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THB PITTSBtmG DISPATCH, THUESDXY? A AUGUST lfl88t.f
ESTABLISHED FEBRUARY 8, 1846.
Vol.44, Jib. 17S. Entered at Pittsburg I'ostoffice,
November 14, 1SS7, as second-class matter.
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PITTSBURG, THURSDAY, AUG. 1, 1S801
THE C0HHISSI0JTS MISTAKE.
The meeting of the State Commission at
Johnstown, yesterday, indicates a determine
atioa to continue its previous policy, which
speaks more for the firmness of tbe com-
. mission than for its discrimination.
The financial statement authorized to be
made affords some information as to the
tray in which the money has been expend
ed. It shows, for ex ample, that one-fifth of
the commission's expenditures so tar have
gone to the towns along the Susquehanna,
where tbe proportion of loss to the ability
of the people to help themselves, is possibly
one-fiftieth of that of Johnstown. This is
one of tbe idiosyncrasies of the Governor's
policy which has been prominent from the
A difference of opinion as to the relative
needs of the flooded districts might be over
looked, however, if the commission had been
able to perceive what is apparent to every
one else, that when the people of Johnstown
hare had time to organize, they are tbe
proper ones to determine and direct the ex
penditures for their relief. Sixteen hundred
thousand dollars are still in hand, two
months after the calamity. This money was
Ecnt to the Governor and to the committees
outsiJo of Johnstown, because all organiza
tion in Johnstown was crushed out of exist
ence by the calamity, and the donors desired
to have the relief applied promptly. Had
there been an organization at Johnstown
then, as there is now, there is no question
that the money wonld have gone directly
there. "With the organization there the
duty of the commission to turn over the
funds to it, and let the people themselves
decide how it can best be applied, was plain.
Instead of that, if we understand the re
port of yesterday's meeting, the present
policy is to be continued. This means that
outsiders, unacquainted with the people,
are to distribute the funds piecemeal by the
slow process that has gone on for some
weeks. At intervals the members of the
commission will meet and decide what relief
is proper. By this means, if the people
who live on the ground and should be best
qualified to distribute the funds, apply
severally and in forma pauperis for the
funds during another month, there is hope
that the distribution will be completed
three months after the calamity, and bat
little less after the bulk of the funds were
It is necessary to say that in this decision
the commission has failed to perceive the re
quirements of the situation. If they had
Toted to turn over the funds to the local
representatives of the sufferers they would
have been much wiser.
WHEN CHEEK MEETS GREEK.
The interest in Senator Quay's arrival in
town yesterday and in his conferences with
his supporters shows that though the pre
parations for the coming Republican State
Convention are tame enough, the keenest
sort of interest is felt in the legislative con
tests mapped out a year ahead. There is a
well-defined split of interests and leadership
among the party workers. It is not of the
sort that brings "bolts," or that reduces the
big Republican majority in the State, but
it is a conflict of personal ambitions which
will insure the liveliest work lu canvassing
for the next Legislature. The reproach that
primaries are uninteresting will soon cease
if tbe rival aspirations of the managers and
leaders continue as intense and earnest as
the signs promise.
So far from being a hurt to a political
" party, these rivalries bring a decided bene
fit. "When party leaders are compelled to
bidior support by strong nominations and
promises of right measures, or give way at
the helm to those who will, it bestirs them
all round. Senator Quay's advent, there
fore, into the stronghold of the "Home
llulers," and his supposed mapping and
planning with his supporters, will, what
ever the result, insure distinguished con
sideration for the dear public from both
sides until at least the nominations are
made. With such active and hitherto suc
cessful candidates as Flinn and Necb run
ning for the Senate on the one side, and the
veteran Butan and some other strong sup
porter of Quay in opposition, not to talk of
the competition for the Assembly, it can
easily be believed that the canvass already
started will beat League baseball or horse
racing in exciting interest.
It is Greek meeting Greek this time.
The tug of war will be immense.
A rOEEQOHE CONCLUSION".
The contest over the extradition of Flemon
.seems to be finally settled by the decision of
the Governor that the prisoner must be re
turned to South Carolina. As The Dis
patch said, at the opening of the question,
it is hard to see what other conclusion was
possible. There is hardly any more thor
oughly settled principle of law than the one
that each State must have the authority,
and, consequently, the responsibility of
.judicially trying persons accused of crime.
y Everyone will hope that, as the South Caro
I lina officials assert, Flemon will be given a
fair and impartial trial. But if tbe appre
1 hensions of injustice expressed by bis friends
I prove well founded, the responsibility and
'' disgrace will rest exclusively on that State.
Pennsylvania has no course except to re
spect the requisitions of other States without
inquiring into the integrity and fairness of
their administration of justice.
PULPIT AND PEW.
The interference of a church, congregation
of Omaha in the matrimonial affairs of their
pastor is not unexampled, but it illustrates
in an extreme way a tendency which is not
unknown in church congregations east of
Nebraska. Recently the Iter; Mr. Schnur,
of Omaha, made a proposal of marriage to
an estimable and very good-looking mem
ber of his flock and was accepted, A large
portion of the congregation, however, ob
jected to his choice, tbe leader of the opposi
tion being a matron who thought Mr.
Schnur ought to have chosen her daughter.
These malcontents caused a church meeting
to beheld, at which they introduced a resolu
tion censuring Mr. Schnur because they
said "he had not shown due respect to the
wishes of his people in one of tbe most im
portant concerns of .life." This resolution
was defeated, but Mi. Schnur very sensibly
resigned his pastorate. He will marry the
girl of his choice and look for a flock o(
more reasonable sheep.
Assuredly a church congregation is step
ping beyond the limits of its authority
when it attempts to dictate to its pastor in
the disposition of his personal affairs. Mar
riage is essentially a matter on which very
few besides the contracting parties have any
right to be heard. Not even intimate friends
or relatives beyond the immediate family
circle of the man or woman can assert any
authority in the premises, and much less a
heterogeneous congregation to whose spir
itual needs the man in the case has been
hired to minister.
But there are in almost every church con
gregation men and women who imagine
that they own their pastor body and soul.
They think they have the right to dictate
how he shall dress, how he shall amuse
himself, whose society he shall seek and
whose he shall avoid. They talk of htm as
they would of the pulpit or the church
organ, and when he shows the smallest dls-'
position to be independent, shrilly accuse
him of naughtiness. If they do not actually
tell him to marry this one or that one, they
have ways of letting him know what their
preferences are, and that they expect his
unquestioning submission to them. It de
pends altogether upon the calibre of the
man in the pulpit whether these cabals of
the pews prosper and prevail. Not a few
clergymen are unable to resist the pressure,
and they submit where stouter men, such as
Mr. Schnur, of Omaha, rebel.
QJTAY AS A CANDIDATE.
The pieoe of local political gossip which
crops out in connection with Senator Quay's
visit to Pittsburg, to the effect that he would
be glad to put himself in the list of Presi
dental possibilities for 1892, and Is harmoniz
ing Republican politics in Pennsylvania for
that purpose, is in the category of informa
tion that is interesting-if it is accurate.
While it is political talk assigns such
views to the junior Senator, the internal
evidences are strongly on the other side. To
suppose that the astute Matthew Stanley
has really got the Presidental fever Is to
suppose that he has taken leave of the keen
ness of judgment and clear comprehension
of bis abilities that have marked his polit
ical successes. No one better than Quay
knows that a Presidental candidate must
have a record that Is fire-proof; and he can
hardly be accused of the obtuseness that
would expect some of his past political
affiliations to escape the fierce light that
beats upon a Presidental candidate.
Beyond that, it has been a marked char
acteristic of the junior Senator to prefer the
solid realities of political success to the
empty prizes. Being the power behind the
throne just now, with the regard to patron
age, it wonld be foreign to his nature to
give iip that position in order to take the
hazards of posing as an opponent of Presi
dent Harrison for the nomination of 1892.
Or does anyone think that Colonel Quay is
fatuous enough to conceive the project
of retaining his position as dispenser
of the administration's favors, at the same
time that he is trying to crush the Presi
dent's hopes of a rcnomination?
To credit Senator Quay with such views
is to place him in tbe list of those whose
heads are turned by success. It is much
more likely that the story comes from an
tagonistic circles, and is inspired by the de
sire to put him in a rather ridiculous light.
CHAEMEES FOB MONEY.
The prospect for Italian opera and other
musical attractions in this country next sea
son is certainly of a roseate order if we are
to accept the statement of that veteran im
presario, Mr. Henry E. Abbey, who has
just returned from Europe. Mr. Abbey in
forms the expectant public that he has con
tracts with Patti, Albanl, Tamagno, Ba
velli, Del Puente, and a host of artists who
are to appear in opera. He will also pre
sent to the American public, as side issues to
the main show, performances by a child
pianist, a wonderful violinist and a new
gayety troupe imported express from Lon
don. If there are any tastes on the part of
the American public which Mr. Abbey
does not satisfy by this variety, he will
hasten to Europe and buy the latest thing
in that line. Of course Mr. Abbey's plans
are based upon the theory that his ar
tists will be so charming in their perform
ance as to charm all the money out of
the pockets of the American public.
KOBE THAN 18 NECESSAEY.
There is food for reflection both as to the
financial solvency of the Government and
tbe unnecessarily large accumulation of
funds in the United States Treasury in the
statement of the fact that the amount of
money transferred by tbe retiring Treasurer
of the United States to his successor was
$700,000,000, in round numbers. The en
tire debt of the Government, a considerable
share of which does not mature for many
years,is $1,C40, 000,000, so thatjthe amount on
hand is over 40 per cent of the total debt,
much of which cannot be paid until
tbe next century. The entire debt payable
upon demand is about $800,000,000, so that
the funds on hand represent nearly if not
quite seven-eighths of the entire demand
obligations of the United States Treasury.
It is a very well-known principle in
banking that a cash reserve of one-quarter
of the demand liabilities of any bank is
amole to meet all contingencies which are
likely to arise. The possibilities of a ran
upon the United States Treasury are infin
itely less than those of a run upon an or
dinary banking concern; and yet the United
States Treasury is carrying a reserve more
than three times as large in proportion to
its demand obligations, as any well-conducted
and conservative bank would carry.
In other words we have from four to five
hundred million dollars in the United
States Treasury which conld be paid out
either in the retirement of debt or for ex
penditure in meritorions improvements
without damaging the entire solvency of the
Treasury. It certainly seems evident that
while there may be some question as to the
methods by which this surplus is to be got
out of the Treasury there is certainly no
reason for continuing taxation which will
A bemabkable feature in the fight on
wool duties, which is going on between our
Philadelphia cotemporaries, is afforded by
the manner in which the Philadelphia
Inquirer corrects the statement of the Timet,
that "the appraisers' conference had re
duced tbe wool duties from 60 per cent to 10
per cent, "and says that the Timet means,
"we presume, from CO cents a pound to 10
cents." Are we to understand that the
Inquirer's statement is the correct one?
Certainlj-if it were a. remarkable exertion
of administrative power to reduce wool
duties from GO per cent to 10 per cent, it
would be several times more remarkable to
reduce the duties from 200 percent to 334
per cent, which is about the meaning of the
Inquirer's suggestion. The more our
Philadelphia cotemporaries explain this
wool question, the less tho publio is likely
to understand of it.
When the esteemed Philadelphia Record
proceeds to charge tho responsibility of the
rainv weather upon the Harrison adminis
tration, as it does in a recent paragraph, it
may be decidedly silly, but it is sticking
close to good old Bourbon precedents.
The flannel shirt craze is regarded by the
Chicago News as a hopeful sign "that in the
Course of a few years the people who are
wearing the woolen garment will develop np
to the stage of civilization which requires
boiled linen and starcn. Which is an In
direct way of expressing the conviction that
those who have abandoned starched shirts
for the flannel garment, are affording a mod
ern instance of Charles Kingsley's theory of
One of the features of current life which
permits us to indulge in philosophical re
flections is afforded by the multitudinous
discovery of the way in which tbe russet
colored shoes do not grow beautiful as they
The count of the money in the United
States Treasury, in order to transfer it to tbe
Republican Treasurer, showed a shortage of
$23 in the silver vaults. When the Repub
lican party turned over the cash box to their
rivals four years ago there was. just 2 cents
missing. The Democratic officials will
make up the shortage, so that there will be
no suits for embezzlement; but the Repub
lican record is evidently ?22 98 better than
the Democratic one, '
With the iron hand of the Department
of Public Safety laid on the Duquesne way
horse market, the stock of raw materials for
the bone yards Is likely to become super
abundant. Some of our esteemed cotemporaries are
discussing the question whether "politics"
is singular or plural. There does not seem
to be much room for doubt In the matter,
however. When anyone reflects upon the
way in which parties seek public support
upon civil service reform platforms, and
then proceed to ladle out the spoils, the
conclusion is inevitable that politics is one
of the most singular things in modern life.
Afteb Chicago's-discovery that it has no
sewers worth mentioning, it pitches in with
renewed vigor on the claim 'that it must
have the international exposition to make
up for it.
The Pennsylvania Railroad is slashing
passenger rates out West, and the rest of
the railroads profess that tbey do not know
what it is done for. Do none of them per
ceive that it is for the purpose of present
ing to the next Congress another awful
example of the alleged evils of competition?
The criminals who are committing arson
at Dnquesne are in urgent need of a heroic
dose at tbe Riverside Penitentiary; and
every honest man will wish that they may
Headsman Clabksox proudly points
to his record of 13,000' decapitations in the
past five months, against the paltry 4,000
which Vilas chopped off in the correspond
ing period, as an evidence of the fact that
he can defy competition in tho spoils bust-
Tnn seiznre of those English vessels In
Behrlng Sea is not incorrectly regarded by
tbe administration as something in the
nature of catching a Tartar,
Lobd Randolph Chtjkchixis special
brand of "Tory Democracy" does not seem
to be finding much more favor with the
Tory press, just at present, than its inventor
ever did with the Liberal side. Lord
Randy is tbe Ishmael of English politics.
PEOPLE OF PROMINENCE.
Edwabd Bellamy, author of "Looking
Backward," was educated at Union College,
Schenectady. N. Y., and in Germany. He was
a journalist for some years.
General Butler called a deacon out of
church at liar Harbor the other Sunday to help
him with a boat; and tbey are talking of en
forcing the blue laws in Maine.
It has just been discovered that, although
Secretary Blaine has been a resident of Wash
ington off and on for 30 years, he has never
joined odo of the many dabs for which the
place is noted.
L. G. Parmelee, of Boston, has made a
large fortune in a peculiar way. He has the
only plant in the Hub which manufactures
baked beans for daily delivery. He does an
immense business and clears large profits.
At Manchester the Chamber of Commerce
presented an address to tho Shah. Before it
was read tbe Shah asked, through his in
terpreter, if it was very long. "No, Your
Majesty." "Well, then, read It, but be quick
as you can!"
Anton Rubinstein, tho composer, will be
tendered a great celebration In St. Petersburg
on the 30th ol November In honor of tbe com
pletion of 0 years devoted to art. A subscrip
tion has been started to raise for him a testi
monial fund. The Czar Is interested In the
George W. carter, who is now one of tbo
noted preachers In tbe South, was considered
30 years ago to be without a peer in the
Southern church. He tell from grace and
spent 15 years in dissipation. Two years ago he
was converted, and he has since ocenpied a
Col. A. E. Jones, of Cincinnati, who was
murdered by his negro coachman last week,
Was an uncle of Robert J. Burdette, tbe
humorist. He was a brother of Mr. Burdette's
mother, and when the famous funny man was
named. In the early days of long ago, It was
Robert Jones the middle name in honor of
The button of the Loyal Legion now adorns
the coat lapel of Senator John J. Ingalls. It Is
bright and new, and was only lately put on.
Some months ago Senator Ingalls' application
for membership was rejected by the Coin
mandery of tbe District of Colombia, tbe com
mittee deciding that his services as a judge
advocate of Kansas troops were not such as to
entitle him to membership. He now gets in by
tbe grace of the Kansas commandery, under
the third class, viz., a civilian who was dis
tinguished for loyalty and patriotism daring
Dlllwnakee'a Postmaster Resign.
Washington, July 31. The Postoffice De
partment has received the resignation of Post
master Paul, of Milwaukee, whoso administra
tion of the office was recently severely criti
cised by the Civil Service Commission. No
reason is assigned In the tender of the resigna
tion, and no action has yet been taken upon it
by the department.
A Merry War Going On.
from the Washington Star.;
Chicago pours hot shot into Now York's ex
position project, and St. Louis is heaping ridi
cule upon Chicago's aspirations in that direc
tion. When these squabbling contestants for
the prize have thoroughly exhausted them
selves, Washington will tranquilly step In and
take the cake.
THE WATER WE DEIHK.
Filtration Won't' Remove lu Imparities
The Supply From .the Hirer Not. (be
Wont- A Doctor's Opinion ot Allegheny
Ladle strain tbelr teal What fort To re
move the grounds. But does not straining
affect the tear No, it neither affects its flavor
nor taste. If tbe tea is sweetened before being
strained tbe sweetness is not removed. The
extract of tea with its fine flavor Is In solution,
and solutions are not affected by straining.
Only the mechanical properties of tea, the
leaves and stems, are caught in the strainer,
because these are not dissolved. The most
delicate perfumes pass through the still the
flowers remain behind.
A strainer Is a filter. Filters, are orten used
to purity water. This is nonsense. Filtration
cannot purity water. Webster defines filtra
tion as "tbe mechanical separation of a liquid
from tbe undissolved particles floating in it"
Filtration docs not affect what is in solution,
but merely removes the insoluble substances,
like pebbles, small pieces of wood, weeds, tea
grounds, mud, etc These remain in tbe filter.
All water passing through tbe filter must pass
through these heterogeneous accumulations of
mud and tilth until removed from the filter.
Of course some accumulation is always In the
filter, and all water passing through must come
in contact with these impurities, because the
moment the filter is cleaned another accumu
lation becins. That is what the filter is for to
separate. Tbe slower the process tho more
perfect the filtration. Therefore, tbe larger
tbe volume of water tbe greater is the chance
of hurried filtration.
Filters are spoken of by Hippocrates four
centuries before tbe Christian era. Galen, in
tbe second century, wrote that filters were
probably of Egyptian origin. Tbe ancient
Arabian physician, Avicenna, in bis canon, ad
vised tbe admixture of wine, vinegar, etc, to
the filter; and dwelt on the uso of alum in fil
tering muddy water. The use ot alum, tried
and discarded centuries ago, is, in tbe repeti
tion of history, again brousht forward as an
improvement to one of the filter plants now
proposed for Allegheny. For several years a
battle royal has been waged with baking pow
ders containing alum. Physicians declare that
alum added to baking powders Is harmful to
the system produces dyspepsia and other dis
eases. Deleterious in baking powder, it is in
jurious in water. As a matter of fact, in some
of the small filters in use in Allegheny tho fil
tered water is so hard that it curdles, and
borax must be added to It, to fit it for laundry
use. Alum tea I have never drunk, and ot its
virtues cannot sneak. Chemicals should never
bo nsed in filters, for they poison the water.
As a means of purifying water, filtration Is a
failure. Ancient philosophers saw the imper
fection of tbe method. With keen observation
tbey reeommendod boiling in addition to fil
tration. And boiling has withstood tbe test of
Tbe common source of water supply for
cities is from rivers. These are often muddy,
from suspended mechanical bodies, which are
usually innocuous, and consequently the
water is not in need of filtration.
Dr. Daniel Drake in bis work on "Principal
Disease of the Interior Valley of North
America," states that "In the case of tbe tnrbld
water of the Missouri. river, and the Mississippi
below the point of its lnflux.it Is regarded by
many persons as being, to a certain extent,
medicinal, and that itssalubrity cannot be re
garded as an open question." This testimony
of tbe eminent Drake is supported by Bennett
Dowler, in an article on "Psychological and
Hygienic Observations and Reflections on
rivers." Dr, Josepn K. Barnes, Snrgcon Gen
eral, United States Army, and Dr. J. J,
Woodward, Surgeon U. S. A, Indorse tbe
same opinion, stating that "the testimony
of Drake, based upon the laborious inqniries of
that faithful observer, is pot contradicted by
any statistical facts with which they are ac
quainted." "Tho Injurious effects ot suspended
inorganic matters in drinking water have been
grossly exaggerated, if, indeed, they are not
altogether imaginary," Barnes and Wood
ward. Dr. F. W. Pavy, F, R. S., London, in his work
on "Food and Dietetics," says: "By filtration,,
suspended matters, both mineral and organic,
are hereby removed, and dissolved mineral
matter may be, to some extent, diminished, but
dissolved organic matter fails to undergo any
material alteration, and such filtration..-must
not be viewed as rendering water safe for use
when contaminated with noxious excreta."
Animal and vegetable matters infused in
water soft en and disintegrate, and soon tbe
water swarms with countless myriads of in
fusorial animalcules, too small to be seen by
the naked eye, and many of which are so mi
nute that tbe most powerful microscopes can
not determine tbelr forms. These are the
creatures that do the harm In water. They
breed disease and spread foul contagions from
house to house The good that filters do is lit
tle in comparison to what they cannot do. And
what they cannot do is of the greatest concern
to every citizen. What they may do when
germs of disease get into them, breeding with
amazing rapidity amid their abominable accu
mulations a most albuminoid and fertile soil
In times of an epidemic spreading wido and
fast the plague, a startled community may
some day tell.
The Davis Island dam is a sufficient obstruc
tion to our water course, in a sanitary view. A
public filter would be another.
Filters are unsanitary. And if Councllmen
make such an error of judgment as to purchase
one for Allegheny, they will seo the rate of
Sewage, tho common carrier of solvent and
decomposing organic matter, is tho ordinary
source of contamination of our water supply.
In his report to the Royal Commission on
Water Supply, London, 1869. Frankland main
tained that "sewtge once introduced into
water is decomposed with extreme slowness, so
that It Is very doubtfnl when it Is got rid of, If
ever," And later, before the select committee
on the metropolis water bill, No. 2, he declared
that "sewage once introduced is not got rid of
in tbe Thames, or in any river In England, and
that 163 miles run wonld not get rid ol above a
third of it." This strong testimony conflicts
with the popular fallacy that running water
Cholera and typhoid fever are the two epi
demic diseases most to be feared In, and well
known to be spread by, water. Cholera not
prevailing cannot be feared just now. Bnt
typhoid lever does prevail in Allegheny, and
exclusively among people, I understand, who
have been drinking water taken from springs
filtered surface water.
Clear water is often the most dangerous.
Tasteless, odorless and perfectly clear are tbe
solutions of arsenic, and as deadly after filtra
tion as before Strychnine solutions am clear
as crystal, but will kill as rapidly after filtra
tion as before. The same is true of nearly the
whole class of poisonous alkaloids and stronger
acids. Purification by filtration is impossible.
Filters are a menace to the public health, and a
contradiction of sanitary law.
Since the Johnstown flood people have been
afraid to use tbe river water. It Is nonsense.
I agree with Dr. Benjamin Lee, of the State
Board of Health, in that the country forming
the source of the Allegheny river has been
more thoroughly washed than ever before, and,
consequently, the river water is now better
than before the flood. It would be well for
people to return to its usage. The more timid
may continue to boil it
The wells recently bored in tbe Allegheny
parks furnish good water. To this statement
there may be two exceptions. One refers to
tbe well located upon the site ot tho children's
swing. This well is within a few feet of the old
penitentiary burying ground, which extended
alongside of the west wall. The second excep
tion is the well sunk in the Sherman Avenue
Park. This ground was the old church grave
yard, bounded by Sherman and Marion ave
nues, and Ohio and Martin streets. These two
wells may be good, but I decline to drink their
water. Many ot the coffins and graves in the
Sherman Avenue Park contained water; and
Pmiafrald tho whole plot of ground is contam
In case our cities wish for better water than
tbe Allegheny, then authorities all agree upon
recommending lake wateras the best. Eighteen
years ago I proposed the beautiful Lake Chau
tauqua as a source of, supply of pure water.
Tbe water from that lake is tasteless, odorless,
limpid, clear as crystal, cool and soft. The
lake Is 450 feet above Pittsburg In altitude.
Flowing through pipe, without pumping, aftor
the original cost of pipe is paid, there should
be no more water taxes. PHTaracAir, j
AN IMPORTANT DEPARTMENT.
The Work Done by tho Fish Commission la
tbe Fast Tear,
Washington, July SL The United States
Fish Commission distributed during tbe past
fiscal year 100,000 yearling fish of tbe indigen
ous species of tbe Mississippi Valley, consist
ing of catfish, buffalo, crappie, white and black
bass, sunfisb, pickerel, white perch, wall eyo
pike and native carp. Of these 8,000 were
planted In the Muskingum river near Zanes
ville, O.; 4,000 In the Bine river near Edlnburg,
Ind.: 46.000 In Illinois rivers; 7,000 In Barren and
Green rivers, Kv.t 16,000 in Missouri waters;
10.000 In Geneva Lake, Wis., and 9,000 in waters
or brook trout eggs there were tfJ7,000 sent to
the different State fish commissions, and a de
posit of 21.O0O.-fry was made in the publio
waters of Pennsylvania, Maryland and West
Virginia. A plant ot 12,000 l-year-old brook
trout was made in the waters of Indiana, Ken
tucky, Ohio and Michigan, the bulk of them
being pat in tbe waters ot the State last
named. During the season 58,000 rainbow trout
eggs were shipped from tho Northville. Mich.,
station of the commission and 110,000 from the
Wytherille. Va., station to tho various
State commissions for planting in suita
ble wators. One-year-old fish to tho num
ber of 90,000 were distributed. Among the allot
ments are these : To Indiana, 9.000; Iowa, 15.000;
Michigan, U.200: Nebraska, 5.400; Ohio, 2.000;
Kentucky. 4.000; Tennessee. 5,000; West Vir
ginia, 1,200; Pennsylvania, 12,000. Lake trout
to tbe number of 3,000.000 were distributed dur
ing tbe season, 2,000.000 going to tbe State com
missions and 1.000,000 of fry to Lake Superior.
nearDulutb. Ot tbe yearlings ot this species
14,000 were deposited in the waters of Indiana
and 10,000 in Michigan. The distribution of
loch leven trout eggs was asfollows: Nebraska,
80,000: Wisconsin, 80,000; Pennsylvania. 50,000;
New Hampshire. 50,001.
Of the California salmon fry 5.000,000 were
deposited In the Clackamas river and its tribu
taries; 4.000,000 in the Little Sacramento and
its tributaries, and 1,500,000 in the McCIoud
river. In tbe disposition of Atlantic salmon.
New York got 750.000. Land-locked salmon
eggs numbering G0U.O0O were distributed to tbe
several State commissions. Of tbe German
cam 136,000 were supplied for private pond cul
ture There were alio deposited in the public
waters Of the country about 35,000 of this
species. Dakota has 3,000, Kansas 1,000, Ohio
12,000, Tennessee 6.000 and Florida 1,000. Tbe
Sandusky, O., station of the commission col
lected during tbe year 150,000,000 white fish
eegs, and the Alpena, Mich., station 65.000,000.
Ol these 30,000,000 were distributed to the
Northwestern States bordering on the lakes.
SIR AMBROSE SHEA'S H0BBI.
He Think Fortunes Con be Made by Cnlti
vatlng the Peta Plant.
Montreal, July SL Sir Ambrose Shea,
formerly Governor of St. Johns, N. F., and ap
pointed about a year ago to the Governorship
of the Bahama Islands, arrived in Montreal
this morning accompanied by Lady Shea. This
Is bis first visit to Canada since his appoint
ment' His hobby now is the "peta plant," and
be is greatly elated over tbe success of its
culture, claiming with the pride of a discoverer
that its leaves furnish a superior fibre to
manila. He says that for years this plant had
been growing wild, and that not until his ar
rival did people realize that they had a fortune
within their grasp. Before that they did
everything possible to root the plants out Now
not an acre of ground containing tbem is for
sale. To give tbe trade an impetus a bounty
of 1 cent a pound export was proclaimed for
seven years, out this will not be renewed, as
the people, both whites and blacks, folly realize
the grand prospects.
Tne plant is somewhat like the century
plant, with leaves from fire to eight feet It
grows on dry soil and can be utilized after It Is
three years old. It Is very easy to cultivate
and will produce fibres for 15 consecutive
years. It is sold for 2 cents a pound in
Nassau and brings from lu to 12 cents in New
York. Another hobby with Sir Ambrose is the
establishment ot a regular steamship service
between the islands under his rule. He left
for Quebec to-night, en route for his old home
in St Johns.
MISS CALDWELL'S FORTUNE SAFE.
She Won't Have to Giro It Up When She
Mnrrles tho Prince.
ISFZCIAL TXXIOBA2C TO THE PISFATCn.t
New Yoke, July 31. Mr. Eugene Kelly said
to-day of tho published statement that Miss
Caldwell would have to surrender her fortune
when she married Prince Murat that nothing
of the kind was likely to occur. Miss Caldwell
had 000,000, of which she gave halt to the new
Catholic University, and lived on the rest The
estates which she and her sister inherited are
held in trust The Income is about 170,000, of
which Miss Caldwell recolves somewhat more
than half. She will never corns into possession
of the principal, tut 'can will it, I she dies
Mr. Kelly said that he thought that Prince
Murat was amply provided for without touch
lng bis wife's income. At all events, tbe estates
would remain in the hands of Miss Caldwell's
trustees after her marriage as before. Miss
Caldwell has written to Mr. Fry, one of the
trustees of her estates, requesting him to sent
her a copy of her birth register and other pa
pers. Sne was instructed by cable to place all
her business matters in the hands of Coudert
Bros., in Paris.
. MERELY ENFORCING THE LAW.
What Blaine Says of III Port In the Behr-
- lng Sea Matter.
Bangor, Me., July 3L Secretary Bb'ne
passed through this city this evening en route
to Bar Harbor. A reporter called his attention
to a declaration in a Boston paper of to-day to
tbe effect that it would bo impossible for the
national Government to "sustain tbe preten
sion of Secretary Blaine that Behring Sea Is
distinctly American water." The Secretary of
State simply remarked that it micht be well
for the paper in question to indicate tbe occa
sion, official or unofficial, where be had said
anvthing at all on that point
Mr. Blaine made tho further statement that
everything done on tbe fur and seal question
since the 4th of last March was In literal com
pliance with the directions contained In the act
of Congress, which was approved by President
Cleveland on the last day of his term.
HOW R0IALTI IS REGARDED.
Brooklyn Citizen: London contains 00,000
paupers. Royalty is not included in this cen
sus. Chicago Herald: Wales wants tbe Queen
to abdicate, bnt Her Majesty sticks to the
throne like in American patriot to an office.
Boston Globe: Lord Fife was married to the
Princess Louise according to the programme.
The Princess, we suppose, becomes Lady Fife,
while the British taxpayer goes on paying the
Washington Post: One thing the British
public may felicitate themselves about Queen
Victoria may be costly, but she isn't spending
her money abroad, and isn't buying up any
OilCitt Derrick: Queen Victoria is be
coming lively in her old age. She wants to go
to India now. She might possibly pay her own
expenses from her income, as she can travel
for nothing, but an appropriation will probably
be asked before she starts.
Baltimore American: Among the Princess
Louise's wedding presents was a jeweled thim
ble. But if Fife gives her occasion to use It for
his benefit, her experience will be unique, as
tbe majority of royal husbands seem to prefer
sowing their tares themselves.
St. Patl Globe: And yet the marvel is that
an Intelligent nation like Great Britain ahonld
be so trammeled by tradition and superstition
as to permit itself to be robbed by the royal
burglars who are constantly breaking Into tbe
national treasury and appropriating the public
money to private uses
DEATHS OP A DAY.
Hon. Samuel McElroy.
Hon. Samuel- McElroy died last night In his
Wllklnsburg residence about 11 o'clock. Mr. Me
Elroy was well-known In tbe county, and had
been engaged as a druggist In Wllklnsburg for
many years. Ha was elected to tbe Legislature
In 1877 from the Fifteenth ward, and did some
good service during his term of membership, lie
was also ft school director In Wllklnsbnrg and a
member or the Pittsburg Board of Revision. Pre
vlons to commencing bis political career Mr. Mc
Elroy was foreman for Mcintosh, Hemphill &
Co., machinist. Mr. McElroy was twice mar
ried; first to Martha, slater of John II. Kerr,
Esq., and 8. F. .Kerr, of tbe Leader, and again to
jllss Haggle Duff, of Sterrett township, wbosur
PORTSMOUTH, K. H., July 31. Ex-Senator E.
n. Rollins died at 3 o'clock this morning at tbe
Appled oro House, Isle of Shoals. Be passed away
very quietly, having never recovered conscious
ness from the severe shock sustained on Saturday
last. Ills wife and three sons were present at bis
bedside at the time of his death. Friday morning
tne remains will be utento Concord where fun
eral services will be held. Deceased was et years
Dr. W. H. Woolery.
Whxxlwo, Jnly 31. Dr. W. H. "Woolery,
President of Betbany College, died last night at
his home ln.Be thauy. .v '. .
HEW YORK NEWS NOTES.
Couldn't Beat Her Own Record.
tXITW YOBX BUBXAU SFECIALS.l
New York. July SL The big Inman steam
ship City of Paris arrived at the Bar at 8:14
o'clock this morning, having made the voyage
from Queenstown in 5 days 23 hours and 10
minutes. Her time was three minutes behind
her famous record of last May, though In this
last voyage the distance was 53 miles less.
Little bnt Quite flacky.
Ellen Concannon, a maid servant weighing 9S
pounds, caught two strapping young burglars,
Henry Collins and Cornelius McCaffery, last
night They entered the kitchen in which she
sat at 10 o'clock. She jumped to tbe door,
turned tbe key and pnt it in ber pocket "before
tbey realized wbat she was doing. Then she
screamed for help. Tbe burglars struck her
and choked her in their efforts to get the key
and keep her quiet Cornelius Ford, owner of
tbe house, and some neighbors, attracted br
the row, caught the men.
Some Celebrities Coming Home.
General John Palmer, Tony Pastor, J. J. As
tor, Jr., Murat Halstead, Mrs. J. W. Mackay,
wife of tbe California millionaire, and her sons,
Clarence and William, arrived in tbe City of
A Bay Accused of Abduction.
Arthur W. Kay. aged 14 years, has been ar
rested for abducting bis 3-year-old brother.
The parents had agreed to live apart Mrs.
Kay supported herself and ber elder boy in
Brooklyn. Mr. Kay kept the other child. Re
cently the elder boy went to tbe Catskills to
see bis father and little brother. When he
started tor borne this morning, be brought
away the child with him, wlthont bis father's
knowledge. Mrs. Kay, who claims that no ab
duction was purposed, says that Mr. Kay's
neighbors in the Catskills induced Arthur to
carry off his little brother.
Miss Chapln'a London Success,
Alice Chapin, sister of Mayor Cbapin, of
Brooklyn, and formerly a leader In Brooklyn
society, made ber debut on tbe London stage
'recently. How sbe did it she describes at length
in a letter to her brother, the Mayor, who told
the papers all be knew about it this afternoon.
In the first act, according to Miss Chapln'a let
ter, the audience was "civilly attentive,-' In
the first part of tbe second act it was "still
cold." At the close of the second act she got
some cheers from the audience and a "Bravo,
Brooklyn," from tbe manager after the cur
tain fell. In the fourth act everyone became
enthusiastic when, as Virginia, "pale and
disheveled," she rushes Into her home and
tells ber father her experience while in tbe
clutches of Appiut. Miss Cbapin says she is
satisfied with the criticisms ot her fellow pro
fessionals, but not altogether contented with
the press criticisms. Miss Cbapin was Mrs,
Ferris for several years, but got a divorce
shortly before going abroad.
No Tbanka for Regular Custom.
Mary Hayes was arraigned before Judge.
Duffy to-day in the Essex Market court to an-.
swer a charge of drunkenness. "Have you
ever seen me before!" asked the Court "Many
a time," she answered. "When I read in the
papers that Judge Duffy's in the Tombs, sure
then I gets drunk in that district When I
hear you are at Harlem, it's there I go to see
you. too. Wherever you are. Judge Duffy,
you'll find me a regular customer." "One
month," said the little judge. 'Til make it
six tho next time you are brought before me."
"That's the thanks one gets for being a good
customer," said Mary.
Preferred Death to a Loveless Life.
Mrs. Jenny McAlplne, a good-looking widow
of nearly 40. who lived in a Brooklyn boarding
house, hanged herself last night Tbe cause Is
said to be unrequited love, A few days ago
Mrs. McAlplne decided to go to the country,
and accordingly packed ber trunk. She noti
fied an expressman to take away her baggage,
but when he called yesterday morning she said
she bad changed her mind. Tho other board
ers thought nothing abontwhat tbey termed
Mrs. McAlpine's freak, and last evening they
all sat together on the porch and chatted pleas
antly. It was midnight when the conversation
ceased and all retired to their rooms. This
morning, when the breakfast table was set,
Mrs. McAlplne did not respond to the call. Tbe
other boarders were partaking of tbe morning
meal when Annie Ferdineck, a servant, rushed
Into the dlclnts -room- and erUafniVd: ".Mrs.
JleAlpiniThas hanged herself." Everybody
arose from the table and followed Annie. She
led the way into the cellar, and there was the
body of tbe widow. A bed sheet was fastened
about tbe water pipe running along the beams,
while tbe other end was fastened around her
neck. She had been dead several hours. Mrs.
McAlplne was well off financially. The board
ers say she had a lovor, a man much younser
than herself and whom she adored. Three
days ago this young man and Mrs. McAlplne
had a quarrel, and since then he has not called
to see her. That is the reason assigned for the
FITTSBURGERS IN PHILADELPHIA.
What a Qankor City Joarnal Has to Say
About Well -Known Men.
From Yesterday's Philadelphia Times.
D. P. Reigbard, of Pittsburg, is at tbo GIrard.
He says his new oil refinery here wilt be com
pleted and in operation in about 30 days, ft will
be the largest in Philadelphia, covering 33f
acres of ground, with a capacity of 75,000
Major E. A. Montootb, Chris Magee's candi
date for Governor, was at the Girard Honse last
night on his way home from seaside resorts,
where he has been spending some time. He Is a
fint-looking fellow, somewhat resembling For
ager, of Oblo. In appearance. He was a gallant
soldier, and served a term as District Attorney
of Allegheny county, which is the only publio
office he ever held. He made a strong fight for
Lieutenant Governor against Davles, and was
only beaten by a few votes. He is -a good law
yer in active practice.
William H. House, of tbe City Solicitor's
office, Pittsburg, is in town, accompanied "by
his son, John House. Mr. House married a
granddaughter of tbo late William Cameron,
and Is a brotber-in-law of O. B. Jones, of the
Mint, whose guest he is in this city.
AJf INTELLIGENT CONSTABLE
nnd a LIcenso and Thought ne Conld Per
form tbe marriage Ceremony.
Eckertt, Inc., July 31. A constable named
Johnston, near tbe white sulphur wells, was
sent to Leavenworth for a marriage license',
laboring under tbe idea that he bad the power
of uniting the would-be happy couple, he re
turned with tbe license and tied the knot Tbe
couple forthwith went to housekeeping, and
not nntll two days later did they learn that
tbey were not really married. To make certain,
they called in a minister of the gospel and had
him make tbe knot Gordian.
Seventy-Two Fortunate Fishers.
Marshall, Mo., July 3L Information has
just been received that tbe estate of a man
named Flsber, who died in Germany some
years ago. Is about to be divided among the
American heirs, of whom there are 72, 23 of
them living ia this county and several in Illi
nois. Tbe estate is valued at $51,000,000.
Two Scn-Serpents Together.
From tbe New York Herald. 1
A Maine fisherman has Just come into port
with -a new yarn about the sea serpent He
saw blm distinctly, and at one time ho even
thought he saw two of them. Prohibition is
evidently a dead failure in Maine.
I wonder If a certain lane
So hipplly is faring
As when my first love, Ellen Jane,
There took her dally airing.
My lollipops I shared with her,
And, daintiest of misses.
For every sweet wlthont demur,
She paid me off in kisses.
lly latest love Is Eleanor,
Tbe Jane is quite derided.
And though I still divide with her.
My pay Is undecided.
Sometimes when sweets and flowers most rare
I on her sbrlne am showering,
Ber smiles with sunshine fill tbe air,
Bat ah! too oft she's lowering.
. No matter how I strive and woo,
No more for me such bliss is
To see her as she nsed to do
Put np her mouth for kisses.
Sweet Eleanor, though grown are we,
My love brings more of pain
Than when your summers numbered three
And you were Ellen Jane.
.Cora Stuart Whetler, in Century.
WATS FOR FUEL
Aa Alleged Invention Designed ta Kevalo
From Unlit, Heat and Power.
Wbat appears to be an important invention
has recently been made public in Phillips, Wis,
It is no less than the practical and cheap use of
water as fuel. Tbe appliance consists of
nothing but a piece of. gas pipe from 2 inches
to 0 Inches in diameter, as may be desired, and
ot convenient length to fit a cook stove or a
parlor or other beater, with short legs or stable
support to keep it in position. This Is placed
in tbe stove, with one end slightly projecting,
to which is attached a vessel of water with
stop-cock conduit from the water vessel into
Before reaching the steam chamber tbe water
passes through the important part of tbe In
vention, the part that constitutes or contains
the great discovery. By means of it tbe water
may pass into tbe steam chamber, while tbe
steam cannot pass out The part of the pipe
containing the steam chamber Is within the
stave, although a small part may bo without if
desired. To this tbe heat of a moderate wood
or coal fire is applied, soas to heat tbe steam to
a high temperature, say 300 or nearly 400 de
grees, when it passes ont of a small orifice im
mediately into tbe midst of a bed ot coals or
flame from burning wood or coal, when it Is at
once raised to the required temperature, 400
degrees or more, to be Immediately decom
posed into its gases oxygen and hydrogen
which instantly become flame.
Only a moderate summer fire of wood or coal
will be required the coldest day in winter, the
gaseous flame furnishing tbe balance of the
heat needed in tbe coldest room. The capacity
for reducing beat may be regulated to suit re-
auirements. When it is known that hydrogen
ame yields a heat in burning Ave times greater
than carbon, or about 2,000 degrees ta 2,500 de
grees one may form some Idea of the capacity
of this little contrivance for producing heat
By increasing the tomperature of tbe gas pipe
to about 400 dezrees the vapor may be decom
posed into its gas.es before exit from tbe pipe,
and in such eases it is emitted in a jet ot blue
flame. In either case the oxyhydrogen flame is
easily produced and- with & very small con
sumption of f ueU
STREETS PAYED WITH JASPER.
Tbe Hardest Stone in tho Country Utilized In
Dakota Cor. Olobe-Demoeratl
Within two years the jasper industry has
been developed and there are now four quar
ries, employing nearly 1,000 men. In operation
about Sioux Falls. The market extends from
Chicago to Kansas City, Bioux Falls' streets
are paved with jasper, and her four-story build
ings are constructed of it Tho stone is sus
ceptible of a high degree of polish, and when
finished looks much like tbe red granite of
Missouri. The pioneers in the jasper industry
discovered not long ago that tbe dust of the
jasper, which is half as hard as diamonds,
would polish the famous petrified wood of
Arizona, and make of it table tops and orna
ments more beautiful than agate or onyx, Tha
petri&ed wood Is now brought from Arizona to
Bioux Falls by the carload, and cut and pol
ished in a variety at forms. To her jasper in
dustry the city has added tbe manutacture of
chalcedony. If these enterprising people do
not find all ot the precious things mentioned
In the Book of Revelations it will not be for the
want of searching.
There Is a scientific mystery about this so
called jasper. Practically It ia all right Its
utility has been established, but geologically
there Is no little uncertainty abont It Those
who know the most are tbe least positive in
discussing Its character. Some of tho scien
tific men who have looked at it call it a red
quartiite. Prof, Winchell says it is the
hardest stone In tbe United States that has
been used lor building purposes. The grain Is
very close. The only element to which It suc
cumbs is fire. It will stand a good degree, but
crumbles like limestone and aandstono under
too intense heat In the last day, when all tbe
elements melt with fervent beat the Sioux
Falls jasper will have to go.
ENO'S NEW INDUSTRY.
Tbo Extraction of Oil From Porpoises
Found to be Profitable.
Quebec. July 31. Mr. William Eno, brother
ot John C. Eno, I in town, with other share
holders of the Maniconagan Fish and Oil Com
pany. Colonel W. P. Rice, of New York, the
Canadian manager of tbe company, has come
up from the gulf to meet tbem, and reports the
most satisfactory progress at tbe new oil and
guano mills of the company on Maniconagan
shoals. Thevare lust ready for operations.
Tbe portion of the gulf In which the Govern
ment nas licensed tne company to operate
swarms with porpoises and seafg The com
pany has ordered nets capable of taking at one
time sufficient porpoises tquxoduco 1,000 bar
rels of oil. Takes of thlsfind are by no means
nnnsual in tbe gulf, one schooner this spring
having taken, in one catch, porpoises that pro
duced no less than 1,400 barrels of oil.
By tbe new processes adopted by the Manicon
agan company, the blubber of the porpoise
will be converted in tbe space of a half nour
into the ordinary oil of commerce, ready for
exportation. The carcase will then be reduced
to pulp and sold for artificial manure. The
fatty part of the head will be submitted to a
special process, and the oil which it will pro
duce, and whloh will be similar to that em
ployed for the lubrication of the most delicate
mechanism, such as that of clocks and watches,
will command the fancy price ot $11 per gallon.
THE WONDER OF THE AGE FOUND.
A Deaf Uinta CIrcna Performer Returns to
His Homo After 14 Tears' Wandering.
New York, July SL Fourteen years ago
Francis Horle, a deaf mute son of Frank Horle,
of Newark, ran away with a circus which
passed through that city, and until last week
nothing was heard of him. Before he ran
away be had become expert on tbe parallel bars
and trapeze, and after leaving Newark he
joined tbe circus as a performer, and was billed
as the "dumb wonder of tbe age." Despite all
efforts of nls father and relatives he could not
At the time of the Johnstown flood it was re
ported that a Francis Horle was among tbe
victims. The elder Horle recently discovered
that it was his son's name which had been
given, bnt that be bad escaped and was living
in Albany In destitute circumstances. The
wanderer will bo taken to Newark to-day. He
has had a hard life since leaving Newark.
He remained with the circus only six months,
and has worked as a steward on sailing and
steam vessels, as a laborer in tbe mines of Col.
orado, and in orange groves in Florida.
Including ihe Din J or.
From the St Louis Globe-Democrat
Tbe population of Dayton, O., according to a
census just completed. Is 52,113, exclusive of
Major W. D. BIckham. This makes a grand
total of 57,113.
As a train was starting from Mahanoy City a
few days ago a stont man entered with a demi
john and took a seat just in front of two rigid
looking ladies, one of whom tapped blm on the
shoulder and tcld blm the demijohn was ac
cursed. He gavo her a petnlant answer about
confining herself to tea-making. When the
train passed out of Mahanoy tunnel tbe demi
john was gone.
An Easton official went fishing with a friend,
upset tbe boat and proceeded to run bis suit
through' a clothes wringer to dry it As the
pants went through there was a bnmp and a
crash, and the fragments of a gold watch,
mashed out to quoit size, fell at the operator's
Miss Camilla Messinoee, living three
miles from Easton, found ber pet dog asleep on
the floor, and stooped down to surprise It with
some endearment when it half wakened, and,
mistaking her purpose, made a swift snap
that bit through her nose, wounding her pain
fully. AT Millcreek, near Erie, as Joseph Bogcrt
was driving a reaping machine across the bar
vest field, tbey reaped into a bees' nest and
tha maddened insects turned upon the team.
The machine was Wrecked in the ensuing run
off, and one horse was ruined.
Am Ohio editor thus writes about bugs : No
insect that crawls, even tho blanked bed bug.
can live under tbe application of hot alum
water. In will destroy red and black ants.
cockroaches, spiders,, bed bugs, and all the
myriads of crawling pests which Invest our
houses during tbe heated term. This informa
tion may save many a boarding house guest
nights of sleepless anxiety and bites.
A Pottstxlus clergyman bears the saccha
rine name ot Honeyman. He is incidentally
responsible for a large number of honeymoons.
AWHEELcroyouth put the lighted end of
bis cigarette in bis month a fow days ago. A
big sore canio on the inside of his lip, and now
he subsists on soup and gtnel.
A flock of crows feeding among a flock ot
hens' is a-sight-that may be witnessed almost
any day near East Liverpool.
Thev have nolitics in Japan now, under
tho Constitution, and one of the parties is
called tbe Jijito.
The Jersey mosquito has not appeared-'
in his accustomed haunts this year and people
are wondering why.
Students who use tobacco in any form
are denied admission to the University of tha
Pacific at San Jose, CaL
James Tunny, of Boston, is 102 years
old and In the full possession of all bis facul
ties. He was born in Ireland.
A 17-foot snake was seen recently near
Scranton, Kan. It is supposed to be a boa con
strictor that escaped from a show seven years
There were five while men in Yankton
when tbe Sioux moved ont in Jnly. 1859. There
was one log house. The first white woman
came in the spring of 1S00.
The largest catch of pickerel from the
St Lawrence river on record was made at tha
Tbousaud Islands Park by Philip Luther, of
New York. He brought in 30, with a total
weight of 140 pounds.
At Galveston reoently a carpenter
named Edward Johnson, while fishing with an
ordinary bandline, caught a redflsh weighing
100 pounds. It required the assistance of two
men to land the monster.
An old church in Cahokla, 111., that
was hullt in 161, of cedar logs, was torn down
a few days ago to make way for a more modern
building. Tbere were only two churches In
America at St Augustine and Santa Fe that
The biggest policeman in the United
States, with one known, exception, is Lieuten
ant Malln, who Is now in charge ot the Twenty
first district, in West Philadelphia. He is a
feet 5 in height and carries himself with tbo
precisian ot a veteran.
William Throckmorton, who resides
near Griffin, Ga., has a " 'possum farm." In a
grove nf persimmon trees enclosed by a high
board fence be has between 700 and 00 'pos
sums. Tbe business of rearing them for the
market Is said to be very remunerative.
The feat of lowering a large house in?
tact from an undesirable location on a hill SO
feet high to tba street was accomplished In
San Francisco lately, tbe cost being J700. Tba
building, before removal, brought on account
of its poor location, only S50 at an auction sale.
The people who live near Goguac lake.
Battle Creek, Mich, claim that the shores are
gradually coming together, and that in a few
years tbe lake will be dry land No one knows
of any inlet to It, and tbere is a constant drain
age of several hundred thousand gallons dally.
As a result of a movement started by
some fun-loving yontbs every man in Sylva.
nla, Ga., nows wears his hair closely clipped
and no whiskers or mustache. Those who
wouldn't agree to shave were forced Into bar
hers' chairs and made to submit to the opera
tion, A commercial drummer, stopping at a
La Grange, Ga.. hotel, dreamed that a burglar
was in bis room. On awakening he mistook bis
hat and vest banging on a chair for the In
truder and opened fire. He put three bullets
through tbe garments before discovering his
The cigarette habit Is increasing. The
Commissioner of Internal Revenue collected
taxes last year upon 2,151,515,800, which is an
Increase of 2S8,789,80 over the preceding fiscal
year. The number taxed is a pretty good indi
cation of the consumption. Tbe number of ci
gars taxed during tbe last flcal year was 3,867,
385,610, an increase of 22,658,900, showing that .
the consnmption of cigarettes is increasing more
rapidly than that of cigars,
An interesting discovery was made re
cently while excavating in London Wall, in
that portion known as Bell alley. A brown
glazed jug was found in almost perfect condi
tion. It is of tbe orman period, with a thumb
moldlngat the base. There was also found a
Stone Roman belL Unfortunately, It was
Struck by a pick, and two portions of the base
are gone. It is unglazed and a light stone-brown
A Rutland paper credits Vermont with
having tbe smallest town in tbe United States.
"It is Baltimore, percbed on tbe side of Hawk's
Mountain, and composed mostly of rocks and
knolls. Years ago it was a part of Cavendish,
situated on tha other side of tha mountains,
but voters had to go 15 miles to cast their bal- ,
lots: so a petition was circulated and tbe town
of Baltimore was set off. Tbe population in
1880 was 70, and there were not enough voters
to fill the town offices. The voting list num
bers scarcely a dozen, and tbere are 20 offices to
The 11-year-old son of George Knott, of
Columbus, Ind., swallowed a brass dress plo
mare'tbarra yearago, buTsSffefiirg-rnS' imme
diate Inconvenience the matter soon escaped
his mind. About seven months ago he began
to decline rapidly in health, and small eruptions
appeared on various parts of his body. Tbe
peculiar disease baffled tha skill of physicians,
and all hope of tbe patient's recovery was given
up, when unexpected relief came. The boy
felt a pricking sensation on his abdomen, and
upon feeling the spot with his band drew out a
Miss Addle Williams, of Fort Gaines,
Ga., has, for years, been engaged to John D.
Asbton. a young lawyer of Columbia, Ala.
Some time ago he fled from Alabama, it is al
leged, because he committed a forgery. He
went to Mexico. There, it is told, ha again
committed forgery and' escaped to Houston.
Tex., where the Alabama authorities arrested
him and carried him back.to Columbia. A few
days ago Miss Williams went to Columbia, and,
the authorities allowing Ashton to go on the
streets for a short while, tbe couple were mar
ried, the man going back to jail and tha woman
returning to her work as telegraph operator at
A citizen of Irwinton, Ga., had a dream
that some one had entered his kitchen to rob
the house. He rose from his slumber, as be
imagined, took bis gun from the rack, and on
going to the back door, fired at the robber, who
was making his escape from the kitchen over
the banister, leaving blood on the floor and
banister. Alter this ne returned to his bed of
repose and, on rising next morning, thinking
of bis dream, he went to tbe spot where ho
imagined the man made his escape the night
before and. to his surprise, a lot of blood was
found on tbe floor and banister, at tha same
place where be bad dreamed ot dolngthesboot
CLIPPED BITS OF WIT.
Ted I hear Tom fell into a fortune. '
Ked How can you Jest so? The poor fellow
has Just recovered 110,000 for tumbling into an ex
cavatlon. Sew l'ork Evening Bun. t
An innovation. Bagley So Bailey has
turned over a new leaf in regard to drink, eh? lie
never drank very hard.
Peterby No: bnt he does now.' (That's where
the new leaf comes In. Judgi.
Young man (somewhat confused) I I
want your daughter to marry, sir.. Old gentle
manAll right sir. Sbe Is going to marry one of
my clerks next week. Is there anything else that
1 can do for you? Sea Zork Sua.
Professor (making himself agreeable)
Alumulum Is a wonderful metal, Mr. Strueko yle.
Strnckoyle Yes, It Is. My son James belongs
to tba Alnmnlum Association of tbe college ha
graduated from, and I've heard him speak of It
Annexed. Farmer's Boy (Illinois)
Popl Topi The prairie wolves are killing, tha
stock ag'ln. Where's the gun?
Old farmer (sadly) My son, it's ag'ln' the law
to shoot guns In tbe city limits. We're In Chicago
Cause and Effect A countryman was or
dering a tombstone for his brother.
"And wbat sized letters do you want us to use
for tbe inscription?" asked tbe man of marble. -,
Ob, tha biggest you've got. lie was awfal
A SUMMER PABADOX.
Beside the sea, where men are few,
Things are reversed, beyond dispute;
For as each bather meets his view.
The lover smiles upon her salt.
A Secret Worth Knowing.-"Yonngman,"
said tbe long-haired passenger to the occupant or
the seat ahead, "Do you know that I've never
spent a dollar for liquor In my whole liter"
K.eally," responded the young man. turning
halfway round with a look of great interest on bis
face, "how do you work it?" Life.
Jack Borrowlt There's no uso in. trying
to economize, Tom. Tho money Is bound to gs
one way or another.
Wiggins-Why, what's tbe matter now?
Jack Borrowlt Why, I've been walking home
every night for a month to save my car fare, and
now Mrs. Pancake has raised my board on account
of increased appetitel Life.
"Disapp'inted in Oklahoma? Nary dis
app'tnt" "But what are you coming back for, with your
family and stuff?"
"Ualn't sit no claim?"
"Then how docs It happen you are not disap
pointed?" "Wal, Betsy, she's alius preached 'ttbeywaa't
no other seen a blamed fool 's I be; but senca I
tut ber down to Oklahoma she hain't bed nuth'a
toay. Puet. - Jt