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THE - "PITTSBUIIGV DISPATCH
-S2fc.-S:SfiiTs. r ' TO -ir.FT
'A DEFUNCT INDUSTRY
Railroads Dave Killed Stock Driving,
Tct Beef is High in Price.
JOIS OP THE CATTLE DEALERS.
indent Roadside Inns, TVitn Snake-Hoot
and Tans Bitters.
TJIE TRADE OF THE HOESE THIEF GONE
A party of people were -seated In the office
of S. M. Boyd, on Smithfield street, yester
day in desultory discussion of matters past,
present and to come generally, when some
one called attention to the stories of old
time taverns published In The Dispatch.
As the generality of the company had
reached that age when reminiscences are
either paininl or pleasurable and at the
same time persistent, the reference 'to old
taverns called np groups of recollections
connected with the days of tallow dips,
goose-quill pens, stage coaches, etc, before
machinery and rapid travel had made
people in a measure indifferent to all out
side their "set," when they were more de
pendent on each other and consequently
more disposed to sociability than at present;
when in making a journeyof a few hundred
miles in the slow conveyances of the past
tbey found acquaintance with total strangers
which frequently ripened into fast friend
ship, lasting for life, and the talk drilte'd to
the subject of live stock driving in the olden
Previous to 1860 most of the cattle, boss,
sheep, turkeys, etc., that supplied the
Eastern cities were driven on foot from
"Western Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana and
Illinois, and the stock drover was a man of
consequence, of wide experience, a man of
large views and frequently of pleasant,
social powers. Mr. Boyd is a son of the
head of the old cattle driving firm of 'W. S.
& A. G. Boyd, of Butler, and himself when
a kid assisted in driving stock to Philadel
phia and Baltimore.
A drover would establish himself in a
neighborhood, and alter a few week's dick
ering would accumulate 100 to 400 head of
cattle, or 500 to 1,000 head -of sheep, and
then, with a few assistants, and perhaps
two or three trained shepherd dogs, would
move his accumulation by easy stages 300
or 600 miles. It was a great treat to
farmers' boys to be allowed to attach them
selves to one of these caravansaries, thereby
seeing life, as Pittsburg youths frequently
did in the olden time by a trip to New
Orleans on a brodhorn.
WHO WEBE DBOVEBS.
Frequently men of culture, who wished to
see the country and study people and cus
toms, drifted West and returned as stock
drivers. The salary paid was 40 cents a
day and, as the legend had it, "no dinner."
But this was not always the case; in fact,
dinner of some kind was generally had at a
farmhouse or a country tavern.
The woods of Pennsylvania in that time
were gorgeous, and the flora so diversified
between Illinois and the seashore that an
observant man might on the journey ac
quire a vast amount of botanical knowledge,
and if he didn't store up a supply of health
it was bscause his system had" no storage
capacity. The owner oi the drove or his
business man accompanied the caravan on
horseback, assisting the attendafits to drive
until it became time to look for a resting
place, when he rode ahead and provided for
it. Such hones were trained to follow the
herd riderless or stand at command and
graze for hours. Although a large herd of
cattle might not cost more than $2,000 or
54,000, yet it was an imposing sight, and'its
owner was a man of consequence along the
When a herd of sufficient size was col
lected, it was driven, if cattle. 12 to 15 miles
a day until the summit of the Alleghenies
was reached, about where Cresson now
stands. The distance varied somewhat ac
cording as water and pasture could be
found. From Cresson to Philadelphia the
pace was reduced to six or eight miles a day
in order to get the stock in good condition
for market They were moved each day
just sufficiently to give tbem healthy exer
cise, and when Philadelphia or Baltimore
was reached were in prime condition for the
A GESTLE STEEB FOB LEATJEB.
The drove was handled very tenderly. A
large, gentle steer would be chosen to lead
the herd, and he was led by a man. On his
back the steer carried a bundle containing
the leader's Sunday-go-to-meeting clothes,
for the Pennsylvania farmers in most sec
tions would not countenance secular work
on the first day of the week, and the drivers
were generally yonng fellows who loved to
flirt with the rustic maidens along the
The advent of a drove was an event in
the rural regions and was heralded by the
coaxing cries of the leader, which could be
heard in the country solitudes for a mile.
"Come Boss, come Boss, sook-e-e, sook-e-e,"
to which every urchin would respond,
"Forty cents a day and no dinner."
After the herd bad become somewhat dis
ciplined, it was put on strict regimen. Put
into pasture about dusk,' the cattle would
soon graze themselves and lie down to chew
the cud and to sleep. Between 2 and 3
o'clock in the morning the drivers were
astir, and they roused the cattle and forced
them to feed awhile, and then, when the
grass glistened with dew and the early
birds were caroling their matutinal songs
or looking for the early worms,and squirrels
were getting their morning repast, the line
ol march began, and was kept up at an easy
pace until the beat became oppressive, when
the drove was halted at a creek or watering
place and rested until the sun's rays came
slantingly from the west, when the march
was resumed and kept up until dark. Thus
a panorama of
covering 600 miles was enjoyed by the
drivers, and the cattle were gotten to mar
ket in better shape than had they been sent
by rail in upholstered cars such as used in
the transportation of valuable horses, buch
a trip was educating and pleasurable, and
no wonder those who made it sigh for the
good old days when it was not all of life to
live and scratch for more of the food that
perisheth than was needed.
It must not be supposed, however, that all
drovers were saints or philanthropists. They
were, as a rule, sharp dealers, and were gen
erally possessed of much of that dislike for
corporations that many people of to-day
evince. Their special dislike was the turn
pike company, and some believed it merit
orious to cheat the toll taker if possible.
Accordingly before a gate was reached the
attendants were instructed to agitate the
herd, and make it difficult to count
The owner or his agent would announce to
the toll taker the number of head, generally
10 to CO less than the real number, according
to the size of the herd. The toll man usual
ly found it best to accept the statement as
the herd would be found very difficult to
count, and a wrangle would complicate the
business of the company. Especially was
this so in the case of sheep, which could be
so worked up that a Babbage calculating
machine could not keep track of them.
Some drovers did not object to having strag
gling cattle join the drove and sometimes
it was considerably augmented that way.
The fame of some wayside hostelries was
spread by these drovers over the whole graz
ing belt of the Union. One was kept for
many years by a man named Ballston, five
miles east of Indiana, on the Kittanning,
Indiana and Ebensburg and Hollidaysbnrg
pike, known as the dirt pike, to distinguish
it from its more southerly neighbor. The
tavern is within a mile or two of the crest
of the Chestnut BIdge.
NAME3 CUT OK THE BOCK.
Near it on the roadside is a rock as large
as a medium-sized bouse, and on that rock
may be found inscriptions and names cut by
boys whose grandchildren are now old men,
and advertisements of cure-alls that, died
out of the market before 1840, and whose
proprietors have been forgotten. That rock
is regarded by many continental pilgrims of
the olden time with as much reverence as an
Arabian pilgrim pays to the Caaba at
Balston, from a habit of calling everyone
"neighbor," became known as Neighbor
Balston from Delaware and Chesapeake
Bays to the Kaskaskia river. He was a
genius in his way, and always advertised
his bar as stocked with the wines of France
and Spain and all the fancy drinks known
in his day. However, he was invariably
'just out of any beverage that might be
cuea lor except .mountain iiew. j.nai never
failed, and as it was a good article his
patrons could generally console themselves
with it Lager beer was unknown in that
section 10 years ago, bnt an ample snpplyof
tansy and snake-root bitters could always be
depended on at Neighbor Balston's. It was
a common thing, however, for guests to com
mence with foreign wines, and call for
everything in the list until snake-root bit
ters was reached, and then the old man
came out strong, never catching on to the
railery in the inquiries.
IS THE LAUREL BELT.
Some four miles east of Neighbor Bal
ston's, at Fred Cameron's place, the tribula
tions of stock d rivers began and never ended
until tbey had passed the mountains and
reached the beautiful blue Juniata, At
Yellow creek the undergrowth bf the kal
mia latifola, calico bush, or little laurel be
gan,and extended clean across the mountains
and the woodlands were not inclosed, in
fact are not even now. The bush is as
poisonous as it is beautiful. Stock raised
in its vicinity avoid it by instinct, except
early in the spring, wh'en ravenous for
greens, and then they generally partake
sparingly, only eating enough to give them
the colic, but the unsophisticated herds
from the West were devoid of that instinct,
nature not deemintr it necessary to furnish
it where the plaufdoes not grow, and out
riders and runners were necessary for near
ly 50 miles to prevent the destruction of the
nrd, which would devour the laurel
It may be news to many people in cities,
and undoubtedly is, that intelligent farm
ers in Western Pennsylvania found farm
ing and stock raising in those days more
profitable than it is at present
XO MONEY MADE THESE SATS.
In fact comparatively few farmers are
making money in Allegheny county to-day,
and a great many of them have, in late
years, put mortgages on farms left them by
their parents on farms on which those
parents succeeded in living well and ac
cumulating a surplus. Cattle and grain
brought from the illimitable West, and
garden truck from the South are laid down
in Pittsburg for less money than was paid our
own farmers for them 40 years ago, when $1
was equal to $2 now in purchasing land.
Then $1,000 would buy enough land in
Western Pennsylvania to make a respect
able stock farm, affording extensive pastur
age and meadow and grain land. A 2-year
old bullock would bring $15 to $20 and that
is all he will bring now when the expense of
raising him has trebled in value.
At the same time the cost of dressed'beef
to the consumer is much higher than
it was in pre-rallway times, and
by the time three or four middle-men
get their rake out of vegetable and
fruit products, they cost the consumer as
much, often more, than in days of yore.
Some people say there is a remedy, for all
this, but none have so far pointed it out
WHEX DEOYI1TO ENDED.
Live stock driving ceased about 1863,
when railways finally reached every im
portant agricultural section of the country,
and inflation made the. services of drivers
come so high that railway shipment became'
cheaper, and now only fanoy animals can be
raised with profit and these'to but a limited
Beef cattle raised in the Middle States
were more easily handled on a drive than
any other stock save mules. It might be
supposed that mules would be hard
to control in a herd, but
they are not Put an old white mare in the
lead, with a common cowbell around her
neck to locate her, and a thousand mules,
of all ages, sexes and conditions, if able,
will follow her from the Bio Grande to the
Hudson, and each will try to get as close to
her as possible.
Sheep drive welL- unless they are seized
with a panic, when, if the foremost were to
jnmp over Niagara Falls, the whole flock
would unquestionably follow.
Hogs are the most "difficult of all to han
dle. If fat they make slow progress and
soon break down; if lean, and they become
demoralized, everyone takes his own course,
but they are very sociable animals, and,
after a dispersal, have been known to spend
days banting each other and reforming their
TUBKEXS ABE DAISIES.
Among the most tractable stock to drive
are turkeys, when their wiugs are clipped,
and they are good travelers, but when
roosting time comes, they must be allowed
to dictate, foi no persuasion can induce
them to go further that day, and the drivers
must be up early in the morning if they
wish to keep the flock together, unless the
roosting place be near a corn field. Large
flocks were driven in former times hundreds
of miles without loss. They are still driven
into this city sometimes from Greene county.
Another old-time industry that has been
destroyed is horse stealing. It was a lucra
tive but rather exciting oue in Western and
Middle Pennsylvania until down in the
early fifties, when telegraph lines were ex
tended into most of the back counties. Be
fore this time a thief, if he got five or six
hours of darkness to travel ere the owner
missed his property, was comparatively
safe. Only the best horses good travelers
were taken, and they could bo speeded
down the mountain valleys and rushed
into Baltimore before the trail was definite
ly ascertained. Many of fhe best horses in
Pennsylvania went through Cumberland
clandestinely before the "wonder-working
wire" had formed a net work fatal to the
thieves, who have finally lost their cunning
or have emigrated to Texas or the Territo
ries, where the trade still thrives, hampered
only by Judge Lynch, who has more aver
sion for a horsethief than he has for a mur
derer. LAST EXCURSION TO ATLANTIC CITY
Via the B. it O. IT. H-.
Thursday, August 29. Bate, $1C for the
round tnp.tickets good for ten days; good to
stop at Washington City returning. Trains
will leave depot at 8 A. u. and 9:20 p. M.
This product of Franenheim & Yilsack's
brewery merits and has attained as high a
place as can be reached by the best grade of
beer. This fact is attested by its popularity.
Call for it at any first-rate bar, or order
direc(. Telephone 1186. ,
If you want wall paper, call and exam
ine the stock handled by John S. Roberts,
414 Wood street, before buying. Ths
TJse "Una" flour finest spring patent in
the world. "Golden Wedding" the best of
bread flours. "Duquesne" has no equal as
a pastry flour. Horning'a "Ivory," gein of
all family flours.
Pittsburg College of Shorthand,
Corner Sixth and Liberty streets. Fully
three-fourths of all who undertake the study
of shorthand are not adapted to it, and fail
to make any practical use of the art This
school Is devoted exclusively to shorthand
and typewriting, and no students are taken
except those who are fitted for the study.
Mr. Porter introduced shorthand into the
courts of Pittsburg, and is the first official
stenographer ever appointed in Pennsyl
vania. Two-thirds of all the successful
stenographers of Pittsbnrg were his pupils.
For circulars and information call on or ad
dress J. T. Porter, Principal.
If sold quick, a desirable North avenue
(Allegheny) residence, 10 rooms, cor. lot,
at a very greatly reduced price.
W. A. Hekbon & Sons,
ws bO Fourth ave.
REV. CHARLES 8PURGE0N,
EnglithJJaplitt preacher, givet in to-morrouf
Dispatch hit vttwt.qn America it ptopli
and churchet, .
QUIET ARSENAL LIFE.
How Soldiers Put in the Time at the
The Hark of Honor Paid to Hon. Simon
EFFOETS TO MAINTAIN DISCIPLINE
There are some curious orders received at
the Allegheny Arsenal. Some of the more
recent ones received by Major McKee, Com
mander of the rscral, may be quoted; one
of them is unique from the fact that it calls
for a special mark of honor, to be paid by
the army, to the memery of a private citizen.
The Hon. Simon Ctraeion, nearly 30 years
ago, was the head of the War Department
The order runs as follows:
General Orders, No. E8.
Headquarters of the Akict, l
ADJUTANT GENEEAI.'S OFFICE, i
Washington, June 27, 1889. )
I. The Major General Commanding, with
profound regret communicates to the army the
following orders of the Secretary of War an
nouncing the decease of the Hon. Simon Cam
eron: WAB DEPARTMENT, J
WASHIWQTON, D. C, June 27, 1889. (
The painful dnty devolves upon theSecretary
of War of announcing the death of the Hon.
Simon Cameron, of Pennsylvania. Mr. Cam
eron was the Secretary of War In the original
Cabinet of President Lincoln, and rendered
distinguished services to his country In the
early period of the late war for the Union. Be
fore that time and subsequently he represented
his State in the Senate of the United States for
many years. He had by reason of strength at
tained the ripe age of 90 years, and died on the
26th inst near the place of his birth in the
great Commonwealth he had so ions and faith
As a mark of respect to his memory. It is or
dered that the offices connected with the De
partment of War be draped in mourning for
the period of 30 days, and all business be sus
pended, therein on the day of the funeral.
Secretary of War.
IL Upon the Jay after the receipt of this
order at each military post 17 gnns will be nred
at intervals of one-half hour, commencing at
By command of Major General Schofield:
J. C. Kelton,
TO KAINTAET DISCIPLINE.
Another order may be given which re
lates to discipline and punishment for vi
General Orders. No. 63.
Headquarters of the Aemt,
Adjutant General's Office.
Washington, July 6, 189.
By direction of the Secretary of War ths fol
lowing is published for the information and
guidance of all concerned:
Upon conviction of offenses punishable at the
discretion of courts-martial, a soldier may be
sentenced to have his monthly pay, or a
stated portion thereof, retained from him for
such periods as the court subject to the re
strictions of the 83d Article of War, may di
rect The amounts so retained will be paid
only on the final statements furnished enlisted
men on discbarge from the service.
That the proper amount of pnnisbment is the
least amount by which discipline can he
efficiently maintained, is a principle of recog
nized validity in the administration of military
i'ustice. It is expected that the pnnisbment
erein authorized, while of the least possible
severity, will, if judiciously applied, diminish
military offenses by compellirg for the time
being sobriety and abstention from vicious in
dulgences of every kind; and that It may thus
be made a potent factor in ths promotion of
discipline and of thewelfaro of the service at
large. By command of
Major General Schofield,
J. C. Kelton, Adjutant General.
LIFE AT THE ABSENAL.
The detail of soldiers at the Allegheny
garrison is only a Small one, composed of 1
commanding officer, 1 Colonel, 3 Sergeants,
5 Corporals and 19 men. The chief purpose
that the arsenal is now kept up for is to
serve as a storehouse or, in case of war, to
manufacture ammunition for the army. The
duties that are required of the men are to
guard the post The privates bave to per
form sentinel duty. Each man goes on for,
24 hours, and out of that he is engaged on
dutv eight hours. The first relief is from
7 to9 A. M., 1 to 3 p. m., 7 to 9 p. if., 1 to 3
A. M.J second relief, 9 to 11 A. m., 3 to 6 p.
m., 9 to 11 p. m., 3 to 5 a. ll.; third relief,
11 A. M. to 1 P. M., 5 to 7 P. M., U P. M. to
1 a. m., B to 7 A. m. Other men are used to
keep the grounds in repair and attend to the
The soldiers are drilled once a week to
keep them in practice, or, to use the soldier
phraseology, to give them a "military set
up." It is not necessary to have them drill
daily, because the men are old warriors and
are thoroughly proficient in all the compli
cated drill work.
For many years a gun was fired at "re
veille," or sunrise, when the flag was hoisted,
and at "retreat," or sunset, when the flag
was lowered. About six weeks ago the
Major secured permission from the War De
partment to stop the salute flag firing, be
cause he thought the incessant noise was a
public nuisance. This permit does not ap
ply to saluting any of the great national
fete days, or the arrival in the city of any
As commander, Major McKee can give
himself a leave of absence seven days, but
if he desires a more extended leave he must
get it tnrough the war office. The Major
can exercise this privilege with the men
under his charge.
PEACTIGALLI FINISHED NOW.
The Work on the Main Bnlldlng- of the
Contractor Hamilton said yesterday that
the work on the main Exposition building is
practically finished. The painters are put
ting on the finishing touches and the gas
fitters are about through with their work.
On Monday the work on the passage-way
between the main building and machinery
hall will be commenced. Then the work of
clearing np the debris around the place will
be done. This will require a good many
men several days. Alter this is done the
city will clean Duquesne way and the ad
The wire fence along the river in the rear
of the buildings is being pat up, and the
iron fence in the frontwill be commenced on
Monday. Precautions are being taken
against any possibility of fires in the build
ings. There will be several connections to
the water pipes in the various parts of the
buildings, which will be in charge of David
Hall, an old fireman of the city. Mr. Hall
will have all the police in and aronnd the
buildings under him, and will have them
N0T UNTIL '8EPTEMBEU 1.
The Chief Will Then Announce the Beor
sjranlzatlon of Fire Department.
Dr. Mercer yesterday completed his ex
amination of members of the fire department,
ending with Engine company No. 13. The
result of the examinations are in the hands
of Chief J. O. Brown, who said yesterday
that no changes would be announced until
about September 1. At that time the plans
for the general reorganization of the Bureau
of Fire will be completed. It is said that
First Assistant Chief Steele will be made
Chief Inspector and Chief Evans made
Superintendent of the Bureau. Many
persons about City Hall still believe that
Inspector McAleese will be made Inspector
of the Fire Bureau.
Their Vacation Noyr.
The ladies of the Society for the Improve
ment of the Pocr sent 49 children and nine
adults to the summer home at Oakmont yes
terday. Nine children have also heen sent
to Sandy Creet, where they will be enter
tained by some kind-hearted farmers' wives.
Forty-three children returned on Thursday
from a two weeks' stay at Oakmout
EGYPTIAN HIAMIDS MttS!
etting and xnttructive article by Axel Q,,jgalU
beck in to-morrovf Dispatch. ,
THREE HAPPY GIRLS.
An Obllentlon to Ttfnrry Removed From
Them by the Conrt Old nary Court
ney's Queer Will Knocked Oat
Cincinnati, August 23. The Court this
morning removed an incubus from three
pretty, intelligent and amiable young ladies
who reside on the north side of Barr street
between Cutter and Linn. The young
women are known as the Courtney sisters,
Jane, Julia and Anna, daughters of good
old Mrs. Mary Courtney, who died ' some
time ago. The obligation imposed upon the
girls by their mother was to get married if
they would derive certain privileges on her
Evidently she believed it is not good to
live alone, but as her daughters never man
ifested any desire to' enter matrimony, she, ,
on her aeatn bed, devised this unique way
of bringing about the wish of her heart She
called a lawyer to her bedside and dictated
to him a will he would never have allowed
had he not beeu in his cups. The property,
real and personal, she left in equal parts to
the girls; but provided that neither or all
jointly should be able to give a title to any
part of the entirety unless all were married.
In case of any marriage the remaining
one or two could erijoy all the privileges of
the home and remain in it Tbe will was
contradictory and showed unsteady heads
of the testator and the scrivener. The court
constructed the will by giving a fee simpja
title to the young ladies, and now they may
pass a title whether unmarried or married.
Father Quinn witnessed the will, but he did
sot read it
A queer fsct is that originally the prop
erty belonged to the girls, and they deeded
it to their mother, so in case their demise
she would be provided for. Had the paper
held good as the old lady intended, the
queer fact would have been presented of
young ladies being obliged to marry to gain
their own estate.
LOCAL ITEMS, LIMITED.
Incidents of a Dny In Two Cities Coadensed
for Beady Reading:
THE public school buildings have all been put
In repair for the opening on Monday week-,
W. H. Hamilton, of Philllpsburg, was in
jured In tbe late West Fenn accident He had
two ribs broken.
Mrs. Barixett Morree, of Wood's Ban,
fell from a chair yesterday at her house and
dislocated her shonlder.
A new counterfeit 2-bill is being circulated
throughout the West The vignette of Gen
eral Hancock is very poor.
The regular Sunday Gospel Temperance
Union meetings will commence again to-morrow
evening In Curry University. J. W, More
land, Esq., will preside.
The Board of Viewers yesterday held a meet
ing for the purpose of assessing the cost of a
sewer on Bebecca street between Friendship
avenue and liberty street
William Classet. a brakeman on the!
Monongahela Connecting Railroad, had his
hand smashed by a coupling yesterday. He
was taken to the Homeopatbio Hospital, where
two fingers were amputated.
G. E. McCarthy entered a charge of larceny
against George Warner, before Alderman
Foley, yesterday, alleging that the defendant
stole a set of silverware valued at S20 from him.
Bail was furnished f oca hearing Monday.
A poltgot set of prisoners was taken from
Magistrate Gripp's court yesterday morning to
tbe connty jail. There were eight of them, no
two of the same nationality. There were
Ameriaan, Irish, Negtx Swedish, Bohemian,
uerman, Italian ana emnisn.
John Wilkt, one o:
the Philadelphia run-
away boys who was
1-rested Thursday, was
sent home by the Penni
lvania Railroad at 8:10
o'ciock last evening,
celved from the Daren
) news his yet been re-
oi tne ower ooy, ana
be Is held at the Centn
The Bank of Pittsb
g has started out in a
new industry. Last spijng Patrick Cane, jan
itor of the bank, piantsl some pumpkin seeds
in the vacant lot on third avenue next the
bank. Like Jack's libled bean-stalk, tbey
have prospered, and t ere are now five good
sized pumpkins on chorines.
A brave act was dole yesterday by a brake
man on the West Pend Railroad. The market
Sassenger train was between Bouquet and
prlngneld stations,- wteu the rear brakeman
discovered that another train was following at
too high a speed to avtld a collision. The
brakeman jumped from Ms train, and he broke
bis wrist bat he was ablet to stop the train.
Victor Kleoqs, a screw cutter at the Ft
Wayne shops, was arrested yesterday on the
Information of his wifej Amelia Kleges, who
alleges that she has Men married only ten
months, but her husbana In this space of time
threatened to shoot her ind do her other bodily
Injury. Her husband is 65 years of age and she
is only 22. She think le is jealous. He dis
owns his child, thoughhe cannot prove her
SHE'S TIE! 1KF0RTUNAT&
Mrs. Gels Meets WltV Her Second Accident
Yesterday afternoon Catherine Gels, an
aged woman, was kjocked down by a Citi
zens' Line cable caj at the corner of Penn
avenue and Seventblstreet- She was badly
bruised, but uo hopes were broken. She
was removed to the ziomeopatmo Hos-
Just one rear ago yesterday the same
woman fell from ths bluff on Mt Washing
ton into a deep lime kiln on tbe hillside and
broke her thigh. A furious storm was rag
ing at tbe time, and she laid where she had
fallen through two nights and one day be
fore she was discovered. She was then taken
to the Homeopathic Hospital, where she
That Boiler Explosion.
The Coroner's jury yesterday rendered a
verdict in tbe case of the boiler explosion
at Gangwish's brewery, Allegheny. They
found that the, explosion was due to two
First That the crown head bad been re
paired by Andrew Schneider, the aeceased,and
not replaced strong enough to stand tbe pres
sure. Second That tbe brewing company was neg
ligent In having repairs made in this manner
without calling upon the Boiler Inspector.
The jury recommended legislation requir
ing all boiler repairing to be done nnder the
supervision of the Boiler Inspector.
Token to Reading;.
Deteotive Kramer, of Beading, arrived in
the city yesterday, and last evening took
back with him L. J. Simmonds, who is
wanted in that city for a $300 forgery.
gallant Prince and beautiful Prinuu and the
trouble cawed them bi an ugly titter' e witch
craLU told in to-morroufi DISPATCH by JEr
neC B. Btinricht.
rvy 'KNy.sstt a -s- jr 'if
"svx oc i-mim nv& ra.
WTST 1 NfcVX
Pearline and water for a month, with safety. JDelightful in
soft. Perhaps you have been using some of the imitations and have soreT hands and find
your clothing going to pieces. Moral use theOriginal and best .
Sold ererywlexe. ' PearliBksBanufcteredoary by JAMES PYLE, NewYonc
y.-r'f. - au
A HAMEBfET BABY
Whose Birth Brings Great Joy to
Quite a Number of People.
AN IMMENSE FORTUNE INVOLVED.
The Peculiar Provisions of a Tery Import
OHABITABLE SOCIETIES INTERESTED
New York, August 22. A girl baby
was born Tuesday morning to Mr. and Mrs.
J. Hooker Hamersley, at their summer cot
tage at College Point, L. I. a girl baby
who will be famous as the baby who brought
joy to numerous charities in the State of
New York and whose advent had been
anticipated with an interest that extended
beyond the usual small circle of immediate
relatives and friends. She little knows
what changes a change in her sex would
have brought in the disposition of a great
estate, or how, far across the sea, a lord and
lady in one of England's most famous
ancestral homes awaited the cable announce
ment of her arrival.
Although no courtiers filled tha halls of
the house in which she was born, although
no armed guards kept watch without, al
though no nation awaited her coming and
no cannon were fired nor flags flung to the
breeze to signalize her earthly debut, rarely
has a priceess or a queen been born with all
these accompaniments whose birth has in
volved larger properties than that of Miss
Hamersley, infant daughter of J. Hooker
Hamersley of the good city of New York,
and cousin by marriage once removed of
Blenheim's mistress, the American Duchecs
1 FATHEE AND SOX.
There died in New York in 1883 Louis C.
Hamersley, Sr., for many years a promi
nent member of the New York business and
social worlds. A quaint old man, of courtly
beiring and pleasant manners, he was well
knlwn to all the older residents ot the city.
He! had one inseparable companion his
son! Louis C. Hamersley, Jr. The two
met dressed alike, talked alike, and, save
for wide difference in age which naturally
shoved itself, were a counterpart in form
andteature. They were called the "Ham
ersIeV twins," and rarely a day went by in
winttr that they were not seen walking on
Fifthavenue together, engaged in close and
earnest conversation. They became almost
landmarks, and when the elder man died
New York society felt it had lost one of its
A man of large wealth, there was little
discussion as to who would be his bentf
ficiarv, and in a few days it was announced
that he had left his vast estate entirely to
his son. Notwithstanding his devotion to
his father, the younger man had not been
entirely insensible to the charms of the fair
sex. He had become engaged a few years
earlier to Miss Emily Iselin, a niece of the
well-known banker, Adrian Iselin, but the
engagement was broken. Soon afterward
New York society was called upon to wel
come as the new fiancee of the rich Mr.
Hamersley Miss Lily Price, a leading belle
of the good city of Troy, N. Y., and daugh
ter of Commander Price, one of the Union's
wartimo defenders. Their marriage soon
followed, and the elder Hamersley with
conscious pride introduced his son's wife to
society. The father's death, however, was
too great a blow to be borne by so devoted a
son, and a few months after his demise the
yonnger Hamersley followed his father to
Society's eyes were now turned on the
young widow, who, it was supposed, would
inherit the whole estate. But wills oft
bring surprises, and the will of Louis C.
Hamersley, Jr., was the veriest bombshell
that has ever been thrown into New York
society. It was found that the estate was
put in the hands of trustees, who were di
rected to pay the whole income ot the prop
erty to Mrs. Hamersley during her life.
Then followed this remarkable clause: "In
the event that no issue ot mine shall sur
vive my said wife, then on her decease I
give my said estate, real and personal, to the
male issue of my cousin, J. Hooker Ham
ersley, and to the male issue of such of them
as shall have previously died leaving issue.
In the event however, that my said cousin
jihall die without leaving male issue surviv
ing him or surviving my wife, then, on the
(decease of my wife, I give the whole of"my
said estate to such charitable and benevo
lent corporations located in the State of New
York and in such shapes and proportion as
my dear wife shall by her last will and tes
tement, etc., etc., designate."
The three trustees were George S. Will
iams, Jacob Lockman and Mrs, Hamersley.
It was known that J. Hooker Hamersley,
although a bachelor of uncertain age, was
much addicted to the writing of poetry and
the driving of maidens fair in his handsome
"I" cart. Then, too, if the will should not
be admitted to probate Mrs. Hamersley
would receive her widow's dower, amount
ing to something like $1,350,000 in fee sim
ple instead of the mere income. A contest
HANDS ' UNINJURED.
CLOTHES PURE AND SWEET.
DISHES WASHED CLEAN.
THE GREAT WASHING POWDER.
SPOJEf. HVTYFil ST
mWWUUUI Li III I III it.
wash is largest, and a saving of time and toil is best
appreciated. I hihk of doing a large wash with little or
i no rubbing. Consider how much longer your delicate
'summer clothing will last if not rubbed to pieces on a
washboard. A saving is a
i and pleased with the cleanliness, satisfaction and com
fort which Comes ot
Simpk any servant
less you can soak your finest linen and laces in
was soon- instituted, headed bv John W.
HtmersleyJ paternal uncle of tne testator,
by Mrs. Mary Mason Jones, a great aunt,
pad by all the little Joneses and Masons,
cousins of the testator and grandchildren of
Mr. Hamersley. The decision was finally
handed down by Surrogate Kollins. It sus
tained the will.
AKOTnEE CHAPTER IK THE STOBT.
Mrs. Hamersl'ey's friends congratulated
her. Mrs. Hamersley threw off her weeds,
took an opera box, and becanje one of the
leading figures of the winter social season.
Then came the owner of Blenheim, the noted
and notorious Duke, ot Marlborough, to
these shores. He gazed upon the widow's
beauty, he learned of her estate, and re
turned home, only to come back and carry
her off in triumph to his English home.
The will case was passing into history, and
the charitable institutions had settled down
into a hope of future benefits upon the
decease of the duchess, when once more a
bombshell was thrown into society by the
announcement of the engagement ot J.
Hooker Hamersley to Miss Margaret
Chisholm. The wedding soon followed,
and society has closely watched the social
register which duly records all births, mar
riages and deaths since that time.
A month ago a report was current that a
son and heir had been born to Mr. and Mrs.
Hamersley, but to a reporter who journeyed
to their villa, at College Point, Mr. Hamers
ley said: "The announcement is prema
ture." Tuesday, however, an infant
Hamersley say the light, but, as the Irish
man remarked, "the first boy was a girl."
Once more tbe charitable institutions
breathe more freely and once more the
Buchess of Marlborough mav in uleaslng
fancy contemplate the list of charities in
New York State to which she still has a
chance of becoming, at her death, a Lady
Bountiful. Meanwhile the Infant girl will
kick and crow as lustily as if she had not
put anyone's nose out of joint The proud
father will tell of her charms to admiring
friends, and another chapter in the famous
Hamersley will case comes to an end.
A CONGREGATIONAL DISPUTE.
Exceptions Taken to the Policy of the Board
of Foreisn Missions.
ISriICIAI. TELEGHJLM TO TUX DISrATCR-l
Bostok, August 23. There is much
speculation among the orthodox Congre
gationallsts in and around Boston in regard
to the course to be pursued by the Ameri
can Board of Missions at its annual meet
ing in New York next October. The
churches are deeply stirred by the pre
scriptive policy of the board, and if it is to
be continued the churches want to know it,
and they will act accordingly. There are
very clear indications thatmissionaries will
be sent out independent of the board, unless
its polioy shall be changed.
When tbe prudential committee refused
to send out Messrs. Torry and Noyes, and it
was learned that the last named, with his
wife, were anxious to go to Japan, tbe
money for their support for five years was
raised in one week, and thev were sent out
by the Berkley Temple Church. They
were, immediately upon their arrival, wel
comed by tbe missionaries, and were at once
set to work -with them. It was claimed they
wonld find it difficult to labor with the mis
sionaries of the board, but the result has
shown precisely the contrary. Perfect har
mony prevails, and the old missionaries are
in full sympathy with Mr. and Mrs. Noyes.
This shows that the churches can success
fully act without the board, and send out
those whom the latter reject.
Br. Bhafer, one ot the physicians of tbe
Polypatblc Medical Institute, at 43) Penn ave.
The number of people who annually die
from Brictit's disease is simply astonishing.
As the disease progresses, there Is an in
creased pain in the small of tbe back and in
tba region of the groins, high colored urine
with' brick dust sediment, scanty or copious
flow, with pain in voiding it Not only do the
kidneys themselves become organically dis
eased, terminating in gravel or stone iu tho
bladder, diabetes or Brigbt's disease, but is
one of the most potent causes of rheumatism
The Polypathlc Medical Institute Is perma
nently located in Pittsburg for the treatment
of rheumatism, kidney and urinary diseases.
Analysis of specimens of unne free. Consul
tation also free. r,
Office honrs, 10 to 1130 A. St., 1 to i and 8 to 8
p. M. Bandars, 1 to 4 p. jr. aul7-D
JONES'A MAGIC BOCH POW
Diilt Koaches banished bv con
tract Satisfaction guaranteed or
no pay. 35 SEVENTH AVE.,
Pittsburg. Pa Price f 1 SO per
is the very best
time to try
ine. Then the
gain. You'll be surprised
the use of JPEARLIJN.il.
can use it. Perfectly harm
the bathmakes the water
A FINE PIECE OF
Ghfewing f v
IS INDEED A LTJXUBY.
Comes as near being a fine piece of
PLUG TOBACCO as it is possible
to make it and Is known as a
We are sure that ONE TRIAL will
convince you of Its merits.
-WLook for the red H tin tap; on each plcj.
JNO. FTNZER & BROS.,
lathe PUREST, BEST and Cleanest 1
Of all Druggists, but beware of Imitations.
"After a careful and impartial test of
I am convinced thatit is the CHOICEST,
PUREST and BESTCocoa In tho market.
I can conscientiously recommend it to
all Physicians In preference to any
other." MRS. 8. T. RORER,
Principal Pnlla. Cooking School.
.MADE INSTANTLY with bollingr "water
or milk, NO COOKING REQUIRED.
Sold by George K. Stevenson & Co. and all
leading grocers and druggists at f 1 per lb. tins
55c per K lb. tin.
U. S. DEPOT, 35 MERCER ST., NEW YORK.
f? DENVER RANGE
Bold by all stovo dealers. Manufactured by
GBAJPP. aTJGJJS fc CO., ,
632 and 6M LIBERTY STREET.
Or the Liquor Habit Positively Cured M
by Administering Dr. Hamas'
It can tie siren in a cup or cofiee or tea wlt&ont
th. VnnwUrira nf the nerson t&ktnir It; la&taao.
lately harmless, and will effect a permanent and
speedy cure, whether the patient Is a moderate
drinker or an alcoholic wreck. Thousands of
Drunkards hare heen made temperate men who
haye taken Golden Specific In their coffee without
their knowledge and to-day belleye tbey qutt
drinking- from their own free will. 1THEVEB
KAILS. The system once Impregnated with the
specinc, 11 oecomes
llnnor aDDetlte to ex
les an utter Impossibility ror the
.TCl'lttiBarg; E. Holden k Co..
HlTth and Penn STcFlttsDarz: 1
63 . Federal St., Allegheny, trade supplied by
lieo. A. Kelly A Co.. l'ltwbnrjr. fa. aei7-33-TTS
JOHNFLOCKER & CO.,
Rocker's Lubricating Hemp Packing
FOR RAILROAD USE.
Italian and American Hemp PacHnjr.
Clothes Lines, Twines, Bell Cord, Fish Lines,
Chalk Lines, Night Lines, Sisal Bale and Hide
Rope, Tarred Lath Yarn, Spun Yarn, etc
WORKS East street, Allegheny City, Pa.
OFFICE AND 8ALE8R0011-8a Water -ttsburg.
Telephone No. 1370. myS-jrws
SOMETHING NEW FOR FENCES.
MADE FROM STEEL PLATES FOR
LAWN OR FARM FENCES,
WINDOW GUARDS, TRELLISES,
LATHINJS FOR BUILDINGS, Etc.
It can be made a substitute for nearly
every purpose for which wire is used,
and Is far more durable and cheaper. .
It is much superior to wire work la
everyway. It is solid at all points ot
Send tor Illustrated Circulars and
Central Expanded Metal Co.,
(CHESS, COOK & CO.) ,
116 Water street, Pittsburgr, Pa.
is now admitted by the medical authorities to
be a deficiency or undue waste of Ozidtzable
Phosphors normally existing In tba human
economy. The remedy consists In tba admin,
istration of a preparation of Phosphorus being
at once assimilable and oxidlzable. WINCHES.
TER'SHYPOPHOSPHITESistbe only prep
aration of Phosphorus which combines these
characteristics in tbe highest decree. For
Consumption, Bronchitis, Coughs, Night
Swtati, and Nervous Diseases, it is unequaled.
Recommended by Physicians. Sold by. Drue
fists. 91 per bottle. Head for circular.
' WINCHESTER 4 COChesabrts.
. S9T31-24-nswk 1G2 William St, fOT.