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THB' PITOSBXmailSPATO.SUisnDAX i)OTbBBB?S5188V
DfiAMNG A KHMER.
Feeding, Clothing and Exercising a
A BIG LOTTEKfr IN HOESE FLESH.
The Dnjers' Unfortunate Experience Willi
WHAT IT COSTS TO KUN A GEEAT STABLE
rWEITTSK FOB THE DISPATCH.
n R R "E racinc and
everything about it is a
, lottery, especially year
j lings," remarked Phil
Dwyer, as he poked his
light cine at the jro--trudinc
nose of In
spector B. who was
from his box stall at
Dwyer Brothers' racing
stables at Gravescnd.
Jockeys and stable
men were bnsilv running in and about the
great angle, and the watchful eye of the
head trainer, Frank McCabe, was every
where. It takes a cool, level-headed man to
have charge of S70.D00 worth of horse-flesh.
Scores of birds sat twittering on the long,
low roof of the stables, and a colony of fowls
strutted about, undismayed by the neighing
and pawing of the satiny skinned racers and
the ubiquitous jockeys who, loaded down
with harness and brushes, were getting
ready for the racing hour when the Dwyer
cracks would take the field.
It is a model establishment, that of the
Dwyera. Hanging on the edge of the Coney
Island Jockey Club' track, the bend of
which impinges upon the eastern boundary,
covering about a couple of acres and with
stalls for 100 or more "horses, it is the turf
man's ideal of what a racing stable should
be the quintessence of cleanliness, roomy
and free from needless decoration, yet sup
plied with evervtlung necessary for the tare
of the stock. The stable:? themselves are in
the form of an It, with a large number of
stalls in both wings. Almost every stall
contained a racer more or less known to the
patrons of the track. Some were in prime
condition, but there were others whose
coats were no longer glossy and whose eyes
and general gait bespoke the horse out of
TRIZES AJJD BLAXKS,
offered to him cheap than for any other rea
son. "Well, he brusheiher up, trained her
a bit and then entered her for a race. To
his intense surprise, and I need hardly say
to that of everybody els, she won.- To cut
the story short,'' added Mr. TDwyer, ,the
400 filly belonging to'the poor switch-tender
carried everything before her and she netted
him a pot of money. Eeclare for that is
the animal I mean is everywhere known
now as one of the best cracks ijv the busi
ness. She has won every race or got a place
in every race for which' she has been en
tered in the last few months, and I hear
that her owner refused 525,000 for her, as
he had made considerably more than that
amount out of her and expected to do still
"Sow, I think this Bhows that one can
never tell what a 2-year-old may do, let alone
a yearling. Undoubtedly Eeclare hadbeen
tried before being sold and had disappointed
her first owners. X have bought yearlings
at from 5600 to SS0O apiece and have got
nothing out of them. It is the same way
with 2-year-olds. "We started out with 37
2-year-olds, at an average cost of 52,200 a
head and rot not a good one in the lot! A
few experiences of that sort would convince
any man that it takes money to run a stable,
and that it's a lottery after all. Ton do the
best you can and yet you never know how
you ire coming out in the long run."
The Dwyer' will sell offa large number of
their 2-year-olds EOMe time in November,
but the'untried yearlings will not be put
under the hammer. One promising yearling
is Blackburn, a fine-looking, likely colt, by
A. Lesson in Sunning.
the famous Luke Blackburn, out of Talla
poosa, The horses both at Gravesend and
Monmouth Park are under the care of
Trainer McCabe and his assistant, Hardy
"The education of yearlings is an inter
esting study," said one of the best trainers
yesterday. "The foal is weaned at five or
six months, housed for a while and then
turned out to the hayfield or meadow. He
is liherallv fed with oats and bran, and if he
"We have some eight or nine here that ( is to be a racing colt he is stabled, handled
"The second week is similar to the firsts
On the third week'he should get a light
sweat and only half his usual quantity of
fodder. "Warm bran mash is substituted for
the usual teed, in about the same quantity,
at night. In the morning enough blankets
are put on to make him comfortable and he
is walked a mile, trotted a mile, and then
care must be taken ,that he doesn't cool off
too rapidly. A swallow of water with a
little salt is given with benefit At night
oe can get swallows or water when it is
intended to sweat him.
"The fourth week is the same as the third
as to feed, and he should be mn about the
same distance and get another sweat. The
fifth wees: does not change the feed or the
distance. The colt can be galloped at a
good, strong pace now, but not at his top
speed. He should get a good sweat as be
fore. In the sixth week the trainer can
venture on a little longer distance, and the
colt can be made to move faster for, say 300
yards, the rest o'f the distance being done at
aDont half speed.
"In the seventh week of training it will
be found that the colt is getting strong and
vigorous and that his form and wind are
greatly improved. Bis feed should now be
diminished and about 30 swallows of water
given him on alternate days when he is to
be run. First he should be walked, then
trotted, then made to gallop a mile, then
walked for ten minutes. Then, with all his
clothes off, he should be given another mile,
the first half at a good found pace and the
last half at half speed. He may be given a
second brush with the other colts every
"In beginning the eighth and last week of
his training a chanpe in the nroframme
might be made by speeding him in the last
half pi the mile instead of the first half and
sending him along at top speed. Let him go
and get all the rnnninr von can ont of him
on the front stretch. A good way is to walk
him a bit, then trot, then gallop till a mile
is covered slowly. Then strip him, put up
the rider and gallop slowly till within 25 yards
ot the half mile, when you can send him at
full speed for home. Keep a good null, but
get all you can out of him. If he is right
he will do his best work without a great deal
of urging. A brush with one or two others
may scare him a bit when he is going so fast,
but he will soon overcome this timidity.
You understand that in every case-when he
is running at top speed in these trials he
should run in company.
"When preparing your 2-year-old for a
brush with other promising colts give him
20 swallows of water, a handful of stemmed
fodder and about two quarts of feed at
night A pint of feed in the morning is
enough before exercising. Then take him
out, walk, trot and gallop him a bit; strip
and saddle for a half-mile dash. Direct the
rider to break and run after the first half
mile, and you will soon see what there is in
"Xhe spurs should be put on early in the
course of training. If necessary the treat
ment of the last week should be continued a
week or two longer, always giving him a
half mile and repeat. Pull well and have
the colt in hand at the turns particularly,
but on both back and front stretches give
him his head and the. spur together and see
what he can do.
"I want to say a word about physic. Xou
shouldn't undertake to physic your 2-year-
old yourself, unless it is done a month
ahead of the race. Indeed, if he is properly
cared for no medicine should be needed
while he is in actual training."
G. H. Sandisoh.
EVERT DAT SCIENCE.
A Scientific Theory About the Form
ation of Petroleum.
YAST UNWORKED OIL FIELDS.
EeTiTal of Oar Shipbuilding and Shipping
SCIENTIFIC AND INDUSTEIAL NOTES
MEIXOE & HOENE'S GREAT EXHIBIT.
DWYEBS" TEAELISG STABLES AT GBAVESESD.
, are not fit this season." said Mr. Dwyer.
"Inspector B there is a good horse no bet
ter; but he won't run now awhile, if at all
this year. ThisfellowhereisEon.full sister
to Eole, the horse which Freddie Gebhardt
owned and which died tragically on the track
vou may remember) a few years ago, break
ing his neck. He was a flyer; but this one
is" and he shrugged his shoulders signifi
cantly. "So you see that while pedigree
and blood are verything, yet there are cases
where even the same get fails to develop a
single quality in common. That 2-year-old
is sister to Tremont. She has
no record. There's Sir Dixon over
there; another good horse out of training.
He has made some capital wins for us," he
added, rubbing the animal's nose, while the
latter curved his neck contentedly. "Plain
looking brute, isn't he ? Well, he can run
a race, though, and has taken the honors
from many a fine horse. That one there,
standing so high he mut be about 16 or
17 hands is a brother to Dry Monopole and
a no-good. He never did anything, and
while I suppose we may give him another
trial, we shall probably part with him next
"This showy fellow is own brother to
Iung&ton,the winner ot the Oriental Stakes,
and the first special purse of 55,000. He is
of no account on the track, and has never
done anything remarkable."
"It's a little surprising, isn't it, that the
famous strain shouldn t tell better 7
I'Well, as I said, it's all a lottery," re
plied the turfman "How, come here; see,
this fellow is Houston, an own brother to
SrcaUlng to Bridle.
Hanover, the king of them all. Fine horse
to look at, too, this one is. But he never
did anything. See the sime shapely flank
and forequarters and the homely head. Just
like Hanover's. But what a difference!
Those I have shown you are all out of con
dition and won't be run this season.
"The yearlings, you say? There are four
of them here now and 19 at Monmouth
Park. We have about 40 horses here just
now, of which some 15 or 18 are in active
training; the rest, wiih the exception of the
four yearlings, being out of condition.
Here's one of the yearlings," he added, as a
lively little bay nag thrust its nose out at
the visitors. It had a peculiar and rather
pretty white marking down the nose that
would have made it .known anywhere.
"He's a regular beauty, and is by Duke
Blackburn, out of Tomboy. She may come
to something yet; you can't tell," said the
horse owner, reflectively.
cost op BrmuxG a stable.
"How many animals are there altogether
in your stables, here and elsewhere, Mr.
"We have 68 in all, of which 49 are 2
years old and upward. They are all very
highbred and expensive horses. Have vou
any notion what it costs to run a stable?"
he asked, suddenly. "We have, when all
are here, not less than 570,000 or 575,000
worth of stock, ana it takes almoH as much
to keep the thing going and to meet all ex
penses. It's a bigger risk than one would
take in Wall street, for expenses go on just
the same, whether you win or lose. 'Now,
this has been a queer season, and Western
men have gone home disgusted. The year
ling business is the greatest lotterv of all.
Why," be added, "the whole turf here
abouts is talking of the wonderful streak ot
luck that has befallen a man named
Warnke, who was a switchtender on Cul
ver's railroad a few months ago. It seems
that Warnke, who was a poor man, was
persuaded to buy a little 2-year-old filly.
He had no experience on the turf and made
thexuebweniere because .the animal was
and dressed daily, introduced to the halter,
led about, and even tied up. Great care is
taken to develop a good temper and tracta
bility, and he is never harshly treated. He
is bitted, but softly, so as not to hurt his
mouth; his bedding is looked after scrupu
lously, and his feet are kept clean and
healthy by frequent washings. For the first
year he is fed all he can eat, but not to the
point of gluttony. The colts are kept in one
stable, the fillies in another, and all under
careful trainers, who observe whether they
are gluttons, moderately hearty feeders or
"The best ridingboys and lightest weights
in the stables are selected to take charge of
the yearlings. When first taken out to ex
ercise they are clothed and saddled, and
sometimes the bridle and hood are put on.
Each boy mounts, and the youngsters are
led into the stable yard and walked about
till they get used to the sensation of the sad
dle. Then they are taken offa little wav to
the nearest fields or downtAt the first trial
some will bolt or swerve; others will rear
and spring, as though triehtened. and will
lash out behind viciously. But they must
not be beaten. When the boy cannot cqn
trol the colt or filly, the trainer takes a hand
and a sudden strong pull will generally
stop the antics and bring the vearlincr to
terms. If that isn't sufficient, the croom
will mount, check up the animal's head and
thump both heels against its sides.
"A good way in training vearlinsrs iatn
have a steady hack trivel alongside when
the little horse is trotting or galloping about
among the low hills or across the fields. He
should always be exercised in company if
possible, otherwise he gets shy when in a
crowd with other horses. Occasionally the
ooy snouiu run aiong ana gallop hiin a bit,
leading him by the halter. You see, the
chief object the first year is to develop
strength, form and good habits. The seri
ous training begins when he is classed as a
TESTING THE YOU2TGSTERS.
"Trying yearlings to test their quality
and promise is a very different thjng from
trying trained thoroughbreds that are vnimr
into arace. But suppose the colt has passed
through the novitiate, and is to be in a field
with other yearlings and you want to make
a test of his racing qahties. You get the
youngsters togetber on the trial ground;
gallop them a little to get them in spirits;
pull them up, walk them a bit in line till
the starting point is reached, and then
away! Alter they are well off there should
be no pulling whatever. They should be
held well in hand, especially at the turns
and kept together; but no youngster should
be struck if he shows signs of trettin tired.
Bather pull him up and ease him a little,
but don't pull hard enough to spoil his
stride. That is the sure result of pulling
hard on a yearling. Some are frightened
and will even shake all over
after a trial. Others- immediately show
their superiority and forge ahead in capital
shape from the very beginning, with never
a break. The good colt is a jewel and is at
once taken out and trained, with greater
care than ever, to develop what in yearling
form may ultimately cone to be the quali
ties of a crack racer. Yearlings, however,
are so uncertain that while one may get
them to face a crowd on the race course and
may take every precaution, setting down the
jockey to the lightest possible weight when
he rides for yearling stages, one is never
sure what is going to happen.
"When the youngster is 2 years old his
experience as a racer begins. About eight
weeks' training is considered both here and
in England about the regular curriculum
for 2-year-olds. The first week the regimen
is about as follows: He is made to trot half
a mile and then is taken and rubbed down
with soft cloths. The hand must not be
used on the skin at all. He is then walked
a mile and trotted a mile before noon. In
the afternoon he is walked a mile under the
saddle, watered at the stable, his legs washed
and cleaned off and then he is fed and shut
up for the night. Some stuff his feet with a
preparation of tar, molasses and lard and
cover them with wet tow or cotton, but there
are many preparations that are superior to
this. If the weather be cold he ib sheeted,
the number of coverings being regulated
according to the condition of the at
mosphere. His feed should be care
fully attended ato and he should eat
from eight to ten quarts a day of
24 hours 1 pint to a quart at daylight, 2 or
3 quarts at 9 o'clock. 2 at noon, 1 pint at 4
o'clock and 2 or 3 quarts at night He
should get as much hay and fodder ss he
will eat two or three times a day, at 9 a. m.,
12 at and at night. He will eat from four
to seven pounds daily if he is feeling right.
His digestion is.reguHted with bran mash
and a little salt
Pianos and Organs.
When you speak of the splendid instru
ments carried by this firm, everybody knows
what you are talking about, for the thou
sands of pianos and organs which have
been placed by Mellor & Hoene in homes,
churches and lodges have given such un
qualified satisfaction, that it is an open
secret that they are the people to deal with
if you want the very best the market affords.
Take for instance the Hardmau pianos that
have walked right into public favor; they
are wonderful instruments', possessing phe
nomenal durability, great power and full
ness of tone, and from their peculiar con
struction a perfect action that is perforce
lasting. This last is effected through having
the "metal key frame support;" the keys
and action are clamped to this iron frame,
and as climate does not affect it, it always
remains level, and the "key sticking," so
prevalent with the warped wooden supports,
is avoided. Another great advantage in
the Hardman pianos is the patent "harp
stop attachment," to be used at will;
this reduces the striking distance or blow of
the hammer, so that the volume of tone is
cut off, and any amount of exercises may be
practiced without annoyance to neighbors,
without putting the instrument out of tune,
and with little or no wear upon the "pelts."
Then tnere are tne iuacauer Bro.'s pi
anos, noted for their beautiful singing tone.
elegant cases, greatdurability, and exquisite
touch; surely recommendations to make any
Organ firms are represented by samples of
Palace, Chicago Cottage and Chase. The
self-playing -52olian organ has a fine octave
keyboard, the usual stop action, and the au
tomatic or self-playing action. By a care
ful and judicious arrangement of the per
forated papers, which are the equivalents of
the barrels in musio boxes, a large and
varied repertoire of classical or popular
music may be played at will. All the in
struments mentioned in this article and
others are carried in large stock at No. 77
ELEGaNT FALL GOODS, j
True Economy Dictates That Bayers Go to
Lynch's, 43S and 440 Market street.
Fall lms come, and with it merchants are
getting in their fall and winter lines of
goods, but it is safe to say that a better as
sortment than that of H. J. Lynch's, 438
and 440 Market street, cannot be found.
That this is recognized by buyers is attested
by the rapidly increasing pa'tronage of the
establishment. The stock comprises all the
fashionable and leading novelties in Em
broidered Robes and fall and winter Dress
Goods. The Underwear Department is dis
tinguishable for the completeness of the
stock and the low prices. It comprises
Camel's Hair, Merino, Scotch Wool and all
kinds of Flannels. For Suitings the line is
exceptionable, and contains Henriettas,
English Serges, French Cashmeres, Gilbert
Cloths, Jamestown Suitings, Plaids and
Combination Stuffs. Great bargains can be
had in Silks, Velvets, Surahs, Satins and
Plushes. Handkerchiefs, Embroideries,
Collars, Cufls, Gloves, Corsets, Braids and
Laces of the best quality are very cheap.
Black All-Wool Cashmeres, of extra qual
ity, range from 45c, fiOe, 60o to 51 per yard.
Comforts, Blankets, Sheets and other bed
furnishing material sell at bottom prices. In
fact all the lines of goods at Lynch's store
are of the best quality and at the lowest
Mounted Window bhades.
All colors of shades, mounted on best
spring rollers, ready to hang, at 60 cents
each at Groetzinger's, 627 and 629 Penn
avenue. " ..
rFSEFABEP FOB TBS PISPATCH.l
Beaders of The Dispatch who desire
information on subjects relating to indus
trial development and progress in mechani
cal, civil and electrical engineering and the
sciences can have their queries answered
through this colnmn.
In a pamphlet lately published, C. Mar
vin draws attention to the vast fields of
petroleum that at present owing to the
supineness" of the authorities, remain un
worked. In Burmah, which has not long
been under the control or the English Gov
ernment, great fields are known to exist,
but instead of working them and exporting
the oil, the people in that country actually
import from Russia the quantity they need
for their own consumption. "In Canada,
too, says Mr. Marvin, a similar state of
.The theory of the process of the forma-
tion of petroleum is a most interesting one.
It is generally admitted that the crust of
the earth is very thin In comparison with
the diameter of the latter, and that this
crust incloses soft or fluid substances,among
which the carbides of iron and other metals
find a place. When, in consequence of
cooling, or some other cause, a fissure takes
place through which a mountain range is
protruded the crust of the earth is bent, and
at the foot ot the hill fissures are formed,or,
at any rate, the continuity of the rocky
layers is disturbed, and they are rendered
more or less porous, so that surface waters
are able to make their way into the bowels
oi tne earth, and to reach occasionally the
heated deposits of metallic carbides, which
may exist either in a separated condition or
blended with other matter. Under such
circumstances it is easy to see what must
take place. Iron, or whatever other metal
may be present, forms an oxide with
the oxygen of the water; hydrogen is
either set free or combined with the carbon
which was associated with the metal, and
becomes a volatile substance that is,
naphtha. The water which had penetrated
down to the incandescent mass was changed
into steam, a portion of which found its
way through the porous substances wiih
which the fissures were filled, and carried
with it the vapors of the newly-formed
hydrocarbons, and this mixture of vapors
was condensed wholly or in part as it
reached the cooler, strata. The chemical
composition of the hydrocarbons produced
will depend upon the conditions of pressure
and temperature under which they are
formed. It is obvious that these may vary
between very wide limits, hence it is that
mineral oils, mineral pitch, ozokerite, and
similar proaucts aiuer so greatly irom each
other in their relative proportions of hydro
gen and carbon. Artificial petroleum has
been frequently prepared by a process anal
ogous to that just described.
There are everywhere signs that the
Americans are becoming thoroughly alive
to the causes which led to the decay of their
ship building and shipping industries.
Already there is increased activity in all
our shipyards, and there is every prospect
of our soon becoming a powerful rival to
England in these departments. When the
existing legislative obstacles have been re
moved there seems nothing to hinder us
from building and owning the ships neces
sary, at least, to carry our own commerce, as
we have abundance of national resources in
the shape of coal, iron and wood. There is
no doubt that public opinion is slowly but
surely veering round to a recognition of the
necessity of relaxing the ruinous restric
tions which have been imposed on the ship
ping industry. In other directions also the
same tendency is observable. The manu
facturers in New England are being seri
ously crippled by Western competition, and
in their difficulty they are crying out for a
relaxation of the tariff so as to permit the
importation of coal from Nova Scotia,
whereby they may be placed on a level with
their rivals. So long as the great indus
tries were confined to one particular part of
the States, no serious complaint was heard;
but now that the pinch of internal competi
tion is felt, the tariff question assumes a
new phase, which may, by and by, have an
important influence. .
work is naturally concentrated on. the two J
great arcades, which thave suffered greatly
from faulty foundations aggravated by the
injudicious use of iron in the masonry.
Owing to this failure of foundations, and
the corrosion of Iron, the exquisite capitals
have had a bad time. These "Stones of
Venice" have been split arid broken in a
most deplorable manner. The steps taken
to restore them, however, and to preserve
them for the delight of future generations
of art lovers have been most thorough. The
whole of the mason work has been
effectively and permanently strengthened,
and an attempt will be made to imitate in
color the old work. It is said that this is
being done so closely as to deceive the most
Hannfaclnro of Slate Pencil.
One of the most peculiar branches of in
dustry in this country is the manufacture of
slate pencils. There is only one slate pencil
factory in the United States. It employs 25
hands, who turn out 30,000 siate pencils
every day. The method of manufacture is
a good deal in advance of the primitive
methods employed some years back. Not
long since the blocks of soft slate from
which pencils are cut were sawed in lengths
and distributed .among the neighboring la
borers' families to be whittled down to pen
cil shape. Those working at them could
earn about 50 cents per thousand. Nowthe
blocks are put into a machine and cut into
square lengths by revolving knives, and the
lengths are afterward rounded and polished
by emery belts. One man can cut and finish
about 8,000 pencils per day.
OurProposed Worlds .Fair Bringa
Up Memories of the j
DISCOYEEER OP ODE COOTpi
Historians Believe Columbus to be the
Tint European Visitor.
THE NATIVES GERTIE ABD C0UETE0US
Preserving Fruit In Sand.
The Italians have a method of preserving
fruit in sand, alternate layers of fruit and
sand being put down. Oranges are fre
quently kept for months by this process.
The fruit is cut, not torn, from the tree. A
similar method has been adopted by a
grower of oranges in South Alrica, and the
fruit comes out of the "silo" in fine condi
tion at a time when oranges are scarce and
yield good prices. Sweet potatoes may be
preserved in the same manner.
A Mammoth Gnn.
A cast-steel gun weighing 235 tons has
just been shipped by Messrs. Krupp from
Hamburg for Cronstadt. The caliber of the
gun is 13f inches, the barrel is 40 feet in
length, and its greatest diameter is 6K feet.
The range of the gun is over 11 miles, and it
will fire two shots per minute, each shot
costing $1,250 to $1,500. The gun is the larg
est and heaviest in existence.
Snlphnrlc Ether Motor.
M. de Susini, a Corsican doctor, has, it is
asserted, constructed a motive apparatus or
propeller of 20 horse power which is worked
by sulphuric ether, a result jrhioh the doc
tor anticipates will realize a saving of 65
per cent of the combustible material at pres
ent employed for setting machinery in mo
PEDAGOGUE AND PUPIL
Prevention of Cotton Burning; nt Sea.
Another method has been added to those
heretofore proposed to prevent the burning
of cotton when conveyed in vessels. The
safeguard now brought forward consists in
wrapping each bale of cotton in wire gauze
instead of the usual covering of jute bag
ging. It has been, it is claimed, subjected
to all kinds of tests, including hooks and
compression, and has proved itself in all re
spects equal to jute bagging, which it does
not exceed in cost. The principle involved
is that the flame will not pass through very
small holes, according to the well-known
constrnction of the Davy safety lamp. Cot
ton packed in the hold of a vessel will,
when once on fire, burn more or less slowly
for weeks, even when the hold.is flooded with
sea water, and when removed the cotton
will burst into flames, burning fiercely and
destructively. Cotton bales have even been
known to float, blazing awav when thrown
overboard after being taken from a burning
vessel. In this case the cotton became
heated almost to the charring point by the
long-continued fire close by. But while
such wire cloth might stand a considerable
degree of beat for some timo, sooner or later
the metal will oxidize and fall to pieces. It
is suggested, therefore, that jute bagging
might be treated with silicate of soda or
some fireproofing "water glass" to render
the fabrio non-inflammable.
Miss Maggie Wise has been elected an
additional teacher in the Allen school.
The Teachers' Academy meets next Satur
day at the Grant school to elect officers.
November 1 is tne latest date fixed for" the
dedication of the Allegheny High School.
Miss Kate Y. Black -has been elected to
the vacancy in the Horn ewood school. Miss
Anderson was made substitute.
Ip Mrs. Cooper, formerly oQFredonia, N. Y..
will call at the Central Board rooms she will
find valuable information awaiting her.
De. McKeltet, President of tho Central
Board, returned yesterday from Lamar, Miss.,
where he had been In attendance at bis
The only applicant as yet who has applied
for the position of additional preceptress at
the High School is Miss Woods, the daughter
of Principal C.B. Woods. SS
Pbinctpai. MAETtw, Director Smalley and
seven teachers of the Waynesburg schools
were In the city on Friday and spent the after
noon at the Grant school, imbibing some of its
excellent school system.
The increase in the attendance at the Forbes
school justified the granting of another teacher,
which will he utilized to seeare a writing and
drawing teacher for this school. The election
will likely be held next month.
Miss EsSKLrra, who has charge -of the in
dustrial work at the California Normal School,
was a visitor at the Central Boardrooms yester
day. This young lady Is but a short time from
Sweden, and is an adept at industrial work.
Manager Johkstoit, of tho Exposition,
will have a whistle blown In Machinery Hall
and abellrungin the MalnbnIldlngatl2o'clocE
nereaicer, so mat tne school children will know
when to depart. It has been suggested that by
way of an attraction the school children ought
to give a grand chorus some evening.
Can Pittsburg have High Schools in tho
East End and Southside? This. is a question
that is. being discussed by the educational peo
ple Just at present. At the last meeting of the
Central Board a committee was appointed to
determine on the advisability of having such
schools in those two localities. It appears that
the Legislature will have to authorize such in
stitutions by special enactment, as the present
law provides that there shall be but one High
School for Pittsburg. Superintendent Luckey,
In speaking of this matter, said: "It depends
on the interpretation of the law. If the pro
posed East End and Southside High Schools be
considered additions to the Central School, in
which additions there would be only a two
years' course, then they might be erected under
the law." One thing Is certain, there cannot be
three regular High Schools. The committee
will report at the next meetinsr. If tha com.
mercial department be removed from the Cen
tral High School, as spoken of at the last meet
ing, it will likely be to the Ralston School,
where there are a number of vacant rooms.
Cheistt's Academy of Dancing and De
portment, 1012 Penu ave. Prof. Christy is
forming new classes on Monday evening" for
beginners. Waltz taught in one term.
Time is the true test. F. & V.'s Pilsner
beer grows daily in popularity.
Cash paid for old gold and silver, at
Hauch's, No. 295 Fifth ave.
Cabinet photos, $1 per doz. Lies' Pop
ular Gallery, 10 and 12 Sixth t xxsu
ALL corsets from 25o to f 1 60 less than
regular price at the closing out sale of F.
Schoenthal, 612 Penn ave.
WnrKB hosiery 25 per cent cheaper than
you can get them elsewhere. Come quick.
F. Schoenthal, 612 Penn ave.
Children' Feasant Cloaki,
Newmarkets, etc, in immense variety at
real bargain prices, at Bosehbaum & Co.'s.
Why Mortar Hardens.'
"Until very recently it was held by most
engineers and architects that the solidifica
tion of mortars took place in consequence of
the absorption of carbonic acid gas by the
lime during the process of crystallization,
but it has been fairly objected to this theory
that the quantity of carbonic acid gas con
tained in the atmosphere which could be
brought into contact with a large body of
cement wouia not sumce to saturate tne
latter. The generally received opinion on J
tne subject now is that Junes harden simply
in consequence ot the combination with
water which takes place during the slacken
ing, and that the rapidity of the setting and
the permanence of the newly formed hydrate
of lime depends upon its being combined
with some other salt; the pure hydrate of
lime is, in fact, soluble, the hydrated sili
cate of lime is tolerably insoluble, but it
forms slowly; while the hydrated double
silicate of lime and alumina, or of lime and
magnesia, are practically insoluble. This
may be taken as an explanation of the gen
eral conditions which arise, but the obscure
subject of the chemical actions which take
place under the influence of high degrees of
temperature has not yet been thoroughly in
vestigated, and offers a most interesting field
of experiment and research.
Reiteration of Claiilc Architecture.
An interesting account has just been pub
lished of the restoration of the Doge's
Palace at Venice. The restoration under
takes to restore the beautiful buildings on
the banks -of the Venetian Grand Canal, so
charmingly described by Buskin. This
work of restoration is one of the mmt erfon.
ve i and .painstaking of modern 'timesj The I
ETEUETT PIANO CLUB,
Or Co-Operative System of Selling Pianos,
Is the most successful and satisfactory plan
ever tried. We are delivering pianos as fast
as our wagons can hanl them. Our mem
bers get the lowest possible price, because
there are enough members to contract for
350 pianos, and thus save ?75 in the price of
each piano; 350 members, each paying $1
per week, will pay for one piano in cash
each week, and we deliver one piano per
week on these payments. Members who
pay all cash, or who pay $25 cash and $10
monthly can take their pianos at once, and
still get the discount obtained by the club
contract. The piano selected by the club
has no superior. Having the whole market
to choose from on so large a contract, we
chose the Everett because it gives lull value,
dollar for dollar. We pay nothing for rep
utations of men who died years ago. The
Everett is a piano of to-day, with all the
latest improvements. The tone is rich,
powerful and musical, and they are made to
wear. Each piano is warranted for seven
years. Now don't wait too long. Our club
is not yet full, but we are delivering pianos,
and it is filling up rapidly. Send tor cir
cular or call and see the pianos at once.
Alex. Boss, Manager,
137 Federal street, Allegheny.
De-JohitW. James, magnetic healer,
also massage treatment.
Booms at 954 Penn avenue, Pittsburg,
Office hours from 1 P. M. to 7 P. M.
Located on Penn avenue for the past two
Yon Are a Fool
If you do not buy a piano or an organ from
us this month, as we are selling at prices
unheard ot in this city.
Upright pianos, 1 octave, $175.
Square pianos, 1 octave, $100.
Organs, 6 octave, $44.
Organs, 6 octave, $50.
All the above goods are new. Money re
funded if not satisfactory.
Echols, Mcmusbay & Co.,
123 Sandusky street, Allegheny.
Recently In the Lobby of the Grand Opera
Allegheny Dude Do you see that pretty
girl wearing the yellow buff hat?
Pittsburg Dude Yes, Why?
Allegheny Dude Why, because she was
at the point of death for three days, and her
physician said she must die, but she was re-
Atnrpri hv nsinp McCnllniioh'fl vnmtMfn1
old "Prince Begent" whisky. Sold onlr at
rnuivmat ros nut sispatck.1
Now, and henceforth, as the World's
Fair progresses the history of Columbus
must and will be immortalized. Human
society, like the human body, is subject to
epidemics. We have sentimental epidemics,
political epidemics and dramatized ro
mance. At present certain dynamical con
ditions are arising where sentiment evolves
dogma and the country is resolved into a
vast debating club, and we find ourselves la
the age of polemical wrangling, and the
question, "The site for the World's Fair?"
becomes the speculative epidemic. But,
leaving the decision of the important ques
tion to the contending forces ot Mammon
and sentiment, thoughts as to why we honor
the memory of Columbus obtrude them
selves. There is no achievement in the
world's history so worthy of glowing fame
as the great deed of Columbus. When he
set sail across an unknown sea, upon
the faith ot conviction, he did it with a de
liberate dignity of a heroic purpose. What
a hazardous undertaking! no telescope, no
quadrant. The Copernican system undis
covered. Ignorance and superstition ruled
the seamen. But on that fair October day in
1492 the first glimpse of
AX tTNKiro'Wir TVOBLD
appeared, sails were lowered, Columbus, in
crimson array, bore the Spanish flag, his
captains each a banner, and on bended
knees chanted the Te Deum, and then with
courtly formality took possession of the new
country. It is a curious fact that the
island that made the new world a certainty
should itself remain uncertain of identifica
tion for 400 years. Navarrete, Humboldt,
Irving, Buchez ;b.ave each identified a dif
ferent island, bntof the glory of that first
entrance on the American continent there
can be no doubt.
Is it surprising that the simple natives
cried "Come and see the people from
heaven;" but were only too soon destined to
believe that their visitors were from a
very different region. Columbus de
scribed the innocent happiness of the
natives. "They were no wild savages.
but were very gentle and courteous." he
says, "without knowing what evil is, with-
MM. lrillt... .M.7VY.MA n.MslSn. " MIL... ..
wui jv...u, wtuiuut afccajiug. jLueats vag
inal owners gave to him a new world for
Castile and Leon, while in exchange he
gave to them "some glass beads and little
red caps," believing that they were more
easily made Christian through love than
fear, but the tragedy of the world began
when we find this same admiral writing to
the Spanish Majesties that he would be
able to furnish them with gold, cot
ton, spices, etc., etc., and slaves "slaves!
As many of them as their highness shall
command to be shipped;" and thus this
land a paradise of almost primeval beauty
and simplicity was transformed into a land
of cruel bondage, desolation and death. But
the past is forever gone, and in its stead
have come days of prosperity, highest civil
ization and a nation, the noblest 'on the
While seven cities dijputed the honor of
being the birthplace of the divine Homer,
ten cities does not exhaust the
list of ambitious places that as
pire to the glory of havingiven to the
world "ze great Christopher Columbo." In
his life, so full of illusions and strange vi
cissitudes, as a philosopher, as a Christian,
he belonged less to the age in which he
lived than any of his co temporaries. He
shared the cruel prejudices of his age, but
To him a dream was a revelation, and in
matters of religion he yielded a blind, un
reasoning faith. The sublime fervor of an
ardent imagination never left him. The
son of a wool comber, from a desperate ad
venturer he passed to a successful discover
er, and emblazoned on his shield the royal
arms of Castile and Leon. He went out in
search of a new route and found a king
dom. The picturesque and romantic legends
of the "Wonderstrands" are resisted by
American antiquarians, wno aisllke any
thing vague or legendary, and prefer to
think that no European visitors had come
to these shores before Columbus; but
shadowy romance does hover all around our
continent, despite the resistance of
antiquarians. Historians first shrank from
the innovation when the ponderous volume,
"Antiquatates Americana;," containing the
Norse legends of Vinland made its appear
ance, and even yet George Bancroft will
hardly allude to the subject and phrases the
legends "mythological." But with Colum
bus' discovery of America came the revolu
tion of the world, in science, in literature,
and in Christianity.
For the first time the world commenced
using its brains, the people awakened to the
iaea oi social improvement, and the dawn
of literary activity began. Then came be
fore the thinking Europeans the thought of
TOO MUCH OPPBESSIOIT,
and to the free shores of America 'they
came. Savages, pestilence and poverty at-
cMtt uieui. .mo weas yieiaea, out the
strong character resisted, and the result is
an unprejudiced, independent patriotic
Christian nation. A review of scientific
progress from the time Columbus shouted
the eureka of a new continent from
the quarter deck of the frail Plata,
challenges a comparison with the
most renowned genii of ancient
romance. And in literature what strides
we have made! When Sidney Lanier wrote
"America is going to give a great new revo-
luuontu uemocrauo meraiure, wnicn will
wear a slouch hat and have its shirt open at
the bosom one generally riot in a comnUto
.independence of form, n American believed
mm, out wnen Jur. uiaastone recently pro
claimed "the right of America to be the
great organ of the powerful English tongue"
every American with one voice shouts
"Viva la Gladstone."
Soon nations will unite with us in the
commemoration of Columbus' discoveries.
Through the great navigator the Old and
the liew World were linked together, "for
better, for worse," and as the panoiama of
American history passes before us, we see
nothing more picturesque than the period
of Spanish adventures nothing more
tragical than the pictures of the wrongs en
dured by the native population. "A king,
dom as full of people as hives are of bees.
Where are they now? As we extend a wel
come to all nations of the globe, let us not
forget the tribes we have dispossessed, whose
extermination has made room for our own
prosperity and happiness. M. M.
M. G. Cohen, diamond expert and jew
eler, formerly cor. Fifth ave. and Market
now at KS3 Hmithneld st.
. ' CAITGIX IJf A".IIMP18T.
A Saw Oeeaa Racer EzftrltHH a Savers
New York, October 12. The steamship
Augusta Victoria, from Hamburg-, arrived
to-day and reports an exceedingly violent
tempest last Saturday and Sunday. The
officers of the steamship ssade their report
to-day to the agents of the line, C. B. Bioh
ards & Co. They stated that the storm was
the worst that they had ever experienced.
The furious waves were lashed into foam by
the violent gales, and, mountains high,
swept over the decks of the steamer.
The portrait and turtle deck were smashed
into fragments. The ladder leading down
the companion way was also twisted and
smashed. A big wave on Sunday afternoon
struck the bridge where the Captain was
standing. It broke the telegraph instru
ment that connected with the engineer's
apartments. The compass was knocked out
of gear by the same big wave, but was soon
set right again. One wave rolled over the
ocean racer, caught one of the boatswains
and dashed hira against the stanchions. He
was severely Injured, and is now confined
in the hospital aboard ship. Another great
wave came over the side and nearly killed
the steerage steward. The Augusta Vic
toria is the new steamer of the Hamburg
Line. Her officers state that she stood the
storm nobly. The damage she sustained
can be easily repaired.
If vou have
steste er lesuHatr te
0VVl JL U 4
OF PUKE CO! UVXtJK AD;
of zna jso soda
am ST7XUB otxrjh xo:k. acv.
This preparation cob tolas ts aWis
1 Mug properties of tha MypophatphHe
I and fine Jforuwyte CeA Lifter OtU
I trr DhTsiolan all the world over. HHm-m
paiatkhlatamah. Three thaes as V
auiiu u raiun uu autok ltil. a. ssonesja.
1 Bauliion, better thaaWlenM.jM-,'
Sorofula, nd.as Fla 1
t&eretonotalBg like MOT'S
i Itlaiotd tar an. SnuMtses. L
Erofuse explanation or ImpaeUyl (
idaco yea to aeeapt a satisUWij,,
Gx. w m s IJprSir w
L. GLESEmCA TXT Stt I
EnS-iter at FINE'CAB8IA
Our assortment JscladesHgbtaaOvavy-i
See Display at Expoititow.
Salesrooms, 518 asd DMPeaa ayewvl
140 coaaecuoa wlta ay outer osmsge 1
SN.AJP NO. 4.
Por this week we announce the following goods at osteon dlsg tow prlees: L.C. 1
meness guns at leu u; i-aixer tiros.' breech-loaders, H6W; Her Baker cub at :
x-rKeratA w; i A.iiiAomn em ;; w.ucDrM' tep aeasni
action at t!2 00: under lever 17 0U. The above are all doable-barrel
warranted. Champion single-barrel top action, twist barrel, at K 08, asd alt
GllUaUJ JUMT Jl I1GC3.
IK:. SUUCm?, 934 Liberty St, Cor. SmRhffekU.
Bend name and address for our Catalogue and Prtea List, seat free ef oearsta.
We have just received and have now ready far i
TAa44A.T nJn TX .A.- CfAM W.l. CfnAM MMl . &.11 .. iM .
uoauuuiu umua j-minni oau), .c uux oaua lUXUBluu anst
unina, odd pieces, to wnicn we invite the attestkm actum l
R P. W ALLAOE & CO
"Wood. Str- .
OPPOSITE ST. CHABLE&
TO QUIT BUSINESS
Lamps, Cut Glass, Gas Fixture!
Bronzes ancLClocks, Art Pottcriei
Tea, Dinner and Chamber Sel
Specialties in Wedding and J
Anniversary Gifts and. Holidaji
TheJ.P.Smfth Lamp, Glass aod China Hi
935 Penn Ave., Between Ninth and TMtn Ot.
623 Liberty street, foot of ttfifth avenue. J Water st.
SI. G. Coheir diamond expert and Jew
eler, formerly cor. JTifth ave. and Market
st, now at S33 Smithfleld st.
Among the many brands of lager beer
thrown upon the market the output of the
Bauerlein Brewing Co., of Bennetts, Pa
has been Justly assigned a place in the front
rank of the brewing industry and is ad
judged to be one of the finest beers brewed.
Families and the trade supplied. Tele
phone 1,018, Bennetts, Pa., opposite Fortv
third st, tittsbuig, Pa. awrsu
"Waik-vtbiohi's pure beer Is Jnstly
esteemed for its delightful flavor. So bad
effects can possibly arise from using it freely
Kept by all dealers, or may be ordered di
rect. Telephone 625. TnStt
Seitd your old hair cloth parlw knits and
have them upholstered in the latest tyle
and goods by Haugh & Keenan, 38 and 34
Have we any rights as Caterers to the wants
public to presume to ask a share of their patronage so far';
pertains to perfect fitting out or furnishing their houses cojm
plete or in a xart, in all that p-oes to make vour home a.i
furnished one. Much has been said of late and more wlbl
said by firms who pretend to be in position to properly!
ish a house, of how cheap they can sell this or how.iNS
thev can do that Still, when thev have been tnven the. c
" t . t i .1 i .... ... ., 'ISK":
proper cnance to display tneir aDUity, setting tnemseives;
before the public, how sadly they have been left Take,
exhibits at the Exposition, a place where we are all exp
to put on our best bib and tucker, and what do tkey s
Why, in our opinion, they don't understand the first
of an Exposition. Who, in your opinion, if you have had
pleasure of attending the Exposition, are entitled to th
erence of your trade? We certainly are not presuming tod i
in asking you to give this your serious attention, when
ing for Furniture, Carpets, Bedding, Stoves, Ranges, el
fact anything and everything kept in stock, that any
would wish for to beautify their homes.
Davis Sewing Machines are our specialty. We
low for cash, or if you prefer, will give you time to settl
HOPPER BROS, k COl
THE COMPLETE HOUSEFURNISHERH
307-WOOD T. 3
r- - .' BeBureTouGetinOwStoct.
iiltilililMi Jilted -uj---iii ii.tflli