Pittsburg dispatch. (Pittsburg [Pa.]) 1880-1923, October 06, 1889, SECOND PART, Page 14, Image 14

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The Cascades of Hoenefos Seen When
They Looked Their Trettiest.
by the Oriental Congress
Before Adjournment.
Christiana,! September 17. The cas
cades of Hoenefos lie to the northwest of
Christiana, in the midst of the picturesque
hill scenery whicn prevails in the sonth of
Norway, an attractive and pleasing region,
although its features are not wild and
Titanic as those of the western coast. By
the circuitous railway route they are about
75 miles away, though only at about half
this distance in a straight line. Almost the
whole of Tuesday was given to an excursion
to tnis beantilul spot, a long special train
being provided for the members. There
had been short sessions at the Uni
versity before leaving. Prof. Sayce,
of Oxford, the keen decipherer of
Assyrian monuments, made a learned re
port on the so-called Cappadocian cuneiform
inscriptions, and Mr. Dhruva, a native
scholar and district judge trom Baroda,
laid before the Aryan section seme papers
on the history of the Guierat language, in
which he is an accomplished student. Be
fore noon the members went in procession to
the railway station, and started on what
proved to be the merriest ot all the outings
of the learned gathering. Such "junket
ings" are enough to smooth the wrinkles
from the. brow of the veriest phonetician,
and make a delver in Sanskrit manuscripts
forget the routine of his labors.
The railway passes along the hilly borders
of the Christiana Fjord, giving glimpses of
its clear waters and rocky islands, and as
cends gradually until bevond Boken it
commands a wide view of the fertile valley
of Lier, and descends by a magnificent
sweep to reach the town of Drammen.
Seen from the sea, Norway has the ap
pearance of a barren country whose bare
rocks have an almost volcanic bleakness
and desolateness, but inland one smiling
valley opens into another, seemingly fertile
enough to support a great population.
From Drammen the road follows the course
of the Drammen'k Elven, a large mountain
torrent which descends to the Jjord. The
general character of the scenery is Swiss.
As we advanced up the course oi the stream,
the gorges became more somber, and the
dark river,
came foaming down in greenish-white
masses. It is shut in bv straight banks of
ray moss-covered rock, and everywhere
are the tall tacerinc fir trees, which eive
the most characteristic coloring to Norwe
gian scenery.
Down the river logs were floating to the
mills below, and an occasional timbered
house with its roof ot bright red tiles gave a
brighter color to the picture. Further on
there were broad openings with harvest fields
in the golden beauty of ripened grain, and
rich green pasture lands dotted with farm
houses and crossed by hard, smooth roads,
with here and there a little white church
seen above the trees On the lower slopes
were deciduous trees in bright autumn
colors, especially the maples in flaming red
and yellow, and rising in the background
the solemn, fir-covered hills. At 3:30 we
stopped for a few minutes at the station of
Yikessnnd, which was quite unprepared for
the assanlt which was made on its buffet by
400 hungry members who had had no chance
to get luncheop be!bre leaving. The at
tacking party was about ten deep at the edge
ot th- -.nter, and happy was the man who
could get a fragment of a biscuit or
halt an apple; cue member in our
coupe captured a small bag of shrimps,
which were impartially divided around. At
this station, as well as at others along the
route, I had an opportunity of speaking
with the people who had come to see the
passing of the train, and found that among
the middle and poorer classes of society
America is well known, and looked to as a
sort oi promised land lor the masses.
Hardly a person of this class, with whom I
have spoken, but has some iriend or relative
in "the States," and some have themselves
lived there; in fact the large emigration to
the United States has proven a serious drain
upon the resources oi Norway, and is re
garded with not a little apprenension by the
upper classes. Among the latter I have not
found much enthusiasm for our country,
which perhaps can hardly be wondered at.
The word "American" is generally spoken
with that undefinable but well-known intona
tion which implies anything but flattery.
"Whatever may be said as to the justice of
the opinion, I find almost universally
among this class a spirit which condemns
our institutions as crude and ineffectual,
our politics as sordid and utterlv corrupt,
our national standards as devoted entirely
to material ends and to an all-mastering
greed for money-getting. This is fostered
by the Scandinavian press and books relat
ing to the United States, which devote the
best part of their energies to showing the
extravagances and excrescences upon our
civilization, and are well-nigh silent in
regard to those deep and permanent moral
forces which are the real strength and glory
of the American people.
"When we reached the town of Hoenefos
we found that the population in general
had culled out a holiday in honor of the
great occasion, the schools being dismissed,
shops closed, and business generally sus
pended. As we passed underneath an arch
way made by two huge Norwegian flags,
we were greeted by the school children, who
were drawn up on parade with flags and
banners, and formed a guard ot honor to the
triumphal procession which marched
through the street.
The appearance of the town is something
like that of Interlaken, with the principal
shops contained in one long street, through
which we marched, and were greeted by" a
pretty surprise, for in nearly every upper
window were groups of beautitul Norwegian
girls who showered down bunches of
flowers as we passed. It must be
admitted that they exercised considerable
discrimination in bestowing these favors,
and that our strangely-dre6ed Oriental
members got the greatest share, especial
preference being shown by these fine younir
women to a young Armenian who wore a
long mauve-colored coat set off by gold
cartridge-cases, gold belt and dagger, and a
tall white turban ot lamb's skin. Our
Hoonsh and Arabian delegates had suc
cumbed to the climate or the round of Occi
dental hospitalities, for they remained be
hind in Christiana.
across the stream in front of the falls was
made into a. pons triumphalis by high
arches at either end, and was lined with the
tops ot birch trees set along alternately with
colored pennants. The refreshing sight of
the principal falls well repaid the journey.
Down the broad steps of black rock the river
foams by a hundred chutes, and its broken
waters descend lor a long distance in switt
rapids. While the cascades cannot be com
pared with the descent of the Rhine at
Bchaffbausen, and are eqnaled by many in
the United States, they are impressive for
their size and breadth, though the pictur
esque effect is lessened by the building of
mills which ntilize the water power. We
bad little time to contemplate them, tor the
procession moved on half a mile farther to
an Alpine hotel, in lrontof which was a
great tent set with tables bearing the long
expected dinner. It was no small act of self
denial to march past thitdisplar to take our
places upon a range ot seats which had been
built on the steep river bank, while a.
photographer trom Christiana took a
number of views from a town set
tip for the purpose on an island
in the middle of the river. At 5 o'clock
the patient company was rewarded by a din
ner of 18 courses which was well desiened
to s&tisfr all our wants. As at the Hub's
dinner at "Bygdo," there was a large
varietv of fish in different forms, cmnns:
I which a national fish pudding with lobster
sauce, was particularly good, vnile we
ate, the band of the Second Brigade Corps,
which had done yeoman's work on our
journey, played for our entertainment, and
alter dinner, while coffee was being served
outside the tent, a chorus ot ladies and gen
tlemen sang national songs from the balcony
of the hotel, which excited gteat approval,
and in the spirit of hilarity which reigned
someone began to throw flowers up to v the
yonng ladies who were singing.
The example was followed so generally
that they were almost overwhelmed with
bouquets, and began to return the fire. while
the younger members of the congress strug
eled" among themselves for the flowers which
were tossed down. A venerable university
professor led in cheers for Honefos and its
ladies, and the procession marched back to
the train under the triumphal arches, which
now glowed with incandescent electric
"We reached Christiana some time after
midnight. The formal closing of the con
gress took place on Wednesday in the hall
of the university. There was the usual
press of business just before ad
journment, and most of the papers
were only read by title; some of
these are of considerable scientific value,
and their publication in the minutes of the
coneress will be waited for with interest
The last affair In Christiana was a great
civic banqnet in the Free Masons' Hall,
given by the Burgomaster and Common
Council of the place, which had all the pro
fusion, formality and general stiffness of
Euch occasions; at its close a special train
carried the members to Gothenburg, from
wnich they dispersed to various countries of
the earth. So has ended the Eighth Oriental
Congress, and looking back upon the
crowded two weeks oi its duration, we must
admire the complete success with which its
elaborate programme was carried out.
I have had to omit all mention of many
special entertainments which filled up the
spare hours the various exhibitions, con
certs and so on, which were provided for
our benefit As lar as a limitless prolusion
of hospitality is concerned, there could be
nothing to wish for. As to the main object
of the congress, namely, the bringing to
gether ot the real chiefsof Oriental studies,
it must be admitted that the results were
satisfactory. A large number of the ac
knowledged leaders were actually present,
and gave the gathering that tone and dig
nity which it demanded. The benefit to
younger scholars of meeting these veterans
of scholarly attainment face to face is great
and the effects and impulses will extend
throughout a lifetime.
It is true that too much emphasis was,
laid upon (he spectacular and purely ex
ternal character of the congress, and that
its real design was somewhat overshadowed
by those who made use of it for purposes of
display. Yet even this may be looked upon
with allowance when it is considered how
large a part the social success of such a
gathering plays in bringing about that
friendly personal contact which is one of its
best results. The Oriental Congress has now
been held in nearly all the great capitals of
Europe, and at each meeting has been treat
ed with conspicuous and generous hospital
ity. Americans have been sharers in these
attentions, and have taken creditable part in
the work of the sessions. It certainly would
seem appropriate that our rich and generous
nation should bear its turn in carrying on
the work oi scholarship which has to do with
the earliest and most important records of
the human race. Surely the country which
has fnrnished such names as Mor
rison atid Hepburn and Williams
and "Whitney might appropriately be
the gathering place lor the' Orientalists of
the world. The financial support which
sach a plan requires could hardly be se
cured without the help of the Government,
but such an expenditure upon a national
object would be a very ligitimate one. A
meeting of the American members of the
congress, numbering about 15 persons, was
held in Stockholm on the 3d of September,
at the Hotel Konung Karl, at which the
American Minister acted as chairman.
An informal discussion showed the feel
ing that while as individuals it would be
premature to take the responsibility of ex
tending an invitation, it would be desirable
to present the subject to the American Ori
ental Society at its next meeting, and to
bring it to the attention of the National
Government, and a committee was named
for the purpose. It was in accordance with
the sentiment of this meeting that Dr.
Haupt in his paper read belore the King
in the general session, expressed the hope
that before long the United States of Amer
ica might have the honor of welcoming this
congress to its hospitality. It is to be
hoped that our Government and liberal
minded private citizens will join in bearing
a part in this movement which is due tojour
creditable position among the enlightened
nations of the earth.
James Taft Hatfield.
Human Nature on Top.
Stalwart Passenger Do you think there
is any hope, Captain ?
Indignant Skipper Look here, you big
coward, thtt's the fourth time vou've asked
me. I believe you're the most thoroughly
frightened man on the shipl
Stalwart Passenger Sh-sh! No, I'm not
Do vou see that old duffer over there by the
rail"? Well, that's my rich uncle. I've
been more than attentive to him all my life,
but it the ship's cuing down, I want time
to get in just one kick at him as an evener.
Bern In the Telephone OtQce.
Honolulu Gazette.1
A swarm of bees has taken possession of the
telephone property at the corner of Young
and Kapiolani streets, and the bees seem to
be determined to hold the fort against all
comers. The insects have been in possession
for several days, and brimstone fumes are
now to be tried in dislodging them.
Beech ait's Pills enre bilious and nervons ills
Pears' Soap secures a beautitul complexion
Monday Morning-, October 7.
Silk salel Silk salel Remnants of silks
below cost Enable & Shustek,
35 Filth ave.
ExtbA good value in ladies' cloth, G2
in. wide, ouc a yd., worth cue; an leading
Hugus & Hacke.
Cabinet photos, $1 per dor. Lies' Pop
ular Gallery, 10 and 12 Sixth st Tl.su
All goods must be sold at once regardless
of cost or value at Schoenthal's great clos
ing out sale, 612 Fenn avc.
Fbauenheim & Vilsack's Iron City
beer grows in favor every day. 'Phone 1186.
LADIES, visit the Casino Museum
see the Mastadon Fashion Plate.
"24-Df. plushes, 75c, $1, $1 25 and f 1 50 a
yd.; the best values shown; all the new col
orings. Huaus & Hacke.
S? --i??vJ Kyli A
Xy& MA
Oliver Optic Describes a Trip Across
the Atlantic Ocean,
Valuable flints for People Who Intend to
I have crossed the Atlantic ten times in
the last 24 years, in as many different
steamers. My first trip was in the Persia,
21 years ago. She was the last but one of
the side-wheelers, the Scotia continuing to
run a few years longer because she was a
favorite steamer. She was a very fine ship,
aud quite as comfortable as any of the mod
ern craft. She was commanded by Captain
Lott, for some time the commodore of the
line after the retirement of Captain Judkins.
I returned that year in the Australasian,
afterward called the Calabria, Captain
Cook, who was the senior commander of the
line until his recent retirement
These trips were made before any of "our
boys" were born, and as I am writing
mainly for them, they will think my narra
tive is rather musty with age. I shall,
therefore, tell them something about life on
an ocean steamer, what they would have
seen if they had been my fellow-voyagers.
Three weeks ago I landed from the Urn
bria at New York; and perhaps her trip
would afford as good a specimen of an ocean
voyage as any I could select. The Etruria
and the Umbria are the two "crack ships"
of the Cunard Link, and till the City of
Paris appeared this last summer, they had
made the quickest trips on record. They
have been beaten in speed, and now it is
said that the Cunard Company will build
two new steamers to keep the line up to the
requirements of the times.
The price of passage across the ocean
varies from $35 up to $125, though there are
staterooms on some of the lines for which
$300 a passtneer is paid. Return tickets are
sold at a discount ot about $20.
I will supnose that you are in Liverpool,
my boy, with your ticket in your pocket.
If you are not overburdened with baggsge
(I "take only a 20-inch valise and a small
hand bag), you call a hansom to convey yon
to the landing stage, which is a floating
wharf, for the tide rises and falls over 20
feet in the Mersey. You will find that this
stage is quite a city of itself, covered with
storerooms, custom house apartments, re
freshment saloons and other rooms, connect
ed with the shore by bridges which rise and
fall with the tide.
The landing stage is crowded with pas
sengers for the Umbria, though there are
several steamers alongside of it. The
Skirmisher, a very large Cunard tender,
takes yon to the steamer, anchored a mile or
more up the Mersey. She has been in a
dock to discharge and take in cargo, and
only came out into the river in the morn
ing. A dock in Liverpool or London is an
inclosure of water, walled in, large enough
to contain a hundred or a thousand vessels.
The entrance is provided with immense
gates, opened only at high tide, when ves
sels go in and out. As the tide goes down
the gates close, keeping the water in the
dock. It is always high tide within the in
closure, so that the ships float in deep
water at all times. It is surrounded by
warehouses, where vessels load and dis
charge cargo.
On board of the Umbria, your first care is
to find your stateroom, which is No. 78.
You are on the upper deck, which has a
deck house on nearly its whole length. Near
the rail are a dozen or more of large life
boats. Near the bow is the bridge, on which
the officers are stationed. The ship is steered
by steam, and the wheel is in a little room
over the house on deck. Forward of the
officers' bridge is another for the lookout
You find in the house various openings,
some ot which lead to staircases, by one ot
which you descend to the next deck. By
the forward stairs you come to a large cor
ridor from which opens the music room,
which is a large apartmeut with a piano at
one end and an organ at the other, with a
cushioned divan all around it It is lighted
by round ports, and an immense skylight
overhead. In the ' middle it has a large
opening in the floor surrounded by a rail
ing, by which light is admitted to the din
ing saloon below. A door on each side of
the corridor leads out on the deck, where
you can walk nearly the whole length of
the ship, under the upper deck, but with
nothing bnt a network railing between you
and the water. The open part of the deck
is about 12 feet wide, and from it open
many doors leading to the engine and fire
rooms, the galley or kitchen, the bakery
aud other rooms. The doctor and the pur
ser are located here, as well as many of the
From the corridor you descend to the spar
deck, on which is the dining saloon. It is
a vast apartment of the entire width of the
ship, with tables the whole length, at which
about 300 passengers can be seated. It is
elegantly fitted up and furnished, with
divans on each side and revolving chairs at
the tables. From the corridor you find a
gangway or passage on each side of the
vessel, from which open the state rooms.
On this deck you find No. 78. It is rather
small, though it contains $200 berths.
You find in it a divan, a washstand in
which the bowl drops down or is closed
up, like a fall lid desk, space for your bag
gage under the berth and hooks tor your
clothes. There is a ventilator over the
upper berth, and vou will sleep with the
door of the room about three inches ajar,
secured by a hook.
A steward hasiniormedyou that there are
630 pa-sengers on board, all first-class, and
your next care is to look out for your seat at
the table. The second steward is giving out
the places, and you take your position in a
line with about 200 people ahead ot you.
You soon find yourself ery impatient, for
you wish to go on deck and see the sights on
the river or on the coast. You come to the
unanimous conclusion that this system of
assigning teats is a very stupid and trying
one, aud that the seat at the table ought to
be given to you when you buy your ticket.
About all in front of you have prefer
ences. Some wish to be at the captain 's
table, some at the doctor's, some near the
doors, and some object to sofa seats. The
second steward has to discuss all these mat
ters with the difficult ones, and it tikes
time. Thentwo services are required at
table, for the saloon will not seat even halt
the passengers, aud some must take their
meals in the area further aft' After two
hours' waiting vou obtain your seat at the
fi(st service. You will breakfast at 8, lunch
at 1220, and dine at 5.
Then you take a stroll on the upper
deck, and yon find that the space between
the house anil the boats is crowded with
deck chairs, in whirh the passengers are
seated. There are 400 or 500 of them, but
you find the sitters have lelt a passageway
for you. With the help of a deck steward
you find yonr own chair and put it in the
best available place. But you are not ready
to lounge yet and you go down the middle
staircase for a further exploration of the
interior of the t-hip.
Down one flight you come to the smoking
room, which is fitted up with small tables
and divans and provided witb stools. In
the forward part is a bar, and the steward is
answering the calls of men seated at the
tables for various tipples. Someoftbem
are already playing poker, whist and other
games. This apartment is the grand resort
of the "faster" portion of the masculine
passengers, and you will see that there is a
great deal of playing for money in progress
at almost all times ol day and night, though
the place is closed at 11 every night.
The gong sounds for your first dinner on
board, alter a preparatory one-half an hour
before. You find your place at the table,
.no. zbu, wnicn vou see on yournapun ring.
On the bill of fare you will find oretj possi-
. y
ble dish as at a first-class hotel. You have
to make some allowance lor the cooking on
shipboard; but if you are not an inveterate
grumbler you will be satisfied. The stewards
are very attentive, though all the dishes
may not suit your American palate. If you
are a gourmand, yon can have, supper from
8 to 10 tea and toast, Welch rarebit, ham
and poached eggs, etc., but I advise you to
treat your digestive organs with proper re
When you go on deck you find your chair
occupied by a stranger, busily discussing
Mrs. Maybrick's case with another stranger.
You waik the deck for a couple of hours,
only to find that your chair is still occupied
and vou are too bashful to .interrupt the dis
cussion. You learn that if you want to use
your chair you must occupy it; and you
have not "cheek" enough to take possession
of another.
Early or late you "turn in," and when
von wake in the morning the ship is at rest.
and vou find that you are in the harbor of I
Oneenstown. It is Sunday, but it seems
just like any other day. Several boats are
alongside in which are some of the "finest
peasantry in the world," Selling Irish lace,
Dogwood canes and ornaments of all sorts.
A tug comes off, and with a crowd of others
you go on shore for a couple of hours. The
mail from London arrives about 1, and
alter eight hours' delay the Umbria sails
again at 2.
No service on board that day, though it
is generally held in the cabin on the Cnnard,
steamers, when the service is read by the
captain, the purser, or some clergyman.
Before night the steamer is out of sight of
land, ami your sea life really begins. You
sit in your chair (if you can obtain the use
of it) and watch the "lonely ocean." For a
whole day, or even two days, you may not
see a single sail. The ship is the whole
world to you. You will occasionally see a
whale or a school of porpoises, and perhaps
a shark or two. The Umbria is so large
that the ordinary pulsations of the ocean
have no effect upon her. No one is seasick
In the evening you visit the smoking
room again. The cards and chips are still
actively employed, and you find that
"pools" are a great institution. Ten men
put their names on a paper and pay in a
dollar apiece. Then thev draw for numbers
up to ten. The pool, or bet, is on the last
figure of the run of the steamer for the day,
ending at noon. Smith has 0, Jones has 5,
and so on. The run proves to be 435 miles,
and Jones has the last figure and puts the
$10 in his pocket? Many parties get up a
pool ot this sort At noon, or soon after, the
latitude, longitude and the-number of miles
run is posted in the smoking room.
Pools are made up on the nnmber of the
pilot boat as the steamer comes near her
port Sometimes a score or more of num
bers are sold for a certain sum each. Then
these numbers are sold again at auction,
and they are valued according to the bid
der's estimate of the ship's run. Some num
bers bring trom $20 to $30. But, of course,
my boy, you do not take part in any such
If you are fond of reading and have no
books in your bag, you find a library of
standard works in the cabin. You get ac
quainted with some of the passengers, you
walk the deck, you eat and sleep, and one
day is very much like another. When you
got up Tnesday morning you found it some
what difficult to stand up in your state
room. The steamer is, pitching a little, but
betore noon it is blowing a gale. The water
is decidedly "humpy," and it is not easy for
you to walk about. You would like to see
a storm at sea, and you seat yourself in your
chair to see it.
It is not much of a storm, but the water
slops over the upper deck, and you see the
spray carried nearly to the top of the smoke
stacks. The lofty bridge of the officers is in
a cloud of spray, and the lookout men are
sent into the foretop to keep them from be
ing washed from the forward bridge. It is
too wet for you on the upper deck and you
retreat to the music room, where you hear
the water slopping on the skylightover you,
though it is covered with canvas to save the
When yon go down to lunch the guards
are on the tables to keep the dishes from
sliding off, and not half the usual number
are present. Yonr soup is inclined to slide
out of your plate, but you are not sick, and
you soon put it "where it will do the most
good." Once in a while the big ship seems
to stagger and almost stop as she runs
against a heavy wave. You go to your
room, and lying in your berth you listen to
the roar all around you, and hear 'the big
seas crash against the iron sides of the
Then you go on deck again. The officers
in oil-cloth garments keep behind their
canvas screens on the bridge. They are
frequently ducked, but they seem to be
quite at home, and you are reconciled to
the .situation. There are plenty of seasick
ones around you, even ladies' crouching
under their wraps in utfgr despair. But by
dinner time the gale has abated. When
you retire it is comparatively quiet, and
you sleep like a top.
At noon on Saturday a pilot is taken on
board, 200 miles from New York. Later
you see the land, and at 10 in the evening
you turn in, the ship at anchor. The next
morning you land, pass the customs, and go
your way rejoicing that you are on shore,
and have not been seasick.
Oliveb Optic.
Olellor 8c Hocne.
We can furnish you with the best pianos
and organs made, and can give you the best
and easiest terms of payment. We have
been established since 1831 (nearlv 60
years), and, being the oldest music, firm in
the city, we have had more experience than
any other house.
( Hardman,
Pianos Krakauer, ,
( Harrington.
Organs Chase,
( Chicago Cottage.
Persons buying from us can be satisfied
they are getting the full worth of their
money, as the pianos and orsrans we sell
are the best made in the United States.
Send for circulars and fuil particulars of
our easy payment plan.
Melloe & Hoene,
77 Filth avenue, Pittsburg.
An American Product
Carries away the prize over all the Euro
pean and American competitors at the
World's Fair in Pans. We refer to the
matchless White sewing machine, which ob
tained the highest award for the best faiuilv
sewing machine. The White also carried
away the prize at the great Cincinnati Ex
position last year. J. jlevan & Co.,
12 Sixth street, Pittsburg.
Highest prices paid for ladies' or
gents' cast-off clothing at De Haan's Big
6, Wylie ave. Call or send by mail, -wsu
Extra good value in ladies' cloth, 52
in. wide, 60e a yd., worth 80c; all leading
colors. Huaus & Hacke.
Coats, Wraps nnd Jackets.
See ours before vou buv.
Enable & Shusteb, 35 Fifth ave.'
Wainweioht's beer is reireshing, pleas
ant and beneficial. The favorite family bev
erage. Cabhtet photos, $1 per doz.
ular Gallery, 10 and 12 Sixth st
Lies' Pop-
For genuine bargains, come at once to the
great closing out sale at 612 Penn ave.
Fbauenheim & Vilsack's Iron City
beer grows in favor every day. 'Phone 1186.
Take the little ones to-see the Earlescott
Juvenile Opera Co. at the Casino Museum.
Fbauenheim & Vilsack's Iron City
beer grows in favor every day. 'Phone 1186.
Ix novelty combination patterns we are
showing some handsome new effects at
$12 60 and $16 each.
ttssu- Huaus 8s Hacks.
T V'ffiLT.; r .!
. . -- r, " --
Effects of Dnst Inhalation by Workers
at Various Trades.
The Advent of the English Compound
rpr-EPAKiD ros tub dispatcb.i
Beaders of The Dispatch who desire
information on subjects relating to indus
trial development and progress in mechani
cal, civil and electrical engineering and the
sciences can have their queries answered
through this column.
Dr. Kunze, of the University of Kiel,
has lately given some of the results of his
investigations on the effect ol dust inhala
tions on the lungs. He says that the de
gree of alteration in so-called "dust-lungs"
depends not merely on the quantity of dust
inhaled, but also on its greater or less
morphological power of injuring the tissue.
He conclndes that even the greatest altera
tions in these lungs such as nodes, indura
tions and vomica are mainly produced by
the inhaled dust, and that tuberculosis is
only an occasional coincidence. The least
serious alterations in the lungs resulted
from the inhalation of lampblack, the par
ticles of which are very fine and little in
jurious; the most serious from the dust in
haled by earthenware manufacturers and
stonemasons. The lungs of a locksmith
showed only a moderate hyperplasia of con
nective tissue, the dust consisting partly of
the finest particles of iron. In a worker in
oxides of iron the lungs were found full of
small granules, and t e morbid changes in
the tissues were very considerable. The
lungs of gold miners were generally in
durated and atrophied; the dust in these
cases is exceedingly fine. Sand produced
numerous circumscribed hard nodules and
thick indurations. In cloth manufacturers,
the lungs, in spite of their contact with an
enormous quantity of oreanio dust, present
ed but few indurations. In the lungs of
two stonemasons indurations and tubercul
ous disintegration were observed; all the
other lungs submitted to examination were
entirely tree lrom tubercles of any kind
an observation which was verified' by the
absence of bacilli in the muco-pus in the
Steam Storage Car,
The progress made in recent years in
electric and cable car propulsion has had
the effect ot stimulating very materially
the development of steam traction. Of this
a notable illustration has just appeared in
the form of a steam storage car, which is a
motor, involving, as its name indicates, the
storage of steam to he used as required.
This is accomplished by injecting Bteam
and hot water into a reservoir, where the
pressure can be safely raised to nearly 1,000
pounds, and these tanks are heavily
jacketed to retain the heat None of the
steam escapes into the air, but is condensed,
and can be again injected into the tank.
There is no noise from escaping steam, no
cinders or smoke, and the machine or motor
can be operated by anyone. It is claimed
that by the use of these tanks the motor cun
be run nearly 50 miles, and then the tanks
can be recharged in the short space ot two
minutes. The only plant required aside
from the motors is a stationary boiler,
located at a suitable point, lrom which a
new supply of steam and hot water can be
taken when needed. The points aimed at
in this motor are the elimination of the
elements of noise, smoke, cinders and gas,
and by generating steam in one large boiler
to secure-the great economy, which, as com
pared with a number of small boilers, is
said by experts to exist The danger of
explosion is also avoided.
Simulation of Absinthe.
The distillation of absinthe is becoming
an important indnstry in France. The
npper leaves and twigs of the wormwood
plant are macerated with hysop, calamus,
citronelle, anise, funnel, badiane and other
ivegetable substances, and the decoction
thus obtained, after having been distilled,
s treated with alcohol, sweetened and col
ored. Absinthe is a powerful but de
structive nerve stimulant, which may be
valuable in cases of exhaustion or extreme
fatigue, but, like chloral and opium, it is
liable to abuses, which, in the aggregate,
far outweigh all the benefits which are de
rived lrom its legitimate use. Other profit
able industries, peculiar to Southern France,
are the distillation of essential oils from
wild aromatic plants, the manufacture of
perfumes from cultivated flowers, and the
preparation of preserved frnits by the pro
cess of crystalization. Each has been built
up in its separate locality, and become
practically a monopoly. The same, may be
said of the manufacture of the celebrated
liqueurs, benedictine and chartreuse. A
fabulous sum was recently offered to the
monks of La Grande Chartreuse, not for the
secret ot the manufacture, but for the right
to use the original labels and Dottles which
are the guaranty of the genuineness and
purity ot the liqueurs.
Cost of Operating Storage Bnttcrj Can.
The Julien electric cars have now been in
regular passenger service for a little over
two years; and a report has just been pre
pared of tne cost of motive power during
that time. The motive power includes the
renewal of batteries, the wear and tear ou
motors and machinery, the generating and
storing oi the energy, and repairs and re
placements generally. The cost of motive
power has been a trifle less than 6 cents per
car mile; in this, the cost of maintaining
the batteries has amounted to 1 3-5 cents per
car mile. It is interesting to know that the
estimate of the cost of motive power as
based on the experiences ot the Julien Com
pany on the Fourth and Madison avenues,
New York, and prepared prior to the report
at Brussels, and without any knowledge of
the cost there, is within a traction of being
the same. The Julien Company find the
cost of motive power on Madison avenue to
be 5.3 cents per car mile. In the cost of
motive power as estimated m New York,
however, was included intereston investment
amounting to 1.8 cents, or 3 5 cents per car
mile net, including depreciation of battery,
cost of generating current and handling of
Novel Device for Clearing Both Land.
An invention is said to have been patent
ed in New Zealand, and in other colonies,
which, if it does all that is claimed for it,
will revolutionize the settlement of bush
lands. It is a composition which, when
trees are inoculated with it, mingles itself
'with the sap and circulates through every
branch and leaf, utterly destroying the Hie
and rendering the standing tree in three
months' time dead and rotten, and sahighly
inflammable that when fired it burns away
literally root and branch, for the fire creeps
down the roots into the ground, consuming
them so thoroughly that the land
can be plowed afterward. it is
available also for old stumps, do
ing in a month what nature takes years to
accomplish. The process of inoculation is
simple. It is the boring ot a hole about six
inches into the tree with an inch auger, fill
ing with composition and afterward plug
ging with cork, tough clay or other suitable
substance. It is ulso very inexpensive, cost
ingonly a few cents even for a largo tree.
Machine for Melting- Ice ana Saovr.
A machine which will he much
I tireciated br street railway men durincr the
I coming winter has been brought out. This j
iJ ,.- TDT'i.ifcirt .
machine is used for getting rid of accumu
lations of fee and snow, and does its work
most effectively. The device consists of a
small steam engine, which drives a bIower,the
Sturtevant noiseless type being used, and a
tank or reservoir, in which, by means of the
forced draught thus supplied, an intense
heat from coke is created, which makes
short work of all the ice or snow which can
be fed to it. In operation the machine,
which is noiseless and emits neither steam
nor smoke, is drawn by a pair or more of
horses, as the condition of the ground may
permit, to a street corner, and teams are set
to wortc hauling snow ana ice to n irom a
short distance each way, say on block in
.cither direction, and as soon as that space is
cleared the machine is moved to another
corner, and so on until the work is finished,
the water from the melted snow running off
hot through the sewers.
Parlor Can for Street Car Lines.
Parlor cars, to run at intervals in connec
tion with the regular service of important
,'street car lines, ore under consideration in
different parts of the country. The neces
sity for such accommodation has been ques
tioned, but it is patent that there is as much
reason in having parlor street cars as parlor
railway cars. One side of the case is con
cisely put recently by a writer in one of ttje
New YorK daily papers. "Precisely why I
should be compelled," says he, "to ride in
close contact with a man whose clothes are
dirtv and whose habits are vile, simply be
cause he is 'just as good' as I am, has noth
ing to do with the case. Men are entitled
to all tbey are willing to pay for in this
life, and if special cars at higher rates of
fare are placed upon our roads, elevated.or
surface, it will be an advance much ap
proved by common sense."
Restricting the Sale of Morphine.
In view of the reputed large increase in
morphine consumption in this country, it is
of interest to note the recent action of the
Congress of Legal Medicine in Paris. The
use ot morphine has reached such an alarm
ing pitch in France that actual deteriora
tion ot the race is threatened, and with the
purpose of restricting as far as possible the
facilities for obtaining the drng, the Con
gress has passed resolutions, and asked that
they be sanctioned by legislative authority,
to the effect that (1) "wholesale druggists
and chemical manufacturers shall sell mor
phine ana cocaine to pharmacists only, aud
deliver the poison at the buyer's house. (2)
Pharmacists shall dispense only once, un
less the contrary be mentioned by the pre
scriber, a prescription containing either
morphine or cocaine."
Tbe English Compound Locomotive.
The advent of the English compound loco
motive in America has had the effect of
stirring np considerable thought and some
action in the matter. At least two locomo
tive works in the country are each building
a compound engine for trial purposes. This
is what is needed for a satisfactory compar
ison of compound with, simple engines, as
the engines will be of the American type,
with the exception of being compound. If
it is demonstrated that the compound loco
motives will do the work with less fuel, and
otherwise work satisfactorily, there are
parts of the United States where the cost of
coal would make their use a matter of a
good deal of fmportance. Engineers will
be strongly interested in an impartial trial
of the two systems.
Underground Wires.
The addendum of Prof. J. P. Barrett, of
Chicago, to the report of the National Asso
ciation of Fire Engiueers at Kansas City, is
pregnant'with interest in those days of death
by electric wires. "I want to say," said
Prof, Barrett, "that in the city of Chicago
we have some 3,100 or 3,200 arc lights.
Every inch of the wire connected with these
lamps is underground. The potential is as
high as 3,500 volts, and there is no difficulty
in the working of the wires underground.
The only objection is that it costs a little
more to put tnem underground than over
head; and there they are safe."
Strychnine In the Alcohol Habit.
Dr. Allwright calls attention in the
Lancet to the value of hypodermic injec
tionsof strychnine in dipsomania. He nses
a solution of one grain in 200 drops of
water, giving of this five, minims by one in
jection in tbe 24 hours. Hygienic and
moral forcesarealso invoked in the manage
ment of his cases. The drug causes, he
says, a positive loathing for alcoholic drinks.
Everett Flano Clnb.
The piano this week will be delivered to
certificate No. 140 held by Wm. E. Hunt,
20 Mulberry st, Allegheny, on payments of
?1 00 per week. Just think of it. We are
giving our club members a magnificent up
right grand piano on these payments, and
at the same time are saving them $75 00 in
the price. It is not possible to sell this
piano on any other plan less than (425 00;
our members pay only 5350 00. The club
is not yet full; we commenced delivering
pianos before we promised in order to con
vince the public that we mean business, and
are now sending out pianos every day. Do
not wait longer, but send your application
for membership at once. Our plan provides
for the immediate delivery of pianos to
members who pay cash, or $25 cash and $10
monthly. We want all expert judges to
call and see the piano. Circulars tree.
Alex. Boss, Manager,
mwsu 137 Federal st, Allegheny.
A Bargain Fine Uprlgbt Flano -8100.
A magnificent 7J-octavo upright piano,
with very latest improvements, excellent
tone and richly carved rosewood case. This
instrument is in penect order, and
will be sold, fully warranted, for $190.
Also three excellent square pianos and
two organs of the most celebrated makers at
enormous bargains. Call at the music
store of J. M. Hoffmann & Co., 537 Smith
field street.
Agents for the unrivaled Sohmer pianos,
Colby pianos and Hallet&Cumston pianos,
Newman Bros, and Peloubet reed pipe or
gans. New Games or Characters!!!
So popular at Chautauqua and elsewhere.
Game of Bible characters, 600 questions,
Drice 75c
Game of the States, 500 questions'! price .60c
Gape ol American characters, 600 ques
tions, price 75c
Game of foreign characters, 600 ques
tions, price 75c
Game of cities (American and foreign),
600 questions, price 75c
Any of above sent, postage paid, on re
ceipt of price by L. Brueninger & Co., 535
Smithfield st, Pittsburg, Pa., wholesale
and retail stationers. xrsa
Heuet Tebheyden, at the old estab
lished jewelry house, No. 530 Smithfield st,
is now opening for the fall trade a fine se
lection of goods, consisting iu part of Mexi-.
can onyx tables at 520, S22, S24.S26, $30,
535, $40, S50, 560.
Onyx clocks, beautiful and accurate time
keepers, lrom $25 to $60. Bronze figures,
royal copper vase, ciauo lamps, the latest
designs, very handsome. Bronze vases,
bisque and royal Worcester; also, a choice
stock of diamonds, watches aud jewelry.
The goods cannot be excelled, and he
cannot be undersold. MWSU
Foe a finely cut, neat-fitting suit leave
your order with Walter Anderson, 700
Smithfield street, whose stock of English
suitings and Scotch tweeds is the finest in
tbe market; imported exclusively for his
trade. su
In novelty combination patterns we are
showing some handsome new effects at
512 50 and 516 each.
ttssu Hcous & Hacks.
Underwent-! Underwear!
Sec bargains at our store.
Kmable & Shusteb, 35 Fifth ave.
WAXtnvaiOHT's beer is refreshing, pleas
,ant and beneficial. The favorite family bev-
erage. , . .,. . .
XdfciSiU .-
305 WOOD ST.,
, For Chamber Furniture.
For Parlor Furniture.
For Dining Kgom and Kitchen Fumturliv
For Carpets, Lace Curtains, Etc.
For Either CASH OR CREDIT. '
305 "Wood, Stz?eei33
Had you seen the rush and bustle In our stores last week
you would hatfe thought Christmas had ar
rived. The rush in our
Has been unprecedented. The quality of our stock I such fiat
- we cannot help doing the business. New goods censing la by ex
press daily. Another lot of those extra fine
AT $10, WORTH $15.
Another lot of Tailor-made Beaver Jackets at $5.
200 fine English Sealskin Flush Sacqnes at $15 and $16 SO.
250 extra fine Sealskin Plash Sacques, $19 75, worth 130.
840 new Stockinette Jackets, $2 75, $3 50, $4 50 and $5.
Hew Irish Peasant Cloaks lor Ladies' and Misses'.
New Cloth and Plush Wraps for Middle-azed Ladies,
Everything stylish and desirable to be found right here at a substantial
saving in price.
Ladies' Camel's Hair Tests and Pants, 48c. 68c, 75c, $1 20.
Children's Camel's Hair Vests and Pants, 25c, 30c to 95c.
Gents' Camel's Hair Shirts and Drawers, 75c, ?1, $1 25, $1 50.
Gents' Gray Shins and Drawers, satin facings, 50c, worth 75c
Gents' Natural Wool Shirts and Drawers. SI. 81 26.
Gents' Dr. Warner's Health Underwear, pure Camel's Hair.
Ladies' American H. Co. full regular Vests and Pants, $1 25, worth $2.-
Ladies' French All-wool Vests, long sleeves, SI, worth SI 50.
Ladies' Bibbed Cotton Vests, Ions sleeves, 35c and 50c
Ladies! Fine Merino Vests and Pants, 35c, 48c, 50c, 75c
Children's White Fine Merino Vests and Pants, 15c to 50c
These departments nave aouojea ineir
we eive better ralne than our competitors.
mmiMti! snccusfnlhr with. anr. house In
patrons. Space forbids to mention every article in these large departments. ' -viW
Alfhoneh we have some much cheaper ones, we would only recommend the following
as special good value:. 4-Button Sort Kid, 68c, 75c, 89c, 98c, SI 25. 5 Hooks, Bon Hsrcke, r
89c; 7 Hooks, SL Primiere. 5 Hooks, $1; 7 Hooks, SI 50. 8-Button Mosquetaires, 96c a
pair; 8-Button Gray Suede Mosquetaires, 98c. Misses' 4-Button Kid, 45c, 65c, 75c, St. 060 .
pairs real French Kid, guaranteed, tans, only 89c, fully worth SI CO. Full lines of Cask-.
mere Gloves, our own importation.
510. 512. 514 MARKET ST.
Whose Exhibit at the Exposition could not, as far as com-
1 11" J A.1L 1 Ta a. Tt ''
pieteness is concerned, oe improved iu we siintest j. flat is
307-"WOOD ST.-307
Whose pretty little Cottage in
as the Moorish Villa, is always surrounded by a circle" of
admirers, who exclaim, "What a Cute Kitchen," "What a
Magnificent Parlor," and hundreds of other expressions which
convey congratulations to the firm, whose tact and energy
can be all the more appreciated by a call at 'their place, of
Everything that can be possibly used in a completely fur
nished house, no matter how expensive or elegant it may be.
We make this assertion more
we are more complete, carry a
designs, and last, but not least,
ott:R prices-.
are lower than ever.
are the best and lowest in the city. Now, when we offer such
inducements as the above don't you think it to your advantage
and to the safety of your pocketbook to deal with us. You
need not have the full amount in cash, as we will let you have
the goods on
307 yVOOM ST.-3Qa
f Jy f ,
saies annng last raontn. 'innrn'jrtmnomitnt
The experience of over 35 rears esafeles vtt tsM
this, line and rive better fndBeesisst. i mi
the Gallery,- well known toall
boldly now than ever, because
larger variety, later styles
.' rim
A .