reenlatior the
proposals for tbe construction of a vise i
on Frankstown, beginning at Homewood nee
Dae, ineora wesiwaruiy u .Liang sireet sewer
to be IS inches in diameter, theaee to SMrtlaad
street sewer io oe la incnes in ammeter.
torjegIey run sewer to be aOuehee ia
tnencetouaiiasstreetsewerto Be a i
diameter, thence to Lincoln street sew
inches in diameter, thence to Fifth
sewer to be 18 inches in diameter, wtth. t
tloas with sewers at Fifth avenae aad at :
ley run, the contract therefor to be let I
manner oirectea Dy tee sew lew ot am
and ordinances. The cost and expense
same to oe aaseesea ana oonei
accordance with the provlrioee
act of Assembly ot the Cowaan
PennsvlTaala. eotitlei "An aet nlsissac SB
streets and sewers in cities of tfee et-4c r
class," approved, the 19th day ef Jfcy, A.Jt'".
Sections That any ordinaaeeec parte '
dinance conflicting with tbe pie-tsioaa ef Wm .
ordinance be and the same is kenbyTeyeaiW J
so rar as me same aaeets mM ibhii ;
Ordained and enacted into a lawiaOeisMMis
this SOth'day of September, A. D. lem -j,
H. P. i ORD. PreeideBt ot, Seleec Oeeest. j
Attest: GEO. SHEPPARD. Clef of guliteS
Council. OEO. L. HOLLIDAY. f niMT ef
Common Council. Attests &BO. MMRbV
IClerKor Common Council.
Mayors umce. uetooer 7.
WM.MCCALLIN, Mayor. Attestt
OSTERMA1KR. Assistant Hiwit '
Recorded m Ordinance Beek, vet 7, (,
8th day of October. A. D.M88. eeSel
N ORDINANCE AUTHOittKIlrS
J- construction of a sewer
m " -"
alley, from Sixteenth street te
1 " -.--Hag. Jl :
Section 1 Be it ordained asdeaaeted
city ot Pittsburg, in Seleet and Cetw
ens assemoteo. aaa ic aereey at
enacted br the aatfcetitvof. the
the Chief of the Department ot PaMSe
do ana is neresv aaisoraea aaa i
advertise, in accordance with the
sembly ot the Commosiealth of
and ordlnanees of tbe m
Pittsbure. relating thereto i
isg the same, for propoealt for
struction of a pipe sewer oa J
from Sixteenth street to Beven
commencing- at Sixteenth street, atestf
oerryaiieyioa connecttos who' sewn
enteenth street, size of sewer to be
diameter, the cob tract therefor te be let
manner directed by tbe said act of
ana ordinance, xae ceet
of the same to be ae
looted in accordance with tbe oro
act of Assembly of the Commonwealth
svlvania. entitled. "An actTelatiac to
and sewers in cities of the seooadoleii,
proved the 18th day of May, A. D. MM. "
Section 2 That any onnnanee or Met (M
dinance conflicting with the
ordinance be and the same is
so far as the same affects this otffiaaaee-
ordained and enacted into a law m
this 30tb day of September, A. D. 18W
lutr.rfjtiu, .rrenoent or seieet
Attest: GEO. hheppard, Cleric
Council. GEO. L. HOLUDAY.
Common Council. Attest?
Clerk of Common Council.
Mavor's Office. October T. 1888.
WM. McCALLtN. Mayor. Attest:
OSTERMAIER. Assistant Mavor's
Recrided Is Ordinance Book, vol. 7,
7th day of October. A. D. lie.
J- construction of a. sewer
street, from Friendship avenne to Ufcusej
Section 1 Be it ordained and enacted
city of Pittsburg, in Seleet aad Common
ens assemmea, ana it is nereoy ores
enacted bv the authority of the seme.
Chief of the DeDartraent of PablieW
and is hereby authorized and directed te i
use. in accordance with tbe acts of As
of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania t
ordinances ot tne eaia emy oi i-itwoorgr
thereto and regulatfogthe taste, for pr
for the construction of a jajm sewer ea J
becca street, commencing at FrieadeMp a
nne. tnence to, Harriet street loenee m. t
eter, tbence to a connection wits ai
Liberty avenne, to be 18 looses la. c
tween the last mentioned a
contract therefor to be let ia
ner directed by tbe said aets at ilntwnnlT
and ordinances. The cost aad exaeaee the
same to be assessed aad eeUeetedtailcordsese
with the provisions of an aet of Assembly of
the Commonwealth of Peaasy lraaia, eaetOed,
"An act relating to streets aad sewers at 1h
of the second class," approved the Mta, day of
Wo. 4.TI ISM
-"!-. T -- ... jK
- -" nmHVr
I JWJ . rf"
rWMMl Kit i
Vv Mukit 5
Section 3 That anv ordtoeaoe or aart ef is
ordinance conflicting with the ytavlefcas etCT
this ordinance be and the same la asatar re-'.l?
pealed, so far as the saase affects tats erdfri
nance. - w.
Ordained and enacted into a law in
this 30th day of September. A. 13. UML
H. P. FORD. President of Seleet (
Attest: GEO. SHEPPARD, Oeric ef ;
council, .uku. u. H.VLiLdiJA.1, rrt
Common Council. Attest: GBO.
Clerk of Common CouaeU.
Mayors umce, uetooer 7, law. jt
WM. McCALLIN. Mayor. Attest: 1
OSTERMAIER. Assistant Mavar'a C
Recorded in Ordinance Book. vei. 7, aaaa IML'p
8th day of October, A. D. law. taU i
eradlnc cavinz aad oarstM; ot Ceiwelt
street, from Dinwiddle street te .Tumi)iiiHii t,'
street, in the Eleventh ward of FHtebtag.
Whereas, It appears by the pettttea aad a
davit on file in the offlee of the Clerk of Ce.
ells, that one-third in interest of the ewaen ec
nronertT f routine and abattiatr aaea the saM
street, have petitioned tbe Councils of seM eity
to enact an ordinance for the grading;
and cnrblni- ot the same: therelore.
Section 1 Be It ordained and enacted by tae
city of Pittsburg, in Select and Commas Ceaa
Cils assembled, and it is hereby ordateedaad
oiiaubcu lit ana auauuii.i ua aui? eore. x
the Chief of tbe Department ot PubHe werkat
be and is hereby authorized aad dlreeted te ad-fi
vertise In accordance with the acts of
bly of the Commonwealth of Pen:
tbe ordlnaaceaof the said cKt of
lattng thereto and regulating tbe same. Set
posais lor tae graaing. paving nu ewi
Colwell street, from Dinwiddle street te.
ville street, the contract therefor to be tot
manner oirectea oy tne sara aets 01
and ordinances. The coat and expease
same to be assessed and collected la tee
with the provisions of an act of Aseeatalr
Commonwealth of Pennsvrraaia. unltHsil
act relating to streets and sewers la etttee ef 1
second class," approved the lota day ef May.
Section S-Th at any ordmaaee or part.ef
ordinance conflicting with the arerietaat'ef
this ordinance oe and tae same tt Mm
pealed, so far as tbe same aSeets tHs
nance. -. k
Ordained and enacted intc-a law ia OeaaestLl
this 80th day of September, A. D. . &
B. P. ford. President ot Seleet
Attest: GEO. 8HEPPARD, Cleric
council. ut.u. x auiii.iiiAr.fi
Common Council. Attettr GEO.
Clerk of common couacH.
Mayor's Office, October 7, ttSd
WM. jueiuiuLiLH, ajer. ai
jsacoraea in uranaaee iseeJc, w
laik. ' y
. . . 1