Pittsburg dispatch. (Pittsburg [Pa.]) 1880-1923, September 15, 1889, SECOND PART, Page 15, Image 15

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The Musical Wonder,
NVrittei,- fob
ENIMOJIE had a lit
tle boy who was pas
sionately fond of
music. The child was
scarcely old enough
to say papa and mam
ma, when his father
bought him a flute,
and from this instru
ment young Fenimore
would" evoke the most
melodious tones that
were ever heard from
The Musical Wonder, any Ante. As tne
Lot grew older his love lor music increased,
and his father, who was very proud of the
little musician, did everything to evolve his
talent. At 8 years of age Fenimore could
plavon anv instrument that'was handed
him. and now everybody called him the
muvical wonder. The little boy's anxiety
fo perfect himelf, however, became greater
and greater. He was not satisfied with the
praises obtained from the great masters of
music in his native village, and he deter
mined togoabroad and learn whatknowledge
was possessed by the greatest musical men
of his time. By this time he could play the
most difficult pieces on the piano, the harp,
the violin, the flute and the horn.
"When Fenimore came to his father, and
told him of his resolution to go out and ac
quire more musical knowledge, old Feni
more n as perfectly satisfied.
"Go ahead, mv lad." he said; "make a
master of yourself, and bring laurels to an
honorable career."
Young Fenimore then departed, accom
panied bv the best wishes of everybody who
knew hiiii, because the boy was a very good
Jellow, and everybody liked him.
He traveled through many countries, and
plaved wherever an opportunity presented
itself. Most people who listened to the per
formances of the young artist expressed
their reat astonishment whenever they
heard him. Fenimore himself, however,
did not get uiuch satisfaction out of his
..'usic His ambition was insatiable, and
his eager anxietv to find a man who could
play better than he, left him no rest On
and on he went in search ol his musical
superior. He had now gone over the whole
land, Irom East to "West and from South to
Uorth. Still his eflorts were iu vain. So
he determined one day to go to the sea and
take passage on a ship which might take
iiim aw.n into another land. On this
journey he one day entered a large and
bcautilul lorest, -which was traversed by the
road leading to the sea.
Fenimore proceeded on his way for sev
eral hours, when he was suddenly startled
by a wonderlul melody. He stopped, and
rooted to the ground as it were, he lis
tened. Xevcr had he heard anything in the way
of music to equal the sweetness ol those
strains which now fell on his ears He
realized at once that at last he had found
the aim ot his ambition i musical artist
superior to himself As lie stood there lis
tening his heart and soul almost melted
within him with rapturous delight. The
instrument which was played was a violin,
and as the r.otes fell from the strincs on the
air the winds becam the messengers of the
sweetest funds that ever emanated from
any insttJment, and the very atmosphere
sce'med to quiver with joyfulncss.
"Oh, how lovely that is!" Fenimore
cried, with rapturous excitement. "Who
can that musical genins be, who changes
this spot into a musical paradise?"
Then he turned to the direction whence
Vie music seemed to come. Taking the
I'Md as his guide, the young musician
uaOe his way througn shrubs and bushes,
hrongh hedges and thorns. The passage
was so.nctimes very much obstructed, but no
difficulty could be'great enough to prevent
his advance. At last he had gotten through
the last inclosure, and he now found him
self on a beautiful green bank, which sur
rounded a lake like a carpet of the softest
verdure. On the lake swam swans and
ducks hither and thither, as joyously as if
they were trjing to make a dancing floor
out'of the suriace of the water. From every
branch and twig of the surrounding brush
wood birds were seen to hop and skip, up
and down, to and (ro. On the ground were
squirrels and rabbits, foxes and deer, all
jumping around in harmonious steps. For
a moment Fenimoie was lost in amazing
wonder. Still he had not yet seen the source
of the bewitching music, so he turned
around and glanced along the bank of the
silvery lake.
There, beneath some sweetbriar bushes,
he at last discovered the figure 01 a beauti
ful maiden. She was clad in a garb of
gauzy material, which hung loosely over
Fenimore Meets the utursc.
her body. On her head she wore a golden
crown, surmornted by a diamond lyre. In
her left hand she held a violin, and with the
other she moved the bow across the strings.
She had evidently noticed young Feni
more, for in the next moment she turned
around, and while smilingly looking at
him, she changed the music on her instru
ment, and a tune, which sounded like
Welcome-. "Welcome," seemed wafted
toward him like the sweetest greeting he
had ever heard. Asthc young man stepped
forward toward the lovely musician the tune
became more and more fascinating. Feni
more forgot himself entirely in the
bewitching melody, and he did not
notice that the beautiiul maiden slow
ly walked backward toward the
lake. The young fellow followed her..
unheeding the water s edge. Now the
maiden with the diamond lyre reaches the
water, steps in, and still
she continued to
play, more wonderfully than ever. Feni
more also stands in the water by this time.
Suddenly, as the maiden disappeared under
the silvery surface of the water, he also felt
himself drawn below. No sooner was he
lost under thewater, however, than he be
came unconscious, and did not recover his
senses until he found himself walking in a
beautiful conservatory, in the rear of a mag
nificent castle. This structure, he noticed,
was built entirely of ivory. In the green
house where he was, he observed the finest
specimens of a most exquisite flora, whose
fragrance made the atmosphere redolent with
tbcsweetest perluuie imaginable.
Before Fenimore had time to realize where
he was, the ladr with the diamond lyre
and the violin came to meet him.
"Welcome to my home, dear stranger,"
she said to him, in a voice at sweet as the
music of her violin.
"Thank vou," replied the young man,
"but will yon tell me where I am."
"You are in the Castle of the Muses, and
I am the Muse of Music"
"Will you please tell me where you
3? ill w&Sk
the Dispatch.
learned to play the violin in such a masterly
manner?" asked Fenimore.
"I never learned it," replied the Muse,
smilingly; "I played just the same thou
sands ot years ago, even before David
played the harp on the mountains of
Palestine. I am a goddess, and it is I who
first inculcated the sense of music into the
human breast."
"Ah! how glad I am I have found you,'
cried Fenimore. "I have been passionately
fondof music ever since I was born, and I
am now even searching lor somebody to
teach me the highest perfection of musical
knowledge. "Would you consider ttany
trouble to teach me?"
"No, not at all. Yon may stay with me
as long as you wish, and I will give you an
opportunity to acquire all I know."
Fenimore's heart bounded with delight,
and he thanked the Muse for her kindness.
From that moment he was daily instructed
by the lair Muse, and he soon found that he
had to achieve a great many thing6 before
he was able to play as well as his instruc
tress. After some years, however, he be
came homesick, and he had also an anxiety
to go torth and show to the world what real
music was like. After a great deal of hesi
tation on his part he at last told the Muse of
his desire.
"All right, my friend," she said, "go, but
make up vour mind that you will meet
with great disappointment. The people of
the world do not yet understand the music
of the gods, and maybe they will laugh at
your efforts. "
Hut rcnimore remembered the praise he
had received when he was a child, and he
said to his friendly hostess that he would
venture to brave the critics. So he de
parted. The kind Muse accompanied him as far
as the lake, and as he went away he heard
her play a tune on her violin which sounded
very much to him like a song of deepest
sorrow and paia. But Fenimore heeded her
no longer. He returned to his home, where
he was received with great joy and re
joicing. The next day he played before his
friends some of the music he had been
taught at the castle of the Muse. "When he
had finished he was astonished to find that,
instead of being praised, he was told that he
could not play as well as when he left home.
Fenimore was amazed, because, in his idea,
he thought he had vastly improved. But
nobody else seemed to agree with .him.
"Wherever he went people shook their heads,
and some even laughed and jeered at him
for playing before them with the pretense of
being a grand musician.
Fenimore' mind became troubled, and
soon after he fell sick with disappointment
One day while he was in bed, suffering with
a lever, he suddenly began to dream. He
fancied he saw the beautiful Muse from the
castle under the lake bei'ore him, beckoning
him to come back to her. Then he even
thought he heard her speak these words:
"Come back to me; wha is fit or the gods
cannot be -ippreciatedliy mankind."
Fenimore remembered this, and when he
awoke from his feverish stupor he left
home, once more to return to the beautiful
lake in t&e woods. Here the lovely music
seemed to be awaiting him. She again led
him into the water, and soon both of them
disappeared under the lake, never to be seen
by mortals anymore.
Tfac Grandest That Pitubarc Has Ever Had,
And see the magnificent exhibit of pianos
and organs at the stand of Mellor & Hoene.
They have some elegant pianos of the Hard
man, Kraknuer and Kimball makes, also
quite a number of organs, among them one
of their celebrated JEolian self-playin? or
gans in a handsomely polished burl walnut
case. With one of these wonderful instru
ments anyone can play the finest and most
difficult music to perfection this sounds
impossible, but is nevertheless true call at
their stand or at their spacious warerooms,77
Fifth avenue, and try one of the above or
gans yourself and see what you can do.
The array of pianos that one sees at the
Palace of Music, 77 Fifth avenue, is cer
tainlT gorgeous; pianos in cases from the
plainest to the most handsomely carved, and
in all the rare and costly foreign and do
mestic woods.
Their stock of organs, comprising the Pal
ace, Chase, Chicago Cottage, and Kimball;
also the celebrated jEolian, as mentioned
above, is simply grand.
If you want to get a piano or organ of
standard and well-known make, go to Mel
lor & Hoene's, 77 Fifth avenue, where you
will be sure to get just what you want, and
at the lowest price and on the easiest terms.
Send for catalogues and full description of
their easy payment plan; a postal card costs
you but a cent to address Mellor & Hoene,
77 Fifth avenue, Pittsburg. tusu
September 26, Via tho P. & W. Ry.
On September 2C the Pittsburg and West
ern Railway will sell excursion tickets to
Chicago lrom Pittsburg, Butler, New Cas
tle, Pa., and intermediate stations, good un
til October 6, for 59. su
Prima Vera.
Our richest native wood. A chamber
suit in prima vera, complete in every de
tail, will be found at our Exposition display
in northwest end ol main building.
P. C. Schoenzck,
711 Liberty ave.
FOB a finely cut, neat-fitting suit leave
your order with "Walter Anderson, 700
Smithfield street, whose stock of English
suitings and Scotch tweeds is the finest in
the market; imported exclusively for his
trade. su
Business houses who contemplate send
ing out circulars for this fall trade should
address AY. L. Callin. Wheeling. W. Va..
who is now preparing the namts and ad
dresses ot all wen-to-do consumers residing
in all towns within 40 miles of Pittsburg.
Black goods, an elegant assortment in
both all-wool and silk wool fabrics for fall.
Hugos & Hacke.
A Splendid Sewing Machine Given Away.
Ladies, register your names at the Singer
stand and secure a chance in the drawing,
to take place at the close of the Exposition,
for a Magnificent Improved Singer Ma
chine. Cabinet photos, 1 per doz. Lies' Pop
ular Gallery, 10 and 12 Sixth st. ttsu
Fall Snlllno mtd Trouserings.
Leave your order for fall suit at Pit.
IjCairn's, 434 Wood it, -su
French Drap d'Ete, slightly imperfect,
$2 50 quality, at $1 25; latest colorings.
Hughs & Hacke.
Fenimore Returns Home.
The Rivalry That Brownsville Once
Struck Up to Pittsburg as
General Jackson's Ambition to Become a
Kentucky Distiller.
IWrittet ron ran dispatch.j
F all quaint stories,
that of an ancient
little village which
once struck up a
rivalry to Pittsburg
as the gateway to the
Unknown West, will
be voted the most
interesting after you
hear it. Its name,
nowalmost forgotten,
long years ago was as
familiar to people
along the Ohio and
"Old Hickory." Mississippi rivers as
Pittsburg's itself. This city is now looked
upon as the head of navigation. But it re
ceived no such distinction in the palmy
days of Brownsville. Then, it was Browns
ville from which the beginning of a great
river voyage was made. From the mossy
levee of that hamlet famous passengers em
barked, or valuable freight was loaded on
steamboats for all "Western and Southern
destinations. That was 60 miles above
Pittsburg, and when the wharves of the big
city were touched by steamers from Browns
ville, travelers merely stepped over the
gang-plank from one boat to the other, and
were speedily whisked out of sight of the
metropolis, which is now really the actual
starting point for that same ride.
And so it was that SO years ago the head
of navigation was 60 miles higher up than
it is to-day. But in these days the 60 miles
of upper river is just as navigable, if not
more so, than it was then, and a pretty lit
tle line of steamers ply between Pittsburg
and Brownsville. Why, then, was the
'grand river route of the Ohio and Missis
sippi reduced that much? In the answer
lies the tale of Brownsville's decline and
Pittsburg's glory. And to this narrative
there is a sequel the prosperity of the
whole Ohio Valley, and indirectly that of
the Father of Waters also.
From the very commencement of river
navigation this town of Brownsville meas
ured arms with Pittsburg. Robert Fulton,
to Pittsburg to build and launch the first
and hisfinancialbacker,Livingston,had come
steamboats for experimental steam naviga
tion of the western rivers. From the courts
ot Louisiana they had secured monopolistic
grants of the rights between the shores of
the wide Mississippi. Their control of the
promised navigation between Pittsburg and
New Orleans would compare in our times
But ere Fulton had launched two vessels
from the Pittsburg wharves, a plucky com
pany of villagers had been organized in
Brownsville, and soon sent past the shop of
Jb ulton and Livingston in Jfittsburg the
third steamboat that ever plied the western
waters. It was the Enterprise. True, Ful
ton's good boat "Vesuvius reached New
Orleans several months in advance of the
Enterp-ise in 1814, but in rounding that
far-away finish, the Enterprise return ;d to
Pittsburg and Brownsville, the first steam
boat to ever successfully ascend the Missis
sippi. Fulton was afraid to risk his first
vessels to steam alone, and attached sails to
them, but the sturdy little company of
Brownsville boat-builders depended entire
ly upon steam. And still the next boat
built and sent out from Brownsville went
far beyond the experiments of Inventor
Fulton, at Pittsburg, because it carried the
first high-pressure engine ever boated on
the rivers.
Then, to crown the throwing of Browns
ville's gauntlet at the feet of the Eastern
genius down at Pittsburg, the village's two
boats, the Enterprise and the Washington,
broke the embargo which
of the Mississippi promised. Fulton had
caused the arrest of Captain Shreve com
mander and one of the owners of the Browns
ville boats, when he was returning North,
and had reached a point 200 miles above
New Orleans. The arrest was for infring
ing upon his exclusive rights of steamboat
ing on the Mississippi river. Backed by
the farmers of Brownsville, Shreve stub
bornly resisted the charge in( the courts,
carrying the case up to the Supreme bench,
finally winning, and thus securing free
navigation ol the Father of Waters.
One of the most superb relics of the ante- -railroad
period in the United States is the
old National Turnpike. The section of it
which crosses the Allegheny Mountains is
still in excellent condition. Descending
the western slope of the mountains, the
teamster found himself within ten miles
drive of Brownsville, the grand changing
place from the rambling old stage coach to
the palatial steamboats which made early
steamboat riding On the Western rivers
memorable. Henry Clay was
in inducing Congress to authorize the
building of the National road, and in the
period of which he was a distinguishing
character, there became no more popular
route to his home down the riyer than this
same road. And before long it gained the
name of "the road which lay between the
White House, the Capitol, and the homes of
the nation's Western statesmen." Browns
ville became a sort of general jumping-off
place, and it was not uncommon, so it is
said by old residents, for members of Con
gress to decide among themselves before
leaving Washington whether they would
stop over at Brownsville for a rest and a
sup or two of that old Monongaheli rye.
Thus it was that many celebrated person
ages visited the town of Brownsvtlle in
those early days. There are people still liv
ing up there who love to talk of their recol
lections of the past. For instance, I am told
by one of "the oldest inhabitants" that
when a steamboat from Pittsburg and the
West came within two miles of the town the
Silot blew his whistle as many times as he
ad through passengers for the East. The lis
teningtavern keepers and stage coach drivers
up in town were thereby notified how many
people they would have to have accommo
dations for. And the signal also served to
notify the town that a boat was about due,
and by the time it arrived
was generally gathered on shore waiting
to see who of prominence was among the
Nelson Bowman, one of the oldest of the
townspeople, son of a settler, Jacob Bow
man, lives in a grand old stone mansion,
built over 100 years ago, which sits upon
the summit of a small, rounded hill in the
center of the village, and which has a tower
of Norman stvle of architecture, giving the
whole structure a resemblance to a foreign
castle. Not only Bowman,but several other
aged citizens of the place remember the se
ception General Lafayette received there in
1824. He had stopped at Brownsville
while en route over the National road from
Washington to the home of Andrew Gal
latin. Andrew Jackson was a frequent visitor to
Brownsville. On one occasion when he
stopped over one Monday night to await a
morning boat, and only a short time before
he became President o? the United States,
the Congressman of the distriot, Mr. Craw
ford, insisted that together they should at
tend Masonic lodge that evening. Jackson
agreed, he being a member of the order.
They were passed through the first door all
right, but by some mistake in giving the
password, Jackson barred himself from get
ting through the second door into the lodge
room. For an hour Crawford had to argue
with the countrymen inside about the snub
they were offering the greatest warrior liv
ing. In the meantime, Jackson's spirit was
rising, and he could not help resen tine what
he laid' to Crawford's'blame. Bat that gen
tleman's eloquence presently prevailed, and
Jackson "was admitted. Ample reparation
was made for the blunder before the night
was over.
It is known to but few that Andrew Jack
son once contemplated going into the
whisky business. On this point informa
tion is elicited from a letter which Jac
Bowman received from the distinguished
statesman only a year belore he established
that famous "Hermitage" in Kentucky.
Nelson Bowman still has the original let
ter, and from it this copy is made:
Cnr.tsTiAN Court House, Kt 1
AUGUST 14, 1603. i
Jacob Bowman, Brownsville, Pa.:
Dear Sir I reached home on the 1st ult,
after experiencing a tedious water voyage. I
am now on my way to the Saliene, on the north
side ot the Ohio, in company with Mr. Dead
neck. The object of this voyage is to ascertain
at what salt can be made, and tho probable
auantitv of water necessary. Should you see
Captain Oliphant, be good enough to say to
him, as soon as thn thing is known, who is the
lessee of 'the salt springs. He shall hear
from us.
You were kind enough to say to me that you
would undertake to promise me a distiller. I
wish you would, of the best kind, any ace.
Hire hira for two or three years, li
one can be promised at sixpence per
fallon, you may engage that he shall
e furnished with three 8till3 and a sufficient
supply of grain. Any contract that you will
enter'into with a distiller for and on my behalf
will bo completed by inc. I will thank you at
as early a day as possible to inform me whether
I may depend upon being supplied nith a dis
till vfrom j our quarter. My wish is that the
distillery bo set running shortly. Oblige the
distiller to be at my house as eariy as possible.
You can direct him to inquire for me when he
gets near Nashville. 1 live 11 miles above, on
tbn Cumberland river.
Present mv respects to ypur lady and family
and to Mr. Teernan and family, and believe me
to be, with high esteem and respect,
Your obd. serv.,
Andrew Jackson.
the mails of those dats.
This letter, mailed by General Jackson on
August 14, 1803, didn't reach Mr. Bowman
until September 3, and that was counted
extraordinary fast mails! This was iu the
period of Jackson's life when he was striv
ing, as the head of a trading firm, to build
up his wrecked fortuness, which were his
relics of a financial failure in 1798. History
says that at that time he raised corn, hogs,
cattle and boated lumber. This is the first
time distilling has been disclosed as one of
his ventures. He certainly came to a good
place to choose a distiller, for the Mononga
hela Valley was full of them, even at that
early date.
John Quincy Adams visited Brownsville
in 1822, or three years before he became
President. He made an address in the
Episcopal church to the citizens. He was
returning from Cincinnati at the time.
"Tippecanoe" Harrison was another fre
quent visitor in the town on his road to and
from Washington.
The first tubular iron bridge, a marvelous
structure even to-day, was built across
Dunlap's creek in the town in 1835 for the
National road. It is about 150 feet long.
There is but one arch, and the roadway of
the bridge is covered with three or four feet
of earth. The supports are like huge water
pipes, curved in nearly a half circle. This
is the oldest iron bridge in the United
States, and is kept in repair by the Govern
ment. Henry Clay came to Brownsville when
the iron bridge was completed. He was
deeply interested in this bridge, having
urged the passage of the bill in Congress for
an appropriation for its erection. The old
inhabitants of the town have cause to re
member the day that brought Clay there.
The body of the stage coach in which he
and other prominent men were seated was
upset from the running gears just at one
entrance of the bridge on account of the deep
mud, and the .occupants were thrown out
against the abutment. That same evening
Clay dedicated the bridge.
Among other well-known men of that
time who either stopped at Brownsville or
passed through on their way to or from
Washington were Patrick Henry, John J.
Chittenden and President Polk.
But a change has come over the scene. A
shiuing pathway of steel rails was worn
across the Allegheny Mountains by the
tread of progress, and this metal highway
diverged from the beaten footprints of those
pioneer statesmen, leaving Brownsville far
to the southward of the big trail, and itself
widening into a grand avenue in the Union
depot at Pittsburg. The ttagecoach fell to
pieces, the canalboat has long since been
dismantled, and the steamboat has been
relegated to the wants of a petty freight
trade. Presidents and national law makers
no longer put up at the quaint taverns of
Brownsville, but perchance breathe a heavy
snore as silver-mounted Pullman cars roll
them through the blazing furnaces of the
Iron City at midnight.
The old taverns ot the National road are
still to-day taverns for "the traveling.pub
lic," but the public seldom gets that far
above the modern head of navigation. All
that remains in Brownsville to recall its
intimacy with the "men of the times" is a
modest marble monument in the village
cemetery marking the graves of both father
and mother of James G. Blaine, who, when
a boy on his native heath, made one of the
gaping crowd on Brownsville's river land
ing watching for some of the great faces of
the halls of Congress. Jacksonian.
He Ilnd Been There Before.
Central (to Old Si Low, using the tele
phone for the first time to call up his wife
at Turniptop) Hello! Did you get her ?
Mr. Low (as the lightning strikes the
wires) Yes, b'goshl That's her I recon
nize her! Puck.
A Crusty Relative.
Mamma Can't you get Uncle John to go
wading with you, Dick? I don't like to
trust you alone.
Dick I just asked him, and he. said he
was wading already; and then he growled
out something about "through the market
reports." Judge.
M. G. Cohen, diamond expert And jew
eler, formerly corner Filth ave. and) Market
it, now at 633 Smithfield st,
Oveeholt. Golden Wedding, Large,
Gibson and Dilliuger whisky for sale in
InrfrA rtnantitip hv fjln. TT TJonnotl JPV T3w.
135 First avenue, second door below Wood
III hiiC.
flswW tx"
Whose Whole Life Was Buined by In
judicious Early Training.
The Proper Eegimen as it is Indicated by
Shirley Dare.
A very saddening letter comes from a
Western village, sad with its betrayal of a
Jife, physically wrecked through utter
ignorance of the laws of bringing up clever
children. The writer was naturally a child
of nervous, excitable, intellectual sort, very
quick to learn, praised by everyone, and,
being sensitive and fond of praise, 'this
spurred him on to greater efforts. At 4 and
5 years old, he was put up to speak in
church, at Sunday school coucerts, doubt
less, and always was selected when recita
tions were to be made.
The story cannot be better told than in
words of the penciled letter, held by a hand
too nervous to shape the words clearly:
"Everybody said I would make my mark
some day. In early youth I read the lives
of Daniel Webster, Henry Clay, Abraham
Lincoln and Garfield. These made me wild
with ambition. I resolved to become a
lawyer and a great orator. Mv father wasa
farmer, and I had to work very hard very
early, and at liight I would stay up late
and. read and study and dream of the
future. My father promised to send me to
college if I did not want to be a farmer;
indeed, he himself thought I ought to be
something higher. But meantime I had to
work as hard as I possibly could."
At 16 the face of the boy, overdone
bodily and mentally, broke out in pimples
and sores, he grew languid and tired. "And
they all the time told me," he says, "that I
was more good when I was younger. Still I
and all the Test thought I was well, and I
paid no attention to my health till I was 18,
when I used to get severe pain near the
heart, when exercising, and very weak
spells, which the doctor said was all jay
stomach. I had an enormous appetite, and
always waB a great coffee drinker. That
year I doctored with three physicians, but
they did not do me much good, an'd my
health was rapidly breaking down. I be
came very melancholy.
"The winter I was 19 was the time setlfor
me to go to college, and though I was very
poorly I was determined to go, hoping my
health would get better. I went, and my
nervous system broke down completely. I
could not sleep nor digest, and became so
melancholy I nearly despaired, and at the
end of my first term the doctor ordered me
to go home. It is nearly two years
since I went to college. Since then Ihave
gone through the greatest spells of melan
choly, at times unable to " sleep, with all
sorts of noises in my ears, and if I have the
least anxiety or cannot decide at once which
of tno things to do it nearly throws me off
my balance.
"The blood rushes to my head, my stomach
sinks and fills with gas, and I cannot sleep
nor digest. The inability to decide on an oc
cupation in such health has been a great
source of worry. I am extremely irritable
and thenoises and din of a young child is
very poison to me. I am all the time craving
something to eat or drink " and follows a
recital of the worst horrors of dyspepsia,
when neither milk, fruit or water can be
taken witho.ut fermentation, nausea and
acute distress, sleeplessness and restless
ness, all the Gehenna which poor Carlyle
suffered from the same cause and regimen.
I think no one who has tried to take in
telligent care of youth can read this without
intense pity. It is the story of hundreds
and thousands who are originally the best
material of our citizens. The wrong is
partly moral and physical, and in both
cases wrong as can be. The son of a work
ing farmer obliged to toil to hold his home
stead and mrtke a living; the harm began
with the canker vanity implanted in the
child, which developed into, cancerous am
bition into the growing lad. It will be
years before the American public can be
persuaded of it, but neither moral nor mental
excellence is possible to the child put for
ward for public exhibition at any age.
The whole system of public display for
children is a degradation and a harm beyond
description. The few who outgrow the
strain do not begin to balance the many
injured for life who are feeble in nerves and
brain after 20, because they have done a lite
work before it, wasting in the effort to do
with immature lorce what would have
served for good results until 50. Was there
no one in church or Sunday school to teach
the morbid boy that success in life had a
different meaning from the heated pane
gyrics of biography, or to tell him what an
honest man can deny; that neither Webster,
nor Clay, nor any public men out of a
thousand could be held models of private
If Lincoln deservedly holds the place
nearest the nation's heart to-day, if is not
for his oratory or his many gifts, but for an
unflinching integrity and faithfulness to
duty. Alas, where do boys find the teach
ing that character alone is the measure of
success? I should grieve in all my soul, re
fusing to be comforted, if, in the end, my
son had no higher success to show than those
of the public men whose careers fired the
ambition of the Western farm lad whose
failure we are considering.
Whv was not the mother wise enough to
send the boy to bed alter his hard day's
work instead of letting him sit up late read
ing, brooding, dreaming? City dissipation
docs not ruin a lad's health more surely
than overwork, ambition and sitting up late
to study and dre.im. What wonder that
the nerve force deserted the stomach when
the time of natural 'development came, and
the strain of body and brain was not re
laxed. The diet of coffee, pork, hot biscuit, fried
eggs and pie usual in farmers' families was
not suited to a growing boy, and the blotches
on the face were a natural re-ult. The over
sensitive nervous fiber and the digestive or
gans sympathized. The result is, the stu
dions, dreaming boy has been subject to a
condition verging on nervous insanity, not
uncommon iu youth. It is, however, not
difficult of cure, if strict care is kept up.
The condition of health and usefulness the
retof his life must be this strict regimen
in all personal habits. He should not work
like a full grown man.
Ten hours a day of moderate exertion is
a limit he should never exceed. To those
who know how farmers often work, 14
hours a day, this advice is not superfluous.
Any idea ol college or profession should he
given up for two years to come. .It will
not betime lost. The outdoor work, the
gain in health, the general information
gained by reading an hour at a time, even
more, will quite balance anv extorted gain
in study. A quiet mind, faying its am
bitions aside, sure of gain in experience in
the end, will do much for health.
No late hours should be tolerated, and the
sleeping room should be ventilated by a
wide-open window. For the dyspepsia
nothing is better than the old-fashioned
remedy of a quart of boiling water poured
on half a pint of wood ashes and a spoonlul
of soot, stirred and kept all together in a
close jar. A tnblespooufnl ot the clear
liquid in a teacup of boiling water,cooled to
be just drinkable, shonld be taken half an
hour beiore -eating. AH fluid should be
sipDed. with intervals between shallowing.
The ash tea. dilnted with water, boiled and
cooled, should be taken at the first symptoms
of acidity, the teeth well brushed and mouth
rinsed with ash water belore and after eat
ing each meal, an important direction for
Assuage thirst by a wet cloth on the
15, 1889.
throat and by splinters of ice swallowed be
fore melting, which cools the gastric in
flammation. Avoid all food that distresses,
if one has to eat soft eggs for two years.
But this can be varied with juice of beef
irom any common necc pieces, baked in a
close jar, cooled, skimmed from the slight
estfat, and taken slowly, a small cupful at
a time. Game soup from prairie chicken is
also good. Parched corn, ground with a
little cream, is often well borne All bread
should be graham or whole meal, made with
sour milk and soda, or baking powder in
stead of yeast, well baked and crusty, eaten
with little butter.
Nutrition may be aided by rubbing sweet
oil ou the stomach and abdomen three times
daily and at night, using three tablespoon
fuls at a time, protecting the clothes by
oiled silk over the skin. The oil is ab
sorbed and strengthens the system, without
taxing digestion, and lessens the terrible
cravings for food which must not be eaten
in quantity. A small amount may be
taken five times 9, day, eaten slowly, with
out distress, when the'same, quantity taken
in three meals would cause torment.
To ease the craving for food chew a little
liquorice root, or lovage, not more than a
bit an inch long, after each meal. Chewing,
pure spruce gum is of advantage to dyspep
tics in strengthening the stomach, andaid
ing digestion by increase ot secretion, and
the aromatic taste satisfies morbid hunger.
Needless to say, this is a habit for solitude
only. A dyspeptic must abandon the habit
of reading at meals, a habit in which many
of them indulge. Laughter, jokes, change
of scene and diversion should be sought,
and made much of. A joKe is as good as a
dose of medicine, but the only medicine I
shall prescribe is the charcoal and pepsin
lozenge, three to half a dozen a day!
An emulsion of gum arabic dissolved in
boiled water, beaten up with pure sweet
olive oil, is often well.borne by dyspeptics,
and supplies a concentrated and needed
nutriment; dose, a tablespoonful at a meal.
A lew doses of rhubarb and castor oil will
be of use, but the whole meal crusts, and
careful diet, will regulate all symptoms in
time. Bead for, fresh information, lively
travels, the Scientific American and Popu
lar Science, train pets, and raise flowers or
study music; in short, seek every diversion,
and healthy interest, and the disappoint
ment of early ambitions may be the greatest
blessing in life. Shirley Dare.
Something Abont the Best Pictures Made In
For some time past observing men and
women have noticed that the finest photo
graphs made in Pittsburg have come from
the galleries under the supervision of Mr.
James B. Pearson. The struggle for
supremacy among thephotographers of Pitts
burg was a long and hard fight. It brought
about an overhauling of galleries and the
introduction of all the latest inventions in
the art that has made longer strides than
any.other in the last decade. Now the ques
tion is practically settled, and it is admitted
that when a photo bears the name "Pear
son," it has the strongest indorsement that
can be-.lacedupon it.
It : tasily understood how the Pearson
Galleries have attained the high measure of
popularity they now enjoy. In the first
place a picture that comes lrom Pearson is
marked bv two characteristics fidelity in
the reproduction of the features of the sub
ject and beauty of finish. There is nothing
harsh about these pictures, and they are at
tractive in every sense. This is true about
cabinet photographs, about the large photo
graphs, the crayons and the water colors
that have done so much to make these gal
leries noted. These results are not ob
tained by chance. They come because the
most skillful of workmen are engaged' on
them and the merr are furnished with a per
fect plant to do their work.
In the reception rooms polite attendants
are always in waiting, competent to suggest
ideas to those who choose to depend on the
photographers experience and quick to
catch the notion of those who want their
pctures marked by individuality. Their
general aim is to give each sitter the stvle
of picture he may desire; their particular
aim is to see that none leave the galleries
dissatisfied. If one sitting does not procure
what is wanted, a second may and after that
comes the third, the fourth, or as many as
may be necessary.
A specialty of the Pearson galleries is the
pictures of babies. Many photographers
dread this branch of the work. Mil Pearson
has had such marked success in this line,
that what is a task to others is a pleasure to
him; so much so that no visitor is more wel
come than a little one.
Mr. Pearson's galleries are at 96 Fifth
avenue, Pittsburg, and 43 and 45 Federal
street, Allegheny. Both are well equipped.
Both are full of skilled artists and both are
under the personal supervision of Mr.
Pearson. Call at either and you will get a
Eicture of which you and your friends will
e proud. And remember his prices are
within the reach of all.
The Everett Clnb or Co-Operative System
Offers the following inducements, if you wish
to pay cash." By becoming a member you
will save $75 in the price of the piano and
get it at once. If you cannot spare the cash
you can get your piano any time, on pay
ments of $25 cash and S2 50 per week, no
interest; and still save $75 in the price. If
you cannot pay so fast, by waiting until
your number is drawn you will get your
piano on payments ot $1 per week, no inter
est, and save 875 in the regular price to our
retail trade. Think of this! Our club is
composed of 350 members, each paying ?1
per week. Thus you see the members are
buying for cash, and one piano is delivered
to the member whose number is drawn each
week, until all are supplied, or, if one-half
of the members take their pianos and pay
?2 50 per week, we deliver twice the num
ber, and get double the amount of cash each
week, and it leaves only one-half the num
ber to be drawn on the $1 weekly payments.
It is a simple business problem. We are
saving our members the difference in price
by contracting for 350 pianos at one time,
and on a cash basis. We have now enough
members to guarantee the success of this
plan, and have derided to begin delivering
the pianos on Saturday, September 21. Do
not wait, but apply for membership at
once. Call and see the piano, or send for
circular. Alex. Soss, Manager,
137 Federal St., Allegheny, Pa.
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Excursions Tin the Pnnhnndlo Rome.
Excursion tickets, including admission to
the fair, will be sold from Pittsburg to
Washington at fate of 1 60 from Septem
ber 17 to20, good returning until Septem
ber 21. On September 18, 19 afad 20 a
special train will leave here at 7:10 A. M.,
central time, returning leave Washington
at 5 P. m. Panhandle trains stop at the fair
grounds. tts
1010 and 1012 l'cnn Avenue.
Grand reopening Monday evening,-September
23. All old pupils and their iriends
are cordially invited. Academy open for
inspection 'all next week. Circulars are
now ready. Apply at the academy.
Prluin Tern.
Our richest native wood. A chamber
suit in prima vera, complete in every de
tail, will be found at our Exposition display
in northwest end of main building.
P. C. Schoeneck,
711 Liberty ave.
We make a specialty of repairing, refur
nishing and upholstering furniture of all
kinds. Packing of household goods for
storage or shipment carefully done.
Haugh & Keenan,
33 and 84 Water st. '.Phone, 1626.
Jackets, all colors, new fall styles, now
ready. Hugus & Hacke.
Highest prices paid for ladies' or
gents' cast-off clothing at De Haan's Big
6, Wylie ave. Call or send by mail, wsu
Advocated by a Widely-Advertised
, Author in Her Latest Book.
Why Women Too Often leap Before They
Look Into Matrimony.
Mona Caird, the daring Englishwoman,
who precipitated the question "Is Marriage
a Failure?" upon a startled world, has now
written a book upon the same subject, which
has been recently published, and is entitled,
hThe Wing of Azrael." Although Mrs.
Caird started the discussion of marriage in
the pulpits and in the heavy magazines, she
now amplifies her views in a novel, which
clergymen and Sunday school superintend
ents should carefully examine before it
is placed upon the shelves, of Sabbath
school libraries, or is selected for
prizes for the little girls and boys
who recite tne most Bible verses or commit
to memory the most hymns and gospel
songs. "The Children 'of the Abbey,"
"The Scottish Chiefs," and "Thaddeus of
Warsaw," which have lately been dug out
of the dust of antiquity for use as such
prizes, are very, very mild as novels go in
these days but when published in a
former generation they were as vigorously
denounced, by the truly orthodox, as "Eob
ert Elsmere" or those of even the Amelie
Biyes, or Laura Jean Libber school of to
day. It availed nothing with the good old
brethren of that day that the"Children of the
Abbey" only illustrated the old proverb of
Shakespeare that "The course of true love
never did run smooth," or that in life "The
sweetest joy, the wildest woe is love," for,
notwithstanding, all the good old mothers
and put it in the hottest part of the fire with
the tongs, when they found it in possession
of their voung daughters. It availed
nothing with the fathers that "Thaddeus of
Warsaw" and "The Scottish .Chiefs" incul
cated the pure passion of patriotism and
gave to the world history in its most attrac
tive form; they were as unhesitatingly con
demned as though they were in truth the
fruit of "the evergreen tree of diabolical
knowledge,'' by which name Sir Anthony
Absolute condemned the circulating
The pulpit, even until late years, con
demned novels, and hardly 25 years ago in
religious and respectable families they were,
held in abhorrence and duly confiscated and
burned wherever found, while young peo
ple were talked to and reasoned with as to
their deadly and unholy effect, with un
tiring zeal. But mark the change.
Every Sunday school library is now
stuffed with novels, both standard and
freshly written, while the old sentimental
ones of the early part of the century once
under the ban o? the Church and burned at
the stake by the forefathers are now used
as prizes bv Sunday school teachers for
proficiency in Biblical knowledge and regu
lar attendance upon the means of grace.
But while novels in the olden time were
considered a great moral evil and a device
of the devil for the most powerful mischief,
they are now showing with all their ad
mitted influence and forces for good that
the fears then entertained were not wholly
unfounded, in one respect at least, since
some novels are nqw becoming in certain
particulars antagonistic to the Church.
In "The Wing of Azrael." Mrs. Caird
keeDS to her special Hne of attack on the
subject of marriage, though she airs her
notions very freely on other social difficul
ties. She distinctly, however, asserts in the
preface that "its object is not to convince or
to convert, but to represent." If the pic
ture she paints be true to nature, as shown
in English society, it is a most repulsive
one to contemplate. It is a blackly drawn
tragedy 'throughout, and might be pro
nounced unreal and overstrained, if the
daily papers did not teem with just such
cases of marital infelicity, often ending in
murder, though it is usually the man who
murders and then commits suicide.
Most of these are doubtless from
the same cause from the fact
that women rush blindly into marriage for
a home, for a living, or to please their
friends. They take upon themselves a sol
emn contract, and are then not prepared to
live up to its conditions. But it is not too
much to say that women who have attained
years ot discretion should be prepared for
the consequences, and griu and bear the
result ot their follr as best they can, or get
out of it gracefully as best they may. Men
have to stand by their contracts under the
law, whether for better or for worse, and
women who go into a bargain with their
eyes open can hardly have the face to claim
exemption. ,
Women, through ignorance and the cus
toms of society, are much more apt to enter
upon the solemn contract of marriage unad
visedly and loolishly than men. It opens
to them "deluded souls who dream of
heaven," as the hymn goes freedom, inde
pendence, release from the sordid condi
tions of their lives and an entrance upon the
promised land of love, with all its fond en
dearments and sweet possessions. But, alas,
unless, not only love, but congenial compan
ionship exist, the many are disappointed.
The beautiful dreams of even the fondest
love vanish oftentimes before the stern real
ities of life. House rent and taxes and gro
cer bills have no poetry in them and have a
tendency to send love flying' out of the win
dow. But still, alter all and amid all,
The heart that has truly loved never forgets.
But as truly loves onto the close
As the sunflower turn on her god when he sets.
The same look which she turned when he
Mona Caird's idea of reform in marriage
seems to be a social revolution an out-and-
out change in the conventional accepted
terms of the matrimonial contract an en
tire revival of the marriage laws of En
glandand truly they need it. The very
use of the word '"obey" in the church ser
vice is resented by'intelligent women, as
suggestive of the condition of master and
slave. But most women, in this country at
least, regard such promise as merely a form
of words, tbat like many obsolete laws,
society has outgrown, while men, on the
average, are better than the laws. It is
only when a man gets very low down that
he calls on the law to regulate his matri
monial affairs and enforce his power over
his wife.
The remedy for the evil of the marriage
laws seems to lie in a recognition ot the in
dependence of women, and their equal re
sponsibility. When a man tries to main
tain the position of himself as master, and
his wife as subject, it is the same barbarous
appeal of the savage to force and coercion
that distinguished an uncivilized age. No
married couple stand more prominently be
fore the world than grand old Gladstone and
Mrs. Gladstone, and his testimony as to
their 50 years of golden love and happiness
is that when she holds a conviction, and
stands firm, he gives way, and when he
holds a conviction, and stands firm,she gives
way; and this mutual concession is their
rule, and happier would it be for many if
they followed their example.
Those studying the subject of divorce and
devising ways ot lessening the evils connect
ed with it, must first discover the cause, and
they will findthe greatest factor of all in
matrimonial infelicities to be the doctrine
of the supremacy of sex so long and relig
iously held, but now giving way bei'ore the
intelligence ot the age. As Herbert Spencer
somewhere says: "Love and coercion can
not flourish together. The one grows oat of
our best feelings; the other has its root in
ourworst," Bessie Bbamble.
Special bargains in diamonds, watches,
jewelry, silverware, clocks, bronzes, etc., at
M. G. Cohen's, 533 Smithfield at.
Mfht Cat Too Mack. f 'wSk
Friend Halloa, Billy. Haven't sees yoa.
since you got that city appointment. ,
Mr. Switzei' No.
Friend Ain't you going fo shake hands 7
Mr. Switzer Depends on what it's goinir
to cost. Each hand I've shaken for a month
has been an expense to me all theway from
one beer to $100. Judge. , -
Ja laver of ' I
Dr. Byers' Method
of Treatment by
Pneumatic Cabi-
of McKeesport,
Gives His Experience. . '
Mr.Staynorsays: "t always enjoyed good
health up to a little over a year ago, when I
took a heavy cold which settled on my chest,
causing an aggravating cough, and so impaired
mygeneal health that I lost strength and flesh
rapidly. Last March I tqok another cold on
top of this which aggravated all my former
symptoms, and In addition my nose became
ff b
liHf I .M
stopped up so I could scarcely breathe through &
either nostril. I lost my appetite ana became
so weak and languid I could hardly get about, t-
X coughed incessantly, raising a frotny mucus, -and
at times had spells of suffocative breath
ing. I tried numerous doctors and medicines
recommended by my friends without avail.
"in this condition I became quite despondent,
particularly as my mother and several ot my
maternal aunts had died of consumption. About
this time I met a friend, whom I knew la tho
old country, and be advised mo to go -to sea
Drs. Logan and Byers, who bad cured him ot
pretty much the same symptoms several years
ago, and he is now in perfect health, weighing
more than he has for years. Well, about the
first week in June I called at the offlce, 270. 4ZL
Fenn avenue, and was courteously received by
Dr. Byers. He gave me a searching examina
tion, and said he thought he could have me all
right in a few months. His manner impressed
me favorably, and as his charges were quite
reasonable, I put myself under treatment at
once. I seemed to improve from the first treat
ment, and have only had two slight attacks of
difficult breathing and coughing since. I eat
well, sleep well, can breathe through my nos
trils as well as ever, am gaining steadily In flesh
and strength, and can work all day and walk
home at nicht without feeling the least
fatigued. I feel very grateful to .Dr. Byers for
bis careful treatment and the interest he took
in my case."
Dr. Byers says: "This is only one of numer
ous cases we have had during the past few
years, and shows the advantages of continuous
treatment. Mr. Staynor visited the office for
cabinet treatment at first twice a week, after
ward but once a week, and took his medicine
regularly, and the result is as statid above.
These results are always had when the patient
takes enoueh interest In himself to follow up-,,
the treatments regularly.
Hope for Consumptives.
During the past few months Dr. Byers has
had more cases of lung trouble under treatment
than during any period for several years, and
his success nas been remarkable, not a single
case but is showing improvement. He attrib
utes this marked success in part to his being
alone, and therefore able to map out a regular
line of treatment in each case and follow it up
without interference, as he sees, treats and pre
scribes for every patient himself. One patient,
who could not lie on his left side, his sleep was
disturbed by paroxysms of coughing,
could not walk two squares without resting,
now sleeps through the entire night without
coughing, can lie on the left side as comforta
bly as on the right, and can walk all over the
city without fatigue. Another patient who had
paroxysms of coughing till ce vomited, could
not retain anything on bis stomach, for three
days previous to coming under treatment had
vomited every meal, had relief after first treat
ment and has not vomited since. Two weeks
after nrst treatment he says "have not vomited
since first treatment, have no soreness of stom
ach, only an occasional cough, feel as if I could
cat a horse." Another pattent bad chronic
cough for three months, had tried two physi
cians, taken numerous patent cough medicines fl
till nis stomacn was nauseated. Alter second
treatment in cabinet cough left him and has
never returned. Other cases more'remartable
than the above could be cited, nut tbev are un
willing to appear In the papers, even though It
may point some person similarly afflicted the
road to a speedy aDd permanent cure. Permis
sion is had to refer to them, however, and any
one wishing to further investigate this method'
of treatment can call at office.
WM. C. BYERS, M. D.,
Office and iNHALABrcx:
. No. 421 Penn Ave.
isa Chinese physician; owIdc to Amerlcanlawa .
ho cannot practice medicine, so he has pre
pared a line of Chinese vegetable and herb
remedies, new to America, but old in China,
which effect cures tbat are considered miracu
lous. He charges nothing for examination, con
sultation or advice. A friendly talk with Gun
Wa costs nothing, and be charges but a small
sum for his remedies: they are pleasant to take,
quick to act. harmless in effect and certain to
cure. All blood, nervous or chronic diseases
yield quickly. Young, middle-aged or old men
suffering from follies or excesses, qnlckly re
stored to perfect physical and sexual health.
Gun Wa nas hundreds of testimonials from
those who hare been cured by bis remedies, of
various diseases. If you cannot call, write him.
All interviews or correspondence strictly confi
dential. Send for large history of his life or his '
circular on Cancer.Tumors, Tape Worm, Rheu
matism, Catarrh, Female Weakness, Piles, -Blood
Diseases nr his book (for men only) on
nervous and private diseases. No letters an .
swered unless Inclosing its stamps. Call on or
40 Penn Avenue, Pittsburg. . ,
Office hours 9 a. JC to 12 if.; 1 to 5 and7to"t'
- ,