Pittsburg dispatch. (Pittsburg [Pa.]) 1880-1923, September 21, 1889, SECOND PART, Page 9, Image 9

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SECOND PART.
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HTTSEUKG, SATTJItDAY, SEPTBMBEB 21, 1889.
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M't'
'FACTS ABOUT 1H1SET
It is Claimed to be Practically the
Only Pare Stimulant Sold.
A LAEGEE BONDED PEEIOD NEEDED
The Public and Distillers Would be Bene
fited by Such a Change.
AMERICAN TTCNES ARE UKDER A CLOUD
Wi' tlppeny wo fear nae evil,
Wi' usquebae we'll face the deviL
The old Irish and Gaelic called it usque
baugh uisge. beatha the French call it eau
de vie grains, and with all the meaning is
the same water of life an appropriation,
by the way. which Archbishop Trench de
nominated blasphemous, but one which is
highly expressive of the estimation in which
Burns held the beverage. The Germans call
it korn-branntwein. English-speaking
people call it variously spirits frumenti.
Jersey lightning, 40-rod, boose, coffin var
nish and many 'other names, bnt it is ordi
narily known as whisky.
The invention of distillation is, like that
of the plow, lost in the mists of antiquity,
Vinous fermentation making alcohol was J
probably known much earlier. Noah is
said to have gotten drunk on the juice of
the grape, but it is not known whether dis
tillation, or separation, was known then.
In Ireland and Scotland whisky is main
ly made from barley. Potato whisky is
manufactured to a considerable extent in
Europe for the adulteration and reinforce
ment or wines and brandies. Corn makes
the best neutral spirit for general purposes,
being cheaper than rye and better than po
tatoes. The real process of spirit making is fer
mentation, distillation being merely the
separation of what is wanted irom other in
gredients. Alcohol is simply the crude'
spirit of the greatest strength that can be
fatten from distillation. In its crude state
it is used for mechanical purposes. Eefincd
it is called cologne spirit. Whisky is made
from the finer grains, rye, barley, wheat,
oats and the higher crades of corn. Potato
whisky is an inferior article, no matter how
carefully made.
COMPOSITION OP NEW -WHISKY.
To make whisky there is a re-distillation,
and when new it contains 1 volume of
fusil oil to 500 of whisky. By careful
storing and treatment for two years in pack
aces, about all that fnsiloil is evaporated in
awater bath, and after volatilization shoudl
give off no odor, so that in a medical sense
well-made 2-year-old whisky is as good as
it ever becomes.
Medical men until recently relied on
French brandies for use in the pharmacopeia.
Now they use whisky, it being better than
French brandy, being less adulterated.
Cologne spirit is not so digestible as whisky,
but is good for tinctures, not good as a
stimulant "Whisky contains ether and va
rious salts adjudged healthy. These are
filtered out of Cologne spirit in its purifica
tion, leaving it more dead than whisky.
The above is the outline given by an ex
liqnor dealer to introduce an argument in
lavorof extending the time of the bonded
"period. He states that during the last
seven years the American public has drunk
much better liqnor than it did between
1863 and 1SS2. The cause was the passage
of the bill of Congressman Carlisle of
Kentucky, extending the bonded period
J Iran oue'to three years. Previous to the
, passage of that bill whisky bad to bear the
cost of interest on the tax, and tax had to
be paid on more whisky. Now the distiller
is allowed a deduction of seven and one-half
gallons for three years' evaporation;from a
barrel. He states that the results to the
consumer would be still better were the
period extended to five years. His beverage
would not be any healthier, but it might
cost him less to drink a smooth old article
with fragrant boquet
A BETTEB DBINK AT LESS COST.
A man can now get a better drink of
whisky lor 10 cents than he could for 15
cents some years ago. Said he: "High
taxes always produce an inferior article.
Early in the eighteenth centurv the
British Government levied a tax of 20
shillings a gallon on ardent spirits, beside a
heavy tax on dealers. The result was
adulteration, smuggling and rioting.and the
law became so unpopular that it was re
pealed in 1723."
The bulk of whisky drank in Europe is
made in tne United Kingdom. The dis
tilleries of England are immense affairs,sev
eral costing each over $40,000,000. In Ger
many there is a little potato whisky made,
but it is not good. In fact, as a
rule, there is no good liqnor made
in Germany, except that which is brewed
from hops and malt The bet foreign
whiskies are made in the United Kingdom,
but Americans prefer their own, and lead
ing brands of American whiskies are now
sold in the large cities of Europe. A con
siderable percentage of Americans drink
whisky, and demand their own cuntry
tipple, and in Paris especially aneffoort is
made to accommodate them.
THE KEYSTONE STATE AHEAD.
The best whisky made in this country is
that made in Pennsylvania, Maryland and
Kentucky. Korth Carolina has more than
200 distilleries, but there are single dis
tilleries.in Pennsylvania that turn out more
whisky than does all North Carolina. Penn
sylvania rve whisky is the coming whisky.
It is said, even the Scoth and the Irish in
this country now drink the American article
in preference to the product of their own
countries, except on holidays, when they
patriotically toast their birthplaces in
Scotch or Irish hot whisky punch. It is
only patriotism that makes them prefer it
on these occasions.
icLUBvn.ma Bas always led in rve
whiskies. Kentucky Is noted for bourbon
whisky, and until lately had the call gen
erally in the West, but rye is 'making
.heavy inroads, and Pennsylvania rye is said
to be the coping brand. Formerly in this
State one third of the mash was corn, it be
ing supposed to add to the quality of the
product, but now the article used is rye ex
clusively in the best distilleries.
New whisky is white. It gets its beautiful
amber color from thecask; that Is supposing
the article is pure, and it is well colored at
three years old. Some of the tannin of the
oak in the barrel is appropriated by the
whisky. Attempts have been made for years
to prematurely age whisky, bnt none of
them have produced results as to quality
equal to careful storage. It is said the best
storing warehouses in the world are in
Pennsylvania. They are kept heated to
jnst the proper temperature, and kept there,
and evaporation is stimulated to accomplish
all that is possible with present knowledge.
It is age that gives whisky its mild taste
and its fine aroma.
HOW THE TAX IS LEVIED.
Proof whisky, on which the Government
levies the tax, is .917 specific gravity at 60
temperature. That grade boils at 185, 27
below that of water at sea level. Whisky
heavier than that is below proof; if higher,
above proof. At .917 weight the mixture is
eaual Darts water and alcohol. As alcohol
is made Dy fermentation, and as combined al--
cohol and water ooii at wu and fusil oil at
269 degrees, not much of it boils over and
redistillation is necessary, and that still
leaves one part in COO fusil oil, and it is
necessary to keep it two years, when, if
carefully stored, only a slight trace of it
remains. ,
To make a good whisky punch requires
care. The water must be boilinc so as to
combine" -the whisky and water perfectly. J
There is no better strong drink to give to
him that is perishing than a well made
whisky punch. The aroma thereof is
sweeter to a connoisseur than is the attar of
roses. Neutral spirit leaves a disagreeable
nrinr. The ex-dealpr tatmt it is a. dutv the
Government owes to the people to extend-
tne bonded period, as it has been proven inai
whisky is the only stimulant made that can
be always procured absolutely pure.
A CHANCE FOE ADTTLTEBATION.
The wine consumption of the United
States is greater than the production, and
in consequence dealers are tempted to re
inforce their vintage by the addition of low
grade alcohol. The result is a very un
healthy drink, as salicylic acid and other
harmful ingredients are added to keep the
mixture from souring. There is noescape
in drinking beer instead, as it ,is also
strengthened by injurious ingredients.
The ex-dealer spoken to states that he has
had the matter carefully examined, and has
found that beer is about the least healthy
drink on the market, that is very much of
it is. He states that he has studied lis
effects on people who use it largely and
knows whereof he speaks.
It would seem there are but three ways
out of the woods either cease drinking
altozether, drink whisky or develop the
vineyard to such an extent that it will
supply the market with good wine. Drive
out the adulterated article, though each
family might be its own brewer and make
beer.
The assumption is that people will have a
stimulant, and it is safer to offer a pure one
than to enact prohibition, which it is
claimed gives the adulterer a free field.
A NIGHT OF TERBOB.
Tho Steamer City of Detroit Springs a Leak
With 700 l'nieoBor on Board The
Water Over Six Feel Deep In
the Cnblni A Wild Panic.
Detroit, September 20. The steamer
City of Detroit arrived from Cleveland this
morning after a very rough experience. No
sooner had the boat left Cleveland last night
than she was struck on the port side by a
monstrous wave, which fairly lifted her out
of the water. As the vessel proceeded the
lake became rougher and by midnight she
was laboring heavily and badly strained.
The paddle-box bulkheads were sprung a
good deal and a leak was discovered in their
vicinity. When this information came to the
passengers, of whom there were about 700,
they became very badly frightened, and
mot of them donned life preservers.
When the bulkheads gave away shortly
after a terrible panic ensued. The water
was forced into the boat every revolution of
the wheels and rose rapidly. In the after
saloon, on the deck, the officers' apartments
were also soon flooded, as well as the ladies'
saloon. The water rose inch by inch until
it was fully 6J feet high in the cabins.
During this terrible situation the passengers
were clustered in the saloon all prepared for
the worst One man whose name could not
be ascertained rushed up and down the
cabin shouting, "We are lost, the boat is
sinking."
This of course added greatly to the confu
sion, and made the already terrified passen
gers difficult to manage. Tho male passen
gers seemed to be more frightened than the
women. The officers of the boat admit that
it was as rongh a night as they want to see.
The appearance of the boat this morning
shows what she has passed throngh. Tne
cabins are still flooded. A gang of men are
at work putting in new bulkheads and re
pairing the other damage.
NO CAUSE FOR ALArtlT.
Natural Gas Men Say the Shortage Is Dae to
Largely Increased Consumption.
The cold snap which has descended upon
this locality within the last 48 hours has
temporarily placed the natural gas snpply
bors du combat, on account of the unexpect
ed demand for more gas, cansed by the
hasty lighting of thousands of fires in pri
vate grates.
The ereatest sufferers, naturally, have
been mills and manufactories, because of
the large amounts used by them. The di
verting of large quantities of gas by private
consumers has made the companies hustle to
properly meet the demand, and nearly all
the officials seen frankly admit that the de
mand IB at present considerably in excess of
the supply. Upon the Southside several
mills were in trouble on account of the in
sufficient quantity, but noactnal shutdowns
attributable to this cause were heard of yes
terday. Private consumers did not suffer in
any part of the city, so far as reports indi
cated. Mr. T. A. Gillespie was requested to fur
nish some statistical idea of the scope of the
Philadelphia Natural Gas Company's prepa
rations for the forthcoming winter. "Your
inauiry is premature," said Superintendent
Gillespie. "We are right in the height of
our summer work of extension. I could
not give detailed information about our new
wells and mains to the Board of Directors
if they should ask for it I think that the
supply will be all right within 24 hours, for
we will be able to adjust it to the demand
a thing sometimes difficult to accomplish
when thousands of fires start almost with
out warning. We have lost and gained a
great number of customers, and we have re
laid miles of pipes, as well as adding en
tirely new territory to onr Kvsfpm en .
at the present time, it is Absolutely impos
sible to say in just what shape our exten
sions are. We shall bring in a number of
new wells very shortly, and our new 36-inch
main from the Murrysville district to Til
liford Station, near East Liberty, will be
ready for us in a lew days. While I can
not go into details, I can say that our ar
rangements for the supply of natural gas
this season are much superior to those of
former years."
Superintendent Wilcox, of the same com
pany, explained the temporary shortage
upon the hypothesis tbat many of the com
pany's regular customers had lately taken
to using increased quantities ot gas. He
stated that the shortage generally existed
from 7 o'clock in the morning until noon,
alter the latter hour, there being no trouble.
In regard to the big customers, Mr. Wilcox
said:
"Our company requested some of the mills
to shut off their blast-furnaces to-day so tbat
they wonld have enough gas to run all the
other departments. That is the reason they
have been crying abont a shortage. We do
not need any more gas than the Murrvs
ville district furnishes. It is cot likely that
we shall have to use any gas from the Belle
vernon field."
Mr. Pew, of the Pew-Emerson (People's)
Natural Gas Company, is out of the city
and will not return until next Monday.
DIED AT GETTISBUEG. ,
An Old Soldier Killed by a Train Where lie
Once Faced Dcatb.
Gottlieb Mitlinger, who was injured at
Gettysburg last week by a train has died
since then, and has been' buried in the Na
tional Cemetery. The deceased was for
merly a member of Company B of the
Seventy-fourth Pennsylvania Volunteers,
and Darticipated in the battle of Gettysburg.
His valuables have been returned to A. A.
G. James McCormick, of the G. A. E.
Friday and Saturday Bargain Days.
Dress goods at prices lower than ever be-
fore offered
.UH.a-U.LiB OS DHUSTEB,
35 Fifth avenue.
A beliable stimulant, "Holmes Best"
ws
THE THIRD DEGREE, SSSftS:
ern deUclhes to induce criminal to confess, it
described by Benjamin Northrop in, termor
roW. DISPATCH.
A BOLD SCOTCH BOT,
Who Was Driven From His Native
Heath, Finally to Become the
GREATEST AMERICAN DETECTIVE.
The Early Struggles of the World Famons
Allan Finkerton.
FRIENDSHIP WITH HANI HOTEL MEN
rCORHESPOXDKNCI 01" THE BISFATCK.2
Glasgow, Scotland, September 9. At
the corner of Muirhead street and Buglen
Loan, in the-quaint old Gorbals quarter of
this Scotch city of brawn and capital, stands
a tumble-down stone strncture, "now, as for
more than a hundred years, the abode ot
swarms of those whose fortunes and sur
roundings are equally meager'and lorn. In
the first quarter of this century the head of
one of the families occupying the ramshackle
habitation was a poor hand-loom weaver,
who, in his distress to provide for his
family, saw no recourse during strikes and
labor troubles, which deprived him of work,
than to enlist as a soldier in the British
army.-
After serving for several years, he re
turned to Glasgow, luckily secured the posi
tion of a policeman; in time became a turn
key in the old Glasgow jail; and finally at
an outbreak of prisoners was so savagely
set upon that the poor man was disabled for
life. It was the same sad story of poverty
and suffering with this striver's family as is
everywhere wrought among the lowly; but
out of the dolor of these days came a soul
of wondrous biavery and genius in his final
vocation, as we estimate the achievement of
men.
That one was the turnkey's boy, Allan
Pinkerton, who I believe from years of con
fidential association with him and complete
knowledge of his work and motives, to nave
been the greatest detective who ever lived.
as well as one of the most nobly honest and
generous of men. Nor should the appall
ing detective-literature of the day and the
just abhorrence the world holds for the
average criminal-associating detective, be
allowed to hide from the as just admiration
of men so luminous an example of real
greatness under the conditions and environ
ment which make many of similar calling
little less than infamous.
BIS NOTED FRIENDS.
Allan Pinkerton was the trusted friend of
many of the greatest men our country has
produced of Yates, of Logan, of Judd, of
Washburne, of Tom Scott, of the Garretts,
of Simon Cameron, of Grant, of Salmon P.
Chase, of McClellan, of Stager, of Trum
bull, of Oglesby, and of the immortal Lin
coln, whose life he saved to a nation when
that life was almost its single salvation all
of whom, as I can personally attest, re
garded him, his sturdy and splendid per
sonality, his to them intimately known per
sonal achievements, and above all the
grandeur of his matchless integrity, with
precisely the same decree of real hero
worship as was accorded the highest of this
coterie by the American people.
Tne eccentric and rugged old lellow never
told anything "to order;" but there -were re
peated opportunities in my travel and con
stant association with him, as when off duty
he was the sunniest of men for delicious con
fidences and reminiscences; so that countless
incidents of his real life came into my posses
sion, which I am free to confess, were at the
first opportunity set down pretty nearly as I
got them.
So I came to know of the little things we
all love to know of great men; how bitterly
the family struggled for bare existence from
the time of his birth in 1819; of the rough
treatment they all knew at this old tenement-house
at the Gorbals; of the father's
struggles and deadly hurt; the mother's
brave fight for her home; the proud
hour when Neil Murphv, the Glasgow
pattern-drawer, took the boy Allan as an
apprentice, and the prouder moment when
he put the first self-earned pence in his
brave mother's hands; of his eventual im
patience in his dreary progress and transfer
of his boundless boyish energies to the
labors of a cooper's apprentice-cub, and
then, as he told me, the, to him, grandest
triumph of his life when, on the 26th of
December, 1837, "The Coopers of Glasgow
and Suburbs Protective Association,"
John Glass, Secretary, admitted him to full
membership and gave mm tne only "iour-
neyman's card" he ever possessed, which is
before me, a long-ago gift from the owner,
as I write these words; and then of his fierce
toil and 'struggle in Glasgow and as a
"tramp cooper throughout Scotland and
England in his efforts to take the load from
his sturdy old mother in keeping the lowly
home together.
A YOUTHFUL STEIKEE.
"But, faith," he told me, "those were sad
times for laboring men in Great Britain.
Wages went down. Living went up.
Strikes came, and riots, too; and," with a
merry twinkle in his blue-gray eyes, "I
wasn't on the side o' the law then. We
were all Chartists. To the Government
that was worse than Communism in Amer
ica. Wherever we showed our heads the
nolice clubbed us. But England has since
granted far more than what we fought for
Tn tliA tnannVfl charter- nf 1R3A ' Anvliin.
I became an outlaw with a price on my
head that way." .
The fact is, during Pinkerton's youth
Hardie, Bain and others, in Scotland, and
Home Tooke, in England, paid the price of
their lives for loving liberty and constitu
tional freedom. As a little lad in his
mother's arms he saw Hardie and Bain per
ish for their fellow men the only execution
this greatest of criminal takers ever wit
nessed. When, as a result of these execu
tions, the masses demanded universal suff
rage, voting by ballot, annual parliaments,
and an abolition of the property qualifica
tion for membership in parliament, the
whole relentless force of tho British Govern
ment was hurled upon those identified with
the just movement, precisely as it is now
engaged in continuing aggressive tyranny
in Ireland.
A tremendous spinners' strike followed.
In the fierce passions evoked one of its op
ponents was killed. Among the strike lead
ers were McNeil, McLane and others, who
were charged by the Government with mur
der. In the Chartist Council of Glasgow,
young Pinkerton represented the Coopers'
League, as well as being Treasurer of the
latter organization, and he strove with all
his resistless energy to collect funds for the
defense of the culprits.
ON THE BLACK LIST.
This resulted in his being boycotted by
the entire master coopers of the United
Kingdom. Jfor nearly a year ne was com
pelled to tramp, begging for work, to be re
fusedvery where, until starvation was upon
him. Luckily employment finally came,
back in Glasgow, in the largest oil and
color establishment in Scotland. The
Chartist movement progressed, vount?
Pinkerton continuing one of its foremost
leaders and supporters, until the great Bir
mingham demonstrations of July, 1838, and
of Newport, in November of that year, at
both of which he was a delegate from Glas
gow, and from both of which he barely es
caped.with his life.
It will be remembered that among the
leaders of the great though temporarily
futile movement were such men as John
Taylor, editor of the Glasgow Liberator; the
Irish patriot Feargus Edward O'Connor;
Williams, Jones and many other of the
republican radical enthusiasts of the time.
Frost, Williams and Jones were sentenced
to death, their sentence being commuted to
transportation for life; great numbers were
imprisoned in the "Hulks," and still greater
numbers, on whose heads tins Government
had set a price, managed to escape to
America. Pinkerton was one of -these.
Though in hiding for some months, when he
did escape he carried with him the best
fortune of his or any man's life, a noble
wife.
The political cooper-criminal was married
March 28, 1840, and some good friends,
among them old Neil Murphy, got them
safely aboard the bars Kent, which sailed
iiuiu iriasgow Apru , luiiowing, jtsum,kswu
shinping as, the vessel's cooper, and his wife
taking steerage passage; bat their story be
coming known to the cabin passengers they
were given snng apartments. The partici
pants in the Chartist movement were all
granted pardon and amnesty by the British
Crown in 1856; but the world-famons de
tective only returned once to his native
land. This was in 1870, in company with
"auld Bobbie Fergus," a noted, and the
first, public printer of Chicago. The two
were old cronies from boyhood. Among the
places they visited to recall old days in a
-sort of larking spirit was Glasgow police
neaaquarters.
PLENTY OF BOMANCE.
But sailing away on the Kent did not end
the young couple's romantic experiences.
On May 8, a month lacking a day from the
time of their sailing, the Kent was wrecked
on Sable Island, oft Nova Scotia, the crew
and passengers with a few of their effects be
ing saved. By fishing smack they were
taken to Aspy Bay, where the Unicorn, of
yueoec, changed mans with the Britannia,
one of the first English steamers across the
Atlantic. They were helped from here to
Montreal, where the cooper got work bead
ing beef barrels, and the couple soon got to
housekeeping, famously in one room. Soon
members of the coope'rs' union (informed
him this job would shut down at a certain
date, and to take the narrative from his own
lips when he was once endeavoring to illus
trate to me what trifles shape human affairs:
"I all at once made up my mind to jump
for the thriving little city of Chicago.
After buying tickets we had no money left
The steamer was goin' that very afternoon.
That wee wife o' mine came and confessed
she had committed the crime o'orderin' a
bonnet at amilliner's; that it couldn't be got
for the charges; and pitifully pleaded that
we wait the next boat, a week later, that
money might be earned and that pesky bon
net got. I roared like anything, but let her
have her way. We got the bonnet, and
news came in a few days that the boat we
were firstgoing on blew up, and every soul
on board was lost An' I tell ye my little
song-singin' wife's had her way about bon
nets ever sincel"
Arrived at Chicago their fate for a time
was much the same as that of so many unso
phisticated emigrants in anew country.
The unfortunate couple were lured across
the drearv nrairies to Warsaw. 111.: robbed
of everything they possessed; but succeeded
in walking back to Chicago, where good
"auld Bobbie Fergus" was found. He gave
them shelter and divided his own scrimped
food with them. A little work was got by
Pinkerton at his trade of Lill, the first Chi
cago maltster. But they were rueful days
these. This was in the summer of 1843.
HABD STBTJGOLES.
The indomitable spirit of the young
Scotchman revolted at idleness, or the
semblance of charity from a friend. A half
dozen Scotch families had formed a settle
ment on the banks of the beautiful Fox
river, some SO miles northwest of Chicago,
to-day the richest and most prosperons sec
tion of Illinois, known as "Chicago's dairy."
They called the hamlet Dundee, after their
own "bonnie" Scotch city; and it is as fair
and lovelv a spot, with its murmurous river.
splendid forests, noble hills, sunlit valleys
and opulent herds, as all Scotland can boast
Pinkerton had heard of Dundee and
the Scotch settlers abont it, "I'm
goin' there, Joan," he sudden
ly announced one August morn
ing. I'll make their barrels,cburns and tubs.
You bide here wi' Fergus. I'll get a roof
o'er our heads first. Then I'll sen' for ye,
-wife." Joan walked with him to the village
bridge, for Chicago was then but a village,
and an old boat, or pontoon, bridge at
Lake street, led out over a mud road to the
trackless and then almost unknown West
She stood at the bridge, and the dauntless
cooper, with his tools slungover his shoulder
bade his little wife good by and trudged
away through the mud between the tall
reeds and grasses and was soon lost from
sight.
r'My heart was breakin'qnite,"Ionceheard
Mrs. Pinkerton say. "I could nabearit when
the great grass swallowed him up like, so
quick. But I kenn'd from the brave whustle
I could hear, long after I could na see him
longer, that there'd be a wee home soon!"
And so there was. Not a stone's throw from
the pretty river bridge at Dundee there
stands to this day a little brown cabin that
was built then; and long after the cooper of
Dundee had, unaided, driven the counter
feiters from Illinois, the fame of which lit
erally forced his subsequent career upon
him, long after a palatial home and fame
had come, have I heard Allan Pinkerton's
sweet Scotch wife say with mists of loving
memory in Her kindly eyes: "An' in the
little shop at Dundee, wi' the blue river
purlin' doon the valley, the auld Scotch
farmers trundlin' doon the road wi' their
grists to the mill, or their loads to market,
an' Allan wi' his 'ra-ta-ta-tatl' on the bar
rels, a' whustlin', keepin' time wi' both to
my ain singiu', were the bonniest days the
gude Fayther e'er gae in a' my life!"
Edoae L. Wakeman.
THREE LONG SENTEMCES.
A Trio of Prisoners Sent to the Penitentiary
for 89 Years.
Portland, Oee., September 20. To
day, at Seattle, .Chief Justice Hanford sen
tenced Charles Clark, James Davis and
Barney Martin to terms in the penitentiary
aggreeating 89 years. Clark, Davis and
Martin are the three prisoners who made
such a desperate attempt to escape from jail
on September C, and nearly killed Jailer
Parraher in so doing. Por assault with
intent to kill each was given II years. Then
on charges of robbery, Clark and Davis got
another sentence of 14 years, and on another
charge of the same nature they were given
eight years, so these two received each sen
tences of 36 years.
In addition to his 14 years for assault,
Martin got three years for burglary, making
17 years in all. These are among the heav
iest sentences ever pronounced in Washing
ton. The three prisoners are very desperate
characters, and it is well understood that if
they are given any chance at all will make
an attempt to escape on the way to Walla
Wal'a. They will be very closely guarded.
'A TANGLED GElP
Suddenly Btopi a Cable Car and Injures a
Few Passengers.
About 10 o'clock yesterday morning cable
car No. 31, going east, had its -grip en
tangled in the cable between Twenty-first
street and Twenty-second street. The grip
man had just set the car in full motion
when it suddenly stopped.
One man was burled from his seat to the
opposite side of the car, striking his head
against the window frame and inflicting a
deep wound. A number of passengers were
more or less injured.
Unable & Shtjsteb's for dress goods.
Enable & Shuster's for dress goods. 35
Fifth ave.
All the leading brands of Pennsylvania
whiskies in bond, on tax paid.
W. H. Holmes & Son,
264 S. Clark St., Chicago; 120 Water st.
and 168 First ave., Pittsburg. ws
Novelties in men's neck dressing at
James H. Aiken & Co.'s, 100 Fifth ave.
-E.H. mmm rVxrte
Dispatch a charming tlory Tor the little ones.
tnWlei "The Duke end tha Witch,"
A NEW WHITE HOUSE
Thoughts Suggested by the Talk of
the Necessary Revision of
THE HOME OP THE PRESIDENTS.
Memories That Cluster Around the Present
Historic Building.
AIB WOHEfl WHO CALLED IT HOME
ICOBBISFOXPSXCX OT TOT DISPlTCn.l
Washington-, D. O., September 19.
What a tiny stroke In a world's history is a
hundred yeaisl Tet In that time a village
surrounded by a wilderness has grown into
one of the most magnificent cities of the
whole earth. Peace and prosperity have
taken the place of war and financial strug
gles. The National Capital has become the
seat of national science, national politics
and national pride. In historical associa
tions the White House occupies no small
part, and each day the rapidly growing na
tion is demanding revision change.
The continued suggestions as to the en
larging of the Executive Mansion are
attracting more and more attention
every year, bringing forth opinions
pro and con concerning the 'advisability
of such an undertaking. If we listen
to the zeal of nationality, the passion of
patriotism, and honor the consecrated me
mories of the martyrs of liberty, we will
meet the necessity in suoh a way as tore
tain its illustrations, associations in a
word, let it still remain what it is in the
hearts of tho people the "White House."
What memorable scenes have been wit
nessed within its walls! Around its history
hovers many a romance, events forever
memorable in the progress of the country.
To make any alterations that would destroy
the simplicity of this republican home
would be to pamper the growing American
spirit and familiarize us with "old things
are passing away and all things are becom
ing new."
THE NATION UNSTABLE.
We as a nation are growing unstable;
the ancestral home is too easily displaced
lor piles of massive architecture, with mean
ingless turrets and impudent gables, thor
oughly suggesting that good Queen Anne
has gone staring mad. Mrs. Harrison,
while elevated to the honor of "first lady of
the land," still chafes at the change from a
home "with nine bed rooms, to one with
only five," and why shouldn't she, when her
"sisters, her cousins and her aunts" and a
mighty host of other relatives desire to
receive "warmest welcome" at the Nation's
House?
Bo coming events cast their shadows be
fore, and a bill for the extension of the
President's house will no doubt be presented
this winter. Senator Cameron has already
signified his intention of doing so, and as
his idea of reconstruction takes fully into
account the loyalty of the people, it is to be
boped the Senator from Pennsylvania will
be allowed to introduce his bill. His idea
is a general one. The proposition is to ex
tend the Executive Mansion by wings built
to tffo east and west, after the plan of the
Capitol building meeting the emergency,
yet still retaining the harmonious effect.
The scheme will require the competition of
our best architects.
It is almost SO years since Dickens criti
cised the grounds surrounding the White
House. Could the English critic on Amer
ican "aewness" to-day see the lofty trees,
tne artistic grounds ot tne .Nation's Mouse,
and from its height look down upon the
rolling park that bounds the gleaming
waters of the Potomac, he could not say as
he did: "The White House grounds have
that uncomfortable air of having been made
yesterday."
Many grades and classes represent the
callers at the Nation's House, from the Texan
cowboy to the swell of Modern Athens, yet
the decoram of behavior is unbroken by
any disagreeable incident, and everyone
among this miscellaneous crowd appears to
feel that he is "
A PABT OF THE INSTITUTION,
and responsible for its preserving a charac
ter becoming and in keening with the Na
tion's House. With the opening of the
White House the rigorous and exclusive
rules of Washington s day were discarded.
The ceremonious customs and court eti
quette, when only persons of rank and dig
nity were received, gave place to republi
can simplicity and hospitalities. To-day
all the old-time stiffness seems to have
merged into a look of grand comfort.
Will there ever bo a time when we, as
Americans, can" give up, demolish, this
historic building? The shadows of the
past, the touching memories, the simplicity
and purity of the lives of those who have
inhabited the White House, make it dear to
every loyal heart. The history of human
life is written within its walls. Life has
been lived, enjoyed, suffered there. Happi
ness has come to some, to others harsh
criticisms and supreme anguish.
Haunted memories of a martyred Presi
dent come back when treason ran riot
and the rabble ranged through the unpro
tected rooms, plundering ornaments, silver
and rare china. Here Abigail Adams
showed herself an example of the grandenr
of human character. Since the days when
she presided as the first lady of the republic
in an "unfinished house" with but six
rooms made comfortable," and "though sur
rounded with forests, not enough wood to
keep fires, because people could not be found
to cut it," have lovely women come to pre
side at the Nation's House, inaugurating a
golden reign of words and deeds, genius and
heroism,
CROWN OP A OAEEEB.
Among the stately queens of the Execu
tive Mansion of Mrs. Monroe we know the
least, but one individual act comes to us in
history, crowns her career, and, too, reflects
glory on the name of American. When, as
thewifeofthe American Minister to France,
she visited Madam La Fayette in prison
wielding an influence that changed the
minds of the blood-thirsty tyrants and caused
the liberation of a grand and truly great
woman, whose very name of La Fayette
endeared her to the hearts of the American
people. Each White House mistress has
left some trace of her taste and individual
ity. Most have been worthy the high posi
tion, but around the winsome girl mistress,
who has so recently left the historic house,
cluster nothing but pleasant reminiscences
and a nation's adoration and pride. May
this illustrious mansion, fraught with so
many national memories, still retain its
prestige as the people's house, bearing
beauty and simplicity in its ontline, and
crowned by the emblems of liberty and Re
publican independence. M. M.
SOME STATISTICS
Abont the Price of Bulldlns Mow Beloa
Greeted In the City.
Mr. Black, of Black & Baird said yester
day that it was wonderiul how many houses
were being built at a cost of from 600 to
$1,200. The next class ranged in price from
?8,000 to ?15,000. Very few were being built
like last year at a cost varying from $3,000
to $6,000. This was probably due to the fact
that too many of them had been built al
ready. Fob coats and wraps, for shawls'- and
jerseys. Enable & Shuster,
35 Fifth avenue.
"Holmes' Best" is absolutely pure.
"Ws Hugo Blanck, Chemist
HENRI HAISIE. r&1,x5
charming description of the picturesque scenes
in the Duchy of Baden-Baden,
NOW FHiST
TEE CUSE I
A Tale of
Br G- .A..
Author of "Uder Drake's Flagi"
N
ALL RIQBT8
OHAPTEB XV.-A Paetino.
The sun had already set an hour when
Bonald Mervyn reached the hospital, but
the moon had just risen, and the stars were
shining brilliantly.-
Mary Armstrong met him at the door.
"I saw you coming," she said, "and
father advised me to come out for a little
turn, it is such a beautiful evening."
"I am glad yon have come ont. Mary: I
wanted to speak to you."
Mary Armstrong's color heightened a
little. It was the first time that he had
called her by her Christian name since that
ride throngh the Kaffirs. She thought she
knew what he wanted to speak to her about,
and she well knew what she would say.
Mary," Bonald went on, "you know
the story of the poor wretch who was de
voured by thirst, and yet could not reach
the cup of water that was just beyond his
grasp?"
"I know," Mary said.
"Well, I am just in, that position. I am
so placed by an inscrutable fate, that I can
not stretch out my hand to grasp the cup of
water."
The girl was silent for a time.
"I do not pretend to understand you,
Bonald. Why cannot you grasp the cup of
water?"
"Because, as I said, dear, there is a fate
against me; because I can never marry; be-
HE HELD OUT HIS HANS TO MEEVYN,
cause I must go through the world alone. I
told you that the name I bear is not my
own. I have been obliged to change it, be
cause mv own name is disgraced; because.
were I to name it, there is not a man here
of those who just at present are praising and
making much of me, who would not shrink
from my side."
"No, Bonald, no; it cannot be."
"It is true, dear; my name has been
associated with the foulest of crimes. I
have been tried for murdering a woman,
and that woman a near relative. I was
acquitted, it is, true; but simply because
the evidence did not amount to what the
law required. But in the sight of everyone.
I went out gnilty."
"Oh, how could they think so?" Mary
said, bursting into tears; "how could tbey
have thought, Bonald, those who knew yon,
that you could do this?"
"Many did believe it," Bonald said,
"and the evidence was so strong that I
almost believed it myself. However, thus
it is. I am a marked man and an outcast,
and must remain alone for all my life,
unless Ood in his mercy should clear this j
thing up."
"Not alone, Bonald, not alone," the girl
criedr "there, vou make me sav it."
"x"ou mean you would stand by my side,
Mary? Thank you, my love, but I could
not accept the sacrifice. I can bear my own
lot, but I conld not see the woman I loved
pointed at as the wife of a murderer."
"But no ope wonld know," Mary bejjan.
"Tbey would know, dear. I refused a
commission the General offered me to-day,
because were I to appearas an officer there aro
a score of men in this expedition who would
know me at once; bnt even under my pres
ent name and my present dress I cannot es
cape. Only this evening, as I came here, I
wjs taunted by a drunken soldier, who
mut have known me, as a murderer of
women. Good HeavensI do you think I
would let any woman share tbat? Did I go
to the most lonely part of the world, I
might escape for vear3, but at last the blow
would come. Had it not been for the
time we passed together when death
might any moment have come to us both,
had it not been that I held you in my arms
during that ride, I should never have told
you this, Mary, for you would have gone
awav to England and lived your life un
hurt; but alter that I could not but speak.
You must have felt that I loved you, and
had I not spoken, what would you have
thought of me?"
"I should have thought, Bonald." she
said auietlv. "that you had a foolish Idea
that because my father bad money, when
you were but a trooper, you would say noth
ing; and I think that I should have sum
moned up courage to speak first, for I knew
von loved me, jnst as certainly as I knew
that I loved you, just as certainly as I know
that I shall love you always."
"I hope not, Mary," Bonald said, grave
Iv; "it would add to the pain of my life to
know that lhad spoilt yours."
"ft will not spoil mine, Bonald; it is good
0 know that one is loved by a true man,
and that one loves him even if we can never
come together. I would rather be single
for your sake, dear, than marry any
other man In the wprld. Won't you tell
me about it all, Ishould like to know."
"You have a rieht to know, Mary, if you
wish it;" and drawing her to a seat, Bonald
told her the storvof the Curse of the Carnes,
of the wild blood that flowed ir his veins,
of his halfengagement to his cousin, and of
the cirenmstances of her death. Only ohca
she stopped him.
"Did you love her very much, Bonald?"
"No, dear; I can say so honestly now. No
doubt I thought I loved her, though I had
been involuntarily putting off becoming
formally engaged to her; but I know now,
indeed 1 knew long ago, tbat my passion
when she threw me off was rather an out
burst of disappointment, and perhaps of
jealousy, that another should have stepped
In when I thought myself so sure, than of
real regret. I had cared for Margaret in a
way, but now that I know what real love is
1 know that it was but as a cousin that I
loved her."
Then he went on to tell her the proofs
against himself; how that the words he
had spoKen had come up against him; how
he bad failed altogether to account for hit
doings at' the hour at which she was mar-
I I
$ r iSSs?w Mj lV18!
PUBLISHED.
CARP'S HOLD!
Adventure.
HZexLi:?;,
"With Clive in -IadialetcTe'tc.
VflCWf -Jff
.'
RESERVED.
f dered; how his glove had borne evidswe,,
against mm.
"Is that all, Bonald?"
"Not quite all, dear. I saw in aa Ba
glish paper only a few days ago that the
matter 'had come up again. Margaret's
watch and jewels were found in the gardea,
just hidden in the ground, evideataily sot
by a thief who intended to come again and
fetch them,, but simply concealed by sese
one who bad taken them and did set wast
them. If those things had been fowl be
fore my trial. Margaret, I should astuedly
have been hung, for they disposed ot tM
only alternative that seemed possible,
namely, that she had been murdered by a
midnight burglar for the sake of her valu
ables." Mary sat In silence for a few minutes aad
then asked one or two questions with refer;
ence to the story."
"And you had no idea yourself, Sostld,
not even the slightest suspicion against .any
one?" Not the slightest," he said, "the whole
thing is to me as profound a mystery as
ever." ,
', "Of course, from whot you tell me, B
aid, the evidence against you was stronger
than against any one else, and yet I cannot
think how any one who knew you eoald
have believed it."
"I hope that those who knew me best did
not believe it, Mary. A few of my Bigh
bors and many of my brother officers had
faith in my innocence, but. you see, these
in the county who knew the story of our
"THEN TO TAET, AND GALLOPED A"WAT.
family were naturally set against me. I
had the mad blood of the Carries in mv
veins, the Carnes had, committed two mur
ders in their frenzy, and it did not seem to
them so strange that I should do the same.
I mav tell vou. dear, that this trial throneh
which I have passed haa not been altogether
without good. The family history had
weighed on my mind from the time I was a
child, and at times I used to wonder whether
I had madness in mj blood, and the fear
grew upon me and embittered my life.
Since that trial it has gone forever. I
knew that if I had had the slightest touch
of insanity in my veins I must have gone
mad in that awful time; and much as I
have suffered from the cloud that rested on
me, I am sure that I have been a far brighter
and happier man since."
A pressure of the hand which h'e was
holding in bis expressed the sympathy that
she did not speak.
"What time do you march to-morrow,
Bonald?"
"At 8, dear."
"Could yon come round first?"
"I could. Marv. but I would rather mv
good-by now."
"You must say good-by now, Bonald, and
again in the morning. Why I ask you is
because I want to tell my father; you don't
mind that, do you? He must know there is
something, because he spoke to-day as if he
would Vish it to be as I hoped, and I should
like him to know how it is with us. You do
not mind, do you?"
"Not at all," Bonald said, "I would
rather that he did know."
"Then I will tell him"now," the girl said.
I should like to talk it over with him," and
she arose. Bonald rose too.
"Good-by, Mary."
"Not like that, Bonald," and she threw
her arms round his neck. "Good-by. my
dear, my dear. I.will always be true to
you to the end of my life. And hope al
ways. I cannot believe that you would
have saved me almost by a miracle if it had
not been meant that we should one day be
happy together. God bless you and keep
you."
There was a Ion g kiss, and then Mary
Armstrong turned and ran back to tha
hospital.
Father and daughter talked together for
hours after Mary's return- The disappoint
ment to Mr. Armstrong was almost as keen
as that felt by Mary. He had from the first
been greatly taken by Harry Blunt and
had encouraged his coming to the house.
That he was a gentleman he was sure, and
he thought he knew enough of character to
be convinced that whatever scrape had
driven him to enlist as a trooper, it was not
a disgraceful one.
"If Mary fancies this young fellow, she
shall have him," he had said to himself. "I
have money enough for us both, and what
food is it to me except to see her settled
appily in life?"
After the attack upon the house, when he
was rescued by the party led by Bonald," he
thought still more of the matter, for some
subtle change in his daughter's manner con
vinced him that her heart had been touched.
He had fretted over the fact that after this
Ronald's duty had kept him from seeing
them, and when at last he started on his
journey down to the coast be made up his
mind, that if when they reached England he
could ascertain for certain llary's wishes on
the subject, he would himself write a cau
tious letter to him, putting it that after the
service he had rendered in saving his life
and that of his daughter, he did not like the
thought of his remaining as"a trooper at the
Cape, and that if he liked to come home he
would start him In any sort of business he
liked, addloe, perhaps, that he had special rea
sons for wishing nun to return.
After Bonald's rescue of bis daughter. Mr.
Armstrong regarded It as a certainty tbat his
wish would be realized. He was a little sur
prised that the young sergeant bad not spoken
ont, and it was with a view to give him an op
portunity tbat be bxd suggested that Mary
should CO ont for a stroll on thn lut oroTitm--
He had felt assured that they would come In
Band in band. His disappointment then bad
been keen, for he anticipated with lively pleas
ure the nrospect of paring his debt of gratitude
to the young man. It was with surprise, dlsap-
ointment and regret, tbat ho listened to
farj's story.
"It i J a monstrous thi&E," he said, when ba
had finished. "Most mosstroas; but don't cry,
my dear. It will all come rieht presently." .
"But how W K to eeaw rieht, flrtherT Bt,
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