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ESTABLISHED FEBRUARY S, 1S4S.
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THE DlSrATCn for tli months ending August 31,
as sworn to before City Controller,
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PITTSBURG. WEDNESDAY, SEP. 4, 1SS9L
v THE EXPOSITION OPENING.
The opening of the Exposition to-day trill
present to the public the fruition of the
efforts in behalf ot that enterprise that have
been going on for some years past, The
fact that we have an Exposition creditably
Loused and capable of indefinite expansion
is the first and vital one to Pittsburg in the
first opening of the Exhibition.
To a large number of our citizens the
buildings themselves will furnish a leading,
if not the main feature during the first few
days. The admirable character of these struc
tures for their public purposes and the
jrood work in securing their erection will
make a visit to them a subject of interest to
all Pittsburgers who are inspired by the
local pride which this project represents.
Beyond that the public will bear in mind
that the work against time which has been
going on for the past sixty days, must neces
sarily leave some features in an incomplete
state. There will probably be found for the
first fen days a good many unfinished ex
hibits and the mechanical department will
be likely to require until next week before
it can do itself credit. But the main build
ing and the art exhibit will of themselves
furnish an exhibition well worthy the
public attention; while in the course of a
few days the entire Exposition will be ready
to extend its attractions to visitors.
The one leading fact, however, is that our
community has an Exposition with well
appointed structures, commensurate to the
wealth and industrial importance of the
city. That is enough to make its opening a
great occasion to every true-hearted Pitts
burger. THE LONDON STRUGGLE.
Although public opinion and the efforts
cf the shipping interests most closely con
nected with the London dock yards have
been thrown in favor of an equitable settle
ment of the great strike there, the obstinacy
of the officers of the corporation has pre
vented any such satisfactory termination of
the struggle. The strike is said to be gain
ing in bitterness, and the dispatches indi
cate the general uneasiness which is felt.
The gravity of the affair has its lesson for
this country, in its illustration of tne prin
ciple that as corporations are able to cen
tralize the control of industries and gain
exclusive privileges they are certain to be
come oppressive to labor, simply because
they have more power and less personal
responsibility. Great corporations pitted
against large masses of ill-paid laborers are
sure to produce dangerous strikes.
THE CABLE'S BLESSINGS.
One of the privileges of life in these the
declining days of the nineteenth century,
which every American citizen cannot but
prize, is the constant supply of information
about the Prince of "Wales' lame leg. Queen
Victoria's latest fad for mixing whisky and
apollinaris, and other matters of supreme
importance which the cables bring to us
Think of the immense gain of the present
generation over its predecessors in the mat
ter of polite royal and even imperial intel
ligence provided for its edification! If
Queen Victoria adopts a new cough lozenge
Emperor William discharges a cook, or the
baby King of Spain cuts a tooth, we are not
kept days, weeks or even months in agoniz
ing expense before we learn what happened
next. If one of the royal chickens at Wind
sor swallows a lozenge dropped by its im
perial owner and incontinently turns up its
toes, we are informed of it instantly. Be
fore Emperor William's cook has secured a
Mew place the whole life history of the chef
is before us, and so realistic is the descrip
tion of the yells of the young monarch
of Spain in his tussle with a healthy tooth
that it would hardly be more agonizing to
have him next door.
The trivialities of royal Europe are very
serious matters to free American citizens.
CONSTABLES AND GRAND JURY.
The reports of the constables on illegal
liquor selling furn'sb indications that the
labors of the Judges in enforcing upon
those officials the necessity of discharging
their duty has not been without its effect.
While the number of places reported is not
up to athe rumored abundance of "speak
easies," it indicates that the constables
generally arc aroused to the necessity of en
forcing the Jaw and allows the inference
that gossip may have exaggerated the total
number of illcit liquor sellers. The Court
nlso very clearly indicated to the grand
jury its duty in reference to violators of the
law. If the same measure of success in
making that body do its duty is attained as
has been secured with the constables, the
idea that the laws can be obeyed or not, as
may suit individual interests, is likely to
receive a severe shock.
HE. GLADSTONE'S NEW ENEMY.
Politics in Great Britain is as productive
of bitterness and nncharitableness as it well
can be. There is nothing to which the
partisan there will not stoop to to throw dis
credit upon an opponent The sweetest
tempered of Englishmen seem to have lost
command of themselves, and the political
polemics of the day bristle with false argu
ments and demagogical appeals. The war
fare between the Tories and the Radical
party, with whom the Irish Home Rulers
are allied, is being carried into America.
This month's Forum contains a vicious and
vindictive article by Thomas Hughes, better
known as Tom Hughes who wrote "Tom
Brown's Schooldays," upon the political
course of Mr. Gladstone. It is worth read
ing, perhaps, because it shows how desper
ate the condition of the Tory party is to-day.
-Mr. Hughes, with ingenious malice, ex-j
plores the utterances of Mr. Gladstone in
the past. To the surprise of no one who has
any acquaintance with Mr. Gladstone's
career he finds that the great Liberal states
man has not always been consistent, "With
a very apparent object he lays sties upon
Mr. Gladstone's attitude toward the United
States during the Civil war. In these days
of extreme darkness Mr. Gladstone un
doubtedly erred in his judgment of the
principles ot the combatants. He did not
grasp fully the real meaning of the contest,
and he said things then for which he has
openly acknowledged since his sorrow.
But Mr. Hughes' only object is plainly
to discredit Mr. Gladstone with Americans
generally. He is successful in making
clear Mr. Gladstone's mistakes of a quarter
of a century ago, but his statements of his
tory and his arguments based thereupon
will not suffice, we think, to avert the sym
pathy of the bulk of the American people
from Mr. Gladstone in his efforts to procure
home rule for Ireland.
HOT A TRUST.
The report of a trust to be organized
among the building and loan associations of
the city, which appears in our local col
umns, refers to a combination which may
hare a little likeness to the monopolistic ap
plications of tLe trust device, but is entirely
distinct from them, both in its intent and
The characteristic features of the trusts
which have aroused the public protests are
that they are formed to suppress competition
and to array the strength of the combination
either against consumers or producers, or
both together. The nature of the building
and loan associations is that they comprise
their own loaners and borrowers of money,
and the rhirpose of the combination is to ad
vance the interests of both. The favorite
device of the trust is to suppress cim peti
tion by artificially diminishing the supply;
that of the building and loan organization or
clearing house is to increase the supply of
money for borrowers, and to expand the
field for the loaners to their mutual advant
age. In short, the trust is for the sake of
enabling the middleman to impose aroitrary
profits on the masses; a combination of this
sort is for the sake of giving the masses the
fullest benefit of its business organization.
The success of such an organization is
likely to depend mainly upon its manage
ment Under careful and conservative con
trol it would necessarily impose the best
standard of conduct upon all associations
which make up its membership, and thus
enhance the solvency of the building and
loan associations generally. Loosely and
improvidently managed, it might have ex
actly the opposite effect. Whether the close
supervision and careful accountability that
have made the separate associations success
ful, will be as thoroughly attainable in a
centralized organization, is a matter that
the members of the different associations
will do well to carefully consider.
But in the interest of correctness it is well
to bear in mind that a combination of this
sort has nothins in common with the mod
ern trusts except the surface resemblance.
A GRAVE MISTAKE.
The determination of the Navy Depart
ment to get over the difficulty presented by
the fact that the bids for the new war vessels
exceed the limit of the appropriation by
reducing the requirements of speed in the
original specifications bears the aspect of a
very grave mistake.
The naval need of this country is not a
large supply of vessels, with the qualities
of mediocrity as to speed and fighting abil
ity. This Government never. will have any
justification for establishing a navy of the
magnitude and expense of the European
powers. What it wants is the adherence to
its steadfast policy of few vessels, but those
the fastest and most heavily armed of their
class. We do not want cruisers that can
neither run away from nor overtake the
enemy; but we want, on the contrary, those
which can always rival, if not surpass, the
best vessels owned by other powers.
For that reason tne obvious course was, if
vessels of the speed and size required could
not be obtained within the limits of the Con
gressional appropriation, to secure an en
largement of the appropriation by Congress.
The other course, that of lowering the qual
ity of the vessels and degrading oux naval
standard in order to keep within the limits
of the appropriation, is very nearly tanta
mount to making tne expenditure a dead
This country can afford to spend any
amount of monev that is necessary to make
its naval vessels the best that can be built
and sailed; but no country can afford to
throw away money in building vessels which
are inferior in speed and serviceability to
those possessed by other powers.
A COSTLY JOKE, PERHAPS.
The Dispatch has already humbly un
dertaken to bring into the prominence it
deserves the humorous side of the warfare
the United States revenue cutter Rush is
waging upon the Canadian sealing vessels
in Behring Sea. There has been no pause
to the fun. Confiding Lieutenant Tuttle of
the Rush, keeps on overhauling the pirati
cal craft, keeps on putting prize crews of
one upon them, and keeps on -bidding them
proceed to Sitka. The Canadian pirates
cheerfully continue to sail with their prize
crews to Victoria, B. C. As long as pirates
and the crew of the Rush hold out, the roar
ing farce will continue.
But is there not in this laughable exhi
bition of Uncle Sam's vigilance a very
positive danger of serious trouble, real war
perhaps? In the latest capture reported the
danger looms up very large and plain. As
usual, a prize crew, consisting of one able
American seaman, was put on board the
captured sealer with orders to take the
vessel to Sitka. Again, as usual, the Cana
dians preferred to go to their home port,
Victoria, and when the prize crew protested
the Indian hunters on board were with
difficulty kept from throwing him over
board. If he had been thrown into the
sea this country would have had a very
serious question to face. Smaller excuses
for war have often been found.
There seems to be a disposition on the
part of the State Department at Washing
ton to let matters slide along, drifting in no
particular direction. England acquiesces
apparently in the policy of leaving the
question of property in the Behring Sea
for future consideration. Canada is pro
testing a good deal, but not very effectively.
It would be reassuring to know that Sec
retary Blaine has a definite policy as to this
question. He may have, but It looks very
much as if he had not made up his mind
about this country's rights in Behring
Judge White read the riot act to the
grand jurors yesterday and some of the con
stables did practically the same act for the
benefit tof the sneafc-easies. There is a
strengthening i repression up about the
Court House that this is a good time to en
force the law.
In connection with the fact .that a pork
speculation in Chicago has advanced the I
THE PITTSBURG- '
price of that staple ?2 00 per barrel, the
Philadelphia Inquirer remarks that there is
no reason why gambling in food staples
should not ho placed under the ban ot the
law, as mueli as gambling in cards. Since
gambling in cards only results in damaging
thoe who engage immediately in it, and, as
the Inquirer points out, gambling in food
staples generally results in some hardship
upon the great mass of consumers, the con
clusion seems to bo tolerably clear that there
is much more reason why the commercial
form of gambling should be prohibited by
the law, than the mere betting on cards,
which has so long been prohibited.
Talk of the recent Republican Field
Marshal being sanguine! When the in
domitable Democracy contemplates overcom
ing a Republican majority of 80,000 in
Pennsylvania it puts every hair of Thomas
Cooper's leonine locks to the blush.
With regard to Mr. Elliott F. Shepard's
declaration that Divine Providence led the
Republican party to victory last year, it
seems to be a very pertinent commentary
that Providence never vouchsafes a blessing
without some qualification to save the re
cipients from being too mnch puffed up.
While the Republican party was led to
victory, the inscrutable decree permitted
Colonel Shepard to fasten the burden of
himself upon the party at the same time.
The Baltimore Republican clubs have
paraphrased the old platform by their
practical resolutions, first, that the offices
and the fatness thereof belong to the Repub
lican saints; and second, that they are the
The State is to have its annual fair after
all, but it will be merely an enlargement of
the York County Agricultural Fair. That
will be quite a deserving exhibit, we have
no doubt; but Western Pennsylvania will
turn with some interest to the problem
whether the need of this end of the State
for an annual exhibition cannot be supplied
by the Exposition which inaugurates its.
good work in Pittsburg to-day.
The reed bird season has opened in the
Eastern cities; and the problem of the ex
termination of the English sparrow is rap
idly moving forward toward solution.
The manufacturers having made one
step toward a compromise of the window
glass strike, would it not be well for the
glass workers to make some movement to
ward meeting them? The side of a strike
that allows its readiness to make a fair set
tlement displays the best judgment of the
proper way to maintain good relations be
tween capital and labor.
Laboe Dat appears to have been very
appropriately named for Pittsburg. It was
the day on which the majority of the labor
ers pitched in and worked as usual.
REroEis are in circulation in New York
that Sheriff Flack has been forced by the
Tammany Hall authorities to Bend in his
resignation of his position of Sheriff. It is
also one of the undercurrents of rumor that
the health of his royal highness, the Prince
of Darkness, is so precarious that Tammany
Hail is likely to be turned into a monastery.
The Democratic convention to-day is
likely to be as harmonious as a Elate on
which the sums are all figured out.
David Dudley Field expresses his
opinion that State Legislatures should not
be held in ridicule by the people. The
public at large will agree with Mr. Field
in this respect; and in order to secure the
realization of the desire, the people must
turn in and take measures calculated to es
tablish a new kind of Legislature.
PL0PLE OF PROMINENCE.
Pbof. Tyndall, though taking a vacation
in the Alps, is still ardently interested In British
Mbs. Julia D. Ghant, the widow of the
General, who bas been spending the summer
in Vienna with her son, tho United States
Minister, expects to return to this country and
pass the winter in Washington.
Dr. George MacDonald, the novelist, has
been lecturing in the south of England and on
the Channel Islands. During bis earlier Lon
don season he was obliged to deliver his talks
from an armchair. This was due, however, not
to any abatement of physical vigor, but to a
a badly sprained foot
Tile Rev. Father Henselp Saragian, who was
sent by the Armenian Patriarch of Constanti
nople to look after the spiritual Interests of the
Armenians living in this country, held his first
service in Boston on Sunday. This is said to
be the first use of the Armenian ritual by a
genuine delegate of the Patriarch in America.
President Harbison's visit to the Log
College. Bucks county, Pa., will remind him
that his wife's relatives were prominent people
iu the last century. One of the original trus
tees of Neshaminy Church was John Scott, an
ancestor of Mrs. Harrison. The old oven In
the Scott house bas received a fresh coat of
whitewash and will do honor to the President's
When the new Chinese Minister comes to
Washington, wbere he is expected within a
month, be will bring his wife with him; and
this will be the first instance where the wife of
an envoy from the Celestial Kingdom has ever
accompanied her husband to this country. The
titled and distinguished lady in question will
not hon ever, be any addition to American so
ciety, as will bo strictly a recluse, in conform
ance with Chinese customs
J. T. Trowbridge, whose stories for boys
have made him famous, was born in lSZ7in
Western New York. He taught himself Latin,
French and German. He writes at tho present
time almost wholly for the Youth's Companion
and makes a handsome income. He is a tall,
fresh-looking man, with a very pleasant face.
His bair is white, bnt otherwise ho does not
show his years. Ho has never cared for society
and lives in retirement in Boston. He has a
taste for speculation, but has never indulged it
to any great extent
HIS FIRST RIDE HIS LASr.
An Old Man Dies While Trnvellag by Rail
for tbe First Time.
Nashville, September 3. Campbell A.
Walton rode to bis death to-day. He was over
80 and lived with his wife noar Castalian
Springs, in Sumner county. Neither of them
had ever seen a railroad tram until to-day.
This morning they rode over to Gallatin and
got on tho train coming to Nashville. Walton
went into the smoking car, leaving his wife in
the parlor car. He was apparently muh ex
cited over bis novel journey, and in half an
hour from the time he Started he suddenly fell
over dead in his seat.
His wife was notified and his body taken
from the train at Saundersvillc. His death
was caused by heart disease and primarily by
tbe excitement, it is supposed, ot bis strange
Not Newsy Enough for an Item.
From tho Conner-Journal, t
The present editor of tbe Harlan county
Jveus his name does not appear in the paper
has learned tbe value of discretion. Turner,
who was killed by Howard up there tbe other
day, had once been tbe editor of the JVeuij, but
in tbe last week's issue there is not a solitary
word about the bloody events which bave pro
duced a reign of terror there.
Wenltcninp Labor's Cnqse.
From th New York World. J
Occasionally unjust and unreasonable de
mands bave weakened the cause of organized
labor more than all tbe assaults and resistance
which it bas encountered from without.
THE TOPICAL TAEKBB.
Tho Slgnnl of .Autumn The Wny Sho Comet
and Goes A Scnson of Loans.
Although it Is as warm as It should have
been in tbe-very heart of August, and the good
people who have been away from the city
spending tho summer and their savings like as
not at the seaside or in the mountains, are real,
izlng that they have really come home to the
plains of pavements and the hills of bouses to
enjoy tho only real hot days of the year al
though it is more like what the calendar tells
us the weather should bare been six weeks ago,
and although there is a good deal of grumbling
abont tho provoking tendency of the signal
service to play practical jokes on the public,
one thing is certain fall is at hand. The first
signs of her approach, a danger signal as it
were, to warn the unwary that autumn is near
ly due, I saw in the grand vista of a valley not
20 miles from the hum and hustle of Pittsburg.
It was a solitary gum tree overhanging the
rocky bed of a creek that was in the extremity
of death from drought. Around it were oaks,
hickories, pines and other trees densely, darkly,
green. But the gnm tree sparkled in the sun
light. The pointed leaves shone lice jets of
flamo, and it seemed as if the heart of the tree
were a glowing fire. It was autumn's alarm,
She comes quietly.
With shy hrown eyes she comes again,
With hair a sunny, silken skein,
As full or light as golden rod;
Love In her voice, love in her nod.
She treads so softly no one knows
The time she comes, the time she goes.
The grass is hrown, the leaves begin
Their gold and crimson dm to win.
Kach cricket sings as loud as ten
To drown the noisy locust, when
Yon come, O maid, to bid us cry
To summer sweet a long goodby.
And when yon go the leaves are gone;
The aster's farewell scent is flown;
Poor cupid puts away his wings.
And close to cozy corners clings.
Tho rndo wind ushers, with a shout,
The winter In, tho autumn out.
There's sadness In her shy brown eyes,
Though gay her gown with tawny dyes.
Love's In her voice but telling most
Of one who's loved, but loved and lost.
She treads so softly no one knows
The time she comes, the time she goes.
This time of the year seems to be dedicated
to borrowers. Have you not noticed that ev
erybody that is given at all to procuring loans
goes a gunning for lenders about the first week
I have the word of a very excellent lady who
has lived in a multitude of places, that the
borrowing of all the rest of the year hardly
equals that of September. She relates several
queer loans in which she has played the cred
"The most persistent borrower I ever knew
was one I had for a neighbor when I lived in
the suburbs of Philadelphia." she said. "She
was a woman of middle age, and her husband
was in some mercantile calling which returned
him a very good income. Thero was really no
need for her to borrow things as Bhe did, bnt
she appeared to have a mama for borrowing.
She would ask for the loan of 10 cents or my
piano with equal unconcern. Once when there
was a death in her family she came over and
asked me to lend her a cake basket and a water
pitcher both silver. I let her have them. I
went to the funeral and noticed that neither
were used in fact, I found them in a room
which was locked up for the day.
"You'll hardly believe it, but I've known
that woman on wash day to ask me to lend her
some soiled clothes to add to her laundry. She
always brought back what she borrowed."
OFFICIAL REPORTS MUSING.
A Number of Regiments Represented
Chlcknmnnga Not Yet Ileal d From.
Washington, September 3. The compila
tion of the volumes of the war records, com
prising the operations about Chattanooga and
Knoxvllle, including the battle of Missionary
Ridge, is progressing rapidly tinder the direc
tion ot Major George B. Davis. Twovolnmes
of the Chickamauga records bave been com
pleted, containing both the Union and the Con
federate reports and some advance sheets will
be printed tor nso at the approaching reunion
of the Society of the Army of tho Cumberland
The following reports of the Battle of
Missionary Ridge and Knoxville are missing.
If members of these organizations having
either the original reports or copies known to
be such will send them to Major George B.
Davis, care of War Department Washington,
they can still be nsed in making up the vol
umes. Bnt they should be forwarded as soon
Ohio-Infantry resriments First Tenth, Eieh
teenth. Thirtieth, Ihtrty-seventh, Forty-sixth,
1'orty-seventh. i ifty-tblrd. Firtr-fourth, Fifty
seventh, lifty-nlnth. Sixty-first, Eightieth,
Eightv-seeond, Ninety-eighth, One Hundredth.
One Hundred aud Third. One Hundred and
Fourth, One Hundred and Eighth. One Hundred
and Thirteenth, One Hundred and Twenty-flrst,
One Hundred and Twenty-ninth. Cavalry regl-ments-Flrst,
Third, Fourth, Tenth. Artillery
First Light Artillery, batteries U, C, E, F, i, X,
K, M. Batteries-t orth, Sixth, Eighteenth,
Pennsylvania Infantry regiments forty
firth, Fortv-eighth. Mftieth, Fifty-first Seventy
fifth, One Hundred and .Ninth. ArtUlerj Light
Batteries B and V.
West Virginia Infantry regiments Fourth.
A LITTLE ROMANCE SPOILED.
An Elopement Prevented by a Policeman
and n Pnrcnt.
Atlantic Cut, September 3. There was
an amusing elopement here to-night which had
rather a disappointing termination for the two
young principals, and to-night the hero of the
episode occupies a cell at the City Hall, and the
fair young heroine graces the office of Major
Hoffman in the same building. His names is
William Keates, and ho Is a fireman on the
Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore road.
He lives at Wilmington, where his father is
division operator of the railroad on which he is
employed. Her name is Bertha Filmore, and
sne lives with her widowed mother here, on
Georgia avenue. She is a petite blonde
ot 18 years. He is a fair sample of the
cigarette flend of 20 years. Tney met last Fri
dav afternoon in the surf and be floated her
with such loving tenderness and she liked it so
well that before the bath was over they were
completely enamored of each other. She was
ill treated by ber mother, she said.
As a result tbey decided to elope to Wilming
ton, and to-night she accompanied bim to the
Reading depot, and they boarded a parlor car
on the 9.30 express. Jubt then Bertha's mother
and Policeman Driscoll stepped aboard, and
the youthful lovers were marched to the City
Hall, where a charge nf attempted abduction
was pieferred against Keates,
TORRENTS COULDN'T STOP TEEM.
A Pair jof Elopers Receive Very Timely
Assistance From n Friend.
Memphis, September 3.--The mutual friend
acquitted himself nobly in an" elopement at
Marion, Ark.. Sunday night. Dr. T. O. Bridge
forth loved and wished to wed Miss Ella Bas
sett tho daughter of a wealthy merchant of
that town. The young lady was willing hut
her parents were not, so an elopement was ar
ranged. A heavy rain had fallen, submerging
tbe streets, and tbe broad ditch along the rail
road track was waist deep in water. The inend
met tbe lady at tbe back door of her father's
residence end escorted her to a point nearly op
posite the rear end of the sleeper attached to a
train in waiting. There was no time to hunt
for a crossing over the ditch which was now a
Tho conductor called out "All aboard," and
the mutual friend caught up his fair charge,
and plunging into the stream, bore her to the
rear platform of the sleeper and placed her
safely on board just as the wheels began to
revolve. The Doctor at the same time boarded
the train from the depot platform and joined
his bride in tbe sleeper, while the friend re
tired from public view to change bis trousers.
The couple went to Jonesboro, wbere tbey
Colonel Ingcrsoll'a Sermons.
From the Chicago Trlbune.1
If read over tho grave of a favorite horse or
pet fawn. Colonel Ingersoll's funeral orations
might edify the hearer, bnt they fail to convey
much comfort to a human soul bereft of the
earthly companionship of some one near and
A Pointer for Playwrights.
From tbe Eoston Herald. 2
If any of our comic dramatists are In search
of a plot for a howling farce, let them turn
their attention to the Behring Sea muddle
There's millions in it, millions in It I
It's Not Their Wny.
From theFhUadelpbla Times.;
Tbe lost Walter Blaine bas found himself.
No Blaine In 'Office was ever known to stay
CHANGE IN TREASURY REPORTS. -
Tho Debt Statement Misleading, and Car.
rSPZCIAL, TELXnitAM TO TUB DISPATCH. 1
Washington, September 8. There is is
sued every month from the Treasury Depart
ment a great square sheet of paper, full of
printed figures, complicated financial terms
and dollar marks. It is called the statement
showing tho condition of thoNatlonal debt of
tho country, and gives the amount of money on
band, the various obligations of the Govern.
ment In the way of bonds and promissory notes,
balanced against each other. By means of an
arithmetic unsolvable by the layman, this
shows the amount ot the debt, the size of the
surplus, and various other Interesting items.
This form of statement was adopted by the last
administration almost immediately upon its
accession, the old one used by the preceding
United States Treasurer being amended be
Treasurer Huston is now thinking over the
matter of changing the form again, so as to
make the debt statement show things in a dif
ferent light from that which is now cast upon
the financial condition ot the country by this
monthly sheet ot paper.
"Swelling the Bnrnltis itit.m.nL , nl,trt nf
the change from the old rorm to ho present one
adopted under the Cleveland administration."
said the Treasurer to-day, "was to swell the ap
parent size ot the surplus. It isn't a fair state
ment to send out, for by the system of booking
there carried out there are a good many things
put down as liabilities that should properly be
long on the other side, or rather could be very
materially r educed. For example, there is an
item Inserted every month as a liability of several
millions ot dollars, this being a part of one of the
first Issues of war notes. Now, It is known as an
absolute fact that millions of these dollars have
been destroyed, torn, burned, worn out. de
faced, and in other ways made valueless, and it Is
positively certain that they will never be pre
sented for redemption, practically speaking,
they have ceased to exist, and yet they are still
carried on the statement as liabilities that may
cause a disbursement of funds at anytime.
Then, too, there are fully 7.000, 000 or fractional
currency still classed as liabilities, when it is an
absolute certainty that tbey wlil never be re
deemed. Like the other notes tbey hare been de
stroyed or defaced beyond recognition, and the
remainder are in private collections as curiosi
ties, and will undoubtedly remain there. I am
confident that at least ! 15, 000,000 now classed In the
statement as liabilities might be crjucd altogether
from the list. Yes. I am thinking very seriously
of having the form changed. "
THE WORLD'S COAL SUPPLY.
Danger of a Fuel Famine for Many
Years Yet to Come.
In view of tho question which has suggested
itself on more than one occasion as to how long
it would be before the Old World coal deposits
wonld become exhausted, the Deutsche Han-dels-Museum
supplies some interesting figures
relating to the world's coal fields outside of the
North American continent According to these
the low countries, Switzerland, Denmark, Ger
many and Bohemia, possess coal mines ot a sur
face area of abont 59.000 sauare miles. Russia
alone bas 22,000 square miles. The deposits of
the island of Formosa amount to something
like 10,000 square miles, some of the coal veins
ranging up to 90 feet in thickness. The coal
fields of Austria, Spain, Portugal, Italy,.
Greece, Turkey and Persia cover abont S9,000
square miles, those of India 35,000 and those of
Japan 6,000 square miles, while those of China
are estimated at the enormous figure of 100,000
square miles. But these are not all.
The Falkland Islands, Patagonia and Pern
are very rich in coal, whilo the southern part
of Chill is one immense deposit In Brazil
veins varying in thickness from 17 to 25 feet
are found in numbers, and in the United
States of Columbia there Is an abund
ance of the mineral. Mexico and the
Vancouver Islands are also well supplied,
there being probably not far from 20,000
square miles, while the deposits thus far dis
covered in Tasmania, New Caledonia, and
Natal are estimated to cover 100.000 square
miles, the larger number of these deposits not
jet having been worked.
Without reckoning the immense stores of
coal in the United States, and merely relying
upon those given above, there seems to be but
little prospect of a coal famine for some years.
SAEA BERNHARDT'S CRDELTT.
A Washington Lady Explains How
Didn't Burn Hor Dog.
(SPECIAL TELEOKAM TO TIIS DISPATCH. 1
Washington, September a A Washington
lady now in Paris writing to a friend in this
city of the story that Sara Bernhardt, in a fit
of passion, burned her pet dog to death in the
presence of an American lady visiting her,
says: "One should, it is said, give even the
devil his due. So here goes for the explanation
of the affair, given me by one who knows Sara
.very well. We have had a jolly laugh over the
ctory, a copy of which goes to the Bernhardt
Shis m6rmng. This story represents Sara as
putting her little dog in a stove and burning
bim to death.
"It is the most common thing in the world
for a Paris lady to punish her little dogby
shutting bim up in a cold, empty stove. The
dog very naturally bowls at first, and then like
a little philosopher curls up and goes to sleep,
his bowls and whines growing fainter and
fainter, like those of a spoiled baby as it drops
off to sleep in spite of itself. The little stoves
are rather more for ornament than for use and
are rarely lighted in a drawing room, as the
other stoves tborugh the open doors keep it
"Sara is greatly given to practical joking,
and no doubt well knew the impression this
would make upon the American lady when she
caught up her little pet and gavo bim his
OUR POSTAL FACILITIES.
A German Omclnl Has Come to Investigate
the American System.
Washington, September 3. Mr. Gustav
Wabner, Postal Councilor of the Postofflco
Department of tho German Empire, who is in
charge of the telegraph and telephone service
of that department at Berlin, called on the
.Postmaster General to-day. Mr. Wabner has
been commissioned by his Government to visit
the principal cities of tbe United States in or
der to make a thorongh examination of tbe
operations and special features of our telegraph
and telephone systems, and to submit a detailed
report thereon to bis department.
After a pleasant interview in regard to the
object of his mission Mr. Wabner procured
from the Postmaster General letters of intro
duction to several influential persons who
coula furnish him facilities for obtaining the
iuformation be seeks.
Good Dress Parade Soldiers.
From the Eoston Globe. 1
Belva Lockwood advocates the commission,
jng of women as officers of the regular army.
And wby not? In these piping times of peace
an army officer bas little to do but look pretty,
and a woman can do that better than a man
Kalamazoo Getting Rlcb.
From the Minneapolis Tribune.
Kalamazoo. Mich., bas sold S1,000,OCO worth of
celery this season. With a few moro good
crops tbe town will bo able to buy a new name
or have tbe old one turned and pressed.
Change of Bill at tho Itijsn.
The play at tho Bijou Theater will be changed
to-night to 'The Buckeye." This was Lizzie
Evans' great success last season, and is highly
praised. At the matinee to-day "Fine Feathers"
will be repeated.
ONE YEAR AGO TO-DAY.
To-day one year ago, love,
'Neath skies September blue,
With autumn tints aglow, love,
I sat and talked with yon.
My heart In rapture wild, love,
With faith and hope beat high.
Throbbed madly when you smiled, love;
Echoed each low sweet sigh .
One year ago to-diy, love,
I held your han J in mine
And watched the lovelights play, love,
Deep in-yourcyes divine;
September days are fair, love,
But fatrest of all was this.
And never a day so rare, love,
So filled with perfect bliss I .
Ah. I may long In vain, love,
My passionate soul may bum,
For well I know again, love.
That day will never return;
Around my aching brow, love,
Tnrong memories of the past.
But the spelLts broken now, love,
alio dream too sweet to lastl
Oh, since that blessed day, love,
I've lived a hundred years,
Have wandered to and fro, love,
Through a thousand tolls and tears;
And it breaks my heart to-day, love.
As I sit here alone.
To thlnL of tbe sad decay, love,
Of a love that was all my ownl
To-day one year ago, love
Still means the sad refrain I
I'd give this world to know, love
JSutthe wlshisalu, sovalnl
I'll act tbe prodigal's part love,
Since all is lost, and so, '
I'll feed my hungering heart, love,
On the husks of a vear agol
'-Montgomery M. Foltom
' FABLES 'Afo FOtMORl Pi
Cnrloas Tales and Tradition of Different'
Nations A Falcon 'That Saved a idea's
Lire How Mico Defeated a Great Arsay
Tho Originof Beer.
One of the most Interestine and Dlctaresame
spots fn Wales Is Betu-pellert, with its weH
preserved dog's grave. Every tourist climbs
Snowdon, and nearly all see the grave of Beth
Gellert, and bear the, Story, which the guide la
apt to conclude with a remark that clever folks''
say it is all nonsense bnt that if the talo isn't
true it ought to be. Prince Llewellyn, a mighty
man of war and a true sportsman, was tbe pos
sessor of a very fine greyhound, as remarkable
for its perfect docility at home as for its fero
city in.the chase. The Prince also had a baby
son, and the dog, whose name was Gellert,
was frequently left In charge of the cradle
ana its occupant On one occasion Llewellyn
returned home and found tbe cradle
upset and empty, while the dog's mouth and
several articles of furniture were a mass of
blood. Without waiting for any search the
Prince decided that bis dog- had killed and
eaten the infant, and In his just rage he drew
bis sword and took life for life. An Infant's
cry diverted the grief of the unhappy man,
who found to his Joy the little one lying behind
the cradle uninjured. A brief search disclosed
tbe cause of the confusion and blood. A huge
wolf had evidently entered the bouse and bad
attacked the cradle. The faithful and mis
judged doer had fought nobly for bis charge
and bad killed the wolf. So runs the tale. It
has an air of improbability about It, bnt every
one in the neighborhood of Snowdon believes
the story, and points to the monument which
JUewellyn in his anguish erected to the mem
pry of the dog he so hastily slew.
i A Remarkably Intelligent Fnlcon.
History abounds in tales and fables of this
description, and, strange to say. they nearly all
point In the same direction as the Gellert story,
which may owe its origin to any one of them.
The story of Kolliculus is, perhaps, the most in
teresting of these. This knight was a great
hunter, and among his possessions were a noble
greyhound and an exceptionally Intelligent
falcon. He bad also an only son, whom he
loved very dearly, and for whom three nurses
were provided. On one occasion, master, mis
tress and servants all went to a tournament,
leaving the child in com'pany with the dog and
the falcon. The dog fell asleep by tbe side of
tbe cradle, and tbe falcon watched from his
perch. After awhile tbe silence encouraged a
serpent, which had a hole near the cradle, to
come forth andreconnoiter. Seeing the child
in the cradle, tbe venomous monster prepared
to seize it, '
The falcon at once awoke the dog by flapping
its wings, and the dog lost no time in attacking
tne serpent. The fight was long and severe,
the cradle was upset and tbe dog seriously
wounded. J3ut in tbe end virtue, as represnted
by the faithful hound, was victorious, and tbe
serpent met with well-merited death. When
the nurses returned thev fnnnrf ch&n nrV9l.
ing, the cradle upset, and the baby and tbe dog
alike covered with blood. Assuming that the
dog bad killed the child, tbe nurses fled in
terror, but were met by their mistress, to whom
they related tbe sad tale. She in turn narrated
the events of the tragedy to the knight, who
rushed to the house. The poor wounded dog
crept forward to receive the-usual recognition,
but tho master, attributing its condition to
fear, at once slew it. Directly afterward he
found tbe uninjured child and the dead reptile.
In remorse, he destroyed the fatal weapon and
made a pilgrimage to the Holy Land.
Animals That Reasoned Well.
That the ancients bad a high appreciation of
the reasoning power of animals of the lower
order is clear from the great number of fables
in Sanscrit, Greek and Chinese concerning in
dividual Instances of thought and sagacity.
These tales are told repeatedly In various forms,
each writer giving a different locality for the
occurrence and changing the details slightly,
while adhering to the narrative of the main In
cident Thus the story about the ichneumon is
repeated, with various animals, including the
polecat, named as the hero. In the way of
averting disasters which might have over
whelmed men, animals are said by myth-makers
to have done wonders. An Egyptian fable
states mat on one occasion a man had prepared
a very savory pot of herb", which a wall will
fully broke. The unfortunate animal was
severely thrashedfor its interference, but when
tbe man went to pick up tbe fragments of bis
prepared delicacy be found a venomous ser
pent concealed among them.
A very similar story, in all probability arising
ont of the same fable, tells how a favorite
falcon saved a king from swallowing a live ser
pent. His Majesty bad raised a drinking ves
sel, presumably one of tbe old style earthen
ware pots, to his lips, when tbe faithful bird
flew suddenly down, and throwing it full
weight against the vessel, npset it. The King,
in his wrath, killed the bird, whereupon he dis
covered that there had been a small serpent in
the water, and that the martyred bird had
saved his life. In the Greek there is another
stojy of this kind. A .peasant liberated an
eagle from tbe clutcbes of a dragon. The latter
out of revenge poisoned some water which tho
peasant was about to drink, but the eagle
showed its gratitude by upsetting the vessel
and spilling its contents.
Armies of Alice.
Some old European histories seriously tell of
an enemy of Henry IV. of Germany, who was
eaten np by mice. As tho story runs, the man
was at a banquet, when he was suddenly at
tacked by a whole army of mice, which in no
way molested his neighbors, who went to the
assistance of the victim and spared no pains in
their efforts to free bim from his small but
vicions foes. After he bad been badly bitten,
bis friends got him on board a smack and took
him out to sea. But tbe rats followed him and
gnawed the planks of the boat so viciously that
it bad to be run ashore. They then got pos
session of the unhappy man and gnawed bim to
pieces, after which thev disappeared as if by
magic This apparently absurd tale was re
peated as evidence of Henry's divine pro
tection. Herodotus tells a wonderful story of bow
mice once secured the defeat of a great army.
Tbe Biblical account of the defeat of Sennach
erib before Jerusalem is not indorsed bv the
father of hi'torv, who gives the Egyptian story.
According to this, tbe Egyptian armies were
afraid to resist the great warrior, and the
priests humiliated themselves in the Temple.
While the high priest was praying be fell
asleep, and in a vision was assured that there
was no danger. Acting upon divine instruc
tions, be collected a small band of tradesmen.
mechanics and sutlers, and advanced. In the
meantime an army ot field mice bad attacked
the enemy and eaten up their bows and quivers
and the handles of their shields. Thus disa
bled, the great host was unable to offer any
thing like a concerted resistance.
Wby the Mole Is Blind.
Absurd stories accounting for the mole hav
ing no eyes are f requently told children. They
bave their origin in an Indian legend. This
states that a Dog-Rib Indian once chased a
squirrel up such a very high tree that the little
animal escaped in the sky. Not to be daunted,
he set a snare for tbe squirrel and descended
the tree. Next nay the sun was caught in the
trap and darkness was trie immediate result
Suspecting the cause, bnt not daring to liberate
the sun himself, the crafty Indian sent up sev
eral animals to release the strange captive.
One by one these were burned up, until at last
a mole was commissioned. This cuto little
creature burrowed out through the sky, and,
gnawing the chords in the snare, liberated the
source of light, and tbe darkness ccasod. But
as the sun was making his escape the molo
thrust its head through the hole and the sight
of the sun so close caused it to go blind and be
queath its deformity to its descendants.
An Extraordinary Temperance Tnlc.
Here is perhaps tho oldest temperance story
in existence, filth the possible exception of the
account of Noah's overindulgence and tbe
fate of the son who laughed at bim. Fable
says that one Gambrinus, a fiddler, being
jilted by his intended, went into the woods
with a view to hanging himself. Jnst as be
was about to drop, a weird old man in a green
coat appeared and bargained with the dlscon
solatefiddler to enjoy 30 years of great pros
perity, Duttben to give bis soul up to the devil.
The fiddler consented, and his bantanic ally
helped bim invent lager beer. The Emperor
was so pleased with this drink that he made
Gambrinus the Duke of Brabant and Count of
Flanders. At the end of SO jears the devil
sent Jocko, one of his envoys, to receive the
sonl, as bargained. Jocko found Gambrinus
busy drinking lager beer, drank freely himself,
and finally became so drunk tnat ho could not
fulfill his mission. So Gambnnns was left to
drink to his heart's conttnt, and be kept on
until be finally turned into a beer barrel.
Works Just as Well.
From the New York Trlbune.1
It used to be a tradition with tbe theatrical
profession to try it on a dog. But now they
have changed all that and try it on New York
WUrru Failure Is Certain.
from the 1'hlladelphla Inquirer..!
It is not expected that the postal telegraph,
if adopted, will be any great help to the woman
who posts her telegrams in her husband's
' f tsrtsni'iasiimfcMn iiia
NJsjr Yowc, September S.-WBmmmmmm,
aefewatejMreiit ot work,: momth
Feny-eeTWt ttntt pier about aoo tf
He toelc a bam sewlwkb f row Mi pocket,
Bo it, iiudtw remaining hH sMcfUtyem
the etrinf pfaee aad stepped off lose tkettve.
'Six Men from aeihborIng bnekyrd mmttA
fcto.wHttiMie'dMsctttty, aadJaW htsoMt
back ob the ?r. He lay qnle( f y tn mm.
hThea he arose; picked np his half Murfftitt
and walked right oft into the water ais. 3
was again tobed oat' by tbo.bricksailwii.wtio,
i carried turn several, stooss away troea tM wMtr
and tfcreateaed to hare him arrested. ' Tweatr
minute Jtr 1m tripped dews, the fete Melt
overBeoM isr we wura Hsae. 'ITongHeirort
pulled bl-B. oat, laid 'Men'over a beam' ft4
spanked him hard with a piece ot pieak. When'
last beard of be. wm begRteg mosey witb wfcJefc
Died Free 0verExertIau
Thomas Vincent' Murray.-the lS-year-oM lea
of Police Saneriateadest Murray, slaved base
ball for an hourat Xedbaak, N. J to-day,,
alter caring sailea a yacht lorlonr hears. At
the end of tbe gasiehe threw a high fly to a,
friend. The ball had hardly left -his hands be
fore he threw up hi arms and. fell to tbe
ground. He4 said something in his cheet bad
given away arid was growing weak. He wm
taken homeand a physician wm summoned.
An examination showed that he had raptured
a blood vessel near his' heart by over-exertion.
Two hours later he died.
An Effective Method of Advertising.
About 2Vclock this afternoon a wagon was
driven upon the big bridge at the Brooklyn en
trance. In it beside tbe driver, were two mea,
one of whom sat rigid In hie seat, attired la tbe
garb of a workingman. The other man seemed
nervous and kept looking around as it fearing
arrest, or somethinglike it Wbentheyreacbed
the middle of the bridge both men got oft, and,
leaping over the rails, were soon oa the outside
o'f the structure. Instantlytbeoae who looked
like a workingman jumped off. He struck the,
water on his side and floated toward ihe bay
with the tide. A. report that a workingman
had jumped off the bridge attracted a large
crowd on the promenade. People on tbe ferry
boats tried to get a view of the unfortunate
man, while hundreds congregated on the bridge
dock and on vessels nearby. Officers of the
bridge force gave an alarm. Two mea la a
rowboat pulled out into the middle of tbe river
and picked np the body. It was a stuffed figure
with this sign on it: "A Legal Wreck, at the
Prominent Persona Going to Kafope.
Max Adler, George Gould, Mrs. Gould, Mrs.
John W. Mackey and William Mackey will sail
for Europe to-morrow on the steamship City of
A Japanese Olnlden Disappears.
Dainty little KakeiKura Is missing. Kakel
is a little Japanese maiden from Tomioko. She
is plump and pretty, with the brownest of
slanting eyes, rosy lips and white teetb. Ber
era! years ago Kal Kura, Kakei's father, ar
rived in San Francisco-and started a shooting
gallery. Kakel Kura was then about 16 years
old. A young Jap wished to marry her and she
wished to marry bim. but papa Kura said no,
and eventually took KaEet and tbe rest of bis
family off to Los Angeles to escape the impor
tunities of tbe unacceptable suitor. A short
time ago the Kura family came to New York
to live. Last night Kura went to Jersey City
on business, leaving his wife and two daughters
at borne alone. This morning he returned to
find Mrs. Kara and tbe elder daughter all npset
and Kakel Kura gone, with all her clothes.
Whether tho discarded California lover was
responsible for the disappearance or not, no
one knows. Kakei stole away from home in
the middle of the night without a word ot ex
planation. Papa Kura bas reported bis
troubles to the police, and offered 125 reward
to the finder of tbe missing girL.
SnltBet treen Catholic Prelates.
The Right Rev. Stephen "Vincent Ryan, Ro
man Catholic Blshon of Buffalo, through bis
counsel, to-day asked the Supreme Court for a
bill of particulars in the slander suit of Father
Francis Dent against him for $100,000 damages.
Tho Bishop's lawyer demanded the bill upon
tbe usual grounds. Father Dent who was bis
own Iawyer.-argned with some eloquence that
the gtving of such a bill would place bim at the
Bishop's mercy. In bis affidavit in opposition
to the motion. Father Dent said be bad been
informed that Bishop Ryan, while acting as an
ecclesiastical judge, without warrant of canon
law, associated witnesses and used his arbitrary
power in attempting to corrupt witnesses that
he might secure tbe conviction of a priest; also,
that the Rev. Michael A. Corrigan, Archbishop
of New York, attempted to persuade a witness
to leave the State, who had been subpffinted to
give testimony before the Court of Sessions of
Cattaraugus county. The court held that
Father Dent must at least designate the time
and place at which tbe slanderous words were
uttered. The suit in question Is tbe outcome
of along and bitter quarrel between tbe Bishop
and Father Dent about, ecclesiastical matters
and a woman.
LIGHTNING'S STRANGE FREAKS.
Carious Phenomena That Blade Lively
Scenes in a Batcher's Shop.
Richmond, Ind., September 3. About 6
o'clock this morning John Dirk, employed in
Rlechart's butcher shop, went to the back door
and carelessly put his band against the iron
sheathing. He nttered a yell that might have
appalled a Comanche and fled. He rushed into
the front room and told Mr. Riechnrt and red
Schwegman that he bad received an elec
tric shock by touching the iron
wall. They all went back to examine.
Globules of electric light were twinkling along
tbe base of the wall where it touched tbe
ground. In the corner, near the grocery build
ing, is a window into the cellar beneath, and au
excavation around it to permit tbe entrance of
light This window had a board over it, and
around this board were a number of beautifnl
electric lights. Adam Drifmeyer came to look
at it put his hand on the wail, jumped about
four feet high and went away with a perfectly
Chief Parsons, of the fire department, soon
came and began making examinations. Bv
this timo tbe board over the cellar window was
on fire. Fred Schwegman picked up a bucket
of water and dashed the water on the flame.
The electricity followed the water to tbe
bucket and nearly knocked bim down. But
the fire was temporarily squelched by the
timely application, and iu a tew min
utes the chief found the source of
trouble. A wire attached to tbe electric
cable came back over the tin roof fully 30
V feet touching the roof in many places. While
everytmng was ury, as uas ueen loo case ever
since the electric road has been in operation,
the roof was not a strong enough conductor to
take the electricity from the wire, but the rain,
which fell last night increased Its power, and
the iron -wall .made a splendid ground connec
tion. The wire was removed and the strange
sight was over.
At Allentown a few days ago a 3-year-old
climbed ud and took a seat on the step of the
rear car ot a railroad train, which drew out and
carried the cherub six miles before he was dis
Five dollars and 4 cents were dropped In the
box of an Allentown street car by a near-sighted
rider, who mistook a $5 gold piece for a penny.
An Akron man, called out of his bed by the
ringing of the bells, created a great deal of
laughter by going along the street with a lan
tern looking for the fire.
Edward Tilliston, killed a few days ago
on tbe Pennsylvania Railroad at Kennett
Square, bad a presentiment of bis death. When
he kissed bis wife his last good-by be said:
"You may never see me again."
AN Altoona angler caught a bass weighing5
pounds in the Juniata the other day. It was 23
inches in length.
Mrs. Daniel Hill, of Salineville, Pa., has
picked 2,000 quarts of huckleberries this sea
son, and sold the most of them at G cents per
Edwin Rices, a farmer of Pleasants county,
W. Va., being greatly annoyed by rats in his
barn, filled a halt-bngsbead with water, put
chaff over Ihe top, scattered meal on it and in
the morning fished out over 2t)0 dead rats.
A tbamp who arrived in Stenbenville tbe
other day sud be bad walked 125 miles since he
bad had a bite to eat When searched half of
a loaf of bread was found in one of his pockets.
-A Bim. TtXksetm
escoBent btigata the iiHijr IfcH
MietUh Owes. 1M
, r Bosfcejie, Qa., walked t
At a wetjstfs is JkrisMM, I
mm BMe tmmtt, wita tint
ketee. a stale, a heifer, a :
-Tfce iUM wWt kal
battbeSMkti era? is Mr tats
StaMM MUr. erf tMarTtme
,e other theaest gathered fa
Wtl SSBsWilkVj SyjBPsWWC MsWktW
Wy HMQvVOfs M9& sbVwB mo P
HOeUB BTMTisMBtf' MMtMsMsf HMM
Ata"iMmtrserriM"iK Qtafe IMI&
eras Chare m nmf tM 1 ewe was
rated with towers tmi. pss, mi
Diras m their eases we Mae:
-iTraak "W. Hak, of Dors, X. ', W
3. sqsasB teat weighs IN poneis. Jt
growKg.aBe: Male heoee it wt
present wehrbt IiSsmmskIi
laereased an leak uul Mvr .
Joha Cannon Short, a ae4 ktmtr.tt
near ueorsetewa, compote tint sBSMMrtet
ueorgetewn taree times per week
ira to ,jrers. tne distance eaei
seven Miles, be has traveled 8r.ee
Judge I". WeUhonse, of ?MesBt.Kaa.,
is said to be tbe proprietor ox tbe largest orch
ard is tbe world. He bas ljm aeres la frak
trees, and It is claimed that no otter grower es"
thefaeeef Mw globe can stake a similar
Mies Aliee Cole, a cultured young lady
of Chester, Bl, ma away fresa boae last
Wedaesday. Site is a banker's daubster aJ a
society belle. She wm feewd oa Saa4y la St
Loeis, where she bad seeered a position sfa
cook ia a restaurant Her reason for leaving
home was tfcaft sfee dW sot wisfi to return to
At Deeatarr Tex.,da 8fe4wty, Eph
Hu2manwas tried la the DisttsttCewtfer
horse theft The courtroom Is used es SaaeVty
as a place of Worship. Hmnlny mTTrnrnc daring
the services the iary returned a verdet OSAa
prisoner was brought is and seateaeea'.teafa
years in tne peBiteaaary, after walea teser-
ices were resumed. m
Lewis Purdy, poslmaster at Shrub Oat
Westchester county. N. Y was appointed by
President William Henry Harrison ia Maretvi-
isu, and bas served continuously frosa that
time. Though now in his 85th year, he k rigor
ous, his memory and vision are clear, aad he
still receives and. distributes the mail twice
day, as be has for long years.
At the "old settlers" meeting, recently
held in Cass county, IntL, a good old ladyfjet
up to tell of the early life' in the country for
the first time, and as it was her first attempt to
speak In public, she bad a severe attack: of
stage fright At last she saldr"My frieads,'I
am an old citizen. I can remember when tfeese
great oak trees were nothing but hazel
An English scientist has been making
experiments to determine the important part
which light plays In tbe development of animal
life. A doxen tadpoles were confined in a box
from which every ray of light was excluded.
The result was that only two of them devel
oped into frogs, and these were shortlived.
The others increased considerably in size, but
never left the tadpole form.
William Crawfordfc23 years old, who
died recently in Chicago, was peculiarly af
flicted. He had only one skin, which is to say
bar he had no outer skin at all. Tbe veins
stood out all over bis body in the plainest'
manner possible. From tbe time be was 8
years of age young Crawford bad been subject
to bleeding spells, which were liable to break
out at any time and on any part of bis body.
William Johnson, a "West Chester
painter of considerable corpulency, has been
engaged in renovating tbe Willistows school-
house, and a few days ago he sat down at ona.;
of tbe desks to eat his noonday meafWlea8
be finished he found himself so tightly wedged
that be could" rfWgetnp, and be wonld bave
been held a prisoner bnt that he had bis screw
driver within reach, and with tbe aid of this he ,J
took the chair and desk apart ini,
Workmen have been engaged in re
moving the log structure that served as Balti.
mote's first postoffice from tbe spot on which it
bas stood 159 years to Monument Square. wbere
it will be set up alongside tbe great granite''
building, occupying a whole block, which next
week will be dedicated as tbe new postoffice.
Tbe quaint old structure is 11x15 feet and 12
feet high to tbe dormer roof. Tbe openings
between the logs were plastered up with oyster
shells and mud.
The old horse Comanche, the ony sur
vivor of the famous Custer massacre, is still
handsomely cared for at the Government's ex
pense. Bv snecial order of the military anthnr.
Hies Comanche is provided with a comfortable
stall fitted up especially for bim out in Dakota:
No one is permitted to ride him. and be i snot
allowed to do any work whatever. Riddled
with ballets and scarred by saber wounds, bis
body speaks eloquently of tbe perilous duty be
has performed in his 22 years of service under
A. Florida paper thus tells how a snake
bitten horse was cured: "About two weeks
ago J. W. Gerald's mare was bitten bv a snake
in his grove, on Lake Harris, supposed to hare
been a moccasin. The mare bad spasms, and
tbe first nigbt after being bitten charged all
over the grove on a dead run. She then swell fd
until her bide was as tight as a drum-bead.
Mr. Gerald tried three remedies, and cured
her; a strong, hot salt bath, drenched witb to
bacco tea, and with a tea made from th& moss
which grows on tbe north side of forest trees.
Tne mare was sick 12 days."
THE LAUGHING PHILOSOPHERS.
Singley How much you resemble your
sister. Miss BJones? I wonld take yon for her.
Miss BJones W-well, Mr. Singley, this Is so
sudden; butyon may ask p, Lawrence Ameri
can. Smith Look here, Brown, we'll soon de
cide tne matter; let's ask the waiter. Walter, are
tomatoes a fruit ora vegetable?
Walter Neither, air. Tomatoes is a nextra.
Natural Apprehension. "Why do yon
smoke such infernal cigars?"
"Oh, lust to kill time. Why?"
'T thought perhaps you were trying to kill me."
Ethel (entering parlor) Oh, Aggie, so
glad to see you. (They kiss.) Wby, yon are en
gaged to be married.
Aggie How do yon know?
"lean tell by the way you klss."-J?oeAtr
"Well, doctor, how did yon enjoy your
African Journey? Dow did you like .the sav
ages?" Oh, tbey are very kind-hearted people; they
wanted to keep me there for dinner." London
"What's the matter with McSlim? Ha
has put on more'alra of late than a lew?" "Quite
natural. He has Jnst returned from a summer re
sort. He was the only man there. He'll get over
it after a time, bnt Just at present he is so puffed
upiwltti self-lmportanceithat yon.cannot touch bbn
with a ten-foot pole." Boston Transcript.
The Police Court Brand. Rounder-Have
you any decent whiskey7 The last I got her
wasn't fit to drinkl
Bartender-That can't be, sir. Wo keep noth
ing but flflo whiskey.
Konnder-"Fine" whisky. Yes, that's right!
My fine was f 1 and costs. Boston Herald.
An Imported Smell. Miss Trust Why,
Mr. Bluffer, where have you been all this Urn? I
havn'tseen you for two months!
Mr. Bluffer (breathing a balmy odor of gin and
bitters)-! have been abroad, you know.
MIssTrnst-How delightful! And. of course,
you visited Cologne? 1 tne w I smelled some per
fume when yon came in. Boston Herald.
A young lady at Athens, Ga., bas invent
ed a lamp that will cease to burn exactly at JO
o'clock. The average Georgia lover bas no fault
to fiad with the lamp; In fact he would be better
satlsned u It would go ont as soon as he cams in.
If the yonng lady wants to make a real ten-strike
she should Invent a father who wUI go to bed at 9
o'clock. Toledo Commercial.
Pr.tty Hard on aFather, First, Citizen-
This electric light is a great thing.
Second citizen Mighty mean thing I think.
i'irst citizen Why what's the matter with it?
Second Citizen-Matter with it! Why, they have
planted one right In front of my sitting room win
dow, where it lights np the whole bouse, and I've
got six unmarried daugbten.-10'toa CourUr,