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ESTABLISHED FEBRUARY 8, 1816.
YoL 44, Ko. 174. -Entered t Pittsburg Foitofflce,
Kovember It, 1SW, u second-class matter. v
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PITTSBURG. WEDNESDAY. JULY 81. 1SS3.
A PUBLIC DUTY.
The testimony of the baby farming case
before one of our local courts presents a con
siderable amount of conflicting allegations.
It is likely to strike the impartial mind that
skim milk diluted with water is not exactly
the nourishment necessary to make babies
grow and thrive; and the results ol the
experiment show noreason forchanging that
The case of the woman who is charged
with administering this excessively econom
ical diet to the infants left in her charge
may be left to the courts. "Without preju
dicing her case, it is to be remarked that
the allegations show the necessity that the
organizations which place the orphan or
deserted infants in charge of nurses shall
exercise a strict supervision as to their care.
There does not seem to have been much su
pervision in this case; and if there has been
neglect the absence of this oversight is
largely responsible for it
The children of this generation are the
men and women of the next. There is no
plainer duty than to provide nurture and
training for those that are left without the
natural care of their parents. This duty
should not be carelessly and blindly left to
A QUESTIONABLE SEIZURE.
It seems that the assertion of the claim of
the United States to all the seals in the
Behring Sea has taken the form of another
seizure of an English sealing vessel. After
the denial of this claim by England, its
forcible assertion in this way is likely to
put the British lion's back up. That might
be endured if our position was a tenable
one; but when on one coast we are disputing
with England over her too rigid assertion of
exclusive ownership of the fisheries within
three miles of the shore, it is hardly wise to
claim the exclusive ownership of an ocean
half as large as the North Atlantic and sev
eral times the size of the Gulf of Newfound
land. It is especially unwise to seize vessels
after it has been proved by previous cases
that the Government will have to back down
and let them go again.
For the thousands who manage to get
away to the seashore or mountain for a
week or two of the hottest summer weather,
the dog days have no special terror. Getting
ready, the excursionists bear the sultriness
in cheerful expectation of their trip. Recol
lections of the refreshing novelty and change
sustain them on their return. But for the
tens of thousands who cannot get away,
even for twenty-four hours, from the hot
city, the physical discomforts of midsummer
Is nothing owing to these? The question
had better be pondered in respect to the
park prospects now again before the public.
Pittsburg cannot afford to be a mean city to
its working people. They are the bone and
sinew of the place. With the mesns now in
view of quickly getting from every part of
the town to one, two or three central areas,
there is no longer an excuse for putting the
park question behind us as wholly an im
possible, superfluous or extravagant thing,
There should be parks, and quickly.
NOT LIKELY TO SUCCEED.
The appearance of a report that the
"Wheeling nail manufacturers are organiz
ing a corporation which is to play the part
of a trust for that industry, calls for the re
mark that nail manufacturers generally
have had experience enough to fight shy of
any such concerns. Previous attempts to
establish combinations intended to maintain
the price of nails have demonstrated their
futility; and that consideration is peculiarly
applicable when the present trouble with
the whole nail industry is the competition
of wire nails. In addition, the manufac
turers are not likely to forget the signifi
cance of recent declarations by the most
ultra-protectionist journals that the mo
nopolizing of an industry by a trust combi
nation will be good reason for taking away
the duties on its products.
THE JOYS OF PEIVATE LITE.
A brief paragraph recently published the
vacation programme of ex-President Cleve
land. He is going on a yachting trip for
two weeks in August, and afterward will
seek seclusion in the Adirondack with his
charming wife. Last year a similar an
nouncement would have been deemed of the
greatest importance, and had the "man of
destiny" come out of last year's fray
victorious he would not have been allowed
to take his summer pleasuring without
abundance of publicity. But an ex-President
is not generally annoyed by the solic
itude of the public. v
Mr. Cleveland may have taken his defeat
to heart at the time, and he may sometimes
permit himself to sigh when the heading of
his letter paper, or some other circumstance,
reminds him that he no longer resides in
the White House; but he is too sensible a
man, we imagine, not to appreciate the com
pensations of private life. A vacation to
him now may mean a time of rest and rec
reation such as cannot come to the Presi
dent in office. Personal friends he still
has, but time-serving flatterers and persist
ent office seekers no longer press upon him.
He can yacht, fish or swap stories with the
faithful Dan Lamont to his heart's content,
without a thought about the fishery ques
tion or the Samoan treaty, or any -other
momentous affair of State.
There is only one circumstance that ..may
mar Mr. Cleveland's holiday. He still has
hopes of a return to public life in 1892. But
he should lay these by till the summer
' is over. It will spoil the flavor of the salt
sea breeze, take the snap out or the fishing,
and blemish the lovely landscapes of the
Adirondacks if he permits politics to fol
low him. "We advise him to leave politics
behind him, if he values his health.
Doubtless Mrs. Cleveland will second the
TO DISTEIBUTE AND ACCOUNT.
The action of the Relief Commission at
Johnstown to-day will be watched with in
terest. Treasurer Thompson is on record
through The DisrATCH as favoring an im
mediate distribution of the money on hand.
Public opinion is with him. There is no
reason, good, bad or indifferent, that can be
urged why the survivors should not now
get every unexpended penny that remains
of the money contributed for them. Our
special reporter on -Monday told of the vast
lot of work yet to be done at Johnstown. To
move along at all, the people should, as
quickly as may be, get the handling of the
Another duty rests on the commission.
A detailed statement of expenditures
should forthwith be ordered. Only a gen
eral statement has so far been sent out,
and that a bungling and disputed one,
which the members of the commission were
kept busy for a week afterward explaining,
or denying, or trying to reconcile with
previous semi-official and unofficial decla
rations. It is not necessary to lay stress
upon the sharp criticisms of the commission,
to see the propriety of the simple and usual
business procedure of filing an itemized ac
count for the information of all the parties
in interest. Governor Beaver has written
voluminously, eloquently, in. the Jforth
American Review as to how and where the
money came from to the help of Johnstown.
Secretary Kramer's statistical exhibit of
how, to whom, and for what it has been
paid out will be fully as Interesting in
deed, at this time rather more so.
The apparent indifference of the com
mission as a body to the urgent requests for
distribution, and to the suggestions hitherto
of detailed statements, requires that both
points be pressed keenly on their attention
to-day. The Governor and the commission
have perhaps been somewhat too sharply
censured as to a few particulars of their
official inaction; but if they continue to
ignore reasonable and inevitable business
propositions they must look for plain talk.
To wrap themselves in the mantle of
offended dignity, and to scorn to take the
ordinary and simple course of paying out
at once the monev where it is needed, and
of giving the public and the sufferers an
itemized statement of tbeir expenditures, is
to put themselves quite unnecessarily in an
ambiguous and rather ridiculous position.
But the advice of the Pittsburg members,
who are very close to Johnstown, and who
are best posted on the situation, will doubt
less prevail. "We hope, at least, for satis
factory results from to-day's session.
INNOCUOUS BUT FOOLISH.
Two inclined plane companies on the
Southside get into a dispute over the title to
a piece of ground which each wishes to oc
cupy with its structure. Both send forces of
"men to take possession of the ground, and
this naturally leads to a collision between
the laborers. "With more than the usual re
spect for order in such cases, actual collision
is stopped by the employers. But the rival
forces occupy the disputed ground, and yes
terday the spectators were treated to the
edifying spectacle of one force of men shovel
ing dirt out of the hole which their employ
ers wish dug, while the other force as in
dustriously shoveled the dirt back into the
If such acts of foolishness were committed
by two quarrelsome private individuals, it
would be easy to conclude that they were
exceptional illustrations of stupidity, and
the desire to take what is wanted without
waiting for legal adjustment of the dispute.
But when they are perpetrated by the great
est and most powerful corporations, which
owe their existence to the law, and are sup
posed to possess the highest intelligence in
their management, it is a remarkable illus
tration of the stupidity of selfish bull-head-edness
in the very places it ought to be
absent The case which occurred yesterday
is not as aggravated as many others; but it
presents an aspect of silliness which, if the
sense of shame is not as proverbially absent
from the corporate character as the posses
sion of soul, ought to make both of the cor
porations heartily ashamed of themselves.
THE POINT OF CONTRAST.
The report that a St. Louis manufacturer
of flint glass has suspended operations be
cause the business did not pay him to con
tinue in operation, reveals the natural work
ing of legitimate competition. The superior
advantages of factories usine natural gas
fuel enable the latter to sell their product
at a profit, at prices which represent a loss
to him. The consequence is that the public
get the benefit of the competition that is
made possible by new discoveries, while the
badly located factories have no choice except
to go out of business.
This points out the vital difference be
tween competition and the trust combina
tions. In both cases, where there is an ex
cess of production, the least favorably
located plants must shut down. But in one
case the owners of the badly located or im
providently managed concerns have to bear
the penalty themselves; iu the other the
plan of the trusts, of paying such concerns
for remaining idle, imposes the cost of the
idleness upon the public One is public
justice, the other is public extortion. One
secures to the public the benefit of improve
ments and cheapness in production; and the
other seeks to prevent any such benefits
from reaching the ordinary consumers.,
Breaking of the public injustice of the
idea of an artificial enhancement of the price
of salt, the Philadelphia Record says: "Per
haps the failure of the Salt Trust to get its
shares taken may be accounted for by an in
ward appreciation of the inhumanity of such
speculation." "We fear that the esteemed
Record has an exaggerated opinion of the
philanthropy of investors. The failure to
take the shares of the salt combination is,
we fear, solely due to the innate dislike of
investors to pay five dollars for shares rep
resenting one dollar of actual value, and the
innate fear in such cases that they will not
get the profit arising from an artificial en
hancement of this universal necessity.
Coxqbessmas' Corxrss, of Massachu
setts, remarks that patronage is a weakness,
rather than strength, to a political party.
The Dispatch has often upheld the cor
rectness of this idea; but it is worth while to
remember that Mr. Collins, while his party
was in power, exhibited a tieroie and self
sacrificing desire to be weakened in just
exactly that Way.
It is pointed out as a possible objection
that the World's Pair of 1892 will come
right in the middle of a Presidcntal cam
paign. This was also the case in 1876, but
it didn't hurt the Exposition a bit, what
ever effect it may have had on the campaign.
It is rather surprising to observe certain
esteemed cotemporaries indulging in sar
casms on the size of Postmaster General
"Wanamaker's soul, because he has cut down
the amount which the "Western TJnionlTele
graph is to draw from the Government. It
"should be perceived that these cotemporar
ies do not engage in any speculation as to
the size of the "Western Union Telegraph
Company's soul. They are deterred from
enlarging on that branch of the subject by
the long standing proverbial authority to
the effect thatlt has not got any.
The anxiety of a Tory orgaa in Dublin
lest the surplus of the Parnell indemnity
should be improperly diverted to the relief
of evicted Irish tenants is one of the most
affecting cases of purely disinterested inter
ference in other people's private business
that have yet been placed on record.
Jap ax 's earthquakes tend to demonstrate
that the calamities which attack this quar
ter of the globe are light afflictions beside
the revulsions of nature which, at the anti
podes, wipe out whole provinces and sink
large islands into the sea.
Sie Julian PATJNCEroTE, the English
Ambassador at "Washington, is reported to
have expressed a desire to be instructed in
the beauties and mysteries of draw poker.
Doubtless a large number of the practical
politicians of "Washington will hasten to
offer their services as soon as Sir Julian re
turns from England; but the American ex
perts would be wise to bear in mind the ex
ample of Truthful James, Mr. Nye and Ah
Sin as a warning against the possible dan
gers of instructing aliens in games they "do
The London police having discharged the
alleged "Jack the Kipper" as a bogus crim
inal, the discovery of that remarkable mur
derer becomes about as problematic as the
whereabouts of Tascott, or the conviction of
the men who took the boodle in the New
York street railway steaL
Afteb the Austrian lottery has been
swindling the public for many years, Gov
ernment circles in "Vienna are all torn up
over the charge that some sharp stranger
has succeeded in swindling the lottery.
A novelty in the line of nominations is
presented by the New York World in the
following shape: "For the first President
of the coming republic of England we nomi
nate Henry Labouchere." We violate no
confidence in expressing our opinion that
when England becomes a republic, and it is
necessary to nominate a President, the
genial "Labby" will keep himself strictly
out of the list of candidates. He knows well
how much pleasanter it is to have the fun of
firing the shots than to undergo the task of
being the target
The trial of the guns of the cruiser York
town has gone off with the most satisfactory
results, it the reports of the trial can be be
lieved. But experience with regard to the
trial trips of the Charleston and other ves
sels leave a harassing doubt on the latter
Eueope's bad wheat crop is a calamity
to her people; but it holds out a prospect of
good prices to American farmers for all the
breadstuffs they have to sell during the
PEOPLE OP PEOHIKEKCE.
Dr. Thomas Waterman, an eminent Bos
ton surceon and physician, is said to be the
most skillful ventriloquist in that city.
to the portrait which sir John Millais is now
painting Mr. Gladstone is represented sitting,
with his little grandson standing by his knee. -
It is feared in Berlin that Dr. Zintgraff, the
African explorer, who has undertaken an
expedition into the interior of Cameroon, has
perished, as no news of him has been received
for several months.
Secretary Blaine is renovating and re
furnishing the billiard room in his home at
Bar Harbor, preparatory to the arrival of
President Harrison. Thalatter has of late be
come an enthusiastic player and displays con
siderable skill with the cue. Mr. Blaine him
self is also a fair player.
Martin Farquhar Tufper, the once
famous author of "Proverbial Philosophy," is
still alive. He lives in a handsome country
house in England. He bears a striking resem
blance to Longfellow In his old age. Tupper
does not agree with his old school fellow, Glad
stone, on the question of home rule.
Mr. Cleveland is said to be the most su
perstitious 'man who ever occupied the White
House. He never began an .important letter
or document on a Friday, ana when fishing
never places his left band before his right in
holding the rod. If be does, he says he might
as well go homo, as do fish will bite that day.
Professor Edward P. Crowell, of Am
herst College, dean of tho faculty and profes
sor of Latin language and literature, is stone
blind. He is about 60 years old and had per
fect eyesight until five years ago, when he lost
his sight by sickness. A strange species of in
flammation which the doctors did not under
stand and were powerless to check attacked
Professor Crowell's eyes and rained them both.
Secretary Rusk has a rival as the jehu of
the Cabinet in the person of the Attorney Gen
eral. When the President decided last Sun
day, as the day was fine, that he wanted to go
to Oakland to church, Attorney General Miller
offered to drive him, together with Secretary
Windom and Senator Davis, over the six miles
of mountain roads. His offer was accepted
and he drove the White House bays and sur
rey. THE USUAL PEACH CROP FAILUBE.
Heavy Knlnlall Rain the Small Frnlt Crop
on tun Hudson.
rSrKCIAL TELEGRAM to THX DISPATCH.!
NewbuhCJ, N.Tf., July 30. The "oldest In
habitant" does not call to mind snch a rainy
season as the present in the past half century.
An enormous fall of water has taken place dur
ing the season, and to-day it fell in torrents. A
small; slide has taken place at the south end,
near the Erie tracks, and the rain is yet coming
to-ntgbt In full quantity. In conversation with
a Marlborough gentleman. The Dispatch re
porter learns that the wet weather has been
very disastrous to the Hudson Valley fruit
growers. He says that grapes, berries, peaches
and other fruits have been seriously injured
with moid and rot, and that the crops will not
only fall off beyond reckoning, but that the
quality will not compare with former years.
Growers are ordering cups, crates and bask
ets with the understanding that if no crop thoy
are not obliged to take mem. nw snows wnuir
is expected, and the large industry is seriously
hampored by this state of affairs, which will
cause an immense financial loss along the
HIQHEE WAGES IN GEEHANI.
Facts Which Afford Utile Consolation to
From the St Louis Globe-Democrat!
The latostTHficIal report with respect to tho
operation of the protective tariff in Germany
shows that since the adoption of the present
law In 1883 there has been a general increase m
wages, the most notable being in the iron and
steel industries, which amounts to 20 per cent
This is not very invigorating news to the free
traders; but then modern civilization is not
adapted for the purpose of providing consola
tion for that class of people
Trespassing on Bin hone's Ground.
from the Philadelphia Ledger.!
Among the summer band books is "Desirable
Places in Virginia." This may be an infringe
ment on the copyright of General Mabone,
who's got 'em all now.
A Polllicnl Paradox.
From the Norrlstown Herald. 1
' A schoolteacher instructs bis pupils that
"Politics" is a plural noun. Politics mpfbe
plural, but some of Its results are decidedly
THE PITTSBUEG DISPATCH,
A SOLDIER'S TRAINING.
Compulsory Military Service at a Factor In
Education-Opinion of Great Writer
on an Important Subject Physical and
mental Development CloselyKelated.
Prom an editorial article In The Dispatch
of July 26, headed "Popular Military Train
ing," 1 learn with much pleasure that a "hun
dred military companies of Georgia have pre
sented a memorial to the Legislature ofthat
State, asklngfor the enactment of a law pro
viding for one year's compulsory military ser
vice to all the male population of that State.'
Although you observe that "compulsory mili
tary service is generally regarded as foreign to
American Institutions," you comment most ju
diciously and favorably upon the proposition,
and every patriotic, public-spirited and able
bodied man in the country will promptly agree
with you upon the subject But the immense
advantage of such a military training, not only
as an instrument of national defense, hut also
as a great national educator, is not yet prop
erly understood in this country. The military
terrorism of some of the European powers Is
the awe-inspiring bugbear that holds tho free
born American citizen In mortal fear of any.
thing pertaining to compulsory military educa
tion. However, there is not much danger of
the severe Russian or German military discip
line ever being introduced or adopted in this
country. As it is, neither the militia. National
Guard nor the volunteers are run on strictly
At present it Is not my desire tp point out the
advantages of a year's compulsory military
service for the purpose of national defense,
bnt meralv to draw attention to the incalcula
ble benefit of such trainlngand discipline upon
the mind and the body of the young men of
Huxley strikes the keynote to the ideal bf
manly education when he says:
"That man, I think, has a liberal education
who has been so trained in youth that his body
is the ready servant of his will, and does with
case and pleasure all the work It is capable of;
whoso intellect is a clear, cold logic engine,
with all Its parts of equal strength and In
smooth working order, ready, like a steam en
'gine. to bo turned to any work, and spin the
gossamers as well as forge the anchors of the
mind; whose mind is stored with a knowledge
of the great and fundamental truths of nature,
and of the laws of her operations; one who, no
stunted ascetic, Is full of life and fire, but
whose passions are trained to come to heel by
a vigorous will; the servant of a tender con
science, who has learned to love all beauty,
whether of nature or of art, to hate vlleness,
and to respect others as himself."
Every scientific thinker will readily admit
the lmportanco of what Charles Klngsley re
marks concerning the people of ancient Greece:
"To produce health that is, harmony and sym
pathy and grace in every faculty ol mind and
body was their notion of education."
On the subject of manly excellence Plato
says; "Everything that Is good is fair, and the
fair is not without measure, and the animal
who is fair may be supposed to have measure.
Now we perceive lesser symmetries and com
prehend them, but about the highest and great
est we have no understanding, tor there Is no
symmetry greater than that of the tsoul to the
body. This, however, we do not perceive, nor
do we allow ourselves to reflect that when a
weaker or lesser frame Is the vehicle of a great
and mighty soul, or, conversely, when a little
soul is encased In a large body, then the whole
animal Is not fair, for It Is defective in the
most important of all symmetries; but the fair
mind in the fair body will be the fairest and
loveliest of all sights to him who has the see
Martin Luther characterizes his countrymen
as "fit and always prepared for joining the
army and for, battle. For verily our boys will
bave to defend land and people, and to be war
Milton pays a most exact attention and de
votes much meditation to the subject of mili
tary training for the young. He says: "The
exercise which I first commend is the exact
use of their weapon to guard and to strike safely
with edge or point This will keep them
healthy, nimble, strong and well In breath; Is
also the likeliest means to make them grow
large and tall, and to Inspire them with a gal-1
lantand fearless courage, which, being tem
pered with seasonable lectures and precepts to
make them of true fortitude and patience, will
turn into a native and heroic valor and make
them hato the cowardice'of doing wrong. They
must also be practiced in all the locks and
grips of wrestling, wherein Englishmen are
wont to excel, as need may often be in fight to
tug, to grapple and to close. And this, per
haps, will be enough wherein to prove and
heat their single strength."
In addition he proposes "that, caving in
sport but with much exactness and dally
muster, served out the rudiments of their
soldiership in all the skill of embattling. march
ing, encamping.forttfying,bpsieglng and batter
Ins: with all the helps of ancient and modern
stratagems, tactics and warlike maxims, they
may, as it wero out of a long war, come forth
renowned and perfect commanders in the ser
vice ol their country."
In Sweden, during some hundred years, mili
tary training has been introduced in all public
schools as part of the dally curricul-m. When
20 years old every Swede must serve as soldier
for a short period, during two years in succes
In the United States, with all their liberal
schools, institutions and seats of learning, very
little attention Is devoted to the physical de
velopment and the mental discipline of the
young. With the rare exception of a fewcrack
regiments, college athletes, clubmen, base
ballers, oarsmen, bicyclists, runners, jumpers,
trapeze and parallel bar men, the young man
of the time receives no physical training what
soever, and all these pastimes, fascinating as
they may be for the youth of the period, do
not replace proper physical education by any
Such an education, be it military or other
wise, should have only one aim in view, via, to
develop all the organs of the body harmoniously,
ifar from doing this, the prevailing pastimes
and gymnastics, carried on to an excess at gen
erally done, bave unexceptlonally a directly
opposite tendency, and most unsatisfactory,
viz to develop certain organs of the body at
the expense of other parts. We get no har
mony or symmetry out of it and whether it is
conducive to health or not is at least question
able. One thing is at any rate certain: That
athletic training of long durance and customary
rigor aiming at one feat performed at the
highest pitch of physical endeavor, Is most
ruinous to both health and mind.
Proper military training and discipline exer
cise the best and greatest Influence upon the
individual physically and mentally. It is mod
erate in its demands, resorts not to hot-house
forcing, but keeps the physical faculties of the
individual In wholesome balance. The youth
of military training Is easily distinguished by
his manly bearing and graceful stature. Com
radeship eradicates selfishness and meanness
of character. The service under the flag of the
country fans the fire of patriotism and love of
the Union. Such a military education not only
develops the personality of the individual, but
also consecrates him to the State, to the
The liberty and the welfare of the Union are
Inseparable from that of the Individual. Sound,
strong, courageous, determined and unselfish
Individuals are needed for the preservation of
the former and constitute by themselves the
sole condition for happy, social and political
development A. G. H.
- DEATHS OP A DAY.
Dr. W. B. Robert.
rSrXCTAL TELXOBAIITOTBB DISrATCH.
Tmrs villi. Pa., July SO, Dr. W.B. Boberts
died in this city this afternoon. He was a noted
man In the history of the oil region, 'lie was, with
his brother, K. A. L. Koberts, now deceased,
originator ol torpedoes tor blasting oil wells.
Boberts Torpedo Company, organized In 1865, for
many years enjoyed benefits of a monopoly ofths
business, from which they grew Independently
rlcn. Areceasea ws uuru m jnmuu, oar&iop
county. . V., Msyl S, IS33. In U7J he was elected
to the Legislature and In 1878 to the Senate. He
was several tunes nominated for Congress from
tills district but defeated. Last year he was
elected delegate to the National Bepubllean Con
vention at Chicago, and strongly supported Har
rison and Morton. He leaves an estate of fi
000,000. Zebedlah Lee.
ISPECIAL TELEGRAM TO TOE DISPATCH.!
FrxcLAY, Jnly30. Zebedlah Lee aled in Orange
township, this connty, to-day, aged 101 years, S
months and 10 dsya, He was born In farqner
connty, Va., May 20, 17c?, and had been marrtet
three times. His descendants, reaching Into
Keat-great-grandchlldren, number nearly 2U0.
le had been a resident of Ohio over three-quarters
of a eentnry, and at bis death was without
doubt the oldest person la the State. -
- :-A-;...u.. .
TODNESDAY, JULY 31
THE T0BKT0WH ALL EIGHT. ,
A Very Satisfactory Trial Crulte of the New
New York. July 30. The United States
cruiser Yorktown, Commander French E.
Cbadwick commanding, returned to the Brook
lyn Navy Yard yesterday from her 48 hours'
cruise at sea for battery trial The result of the
testwas eminently satisfactory. No damage
was caused by the heavy firing, except on glass
in the cabin and on the after flreroom hatch.
Not a bolt started; not even a seam in the deck
opened, and the crockery stored below never
suffered a single crack. No trial of the en
gines was made. The whole test was confined
?o the batteries. On Saturday forenoon, the
Yorktown left the Brooklyn yard, steamed
down the East river, and a little later anchored
off Bedloe's Island. The weather was foggy
and thick, but not caring to watt longer. Com
mander Chadwlck got his vessel nnder way in
the afternoon, and ran'.througb. the Narrows to
the lower harbor.
Here the deviation of the compass was ac
curately noted, the cruiser being swung for
this purpose. At 2X5 p. M. Saturday, the
Yorktown was on her way to sea. As she
cleared the bar a course southeast one-eighth
south was steered from Sandy Hook light ship
to a distance of about 70 miles. The whole of
Saturdayafternoon was so thick and foggy
that no attempt was made to fire, and, night
coming on, the Yorktown was headed in closer
to shore to a position distant about 30 miles off
the coast Here the cruiser lay all of Saturday
night and all of the following Sunday and
Sunday night. Monday morning came in
bright and clear, and as 9 o'clock approached
all preparations were made to go to quarters.
At two bells the drum sounded the calf and the
crews rapidly fell In at the batteries, while the
powder division stationed along decks and at
tho shell hoists was ready to pass the ammuni
tion. No attempt was made to hurry the fire,
and all guns were supplied without the slightest
rush or confusion. The supply was effected In
all cases with perfect ease. The carriages
worked perfectly, not the slightest hitch being
experienced from them in any particular.
Throughout the whole of the test a stiff
breeze was blowing from south by west the
Yorktown submitting to her test while lying in
a very trough of the sea. The swell was so
heavy that the cruiser frequently rolled to an
angle of 20 degrees, but her movement was al
ways easy without any tendency to throw a
person off bis feet During the greater part of
the trial the engines of the Yorktown remained
stationary, but the last four shots were fired
while the cruiser was moving slowly ahead.
Heavy seas broke at times aeainst the vessel
during the fire, but throughout it all the York
town doggedly clung to her reputation of being
a steady and easy-moving vessel.
POEAKEE A SUEB WINNEE,
Ex-Speaker Kelfer Tells a Ferv Thing
Aboat Ohio Politic.
rSFECIAL TSLEOBAU TO TBI DISPATCB.1
New York, July 30. Ex-Speaker J. Warren
Kelfer, of Ohio, was at the Fifth Avenue Hotel
to-day. As to politics and the coming election
he said that Governer Foraker would be elected
by 20,000 or 25,000 majority and added.-
"It is an off year and the voters will not all
turn out except in close districts. However,
the Democrats bave no chance whatever and
tbey seem to realize it I do not believe they
will make a strong effort Dissatisfaction in
the Republican ranks? There is none what
ever. Senator John Sherman's letter clearly
shows that he is for the ticket and his followers
will be in line, too. -Of course there will be a
"A great many Ohio people think that it
nnTprnor Foraker is elected bv a very large
majority it will put him in line for the Presi
dency in 1S92. Do you think sot"
"No ono knows what the political wheel of
fortune will turn for us In 1892. I do not mean
to say that Governor Foraker will be less
fromlnent than he Is now. We all know that a
'residental boom Is not a perennial boom, but
often a thing of mushroom growth. Therefore
it Is difficult to tell who will be in the public
eye In 1882. Naturally Obto cannot be easily
knocked out of the bright galaxy of Presl
"Who will succeed Senator Payne?"
We have three candidates, Messrs. Butter
worth, Foster and McKlnley, either of whom
tcnniH tnakn a. crood Senator. But they are not
making any flaibt to elect a Legislature that
will support them. You see, wo are modest in
Ohio in such matters, and we believe that the
Legislature should first be elected before the
canvass begins for the Senatorshlp. Congress
man McKinley may be elected Speaker, which
would eliminate him from the race and narrow
It down to a fight between ex-Governor Foster
and Congressman Ben Butterworth. Our next
Senator will be a Republican, I am sure."
A MODERN POETIA.
A Lawyer' Wife Conducts a Cato In Court
for Her Husbnnd.
Chicago, July SO. A rare proceeding hap
pened in Judge Waterman's court to-day when
there came up the divorce suit of Alice Fisher,
who was a Pennsylvania maiden before she
married a Utah ranch owner. She rebelled
against doing household drugery, cooking for
the cowboys and returning the social calls of
their Mormon neighbors barefoot and in a
calico dress. When Fisher found that his wife
was no longer a profitable Investment he nego
tiated with a Mormon rancher for the sale of
his spouse on the Installment plan at the rate of
$100 a month for one year, but Mrs. Fisher ob
jected to being a party to the contract and
sought refuge and a divorce in this city.
Mrs. Fisher retained D. L. Carmlchael, a
prominent attorney, but he was prevented by
sickness from appearing in court to-day. His
Eretty wife, who is not a lawyer, was on hand,
owever, to take his place, and the Court gra
ciously allowed her to handle the case. Mrs.
Carmlchael started out with her examination
of her witnesses rather timidly at first but
afterward warmed up to her work. As the de
fendant was not representea tne juage was
compelled several times to call a halt when the
novice asked leading, improper and irrelevant
questions, bu' as an amateur feminine lawyer
with her rlrst "brief" Mrs. Carmlchael was a
success, besides affording much amusement to
the lawyers present The Judge continued the
case for further evidence, and complimented
the lawyer's wife In a manner which brought
the blushes to her cheeks.
TEI1KG TO DO TOO MUCH.
A Mistake Too Often ainde br Ambition
A. H. Peters, lnAngust Forum.
Nothing can be more useful to a man than
the determination not to be hurried. The pop
ular idea that a man's prosperity or his useful
ness depends upon the amount of his business,
is not a correct one. Here, as everywhere else,
quality counts for more than quantity. The
most successful man is not he who Is always
doing. Ask an old merchant how to succeed
and he will tell you: "Do cot try to do too
We make merchandise of ourselves in order
to satisfy our constantly expanding volume of
want the measure, as we are told, of civiliza
tion. The more wants we are unable to refuse,
the more civilized we become. If this be civil
ization, let us get baclc to barbarism at once.
We are a richer and a busier people, but we are
politically, industrially and socially a less inde
pendent people than were Americans of two
Generations ago. Leisure is necessary to de
mocracy. With no leisure there can be no in
telligence, and without intelligence democracy
K0 FEAE OP FAILUEE.
A Boston Man In a Small Boat Headed for
on English Port.
New York, July 30. Captain Campbell, of
the Anchor Line's steamship Anchovia, sighted
last Friday, about 500 miles from Boston, a
small sloop-rigged boat The steamer bore
down on the little craft and found that the
Captain, cook and crew consisted of a grizzly
bearaed man of about 35, who sat in a sort of
cockpit amidships, the forward and upper part
cf the boat being decked over.
The boat's name was Instantly made out to
be the Nelly Gordon, of Boston, and from the
direction she was heading the Anchovia's offi
cers think she was bound for some English
port Her Captain refused any assistance, and
it was hard to understand what be did say, by
reason of the escaping steam from the Ancho
via's pipes. He seemed to be In excellent
health and spirits, and In no need of assistance.
MONKEY HUNTING IN INDIANA.
A Novel Pastime Engaging the Attention of
Vtnceitnes, July SO. John W. Allen, living
six miles east of here, several days ago made
the discovery that the dense woods on his farm
was the habitation of a good-sized monkey.
Mr. Allen and his neighbors have frequently
watched the antics of the monkey from a dis
tance, but were never able to get near the ani
mal, which, when pursued, would hide and re
main under cover lor several das s. The suppo
sition Is that the monkey made its escape from
a menagerie. A farmers' club has been or
ganized to effect Its capture.
Susk la a New Bole.
From the Chicago Mall.-.
"Uncle Jerrv" Rusk has become a baseball
crank and Is regarded as a mascot by the Wash
, Inst on club, which has never lost a game when
"Uncle Jerry.1 was present
EMPIRE' CITY CHIT-CHAT.
Will Tempt the Grim Fellow Again.
WXW TOOK BUREAU SPXCIALS.1
New York, July 30. Real Estate Dealer
John Burrlll, the moneyed man In the Camp
bell alr-shlp enterprise, Is making arrange
ments for the construction of a new ship that
will knock fhe previous attempts all hollow.
He Intends to have a new balloon built, with a
capacity of 25,000 cubic feet This he will
harness to the original car. and some time be
fore tho leaves fall an ascension will be made
that will demonstrate all that P. Carmont
Campbell .has claimed for his sky-flyer. In
ventor Campbell says tat all the big aeronauts
are anxious to give an exhibition ascension in
the new ship. Prof. Allen, who was at one
time Dom Pedro's court aeronaut and who
made the first successful ascension with the air
ship. Is anxious for another chance to tempt
the grim feUow. The next ascension will
probably be made In the latter part of August,
and if successful, the company will engage
several balloonists and give exhibitions In
different parts of the country.
Quito a Lot of.gport.
A big crowd of sporting men went down to
Laurel Hill early this morning to see Jack
Qulnn and Jack Kelly, local amateur pugilists,
try to knock each other out The fight itself
was unimportant Qulnn used up his antag
onist in two rounds. The real fun began when
Rod McMahon. the bookmaker, stepped into
the ring after Kelly was knocked out and
asked: "What was the matter with Kellyr'
He never found out The words were hardly
spoken before he was knocked senseless with a
billy by one of the Qulnn crowd. Swipes, the
newsbovslni-rar. carried him out A general
rough-and-tumble fight f oUowed. In the midst
of the scrimmage Henry Flaherty, of Wood
side, leaped Into the ring waving a six-shooter
of bulldog pattern, and shouted: "Up with
your hands! Up with your hands, every one of
you I" In an instant everyone was stretched on
the i floor. Crack went the pistol, and the ball
Imbedded itself In tho roof. Shot after shot
followed until at least a dozen had been fired.
Then there was a mad scramble, and the sports
and reporters made a dash for places of safety.
They watted no time, and no one was anxious
to go back where Flaherty and his gang wero
holding forth. More than one suit of clothes
or hat was ruined by running against nails and
jumpins over fences. A threat was made by
Simon Flaherty that if anyone laid a hand on
his son Henry he would kill the man on the
spot Noue waited to test the old man's word.
Every one got orrof the way and scrambled
back to-the city as fast as they could.
Dangerous New Counterfeit.
Etlis H. Roberts, Assistant Treasurer, and
his assistants, are keeping a sharp lookout for
a new issue of counterfeit silver certificates
which have got Into circulation here within the
last few days. The new counterfeits are of the
denomination of $10. and they are such close
Imitations of the genuine that experts find it
difficult to detect their true character. The
engraving especially Is so excellent that the
sub-treasury officials think the counterfeits are
printed from stolen genuine plates.
Something; New In Journalism.
A new departure In journalism has been
made by Root & Tinker, publishers. They
issued to-day the Initial number of. the Daily
Drygoodt Reporter, the first and only daily
trade newspaper In the world.
What Wii In Her Bustle.
Marie Vincenze Chiara Carracina, an Italian
beauty, arrived to-day from Italy on the steam
ship Neustrla. She landed at Castle Garden
this forenoon, and was detained. Her name
had nothing to do with the detention. An
unusually large Dnstle and an evident desire to
avoid attention aroused the suspicions of Cus
tom Inspecforess Mrs. Parks. The bustle was
found to contain five gold chains, S3 pairs of
kid gloves, two cold-mounted vinaigrettes, two
silver chains, nine finger rings, five gold pend
ants, and five pairs of earrings. The property
has been confiscated.
AN ELETATqE TEUST.
Three Syndicate Competing for Valuable
St. Lout Property.
I SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THX DISPATCH.
ST. Louis. July 3a The St. Louis United
Elevator Company, which is the other name
for a trnst that controls all the local grain ele
vators, will probably transfer, in a few days,
the elevator system of the city to an outside
syndicate. No less, than three distinct and
powerful syndicates are now at work through
their agents to obtain a controlling Interest in
the United Elevator Company. Each syndi
cate Is carrying on Its operations with the ut
most secrecy, privately sounding some of tho
stockholders, but making, so far as can be
learned, no direct offers to the company. Who
compose these syndicates, and where they hall
from, are not definitely known, but one Is sup
posed to be a London syndicate, another of
New York, and the third of Chicago. In the
course of two or threo days, however, options
will be obtained, and their identity will soon
The company was stocked at $3,000,000, di
vided In 80,000 shares. When the number of
the elevators, their capacity, location, ground
and switching facilities are all taken into con
sideration, this is believed to be a very low
..i.,Hn. i md it in harrtlr llkelv that much of
the stoce can be bought by any syndicate at
less than par, and for the majority as much as
$125 will have to be paid. It Is pretty certain,
however, that a majority of the stock can bo
bought if a good price fs offered. It has been
estimated that by the saving in operating ex
penses caused by the consolidation the proper
ty ought to pay a dividend of 10 or 12 per cent
GOSSIP MADE THE MATCH.
A Good Story Concerning the Courtship or
the Princes Louise.
From the Boston Herald.
A pretty story, pretty enough to be true. Is
told of Princess Louise, whe yesterday wedded
the Earl of Fife. It seems this shy royal maiden
had been "struck on" the Earl for years; In
fact even before she came out hut she had
never told her love, nor did tho Earl tell his
until a kind court busybody, guessing the se
cret went to papa with It And during all these
five years the Princess always bought a birth
day present for the man she loved, but as she
never dared give it to film, the little gift was
i(i ..w.i tn n drawer and carefully locked up.
There is something exceedingly touching in
this fit of girlish sentiment and, with it in
mind, no wonder the Prince of Wales spoke of
his daughter's engagement as one of pure af
fection. A girl like this will make a tender,
Edncntlns; the Indians?
From theJaltimore American. 1
Along with education the Indians are getting
more practical wisdom. Tbeir common sense
in recent treaty negotiations has cropped out
strongly. It is well that this U so. The Gov
ernment's policy la getting everything possible
from the red men drives them to rigid self
A Terse Definition.
From the Chicago Tlnes.l
Senator Evarts is credited with being a vic
tim of the long-sentence habit but this is terse
enough: "I can explain to you what a con.
tlngent fee means In a ftw words," he said
recently. "In short If -I lose your suit I" get
nothing; If I win your suit yon get nothing."
A Pity She' Kot a Jersey Woman.
From the Buffalo Express. 1
Mrs. Lucy Parsons, of Illinois, is talking
again of revolution and bloodshed. If Lucy
lived in New Jersey she could be indicted as a
Like lakes of gold, among the darker green,
Tbe gleaming wheat fields lay;
And silver waves of wind-swept oats between
Cast up a brighter spray.
Across the level meadows, reaped and bare,
The pink-Hushed sorrel grew;
And from the fragrant clover fields the sir
Blew warm, and moist with dew.
Tbe stately elms against the sapphire dome
Their graceful atches cast;
And flocks of fleet-winged swallows flying home,
Lite silent shadows passed.
The flreflles'fllekercd In the"Wavlng wheat
Like tangled skeins orilgbt;
And all the land lay bushed In silence tweet
Boothed by the summer night.
The pale young moon adown tbo rosy west
Hr slender crescent swung;
In the dark wood, a ntrd, beside Its nest
Like Lore Imprisoned sung.
Xti.L.M. Mcnan in 8, S,.Timu.
THE BIBLE AS A GUIDE BOOK.
How It Aided M. Navllle In HI Exploration
of Ancient Egypt.
At the recent meeting of the Victoria Insti
tute' in London M. Naville gave an account of
his explorations In Egypt and the remarkable
discoveries made there. He commtneed by
quoting the prophecy of Ezeklel against Egypt,
because it contained the names of the leading
burled cities, the recovery of the records of
which he is so desirous to obtain; and here we
may be permitted to digress for a moment to
call attention to the fact that the authoress of
the last published work In regard to the East
declares that this prophecy had not been ful
filled according to the prophet's words.
Strange that the greatest and most successful
Egyptian explorer of modern times should
go to this very phophecy for light to enable
him to find that which others had failed to dis
covert Taxing the last city named, he de
scribed now be found Pibsseth-Bubastis, how
each day's excavating work brought him new
relics, new inscriptions; how he found Rameses
1L, in the nineteenth dynasty, had, as usual,
blooted out the came of previous Pharaohs,
and put his name on everything, even on the
statue of a Pharaoh of the fourth dynasty; and
how, by careful comparison, aided by the fact
that Rameses 1L had not been quite thorough
in his appropriations, be had discovered which
Pharaoh of the fourth dynasty the statue rep
resented. He came to the conclusion that Buhastls was
founded at least as early as In the reign of
Cheops,between whom and Pepl, of whose In
fluence there were traces, 600 years intervened,
800 years alter there was a transformation of the
r.ltv in thn twelfth dynasty: in the fourteenth
dynasty there was the Invasion of the Hyksos or
Shepherds, who, from the statues of great
beauty found, and from other evidences, must
have been ahlghly cultivated people, w ho, ho
conslderecLmnst have come from Mesopotamia.
Dr. Virchow considered that their monuments
represented Turanians, and Prof. Flower con
sidered them to represent people of a Turanian
or Mongoloid type, but that did not mean that
the population itself was Turanian. Their
worship and language was of a Semitic type,
but the statues of their kings showed that
tbey were not Semites.
M. Navllle added: "It was then what It is
now; and I believe that the conquest of Egypt
by the Hyksos is not unlike what would happen
at the present day if the population of Meso
potamia overran tho valley of the Nile; you
would have masses, in great majority of
Semitic race, speaking a Semitic language,
having a Semitic religion, and being under the
command of Turks, who are not Semites but
OATS WILL BE PLENTY.
It Will be the Largest Crop Ever Harvested
In the Country.
Chicago, July 30. The followlngwlllappear
In this week's issue of the Farmer? Review:
Accoidlng to the statistics furnished by our
crop correspondents, the oat crop of the pres
ent season will be the largest ever harvested In
the United States, but the yield will not be as
heavy as at first anticipated, owing to the ex
cessively wet weather and frequent wind
storms that have lodged and rusted the straw
on many fields. A larger acreage was sown to
oats In Illinois than In any other State, and her
crop will, therefore, be larger than that of any
other State. Considering the average yield per
acre and the condition at harvesting time, '
Iowa and Wisconsin take the lead. Indiana
will do almost as well. The crop will be a
heavy one all over the country save in Dakota,
where, as has previously been reported, oats
are almost a total failure owing to drouth.
We summarize our reports as tollows: Aver
age condition at harves: time Illinois. 95, In
diana, 101; Ohio, 99; Missouri, 96; Kentucky, 93;
Iowa, 104; Kansas. 92; Nebraska, 62: Michigan,
100: Wisconsin, 107; Minnesota, 82: Dakota, 42.
On this basis we estimate the crop as follows:
Illinois, acreage, 3,914.700; estimated yield, 34
bushels; total. 133.101.840 bushels. Indiana,
acreage, 1,087.083; estimated yield, 34 bushels;
total. SO,WiU,lZ Dusneis; unio, acreage, i,vu.iuij
estimated yield. 33 bushels; total, 34,373,031
bushels. Kentucky, acreaee, 520.580; estimated
yield, 25 bushels; total, 13,024,600 bushels; Mis
souri, acreage, 1,426,8J7; estimated yield,
33 bushels; total, 47.085,621 bushels.
Iowa. acreage, 2,637,501: estimated
yield. 40 bushels; total, 10o.500.040 bushels.
Kansas, acreage. 1.989,388; estimated yield, 33
bushels; total. 65,659,804 bushels. Nebraska,
acreage. 1.105.910: estimated yield. 28 bushels;
total. 30,965,480 Dushels. Michigan, acreage,
827,346; estimated yield, 36 bushels; total, 29,
784.856 bushels. Wisconsin, acreage, 1.483,796;
estimated yield, 42 bushels; total. 62.319,432
bushels. Minnesota, acreage, 1,577,756; esti
mated yield. 25 bushels: total, 39,443,800 bushels.
Dakota, acreage, 1.207.688: estimated yield, 7
bushels; total. 8,453,816 bushels.
Total yield for the above named States, 606.
672,632 bushels. Assuming that the yield In
other States will be equal of that of last year,
or 156,487,900 bushels, the total oat crop of the
United States will be about 763.160,432 bushels,
or a train of 61,425,000 bushels over the oat crop
A FEEE EIDE TO GETTISBUEG.
The Attorney General' Opinion on Who 1
1 Entitled to It.
ISrECtALTELXOOAJC TO TOT DISPATCH.1
Harrisbtjro, July 30. Tho applications of
soldiers for transportation to Gettysburg at the
time of the dedication of the monuments of
the organizations which participated in the
three days' fight have become so numerous
that Adjutant General Hastings found it neces
sary to ask the Attorney General to Interpret
one of the provisions of the law providing for
the disbursement of $50,000 to convey soldiers
to the battle field and return them to their
homes. Tho question was whether a soldier,
formerly a member of a participating organi
zation.bat who had been discharged or dropped
from the rolls previous to the battle of Gettys
burg, was entitled to free transportation.
Attorney General KirkpAtrick has rendered
an opinion in which he holds that "to be en
titled to transportation bis name must have
been on the rolls not only erior to but at tho
time of the battle of Gettysburg. The require
ments are that he must have been honorably
discharged and a resident of Pennsylvania at
the date of the passage of this act. His organ
ization must have taken part in the battle of
Gettysburg on one or more of the days upon
which it was f oucht, and his came must have
been on the rolls at the time of, as well as be
fore, the battle. All who had previously been
connected with such organization, but who had
been discharged, or whose names had been
dropped from the rolls prior to the battle, are
excluded equally with those who after the bat
tle became connected with the organization,
however honorably either class may have par
ticipated in the earlier or later achievements
of their regiment elsewhere."
Qnny Shelling Pes.
From the New York Telegram.l
A clew has been found to the mysterious dis
appearance of Matt Quay. A woman living
near Wilktsbarre, Pa., while shelling peas last
week suddenly dlsaopeared In a hole which
opened under her. When the great Republi
can master of campaign politics is too closely
pursued by office seekers It is supposed that he
at once begins to shell peas.
A promtkest young business man of Akron
went riding with a South Akron girl a few days
ago, and had a very enjoyable time. They
drove and chatted until several miles out of
town, when it began to rain. The gentleman
got out of the buggy and reached in tbe back
part of the vehicle to get the curtains, when
his band came In contact with a boy's leg, and
with a few jerks he extracted tbe squirming
brother of the young lady.
A Carlisle youth who wanted to go to a
picnic, but who was afraid to ask permission
from his employer, got bis girl, who lives In
Mechanlcsburg, to askf or Dim, which she did
by telephone, and secured the coveted permis
sion. There are several papers some of them
printed in Pennsylvania, too which still per
sist in alluding to Pittsburg as the "Smoky
City." As a matter of fact there is not a city
In the State more free from smoke than Pitts
burg. A QUEER animal, described as "a cross be
tween a kangaroo and a 'possum" was captured
by a York man the other day.
T. H. Riley, manager of a Willlamsport
tobacco store, has sold his big ball of tin foil
for $7. It weighed 62 pounds, and was, proba
bly, the largest ball of the kind In the country.
It was composed entirely of tin foil used to en
close tobacco, and he bad been collecting the
pieces and rolling them Into a ball for several
Michael Poet is the Republican candidate
for Coroner in Blair county.
KrmAKTOw has a Christian science or faith
cure society, numbering 125 members, which
holds services every Sunday evening.
Wirt cocstt, W. Va., reports the discov
ery ot a green snake with two heads and two
necks. The reptile is about two feet long and
shaped something like the letter x.
There are 14,247 policemen in London, .
and 14,267 hacks.
At Villa KIdge, near Cairo, 111., one -firm
has just made a purchase of J40.000 worth
of grapes at 3 cents a pound.
At the Schuylkill United States Arsenal,
near Philadelphia, there is manufactured each
year 8,000,000 rounds of ammunition and 15,000,
000 of line balls.
A rattlesnake kept hy an Orlando (Fla.)
Jeweler Uved 18 months without eating. His
owner then put an end to the snake's misery by
A persevering parrot in Atlanta prac
ticed a new tnne every night for a week till he
mastered it, to the great annoyance of the
occupants of the house, who were kept awake
by the noise.
A new story from Rome: At a well
known book shop a-copy of MaxO'Rell's trav
els in America was asked for. and the response
was in German-English that "Marcus Aurelius
vos neffer in the Unided Staatesf'
The most resplendent reputation ever
earned by a Maine man Is that of a horse jockey
in Waldo county, whose customers are said to
have so much confidence in him that they buy
by telephone or telegraph without looking at
There has been a decrease in immigra
tion during the last year. The total arrivals in
June were only 46,059, as compared with 68,473
a TMr ncn Thn tntal for the 12 months endinx
July 1 was 438.619, which Is 101,201 less than for
tne preceding iz mon;us.
The ice cream terror is reported to have
given place to a new and even more formidable
obstacle to the happiness of young men at the
summer resorts. It is all the style now for
young gallants to buy little balloons to match
their young ladies' dresses.
Mrs. Mary E. Hanchett, who died re
cently at Chittenango, N. Y was the second
woman graduate of an American medical col
lege. She received the degree of Doctor of
Medicine from the Albany Medical College Id
1848. She was a woman of great intelligence
and force of character.
Hiram Case, of Three Rivers, Mich., is
a tough old case. This year he went twice
around a ten-acre field, and after raking and
binding the two swaths, be put the bundles up
in shock. He is 92 years old and has cut wheat
with a cradle and bound It lor 70 years past He
is exceedingly proud of his recora.
Probably the oldest pair of twins in
Michigan are Mrs. Betsey Wood, of Grand
Ledge, and Mrs. Lucy Wixom, of Wlxom, Oak
land county. It they live until October next
tbey will be 90 years of age. and both are re
markably active physically and mentally, their
bearing and eyesight being very good.
The Hague Museum has recently ac
quired the tongue of Jan de Witt ancfthe great
toe of his brother, Cornelius de Witt two
statesmen who were torn to pieces by an an
gered people in 1672. M. Cockhuyt of Leyden,
who has presented them to the museum,
vouches for their genuineness, as "they havo
both been in our family since 1672."
The Austrian Archbishops are proba
bly the most highly paid In the world. The
Cardinal Archbishop of Vienna has only about
6,000 a year, but the Cardinal Archbishop of
Olmutz has 40,000, the Cardinal Archbishop of
Prague has 35.000, and the Archbishop of
Erlru has 60,01X1. And the primate ot Hun
gary, the Cardinal Archbishop ot Gran, has
Snakes are trying hard t astonish the
Connecticut natives this year. In Chaplin, a
rooty hill town southwest of Norwich, there Is
an old dry well that Is a quarter full of snakes.
Mr. Augustus Evans owns the well, and when
ever be wants to have fun he visits the well and
kills snakes. His best record at the sport was
made a few days ago when he bagged 31 black-
Lsnakes and four adders.
It is not generally known that a news
paper in classical Latin Is published fortnight
ly In Italy. It editor is Carlo Arrtgo Ulrichs, a
young scholar of Italian parentage on one sldo
and of German parentage on the other, and he
has tne assistance oi several tearneu coninuu
tors in both nations. It is full of anecdotes.
jokes and verses in classical dress. Tbe only
tnicg as yet wanting; 10 its penect coasiabeucj
is the translation ot the advertisements Into
the tongue of Cicero.
Miss Bole, the pretty girl blacksmith
who is said to be making quite a pile of money
in 'Frisco, has already a rival in Allde Wilder,
a tall and not unattractive brunette, who makes
creditable horseshoes in a little shOD under an
elm tree in the suburbs of Brooklyn. Miss
Wilder is 26 years old, and has dark. Oriental
looking eyes, and short, curly dark hair. Her
form is slender but well knit, and she has been
accustomed to help ber father in the smithy
ever since she was a child.
Seven years ago Bridget Miller, of Sar
atoga, obtained a divorce from ber husband.
Sbe paid a Saratoga lawyer $75 for his services
in connection with the case. One day last
week sbe called upon the lawyer at his office
with the divorce papers, requestingblm to take
them back and refund tbe money which they
cost ber. She even offered to return them at
half price, as sbe had no further use for them.
When asked for her reason she said her bus
band, from wbom she bad been divorced, was
dead. Tbe lawyer refused to buy them.
Last Tuesday afternoon Miss Annie
Sanford, who is visiting at Greensboro, Ga
was in the parlor playing on a piano. She
played for some time, and upon stopping to go
into another portion of tbe house, she saw lying
coiled on tbe doormat an enormous snake. The
snake was lying with its head on its coil watch
ing the piano, and there can be no doubt it bad
been drawn into the room by the music Miss
Sanford has no idea how long It had been there,
for sbe bad been playing for some time. Tbe
hired man was called In and the snake killed.
Oregon has a woman mail carrier. Her
name is Miss Minnie Westman, and she carries
Uncle Sam's mall from the head of navigation
on Sinslaw river over the coast range mount
ains, following up tbe river to Hale's postofflco
station, within 15 miles of Eugene City. Her
route is 20 miles long, and Is situated right in
the heart of the mountains, where all the dan
gers and adventures incident to such an occu
pation abound. She carries the mail right and
left and fears nothing. She rides horseback
and carries a trusty revolver.
On July 21 the "Last Man's Club,"
composed of survivors of Company B of the
First Regiment of Minnesota, celebrated tbe
23th anniversary of the battle of Bull Run.
When the club was organized there were 22
members, and now there are 21. But 22 plates
are laid at each banquet and will continue to
be until tbe last man is seated alone at tho
table, who will partake of a bottle of wtno
which was presented to tbe club at its forma
tion. This Is nla ced on tbe table at each ban
quet hut will remain untouched and untasted
until the last man dines alone.
FUNNY MEN'S FANCIES.
A Logical Conclusion. She What does
a Chinaman call his sweetheart, I wonder?
He "Dovev, " I suppose. Ton know they speak
pigeon English. Aew 1'orkSun.
The Paraerapher at tbe Seashore. Miss
de Smythe Why did you leave ns and rush away
to the hotel to suddenly. Mr. Sqnlb?
Mr. Squib To get pencil and paper; I had a to
cent think. Puck.
A Real Necessity. Committeeman Be
fore engaging you for our pastorate we should
lite to know If you can preach without notes.
Pastor No. sir. Bank notes are a necessity
wtthme. Omaha World-Herald.
Henry So you asked old Growler for hia
daughter last night, did you, Fredr And how dldj
yon come oat?
If red-It was a window, I believe. Henry. That
was the best I could do, though. Aew Xork Sun.
She Do you love music? I am passion
ately fond of ltl He (lust lntrodueed)-I knew
you were. 1 watched you the other night at the
opera, and tbe way your Jaws kept time to the
music was a She Sir? Tern Haute Expnii.
Mrs. Fondwife Yes, I have a secret for
making mv hnsband happy. I add something to
his cares and that diminishes them.
Mrs. Ulggla U, do tell me what It Is.
Mrs. Jfondwlfe I add an "s." Detroit Jour
nal. A Valuable Sinner. Aunt Keziah
(severely) So you're going to try the experiment
of reforming young Scapely after marriage. Is be
Kittle (tearfully) Well, he's worth a million.
A Physical Demonstration. Inquirer
How does your protracted meeting prosper,
Parson O, very well. There's a great awsken
lng at the close of every sermon. Omaha World
Herald. I THE POETIC ASSERTION.
Though every pleasure has its pain,
And every rote Its thorn.
There's not a loss without a gain,
Kor e'er a hope forlorn.
THX PROSAIC DrUOXSTRATIOIf.
What though you lose a leg? Such shocks
Are nothing to the strong;
For well they know a pair of socks
TVU1 last them twice aalong.
" r rtirii'ri t i tri