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PITTSBURG, SA.TUKD.Y, OCTOBER 5, 1889.
KING ARTHUR'S LAND.
'Glints of Quaint Contrasting Scenes
on the Cornish Coast
A1I0XG PILCHARD FISHER-FOLK.
The Moorlands, Land's End, Lizard Head,
St. Ires and First Inns.
DESCRIPTION BEINGS THEM UP TO TOD
icoBB&6xoxtExcE or Tine dispatch, i
St. Iyks, ConsrwrALl September 20.
Copyright Jutting far out from England
into the furious Atlantic is a bit of rock
buttressed land of most singular shape
which sustains a distinct and interesting
people. Its geographic contour suggests
the curious silhouette of some couchant
gigantic mastiff, or hnge wild beast. It is
easy to see in its southernmost outreaching,
its two powerful tore feet; in its northern
coast line its braced and bristling back; in
its most northern projection an erect and
pugnacious tail; in its eastern Devonshire
boundary its massive haunches and hind
feet, wedged against the eternal granite of
Devon; and in its farthermost sea-split,
ocean-battling promontory, the open mouth
of the leviathan, set savagely toward the
seething Scilly Isles, and forever lashed
with spume and foam of interminable and
indescribable battles with the elements.
Standing upon Hensbarrow, one of its
drear and highest peaks, one can see smiling
Devon to the east; almost to Land's End,
its farthest westward wall; to Lizard Head,
its remotest southern headland; across its
entire reach ot hills and moorlands far out
upon St. George's Channel to the north
west, and over the white sails of fisher and
coaster to the southeast, where the savage
sea lashes and fumes in rain about that
most furious of all mariner's beacons, the
wondrous Eddystone Light.
THE DESOLATE MOOELAJfDS.
But standing there, with all this majestic
crclorama before you, desolation only is ap
parent 10 me eve. xne moonanas stretcu
dolorously as if in boundless loneliness.
The tors or hills are bleak and bare. The
whole face of nature seems torn and scarred,
as by tremendous elemental struggles. A
myriad hissing fragments of exploded plan
ets hurled in awful upper rain upon this
land could have left no more unsightly
hurts upon it. Yet all these caverns and
chasms which disfigure it were made by the
hand of man. Its granite, shale and slate
hide copper, tin and iron. For more than
3,000 years its surlace has been cleft, and its
depths gored and bored, until its face is
pitted as if with extinct volcanoes, whose
bases were honeycombed to a mile's depth,
and, latterly, so far outward beneath the
ocean that its very shell was cracked and
broken, until, to prevent the sea dropping
throngh.the bottom was staffed and plugged
and soldered like a leaky basin!
Almost until to-day, as time is measured,
this land to the rest ot England was a verit
able terra incognita. ''West Barbary" it
was called to fitly describe its uncanniness,
its supposed ignorance and its popularly ac
credited semi-barbarism. What weird and
desolate Connamara in Ireland's wild West,
is and has always been to the Green Isle,
this scarred and ragged peninsula has been
A COLOKY DOOMED TO DIG,
Of its 400,000 souls, one-eighth, from
youth to death, in darkness pick and blast
in shift and drift beneath its wind-swept
moors. Until a century since a distinct lan
guage was spoken, preached and taught.
To-day in the larger towns "the purest En
glish spoken" is said to prevail; but again
to-day not a league from these towns among
fisher folk, miners and peasants, an ordinary
Englishman or American can scarcely un
derstand a word uttered. Tet here are life
and scene of the greatest fascination; both
life and scene ot simplicity, beauty and
grandeur; while romance and legend glow
wondrously in every tor, combe and stream;
romance and legend the oldest and most win
some in all England. For here lived, or
were born to deathless legend, Arthur,
Launcclot and Guinevere, and the brave old
Bound Table Knights. This wild and
sturdy land is King Arthur's Land. It is
No matter what queer, quaint places I
passed through to get there, but following
the old canal from Launceston. I beiran mv
journey around the Cornwall coast from the
little seaport bathing place of Bude, on
Bude Bar, not more than two leagues from
the northern boundary of King Arthur's
Land. Beyond this, for a dreary distance
above you, stretch treeless downs, below you
are jagged cliffs, and beyond these nothing
but myriads of sea-fowl and the measureless
"WILD ASD DBEAB TINTAGEL.
Further down the coast vou come as to a
Mecca of hallowed romance, to wild and
drear Tintagel. "What matter it whether ro
mance or fact coined the sterling gold that
rings through the legend old? Call it fact
because it was good, and made a "stainless
king." So there before you on that wave
lashed, almost island promontory, stands
to-day the still easilv traced remains of Tin
tagel of old.
Here was the very landing place of King
TJther. Here "Other Pendragon Besieged
theDnkeof Cornwall in his twin castles,
Tintagel and Terrabil, slew him, and the
same day married the dead Duke's wailing
wife, Ygrayne, to whom in time a boy was
born. The enchanter, Merlin, reared the
child, Arthur, under good Sir Ector's care,
and restored to him the kingdom of
Cornwall ca Pendragon's death. The
noble Arthur instituted the Order of Knights
ot the Bound Table, whose saintly acts, in
the service of God and man, until they fell
into sin, are the most shining deeds of all
tradition; he loved only and married Guin
evere, whom Launcelot, his dearest friend,
betrayed; and at last, receiving his death
-wound in the battle with his rebellious
nephew's forces just over there at Cnmoi.
ford, bnt two leagues from where you stand
in the ruins of Tiniagel, Arthur bade bis
last royal knight, Sir Bedever, carrv him to
Dozmare Pool also but a little 'distance
away, where the Cornish demon Tregeagle
once had his dwelling fling his sword
Excalibur therein, when a boat rowed by
three queens appeared. These qneens, lift
ing him in, wailed over him, and thev all
sailed away over the mere to the "island
Talley of Avillion" that his "greivous
wound might be healed."
aethue's gbave and a legend.
All about you, it you wander inland, are
sweet country roads, as quiet and lonely and
as green and odorous with foliage as "when
Queen Guinevere rode through them "a
Maying" before she sinned and Arthur fell.
Everyone hereabout will tell you King
Arthur lies buried in the long, low mound
on the high desolate moor midway between
Tintagel and Launcestonjbut I prefer to be
lieve, with the Cornish fisher-folk I know,
that he sailed away to Avillion; is still in
fairyland; that his spirit often hovers with
pathetic murmnrines over the old scenes in
the form of a bird, the chough, which coast
wise people venerate, and that he will surely
"Wearing the white flower of a blameless life,"
to reign as a King should and might over
his beloved England.
From Tintagle to famed St Ires famed
chiefly bat not alone through the undying
nursery rhyme query,
"As I was going to St. Ires
I met a man with seven wives.
Each wife had serea sacks;
Each sack had seven cats;
Kien cat haa seven kits;
Kits, cats, sacks and wives
Haw many were there going to St. Ivesr
road, or cliff-paths leaving audi returning to
the highway, make psstibleVthe constant
presence of the coast to the lover of nature
on foot. Antiquity, historic spot and brave
old legend being dearthtul in this sublime
reach of frowning coast, another pleasing
feature of Cornwall gives zest and interest.
A PEETTT PASTORAL PICTUEE.
Whatever may be the dreary effect upon
the traveler of the dismal downs and barren
tors along the rocky backbone of Cornwall,
there are never-ending surprises of beauty
for constant repavmeht. Toward StGeorge's
Channel at the northwest and the English
Channel at the southwest, innumerable val
leys and tiny burns slope toward and cut
through the walls by the sea, every one dis
charging limpid streams,which go whirling,
foaming or singing to the sea. Along the
sides of thee lovely combes are the quaint
old homes, the rich acres, the ample ricks of
grain and the sleek herds of the hearty,
happy farmers of Cornwall. Tramp these
desolate coast roads but a mile you suddenly
stumble upon these lovely vales the stream,
the farms half hidden by glorious foliage
dotting the sides far up the combe as eye can
reach; here a rumbling old mill; there a
nestling church; below you a quaint old
village; beyond, the tiny haven skirted by
the homes of fishers and specked by queer
old fishers' crafts; further, a tide plowing
up between massive haven walls, or a
stretch of low-tide rock and drift; and at
last the bright blue sea. Beautiful scenes
are these for the ee and heart-mind to
dwell upon; hardly to be found in such
number and -winsomeness anywhere else
upon all of England's coist
Down over a dull, stony road you sud
denly come upon what appears to b the
busv back yard of some odd little village
ion, and jou have arrived at England's
famous Land's End. This little inn. chiefly
a refectory for briefly tarrying travelers, en
joys at least the distinction of two suggestive
and humorous signs. On the landward side
from which you approach you may read in
good Gothic lettering, "Last Inn in En
gland." STILL ANOTHER FIRST INN.
Fifty feet 'away, on the seaward side of
the house, as if in assertive notice to the
whole Western hemisphere, there is the
equallv significant sign, "First Inn in En
gland." After getting your food and pay
ing your bill here, you cannot forget these
two inn signs. There is a little green plateau
in front of the inn. The extremity of this
is the last of English mainland toward
America. In calm or storm Land's End is
a wild, forbidding spot. And not a week
passes when there is not dolelul wreck and
los of life.
You are now upon the southern coast of
Cornwall. The cliff-walk between Land's
End and the great Logan or rockingstone is
the finest in all England for coast seenerv,
and the whole sublime sweep of headland,
promontory, seething cliff-bases, spume-
swept, rocKy islets, with .picturesque coves
and colorful bits of life in fishing craft, tiny
wharves and flower-embedded fishers' huts,
tor all that distance are constantly before
yon; while the grandeur of the sea, which
in calmest weather beats upon the cliffs in
mountainous ground swells, although seem
ing calm beneath the horizon, is such as I
have never elsewhere seen
You are soon at lovely, leafy, Penzance,
where semi-tropical verdure is "seen the year
round, where the English invalids come in
hundreds, wh-re the olden smugglers, pi
rates and wreckers were; but as it is high
priced.priggish and "o'er-airish'you tramp
on to little Marazion, from where the
ancient Hebrews, as traders, supplied the
Phoenicians with the precious Cornish tin.
It is but a fishing port now, noted with
St, Ives for fishwives and "pilchers," the
pilchards of Cornish fishing fame.
HOW THEX TAKE PILtHABDS.
The fishermen of Cornwall, evervwhere
acknowledged as the bravest and hardiest in
the British Isles, not only ply their vocation
on the southwest Irish coast, amongtheHeb
rides, and for all deep-sea fish, through in
calculable danger around the ever-howling
Cornish coast, but find their chief profit here
at St. Ives, across the peninsula at Mara
zion, and further to the northeast in Meva
gissey Bay, in pilchard seining.
Pilchards resemble the herring, but are
smaller, rounder and oilier. "Huers" or
watchers stand constantly at the St. Ives far
thest headlands, and signal the approach ot
"pilcher schulls," as they call them, the
reddish and ripply appearance of the water
betraying theirjresence. The dead old town
suddenly awakens, and from 3,000 to 4,000
excited souls can be seen at doors, windows
inthe streets, and launching the unwieldly
seine boats. These and all gear are owned
in partnership, but each boat must take its
From 200 to 500 hogsheads are taken at
ordinary catches; though in 1851, 5,653 hogs
heads, or 15,000,000 pilchards were secured
at one haul, the largest ever taken at St.
Ives. Hundreds ot women and maidens,
seme wondrous types of rugged beauty, are
employed in "bulking the pilchers" on the
docks; that is sandwiching them between
layers of salt in dark cellars, amid Bahelbec
screeching for salt and fish.
After this draining and curing they are
"layered" in hogsheads, the oil pressed out
of them, saved and sold; and the product is
shipped to the Adriatic ports for Lenten
food. Thus the Cornish fisher folk, nine
tenths of whom are "Wesleyan Methodists
annually drink a hearty toast to the Pone;
and, because the Spaniards imagine the fish
are smoked and call them fumados, the term
has been transformed into "fair maids "
and the pilchers, without which there 'is
always great want and suffering, have for
centuries been known at old St Ives as the
"Fair Maids of Cornwall that always feed
and clothe the poor."
Edgar L. Wakeman.
The Workers to Meet.
Mass conventions of Sunday school work
ers will be held to-morrow, the first to be
held in the afternoon in the North Avenue
M. E. Church, Allegheny, at 350 o'clock,
the second in the evening at the Second TJ.
P. Church, on Sixth avenue, at 750 o'clock."
Mr. William Beynolds, who has just organ
ized the State Sunday School Convention in
West Virginia, will arrive in the city to
day and will address the convention to
morrow. Catarrh Cared.
A clergyman, after years of suffering from
that loathsome disease Catarrh, and vainly
trying every known remedy, at last found a
prescription which completely cured, and
saved him from death. Any sufferer from
this dreadfuldiseasesendinga self-addressed
stamped envelope to Prof. J. A. Lawrence,
88 Warren street. New York, will receive
the recipe free of charge. eos
A Fleasnnt Beverage
And also conducive to good health is
Frauenheim & Vilsack's Iron City beer.
The ben and purest materials, skillfully
combined, are used in its making. It is
kept at all first-class bars.
Blacjk gros grain silk, 65c, 75c, 85c and
$1 a yard; the best values ever offered.
-TTSSU HUGUS & HACKE.
Visitors to the Exposition, don't fail to
call at Steinmann's and see the most elegant
line of new novelties in jewelry in the two
cities, at lowest prices. 107 Federal st.
Brocade velvets, beautiful two-toned
effects, actual worth (3, our price 75c a yard.
TTSSU HUGUS & HACKE.
English four-in-hand scarfs; new pat
terns. James H. Aiken & Co.,
100 Fifth ave.
Those slightly imperfect drap d' ets,
$2 GO quality, we are selling at ?1 25, area
rare bargain, Hugus & Hacke.
WORK FOR WOMEN &ftfg
Sare't imiructivc and entertaining contribu
tion to to morrovft Dispatch
TIE WISHAET PARTY,
The Court Jury Declares It is a Le
gal Detective Agency.
DIAMOND STREET IMPROVEMENT.
The Arguments On the Matter Were Con
GENERAL HEWS OP TBE COUNT! COURTS
Mark W. Wishart, J. P. Young and Ed
ward P. Hesser were put on trial in Judge
Magee's court yesterday on the charge of
engaging in the business of detective for
hire and reward, the prosecutor being John
A. Martin. The defense was represented
by William Yost, Esq., and the prosecution
by General Blakely, John Marron acting
as District Attorney.
Captain Wishart was the principal wit
ness, and testified that the defendants were
employed by him at a regular salary, and
were subject to discharge at any time. Mrv
Marron put some questions at the Captain
which he refused tn Answer, nnd in which
he was sustained bv the Court, much to the
annoyance of Mr. Marron.
Mr. Yost then submitted the commission
ot Captain Wishart given to him by the
Court and granting him the right to conduct
a detective agency which" was in accordance
with the act of" assembly. He asked the
Court to charge the jury that the defendants
were employed by Captain Wishart and
were, therefore, not guilty.
The defense objected to this but Jndge
Magee agreed with Mr. Yost and the jury
was charged to that effect. A verdict of not
guilty was returned and the costs put on the
Patrick Hill and William Boling were
tried in Criminal Court yesterday lor the
larceny of 8105 from Hugh Wallace. The
jury w out.
Elijah Hart was convicted of selling
liquor without license in Scott township.
Alois and Annie Bruno were tried yester-
aay lor selling liquorwithout license and
keeping a disorderly house. The parties
live in the Twenty-seventh ward, Mrs. Mc
Cready being the prosecutor. The jury re
turned a verdict finding the defendants
guilty of keeping a disorderly house.
EARLY DECISION PROMISED,
The City Officials' Argument for the Widen
ing of Diamond Street.
The argument in the Diamond street
widening suit was resumed before Judge
Ewing yesterday by D. T. Watson, Esq.,
who reasoned that the widening of the
street was the continuation of an improve
ment already begun. He said that if there
was no Diamond street no one would ques
tion the city's right to cut a street from
Smithfield street to Market, and he conld
not see why an alley already existing can
alter the question. Mr. Watson cited other
cases that were similar to the present one
that had stood the test in court. He stated
that the city was willing to give bond for
the payment of all damages, and that the
only persons objecting were those whose
property is to betaken. The people own
ing abutting property were all in favor
of it. -
City Attorney W. C. Moreland closed the
argument, and read to the Court the recog
nized rules laid down as a guide of the con
stitutionality of all legislation. He argued
on the right to a trial by jury, and said that
both the acts of 1887 and 18S9 guarantee a
trial by jury. The speaker made a careful
argument ot the entire case, declaring that
the acts were constitutional, and that the act
ot 1887 had been declared so by the Supreme
At noon the argument was closed and
Judge Ewing took the papers, promising an
THE ONLY RECOURSE.
City Attorney Moreland's Reaponso in n
Snit'A gainst the City.
City Attorney Moreland yesterday filed
the answer of the city to the suit brought
against the city and Delinquent Tax Col
lector Ford by John Liggett The suit was
brought by Liggett to restrain Collector
Ford from making a lien on his property
for delinquent taxes. The property in
question is located on Wood street. Lig
gett appealed from the assessment and while
the case was pending in court the taxes be
came delinquent Five per cent was added
and the Delinquent Tax Collector proceeded
to file a lien. Liggett claims that as the
appeal was in court the matter should have
remained in statu quo until decided and
that they had no authority to add 5 per
In the answer it is stated that under the
act of March 22, 1877, there was nothing ejse
to do but declare the tax delinquent when it
was not paid on the first of May, and place
it in the hands of the delinquent tax col
lector, who added the 5 per cent. They claim
that as the case was in accordance with law,
and that their only course, Liggett's suit
should be dismissed. The first installment
of the taxes, without the 5 per cent,
amounted to 51,818.
Cnptnin Jones' Will.
The will of the late Captain William B.
Jones was filed yesterday for probate? The
willis dated February 13, 1874. Captain
Jones bequeaths to his son, William Coul
ter Jones, the gold watch and chain pre
sented to him at Johnstown, Pa., on August
13, 1873, by his friends and fellow work
men. Also his sword which was presented
to him at Baltimore, Md., by the members
of Company F, One Hundred and Ninety
fourth Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers.
All the rest and residue of his estate, real,
personal and mixed, he bequeaths to his
wile, Harriet, ana ner neirs and assigns
forever. Mrs. Jones is also appointed sole
executrix of the will. William H. and
Edwin W. Lewis are the witnesses to the
Ettll Another Attempt.
Another bill in equity was filed yester
day, against A. D. Miller & Sons, the oil
refiners of Allegheny. The plaintiff in this
case is Fred Gwinner, who owns the lot and
three houses on the southeast corner of
Preble and Washington avenues, and within
100 feet ot the refinery. He makes the
same allegations as made in the suit of
Wadsworth against Miller & Sons, to the
effect that the refinery is a nuisance from
the noxious fumes and vapors that emauate
from it, and that his and the adjoining
property is in danger "from fire and ex
plosion. He asks that an injunction be
granted to restrain the firm from operating
the works. The case against the members
of the firm for maintaining a nuisance was
before the Grand Jury, yesterday, but no
finding was reached.
Grand Jury Work.
The grand jury yesterday returned the fol
lowing" true bills: Alexander Gleeman,
Charles Klein, burglary; Christ Anderson,
John Patterson, embezzlement; Charles Al
len, larceny; Thomas Karney, Isaac C.
Carter. J. Byan.aggravated assault and bat
tery; J. S. McCloskey, Ann McLaughlin,
Robert A. Clark, Frank Bunright, assault
and battery; Ludwig Bost,M.ary Lynch,
John McConville, selling liquor without a
The ignored bills were: John Calligan,
Mary Kennedy, Thomas Murphy, Daniel
Bieck, assault and battery; Daniel Bieck,
Annie Droppel, larceny; George Gibson,
carrying concealed weapons; A. J. Carver,
selling liquor to minors. '
South Fayette Township. '
An order was mado in Criminal Court
yesterday appointing the following election
officers in the Third and Fourth districts of
South Fayettee township:
Third district Judge, Samuel McKinney;
Inspectors, Frank Mautydeck and Andrew
Shane. Fourth district Judge, B. W.
Boyce; Inspectors, William S. Wallace and
Thomas Heidler. This order was necessi
tated from the fact that when South Fayette
was divided into districts the matter was
somewhat mixed up and the election officers
placed in the wrong districts.
What Lawyeri Have Done.
The regular meeting of the Bar Association
will be held this afternoon in their room at the
R, M. Gumck 4 Co., of the Bijou Theater,
entered suit yesterday against H. A. Clifford
for the recovery of 500 on a note.
Geokqe Cohen yesterday entered suit
against S. P. Stern to recover S1S5. the value of
four watches and three gold rings, which he
alleges Stern purloined from him.
Today's trial list is as follows in the Crim
inal Court: Commonwealth vs Simon Green
wood, Frank Baldey, Fannie Pillows, Gustav
Strauch. Thomas JIcGrady et al., Mike Raf
ferty, Jane Crowther, Joseph Long, Samuel
JIcEllianey, Henry K. Klingensmith (2).
A decree was made yesterday in the equity
cases of Otto Ffenninghaus, Lyle and wife and
J. Kinpkamp against the McKeesport and
Bellevernon Railroad Company, restraining
tho railroad company from taking a strip 16
leei in wiutn rrom me nacK end oi tne plain
tiffs' lots in Beynoldton.
A.B. O'Netl, Jb., yesterday entered suit
against the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Com
pany for 5,000 damages. He alleges that he
Surcliaseda round trip ticket between Mc
leesfl ort and Pittsburg, and that on returning
he was put off the train at Brown's station
without cause, falling down an embankment
cutting and bruising himself.
John C. McLAtranLiN yesterday entered
suit against James II. Jackson. McLaughlin
state3 that on September 22 he was driving a
horse and wagon out Second avenue. Jackson
was driving a horse and buggy along at a reck
less rate of speed and collided with him. Mc
Laughlin's horse was badly injured and after
ward died. The wagon was also damaged. He
claims 8130 damages. A capias was issued for
MRS. JONES INTERRED.
Very Impressive Funeral Services nt the
The funeral services over the body of
Mrs. Louise Jones, widow of Judge Samuel"
Jones, were yesterday celebrated in St.
Paul's Cathedral. The building was
crowded Catholic and Protestant mingling
in the immense edifice to do honor to the
deceased lady's memory.
High mas3 was celebrated by Bev. Father
Wall, assisted by Bevs. M. M. Sheedy,
Molyneux, Murphy and Conway. The
music by the quartet choir of the cathedral
was very impressive. The eulogy was de
livered by Bev. F. Begls Canevin. and was
a model of tender pathetic eloquence. After
benediction had been pronounced, the great
audience passed in single file around the
coffin, where the calm, handsome features
of the deceased lady were exposed to view
for the last time. The following were the
honorary pall bearers:
Judge W. M. Acheson, John W. Chalf ant,
J. T. Wood, Colonel W. A. Herron, W. W.
Patrick, J.R. Jackson. Charles J. Clarke, John
H. Hampton, W. E. Scbmertz, E. T. Cassidy
and E. W. Wood.
The coffin, which was covered with
flowers, was privately carried to St. Mary's
Cemetery and interred. It was unfortunate
that tbe extensive repairs which are now
going on in the Cathedral occasioned a great
deal of scaffolding and disorder, which
slightly inconvenienced the spectators.
'SQUIRE YERbUS CENTRAL.
A Wheeling Man Refuses to Ask for Num
bers nnd Invokes the Law.
TheJelephone company has been trying
to compel subscribers to call for numbers in
stead of names in Wheeling, and there is
quite a storm in consequence. 'Squire
George Arkle, of the latter place, has
brought suit against the company for $300
damages, and for compensation at the rate
of ?5 per day for every time "central" re
fused his request for names. Arkle has re
tained five lawyers.
General Manager H. Metzgar said yester
day that Wheeling should not object to a
rule which Pittsburg willingly submits to.
All the arguments were in favor of the rule,
and only a few obstinate people could possi
bly object to it It gave more pnvacv to
the conversation and accelerated the switch
ing, as well as being a very great conveni
ence to the unfortunate "central."
READY TO LAY THE WIRE.
The Second Avcnne Electric Road Will he
Finished In November.
Contractor A. E. Townsend yesterday
asked permission from Chief Bigelow to
tear up the street along the tracks of the
Second Avenue Passenger Bailway for the
purpose of putting down an underground
wire for the new electric system adopted by
that road. Mr. Townsend expects to com
plete the line, from Hazelwood to the Ex
position buildings, by the 1st of November,
and says if the Boston firm that is to put in
the dvnamo engines get through by that
lime the road will be hauling passengers
with the electric system by November 10.
BR0IE THROUGH A BRIDGE.
A Threshing Machine the Cause of the Death
of Two Mm.
Ft. Wayne, Ind., October 1 A trac
tion engine and threshing machine, while
being moved across a small stream near
Janesville, this county, yesterday, broke
through a bridge and landed in the water
some 30 feet below. Five men were buried
under the engine. John Sparks and Henry
Wright were pinioned beneath the boiler,
and before they could be rescued had been
icalded to death by escaping steam.
They were literally cooked, their flesh
peeling off their bodies. Three men were
severely, but not fatally, injured.
"WISHED TO EXCEL.
Her Desire to bo Beautiful Nearly Frovcd
It appears that the young lady supposed
to have attempted suicide with arsenic has
been wrongly called Leonora Delavin. Her
real name is now published as Dora Deely.
Miss Deely was seen at her residence, cor
ner of Ann and Van Braam streets, and said
that she bad taken the poison to beautify
her complexion. Her, sister was in the
habit of doing so, and, wishing to have an
extra good complexion, Miss Deely resolved
to take more than her sister. She has now
fully recovered from the effects of the drug.
Who Will be the Next?
Victor Erb, the tipstaff in the grand jury
room, has been missing since Tuesday. He
lives on the Southside, and family troubles
are alleged to be the cause of his disappear
ance. 'Mrs. Erb is worried about his ab
sence, and is at a loss to account for his
actions. She says he acted queerly at times
Know ye tat Dr. Bull's Cough Syrap
costs only 25 cents. It cures instantly.
BIUIN TROUBLES; ?-? S
prevented, it the tubject of Dr. Allan McLane
Hamilton's article in to-morrow1! Dispatch.
What Shall We Do With It, and How
Shall the Burden be Divided?
COMMISSIONER B. D. M'GONNIGLE.
Suggests the Massachusetts rian of Divid
UNEQUAL LOAD BORNE IN THIS COUNTY
Yesterday it was announced that Mr. K.
D. McGonnigle, Secretary of the Alle
gheny County Light Company, had been'
appointed by Governor Beaver one of the
commission of seven to revise and codify
the laws relating to the relief, care and
maintenance of the poor ot Pennsylvania.
From remarks and growls heard in various
quarters it would appear fully time that
something was done. There is especial
dissatisfaction in this county, outside the
cities of Allegheny and the boroughs of Mc
Keesport, Braddock and Sharpsburg, the
reason for which being given further along,
Mr. McGonnigle was asked to explain
what was expected to be done, and he stated
that the trouble is that the State has out
grown its swaddling clothes since the gen
eral law for the management of the poor was
framed in 1836, the development of the last
6 years, and the special acts that have been
passed for the management of the poor iu
various counties since, having made crazy
quilt patchwork ot the matter. The law of
1836 made provision for the settlement of
Slaves and apprentices, lor instance, ana now
both the slave and apprentice systems are
things of the past and the environment is
otherwise changed. When that act was
passed there were less .than half a dozen
almshouses in the State, pauperism being
almost unknown. From time to time, as
certain counties grew in population, they
had special acts passed granting them
power to build poorhouses, and these acts
not only conflicted In many ?ases with the
general" poor law, but with each other, and
at the meeting of the Association of Poor
Directors held in TJniontown the Governor
was asked to appoint the commission, for the
and this commission is expected to formu
late something more in keeping with the
present time. The preliminary settlement
ot paupers was by the act of 1836 confided
to two j usticei of the peace, but in some of
the special acts one justice is only neces
sary and the methods of distributing relief
also vary and lead to unending conflicts of
authority and jurisdiction. This commis
sion is required to report to the nextsession
of the Legislature, and for its ex
penses 6,000 have been appropri
ated. The persons appointed must meet
at the office of the Secretary of the Com
monwealth in Harrisburg within one month
after their appointment and organize. It
has power of adjournment as to time and
place, and each Commissioner is allowed
$200 salary, and its clerk is to have such
reasonable compensation as may be approved
by the Governor, it has power to examine
the books and papers of Poor Directors and
to examine under oath any person in rela
tion to the affairs of the poor districts, 'and
can imprison any one refusing to attend
when summoned as a witness. The com
mission will probably meet on the 14th
inst., as the Association of Poor Directors
holds its annual meeting on the 15th. It is
composed of two or three lawyers and the
rest of the members are men who have expe
rience in the management of the poor.
IN ALLEGHENY COTJNTT.
Mr. Pugh, of Lackawanna, is a member.
He was a member of the Constitutional
Convention, and was a Presidental elector
last year. He has had large experience in
the management of pampers. Mr. Mc
Gonnigle made a practical study of the
question for many years also.
The matter is specially interesting in this
county outside the two cities. There is
much growlipg in the country districts and
in most of the boroughs regarding the prac
tical working of the County Home. It is
claimed that not only 90 per cent of its in
mates are ot foreign birth, but that nearly
all of them are sent by McKeesport, Brad
dock and. Sharpsburg boroughs, and that
the tax paid by the rest of the rural portion
of the county is almost solely for the benefit
of these three towns. Said a complainant:
"I lived for 20 years in a township that
only sent one pauper to the home, and sent
him bnt a' few years, and yet it paid taxes
on a valuation of 500,000." As paupers can
be maintained for $J00 a year, it will be
seen that had this township kept one in the
home all that time, it would on the present
millage have paid about five times what it
costs to keep a pauper,and the complainant J
siaies mat iu tui luai. nine it paia aoout av
times as much as it got back. If the matter
were analyzed, it would be found that the
bnlk of the agricultural districts and
boroughs fare equally as poorly in the dis
tribution. This man complains that the Home is
extravagantly managed and has a super
fluity of officers, luxuries, etc., but Mr.
McGonnigle states that some people whom
he knows, people competent to judge, tell
him that the County Home appears to be
well managed, and he slates that they are
not partisans of either of the warring fac
tions that have of late years struggled for
supremacy in its management
A CHAEQE DENIED.
Mr. McGonnigle referred to the Massa
chusetts system of almshouse management,
nnd it -contains a suggestion that may be
worth some study. Massachusetts is divided
into what are called towns, as on the West
ern Reserve in Ohio, corresponding to our
townships. Each town is made pay for the
boarding of its own paupers, and when one
of them succeed in effecting a settlement
it is a verv difficult matter ever after to dis
lodge him, but the angrr controversies and'
lawsuits that accompany such settlements
here are under the Massachusetts regulation
pretty generally avoided. The Yankees of
the Western Beserve brought their
New England customs with them and the
financial circumstances of new comers were
generally investigated with close scrutiny.
Years ago some ot the wealthiest people ot
Ohio could recollect when they had been
"warned out" by the town supervisor.
There was nothing to hinder him from serv
ing his warning on any hew comer.and if he
didn't like a new arrival'he was very apt to
give him a possible pauper's welcome. The
warning was for the purpose of preventing
the incomer from becoming a burden on the
town in case he proved to be a ripscallion.
, THE LAWXHRS" NEGLECT.
The Amoskcng Injunction Salt Will Not be
Heard for Some Time.
Proceedings in the Amoskeag engine in
junction suit were to have been commenced
before the Master on the 25th ult., bnt
though the plaintiffs attorneys were present
the lawyers for the city did not appear. A
few days later Mr. Watson, for the city, in
formed the other side that some arrange
ments would be made. There is not time
for the case to be brought before the Su
preme Court at the sessions on Monday,
and it must either stand until next fall, or
have a speeial hearing in Philadelphia.
There are two Amoskeag engines in use iu
the department' and-which nave not been
The Cnptnin Honored.
The members of Engine Company No. 13
last evening presented Captain George W.
King with a badge. The Captain, has been
transferred to take charge of No. 3. Judge
Gripp made the presentation speech and
Colonel Morrison responded.
Beecttam's puis cure sick headache.
Peaks' fcjoap, the purest and best oyer made.
E CUP I CAGE'S H
A Tale of Adventure,
Author of "Under Drake's Flag,"
CHAPTRVI EtJth Po lett Con
Upon the morning after the conversation
with his daughter, Mr. Armstrong had just
started on his way up the village when he
met Hiram Powlett
'I was jnst coming to see you, Mr. Arm
strong, if you can spare a minute."
''I can spare an hour I vcan spare the
whole morning, Mr. Powlett, I have ceased
to be a working bee, and my time is at your
"Well, I thought I would just step over
and speak to you," Hiram began, in a slow,
puzzled sort of way. "You know what 1
was telling you the other day about my
"Yes, I remember very well."
"You don't know, Mr. Armstrong, wheth
er she has said anything to your daughter?"
"No; at least not so far as I have heard
of. Mary said that they were talking to
gether, and something was said about Miss
Carne's murder; that your daughtsr turned
very pale, and that she thought she was
going to faint."
"That's it; that's it," Hiram said, strok
ing his chin thoughtfully, "that murderMs
at the bottom of it. Hesba thinks it must be
that any talk about it brings, the scene back
to her; but it does not seem to me that that
accounts for it all, and I would give a lot to
know what is on the girl's mind. She came
in'yesterday afternoon as white as a sheet,
and fainted right off at the door. I shouldn't
think so much of that, because she has o'ften
fainted since her illness, bnt that wasn't all.
When her mother got her round she went
upstairs to her room, aud didn't come down
again. There is not much in that.you would
say. After a girl has fainted she likes to lie
quiet a bit; but she didn'tlie quiet We could
hear her walking up and down the room tor
hours, and Hesba stole ud several times to
her door and said she was sobbing enough J
'I DAEE NOT SEE HIM," SHE SAID;
to break her heart She is going about the
house again this morning, but that white
and still that it is cruel to look at her. So
I thought after breakfast that I would put
on my hat and come and have a talk with
you, seeing that you were good enough to
be interested in her. You will say it's a
rum thing for a father to come and talk
about his daughter to a man he hasn't
known more than two months. I feel that
myself, but there is no one in the village I
should like to open my mind to about Bntb,
and seeing that you are father of a girl
abont the same age, and that I feel you are
a true sort of a man, I come to you. It isn't
as if I thought that my Ruth could have
done any wrong. If I did, I would cut my
tongue "out before I would speak a wort),
But I know my Buth. She has always been
a good girt; not one of your light sort, but
earnest and steady. Whatever is wrong, it's
not wrong with her. I believe she has got
some secret or other that is just wearing her
out, and if we can't get to the bottom of it I
don't believe Buth will see Christmas," and
Hiram Powlett wiped his eyes violently. "
"Believe me I will do my best to find it
ont if there is such a secret, Mr. Powlett I
feel sure what I have seen of your daughter
that if a wrong has been doneol any kind
it is not by her. I agree with you that she
has a secret and that that secret is wearing
her out I may say that my daughter is of
the same opinion, l believe that there is a
struggle going on in her mind on the sub
ject, and that if she is to have peace, and as
you say, health, she must unburden her
mind. However, Mr. Powlett, my advice
in the matter' is, leave her alone. Do not
press her in any way. I think that what
you said to me before is likely to be verified,
and that if she unburdens herself it yvill be
to May; and you may be sure whatever ii
the nature ot the secret my daughter will
keep it inviolate, unless it is Buth's own
will that it should be told to others."
"Thankee, Mr. Armstrong, thankee
kindly; I feel more hopeful now. I have
been worrying ,and fretting over this for
months, till I can scarce look after my work,
and (catch myself going on drawing at my
pipe when it's gone out and got cold. But I
think it s coming on; i tnink that crying
last night meant something, one way or the
other. Well, we shall see; we shall see, I
will be off back again to my work now; I
feel all the better for having had this talk
with you. Hesua's 'a good woman and she
is fond ot the child; bnt she is what she
calls practical she looks at things hard and
straight and sensible, and naturally she
don't quite enter into my feelings about
Ruth, though she is fond of her too. Well,
good morning, Mr. Armstrong; yon have
done me good, and I do hope it will turn
out as you say, and that we shall get to
know what is Bnth's trouble."
An hour later. Mary Armstrong went
down to the mill to inquire after Ruth. She
found her quiet and pale.
"I am glad you have come in, Miss Arm
strong," Hesba said, "our Buth wants
cheering up a bit She had a faint yester
day when she got back from your place, and
she is never fit for anything after that ex
cept to just sit in her chair and look in the
fire. I tell her she would be better if she
would rouse herself."
"But one cannot always rouse oneself,
Mrs. Powlett," Mary said; "and I am sure
Ruth does not look equal to talking now.
However, she shall sit still, and I will tell
her a story. I have never told you yet that
I was once carried off by the Kaffirs, and
that worse than death would have befallen
me, and that I should have been afterward
tortured and killed, if I had not been res
cued by a brave man."
"Lawk-a-mussy, Miss Armstrong, why
you make my flesh creep at the thought of
such a thing. And you say it all happened
to you? Why, now, to look at you, I should
have thonght you would hardly have known
what trouble meant, you always seem so
bright and happy; that's what Ruth has
said again and agaiu."
"You ghali judge lor yourself, rs,
U JjJJi , &
' - -Wit
"With Clive in India","
lett, if you can find time to lit down and
listen, as well as Buth."
"I can find time for that," Hesba said,
"though it isn't olten as I sits down till the
tea is cleared away and Hiram lights his
first pipe afterwards."
Mary sat down facing the fire, with Both
in an arm chair on one side of her, and Mrs.
Powlett stiff and upright on a bard settee oa
the other. Then she began to tell the story,
first saying a few words to let her hearers
know of the fate of women who fell into the
hands of the Kaffirs. Then she began with
the story of her journey down from King
Wllliamstoirn, the sudden attack by natives,
and how, alter seeing her father fall, she was
carried off. -Then she told, what she had
never told before, of the hideous tortures of
the other two women, part of which she was
compelled to witness, and how she
was told that she was to be
preserved as a present to Macomo.
Then she described the dreary journey.
"I had only one hope," she said, "aud it
was so faint that it could not be called a
hope; but there was one man in the colony
who somehow I felt sure would, if he knew
of my danger, try to rescue me. He had
once before come to our aid when our house
was attacked by Kaffirs, and in a few min
utes our fate would have been sealedhad be
not arrived. Bat for aught I knew he was
a hundred miles away, and what could he
do against the 300 natives who were with
me? Still, I had a little ray of hope, the
faintest, tiniest ray, until we entered the
Amatolas they are strong steep hills cov
ered with forest and busb. They were the
stronghold of the Kaffirs and I knew that
there were 20,000 of them there. Then L
hoped no longer. I felt that my fate was
sealed, and my only wish and my only long
ing was to obtain a knife or a spear, and to
Then Mary described the journey through
the forest to the kraal, the long hqurs she
had sat waiting for her fate with every
movement watched by the Kaffir women,
"HE MAT LOOK AT ME A3-YOU" DO."
and her sensations when she heard the mes
sage in English. Then she described her
rescue from the kraal, her flight through the
woods, her concealment in the cave, her es
cape from the Amatolas, the ride with the
trooper holding her on his saddle, and the
final dash through the Kaffirs. Her hearers
had thrown in many interjections of horror
and pity, loud on the part of Hesba, mere
murmurs on that of Rutb, who had taken
Mary's, hand in hers, but the sympathetic
pressure told more than words.
"And you shot three ot them, Miss Arm
strong." Hesba ejaculated in wide-eyed as
tonishment To think that a young girl
like you should have the death of four men
on her hands. I don't say as it's unchris
tian, because Christians are not forbidden
to fight for their lives, but it does seem
"It has never troubled me for a single
moment" Mary sald;"thevtried to kill me,
and I killed them. That is the light I saw
it in, and so would you if you had been liv
ing in the colony."
"But you have not finished your story,"
Ruth said earnestly. "Surely that is not
the end of it"
"No, my father recovered from his wound,
and so did the soldier who had saved me
and as soon as my father was able to travel)
he and I went down to the coast and came
"That cannot be all," Buth whispered;
"there must be something more to tell,
"I will tell you another time, Ruth,"
Mary said in equally low tones, and then
rising, put on her hat again, said goodby
aud went out
"Did you ever, Ruth?" Hesba Powlett
exclaimed as the door closed. "I never did
hear such a story in all my life, and to think
of her shooting fburjaen; it quite made my
flsh creep; didn't it yours?"
"There were other parts of the story that
made my flesh creep a great deal more,
"Yes, it was terrible; and she didn't say a
single word in praise of what the soldier had
done for her. Now that seems to me down
right ungrateful, and not at nit what t
should have thought of Miss Armstrong."
"I suppose she thought mother, that there
was no occasion to express her opinion of
his bravery or to mention her gratitude.
The whole story seemed to me ti cry of praise
and a hvmn of gratitude."
"Lord, Ruth, what fancies you do take in
your head, to be sure; I never did hear such
Two days passed without Ruth going up
to the Armstrongs'; on the third day Mary
again went down.
"Well, Buth, as you lave not been to
see me, I have come to see you again."
"I was coming up this afternoon; if you
don't mind I wifl go back with yon now in
stead or your staying here. We are quieter
there, yon know. Somehow one cannot think
or talk when any one comes in and out of the
room every two or three minutes."
"I quite agree with you. Ruth, and if you
don't mind my sajing so, I would very much
rather have you all to myself."
The two girls accordingly went back to the
cottage. Mary, who was rather an Industrious
needlewoman, brought out a basket of work.
Rutb, who for a long time had scarcely taken
up her needle, sat with her hands before her'
When two people intend to have a serious
conversation with each other, they generally
steer wide of the subject at first, and the pres
ent was no exception.
"I think It would be better for you, Buth. to
occupy yourself with work a little as I do.'
"lused to be fond of work," Roth replied,
"but 1 don't seem to be able to give myatten
tion to it now. 1 begin, and before I have done
3) stitches somehow or other my thoughts seem
to go away, and by the end of the morning the
first 20 stitches are all I have done."
"Batjon oughtn't to think so much, Ruth.
It Is bad for anyone to be always thinking."
"Yes, but I can't help it 1 hare so much to
think about, and it gets worse instead of better.
Now after what you said to me the other night,
1 don't know what to do. It seemed rtgnt be
fore. I did not think 1 was doing ranch harm
In keeping silence; now Isee I have bees. eh.
so wrong," and she twined her fingers lniBd-
UUfc ita II sauer un uoJ pfl, f
"ypoorKart,"ry MoesriBg orech
etc., etc. rZ -i SL