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F, ' The Bun Throush Ireland, England
and Prance Described.
BRILLIANT RECEPTION AT PARIS.
lunched bj the Undergraduates ol BalUol
THE BO DTE OYER THE COKTIKEKT
Paeis, July 27.
TJK party, consist
ing of 28 American
Queenstown a Jew
weeks ago, after a
capital voyage across
the Atlantic. "We
started from Cork,
Ireland, where most
of the boys received
their wheels, nearly
f the machines beinjrof
English manufacture. As
soon as we got on to the
road, we were unfortunate
enough to strike a rainy
spell of weather; but we
were encouraged on our way
many Irish riders. We
started with too much lug-
The wheels were too
heavy. So we reduced the
load at once and sent it on ahead by parcels
The weather, I say. was had; but we were
bo well received everywhere that it com-
Fatting in Iiexleie.
pensated our ill luck. "We enjoyed three
days' stoppage at Dublin, where we were
banqieted by wheelmen in fine style. Our
next move was to take the steamer ior Liver
pool. Once in England the sun began to
shine. In fact, during the whole time of
our stay in that country we had but one wet
day. At Birmingham, where we were hos
pitably received, most of the boys exchanged
their wheels for lighter ones.
"We reached Hampton Court after an
awful day's ride. Several machines broke
down. After visiting the palace, we rode
into the town, and were'dehghted with the
reception we received. Hampton Court is
an important center for English wheelmen,
who gather there "in their thousands" on
their great parade day in the spring.
THE FIBST BICYCLE CLUB.
The first bicycle club, the Pickwick, was
started in London in June, 1870, but the
first great Hampton Court meet did not
take place until six years after. And year
by year since, the meeting of wheelmen
under the old chestnuts at Bushey every
May has been organized by the Pickwick
Bicycle Club, who have taken the initiative
in the matter by virtue of being the oldest
club of its kind in London.
The great spring meet is at present held
more especially in order that the general
public may see that bicycling comprises a
very large and important section of the
community. The riders hope and believe
that with that respect for power which is
innate in the breasts of the majority of En
glishmen, the annual display of wheel
strength will induce a certain amount of re
spect toward bicycling as a sport, which it
could not hope to acquire simply from the
fact of a few men being seen occasionally
riding about alone. It is wanted, in iact,
to make the community of wheelmen to a
certain extent a vast united body for mutual
assistance and protection.
One of the pleasantest incidents of our
tour was the lunch tendered us by the under
graduates ol Balliol College, Oxford. We
stayed in London nearly a week and sped
on to Brighton, accompanied by a number
of local wheelmen. From Brighton we ran
for Kewhaven, where we took the steamer
to the coasts ot France, lauding at Dieppe.
The weather being fine and the roads bet
ter than what we had hitherto met with in
England, we covered the distance irom
Dieppe to Saint-Germain-en-Laye, by way
of Rouen, in two days. But the route from
Mantes was heavy with dust, thick with
black flies, and a head wind was blowing.
A FBENCK WELCOME. '
jr. de Baroncelli and some American
friends came uo from Paris and met us on
the Bouto de Quarante-Sous, at a small vil
lage called Chambourcy, to welcome us in
the name of the cyclists of France: and a
thing ot no small importance to show us a
short cut through the forest of St. Germain,
.which saved us going over about three kil
ometres of the rough stone pavement for
which the towns of France are famous.
We dined and slept at Saint-Gcrmain-en-Lave,
and the following morning at 9
o'clock I gave the signal to mount, and,
one by one, nearly 50 cyclists rolled out to
the Hotel da Prince de Galles upon the
Place Boyale. M. Corti, the Police Com
missary, had come to salute the wheelmen
of the "Sister Kepnblic," and thoughtfully
presented us with a small French banner.
Through his kindness special permission
was given to our small army to ride on to
the splendid terrace and admire the world
renowned panorama to be seen therefrom,
with beautiful Paris and the Eifiel Tower
in the distance.
M. de Baroncelli led the way upon his
silver-plated bicycle; Mr. Higgins, our
treasurer, followed with the American flag
flying from his handle bar, by the side of M.
Porten, thing the French tricolor. The
rest of the party followed two abreast, and
thus descended the steep hill of Le Pecq,
over the bridge, through the beautiful pane
of Le Vesinet, to Chatou, Bueil, up the hill
behind Jlount Valerien, down into the town
of Suresnes, over the Suresncs bridge, and
entered the Bois de Boulogne. At its en
trance II. de Baroncelli ami I placed our
selves one on each side of the gate and
saluted as the troop rolled through two at a
time. On past the old mill and the' race
course at Longchamp and up to the Cas
cade, where machines were stocked and a
light repast partaken ot. While this was
going on, H. Porten got his camera and
"took" the whole party in a summer house.
A BAXQUET IS FABIS.
From the Cascade we were conducted
through the gratefully cool alleys of the
Wood to the Pofte Maillot. Here we were
met by Dr. MInart, President of the Union
Yelocipedique of France, who invited ns
into me ciud room ana onerea us cooling I :
drinks. Dr. Minsrt spoke a few words of I i
.welcome on behalf of tho French cjcllnj I
clubs, and I replied in 'English, expressing
the great satisfaction felt by the whole party
at the kind manner in which we had been
received in France and Paris.
We started off again, three abreast, up the
Avenue de la Grand Armee and round the
Arc de Trioniphe. Down the magnificent
Chamrjs-Elvsees. across the Place de la Con
corde, and "along the Bue de Bivoli, rode'
the "half hundred," with a quiet precision
worthy of a military corps, until we reached
our Paris headquarters at the cosy and com
fortable Hotel de la Tamise, in the Bue
d'Alger, where our iron horses were stabled
until the order was again given to march.
We were entertained later by our French
wheeling brethren at the Bestaurant De
hauve. the spacious private hall ot which
had been specially engaged for the occasion.
The Beception Committee was composed of
M. Grassen. President of the Societe
Yelocipedique Metropolitaine; Dr. Minart,
President ol the Sport Yelocipedique
Parisien; M. Duhayon, Yice President of
the Cercle de la Fedalc; M. Pradelles, Sec
retary of the Veloce Sport Parisien, and M.
de Baroncelli, Consul of the Union Yeloci
pediqne de France.
M. de Baroncellf made a telling speech in
French, in which he expressed the great
sympathy that the French vclocinedist felt
for their American brethren; he rendered
all honor to the American wheelmen who
had accomplished a leat never before per
formed by any foreign cyclists. M. de
Baroncelli then presented us" with a detailed
itinerary of the roads to be followed from
Paris to Geneva, and said that the consuls
of the different cycling clubs in the different
towns through which we have yet to pass
had been informed of our arrival, and would
oe ready to meet us and render any assist
ance or give any information in their power.
The roads in Europe are vastly superior
to anything we are used to in America, and
the distances are shorter. The scenery to an
American has the cflect of finished pictures.
It is nature with her hair combed. The
highly cultivated fields, carelully trimmed
and bordered, with long avenues of poplars
and elms strike an American In France; while
in Eagland be is Impressed with the whole
landscape. How thoroughly England is
groomed! Our New England out-of-doors scen
ery of ten looks as if it had just got out of bed
and bad not finished its toilet. But the glow
ing green of everythtnc In England strikes one
particularly: green hedges in place of our rail
fences, always ugly, and our rude stone walls,
which are not wanting in a certain look of fit
ness approaching to comeliness, bnt poor feat
ures of landscape as compared to those univer
The difference In the hoars for meals dis
turbed us somewhat in the beginning, but we
have since got used to It. The boys prefer
French to English cooking, but the ham and
eggs of old England was a rare treat to all of
them. The French early breakfast with cafe
au ls.it- Is too light a meal for an American, and
especially an American cyclist, who expects
more solid food to start off upon In the
On leaving Paris we goto Fontainebleau.
where we intend remaining over a Sunday, to see
the palace and the forest. From Fontainebleau,
we start for Geneva, taking the route outlined
for us by M. de Baroncelli, which, indeed, is
no other than the grand, straight, departmental
ronte to Geneva, by way of Tonnerro, Mont
bard, Dijon. Dole, Poligny and Morez. It will
take us eight days to reach Genera, where we
remain a day.
a We then take the steamer to Villeneuve. co
over the Pass to Toul, visit Interlaken, Lu
cerne, the Kgi. Zug. Zurich, Aibruck, Frei
burg, the Black Forest, and from Strasburg go
to Cologne; after which we take the steamer
to Rotterdam, and at that old Dutch town our
Here is the roll call-J. E. BeaL Ann Arbour,
Mich.; V. H. Bennett, Chicago, I1L: E. Jx.
Breed. .Lynn, Mass.; T. C. Bricsmade, Cleve
land. O ; A C. Buttolph, Chicago. 111.: C. H.
Cake, Clarkesvjlle. Mo.; A G. Collins, Boston,
Banqueted by French Cycllttt.
Mass.: Clark Cooper, Trenton, N. J.; W. N.
Eastabrook, Elmira, N. Y.; F. A ElwelU
Portland. Me.; Rev. O. E. Fessendcn, Summit
Hill. Pa.; H. S. Higgins, Portland, Me.; W. H.
Kirk. Philadelphia. Pa.: Daniel Krnm. Colnm
bns. 0.;D. W. Levy. Qutncv, 111 : D. C. Nurse,
Walnut, Ilk; F. II. Palmer. Portland. Me.;
Joseph Pennell, Philadelphia. Pa.;P. H. Relllv.
Hartford. Conn.: W. C. Roseboom, Cherry Val
ley. N. Y.: J. W. Schneider. Summit Hill. Pa ;
C. Seavey. Portland. Me.; S. B. Shannon, Cleve
land. O.: Wontworth, bkowheaan. Me.; R. B.
White, Quincy, 111., and H. R. Wilson. Clarion,
Pa. F. A. Elwell,
Manager of the Cyclists' Touring Club.
OTHEE PEOPLE'S PICTURES.
A Detroit Denier Who Una Quito a Trade
in Misfit Photos.
Detroit Free Press.;
"Misfit photographs for sale" Is the sign on a
Michigan avenue photograph gallery. The
man who owns the place says he hit on that
plan to get rid of pictures that people order and
never pay for.
"But who buys the pictures?" asked the
"Oh, many folks. You see. a yonng man
comes in here and sees a nice picture of a girl,
and he buys one and sends It borne to his
irienos. luea lie taucsuneior uim&eu pers
haps two and Id that way I get my money back;
1 know one yonng leuow wno tooK some ot my
best w ork and sent it to Germany to represent
his wife. Tbe picture conld easily have passed
for hers as far as the features went, but she
was net er dressed out like that. Mothers who
have little children often buv pictures of chil
dren with long hair when theirs hasn't grown
out and send them around to friends at a dis
tance. I can sell brides' pictures without any
trouble. I sometimes think pictures that ain't
taken for people look just as much like them.
Besides, it saves you all the tronble of a sit
ting." SMOKERS AND THEIR WAYS.
The State of a SInc'a Finance Indicated
tbo Clears Ho Burs.
New York Times.
A young man walked into a downtown cigar
store last Saturday and called for some cigars.
"What kind will it be to-day?" asked the pro
prietor. "Oh, three for a half," said the cus
tomer, and the cigars were given him.
"It's pay daywlth that young man to
day," said the proprietor after the customer
had left. I can always tell just when these
young fellows are feeling like millionaires. On
pay day tbey come in and put up 50 cents for
three cigars. The next day, say Sunday, they
call for two for a quarter, with the explanation
that they have discovered that the two for a
2uarter are just as good as the three for
fty. Monday they come In and ask for
10-cent straight cigars, and explain that
tbey he learned that they are just as
good as tbe two ior a quarter, Tues
day they feel confident that the three for a
quarter cigars are just as cood as the 10-cent
straight. Wednesday they trv a 5-cent straight,
with no explanation, and on Thursday six for a
quarter will do. On Friday some of them
come in and say: "Uive me a small bag of
smoking tobacco." Oh, yes. tbo quality of
cigars a man smokes furnishes an excellent in
sight into the state of his finances.
A DREAM DEFIED.
Merely a Elm That (be Slecper'a Blind la
Is a dream a sign of anything? Why, yes,
undoubtedly. It is a sign of life in the dreamer,
and that be is not asleep all over. Some of tbe
organs of the complex brain are active, carry
ing on the processor thought without guidance
of the will. A dream is simply the result of un
gnided mental action, and tbe nature of the
dream depends on what part of the brain is
There Is probably nothing more super-
hrirain ft. . Hfr than n 4 Mtsrr avan
the Incoherent imaginings of an insane person.
THE POET LAUREATE.
A Review of the Life Work of Lord
Alfred Tennyson, Who
CELEBRATES HIS 80TH BIRTHDAY
On Tuesday Keit, Making Him One of the
Oldest as He is One of
THE HOST CELEBRATED MEN OP LETTERS
rwniTTEX roa nut dispatch.:
On next Tuesday we shall have the happi
ness of greeting the most eminent of living
men of letters on tbe occasion of his 80th
birthday. It was on the 6th of Aagust,
1809, that Alfred Tennyson was born at
Somersby, a woodland village half way be
tween the wolds and the fens of Lincoln
shire. Eighty full years have poured their
sunshine and their rain, their joys and their
sorrows on that noble head, and havA left
the natural wisdom, the trenchant wit, the
deep-mouthed music, a little mellowed, per
haps, but unimpaired. Last spring, as we
all remember, the east winds and the wet of
an English April roused the latent gout
that now and again torments the poet, and
for a while he grew so weak with pain that
those who love him and' they are counted
by thousands held their breath with alarm.
.But Lord Tennyson's constitution is wiry,
Lord Alfred Tennyson.
and he springs from a resolute race. The
summer came, a snmmer of all unusual
mellowness and sweetness, one of the rare
golden summers which he loves to describe,
and day by day his strength came back.
Last June he started from his island
home aty Freshwater in Lord Brassey's
yacht the "Sunbeam," whose adventures
so many thousands of readers are familiar
with and cruised up and down the English
Channel, calling at a little glowing seaport
town, full of tamarisk and myrtle, in the
extreme south of Devonshire, whence, as I
hear as I write these lines, he has come back
strengthened and wholly himself again.
Length of life to him still I May the laurel
which has clustered so greenly around his
brows for nearly 40 years flourish and bud
there. It will be an evil day that sees the
wreath w hich Tennyson has worn since tbe
death of "Wordsworth descend to any other
head than his.
THE PBINCE OF POETS.
As we looked around us in the Anglo
Saxon world, nay, on the continent of Eu
rope also, we see no living figure which ap
proaches that of Tennyson in literary dig
nity. As long as Victor Hugo was alive, it
was he who, by common consent, held the
scepter of poetry. At his death it descended
to the younger Englishman. This is per
haps the moment to ask ourselves why Lord
Tennyson and not another is the confessed
first mau of letters of the present age. In
what does his pre-eminence consist? To
what qualities of his mind and work does he
owe it? 2xo question is more difficult to
answer, because tbe reply depends on
the combination of a great number
of wholly intangible forces. Still, an
answer shall be attempted. In the
first place, no pretense is made by the ad
mirers of Lord Tennyson to claim lor him
eminence over air his cotemporaries in in
tellect or knowledge. He is wise and full
of intellicence, but in mere intellectual
capacity or attainment it is probable that
there are many who excel him. This, then,
is not the direction on which his greatness
asserts itself. He has not headed a ,sinsle
moral reform nor inaugurated a single
revolution of opinion; he has never pointed
the way to undiscovered regions of thought;
he has never stood on tiptoe to describe new
worlds that his fellows were not tall enough
to discover ahead. In all these directions
he has been prompt to follow, quick to ap
prehend, but never himself a pioneer.
Where, then, has his greatness lain?'
It has lain in the various perfection of bis
writing. He has written, on the whole, with
more constant, unwearied and unwearying
excellence than any of his cotemporaries.
He has understood that the first business of
an author, and especially an author in
verse, is not to preach, nor to teach, nor to
prophesy, but to write. He has expended,
the treasures of his native talent on broad
ening and deepening his own hold upon the
English language, until that has become an
instrument upon which he is able to play a
greater variety of melodies to perfection
than any other man.
HIS TJlflVEBSAI, OEJflUS.
There have been poets in hisday who sur
passed him id certain directions; who have
commanded a deeper insight into human
action, or a louder volume of lyrical sound.
But Tennyson, in his immense patience,
has been universal. He has cultivated all
branches of the art of poetry. He has failed
in none, he has succeeded 'superlatively in
several. The consequence is that now at
last he covers more ground, rises before us
asahugerand more complicated specimen
of intellectual architecture than any of
those whose spires may for a while have
'seemed to sparkle above him.
When Tennyson began to write verses,
nearly 70 years ago, the genius of Byron
was in the ascendant. The boyish volume
which his brother Charles and he published
together when thev were schoolboys at
Louth, early in 1827, shows this influence
strongly. Here is atanza from that inac
cessible book, which has never been reprinted,
and the few existing- copies of which now
fetch fabulous sums when auy of them get
into the market:
Then, when the shrteklngs of the dying
Were heard above the wave.
Soul of my soul! 1 saw thee dying;
I follow'd thee to save.
The thunder of the brazen prows.
O'er Actium's ocean wrung,
Fame's garland faded from my brows,
Her wreath away I flung.
I sought, I say, I beard but tbee;
For what to lore was victory?
Boy's verses these, perhaps, and in fact
the verse is that ol a boy of 16 or 17, yet how
admirable a following of tbe writer then in
A little later, in the "Lover's Tale,"
which he long atterward reprinted, Tenny
son showed that he had been reading Shel
ley. In the "Poems, chiefly lyrical," of
1830, he was evidently under the influence
of Keats. These three .great poets were the
comrades of his early youth, but his real
masters were tbe ancients; he was deeply
imbued with the spirit of Horace and Catul
lus at themoment when he began to write
poetry seriously. I hope I am not indis
creet it I refer to some remarks on this sub
ject which I had the privilege of hearing
Lord Tennyson make many years aro. in
the course ot which he attributed his pre
cocious command of metrical language and
flow of measured speech .mainly to the
thorough acquaintance which he enjoyed in
early youth with the Odes of Horace. His
father, he told me. insisted on his reciting,
on successive morning!, tbe whole f tbe
four books of the Odes, from "McBcenas
atavis" down without a break to "Proginiem
Veneris canemus," before he would) pro
nounce the boy fit to go off to grammar
tcuooa t iioum, - .aoracc was my maer.
I remember the poet's repeating "Horace
HE DISLIKED DULL ROUTINE.
When tbe time for accepting a profession
came, the future poet laureate refused to
trammel himself by undertaking any form
of business or routine. Ho preferred to face
the probability of poverty to doing anything
which should disturb the development of
the genius within him. It was, perhaps, a
perilous experiment, but one which has been
justified a thousand fold. Lord Tennyson,
although he started In lifo anything but
wTiat is called "comfortably ofl,'' has never
done a day's work for hit living. Or, to be
accurate, he has worked ns few have done,
but at a kind and class of labor peculiar to
himself. Some day, no doubt, the curtain
will be drawn from the poet's early life, and
it will be seen with what passionate zeal
and persistent energy he tolled to become a
master of all the best that literature and
nature have to offer to a student such as he
After this first apprenticeship to the great
writers of antiquity and to the leading elder
poets of his own race, Lord Tennyson ceased
to show sign of any outward influence. He
created, almost beiore he was ot age, a style
which was characteristically hit own, and
which has remained so, with tbe obvious
modifications of increasing age.
About a stone-cast from tbe wall
A. sluice with blaoken'd waters slept,
And o'er It many, round and small,
Tbe cluster'd marish-mosses crept.
Hard by a poplar shook alway.
All silver green with gnarled bark:
For leagues no other tree didrhiark
The level waste, tbe surrounding gray.
She only said. "My life is dreary,
He cometh not." she said;
She said, "I would that I,were dead."
This stanza, as perhaps but few readers
realize, was written 60 years ago. "When it
was written there was no one but Tennvson
who could have composed it; it is still a
perfectly typical example of his style. Thkt
style, so mellifluous and polished in its man
nerism, has been applied to so many forms of
poetry within the last half century that, with a
multitude of uncritical readers, it has come to
suggest tbe typical form of verse. It has been
imitated with success by myriads of more or
less accomplished songsters. As Lord 'Tenny
son himself complains, in his little piece called
Most can raise the flowers now,
For all have got tbe seed.
But the blossoms born of this accidental sow
ing do not come to stay; they bloom for a mo
ment and disappear. Tbe model on which they
are formed, which for an Instant tbey seem to
equal, outlasts them, and will outlast all the
vicissitudes of task and time.
his iAST poem kot tvBrrrEir.
We are not called upon yet to form a final
judgment on Lord Tennyson's poetry. Hap
pily, indeed, it is not all yet in our bands. A
new volume is, at the moment in which I write,
lying in Messrs. Macmlllan's shop ready to be
fiuolished in the ensuing winter. Wo are not
iaely to be disappointed in these winter blos
soms of Lord Tennyson's garden. He was 71
when he gave us "Itlzpah" and "The Voyaee
of Maeldune;" he was 78 when he gave us "The
Spinster's Sweet Arts" and "Frater que Vale."
No donbt tbe treasury of our literature will be
Sermanently emricbed by tbe contents of the
rst book any great poet has given to the English-speaking
world after tbe age of SO.
Meanwhile, the whole race rises to-day to
do honor to this glorious old man. as all
Athens rose to carry Sophocles back from the
tribunal of tbe Phratores, after the recitation
of his "CEdipus" at Colonus. Let us be caret nl,
however, even in our congratulations. If
Pliny is to be believed. Sophocles died of
fatigue in consequence of the boisterous accla
mations of his countrymen. There is this
difference, however, between the English case
and the Greek one. AU tbat was said of
Sophocles had been said in bis presence. In
these days of newspapers and magazines Lord
Tennyson may sit among tbe dry-tongned
laurels at Farnngford and hear as little as he
pleases of our plaudits. Edmund Gosse.
AN EKTEEPEJSING POSTMASTER.
Determined to Kan His Office In Banc Up
Detroit Free Press.!
A new postmaster was appointed last spring
for one of the villages below Atlantic City on
the Jersey coast, add about June 1 people be
gan to write to the two hotels there for rooms
and rates. Answers were received f rem only a
small per cent of the letters, and a great deal
of anxiety&nd trouble was the consequence.
Among others who finally went down to see
what was tbe matter was a Philadelphia broker,
and upon reacbing tbe town he went directly
to the postofflce. It was a little 7x9 affair in
the rear end of a grocery store, and after in
troducing himself the broker said:
"1 have written several letters to the Seaside
Hotel here and received no answer. I have
several friends who also make the same com
plaint" "How long ago was this?"
'About a month."
"Ah! yes, well, your letters probably went to
the Dead Letter Office."
"But why? Were they not called for?"
"Ob, yes. but l started in here determined to
do my dutv. Tbe last postmaster w as removed
because he hadn't sent a dead letter to Wash
ington during his whole term of office, and
during the first fonr weeks of mine I sent off
08. I've got about SO more ready to go to-day,
but after this I shall hold up for awhile and de
liver all that come. I'm going to run this office
bane up and city style or I'm going to get out.
Byers and His Little Sister
Byers It's a mean thing to do, but I
need it for my beach-stroll, and children
must learn to give up to their elders."
yY vs&N.VVVV'!r'v.' Vv
Sister "Z-z-z-i-zip I wow,
Miss Gaeciegle "Where did you get
that lovely sasb, Mr. Byers?" .
Mr. .Byers "un, tnair wny. one ot
ray relatives took a notion to give it to.aw
IB a woiri oi generosity. v yuug , vjf,
THE SULTAN'S MARCH.
Oliyer Optic Describes the Grand
Parade to the Mosque.
A PRETTY CIRCASSIAN FLIRT.
Women of Constantinople, Their Dress and
ABDDIi AZIZ AND HIS BODYGUARD
rwxuTTxx roa thi DisrATCir.1
WELL remember the
many walks, rides and
sails I took about
Constantinople; and if
I had half a dozen
boys whom it became
my duty to amuse and
instruct at the same
time I think I could
do better by them in
the city of the Sultan
than I could in Lon
don and Paris. Every
thing there wonld at
least have the charm
of novelty, and I be
lieve it would take
them about one day to satisfy themselves in
regard to the dogs and dog fights. Then,
every man and woman to be seen in the
streets is an object of curiosity.
What we call Turkey in the United States
is no snch bird in tho dominions ot the
Sultan, or rather, it is called by a different
name. Even'in English it is properly the
Ottoman Empire. To the natives of the
country it is Osmanli Valaieti. In fact we
are not at all sure that we are learning the
right names of rivers, cities and countries
in school. I stopped once on a train in
Belgium in front of a station, on which was
the word "Aachen." I had never heard of
such a place, and it looked like a consider
able city. Referring to my guide book, I
found that it was Aix la Chapelle. The
Danube river is the Donau in Germany,
and many geographical names are not the
same in different languages, as Vienna in
English, Wien in Germany, and Yienne in
VISITING A MOSQUE.
The Mahometans hold their religion to be
very sacred; and in the city of the Sultan
Christians are regarded as infidels, and
called so. I suppose they have just as
much right to do so as we have to call them
heathen or anything of that sort. Their
ceremonies in the mosque are very unmean
ing to us. but they are none the less impress-
The Sultan' t Heiiew.
ive to the "true believer" on that account.
The Moslems believe that their sacred places
would be contaminated by the presence of a
"dog of a Christian," though they do not
entirely exclude them. Admission can only
be obtained by permission ot the Sultan, who
is the head ot the faithful. There are usual
ly a number of travelers in the city, a dozen
or 20 of them, and a "firman"is obtained lor
the whole of them to go at once. Of course a
fee has to be paid for each visitor, a portion
of which probably goes inlo the pockets of
the guides, who are generally Greeks, and
One does not find much difficulty in
"looking two ways for Sunday" in Constan
tinople as in most other places, for three of
them come all in a heap. Thev begin with
the Mahometan Sunday, which is on Fri
day; the Jewish Sabbath comes on Satur
day, followed by the Christian in its proper
place, anere are people of nearly all
nations in the city, but none of them seem
to take any especial notice of their holy
On Friday the Sultan goes to the mosque
in state, and a grand parade is made of tbe
occasion. When one lands at the custom
house on the Golden Horn, this part of the
city is Galata. Walking up the hill on
which is Pera, and descending on the other
side he comes to Tophana. This is the lo
cality in which the Sultan's new palace is
situated, and here also, with a mosque at
one end of it, is the only piece of good road
in the city. It is broad and well built, and
would rank with the thoroughares of Italy
For this great occasion my man LMmetri
brought out the handsome carriage. Of
qoursethe ladies on the street looked at us,
and we looked at the ladies. They were
dressed in the traditional costume, and the
ladies are not perplexed here by the con
stant changes in the fashion plates, for the
dress is the same now that it was a hundred
years ago, and that it probably will be a
hundred years hence. The ladies were
dressed just as they are in the pictures in
the "Arabian Knights." I looked at oneas
a specimen. She weighed 200 pounds or
more. She was agreat, fat, slouchy-looking
woman; but this element ot her composition
was in accordance with the Turkish idea of
beauty. But she" was not to be regarded as
a bouri by American eyes. Her dress was
loose and flowing, her white cotton stock
ings, or rather socks, were plastered with
mud and rolled into a iold below her ankles,
and her yellow morocco shoes were down at
the heels. The muslin covering the women
wear to cover their heads and faces is called
the "yashmak. " In the case of this fat
woman it was quite thick, and hardly more
than the end ot her nose could be seen.
Presently we saw another lady who was
certainly better-looking, but her yashmak
was much thinner. These were women of
the ordinary class. Great, stout Nubians,
as black as the ace of spades, wore precisely
tbe same costume, and were just as particu
lar that no man should see their tace. I
could speak for the Americans present, and
none ot them wanted to see such faces.
These women, like those of higher estate in
Turkev, eaf largely of sweetmeats, and that
has a bad effect upon their health, from
which better-looking little girls shonid take
W i1mt( llnvn in iht timorl trmt tn waif
fybr the procession. On each side of it was
drawn up a column or trie saltans body
guard. I have seen a great many fine bodies
of soldiers in- the different countries of
Europe, but I never saw a finer battalion of
troops than this Turkish guard. They were
all evidently picked for their size and shape,
and every one ot them looked like an ath
lete. They wore lull beards, and they all
happened to have handsome beards, from
whidi I concluded that they had been one
element tbat entered into the selection of
the men. They formed a battalion of about
On their heads they wore the fez, which
lithe national covering for the head, and it
is almost universally worn by men of all
ranks, from the Sultan down to the laborer.
They had the great, bagging trousers of the
Turkish costume, made of blue cloth, -with
socks and gaiter boots. For the body of
the uniform they sported a blue frock coat
of European style. They were remarkably
fine-looking soldiers, and I think they
wonld make a sensation in any city of our
a cibcassiak sxibt.
a, coaeiaeraoie collection or people oran
nations' bad gathered at x the, sides of tho
riages containing ladies were driving up
and down the road, which seemed to be about
the only place where they could take an air
ing in any vehicle, unless it were a sedan
chair, one of which was occasionally seen
in the narrow streets. Most of these car
riages were of English make, though there
were some which looked as though
they had been knocked together on the
ground. Some of the ladies were old and
ill-favored, and were scrupulously careful
abont the adjustment of the yashmak;
others were better looking, though hardly
one could be called handsome in any land
but Tnrkey, and these were not so particu
lar about the covering ot their faces. No
doubt they were wives of pachas, or be
longed to the households of these worthies.
On this street was a lofty stone building,
with no windows near the ground, which
LMmetri said was the harem. He advised
our party not to take much notice of the
ladies in the carriages; but oururiosity
was too strong to be repressed by such coun
sel, and we continued to look at them with
all our eyes.
In one of the carriages was a young lady,
evidently a Circassian, who was really a
very pretty girl, and what was more, she
seemed to be entirely conscious of the fact.
She rode by us a dozen times, and stared at
us as though she desired to make our better
acquaintance. I did not object, and I
smiled as though she had been a Yankee
damsel. Then I raised my hat very slightly,
and smiled once more. She smiled also.
The old lady with her seemed to understand
her dnty we'll enough to look the other way.
The duenna wore a very heavy yashmak,
A Little Flirtation. '
which concealed all bnt the end of her nose,
while the honri's was so transparent that I
could see every feature of her face. I
thought I was making some progress
toward a respectful acquaintance with her,
when a blast of trumpets broke up the in
terview, and her driver hurried her from
The Sultan was coming, and tha band
struck up a tune which was wild and bar
baric, but thoroughly inspiring in its notes.
Tbe bodyguard straightened up, and two
lines ot mounted men approached on each side
of the way. No one must step in front of the
Saltan, and his escort mnst go on each side.
An uely-Iooking colored gentleman appeared
first at the cate of the palace, and the crowd
bowed low to him, for he was the chief eunuch,
the Kyzlar-Agassi. tbe cqnal of tbe grand
vizier. The Sultan came first, monnted on a
magnificent horse. The battalion gave a fierce
yell, which was the regular greeting; but the
mighty potentate took no notice of it, for it is
beneath his dignity to notice anybody.
A DIGNIFIED MONAECII.
The Bultan was a very good-looking man of
iO, his hair and beard sprinkled with grar. He
wore tbe fez, with a frock coat and pants in
European style. His breast was covered with
medals and decorations, and his horse was more
richly dressed than himself. His appearance
and manner were decidedly impressive. He
looked rather languidly about, bnt seemed to
be taking especial care not to see anybody or
anything. Our party took oft our bats and
bowed low to him, but he would not even let
his eyes rest on us for an instant. His chief
business just then was to support his dienity.
and he did it in full. '
Behind blm came a long procession of pachas,
all gorgeously rhounted and dressed, and the
procession was vastly finer than any cavalcade
the boys ever saw at tbe circus. Near bim was
his son, Ynssuf Izzeddin EhTendl we give It in
full so our boys may be able to call him by
name if they ever happen to meet him. When
I bowed to him, hat in hand, he returned tne
salute in the same manner, and his politeness
was to be recommended to his papa. But this
boy of 13 at tbat time was not tbe heir to the
throne; they don't do things in tbat way. and
his uncle was In the line ahead of him.
The Sultan I saw that day was Abdul Aziz;
ho is no longer living, and the irreverent news
papers spoke of him as tho ruler Az-waz. The
present Bultan is Mohammed Mnrad. brother
of Aziz, and uncle of the polite boy. The last
three rulers of the Ottoman Empire hare been
brothers, and all of them sons of tbe Sultan
Tbe procession went on its way and entered
the mosque. We couk) net follow it; tbe pretty
Circassian had evidently gone home, and I
saw her no more. I am sorry she cannot be'
brought over to this country, sent to Vassar
College, or some otber, and thus escape from
tbe life she is doomed to lead in her own land.
We were driven od the hill to the Bus iin
Fera, where the carriage stopped in front of
the monastery of tbe dancing dervishes; and
we shall bave something to say of these and the
howling dervishes In the future.
THE MAS WITH A KIFLE.
A Western Farmer and Hunter With a
New York Star.i
A man who has had a remarkable history is
now visiting the East and this city for the first
time since the close of the war. Short and
stocky, with a handsome, sun browned face.
State Senator John O. Milne, ot Minnesota, is
one of the best known farmers of the beauti
ful State of 50,000 lakes. Mr. Milne was bom
in Fall River, Mass., wbere his brothers are
leaders in the social, political and business
world. Tbe principal daily paper in that city is
owned by them.
John O. went West long before tbe war and
became a famous hunter. He knew every mile
of hunting ground from La Crosse to tbe Red
river of the North, and claims to have been tbe
first man to discover tbat the source of the
Mississippi was not Lake Itaska, as promul
pa ted by Schoolcraft in 1832, bnt a spring, or
series of springs, much farther north, and
which Captain Olazicr has since conclusively
sbownto be the real origin of the mighty
stream. Mr. Milne is personally acquainted
with nearly all tho older chiefs of the Sioux
and Apaches, and can talk tbeir langnages
like an aborigine. When Sitting Bull aud his
6,000 warriors were brought under military es
cort to Bismarck in 1881, Mr. Milne visited the
camp and was received by Sitting Bull with
extraordinary honors. The Sioux call him the
"Little Man Great with the Rifle."
A YEEI AHTPDL DOG.
His Clever Ruse for Deceiving: Ills Mistress
a Complete Failure.
Cincinnati Times Star.
"Speaking of dogs," said a gentleman from
Avondale, discussing some of tbe recent dog
stories told by the delegate, "there is a little
fox-terrier owned by one of my acquaintances.
His mistress thought so much of him that,
when he was a pup, she used to bathe him
every day. First she would bathe the baby,
then the dog wonld be given his donse in tho
water. Bnt she never used tbe castile soap,
which was reserved exclusively for the baby, on
tho dog. He, poor animal, had to be content
with ivory soap. This discrimination evidently
annoyed the terrier. The otber day his mis
tress saw bim go upstairs a little before the
hour for tbe batn.
"She followed on tiptoe to see what be was
dolne. She saw him go to the bathroom, pick
up tbe cake of Ivory in bis mouth and drop it
out of tbe window. His mistress, just previous
to tbe bath, secured tbe soap and put it in her
pocket. When tbe dog's turn in tbe tub came,
he deliberately picked up tbe castile soap, and
wagged his tail joyously as be put it in bis
mistress' hand. Then she produced tbo ivory
soap. You should bare seen tbe poor dog. He
was utterly woebegone and crestfallen. Never
saw a dog look so cheap In my life."
Smart Glrla at Slate Lick.
Some of the papers are blowing about a
couple of girls at Walk Chalk who have been
driving a mowing machine and a hone rake.
Well, right around Slate Lick we can count
nearly a dozen girls and young married women
who can reap, mow or stack hay, thrash grain
or thrash nun when they come In to dinner.
Holding the Fair.
Just to forestall some cotemporary we will
ourselves answer the question propounded in V
tne heading oi one i of. onr editorial to-day,
Where Shall the Fair keHeW!" la our laps,
WOMEN OF FBANCE.
Povrfcr and Influence of the Fair Sex
in French Politics.
THREE NOTABLE BECEPTIONS.
Quickly to tbe Front
WOMAK'S BIGHTS A POPULAR CAUSE
, 1COBBISPOSDXNCX OT TOE DISPATCH. ,
Paris, July Id. Although the law under
the code Napoleon interdicts to a very great
extent the property rights of French
women, giving to the husband during cover-'
ture the absolute control and disposition of
the wife's property and gcods, it has never
been able to control their tongues. When
tbe French woman is impelled to talk, she
talks, and she stops only when she has
fully expressed her mind. French women
have to-day, and have had in the centuries
past, a strong influence in political matters.
It has always been the custom with the
fisherman, tbe farmer, the miner, and the
laborer who works for hire, to give all of
his earnings to his wife, who manages the
household and the expenditures of the
family, always laying aside something for a
rainy day. She provides the wine for the
table and tbey drink it together, hence the
husband does not spend his money in the
saloon or restaurant. Thus the wife accom
modates her expenses aud the expenses of
the family to the income of Her husband.
But it is more than likely that she adds to
the income of her husband, for French
women work. She thus acquire a power
and influence that the woman who lives
simply upon the bounty 'of her husband,
not knowing whence the money comes, does
THE FBEUCH WOMAN THINKS.
With the use of money, and the accumu
lation of property, naturally comes the de
sire to earn it in fields that are most lucra
tive and congenial, and the desire to dispose
of it by gilt or will, which married women
cannot do. But all women do not marry,
and France has a much larger proportion of
women than of men. So the women are be
ginning to ask for rights, civil end political,
and they are coming to the front on these
questions with an earnestness and zeal that
means business. They have called their
sisters from otber countries, to give testi
mony to the right and privileges acquired
in their several domains and how it has
been brought about. They have compared
the progress that has been made in science,
in the opening of schools and professions,
and especially the numbers reclaimed and
saved by special charities not connected '
with the Government.
The Association for theKights of Women,
of which Maria Dessaimes was President
and Leon Richer President of Honor, came
out boldly and announced that their object
was to secure the rights of women, civil and
political. They discussed questions his
toric, economic, moral and legislative. As
to both of the latter subjects there would
seem to be just canse lor complaint and
great room ior improvement. The French
woman has no control whatever over her
children during the lifetime of the father.
His word is absolute, and he may by his
will deprive her ot the care of the' children
of the marriage after his death. He dictatts
their edncation and their religion.
WHAT WOSIEir HAVE DONE.
The eloquent President, in her opening
address, did not fail to remind the large
audience of the present nnequal condition of
women underthe law,and to detail in words,
now pathetic" and no w amusing, what wom
en had done for the liberties of France dur
ing the last century. The close of the five
days' session of this congress did not by any
means close their work. Their earnestness,
their zeal and the ability of the papers pre
sented in certain lines of reformatory labor,
indicate the thought, time and attention
that have been given to them, aud their
clear insight into the nature of the reforms
needed. These women mean work, and
they have had the courage to come forward
and openly avow sentiments not yet popular
in France; but the press oi Paris treat them
courteously, and that is a great point
The Society for the Works and Institu
tions of Women, with Jules Simon for
President and Emilie de Mosier (the real
head) for General Secretary, have perhaps
been wiser even, if less frank. Jules Simon
announces it his belief, with all the author
ity of a litterateur of note, tbat women
should be equal to men up to a certain
point, but that men should hold the offices.
He commends their work, especially their
charitable work, and believes that lines of
work should be open to them; and especially
that they should be permitted to bind up
the wounds that men have made by the bul
let and the bayonet.
"But I want peace! I wish to stop the de
vastation of war," exclaimed a little woman
in the audience, "and I do not believe in
making arrangements to aid it!"
A SXEONO ORGANIZATION.
The conservatism of this body, apparently,
has drawn into their fold aud into their
organization a larger class of women who
are occupied in philanthropic works, and
who are endeavoring to open larger fields of
work, with better pay, for women. The
woman physician and the woman litterateur
are quite features of this congress and of
Paris, and these women are practicing their
professions, but the woman barrister has not
yet made her appearance. They have en
listed here and there women of distinction,
they are under the patronage of the Gov
ernment and it has voted to them a small
amount of money.
I listenecTwith some interest to a short
paper presented by Lady Saunders in per
son, to a letter from Madame Oarnot, wife
of the President of the Republic, expressing
regret at not being able to attend the session
at which the report was made on works
"Philanthropic and Moral," of which she
is President, and of the interest and patience
of M. Jules Simon, Fredic Passy and other
gentlemen who successively presided at the
But the popularity of the "Congress ffor
the Works of Women" is best illustrated
perhaps by the series of brilliant receptions
that have been given and which have been
attended by the elite? and people ol literary
distinction in Paris. The first was given
bv the Committee of Organization in the
Pavillion de Flore, Palace de Louvre, and
the learned, but now gay, procession were
soon chatting merrily in the spacious halls
where only a little time since Napoleon III.
and Eugenie held their brilliant court.
THE WITTY EEMAKK3
of the toastmakers and the sage thoughts of
wiser heads perhaps made no allnsions to the
gorgeous pageants that bad gone before;or that
intelligence and cultivated thought were now
Tbe second reception was given by Madame
M. Laurent and tbe Comite'nle l'Orpbelinal des
arts" at tbe Hotel Continental, and was at
tended by a brilliant concourse ot people. But
the reception that most notably eihioited the
Interest that tbe general public are taking id
woman's advancement in France was perhaps
tbe splendid reception in honor ot the members
of the Coneress by the Minister of Public
Works. M. Ytcs Quyot and Madame Guyot.
The halls of tbe old mansion were brilliantly
lighted, tbe mantel and portieres were banked
with flowers, and tbe stairway lined with,
potted plants. The beautiful garden with Its
rare old trees and beds ot flowers was radiant
with yellow Chinese lanterns hung in tbe tree?,
and tbe flower beds and walks bordered with
red and white lights, and its refresbment cafe
in a sheltered nook.
Tbe concert by the Roumanian artists was
exquisite, but the brilliant stars, both ladles
and gentlemen, who sang between were a rare
treat to the listeners. The Minister and
Madame Xinyot seemed to be in tbeir kindest
mood, chatting gallywitb. tbe guests, for whose
every want tbey had so generously provided;
but an Incident that, gave point and pertinence
to the proceedings was the presentation to
tbem on behalf of the committee of a beauti
ful stand of flowers for the Interest they had
taxen in tne
"WOKKS OT THE C0N0EES3
and tbe escourageaent that they had given to
their labon. The nmiki el Madasae Hotter
were ably seconded by the English delegates,
who have a large representation sttbocon-
gress. The Minister and Madame Guyot were '
owing and smiling tbeir acknowledgments
during the presentation speeches.
Only, make a canse popular and people Willi
say to yon, "I always believed in it." The
term "woman's rights" has always been odious,
but call It by any other name, sugar-coat it, and
the masses of the people will see good reason
for tbeir adoption, and wonder why women
were not always fairly treated.
But the strong-minded French woman has
made a great advance. She will not hereafter
take. a back seat. But she lacks the educa-,
tional privileges tbat are granted to women in ,
America. One of the questions hotly dis-'
cussed was their admission Into professional ,
schools on an equality with men, and the co
education of tbe sexes. ,
HETIfi FELT BEITEE. 7
A Soldier Olakra LIsbt of the Wonnd That
Causes TJU Death. C - ,
There are (men who, after a battle, die of "
imaginary wounds, and there are others who
seem incapable of realizing actual danger. Of "'
tbe latter class was a brave fellow, whose cour-. vj
age is thus described in Regis de Trobriand's,.
"Four Years With the Army of the Potomacr"'v v
He was a strapping Irishman whom I found T '
smoking his pipe, at the door of the hall where fr
lay the wounded.
"Well," said I to him, "how do you find your-
self r ,,
"Perfectly, Colonel. Never better in mT .
"Why bave you got your face half covered?;
with bandages tnen?" ,
"Ob, a mere nothinc a scratch. I'll show it i
to you." -a
"Yes, es, you will see what It Is." r
Raising compresses and bandages, be showed'''
me a gaping wound in tbe place of the eye
brows, which bad been carried away.
"I see," said L "that your wonnd has not been
dressed this morning."
"No, tho doctor put this on yesterday; but to
day he's so busy with tbe others, who need his
help more than I, that I didn't want to bother
'Gone. But you see. Colonel, it's onlv the
left eye, and that will save me the trouble of
closing it while I take aim. which always did
bother me. In a fortnight I'll be back with the
But tho brave fellow never did rejoin bis regi
ment. Before tho fortnight was over, be had
died of this "mere nothing" of which he had
made so light.
COUiNTEEFEITING A SNAKE BITE.
The Trick Played by a Georgia Youlh to '
Get n Drink.
Americas (Ga.) Republican.
A young man living in one of the dry coun
ties, killed a large rattlesnake last Monday,
and just as he did so the Savannah. Amerleus
and Montgomery train rolled into tbe station.
He noticed that his father got a bottle of XX
X. Martell brandy, and be wanted some of it.
So he got tbe rattler, took his pocketknlfe, cut
a gash on his hand, and ran to tbe old man, ex
claiming: "See here. I killed him! But he bit
me, and I'll diel" Tbe fond father saw tba
blood dripping from his boy's hand, and with
out looking at It, opened the Martell, forced
tbe bottle into bis son's moutb, and poured tho
entire cod tents into his throat, and then sent
for a doctor.
Tbe boy was soon stupidly drunk, and when
the doctor arrived be looked at the wounded
hand, then at tbe dead snake, and quietly said:
"No snake ever bit that hand. Whv.it's a
deep gasb, and cat with a knife, too. He is not '
poisoned from snake bite, but he is dead
drunk." and forcing a strong emetic down him,
the wise old doctor left.
The Meanest Mean Man.
Among tbe mean men of Duchess county is
a farmer at Wappmgers Falls, who hires
"gieen horns" at Castle Garden for a month,
and at tbe end of tbat time discharges them
and refuses to pay them any wage.
Poor, Foolish men.
TAKE A WOMAN'S ADVICE.
This s only tho attend time in eight weeks that
I hare hid to polish raj boots, and ret I hid hard
work getting my hnaband to sirs up his old bUddss
brash, and the annoyance of having the p&ste black
fag rob off on his pants, and adopt
Acugnulcest Deep Block Polish, which lasts
on Men's boctaaweck, and onWomea'saniocth.
WOLFF & RANDOLPH, PHiLfiCEiPHia.
A purely Vegetable
(Compound that expels
all bad humors from the
f system. Removes blotch
es and pimples, and
makes pure, rich blood.
814 l'ENN ATKNCE, P1TTSBCKG, 1'A
As old residents know ana back hies of Pitts
burg napers prove. Is the oldest established
and most prominent physician in the city, de
voting special attention to all chronic diseases.
M C D fl 1 1 C and mental diseases, physical
IN L n V U U O decay.nervous debility, lack of
energy, ambition and hope, impaired mem
ory, disordered sight, self distrnst,basbfulnesa,
dlzzines, sleeplessness, pimples, emotions, im
poverished blood, failing powers,organio weak
ness, dyspepsia, constipation, consumption, un
fitting tbe person for business,society and mar
riage, permanently, safely and privately cured.
BLOOD AND SKINSSJW!
blotches, falling hair, Irenes pains, glandular
swelling, ulcerations of tongue, montb.throat,
ulcers, old sores, are cored for life, and blood
poisons thoroughly eradicated from the system.
IIDIMADV kidney and bladder aerange
U n I IM n II 1 1 ments. weak. back, gravel, ca
tarrhal discharges, inflammation and other
painful symptoms receive searching treatment,
prompt relief and real cures.
Dr. Whlttier's Hfe-lorg, extensive experi
ence. Insures scientific and reliable treatment
on common senso principles. Consultation
free. Patients at a distance as carefully treated
as If here. Office hours 0 A. M. to 8 p. x. Sun
day, 10 A. K. to 1 P. M. only. DR. WHITTIER,
811Penn avenue. Pittsburg, Pa.
GRAY'S SPECIFIC MEUICmt
LOSS OF MEMORY.
Full particulars la pamphlet
sent ftee. The reuutne Uray's
specific sold by drusjeists only In
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package, or six for L or hr mill
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