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THE MUSIC ffOBLD.
Benefits Possible ThroiujUtlie Medium
of Teachers' Organizations.
THE IMMEDIATE DUTY OF ALL.
Another Institution That is Worthy of
HINOE MUSICAL KOTES ASD KEWS
Enough and to spare has been written of
the benefits attainable through the medium
of the music teachers associations, which
Tiave lately been organizing in many of the
States. Any intelligent musician will at
once acknowledge, in a general way, that
such an organization i a fine thine for its
members. There is no doubt about that.
What is needed right now, at the com
mencement ot this season, is that every in
telligent musician reading these words, be
he or she a teacher or a player, shall realize
fully the immediate duty of joining and
aiding in the work of the new Pennsylvania
State Music Teachers' Association. It be
longs to this end of the State just as much
as to the other end or to the middle. In
deed our own Mr. Gittings fathered the
plan, ana presided at the organization, be
coming its first Vice President, while Mr.
Pocrster and Mr. Carter form the majority
of the Executive Committee.
VTrue enough; the first regular meeting of
the fiedling association will be held at
Philadelphia, and it is not likely that you
can go there to attend. That's too bad.
Maybe, though, if you put down your little
fl for membership and if. you get yourself
and your musical associates really inter
ested in the plan.a way might unexpectedly
ODcn across the State abont Christmastide
and j on might then reap the harvest you
would have been sowing.
But though yon may not go to the meet
ing place, the meeting place will certainly
come to you. It is bound to travel, and
ought tojnmrjtothis end of the State lor
the second gathering. Then, good friends
of this vicinage, you will have every reason,
selfish and unselfish, for rejoicing over any
effort you may have made to encourage and
support your own State association and to
bring yourself into intelligent sympathy
and understanding with the movement and
The time from now to Christmas is full
short for the work that the public spirited
officers have undertaken a work out ot all
proportion to any possible personal benefit
they may derive from the association. It
remains for the music teachers and music
makers all over the State to take right hold
with a vim, and make their association all
that it ought to be for their own good.
Read the official circular given below; re
flect, discus and act. The DisrATCH
will do all it can to give wide publicity to
this important movement; to the same end,
will the musical members of the gentler sex
please consider this topic as a bit of spicy
gossip for the nonce?
Philadelphia, August 24, 1S89.
To the Music "locbcrs of i'cnnsylvanls:
The officers and committees of the P. S. M.
T. A., realizing the necensitj for prompt and
euergetic action incompleting the organization
of the association liv briucjug into it all the
music teachers of the btate, have determined
to lead in a Mgorous endeator to accomplish
such purpose, and place the association upon a
sound and lasting foundation. They solicit
and rely upon the earnest and enthusiastic co
operation of all whom this circular may reach,
First Joining the association themselves.
fcecond Using their influence with intimate
colleagues, to induce t'.cm to join.
Third Obtaining all the addresses of persons
eligible for membership in their vicinity and
transmitting same as per enclosed blanks to
Fourth Advocating the objects of the asso
ciation on all suitable occasions and in every
possible manner: and
Fifth becurmg Ireqnent public reference to
the association by the local press.
All important steps taken by the officers and
committees for furthering the interests of the
association, and making tho first meeting at
Philadelphia during the coming Christmas
holidays a grand success, will be promptly made
known through the "omcial organ" of the asso
ciation, tho Philadelphia JJusical Journal;
office, room 37, Hazeltinc building. 1416-lb
Chestnut street, Philadelphia.
Immediately upon the completion of the
labors of the Programme Committee a compre
hensive circular will be issued and spread all
over tho State, containing advance programme
with tune and place of meeting, names of
artists and their selections, information of
railroad and hotel accommodations and rate
redactions, draft of proposed constitution and
by laws to be adopted at first meeting, and all
such matters of ceneral information the situa
tion then demands.
Valuable suggestions from experienced mu
sicians affiliating with the association are
solicited, and will receive deserving considera
tion. Special encouragement is extended to
resident talent and the fostering of an appro
priate and generous State pride. Music
teachers who are first-class professional or
chestral performers are earnestly requested to
connect themselves with the association, and
by tendering the benefit of their valuable pro
ficiencv, give an eay solution to the important
but difficult question of the orchestral feature
of the meetinc
All musicians who love their art should con
sider it a privilege to be accorded tho oppor
tunity of sharing in the labor of love which is
the lffe blood of such an association as ours,
and all self-aggrandizement, petty jealousies
and personal interest should vanish and give
place to tho generous sacrifices of time and
service so easily bestowed upon the altar of
music this divine and great art. Only such of
its exponents, v ho are willing to give their
mite toward its advancement, deserve the en
joyment and prosperity its legitimate practice
affords them. State associations are increas
ing, and among them let Pennsylvania's stand
re-emincut, uui auovo aii, conuuet its anairs
1 such manner as to redound to the greatest
enjoyment of each and ever) member.
The social feature will not be overlooked, a
reception and banquet being in coniiemplation.
The membership fee is fixed at the small sum
of tl per annum, fteniit at once to the secre
tary, who will return a D'embership ticket,
thereby constituting ou a full memDer with all
rights and privileges. Persons sending com
munications will address as follows to the un
dersigned in relation to:
Membership To the secretary.
Programme To the Chairman of Programme
Business Details To the Chairman of Exocu
Special lnquirj To the President.
Prompt and careful attention will be given
all proper communications.
William WolsieffES, President,
1728 Atlantic street, Tioga, Philadelphia.
Henry G. TnuxDLE, Secretary.
313 South Tenth street. Philadelphia.
CHAS. II. Jaryis, Chairman Prog. Com.,
373S Locust street. Philadelphia.
C. A. Hartmain. Chairman Ex. Com.,
1010 Wallace street, Philadelphia.
institution worthy of encourage
ment because of its public-spirited aims, is
the National Conservatory" of Music, in
New York. It will be remembered by the
geueral reader chiefly through its original
connection with that splendid but ill-fated
experiment, the National Opera Company,
both having been organized and sustained
by the same philanthropic patrons. The
Conservatory, however, has survived the
wreck of the opera troupe and keeps steadily
on in its good work of giving a free musical
education to American students whose tal
ents lustily it and who could not themselves
afford it. Of course those who can pay their
way are charged tuition fees; the free pupils
are expecteoto assist in the continuation of
the good work by turning over to the gen
eral fund, for the first five years after com
pleting their studies, one-quarter of the
emoluments they receive over and above
1,000 a year. Candidates having serious
musical purpose and positive aptitude for
the art are received without regard to their
stage ot progress. After graduation thry
will be given opportunities ot making known
their accomplishments and thus securing
engagements. The annual entrance exam
inations will be held ai follows:
Singing classes, September 24 and 25, 18S9,
from tt a. it to 12 m., 2 to 6 and 8 to 10 P. Jr.
Piano classes, October 1 and 2, same hours.
Violin and 'cello classes, September 27, same
The prime musical feature of the Expo
sition is, ol course, the plaving of the Oreat
"Western Band. It is a decided pity ?hat
the baud stand has been located in the gal
lery instead of erecting the usual pavilion
in the center of the main floor with benches
and open spaces about it so that the people
could gather together where they could both
see and hear. Not only are the tonal effects
discounted by the present location, but the
people have iio chance Jo get together as an
audience; thev can't see at all, they hear
but imperfectly and, being scattered, they
lack that sympathy both with the
players and each other which has much
to do with most persons' appreciation of
music. Applause is rare and scant, or en
tirely absent, under such circumstances
and brass baud music is a species that calls
for loud applause when well done. The
entire effect ot the musical feature is much
diminished by- lming the band in the
gallery. It would be somewhat better to
turn the roof ot Home's central pavilion
into a band stand, if it cannot be got nearer
the floor at that point
In spite of such discouragement,
and although the public work fills
each afternoon and evening and leaves
precious little time lor rehearsal,
the Great "Western is doing itself
much credit. On Friday evening, for in
stance, in such pieces as Rossini's overture
to "La Gazza Ladra," the "Stabat Mater"
transcription, Bouillon's overture "Mur
muring of the Forest" and Bucalossi's
"Hunting Scene," there were many points
of dynamic shading, attack, phrasing and
conception worthy ot all praise. A greater
elasticity of movement, a more refined aud
finished "style 01 execution are already appa
rent and further improvement will surely
be shown as the days go on. Tfie volume of
tone is large; its balance and quality, while
good, would be bettered by the addition of
saxopbones-and French horns and some in
crease in the lower wood-wind department.
It is interesting to note that this oldest
and foremost of Pittsburg's bands has just
completed a quarter of a century of active
work under the same name and the same
The real beginniugs of this band were in
1852, or thereabouts, when Nicholas Young
started the organization then known as'
Young's Band. It continued under his
name and leadership for about ten years.
Young's Band, numbering 16 pieces, led the
Pittsburg contingent in the three months
service during the Rebellion. Then lor a
year or two the same body of players was led
by George Xocrge and known as J.oerge s
In August, 18G4, it was reorganized as
the Great "Western Band, and the baton was
taken by Balthazar Weis, who still swings
it. Of the score or more original members
there are five who still retain active con
nection with the band: Messrs. B. Weis,
Charles Heim, F. Itoenigk, Jacob Friesel
and Joseph Ruoff. The roll ot active mem
bers in good standing now' includes 47 in
dividuals, of w hom the following 3G are on
duty at the Exposition, the others having
regular winter engagements at the theaters:
1). Weis, conductor; G. Kschier, C Apel. pic
colo and nut; August Beckert, Treuman, oboes;
F. Roemgk, E flat clarinet; George Fisher, solo
B. clarinet: F Schuetze, first B clarinet; John
Schurz, J. Friesel, William Specht. second and
third clarinet; Carl Nusser, J. Staley, bassoons;
P. Markwort, E flat cornet; U. Mueller, solo B
fiat cornet; Louis Falck, first B flat cornet;
Walter Arbogast. Harry Moore, second B flat
cornets; Andrew Weis, third B flat comet; John
Oherhaeusser, flucgelhorn: J. D. Loeppentien,
O. Loeblich, Andrew Gerlacii, A. Ludwig,
altos: George Leppig, baritone: J. H. Uottkay,
euphonium; Carl Weitz. Oscar Arbogast, slide
trombones; William Falk, E. Krah, valve trom
bones; F. Diclx, Daniel Leach, tubas; A.
Mente, contra-biss: William Frlebertshaenser,
tenor drum and kettle drums; A. Weis, cym
bals; Charles Heim, bass drum.
Crotchets nnd Quavers,
Mr. Caul Retteu has hurried off to At
lantic City to see bow his family weathered tho
big storm in their little cottage by the sea,
Mb. Haruy M. Mays, well known here, has
been engaged as solo baritone in ono of the
leading Episcopal churches of Philadelphia,
Miss Sadie Ritts, Messrs. H. B. Brockett,
Walter J. Pope and Charles Davis Carter took
part in a successful concert at GastonviIIc last
Mr. Charles Davis Carter will bo the
organist at to-day's services of Emory M. E
Church, East End, tho regular incumbent be
ing absent from the city.
Mil Arthur F. Nevik, already no mean
'cello player, has gone to Boston for a moro ex
tended study of his favorite instrument. He
m til, of cour-c, reside there with Mr. and M rs.
Mb. Leo Oeumlek has been
ed as In
structor of tho Violin and Piano at Sewicklcy
Academy, commencing his duties next Tues
day. On the 5th Mr. Oehniler, assisted by his
sister, Miss Clara Oehmler. gave an interesting
Molin recital at the academ), atnhich, besides
a number of violin pieces, two of his own piano
compositions were presented.
The Orpheus Society, of Beaver Falls, opens
its second campaign with a business meeting
next Tuesday evening, rehearsals not com
mencing till about October 1. Some 75 singers
form the chorus, and the list of contributing
members is large and fashionable. The Rev
Mr. Boels is President, Mr. F. E. Cluff, musical
instructor at Geneva College, is Secretary and
pianist, and Mr. Amos Whiting, of our town, is
The Mozart Club having begun its rehearsals
for the coming season, so big with promise for
our leading musical organization, it is time far
all music lovers to step up with the S10 fee for
an associate membership, which will yield two
tickets each for the five best local concerts of
the season. The club's plans this year, as al
ready fully explained, are of broader scope
than ever before. To encourage such uork by
becoming an associate member is a public
duty, as well as a private snap.
The Wilkinsburg Musical Club, at a meeting
on i uesday evening, decided to disband, and
decreed a division of its musical library among
the faithful. The orchestral department, how
ever, will conticue its existence upon an inde
pendent basis, and still nnder Mr. I. R, Broad
berry's lead, will begiu its second season's re
hearsals next Friday evening. Some of the
more devoted singers will join in with the
Homewood Musical Club, also under Mr.
Broadberry. The last named chorus numbers
some 40 or 50 voices; its roll of associate mem
ber", recently begun, is already long enough to
guarantee the expenses of the season.
A CninnlntiTo Pleasantry.
Pastor I am extremely sorry, sir, to see
one of my parishioners coming out of a
place like that.
Mr. Slewback All right, sir; I'll go back
if you'd rather have me. I only went in
anyway out of patriotic motives, to get a
little spirit of 70. Judge.
Mr. John Howard has now filled the
available time for lessons so completely that
only the hall hour from 2:30 to 3 o'clock can
be reserved for lessons. So far his pupils
have mainly been those who have already
sung considerably. He wishes especially
to encourage those who have not supposed
they have the natural gift of singing, but
who have the general musical appreciation
somewhat developed by piano lessons
or musical surronudiugs. The time
still remaining, five weeks, is suffi
cient to give such voices the singing
resonance, and, to a large degree, that lull,
sympathetic quality which marks the true
artistio tone. In certain rare cases where
this great change the task of years by the
usual methods would , be' difficult the
signs are easily detected by Mr. Howard,and
the visitor would be fairly warned.
As Mr. Howard will probably go to Lon
don next summer to introduce his method
under the auspices of Dr. "Wolfenden,
partner of the famous Dr. Mackensie, this
may be Pittsburg's last opportunity to se
cure his services. His studio is now at 02
Penn avenne; two doors from Fifth st
I Tl fSnH
A STATISTICAL STUDY
Of Trade UnionsIndustrial Partner
ncrsliips and Co-Operation.
THEIR GOOD EFFECT IN ENGLAND.
Belief That They Will Finally Settle the
Labor Question Here.
A SQUINT AT THE KNIGHTS OF LABOR
Prof. Bolles, Chief of the Bureau of
Statistics, who made a study of European
labor organizations last year, contributed a
paper to the annual report of the State Sec
retary of Internal Affairs. The intent -is
the formation of practical conclusions from
the history of labor organizations in Europe
concerning their, prohable tendency in
this country. Their later history
has been marked by a more intelligent
administration ot affairs than formerly, and
the professor finds they are more and more
justifying their existence in the present in
dustrial organization of the world.
The subject is treated nnder three heads
trade unions, iudnstrial partnerships and
co-operative societies. The functions of
each is defined, but as all interested
are acquainted with them, statement
is unnecessary. Co-operative societies
are of two kinds, productive and distribu
tive. They are the oldest. Distributive
societies have been working in Great Britain
with great success for 40 years. The pro
ductive societies are younger, and their suo
ces3 has not been so uniform. "Wholesale
societies, though recent, are of immense pro
portions in Great Britain.
Prof. Bolles says that it will not be de
nied that combinations were needed in
Great Britain, as the hours of labor were
many, wages low and there was no escape
from bondage, except in union. He says
that while these organizations have been
admitted to be a necessity in Great Britain
it is contended that they are not in this
From this view he dissents and holds
that though the reasons may not be so
strong yet they are strong enough to sup
port their claim to existence, and has no
doubt they will exist so long as the factory
system does, but he does not hold that all
they have done has been justifiable, aud
thinks it possible the solution of the ques
tion will be the introduction of industrial
partnerships. He holds that industrial
partnerships have already done much to re
duce the antagonism between classes, and
that employers ought to recognize them as
The co-operative idea has not struck deep
root in this country, and the history of
stores founded on "it has generally been
brief, very frequently manager or treasurer
absconding with funds, or the association
has been used for political purposes, while
in Great Britain they have generally flour
ished, and defalcation or lraud among them
has been exceedingly rare.
The mode of organizing a retail co-operative
store in Great Britain may be briefly
explained. Anyone may join by depositing
a shilling, or 25 cents. The ordinary prices
are paid for the things purchased and cash
must be paid. The profits are allotted to
their members according to their pur
chases quarterly or semi-annually. These
profits must remain with the society until a
share of l,or 55 is paid. On this share the
society giyes 4 or more frequently 5 per
cent The members of these societies
now exceed 900,000, and receive more than
12,500,000 of profit anuually. There are
1,200 stores in operatfon, which t-ansact a
business of 8150,000,000 a year, ani have a
share capital of 540,000,000. The transac
tions of their co-operative bank at Man
chester amounts annually to 580,000,000.
The societies devote $110,000 a year to edu
Co-operation in its several forms has
flourished best in England, France, Ger
many ana Italy. The French have suc
ceeded best in co-operative workshops, the
Germans and Italians in co-operative banks,
and the English in storekeepmg.
. BEVITED TS THIS STATE.
The co-operative idea has received new
life in this State aud under an act of the
last .Legislature id companies were organ
ized up to last February. They are too
young yet to have their history written. If
they once begin to spread it is expected
they will travel rapidly. It is supposed
that one reason why consumers have been
so slow to unite is that their wages
and profits have enabled them to
supply most of their wants, and so they
have not felt the need of resorting to other
methods to satisfy them. In Great Britain,
on the other hand, where "wages have been
lower, the necessity was imperious for re
sorting to every possible economy to satisfy
the wants of the wage-worker. It was the
existence of this state of things which first
led to the formation of these societies there,
and also to their continuance during 40
years or more.
The membership of 26 of the principal
trade unions in Great Britain is 265,218,
and benefits expended by them during 57
years amounted to -over 40,000.000. In
i887 these societies expended the following
amounts: Unemployed benefit, 209,879;
sick benefit, 129,884; funeral benefit, 33,
524; accident benefit, 8,768; superannua
tion benefit, 1,S64; trade protection, 64,
853; benevolent grants, 9,244. Total,
As a rule, these trade unions have been
well managed lately, and very little of their
expenditure has been for strike purposes.
In their efforts to avert strikes much the
same plan is pursued as followed by the
Amalgamated Association in this country
in some of its overture features. The sec
retaries of British labor organizations stand
well in the estimation of employers, and
they generally succeed in effecting an
accommodation, and they issue reports at
stated times showing the state of trade and
giving other useful information. Prof.
Bolles thinks trade unions in this country
would do well to
PATTERN AFTEK THE ENGLISH,
but he states that be has often been told
that the membership is indifferent in this
respect. He thinks such publications would
prevent much friction between employers
and employes. The professor expresses the
opinion that a diffused knowledge of the
trade conditions of the world prevents much
striking in England.
Prof. Bolles considers the Knights of La
bor an American institution, and its exist
ence somewhat antagonistic to trade unions.
He thinks that had" the organization been
able to accomplish what it intended it might
have controlled the situation, but what
strengthens the trade union Aveakcns tho
Knights, and vice versa. The professor
thinks much has been learned from expen
sive conflict both by employer and employe,
and that as labor organizations improve in
management he believes "that these institu
tions which have hung like forbidding
clouds over the factories of our land, will,
in the end, prove to be great helps in solving
the labor question."
Industrial partnerships are increasing,
but they are not adapted to every kind of
business. It is ease enough to work out a
plan, but not always so easy to induce an
employer to adopt it. As an indncement
he holds out the view that such organiza
tions would be potent in affecting the Legis
lature, the press and the public generally
to the reformation of abuses. He points to
labor investigations which, he holds, hwe
not always bepn run by demagogues, and
which, he contends, have effected good, es
pecially in England, Franco and Belgium.
Special bargains in diamonds, watches,
jewelry, silverware, clocks, bronzes, etc, at
M. G. Cohen's, 533 Smithfield st.
THE PITTSBURG DISPATCH,-
A LOST SILVER MINE.
Counterfeit Dollars That Recall the Story
or the Rich Deposit! of Ore In Ken-
lucky An Opposition to tho
Alexander Station, K y., September
14. The arrest here yesterday of George
"W. "Williams and James H. Clark by
United States officers on the charge of deal
ing in and manufacturing counterfeit sil
ver dollars, which have in their composi
tion a large percentage of silver, has awak
ened a discussion as to whether or not the
"Swift" dollar, which passes current in this
State and is made of pure silver, is not a
counterfeit. The bogus money manufac
tured by Williams and Clark was skillfully,
although rudely made, and readily passed
current, as the percentage of silver in its
composition made it almost impossible to
detect ks baseness by ordinary tests.
As far back as the days of Daniel Boone
and Simon Kenton it was known that some
where in mountain Kentucky there was a
large and rich mine of silver. The Indians
knew of the existence of this mine and con
verted the ore into ornaments for their per
son, even casting it into bullets, which were
fired with deadly aim at the hardy poineers
on the "dark and bloody ground." Shortly
after the settlement of Kenton's Station, on
Limestone creek, above Moysville,
two adventurous men, named Cas
tlenian and Swift, penetrated to the
remote mountain region, that acts
as a water shed to the Kentucky, Licking,
Little Sandy ard Big Sandy rivers, and for
several years lived on amiable terms with
the Indians, who at that time held undis
puted domain over the forests and mount
ains. Swift was something of a doctor and he
had a family in Old-Virginia. Castleman
was also a married man and his descendants
are to be found at this day in Kentucky
men of honor and probity one of whom,
General John B. Castleman, of Louisville,
having been Adjutant Geueral of the State.
Swift, exercising his powers as a medicine
man to relieve the bufferings of a sick In
dian chieftain, was rewarded with the secret
of the rich silver mine, and he and Castle
man carried away from the place when they
returned to civilization several tons of the
precious metal loaded on the backs of ponies.
They were on friendly terms with the In
dians, and from time to time returned for
fresh supplies of silver. ,
Finally Castleman died and he left as a
gift to his descendants no information as to
the location of the mine. After his death
Swift made several trips to the rich ore bed,
04 two or more occasions accompanied by
his eldest son. He was eventually killed in
a fight with a small band of Indians that
were on the war path The son knew the
secret of the mine, and he visited it, took
large quantities ot the ore, and, being
an enterprising man, melted the metal and
cast it into trade dollars, which, intrin
sically, are woith one-third more than the
dollars issued by the Government.
These coins are cr'udely made. On the
obverse side is the effigy of an Indian and
the words: "One dollar." On the reverse
side is the legend, "Liberty" and the
words "State of Kentucky" encircling a
bear rampant. There is no telling how
many of these coins Swift put in circula
tion, but they are ttill to be found among
the mountaineers, and the "Swltt" money
passes current whenever presented.
When Swift died the secret ot the mine
perished with him, but among his effects
wai found a rudely drawn map which fited
the location of the precious deposit. Guided
by this map many searches have been made
for the mine, the "entrance to which," ac
cording to the directions appended to the
map, "is moste carefully and adroytly con
cealled from human obscrvayshion," The
mine is supposed to be located in Wolf
county, but its exact location remains a
mystery unless the clever counterfeiters ar
rested yesterday at this place have discov
Hnrder Work Than making Speeches.
The man who says a Congressman hasn't
much to do, evidently never visited Wash
ington and saw an H. C. dodging around
through the corridors of the Capitol and up
lonesome alleys in a mad and frantic en
deavor to evade his office seeking constit
uents. Well Supplied With Grandmothers.
Savannah News. I
J. H. Rhyne, of Jasper, can say some
thing that few others can. At the time of
his birth he had six living grandmothers.
He is now 25 years old, and his great-grandmother
lived until a few years ago.
Tho Neighbor Had Heard the Piano.
New York Sun.
Neighbor That was a bad firs you had,
Jaysmith. Still, you got out nearly every
thing, didn't you?"
Jaysmith Everything but the piano.
Neighbor Then the fire was a blessing in
A Sudden Response.
Mule Engineer "Whad's yo' doin' wiv
dem sails ob yourn down (whack), an'
d' wind raight bchine us? ! 1 Puck.
Do Wo Need Bis Muscles?
By no moans. Persons of herculean build
frequently possess a minimum of cemune
vigor, and exhibit less endurance than very
small people, lteal vicor means the ability
to digest and sleep well, and to perforin a
reasonable amount of daily physical and
mental labor without unnatural fatigue. It
is because a conrse of Hostetter's Stomach
Bitters enables the enfeebled dyspeptic to
rcsumo the allotted activity of every uayhre,
as well as to participate without discomfort in
its enjoyments, that it is such a prc-emincutly
21-IN. plushes at 75c and 1, regular 1
and $1 CO quality; all latest art and costume
colorings. Huous & Hacke.
For Weak Stoniacli Impaired Digestion Disordered Liver.
SOLD BY AIX DRUGGISTS.
. PRICE 25 CENTS PER BOX.
reparedonlyby TH0S.BEECHAM, StHelen8,Iancashire,England.
B. JT. ALLEN & CO., Sole Agents
FOB UNITE STa.TES, 305 & 307 C&VIATL ST., NEW YORK,
Who (if your druggi&t does not keep them) will mail Beecham'a
Pills on receipt of price. f;W.?rJAAj(Please mention this paper.)
SimiAY,'. SEPTEMBER, '
TUB LONDON POCKS.
Sccno of the Great Strike Across the Water
A Glcnntle Syitem.
The London docks, the scene of the great
strike, form probably the greatest docking
system in the world. It is probably true
that $100,000,000 have been expended upon
them, ini they do not yield direct profits
to the dock companies proportionate to their
great cost. Indirectly, however, they help
to promote British commerce and are in that
wav profitable to their owners. St. Kather
ine's docks, the nearest to London bridge,
were opened In 1828 and cost 10,000,000,
Dbndon docks are still older, having been
opened 1805. They cost $20,000,000 and
contain a great warehouse for tobacco rented
by the Government. The Surrey docks and
Commercial docks are more spacious and
devoted to the grain shipping trade. The
West India docks, opened in 1802, cover 300
acres and the East India docks 32 acres,
Milwall docks, in the Isle of Dogs, cover
But the great docks arc the Victoria and
Albert, opened respectively in 1856 and
1880. The Victoria docks cover 200 acres
and contain dry dock capable of docking
the largest steamships afloat One set of
warehouses,used chiefly for storing teas, silks,
cochineal, carpets and other products of
India and China, is said to containteontinu
ously a stock valued at $25,000,000. The
Royal Albert dock, which is connected with
the Victoria, is the greatest of all, and its
completion in June, 1880, was made the oc
casion for a royal celebration. The dock is
a splendid stretch of waterway almost three
miles in extent, with a range of more than
a mile of iron warehouses, and double
lines of locomotive tracks and numerous
The docks walls throughout are con
structed entirely by Portland cement con
crete, made and deposited in situ. The ag
gregate length oftdock and passage walls
is 3J miles. The walls are 40 feet high, 5
feet thick at the top and from 18 to 19 feet
thick at the base, and used up in their con
struction 500,000 cubic yards of concrete,
representing 80,000 tons of Portland cement.
Railway trains from every companycan un
load straight ainto vessels; cattle are driven
aboard.the railway platformsbeinglevel with
the receiving decks, and the largest possible
weights of merchandise are lilted by hy
draulic cranes that travel from shed to shed
with singular facility. The dock is lighted
with electric lamps, and the enormous sheds
ana warehouses are so constructed that they
can be opened ont from end to end.
Cow-Unlr In Cloth.
"Do you Know what they do with cow
hair?" asked a small man in the woolen
business. "They send barrels and barrels
to the East from Cincinnati. There they
weavo it with cotton and call it all wool
goods. It makes a strong cloth and is of
course a remarkably cheap fabric."
IS A GREAT LABOR S&VE3.
A SHiE LASTS A WEEK.
RASH AKB SHGW DON'T AFFECT IT
fJO BP.USH98JQ REQUIRED.
MAKES A SHOE WATERPROOF.
USED BY MEN, WOMEN iSD CHILDREN.
Can be wasted lite 03 Cloth, and absolutely
Softens and Preserves all kinds
Ask for it, and do not giro np till you est it, and you,
will be weB rewarded.
Sold by Shoo Stores, Grocers, Dmcgists, tc
Fcr Harness it is unoqoalod.
WOLFF & RAHDQIPH. Philadelphia.
She "Are there any Wedding
Suits at "Webb. Gray's Grand
Opening this week?"
He "No, only business."
She "Well hi m that's what
I mean business.
99 Fourth ave., City.
O. D. LEVIS. Solicitor of Patents,
131 Fifth avenue, abovo Smithtleld, next Leader
ollice. lioaeiay.j jsiaonsnea m jears.
A - n A
VM Wsy Bad bought Nf W
J ACME BLACKING fl
and Pll have it easy now.
- X t y
Under the Dlreotion of-- - -- - B.M. GTJLIOK & CO.
WEEK BEGINNING MONDAY, SEPT. 16.
In his new and Original Play,
ore or im ow stock.
FUN WITHOUT VULGARITY.
WIT, PATHOS AND MUSIC.
Forty Trunks of Bric-a-Brac Carried for this Production. A Car
load of Special Scenery. Mr. Davis Carries Everything
Used in the NEW PLAY.
HANDSOMEST STAGE SETTING EVER SEEN.
Sept. 23 GEO. JEITKS' XT. S. MAIL.
Everything now open and perfect. Extraor
dinary attractions all this week. Machinery
Hall, the Arts and Exhibits all complete.
HOUSEWIVES, ATTENTION !
We can sell yon anything useful or ornamental for the household from
a PINT TIN to the FINEST PARLOR or BEDROOM FURNITURE.
Our Carpet Department
is stocked with the best the market affords at prices as LOW as the
LOWEST on onr well known terms of
CASH OR EASY PAYMENTS.
Below we call yonr attention to a few of the many things to be found in
Parlor, Bedroom, Kitchen, Library and Dining Room Furniture.
Moquet, Velvet, Body Brussels, Tapestry, Ingrain and Rag Carpets,
Stores, Ranges, Tinware, Bedding, Springs and Mattresses.
305 Wood S-bicee-fc;,
W. H, THOMPSON & CO,
DON'T FORGET THE NUMBER.
OPEN TILL 10 P. M. SATURDAY&
Don't put off till to-morrow what you ought to do to-day.
While such great bargains are offered is the time to act. We
are thankful for the liberal patronage that has been bestowed
upon us since we commenced our great CL OSINO O UTSALE,
and for the benefit of those wJio have not yet paid us a visit we
will say we have still an endless variety of LAMPS, GLASS,
CHINA, QVEENSWAKE,FISH, GAME and ICE CBEAM
SETS, AFTER DINNER COFFEES, BICHLY DECO
RATED PLATES, UMBRELLA STANDS, LAWN
VASES, CUSPADOBES, BBIC-A-BBAC, HIGH ABT
POTTEBY, PEDESTALS, EASELS, BBONZE and ONYX
TABLES, CHANDELIERS, CLOCKS, BBONZES, GAS
FIXTURES, etc. Fine Wedding and Birthday Gifts.
The Js P.Smith Lamp, Glass and China Co
935 Penn Ave., Between Ninth and Tenth Sts.
P. S. Rogers' Best Triple Plated Dinner Knives
at 91 24 per set
22 or 32 Caliber, same as cut, SO SO.
Double Barrel Breech Loaders, 7np.
Double Barrel Muzzle Loaders 4 np.
Single Barrel Breech Loader, S3 7a.
Ringle Barrel Muzzle Loaders, tl 5.
Flobert Rifles, S2 00.
Loaded Shells, 10 or 12 gauge, S2 00 per
IEC. SIMIIT'S, 934
Bend for our Mammoth Catalogue and Price
The Most Couplets
stock in ine ciij.
BED ROCK PRICES.
We also manufacture this
ronderf nl combination
STEVENS CHAIR CO.
I So. 8 SIXTH ST.,
u GiUEfliH E I F si
Liberty St, Cor. Smithfield.
List, free of charge.
PHOTOGRAPHER, 18 SIXTH STREET.
A fine, Urge crayon portrait ti GO; see them
before ordnrlne elsewhere. Cabinets, $2 and
$2 50 per dozen. PROMPT DELIVERKi
HUGH 0. PENTECOST,
Minister of Unity Congregation, New York,
Will Lecture at
n , LAFAYETTE HALL.
On WEDNESDAY, SEPrEMBEB,18,at8XUI.
"The. Mission of Liberalism."
a Jmisilon, 250. ReserTed geats, 60c
""i iss a..., a;
TWO DATS OIXIaTC,
Monday and Tuesday, Sept 23 and 24; '
AT EXPOSITION PARK.
P. T. BARNUM'S
GREATEST SHOW ON EARTH, '
Great London Circus,
Wild Moorish Caravan.
raria Ulympla HiDDOdroma.
Blaek Wizards Tent of Marions.
Amazement, Astonishment and Mystfflcatioa
Depicted on too faces of all Visitors.
Children delighted with Fairyland Wonder. ,
RARNIIU JL nAlf rvie
GREATEST EFFORTS REALIZED.
A Sumptuous Feast of Dazzling Splendors.
.men i;ostnTn - jz.i --
Remarkable Peats. Perfect Prfnr:fnrirr
JiarTenous Attractions. Magniflceat Exhibi.'
Fifteen enormous exhibitions Combined in one.
3 Fall Circus Companies la 3 Rlnat.
Special Elevated Stage Performances.
2 Monster Museums p Wonders and Curiositie
2 Herds of Performing Elephants.
2 Drores of Arabian nmrt n-mi.
r m.?? K MsstgSsSsSsyTy AjyST'y 3P?ifi ssssssssssst il
fWasSEl MERMAID. IFLQJmJJ
2 Troupes of Trained Imported Stajlloia. 1
Great Mid-Air Diiplayt of ReaiDirlnn. I
Hosts or Fearless High-class Foreign Specialists 3
20 Pantomimic Clowns. 20 Animal Clowns. g
A whole Menagerie of Trained Beasts. 1
123 Breath-taking and Daring Acts. a
Everything New, Novel sad Wonderful.
Two Performances ereryday.at 2 and 8 p.m.
Doors open an hoar earlier. i
Admission Wets. Children nnder 9 years, 23 cts.
Great Street Parade Morning of Arrival of
Route as follows: South ave. to Allegheny
ave., to Western are., to Ohio st, to Federal
st. to Isabella st, across Seventh st bridge, to
Liberty.t, to Smithfield st, to Water, st. to
Wood sr., to Third are to Market St. to Sirtal
st, across bridge to Robinson st, to Andersoa"
st, to Church ave to Union are., to OaiostJtSSP
to Federal St. to Lacocir. st. to xnositiasl&
Park. ' &.
As an accommodation Reserved Seat Tickets f.
will be sold at the regular price and Admission, fe.
Tickets at the usual slight advance at E. Q." Mr.
Hays & Co.'s piano store, 75 Fifth ave. A
COMMENCING MONDAY, SEgtt.6
Evjeby Aztxbxoox A2U Evidrzso, V. 7
Harrej's Power! DoissticDraiuft ,;
MISS MAY WHEELW
First-Class Dramatic Com'y."
AN UNQUALIFIED SUCCESS.
Week Sept 23-"The Waifs of New York."
JAMES GEARY Manager.
HARRY SCOTT Business Managez.
WEEK, SEPTEMBER 18,
The Mastodon of the human race.
See her paraded from U.4 0. depot to the
museum 11 A- M- Monday.
The great and now only human thought, mag.
net and mind-reader
World's greatest mandollnist, FERDI
NANDEZ. and his wonderful violincello.
The Fiji Family. The Great Crawford,
Aparbe Charley Wesley Baum and his
Tattooed Dog. The Boy Glass
Masticator. The Great
In the Theater the Kings of Mirth. Their first
appearance in any museum.
Introducing a Galaxy of Artists.
Open, 1 to 10 P. at Two performances after
noon in theater at 2 and 3:ii Two evening,
and 9:45: 90-minute performances.
Next GNDZNK. se!5-I2J
Monday Evening, Sept. 16.
Matinees, Tnesday, Thursday and Saturday.
The Austin Slstsrs.
Miss Capitola Forrest
Ward fe Lynch.
Misses Mulvey Clifton.
Constantino fc Richards.
Van Leer & Barton.
The Southern Quartet
The Acme Four.
J. S. Fletcher.
Monday, Sept 38 Tony Pastor's Own Co.
IMPERIAL HALL- . ...,
8eTenth ave. and New Grant street
THE FAMOUS THURSDAY NIGHT RE
CEPTIONS k BY THE IMPERIAL CLUB,
EVERY THURSDAY NIGHT.
-MnnnKrtfc.xrnznrtand Royal Italian Orl
cheitrsa. Admission W cents. 0lM8'