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ESfABLISHED FEBRUARY 8, 1848.
Yol.44, o.I35, Enured at Pittsburg Postolfice.
November H, law, u second-class miner.
Business Office 97 and 99 Fifth Avenue.
News EoomB and Publishing House 75,
77 and 79 Diamond Street.
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P1TTSBLTKQ. MONDAY. SEP. 30. 1SS9.
A ITOlf-PABTISAH APPOINTMENT.
The appointment of General Prentiss, a
Missouri Democrat, to a postoffice, is one
of the exceptional examples of breaking
over party lines, made by the present ad
ministration. It is done on the declaration
of Secretary Xoble that Prentiss is a
splendid fellow, and that party feeling
onght not to prevail against him.
But if this course is adopted in the case
of one Democratic splendid fellow, why not
in that other equally splendid and no less
Democratic character? On the supposition
that the encaging characteristics of General
Prentiss, who made a gallant but losing
fight at Shiloh, inclnde the qualities that
make a good postmaster, cannot the same
rale be applied elsewhere just as well? Or
rather the fact that party lines can be
broken over, being established, would not
the more logical course be to keep in office
all whether Democrats or Republicans who
have demonstrated their ability and in
dustry in the discharge of their public
It is not hazardous to predict that such a
rule would result in a higher standard ot
public service than that of discarding
partisanship only when a member of the
Cabinet happens to be personally ac
quainted with tne fact that the candidate is
a fine fellow.
TEE TYPICAL BACE EI0T.
The full returns with regard to that al
leged race war at Pratt's mines, near Birm
ingham, Ala.,are now in, and the usual dis
closure is made of the most ridiculous char
acter. A colored woman got into a dispute
with a white boy, and actually overturned
the urchin's goat cart, and slanged the boy's
mother. After which the lather of the fam
ily went to the colored woman's house,
knocked her down and beat her over the
head with a rjistol. This is the statement
given by the assailant himself to the re-
f porter of the Birmingham Age-Herald; and
K,;that is the sum total of the "race riot,"
T ' Some people appear to have had a dim per-
ception th the negroes might be justified
at resenting the chivalrous attack of an
angry white man upon a saucy negro
worn in, and telephoned for troops. Some
parts of the South are yet a long way off
A GENEBAL EXCUSE.
One of the Eastern courts, which has been
straggling with the usual heavy task of se
curing a jury without intelligence or infor
mation enough to know anything about the
case to be tried, has developed a new ex
cuse by which the average citizen can
escape jury service. One ot the jury im
paneled asserted that he had lost faith in
the jury system, and the Judge on that
ground excused him from service.
The precedent thus set is likely to have a
wider application than the court is likely
to have perceived. The average citizen
who desires to escape the service to his coun
try of sitting in a box as tlfc target for the
eloquence ot counsel, is often hard pushed
for excuses and sometimes has to stretch the
limit of veracity to the point of rupture.
This is a subject of regret; but the excuse
which proved valid in this case will avoid
all necessity of strained relations with the
truth. The great majority of our citizens
can truly aver that they have lost faith in
the jury system; and when that plea is ac
' cepted, they can go on their way rejoicing
and leave justice to look out for itself.
The general adoption of this rule would
leave the jury box free to the professional
jurors who have necessarily an abiding
faith in the system, as a means of bread and
butter. It might also hasten some reforms
in the system which would command public
faith in it.
EIGHTS ON THE STREETS.
The general adoption of the system of
electricity for street transit in Cleveland
has just developed a new dispute, which
onght to teach a lesson to all municipalities,
with regard to the preservation of common
rights upon the street. One of the street
nar lines adopting the electric power was
the first to put up its poles and wires on Su
perior street, the central point where all the
street car lines of the city converge. An
other line which is of equal importance
-now desires to come upon Superior street
and to share in the use of the poles and
wires which the first company put up.
This is opposed by the first company,
which claims exclnsive rights. The conse
quence is that if its claim of exclusive
right is sustained, either the principal
street of Cleveland will have to become a
labyrinth of electric poles and wires, or
only one electric line can be admitted to
The company seeking entrance to the
street bases its claim upon a previous con
tract for joint use and occupancy of the poles
and wires, but this is an extremely narrow
and limited view to take of it. The right
position is that the public interest and pub
lic proprietorship ot the streets forbids the
gaining of any exclnsive privileges by cor
porations, so that any method of use of the
itreet can be concentrated in one corporation
to the exclusion of all others. A street like
Superior street, in Cleveland, or Fifth
avenue, in Pittsburg, should be open to all
companies when they desire to come upon
the track in order to reach the central part
of the city, subject, of course, to a fair charge
to reimburse the people who have built the
poles and wires or the conduit necessary to
establish such new methods of transit. The
vital principle which affords the solution of
half the difficult problems of conflicting
rights and interests in the streets, is that the
public character of the streets forbids any
such establishment of exclusive privileges as
uill maintain a monopoly in any form of
This is the issue at stake in Cleveland, and
as it will arise in all cities -where competing
or riral roads desire ana need the use of the
same streets, the principle which establishes
monopoly is the false one; that which, pre
vents it is the true one.
AN 1HP0BTANT DLLTJSTEATION.
The statement as published in the local
press this week that there is a demand for
miners along the Honongahela Valley, ow
ing to a large number of the old miners
having obtained work elsewhere, is impor
tant as an illustration of a great economio
principle, in addition to its bearing upon
certain leading business schemes of the
It is often held, as an excuse, of the ten-
dencv toward combination, that competition
only acts upon wages in one direction that
of crowding down the price of labor. That
view entirely ignores the action of competi
tion in the demand for labor. The most
frequent effect of industrial combinations is
in stifling that demand; but although
the action of the compensatory prin
ciple is slow, it is bound to come. The coal
miners' case is an illustration. There have
been numberless struggles to put up or put
down the price of mining; but when the low
wages and long stoppages have led the
miners to seek other fields of labor, the de
mand for their work makes itself apparent
This has two important applications. The
first is that the policy of crowding down
wages and keeping laborers standing idle
one-third or one-half the year, has its
inevitable penalty. "With that policy per
sisted in, the desirable and reliable labor
will drift away to other fields, and only the
ignorant, reckless and vicious classes can be
secured. It is the best policy in the long
run for employers to treat their labor well;
and while immediate profits may be en
hanced by ignoring this principle, they will
be forced to give back their penalty in the
This principle has a decided application
in estimating the possibility ot the pro
posed coal combination as a united force in
crowding down wages. That was, on the
surface,one of the greatest possibilities of in
creased profit from that organization. But
if the coal trade now is forced to advertise
and offer inducements to get miners, any
effort on the part of a combination to force
wages down would only result in leaving
its coal unmined.
Back of all this is the vital point that the
surest way to secure the most permanent
and best wages is to make the competition
of employers for labor as free and universal
as the competition of labor for wages.
A PBESUMPTTVE THICK.
A very singular proposition has been
made and accepted, in the grant of a munici
pal franchise for a street railroad in Brook
lyn. The company applying for the use of
the street offered 100 per cent of its gross re
ceipts for the privilege. As this looked
like exceedingly liberal terms, the city au
thorities promrdly snapped it up, and the
singular deal is an accomplished fact, only
awaiting experience as to what it means.
Of course it is not necessary to say
that a proposition of this sort justifies
a presumption of crookedness; and
ought not to be accepted, except on
the theory that the city is able to
see that the biter gets bitten. Corporations
do not generally go into the street railroad
business for the sake of giving all their
money to the public; and when one comes
forward with an offer to build tracks, pay
operating expenses and turn over all the
gross receipts to the city, it assumes the
character of one of those gifts of the Greeks,
which are especially to be distrusted.
It will be interesting to watch the devel
opment of this scheme, and the pretext by
which the corporation dodges fulfilments of
its pretended offer. It will also be important
to learn whether Brooklyn has city officials
with backbone enough to make the corpora
tion live np to its contract or forfeit the
franchises gained under false pretenses.
WESTEEN LAND MORTGAGES.
Tne failure of the Farmers' Loan and
Trnst Company, a corporation engaged in
negotiating mortgage loans on Kansas
land and guaranteeing the interest, calls
attention to the extent of the business
of negotiating such loans. The total
loans of 13 land companies are about 51,000,
000, while the loans of other similar corpo
rations, ot insurance companies'and of indi
viduals are beyond statistical knowledge.
The failure of one company does not indi
cate a lack of security in the business.
At the same time, it is plain that while the
business, conservatively and properly man
aged, can be made very sound, it is most
open to the abuses of careless loans, extrava
gant management or more downright dis
honesty. Integrity and stability can make
a first-class and solvent business of bring
ing the surplus capital of the East into
closer relations with the borrowers of the
"West Recklessness and dishonesty can
utterly discredit it, just as they can any
other line of enterprise.
TJndeteeeed by the unhappy experience
of the other newly-wedded Blaine couple,
Mr. and Mrs. Emmons Blaine have gone to
Bar Harbor for their honeymoon. This
bride has a quality behind her which will
conquer Bar Harbor and all the inhabitants
As a rather amusing example of the
lengths to which partisan journalism leads,
the once moderately independent and in
telligent New York Post is found in its
editorial assertion on Saturday that (1)
when Mr. Cleveland became President the
railway mail service was entirely filled by
Republicans; (2) that he only made 1,999 re
movals; and (3) that the Harrison adminis
tration has discharged 2,434 men, "nearly
all of them solely because they were Demo
crats." As this discloses the fact that the
Republican administration has discharged
more Democrats than the Democratic ones
appointed, it becomes a rather puzzling
question how the surplus of 435 Democrats
got their noses into the crib.
The delight and pleasure which Edwin
Arnold is expressing over all that he sees in
this country is flowing forth so freely that
we fear it will not last much longer than
during .his stay with us.
A good many sarcasms are 'afloat con
cerning the safety of Mr. Pulitzer's offer to
subscribe $100,000 to New York's "World's
Fair provided twenty-four others can be
fonnd to subscribe the same sum. Possibly
the string tied to the gift will suffice; but if
New York, out of its best millionaires, has
not two dozen, besides Mr. Pulitzer, who
have got $100,000 to put into that project, it
will be discreet in it to retire permanently
and promptly from all Exposition enter
prises now and hereafter.
The chestnut season is approaching. - This
may convey an intimation to the campaign
ers of the day that they need sot longer re-
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!THE PITTSB UKGr
plenish their supply of arguments from last
The proposition is made in San Francisco
to license prize fights at the rate of $5,000
each. As this would confine the enjoy
ments of prize fighting to the gilded circles
of bonanza society, it would seem to be es
pecially suited to the California notion of
shaping laws and their administration es
pecially for the benefit of the millionaires.
Youno Napoleon Ives is more lucky
than Young Napoleons Ward and Harper;
but he does not get off half so well as the
veteran Napoleons, Gould and Sage.
Senator Ingalxs' declaration in favor
Atchison, Kan., as the site for the 1893 ex
position, is to be taken solely as evidence
that Kansas wants to get its share of that
512,000,000-per-second increase of the na
tional wealth, which Senator Ingalls has
elucidated in his speeches.
The statement that Sugar Trust certifi
cates which were up to 125 are now at 87,
permits the conclusion that the investors are
most thoroughly sweetened.
The French Government, in declaring
the votes cast for Boulanger and Rochefort
to be null and void, is probably inspired by
the determination to show that it cannot be
beaten by a "West Virginia returning board,
in the latest inventions for making elections
come out the right way.
After this week the agony will be over
and the nation can rest calmly in the knowl
edge that the baseball championship is set
tled. The bogus diploma business is one of
those industries, like the green goods trade,
that constantly rises triumphant above the
obstacles of the law. The new discovery of
an institution of that sort in the East is an
index of the unconauerable desire of the
publio to be deceived.
PEOPLE OP PROMINENCE.
The richest maiden in California is Miss
Jennie Flood. It was reported lately that she
was to marry Mr. Loubat, of Now York, but
Mr. Loubat's property roll is not as large as
hers, and his suit did not culminate In an en
gagement La ports now enjoys the distinction of hav
ing the only lady pastor In Indiana. Miss Mila
K. Topper to-day accepted a call to the pastor
ate of the Unitarian Church. Miss Tapper Is a
graduate of Cornell. University and is described
as a lithe little woman of easy grace and
Italy has oeen almost devastated by the
Abyssinian Embassy bearing presents to King
Humbert The King of Abjssinta's brotber
headed the delegation, and several dignitaries
accompanied htm. Their appetites are enor
mous. Ten of them ate 37 steaks at one sitting.
Unless the presents are very valuable Italy
will lose by their visit
Says an American tourist, writing from
Rome: "We went to St Peter's twice on Sun
day to hear the choir. They aro all men. and
there Is one among them who has a phenome
nal soprano voice. He is called The Angel of
St Peter's.' If I had not looked right at him
when he was siftging I should not have believed
that the voice was a man's."
No wwtAS is less known to the newspaper
world than Mrs. Depew, though her husband's
name is a honsehold word all over the country,
perhaps because she is a very quiet home-keeping
person, and because Mr. Depew is wise
enongh to be always civil and communicative
to reporters, so that their curiosity and investi
gative instincts are allayed by bis cheerful
frankness. She is, however, as genial and
pleasant-tempered as her famous husband, and
has a good deal of his humor, perhaps through
long association with him.
Herb BoTEL,a wonderful tenor, is fascinating
the audiences at the Krall Gardens, Berlin. He
was a coachman not long ago, and his rise to
fame has been romantic in its details. Ho
must find opera singing more remunerative ami
agreeable than driving horses. At a recent
Sunday night rendition of a popular opera he
was recalled six times after one song, and
masses of flowers were showered upon him. He
is ambitions to come to America,and will doubt
less have a chance to gratify bis ambition be
Whxiam Bell Assistant Surveyor of the
Postofljce Department of England, is in this
country examining our postal system. He ex
presses surprise that the railway companies'
here carry the inspectors and mail clerks free.
In England all postal employes have to pay
their fares and are reimbursed by the depart
ment It has also perplexed Mr. Bell to under
stand how the inspectors here are able to com
plete an examination in one or two weeks, when
It requires a month or two in England. He
says that the profits of the department of En
gland last year were 520,000,000.
A Virginia Weather and Political Prophet
rSrJCCIAL TELEOBAM TO TOE DISPATCH. 1
Alexandria, Va., September 29. Captain
Jobn C. Nigbtingill is the oldest Democrat In
Alexandria, and his political prognostications,
together with his weather prophecies, are all
made upon certain signs which appear in the
heavens, tbe benefit of wbich he gives to his
friends without compensation. In talking to
day of the recent floods and heavy rains, he
"1 think the cause of the heavy loss of life by
water and the extraordinary loss of property
by fire in this conntry during the present year
is due entirely to tbe fact that the Republican
party is in control of the nation's affairs.
There never has been a Republican administra
tion within my recollection that has not been
attended by great loss of life and property, and
the great Ruler of all things bas never failed
to express His indignation of Republican con
trol on inauguration day by giving such a day
for the ceremonies as would make a Laplander
ashamed ot the party.
"Just think of the Johnstown flood, Seattle
and Spokane Falls fires, tbe Cronin murder and
the Tanner episode. I tell you that nnles the
Democrats get control tbe country will go to
rnin. I regret to say that Harrison's adminis
tration will continue as it has begun, and the
country must suffer."
A PAUPER'S GREAT FORTUNE.
The Inmate of nn Almshouse Heir to Two
Shaxokht, September 29. John Brennan,
of this place, has fallen heir to $2,000,000, left
him by his sister, Mrs. John Carson, who died
in California a few weeks ago. Brennan occa
sionally worked at the mines and spent all his
earnings in rum. He was frequently in tbe
almshouse, and it was there be was fonnd yes
terday by the lawyer who bore to him the news
of his great luck.
Brennan was brought to a barber's shop and
subsequently to a clothier's, and, having some
what Improved his personal appearance, he
started for California to claim his enormous
DEATHS OF A DAT.
Robert G. Ford.
rSFZCIAL TELEOEAM TO TBI DISPATCn.l
Gbeessbbbg. September 59. Eobert G. Ford,
for a number of years Superintendent of tbe Bell's
Gap Ballroad, near Altoona, died suddenly In
Colorado to-day. He recently resigned the saper
lntendencror tbe road and went to Colorado to
accept a position as Superintendent of an exten
sive coal -works. He was about years old. and a
son-in-law or ex-Sheriff 1. t Steele, of Bellwood,
formerly of this place. He was universally re
spected. His remains will be brought here lor in
terment. Genernl Snmnel V. Slnrgls.
ST. PAUL, Beptcmbcr S9.-Qeneral Samuel V.
Sturgls, U. 8. A., died it his home In this city
yesterday. He graduated from West Point In
1846, along with George B. McCleUan, Stonewall
Jackson, Stoneman, Pickett and many oilier
famous soldiers 'While reconnolterlng before the .
battle of Buena Vista as becond Lieutenant or the
uragoons, he was captured by the Mexicans,
beneralbturgls subsequently engaged in some of
the most Important battles of the War of the
The Smnlt Book A Product of a Period
Without Leisure William Dnmpler, the
Pirate His Now Voyage Around the
World-The Heroine of ibo Open Door
Barrouffh's Indoor Studios.
We have got a long way past tbe time when
books were three feet high. The only books
which reach that altitude in these days are ac
count books. There are old folios, such as we
look at in tbe windows of Devi's store on Lib
erty street but which, somehow, very few of us
seem to go in and buy. Those old towers be
longed to tbe days when people had leisure.
Leisure to-day is almost as obsolete as Chain
armor. Everybody is in a hurry. And yet al
most everybody is interested in books. The
result of this peculiar condition of things is the
The small book, which we can hold in our
hand and put in our pocket if we please and
read through in 90 minutes, is one of the signs
of the times. And the publishers are always
up with the times. That is why we have so
many excellent series of short biographies and
histories. "American Men of Letters," "Araer
can Statesmen," "American Commonwealths."
These books are small only by measurement
ot inches. They are meant for people who are
both thoughtful and busy.
Here is a new volume in MacMillan's "En
glish Men of Action," being the biography of
William Dampier. William Dampier was not
one of the world's great ones. 1 doubt if many
people will find any facts or associations com
ing up to meet his name. Wellington we
know, and Lord Lawrence we know; these En
glish men of action we have Borne idea about
But William Dampier who can answer Ques
tions about him?
The fact Is that William Dampier was a
pirate. He was one of those old seventeenth
century buccaneers who are so interest
ing to meet with in books, but whom in Teal
life we would no doubt have gladly given a
wide berth. The passengers of the Acapulco
treasure ship, with its lading of 850,000 pieces
of silver, besides many chests of jewels, were
not at all pleased when they saw Sampler's
flag floating in the breeze on tbe horizon.
Dampiers piratical expeditions took him off
on long voyages, and several times he sailed
around the globe. That was a great feat in
those days. The sailing vessels of the seven
teenth century differed lrom the "ocean grey
hounds" of to-day as an ox-wagon differs f rom
a locomotive engine. They made good time if
they got over a reach of water in 12 months
wbich men run over easily nowin 60 days. For
one thing, they bad no sheathing on the bot
toms of tneir ships; and in all long journeys
they had to put in every once in a white to
shore, careen tbe boat over on the beach,
scrape off the shells and seaweed, and put oa a
coat of pitch and tallow.
Then they had such instruments and such
charts that finding their way was more than
half guesswork. Tbe captain was in good
spirits if the ship was anywhere within a hun
dred miles of tbe course he wanted to kesp.
The sunken rocks, and reefs, and shoals were
most of them waiting to be made known by the
costly experience of shipwreck. A man to be
a sailor in those days needed to have tbe strong
heart which Horace wrote about.
He needed an equally strong stomach. Tbe
navigators of Dampier's day soaked their meat
in brine which made it "harder and less nourish
ing than mahogany," before they were out of
6ight of land. Lucky was the ship which did
not lose two-thirds of all her seamen by the
plague of scurvy.
William Dampier braved all these dangers
and discomforts, and added to them the perils
of the profession of a pirate. They had no
"repellers" nor "crabs" in those days. "The
great war Syndicate" had never been dreamed
of. Bat they had "powder chests" which dis
charged broadsides of old iron and rusty nails,
and tboy had pikes, with stout arms to wield
them. Mr. Clark Russell, who writes this life of
Dampier, puts one of those fierce fights into a
sentence. "The castellated fabrio rolling oa
the seas, echoing in thunder to the blasts whlcl
roar from her wooden sides. The crowds o
men swaying half naked at the guns; the fall
ing spars; tbe riddled sails; the great tops filled
with smoke-blackened sailors wildly cheering
as they fllnc their grenadosupon the decks of
the enemy, or silent as death as they level their
long and clumsy muskets at forms distinguished
as the leaders of tbe fight by their attire, com
bine in a picture that rises In crimson-tinctured
outlines upon the dusky canvas of the past,
and, though two centuries old, startles and
fascinates as if it were a memory of yesterday."
Be Ale his feats of circumnavigation, there
werekwo things which marked out William
Dampier from the crowd of pirates who harried
the'seventeentb century seas; he wrote a book,
and he was personally acquainted with Robin
Mr. Clark Russell has read more old books of
voyage than most of us have ever beard of,
And among others he came upon one with this
title: A New Voyage Hound the World, de
scribing particularly the Isthmus of America;
several coasts and islands in tbe West Indies;
the Isles of Cape Verd; the passage by Terra
del Fnego; the South Sea coasts of Chili, Peru
and Mexico, and a long list of other places
which I have no space to quote. (Those Im
mense old tones had spacious vestibules.)
"Tbeir soil, rivers, harbors, plants, fruits, ani
mals and inhabitants. Their customs, religion,
government trade, etc" This was Sampler's
book. This sturdy buccaneer had keen and ob
servant eyes. We know more about geography
now than he did, but few men see more with
tbeir eyes. And he handled his blunt pen as
well as bis sharp sword.
And be knew Robinson Crusoe. He knew him
before Defoe did, so long before, in fact, and so
well, that there is good reason for thinking
that be was the man who brought Robinson
Crusoe and Daniel Defoe together. We ought
to have a kindly feeling toward this old pirate
for that at least But how it happened, I will
have to leave the book to tell.
There aro no pirates in the last three Henty
books. But there are adventures enongh of
other kinds to make up. Nobody to-day is
writing such interesting, wholesome and manly
books for boys as Mr. Hentv. One would have
to offer a large reward to get any healthy boy
to read such bulky volumes as Sir T. Gardner
Wilkinson's book on Egypt, or Hazlett's His
tory of the Republic of Venice. And after the
boy got through be would very likely have
learned little. But all the best that is In these
books is in The Cat oBubastes and The Lion
of St. Mark's. One of these stories turns upon
tbe killing of a sacred cat in tbe days before
the Hebrews made their escape from Egyptian
bondage. The other tells the adventures of a
plucky English boy among the gondolas, and
bravos and conspirators o? Venice in tbe days
of her struggle with Genoa. Captain Bayley's
Heir wanders away to the gold fields of Cali
fornia, and not only gets plenty of treasure,
but wins back bis good name from the stain of
an unjust and unfounded accusation. Mr.
Henty's boys are all sturdy, honorable, manly
fellows, and good companyforany boy in Pitts
burg. To hate a lie. to love a horse, to be serenely
indifferent to the gossip of the neighbors, these
good nrinciples which are common to most of
Mr. Henty's heroes, were taught by her father
to the Baroness Gabrielle von Dobna. Gabrielle
is tbe heroine of Miss Howard's The Open
Door. Here is a good novel. The plot is un
flaggingly interesting, tbe people worth know
ing, tho conversation onuui u nu listen
ing to, and the story charmingly told.
"Guenn" was a strong novel, and the scene
wasrefreshinelynew and graphically drawn,
and the situation was not conventional. It was
interesting too, from first to last But it was
wretchedly sad in its ending. It was unpardon
ably pathetic No book has any right to end as
"Guenn" ended. "The Open Door" is better.
I hope that there never existed quite such
an exasperating old lady as the Countess
of Kronfels. As for her detestable little pet
doe "Mousey," be reminds one of that ugly,
malicious, crinning image in Austery's "Fallen
Idol." He was certainly possessed with the
devil. But the Fran Major may be found in
many neighborhoods. And Hugo and Gabrielle
and Mercedes and the sculptor Berchard and
Gripp'i the count's attendant We get into
irnnA company when we come to know them.
This, however, is all Arabic to anybody who has
not read the book.
"The Open Door" gets its title from asentence
In the writings of the Stoic Eplctetus. Hugo
Kronfels, tbe hero, thrown from his horse, and
made a cripple, as it seems, for lif e, reads every
day from Eplctetus that grim philosopher's en
couragement of suicide: "Above all things re
member that tbe door lsupen." All the doors
of life, except that, seem closed to Hugo.
By and by, however, as the days go on he
finds two fxiends, one is Bernhard, a working.
man, a cutter of stone, with the possibilities of
an artist in him, altogether a strong, fine
fellow. Tho other is Gabrielle, his distant
cousin, who has come to take the thankless
post of companion to her aunt, bis mother, the
old lady with the dog. And these friends open
better doors, one tbe door of helpfulness, the,
other tbe door of love
Hugo was a good deal like that old writer,
who set down In a book of his Ecclesiastes by
name, and found in the libraries of all respect
able people set down there, as the result of
his peculiarly rich experience, that he "hated
lite." And Hugo escaped out of that blind
pessimism, as everybody may, by tbe open door
of help. Some poor children hurt in an acci
dent an old woman 16 years bedridden, a
young girl in a time of great moral danger
through Bernhard, Hugo gets interested in
helping these people, and like all genuine
helping, that helps him.
And the other open door Is love. But yon
must eo to tbe book for that A good book.
Interesting, earnest pure, uplifting, one oi
tbe best books I have read for many a day.
Thepoople in that little German town which
makes the background of "The Open Door,
talked, almost without exception, about each
other. Such sort of conversation may lack
charity alasl But it Beldora lacks interest
We all like to bear about the doings of other
people. .. ,
The editor of "The Critic" was well aware or
this wide spread trait of human nature, and
took advantage of it in a series of descriptlopi
of Authors at Borne, which have been gathered
into a pleasant book. ...
We are introduced here to 20 most interest
ing men and women, of whom we know more
orless through their writings. We see them
face to face and meet them in a deliehtluiiy
hospitable mood. We get into their studies,
and note where the desk stands, and what
books are on tbe shelves, and how deep tne
litter is upon the floor. This is not particularly
important information, but it is very pieasm,
'In learn that MurVTwMn has a billiard tabl
in tbe middle of his study and plays a first rati
game, and tnat, in addition to tnai aumiraui
scrap-DOOK oi nis, ne nas aiso myenieu .
whlth ctnahlcia tha wHfo. tn rliqnpnse With SUI
penders; a shirt, with collar anil cuffs attached
wnicn requires neitner nations nor mu,
perpetual calendar watch-cbarm, which give
the day of the week or of the month," and i
game of historical events, played somewha
after the manner of cribbage this is not s
profound as Emerson's poem on "Brahma,
but most of us are interested to know It Alsc
that a brnnze bnst of Calvin not the Ref ormei
ornaments Charles Dudley Warner's study;
and that Mrs. Julia Ward Howe has cornmeal
flapjacks every day for breakfast; and that
colonel nigginson writes nis paper ior iuo
Bazar at a single heat; and that Dr. Hall wears
a sioucn nat; ana that jonn uurrougns irres in
the midst ot the country which hbhaa written
aooui so cnarmingiy.
Bvthe wav. thnnlianewnnrkbv Mr. Bur
roughs. Indoor Studies is the name ot it but
the author has lived out of doors so much that
tbe fragrance of tbe fields and the song of the
birds gets In, In suite of him. Tbe book opens
with a paper on Tboreau, and Includes another
on White and Selborne. Nobody can write
more appreciatively about these masters ot the
art of seeing and thinking than Burroughs.
Atiheendof tbe book be tells us. In "An
Egotistical Chapter," a good deal about him
self, Emerson, Ihoreau, Whitman, Wads
worth, Swinbourne be names among writers
who have influenced him. Burroughs, who bas
interviewed nature as no man who is writing
to-day has succeeded in doing, never takes bis
notebook out he says. He is a better reporter
than that He goes out and sees all he can and
comes borne and thinks it over; tben be thinks
it over again, and again. In three months be is
ready to write. That is the way to do good
work. Burroughs knows better than to pick
his apples before they are ripe
E0JIANCES OP THE BIBLE.
A Remarkable Series of Novels to be Pub
lished by The Dispatch.
Prof. Georg Ebers. the famous Eevptologist,
has devoted the greater part of his life to a
study of that part of Bible history contained in
tbe Book Exodus. Twice, in pursuit of In
formation, be has traveled over the ground
traversed bv the Israelites in tbeir wanderings.
When tbey left the flesh pots of Egypt to search
for the promised land. This profound scholar
and fascinating author bas been engaged by
The Dispatch to write a Biblical novel, to
ran through ten numbers of tbe Sunday issue,
toe opening chapters of which will be pub
lished next Sunday. Prof. Ebers chose'for tbe
motive of his romance the departure of the
Israelites from Egypt and their wanderings in
tbe desert He had abundant material at com
mand, and was, therefore, prepared for tbe
work as soon as the idea was suggested to him.
The idea took entire possession of him, and he
felt the inspiration of tbe movements of great
bodies of people. He saw, with the vividness
of reality, the Red Sea scene and the wander
ings In tbe wilderness. While the title of the
book is "Joshua," the influence of Moses is
distinctly felt throughout
This work will be followed by two romances
by Elizabeth Stuart Phelps, author of "Tbe
Gates Ajar" and "Beyond the Gates," assisted
by her husband. Rev. Herbert p. Ward. The
first will be entltIed"Come Fortb,"and will treat
of tbe time of "Christ and will be published
next year when tbe Sunday school children of
the Christian world are studying tbe lite of
Christ as set forth in the gospel ot St Luke
This will be followed by a romance of the time
This remarkable series will conclude with a
novel by H. Rider Haggard, entitled "Esther,"
a roriance which will deal with the most bril
liant epoch of Bible history, containing more
of barbaric pomp and rude magnificence than
almost any other period. For this work Mr.
Haggard is to receive the magnificent sum of
ODD AND ORIGINAL.
TONKEES Statesman: A new cloak; called
tbe Spiritual, is among tbe new fall rappings.
BuonAMTON Republican: "Live and let
live' is not the uiotto of the live electric wire.
Ci icago Herald: Itrequires a good deal to
deaden tho post-theater appetite of a healthy
youi g girl.
R( Chester Post-Express: The author with
a bankbook is the fellow who is destined to
make a success of literature.
Merchant Traveler: The time approaches
when the extravagant youth realizes that he
can't trade a linen duster for an overcoat
Nsw Yoek Herald: The streets in heaven
are said to be paved with gold, but our con
tractors are not looking in that direction for
Troy Press: It is said to have been a Boston
woman who, on board a yacht spoke of a
motherly zephyr, meaning thereby a spanking
Baltijioke American: The good a man
does is buried with bim; but it is unpleasantly
suggestive that no allowance is made for this
fact in measuring the grave.
A Gentleman nnd a Scholar.
From tbe Boston Herald.
Sir Edwin Arnold is writing home very flat
tering letters about this country and its peo
ple Sir Edwin Is a gentleman of excellent
taste and discrimination, and he always travels
with both qualities along with bim.
ne Wanted a Good One.
Prom the Alta California.!
Mr, Fisher prepared the entire Constitution
for Wyoming. That was kind of Mr. Fisher,
but why did he copy It so entirely from the
Constitution of 1'ennsylvaniaT
THE DAY IS PASSING.
Else I for the day Is passing,
And yon lie dreaming on ;
The others have bnckled their armor,
And forth to fight have gone;
A place in tbe ranks awaits you.
Each man has some part to play
The past and the future are nothing
In the face of the stern to-day.
itlse from your dreams of the future,
Of gaining some hard-fought field,
Of storming some air fortress.
Or bidding some giant yield 1
Your future bas deeds ol glory,
Of honor God grant It may 1
But your arm will never be stronger,
Or the need so great as to-day.
Kisel IT the past detains you,
Her sunshine and storms forget;
Ho claims so unworthy to hold you
As those of vain regret;
Sad or bright, she Is lifeless forever,
Cast her phantom arms away,
M or look back save to learn the lesson
Of a nobler strife to-day.
Else! for the day Is passing !
The low sound that you scarcely hear
Is tbe enemy marching to battle
Arise! for the roe Is here!
8tay not to sharpen your weapons,
Or the hour will strike at last
nuen jrom dreams of a coming battle
aou may wake to find It oast.
jiatWBi Annt fnetor.
j. -. V " xf
mnn swam ntjl CVU"S flllll 3
1X1.B1 idoi vc smmm -raoiafi -;,
A Bather Expensive ,LnxBry to be a Con-
trressraan Why Living; la Washlngtoq
Is So Dent How Rome of the Senators
Aro Housed Mansion Occupied br
. Many of Them,
(COBKESPOSPZCE OT TUX DISPATCH,
Washington, September 28. As fast aa
they come to town tbe new members of Con
gress are selecting their abodes for the coining
winter. Not many members can afford to keep
house in this city, as housekeeping is far more
expensive here than it Is in almost any large
city of the United States. This can be better
appreciated, perhaps, when one considers that
there is really only a half year in which trades
people here can count on a large custom. This
Is the reason that fine hotels do not flourish at
the Capital, The average season of profit with
them Is six months in every year. Many of
them close up daring the summer season, re
opening in tne fait Two of Washington's best
small hotels opened for the winter season
September L Tbe larger hotels are open all
summer, and all of them lose money. People
who come to Washington to keep house must
expect to pay a little more for tbe necessaries
of life, just as tbe hotels are obliged to charge
good rates in winter to make up for possible
losses in summer time A cabinet officer
spend hardly less than $15,000 a year, even if he
does not entertain extensively. A Senator or a
member of tbe House of Representatives who
wishes to live nicely will hardly get off for less
thin the amount of his salary, while many of
them spend more than twice that ambnnt
every ear. This accounts, in part for the
troth of the saying, so often quoted, that- a
poor man cannot afford to come to Congress.
Senator Frank Hisoock. of New York, spends
more than the amount of bis salary every year
for tbe apartments he occupies at the Arling
ton Hotel. 'Fortunately, Senator Hiscock is
not a poor man. 1 he Senators whose misfor
tune it is to be poor live in a very humble way.
Even an unmarried man cannot save anything
out of 85,000 a year.
Cheaper to Bent br the Tear.
Some of the men wbo live here only in tbe
winter season do not know the difference tbat
exists in rates of rent, especially for furnished
apartments, between winter and summer sea
sons. I was pricing some apartments in one of
the fashionable apartment houses of Washing
ton a few days ago, and I was a little amazed Ft
the rate asked. The rental for two very small
rooms, not elaborately furnished, with private
bath, was S100 per month. "That is," said the
proprietor, in explanation, "tbe rate is $600 for
six months and $700 for a year. We find it
almost impossible to obtain business in tho
summer season, and we are glad to realize a
very small amount daring tbe dull months."
Some public men pay $100 a week for three or
four apartments in these apartment houses
during tbe winter season. In some of them it
is a rule to rent apartments only by the year,
and the Congressman who wants to live well in
Washington during the winter must usually
maintain two establishments the. year round
one here and one at his home.
Some Senator! Who Live Cheaply.
It is not always the wealthy men wbo live ex
travagantly here. Senator Plumb, of Kansas,
wbo is regarded as a very wealthy man, lives in
two very plain apartments on one of the lower
flnAws nf n twillrllrtflp l rr ATI all V nnmitflltn tn tfia
lEDbitfHouse, and not far from Newspaper
iRow. His colleague. Senator Ingalls, whose
income is modest, occupied last season a large
bouse on Capitol Hill. He will probably be in
less expensive quarters next winter, as it is an
nounced that his family will spend a greater
part oi tne season at mcir noma la xiaosas.
Besides, the Senator will not have hereafter the
additional income he enjoyed as President pro
tempore of tbe Senate. He still holds that po
sition, but he drew tb extra salary by virtue
of the fact tbat there was no Vice President
In other words. Senator Ingalls drew last year
ths salary which will be paid in tbe future to
fite President Morton. Senator Beck, of Ken
tucky, occupied a room on Fourteenth street
near F street last season, as unassuming as
that of Senator Plumb. When he was taken
ill be went into tbe country to live with his
son-in-law. Major Goodloe. Senator Beck pay s
taxes on $18,000 worth of Washington real es
tate, yet he lives as inexpensively as any mem
ber of the Senate. His colleague. Senator
Blacl burn.who is not reckoned a wealthy man,
usually takes his family to one of the hotels.
Senntor Sawyer's Mansion.
Senator Sawyer was in Washington a few
days go inspecting the work on a new resi
dence just being completed for him on Con
necticut avenue, beyond Dupont Circle. It bas
one of the finest locations in the city. It faces
tbe acute angle of a large triangular piece of
ground at the intersection of Twentieth and
R strents. There is a good bit of parking on
all'siaes of it and through a cluster of fine
troes I- looks down the avenne to the pretty
grassy circle on which the Chinese Legation
and tie Blaine mansion are built It is entirely
of brlwn stone, with high, pointed, red-tiled
roof.fbroken by gables and towers. At tbe
corners is a graceful tower supported by a
colupn, which forms a feature of the covered
stone porch at tbe main entrance on Connecti
cut Avenue. Both porch and column are beau
tiluUy carved. Within is a large and roomy
ceiitral hall, at the end of which is a broad
staiiftase with wide landings. On the first
flooJ is a reception room, a parlor, a dining
roontand a large music room, all finished In
bard rood, with blgh wainscoting and paneled
cellln ;s. On tbe second floor, in addition to
the si eping rooms, is a handsome library. The
bouse is almost complete, and it will be ready
for ot mpancy next winter. Senator Sawyer s
one o tbe wealthiest men in tbe Senatei and
ue least ostentatious, ills new nome.
r. will challenge comnarison withanv
ow Other Senators Aro Boused.
or Stewart of Nevada, lives in a rather
house on I street while tbe enormous
which he built during bis first term in
te is occupied by the Chinese Lega
tion. Tbe Chinese Miilster pays a yearly rental
of ES.OOO for this honse.and it is held for sale at
8125,000, much less than Its original cost Sena
tor Stanford lives in a rented house a big,
double, white stone mansion on the corner of
Seventeenth and K streets. Senator Vest, of
Missouri lived for many years with the Ser
geant atlArms or tbe Senate, in a little frame
cottage sear the CapltoL Not long ago ho
brought pis lamlly to Washincton, and since
that tim4 he has been living In a rented bouse
on T street near Twelfth, a very quiet neigh
borhood.! , His colleazue. Senator Cockrell, has
built a blihse of red brick on R street near
Sixteenth, and he claims thathe is paying for
it rapidlt in the amount of rent be is saving.
Senator Paddock, of M ebraska, with his family,
occupies! apartments at the Portland flats,
wbicb hi engages by tbe year and occupies
about six months out of every 12. Senator
Hoar, of Massachusetts, lived for a number oi
vears ina big boardinz bouse near the band.
some borne of Senator Sherman, on K street
The boiso Is now for rent and Secretary Noble
bad serious thoughts of occupying it, bat be
was better suited with another house in tbe
same neighborhood. Senator Voorbees, of In
diana, used to have apartments at the Portland,
but of late years he has been keeping house on
All Bunched Together.
Senator Edmunds owns one of tbe finest and
most expensive bouses in Washington. It is
on Q, street, beyond Dupont Circle, and not far
from Senator Sawyer's new house It cost not
less than $30,000. Senator Hearst occupies a
very large double bouse on Highland Terrace,
wbich is on Massachusetts avenue just above
Fourteenth street Highland Terrace is one of
tbe most desirable residence localities in tbe
city. The bouses stand on very high ground,
'some distance back from tbe street, and just
below tbem is a terrace, along wbich runs a
private carriage way.. Secretary Bayard used
to occupy one of these bouses. Secretary
Windom'a bouse is just across tbe street from
the terrace. Just across from where the ter
race runs into Thomas Circle. Senator Morrill
lives, in an old-fashioned, single brick bouse.
Just behind it, on Vermont avenne. Is the red
brick house in which Senator Allison lives.
Senator Payne, of Ohio, used to live a few
doors below Senator Allison. Senator Chand
ler lives in a big double brick house on I street
just behind the new Normandio Hotel.
Conorcssmen Live Cbenprr.
Comparatively few members of the Lower
House live in what might be termed "good
style" in Washington. Many of the older
members own handsome houses, and some of
those wbo come here with the assurance of
only a single term, live In flats or apartments.
Representative Scott, of Pennsylvania, used to
nr..nn hnnu nn Lafavette Sauarc Which
cost him $50,000. and on the remodeling of
which he spent a great many thousand dollars.
Mr. Scott however, was the richest member of
the House, and he could afford Httle luxuries
which were beyond tbe means ;f his less, fa
vored associates. O Bbien-Bain.
Not So Slow for a PMladelphlan.
From th&Phlladelohla Tlmes,i t
A PMladelphlan has discovered anpethod of
making a gas meter lie in favor of the con
sumer. His invention tost him a $50 fine, so
that on the whole.lt would have been cheaper,
perhaps, for him to have allowed his meter to
He in the old way. But he certainly deserves a
patent for his ingenuity.
Prom the Inter Ocean.
An r.f m TMianir savsi "The press of
1,tbe country aro clamoring for a national air."
"WhAt's ths matter with the Western cyclone?
TM M-FaiHi Btoyoteh of TncmsV VaH
of Seed Sradins: Matter.
Twenty pages of tresh news and (teed liter
ature for 6 refits. That's the great Wa!n
The Dispatch is now offering to it patron
every Sunday. A complete newspaper and
magazine combined, its popularity is great and
The four new States hold elections to-taor
row. North and tiouth Dakota are likely to go
Republican. Montana and Washington are ea
gaged in a close contest and only the eleeWaa
returns can decide tbe result The extent of
the operations of the English syndicates ia
this cuntry haa bees announced- Property
worth $50,000,000 haa been sold to them. The
recent railroad disaster at Washington Heights,
near Chicago, was due to the carelessness of
employes. Tha engineer was drunk. A.
B. Campbell, of Kansas, is looked upon
as the coming man for Pension
Commissioner. The political fight In
Ohio grows warmer daily. The
situation was reviewed at length by a Columbus
correspondent Great destitution exists among
the Illinois miners. Mexican bandits attacked
a diligence in the State of Vera Crux and
robbed all the passengers. Johnstown peoP1
.held a meeting and urged tbe necessity of the
State continuing its work there.
From abroad comes tbe report of an amusing
experience ot Mr. Johnson, of Indiana, Vice
Consul inXondon. He went over to Paris, and
bis carriage was searched to see if be were
smuggling chickens. His ignorance of thn
French language came near getting him into
serious trouble. Tbe war feeling is now dom
inant in Germany. The Czar's visit to Berlin
has been postponed, owing to the illness of tbe
Czarina. The other cable news was of aa in
Captain William R. Jones, of Braddoek, died
Saturday night from the effect of injuries re
ceived in the recent accident at the Edgar
Thomson Works. An Interesting interview
with Captain Addison Lysle was given la ths
local columns in regard to the Western Penn
sylvania waterways. It is stated that Governor
Beaver will soon appoint a commission to ex
amine into tbe feasibility pr a ship canal from
Pittsburg to Lake Erie. Mr. Henrici, of the
Economy society, scouts the claims brought
against the estate of the late George Eapn.
The Homeopathic Hospital is to construct a
20,000 building for a training school and home
for lady nurses. David Erdman. tbe Southslde
tailor, arrived home and told the story of his
arrest and how be was hustled off to Phila
delphia. The Black Diamond Steel Works re
port an unusually large output ot steel last
week. Judge White has dismissed the directors
of the Lincoln school and a new board will ha
Ihe Alleghenies won another victory. The
score was: Alleghenies, 4; Pblladelphias, L
There was an exciting pacing race at Expo
sition Park. Tbe usual batch of sporting news
and Pringle's review filled the sixth and four
Parts H. and IXL contained a great variety of
Interesting matter, contributed by Vrell known
writers. Frank Carpenter wrote of theSul
tan's harem, Henry Haynle of the classie
Rhine and Frederic Banburn gave a pen
picture of Balfour, tbe Secretary of Ireland.
Tbe preparations made for tbe grand enter
tainment of the Knights Templar in Washing
ton were outlined in a letter from a special
correspondent Richard Harding Davis de
scribed the mnslc halls of London; Mrs. Frank
Leslie sketched scenes at the Paris Exposition
and Olive Weston, in her pleasing style, pic
tured life at tho royal court of
Spain. The noted actor, William J.
Florence, contributed a most Interesting
novelette, entitled "The Rock on Elmwood
Hill." Ella Wheeler Wilcox discussed the
question, "Is Society Corrupt!" Ernest Hein
richs furnished one of bis pleasing stories, and
Rev. George Hodges, H. 8. Hewitt Shirley
Dare, Bessie Bramble, Clara Belle, Rudolph
Baumbach, G. W. Wilson, Charles Brandon,
Charles Victor Sass, Henry La Lnbertle, JohnT.
Hatfield and others contributed original mat
ter. A paper of local interest written by
Brenan, gave an interesting glimpse of tbe
dally life of one of those useful public servants,
the Pittsburg mall carriers. The usual depart
ments aud a variety of choice miscellany com
pleted inr excellent number of the people's
THE SHAH'S CAT SHOW.
The Persian monarch's Vain Attempt to Ke
cover a Lost Pet.
Prom the Atlanta Journal.
A funny incident is related by an Atlanta
lady who has just returned from Europe. Tbe
Sbah of Persia was passing through the mount
ains of England while she was there. Wltn
him he had his favorite pet a lovely cat who
was being transported in a satin-lined basket
as became her royal catshlp. When a lonely
pass was reached. Miss Pussy, happening to
thrust her head out of the basket esnied a cat
walking along, who belonged to a lonely hht
nearby. Out jumped the cat and away she
went, and although many hours were spent in
pursuit of her, she never was found.
The Bhah offered 2,000 for her recovery, hut
she was not recovered. Upon reaching the
nearest town of note he ordered that a cat
show be given to which all tbe cats in the
neighborhood were bidden. A prize of 2,000
was again offered for the finest cat butamoie
tbe hundreds of cats exhibited pussy's dear
familiar face was never seen.
Great Products oi Great Motions.
From the New York Commercial Advertlser.l
The largest suspension bridge in tbe world fa
the Brooklyn bridge; the largest fortress In tbe
world is Fortress MonroerthelanrestunlversItT
in tho world is that of Oxford; the largest tun
nel Is the St Gothard; the largest head belongs
to Russell Harrison, and the competition for
the largest mouth is still waxing hot between
Tanner, Foraker and Private Dalzell. .
Cnrnrale as Cupid.
Irom the Chicago Xews.l
The engagement of Walter Damroseh to a
daughter of Mr. Blaine Is said to be tbe out
come of Mr. Carnegie's coaching trip. Ihe
author of "Triumphant Democracy" in the
shape of Cupid driving a four in-hand must be
a most picturesque and engaging person.
Thn Next Evangelical Alliance.
Bostojt, September 29. Thi Evangelical
Alliance for the United States will bold a na
tional meeting In Tremont Temple, Boston,
the 4th. 5th and 6th of December next A
most attractive programme bas been prepared,
including tbe names ot many eminent clergy
men and laymen.
One of tbe Events of the Season.
From the Chicago .News. 1
Society note: J. Frost is preparing to give
garden party to his friends.
Jacob Shamobat's children, whilo on
Shade Mountain, Snyder county; a few days
ago came upon a dead snake, and beside it lay
a china egg, which the reptile must have swal
lowed and disgorged in dying.
Isaac HEVFELrrNOEE, of SchwenksylUe
Pa., was walking through his yard an evening
or two since when he collided with the clothes
line. When he came to his senses he found bis
The boys of Manheim High School were
having a scientific experience several days ago,
and to illustrate it a tallow candle was nlaced
in a gun and John Martin was to fire it through
a board. The gun kicked with such lorce that
young Martin was knocked senseless.
A Tntx of West Chester nurserymen is
growing Japanese chestnuts,whlch are quite
large and of sweet flavor.
TrLLiE Meters, a 10-year-old girl of Titus
ville, the other day gathered a bouquet of sec
ond bloom HlfT
Delaware county. Pa let her one hun
dredth anniversary go by on Thursday without
taking note of It
WniiAK Slaves, of Bavenswood, W. Va.,
Is 81 years of age. He cut bis own wood, does
his own work, jmd reads the papers without
,Iw Belmont county, O, an old gobbler at-"
tacked and killed, a playful young puppy be
cause he persisted Xa chasing the yoBBf
.,fj . i.
'; enms emmmnrnv
-A buaeh of Offer MMiag U stals
has jsst been emitters! at yilsmasoo. H
An Augusta (Ve.) tady ttH4 et to
Collect' LOOO.000 TMMta iIuih. SHu iu u.
cumulated a,C8, and is ready to sell o.
A- West Virginia got a Bwrkge tieesse
the other day and gave the lady's test saxao
wrong. When notified of bis mistake he said
ne xeauy uiant sbow what her Basse ws.
There Is a lady in GrseavHle, Hie.,
who has three daughters whose Mrthsssys are
celebrated oo the same day-tae 17th of Joss.
They were all married in the same saeatkoC
the year, aed each of them married a ma
having four letters ia bis surname.
TJacJe Bob Carlton, of Magsske, Art.,
is said to be 138 yean old. He Is stresg and
hearty, has good eyesight and can sheet mere
squirrels teas any boy in tbe netehherfceed.
He uses a oM-faehioaed rifle that was oarried
by a soldier la the Revolutionary War.
When tire citizens ot Taylersville, JTs.,
turned oat aad rede Jasea MiteaeH oaaraH,
and tbea pat oa tar ad feathers as a farther
testimonial of their Jove ad esteem, he U4't
say a word to anybody, bat after tfeeybad get
through be began salt against 38 (Merest men,
and made them glad to settle wHh Mss fer mi
J. H Myers, of Herfoa, Xiefc.. an
nounces, himself the ehasselea gaesser of Jek
son county. Last spriag he gaesse oa Mm
weight of ISO sheep aad oamewHaln fcsif
pound of It and turned roaaelaad gassscd that
the bean crop on the farm wraid be 4 baeaeis)
and tne measurement snowed oaJyave oaarts
lacking from that amount
The Europeaa residents whose areaerfy
was-destroyedln tbe recent revolt ia Cfetoa
Xlng, China, have received as Indemnity UMM
taels, or 1175,000. It is rather reaarkaHe that
this sum was paid by neither the Governsasat
nor the province, hat by the oSeers et the sssy.
The Governor was assessed Senses, the ev
ernor of Shanghai tbe same, while the minor
omciaU paid the remainder in proporttea to
tbeir rank. The British Coasutwhese house
was entirely demolished, reeeived 18896.
Captain Alexander Kendall, of Sash
ville, bas a horse named Maek that he has
taught to perform more than 30 trieks. Mack
receives commands from bis master, wMeo be
recognises and obeys as promptly as if he fully
understood the English language. He can un
cork: a bottle with all the expertaess of a vet.
eran bartender, and eaa drink its contents like
an old toper. He will ring a dtaaer beH. carry
a dinner basket or play see-saw as aaarally as
if he were an individual. Maek isabeuufnl
black animal, only 7 years otskaad Isawheio
Oircus all to ataasetf.
Mrs. ScbbbbHs, of Haosuasasfc, IT. J
the wife of the private secretary of Br. Xervea
Green, has beaten the reeord of ras Mr
shooters on the Haokeasaek Esesdews this sea-,
sou. She hired a pusher asd beat ea PrMar.
aad after an absence of oae hear, reiareed
with 11 birds, having missed bat oae of the
number raised. Several years ace sae was
quite famous as an oarsman oa saegasfcea
sack river. Mrs. Schraalts Uaaexert swta
mer aad a good horsewoman. Se may he
seen on the streets of HaekewSefc atcseet
dally on a safety bicycle, whles she rtees wish
grace, and few of the male eyelets oare te com
pete with her is a burst of speed.
The menu of the farew'sll basqaet te
the members of the Oriental Coaffress at Stock
holm ought to take a permanent ptaee is eel.
lections of literary cariosities. The initial
"sup" or n(p of schnapps, whieh always begins
a Scandinavian dinner, was recorded with a
song in tbe Kaira tongue. The soap was de
scribed la Setsiaal and a song la Chtaesee
Prof. Max Mutter wrote a song la Ssnsorit
praising the salmon. The fllet de beset was
mentioned by a verse In Malay and by another
In Javanese. ArUcbant aa bearre was treated.
In Coptic;Gateaa a la Victoria in hleroglyphies;
the ice iaHlmyarhlc; the cheeses in icfeare.
The menu concluded, according to the Swedish
custom, with "Thanks for Dteaer" written ia
A story is told about oae of the mem
bers of the Flint Union Btees while the Michigan-State
troops were ia oamp. The story la
also vouched for for. its veraeity. Oae of the
members of tbe F. IT, B's was doing guard duty,
and while at his post a gentleman cams along
and -the boys along the lias did their best at
saluting the passerby. NotioiBg that the Flint
youth gave no salute the man asked him why
he did not salute as the other soldiers bad done.
"Didn'tbave to,"came the unsatisfactory re
Ar "But you saw your comrades dMr
"Well. I don't salute every gol darned farmer
that passes along these parts, sir, if thejrdev"
came tbe reply. "Do you know whom yoa ad
dress that" way t Tarn Governor Lace." "Bht
obi goshl Excuse me. Governor, Just oaee."
A small, black-eyed woman, about 33
years of age, giving the name ot Mrs. Meested, "
arrived in the town ot Warren, Mian oa horse
back tbe other evening, and stayed over night'
at the home of Henry Wheeler. She was up,
bright and early the next morning aad on her
way to La Crosse, which she expected to reach
that day. She bad left Denver, Cot. June 19,
on horseback, and was on her wayto Rochester,
N.Y. She made the trip two years ago from,
Rochester to Denver, hiving her horse shot
dead under her by a deer hunter within 99 miles .
of Denver. On the last trip she used a saddle,
but this time she bad a blanket on tbe bone's
b.ck instead. She carried a revolver and a
gun with her. and when she started had a largo
St Bernard dog. but he weat mad and the was
obliged to shoot bim. She had a quiet way .
about her which was attractive, and was aa
quick as a flash m her movements. t
Most people think that rattlesnakes ara
entirely useless upon the earth, but the story
told by the Athens, Ga, Banner will set aside
such a belief. There are places in South Geor
gia where men extracted oil from the rattle
snake and used it to cure rheumatism. These
persons will give anegro SI to point out a rat
tlesnake to them, and tben they kill it in a pe
culiar manner. They place a forked stick over
tbe snake's head, then put a cord around It
and strangle the snake- This Is done to keep
tbe snake from biting itself. Tbe body of the
reptile is tben strung up and the oil extracted
from it It sells at 12 per ounce, and this in
dustry is a very profitable one. Tbe snakes In
tbat section are very large, averaging live feet
In length, and one rattler gives up a great deal
of oik A little neero onee saw two rattlers
lying close together, and wanted to get tha,
money far finding them. It was a mile to the T
nearest house. He was afraid tbe snake would
crawl off while he was gone, and so he took effr
his coat and placed It between, the snake. v He
went off, came back, and found them stsM eye
ing tbe coat. He had tbem charmed. Sottsie
snake Is cultivated down there as a preStaete
FANCIES OF FTJKNr JKEJT.
When an Englishman wants office ha
stands1' forlt and then sits." Aagerieass run
and Ue.-MunseiU Wtetly. '
Stranger What, in coanecttea with
bicvcle riding, strikes yon most forcfMjT ;
Bicycle rider The royi(l.IiarptrpSaiar.
And now a rival of Edison has eeme to tie
surface with an invention for piercing tee ears " 'At
without pain. No modern Opera Boose sheeM be .&
Without one. Puck. , !$
A Bad Break He (singing softly).-iOa,
would I were a bird I
She (ibeat-mlndedly). Oh. would 1 1 were a
9itn Hamtera Kmn
Young man Does yoar sister playifcer3
piano, Bobby? , - i'X'J'"
ooooi-iui in .no; not ne works Jt'aboatjf '-
s,w. ..- uj. -rmh fgyiuifr, $ -4$3Ki!j
Although the eav saosanito now
Arouses osr Ut-wllL tfe
Yet when we take hba all in an - n
He seems to all the bill. "
Harper's Bazar. -y
Xrioa T.m T?Aat.tMM T"k?J 1 ,
..v..m ilu yoa save a pieas- ,
ant time this summer? .
Miss De Style-PerftcUy lovely. We 'move
around so mnch I didn't have to be sees la the i
same dress twice Sew Xork Weekly.
Eirst fisherman Yoa say yoa sat all day
with bated breath snd never caught a fish?'
erarau aasennan 'AMI'S what I said, Whyf
lng what yoa baited your breath with.-America.
Friend (to veteran editor) Have yoa
ever written a line that yoa would wish to wipe
Veteran asdlyy-Yes. once. -
When was that?
When I Indorsed a fVtanrt . .. t.-ftmv
It Texas SifHngs.
Jones I hear that your cousin Emily,
who I such a beautiful young girt Is engaged to
be married to aa ugly old man-who Is not very
Smith Well, in one respect be has a decided ad
vantage over. Emily.
in wnat respect is that? J
He has a great deal better taste than she has.-?
Temt Stftlnot. ' "
In the Fansily Cirele. "Pa, is a lasabkia'si
"xes. my boy."
WeH.IsepBesetae winks yoa take every -i
,ti-t.-k. l I..
isnigrsBjierManapB,ifl, iwm -w - ,
"WeiLdo yea saweose that If I fare, yea a
Hekia' It weH be - 1HH lietf " "" l
; And the bey wetted set, for be wm a wtseeMHI
ssm M awfM lather mme.-Mantr'e jmuot. :