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5?HE HTTSBTJRG BISPATCfS, SATUEDAT, OCTOBER 12, 1889.
The Pitteburs Diepatcti
.Sunday, Oct. 13, 1889,
"TWENTY PAGES I 100 COLUMNS I
Full of New and Startling Features.
THE GREAT BIBLICAL ROMANCE,
A Story of the Exodus, by Professor Georg
Has Bounded Into Popularity, and Has Won
warm Encomiums From
PULPIT, PRESS AND PUBLIC.
I Wish I Yere a Man.
Well-Known Women Tell What They Would
Do if They Were Men.
RIFLE RANGES OF MTTSBTJRG,
An Illustrated Article of Great Interest to
Military and Sportsmen.
DESIGNS FOE CHEAP HOMES,
Prepared by an Eminent Architect for The
THE REALM OF CHANCE,
A Graphic Description of the Gambling at
"SOPHIA PAULO VNA ECZARDY."
A Great Story by Henry Harland (Sidney
There are too many pood things in this isuc
of The Dispatch to enumerate them all.
Here are the names of some of the contributors
to this number:
Ella Wheeler Wilcox,
Mrs. Frank Leslie,
R. W. Shoppell,
James B. Morrow,
M. a Williams,
Mrs. General Custer,
G. II. Sandi.-on,
Ernest H. Hoinrichs.
Louise Chandler Moul-
The Dispatch, as Usual Will Contain
ALL THE MWS FHOM EVERYWHERE.
ESTABLISHED FEBRUARY S, ISIS.
VoLH ivo.:47. Entered at Pittsburg l'ostofflce.
November 14, l&ST, as second-class matter.
Business Office97 and 99 Fifth Avenue.
News Booms and Publishing House 75,
77 and 79 Diamond Street.
Eastern Advertising Office Koom 46, Tribune
Average net circulation of the dally edition of
Tex DiErATcn for six months ending September
SO, 16S9, as sworn to before City Controller,
Copies per Issue.
Average net circulation of the Sunday edition of
The Dispatch for four months ending Septem
ber S, 1SS9,
Copies per Issue.
TERMS OF THE DISPATCH.
POSTAGE FBEE IN THE UNITED STATES.
Datlt Dispatch, One Tear $8 00
Dailt Dispatch, 1'er Quarter 2 00
Dailt Dispatch, Oneitonth TO
Daily Diepatch. Including hnnday, I year. 10 00
Daily Dispatch, including bunday,3m'ths. M
Daily Dispa- rn, including bunday.l month 90
bnsDAY Dispatch, One'iear I JO
Weekly Dispatch, One Year 1 15
The Daily Dispatch Is delivered by carriers at
35 cents per week, or Including bunday edition, at
SC cents per week.
PITTSBURG, Saturday, oct. 12, iss9.
1 PHTSBUHG'S CARNEGIE LIBRARY.
1 The statement that Mr. Carnegie has,
a"er a vice years pending of his offer to
furnish Pittsburg with a free library, deter-
. mined to wait no longer on the tardy action
of the city government but to go ahead
' solely on his own account, iorms the subject
of an article elsewhere, which will be of the
keenest interest to Pittsburg.
The erection of a 750,000 building, which
cball combine the characteristics of a fine
library and a home lor the scientific and art
organizations of the city, will be a splendid
v addition to the public institutions of Pitts
Vburg. The impatience over the delay of the
City Councils, which is attributed to Mr.
Carnegie by this report, is not unnatural
tinder the circumstances; although the
tardiness may be partially excused by the
legal obstacles which had to be overcome.
Nevertheless since that impatience results
in such a magnificent enlargement of Mr.
Carnegie's proposition, the public will not
object to the rather uncomfortable position
in which it leaves our city politicians.
Host certainly the public will welcome
with great approval the realization of such
a project as is elsewhere outlined. The
' erection of a 5750,000 library, with the
features suggested, in the central part of
t the city, will supply in the best manner a
r; lack for which our city has heretofore been
THE EMPERORS' MEETING.
The Czar and the Kaiser have been fol-
lowing the Democratic advice and "got
I together." The possibility of doing this
khas been doubtful for some time, and still
the incredulous are not above hinting that
. while they maybe together in body they
5 are still a long distance apart in spirit
Nevertheless the visit of Alexander to Ber
' lin has its significance. It is not likely that
these two monarchs would put themselves
in a position of amity while cherishing the
intention to set their armies at each other
when the spring opens. In addition to that
general probability, the stories that the
Czar would not meet Bismarck, or that Bis
f marcs: wonld steer clear of the Czar, prove
' to have been the productions of a lively
imagination. While the confabulations of
William and Alexander may not be
- especially wise, they are likely to carry the
meaning that this country cannot sell its
food products to Europe in 1890 at war
I0CA1 P2LDE EUK BIOL
Here in Pittsburg we are not wont to
think ill of a man because he happens to
, live in Allegheny, but out west a river that
separates two towns separates natural ene
mies. "Witness the rivalry between St. Paul
and Minneapolis, a rivalry that has even
affected the phlegmatic geniuses who com-
7)088 the directories of those cities and
urged them to poetic flights of fancy. But
the culmination of this singular feeling has
i'been reached in another "Western citv. In
3rainerd, Minn., the boys living on the
least side of the Mississippi have long been
at war with the boys living on the west side.
The eastern boys looked down upon the
western boys as wild desperadoes of the
frontier, and the latter regarded the eastern
fellows as little better than namby-pamby
tenderfoots, beneath the notice of healthy
A day or two ago this feeling took an ag
gressive turn. The easterners took their pis
tols, the westerners their rifles, and blazed
away at each other. One boy was killed
and the war for the time ended. "What
subsequent campaigns may bring forth
when the lads' parents and elder relatives
take up the quarrel in the "Western way, it
is hard to picture. Local pride is a beauti
ful thing on its proper pedestal and within
a reasonable limit of size, but when it de
velops an antagonism between neighboring
hamlets, villages, towns or cities, leading
the citizens to boast mendaciously of their
individual dwelling place's capacity, to
print dogs' names in the directories in order
to swell the apparent size of the popnlation,
to abuse each other maliciously, and to even
shed each others blood, then local pride is
only another name for a violent and dis
reputable form of mania, a sort of moral de
lirium tremens, from which every decent lo
cality should be free.
HALSTEAD'S HONEST BACKDOWN.
The rapid exchange of compliments in the
line of accusations of jobbery, which the
Ohio campaign has developed between its
leaders, has landed Mr. Murat Halstead in
a position where he has to take it back.
Having made the charge that Mr. Camp
bell, the Democratic candidate for 'Gover
nor, had while a member of Congress been
engaged in a patent ballot box job, and sup
ported the accusation by the publication of
alleged signatures, contracts and subscrip
tions, Mr. Halstead has been forced to
acknowledge that, upon further examination
he finds the signature of Mr. Campbell is
forged. The frankness with which he
makes this avowal while the campaign is
pending shows thai, when he is convinced
he is wrong, he is ready to make amends.
Thus he presents a favorable contrast to Mr.
Campbell's course with regard to a charge
which he has made and refuses either to
retract or support by evidence before an
Nevertheless the fact that Mr. Halstead
has been obliged to take back a charge
which he had made with a great deal of
furore will inevitably redound in, favor of
the Democrats, and should not be without
its lesson to campaigners of the red-hot type.
The lesson is that it is not wise to be too
quick in taking up roorbacks. It is worth
while to believe even your political oppo
nents to be honest until the opposite is quite
clearly proved. If you have any charges to
make, be quite sure of your evidence before
you fire them off with all the pomp and cir
cumstance of double-leaded typeand "scare"
head-lines. Beware of entrance upon the
quarrel of political charges, and therefore
do not go in until yon are sure that you can
make your opponent beware of such cam
paign dnels in the future.
This is a good policy both for its individ
ual and political effect. The Democratic
party leaders who vouched for and circu
lated the Morey letter forgery in 18S0 not
only lost by it, but have had reason to icel
small ever since. Mr. Halstead is more
honest than they, in exposing the forgery
before the campaign is over; but he would
have been much better off if he had taken
time to detect it before hurling it into the
melee of the Ohio campaign.
C0U TO PITTSBURG TEE CLEAN.
"With a clear sky and a clear conscience
we can commiserate Chicago on her smoky
condition. Pittsburg has no boasts to make,
but we cannot help hearing the verdict of
the civilized world that Pittsburg is the
cleanest manufacturing city on earth. Chi
cago is groaning under a heavy cloud of
emoke, and does not know how to dissipate
it It is a case where the poetic sonl of
Chevalier Eugene Field and the terrific
mind of Frank Lawler are alike at fault
The detectives of the "Windy City have
found nothing as usual in the way of a
remedy. The smoke stifles the panting
poets of the prairie who live in Chicago's
suburbs, and the newsboys who lend a little
life to the ponderous gloom of her city
streets aie abnormally hoarse.
So grave a nuisance has the soft coal
smoke become that the grand jury has
gravely brought in a special presentment
against it This will have a tremendous ef
fect. A jury is a mighty hard thing to get
in Chicago, and when a grand jury de
nounces an evil, if it be a properly consti
tuted and a modest evil, it fades away at
once. But soft coal smoke is, it is to be
feared, not the sort of nuisance to be abated
by presentments. There is really but one
course we can honestly and hopefully rec
ommend the people ot Chicago to pursue.
Let them abandon the swampy flats, the
filthy libel upon a river, the prairie-laid
suburbs, the vile lake winds and the fall of
inky suffocating smoke, and hie them hither
to the clean, clear airof Pittsburg, to the Iron
City, which grows larger and more beantiful
every day, at the gateway of the Ohio. "We
will cheerfully give their manufacturers
sites for their industries, homes in the love
liest, hilly scenery the country can afford,
natural gas to warm, work and cook for
them, and a share in the abounding pros
perity the present holds for us and the fu
ture promises to double. Flee from smoky
Chicago and come to clean, cheerful Pitts
burg! To clinch the bargain, we'll give
you a jury of honest men to try the mur
derers of Cronin.
IKTE2ESTIHG BUT UNSELLABLE.
The report that the English Government
had called for reports from the military
officials of Canada, on the ability of the
Canadian railways to transport troops
promptly from one part of the Dominion to
another, was a feature in yesterday's news
which caused a little flutter. "Were the
Behring's Sea seizures to cause a mobiliza
tion of the British forces on our frontier? or
had the Tory Government concluded to
crush home rule by an attack on its cita
dels in the United States? These explana
tions of the rumor, though wildly improb
able, mightwell cause some reflectionson the
utter absence of preparations to resist at
tack on our side. But a much more credit
able and reliable explanation of the report
came later on, by anthorityof the Cana
dian Minister of "War. That is simply that
the whole story is a fabrication.
NEW YORK'S FIN ANCIAL FIZZLE.
New York's finance committee has labored
with tbe problem of the money for the
"World's Fair, lo these months, and has at
last arrived at the deliberate conclusion that
some one in New York should raise a guar
antee fund of five million dollars.
As this was evident .to everyone from the
start, with the addition that if Hew York is
to make any figure in the competition the
fund should be at least ?10,000,000, it is per
missible to infer that the metropolitan
finance committed is not going to sweep
everything before it If it takes months for
me sumoructt uuuj wi uuu oui tviwir every- i
ItJrJt . - ".. , ....... .atiafA A
one knew in the first place, that a fund must
be raised, how many years will it take for
the much more arduous task of inducing the
millionaires to come down with their sub
scriptions? A negative light is thrown on this ques
tion by the omission of the report to say
anything about the sums which the mem
bers of the committee, representing from
$500,000,000 to $1,000,000,000 of New York's
wealth, will subscribe for this fund. The
New York exposition project is a fizzle in
Another advance in iron makes it per
tinent for iron manufacturers to ask whether
the market is not starting on the road that
may eventually make it necessary to look
out for a reaction from the boom.
It is with feelings of surprise and delight
that we note a new discovery in history
made by our esteemed co temporary the New
York Press. Speaking of the reported
Boulanger project for a descent on France,
that journal says: "It sounds as a play bill
might read for a performance founded on
Napoleon's flight from St. Helena." The
announcement that Napoleon made a flight
from St Helena will be news to tbe world
at large, who have heretofore rested under
the impression that, however the great Em
peror may have left Elba, he was carried
out ot St Helena in his coffin.
The notes of preparation for competition
in the sugar trade are heard, and give the
promise of reasonable prices once more.
Mb. A. Oaket Haxi. alleges that his
character has been d imaged $50,000 worth
by a casual reference to him in Bryce's
"American Commonwealth" as having been
connected with the Tweed ring. After he
has won this suit he will of course proceed
to sue the Harpers and Thomas Nast for
about the amount of the national debts of
England and America, in order to keep
things in due proportion.
The railroad president who has started
ontonfoot to inspect the 400 miles of his
road inaugurates a gratifying departure
from the usual method of letting the stock
holders do the walking.
Me. Jat Gould's visit to the St Louis
fair is said to have elicited from him expres
sions of great pleasure at the condition of
the stock exhibited there. This relieves the
apprehensions of the St Louis people, who
feared from the antecedents of Mr. Gonld
that he might regard the stock as insuffici
Eight Cronin jurors have at last been
secured. As this is at the rate of nearly one
per week, there is hope that after the pre
liminaries have gone on for three months
the trial will begin.
The Veiled Prophets of St Louis had a
great jubilee the other night; but itis under
stood thai Hicks, the weather prophet, did
not join in the festivities. He has reached
the rank of an unveiledpiophet by the fail
ure of his great storm to turn up in any
quarter of the world where he could claim
Fbaxce is imprisoning its bank directors
who upheld the copper combination. The
example might not be without profit as
applied to the combinations and trusts of
Ekgland's alleged inquiry as to what it
costs to transport troops through Canada,
caused some agitation. Yet, when similar
inquiries are made concerning the expense
of transporting the Pennsylvania militia on
their various picnics, it never causes a
ripple of excitement in England or Canada.
The announcement is made that the live
stock yards will not be removed from East
Liberty. So much the worse for East Lib
erty without being much better for the
One of the remarkable examples of the rev
olutions of time, is that afforded by the vio
lently Republican New York Press with its
indignation over the "infamous charges" to
the effect that Mahone was not as good a
Confederate soldier as he might have been.
In New Yort City the public has the
alternative plainly presented, whether it is
cheaper to bury the electric light wires or
to bury the people who are killed by them.
The use of sewage in poisoning our rivers
instead of fertilizing the productive lands
of this vicinity forms the subject of a local
interview. The former is the easier course,
and therefore it is generally adopted; but
the latter would pay a great deal the best
The Australian ballot system appears to
be jumping into favor with leaps like those
of that other peculiarly Australian product,
Thebe seems to be some doubt about the
cause of the collision on the "Wheeling and
Lake Erie Railroad yesterday; but there is
no question that the poor miners who were
caught in the smash-up were much bruised
Pittsbueg should devote especial at
tention to capturing its share of the mari
time steel trade at the Boston Exposition
The widening of Cecil alley is bound to
go through if the property holders do not
ask too much for the ground which is to be
taken. There is much danger as well as
much virtue in this example ot the "if."
PEOPLE OF PROMINENCE.
The home of Prof. Tyler, at Amherst, Mass.,
which was recently injured by fire, was the
birthplace of "H. H."
"W. H. Vanderbllt, of the Yale class of '93,
is a son of Cornelius Vanderbllt He has been
elected Captain of tbe Freshman crew and has
subscribed $100 to the same.
Ait alleged .newspaper man wrote a piece of
doggerel dedicated to General Alger some time
ago and sent him a proof with this cool asser
tion: ''I have drawn on you for 8300."
The Republican candidates for Govern or and
Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts this
year are natives of New Hampshire a State
long noted for the number of its sons who have
achieved eminence away from home.
Announcement is made of the death of
Thomas Monet Mason, who accompanied Mr.
Green in the famous voyage of the great Nassau
balloon from Vauxhall Gardens to Wellberg in
1835. He was a brilliant flute player, and once
managed an Italian Opera Company in Lo ndon
for a season at a loss of over 300,000. The lat
ter years of his life were spent in retirement, in
literary pursuits, and particularly on a critical
treatise on the Greek New Testament
The death of tbe Dowager Lady Holland, it
is feared, will bring into the market Holland
House, now almost in tbe heart of London, for
nearly 100 years the seat of elegant hospitality
and the resort of wits and men of letters. A
suggestion has been made that it be converted
into a historical museum. It is reported, how
ever, that Lord llchester, to whom this famous
znanslon'Lwith its spacious grounds, covering
nearly 80 acres, now belongs, has no intention
How the Boulette'Wheel Bnllt a Fortune
In Pittsburg Look After tbe Pennies If
Ton Wonld be Itlcb.
"That's a fine building,' said I to a friend the
other day as we passed a tall structure of red
brick down town.
Yes." be replied, "you'd hardly think that it
represents a night's-winnings at roulette."
How can that beT The only gambling going
on now is of tbe "shoe string" sort on the bor
ders of tbe desert In Allegheny, is it not?
r'Ob, tbe gambling took place 20 or more
years ago in tbe city of Baden Baden, when
tbe man who erected that building lived there.
He was poor and as he grew toward man's es
tate a desiro to gu to America overwhelmed
every other thought in his mind. But he had
not the money to pay his passage.
"One night be chanced to be walking in the
grounds of tbe Conversationhaus pondering
upon his unhappy fortune when the thought
occurred to him that by adventuring the sum
of money bo had which was not large enough
to be of any use at the gaming table he might
make a stake sufficient to carry blm to Amer
ica. Without more delay he went to the gam
bling ball and, without plan or special precision,
risked bis money on the roulette wheel. He
won from the very first and loft the Conversa
tionhaus that night with money in every
pocket. The next day he played awhile again,
but after adding a little to his winnings of the
preceding night be left the table. He tooK
with him a resolution never to gamble again
and enough gold to carry him to America and
give him a fair start in business there. He has
kept both tbe resolution and tbe gold. The
latter has multiplied exceedingly."
"The moral then is f"
"That it is a good thing to make absolution
never to gamble, and to keep it."
The lawyer who without any ramarkablo
forensic or other remarkable ability wishes to
amass a competence, must be careful about
tbe little things, the petty suits, and the pen
nies. Once upon a time within the recollection of a
middle-aged man, when the city of Pittsburg
deserved the name of "Smoky," a certain law
yer said to a young man who was reading law
In his office: "Mr. Bines, you would confer a
favor upon me by calling upon a client of mine
this afternoon. It is Mr. Brown, who wants to
have his will drawn."
Mr. Blngs, who was then a bright young man
not overmuch In love with the law, willingly
agreed. He took down Mr. Brown's address on
paper and brought the rough draft of the will
back to tbe learned lawyer. The latter took
the junior's notes, and, having read them, re
marked: "This is all right, Mr. Blngs, but I see
Mr. Brown has only named one executor how's
"He only named one," said Mr. Blngs.
"But yon shonld have suggested another, my
dear boy me for example. Now, when I take
back this will for the old man to sign you just
watch and see how I shall manage matters."
So Mr. Blngs accompanied his parent-at-law
to Mr. Brown's bedside for the old man was
failing fast. The lawyer read the will and Mr.
Brown approved it. Before he was allowed to
sign it, however, the lawyer asked: "What
about executors, Mr. Brown T"
"Why, I have named Mr. Jones," the testator
replied rather testily.
"That's only one," said his legal adviser;
"there ought to be two."
"Well, I don't know whom to say I know of
no one who would care."
"Oh,;Mr. Brown, if you wish it I should
esteem it an honor to bo your executor."
Down went the lawyer's name upon the will,
and he winked at Mr. Bines as he placidly
pressed a blotter upon the document.
As they went down stairs the lawyer said to
the student, "you see how easily these little
things are done."
He did see, and every time he sees that
lawyer's name in print he thinks of Mr.
Brown's will and 5 per cent.
Story of a Flower Girl Who Became a
College President's Wife.
New Yobk, October IL The account of the
opening of Barnard College, named after the
late President of Columbia College, recalls a
pretty little romance of long ago. Years ago
in Dayton, O., the custom prevailed of holding
market days several times a week. One
soft, sunshiny spring morning there ap
peared at the market house a flower
girl selling bouquets. The girl was young and
charming, and spoke with a French accent.
Tbe first young man wbo passed that wav
bougbt a bouquet. Every one wbo followed
did likewise. In an hour the first flower sale
that had ever taken place in Dayton was ended,
the stock sold out, and tbe fair vender disap
peared. Next market day tbe little maiden ap
peared again. She charmed everyone. For two
seasons the flower girl lit up the dingy market
house by her bright presence. One day, she
was gone. From that time the place knew her
no more. Years after one of the young ladies
who had been a patron of the fair flower seller
was in New York shopping In Denning's or, as
it was known then, Stewart's, a stranger ap
proached, and, greeting her by her maiden
name, expressed much pleasure at the meeting
and inquired for Dayton people.
"uouDuess you nave lorgoiten me," saia ine
stranger, "but you used to tray my flowers in
the market house. That was long ago. I lire
here now. I am married. Here is my card."
It bore the name of tbe wife of President
Barnard of Columbia College. A subsequent
conversation explained the mystery of the
flower seller. The father of Mile. was
exiled from Paris for political reasons, and his
estates were confiscated. He came to America
and drifted to Dayton, where in a modest cot
tage in the French quarter he beguiled the
term of his banishment by cultivating flowers,
while bis little daugbter eked out their slender
income by selling bouquets. After ten years a
change in tbe government restored in a meas
ure their fallen fortunes and the father and
daughter were onabled to come East and as
sume the social position which belonged to
WOMAN'S UNERRING INSTINCT.
A Lady Saves n Home From Burning by
Obeying an ICpnlie.
Loqakspobt, Ind., October It While at
dinner to-day ex-Attorney General Daniel P.
Baldwin and wife were discussing the Stude
baker fire at Bonth Bend. Like most women
wbo take an Interest iu home affairs Mrs. Bald
win was much concerned about tbe fire, and
fearful lest such a disaster might befall her
own home. She told Mr. Baldwin that she
would go upstairs and ascertain if all was se
cure in tbe upper chambers.
Upon reaching the second floor she was ap
palled to find the bonse filled with smoke. Tbe
fire bad originated from the gas pipes, but was
extinguished after considerable effort. Mr.
Baldwin bad his right hand quite severely
Philosophy In n Decimal Point,
From tbe St. Louis Bepubllcl
One of our cotemporaries, in a late issue, by
putting a tail on a decimal point made Goliath
10,592 feet high. Of course, 10.592 feet was
meant But the wrong point points a right
moral. It takes a very little mistake in this
world of blunders enormously to magnify or
dwarf a man.
A Scarcity of Marrying Men.
From the PunxButawney Splrlt-l
A woman of 21, and a boy 11 years of age,ran
sway and got married up in New York State
the other day. Men must be scarce up there or
women entirely too numerous.
DEATHS OP A DAY.
Senator 5orenzo Doit Whiting.
TISK1LWA, lit., Uctoberau. Ex-State Senator
Lorenzo Dow Whiting died at his home In this
place yesterday. He had been falling in health
for two or three years, his trouble being con
sumption of tbe blood. Benator Whiting was a
prominent figure in Illinois politics for nearly 40
vears. He wag the trusted lieutenant or Owen
Lovejoy. the famous Free Boiler, and when Lin
coln made his first race for the Presidency Air.
Whiting was one of his ablest counselors. Mr,
Whiting was 70 years old.
George T. Baahfield's Son. '
The little 4-year-old son of George T. Bnshfleld,
of Mo. 128 Fifth svenue,sdled suddenly at an early
hour this morning from an attack of diphtheritic
croup. Tbe child was a bright boy and his death
is a severe blow to the stricken parents. They
have tbe sympathy of a holt of friends in this then
time of sorrow.
Mrs. Fanny Joacphlne Cody
Washington, October 11, The Department of
State la officially Informed of the deatb, In the
Bahlgrens Hospital, at Gothenburg, Sweden, on
August 24. 18S9, or Mrs. Fanny Josephine Cody,
nee Gothe, an American citizen of Halm's Peak,
ltoult county, Cot
Judge Hobcrt Baler.
Cmos, O., October It-Judge Bobort Bsley,
of Uarrolton, wbo fell from a tree last evening and
was Impaled on a picket fence, died this morning.
The affair has casta Bloom over Canton, where
Judge iUley was hlghlv esteemed.
THE GOOD VTITLb ttf IliliDlXU.
Nino of Them Helping Hatbands Who Are
Locked Up la Jail.
Reading. October 11. The nine liquor deal
ers imprisoned here for SO days, charged with
violating the Sunday law, having heard that
their friends intended getting up a brass band
parade and reception for them when released
from custody, drew up a resolution in jaiL and
caused It to be printed, to the effect that they
desired no such reception, and that when
they were liberated tbey wanted to
go to their homes In peace. These men bare
suffered severely. Being convicted of their
first offense In selling on Sunday, they had
their 1500 licenses revoked for ono year, tbey
were made to pay a fine of $50 and costs of
about M00 each, and sentenced to jail for 30
days, so that when they are released they will
find themselves deeply in debt and without a
source of livelihood. They cannot obtain a
new license until next year. Meanwhile their
wives have changed the saloons into candy
shops or places where only temperauce drinks
are soia a lew nave ciosea np entirely.
Recently these wives came together and
agreed upon a plan to furnish their imprisoned
husbands extra food, so that they would not be
dependent on prison fare. The wives resolved
to furnish tbeir husbands one substantial meal
a day, that is, dinner, leaving the prison author
ities to furnish supper and breakfast. Tbe
wives take tbe duty turn about. One wife
cooks and prepares enough for one dinner for
tbe nine men. and she sees that tbe food is
safely taken to tbe jail. The next day another
wifaprepares the dinner, and so on until all
have served a meal, when they begin anew. Of
course each wife docs her best, and in this way
the prisoners are well caredf or, tho jail author
ities allowing all food to be received. Witb a
boiled dinner the prisoners generally get bot
tled lager and cigars. Their cells are not
locked, and they have tbe free use of the jail
corridors tor exercise and smoking.
The court officials have 25 more liquor men
to try, many of whom are leading suburban
hotel keepers, and it is generally believed that
nothing can save them from going to jail also,
as the evidence at hand is clear against them.
When there is a second conviction of tbe same
person, the license is not only revoked, bnt the
accused is not allowed to sell liquor in Penn
sylvania at any time or place ever afterward.
PISSES AND FROGS INNUMERABLE.
The Strange Sights Witnessed by Kentucky
From the Louisville Courier-Journal.)
Provided with lanterns, several young men
started in the entrance known as Coleman's
Cave Spring, near Harrodsburg, and went east
ward three miles, where they could distinctly
bear tbe trains on tbe Cincinnati Southern
road at Burgin, which is 4 miles from this
place. Ibey found a stream of water running
the entire distance explored. In this stream
tbey found fish and frogs innumerable. The
passage was from 7 to 16 feet wide and about
the same In height, except occasionally narrow
lng down to a fat man's misery. Not far from
the entrance, the explorers found a large room,
20x39 feet, studded with stalactites. In the
center of tbe cavern is a circular chamber 30
feet in diameter and no less than 50 feet high.
This is a veritable rotunda, covered, as it were,
bv a hiirh wall-sbaned dome. Over the entrance
Is a lame curtain formed bv the nnlon of stalac
tites and stalagmites, lo feet wide ana as many
high. The most nnique thing found by tbe ex
plorers In tbe cave was tbe fae simile of a side
saddle, all of solid sandstone, opposite the
doorway in this chamber.
I ITbe young men attempted to sing the "Star
Spangled Banner," but were forced to desist on
account of the terrible reverberating echo that
filled every nook, corner and recess of tbe
cave. Tbey found a number of bones of small
animals, butaslde from the fish and frogs no
living creature was found. They will explore
the cave In a few days, going a different direc
tion from the one taken by tbem yesterday.
Near the outer opening of the cave, cut In
tbe stone, was found tbe initials D. B. and nu
merous figures and designs of animals andi
Dims, xne initials were supposed to do lor
Daniel Boone, and tbose wbo saw tbem say
they look to have been placed there years ago.
The young men say they have explored a num
ber of caves in this and other States, but none
has been prettier than this one, and are loud in
praises ot its beauties.
A BELGIAN BALLOON RAGE.
Nine Airships, Engaged In a Contest. En
counter n Terrific Storm.
A balloon race took place In Belgium recently
over a course between Brussels and the town
of Diest. Twenty balloons were entered for the
race. Thirteen started. The largest balloon,,
guided by M. Godard, had a capacity of 1,000
cubic meters. The other 12 balloons had'ea
pacitles ranging between 390 and 800 cubic
meters each. Tbe aeronauts sailed away from
Brussels at 4 o'clock in the afternoon.
Shortly after all had disappeared
from the view of tho thousands
who had gathered to see the start a tremen
dous storm swept across tbeir course. Tho
greatest anxiety was felt for tbe safety of tbe
aeronauts, and tbe women and children wbo
had gone up with them, and telegrams of in-
Suirywere sent out all over the country from
Early in the evening, however, dispatches
announced that all the aeronauts bad landed
their balloons with all their passengers unhurt,
although some of them had had a pretty hard
tussle with the storm. Not a single balloon
reached Its destination in Diest. Captain Portet
won tbe first prize. He arrived at Waenrode,
near Diest, at 6 o'clock in his balloon Pro
Patrla, which has a capacity of 560 cubic
meters. M. Godard. witb his big balloon, took
the second prize. M. Vnaquin,with his balloon
Tricolor of 390 cubic meters capacity, received
tbe third prize. The prizes were given by the
city of Brussels.
$150,000 IN ENVELOPES.
An Administrator Refuses to Deliver the
Money to the Persona Addressed.
Nett York, October 11. Securities to the
amount of 9150,000 were found in the box of
the late Maltby G.Lane at tbe Stuyvesant Safe
Deposit Company by Henry S. Crane, the ad
ministrator of the estate. Tbey were In differ
ent envelopes and addressed to several per
sons. Mr. Crane refused to deliver the parcels
to the persons addressed, and yesterday they
applied to Surrogate Ransom for an order di
recting him to do so.
The application was opposed and a reference
asked for. The Surrogate decided to look into
the matter himself.
A MINISTER ON TRIAL.
A Pastor Charged Wlih Having Two Sweot
hearts at One Time.
Nashville, October 11. The Tennessee
Conference, now In session at Murfreesboro,
has a peculiar question before it. In passing the
characters of the preachers, the charge was made
against Brother Haggard that he had been en
gaged to two women at the same time, marry
ing one of them within a week after writing a
letter to the other pledging his undying love.
The case was referred to a committee for
trial, and they will report to-morrow.
Merely Kickers' Toes.
From the New York Commercial Advertlser.l
Manifestoes, John Henry, aro the toes a
Frenchman always uses when he wants to kick
the Government. Tbey are usually bootless
THE NEVEE-ENDING HARVEST.
1 remember when a child that 1
Would sometimes stand and stare
At aged persons passing by.
With snowy, silvered hair.
An Inner voice my reason told,
They bad not long to stay;
1 sighed to think that soon the old
Would all be laid away.
The snows of sixty winters rest
Upon my furrowed broir;
The sun, low sinking in the West,
Is almost setting now:
But vet tbe sere and yellow leaves
Are 'bout me everywhere,
And death's still garnering his sheaves
Of ripened, silver hair.
IN A SOCIAL WAI.
Mb. Theodore Thomas, tho great Ameri
can conductor, will give a testimonial concert
in this city about tho 1st of November. This
will be pleasing to all the music lovers of the
city, a number of whom joined in petitioning
him to visit here. Among tbo names are
found J.I M. Schoonmaker, W. Dowees Wood,
Henry Holdship, Henry Kleber, John D.
Scully, A. M. Byers, W. E. Schmertz, Oliver
McCllntock, CLWade, Chas. O. Mellor.C.
Phipps, Win. Bchoyer, J. H. Gittings, George
A. Kelly, George L Whitney, Wm. A, Herron.
A number of friends and former pupils of
Prof. Gross, wbo has been a school teacher in
this city for the past 17 years, and Is about to
depart for Brooklyn, N. Y., gave him a very
pleasant little surprise party at the residence
of John H. Detker, on Davis street, Thursday
evening. As a testimonial of their regard,
they presented blm with a handsome silver
Rkcepti6n and donation day at tho Child
ren's Temporary Home and Day Nursery, at SS
Washington street, will be Thursday, October
17. from 10 A. m. to a r.
it . S . .hi..j '? J
. L.l . j" Rjk.UTi.eZ'WH. p
WOSDEES OP THE EYE.
Curious Things About Nature's Camera
Progress of Ophthalmia Science Danger
'In Imperfectly Fitted Glasses Myopia
"1 wonld like to examine the interior of the
eye," said tbe oculist. But, when he perceived
a slight shrinking on tbe part of tbe reporter,
wbolassumed for the time the role of patient,
he smilingly added: "You need dot be alarmed;
it will not hurt you a particle." Then picking
up a little disk-shaped mirror with a bole
tnrough the center he led the patient into a
dark eloset, and after lighting a bright gas Jet
told him to sit down on the chair immediately
beneath it. Next he himself sat down oppo
site, so that the knees of the two touched, and
held the small round looking-glass in front of
his own eye, like an eyeglass, with the minor
side outward,in such a manner that It reflected
a ray from the cas jet straight into tbe pa
tient's eye through the pupil. He could direct
the ray easily enough, inasmuch as he waslook-
fng along it through tbe small hole that pierced
the center of tbe disk.
If you will bold a big, flat button-mold np to
your eye and look through It at tbo eye of a
persdn seated in front of you you will get a no
tion of the way in which tbe ocnlist operated.
Suppose the button-mold has qulcx-silvered
glass on the surface turned toward the object,
and you will perceive bow easy it would be to
throw a ray reflected from a light above tbe
other person's bead directly in that other per
son's eye, and to watch, through the hole in the
button mold whatever that ray revealed.
This was what the ocnlist was doing with the
mirror disk. The ray it reflected entered the
patient's eye, through the pupil, and lighted
up the interior very much as a dark room is
lighted up by a bull's-eye lantern shining
through a doorway from outside. Just as the
lantern might be turned about this way and
tnat, to illuminate various parts of the darkened
chamber beyond the doorway, so the little
looking glass was manipulated between
the firefinger and thumb of the physician,
as he held it before his own eye, in such a
Lmanner as to reveal to his view every portion
oi tne inside or the ocular camera oDscura lor
such the eye is; very much like the camera of
the photographer in its construction and mode
of working: and it has been found out quite re
cently, says a Washington Star writer, that tbe
so-called "ocular purple" In the eye actually
produces the pictures of objects seen, on the
nerve-screen that lines the organ, by a chemical
procesj very much like that employed by tbe
photographer to bring out the lines of bis
negatives. Possibly, some day, by studying
nature's method, the sun-print artist may learn
how to photograph colors as the eye does. Who
"What is the little round mirror called with
which you examined my eyes inside?" asked
the patient while the oculist was engaged in
fitting glasses of various strengths into a huge
nose frame for trial.
"To that little instrument," responded tho
surgeon, 'Ms dne nearly all of the progress
made in ophthalmic science since tbe days of
the ancient Egyptians, 3,000 years ago. And
yet, as you see, it is nothing bat a small, round
mirror with a hole through it. It is called tbe
'ophthalmoscope,' and was Invented by Helm
holtz in 185Z
Modern Ophthalmic Science.
"So few years ago as that very little was
known about the eye beyond what the old
Egyptian physicians were acquainted with.
They were familiar with the structure of tbe
organ, through dissection, and they even per
formed operations for cataract. That disease,
you know, is merely a clouding of the crystal
line lens which lies just behind the little hole
in the bis, called the pupil, and serves to bring
tbe rays of light that enter the eye through tbe
pupil to a focus on the nerve screen behind.
It is at this focus that the picture of the object
seen is formed, like a phonograph. But If the
lens, which i3 like a weo bit ot convex glass, 13
rendered opaque by any cause it is termed
'cataract,' and the lens itself must be gotten
out of tbe way, so as not to interrupt the light
rays. So, nowadays, It Is cut out of tbe eye and
removed, while in ancient Egypt it was simply
puaucu uuhu uj a neeuie into tne lower pars ox
the eye, frequently to occasion subsequent In
flammation and loss of sight. However, as to
tbe ophthalmoscope, I was going to say that it
afforded the first means ever discovered for
studying the interior of the living eye. From
that point modern ophthalmic science really
took its rise, and there is not much about the
eye to-day that is not understood."
.Ncar-Slgbtedness Among the Ancients.
""Were people afflicted with near-sightedness
in ancient times?"
"Oh,ves; though probably not to the same ex
tent. We read, write and study more than the
ancients did, and for this reason near sight is
more common with us, for it is the excessive
use of the eyes at the near point that propa
gates the trouble. In old times troubles with
the eyes were regarded as afflictions sent by
heaven, for which there was no cure. Nero,
who fiddled while Rome was burning; was so
near-sighted that, although ho had the very
best seat in the amphitheater at the gladiator
shows, he could not see what was going on.
One day he discovered that a certain concave
emerald In his collection of jewels aided his
vision materially, and from that time he al
ways carried tbe emerald about with him and,
when he wanted to see anything at a distance,
looked through, It, He regarded tbe stone as a
talisman and supposed that its properties were
"Is it truetbat every person needs spectacles
at some period of llfef'
"Decidedly, if tbe person lives to be 45 years
of age. At that ago, or at any rate before 0 Is
reacned, the crystalline lens, which is of the
consistency of jelly in childhood, has gradually
hardened to the consistency of wax, so that the
muscles which change the focus of the eye for
various distances, by altering the shape of the
lens, find it difficult to do their work."
Indications of Falling Sight.
"You will perceive that after looking at an
object across the street, to examine your finger
attentively requires a distinct effort of the eye.
You have to exert the muscles that control the
shape of the lens in order to make the focus
right for the near point. If the lens has got
hard, tbrongh advancing age, a continuous
effort of this sort, as In reading, becomes tire
some, and thus it is that tbe middle-aged man
or woman finds the first Indication of what is
ignorantly termed 'falllngsight' in the blurring
of the letters in tbe book or newspaper. Now,
the fact is, of course, that tbe ocular organ Is
just as good as ever, save for tbe fact that it
needs a little help in the way of a glass lens to
make the focus right for reading and thus savo
the muscles work. The sight for distance, un
der such circumstances, still remains as good
as ever, because the lens in its natural focus
and shape is adapted to distant vision.
"Bnt tbe middle-aged person as a rule.
Imagines that the blurring of the letters signi
fies Impaired sight. He hesitates to get
glasses on account of tbe general belief that if
be once puts on spectacles, he must always
use them. The truth at the bottom of this, lies
in tbe fact that, when one's sight has once
been restored by artificial means, one Is not
disposed to throw tho help away again.
When to Consult nn Oculist.
"Not realizing this, the middle-aged person
keeps on straining the eyes until they become
somewhat damaged for want of artificial aid In
reading or sewing, and finally the glasses are
adopted bought, in nino cases ont of ten, from
the ignorant opticians, to causo more trouble,
very likely, later on. Ana an tne distress
might have been saved by simply going to tbe
oculist when tbe annoyance first began to be
felt, and procuring tbe proper glasses. This is
what every personal 43 years of age ought
to do, for there is no one that arrives at the
age of SO, at the utmost, who does not need as
sistance for close vision."
"Is it true that near-sighted eyes Improve as
they grow older?"
"Pan! That is another popular delusion.-Near-sightedness
may grow worse with age,
bnt not better. Likewise, it is nonsense to 'sup
pose, as Is so commonly asserted, that tbe near,
sighted eye is unusually strong. How shonld
tbe abnormal egg-shaped eyo be stronger than
the normal spherical eye? The near-sighted
eye is not necessarily weak, but It Is a sick eye,
in the sense tbat it usually belongs to a person
who is imperfect constitutionally. The reverse
of near-sight is over-sigbr, which is occasioned
by flatness of tho orb of vision.
"It is tbe case of nearly all cases of 'weak
eyes,' and of nine out of every ten cases of
squint.' Any child afflicted with either of
these troubles should be taken at once to the
oculist and have glasses prescribed for It.
Thousands of people go through lite without
half the'use of their eyes, when the whole
trouble is simply due to a slight malformation
which proper convex glasses would remedy at
The Eight Hour Say In England.
Birmingham, October 1L The National
conference of miners to-day declared in favor
of a working day of eight hours, the rule to go
Into operation on tbe 1st of January next. Tbe
miners throughout Great Britain hare taken a
ballot on the question, and it has been decided
to go on a strike if the demand is not granted.
He appears Very Confident.
From the Albany Express. 1
Bismarck thinks the maintenance of peace
is certain. Bismarck is la the position of the
woman, who, being asked if her husband ever
quarreled with her, replied fervently: "I'd Uke
to see him daro I" -iaCW efi, "- ?..!
f Vs f
GOSSIP Oi1 GMT GOTIA.
A Womb la thsCase.
PIEW TORS SUBEAU SrZCIAU.)
New Ypns, October 1L There was a lively
scrimmage at" tbe Hoffman House about 1
o'clock this morning. Maurice Barrymore, tbe
actor, and James Barton Key, who was forsa
srly one of Mrs. James Brown Potter's mana
gers, were seated at one of tbe tables In tbe cafe
in friendly discussion. Mr. Keogb, who form
erly looked after the Interests of Mrs. Lang
try in a managerial way, approached the table
and was Invited to drink. This gave Keogh
the chance be was looking for to insult Key,
whom he has hated and quarreled with for
years. Ho let out a mouthful of epithets in
conjunction with Mr. Key's full name. The
next minute a left-hander from Key tumbled
blm over Barrymore. Barrymore scooted for
the door. A rough-and-tumble fight f pllowed.
Leaves, legs, fists, glasses and bottles were the
weapons. Everybody but the principals scur
ried out of the room and shouted for Billy Ed
wards, the Hoffman House bouncer. Eventu
ally a bartender and a detective tackled the
fighters just as they npset the last upright table
in the cafe, and threw them out of doors.
After a blow or two on tbe sidewalk the bellig
erent managers separated. Each pulled the
ragged remnants of his overcoat around him,
put on his badly battered hat, and without a
wordof explanation hurried off homeward.
There is said to be a woman in the case.
Will Go Into Temporary Retirement.
John B, Bradley, the negro sailor ot the
United States steamer Galena who killed a
negro shipmate, John Beckwitb, with a razor
at a colored wedding In Brooklyn last August,,
was to-day sentenced by Jndge Moore to 19
years and i months m State's prison. Bradley
was indicted for murder, but was convicted of
manslaughter in the first degree.
The Fnneral of Actor Bishop.
The funeral of Charles B. Bishop, the genial
comedian, who died suddenly while performing
in "Lord Chumley" at the Lyceum Theater,
took place shortly before noon to-day from the
Thirteenth Street Presbyterian Church. The
Rev. Dr. Worrall, a triend of the dead actor,
officiated. The pallbearers were Messrs. Frank
W. Sanger, F.F.Mackay, Rowland Buckstone,
Louis Aldricb, V. E. Kennedy, John Wheelock,
E.H". Sothern and Daniel Frohman. Delega
tions from tbe Actors' Order of Friendship and
the Players' Club attended the services. The
interment was in the Maple Grove Cemetery.
All About a Parrot.
An old green parrot has stirred up an un
heard of row in the classio neighborhood of
Gramercy Park; has set at defiance the com
bined authority of the ponderous health board,
the police, the corporation ordinances and Mrs.
Gallagher, dressmaker, who Is the original
challenger. The bird was given to Mrs. Alley
22 years ago by her husband. Mrs. Alley Is
wealthy and a widow. Blnce Mr. Alley's death
Mrs. Alley has kept the parrot as a memento,
and has allowed it to scream, whistle and talk
dally in her back yard despite the repeated
complaints of her neighbors. When Mr. and
Mrs. Gallagher moved into the adjoining house
this summer; they began to quarrel with the
widow about the parrot. This quarrel cul
minated a week ago in the filing of a complaint
by Mrs. Gallagher with the Board of Health.
The substance of Mrs. Gallagher's complaint la
that whereas, she works some times late, wants
her sleep in the morning and objects to being
roused at 5 a. M4by the parrot's calls of "cose,
get up for breakfast," and "extra, 'ere's yer
extra." Hence she prayed that the bird
be dealt with officially as a nuisance
detrimental to health and dangerous to life.
Tbe J)oard thereupon ordered the removal or
execution of the parrot. Commodore Alley, of
the Larchmout Yacht Club, 'who is Mrs. Alley's
son, subsequently appeared before the board in
executive session and argued at length that the
25-year-old pet was too intelligent and too dear
to the Alley family to be disposed ot so sum
marily. As an off set to Mrs: Gallagher's com
plaint Commodore Alley laid before the board
tbe following category of charges: First, chop
ping wood In the yardat6A.lt. in his (Mr.
Gallagher's) undershirt; second, loud aid Dols
terous talk In bedroom at all hours of the night;
third, beating carpets on back fence after dark;
fourth, airing bed clothes in yard. The claim.
that the parrot is an early riser is not denied,
but the counter claim is made that no one has
any business to sleep until 9 A. v. The Board
of Health to-day had a policeman sitting at
Mrs. Gallagher's back window from 8 A. x. to
6p. H. to hear the parrot talk and decide
whether It was a nuisance. The bird refused
to open Its bill. The policeman Is under orders
to listen again to-morrow. If the parrot should
remain as discreet as he was to-day, the Alleys
will triumph and Mrs. Gallagher's petition will
A BIG ARMY OF BEGQAES.
About 350,000 Persons In Russia Who
Solicit Ainu tor a Living.
Russian officials hare recently collected
statistics concerning the number of beggars in
Russian provinces and cities. They have pub
lished the reports from 63 districts and eight
cities. According to these reports Russia has
about 850,000 beggars, all of whom carry
on begging as a business with the en
dorsements of village, city and church au
thorities. Upward of 8,200-of them are of
noble blood, 8,491 are of the clerical calling, 20
were once merchants, 43,434 hucksters and
small traders, 181,932 peasants. Of all the
cities. Moscow has the largest number of beg
gars; 26,000 persons solieit alms daily within its
limits. Sevastopol has no beggars at alt Of
the provinces, Livonia leads with 16,000 beg
gars. Moscow and Courland come next with
15,000 each. Warsaw has 14,000, Nishni, Nov
gorod and Wjatka 10,000 each. Moscow, of all
Russian cities, contains the most beggars of
The Grethdanin, a Russian publication,
thinks tbat these figures give no adequate idea
of the prevalence of beggary in Russia, because
tbey were gathered so hurriedly and often
carelessly that many big districts and cities
were unable to register more than two-thirds of
their Dancers. Its calculation of the number
of beggars in Russia results in the conclusion
that more than 600,000 Russians outside of
almshouses lire on the charity of others. The
statistics in question have been laid before an
imperial commission, which is. expected to
recommend a new and comprehensive plan
"for the care of beggars In Village and city com
munities." In a Brotherly Way.
From tbe Detroit free Press.1
Say, General Boulanger, lata of the French
army, late of Paris, and late of several loca
tions outside of France, If yon care to keep
your bead on your shoulders, and if you want
to lire tilt Christmas to hang up your stocking,
drop your tomfoolery and go to sawing wood.
You are backing up against tbe cage of hyenas.
A novel case Is to be tested in court In Mil.
lersburg, O. Some 18 or 20 years ago a preacher
named Andrew Miller took from the county in
firmary a girl baby 18 months old, and entered
into a written contract by wbich she was to be
provided for and receive a good education. A
young man named Hochs tetter has married the
girl, and he finds she has no Education. Young
Hochstetter has been consulting bis attorneys,
and has a copy ot tbe contract between Miller
and the authorities, made years ago.
At Waynesburg, O.. burglars went to the un
necessary trouble of blowing open a safe that
was unlocked. They got $35.
A cactus at.tne Chester county prison has
grown 20 feet high.
PBtromtT Farmer Conrad, of Whltpain, Pa.,
collected a large sum of money on Saturday,
and cautiously secreted his wallet in one place
and the money in another. A thief broke in and
stole the empty wallet.
J. R. Hilluish, an Orwigsburg, Pa.. Ice
dealer, says he cut a fish from a piece of ice,
and upon being thrown into the watorlt provea
to be alive. He stni has it upon exhibition.
Majoh James Wren captured a rebel lieu
tenant's sword at Bull Run, and has just fur
warded it to the widow of tbe original owner at
Fob the larceny of three flowers Annie R.
Watt, of Chesier, has been arretted by Martin
Thbitt bushels of apples have been picked
from a tree at Pottatowu by Daniel Yost, aad
the tree fa still filled with fruit;
A.Wbbt VxaanriA tamer has a 34-yWoM
mare that presented Mea' with aae twia aetw
Wfar4iA -. 3Sna!f Jrh
cueious coimumm -:
In Valparaiso August is the first menta '
of spring. Flowers bioeei there even to mid
winter. A Somas- aquedset has bee lately
cleaned and put in order at SaheHeS, 8fte,
and now supplies tbe town wKa water.
A deer, hunt on the main street of tba
town created excitement in MieVBefeere; Kt
last week. The animal was run dews, captured
The Lake Shore Bailreae! easts" eJ4e
two worn ont cars day. It requires about 769
new cars a year to maintain the equipment ot
Se cue broke into the an&riakiflg
establishment of Colonel Thomas Btamoas, at
MoatleeHcL Fla., lastThuraday night, and stela
a small coma.
Mrs. Alexander Oderin, or Hillsdale,
Mich, 98 years ofage, has been Mind far sevea
years. The other day her sight oame feaek tet
two hoars asd tfcea sM beeame blind acaia.
Out of a pepulatioa of 1,709,960 it to
estimated that; with tfce -most Hberal deduction,
there are is New York a gffltoa bob chare
goers. They are. as coapared wMa the ec)
people, two to one. "
Herr R. Fricke, the Afriea traveler,
says that traveling la the Dark Ceatfacnt I so
perilous, owing to the eaBibalietfetrfees,bat'
be has been forced to carry a phtal of pefeea
which he Intends to aria if heaboaMerer be
A skillful cork cutter eaa sredaee fresa
1,600 to 000 corks aday, his only tsete Betes
two sharp braod bladed knives. Ma ew In hi
D5Te.5?22 introduced whieh eaa tern eat
about 2.090 corks an hour, bat they are aseteM
for the cutting of the finer qualities.
It has otten been reported tbat the'
British army is largely composed of nadewtiod
boys Instead of stalwart men, hat the retarsv
do not bear out these statements. Of aUH
men only lLSBe are under 19 years of ae. wBo
34 per cent are over 6 f eet 8 inches to betgst.
The French servant girl is"Bo better
than the American, and the French countess
has her troubles with them the sasae as Mrs.
John Smith. One of the nobility of Franca
was hauled Into court and fined ft the other
day for losing her temper and boxtee a servant
California will make 8,000,960 gallons
less of wtne this year than last' Tab is heeaase
so large a portion of the grapes west sef to the
juice, bat to raisins. The wfly vtoeyarders
round they eonld squeeze mere atesejr oet of
dried grapes than by squeesjag wise et of
the fresh ones. i
About 800 Highlaadew are going over
to rsats under the ohieftaiasato of Mr. Bam
White, of Abbey Craig; who baa patriotlgaHy
thrown down the gauntlet to the werMwHh
the object of proving thatleratMettoskJti,
anmucosgiiggi sua masiy oeawy taero J s v
nation in the world Ilka the Scotch.,
A young-German student of Assymleer
has been experimenting with soft tfies asd
stylus and concludes that the Assyrians wrote ,
their caailform lines with a qbbq shaped to
strumest having a pointed ead, whtea was
made of wood, not metal. He professes te Sad
it very easy to write oanllform as rayMty as
German with sueh a stylos. -
The oldest of all the obelkka fa tae
beantiful one of rosy granite whtea staufla
alone among the green fields upon the banks of,
the Nile, not far from Cairo. It is the grave,
stone of a great ancient city which has van.
ished and left only this relic behind. The etty
was the Bethshemesh of the Beriptares aad the
HeliopoMs of the Greeks.
A gentleman was out shooting near
Totnes, England, the other day, when he had
the misfortune to shoot his doe. For a moment
he was too much overcome to see what rtnmngo
he had dose, and before he had recovered him
self the animal, a blaek retriever, had ceme up
to him, bringing in its mouth lie own tall,
which had been shot clean o&.
What is considered one of fee meet bb
accounted for sights in Utah is a mountain
about 35 miles northeast of Bait Lake City, oc
cupying an area of about 80 aerea, aad com
pletely and thickly covered wish oyster seen.
The mountain is between 399 aad 499 feet hJfcfc,
and situated over 4.089 feet higher than S&K
Lake City, which is 4,360 feet above the level of
While in the set of getting fete hk
buggy at hie restdeaee in Maeon, Gik, De. W,
(X Gibson noticed a covey of partridges flatter
lng in some rank weeds ta;net:adjeteieg' M
resiaence. one new up ta to a tree. Dr. se
son, with a rapid motion, secured his wbJb aad '
struck at the bird, never for a moment tatak
og the bird would remain. To ate sarprise, the
partridge tumbled from his petea to. tea
ground, and, after a moment's fluttering, died.
Not a bruised place could he found on Ss head
and body, ana th only reason that eeuld ha
given was that the bird died freaXngK.
An Atlanta dispatch states that a won
derful revolution la flour barrel marine; fa
promised by a patent which has been granted
for the making of barrels out of cetteadaek
Instead of wood. The new material fa Imper
vious to water and resists Are foraleaettaie.
It weighs to the barrel about lSpoand lees
than the wood, and can be manufactured 16 per
cent cheaper. The cotton daek barrel eaa he
rolled up into small space and returned to the
mills f orfreanent use. The fleer merehaats oC
Atlanta pronounce it a suoeess.
A London paper announces taat a
Worcestershire village, from the fact of rtsetae
called Broadway, first attracted the atteatiea
and then the visits of ABaerieaas, aad bow
there is quite an American season aadassaaS
artist colony, which 14 six mSea from a railway
station. The Amerieaa artists have estab
lished a Broadway school at this spot, which,
with its ivy and creeper-covered Worcester
shire houses, fa regarded by teem at the BHt
typical of English villages. The Wee at Mr.
Alma-Tadema's special journey to tM favorite
resort was to paint some wild roses growing in
a cottage gardes.
Brannerlte Is the naaaeof aaewaalaeral
recently discovered to the aortfeera part of ,
Arkansas by Prof. W. Albert Chaplain, of Lead
am, ana namea-in honor of Prof. John (X
Branner, the Arkansas State Geologist. Itwaa
found on the property known as the Coes Hoi-,
low Mines, in Boone county and fa aa oatereJp',
of more than two feet in thickness aad of ledge "
form. The examination causes It to be' ae
cepted as a new and undeecribed species of atee
ore, and one commercially considered of great
importance, both because of its oeeurreaee is
quantity and tbe possession by it of certain
features having aa important bearieg ea Its
reduction and uttrfaatten in the maaaf aetare
of zinc white. It is anhydstss carbonate ot
zinc, milk white, luster dull to slightly gUstea.
ingT It is infusible. ' ""''
I "Beastly weather, isa'tlt?"
"Yes, been raining eats aad dogs aHdv,
A laundress is something like a heavy
sea. She is always washing things overboard.
There is nothing remarkable, after all, ia
tbe rejection of prohibition In the Nutmeg Btate,
Who ever heard of a Conn, that was not opposed
to a pro? WcuMngton 8tor
Hooker Crook (to ehura) So you've been
getting married dnrtog ray absence who wss
Ilea Feck (sorrowfully) Maria. lime.
Mrs. Qrubb Have ye any more sugar
like the last ye seat me?
Grocer (brlskly)-Yes, madam, plenty of B.r
Bow much db you want?
Mrs. Qrubb 2t'one.-Ae Tor WetUf.
Of all the sad aad gloomy words ' iJi
That mankind ever writ,
There are no sadder ones to me
Than these two: "Please remit."
A physician In Harrf sfearg fa beiag sued
by another to whom he sold his practice, aad then
declined to give It up. This enraged the pur
chaser; but tben almost any doctor gets into a
temper when he loses bis patleatt. 2kUttmor
His One Accomplishiaeat "M j young
friend," said an active man of aaairs, addressing
a youth of dudbh proclivities aad fast-aid graces,
"What have yoa accoapllsaed la this worldf
What can yon do better than any other mini"
"Well, for one thing I can keep alive easier
than you can." Time.
Young Lady from Boston I notice that
you always personify the al-eall K "the,'
Jack Servenmalet Aye, mam.
The ship reminds us of oar mothers, mum."
"Indeed I What is there about a sMp toremlaa
"The spanker, maaO'Sfao Tart San.
Teaag Husband (ia railway ear) Emily,
TOHsaa heldssaaar thtefeirnre on your own.
tapawaHe. TM next time yen go oaatrtowHUrt
a wsr earteaa KBteteM traps aaa owmw, j.
, yea -n ge aeaei .. .
IsjUnsim ObsTTsr, -re seats baek I
aar snr.a fMeaJI Tfea'vo wea, i
w aasT vfptJIBHflBK aflHW " si