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THE PIOTOBUKG DISPATCH, TUESDAY, JULY 80, 188a
ESTABLISHED FEBRUARY S, 181(1
VoLH No. ITS. Entered at Pittsburg Pottoffice,
November 14, 1837, at econd-claat matter.
Business Office--? and 00 Fifth Avenue.
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77 and 79 Diamond Street.
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PITTSBURG, TUESDAY. JULY SO. 1883.
A SAN1TAST LESSON.
The article published elsewhere, showing
that the prevalence of typhoid iever in
Allegheny was predicted by a local med
ical man, reads the public an important les
son on the necessity of constant vigilance
and unremitting and intelligent effort in
It appears frcm the statements referred
to, that this authority pointed out not only
the localities in which the disease would
prevail, but the causes which would pro
duce it. In addition to the bad water, in
complete drainage and cellars of a character
to breed disease were shown to exist. The
result proves that the causes which were thus
foreseen, and which might have been re
moved, have produced their natural results.
The prevalence of the fever, therefore,
stands as the result of conditions which
earnest and vigilant work might have pre
vented. The responsibility for this sickness and
death, as thus indicated, is a grave one; and
the lesson which It teaches oi the duty of
constant care in sanitation is oi the utmost
THAT BRIDGE ZIGHT.
The deadlock which has grown out of the
dispute between the Pittsburg, Cincinnati
and St. Louis Bailway and the rivermen
over the closing of the channel for repairs
to the Steubenville bridge, looks to outside
observers like the frequent contests which
are brought on by the determination of both
parties to have their way regardless of other
interests. The contention of the rivermen
that the channel should not be closed while,
,itis navigable has some foundation; and, on
the other side, it is also apparent that a time
of the year has been chosen for closing the
river when navigation usually is suspended.
That there is right and wrong on both sides
is more than probable; and that fact should
suggest that, as ii also the case in most
quarrels, the dispute can be much better
settled by united effort for a compromise
than the exclusively pugnacious policy.
A QUEER'S DISC0VEBY.
It is pleasant enough to read that Queen
Victoria took a great' fancy to Russell Har
rison when he visited her recently. We
have been given to understand that the
Queen of Great Britain is not easy to please,
and Mr. Harrison has some reason to be
proud of his conquest. But the .English
authorities which record the fact that Queen
Victoria was favorably impressed with Bus
sell Harrison go on to say that he impressed
her as a "most unassuming man who pos
sesses a great deal of common sense."
Surely we have reason as a nation to be
grateful to Her Majesty. She has made a
remarkable discovery. Here we have all
known Bussell Harrison at first, second or
even third hand ever since November last,
and we have never suspected him of being
unassuming or imputed tj him the posses
sion of more than his share of common
sense. Perhaps, like prophets, Presidents'
sons are not without honor save in their own
"We hope Queen Victoria has not been
over-hasty in her judgment of the yonng
man. The discovery is timely, if it be true.
MICHIGAN CAN STAND IT.
It is rather amusing to find an interview
going the rounds of the press in which Mr.
Burte, the President of the recently organ
ized salt combination, states that the law of
Michigan prohibiting manufacturing cor
porations with more than $5,000,000 capital
was the cause of irreparable loss to Michi
gan of having the salt combination with 515,
000,000 alleged capital, organized under its
laws. As this $15,000,000 in capital was
expended for the purchase of from 53,500,000
to 54,000,000 worth of property, it will be
seen that the obstacle to the organization of
the company in Michigan was not the law
of Michigan, but the anxiety of the pro
mo teis to infuse an immense amount of in
flation into their company's capitalization.
The subsequent fact that investors at large
have seen through the trust game of floating
watered stocks, and refused to have any-'
thing to do with the salt company, may
make it easier for Michigan to bear the loss
than it is for Mr. Burte to do the same
INACCURATE, BUT PBAISE WORTHY.
The Detroit Free Press, which has been
vigorously and intelligently advocating the
repeal of the sugar duties, answers the
criticism that the Democratic majority in
Congress voted against the radical reduc
tions proposed by the Bepublicans as
amendments to the Mills bill, by asserting
that "the position is changed." It says that
now "the sugar duty is seen to be a spe
cial evil," because it has "rendered possible
an extraordinary increase in the price of
the home product, an increase which adds
materially to the cost of living."
But this is just exactly where the es
teemed Free Frets is mistaken. In the first
place, the sugar duty has not added mate
rially to the cost of sugar, because the low
prices of sugar anterior to the Sugar Trust
were established under the duty which ex
ists now. Nor has the position with regard
to the increase in the cost of living,
created by the Sugar Trust, changed since
the Democrats in Congress re. used the rad
ical reductions which were supported by the
majority of the Republican members. At
that time the Sugar Trust had made an
advance in the cost ol sugar to the masses,
L ol three cents iter Dound. Sucar is some
what higher now than it was last year, but
the extra burden which the Sugar Trust un
votes on the consumers through excessive
'- charges for refining, is no larger now than
guinea, xn omer woros, me uiaerence oeiween
feVtlil retail virlr nf ttiffflrand li Trii AT
raw sugars, at the entry ports, is net neater
,- -. i
now than it was when the Democratic
majority in Congress refused to cut down
the duty below the C8 per cent protection
which it considered to be the right thing
where Democratic interests were concerned.
We are glad to see that the Free Press
now concedes that the sugar duties should
be reduced radically, it not altogether re
moved. That was the position which The
Dispatch took during the tariff debate in
Congress, and it was the one supported by
a majority of the Republican Congressmen.
It the Free Press will ensure that enough
Democratic Congressmen will now adopt that
view, there is no doubt that a change in
the duties can be effected at the next Con
gress, which will put a sudden stop to the
exactions ot the Sugar Trust, from the con
sumers at large.
B0ULANG2S AT A DISCOUNT.
The "Brave General," Boulanger, gets
but little consolation from the French elec
tion. Nowhere so quickly as in France
docs the tide of popularity flow and ebb, and
the mountebank politician, Boulanger, had
lots of previous experience of its swift
alternations in his own case. But his flight
from France has put his cause with the
people in contempt. He voluntarily chose
that such should be his standing before the
courts; he will not like so well the public
There is nothing that Boulanger can do
for France which it may not do for itself.
He recommends constitutional changes in
a general way, without too particularly
specifying a programme. His campaign is
against the existing powers, and his pur
pose is to consolidate in himself the strength
of the various elements of the opposition.
He has dealt in high-sounding phrases and
glittering generalities, rather than specifica
tions of practical reform. Few doubt much
that his ascendency would uncover a career
of adventure, in which personal fortune of
himself and his associates would be the
main end. The Bourbons and the Bona
partists were expected to promote the
change, for whatever chance it might bring
them; but the flight of Boulanger took away
their figurehead, and the election returns
indicate that they won't fight under the
banner of a voluntarily absent hero.
It is rumored that the discomfited Gen
eral is coming to the United States. There
is no place where he would more quickly
relapse into obscurity.
OTHERS DID NOT DOUBT.
The story of a private incident in Presi
dent Lincoln's career given by his biog
raphers, in the last issue of the Century, is
of a novel and surprising character. It is
to the euect that on the 23d of August, low,
just before Mr. Lincoln was renominated at
Chicago, he made a memorandum stating
his belief, or perhaps more strictly his
doubt, as to whether he would be re-elected,
and setting forth the course which he pro
posed lo pursue in handing over his office to
bis successor, if defeated. The story is of
such a remarkable character that it would
havi to be regarded as an invention if it
were not vouched for in detail by witnesses
who saw the memorandum sealed up in the
presence of the Cabinet and reopened before
the same body, after Mr. Lincoln was re
elected. The authority therefore being indisput
able, the only conclusion that is left is,
that, astute politician as Mr. Lincoln un
doubtedly was, the circumstances at that
time induced him to take a less accurate
view of the political situation in the North
than the great mass of the Northern people.
Whatever discouragements may have ex
isted in August, 1864, the vast majority of
the Northern people had no doubt
of Mr. Lincoln's re-election. In
deed, the indications that Mr. Lin
coln was supported by an overwhelming
majority of the North were unmistakable
to any man who was not borne down and
harassed by the terrible responsibilities of
the military conflict In 1862 there was
some room for doubt as to the continued
support of the administration by the North
ern States, on account of the election of
Seymour as Governor ot New York, and of
Buckalew as Senator from Pennsylvania.
But in 18C3 doubts of this sort were removed
by the overwhelming majority with which
Ohio defeated Vallandingham, as the sup
porter of the peace policy, and the general
victory of the Union party throughout the
States of the North. When the President
is reported to have been doubtful of his
re-election, the turning point of the rebel
lion had been reached, and its death-blows
had been administered at Gettysburg, Vicks
burg and Chattanooga; and at that very
time Atlanta was tottering to its fall into
the bands of Sherman.
If at that time President Lincoln did not
know that his re-election was a foregone
conclusion, it was only because he was so
borne down by his surroundings that he was
unable to take as clear a view of the situa
tion as the great majority of the Northern
THE NEED OP FREE LIBRARIES.
A movement to establish free libraries in
some of the interior cities of the State has
developed lately, as if to show that the
function of public lioraries is not wholly
neglected. Harrisburg proposes to use the
collection of books bequeathed by Simon
Cameron to the Y. M. C. A. of that city as
a nucleus. Lancaster has two or three
libraries belonging to educational institu
tions or organized on the subscription basis;
and the proposition there is that one or all
of them be purchased and used as the basis
for a free public library.
This shows' that the people of those cities
appreciate the benefit of well-equipped
libraries open to the entire public. The
multiplication of cheap books has caused a
doubt whether there is such a necessity
for public libraries as formerly; but experi
ence is beginning to demonstrate that the
necessity for comprehensive collections of
all classes of standard literature is by no
means met by the cheap publications which
place leisure reading within the means of
Meanwhile, as a contrast to the efforts of
Harrisburg and Lancaster, Pittsburg has
permitted an offer to establish a free library
Here to stand unimproved for more than
half a dozen years; while the old Mercantile
Library struggles with the task of stopping
the gap until the free library if established;
and the building which was erected for the
purpose of supporting the latter institution,
but which never has done so, is likely to
pass from its original public purpose to
With a grant of 5100,000 a ye3r, $1,000,
000 worth oi presents, and an income of
(500,000 possessed by the new bridegroom,
the Wales and Fie families ought to be
able to keep the wolf trom the door, with
out nrther parade of their need for aid be
fore the civilized world.
Chicago's late annexation act has de
veloped a singular conflict between the
municipal ordinances and the industrial
interests of the annexed district A, large
amount of dairy land was included in the
annexation; - and an ordinance is lound
on the Chicago statute book, dating from
the feat of Mrs. O'Leary's cow, prohibiting
any person from keeping more than three
cows within the city limits. This makes a
cood deal of trouble for the dairy farmers,
but of course Chicago will have to amend its
ordinances. When city lines are extended
so as to make dairy farming a leading city
Interest, the city ordinances will have to
conform to the needs of the milk business.
The suit for false arrest and imprison
ment, whether well founded or not, will
serve to warn the police that arrests must
not be made without Que authority and
sufficient cause. Locking people up with
out due reason will be likely to make trouble.
Ik a criticism upon the remark of the
Boston Traveller, which speaks of "Every
time the office cat of - the Sun lustily
shouts," etc., the Albany Journal declares
that "A cat that shouts would be a curi
osity." This intimation that the tabbies of
Albany have been trained to observe the
golden qualities of silence during their
peregrinations on the back fences of the
New York Capital, is calculated to increase
the attractiveness of that town as a resort
for people in need of rest Perhaps the
Albany cat has been taught to be silent by
observing the awful example of the New
The present trouble with the Exposition
is not whether exhibits enough can be ob
tained, but whether the crowd of exhibits
can be given the space and got ready by the
time for the opening of the show.
The older generation of local newspaper
workers is rapidly thinning out. The late
John C. Barr, whose funeral takes place
to-day, was one of the brightest and best
informed writers for the local press. He
was a man whose kindly, sympathetic dis
position made friends under all circum
stances. Not in newspaper work alone, but
also in knowledge of the details of Pennsyl
vania and national politics for forty years
back, he was justly esteemed an authority.
Few will be more sincerely regretted in
newspaper ranks than the deceased, whose
gentleness drew people very close to him.
This is the season of the year when
stories come up from the seaside resorts of
big winnings made in the gambling places
there, for the purpose of tempting the lambs
to hasten there and be fleeced.
With regard to the fact that laws against
trusts will have to be passed by the next
Congress, the Chicago Times reasserts "The
trust issue cannot be shirked. Cleveland
and the Democratic party are on record as
opposed to these infamous combines." But
the esteemed Times fails to cite the acts,
either of the last administration or of the
Democratic House in the last Congress,
which were calculated to wipe out those
prominent and typical combines, the Sugar
Trust and the Standard Oil Trust
The report of a riot among Italian labor
ers on the Bellevernon pipe line, may sug
gest to the employers of such labor that
sometimes the cheapest labor turns out to be
the most costly.
There is instruction as well as warning
in the fact that the late editorial manager of
the Chicago Times was kicked out ot his
position by the owners of the paper for
taking money from a certain eminent
millionaire of that city as a consideration
for a flop of the paper against the annexa
tion, to which the millionaire was opposed.
The instruction is made more pointed by the
fact that the venal editor was bounced after
an overwhelming vote had shown that he
flopped to the unpopular side.
The rascals who are setting fire to houses
in Duquesne, whether sympathizers with
the defeated strike or not, are eligible can
didates for the penitentiary.
TnE assertion by the attorney of Henry
S. Ives that there is a secret history con
nected with his financiering, and that Jay
Gould and Russell Sage are implicated in
it, is rather threadbare. It is quite prob
able that those eminent manipulators had a
finger in the pie, but it is getting weari
some, when a man is caught in an act of
notorious financial thievery, to have him
plead the baby act on the ground that a
bigger thief was behind him.
BouLANQEtt'a dough has beaten the
proverb by entirely falling to materialize
into anything like cake.
The Law and Order Society does not
show as much disposition to interfere with
the penny water tanks as the patrons who
try to cheat the machine by obstructing the
slot with bogus pennies in the shape of but
tons and pieces of tin. Dishonesty generally
turns out to be a worse nuisance than even
PEOPLE OF PROMINENCE.
Ex-Secretary Bayard is talked of as a
possible candidate for Governor of Delaware.
Fbank J. McCloud, a yonng business man
of Chicago, has just fallen heir to a fortune ot
2,750,000. left by bis mother in California.
At Capon 8prlngs, W. Va., is a tree bearing
a mark which is said to have been made upon
ltbyQeorge Washington when Lo was a sur
veyor. William Waiter Phelps, the new Min
ister to Germany, is rusticating at the little
village of Dunaff, a few miles from Scranton.
Dnnaff was bis boyhood borne. Ho is accom
panied by Galusba A. Grow, ex-Speaker of the
House of Representatives, whose home is near
A French water color portrait by Armand
Dumakesby of Benjamin Harrison, signer of
tbe Declaration of Independence, has been sent
to bis great-grandson, now President of the
United States. The elder Benjamin was not
handsome. He bad a receding cbin and fore
head and his nose was not pretty. In tbe pic
ture he is attired In fall dress, with knee
breeches, low shoes, full cut vest with ruffles,
coat of tbe Continental pattern and powdered
wig tied in a queue.
W. T. Andebson, of Warwick, N. Y., has in
Bis possession a flintlock musket which has a
carious history. It was tbe gift of William IV.,
King of England, to Kamehameha H., King of
tbe Sandwich Islands. The latter presented it
to one of bis Governors, and upon his deatb it
-was purchased by Dr. Judd, Minister of Finance.
He sold it to a Captain Cbeever, who took it to
San Francisco, and the latter sold it to Colonel
H. O. Ryerson. Tbe Colonel presented it to
Mr. Anderson's father. It is a valuable piece
of workmanship as well as ancient relic.
Through Prof. Super, Dickinson College
has received at a gift an original pamphlet
copy ot a sermon preached in Carlisle in 1794.
Among those present at the service were Gen
eral Washington and Governor Mifflin. The
present comes from Benjamin St James Fry,
of St Lonis, editor of the Central Christian
Advocate. The title page ot the pamphlet con
tains the following! "A sermon on the freedom
and bapplnes of tho United States of America,
preached in Carlisle on the 6th of October. 1791,
and published at the request of the officers of
the Philadelphia and Lancaster troqps uf light
horse, by Robert Davidson, D. D., pastor of the
Presbyterian church in Carlisle, and one of the
professors In Dickinson College."
Prom tbe Philadelphia Tines.
It looks a little as though the members of the
Bait Trust were afraid to trust each other out
Of sight. . v "('yWl
THE TOPICAL TALKER.
A Strange Way to Insure Letters A British
Bluff" Answered Tho Stranae Desire of
a 3Ian to Kaoir UUExnct Weight Every
Iloarln the Day.
A gentleman who is In business in this
city lias a correspondent In a Texas town who,
whenever he transmits money in any form by
mail, covers the envelope with an astounding
array of hieroglyphics evidently Intended to
scare off thieves.
He showed me one of those queeriy decorated
envelope. Along the top ot the reverse fide
was written "Decoy letter No. 10 Ikm, P. O.
J." Across tho flap of the envelope were
drawn rough pen lines, and sideways from the
center the words "'Private marks." Below theso
signs was the inscription: "Witness O. K. at
24," with a formidable flourish beneath It
"My Texas friend always ornaments bis en
velopes in this lasblon," said my informant,
"and ho appears to believe tbat postal pilferers
will not dare to touch a letter so embellished.
It Is a queer notion to get into a business man's
Talking of making envelopes, I had a little
experience with a British mail clerk in London
last year which bears on the subject.
1 usually mailed my letters to The Dispatch
at the postofflco at Charing Cross. It was
always necessary to have them weighed, and
the same man. a florid individnal of whose
features I can only recall a singularly bnlbous
eye, performed tbe service for me. In order
to insure tbe tatter's reaching the hands of the
proper authority in The Dispatch office
wfth the least possible delay, I was wont to
write along tho top of tbe envelope, "News,
Important." Every time I handed one of these
big missives to the meaty-eyed clerk in the
Charing Cross office I noticed tbat be looked
hard at tho legend, "News, Important," and a
smile of scorn would curl his upper lip.
One morning I gave a letter to this clerk to
be welshed, and business being a little slack,
he took time to say: "Hi suppose you think
tbatwritin"News,HImportant'on that letter
'11 make bus 'urry hit through!"
"No," said I, "I know of nothing that would
make you hurry, unless It were dynamite."
Ever afterwards when I went into tbe Charing
Cross office I noticed tbat the prominent eye of
tbe facetious clerk watched me warily. I think
he suspected me of being an Invincible,
One of the strangest habits I ever encoun
tered in man came under my notice a few days
ago. It chanced that circumstances over which
I bad no control conveyed me with the help of
a buggy, innocent, xcept in name of springs,
to a little village in this county which boasts a
singlo store. This store, where tbe summer
sacrifice sale ot dry goods went on side by side
with transactions in cheese, butter and eggs,
with an occasional sewing machine and a still
more infrequent piano, was my destination. I
had to stay in close proximity to some hams
that were load in their testimony to the heated
condition of the atmosphere for over an hoar.
For this martyrdom a single incident in a
meaure repaid me.
A few minutes after I entered the store a
moderately large man with a faco absolutely
devoid of expression, but accentuated by an
immense nose, came in and without a word to
the proprietor otthe store, who was, I think,
engaged in tbe profitable and dellcato task of
blending tea with chopped hay, stepped up to
the scales, deposited himself thereupon, and
weighed himself with great deliberation. 1
was deeply interested at once, as you would
have been had you been there, in anything tbat
took one's mind off those powerfullv-scented
hams. The stranger on the scalessaid: "Morn
ing I" and I answered with no more diffuse
ness. I roticed that he weighed 165J ponnds.
That's a nice weight for a man of your
build," I ventured to remark.
"Lost half a pound since las' Thursday," was
the stranger's reply, uttered grumblingly. Then
he went out of the store as quickly as he bad
About 20 minutes elapsed and again the 165
pound stranger entered the store. He nodded
tome I had retreated to the door step to
avoid altercation with tbe bams and then
stepped briskly up to tho scales and welgned
himself again. I was curious to see if he bad
changed in weight. I thought he might be
making some experiment upon his own car
cass. There was no change, however. He
tipped. the beam at 16o.
"Just tbe same," I remarked.
"That's so," said be.
Then he went aw'ay at a rapid gait. The man
I was there to see came in at this moment, and
we went outside and pulled two cracker boxes
Into tbe shade ot a big maple tree. We were
still talking when the man who seemed so anx
ious about his weight came up the road and
walked past us into tbe store.
"I wonder whether he is going to weigh him
self again," I said to my friend.
"Of coarse," was the reply.
"Does he keep weighing himself all the
timer' I asked.
"Never passes the store that be doen't step in
and see what bis weight is. He's a consider
able sort of a man hereabouts, and on every
other point but his weight seems sane enough.
Runs a big farm a mile from here and makes it
pay. Told me yesterday be had 200 tons of hay
this harvest, and he was going to rest a day or
two. Guess he calls weighing himself resting
if be passes this store 20 times to-day he'll stop
every time to get on those scales."
WANTED A EANDS0MEE MAN.
A Uoosler Girl's Homely Lover With a
Uxplms Mnrrlace License on Hand.
Wabash, Ind., July 29. Peter Clerc, a pros
perous French fanner, who resides in Rossville,
Kan., came to this city several days ago to wed
a yonng woman with whom he had been cor
responding, having secured her address through
the medium of a matrimonial sheet. Clerc's
appearance was not proposesslng and the girl
refused to wed tbe stranger after the license
had been procured.
Clerc returned to bis Western home. He has
written to a friend here asking that a lady be
found who will wed him. Clerc is 23 years old
and owns 1G0 acres of land. He is desperately
anxious to marry.
riome Missions Needed.
From the Toledo Commercial."
English churches are sending missionaries to
India, and English merchants are engaged in
manufacturing idols for tbe heathen out there.
How would it do for the missionaries to work
for a while on home soil;
When to Uao the Bart.
From the Detroit Free 1'rcss.l
Tbe Jackson convict who attempted escape
in a barrel was too late. Tbe time to use'a bar'l
to avoid a prison is at tbe trial.
A Qnerr Bit of Truth.
From the Troy Times.
No man ever cries "fool" at any one who
agrees with his opinions.
WEEK HARUIAGE IS A FAILURE.
When there Is too much latchkey.
When dinner is not ready at dinner time.
When the watchword is, "Each for him
self." When either of the parties many for
Wnis neither husband nor wife takes a
Whzh children are obliged to clamor for
Wheu "be" snores the loudest while "she"
kindles the fire. ,
Wdes the vacations are taken by one side
of tbe house only.
Whhk the children are given the neck and
the back ot tbe chicken.
Vnss a man attempts to tell his wife what
style ot bonnet she must wear.
WHEN one ot the parties engages In a busi
ness that is not approved by the other.
When a man's Christmas presents to his
wife consist of bootjacks, shirts and gloves for
When politeness, fine manners and kindly
attentions are reserved for company or visits
When the money that should go for a book
goes for wbat only one side of the house knows
When both parties persist In arming over a
subject upon which they never bare and never
can think alike.
When the lord of creation pays more t or
cigars than his better half does lor hosiery;
,WHEN "father" takes half of the pie And
leaves the other half for theone tha't male It
aad her eight children.
Gettysburg Oloanment Association
Holda a Meeting nt Ilnnlsbnrg.
ISrECIAI. TKLEORAU TO TUX DISFATCH.1
HarRisburo, July 29. The Gettysburg
Monument Commission convened in the State
Library to-day to conslderdesigns and locations
for monuments on the battlefield for regiments
not yet represented. The Pennsylvania Re
serve Corps Association, which desires the erec
tion of a memorial hall. Instead of monuments,
to commemorate tbe deeds of tbe reserves, was
represented by Congressman Atkinsnn.wbo was
a,snrgeon in the First Reserve Cavalry; Colonel
Chill Hazzard, Secretary of the associa
tion; Captain John Tav!or, Quartermaster
of tbe division; Colonel R. M. McCoy.
Adjutant General of tbe division, and Colonel
John II. Taggart, of Philadelphia. Tbe uni
versal sentiment of the survivors of the re
serves, as expressed by the gentlemen indi
cated, is against individual monuments and
for a consolidated structure. Colonel Hazzarc
stated tbat the reserves were indifferent as to
wbat designs the commission selected, if it
failed to allow them the erection of a memorial
ball. The commission might go ahead and do
what the law required, but it would have to
assume all responsibility as to designs of
monuments and their location. It is understood
that tho commission will reluctantly assume
this responsibility. Tbe commission will hold
another meeting at Gettysburg to-morrow.
Adjutant- General Hastings, Colonel Nichol
son, of wre" Gettysburg Monument Commission,
and Colonel Kcllar, ot Bellefonte, had a con
ference to-day for the purpose of completing
tbe preparation of blanks relating to the trans
portation of troops to Gettysburg on the oc
casion of the dedication of Pennsylvania monu
ment on the 11th and 12th of September. These
blanks set forth tbat only soldiers who partici
pated in the three days' tight and who are now
residents of Pennsylvania can be transported
under tbe law. The Adjutant General esti
mates that abont 15.000 soldiers can be ac
commodated with tho 830,000 which tbe Legis
lature has appropriated. The veterans will
have to furnish their own rations, but tents
will be supplied them. If tbe applications for
transportation already filed were favorably
considered, tbe State appropriation would more
than be exhausted.
TOUNG GAKFIEliD AT COLLEGE.
His Part In the Prnnkn Performed by Boys
From the Kearney (Neb.) Enterprise.
Young Jim Garfield is going to be married,
and that, too, to one of tbe handsomest girls
in Chicago. I hear that Jim has steadied down
considerably since leaving college. There was
a time when "Jimmy," as be was called, was
one of the leaders in fun and mischief at old
Williams. With the understanding that this
article will not fall under the eyes of the younz
lady who is soon to do his wife, perhaps I may
write a few things tbat the public does not
In his college days "Jimmy" wore one of those
meek, "injured Innocent" countenances that
are very serviceable on certain occasions. I re
member how, on one bright May morning, Sun
day it was, daring a fierce cane rush in front of.
the chapel he had a hand-to-hand struggle for
the posse-slon of a cane, with Prof. Perry, tbe
famous free trade star. The angered "Prof."
was about to gain possession of the stick, when
Don Rockwell, young Garfield's cousin, ar
rived on tbe scene and took in tbe situation.
With one jump he was In the midst of tbe fight,
and quicker than I can tell it, smashed the Pro
fessor'r tall hat down over his eyes. When the
t'Prof." reached daylight again there was no
one in sight.
Yes, "Jimmy" Garfield was a cool star. He
could open a campagne bottle as quick as the
best of them: cut a recitation on the sllmest
pretext and make np a plausible story for the
Professor's benefit. I don't remember that be
was ever caught in a college prank, and he has
been engaged In "rackets" that would have
ended his college life rather suddenly if he had
"Jimmy" Garfield was a favorite with the
ladies, and has enjoyed manv a jolly flirtation
in his Berkshire days. Here's congratulations
THE INTERNAL EETENUE.
A Decided Increase Shown Over tbe Receipts
of I.nut Year.
Washington. July 29. Commissioner of
internal Revenue Mason has made tbe follow
ing preliminary report ot the operations ot the
internal revenue service for tbe fiscal year
ended June SO last: Tbe total collections for
the fiscal year jnst ended were S0,895,432, an
Increase over 18S8 of 18.568,957. The cost of col
lection for the fiscal year just ended will aggre
gate about 84,185,000, being afRfc-n-teytrran
3.2 per cent, wblcb Is exactlythe same as tbat
of 1SS8. The total receipt" from different ob
jects ot taxation were:
206, an increase of $5,007,0
from solrits. $71.313..
f3 over the previous
bl.866.860, an Increase
fiscal year: from tobacco.
of JL204.429: from ferme
ited liquors, ssvia,
835. an increase of 1399,617
tS94,24S, an Increase of t3(
bankers, (6,214. an increac
508; from banks and
I of S2.011. and from
miscellaneous, tJi.ww. a,
(decrease of $74,218.
Tax was paid on 3,844,72$
I cigars. 1,882,720,1110
cigarettes, anu o,uu,iaj
pounds ot oleomar-
Statc were these:
Alabama. J92.762: Arkan(
82,097.013; Colorado. $3
i. $120,719; California,
16; norma, wzlies;
in-as. $183,432: Ken-
Georgia. &o.nu: mini
JS.78a.236: Iowa. $392,576:
tuckv, $16 910.814; Loul'i
na, $632,009: Michigan,
TWi; Missouri. 57..3U.-
608: Montana, .$162,012. Nebraska, $2,248,624:
New Mexico. $o9,00jrifew York, $15,648,675;
Ohio, $11,506,726; Orefon $226,524: Pennsylvania,
$8,520,596; Tennes'eeTjin 588,35; Texas.'$228.117;
West Virginia, S78i53. Wisconsin. $3,096,195.
The report also fcontatns a statement of the
collection by dlsirit9 which shows the collec
tions to be heavie tne districts named as
follows: Fifth 111 fcois,$19,32Z2fi5; First Illinois.
$9,114,586; Fifth Klntucky.$a868.8S2: First Ohio,
$8,602,201; First Mfssouriee ,419,977.
A STKiKGE FRIENDSHIP.
A Brooklyn Do. Adopt a Brood of Mother-
Brooklyn. J aiy 29. Mr. F. O. Clark, Super
intendent of th , Brooklyn Agency of the So
ciety for the Pr vention of Cruelty to Animals,
tells the f ollowi ?g story:
"Mr. Thomas! Monaban, of Richmond Hill.
L, L, owns a (letter which is one of the best
bird dogs on fcong Island. He also owns a
number of chCienSi some of which, owing to
their breed, a(-e 0f high value. Among those
he has some! polanders of a strain highly
esteemed by c-jnnnissenrs 0f fancy poultry.
"The dog 4Ccently took a fancy to a Poland
hen, which nCTer seemed to be afraid of blm.
When hewrlnja prowl at her she continued
contentedly U pjcj up -wbat she wanted, and
showed so ntftie f ear of him tbat she gradually
came closer tmd closer tobis kennel, until she
would drinkftne water out of the bowl that was
S laced neau. biro, and peck an ay at the meat
ones and otner 00(j gerv-ed to blm. The set
ter finally t. a nung to tbe ben and his ken
nel became' n r ncst. The attachment which
thus spro - up was the talk of the neighbors.
The hen vT()id not leave the kennel to return
to the chicken roost, and when she did go for a
stroll amu,ns. ner companions the setter would
whine aa j ne wanted to call her back.
"Three 'weeks ago the ben died, after having
hatched r,jx chickens. Tbe dog immediately
adopted ,he chickens, and still watches over
them fait nfully. He drives the chickens into
his kenn,ei when it begins to rain, cbews up
food for V hem and will not allow one of them
to stray a, way- jt night he makes them come
back to b? g kennel and lies donn so that they
can nestUg noar bim. Not even his owner can
go near tDe kennel at night, for the dog would
certainly uy at him if be did so."
1 The Field Wm n Fnke.
BnTFAlLOt July 29. The Zoar oil district, in
this county, Was the sensation a ycarago, when
tbe coui.,(ry was flooded with reports of big
gushers :J,n j "mysteries," as wells were called,
about wIVjCh men with shotguns were picketed
to keep sV Way oil scouts. It is now dlscorered
tbat the O.11 fa..nvprv waft a. hi? fake. Tbe wells
prodnced. some natural gas, and the big 800-barrel-a-njay
gushers would" spasmodically
squeeze iw five barrels and then go to sleep.
Other wejus didn't yield oil at all. The Zoar
Valley iB ,ow practically deserted.
He Had No Use for lu
From the Vatlilngton Post.:
If DaUola is really in distress for want of a
Senate, Co ,jonfc-l Mnrat Halstead will probably
let her ns.T0 the ?ne the United States has
been usini He intended to throw It away,
From the AWj caiirorms.1
Tbe roarrjLjj'a 0f the Princess Louise and the
Earl of Fif u repeatedly declared bvthecourt
papers to be j one 0r affection. It has certainly
affected the l Brtish taxpayers.
Vrnm tllC Ne'vV. Vnrfc Sim.t
For sale, 4a Urge assortment of dnpllcafe
wedding presents as good as new. Mr. Duff,
Mar Lodge, 8.0j4and. Ring right hand bell.
DEAYTHS 01? A DAT.
CoUae?! wilHam Fardney.
JUNCASTEB, JuUt jfl.Ooionel wi!ltsR. fr'1
ny, senior memWU 0r the Lancaster bar. and r
miBiwriiM ""rlmate personal mend or .mo
late General tnaoa t fu..nu. umI tfcUmarnlaff.
"" TLTaa l" t.XKeSXXEtt&Aj
.u., oa - m .a .. I ' . " T- , '
HOW MONEY IS HADE.
Description of tbe Place Where National
Bank Kates are Printed A Process Fall
oi Interest Precnmlons Against mis
takes and Connlertelta.
On the wide-stretcbing plain over which the
Washington Monument casts its slim shadow
when tbe sun is setting stands a tall brick
building, made conspicuous by a still taller
tower anda waving flag. All day longa chimney
belches forth black smoke that drifts out upon
the Potomac and a noisy steam pipe sends
forth a cloud of white vapor In regular respira
tion s. At 8 o'clock in the morning nearly 1,000
people pass under Its arched doorway, and at 6
o'clock they emerge again, like bees from a
hive. In the meantime they make money
make it in a -purely matter-of-fact way, as a
weaver weaves carpets or a cobbler mends
shoes for a dally living. They exist in an
atmosphere ot wealth. Great stacks of money,
tbat are a sight for poverty-stricken eyes, stand
around them. The poorest girl in the Bureau
of Engraving handles enough money every day
to make ber rich for lite.
It is an interesting sight to see how the Gov
ernment turns out day by day tons and tons of
crisp, new bank notes or silver certificates to
watch tbe silent engravers etch tbe steel, the
sbirtsleeved plate printers tako the impressions
and the careful messengers carry off the fin
ished bills by tbe cartload. So interesting.
Indeed, is this work of money-maxing, says tbe
Washington Pott, tbat the bureau began to be
overrnn by visitors, who seriously interfered
with Its work. Now, visitors are only admitted
between 10 A. St. and 2 P. it. on Saturdays, and
during these hours nearly every stranger in
the city presents himself at the arched door,
and, under the leadership of a pretty girl
guide, sees how Uncle Bam replenishes bis
Models for Banknotes.
When Congress has ordered tho Issno of a
new series of notes the first step in tho bureau
is the preparation of wbat is known as tbe
model. This is generally a handsome pen-and-ink
drawing of the proposed bill and is submit
ted finally to tbe Secretary of tbe Treasury for
hts approval. Nothing about the note is left
to mere chance. The banker does not regard
money from a purely artistic standpoint. He
wants the denomination to be plain and dis
tinct, and he asks that the figure of the note be
placed In the upper right band corner to facili
tate counting. The fact tbat a note must bear
a certain title rather restricts the artist in the
preparation of tbe model, but very irequently,
as In tbe case of tbe new twenty-dollar silver
certificate, which bears the portrait of the late
Secretary Manning, both utility and artistic
beanty are combined. In this particular bill
the artist has made a striking innovation. The
portrait, instead of being at one end of the
note, is in tbe center and Is supported on the
sides by figures of Propority and Labor. The
lettering is at the extremities of the certificate,
and the effect produced by this new idea is
really very striking.
Engraving tbe Plate.
The model having been adopted tbe next step
is tbe engraving of tbe plate. The room in
which this work is done Is a large, well-lighted
apartment on the ground floor. It must not be
supposed for a moment that the entire face of
a note is engraved by one man. The portrait
goes to one. the vignette to another, the letter
ing, script and borders to others, and so on
until no less than 12 men are at work. It is a
long and tedious task, requiring great care and
accurate skill. No leBS man six weeks' time is
necessary for the engraving of a portrait like
tbat ot Secretary Manning. The steel used is
all imported from England,and Is a remarkably
fine grade. Engravers all over the world uso
English steel, and have done so for a cen
tury. Steel of equal quality could be made in this
country, but the demand would hot bo suffi
cient to recompense for tbe cost of tbe plant.
Even the engraving tools are imported, be
ing manufactured by a Parisian firm which for
many years has had a monopoly of the business.
Work Rrqolring Care and Patience.
When, at the end of many months of careful
engraving, the various portions of the note are
finished, an impression ot each section is taken
upon a solid plate of steel. Each separate part
is placed In the position it would occupy on the
note, and when the transfer is finally accom
plished, the face ot the new bill appears in per
fect form. The plate is hardened and across its
engraved surface is passed a soft steel roller.
The depressions of the plate appear on the rol
ler as a raised surface, and when tbe little cyl
inder has been hardened it is a perfect die. It,
in turn, is rolled by tremendous pressure upon
a plate of soft steel. The power exerted to
force tbe fine lines of the die into the steel is so
yaxfr-.iALs, thixblAtf paper placed on the
nlotA loaves a riftn lmnresaionLa.ua ahltftf iluf.
scarcely visible to the naked eye, forms a rough.,
scar, A nyspecK unaerm is pressure- manes a
deep hole in tbe metal, and particles of dust
most be carefully removed lest they, too, leave
Thi transfer rjrocess not only allows any
nnmber of plates to be made, but is an ex
cellent guard against counterfeiting. Each
face and each reverse of a note, being taken
from the same die, ar6 exactly alike. In no
other way could this result bareacbed. No en
graver, be he ever so careful, could reproduce,
without tho variation ot a hair's breadth, any
work of his brands.
First Coat of a Bank Note.
Fourlmpresslons of the die are made upon a
plate, so tbat tbe faces or backs of f our notes
are always printed at the same time. The plate,
after being hardened, is finished. It costs the
Government, from its Inception to its com
pletion, between $1,500 and $2,000 in actual out
lay for labor expended upon it. This does not,
of course, include the expensive plant which
is already owned by the Government, includ
ing one lathe for geometrical scroll work that
alone cost $5,000.
For national bank notes tbe same die is con
tinually used, the only fresh engraving being
the name of the bank. A few days ago an or
der came from tbe Controller ot the Currency
for notes for the new national bank with
which Mr. E. O. Graves Is now connected at
bsattle, W. T. As a compliment to tbe former
Chief of the bureau, tbe work was rnshed,
and in three days several big packages of crisp
bills were on their way to tbe far-off country
where Mr. Graves now resides.
Printing the Money.
From the engraving room the plate goes np
stairs to the printers. There are about 200 ot
these, and each will take from COO to 1,000 im
pressions dally on his press. His compensa
tion, ranging from 80 to 90 cents per 100 impres
sions, averages about $5 a day. Each printer
has a lady assistant to place the paper upon
the plate, and it is a bit of the romance of
money maaing that not infrequently a printer's
asIstant becomes a printer's wife.
It is a pleasant thing to know that one's cast-
off linen. It it Is line enough, may eventually
return to the interior of one's pocketbook. For
tbe paper uponwnich money is printed is made
at Dalton, Masi, of specially selected linen
rags bought of rag dealers. Tbe sheets are
shipped to Washington in ordinary boxes, and
bear the lines of silk thread tnat make tbe
paper distinctive. After being received by the
Treasury it is issued to tbe bureau and then
placed in tbe wetting room, where It remains
three days in order to De thoroughly dampened.
Then it Is served out to printers upon requisi
tions calling for 100 sheets at a time.
Mistakes Rarely Made. '
Each revolution of the press is registered
and at night the number ot revolutions must
tallv with the sheets printed, spoiled, and re
turned. The percentage of spoiled sheets is
not very large. It rarely runs over rive In a
hundred, and expert printers will sometimes
print a thousand 6heets without a single error.
Should a discrepancy occur In any of these
piles of paper every plate printer and his assist
ant is a prisoner in the office until the mistake
is rectified. Mistakes, however, very rarely
occur Sometimes the office runs for six
months without a sheet being missed.
All the late Issues cf bank notes and national
currency require but two impressions, once
each for tbe back and face. Tne currency of
1875. however, required three, because in the
center of the reverse side was an elaborate
historical picture printed in black. No one
knons exactly why the- pictures were printed
on these notes, unless it was an artistic device.
At any rate. thee bills cost a good deal more
than tie otners, and tbe experiment has never
been repeated. Eventually they will disap
Dear When the sheet of notes has been
printed on both rides with numerous examina
tions and countings in between. It goes to the
Mllllona of Paper Dollars.
The work of numbering is done entirely by
women, who operate 66 machines which tbe
Government owns. Each note Is numbered in
a neat figure printed in blue Ink, and of the $1
silver certificates over 40,(X'0,0Oll have been
numbered since they were first Issued In 1886.
The machines will nnmber as high as 99.V99,
1169. and some of these days a $1 bill will bear
tlis array of figures, then tne macniuea win
start in anew on a fresh series, starting at tbe
very beginning with tbe 11 zure 1.
The aides of the sheet are trimmed by
machinery, and It is an interesting f.ict that
not even the waste margins can lw removed
from tbe building. A fine or $5,000 and im-
Jirisonment is the penalty for having this paner
n on' possession, and a memento of a visit
to thi barpau is pretty costly at that figure.
When the sbset is trimmed It repents four
perfect notes, except that they lack the red
LaL This-used to be added In the bureau, but
now It 1 pot on In the Treasury pepartjnent,
im.. this aoal la nrlnted on the note tbe latter
. -erfe Wffi refiaseattee- the coin of
jTJ K-.li.'U'A... .i-X
GLEANED IN GOTHAM.
Dorsey'a Drbta Most be Paid.
ISXW YOBK BCRXAO SFXCZU.8.1
NEW York. July 29. The statement tbat ex
Senator Stephen W. Dorsey had succeeded in
effecting a compromise with tbe creditors who
are pushing blm is positively denied by tbe at
torneys for the parties most Interested. The
Nevada Bonk wants every cent of the $5,000 for
which it has a judgment, and Lawyer Edward
P. Kaufman laughs at the Idea that Arthur
Levy & Co.. tbe London bankers, would accept
one-tenth of their claim of $100,000. Dorsey Is
ont of town to-day, but tbe examination In
supplementary proceedings will go on to
morrow. Contdn't be Forced to Marry.
Newark society Is gossiping just now about
tbe termination of tbe engagement of Mf3
Bessie Clark to Mr. William Coates. Tbe
match Is said to have been arranged entirely
bv tbe parents, and against Miss Clark's wishes.
Miss Clark's relatives say the engagement was
broken because she is too young to marry.
She is 27. The general belief is tbat both she
and Mr. Coates have decided to marry accord
ing to choice instead of being pushed into a
mutually distatef ul union. The primary object
of the union, it Is said, was the consolidation of
the Clark and Coates thread manufactoiles.
Arrested for Killing a Tenant.
Frederick Hopp, a wealthy real estate dealer,
terminated a quarrel with his tenant, Joseph
M. Wallacb,a week ago by knocking bim sense
less with a hammer. After an hour Mr. Wal
lach recovered sufficiently to walk borne. He
bad Mr. Hopp arrested, tried, and pnt under
$500 bonds to keep the peace for six months.
The day after tbe trial Mr. Wallach was
stricken down with a bead trouble. Two doc
tors tried In vain to save bis life. He died this
morning. Mr. Hopp has been arrested on the
charge of murder. Mr. Wallach was a lawyer
with a good practice, and was very well con
nected. Kilted Between Wagon Wheels.
The entrance to Brooklyn bridge is disgrace
fully overcrowded. Two wagons collided there
to-day and tbe hind wheels became locked.
Both drivers turned out their horses in their
efforts to get apart. As tbe two wagons slid
down the street Hermann Spitzger got caught
between them. He was so tightly wedged in
between tbe hind wheels as to stop the wagons.
When rescued Spitzger was unconscious. His
skull was fractured and his face and scalp were
baalytoin. He died a few hours later.
Accidentally Caused a Friend's Death.
James McKtrbey and Jobn Ryan, bosom
f rlend3,got drunk together last Saturday night.
Before parting at 4 o'clock yesterday morning,
they bad a little set-to with their fists, all in
good natnre. Unintentionally Ryan struck
McKirbey a severe blow in the face. McKir
bey staggered to the gutter and knocked his
head with terrific force on the sidewalk. When
he arose blood oozed from a wound on tbe
back of bis head. "Are you hurt, old fellow!"
Ryan asked anxiusly. "It's only a scratch."
McKirbey responded. He walked home and
went to bed. There his brother found him un
conscious in the afternoon. Lato last night he
died. Ryan was arraigned for murder this
morning, and was remanded to await the ver
dict of the Coroner's jury.
No Room for Nihilists Here.
Four thousand men, women and children
were gathered in the rotunda of Castle Garden
to-day. Three thousand of these people were
landed from steamships arriving to-day, and
the remaining 1,000 were immigrants landed to
day bnt unable to leave the city to-night.
Wenzeslans Kryzalorukl, the Russian, who
was detained at Castle Garden because he was
suspected of being a Nihilist, Is anxions to be
set at liberty. He said that he could produce
proof that for 11 years he served in the Russian
army, and that during seven years of tbe time
he was at Warsaw with the royal troops. The
man has papers showing his honorable dis
charge from the army. Commissioner Stephen
son, of tbe Castle Garden Committee, Is not yet
satisfied tbat Kryzalornski is a proper person
to be permitted to remain In tbe United States.
"I mean to be on the safe side of this question,"
said Mr. Stephenson. "The Nihilists are
mafcelbelr home in the United States It will be
through no fault of mine."
Their Kerenae Oat of the Doctor.
Dr. J. J. Corcoran, of Franklin avenue,
Brooklyn, was called upon to-day to attend a
patient named Campbell, who resided on Ber
gen street. The doctor fonnd Campbell very
low, and be told the man's relatives that there
was but little chance of the patient's recovery.
Campoell's relatives told tbe doctor tbat be
didn't know his business. "You can give him
some medicine, anyhow," said the sick man's
sister. The doctor said the man was too feeble
to take any medicine, but tbat he would give
him an Injection. This be proceeded to do, and
five minutes later the patient died. Campbell's
relatives then fell upon the doctor and beat him
unmercifully. They hustled him into tbestreet
and hurled sticks and stones at bim. Followed
by an angry mob of half a hundred men and
women, tbe doctor rushed through Rochester
avenue to the Atlantic avenue police station.
Sergeant Sutton sent Officers King and Dooo
hue to the Campbell residence, where they
succeeded in securing Dr. Corcoran's hat. coat
and cane, which be had left behind him in
making his unceremonious escape. ,
A Good Piny at Harris.
"His Natural Life" is being given its first
representation in Pittsburg at Hams' this
week. Tbe melodrama is a strong one and in
very capable bands. Each one in the long cast
acqnlts himseir r nerseii creauaDiy. lnigo
Tyrrell has evidently made a deep study of tbe
role of Josh Graves, and has In it a part he
likes to nla y. Mi's Agnes Lane is a sweet and
lovable Sylvia Vickert. Will Cowper and
Charles Patterson are among those who have
been seen here during the past season at other
houses, and ther are good, as tbey always are.
George H. Whitman in a topical song was
heartily encored at both performances yester
day. He has made a hit. SIis Lillian Andrews'
conception or the role of Sarah Puroy Is good.
Tbe mechanical effect are clever, and alto
gether. "His Natural Life" is tbe best bill of
fare offered at this house for a long time.
A YOTJNG man by tbe name of Pritt Dawson,
while plowing on the Greenwade farm, not far
from Romney, Vf. Va., near the site of an old
honse, turned up an old rusty pot, which was
filled to tbe amount of $1,800 in old Spanish and
Mexican coins. The pieces contain dates be
tween 1716 and 1800. The oldest Inhabitants
there cannot remember when the house was
last occuDied. Nothing now marks the site ex
cept the ruins of an old chimney. The yonngA
man is very juouani over iuo uuu ouu upecia
to go into business in Keyser, .
Sotrrn CriESTEB has a big tomcat that was
ral-ed by a little terrier, which adopted It soon
after its birth.
People on Pond Creek, In West Virginia,
are excited over the predictions of a man down
there, who, some weeks ago, predicted tbe
coming of the flood and its date. He was so
emphatic that he asked bystanders to note
down his prediction and watch its fulfillment.
They now say that he guessed the time of
the flood's coming and the extent of the disas
ter.. A YOUNO lady at East Nottingham has dis
covered a turtle which bore the initials, '-Th.
T.," and date "1771."
A cane consisting of 6.S3I pieces has just
been made and presented to a friend by
William Schaeffer, of Liiifield, Montgomery
Ex-BCBQESS T. H. WlNDLE. while walking
over his farm in Cain township, Chester
county, caught a large blowing viper. Tho
snake is a very rare reptile in thit sec. ion, this
being the second one ever kuown to have been
A Pnn,ADEt,-PHIA night or-driver has been
discharged, not for bea Ing t.ie conip my. but
foi over-charging the passengers. When he got
a drunken "sleeper" the driver woke bim np
every three squares and rang up a fare each
A Monboe coumtv (O.) man drove to town
the other day for the first time since last fall
and heard that Harrison had been elected
President, He doesn't take a paper and it was
sews to hue.
A woman 83 years of age, living in
Breese, UL, Is accused by her neighbors of be
ing a witch, and is said that strange noises ,
emannate from her house at night.
Two companies have been formed at
Kansas City for the purpose of reclaiming COO
acres ot snbmerged ands in the Missouri river,
near that city. The valne or tbe lands wnen re-
claimed is estimated at $22,500,000.
An ingenious Chicagoan has patented
a bandsomo device that will shortly be in oper
ation. By dioppmg a quarter in tbe slot and
then pulling a string tbe donor of the money
gets a flubbed picture taken by flash light,
dropped Into the tray below.
Two swindlers played a very shrewd
trick on tbe merchants of Somerset, Ky. They
bought np all tbe ginseng they could find, took
it to town and sold It at tbe nominal price of Z
per pound. Upon Investigation it was found
tne ginseng bad been bought while green, split
and a groove made in the root, which was filled
with lead. Even iron tacks were found stuck
Into the ends of the roots.
Bert Pusey, of Clifton Mills, Delaware
county, Is somewhat alarmed over the sudden
reduction of his avoirdupois. He has just re
covered from a slight illness, lasting less than a
week, and one symptom of which was a con
stant aeslre to sleep. Upon bis recovery he
found that be bad lost 17 pounds of flesh. He
was very stout before his strange experience,
which has made a great transformation In his
A tabby cat belonging io the family of
David B. Paul. Wallingford, Pa., Is reported to
hare committed suicide while grieving over
the loss of her family of flve.kittens that had
been drowned in order to keep down the cat
population. When the old cat missed her off
spring she went tearing over the houe, show
ing her great distress by loud mewing. Falling
to find the kittens after a long search she went
up to the third story and deliberately jumped
out on the porch roor below. When picked np
old tabby was dead, her neck being broken in
The great organ at the Catholic Cathe
dral in Louisville was out of tune for several
days. The organist. Prof. Joe Chase, searched
for the cause, but could not discover it. Then
Mr. Pilcher. the organ builder, was called in to
see what van tbe matter. After a short ex
amination be found tbe metallic "D" pipe out
of order. He had the pipe, wblc'a is ten feet in
height, removed, and found that a sparrow
lodged In the middle of It. The sparrow was
removed and the pipe replaced, and the organ
is now In good order. It is not known how the
bird could hare got into tbe pipe.
Ceylon cats are a curious instance nt
wbat evolution has accomplished in the way of
adapting creatures to environments. They,
have no talis, and are able, by lack of that ap-j ;
pendage, to imitate rabbits, and so get thcml
into their cutcbes. Tbey are great rabbitv
catchers, and as such are valuable beyond all
other cats in Australia. They have been Intro-
duced into this country, but whether for their
hunting propensities or not is not stated. The
cat family bas never been utilized by man as it
might be. Rat and mice catchers can also be
developed into good hunters in many other di
rections. Mr. VT. S. Wells, of "Wilkesbarre, Pa.,
is the possessor of a beautiful black and whlta
cocker spaniel, which for intelligence perhaps
is not surpassed by any dog in the State. Every
morning, as soon as "Boss" bears his master
stirring, he brings bis slmners. after which ho
scampers to the front porch for the morning
paper, always eing careful to close the door
after him. "Boss" never thinks of retiring I or
the night without first saying his prayers. He
E laces bis front feet upon a chair, bows his
ead reverently, closes bit eyes and nothing;
bnt "Amen" pronounced by bis master will
induce bim to cease his devotions. 1
For several years boatmen and other
along tbe Susquehanna river, between the vil
lages of Susquehanna and Red Rock, have been
interested, not to say disturbed, by a creature
in the water at the latter point. The strange
animal always made its appearance at night,
and an unearthly, weird noise accompanied by
heavy splashing often awakened people from
their slumbers. Early after sundown a dark:
object has frequently been seen moving slowly
across tbe river, and boat after boat had been
upset by it. It was killed recently and proved
to be a big alligator. It is supposed to have es
caped from its owner years ago. The creature
weighed over 500 pounds, and it took half the
population of the neighborhood to kill it.
Dr. H. II. Beck, of Green Bay, Wis.,
has two pets, an eagle and a beagle hound, who
4re fast friends. Tbe eagle is 4 weeks old and
seems to thoroughly enjoy tbe companionship
of its four-footed playmate. The hound will ,
take the eagle's tail feathers in his month, then I
seize the bird by the breast, being careful in
each instance not to harm it. Then It will frisk
about and try to induce the bird to engage In a
frolic All this time the eagle seems to enjoy
the fun exceedingly, tint once let a little black-ana-tan,
also owned by tbe doctor, come within
sight ot the bird of freedom, and its soul Is at
once np In arms. He assumes a John L. Sulli
van attitude, and would unquestionably mako
short work with the little canine if it camo
within reach of his powerful talons.
Timothy Nolan, an Ulster and Dela
ware Railroad flagman, says tbat two dogs, one
large, the other smalt the latter was owned by
Isaac Gorta were swimming in Brown's pond.
Tbey came together and began fighting. Soon
tbe little canine began to weaken, when its an
tagonist grabbed it back of tho ears and held it
under the water until it was drowned. The
victor swam ashore and shook itself. Among
the wltneses of tbe conflict were children of
Mr. Gorta, who began crying at tbe loss of their
pet. and tbev Implored someone to "bring back
their doggy" to them. The dog on the bank
teemed to understand. It dived into the water
and when it appeared at the surface It had in
its mouth the dead body of its victim, which is
brought to where tbe children stood, laid It at
their feet and then ran away.
1. Chicago man is at work on a new
railroad car which will not burn or telescope.
It is all iron and steel. The roof, sides, and
ends of tbe car are made of steel boiler plates
riveted together, and is nothing more or less
than a big boiler. It is not quite round, how
ever, being somewhat tbe shape of a horseshoe
the round part being the top. In the bottom,
it is said, are several steel girders packed In ce
ment mucb tbe same as In the Pnlmian cars.
Along the sides is an array of windows precise
ly similar to those of an ordinary passenger
coach. The ton of the car is destitute of tba
heavy roof and ventilating arrangement that fa
seen on ordinary cars. It is said tbat ventila
tion Is to be secured by pumping air Into the
car through pipes. These pipes in winter will
furnish warm air. There is also a system of
ventilators around the windows.
THE LAUGHING PHILOSOPHERS.
An Electric Spark Making love by tele
xraph. Washington Capital. i
In thf Woods Miss de Smvthe I won-',
der why these mosquitoes never come to tbe hotel.
Cholly They can't aflord W.Ilarvtr't Bazar.
A pretty maid is nice to see,
And the It nice to woo;
Bnt It matters not how sweet she be.
If the lin't tweet on yon.
"What are the wild waves saying, sister,
the whole daylong?" Thev are doubtless telling
tome other sitter to wear more modrtt bathing
drease for exhibition bathing. Ana Orleans
He Admits It. She I never saw youact
silly hut once.
lie-When was that?
Bbe The time yon proposed to me.
Be-1 was IUy then. Chicago Olooe.
Miss Beaconhill O, I have enjoyed your
tpread to much. Mr. Holworthyl I think It was
awfully nice of you to ask me.
Holllt O, that's all rlsht. We always ask
everybody, ynu know, to as to pay np oldieorea.
They Were in Accord. "Rise with the
lark." began the professional moralist.
Ofcourseltls," Interrupted the party of the
tecond part; "anyone that's had any experience
knows very well that rye's with the 'lark. "
The Bill Clerk I wonder what makts the
old man to lively to-dayr He teems to be brimful
of youthful spirits.
The Bookkeeper Yon have gnened It the first
time, my boy. He hat been drinking newwhlaky.
- Ttrrt Ltauti ExpriMt.
Good Sinkers. Husband Nora, what aro
Butband Dumplings, dumplings, eh? Well,
Jutt pnt them on a plate for me, and keep them
. till to-morrow morning. I'm rolnir basa fljhin?,
and I'll use them for tinkers, iocA.
Mr. Travers (clerk) If possible, sir, I
would like to go to my grandmother's funeral to
Heart or Flrm-VtrtalnlT. Bnt 1 hope Tor pro
priety's take. Travert, lhat you won't go In tbat
white flannel tenui. suit I taw you tneak In be
hind your detk tills morning. VlothUr and Vr
niAr. Here's a bitof Concord philosophy from
ayoanzttcrofS. We keep hens and the, yonng
fellow Is quite Interested In them. The other
nlaht as they were going to root, he said:
Papa, I wouldn't like to be a hen!"
"Why now my seal" asked bis father.
"Why, they have to cMab no a ladder and ro US
k bed oa a tuck.- at, xuw rott-JHtpat-en,!
-raLi.. . ...jsitrjtj.
.&ci&-- im nirw ir