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'THE FITT3BTmgI!TO SDXYgEEJ&pE
Bamassar's house is surrounded by a
"It is, my King."
"At daylight, th"en, see to it that he is
taken to the prison. And let every quest
at this most dreary feast hold himself in
readiness to testify before me. Now leave
me to my sleep."
But sleep came not to the King, and in
the morning his faced had aged te.n years.
One tuan, however, looked younger than
his wont as the sun came up and threw the
gaunt shadow ol Itamek across the pave
ment of the prison yard. He had grown
youthful by degrees as he saw Hanasssr,
still dull from the fumes of wine, dragged
irom his bed and hauled through the streets
to a cell. His face had grown fuller every
moment as he paced the courtyard and re
flected on the plight of his ruined rival.
"Surely." he soliloquized, "there is no
escape for this drunken braggart. The
Emperor cannot afford to let his law be
trampled on by one so high in place. "Well
have my plans turned ont. Hamassar was
an easier victim than I bad hoped to find
him. I knew not that drucged wine would
so quickly turn a wise and modest man into
a boastlul fool. But enough of this. I must
go home and rest."
"When Hamassar regained his senses he
looked about him in "surprise. His head
ached, his face was pale, and beneath his
eyes dark shadows lay. Even his hand
some nose was redder than should be the
model for the world.
"Where am I?" he exclaimed. In his
mind was a confused image of a banquet
hall, and dancing lights and (strains of
merry music to which familiar faces seem to
nod in time.
"In prison, sir," a negro said, coming to
"In prison? "What mean you, slave? I,
Hamassar, confined in a cell? It cannot be.
He lay back upon the couch and slept
In solemn council the highest conrt was
met The Emperor, looking old and worn,
gazed down upon a vast, impatient throng,
while near him his weeping daughter sought
in vain to find Hamassar through her tears.
The audience hall was packed, for Hamas
Ear's case had made great noise, and from
the distant corners of the land the people
came to hear his fate. Perhaps they all
had hopes that if the Emperor gave him
pardon tbe harsh decrees would be revoked
and once again their nimble tongues might
chatter of themselves. Men from the
mountains and men from the plains, quiet
villagers and noisy herdsmen, nobles high
in rank and beggars from the streets jostled
each other in the shadow of the throne.
Never before had so large a crowd attended
a session of the court
The Princess Bru was a handsome wo
man, dark haired, dark eyed and tall. Her
face, clean cut, was somewhat proud, but
her smile, though sad to-day, told of a
kindly heart All hearts went out to her
as she dried her tears and looked about her
nervouslv. "Poor child," the women said,
and the men felt that Prince Hamassar had
full excuse for having lost his heart, what
ever micht yet happen to his head.
Ramek, alone of all that vast assemblage
felt a savage satisfaction at the plight of
the woman he thought he loved. The sorrow
in her lace testified that Hamassar had her
heart, and Bamek rejoiced that he had made
her suffer. His evil l&ce wore a bitter smile
.as he looked about him, and saw in the
eyes of all nought but love and pity lor the
At length Hamassar, closely guarded,
and with his wrist enchained, was led be
fore the throne. He had grown old in a
night His head he carried proudly, and
when he made obeisance to the King he did
so with a princely grace that made the
strangers Iriends to him at once.
There was a silence for a time. Then
slowly the Emperor arose, and in a voice of
"Hamassar, erstwhile Prince and our
prospective son, you are charged with dis
obedience of our will. Our late decree, 'tis
said, your foolish tongue has boldly held as
saueht If this be true your head is for
feit to the State."
A great sigh, as though the wind mur
mured in a forest, aroe Iromthe crowd, and
the Princess, broken-hearted, sobbed aloud.
Then, one by one, the guests at tbe
Prince's feast told, in subdued tones,
the story of his fall; howhe had boasted of
his bride and dubbed his nose unrivaled.
As witness after witness wove about the
neck of the accused a chain of iron, the thin
faceofKamck shown with demoniac joy,
while the Emperor's countenance grew con
stantly more grave. The maidens sur
rounded the Princess; Bru fanned her con
stantly, as though in fear that she would
faint Hamassar kept his eyes upon the
floor, and seemed determined to conquer all
At length sufficient testimony had bten
laid before the King to establish the guilt
of the accnsed. Tbe crowd, pressing for
ward to catch every word, murmured among
themselves, and there was an echo of pity
in their tones, for, doubtless, most of
them knew that wine, when taken in ex
cess, plays strange pranks with men. And
to them all it seemed as though Hamassar's
words had not been greatly out of place,
for the beauty of the Princess dazzled them
all, and they had to acknowledge that
Hamassar's nose was a work of art
Such lenient thoughts as these entered
sot tbe Emperor's head. He sat buried in
contemplation for awhile after the last wit
ness had stepped aside.
"Hamassar," said the King, "the evi
dence in all its details lies before me.
"What have you to say berore I tell your
"Most gracious Lord," in firm and manly
Toice the Prince replied, "the honesty of
these, my friends, I cannot well impeach, for
what they say they say unwillingly. But in
Tery truth, I remember nothing of the
boastful words they charge me with. Your
clemency I ask not but let me say that
never in my conscious thouchts have I had
wish to disobey your very wise decree."
The fearless manner of the Prince im
pressed the throng, and a murmur of ap
plause caused a smile to cross the face of
the Princess Bru. For a moment even the
Emperor looked less stern. But it was only
for a moment. His brow again darkened
and he communed in silence with himself.
There was not a sound in the hall. Every
one knew that life or death hung upon the
next words of the King, and Bamek gazed
eagerly at the stern face upon which all eyes
"Your words, Hamassar," said the Em
peror at length, "are doubtless true, but
tnjy alter not the sentence that must come.
In vour own home, before 200 guests, you
broke the letter and the spirit ol our law.
Tour crime, if I forgive yon, would corrupt
the land, and once again the egotist and
braggart would meet us at every turn. My
word would be but wind to my people, and
they would call their King a man ot straw.
The law must be enforced. I and my child
have loved you well, and your sad fate has
filled our hearts with gloom. But though a
father, I am also King. I must be firm, al
though I long to grant you mercy." He
paused here, and there were those who
thought they heard him sob. "Hamassar,
your sentence I pronounce. Before to-morrow's
sua has set behind the hills your head
must tall. May the deities that love our
land be kind to you."
A dread silence followed these fateful
words. Hamassar's face was white, but his
lips trembled not ac all. Suddenly upon
the startled air arose a shriek and, rushing
forward, the Princess Bru sprang up the
stairway to the throne. Throwing her white
arms around her lather's neck, she cried:
"O, spare him I Spare himl Save him for
"Silence, my child," the Emperor sternly
cried, though his hand touched her shoulder
lovingly. "Remember, you are the daugh
ter oi a King. Guards, remove the pris
oner." "Most gracious lord," exclaimed a white
haired man pushing his way through the
throng, permit me a word before the pris
"Speak," said the Emperor curtly, "but
see to it that your words are few and to the
stepping forward until he stood in fall
Tiew of the crowd, the old man said
J.hat nu head u forfeit to the state ac-I
cording to the ruling of our King, is true.
I heard them and I know. But in our
courts the spirit, not the letter, of the law is
held to be the highest guidance for our use.
Sow, let us look at Prince Hamassar's case.
The witnesses have shown that in an ego
tistic way he boasted of his nose. He spoke
not of his head, nor claimed that any feat
ure bnt his nose was worthv of all Draise.
"What follows? The letter 'of the law de
mands that he shall lose his head. But this
punishment is too severe. The decree was
laid down not to oppress our land, but to
make our people modest Therefore I say
that its spirit will be carried out in full if
Prince Hamassar's nose is severed from his
lace. Let him lose that of which he
bragged, and if, in the future, he shall
vaunt the beauty of his ears or call his
hands unrivaled, let further mntilation "be
his fate. This is strict justice, aud mercy
and reason here go hand in hand."
A roar of applause resounded through
the palace as the old man's clever speech
came to a sudden end. The Emperor
looked pleased and seemed to reflect that a
nose is not essential to a son-in-law. The
Princess Bru clapped her fair hands de
lightedly, and even Hamassar seemed to
lay aside for a moment his studied and
"Old man, you have spoken well," the
Emperor said. "Your reasoning is most
profound. hereby revoke tbe sentence
just pronounced, and decree that "
"Most gracious King," broke in Bamek,
rushing forward, "grant me a moment be
fore vou take another step."
"What means this noise, wise Bamek?"
the Emperor cried. "You were not wont
to be a rattleplate."
"Nor am I making foolish interruption
now, my lord; but as a subject sometimes
useful to the state, I crave your notice to a
word or two."
"Go on, then, and be quick."
"Permit me. then, to sav that in his argu
ment my aged friend has spoken brilliantly.
He is skillful in the law and his persuasive
voice went to my inmost soul. But bear in
mind, my King, that this especial case will
serve for precedent, and as the late decree is
now interpreted so shall its influence for all
time be felt Now, mark you! According
to the counselor who just now spoke it is
sufficient for the law that he who disobeys
it should lose that of which he boasted.
Hamassar. then, forfeits to the state his nose.
But we must bear in mind that he also
showed 'in word and manner,' I quote from
the decree, 'overweening satisfaction' in his
betrothed. According, therefore, to our
friend's interpretation, Hamassar's nose and
your own daughter, gracious king, must be
cut off. There is no middle course. If the
spirit of the law demands the sacrifice of
Prince Hamassar's nose, it cries out also for
the blood of the Princess Bru. I put the
matter plainly, for this is a crisis when to
mince words would be criminal. I feel that
the death of Hamassar would be a national
calamity. I have always loved him well,
and have rejoiced in his advance
ment But the life of one man
onlv is not here at stake. If the law be
construed in a loose and careless way there
is no telling how cruel its application may
yet become. By holding to the letter of
this stern decree all dancer is avoided, and
a precedent here set for manv generations
yet unborn. Let Hamassar rise to a joyous
contemplation of the fact that in his death
he will confer upon posterity a great and
lasting boon. . I thank you much, O King,
for granting me this time, and hope that
you will understand my heart. I am striv
ing to protect the welfare of onr land. If I
have erred your own great wisdom will
surely set me right."
Bamek ceased, and as his voice in jeering
echoes died away a shudder parsed over the
assemblage. Eor his words, though harsb,
were wise, and all who heard them knew
the Prince must die. The Princess Bru
sobbed painfully, and the Emperor's face
was grave. He found himself in a strange
dilemma. He might save the Prince by
cutting off his nose and beheading the
Princess Bru, but, with his daughter dead,
Hamassar could not he his son-in-law. On the
other hand, if he killed Hamassar, of course
be could not wed him to his daughter.
Whichever way he played the game he lost
The throng before him, deeply moved,
seemed to gaze up at him in pity, and the
silence in the hall proved that his subjects
felt deeply the misfortune of their King.
After a time he spoke.
"This is a weighty matter," he said
gloomily, "and not to be decided in a trice.
I must ponder it at length. Hamassar, I
remand you to prison for a week. At the
end of that time vour doom shall be an
nounced. Gentlemen, the court adjourns."
Surrounded by her women the Princess
Bru, looking heavy-eyed and weary, re
clined upon a divan. Two days and nights
her tears had flowed and the beauty of her face
was marred. She realized that her lover had
no chance of escape, and the thought of the
dreary life before her well nigh drove her mad.
"Why, O why, did he touch the treacherous
wine?"' she would cry ont in the still watches
of the night "Why did he vaunt my charms,
and talk of his darling nose? Hamassar, 0
Hamassar, X cannot let you die."
Her women regretted her sad fate, and In
gentle ways offered lier what consolation lay
in their power. But they made no impression
on her bruised and bleeding heart Their task
was fruitless because the Emperor, distrustful
of himself, refused to see his child or let her
olead her lover's cause Jn any wav whatever.
As Brn reclined that morning listlessly upon .
ner coucn and waicneu tne sunneamscnasetne
brilliant colors on the rugs, her face wore a
hopeless look, as though she had played her
last coin on the black and red had won. At
last came forward one of ber damsels and stood
near tbe conch.
"Weep not fair Princess," first she said,
turning kindly eyes upon the Emperor's child.
"There yet may be a way to save the Prince."
"What mean you, girl !" asked Bru coldly,
thongh with some surprise. "Delude me not
with false and fleeting hopes."
"Have yon not heard," continued the maiden,
unabashed, "of a wise old woman who lives in
the mountains many miles from here and
watches from ber cave tbe changing stars 7
From the book of nature she learns strange
secrets that we know not of. I have beard it
said that ber mind is quick, although her face
is queer. Perhaps this woman could advise
"We catch at straws who drown,'' exclaimed
tbe Princess Bru. "'Send straight for this old
crcne. And tell tbe messenger to ride right
bard and bring her back at once."
The day wore on to nlht, the night to day,
and still the Fiincess. sleepless as before,
awaited eagerly tbe coming of tbe dame. The
sun arose and shone in splendor on a city
plunged in gloom. For the peopleloved Hamas
sar, and felt that his doom was bard. In vain
they had sent petitions and petitioners to plead
before the King. His face retained its stern
ness and be refused to bear their plea. High
noon bad come before the Princess Bru, still
listless from ber sorrow, beardfrom nerwomea
that tbe hag was there.
"Admit her quickly," said the unhappy girl,
watching the hangings eagerlv. A hideous old
woman stood before ber, dry as a twig andbent
with the weight of years. In her eyes, how
ever, burned the light of a searching mind. No
obeisance made she as she entered tbe royal
presence, but, leaning on her stick, awaited the
words of Bru.
"You come from far, good mother. Accept
my thanks. You must be weary. Beat your
self upon this couch that you may talk in com
fort." The kind words of the Princess seemed to
please the aged crone, for she smiled grimly
and sank down upon the seat
"Must Prince Hamassar die, wis9 womanT"
asked the Emperor's child, ber voice trembling
as she felt tbe import of ber words.
"1 cannot tell, my child. What do my
mountains know about Hamassar? As I came
hither 1 heard that he had disobeyed your
father's la't decree."
" "Tis true, but is tbere no escape? I cannot
Ob, I cannot let him die!"
She sobbed aloud and her maidens rushed
around ber, fanning ber devoutly aud pressing
her to dnnk. She touched her lips to the cool
ing water and seemed refreshed. Then calmly
to her truest she told the story of Hamassar's
fall, and bow it was tbathis head had not jet
fallen from its trunk. In silence the old woman
listened, and, when the Princess ceased, spoke
not a word. Alter a time she said:
"i must ponder this alone, and search -the
stars to-night Tbe law is too severe, but, as it
seems to me, its right interpretation has not
yet been reached. To-morrow I will come to
you, and may have words to say worthy yonr
royal ears. Till then bave hope, for woman's
wit is often potent even where men have
failed. So saying, she slowly left the room,
and the Princess wept to see her go.
At length tbe fatal day arrived, which
brought with it Hamassar's final doom. Again
the andience hall was thronged. Tbe Emperor
looked old and ill, as he slowly mounted to his
throne and smiled sadly on his people. Bamek
was there, tbe light of triumph in his eves and
a flush noon his chin and sunken cheeks. The
crowd was restless, and cuards well armed
were scattered through the hall Humors badwhich one of you to keep. Judge.
reached the King that certain lawless spirits
bad sworn to save the Prince.
When tbe culprit still in chains, was brought
before tbe throne, a cheer rang out which
reached the crowd outside, and ecnoed back
from the very center of the city. The Emperor
turned pale, but bis month was firm and bis
eyes glowed with a stern, unshaken purpose.
"Silence." he cried, "and let the outer doors
be closed." Then he arose and said: "A
woman's voice pleads for a hearing before tbe
doom of Prince Hamassar shall be known.
Reluctantly my royal promise I bave given that
my dauchter should address the Court."
There was a buzz of excitement in the ball.
Bamek looked surprised, and Hamassar's
irloomvface betokened anassine interest in
these words. After a moment a side door
opened, and the Princess Bru, surrounded by
her court, entered tne hail, sue looked superD.
Rich robes and jewels added to tbe beauty of
ber face and form, and a murmur of admira
tion broke from the mobile throng. Ramek
sprang forward and offered her his arm. bnt she
haughtily waved bim aside. One glance she
cast upon Hamassar full of lore and cheer,
then proudly advanced toward the throne.
Never beforo bad the Princess carried herself
so well in ber father's sight He looked upon
her with pride, and as she bowed before him
smiled down upon her with affection. "She Is
every inch a Queen," he said to hlmselt
"Even if Ramek had not made his speech a
week ago it would have been a shame to wed
ber to a man without a nose."
Standing alone upon tbe dais from which
orators addressed the court, the Princess
gazed calmly before bef. There was not a
tremor in her face, and she awaited patiently
tbe cessation of tbe noise ber appearance had
produced. At length she spoke:
"By the kindness of my King X am allowed to
stand here for a moment to speak a few words
of detense of Prince Hamassar. Well do I
know that the greatest lawyers of the realm
have prononncedhis case defenseless. Well do
1 know that bis sentence once pronounced is
now again to be affirmed. Why come I,
then, to raise a woman's voice, where
men whose tongues are bold refuse to
stand? Why do I lay aside the
modsty of sex and reverse tbe customs of
our lands? Because I love Hamassar, do you
say? No, because I love the right and would
not see my King and name disgraced. For
know you all that the execution of the Prince
vtould be in full defiance of all law. Yonr pa
tience for a moment and I'll explain. Wbat is
the impose of tbe decree against which Pnnce
Hamassar erred? Is it not that in this mighty
Empire the ezotist and boaster may bave no
Elace? Has Hamassar, until the moment of
is unlucky speech, been given to tbe habits of
a braggart? You w ho know him least know
that bis modesty has been famed even in the
distant corners of the earth. Wbat then? His
sudden exhibition of conceit bad some peculiar
cause. He was an egotist 'by chance, not by
habit, and when he spoke that night the gam
bols of bis tongue were due to
wine. Now, follow me . close. The spirit
of the law is said to be the guidance of our
courts. Does this decree in spirit urge the
death of one whose modesty and rank have
joined to make bim an example; to the people
of this land? No, ten thousand times. The
spirit of this decree calls out for tbe removal of
that which caused the Prince's fall. If be is
modest when himself, deorive bim, then, of all
intoxicants, and his humility will still be as a
star to guide our youth. Cut off his wine,
neither his nose nor bead. So much tor that.
Now, let me say a word to those who talk of
precedent and insist upon the letter of the
law." Here she looked at Ramek. "Prince
Hamasear has already fulfilled tbe harsh de
mands of this decree. Wbat do I mean? you
ask. J ust this. Did he remember one word of
wbat he said? Can he now recall his boastful
speech? No. This proves, beyond all ques
tion, that before be left his board he had lost
his head. Now, a man cannot be punished
twice for a single crime. Having once lost his
bead because of the wine he drank, the state
has now no claim npon his person. Thus do I
hold that if be takes a pledge to abstain from
all intoxicants, tbe spirit of the law will rest in
peace. Tbe letter of tho same, as I have
shown, is now forever dead so far as Prince
Hamassar is concerned."
Surprised applause, which had broken out
now and then during tbe young woman's
speech, became a mighty roar as she ceased.
Cheer after cheer arose, and, had it not been
for the guards, the people would have raised
Hamassar in their arms and carried him
straightway from tbe balk
"The came Is lost." muttered Ramek to him
self, as be slunk from tbe palace and fought
nis way mrougn tne crowa outsiae. -i wonaer
where that woman got her points?"
There is little more to tell. The, Emperor,
overjoyed to hear his daughter's words, re
leased the Prince at once, and in a month pos
sessed a son-in-law whose nose remained in its
accustomed place. And to this day tbe de
scendants of Hamassar, still mighty men in
the East abstain from wine. "Hamassars
never smile" is an Oriental proverb, the origin
of .which you have just read.
Copyright 18S9. All rights reserved.
IT KILLED THB PLAT.
A Tailor Tried to Get a Free Ad. While
Acting on the Stage.
Minneapolis Tribune. :
Emile J. Bose, alias Oscar Panstrom, re
cently had a little experience in some pri
vate theatricals. The play which his com
pany proposed to put on the fioards, was
"Hawkshaw, the Detective," in which Dr.
Bose played the title role. The initial per
formance was given a few days ago before a
very select audience composed of personal
friends of the members of the company.
Everything had gone smoothly until the
grand climax was reached when Eaickshaw
is in the den of thieves, presumably in a
drunken slumber He has long black
whiskers and is clad in overalls and a
dirty flannel shirt Everybody has with
drawn except ilawkshaw and one of the
ladies. The latter hastily writes a letter
and then, with a pleasingly tragical air,
"Now that I have written this letter, who
will carry it?"
"I will," replies the supposed bum.
"And who ate you?"
My heart jumped up in my throat aud
my whole being thrilled with excitement
as I awaited the startling exclamation, "I
am Eaickshaw, the detective."
But the occasion was too much for my
friend Bose, and, as he wildly clutched his
artificial whiskers, he exclaimed:
"I am Oscar, the tailor!"
It killed the play. The question now
arises whether Mr. Eose forgot his lines or
was shrewdly working a $10 per line adver
tisement The thrill part of my system is still lame
irom the effects of the shock.
WHAT CHICAGO MEANS.
The Etymology and Significance of the Old
Chicago, however spelled, is an Indian
name borrowed from amiable predecessors
the aboriginal Miamis. The first men
tion of the word Che-cau-gou, the modern
Chicago, is in Hennepin's account of La
Salle's expedition from the lake to the Illi
nois river. One of the first Indian mean
ings of the word Chicago is said to be great
or strong, from "ka-go" something, and
"chi," from getchi, great Dr. William
Barry, the first Secretary of the Chicago
Historical Society, said of the word:
"Whatever may have been the etymologi
cal meaning of the word Chicago in its
practical use it probably means strong or
great The Indians applied this term to
the Mississippi river, to thunder, or to the
voice of the great Manitou."
Edwin Hubbard, the genealogist, adopts
a similar view, and says the word Chicago
in its application signifies strong, mighty
and powerful. '
Bobby (trying to be funnySupposingl
should steal him some night and take him'
to the pound ?
Miss Edgeways I don't believe the
nnnnrllrAAnov wAnlil fa ontiralv mfa net
ITALY'S FAIR QUEEN.
Olive 'Weston Tells Some Interest
ing Things of Her flo'me Life.
HER FRIENDS AMD HER JEWELS.
Disappointing Little Feep Into tbe
Eealms of Literature.
WOMAN'S EIGHTS MOTE IN ITALY
iwmrxjjf TOR thi dispatch.:
The Pearl of Savoy they call her, Mar
gherita is her name, which means "a pearl,"
and pearls are her favorite jewels. Every
year her husband presents her with a new
string, the finest that can be found, and
they now fall from her throat to below her
waist, a solid mass. Her jewel caskets are
heaped up with them like the treasure
chambers of the Shah of Persia. Ata court
costume ball she once appeared as the
Princess of Pearl, when she wore not only
all of those 'wonderful things, but all the
other pearls in her collection, and was com
pletely covered with them. Her dress was
cloth of silver, brocaded in pearls, while
beautiful pear-shaped pendants hung from
the centers of the flowers in raised nearl em
There is a pretty little story of a necklace
that her son saw in" a shop window, which
he could not buy with his pocket money, so
he begged the shop-keeper to let him have
it bead by bead. And on the Q ueen's birth
day, when his royal father had presented
his superb gift, the little Prince proudly
hung around his mother's neck a strand
almost equaling it in beauty and value.
That row is one tbe Queen oftenest wears,
and is one of her dearest treasures.
INCLINED TO GEEEN.
After pearls she best likes emeralds, of
which she has a magnificent parure. She is
much inclined to green in her costumes,
wearing sage blue, moss, and bronze in
many shades. Dark bronze green, with
bands of feather trimming, soft and fluffy
around her neck, the skirt embroidered in
the same shade and a line of rose pink
lining the bonnet, is her favorite carriage
toilet She used to be very slender, bnt has
of late been growing stouter and stouter,
which makes her appear quite short and
annoys her very much. She wishes to diet,
but it is very difficult for her to do so, as
she enjoys every dainty of the table. A
few years ago, when the Empress of Austria
was the handsomest woman in Europe and
proud of her fine figure, fearing the signs of
embonpoint, she lived almost entirely upon
fruit, strong tea and sweets. The Queen of
Italy has tried several times to become a
vegetarian, but has given up in despair.
Marghenta has a charming circle of lady
friends, and receives them all on terms of
simplest intimaoy kissing them on both
cheeks without ceremony. It the King
happens to be present in her private sitting
room wheu a lady enters, the visitor makes
three deep reverences, one at the door,
another half way toward the King, and the
third close by, when he extends his hand
and raises her.
The Queen encourages every form of art,
and arranges many little informal after
noons where some poet will read his new
verses, a scientist will lecture, the last
Woman's Bights devotee is. permitted to
plead her cause of culture before the court
circle, or the ladies will gather in the music
room to hear some celebrated pianist
GOSSIP AND OVE.
All court circles delight in gossip, and no
where is more material furnished than in
Italy. Italians think of nothing else but
making loved. Flirtation is unknown, it is
always desperately earnest there. The chap
erone is a necessity. Women speak of their
lovers with a frankness that would amaze us
here. In the family circle, at dinner, in the
presence of tbe children, subjects are dis
cussed and stories told that would never be
mentioned, even in private, with us. If
Mrs. Chamberlain finds it necessary to seek
a retreat from polite drawing rooms in Lon
don, she would quisitly fly iron; Borne.
This erotic atmosphere would seem the
last place for woman's rights to bloom, and
any suggestion of strong-minded females ,or
short-haired man-haters would have been
surely nipped in the bud. But the pro
moters of the cause are lovely women (most
of them, of course, with husbands in cages
in the attic) who receive in charming salons
full of bric-a-brac, in flowing tea gowns,
and discuss Platonic love with young noble
men, urging that woman should be given
equal opportunities of education with mtn,
that she may better cultivate all her powers
to be his companion. It is a very clever
way of getting round the question, and the
plant really looks as if it would bloom some
Queen Margherita has two sorrows most
queens have many. One is that her husband
is an incorrigible flirt, an accomplishment
he probably inherits. The other great sor
row of the Queen is the division 6f church
and state. She is an ardent Catholic, and
may be often , ,
SEEN ON HER KNEES t
in the Eoman churches, while the peasants
kiss the hem of her garments as she passes
by. On the occasion of the Pope's jubilee
she sent word to ask His Holiness what gift
he would receive from her. The reply was
only one word "Kome." She sighs to give
a "dinner of toleration," as Catherine of
Bussia used to do, when the ministers of all
religions dined and conversed together at
the court. She has endeavored to bring the
Qnirinal nearer to the Vatican, but as yet
without success, although she has done
much to avoid open trouble.
The Queen is very generous in helping
struggling artists, but she herself has little
knowledge of art her own tastes are more
literary. She writes poems, and has even
tried a novel, which was enthusiastically
praised by the court ladies when one dar
she read them a few chapters. She was
bright enough to wish a less partial test, so
she sent it .under an assumed name to a
leading publisher, who politely declined to
accept it. The publisher was much
chagrined when the affair came out, and on
the story being paragraphed in the .London
newspapers three English houses tele
graphed to the Queen asking for the book.
but she sensibly thinks best to abide by the
aecibiuu klvcu wiiea uu ruyai uame protected
the child of her fancy. Her poems are
mostly in the form of fables.
She has a deep friendship for the gifted
Queen ot Boumania, ""Carmen Sylva,8 and
envies her her acknowledged talent. Also
she is a friend of the unfortunate Natalie.
who, before her troubles, used to write such
beautiful stories for children, of whom she
was especially fond, which made the terrible
blow of losing her own seem doubly crush
ing. She was devoted to her people, and in
time of war worked day and night iu the
hospitals, directing the corps of ordinary
When the King, Queen and Crown Prince
ride out in the city they always go in sep
arate carriages and different directions, so
that as many subjects as possible may have
the pleasure of seeing and bowing to the
royal family. How thoughtful this is, and
so'different from the English style, which,
if 10,000 people are waiting ac the front door
of a palace, slips out of the back door as if
to pnrposelv disappoint them. At the
tinje of the Colonial Exhibition when thou
sands of working men and their wives had
come from distant cities Manchester, Bir
minghamVictoria would send a royal
"command," that as she wished to visit the
Exhibition that morning, they must exclude
the public. The poor people bad to wait
outside four or five hours, and when one
thinks that it was perhaps their only holi
dayjin the year and certainly their only op
portunity to view the Exhibition, such an
act seems heartlessly cruel.
Becently when the King and Qaeen of
Italy visited the Exhibition at Venice, thn
public were excluded in the new royal fash
ion, as lucy waiK.eu arouna me empty
buildings the King said: "What is the
matter? There is no one here. . Is the Ex
hibition a failure?" "Your Majesty, know
ingofyour intended visit, we closed the.
doors to the people." "You have done very
wrong," replied the King, "I belong to my
people. I love to be among them. Open
THE FRAIL CROWN PRINCE.
The hope of the Crown is a'very frail one
the Prince is a feeble boy, of affectionate
disposition and great intelligence in bis
studies. -In their desire to make him a
brilliant scholar and to fit him for bis ex
alted position, his parents have given him
too many tutors and his health is broken
down by study almost to the verge of con
sumption. He is very pale and delicate.
Speaking of Queens, a'friend of mine was
traveling in a public conveyance in Ireland,
when, having asked several gentlemen to
wait on her in various ways, an old woman
who could stand it no longer, exclaimed:
"Ah, me foine lady, yees be aftber wantin'
all the men in tbe world to wait en ve: ve
must be from Ameriky, where they tell me
all the women are queens."
A UNIVERSAL PANACEA.
A 'French Savant Propoies to Care All Illi
by Using the Mirror.
jTrom the London Globe. 1 '
A French cotemporary gives an account
of a cure for all sorts and conditions of ail
ments, of which (the cure, not the ailments)
M. le Docteur Luys, member of the Acade
my of Medicine, is the inventor. The pa
tient, epileptic, hysteric, paralytic, nervous,
or what not, is introduced to a mirror which
is suddenly set going so rapidly as to
seem to the astonished sufferer to be
a single point of intense light. The ravs,
converging horizontally npon the victim's
eye, send him into a state of unconscious
ness, in some cases so quietly that he seems
to have been struck by lightning, and lrom
this state he comes to himself cured. It
seems also that the treatment may be em
ployed aa an anesthetic, in case of opera
tions; and, in short, there appears to be no
limit to the extent of the last new medico
Into the details of the process we have not
entered very caretuuy, seeing that it seems
connected in some way with the mysteries
of hypnotism. Possibly, however, there
may be a profounder interest in the matter
than has been revealed even to M. Luys.
There has always been something magical
about mirrors, lever since their first inven
tion it is supposed by Eve: and the wiz
ards of the middle ages, though vastly in
ferior fellows to their nineteenth century
successors, turned out articles in the magic
mirror line of unquestionable quality.
Still, accepting the cases of cure claimed by
Br. Luys, and without discounting them on
the scoreof their being more or less con
nected with what professional invalids call
"the nerves," one is tempted to think that a
good deal may be done by astonishing one's
patient, with less scientific apparatus than
a rotating mirror.
Suppose, for example, a physician were
to suddenly direct, not a pencil of concen
trated rays, but his own fist, into his
patient's eye. Would not that patient con
sider that further visits to his physician
were no longer needfnl? And might not
eVen the typical paralytic.be endowed with
sufficient strength to return tbe treatment?
If this seems an unfair way of dealing with
a'serious subject, one can very fairly reply
tlat the world has had enough of medical
magic, which has been from time immemor
ial a symptom oi periods of medical uncer
tainty. A THRILLING EXPERIENCE.
Eow a Man Feels When a Swordsman Cuts
Apples on Bis Bend.
SdneyAl. Lowrleln Globe-Democrat. I
1 1 once let a professional swordsman cut
apples in two while I held them on my
my head and on the palm of my hand, and
111 never do it again. The experience is too
ttrilling for the plain citizen who is not
military in his tastes. I was with a show
when the regular assistant of the swords
man went on a strike, and the swordsman
fcas in a dreadfnl fume as he thought of dis
appointing the crowd of spectators that
might He came behind the scenes at re
hearsaland called for a volunteer. "I'll
give $25 to the man who'll hold the apple
for me," said he. No one volunteered, and
I daringly put in my oar. "I'll do it if you
give me a rehearsal." i"Kqrehearsal."
said he emphatically, "It will shatter your
nerves so that you'll tremble like an aspen
leaf when you come out at the perfor
mance." So I went out when night came, the upper
part of my body covered with a thin silk
vest It was cold, anyway, and I trembled
abominally. He saw it, but said nothing to
me. I held the apple on my extended hand,
and it shook. I coud feel it shaking, and
felt ashamed, but I couldn't control the
nervousness. I turned away my head; he
made a lew rapid feints, and I knew by the
applause that tbe apple had fallen. I
didn't feel the blade at all as it cut through.
Tnen I knelt down, and he put another ap
ple on my neck. I knew this was really
dangerous, for if his hand slipped he might
decapitate me. I shut my eyes. Iu a
second, which seemed an honr to me, I felt
a thin cold line touch my neck, and there
was more applanse.
"In that instant I thought of Mme. Rol
and and the guillotine, and came near faint
ine. He told me to get up, and I followed
him, feeling rather dazed, to the dressing
room. I thought I must be cnt, the touch
of the steel had been so plainly ielt, but
tbe looking glass showed me that there was
not a mark on me. But I was awfully pale.
The next night we got a regular man to hold
the apple. '
She Knew What She Wanted.
Mrs. He'rchild My son is going to Cali
fornia, and I want to get some copies of this
life-size photograph to distribute round
among the family, , . . ,. .,
The Artist But, madam, that isn t a life
Mrs. Herchild It ain't, ain't it? Solly,
come in here a minute.
Solly Good mornin'I Judge.
fa in I-!'
Icsiiivll L II ffli
"5 jcr m f
Where Hunting Outfits Are Hade and
What They Generally Cost
THE OLD FASHIONED SH00TER8.
Rifles Formerly Used for Bringing- Down
All Kinds of Game.
DANIEL BOONE'S WONDERFUL W0KK
nvErrTKir roa thi dispatch.!
If Daniel Boone and other "hunters of
Kentucky" could come to life just now, they
would gape and stare at the sportsman of
the minute. They wore deer skin leggings
below a hunting shirt oflinsey-wplsey, car
ried powder in horns or gourds, had a furred
pouch for bullets and patches, a pocketful
of tow to serve for wadding, and a flint or
so of red, white and blue safely stored 'in the
butt of the rifle. It was long, slender, murderous-looking,
of the best steel, cunningly
bandtrrought and fitted to a stock of English
walnut. Its bore was such that the bullet,
even with the help of the greased patch, had
to be driven home with mallet blows on top
of the ramrod. XV range was from
10 yards to 750 and the charge of
powder it took anything from a pinch to a
handful. Some of it ran out into "the
pan," where it was fired by the sparks from
the flint held in the lock hence the border
caution, "Be sure to keep your powder
dry." Damp powder, at best, would bnt
"flash in the pan," the gun hang fire, the
hunter lost his game and his temper, and
had no end of trouble repriming his piece.
Quns were guns in those days. The best
indeed pretty well all of them came across
the water and cost a pretty penny. Bifles
were almost universally used, not merelyon
account of range and accuracy, but because
of their economy in powder. One charge
for musket or shotgun would make three for
the rifle in ordinary hands, or six if the
marksman was a crack shot
EVERY SHOT TOLD.
When Boone was captive among the In
dians, it was their habit to dole bim out each
day so many charges ot ammunition, for
each of which he accounted with a bead of
game. They knew he never missed also
that he would not dare attempt escape with
out ammunition, as he wonld starve in the
wilderness he must cross to reach his friends.
When at last he did escape they were dumb
founded, while folk at Boonesborough heard
with amazement that the great hunter had
cut his bullets in half, sent the' fragments
with light charges of powder, yet never
failed to take in the full tale of the
game, and so in the space of three months
had managed to secure such store ol powder
and ball as brought-him safe back to Ken
tucky from the northern lake country. We
have changed all that with a vengeance.
Though we have target rifles galore and
magazine rifles of superlative excellence,
the shotgun is the weapon nearest the hearts
and shoulders of America's sovereigns. Es
specially the breech-loader, for which he
may pay all the way from 8 to J500 and
with which he goes a-gunninsr for flesh or
fowl from September to July or all the year J
rounu, it ne napDens to live in one ot tbe
States where they have no game laws. These
are Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, Florida,
Indian Territory, Texas, Mississippi, South
Carolina, Wyoming and Washington Terri
BELGIAN GUNS CHEAPEST. ,
Notwithstanding a protective duty', of
33 per cent, the cheapest guns all come
from Belgium. A Belgian muzzle-loading,
single barrel, with imitation twist barrels,
iron locks and varnished stock costs $2 33;
double barrel, the same quality, $1 50.
Both are doubtless more dangerous to
hunters than to game, though tfiey shoot
fairly well until they burst. Old army
muskets made over intosbot'guns cost $2 50.
Though a trifle better finished, they do not
shoot as well as the cheap foreign guns.
For 316 you can get a really excellent
muzzle-loadmg'duck gun, with. laminated
barrels, oiled walnut stock, bar locks and
patent breech, No. 10 gauge and weighing
10 to 12 pounds. Finer qualities in muzzle
loaders are now made only to order,
so great is the trend toward the con
venient and quick breech loader,
in this, $3 Belgian guns correspond with
the cheap muzzle loader. Prom $15 up to
$250 American makes are supreme, and
from thence up to the (500 limit John Bull
and his island supplies the demand. About
$100 will buy as good a gun for service as
can be bought The other 400 goes for
style, Damascus barrels, fine engraving,
gold mountings, maker's reputation and the
protective tariff. A fairly good one may be
had as low as $30, a thoroughly good one for
S50. Much more than halt the breech
loaders are choke-bored in one or both bar
rels that is, have the muzzle smaller than
the breech. The object of it is to shoot close
and far that is, prevent the shot from scat
tering, and so prolong tbe carrying power
of the charge. A favorite style for wing
shooting has the right barrel straight and
the left choked.
THE PRESENT STSXE.
As the breech-loader has driven out the
muzzle loader, so the hammerless gun is dis
placing those with projecting locks. It is
neater, surer, very much safer, not very
much more costly, and fully as convenient.
There are a dozen or more makes each
claiming superlative excellence, with parti
sans plenty to maintain the claim. The cost
is from $60 to $300 each. Eor wing shooting
of quail, snipe, woodcock, reed birds, rail or
partridge, guns of 12 to 16 gauge, weighing
9 to 6 founds arp chosen. For duck and
goose shooting a 10 gauge, 9 pound gnn is
the correct thing. For big game a gun
8 to 10 gauge, weighing 9 to 13 pounds.
For boys and moderate sportsmen there are
single breech-loaders that cost irom $10 to
20. Both these classes, however, are apt
to choose instead the target or pocket rifle
as cheaper, lighter, more convenient, more
economical and much more conducive to
good shooting. With a rifle it is a clean
hit or miss there is no stray shot to save
you from the consequences of a bad aim.
So every well-regulated boy, with anything
to shoot at, wants a "little rifle" as soon as
he sees it or its picture. Seven to thirty
dollars buys one magazine or repeating rifle
weighing 5 to 9 pounds and good for 6 to2ii
shots without reloading, can be emptied in
side often seconds and cost from $15 to $25
each. They run from 32 to 44 caliber, and
shoot from 30-grain bullets with three grains
of powder up to big 200-grain fellows with
40 grains of villainous saltpeter behind
THE MAGAZINE SHOTGUN,
with six cartridges, weighs 1 pounds and
costs $25 to $60. Thongh quick, deadly and
convenient 1 somehow fails to hit the pop
ular fancy and is seldom seen outside the
gunstores. In pistols Uncle Sam has it all
his own way. Numberless "British bull
dog" revolvers and so on are advertised,
but most of them are home made. The rea
son is not far to sees:. The American in
ventor, Colt, reconstructed the weapon put
it upon an entirely new plane of efficiency
and to this day his idea dominates every
pistol worth 'having. As a proof, cowboys
and frontiersmen, who beyond all others
need a weapon to be relied on, will carry
none but Colt's of the heaviest caliber and
as fine as cngaving, chasing, pearl and
precious metals can make them.
Bullet pouch, powder gourd and their
more elegant remote successors are alike
banished by the all-prevailing breech
loader. Instead of them your modern Nim
rod fills his pockets with cartridges or
strings about himself a belt full of shells,
ordered ready loaded from the dealer, or else
carefully charged by bis own "man."
Metallic ball cartridges, rim fire, cost ?5 to
$40 the 1,000; center fire, from $13 to $44
the 1,000. Metallic shot cartridges are
thought cheaper, and shot in paper shells
still a little less costly. Empty paper shells
cost $7 to $9 the 1,000, brass ones ?9 to $12,
primers $1 45, gnn wads 80 cents to $8, and
old-fashione'd caps 30 cents to 60 cents. Shot
by the bag rnns from 7 cents to 8 cents the
pound, bullets from $2 to $15 the 1,000.
amount mmc rawcnint wn
innLttJ- I " t .' "f- .
rTJ - . r 5
7 - &c3S!or SXTBAB.
The cartridge belt costs fresafl te 9C, ac
cording to material The basting nit that
takes the place of Boone's liosey sMrt, ii
ofcanvas, aboHt$8, if of oordary abant
$25. , Waterproof leggings are J8 99 th
pair; waterproof hats from 56 eente to ft J8.
Canvas pun: oases 50 cents to J8 eaah'; Ietkr
ones $3 to $14. Jtubber pads for derieaisg
the "kick" of the gun against tbe sbeaWw,
are something over $1 each. Lsadiae- a&4
cleansing tools, $2 to $10 tbe set, eeh
Game calls are 42 cents apiece; decoy duets,
$7 to $8"the dozen; geese, $11 to $15, and
snipe or woodcock, $325. Flasks, either
metal or covered with leather, with oap at
tached, are $1 to 1 35, and a hunter's knife
that is adoien 'tools br turns, just $1 50.
All these. things may be added unto toh
"at prices here writtea down, but there is so
upward limit save tne depth of your .parse
and the height ot your fancy; Gives thii
outfit, reasonable health, a hunting conn
try, one good friend, two good dogs, "a
southerly wind and a cloudy sky," and no
reasonable human creatnre will question
that whatever ii is right at least for 24
hours. M. C. Williams.
THE FIRESIDE SPHUI
A Collection of EnlmaM Hnfe fir
Addreu communications or thtt department
to E. K. CHASBOtJBir. Lewitton, Maine.
726 A CABEPU& MAIDEN.
They say Ill-luck and fortune's frown
The angry fates will fling
4 On tbe wife who fails, from any cause,
To preserve her wedding ring.
A simple maiden, credulous, .
As some fair maidens be,
With anxious care strove to avert
Such dire calamity.
Straight from the altar home she west
And to the cellar stole.
And thrust herhand down deep in brine,.
The trusting little soul t
What sought she tbereT you well may ask;
What tned she thns to dor
A "merry-andrew" or "buffoon"
May furnish yott'a clew.
Ibeflrit struck up a lively tune
As evening's shades were falling,
And gamins all along the street
Were to each other calling.
The theater I visited
Not from a Sense of duty
And in the iecondCt tbere 1 saw
Refinement wealth and beauty.
The total writers much abuse.
And oft make J (ikes upon it;
Yet 'tis a most convenient thing
For one who has a bonnet
728 THE GENIE AND THE GIANT.
There lived long ago in an age Temote, which
modern writers but seldom note, a three
headed giant whose name was a dread till ho
met with a genie who knocked off a head, and
hurled the same into space afar, crying out as
he flourished bis scimitar: "The flight of that
member, mark well, if it drop in the midst ot
creation 'twill burn it up." The effect ot the
loss ot the first one was slight: it seemed but to
leave him agog for the fight and when No. 2
fell to the scimitar keen, and was cast among
men to make them mean, he, Phreaix-Uke,
rose for vengeance atblrst,a giant as gaunt
and as grim as at first. 'Tis needless prolonging
a tedious tale, snre strength against science can
never prevail: when head No. 3 at his feet
had rolled the genie cried, That is worth
wealth nntold, all tbe old things it toncheth
converting to gold, like the stone which the
alchemists songht for of old." But stranger
than that and a literal fact, tbe monster un
maimed stood a giant intact till the genie, now
with slaughter drunk, at a stroke of his scim
itar severed tbe trunk; the upper portion he
hurled at Sln.who was gazing on with a ghostly
grin, but soon retired with all his imps and
gave tbe spectators of Heaven a glimpse; had
the nether portion Instead been hurled it wonld
bave been a sign for tbe wondering world; as it
is for what's left I bee you'll go ball, some
antnonties Deing anxious to pni it in jau. ior
law sometimes woke to a sense of ber slights in
early, and even in latter day fljchw. ""
P. S. TheTnOtnas who says tbere was ne'er
such a man 1 refer to tbe Bible and Alcoran.
The n I eh tis calm, the sky is clear?
The Ursa Major glitters bright
Orion's belt is set with gems.
The Pleiades are now in sight
And yet the streets are somewhat dark.
Electric lights are here unknown;
And careful mothers will insist
"That girlt" should not go ont alone.
The whote is a mass
' Which, in brewing will pass
into a great tuo or vat.
Behead, and a tree
The remainder will be:
Or, "to sprinkle with ashes" is pat
731 hour glass.
1. A certain plant 2, Producing clay. 3. A
brachystochrone. 4. The dislocation of a bone
(rare). 5. To repel. . A small house. 7. A
circle. 8. A letter. 9. A sailor. 10. A feat
(Prov.EngJ. It A certain dye. 12. A certain
island of Germany. 13. Bepajment 14. Pro
nounced anathema against 16. Cordiality.
Diagonal Lett to right down, a certain
plant; right to left up, the equality of being
j ostinable. Phil O. Sophkb.
732 A MYSTERY.
(For the little folks.)
'Neath ocean's foam I make my home;
About me much is said. ,
Sometimes I'm white, or very light
And sometimes 1 am red.
Thro' many years, as it appears,
Millions of insects small
Their lives laid down my fame to crown.
All glory to them all!
Bat greedy man my form will scan,
And tear me from my home.
Thro' strange lands In golden bands
I'm sometimes forced to roam.
The ladies fair, neck, arms and hair
With me will oft adorn.
Nor think wbat woe my heart would know,
Had I a heart to monrn.
By nature's band I'm rough as sand,
ifnt man will interfere,
And change me so I scarcely know
Myself, I feel so queer. Ethtl.
716 Parson and 'Squire.
(Pa, son and
718 Each of the two squares consists of 49
small squares, or a total ol 98. Removing one,
97 rematn.whlch may be made into two separata
squares of 81 and 18 respectively. The next
squares fulhtling tbe conditions would contain
121 small squares, capable of forming, after the
subtraction of one small square, two squares of
225 and 16 respectively.
719 One is a son of toil, tbe other is a ton of
ST I L E
C R O P B
C L O S E T 8
PROS THAT IN
B T I N a
E N G
724 Bunt. bun.
A Nebraska 9111c Standlih.
An Omaha man tried the Miles Standish
method of securing an emissary to get him
a wife but the result was somewhat differ
ent from that which befell the doughty pil
grim. The Omaha man married her. He
now hit two trials on his Mnds his wife
and $45 alleged to be due the emissary for
his trouble. It is just like an Omaha man
to get caught in such a scrape as this..
JLa Mm IftelMt
h , IfcL " T m JsjLa
mm lamr lwran rwm Q
XVfB-MH wwA-aPB M4
tta Wwt MtwHtiS
imarimit xo rsx ,nnwwow.ij
IfDsnag Mm abort period of' H jm ot
tie werM's. history, was tkw XmiZim.
sire was ta Its aseeadawy, its PMJKaTsjSsd
sepretM aasosg natkss is titrtgl'hsi.flistil
aa4 soewl distiaetfoB. DsriwJsfecTjlti
empire aa organization at Aallwiejiw
taiBeeTkHrMMtioa. The fsMfr-Mf
u.U .iauila xA U-lT "
umoag wfceca we oast-c-wnlsatfoa" imjfci
proBoaaoed taaa aeaoag their esriora sm4
westera BeJKBbeH. Tkreagfc the vMa'i
thelaadwM a systeta of "ssaoek utiy
ganued aad evomag tae pnaaigtt
rating; tbesaied Mr eeafaga ad i
Iff MM UmiMUlt
ness, the body for beauty, sVsagtk aad'ea-1
durance. 'ip (
In the edaaatioaof e jfmmg,mi
Unctioawas observed lagan!! MaStkl1"
position of the pupils, Mm sew ot sayaMli
of the Satrapes,aad tbe ealMrea of'sae'ji
humblest of their futare sayeetiagiit?-f
strueted in common classes. Saeti filfiinTs''
rarely consisted ot more taaa N disssatsaai
one time. Before the age of teres the beys
ressaiaed nnder the parental reef, svad aatil
the age of five received as iaskaeMon, aet
even ia the. knowledge of good frea evil,
enjoyed perfect immanityfrota discipline
and chastisement But after me lapse of
that happy time- the edaeatiea of the Per
siaa youngster was
cojJheucbd xr beat; eassest.
Altboagn the boys' were carefully in
structed ia tie holy Seriptare, Tead-svesto,
in the history of deeds aad noWe achieve
ments of-great heroes, ia saeral duties de
manded of every oitiaea aad above all, ia
the indispensable obHgatiea to speak the
truth, the reigaia priseiple ot taeir edaea
tion was the creatioa of a neWe, eearageons
spirit governing a body ot gfeat sfeeagta
and endurance. The diseiples we awak
ened early ia the morsiag by Mm bsasiag
on a loud sounding plate of awtel.TWeir
food was of the plainest deseripetaa, aiussWt
bread and water. ' ss?
Although we find nowhere any detailed
description of the natareof tee gyaiaaafte
training of the disciples ia this sehoelH is "
evident that the military teadeBey thereof '
was predominating. The young Persian
was thoroughly drilled in the use of the
bow and lance or spear. "When 16 years of
age he wis taught riding aad cavalry drill.
The norsemen of tbe Persians feaght with
bow, lance and sword. It is natural that
this practical-minded people should make
great skill in the use of arms the foremost
object of physical culture of their young,
men and boys.
Competitions and contests were generally
arranged between the disciples, and formed,
as in oar time, the great spar to skill and
prowess. The expression oi Herodotus 're
garding the education among tbe Persians
I much characteristic. Tbe Persian youth,
be said, is educated to ride, shoot arrows
and to speak the truth.
ADVANTAGES OI" THE HTJMT.
The hunt was regarded a most efficacious
means to strengthen the body and to culti
vate courage and resolution of character.
The disciples were often commanded to tend
the herds of the King and of the Satrapes,dur
ing which occupation they were obliged to
provide their own forage of wild traits and
game and to sleep nnder the canopy of tbe
stars. The Persian youths suffered much
fatigue, hunger and thirst, heat and cold.
It mnst be admitted that this mode of ed
ucation had much significance for the mak
fnp of a people, healthy and apwerfai of
mmd and body. Srom their etrlftttfjeaa1
the young Persians were Impressed with the
necessity of exercise and training, including i
a plain mode of living, for the maintenance,
of good health. They were prevented from
an inactive and immoderate life and ie
garded corpulency as an abomination.
Of all the people of Asia Persians alone
formed physical -culture into a factor of ed
ucation and naturally derived therefrom, in
some measure, the propelling force to their
advance and domineering of other nations.
It was not until tbey met tbe superior cul
ture and organization of Greece that tbe
hoar for their downfall arrived.
Alex. C. Hallbbck.
BIT11B SAD SEA WAYES.
A Romance In Which Life's Poetry and
Prose are Btranjely Mingled.
They were sitting on the piazza of .the
hotel at the beacb, watching the moon as it
slowly rose ont of the slumbering sea.
Silence was around them, nanght being
heard save occasionally the faint clatter of
dishes in tbe adjacent restaurant, or the
musical hnai of' an aristocratic mosquito
that was making as Tain a search for a
blue-blooded person as Diogenes did for an
honest man. It was the hour for love, sweet,
pure, delicious love. The youth felt it in
his soul as he sat there by the side of the
beaatifnl maiden, whose silken hair almost
touched his shoulder. Suddenly he spoke '
in low, but thrilling and passionate tones:
"To the poetic temperament, to the soul
that is capable oi feeling the tenderest emo
tions, that throbs in unison with the har
mony of nature, and i susceptible to the
influences of the beautifnl, tbere is a pecu
liar fascination in a scene like this. Tbe
balmy air, the rising moon, the twinkling
stars, the contiguity of one of the fairest of
creation's most perfect work, all unite to
awaken in the heart its softest, sweetest, ten
derest feeling love. Son't yon think so,
''I do Oh! George, don't them baked
clams smell nice!"
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