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THE "PITTSBURG- DISPATCH. SATOEDST,SEJPiCEMBERW 1889
ETHICS OF GIPSIES.
Tliej Have but Little Idea of a God
and Kone of a Savior.
THE LEGION OF DAUR1E EOJI.
It Has Been in Existence at Least 4,000
to G.OUO Years.
WORSHIP ASD PEACTICE OF YIRTUE
16FECIAL COKRESrOXDENCE OF THE DISIM.TCU. J
Camp, I.. Sebago, Me., August 30.18S9.
I once knew a Gipsy named Carpenter
nearly 100 years old exactly 96 iii the sum
mer of 1877, when I was iavored with bis
wise companionship among the beautilul
hills and valleys of "Western Pennsylvania.
His great age, and a certain amount of book
knowledge he had somehow acquired, made
him a sort of seer among his race. I always
approached him with real veneration, and
when one day I asked him why Gipsies
were wanderers be instantly answered in
"Uecause they are God's chosen peoplel"
I am pretty sure the old rascal did not be
lieve what he said, because there was a
merry, half-wicked twinkle in his eyes, and
besides we were at that very moment oc
cupied in dressing some plump chickenc,
over whose manner of getting into camp I
thought best to throw the mantle of silent
charity. But he gravely proceeded to draw
a host of similitudes between modes of
Gipsy life and those of the ancient patrij
archs, laying great emphasis upon the state
ment that Gipsies were the true descendants
of the house of Iiechabites, so loved of the
lord for its people's faith. ul observances of
divine commands. Then he glibly quoted
from Jeremiah: '"Neither shall ye build
houses, nor sow seed, nor plant vineyard.nor
have any; but all your days ye shall dwell
in tents, that ye may live many days in the
land where ye be strangers."
MOVED BY THE BIBLE.
If Gipsies may be Eaid to possess ethical
or religious principles whatever, they will
all be found underlying and sustaining
their own as acainst all other modes of life.
Innumerable times have I made the direct
inquiry of my Gipsy companions and
friends recarding this matter, and on every
occasion liave I been met with a similar
answer. The Gipsy's mind is an utter blank
on all matters which the Christian world
regard as sacred. Revealed religion is to
him as extraordinary a tissue of chicanery
as are bis black arts to us. He will quote
you yards of Bible to prove his pilgriming
life the only correct one. But he does that
merely to contuse you; not because he him
self respects the authority to which he has
recourse. Unquestionably he believes with
his whole soul his is the only right way of
living. "Whatever you and I may believe
about that, I have bad too many and indubita
ble proofs of his integrity of conviction to
doubt it And so what is his belief, what
his heredity of sacred legend, what the
principles and incentives upon which his
life and effort are planted and what his
hope for, and lalth in, the future state, have
been tor 25 years my most earnest and inter
esting, and I must confess most futile and
barren, subjects of study among these tawny
wanderers of the tent and road.
20 EQUIVALENT FOE GOD.
It is a noteworthy 'act that the Romany
(Gipsy) language contains no exact equiva
lent for God. Indeed, it is almost barren of
words designating the Creator. The nearest
expression ,that my most studious and per
sistent researches and inquiries have been
able to discover is that oi Baurie Rom, or
Great Head, and yet this literally means a
powerful man, a chief potentate, and does
not mean a spiritual being with omniscient
powers. Uor is this term applied to a
supreme being save in one instance. That
one is in a singularly universal and alwavs
secret sacred legend of the GiDsies; their
sole lore pertaining to the infinite mysteries.
This story, tradition or legend relates in a
picturesque, brief and almost poetic man
ner the contest of the Great Good Spirit and
the Great Bad Spirit as follows:
One day the Baurie Bom (Great Head),
whose shining tent was the sky, went out to
Feekawild boar for dinner. As no good
being will steal from an open tent, the
Baurie Rom drew not the curtain about the
door (literally, mouth). Soon along came
the Baurie Bing (chiet evil spirit, the great
devil), who saw the deserted tent and cried
out with great glee:
"Now the Baurie Rom is gone. I will
destroy his beautiful habitation and leave
Then the Baurie Bing drank up the
rivers, ate all the pomegranates between the
rims of the sky. and licked up all the
earth's honey. After leasting, be blew flame
on the world, and split the mountains with
his fiery tail. Then he arose to go, but had
swelled so broad and high that he could not
get out of the tent-door, and his horns got
last in the woolly tent-curve (cover, the
sky). The Baurie'Bing struggled and bel
lowed, and ten black devils (dasa kala
bing) came to help the Baurie Bing away.
HUKLED OUT OF HEAVEN.
Just then the Baurie Bom came back.
The ten black devils ran away, when the
Baurie Bom took the Baurie Bing in his
hand as though light as dust and hurled
Mm beyond the edge of the sky, into a place
where be ever burns. Wut there never is
light From that day the Baurie Rom
placed a great chief to guard his tent door.
In passing it is interesting to find in the
three words dasa kala bing (ten black
devils) remarkable proof of the extreme an
tiquity of the gipsy race. They are re
spectively Sanscrit, Hindo3tanee and Ro
many; and their preservation by these peo
ple, independent of any written or printed
language, seems almostbeyond belief.
But in the tale of the Baurie Rom and the
Baurie Bing are found many symbols of
Gipsy thought and feeling, it is thousands
of years older than the Bible, and it is a
curious example of the earliest formnlative
thought as to a supreme being. He is typi
fied as benign, good, all-powerful, but awful
in just wrath. The devil, too, as the type of
greed, envy and malicious abstractiveness,
was not a bad notion for 3,000 or 4,000 years
ago; while many of the material instincts of
these strange folk the sky as a semblance
of the tent; the hunting of the wild boar for
dinner, once a perfection of attainment
among Gipsies; the feasting and gorging ot
the intruder; bis final discomforture and
almost Miltonic casting out into an eternal
lark; which Gipsies dread in color, symbol,
and in all places at night, when they sav
they "leel it hurt;" stand out clearly in
these tropes and similes.
SENTINEL OP THE SET.
But the most singular feature of the mat
ter is that this notion of a supreme being
end an antithesis, the temptation, the fall,
the expulsion from a state of privilege, the
endless punishment forrebellion and sin, and
the final sentineling of the Baurie Rom's
dwelling by "a great chief," like our later
poetic station for St Peter, jcrystalized in
the minds of pilgrims by the Narbudda and
Tapstee rivers from 4,000 to 6,000 years ago,
remain intact in the brain and thought of
every one ot their Gipsy descendants that
live; that is, the bare story, the myth of a
substance, the wiaith of some wondrous Has
Been. But that is all. The Great Head is
nothing to the Gipsy heart Prom wher
ever sprang in the'mght of the ages this bit
of lore, while it is clung to as is life, it has
So influence on the life.
"Hit's our way o' thinkin'." "Hit's good
enough for Gipsies." "Hus folk 'as no
mind vexin' about w'at nobody doesn't
know." "Yous all goes crazy many time
an' oft for w'ats hidden." "Et there's any
one mightier, Baurie Rom's jess as like the
right one as yours;" and the like; they ever
retort, and with imperturbable good humor.
They are willing to admit 'to please you,
that there may be such a being as God, bnt
they always leave yem vanquished by the
most benign and suave proposition that if
there it, to great a power will take care of
.everything wisely; and, "scynow.Gipsies is.
'aMHRSHiVEPTshsttfpSPflHsVsHHHHF sMssssssBPWHBIWBHWBWTPWPPIPTiB!l,nSf BJHWPflPJBWPt W
too trifln' fur anybody's mindin', let alone
sech mighty folks!" I remember of one in
stance among many where in positive des
peration in an attempt to give a group of
friendly Gipsies some faint idea of God as
we conceive Him, and, indeed, of discerning
if there was the faintest idea in any one of
their minds of a God of their ovjp mental
creation, I lost my patience and cried out in
vexation: "Oh, you vagabondsl such people
deserve no God."
NOT 'WORTHY A GOD.
"That's jess hit That's jess hit;" several
replied instantly, and with exasperating
complacence. "Hus alius knowed that
'Tain't like for hus sech things be." And
whether the rascals said it with a race
knowledge of hopeless outlawry, with de
spondent consciousness of impossibility of
knowing what we regard as of the supremest
importance to know, or to close an argument
concerning a matter no human has yet made
clear or acceptable to the Romany, to me
there was a pathetic finality in'their renun
ciation I could never wholly dispel.
It is not fair to say these folk are blasphe
mous in their stern and unrelenting refusal
to accept what you and I know no other pos
sibility than to embrace. Instead, it would
be nearer right to set them down as the one-
race on earth absolutely incapable of initia
tive formulation of the idea itself ot a God.
It is common to hear the teachers and lead
ers say that no people exist who have not in
herently an instinctive reverence for some
form of primal creative power, or some sort
of a Supreme Being. But here is one which
I assert to be absolutely incapable of even
the most trilling submission to. deity. Cer
tainly no one who has the most meager
knowledge of Gipsies will deny their intelli
gence. JSo otber ftuman beings live wno
are naturally so gifted with all-sufficient in
tellects. But so lar as I am able to judge,
they do cot know how to think God; and
the idea of a Savior, and the plan of re
demption as revealed and taught, are posi
tively so startling a burlesque on reason aid
evidence by things by them known, seen
and experienced, that no person can secure
and retain their confidence and respect who
will persist in presenting such ideas and
propositions to them.
NO FUTUKC STATE.
As I have shown in a preceding article,
there is no such thing as Gipsy belief in a
future state. As life with them is consid
ered no better than accident, death is the
end. I will not say that they resist the idea
of luture existence. They have no belief
about the matter whatever, and their resent
ment comes when you insist upon their hav
ing any. If there is such a state, well and
good. It not, still well and good. They do
not know anything beyond the facts that
physical hurt or disease and old age bring
death. Death necessitates putting the re
miins of the dead away in the ground.
"When the earth covers them they see no
further. Their concerns, material and
ethical, are invariably with the living.
On these lines they are a luminous, but
lowlv, order of agnostics. They seldom
speak of the dead. In the 200 or 300
Gipsy ballads I have collected, there is not
a line, sentence or thought, expressing faith
in, or even hope lor, reunion with the dead,
even in a Gipsy lover's wildest ravings for
his lost other-heart idol. The nearest ap
proach to such a sentiment is expressed not
toward humans, bnt of animals, and con
spicuously of the horse. I have witnessed
Gipsy grief more poignant at the loss of a
loved horse than I ever saw expressed over
the death of father, mother, child, hnsband
or wife; and on all occasions the loss of one
of these prized animals begets an awe and
silence in a Gipsy camp most strange and
THE -WORSHIP OP VIRTUE.
There are few who can believe any good
possible among so faithless and hopeless a
people. But there is good among them, and
of a kind the Christian world might better
develop with very great consistency and
profit "While Gipsies are without faith, or
even law, as we know it, no people live who
more rigorously follow, in iact and to the
ultimate of spirit, the highest and pnrest
code of physical and moral observance.
They universally revere the marriage rela
tion. I sav universally, and I use the word
unqualifiedly. There is not an exception.
The religions faculty as we develop,it, and
sometimes distort it, being wholly lacking
in these nomads, another seems to have
taken its place. That is virtue worship.
AH this begins back of the suckling
babe at its mother's breast. It is
bred and inbred in pre-natal assimilated
loyalty. The tent-home government and
surveillance are such that Gipsy children
grow unconsciously and irrevocably into
hereditarily virtuous lives and loves. Be
lieve it or not, Gipsy nyn and youths re
gard virtue as noble a perfection'in men as
in sweetheart or wife! and some idea of the
awful sacredness of that primal require
ment in woman may be had, when the fact
is stated that any Gipsy maiden found, on
marriage, to have been nnchaste, is visited
with the most horrible fate that can by any
possibility come to her in this life utter
and endless expatriation; and more than
once the lives of such have been sacrificed
with the calm aud unvarying apDroval of
parents and friends; while such a thing as
disloyalty of husband to wife, or wife to
husband, after marriage, has yet to be re
corded of Gipsy on the European or Amer
ican continent" Edgak L. Wakeman.
IT MIGHT HATE BEEN WOESE.
Well-Known Pittsbnrcerj Shaken
Passenger train Kb. 1, on the Nypano
road, at 5 o'clock A. M. yesterday, was de
railed at Pymatuning station. A freight
train was on the sideway, and it started out
too soon and the last sleeper on the passen
ger train collided with it, and was thrown
on its side.
Mrs. "William Clark, son and daughter
Mrs. E. L.Clark,and two children and nurse,
and one other passenger ocenpied the sleep
er. Thev i ere all hurt, but none seriously
except Mrs. E. L. Clark's little daughter,
who was badly cut about the head.
If esdames Clark are the wives of "William
Clark and E. L. Clark, of "William Clark,
Son & Co., of the Solar Iron "Works. The
other passenger was "W. H. Shields, of
E3gleville, N. Y.
AFTER TWENTY IEAES.
A Frclcht Conductor Beqnentbcd 810,000
for Saving n Man's Lite.
ISrZCIAL TEXEGIUM TO THS DISPATCH.
New Haven, September 6. James E.
"Wilson, of this city, risked his life 20 years
ago at Cape May, and saved from drowning
Henry Tan Scot, a retired sea captain, of
Hempstead, L. I. Mr. "Wilson received as
a reward a $100 bill. He returned thanks
and forgot the iucident Mr. "Wilson to
day is a freight conductor on the New York,
New Haven and Hartford Railroad. Cap
tain Van Scot died at Danville, O., a few
days ago and left a fortune of $260,000. He
bequeathed 810.000 of it to Mr. Wilson as
an additional reward.
Mr. Wilson says that the ?10,000 will put
him on his feet. He will go to Hempstead
in few days and claim his windfall.
A MEETING TO-DAY.
Grand Army Men to Make Arrangement! for
The Grand Army Day Celebration Com
mittee will meet in Select Council Chamber
at 3 o'clock this afternoon, to make arrange
ments for the celebration on October 6, and
for the t election of commander ol the day
and division commanders. -
The choice will fall on an Allegheny man
this year, according to the rule of dividing
the honor, adopted by the committee.
Result of Rains.
The river was rising rapidly again Tester
day, the main cause being the heavy rains
on the headwaters of the Monongahela and
Youghiogheny. Nearly 40 inches of water
were registered at dark last evening.
PATHFT? I'llftT.Hl far. MgM
ivith a plot deep enough and a climax su;
ing enough to make it a gem, to-morrovft
"An mperor't Decree,"
WITHOUT A BAERIER.
Union Gospel Meetings for the South
side Are Now Announced.
LED BY AN ASSOCIATE OP MOODY
Four Denominations Already Represented!
for the Work.
CHURCH SEWS AND GOSSIP OP THE C1TI
Feeling the need of more aggressive work
than the regular services, a number ot
churches on the Southside have united to
hold a series oP gospel meetings, among
which are the Ninth United Presbyterian,
the Eighteenth Street M. P., the Walton
M. E. and tho Twentieth Street Presby
terian. These meetings will begin on Sun
day evening the 15th inst. in the skating
rink, on Carson, between Twenty-second and
Twenty-third streets. Major James H.
Cole, the earnest evangelist, will assitt the
pastors in these meetings. Major Cole has
almost a world-wide reputation, bavins accom
panied Mr. Moody In his revival work. All
evangelical churches and ministers, with their
workers, are cordially Invited to assist. These
meetings will be continued for two or three
weeks at least.
Rev. Dr. Bonar, whose name was so well
known because ol the hymns he gave the
churches, and who died so recently, wrote
these lines to Sunday school teachers:
Thou must thyself be true.
If thou the truth would teach;
Thy soul must overflow.
If thou another's soul would reach;
It needs the overflow of heart
To give the lips full speech:
Think truly, and tby thoughts
Shall a world's famine feed;
Speak truly, and each word of thine
Shall be a fruitful seed;
Act truly, and thy life shall be
A great and noble creed.
Rev. W. H. Miller, of Mingo, has been
called to St. Paul, Neb.
Rev. J. O. Perms has resigned as rector of
St. Andrew's Church, Clearfield.
The corner stone of the new Catholic church
will belaid at Chartiers to-morrow afternoon.
Rev. John Huske, of Buffalo, N. Y., has
entered on his duties at St. Paul's Church,
The sign, closed for vacation, has been re
placed by the word "Welcome" on the
The Bingham street Methodist Church was
reopened last Sunday, having been closed for
repairs for a month.
The State Convention of the Young Men's
Christian Association will be held at New
Castle, October 10 to 13.
The Welsh Baptists of Johnstown are now
making plans for a temporary structure whero
they may hold tbelr services.
The Central Presbyterian Church, corner
Forbes and Seneca streets, will give a concert
on Thursday next, the 12th inst
The new Catholic church at McKees' Rocks
was dedicated last Sunday afternoon in the
presence of a large congregation.
Rev. Jasper, of the Colored Baptist Church
at Johnstown, is visiting other churches seek
ing aid in this, the hour of their direst need.
Erie Presbytery holds its fall meeting at
Cambndgeboro on Tuesday next; Shonango
Presbytery will meet at the same time at Hope
well. Rev. J. H. La Rociie has accepted the call
to the rectorship of St. Panl's Church. Klttan
ning. Ue comes from South Manchester,
At the Presbyterian Ministerial Association
on Monday next, Rev. W. F. Brooks will open
the discussion on "The Defeat of a Humane
The Methodist Episcopal Church at Collier
is nearly finished, and will be dedicated on the
2Zd inst., when Presiding Elder Jones will
Rev. W. H. Monasters, of the U. P.
Church, of Blalrsville, enjoyed his vacation
lectnrine: in adjoining counties on "National
Rev. W. F. Brooks, pastor of Grace Mem
orial Church, Arthur street will again occupy
his pulpit on Sunday. Thero will be a praise
meeting at C r. St.
rev. A. L. Ltons, of Newry, Ireland, will
deliver a lecture on "Home Rule" in the Central
R. P. Church, Allegheny, on Tuesday evening
at 7:45 p. m. All are invited.
TnE General Convention of the Protestant
Episcopal Church in the United States ot
America, will open its triennial meeting in New
York City, Wednesday, October 2.
The Southside Presbyterian Church has
been reopened after alterations and repairs
that involved an outlay of over 52,000. An
organ costing $3,500 has also been put in.
A temporary chapel will be erected at
Johnstown for the use of the Episcopalians,
they not thinking it wise to locate the church
building till the town becomes more settled.
Rev. J. T. Gibson has resigned the pastorate
of the Presbyterian Chutch at Sharpsbnrg, in
order to accept the position of Secretarv and
Treasurer of the Board of Missions ,f or Freed
men. At the Glenshaw Presbyterian Church on
Wednesday evening Mr. Robert S. Davis gave
a very interesting account of his late visit to
Japan, especially la reference to Christian mis
sions. The young people of Trinity Lutheran
Church, Allegheny, will give a sociable on
Monday evening next The harvest feast of
this church will be held on the last Sunday of
Rev. Jorra Brooks has resigned the pastor.
ate of the Nixon street Baptist Church, Alle
gheny City. He was pastor there for four
t ears and also had charge of amission school
at Woods' Run.
At East Liverpool, O., a new Presbyterian
church was dedicated on Sunday last Presi
dent Moffatt, ot the Washington and Jefferson
College, preaching the dedicatory sermon. The
building cost $25,000.
A convention of Evangelical ministers and
laymen, to last ten days, will open about the
20th instant in Chicago. The singing will be
ltd Dy Ira D. Sankey. Mr. Moody will have
charge of the meetings.
Ddkino the week Cresson, Johnstown and
Indiana have been visited by the Rt Rev. C.
Whitehead. Bishop of the diocese. The coming
week he will bo in Braddock, Brookville, Punx
sutuwney and Roynoldsville.
Beaver Valley Peesbyteey, ot the
United Presbyterian Church, will meet in New
Brighton, September 17 at 9 A. IT. The First
Synod of the West will convene at the same
place at 220 P. M. on the same day.
A good opportunity for a musical training
of the voice is offered to young men and boys
under the instruction of Prof. P. A. Von Wel
ter, the leader of the choir of Emmanuel
Church, North and Allegheny avenues.
At the session of the Westmoreland Presby
tery, held at Leechburg. Rev. G. 0. Vincent,
D. D., was dismissed from the Latrobe church:
Rev. Mr. Palmer accepted a call to Scottdale
and Rev. J. A. Brandon to Leechburg.
THE twenty-second convention of tho Gen
eral Council of the Evangelical Lutheran
Church ot North America, will convene at tho
First Lutheran Church, this city. Rev. E. D.
Belfour, D. D., pastor, commencing October 10.
5At Braddock on last Saturday tho corner
stone of the new Methodist Church was laid in
the presence of a vast congregation. Music
was furnished for the occasion by a united
choir from the different churches of the town
and the St Thomas band.
TnElWest Virginia Conference of the Metho
dist Church will meet (September 18, the Erie
Conference October 2 and the Pittsburg Octo
ber 9. The new rule allowing ministers to re
main five years may operate to cause fewer
changes In the pastoral relations.
Rev. J. G. Goettman. of Trinity Lutheran
Church, Allegheny, has returned, and will oc
cupy the pulpit again regularly. During his
absence the church was supplied by the Rev.
H. B. Winton, This congregation has engaged
the Rev. W. B. Mam as city missionary.
Hereafter the Presbyterian Ministena
Association will meet at 9:45 on Mon day morn
ings in the First Church parlor. The first meet
ing of each month will bo devoted to a "Quiz"
exercise nn the practical questions of the day.
The meetings will be limited to one hour.
Rev. W. N. Webbe, of St John's Episcopal
Church, preached his first anniversary sermon
as rector of this church on Bnnday last Dar
ing the year 67 persons have been added to the
.church by baptism and about 0 communicants
hare been added to' tho role of full member
shin. Rev. G. F. Pentecost, who became well
known by his work with Mr. Moody both. In
this and the old country, lias been called to the
Sastorate oC the Claremont Presbyterian
hurcb. Glaseow. at a salary of 5.000 a con
trast to the work of his brother, F. O. Fente-.
The Young People's Society of Christian
Endeavor, connected with the Congregational
Church. Manhattan and Franklin streets, Alle
gheny, gave a very enjoyable literary and
musical entertainment on Monday evening.
xaisisa very acure society ot aDont w mem
bers. A meeting of the Methodists of Pittsburg
district under the auspices of the Churcn
Union, will be held on the 17th inst. at 7)30 P.
M. This meeting is in the Interest of Method
ism In this city. Several addresses will be de
livered by prominent laymen of that denomi
nation. The Beaver Association of Baptist Churches
met at New Brighton on Thursday of last
week. The reports read from the various
churches v, ere very encouraging. The visiting
Saators occupied tbe pulpits of the town last
unday. Tbe next meeting will be held with
the Providence Church.
The contract for the stone work of the new
Episcopal Church at Braddock has been let
The architect is Mr. Halsey Woodof Newark,
N. J. This will be a handsome edifice when
completed. It will seat over fiOO, The people
are anxious this should be completed, as tbey
have been so inconvenienced meeting in halls.
The Rev. C. A. Bragdon, diocesan mission
ary, has returned from Muskoka Lake. Can
ada, whither he went in company with Rev. J.
D. Herron, of New Castle. They both feel
much invigorated by the change and rest They
met many Pittiburgers there. Services were
held by them in the notel parlors on Sundays.
The Laymen's League of the Episcopal
Church met at the church rooms Thursday
evening, when they resolved to secure the ser
vices of a clergyman to act as chaplain to tbe
league, or city missionary. They adjourned to
meet on the 2uth inst. at the chapel of Trinity
Church, when ladies will be Invited to their de
liberations. The Baptists of Johnstown are doing all
they can to complete the repairs on their
church, but dampness in the walls has made a
temporary halt necessary. Negotiations for
cancelling their mortgage are encouraging.
Rev. C. A. Hare will preach there to-morrow.
The first prajer meeting of this people since
the Hood was held on Wednesday evening.
The Rev. W. R. Maokay, rector of St Peter's
'Church, was in the city for a few hours on
Ihursday, having come to parfonn the mar
riage ceremony. He returned to East Hampton,
Long Island. He has entirely recovered from
his encounter with the officers in New Jersey.
His people will be heartily glad to bid him
welcome on his return to his labors.
Rev. R. H. Holxiday, pastor of the First
Presbyterian Church, of Findlay, O., received
a postal card advertisement as to conferring a
degree on him. Not understanding this fully
he wrote for particulars to the "so-called" uni
versity. In reply be was informed that if be
would induce some other cleigyman or teacher
to join tbe university he could have any degree
he chose for tho sum of Z10.
The Right Rev. Bishop Gilmour. of Cleve
land, has been selected by Cardinal Gibbons to
preach the sermon on the occasion of the dedi
cation of the new Catholic University at Wash
ington. D.C., on November 13. His subject
will be, "The necessity of the fullness of divine
truth, represented by the Faculty of the Uni
versity, tor the real advancement of learning
and for the true progress of our country."
The Executive Committee of the Catholic
Total Abstinence Union of the diocese of Pitts
burg met on Wednesday evening and
completed arrangements for the conven
tion to be held at Irwin, October 8. At Cleve
land a resolution was passed condemning all
Catholic clubs furnishing liquor to their mem
bers, and a move is expected that will compel
all members of such clnbs in this diocese to
either leave 'the union or the club.
Official announcement has been made of
tbe consolidation of the Catholic dioceses of
Pittsburg and Allegheny. They will hereafter
be known as the Pittsburg diocese. On ac
count of the continued illness of Bishop Tuigg
the whole duties will now devolve on Bishop
Phelan. Being a man of indomitable energy,
or great devotion, and withal very popular
with his own people and with Protestants who
have acquaintance with him, the work will be
well cared for.
Rev. Dr. James Bbownlee, of the Re
formed Church at Fort Richmond, Staten
Island, entered the fifty-fourth year of his
pastorate with that church on Sunday last He
then preached bis four thousand four hundred
and eighty-seventh sermon to that people. This
is about equal to tbe Drs. Peddle, of Glasgow,
who together father and Bon occupied tho
one pulpit for nearly 120 years. Mfght not
some churches nearer hntne bear a voice say to
them, "Go thou and do likewise."
MURDER IN THE FIRST DEGREE.
This Is the Verdict of the Coroner's Jury In
the Diary Smith Case.
The inquest on the death of Mrs. Mary
Smith, the colored woman shot by her hus
band, was held before Acting Coroner Gripp
yesterday morning. Robert Bagley and his
wife, who live in the same house, testified
to being asked by Smith to go for a police
man and to finding Mrs. Smith dead in her
bed. Smith acknowledged having shot his
wife to the Bagleys, and they said he was
of an intensely jealous disposition.
Andrew E. Ferry, a colored police offi
cer, also testified to Smith having told him
that he had shot bis wife because she was
untrue to him, and that he had found letters
to her from other men.
At the conclusion of the testimony the
case was given to the jury, who found that
Mary Smith came to her death by a gun
shot wound in the left temple at the hands
of her husband, William Smith. He was at
once committed on acharge ot murder in the
Smith was resting easier at the Mercy
Hospital yesterdav, and will probably be
removed to the jail to-day or to-morrow.
TO HELP MAUONE.
major DIcKInloT, Reed, of Maine,
Others to Stamp Virginia.
SrECUL TZLEGBAM TO THE DISPATCH.
Richmond, Va., September 6. Mahone
not only expects a bountiful supply of
money from the Northern Republicans, but
connts upon securing the services of some of
the ablest speakers of his party in that sec
tion during the campaign. It is understood
that Mahone will meet McKinley, of Ohio,
and Reed, of Maine, in Washington in a
few days, to make arrangements with them
to come down here and stamp the State in
his behalf. McKinley spqke in one or two
counties of this State for John S. Wise in
1885, when that gentleman was defeated by
Fitzhugh Lee by 17,000 majority. Mr. Reed,
however, has never spoken in the State.
Besides the two gentlemen named, Gen
eral Mahone expects to import other North
ern orators equally as well known to assist
him in defeating the Democrats.
The Well Is Finished.
The house over the well in the Allegheny
Parks will be completed to-day, and an elec
trio light will he placed inside. The water
is started by turning a spigot. It is a nice
arrangement and Superintendent Hamilton
is proud of tbe addition.
Corner Stone Laying.
' A special train will leave over the Lake
Erie road at 3 o'clock Sunday afternoon for
the corner stone laying of the new Catholic
Church at Chartiers. The fare for theround
trip will be 10 cents.
Special Notice to G. A. R. Members and
Others Attending the Reunion at Gettys
burg. In addition to the special train to Gettys
burg, which leaves Pittsburg on Tuesday,
September 10, at 9 A. m., the Pennsylvania
Kailroad Company will run throuch coaches
to Gettysburg to-day, Saturday, September
7, on train leaving Pittsburg at 8:10 T. M.,
arriving at Gettysburg about 7 A. M., fol
You also have tbe advantage of the fol
lowing regnlar trains leaving Pittsburg as
follows: 320 and 8 A. M. and 8:10 p. M.
Fbauenheim & Vilsack's Iron City
Beer is the best in the market Pnre, whole
some and nutritious.
letter in lo-morroitfs Dispatch MU of a visit
he paid to the home of Dr. Schliemann in
Athens. It it very readable. Not a dull
sentence in it.
LATE SEWSffl BRIEF.
Mrs. James Brown Potter's husband has no
knowledge of her reported retirement from the
It is announced tbe receipts from tbe Eiffel
tower since the opening of the .Exposition, have
been 4,000,000 francs.
It Is now assorted that Graham did not; go
over Niagara Falls In bis barrel, but tbat the
whole affair was a cleverly constructed fraud.
Not much proof of the assertion bas been ad
The bond offarlnirs vesterdar urorAtraterl
Sol G. 600 as follows: Four per cents, coupon.
SH.bOO at 128; registered 4 per cents, $413,000 at
128; 4K per cents, registered, 89,000 at 10
All were accepted.
A largely attended meeting of the Cathollo
clenrv of Baltimore and Washincton was held
in the library of tbe Baltimore Cathedral for
the purpose of discussing tbe details of the
November centennial. Cardinal Gibbons pre
sided. Prof. Brooks, of the tsmith Observatory, se
cured several photographs of tho occultation of
Jupiter by tbe moon, oneof them showing him
half covered, tbe first photograph ever taken
of tbe phenomenon. His observations were
taken Tuesday night
The President has appointed the following
named postmasters: Edward B. Bcott at Ba
tavia, O., vice Stephen Cranor, removed; Nelson
A. Fulton, at Xenia, O., vice M. W. Caurce,
removed; Wilbur T. Morton, at Alton, UL, vice
T. H. Perrin, removed.
Inter-State Commerce Commissioner An
gustus Schoonmaker is highly pleased with the
appointment of Judge Veazey as bis new asso
ciate in tbe commission. Tbe first autumn ses
sion of tbe commission will be held in New
York on September 12.
The Canadian Dominion Labor Congress
yesterday passed strong resolutions calling on
the Dominion and Provincial Governments to
abolish tbe system of subsidizing railways by
land and money grants as detrimental to the
interests of the country. '
Reports from every district in Manitoba
and Northwest indicate a first-class wheat crop.
The whole country Is busy threshing and crop
will all grade No1 hard. Several cars have
already been shipped. About 20 new elevators
are building in Manitoba alone.
Dr. T, T. Lynn, a prominent physician of
Bourbon, Ind., was the victim of an inhuman
act Thursday night Mrs. Myers, wife of a
blacksmith, sent for him, and as be entered tbe
pate throw vitriol In bis face, putting out one of
bis eyes. No arrests bave been made.
A remarkable trial has commenced in the
Federal court at Fort Smitb, Ark., five Creek
Indians being charged with tbe murder of
Deputy United States Marshal Mcintosh In
Indian Territory last November. Neither of
tbe principals and few of tho witnesses speak
English, the testimony being interpreted.
The Postmaster General has received a
telegram from Spokane Falls, Wash., con
veying the information that a majority of tbe
clerks in the postofflce there bad concluded to
remain at tbelr posts of duty and not co on
strike on account of alleged inadequate
allowances for salaries, etc., as they threatened
Mrs. Delia Stewart Farnell, mother of
Charles Stewart Parnell, who bas been In fail
ing health for some time. Is worrying for fear
that she will not live to finish her literary
labors. She is prepariag a number of import
ant papers bearing on the Irish land qnestlon,
and is working daily under the watchful eye of
General Master Workman Powderly, of the
Knights of Labor, announces tbat the General
Executive Board of the order will meet In St.
Louis on the 30th of September and continue
in session several days. Important questions
affecting the Knights In tbe entire Southwest,
embracing Missouri, Kansas, Indian Territory,
Arkansas and Texas, will be considered.
At Fort Smitbj ArK., Jefferson Hogne, a
white man, aged Zawas jailed yesterday on a
charge of bigamy. Two girls, neither over 18
years of age, appeared and swore that he mar
ried them last winter. Eogue acknowledged
that he married them, and also he has an
other wife now living at Eureka Springs.
Ark., and the officers say that he has still two
There were received at the Department of
State at Washington yesterday money orders
from Consul General Lcsene at Melbourne,
Australia, transmitting S58 15 collected at
Hamilton, Australia, for the Johnstown flood
8ufferers,and a statement from Consul Dawson,
at Newcastle, New South Wales, that S1.300
had been raised at Brisbane for the same pur
pose. During a thunder storm Wednesday at Co
lumbus, Wis., five head'of horses belonging to
L. B. Franklin, an extensive breeder, were in
stantly killed by a flash of lightning. The ani
mals were passing through bars in tandem
order when struck, and lay noon the ground as
if asleep, with tbe mark of the lightning upon
the right side of each one. They were of high
Mayor M. R. Marks, of Orlando. Fla.. re.
Eorted at New York police headquarters tbat
e was swindled yesterday out of S40, all the
money he had with him at the time, by bunco
men. They played tbe familiar trick of discov
ering his name, 'inducing him to visit a honso
to examine samples of cloth, leading him to
display money, which was snatched from his
hand by a confederate, who escaped.
An official statement of the action of the
American nations upon tbe invitation to par
ticipate in the congress next month was issued
by the State Department yesterdav. It shows
tbat every one accepted the invitation, except
San Domingo. The reason given by tbe Gov
ernment of tbat country for declining to par
ticipate was that a treaty negotiated by the
representatives of tbe two countries several
years ago failed of ratification by tho Senate of
the United States.
It is announced at Chicago that George M.
Pullman bas subscribed 5100.000 to the world's
fair fund. To a reporter who called on him
Mr. Pullman would only admit that he had
suggested the advisability of givingan immedi
ate impetus to tho work of raising the 85,000,001)
by securing a half million in one lump from
five citizens of Chicago in subscriptions of
J100.000 each. Who the four besides Mr. Pull
man are has not been divulged, but P. D.'Ar
mour and Marshall Field are mentioned as two
The friends of the proposition to repeal the
tobacco tax are Very active and are preparing
to combine upon a candidate for the Speaker
ship who will support their cause in every
way possible. Tbey charge that the bill could
have been readily passed in two former Con
gresses had not Speaker Carlisle refused to re
cognize members who would bave called it up
at times when it might bave been considered.
They propose to forestall every course of this
sort hereafter. Judge Houk, of Tennessee, is
mentioned as then probable candidate.
appointments: Edwin Dun, to be Secretary of
tho Legation of tbe United States to Japan:
Arthur W. Barrett, of Massachusetts, to be
Secretary of tho Legation of the United States
to Venezuela; William B. Gardiner, Jr., of In
diana, to be second Secretary of the Legation
of tbe United States to Japan; Consuls ol tbe
United States, Joseph T. Mason, of Virginia, at
Mannheim; Bernard G. Macauley, of New
York, at Managua, Nicaragua; Auleck Palmer,
of the District of Columbia, at Dresden; John
D. De Little, of Texas, at Pristol; Thomas H.
Anderson, of Ohio, Minister Resident and Con
sul General of the United States to Bolivia.
Tho pearl excitement in the vicinity of New
Albany, Wis., is now at its height Although
claims are getting scarce and tbe divers have
to dig in the mud in the bottom of the river,
the finds aro more numerous and valuable
than ever. Tbe largest, and by far the largost
pearl in Wisconsin, was found yesterday. A
New York buyer offered J3.500 for it, bnt this
figure was considered too low. Hundreds of
small pearls are found ana sold daily. The
purcnasers are agents of Chicago, New York
and Paris houses. Visitors and claim hunters
are pouring into tbe village, and tbe banks of
the river for miles are dotted with tents.
The German people are just now experi
encing some of the ills of the management of
railroads by a Government In response to the
urgent demands for fast trains between im
portant cities, the Prussian Minister of Rail
roads complacently withdraws the few fast
trains which were put on a year ago as an ex
periment, and declares that tbe increased ex
pense to tho department is not warranted by
the result achieved. The newspapers raise a
bowl over this backward move, and tbe com
mercial community are disgusted, but there
appears to be nothing to do but to grin and
Richard Shovlin's awful experience in
the Providence Coal Company's shaft, near
Scranton, is tbe wonder of tbe anthracite
minirg circles, no case like It ever having been
reported before. Shovlin was a footman and
signaled the engineer to draw him up. There
was some delay and Shovlin got on the car
riage. When It began to move and passed by
Shovlin be grasped bold of the iron rod beneath
and was hurried up the shaft iiOO feet An
alarm was given, and Shovlin was found bang
ing unconscious to the bar and grasping it so
hard force as required to loosen his hold. He
was conveyed home almost dead, bnt recovered
consciousness after several hours' work by
Investigation made by the Detroit police
into a mxstenous disappearance Sunday night
of a German servant girl, whose name is sup
posed to be Anna KUnk, tends to show she bas
met with foul play. On tbe night in question
cries of "Murder," followed by the sounds of
rapid running, were heard coming from a row
boat near Belle Isle. A few moments later a
man met two men in a rowboat Ip response to
bis question as to what had become of the
woman, they said they knew nothing of any
woman and were looking for a boat Subse
quent Investigation showed that no boat was
inis-inr, and the police beliove tbe girl was
murdered. The river is bcin dragged for the
A sensational report from Dexter, Stod
dard county, Mo,, is to the effect that a gang of
lawless men, numbering about 85. visited tbat
town Tuesday with tbe design of enforcing a
threat to drive from the town and county a re-
.. . fs rfU -"" . .,.,... -s ' i-rli.:. .&!&& . . .'JiS&isaSmW
cent sotslomant of negroes. Tba
the town uwoeoted tbelr errand asd
a posso and ordered them to leave toa. F6r
awnue-tne seeee was intensely exoitwff, we
gang fleeing down the street under whip, and
the Marshal's posse pursuing and firing every
instant One of tbe White Caps was captarea.
His name is Buck Mays, and he is seriously in
jured. The Marshal's posse wounded and oap
caxed three others named Vort Davis and
Dickerson. The gang is said to be a part of a
White Cap organization, numbering 169 men.
which has existed for several montasia Stod
Oneof the. most remarkable murder cases
ever recorded in Alabama is on trial in the
Fayette county criminal court L. R. Smitb
was employed last spring as a detective. He
arrested Jackson, the negro be killed, thinking
he was a murderer. He afterwards learned tha,.
be was mistaken in bis man. In order to secure
his reward Smith told tbe negro he would re
lease him If Jackson onld allow him to cut off
one oi nis ears, jacicsons ears were marked
similarly to those of tbe negro wanted. The
negro agreed and tbe ear was cut off. Smith
then feared that Jackson would batrav 4itm.
and determined to kilt him. He gave him tbe
choice of hanging blmsalf or being, banged.
The negro chose the former, ana while pretend
ing to search for a suitable place, made a break
for liberty. Smith fired and tbe negro fell.
Smith loft believing him dead. The negro
lived, however, to tell the tale, and his dying
statement is tbe princlj at evidence.
The French Ministry, as the elections ap
proach, are more than ever determined to show
no quarter to Boulanger and his partisans.
Yesterday, in Paris alone, the police arrested
23 men who were posting Bonlangist placards,
and in tbe provinces tbe police are equally
watchful lest tbe recent manifesto of tbe Lon
don exiles should see the light of day. The
men arrested in Paris are mostly professional
bill postors with no special predilection for
Boulanger or bis cause, and stand as ready to
post cards for M. Tirard on tbe walls of Paris
to-day as for the General yesterday. This fact
however, does not save them from the sum
mary vengeance of a frightened Government
and four of them who were arraigned yester
day were sentenced to ten days' imprisonment.
eacn ior violating tne recent aecrea oi oi. uou
stans, Minister of tbe Interior, prohibiting tbe
hawking or placarding of any documents
emanating from General Boulanger, Count
Dillon or M. Rocbefort
AGAINST THOMPSON BELL
The Master Decides That 820,000 Worth
of Bank Stock Can't be Transferred He
Was Nat a Member of tbe Firm.
H. R. Swing, Esq., yesterday filed his
report as master in the case of Thompson
Bell against the Farmers' Deposit National
Bank, James Marshal, Thomas M. Mar
shall, Esq., Mark W. Watson and Matilda
Marshall, execntors of James Marshall,
deceased. The suit was a controversy about
80 shares of the stock of the Farmers' De
posit National Bank, which had been
pledged as security for a note for $20,000.
James Marshall, Sr., and James Marshall.
Jr., had been in business together as James
Marshall & Co. Previous to his death the
first named withdrew from the. firm, and
James Marshall, Jr., conducted the busi
ness. He was also acting as executor of his
father's will. In 1883 he borrowed $20,000
from Thompson Bell, pledging as security
the 80 shares of bank stock, though at par it
was only $100 per share. The stock he
longed to his father's estate, bnt he stated
that he wanted the money to put into the
business ot the firm of James Marshal! &
Co., in which bis father's estate was inter
ested. He afterward failed, and when the
note became dne it was not paid.
Mr. Bell then demanded a transfer of the
bank stock to his name. The bank officials,
acting nnder the instructions of the heirs"of
the estate, refused to make the transfer.
Suit was next brought to compel them to
The master in his report finds that James
Marshall, Sr., was not a member of the firm
of James Marshall & Co. at the time oi his
death, and that his estate was not interested
in the business and that the bank stock
conld not be held to any nledge of James
Marshall, Jr. He recommends the dismis
sal of the bill except as to the share of
James Marshall, Jr., as an beir, in the
stock, which should be held by tbe execu
tors, subject to any rights tbe plaintiff has
WHILE IN PITTSBURG
Attendlnc the Exposition don't forget to visit
47 Obio Btreet, Allegheny, and see one of ibe
greatest tree exhibits in the two cities over
200 specimens of the parasites that infest tbe
human family. Forty-three tapeworms re
moved from patients in nine months, all but
three living in Allegheny county.
Remember DR. BURGOON, wbo bas his
office at 47 Ohio street, treats not only for the
parasites tbat infest tbe human system, but
also treats all chronic troubles with great suc
cess. Do not forgot to call, as it will cost you
nothing to consult tbe doctor and get his opin
ion of your case. "Catarrh cured by a new and
easy treatment." se3-76-Tus
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Night Sohool Opens Monday, September 30.
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Dr. Shafer, one of the physicians of the
Polypathia Medical Institute, at 420 Penn ave.
Mr. O. Y. Polpress, of No. 4S Liberty street,
Allegheny, had for a lone; time suffered from a
weak, tired feeling, no ambition, pain across
tbe small of his back and palpitation of the
heart. His complexion was very sallow, and as
tbe diseased condition of his kidneys from
which he suffered further progressed, bis stom
ach became involved. He had bloatinc belch
ing of gas and distress after eating. He lost
flesh, bis memory became poor and bis mind
became so affected that he could neither read or
think, and was in constant fear of becoming in
sane. He often'felt dizzy, so that everything
seemed to be in a whirl, and he became so
nervous as to entirely unfit him for any busi
ness. Having read in tbe papers that the
physicians of the Polypathic Medical Institute
make a specialty of kidney and urinary diseases
be began treatment with them. His own words
state the result: This is to certify tbat I bave
been cured by tbe physicians of the Polypathic
Medical Institute at 420 Penn avenue.
O. V. PULPRESS."
Office hours, 10 A.M. to 4 p. at, and 6 to8P. 3L
Sundays, 1 to 4 p. M. Consultation free.
bb yon want to know what yon ought to''
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