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"V ' ' THE- PITTSBUBGISPAT
QUAINT AND CURIOUS.
A Lady's Visit to Little Heligoland, a
Bright Gem of the Sorth Sea.
SO PLACE EXACTLY LIKE IT.
A Pretty Island TYitk 2,000 Inhabitants,
Under England's Hale.
HEALTH JIKD HAPPINESS FOE ALL
ICORKrsrONTJEXCE OF THE DISPJLTCH.I
gust 21. Here we are
at last, at Heligoland,
and a very quaint,
curious old place it is,
different from any
thing 1 have ever seen
before. "We left Bre
men, Saturday, in a
small boat, only
about halt as large as
2few York ferryboats,
and for about two
hours had a Tery
smooth passage, until
we got into the open
sea, when it began to be very rough, as
there was a head wind and very heavy
swells. There were only two women beside
myself, and some ten men. The boat was
very fast, and we were flying along, and I
was thinking wnat a glorious trip we were
going to have, when she "took a header,"
as it were, and went down, down, until I
thought we were going to the bottom, sure.
But she no sooner got up when she was
struck by a swell and thrown to one side,
and then struck by another and thrown to
the other side, and I was sure my hour had
KEABLT CEAZED WITH FRIGHT.
One of the women went downstairs, and
the other, who was alone with a little boy,
threw herself on her knees and hung on to
my husband. I was sitting on a trunk as
far back as we could get, and my husband
held my one hand and the woman's with his
other, when the steward came and took her
downstairs. Ve only had a canvass over
us and around the sides, and the waves
would wash ovei and the water run down
the deck several inches deep. Finally my
husband sent for the captain for me, as
I was nearly crazy with fright. He came
and was very pleasant, and told me there
was no danger, bnt the boat being so small
it could not go through the waves as a large
one would. He wanted me to go down
stairs. I told him if I was going to be
drowned I wanted to see it. He laughed
and then went back to the bridge.
"Well, for three hours that boat went as if
possessed of seven evil spirits. The trunks
would slide over across the deck, and with
the next swell come back again. My hus
band heid me with one arm around me and
my hand, and sometimes we would be
thrown clear off the trunks. Indeed, I am
lame vet from the strain, and I never ex
pected to see Heligoland. However, at 5
o'clock we got here, and I
MANAGED TO GET IKTO BED,
where I stayed for that night. I never
want such an experience again. Fortu
nately I had my ulster along, and a car
riage blanket. My feet were soaking, but
my dress escaped very well. I have learned
since there is no better boat on the North
Sea, and she can come here when others
can't. Bnt lor persons not used to it, it is
not pleasant Last week the had 200 passen
gers, and had a worse passage than we had.
"Well, enough of this. Heligoland is the
quaintest, most curious place 1 ever was in.
"We are staying on the "oberland," and
have a wry large room and breakfast of
coffee, eggs, etc., for 54 50 a week for both I
Think ot ltl It is not on the front, however,
but all we could get. The ascent from be
low is made by anelevator or 200 steps, and
there is only one hotel here where all meals
are served, as every house lets rooms with
breakfast, and we dine at some of the many
restaurants, either here or below. The houses,
Natives of the Itland.
with the exception of those in front, are all
only one or one and a half stories high, and
thestreets, no wider than our sidewalks, all
paved with brick. It is just
1IKE A TOT TILLAGE,
and one almost feels that he could pick np
the houses and set them down again.
The town is along the cliff, and the rest of
the top is a common which the people have
almost entirely planted with potatoes. Their
sheep some 200 on the island also pasture
here. There is a fence all around the cliff,
and every evening at sunset all the people
walk around the island. It takes about an
hour, and the view is beyond description, as
you can see twenty miles on all sides out to
sea. "We strolled on the cliff the other
evening. As the sun disappered in the
water on the one side the moon arose ont of
the sea on the other. The sight was grand
Heligoland belongs to England, and there
is a Governor and bis family here, but few
English besides, as the natives are Germans.
and the visitors, some 1,200 in a season, the
same. Sunday we went to church at 5
o'clock in the afternoon, the first English
services this year. There were only about
25 there. The Governor sat in a 'box en
cased with glass, at one side of the pulpit,and
spent his time staring around. He is a very
fine looking man.
such a nnrar thing
happened when the minister announced the
collection. The Governor leaned out of the
little window and called his private secre
tary over. "When he came he spoke to him
and he dived into bis pocket and handed
out some money, which "his lordship" took.
The becretary ben got the plate, and ot
course had to pass it to him first. As he
did so the absurdity was too much for En
glish gravity, and both smiled. By this
time the others had "caught on," and the
whole congregation was in a titter.
The church is very old. The women sit
on the one side and the men on the other.
and each have their name printed on the
pew in front of them, in every color im
aginable. Some have door plates, some
little frames hung np, and as every oue has
their own cushion, covered in different
color, the effect is somewhat like Joseph's
coat There are only about 30 people die
iere annually, out of 2,000 natives, and not
w-Smv cS Jr
1 1 2 I
more than two children out of that The
people are very nice looking, and exceed
ingly polite. There is
XOT A HORSE
on the island, and many of the people have
never seen one; and there are only five cows,
the Governor owning two of those. The
people use goat's and sheep's milk. My
husband has met here an old gentleman
he met on tbe Elbe two years ago, a Captain
Balf, from Detroit He owns one of the
lines of steamboats there. His son-in-law,
Mr. Burt, is with him. and they have been
very kind to us. Tbe Captain was born
here, and came here a few years ago nearly
dead with catarrh, and is now entirely
cured. He owns a "villa" here, and is
spoken of as the "rich American." He is a
very fine old man. Last evening Mr. Burt
took us to the theater, and it was very good,
as the actors were from Hamburg. To-night
there is a ball, where the natives all dance
once a week in costume.
Sunday evening we went to the.Curhouse,
to the ball, and the music was so grand I
could hardly sit still. The Germans dance
just the same. There are a great variety of
people here, some very nice, a great many
very fast looking. I have seen some very
pretty girls, and a few pretty dresses. Their
clothes are quite as modern as ours. The
people go across every morning to an island
a mile away, in boats, to bathe. I have not
gone over "yet The stores here are filled
with the usual gim-cracks nothing to
tempt one. However, we will remain nere
about ten days, then go to Hamburg and
Berlin. " M.
A BUST-DAY FOR THE WASP.
A Surprising Amount of Work Performed
Bt an Industrious Insect.
w York Stir. J
There is a circular flowerbed in City Hall
Park situated directly beneath a big button
wood tree on the Broadway side. Yesterday
the attention of passersby was attracted by
the actions of a big black "sand" or "dirt"
wasp. The wasp was digging a hole in the
ground beneath a broad leaf. The hole was
evidently intended for a nest After having
selected the site for his future abode and egg
repository the wasp commenced operations
by removing small quantities of earth with
his jaws. This earth the wasp carried away
and hid in the grass about four feet away.
The wasp worked very rapidly, and in a
surprisingly short time had burrowed out
quite a hole. During these boring opera
tions the insect, in order to give the hole
perfect shape, kept his body continually
moving round and round, and continuously
ducking his head in and out. In the
meantime, he kept his wings moving with
a jerky, angry motion. The hole thus
made was about three-eighths of an inch in
diameter. After working in this industri
ous manner for nearly half an hour, the
wasp had burrowed out quite a deep hole.
His work seemed lighter when he got some
distance below the surface, for he fairly
forced the loose dirt up out of the hole in a
In a short time the wasp left the hole and
took away the little pile of loose sand from
the mouth of tbe hole. In one of his jour
neys he ran across a small shaving. He
turned it over and over repeatedly, and after
satisfying himself, apparently, that it
would suit his purpose, he seized it in his
jaws and carried it to the mouth of the bole.
He carefully placed tbe little shaving over
the hole. Then he piled a little mound of
sand upon tbe chip.
Later in the day the same wasp seized a
worm and dragged it to the den he had
built in the morning. "When the hole was
reached the wasp relinquished his prey
for a moment, removed the shaving lrom
the mouth of his den and then sprang into
the hole. In a few moments he came back
and again seized the squirming worm.which
was slowly crawling away. Walking back
ward, the'wasp dragged the worm into the
hole. He soon reappeared andimmediately
began shoveling sand and little pebbles
down upon his capture. He then replaced
the door again, covered it with sand, took to
his wings and flew away.
AN EXTRAORDINARY CATCH.
A Chicago Fisherman of Trnthtul Antece.
dents Lands a Wliolo Menncerle.
Chicago Herald. 1
Thomas D. Snydar, in the Illinois Bank
Building, is a fisher of men, enticing them
to bite at his real estate office. He hasn't
had a rod in his hands since he played
truant at school. Still he has a friend who,
he says, was fishing in an Illinois river a
short time ago when he caught a 16-pound
pickerel. "That is not so extraordinary,"
continued the good natured real estate man.
"Just as large fish have been caught before,
and will be again. But I am assured by
him that when he opened that fish he fonnd
it had swallowed a mnskallonge weighing
nine rounds. Opening the mnskallonge he
found in its stomach a four-pound black
bass inside of whose stomach was a 1
pound yellow bass, which in tnrn had
swallowed a half-pound sun fish, and inside
the latter was a beautiful rnby-throat hum
ming bird, not yet dead. Indeed he has it
at home in a beautiful little cage, where it
hums happily all the day long.
All the fish were as sound as though life
had not been extinct, and from the fact that
that hummingbird was yetaliveand itbemg
the first of the crowd that was swallowed, it
would seem that all this extraordinary
swallowing, winding up with the capture of
the pickerel, must have been within the
space of seven minutes." While Mr. S.
declined to verify the statement in all its
particulars, he said his informant is the son
of a preacber and born in Breathitt county,
Kentucky, either of which distinctions
ought to be sufficient proof of his veracity
and his character for truth.
A METROPOLITAN HOUSE.
He Lives on Brondtrny and Conducts a Tery
Ifew York Herald.l
He resides on Broadway, between Nine
teenth and Twentieth streets, and does a
thriving business in the show window of a
large upholstery house. Every day when
the lavender tinted blind is dropped this
little mouse comes ont and runs along the
lower edge between the glass and the cur
tain, digging np flies with its tiny claws
and then sitting on his hind feet munches
them as a squirrel would munch a hickory
nnt Meanwhile he blinks ont at the pas
sers by in utmost indifference.
People often step np to the window and
take a near view of the busy chap, but he
doesn't mind it in the least, seeming to
know that no one would break the largest
pane of plate glass on Broadway for a mere
mouse. Almost any day alter six and
every Sunday this little fellow may be seen
having a jolly good feast of dainty flies that
have dined on the tapestry painted fruit of
tlie richly upbolstered Jurmture.
For months he has enjoyed himself right
in sight of all Broadway, yet his ace can
only be guessed at, for such a lite of secu
rity and plenty would keep wrinkles off
The Fate of n Carper.
Jungle Fowl I wish that an inrcrutable
Providence had made worms larger. They're
narajy worm picting up, jtuck.
BOON FOE WOMEN
Would a Dishwashing Machine he, if
it Could be Made to Work.
SOLUTION OP THE HELP PB0BLEM.
How Housekeepers Might Succeed in Secur
ing Good Servants, and
KEEPING THEM WHEN THEI'RE FOUND
JWRimS FOB THE DISPATCH.!
Nothing will add more comfort to the
housekeeper's hard lot than the newly in
vented dishwashing machine, if it should
prove to be a success. Mrs. Helen M.
Gougar, the noted temperance speaker,
states that she saw it in operation at a large
hotel in Decatur, and testifies that il
washed and dried the dishes used for 100
guests, and that all this was done in 20
minutes, without wetting the hands. The
dishes come out perfectly cleaned and
polished better than can be done by the
deftest workers and nicest tea towels. These
machines are to be adapted to the uses of
either large families or small ones, as the
sisters will be rejoiced to hear.
It is hard to see how such a machine can
be made to work, but in these days it would
seem as if miracles were becoming the com
mon order of things. The sewing machine
was a marvel in its day, and would have
proved the greatest blessing to overworked
women it they could have been satisfied
with the plain sewing as of yore; but no,
they went to ruffling, and tucking, and
braiding, and embroidering, and shirring in
a way that leaves but little more leisure
than when only hand sewing was in vogue.
If it were not for all this supreme passion
for trimming, every woman might findmuch
more enjoyment in life and have time to
read the newspapers, and thus make herself
a more intelligent being.
NOT A DIFFICULT WAT.
It is told of Lucretia Mott the famous
Quaker and leader among women that
when wonder was expressed as to how she
found time for reading and writing and
preaching with her large family and great
extension of hospitality, she replied that it
was easy enough she simply made her
children's clothes without trimmings. This
is a practical hint to some of the poor
mothers who wear themselves out over the
sewing machine in order to have frills.
But this dishwashing machine, if it prove
practically a success, will be a blessed boon
in honsekeeping, where dishes to wash three
times a day is one of the most tiresome and
detestable of duties. The grandmothers,
with their few cooking utensils and scarcity
of Wedgewood, orltoyal Worcester, or even
plain white ware, had an easier time than
their descendants of to-day, who use more
dishes to serve a meal for two people than
can be washed and dried properly in an nour.
Every year more dishes are added to what
was lormerly deemed necessary. In old
times people went to the table and ate their
dinners with only a plate, a cup and sancer
and a knife and fork and perhaps a dessert
plate. Now there are enough glasses, in
dividual butters, oatmeal bowls, bone
dishes, dessert saucers, relays of course dishes
and different sets of knives and forks and
spoons and dessert plates and after dinner
coffees to keep up the dishwashing racket
tor two or three mortal hours. Men often
say in the disparagement of the women of
to-day that they have nothing like the grit
and "get-up" in them that their grand
mothers had, but if the good old girls of
that elder day could have seen the piles of
dishes displayed now to be washed after
each meal, they would have shrunk back
ONE OF TIME'S CHANGES.
If we remember correctly, the first china
ware was brought to England in Queen
Elizabeth's day, and her few pieces brought
from China were treasured like Mrs. Mor
gan's peach-blow vase, or Millet's
"Angelas," or Mrs. JIackay's "Sapphire."
A hundred years ago the first families of
Pittsburg had only a few pewter plates and
dishes, with perhaps a ttw wooden bowls
and battered pewter spoons helped out by
those made of horn. In those primitire
days of Arcadiau simplicity, it is plain that
the grandmothers knew nothing of the
drudgery of washing dishes, as carried on
to-day. Moreover, they were absolutely
ignorant of the modern style of having seven
sets of glasses for the serving of wine as
even ordinary families have to-day. They
took their liquid refreshment of whisky out
of a bottle called "Black Betty," and had
no bother with either glasses or 'decanters or
"What would do most to simplify house
keeping would be for some inventive
genius like Edison to get np a concentrated
food thatconld be taken without any dishes
at all. To do away with the cooking of
three meals a day over a hot stove, and like
wise the marketing and preparation for
them, would be much more of a labor
saving invention than even a dish-washing
machine that will do up the dishes of a
family in two minutes. Men in the armies
of the world can be kept in splendid condi
tion with the sausages invented by a Ger
man chemist; with hardtack and water or
coffee in a canteen. So why should not some
genius succeed in concentrating food that
will answer every purpose of nourishment
with the least possible labor and trouble?
A horse gets all he needs for health and
strength out of a peck of oats and a bundle
of hay; so why should we not hope that
some enthusiastic chemist may some day
discover what will
BEST SUSTAIN MANKIND
without the martyrdom of the kitch?n
range, or the disagreeableness of dishwash
ing, which ot late years has grown to such
enormous and extravagant proportions, that
the average housekeeper is bothered and bur
dened beyond words to tell.
However, let us be thankful that a woman
has used her brains for the purpose of get
ting rid of this onerous business. Life will
be sweeter for every housekeeper for such
weakening of the tyranny of the
"domestics," who now think nothing of
chipping and nicking the finest china, who
seem to find delight in breaking the handles
from the cups, and fracturing the most
treasured and precions of glasses and dishes.
The trouble about this luxuriousness of
living, as to all this nicety and elegance of
table service, is that the housekeeper ot
average means who can only keep one girl,
perhaps, struggles to have her table and
napery, and china and silver, as elegant,
and the food served with as mnch style as
one who has a cook in the kitchen, a butler
in the nanlrv. and a waiter in the dining-
room, and thus makes her own life a regu
lar grind, especially when the help goes on
a rampage and puts on her duds and
"lights out." No one but she who has
been there knows how the waves of trouble
roll in that kitchen where piles of dishes are
to be washed in the loveliest part of the
evening, when all of the neighbors are
out taking in its delights and
where in the midst of the
harrowing job, a caller drops in to snend
the evening, thus leaving the dishes to do
at bedtime, or worse, in the hnrry of the
morning. To all such housekeepers Mrs.
Cochran's invention will be a refuge in dis
tressa cause of rejoicing, and a taste of
freedom from downright drudgery.
A solution rsr SIGHT.
It may be that by this and other means
the domestic problem which has grown
more trying and less easy of solution of late
than ever may be reached. The American
girl has made np her mind solemnly and
determinedly that she will notwork in any
body's kitchen nntil she is compelled to do
it for board and clothes, with a husband
Job, with all his sore afflictions, escaped
the worries and exasperations of the fiends
of the kitchen, whom so many mistresses
spend their lives in trying to mold into use
fulness and into doing good service for
ample wages. It is a missionary work, that
.iiEe tne missions among tbe neatnen in for-
eign lands, costs far more than it comes to
in almost every case.
"Why don't you treat your girls in the
kitchen as I do my men in the ditches?"
asked a contractor of his wife. "You don't
suppose I would spend my time getting
down there with a shovel to teach an in
competent man how to work? Not muchl I
simply fire him out, and get another that
knows how and can do better."
The answer is easy. The supply of do
mestic workers 1b not equal to the demand.
Moreover, a man can be very independent
who has not-the care and claims of small
children to consider. In many cases the
dilemma is presented to the housewife that
either the house or the children must be
neglected, and sad to say it is oftentimes
the latter who have to suffer.
This domestic problem is bad enough, and
pressing enough here at home, where natural
gas has relieved "the girl" of tho hardest
labor, but the women of the West' say it is
simply awful out there, and something has
to be done about it Farmers' wives suffer
especially for lack of help. In the cities
bread and cooked supplies may be procured
when emergencies occur; laundries furnish
a way to dispose of the washing and ironing
when a strike takes place in the household;
but on the farms and in the villages
NO SUCH EASEMENTS
are tobeprocured.even if the money were in
hand. The way out of it, say some, is to
simplify housekeeping; cut off all ot the
superfluous, and do only what is necessary.
It is tolly tor women to overwork them
selves and leave their children to the care of
step-mothers and hirelings.
But the trouble about many women is
that they have been trained to the idea that
self-sacrifice is a sort of duty that patient
endurance of wrong is a virtue that merits
heaven that work to and worry, and wear
out before their prime is something that will
add an extra brilliance to their crowns
hereafter. But as some distinguished man
used to say, tbey should "disbandon the
idea." They should make up their minds
to their constitutional right o'f life, liberty
and the pursuit of happiness, and act ac
cordingly. Another idea advanced by a brilliant
woman is that men should be trained to do
mestic work since the supply of men is
greater than the demand lor their labor.
This seems leasible. Black men in the
South do housework, and do it well. Por
ters on cars do chamber work, and do it
well. Men make the best cooks, as has been
made very plain. In all history no woman
has achieved fame as a cook, though the
names of many men have become immortal
in the art of gastronomy. The Chinese are
famous as making good servants, so why
shonld not other men? The subject is open
to other suggestions on this point
A COUNCIL OP WAS.
Another idea is to hold a national con
clave of housekeepers, to consider the sub
ject of domestic help, and have the best
thought upon the subject presented. On
the ground that in a mnltitudeof counsel
ors there is safety, men meet and sit upon
their subjects and debate theirdifficulties
and sometimes come to' a conclusion, so why
should not women? Women meet in na
tional congress to devise ways and means
for the promotion of temperance; to wake
up sympathy and enthusiasm for the far
away heathen; to co-operate and advance
the interests of the G. A. B. and other so
cieties, so why shonld they not consult on
this intimate domestic problem which most
nearly concerns their own comfort and the
well-being of their families?
Mrs. Harrison's experience with servants,
especially her French cook, shows that the
trouble extends from the highest in position
to the lowest, and that something urgently
needs to be done. He who would be free
himself must strike. The blow applies
with as great force to women as to men. If
anything is to be achieved in this matter
women themselves must act. By their own
brains, judgment, common sense, combina
tion and co-operation can this great problem
be fairly faced and solved.
Mrs. Cochran if her dishwashing ma
chine creates the revolution in domestic
affairs presaged for it will have written
her name high in the list of benefactors who
have blessed the world by their inventions.
SIGNS OP A HARD WINTER.
A Iturnl Weather Prophet's Predictions and
What Tbey Are Based On.
New York Star.i
"We are going to have an early fall and
a long, cold, hard winter," remarked Sam
uel Lovelace, an old Jersey farmer, to
several friends at the New Washington
"How do yoa figure that ont?" asked
one of the marketmen.
"In the first place," the Jerseyman re
plied, "just try the skin of any of your
fruit. You will find your apples and
peaches and grapes, and all your fruit, for
that matter, which is home-grown, with a
thicker and tongher skin than you have
seen for several years. That is one of the
indications. That is the way nature takes
care of her products. Last winter apples
and other fruits were so thin-skinned and
tender that it was hard to gather them
without bruising them, if you will, remem
ber, and we had an extraordinary mild
Corn is another of nature's signboards.
The ears this year are protected by thicker
and stronger husks than I have seen before
for years, and talking with farmers up in
Pennsylvania I find it is the same way.
Wheat and rye straw are tougher, hay is
wirier and seed pods are better protected
than usual. These are old farmers' signs,
and they are good ones, becanse they don't
come from any moon-planting superstition,
but from actual observation year after year
by a class of men whose interests lie in
keeping close watch of all of nature's
A EELIABLE BAROMETER.
Insects' Webs on tho Grass a Certnln Sign
of Fair Weather.
St. Louis Republic
Speaking of the dry weather, a close ob
server of nature remarked to the man abont
town: "I have a dry weather sign which
for years I have never known to fail and it
at the same time illustrates tbe great wis
dom of small creatures, and that is this:
Whenever you see the grass of the lawn or
field covered with numerous small webs, as
you have doubtless often seen, you may de
pend upon it that the weather will be dry
for some time.
"The tiny creatures seem to know with
unerring wisdom when to spread their tents
and they require no time to make calcula
tions, for I have frequently noticed them
immediately on the cessation of a rain."
Mr. Crossrhoades Mirandyl some thief
got in back o' the counter t'dar V stole
them 10-cent cigars I Jest got in; took the
Mrs. Crossrhoades Good landl why that's
Mr. -Crossrhoades It ain't 'a bad 'a that.
' " " r.
THE' ART OF MESS. jsozs-JslsB MmTiam WMfWnffmm
wear that it is of all others the dress for -&$.?? -S?SP WuiuittWCTWWMR' Tlrar lh3HS
Shirley Dare Says It Consists in Con
forming to the Seasons.
PAIR WOMAN IN BECOMING E0BES
As Pretty a Sight as the Eye of Man E'er
Wishes to Behold.
A CLETER GIRL CRITICAL OP WEIGHT
rwwTTEs ron the distatch.!
8 far as snpreme
satisfaction goes in
this world, experi
ence proves it may
be found on a sea
girt island, half an
hour from the rest
of the world, where
a picturesque well
kept hotel has miles
of ramble to itself.
I shall not tell the
name of the island,
faced in the cliff,
walled from the
East with evergreen,
and fragrant with
breath of surf and
balsam pine. Such wine needs no bush.
The house is kept to English taste, and be
ing on its own domain makes its own rules.
You can wear a yachting suit or a Tuxedo
dress for a fortnight if you like, without of
fending. The Commodore's daughter has
worn her plain navy bine boating suit, it
Cowes gown to begin for the last ten days,
and so has the young Southern heiress, of
the Amelie Eives type, but quieter, and the
leading actress, horn granddaughter of an
Episcopal dignitary, and akin to half a
dozen of the best name: ia the really best
American society, spending the summer
with her exclusive and patrician family who
never allow the theater mentioned in their
THEY SO THE DRESSING.
The second rate people, and the middle
aged ladies do the dressing for the commu
nity. The beauties and the bel esprits leave
their trunks full of gowns unpacked, and
one begins to believe a yachting dress of
dead bine, or white relief of dark red or
white lines at wrist and collar the most be
coming dress in the world, which it is to a
good figure and complexion.
After seeing a fair woman in the dress
which most suits her, you no more wish to
see her in any other than to see an oriole in
pink or a robin in parrot green. When
women learn the art of dress, they will need
muct less in the way of outfitting than
they Ho now a change with the season, that
is all It is your cheap, prononcee illchosen
gown, less fit than fashionable, which one
tires uf soon, and if women did bnt know
it, there is but one style becoming to each
one If them, which brings out her good
point! and suppresses poor ones, which we
shou i be glad to see her in continually.
Mar Stuart had
FIFTY GEAND DRESSES,
stiff fith gold and minever, and shot with
rubies and pearls as a modern gown is with
jet, bat who ever wishes to think of her in
any costume but that of her picture, the
blacl velvet gown, fitting easily the supple
figurt, the transparent cuffs and ruff of
point lace, the net of pearls and the white
veil She, being a beautiful, graceful wo
manicould do with a wardrobe of few
dresses, compared with the roval frump,
Elizibeth Begina, who had 3,000 toilets,
some of which, we are told, exht to this
day. I But she needed something gorgeous to
takebeople's eyes from her black teeth. As
she tfld one ot her counselors, "Good looks,
as mlch as are conveyed by good condition,
are In economy, as one can dress on so
much less into them."
Hat oh, my countrywomen, what horrors
Lai i you not inflicted on tbe traveling pub
lic n the premeditated affronts in dress you
weir in vacation. She can see the benevo
lent use of earthquakes, tornadoes and epi
demics, in decimating the shoals of ngly
women one meets traveling. It is not
WANT OF GOOD LOOKS
merely, which disconcerts one, it is the ill
health and ill disposition met in the harsh
or peevish faces. And why does the stout,
barrel-shaped, middle-aged girl always en
dure herself in a shrunken flannel sailor
waist, aud skirt at her shoe tops, and the
thin, worn-out woman, who looks more ver
tabrec, try to fit a glove waist to her depres
sions,and the fat girl gets herself up conspic
uous in particolored blue and white, till
she is like a vessel on review day, and the
blonde, whose hair is not qnite white, load
her dress with gold oriental trimming, or
pale colors which give her the effect of a
white moth by daylight. Why do women
fuss over their complexions and paste, putty
and powder their faces, all indifferent to
their conditions as to stoutness or the re
veise, which usually include the question
of complexion? A clever woman will be
as critical of ten pounds too much in her
contour as of pimples on her nose. It is a
SnE EATS TOO MUCH,
or takes too little exercise, and when people
are refined to a proper standard they will
be as ashamed ot being lazy or inactive as
they 3re of being low bred in other ways.
Women weighing 20 pounds more than they
have a right to, implore some charm to do
awav with superfluous hair for evermore,
unmindful that the extra 20 pounds comes
long before the downy face which springs
from the fat under the skin just as it does
from glycerine or agnine upon it
How lew people in this world know how
to rest! There is little provision made to
rcliere the strain of life in travel or hotels.
I see the tired women leave heated towns
for an outing by excursion boats or trains,
where tbe crowd and vile air reduce what
little strength they start with. Arrived,
their only resource is a seat on the backless
benches ot a summer garden, or the chairs
of a hotel piazza, where they sit or parade,
till it is time to return. If these women
and children could follow the example of
boys, and fling themselves at length on the
sward, the rest would be ten times as re
freshing. Better still, if the Shaker chairs
on the piazzas were each provided with the
new legrests, which allow one decorously
to assume a reclining posture.
The one idea of popular summer resorts
should be to give tired people the best
chance for change and rest, to recruit
for the rest of their years poisoning in
the city. Easy chairs, foot rests, ham
mocks, " simple dres, wholesome fare,
and general license to be comfortable
should be the rule of such resorts. A little
rest, a little relief counts for somnch in this
modern life which keeps one on the strain.
And then it is easy to take some of these
good things home with one. The flannel
shirt and the tennis sash will appear in the
parks and on piazzas in town, and the boat
ing dress, or the Tuxedo, is too comfortable
not to be affectionately worn whenever ex
cuse can be made for it
COSIFOETS OF THE SEASON.
The steamer chair, the Japanese lounge
or tbe splint chair and footrest will be ap
plied to when tatigne besets one, and the
light, clean, healthy fashions of the seaside
be grafted on the prim way of the town.
The sailor blouse and Tuxedo dress first
taught women that they could really dis
pense with a tight corset and yet be pic
turesque. If tbe "Venus of the water chose a gown of
modern fashion, it wbuld, I think, be a
draped Tuxedo, which one can transform
into two or thre6 different styles at pleasure.
For instance, it is easy to tnsten the skirt
over the sailor blouse and have a trim,
belted waist Or a surah front maybe
gathered oyer it, and the empire sash girdle
the fullness. The skirt raised a little on
nna side over the strlced shirt is really
rjn.pt. although the barred tianel on the
O" ' a j -afetT
the aress for
outings, for prairie walks and mountain
scrambles, gardening and hard usage gener
ally. It is tbe sanitary dress, above all
others, made of elastic, all-wool jersey stuff,
delightful for cool autumn wear.
AT A DIFFEEENT' EESOBT.
Before reaching this favored island it was"
my luck to spend a few days at a hosteliy
of another sort close to a huge summer gar
den, the daily resort of shoals of excursion
ists. I stayed becanse not strong enough to
get farther, but the study of the average
American society fascinated by its hideous
ness, as long as one could not get away from
it. Such unrelieved vulgarity, en masse, I
never saw before. Money seemed plenty,
the people were well-to-do small manufact
urers and business men with their families
or the inevitable "young fellow" and
his "girl," who might be- wife
or sweetheart The women dressed
well enough, with abundance of cheap
bracelets and Bhinestone eardrops, a good
deal of jet and moire, and common em
broidery. There had been money enough
spent on them, evidently, and I have seen
women far worse inexpensively dressed who
looked pretty as pinks, but these women
could not hit their own style at all. Their
gowns had the look of ready-made things, of
being manufactured from unsalable rem
nants, and raffled for. The dresses were
trying, but endurable, compared to the man
ners which went with them.
A GIAHT AMONG FLOWERS.
Description of a Floral Wonder That Bloomi
In n London Garden
Frank Leslie's "Weekly.i
A floral wonder recently unfolded itself
in the water lily lank at Kew Gardens,
London, opposite the famous Victoria Begia.
It was a gigantic aroid, which was discov
ered in 1878 by Dr. O. Beccari, the Italian
botanist, in Sumatra. Th tuber of one of
these enormous flowers which Beccari took
up was nearly 5 feet in circumference, and
while two men were carrying it they fell
and the tuber was broken. He tried to pro
cure others, and meanwhile, in 1878, for
warded some seeds, which were planted.
They were shaped like an olive, bright red,
and ljf inches long. A seedling a year and
a hall old was presented to Kew Gardens.
Year by year it demandeda larger and larger
pot What was thought to be the trunk
finally proved to be a 10-foot leaf-stalk, and
the three branches as thick as a man's
thigh were veins or ribs ot a leaf 4 yards
long. Last March the bulb was repotted,
and measured 4 teet 8 inches in circumfer
ence, 1 foot 6 inches in diameter, 10 inches
in depth and weighed 67 pounds. Early in
May the flower bud began to Trash, rmwincr
an inch a day the first week, two inches the
second week, then three inches, until in the
second week of June it swelled almost visi
bly. Finally the head of the object began to
uncurl, showing a deep maroon lining with
a great toothed rim. The stature of this
giant flower, from head to foot was 6 feet 9
inches. The spathe was 3 feet deep and 4
feet across, the spadix 5 teet long and 10
inches in diameter at the base, narrowing to
a point greenish in the early stage, turning
to a drab as it grew older. The bell-like
spathe was of a bluish maroon with velvet
like sheaf indescribably beautiful, turning
over at the edges beautifully white and
crumpled. The odor, however, was simply
vile, filling tbe entire atmosphere with an
QUEER PEOPLE AT HOTELS. .
One Slan Fornels HI Name and Another Is
Afraid to Register.
Hotel Clerk, in Chicago Herald.l
"Once in a while we have a queerer char
acter even than usual to deal with. Only
yesterday a fine looking man, whom I after
ward found to be a distinguished scientist,
couldn't for the life of him think of his
own name when he came to sign it on the
register. The general run of queer custo
mers comes from the agricultural districts.
A big city hotel is a revelation and a terror
to him. Everything in and about & firit
class caravansary surprises and scares him
everything except the dining-room there
he is very much, too mnch at home. Even
the first act of signing the register is a seri
ous and awful thing to him. To him the
signing of his name, besides being an act of
mental and physical difficulty, is, in his
mind eyer connected with judgment notes,
mortgages, lawsuits and forclosures.
"The meekest and easiest to satisfy of all
whom a hotel clerk meets is the 'typical
western cowboy. The tougher he is on the
plains the meeker he is here. The muzzle
of a loaded Colt placed against his temple
wouldn't make him turn half so pale as the
sight of pen and ink thrust toward him.
He is out of his element then and appre
ciates it without the slightest effort at dis
guise." WONDERFUL TBAINED FISH.
Thej Act as Decoys to I, tire Their Brethren
From the Lake.
Opie P. Bead is another teller of fish
yarns. He was up at Minnetonka last sum
mer, and when he came back he did some
tales unfold. He said he found a man ud
there who had made a business of training
fish, and had succeeded so well that he
could snpply people who came there with
decoy bass. These trained fish would follow
a boat out into the lake, and when it
anchored would get the other bass to run
ning a race for the bait the fisherman
dropped into the water, hiding the murder
The wildest yarn Opie tells, though, is
about a man who had been in the habit of
feeding a school offish from off a pier every
day by throwing crumbs to tbem. Opie
says the fish got to know the man well, and
one day, when he made a misstep and fell
in, being unable to swim, he would have
drowned had it not been for his finny
friends. They saw his predicament, and
formed themselves into a solid raft under
him and thus buoyed him np nntil he was
TAKE A HERRING FOR TOUR COLD.
One Who Has Tried the Medicine Says It's
a Certain Cure.
I-was traveling with a cirens once in
England and got laid up with a cough, cold
and sore throat that I thought was going
to lay me on the 'shelf for the rest of the
season, but a French sailor came along and
cured me. He took a raw herring, split it,
wrapped it in a cloth, saturated the whole
thing with coal oil, tied it about my throat
and neck. I was well in two days. When
I came here I told abont the remedy to a
German matron in whose family I boarded.
"Why," said she, "it's an old German
family remedy, and has been used by my
people ever since I can remember. It's in
fallible." His Unqualified Opinion.
Mfln.Wtth.fine.TWinTrrai Chin-box hean
better than Injun agentl Talk-talk, all same
UVH k BkCUlj n uugni i U"V
BY A. CLEEGXMAK.
iwarmx tor'tui DISrATCM.r '
A certain Prof. Mahaffy, of Dahlia, who
is an authority on Greek literature, has beea
lecturing at Chautauqua on ancient Greece
with modera applications. In a lecture
upon "Primitive Man," a week or two ago,
he said, among other things, wise and other
wise: "In the preamble of your great
Declaration of Bights appearsjl believe,
the statement that all men are equal in the
sight of God. That statement was borrowed,
not irom the Scriptures, but from the specu
lations of the Erench revolutionists, whose
opinion on the subject was, to my mind, of
very small valne. Ton are fond of talking
of the equality of all men. The longer I
read history and tbe more I look aronnd
society, the more I see profound inequalities in
men. It is not true that every man Is equal, in
the sight of cither. God or men. I saptioie that
this is an awful heresy, bnt at least, as long as
I' am in this country, I am a free man; so you
will allow me to make, a clean breast of It."
Prof. Mahaffy my;.bf. an expert in tbe
clastics:vbe is 'evidently not an authority In
things American.1" if be knows which way a
Greek accent ought to slant he certainly does
not know tbe leaning and meaning of the
Declaration of Independence, and of the politi
cal history which Illustrates it. Sidney Smith
said that It took a surgical operation, to get a
joke Into a Scotchman's bead. In tbe same
way It should seem 'taat It requires a surgical
operation to eer-thadoctnne of equal rights
Into an Englishman'S-head. This Is what the
Declaration of. Independence says: "We hold
these truths to be self-evident, that all men are
created equal; that ther are endowed by their
Creator with 'certain Inalienable rights; that
among these are life, liberty and the pursuit
of happiness! that, to' Secure these rights, gov-'
ernments are instituted among men, 'deriving
their just powers from' Jthe consent" of the
There 4s nota'ichoolboyin the United States'
who does not understand by this that it is of
civil rights that Jefferson is speaking of those
political rights which the English Government
of George III. and Lord North, had assumed
and presumed to deprive the American colo
nies, bnt which were assured and kecured to
them, equally with all other subjects of Great
Britain, Dy the immemorial guarantees of the
British Constitution. Thomas Jefferson and
his cotemporarles knew, just as well as Prof,
jiauany Knows, precisely as we au now, inai
men differ indefinitely that race and
climate are half omnipotent that some
bloods are more brainy than others that cer
tain races are socially, morally, intellectually
superior, while certain others are inferior
Neither they nor we need an Englisb pro
fessor to enlighten ns on these points. Air.
Mahaffy Is not the only stndent of history ex
tant, what the fathers said, and what their
children bold as their priceless legacy, the open
secret of the magnificent progress of tbe
Great Republic, is that, notwithstand
ing all differences of brain and frame.
of food and training, of inherent
strength and weakness, when considered as the
subjects of political government, all men stand
alike, all are equal before the law; all are enti
tled to "Ife. liberty and. the pnrsalt of happi
ness;" and each may say to Governor or Presi
dent, as Diogenes said to Alexander "Get ont
of my sunlight!" This principle contemplates,
not social, not moral, not Intellectual equality,
bnt equality under government. And this
principle we owe not to the doctrinaires of the
French Revolution, but to the Bible. It fits
Christianity as snncly as the glass slipper fitted
Cinderella's foot. Go home. Prof. Mahaffy, lay
aside yonr Greek foe six months and study tbe
times in which yoa lire. The Declaration of
Independence is a better key to this study tnan
all yonr classical grammars. By the bye, why
not acquaint yourself with the English lan
guage? Historical Progress and Christianity.
The most thoughtful scholars accept the
doctiine of historical progress. Tennyson sets
it to music:
" through the ages
One increasing purpose runs.
And the thoughts of men are broadened,
With the process ot the suns."
Some skeptical critics maintain that It must
inevitably result from this truth that Christi
anity will be outgrown and discarded. This
faith, we are assnred, has played a great part
In the drama of humanity; bat already
"Superfluous lags the veteran on the stage."
It is no longer tbe helper of the onward move
ment oi wo race, ic is now a conservative
barrier. Like all old things and decrepit. It Is
stationary, even reactionary. These charges
are made noisily, if nof widely, and are re
peated as though they would become true by
virtue of the "damnable iteration." In reply,
we say that all the progress which history re
cords for two millenniums has been
confined to Christian nations. China
has not advanced. Central Africa has not ad
vanced. They have lad every motive, every
spring-board which we have, except Christian
ity. Yet Enrope and America are the fore
most prow of progress, while Asia and Africa
are as dead as the mummies of Thebes. Bnt it
is said that the progress in the so-called
Christian nations is now confined to circles
outside the pole of Christianity further proof
of Its exhaustion. Well. here. too. "it will
be found." remarks Professor Goldwin Smith,
"on closer inspection, that these apparent se
ceders from Christendom remain 'Christians in
their whole view of the world, of God, of the
human character and destiny; speakalanguage
and appeal to principles and sympathies essen
tially Christian; draw their moral life from the
Christendom which surrounds them: receive
their wives at Christian altars, and bring ud
their children is the Christian faith." Th6
view is corroborated by the author of Ecce
Homo in a striking sentence: "If a high and
complete morality often exists ontside tbe
church it does not often exist independent of
it. The atmosphere of Enrope has been satu
rated for some 15 centuries with Christian prin
ciples, and however far the rebellion against
the chnrch may have spread, It may still be
called the Moral University of the world.
While this Is so It Is idle for any virtue
that springs np in its neighborhood to claim to
be independent of it. Christian influences are
in the air: our very conception of virtue is
Christian." Bnt the crowning assurance of
tbe Christian that his faith can never be out
grown and discarded, whatever may be what
Renan calls "the surprises of the future," Is
gotten from the fact that Christianity rests
upon one fundamental, indestructible moral
principle, viz: The love of God. our Father,
and the love of man, our brotner. And the
type of character set forth In the Gospel is the
absolute embodiment of this love, both toward
God and man. "This being the case," says
Prof. Goldwin Smith, whom we have already
quoted, ''it Is difficult to see how the Christian
type of character can ever be left behind by
the course of hnman development, lose the al
legiance of the moral world, or give place to a
newly emerging and higher type. This type,
it wonld appear, being perfect, will be final.
It will be final, not as precluding future his
tory, bnt as comprehending It, The moral
efforts of all aces will be efforts to realize this
character, and to make it actually, as it is po
Meanwhile there are no indications visible,
even with a microscope, that this Christian
type has been attained to. much less surpassed.
Selections for the Sabbath.
MY lord rides ont at the castle gate,
My lady is grand in bower and hall,
With men and maidens to cringe and wait,
But John o the smithy must pay for all.
Children are travelers newly arrived in a
strange country; we should therefore make
conscience not to mislead them. Locke.
Tbe best advertisement of a workshop is
first-class work. The best advertisement of a
chnrch is well-made Christian character. r.i.
'Tis the same to him who wears a shoe, as
if the whole earth were covered with leather.
The neb man is everywhere expected and at
It would have taken a Jesus to forge a Jesus.
An injury done to one is a threat held ont to
It is more disgraceful to distrust one's friends
than to be deceived by them. Hoe hefaucauld.
We are all unformed lumps, and of so various
a contexture that every moment every piece
plays its own game, and there is as much differ
ence betwixt ns and ourselves as betwixt us
and others. Montaigne.
No one's belief that duty i3 an objective re
ality is stronger than blsbelief that Godis so.
John Stuart MUl.
Happy is he that walks with that strong
siding champion conscience. Milton.
Facts are not less facts because the7 are not
facts of sense: materialism is not necessarily
enlightenment; It is possible to be at once chi
merical and gross. Prof. Godwin Smith.
One may be more cunning than another, but
not more so than all others. Old Saying.
In a. State of Perplexity.
The situation in which Dakota finds her
self is like that of a small girl just learning
to write. She doesn't know exactly where
to pat her capitals.
we bU srtfcti wfco tM 'mmWW
for siealisur fear found bin nUr.iMvli
riJmint "ttttr dtdm'ttkrtak; tbefjris. if
ofler dee it, tat there's b a 14 town -
hreakat by socaeeae." Th, tea, Mmm
is-tiM fiuMW Cnia jury, wMfrfctipt Us
deliberatioaa ob a mardie MMwamSH
priseser was aeea4 of .kwritar kMM Ms
mother by paUiBg pUon j fcr mtmm'M
IB 1 .IWmttM
WW) wjf W(sW
"a rabbit saomered in oIe' '
man saving: '-Well, eeatl.
we're all agreed tsat he did ltr' S W-
The reisark having received gsssMitWi
sent, fcHewteg coBamesaLrMI:'
have beea sde: "for Mjwlsjtllissrt
see what bwiness an old voansr M Hltmm
eating a rabbit smotuwed in oMm ?
time of stent-" "Serves her sH'jfcH4
ing so foslisii.'' "I haven't testefe' s K.i-fr
bit smothered fa onions forvean,' Mr dt'! it .
want to." '"rhMethestefr;'' -i
.After many hmIi observaifow. a jmrj
finally Tsmarkad. "Well. UuiwuulvLlj
and haneiBer Mm won't btiHt:hr-'f'lU
j - , -- - -r
a remark greeted' witk approval, asd, witkf
thecliBchiBgrqsery; "Ties I tMete k'si
'Kot fmiltv' Matiesaw?" ud TiT '
guilty" H was. .t
If we cross' the Iris CbaaaeJ. sM,i-r
nances could, of course, be as
uuuurcaioia. as it is, we;wm t
of the subject bv recalliWtesw
minds tbeTegend of the Irish jury, wasvia.
Pw o ineiaet taat a ease of miilnton
I ilint r i'n:i, r 5. . - -
1UCUWIT UUU rjeen BTOThI intiatad u
ru.w.v uuu.r ui anot -- rMBS0 u
ofthemMid,-"Sure, yonr Honor, it's
; . i. , juaaiaat stole my ere
last Christmas." J -
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Pennyroyal a recent discoYery by aa
'old Dhvslclan. It tuaextfvUu ussel
mnnJilM Safn. Kffv?iaT Triiv 1. bv mall.
sealed. Ladles, ask your druirgist for Cooks
Cotton Boot Compound and take no substitate,
or inolose 3 stamps for sealed particulars. Ad
dress POND LILY COMPANY, No. 3 Fisher
Block, 131 Woodward ave, Detroit, Mich.
For men! Checks the worst cases in thr
days, and cures in five days. Price SI 00. at
J. FLEMINGS drugstore;
JaS-SS-TTSau. U2 Market street
Ter .' 3-
K. - " w ---v-F