Pittsburg dispatch. (Pittsburg [Pa.]) 1880-1923, October 06, 1889, THIRD PART, Page 17, Image 17
-. PAGES if to 2rt!q ' THIRD PART. tfT THE PITTSBURG DISPM CH ALLAH IS GREAT How Rich Turks Sleep and Poor Turks Fast During the Month of Ramazan. THE WHIRLING DERVISHES. A Kight Service in the Wonderful Mosque of Santa Sophia. SCEKES OF EELIGION AND BEYELET. A Fast Observed br 100,000,000 niohnm medans How the Saltnn Keeps Lent The Secretary of State Refuses a Clcnr ettc Turkish merchants Who Read Their Bibles and Fray In Their Stores The Koran and Temperance ome Car Ions Beliefs and the Mohnmmednn Story of Adam and Eve. rFEOM OCB TBAVEUXQ COMMISSIOXER. ONSTANTINO- PLE,Septemberl5. I arrived in Con stantinople during the month of Rama zan, and I fonnd the whole city observ ing the Mohamme- dan Lent. The , cook shops of Stam- bonl are closed dur ing the day for lack .of enstom, and of j the half million Turkish women and children in this city, not one eats anything Jrom sunrise to sunset. They do not drink a drop of water, and the more devout will not even swallow their spittle. The Turks are the most inveterate smokers of the world, and they like to titilate their nos trils with snuff and to gratify them with perfumes. During Eamazan they do not smoke during the daytime, and theyentirely abstain from snuff and the use of ottar of roses. This is so not only in Constanti- 86' MOSQUE OP nople, but also over the whole Mohammedan world. It is 6 o'clock P. m. as I write, and 100, 000,000 Mohammedan stomachs, scattered from the wilds of North China to the tropi cal regions of Central Africa, are howling with hunger. One hundred million parched tongues are now scrap ing against the dry roofs of 100, 000,000 months, and I doubt not that something like 200,000,000 eyes are anxiously witching the going down of the setting sun. The moment it drops behind the west these millions will grab for the food that has been prepared for them and for the next hour or so the fasting will be turned into feasting. The nights of Con stantinople are now nights of revelry. The Koran does not prohibit the Turk from eat ing what he pleases after sunset and the people gorge themselves to make np for the fast of the day. The city is lighted at night and crowds throng the streets. All the cafes and eating houses are open and the lemonade peddler and the sweet meat man are out in all their glory. The Turks are very hospitable and during Eamazan thev give many dinner parties. Such as are wealthy enough to do without work stay np the whole night in order that they may the better sleep through the fasting hours of the morrow. THE MOSQUE OF SANTA SOrHIA. It is a time for religious observance as well as pleasure. There are services at all the mosques everv evening, and ail the men go to prayers. The mosques nreilluminated and tne hundreds of minarets which rise high above the somber city of Stamboul are girdled with light, and between them are stretched great figures of fire, made by stringing countless lamps upon wires. Here is one composed ot gigantic letters, forming the Turkish word for God or "Allah." There is one representing a can non a hundred feet long, and between the towers of another mosqne hangs a mammoth star and crescent ot fire. There are between 200 and 300 mosques in Constantinople, and the Eamazan ceremo nies in these are most interesting to the stranger. I witnessed them in the largest mosque of the world last night. This was the mosque of Santa Sophia, which was built as a Christian church in the Fourth century and which was for ages the finest Christian church in the world. It took 100 architects to superintend its construction and 10,000 masons worked upon it at the same time. It bad doors of ivory, amber and cedar, and its altar was made oi precious Etonei embedded in gold and silver. It was decorated with beautiful paintings, which the Turks destroyed when they took possession of Constantinople, and its roof has still enongh mosaic to carpet an acre field. The great temples of antiquity have been robbed to build this church. Within it there are four pillars ol green granite, which were taken from the Temple of Diara at Ephesus, and there are other columns from the temples of Thebes, Athens, Borne and Alexandria. If you .will take a two-acre field and plant within it a forest of columns, roofed with a dome bigger and grander man mat oi the . A zu&m m& i ffiwife u m U hi ' Mill i1 ' - "a"l"HlKi:lMiti Itt L -jsggygyM;o-eazssal--SU 51 t! '" I'HH Ml Jw irw "i - Capitol at "Washington, hang thousands of lamps in the air between the dome ana ine floor, scatter richly carved pulpits about various parts of the building, put immense fountains here and hang gigantic Turkish inscriptions there, yon may have a mazed idea of how the mosqne of Santa Sophia looks when entering. You will wander for hours through the corridors of its columns, finding new beauties at every step. You will note that the great walls are lined with precious marbles, and that the cornices and the freizes of the arches are of gilded bronze. At night, when the thousands 01 lamps are lighted, when great stars of flame float in the air between the dome and the floor, when everv pillar and every alcove is ablaze, and. when the various galleries are wallea with flame, the wonders of the mosque take on. a new grandeur, which, added to the picturesqueness of the wor shipers themselves, make a Eamazan night in Santa Sophia one of the greatest sights in the world. A WONDEBFUL SCENE. By the liberal use of backsheesh, accom panied bv my Mohammedan guide, I bo tained admission to the gallery of Santa Sophia last night. It was 9 o'clock when I arrived and the acres of floor below me were covered with worshipers. In long regular lines, with their faces toward Mecca, sitting on their knees were at least 5,000 Mohamme dans. In tnrbans and gowns with their bare, or stocking feet looking up at the gal ltrv they formed long lines of curious color on the white mats away down there under the floating flames. From the back of the church came the shrill voice of the Iman who was leading the devotions. It was a wonderful tenor which penetrated the remotest recessesof the vast mosque, and in response to which these 5,000 turbaned men rose and fell like clockwork in their devotions. They moved as one man, and when they sunk to their knees the striking of 10,000 legs upon the floor made a noise like the rumbling of a cannon in the distance, and when they bowed their heads to the floor the sound came up as though it had been made by the fall of some great weight rather than by the touch of 5,000 heads. In the front of each worshiper was placed his shoes, and at the close of the services each Mohammedan took these in his hands and walked with them out of the mosque. A faithful Mohammedan, he prays five times every day and he does not care for his surroundings. At the hours of prayer Mohammedans will begin their devotions in the midst of a crowd. They will stop their business transactions, and whether in the store or field, they will drop down on their knees and pray. I remember entering a rug bazaar in Alexandria and calling upon a gray-bearded turbaned Turk while he was engaged in his devotions. He was standing on a rug in the back part of the store looking toward Mecca and mumbling the Koran. He must have seen me as I entered with a party of Americans, and though he knew I intended to buy, he paid MAHOMET. no attention to me. He continued his kneeling down and rising up for fully 15 minutes, and I sat down and waited until he was through. There were many other rug establishments near by, and he must have known that he stood the chance of the loss of a sale by not attending to me. This made no difference, howeyer, to him. It would be a curious thing to see a merchant in New York or Chicago stop his sales in the middle of the day and drop down on his knees and pray in the presence of his cus tomers. TEOUD OP THEIB EELIGION. The Mohammedans are much less ashamed of their religion than we are. They are, in fact, proud of it, and you can count the Mohammedan conversions to Christianity by hundreds. It is only in the rarest of in- Turks at Prayer. stances that missionaries are able to make any impression upon the followers of the prophet, and such conversions as Christians make in Mohammedan countries are, as a rules lrom other sects than Mohammedan ones. Speaking ot the Mohammedan ob servance of religious duties, all of the of ficials of the Sultan keep Eamazan, and when I called upon the Secretary of State yesterday in the Sublime Porte, which con tains the great Government offices of Turkey. I did not see a single clerk smoking or drinking coffee. The Secretary of State, who is one of the leading men of Tnrkey and who ranks here as Elaine does to President Harrison, asked me if I would not smoke and I, thinking nothing of Eamazan, assented. When the tobacco came in I asked him why he did not take a cigarette and he replied that it was against the rule of his religion and begged me to excuse bim as it was Eamazan. Upon this I refused to smoke myself, and on the same ground refused the coffee, which was after ward brought in to me, In calling at a big Mohammedan TJniversity..which is loc&trd in the English quarter.of Constantinople, at uuuu me uijjci uajr( A- iuuuu me classrooms deserted and the professors absent, and I was told that it being Eamazan, the pupils were trying to sleep through the day in order togetridiof the fast. The Sultan himself keeps Eamazan, and when he went the other day totiss the mantle of M&hnm. et, he remained la Stamboul until sunset! and ate a lunch there before coming back. Cart loads of provisions were carried to his palace in this part of the city and the mo ment that the sunset cannon fired, himself and his ministers began their feast. This fast of Eamazan is most severe on the laboring classes of the Turks. Forced to work in the hot sun all day without food they become almost famished by sunset, and their eyes sometimes bulge from their sockets as they watch the approach of even ing. The Turks are inveterate smokers, and I note that their desire for the cigarette or the water pipe often surpasses their longing for food. At about the time for the firing bf the evening gun if you will stand upon the bridge at Constantinople, you may see hundreds of boatmen with matches in their hands and cigarettes held up ready to light the moment that the cannon is heard. You will see their food before them, but you will seldom see them touch either before the gun goes off. A Mohammedan who would eat publicly during Eamazan would be sure to lose caste with his fellows, and if the There is No God but God! Sultan dared to act contrary to the Koran he would be liable to dethronement and assassination. As it is the only time he comes out of his palace is when he must perform his weekly religious worship at the mosque. WHIBLINQ DEETISHES." There are many different sects among the Mohammedans, but they are more liberal in their treatment of each other than are the Christians, In this alabaster mosque a half dozen different sects were worshiping, and in one part of it the dancing dervishes were whirling through their religious gymnas tics. These men and boys had dark yellow faces, worn thin by fasting. They were dressedn long white skirts, fastened jn at the waist with black belts, and on their heads were high sugar-loaf hats. One of them played the flute, another the tarn borine, and the others, alter kissing the hem of the robe of the chief, held out their arms and began to whirl slowly around to the music As they continued to whirl one of them sang verses from the Koran and at in tervals there were prayers by the chief. After the prayers were over the whirling became more rapid until they at last went around at the rate of '60 revolutions a min ute. At this time their skirts stood out like those of a ballet dancer, they became red in the face, and I noticed that one of the boys fell to the ground and was carried off in a fit. The howling dervishes are even more horrible, and there is a great society of these at Constantinople. I cannot de scribe their religious gymnastics, but they work themselves into a frenzy and in the interior of Turkey where they are away fromtherestraintof the "Western civilization they often take knives and cut themselves and each other in their religious ecstacy. They often go into epileptic fits and foam at the 'mouth, and they are as dirtr a set of long-haired heathen as you will find in the world. They are, however, the cranks of Mohammedanism and are not a fair sample of the Mohammedan world. The Mohammedan religion, as it is ob served in the East, has more good in it than many Christians suppose. Its followers are by no means savages and its teachings are such that we could in some instances follow them with profit. The Koran prohibits the drinking of spiritouus liquors and the Mo hammedans, where thev have not been con taminated with our civilization, are total abstainers. They not only abstain them selves but they make their neighbors keep from drinking. THE FALL OP ADAM. The Mohammedans believe in God and the prophets. Tbey look upon Christ as the great prophet, and believe that Mahomet and Christ will act together as the judges of all mankind at the last day. One of the minarets of the noted mosque at Damascus was bnilt in memory of Christ, and Damas cus is one of the fanatical of Mohammedan cities. They look upon Adam as a pattern of human perfection, and they believe that the Garden of Eden was originally located In heaven. "When Eve seduced Adam in eating the apple our parents were cast out of the Garden of Eden and Tell to earth. Adam landed on a mountain in Ceylon and Eve dropped down near Mecca. Adam for his sins spent 200 years in looking for Eve and at last 'lie found her in Arabia, end the two lived in a mountain there together until they died. The mountain is still known as Adam's Monnt. The Moham medans consider Abraham a great prophet. He is called in the Koran the friend of God. They call Moses the speaker of God, and they have, all told, 124,000 prophets. The greatest ot these are Adam, Abraham, Jesus and Mahomet. The Koran includes charity and brotherly love. It prohibits lending money at interest, and it fixesi the general laws of the Mohammedan world. It inculcates belief in a future state, in the heaven of which each devout believer shall have four beautifnl and ever young maidens to wait upon him and to administer to his wants. It is in many of its chapters so much like the Bible that it is believed that Mahomet got a large part of its teachings from the Scriptures and from the Hebrews with whom he was acquainted. Frank G. Cabpjenteh. A Dinner of Congratulation. BennyWe children have lots to be thankful for, don't we, mamma ? Mrs. Eodman Yes, dear; but what made yon think of that ? Benny B'pose you'd had a hand like that jnst after you caught me In th' jam closet yesterday ? Judos ' PITTSBURG, STOTOAT, SEE IS YET OUR MARY. Miss Anderson in Good Health and a Social Success, but A VICTIM OP CfiUEL TREATMENT. What People Bay Who Have Just Beturncd From England, THE TRUE ST0EI OP HEB COLLAPSE rwniTTEir Ton, rai pispxtcit.i The return to the slums of a very large proportion of the women who have been posing as actresses, on the strength of no toriety and effrontery, lifts into unusnal prominence one of the most respected, blameless and brilliant figures of the co temporaneous stage. Mary Anderson's fame is considerably more than national. If ever a woman deserves well of her coun trymen it is she, and yet she has been the victim of the most cruel and inhuman treatment conceivable. The attitude of a certain portion of the press of America to ward her is a reproach upon journalism. All of this is emphasized now by the re turn of the vast army of Americans who have been in London, and who find no sub ject more eloquent for denunciation than the attacks on Miss Anderson; the state ment that she is insane; has been incarcer ated in an asylum in London, and so on. From Cbauncey M. Depew and Mrs. Mac kay, all the way down to the lower strata of stage people returning from Europe the reports are the same. A few days ago an Associated Press dispatch announced in a casual manner that the Prime Minister of Great Britain, the Marquis of Salisbury, and Lady Salisbury had called on Miss Ander son and spent two hours with the American actress at the home of Baroness Von Hugel. When the Prime Minister left he had se cured from Miss Anderson a promise that she would go down to his country place for the latter part ot September, it was an incident of no particular importance in one way, but it showed the difference between art in Europe and commeroe in America. A woman wnom the most stalwart, impos ing and important man in Great Britain, and one of the three great powers in the politics of the world, pays the most respect ful sort of homage to, is absolutely driven out of her own country by the scurrility of newspaper abuse, while Mrs. Leslie Carter and the rest of her frowsy crewed creatures of scandal have their beauty praised by these newspapers and are photographed from one end of the country to the other, and pose as heroines. HONOBING AET IN ENGLAND. I do not know whether most people would consider the Prime Minister of Great Britain a more important person than the President of the United States or not, but if the President of the United States and Mrs. Harrison should call upon an actress, it would be considered rather a startling thing. MissAnderso belong: to the most exact ing and exhausting of professions, but it is -J a profession nowau.i ana tne art ot acting has been so thoroughly, so universally re cognized and respected in the great art cen ters of Enrope that the prominence of this American girl is far greater than people here realize. We have never had an actress in Ameri ca who in any sense entered society. The fact that the woman has appeared on the stage seems to be considered as a bane to the codfish aristocracy and hog-killing nobility of the Four Hundred. The fact that she is on the dramatic stage instead of the operatic is an impenetrable barrier to social recog nition here. Take JM ary Anderson again. The extenlTof h"er social, success in New York has been an occasional reception by a woman's society of a sort of semi-public nature in Delmonico's. That is all. The good and decent people of New York have left her as severely alone as they would a leper. Why? She'is a good woman, beau tiiul, gifted and generous. Her birth is resectable and her personality is attractive. Her gentleness and religious devotion are sincere and the ontcome of a refined and beautiful nature. The most exclusive and influential people of England have been delighted to honor her. She has moved and is now moving, in a grade of society there in which no other American woman has ever found herself secure. It is no wonder that she goes back there, after the manner in which she has been treated here. When Miss Anderson arrived in London this year there was a considerable commo tion. The London newspapers had been filled with cable dispatches 'from the Amer ican asserting that 'Miss Anderson was in sane, that she had utterly lost her reason, and that her health was shattered. On the arrival of the actress there was a tremen dous rush of visitors to her house. She was stopping at a big mansion out toward Hampstead Heath, with her devoted friend, the Baroness Yon Hugel, and I drove out there on the day of her arrival. Just as I was entering the house William Black, the novelist, came out. He told me Miss Ander son had decided to see no one else this day, so that she might rest from her voyage, and I did not go in. DENOUNCING SLANDEBEES. Mr. Black and I drove back to the heart of London together, and on the way I learned that he had spent nearly an hour with Miss Anderson, and I do nbtthinkl ever listened to a more eloquent denuncia tion of the world of liars than he gave in the cab that afternoon. He told me that noth ing in the world could be more absurd than the allegations concerning thesanityof Miss Anderson. She was worried and nervous, and that was all. Her mental poise was as absolutely perfect as it had always been. This was'the judgment of a man who knew Miss Anderson very well, for Mr. and Mrs. Black are among her warm personal friends in England. The other day, in talking with Mr. Henry E. Abbey, who has re cently relurne'd from Europe, he said: "What on earth is the use of standing up and denying a silly rumor all day long. If people wish to lie about Miss Anderson I suppose they will do it. I have done every thing in my power to try and place the true facts of the case before the public, but if they will have sensations let them go ahead. Miss Anderson is too invincible and serene a figure to be moved in the slightest way by this sort of talk now that her health has come back to her. I saw her three times in England before I left, and during ourtalks we entered into tne most minute details ot business, made all the arrangements for the coming season here, talked about the small events of the tours, constumes, productions and so on, and in ail these talks I found Miss Anderson to have the same keen-witted ideas of business as of old. She was, in a word, the thoroughly balanced actress that I have always known her to be. She had a perfect command of every point in question, and she was no more insane than I am 50 feet high. What pleased me most about her was the fact that the awful sting arising from the abuse she received over here had departed with her returning health. Since I left London, one of my agents and a member of our firm have both arrived-rtbe last one within a few days. They all report Miss Anderson's health as being even more robust than when I saw her. All her scenery and costumes are here, and time is booked for the theaters next year commencing at the Broadway Theater, in New York, for the season ot 1890 and 1891. We open her in November. Miss Anderson overstrained her physical powers, but she does not mean to retire lrom the stage. She has chosen America for her return of her own free will. I was quite ready to bring her out for a sea son or two in England, where we have ex tensive connections now, but she preferred this country." WOBKED BETOND HEB STBENOTH. - 1 mention this, because I believe among f OCTOBER 6, 1889. the other charges of insanity, hypocrisy, deceit, and so on, that another charge against this distinguished and amiable woman is the assertion that she has come to be an Anglo-maniac, and no longer cares for her native shore. This," added Mr. Ab bey, with a contemplative puff of his cigar, "is as much of a lie as all the rest of it I have been more or less in touch with the condition of public opinion regarding fam ous people on the stage for a long time, but lam bound to admit that I have never known anything more remarkable than the treatment Miss Anderson received here last year." The "notion of writing at suoh length about Miss Anderson came after a talk I had yesterday with a California lady who returned Saturday on the Etruria. Her familv were originally from Louisville, and she has been for eight years a warm personal friend of Miss Anderson's. They were together for three days In Scotland, just belore the Etruria sailed, and hence I am in receipt of the latest news concerning the actress. She talks, it would seem, quite freely about her recent experience here, and says that her first indications ofo collapse really came from the dancing in 'A Winter's Tale." As Perdita, the ac tress gave a country dance in the third act. In England it rarely got more than one encore. Here there were seldom less than six. It was a wild frolio in theway of a dance, and as audiences insisted upon one encore after another. Miss Ander son was olten carried in the excitement of the moment beyond her strength. This, with the travel, reduced her weight nearly 11 pounds within four weeks after she had landed in New York. Then came a number of unfriendly and jeering attacks on her re ligion by some papers in the West, followed up by the wildest sort of abuse. She was utterly unprepared for it, and the eflect was severe". Now that she has recovered she talks continually of her coming tour in America a year hence. What is surprising is the amiability she displays toward the people who made so much trouble for her here. She has reason to complain, but she does not Blakely Hall. A SNAKE PIGBTS A SPIDER. The Insect Gets tlio Best of the Reptile In a Pitched Battle. Atlanta Journal. J "A battle between a spider and a snake is an unusual sight," said Mr. Gus Haynes, the jeweler, "and yet I saw such a battle once. It was in the fall of the year and I was out hunting squirrels with my brother Dick and Jesse Butts. I went on the oppo site side of a tree up which a squirrel had run,to Bhake a bush and make him get on the side were Dick and Jessee were, so they could get a shot. I heard a rustling sound among the leaves, and turning saw a large, gray spider running round and round upon the leaves. In a moment I saw what he was alter, a small snake, about a foot long. The snake was coiled up on the leaves, his head was lifted in the air, his little eyes gleamftl, his forked tongue shot swiftly back and forth and he gradually moved his body around so as to face his enemy. The spider's feet pattered over the dead leaves as he ran around the snake as if daring him to uncoil himself. With a few short, quick jumps the spider advanced upon the snake. With a rapid motion the reptile (struck at the spider and he fell in full length upon the leaves. Quick as he had been the spider was quicker. With a sidelong leap he evaded the snake, and before he recovered, sprang upon his tail about three inches from the end, into which bis jaws were bnried. "The snake seemed astonished, ran a lit tle way, then stopped, raised his tail in the air and brought it down upon the ground as if to shake the spider loose. The insect's hold was too strong, and then the snake be gan to fight for his life. Over and over on the leaves he rolled, thrashing his tail upon the grass and making franctio effortsto strike the plucky spider. His efforts were vain, for while he struggled the spider was fnawing away at the reptile's tall. Sud enly the spider fell off to one side, the snake scurried off into the grass leaving three inches of his tail squirming on the leaves. The spider eyed the wriggling tail for a moment, and then pouncing upon it, disappeared with it in his hole beneath the rustling leaves." THE UPPER BEETH BEST. A Pnllmnn Condnctor Can't Understand WIit People Don't Want It. Chicago Tritmne.l A Pullman- sleeper conductor: Every body who wants a berth in a sleeper wants the lower berth. I have been in the em ploy of the company for 14 years, and I have never yet had an application for an upper berth. Of course, the upper berth is not so easy of access as the lower, but if you don't mind climbing to the upper berth you will at once admit, after the night is over, that it is the more comfortable of the two. The ventilation is better and vou are not so close to the rumbling noise. You are more private than you are in a lower berth, and in case of accident you have a chance of coming out on top. In hot weather the upper berth is cooler, than the lower. The lower berth, as you know, is made up from the cushioned seats, which are of warm material. I have never known a man to fall out of an upper berth. I think if the company would make a difference of a Half dollar in favor of the upper berth it would Boon be in demand But I believe the Pull man company never makes any difference in the charges. A PECDLIAE CUSTOMER Visits a Dentist and Asks to Have a Sound Tooth Palled. Dr. Bmythe, In Globc-Democrat.I "A few days ago a man called on me and asked me to pull one of his teeth. When I told him to open his mouth and show me which was the aching tooth, he replied that he never had toothache in his life but that he was sick and had been advised to consult a dentist. There was something so original in this that I pressed him for an explana tion, and finally learned that he had con sulted a faith healer, who had seriously ad vised him to have a sound tooth extracted to cure some disease, which I should ima gine was malaria aggravated by an unlim ited indulgence in bad beer. I tried to argue the fellow into sense, but failed, and he went away in search of some dentist who, as he politely pnt it, "would take his money and not use his month quite so freely." I do not know whether he found one, but I hope not Aflordlne H'm All lbs Facilities. M--. S&& '" CLl Battery Bill Now, friend, you want to lay right here. Lord Uullburton What for, maylawsk? Battery Bill For jest this. My friend here, Mike the guide, 's goin' up tcr Canal street t' scare up a grizzly, an' when the bear comes runnin' by here you'll git a bully shot at him. I'll take your gripsack 'round th' corner, so it won't git mussed up in th' fight Judge, j- MSsir- f BABIES I1THE PARK. Little Strangers Born in This Conn try of Alien Parents CHARMIHG MISS KITTI O'BRIEN. How the Little Sea Lion Wa3 Taught to Swim by Its Mother. MISS MURPHY, THE I0UKG RHINOCEROS tcOErasroNDEKCE or Tni dispatch. ew Yobk, October 5. About 54,000 worth oi babies have been born in Central Park since last winter, all of them curiosities in their way. A few have two legs and wear feathers instead of hair; but most of them have four legs and horns, and one was born with no legs at all and has no prospects of acquiring any as it grow3 older. The Central Park Menagerie is the birthplace of these young freaks,' and the picturesque old arsenal and its surrounding buildings pre sent nowadays the appearance of a prosper ous zoological nursery with an ornithologi cal attachment The most interesting, though not the highest-priced, addition to Superintendent Conklin's happy family, is the baby sea Hon, who came tor gladden the heart of at least ono of his parents early last June. He Young Sea ion and Parents. was awee, little chap at first, covered with light brown iur as glossy as plucked seal, with two very large and very brown eyes and just the suggestion of a tail. Although the sea lion Is as much at home in the water as on the land, his natatorial accomplish ments are solely artificial. They must be acquired just as a child learns how to walk. In the case of our little friend, be was allowed to spend the first two days of his existence resting on the stone edge of the pond, getting acquainted with bis sur roundings and alternately dozing in the warm sun and tugging away at his mother's breast During the third day his mother began her first attempt to make a sea lion of him. As a cat lifts her kitten with her teeth by the nape of the neck, so she picked up her baby and gently dipped it into the water. If the present health and future usefulness of an ordinary infant may be judged from the strength oi its lungs, the baby sea lion promises to be a veritable prodigy. His cries rose above the din of the other animals and roused a sympathetic growl from the inmates of the far-off bear pit HE DID NOT LIKE IT. He screamed and splashed, cried and kicked; all toncuiyail. When his mother. decideaihelesson had been long enougb, and'not before, she lifted him out and re- The lAving Nylghaus. placed him on the stone to dry. The next day the lesson was repeated and the next, until a week was spent. Then she went a step farther. She lilted him into the water and let him go. When she saw he was about to drown she dived in after him and raised him upon her shoulders. At the end of the second week he took to the water as naturally as a duck, and until he had ac quired sufficient confidence to venture in alone he made life a burden to her by dis turbing her naps, coaxing her with, all manner of infantile caresses to join him in his'.taquatic gambols. Now he is the most enthusiastic and expert swimmer in the pond. The baby sea lion is the first that has even been born in a menagerie in America. A. number have come into the world while their mothers have been in transit between the Pacific coast and the East, but they have never lived. He is worth $250 to any man in the show business, and his value will in crease a trifle as he grows older. The most valuable of Dr. Conklin's new comers are the twiu nylghaus. The nylghaus is the second , largest antelope in the world. They come from India, where they are known to the natives as "blue cowb." Nyl ghaus are plentiful in that country, but Young Aoudad at Play. pairs that will breed in captivity are ex tremely rare, and these little twins are the first that have ever been born in America. The adult male has long horns, and is dark gray in color; the female is bright red. The parents are tall, shapely animals, with deli cate limbs and a stately carriage. The twins are male and female, and have used the time since their birth in June in acquir ing height without the nsnal angdlarity of most growing deer. They are now nearly three feet tall, and the male is exceedingly proud of a small pair of horns just budding from bis forehead, ane twins are worth $350 each at the present time, and within a few, months their value will be increased to $500 A BABY'S PLAYGEOrrrD. Short oflegs and stocky of build with fringe of lone hair like an incipient beafd under the chin, is the baby Barbary wild. sheep, the Aoudad of Aortu Ainca. its nftrpnta ata nnlv children themselves, and this is their first offspring. This may Ac count for their timidity in the presence of visitors and their extreme dislike of any thing in the way of improper gifts rora thoughtless .sightseers, such as cigifrctte stumps and popcorn balls. These theArary matron carefully examines from a distance before accepting and usually devours her self to save her infant's precious health. As the little sea lion has a pond for his ,-amase- mentso Dr.-Conklia has furnished for the J V baby sheep a pile of rocks the veriest mockery of a. mountain peak bat to the unsuspicious youngster it is a never end ing source of joy. He bounds, over the stones, stubbing his toes and narrowly es caping serious damage to bis anatomy with the same ardor a baby boy risks his neck upon his first hobby horse, and with ap parently an equal amount of delight He is worth $200 now and six months more will add $100 to his value, A proud couple is the pair of spotted axis deer from India a proud and patriotic couple who did all they justly could be ex pected to do in honor of the land of their adoption when they brought into the world on the Fourth of July, the littlest, spot tedest axis la wn. ever seen in the park. It tCNVflf ffvTrT7r-?v7 Picturesque Lilile Babies. is a female, otherwise her horn would be ex pected to take a particularly haughty form in honor of 'her birthday. She is graceful and pretty and she knows it She is never weary of exhibiting herself to the public gaze and impartially makes friends with all her visitors without the slightest trace of fear. She has white spots on a bright red background and would command $100 at auction any day in the week. The baby Indian antelope is also a female and differs largely from her cousins, the nylghau twins, in the matter of size and color. When full grown she will be the size of a goat and will have a coat of red dish fur, Bleek and short, and light colored around the edges. She is the first of her species to be born in New York, and is worth $150. AN UNGAINLY INPANT. The latest grandson of the camel that broke Dr. Conklin's leg several years ago, was born early in the spring and has long been weaned. He is now about 5 feet tall and has more joints in his legs than a museum freak. He is if anvthing uglier than his parents, and his shabby hair coat is sadly in need of re-upbolstering. He is worth $300 and will increase in value with age. But the palm for downright homeliness must be awarded by any judge with no pre conceived race prejudices to the intant Charming Miss Kitty CfBrien. llama. Short and bob-tailed, like a jack rabbit, long and scrawny necked and cov ered with shaggy light-brown hair it comes a.s near helnc an amfmated zoological j. night-mare" as an '"animal can Tiobe to be,- It has already learned all the bad habits of its unpreposessing parents. It is shy in the presence of visitor, and continually pre sents its worst side foremost, and looks angrily back over its shoulders at all who venture to pay it the compli ments of the season. It spits when it is ex cited and stamps with its forefeet It was once supposed that this spittli was rank poison, and that is the present belief of na tive Peruvians, but beyond its rudeness nothing can be truly said in its blame. The young llama is worth $250 to any man who doesn't' care whether his purchase is vulgar or not, only so it is a llama. By far the most valuable acquisition to the menagerie was born a few weeks ago and only lived a week. Kitty, the hand some lioness, was the mother, and Jack, her splendid mate, was the father. The little cub was a perfect specimen and would have undoubted rivaled his father in personal charms had not his mother carelessly rolled over on him one night during thejcyclone and smothered him to death. He was worth $500, and had he lived a year double that gum would not have bought him. There are 3 thoroughbred 'herds of English fallow deer in America, 1 in Phila delphia, 1 in Cincinnati, ana l in central Park. The last now contains 15 specimens, 5 of which were born during the spring and summer. Tbey are the best deer in the, world for parks, and not one has been born out of captivity in at least five centuries. The new arrivals are worth $100 each. AMONG THE OTHER BABIES is a diminutive spotted Indian hog deer, which in spite of its name Is as pretty a deer as one can find. It is a little fellow, and is worth about $100 as he stands. The nack of prairie dogs has been in creased by a dozen or so of yelping puppies. These youngsters, however, are not long lived. The stock needs replenishing with fresh blood. Two zebus have been added to the small ', herd in the cattle paddock. They are no rareties, and are barely worth more than or dinary well-bred calves. The most picturesque babies in the park are the little black and white swans that take life easy in the big lake. The mother of the black swans chose a nest on an un hospitable rock near the bridge and hatched out two broods of little, downy, long-necked youngsters- that to-day bear little evidence of their future grace and beauty. The young ones number six and are worth $50 eaob. The white swans successfully hatched out five newcomers that have added $35 each to the park board's assets. These new babies have quite eclipsed the imported infants who are last outgrowing their babyhood. MissMurnhy, the young rhinoceros, is now 5 years old, and will soon be old enough to be a matron. Her mate, Caliph, is three years her elder, and has ceased to regard her merely as a child. This pair of amiable children is worth $10,000, and their infant, had tbey any, would be worth almost that sum alone. It willjbe hard for the park student of natural history to realize that the peren nially youthful Miss Kitty O'Brien, the maiden widow of Mr. Crowley, the great chinipanzee, is getting along in years. During the late Mr. Crowley's life time she was regarded as an in fant, and as such she is now Held in the memory of the human Admirers. But candor compel; the chroni cler to place her age at 4 years, and Dr. Conklin's records will bear the statement out. She came here when she was only 6 months old and has long ago outgrown her babyhood. She is as agile with her four bands, as chatty with her friends and as ac complished in her manners as Mr. Crowley ever was. She has succeeded to his quar ters and inherited his valuable collection of household furniture. She presides over the table where he used to sit and partakes of her food with all the grace and cbann of good breeding that was wont to distinguish Mr. Crowley among his fellows as the great est ape of modern times. Benjamin Noetheop. Johnny has stumped his toe, poor fel low! Take this 25 cents and buy a bottle of Salvation OiL, " ffili ri iiiiTwlWWWM-sr7rslsWsiL t Wmmw -. . jjter . ,' i -Vi&Sfc', " - ' ' -. PlTTSBUfi& ITALlAfa The First Emigrants to Tk'w Cgl rrom ine lhu oi we ismrsi DRIVEN F0S HOME BY TA1ATM Until Nov There are w 4,M ItftMMl in Fiiutarg. EECOMIXG'CITIZENS Of TO EBfTOUij tWBRTXX 70S THE WSPATOH. J Thirty years ago Italians were lew i ous in Pittsburg than ChiHaaea are s-1kS Among the earliest of the ifflHpate & the land of the Caesars were Lew CeB "a4 the father of Joseph Cuaeo, jKesest 9S3j interpreter. The former atm Iff, at a rftw! old age, in Oakland, and there spoads tfjaj evening of his basy day la indBpeinsBJj His first business enterprise ia nit ' a fruit stand near the Coart Bawe. Tiiil elder Cuneo some years ago passed imu Another of the Italian -pioseew mm jfl sepn Dinaiago, oi jmiiq avenue, wbm i known to all our citizens. Juris I is reported the wealthiest of osr Jalfac izens, being the owner of sease 1 Jwai whose rental helps to swell his i The first Italian arrivals were i province of Genoa, having started mrH uoiumbus did lrom tne same part, Ja of fortune in a new world- This fml gration of Italians to Pittsburg war iff early fifties, and for many yearn very few to follow. John B. Descalzi tbe wholesale i tropical fruits on Liberty street, i when he came to this eity ISymwMH there were less than 908 ItalMM KsVI These made their homes ohieAyia ana strawDerry alleys, jam a rom tne centennial year tbe gjF our Italian population steadily until now there are not less tMa i (IsMMVJi Pittsburg and Allegheny agaJMt : in 1876. The earlier ecaigrtHttf, afl oeen saia, were almost enurwy ma; and vicinity. Along in the seyscskl became very burdensome in tfce ' provinces, and multitudes who fewMrfel possible to support tne feed and clothe their families tf i12 attention to the land of CriajVj IF ttaiUUgfcUU, UU d AAXg!3-.eiBJfjVWIVCIVVJ country was tns result; Xaw influx of Italians to tee (Jotted in 1887 and 1878, and Pittetmrc i share. These later eraieraats main from Naples aad Sioily. TAXBfl AND SXie&ASeiT. People by the thousasek sold tfct'l farms in Italy because the tg wetJMriarj than they could bear. So grtat.wmmat drain on tne population tut me mm ment of that country in a Tear or w eluded to lighten the burden asd tfc Mmn gration oi property Heiuers was wmms rm rested. Of fate years the Italiaae wis tmm to our snores are cmeny oi taepoewrs .rroperty noiuers Having rouau Hmr ment less extortionate, are toe saefe 1 to stick to tbeold home, where thetrs took root in the long gone yean. Jhrifctef years Sicily contributes meet to m population. The Genoese Sad it the home land than to risk tryiag in a new and untried country. Some facts of interest eoa present Italian population went in a recent interview with oae f tMrMsV ing representatives, whieh are down. frr ; To bezia with, nearly alt A Protestant or infidel (Wfco spsiays J Italian priest was brought froa JUw and loka after the spiritual lateralis countrymen here, holding regalar ltm law the basement of the Cathedral. TtyM irQta uw mj .vw ib atfceacm&eB sspssvis ministry at 10 o'clock mass every morning, xne question oi a has been taking shape, and a annnwtHsslMi been appointed to loot npaMHaMeiffi Tbe committee consists ot ten, amoag i are Joseph Uaneo. .reter Ms John B. Descalzi. There is already in tbe hands of this committee to eamit lot and $20,000 to $25,000 will be i ing when the location is sheared. There iMt also been lately organized aa IteJaaahwunj Dana, coraposea oi 20 young sws, wsa 1 regularly in a hall on SmitbaeM at above Strawberry alley. This teadilHksl succeeded in securing the iawuaW'iasJsHj rroi. xtocereto, wno came iroa jaaptts accept tne position, ana waose repataewaj places him at the front ia his BrofawiCBv? They expect soon to increase their eJaesjeS 00, and nrst-class Italian music ia 1 assured tact ere many montns asau rolled. An Italian physician is exasetsiLB lrom around .New iort shortly to Ieekratter! the bodily ailments or ins countrymea aeftvg PBOFESSIONS AND POLITICS. JA Concerning the occupations of oar Italia! fellow citizens the following is gtheVekl In Pittsbnr? and Allegheny there areoteee! to 200 engaged in selling- tropical fr&llffS nuts auu canuiea. vi uiew luuo on iwwir whose business is exclusively wholesale, a There are 25 to 80 Italians in the greeerfl business in the two cities and sose aise er ten making shoes. One Italian hotel: and restaurant on Penn avenue aad Thirteenth street is their qaotota in this line. A few are workers mfJ marble and granite, and have proved t-keirji skill by good work on our publie iHUlaiagffc and cemetery memorials. Until a few yean back there was a diflJai clmation on the part or tna Italian poram- tion to become naturalized citizens. Thera are now in the neighborhood of 190 full fledged American-Italian citizens ia otirtirejj cities, and 100 more will soon be added to! their number. f& Instead, of confining themselves to tMj alleyways, as they did a very few years a,i they are now finding homes like other pooptol in different parts of the city oa the mumi thoroughfares. Already tney begin te bmx and mingle with other nationalities, and set less than 25 to 30 Italians of the city tara found helpmeets who are or other naeietnv It is plain from this necessarily oesdosstd statement that Italy is to be an impute factor in the future development of oar eity." Bace prejudice has been the bane of Amer ica as of other nations, and has bees al mighty hindrance to the harmony- awiy proeressot our people in days eoe ot.j While we welcome to our shores all atiot alities. it will be well that we recognize the! great idea of human brotherhood, and seek to harmonize and promote fraternal leeiHsfsj among the races that loin together 19 1 Intr ftiti "Rormblirt An nltl fnnndalfnn. In the coming times, when the strength our dear land will be tested, as surely it wut be, though the present generation may, set live to see it, I doubt not that there wilt W those from Italy, as well as BriteJaJaii Germany, who will not be wanting i th days 01 our country s need. ionsu.1 SEABED ON L1MEST0SI. It Prodaces the Six Tallest Sena taflfe T171..1. rMH. ..-. ......... ,. Ha Jrom tne Larayetie (us.) aiessenger.; m Whenever there is offered ia the TJaftMJ States a prize open to the whole ceaaWxtj the family that has the great mw breadth and thickness Walker oai throuch the Coulter boys, will be sure to tale 1 it. Oi the six boys, going up by steaafl commencing at tne lowest. Jim 1 (Sleet' Mac 6 feet 6, Will 6 feet 6, Tom 6 feitfl Oscar 6 feet 8, and Bichard 6 feet ltigPto parents were o leei ana o met a 1 IVCiT jtX It is unnecessary to say that the bey?l their rearing had tbe advantage 0 f lianitsi water. Their weight ran frees 3MJtollM pounds, Bwkla a.totel o-f i,3W isaajsVatslil aa average oi &n peases. &;KVy-TaAst&i3i:i . . . kAskiiifiMM L& KAi&Sfc.! WltmfflmBK!auuuW 5SE553 j. .. Juvv..- .!. 'fit'-f. .Li.4te';.