Pittsburg dispatch. (Pittsburg [Pa.]) 1880-1923, October 06, 1889, THIRD PART, Page 19, Image 19

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    Dragon's Tongue.
CWErrrEir foe
HE great King
Powerful was very
sick abed, and all
the physicians of
his dominion came
to the conclusion
that there was no
av7H. '' AaWW I P a
JU" i f jl''J he must die. "When
" 551 VJBllI this announce
ment was made
there was great Bor
row throughout the
land, because the King was very much be
loved by all his people.
One day, however, a very old and ugly
woman came hobbling toward the royal
castle. She was crippled, and she had to
use a pair of crutches to get along at all.
"When she arrived at the castle gate the
Kind's servant stopped her.
"ibu cannot get in here," the man said,
"the King is dying, and no one is allowed
to enter here except his physicians."
"But I want to see the Kins himself," re
plied the old crone. "I have an idea that I
can save him, and I tell you if you do not
let me pass, and the King dies before I can
see him, his death shall be charged to you
and I will proclaim you his murderer.""
The servant, however, laughed only at
the threats of the woman, because he
thought she was crazy. He still refused to
let her through the gate, and the old hag
Degan to snout and cry that soon all the
servants around the castle were attracted to
the gate.
"I want to see the Kins! I want to see
the King!" the woman continued to cry,
and at last the men became alraid that her
The Old TToman Refused Admittance.
noise would hasten the death of their royal
master. So two of the strongest soldiers
were called and told to remove the crazy
creature away from the castle gate. But it
was too late. The King had heard the dis
turbance, the sounds of the shrieking woman
having reached his bedroom. He asked
one of his attendants to go and find out
what was going on. In a tew minutes the
servant returned and told the dying King
that an old crippled woman was wanting to
see him.
,Xiet her come in!" the King commanded
peremptorily. "I am almost dead and she
will not be able to see me then, why should
I refuse to grant her the last wish she will
ever make of me."
The King's order had to be obeyed. The
servants were told to let the woman pass
and the old lady walked triumphantly
through the throng of the servants, defiantly
shaking one of her crutches at them. "When
she came into the sick room where the ail
ing monarch was lying propped up in the
solt, silken pillows, the woman stepped
close up to the bed and after sue nad looked
into the King's face, she said:
"If you have a desire to live a little
longer I think that I am able to tell yon
where you can find the remedy that will
cure you?"
The King was astonished and he was in
clined to believe that his servants were
right and the old woman was crazy. So he
smiled at her with a doubtlul expression on
his face.
"This is no laughing matter," she said,
"and I should think that you, King, have
certainly no reason to smile, because all
your wise doctors say that there is no cure
for you. 2fow I will tell you what it is.
"There is a very bloodthirsty and fierce
dragon who lives in a large jungle in the
forest by the sea. This dragon is the most
dangerous animal that ever lived, and it is
also one of the very strongest. That dragon
has nine beads, and I suppose you will
aeree with me that such a monster is a very
respectable loe. Sow, if you can get a
piece from the tongue out of the fifth head
of that dragon and eat it, you will be well
again and live for many years to come. Do
not disregard my advice. I am the wise
woman of the wilderness, and I know what
I am talking about is the exact truth."
"When she had finished talking, the
woman made one bound and jumped
through the window, and nobody knew
what had become of her after that. The
King's friends and ministers at onceadvised
the Kins to send someone to find the
dragon, kill him and bring the desired
piece ot the tongue to the castle. But the
King did not seem to feel inclined to run
the risk of anybody's life in a battle with
such a monstrous aDiraal as a nine-head.ed
dragon; however, everybody urged him to
make the attempt.
"It is bette ,r they said, "to make a fight
against the dragon with the possible chance
I7ie Young Courtiers Repel Vie Hunchback
p saving your life to the country than have
' Vou die here. Yoa must think of your
ountry and the people."
Thus the King was persuaded.
"AH richt!" he said; "let all the young
noblemen of our court go out and fight the
dragon, and whoever returns as the victor
with the tongue as his trophy of the battle,
shall marrv my only daughter, and I
will make him the first man in inv land
next to myself."
"When this announcement of the King
was proclaimed through the capital every
young courtier bestirred himself, because
the prize offered was coveted by everybody.
The Princess, it need hardly be said, was a
very beautiful lady and everybody loved
The very day on which the King made
the request for the dragon's tongue a large
number of young courtiers were seen to leave
the city on"their way to the forest by the
sea. They were all fiue and handsome men
except one, who was a hunchback, and on
account of his deformity the other fellows
laughed and jeered at him all the way.
"What is the use of your going along
with us, anyhow?" they remarked; "you
don't suppose the Princess would marry you
even if you should kill the dragon, which is
not at all likely?"
RBut the little hunchback took not the
least notice of these remarks. He bad left
his father's home for two reasons. First
Because he was very much devoted to
the King, who had always treated him very
kindly, and who had frequently saved him
The Dispatch. 1
from being insulted by the other young
courtiers, who happened to be better grown
than he was. The second reason was that
the hunchback was honestly in love with
the beautiful Princess, and he thought if
he should kill the dragon he would have a
rieht to ask her to marry him, something
which he wonld otherwise never have
dreamed of doing.
The troupe of noblemen had to travel for
many miles before they arrived in the
jungle, and the farther they went the more
E renounced became their feeling against the
unchback. At last they had just arrived
at the entrance to the forest their aversion
against the poor, deformed young man broke
out openly. They all knew him to be ex
ceedingly brave and fearless, and they
had an" idea that he might kill the
dragon before they would. So they
suddenly stopped, and surrounding him,
they demanded of him to return
at once to the court or they would kill him.
But the hunchback was not to be fright
ened by their threats, and there would prob
ably have been a bloody fight among the
young men had it not been that the crippled
old wise woman Iroin the wilderness sud
denly appeared on the scene.
"What is the matter here?" she asked.
For a moment all the young fellows were
aghast at her unexpected appearance, but
-it last they remarked:
"What business is it of yours; nobody
has called yon!"
But the hunchback, who respected age at
any time, told the old lady what the cause
of the trouble was, and she at once became
".Now look here, young men," she said,
"you shall all have an equal chance to fight
trie dragon, if you promise to be friendly
among yourselves, but if you don't nobody
shall find the dragon, and your King mnst
When the young fellows heard that they
promised to leave the hunchback alone.
and they all continued on their road. Not
long after, they heard a terrible noise, like
the roaring of distant thunder. Presently
tne sound ot the noise came nearer and
nearer, and in a few minutes they saw the
monstrous dragon before them.
It was an enormous beast. Hnge eyes
glared out of his many heads like large,
fiery globes, and from his many eyes and
nostrils he blew a breath of flame and
venom. The majority of the young men
flew at the first view they got of the ani
mal, and there were only a tew who ad
vanced toward the dragon. But Hunch
back was ahead of all of them. He at
once drew his sword and began his attack
upon the fiendish-looking monster before
him. The dragon did not seem to notice
his approach at first, but when he did, and
he opened his nine mouths all at once, the
rest of the young noblemen fled too, and
Hunchback was left alone to fight the
battle. But he was undaunted, and he vig
orously commenced his attack. Adroitly he
kept out of the animal's reach, to prevent
the poison and fire to reach him. When
ever an opportunity occurred, however, he
advanced, and using his sword in the best
possible manner, be succeeded in chopping
off several of the monster's heads. The
fight was a long and bitter one, and the
young hunchback would probably have
succumbed at last had it not been for the
crippled old woman again, who came to his
assistance. She used her crutches as well
as Hunchback his snord, and after a battle
The fight h'ilh the Dragon.
of 12 hours and 33 minutes, the dragon ex
pired in his own black blood. Then the
young man picked up the jilth head, cut
out the tongue and disappeared from the
scene of the fray.
He returned to the court as quickly as
his horse would carry him, and he was sur
prised when he found all the other courtiers
already awaiting him. Hunchback at once
went into the castle and gave a piece of the
dragon's tongue to the King, who was im
mediately cured. Then the young Princess
was called, but when she was' told that she
was to marry the Hunchback she objected
at first. However, her father had made the
promise and she could not rel'nse.
The wedding was a very grand affair, and
the whole country rejoiced in the event.
When the bride and groom were about to
enter the church to be made man and wife,
behold! the wise woman of the wilderness
stood at the door.
"Young man," she said to the Hunch
back, "please accept this apple as a wed
ding present from me and when the clergy
man makes you the husband ot the Princess
eat it,"
"The Hunchback promised, and as he
stood before the altar ia the church, he put
the apple In iiis mouth and ate it. But what
a wonder occurred now! as be swallowed the
apple piece by piece, his hunchback shrunfc
more and more, and when be had eaten the
whole Irnit he was as tall and as handsome
as any young man in the land.
"Ot course this pleased his wife, the
Princess, very much indeed.
How a Boston Boy Made1 Amends for Call.
Inc Bis Father n Fool.
Boston Courlcr.l
There was a small boy who fell into the
bad habit, apparently from mere imitation,
of using the word "fool" with a fre
quency which was, to say the least, discon
certing. He did it not in malice, but none
the less his parents felt called upon to check
the habit, lest it become too strong to be
broken up. He was continually reproved,
and continually he forgot, and at last his
father threatened him with condign punish
ment if he should again be guilty of using
the offensive epithet Not long after he
forgot again, and in answer to some remark
made by his father the boy said: "Oh,
what a fool vou are." Instantly he appre
hended what he had done, however, and be
fore anything could be said he added, by
way of apology and reparation:
"Oh, but you are a good fool,papa, a good
fool, a good fool!"
The Equilibrist in the Bosom of His Family,
Mrs. Prof. Limbered You don't know
how I git rested whem you're to hone, Ber
nardo. Puc; i el
Oddities of Manner and Habits of
Life of Royal People.
Carmen Sjlra, the Beautiful Poet Queen
of Sonmania.
Queen Victoria has just waked up to the
fact that the sun which, unlike her, never
sets on the British possessions has seen
more of her dominions than she has. Sue
now is wild to travel. Living quietly for
years, it was thought that she was entirely
domesticated, and only cared for funerals
and baby-watching; but her recent visjts to
the continent have completely demoralized
her, and she wants to go to India with Al
bert Victor of "Wales. She has Indian at
tendants at her table, and has even com
menced the study of Hindoostanee. At an
other time she insists that she will make a
voyage to America. She is the crankiest
of all the Queens. Ex-Queen Isabella is the
fattest Christina of Spain the smartest,
Margherita of Italy the most lovable, the
the Queen of Roumania the most cultured,
the Empress of Russia the most generous,
the Queen of Portugal the most graceful,
the Empress Frederick the most stubborn,
the Queen of Sweden eats the most, the
American President's wife has the least to
In Sweden it is customary to eat every two
hour, and the enormous appetites terrify all
foreign visitors. An American friend ot
mine, tall, matter-of-fact a regular Yankee
related to me one of her mistakes at the
Swedish court She was to be presented to
the Crown Princess, and knew nothing of
court etiquette except that she was expected
to kiss the hand of the Princess, who is very
short and petite. Being the stranger, by
Swedish custom, she.was obliged to advance
first When seizing the Princess' hand as
if it were a pump-handle, without bending,
she raised it to her lips and gave it a re
sounding smack. To her mortification she
saw the next, lady sink almost to the floor,
scarcely touching the royal hand with her
lips, but she was bright enough to repeat
her kiss exactly the same on her exit, and
to hear the whispered remark, "Americans
never stoop." She was a "woman's rights"
champion, a cause which excited more en
thusiasm in Sweden than any country in the
The royal dinner parties of England are
the most" formal and studied in the world
to beginners they become a frightful ordeal,
and they rarely at the end can tell what the
meal consisted of to old stagers they are a
frightful bore. The novices arc expected to
arrive early so as to ne posted by Sir Henry
Ponsonbyon court etiquette. The Queen
usually receives her guests for afternoon tea
in her own sitting room and remains a short
time with them chatting on light subjects,
then they are permitted to wander over the
castle or stay in their rooms till dinner
time, which is at 9. She says a few words
to each guest as she enters the dining room
and then leads the way to the table. It
'alwavs seems so discourteous for no one to
step up and offer the old lady his arm, but
it wonld require an equal rank to do so,
and she enters and leaves the room alone.
There is a little conversation at the table.
Each guest is asked one question by the
Queen and can make one reply. The pauses
between are dreadful, and the mechanical
parceling out of questions and answers
makes it seem as if the Queen were putting
a-Bible class through its catechism. Each
one waits lor his turn to come next, and in
the embarrassment the "answers" are olten
of the most stupid kind.
German court dinner parties are much
more brilliant, for when the young Emperor
William gets into the heat ot a good conver
sation he does not like to leave off, so all
the guests get all the benefit of the spirited
talk, which often continues for hours at the
table. If ext ,to Bismarck, bis most confi
dential friend is a nobleman, whose Ameri
can wife is the only woman in Germany
who dares to converse on politics. This is
her second husband. On her first marriage
the Emperor ot Austria had so much re
gard tor her that he raised her to the ranks
oi Princess in her own right so sue might
be her husband's equal. The chief embar
rassment it the German royal table is the
edict of the Emperor forbidding any French
words to be used on the menn. "The new
German words are so unfamiliar in their
application and often so absurd in their
literalness that it is very hard to remember
them, especially as a frown from the royal
eyebrows rewards any slip back into the old
court language.
Eussia keeps up the informal habits of
Peter the Great, and the conversation is
very gay and general at the court table with
much the brilliancy of an officer's mess on a
grand scale. In old times in Russia where
ever a guest made a distasteful remark a
trumpet sounded. The offense repeated the
too talkative person was led away and his
tongue cut out. Kero used to have a pet
tiger extended beside him on his couch who
at a sign sprang at the throat of any indis
creet babbler. In contrast to this life it is
almost painful to mention the clock-work
formalities of other courts and the mapped
ont rules for conversation at Victoria's "table
seems ahsurd.
The Prince of Wales is a brilliant table
conversationalist and likes to tell original
stories, but resents the liberty when any
gentleman forcets himself over the wine
enough to tell one to him.
Prince Albert Victor of Wales, or Prince
Edward, as he is called by his family
"collars and cufls" by his future subjects
and his brother George, the nation's favor
ite, were brought up in a very quiet way,
although they got into a rather last set at
Cambridge. Once on board the training
ship, when they made their voyage in the
Pacific, some one came on deck and found
Prince Albert Victor giving his younger
brother a fearful knocking about, and when
asked the reason, said: "I'm larruping this
kid because he won't sing God save his
There has never been a time in the history
of the world when people really cared so
much for splendor and publicity. And no
time when so much was spent on dress,
gorgeous homes and splendid entertain
tainments. All of course with no outward
show of enthusiasm or pleasure and a digni
fied acknowledgement that we must take our
pleasures sadly. The royalties in an en
deavor to please people and seem simple are
laving aside their crowns and ermine robes,
which will soon be found only in museums,
when, of course, denuded of the splendor
which was the proper mark of their station,
they will look like eyery ordinary people and
will soon be hurled from their thrones in
contempt People who pay to sunport a
royal iamily like to see their pets in all their
glory thegold state carriages blazing with
jewels the milk-white steeds and glittering
But it is not these aggressive man-halers
who arc accomplishing women's emancipa
tion. They make the most uoise about it,
but it is such women as Christina, of Spain,
and Carmen Sylva, of Roumania, who are
really advancing the right of woman to de
velop herself to her highest and best. Car
men Sylva is but little known, for she docs
not belong to one of the great ruling powers,
but her name has gradually spread till every
one knows it means something very sweet
and noble without knowing much about its
owner. Roumania is semi-barbaric, and to
see the Queen and her court ladies is a
dream of the Arabian nights, for tbey all
wear loose dresses with girdles set with
jewels and diadems with long floating veils.
The Queen is not young, her hair is white,
but she has a poetic, beautiful expression,
almost the only beautiful Queen in Europe,
for it is real beauty oi expression, like a
"lost Lenore" that she has. and not a mere
pink and white society mask.
She is very accomplished her poems and
stories the world is beginning to know; she
also paints, is a finished musician, in fact,
loves all the arts and encourages all artists.
Her court reminds one of the scenes in the
poems of Rossetti and Swinburne, where
strangely beautiful women sit all day weav
ing garlands ot strange flowers, sing sad
songs, or gaze into silver mirrors, for the
artistic mind of the Queen gathers rich types
of beauty, such poetic characters around
her that in their strange Oriental costumes
they seem as if of some enchanted land.
Not that they have any esthetic sentiment
ality, far from it, for the Queen is very sen
sible, but she is also very unconventional,
so that they will spend th'eir mornings be
neath the great trees of the park. They
have brought their embroidery, we will play
on a lute or read from some favorite poet
it is a court of culture. It is the most ideal
thing in modern Europe. .
The girls who have had the privilege of
being educated under the direction and
with the companionship of Her Majesty
are eagerly sought after by the nobles, as
they are the most cultivated ladies in the
world. But they dislike very much to
leave the lovely court; all life seems hard
and accidental after it
Nothing there is done merely because it is
the fashion. The morning talks are an art
education; the dinner table is a symposium.
The Queen does not believe in mere poetic
idleness and dreaming away one's life
amidst the beauties of nature. She encour
ages the girls to have original ideas on
dress, on the management of children, and
is most urgent that they should study
household accomplishments and cooking.
She is a kind of "mother superior" and
they all love her with most passionate de
To prove how much greater is the desire
to see royalty and to assist in its pageants is
to-day than in the olden time I can give
some very interesting figures which were
given to me by one of the guardians of
Windsor Castle.
Of course, we all remember the enormous
sums recently paid to witness the Centen
nial parades in New York City miles of
troops marching by, occasionally broken by
some livery stable carriages fnlj of black
coated Aldermen. To go back into the
distant past we find that to witness the coro
nation procession of Edward I. seats only
sold lor one-halt fartbing, and there was no
great demand at that price. When Edward
IL came to the throne people had either
doubled their wealth or their loyalty, for
they were willing to give one farthing to see
tneir ruler pass by. JSdward ILL. they
treated likewise, bnt for Richard IL and
Henry IV. they were willing to give one
penny. Henry V. seems to have made
almost as much of a furore with his dashing
beauty as George Rignold did for the
ladies, raised the price of .window seats
to two pence, which was kept up at
the same figure by Henry VI., Edward
IV. and even by Richard II t., who attracted
more from fear than love. Henry VIIL was
a lavorite with men and women so four
pence was not thought too much to see him.
While the extravagance at the coronation
of Queen Elizabeth when people paid six
pence for seats was rebuked from the
churches, which were still more to be horri
fied when to see James I. and after Charles
I. a shilling was given. Old writers speak of
the "paroxysm of absurd joy" which in
duced folks to deny themselves of two shill
ings and sixpence to see Charles II.. but
they did the same for James II., and for
William and Queen Anne went up to five
shillings. In George II. 's time luxury had
began to demoralize the European courts,
people paid ten shillings to see his gilded
coach pass by, and many were crushed to
death in the crowd. Wth George III. the
absurd extravagance of modern times and
tbe desire of rich tradespeople to mix in
royal circles and to outdo royal splendor had
set in and seats sold for from one to ten
guineas, while at the jubilee of Queen Vic
toria almost anything asked was given for a
good window, and the prices ran up into
thousands. Whether the coronation of the
Prince of Wales will put a climax on these
sums or whether it will mark the dissolu
tion of the British throne the fates alone can
tell. Olive Weston.
How n Shrewd Smncgler Tried to Elude the
Customs Officers.
New York World.I
Among the novel patterns in walking
sticks brought over from the Paris Exposi
tion there are some, and by no means the
most bulky ones, which have proved very
profitable to their owners. Several of them
are to be seen at the present time in tbe
limbo where smugglers' tools find Govern
ment safe-keeping.
"As a matter of fart," said a customs de
tective yesterday, "I don't believe one-half
of the diamonds brought to this country
pay any duty to the Government. Loot
at this cane, a plain, straightforward piece
of native bamboo it appears to be,
doesn't it? It doesn't weigh over
eight ounces, and the knotty head, where
the bamboo's roots grew, with its little silver
plate for the owner's name, looks the very
pink of respectable property. That came
over the ship's side a day or two ago care
lessly held in its owner's hand. A cable
gram had been sent from Berlin to the Sec
retary of the Treasury giving his name and
address and the name of the ship on which
he sailed and the kind of article he was
likely to smuggle. That description was
sent to the Collector here, from Washington,
and was given to me. I met the steamer,
and the first thing my eye rested on was that
cane. I went through my man's baggage;
it was diamonds I had been told to loot for,
and found, as I expected, nothing suspi
cious, -s
He smiled when I asked him to go into
the search-room, explaining that I re
gretted to have to obey such disagreeable
orders, but that duty was duty, etc. He
took it in good part, and I stripped him to
the buff and found nothing. I was begin
ning to be puzzled. I looked in his mouth
and in his ears and between his toes, and in
every conceivable cache, but found no dia
monds. He smiled all the time. I thought
perhaps he had swallowed the gems, and
thought seriously of asking him to take an
emetic with me. But I couldn't go quite
that far legitimately. He kept on smiling.
At last an inspiration seized me. I picked
up tbe cane, pressed that little silver name
plate, found it yielded and opened inward,
discovered that the whole of the naturally
hollow bamboo was loaded, and bagged my
game. By this time the smuggler had
ceased smiling.
Betrayed With a Smile.
Ticket Pumper I never saw an Eyetalian
ragpicker give up a ticket with a smile be
fore. I guess I'll watch it
.rr y .
inside or mem, in never pump another worn tree, which is supposed to have lur- . ii2-- I havb of ten tunes noted, when worAp
ticket! Puci. I nished the thorns Iwlth which tha ernwn of I 11 I I I I 1 1 1 I Pud. ' rolm tha dntrtna nf ti mmut .h.A
Mrs. Frank Leslie Describes the
Streets of tbe French Capital.
Kept Clean by an Army of Male and Female
Pabis, September 24. The French are a
people who literally live in their streets.
The broad footways are crowded night and
day, especially during this exhibition sum
mer. Bitumen makes walking so easy that
it is almost less fatiguing to walk than to
stay in-doors. And then there is every in
ducement to walk. How cau a people ap
preciate a fireside ingle whose fuel is the
more often a bundle of sticks, who dine at
restaurants.and who live on flats? They have
not the comforts of home life, and they do
not want them. They prefer the pleasnres
of public society. A Frenchman at any
rate, a Frenchman of a large proportion of
tne middle class would not thmtc of spend
ing a couple of idle hours in his own draw
ing room. Why should he do so?
The street is his drawing room. And a
very handsome one it is, too, with its clean,
tidy, well-swept thoroughfares, its bright
cafes and shady boulevards, its white-looking
house fronts, prettily decorated shop
windows and splendid edifices.
The streets in Paris can, of course, be
dirty for even here rain will at times fall
from the clouds but in the mud there is
not so strong a feeling of clotted grease that
the London smoke produces in the dismal
thoroughfares of that huge metropolis. Tbe
Municipal Council here do their work of
cleansing tbe streets well and with method
ical regularity.
xne wort is a gigantic one, and wortby ot
attention. The total length of streets, ave
nues, boulevards, bridges, quays and thor
oughfares generally is set down at about GOO
miles, of which nearly 200 miles are planted
with trees. If the whole ot the population,
estimated at the last census to number
2,239,928, should turn out for a walk the
same day at the same hour, it is computed
that each individual would have only 42
centimeters (or 16 inches English) in
length of ground to stand upon. The ex
pense of keeping these thoroughfares in or
der and repair is 18,212,600 francs per an
num, so that if an equal distribution of the
outlay among the population were to be
made, each inhabitant would have to pay
over 8 francs a year in taxes for that pur
pose alone.
The whole of this vast undertaking is
managed by the director of. "la Voirie," or
commission of public ways, and the work
distributed under four distinct headiugs:
1. The purchase and storage of materials; 2.
The employment of paviers, road menders
and laborers; 3. The watering of the public
streets and thoroughfares; and 4. The sweep
ing and carting of mnd, filth and snow.
Each of these respective branches figures
for a sum of 4,500,000f in the municipal
The best stone used for paving purposes is
unquestionably the old compact sandstone
quarried at Fontainebleau and a few other
places on the outskirts of the Paris basin.
There are three varieties, known respective
ly as pif, paf and pouf; the former is too
hard for cutting, and the latter too soft for
paying; the right sort is the paf. A hard
granite, which comes from Cherbourg, has
been much used ot late years; but its sur
face is polished too rapidly by the carriage
wheels and grows slippery.
The footways are p irtly furnished with
lavas and basaltstfrom Volvic, in Auvergne,
and partly with a mixture ot bitumen and
gravel. Wooden pavement has in a measure
taken the place of the old .system of maca
damizing the broader thoroughfares, such as
the Champs-Elysees, the Rue de Rivoli, the
Place Vendome, the Place de la Concorde,
the Avenue de l'Opera, the bonlevards,
etc. The traffic over these roads is enour
mous, and is of a sort wlich most distresses
and wears any road namely, such as is
caused by cabs, omnibuses and spring
wagons. Alter numerous experiments
with different kinds of wooden pavement,
the plan finally adopted is to form a bed oi
lime concrete for base, and then deposit,
narrow side upwards, small blocks ot pine
wood, previously steeped in tar, and of the
size of ordinary bricks. Between every row
an interstice is left, a quarter or half an inch
wide, filled up bv gravel and sand, well
rammed in, the whole being coated over
with another concrete where tar is the bind
ing medium. Experience has tested this
plan to be next to perfect.
, The cost of sweeping the Paris streets, ac
cording to the latest official returns, is con
siderably above $1,000,000 annually. The
number of persons, both male and female,
employed in the work is 3,464, including
regular sweepers and extra hanbs.
The rapidity withlwhich snow is cleared
away from the streets of Paris is a sicht
worth seeing. To effect this, the capital is
divided into 29 districts, each of which is
farmed out to a contractor, who engages to
clear it on bis own responsibility. It is for
him to hire carts and laborers, and to appor
tion out the work in accordance with the
plans; and he is heavily) fined if in any part
of his district the business is not proceeded
with in due course. The streets themselves
are divided into three categories first, the
great thorough fares, whifeh are ordered to.be
at once cleared of all snow lyiug on them;
secondly, the intermediate streets, in which
the snow is first brushed kisidejnto tuo long
heaps, stretching along their sides, and
thirdly, the smaller roadways, in which the
snow is merely swept into a single rampart
along one side.
To each contractor, anil also to the direct
ors of a the ponts et cltaussees, a map is
given, in which these saveral categories of
streets are colored in red. blue and yellow,
so that the work goes an with regularity
and according to the setvlesign. The con
cierges and shopkeepers are liable to be
fined if they do not clea i away the snow
from tbe pavement in froi t of their several
abodes. To speed matt rs and help the
sweepers, the municipal ty makes use of a
large snow plow, shaped like a harrow,
which has a triangular jvooden frame with
a steel prow in front at its apex. It is
drawn along by horses; the steel prow acts
u&e a piow on tne snow anu casis it iu
ridges on each side of theriadwav. Whentbe
mainbulk has thus been leared, what snow
remains is thrown aside b ' strong sweeping
machines, with one horse in front and a re
volving brush behiud, rhich go over the
ground alter the snow plo ir. The omnibus
and tramcar companies, who are interested
in furthering the work, rllace horses and
materials generally at the service of tbe
authorities whenever a heavy fall of snow
occurs. Iu the districts bordering on the
Seine the snow is cast into tbe river as fast
as it is removed from the roadways; in
others, it is conveyed to. plots of waste
ground, where it is piled ufp; or else, when
there is water enough in f lie main sewers
and the slope allows of sonoing, the snow is
discharged into them. I
400,000 SHADE tEEES.
The shade trees planted along the quays,
avenues and boulevards and in the squares,
parks and gardens, must also be attended' to.
There are upward of '400,000 sorts in the
capita! and suburbs including the elm,
lime, white and red chestnut, plane, asb,
birch pine, sycamore and pseudo-acacia. Of
the more recently introduced samples of
trees now acclimatized I may instance the
Paulotvnia and Catthalpa, with their fron
dent masses of aunt, green leaves; the
hardy Ailantus, dr Japanese varnish tree,
which seems to p'ull through all weathers,
thriving mostly irhen others succumb; the
Judas tree, whica bears a fine bunch of
red flowers; the stately Triacanthos, or
thorn tree, which is supposed to have fur
nished the thorns with which the crows of
- 188lJr
Christ was made, etc. All of these exotio
trees may be found at one point or another
ot the boulevards, lhese and the rest of
their more homely congeners must be kept
trimmed to a height of nine feet above the
sidewalks and the latter must be kept clear
The work is in charge of 216 men, headed
by a sub-engineer and two forest inspectors,
at a cost ot 375,000f annually. This dues
not include the Bois de Boulogne, which
alone entails an annual expense of 650,000f,
half of which goes in salary to the guards,
gardeners and workmen; nor does it com
prise the Bois de Vincennes, which costs
every year 370,000f. There are 87,400 trees
in the city alone, and as 92,000f is spent on
them annually, each tree may be said to
cost the municipality If 05c. a year. A
general inspection of the trees in and around
Paris takes' place once every twelvemonth
in September, when the inspector, accom
panied by the head gardener, blazes such of
them as are old or too sickly. These are re
placed by saplings from the city nurseries
before the following spring.
The Paria nursery grounds are situated in
the Bois de Boulogne. Tbey have a total
superficies of 12 hectares 2 acres each
and are divided into two parts, one in tbe
Iilain of Lonchamp, and the other near the
ake of Auteuil. The latter, seven acres
in extent, is sheltered by tbe Bois itself
from the north and east winds, and, conse
quently, is in a most favorable position for
the cultivation of pines, firs and other con
ifers. Owing to the able cultivation of the
soil, those trees grow there with remarkable
vigor and possess magnificent foliage. In
order to secure the success'ul transplanta
tion of them, a year beforehand a trench is
dug around them, leaving in the center
a sufficient mass of earth to nourish
them. That ground is then secured by a
sort of box nailed together on the spot, with
openings between the boards so as to allow
the new roots to pass through and find their
nourishment outside. The trench is then
filled in again, and the tree can wait a year
or two without any danger. Tbe collection
of conifers consists of 224 species and var
ieties, altogether 23,118' in number. The
same ground contains 157 sorts of trees
which shed their leaves, in all 33,600. In
the islands of the lake the director has
brought together some fiue resinous trees,
and others of a deciduous nature, intended
to form a splendid arboreum. The whole
Paris nursery in the Bois de Boulogne
possesses 98,000 trees and shrubs of various
Out of the total general quantity of water
supplied daily from various sources in the
French capital, upward of 150,000 cubic
yards is applied to the cleansincr of the pub
lic streets and sewers, and to the supply of
the numerous ornamental fountains in the
various quarters of Paris. It is a pity, how
ever, that watering carts are not more gener
ally in vogue in tne French capital; theyare
not only more expeditions than the old
fashioned hose, but more convenient to those
who enjoy a drive without such impedimenta
at the roadside. Pedestrians would also es
cape the danger of being unmercifully
sprinkled witi a combination of dust and
water, as only too frequently occurs on all
the chief thoroughfares of Paris. In the
Champs-Elysees, for some occult reason, a
watercart appears on one day, and the hose
people the next Paris, however, is really
too big to be watered effectually on this an
tediluvian method, and the sooner the more
business-like system is introduced, tbe better
will it be for the public
Feank Leslie.
An Oregon Contrivance That Scoops Up 223
Salmon For Minnie.
Hew York Sun.
"The thing that amazed me most on the
Pacific coast," said a New York'er recently
returned from a trip to that side of the con
tinent, "was the Oregon salmon fisheries.
Think of 4,000 men doing nothing for several
months in the year but catching, cleaning
and canning salmon, and you may grasp
sonfe little idea of the stupendous character
of these fisheries. And that army
of men is employed about the
mouth of the Columbia river alone. Since
tbe building of tbe Northern Pacific Bail
road fisheries have' been established 300
miles from the mouth of the river. Passen
gers on that railroad in the fishing season
may see the novel wheel fisheries operating
at many places on the river. The way those
wheels take the salmon from the water it
seems astonishing that there are any fish left
to furnish material for another season's fish
ing. I visited one of these wheel fisheries
near Dallas City.
Imagine a wheel 40 feet in diameter and 8
feet across the lace, resembling an immense
water wheel. 'Instead of paddles, this wheel
is fitted with three buckets, made of coarse
and strong wire screening. The wheel is
fastened to a shalt, to which is attached
machinery that lowers and raises it at the
will of the operator. The buckets are so
constructed that anything that enters them
is tbrown toward tbe center 'of the wheel
and to one side, where there is an
opening above the water line that
leads to a large tank. The buckets
open down stream. "When in opera
tion the wheel is lowered six feet into
the river, up which the salmon are making
their way in untold numbers. The force of
the water revolves the wheel, the average
revolutions being five per minute. As it
turns the buckets scoop up the salmon,
which are forced back and out of the open
ing in the side of the wheel into the re
ceiving tank. Each bucket, when the fish
are running lively, will turn into the tank
an average of five salmon to every delivery,
and each bucket will make 15 deliveries a
minute. One wheel may safely be calculated
to run into the tank 75 salmon a minute, or
225 a minute for tbe three."
Soot Ta Toot.
Amateur Musician (who has just received
an anonymous gift) At last I am recog
nized! I knew that iu spite of carping
critics, my genius would be acknowledged,
in the end!
. .j.
y v iJ y&MrJ& it 1 I m I I
r i i i i i i i i i-puc.
k -as-
The career of a man like Henry Shaw,
who died not long since in St. Louis,
teaches over sgain lessons which we cannot
too often con. As first, that in this coun
try the man born to poverty may rise" to
wealth unhindered by artificial barriers;
may stand a prince among his fellows, with
no thought as ,to his origin on the part of
others, save one of gratitude for tbe ex
ample of one able by industry, economy and.
perseverance, rto be the architect of his own
fortune, and build out of unlikely materials
a notable fortnne.
But more and better, such a career show)
how successful man may lend a helping
hand to others not so successful, and raise
them up. Think of the pleasure Shaw's Gar
den has given to multitudes, of the recrea
tion gotten in the parks open by him, of
the future aid that is to come to the toiling
multitudes through his bestowmenta to St
Thank God, such instances are not un
common. The Bates Publio Library in
Boston, the Astor Library in New York,
the Girard College in Philadelphia, the
Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore
what are these but so many philanthropic land
mark set up by dead bands that shall live and
help forever? "The land," says one. "Is filled,
with these monuments, which rise fair and
stately In colleges and schools, nobly endowed;
In comfortable homes for the else homeless.
old and young: In hospitals for all sorts-and
conditions of the sick and maimed; in asylums,
refuges and retreats for the unfortunate.
Their number Is- leglonthelr beneficence un
tinted, their usefulness inestimable."
We pray for tbe day when tbe example of
such benefactors shall be universally -contagions;
wben our rich men and women shall
likewise recognize their stewardship, and when
ft shall be disgraceful for any person of wealth
to lire r die without making tbe world better,
sweeter and more sunny for tnelr passing
through it. When poverty sees that wealth Is
thus helpful, the bitterness between labor and
capital will vanish Use a nightmareat day
break, and the poor will thank God for every
dollar such wealth coins.
High Pressure of Modern Life.
Unrest, hurry, is a bad characteristic of these
times. We do everything by telegraph. We live
as well as travel by the liehtning express. The
late Sir Henry Holland, a polyglot man, in a
charming book of personal recollections cover
ing 60 years of the Nineteenth century, says:
"People walk faster in .London streets than
tbey did when I first knew them. And this
augmented speed of locomotion is carried into
every department of life politics, art, literat
ure, commerce and social existence. The charm
of tranquil leisure is less and less sought after."
This,wlilcn is true the world over, is truest of all
in our country. Like the old Mississippi steam
boats, we are built on the high-pressure prin
ciple; and, like them, we are liable to blow up.
This hurry makes business harassing and
wearing. Our merchants die at tbe topIn In
sane retreats. It ruins home life; for that de
mands repose. The home should be a breathing
spot, a place nninvaded by tret, and sacred to
peace. Gu slow. Yon will get there Just the
same, and save your health and prolong your
life In the bargain.
They Didn't Mean If.
In an article in the Observer Dr. Charles Bob
inson says he once knew the hymn. "I wonld
not live aiway, I ask not to stay," given out
in a sanitarium and sung by 200 invalids, all of
whom had come there because they wanted to
"stay," and were dome, tueir costliest ana best
not to leave tnis worio.
A Senseless Barcnln.
"What shall a man give In exchange for bis
soul?" The millions whom Xerxes commanded
now avail him nothing. The wealth of Crcesus
cannot now redeem his life. It is now no com
fort to Alexander that his bangbty legions once
trod the world into vassalage. Where now is
the dust of Csesar "that kept a world in awet"
and how much is Napoleon proflted by a name
to live wben he is dead?
But if to exchange the soul for a world were
a senseless bargain, what shall be said of us
who can hope at the most but to gain an in
finitessimal iraction of the world? what kind
of a bargain will we drive if we barter.for this
the essential part of ourselves? Esau is fixed
in the contempt of tbe ages Why? What did
he do? Why, be sold his birthright for a mess
of pottage. There are those to-day who out
Esau Esau. Tbey sell their birthright for
nothing. What sort of an epitaph will wisdom
write on weir tomnr
Intemperance in Germany.
German writers are beginning to face the
statistics of intemperance, and are discovering
appalling revelations. The following is making
its round through the press: "Germany an
nually spebds 430,000,000 marks for its army,
but not much less for alcoholic drinks, which
cost 406,000,000 marks. Tbe statistics show that
the intemperate class furnishes SO per cent of
all the insane, SO per cent of all the poor, and
70 per cent of all the criminals."
It was a touching story which the late Lord
Shaftesbury told of some of the greatest roughs
in the East End of London. A young clergy
man in one of the most wretched parishes bad
asked his advice as to how to deal with tbe
terrible human vice and misery of the place.
Lord Shaftesbury had counseled him to begin
by establishing a ragged school, and had at the
same time furnished tbe necessary funds. The
school met with immediate success, but it was
impossible, in spite of all tbe Vicar's efforts, to
induce tbe people to come to cbnrcb, and the
young clergyman nnauy resoiyea to meet them
by preaching in the open air. He selected one
of the worst courts, and had the benches from
the school taken there for his hearers to sit
upon, but was Uismajea when he came upon
the scene to see the front rows occupied by a
number of tbe most notorious roughs of the
neighborhood, who, he thought, had come to
break up the services. To bis surprise, how
ever, everythini went off quietly, and when
the services were over he stepped up to tbe
loader of tbe gang, told him be had not ex
pected to see mm there, though bo was very
glad to welcome him, and asked what had
brought him. Tbe man said: "Well, sir,
you've been very good to our little kids, so I
said to my mates, 'Parson's going to preach in
'court on Sunday night: it's a roughlsh plate:
let's go and see fair play." That's what bronght
She Had Lost a True Friend.
A very pleasing incident at the funeral of the
late 8. S. Cox is mentioned in one of tbe daily
papers. It is worthy ot notice as showing true
generosity on one side, ana lively gratitude on
the other. It is no wonder that tbe dead Con
gressman had so many friends, and was so sin
cerely lamented by men of all parties. "Seated
away in tbe corner was a modest woman In
mourning, who wept copiously. Nobodyseemed
to know her. To a reporter she told her story.
She said her name was Charlotte J. .Morgan,
and that she lived at 2 Sanders street Salem,
Mass. She was tbe widow of Francis Morgan,
who bad died in battle at the heights of Fred
ericksburg. He bad left ber only tbe legacy of
a loving memory and a faithful lore. Times
were hard on ber. Year after year she had
sought for enough bread from the nation to
keep ner auve. ane met wun no success. JgDt
years ago she read oi "sunset" Lor, and wrote
him ber story. He made inquiries, fonnd her
deserving, and, coin: to work in earnest, se
cured for her no: only a pension.bnt Si COO back
money due. She had only heard of the death of
her benefactor in time to reach the home yester
day morning, and place her modest bouquet as a
tribute to his memory."
Snndny Sermonettes.
Tnis above all, to thine own self be true,
And it must follow as the night the day.
Thou canst not then be false to any man.
Polonius. in Hamlet
"Hebe, my saeaclons friend," said Louis,
"take this purse of gold, and With it tbe advice
never to be so great a fool as to think yourself
wiser than another. Quentin JDurwara,
Tom Tweedle played a good fiddle, but
nothing satisfied with the inconsiderable ap
pellation of a fiddler, dropped the practice and
is now nothing. Shenslone, Men and Man
ners. Many men want wealth not a competence
alone, but a five-story competence. Everything
subserves tnii; and religion they would like as
a sort of lightning rod tn their nooses to ward
off, by and by, the bolts of divine wrath.
AWEEKflllod up with selfishness, and" the
Sabbath stuffed full of religious exercises, will
make a good Eharisee, but a poor Christian.
There are many persons who think Sunday is
sponge with which to wipe out the sins at tbe
week. Tbe whole seven days are for religion.
ana one ot mem tor rMU-io,
1 hate oiten times noted, when women re-
and fast tfew bm Mc m we see
Mazdalen. wfee ws nee hearty aM I
Peter. Luther, "Fatt 3W. "i$?(J
A Eli3kot lite a straggle aaa m:i
hymn. Madam de enaeL
Noxs bnt God can satisfy the losfisgs i
Immortal souL AS tbe aeart was
him, so He only can fill iUArchUthop j
Alts without breathing man as well :
For life. as. without nlefr. for bmiwl
Young, Iftght THoufMt. '.-'
h'cDirt! NoFuss! MeBackMtil
and mates the Sua WEAR BETT..
Don' tlet the women hare iH taebesttaisgs,b
I find it a tip top Harness Dressier. V
A. DnrelT VaaetaMaV
Compound that espetsj
all bad burners fren thai
system. Keaeves e
es and pieastes, tmi
makes pare, rMfeHeetf.",.
OXW & mi Al XtllMJMt, .AAA A3ouna rA ,
As old residents know and back files of FiMB. -
burg papers prove, is the oldest eatnBHsfcait 1
and most prominent physician ia the cHy, - .
votlne special attention to all chronic cnaeaMa.;1
MCDfl ICaDd mental diseases, ahatfaal
llCfl V UUOdecay. nervous debUtty. krak at '
energy, ambition and hope, impairs mem
ory, disordered sicbt. self distrait, hmhralaami,
dizziness, sleeplessness, pimples, ematiea, taa
TiaTerished blood, f aihnp Dowers, oreaate raalf
ness. dyspepsia, constipation, coastassptfaa. as-'
fitting the person for business, society ami mar
riage, permanently, saieiy ana privately aM,
blotches, falling bair, bones pains, gtandalar
swellings, ulcerations of tongue, moats, threat,
ulcers, old sores, are cured for life.aadiWoA '
poisons thoroughly eradicated irom tne a
liniM ADV kidney and bladder At
Urulsrtn I jments. weak back, gravel. aa
painful symptoms receive searching treatsMat, ,
prompt reiiet ana real cares.
Dr. Whittler's life-long, extensive
ence. insures scientific and reliable tr
on common-sense DrinclDles. CoasalMttamV
free. Patients at a distance as caret aMy sreaua,!
asitoere. umce pours ju jr. to a r. jc. gaja3
day. 10 A. M. to l F. M.0UIV.
SI4 Penn avenue. Pittsburg, Pa.
How Lostl How RegaM,
A Scientific and Standard Popular Medical Treatise ea
the Errors of Youth, Premature D ecline,jleiyo as
and Fhyilcal Debility, impurities ot the Jttoed,
Resulting from Folly, Vice, Ignorance, Hs ,
mbJimmr' 3
cesses or uvertazation, Enervatineana ubbv ,fi
ting tne victim ror worK, uusiness. tne nar
riaire or Social Relations.
Avoid unskillful pretenders. Possess tbia '
great work. It contains 300 pages, royal Rto.;
eautlfnl biuding, embossed, full gilt Priee,
only $1 by mail, postpaid, concealed la plata J
wrapper, illustrative Prospectus rree.iijs,,
apply now. The distinguished author. Wu. if. J
Parker. M. D., received the GOLD AND JEW
ELED MEDAL from (he National Medical As.
ociation. for this PRIZE ESSAY en NERVOUS '
and PHYSICAL DEBILITY. Dr. Parker aed a
corpS of Assistant Physicians may be cw
suited, confidentially, by mail or in persea. at
tbe office of THE PEABODY MEDICAL W-
STITUTE, No. 4 Bulfinch SL, Boston. Mats., to
whom all orders for books or letters for ad nee
should be directed as above. anlS-eT-Torsawk'
Health is Wealths
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