Newspaper Page Text
T it. 9
THE WOMEN OF SPAIN.
"Mrs. John Sherwood Describes tho
DAOTX LITTLE MUSTACHES.
Although Fond of Unll Fights Thej Ara
EDUCATED 12f THE ARTS OF COQUETBT
icosxzirosszjfcx or rax sisrAxcn. j
Aix ij: Baiss, July 12.
readers of romance
and poetry have in
tbeir minds certain
verses of Byron and
Moore, which give
pictures of dark
haired senoritas with
mantillas and high
combs, who are al
ways looking over a
balcony, and always
being serenaded. The
fall of intrigue, slip
ping her love letter behind the back of her
dncnna into the hand of the gentleman's
gentleman, is sufficiently emphasized in the
comedies of Lopez de Vega, from which
she has stepped forever on the stage to the
infinite delight of the constructor of opera
librettos. She is a most convenient person
age for light comedy, and easily costumed.
She plays her part in a pageant remarkably
well, and to-day may be seen, in real life,
especially fitted for a volantc, the Spanish
type of a victoria. With her hair beauti
fully done up she drives up and down in
the full blaze of daylight iu full dress to be
admired by a crowd of beaux who stare at
her withsut the least suspicion of insult
To be sure, Spanish women are children
of nature; they are fond of dress and amuse
ment; they cannot be said to be intellectual
as a class, although very great distinctions
should be made. They have remarkable
native intelligence and a gilt of conversa
tion which is remarkable. They are relig
ions, great lovers of home, good wives,
good mothers, and good friends. Spanish
men never, except on great occasions, go to
church; the women have to do all the re
ligion ot Spain. But is not this the custom
of most countries? ".Nymph, in thine ori
sons, be all my sins remembered."
A srjuasu lady's pbide.
The traveler through Spain sees the young
girls, anywhere, as beau til ul as angels.
They are tall, straight as an arrow, with the
roost perfect figures, and with laces which
Scene in a Courtyard.
for a dark, tender, sad beauty, are unexam
pled. The magnificent hair, alwavs clean,
always combed, always marvelousfy dressed
with "the inevitable flower in it, is alike the
distinguishing mark of the poorest, as well
as the richest, Spanish woman. In this re
spect, the Spanish woman is unlike any
other. Even Italy, the sister peninsula, so
closely connected with Spain in the past
Italy has no such distinction. The Italian
peasant does not take such care of her hair,
nor does the Italian lady manifest the pride,
the neatness, tbe coquetry of fresh flowers,
as does the Spaniard. The beautiful undn
lating hair, so blue-black, with a rose hid
den in its tresses it is the joy of Spanish
travel to look at these heads.
In going into small shops, and humble
quarters, one often sees the business of hair
dressinc in progress. One sister is dressing
the hair of another, or the mother is arrang
ing the coiffeur, etc. They have little heated
irons, with whicb they friz the one side, and
the other is allowed to go smooth. It is al
wavs becoming to the lace beneath it. They
wear it much over the face, avoiding the
Chinese style. Little curls around the ears
or pushing forward ou the temples show
that the Spanish woman values the purpose
of hair, which is to shade the eye and con
trast with the complexion.
At the back of the head the nuqne is al
ways carefully brUbhed up. This nuque
gives that character to the back ot the head
which is so essentially Spanish. It is a
remnant of the high-comb days and the man
tilla. The high comb is now seldom worn,
but the hair is always dressed high on the
head, a natural crown which any Queen
The Spanish eye, large, hnmid, tender,
grand, languishing, furnished with lashes
so long, so curling, and so beautiful, that
the pencil of the artist falls in despair; the
black pupil, the white sea, in which this
lustrous orb sails all is indescribable !
Spanish eyes are sad. Spanish women,
when they are not coquetting and laughing,
have a sad expression. Is there a little of
the Orient lei tin their expression? Is it
Moorish, and does it speak of the harem and
the inevitable heart-break ?
Kext to the beauty of hair and eye comes
the beauty of the flashing teeth. These are
so universally per.ect that the student of
dentistry should go to Spain to find ont
how they manage it. There is very little
good eating in Spain. Perhaps these fault
less teeth are not spoiled by cakes and
pastry and sweets in childhood. But the
careless traveler expects to be rewarded
when tne Spanish woman smiles with a row
of pearls, and he is almost never disap
pointed. THE FEMINISE MUSTACHE.
Alasl here comes in the one note of dis
appointment. Just above the teeth is a lit
tle mustache, sometimes a very big mus
tache. Nature in being so generous of her
gift of hair, in a moment of forgetfulness
added one dash of her brush too many on
some of these beautiful faces. It is not
universal, it is not inevitable, but it is com
mon. The Portuguese women accept the
mustache and cultivate it, as young men
do, curling the ends. On a very delicate
face the little feminine mustache is not al
ways disagreeable; but to one who has
passed the blossoming hour this heavy dark
masculine belonging becomes an almost
offensive feature, to foreign eyes at least.
Bnt it is said to be agreeable to native eyes.
Kelt comes, the pretty little Andalusian
foot, which, in the grand dame, is always
shod in the most perfect of shoes, with a
silk stocking, which defines a very big
ankle and adjacent beauties. In the lower
classes the foot is, ofcourae,not so well olad.
hut it is always small and alert The Span
ish woman is born dancing, so she walks
like a high-stepping horse, spurning the
ground, and "OhI she dances such a way."
At Seville it is the poetry of motion, as
everything is poetic at Seville.
Seville at night is full of mystery and
beanty; it is a pleasure to peep through the
jealous iron gates and see the beautiful Se
ville woman at home. In the Patio by
moonlight or in the splendid palaces illum
inated brilliantly, one sees them, beautifully
dressed in brilliant colors, laughing lightly.
One hears the sound of music and of that
tinkling of guitars so significant la Spain I
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Or one watches them in the crowded streets,
shaded by the inevitable lace over the head,
with a flower at one side. Everywhere, on
the balcony, in the street, in the window,
in the Patio, they linger, laughing, singing,
While she is very young, the business of
a Spanish woman is to be fascinating, and it
must be conceded that she attends to the
business very well. A saucy French author
says, that in a conversation with one of these
young houris, she asked him if in Italy, the
women were cold. "Ah I no," said he.
"But are they like ns salada, alluring?"
she said. "No," said he, "there is a je ne
sais quoi, about the Adalusians salada."
To lower those beautifnl eyelashes, to flit
the fan, to be all that is graceful, is their
morality, their religion. This is salada.
But they are at the same time, good women,
faithful'wben they love, good mothers and
I have known, intimately, many Spanish
women in other conntries than their own,
who are models of every virtue. Beligious,
careful and kindly, affectionate and faith
ful friends, I consider them model women.
I imagine there are many such in Spanish
cities, although they are so reserved and so
little hospitable, in one sense of the word,
that I have not seen them at home in Spain.
They do not like to invite a stranger to
tbeir houses. Most of them smoke
cigarettes while eating, and are
jealous of any word of criticism; a Spanish
household is a very different thing from an
A Bpanlih Gipsy.
English or Americas one. It is much more
frugal. They seldom give ainners, and I
was told that in one ducal mansion, in Mad
rid, there is no dining room. Eating is
with them a matter of very small import
ance compared with the place it holds among
The Spanish women have not, at all, the
beantifnl American hand, nor in tbe lower
classes is the same importance attached to
the manicure, to soap and water, as with us.
Cleanliness and coquetry stop with the hair
in all the classes below the highest
To this love of beauty, of grace, of the
arts of coquetry, the Spanish women can
well be educated by their surroundings.
They have every hour of tbe day open to
them all the riches of the earth in their
cathedrals and picture galleries. The most
delicious gardens, and the vast assemblage
of a Moorish palace, with its fountains,
courts, sculptures, arabesques, streams bor
dered with palnis; gates of ebony, and ivory
incrusted with diamonds, thousands of col
umns of most precious marbles, opening out
of orange groves, great garden terraces, rich
with statues, old lions,trom whose mouths
dart perlumed waters, these are open to the
beggar as well as to the duchess.
The veriest gypsy can play the guitar.
The climate entices to them all the fascinat
ing lancuor and indolence, which is said to
be a conservator of beauty; but hey do not
grow old, handsomely.
DBIGHT AND AMIABLE.
But Spanish women who are brought up
on bull fights are nevertheless very amiable
and verr charitable. The charities of Ma
drid are admirable, and many of them con
ducted by women. Of course, the Sisters of
Charity, those angels of mercy, are at the
head of these. But the noble women of the
court are their helpers. At the tobacco
factory of tbe capital I saw a woman of the
lower class who was the matron of the es
tablishment I had a long talk with her
about the 6,000 women under her care, and
I was impressed with her sense, her tal
ent, her undoubted goodness. Hers was a
wise benevolence, far-reaching and admira
ble. Spanish women are very 'clever, naturally,
and whatever they wish to do or learn they
can do or learn. They do not affect "cul
ture" as a class, but they do admire a bull
fighter. Frascuelo, Lagartijo and Cuco are
great national heroes. More than the ap
plause which follows a fine actor, is the fem
inine adoration for a bull fighter. I saw the
most respectable elderly females, at the head
of a familvot daughters, throw a handker
cLiet or flower to the successful torero who
had Killed his bull. It was not a challenge;
it was the sort of hero worship which we felt
for our voung captains during our war. It
was a tribute to courage, to daring, to their
beauty, perhaps, for a torero must be a very
handsome male animal. They are light,
graceful and superb ot figure. Their nasty
and disgusting trade has, to the Spanish
woman, the redeeming quality ot being
"National," and a tribute to the yeUow and
We must bear in mind in trying to un
derstand Spain, that it is, after all, a piece
of the East It is a souvenir of the Moon.
It is a noctune of Araby the Blest Not all
that has come since of Boman and Castilian
bravery, and hard work, has reached these
lovely women. The mantilla is hut another
form of the Oriental veil, which the nine
teenth century is beginning to pin back into
a likeness to the bonnet Bnt their homes
are still veiled, enclosures in which the se
cluded women dream perhaps of a world far
away, perhaps only ot that paradise full of
love, of delicacy, of peace, of which the
Arabian poetry Is exquisitely eloquent
As mothers, that highest function of the
sex, they seem to be tender, affectionate and
careful. The lower classes especially struck
me as most agreeable mothers. They do not
cuff their children or drag them about, as
Irish mothers do, as many an irritable vira
go in America can be seen doing. They
seem never to be irritable, and one of the
pleasures of contemplating a dirty, idle, and
altogether careless, unwashed group, in
Bnrgos, or in Seville, was tbe pleasant and
polite manner in which the ragged boys and
girls would wait for the maternal spoon to
be dipped in the common dish of beans,
which served for the family dinner; the
smile ot the unwashed mother, who showed
her beautiful teeth, in recognition of this
humble courtesy; the kiss she gave to the
ragged Pedro, as he finished the remaining
bean, and tbe almost seraphic look which
she gave to the Murillo baby in her
arms, who, with his wealth of brown curls,
needed only the glory to have become the
highest type of what we reverence all this
was delightful. Xes, they are good, gentle,
tender mothers; perhaps not inculcating
what we of a sterner race would call tbe
"useful virtues," but giving their children
nil they possess the gold of a human heart,
in its best and most undefiled affection.
Poor creatures, what better could they do?
I never have received anything bnt ex
quisite courtesy from Spanish women. Bnt
from Spanish men, tbe puffing of a cigarette
in one's face in a railway train, or at a din
ner table in tbe hotel, seemed archaic rude
ness. Never does a Spanish gentleman ask
if smoking in your face is disagreeable to
you. Perhaps it has never occurred to him
that smoking could be disagreeable. Bo I
think the Spanish women superior to the
Spanish men! M. E. W. Sherwood.
Coleman's Flag Brand, G. W. 8. FJag
Brand, Zinfandel Claret, By the ease or bottle.
G. W. Schmidt,
95 and 97 Eiffli areaue, city,
The Jungle Home of Bear, Deer, Eac
cood, Opossum and Snakes.
RECLAIMING THE VAST &WAMP.
The Story of a Man Who Braved All Its
Dangers for a Jag.
A EEJECTED LOTEE'S DREADFUL FATE
rWElTTEX FOB THI SXSrATCH.1
Down in Eastern North Carolina, situated
between tho counties of Washington, Tyrrel
and Beaufort, lies a vast tract of land con
taining over 60,000 acres, known as the
"Dismal." It runs along somewhat parallel
to the Albemarle Sound, at a distance of
from three to five miles from the sandy
shores of that beautifnl inland sea. The
strip ot high land in between forms some of
the finest grain and truckery lands in the
South, while the almost impenetrable jun
gles of the bordering dismal afford shelter
and protection to various wild animals
notably the common black bear and deer.
Numberless wild cattle browse upon its
extensive reed pastures; the fox finds in its
solitary thickets congenial camping ground,
while the raccoon and opossum from its
dense shades make nightly forays noon the
bordering cornfields. In earlier days the
cry of the panther broke the stillness of its
depths and even now the huge wildcat is
often encountered by hunters. During the
rainy season it is mostly covered with water
from a few inches to several feet in depth,
though it contains manv high spots, acres in
extent, that are never submerged. The tim
ber is mostly juniper, with considerable
cypress, some long leaf pine and scattering
poplar and gum. For large areas tbe growth
of juniper is so thick and tall that the
sun never strikes tho ground. In
such places we are reminded of twilight at
high noon. It is only partially drained by
sluggish creeks that circuitously find their
way to the sound. Strange as it may seem
the waters of these juniper swamps are con
sidered a penacea for the ills of the locality.
and their medicinal qnalities are so well es
tablished that it is sent away by the barrel
for such use. Natives, who had been
shaken up by the ague until they were
white as a piece of cotton cloth, would
plunge into the shingleswamps, remaining
for weeks drinking only'this water and re
turn to the bill hearty and robust with tbe
roses of health blooming on their cheeks.
It is about the color of scuppernong wine
and smacks a little of the juniper in taste.
It is very palatable and when taken from
the quiet depths ot its natural reservoir on
a hot day makes a most delightful drink.
RECLAIMING THE SWAMP.
Many years before the war this body of
land was purchased irom the State by a rich
corporation, with Burwell Beddick Presi
dent They attempted.to work out the tim
ber, bnt when the war came on had only
made a beginning, and its jungles for 12
miles, its width, were as unbroken as they
were the day Sir Walter Baleigh furled bis
sails at Roanoke Island, in the lower end of
the sound. Surveying parties only had
crossed to the other side, and that after
weeks of patient toil with ax and cutlass.
Many of the tales of narrow escapes from
snakes yet told by the old chainbearers
and their descendants. They tell that the
snakes were so numerous the entire party
wore buckskin breeches over their other
clothing to protect them from the reptiles;
and on reaching the other side it became
necessary to send immediately back a mile
or more to their last camp after something
that had been forgotten (possibly a jug), so
one of the party, a quick runner, started
back, cutlass in hand, over tbe freshly
cleared track. The snakes in the mean
time had congregated along the pathway.
Nothing daunted, he pressed on. With
open mouths they would come at him two
and three at a time, but he slashed right and
left, behind and before, with his cutlass,
literally hewing his way through snakes as
he ran. When the camp was reached he
counted 96 rattler's heads dangling from his
buckskin pants. How many more he had
decapitated he never knew, but that many
heads bad hung on until the jng was
The lower end of the Dismal widens and
deepens until its waters mingle with and
are lost in those of the Albemarle. Hug
ging the Sound along, as stated in the be
ginning of this article, for a distance of 30
miles it makes a sudden bend, and termi
nates within a mile of the town of Plymouth
on the Boanoke river. The long strip of
land in between forms the counties of Wash
ington and Tyrrel, with their only outlet by
land at Plymouth. Many wealthy planters
lived down in these counties before the war,
some of them owning as many as 400 slaves.
For two years of the war the Federal forces
held Plymouth. Their occupancy of that
town closed up the people in the two coun
ties between the Sound and Dismal as com
pletely as a cork stops a bottle.
A DIVIDED COMMUNITY.
The inhabitants were very much divided
on the war, furnishing six companies to the
Confederates and three to the Federals. A
young man of considerable wealth intended
to enlist in the Confederate service, but pnt
it off until he could win a promise of mar
riage from a beautiful maiden ot his ac
quaintance. For some reason she rejected
him. In the meantime the Federals cap
tured Plymouth, cutting off communication
with Dixie. The fear of falling in tbeir
hands, and the grief at being rejected by his
sweetheart, unsettled his mind, aud forweeks
he wandered about in a demented state.
Saddling his horse one morning he rode to
ward the dismal, and astonished a family
living near its borders by telling them he
intended to make his escape by crossing the
vast swamp and joining the Confederates.
Knowing the feat could not be accomplished
by a sane man without compass and rations,
they endeavored to dissuade him from the
attempt He left and for days was not seen.
His friends formed a party, and after dili
gent search fonnd his none about a mile in
the thicket tied to a tree, nearly starred and
terribly bitten by flies; but its poor master
was no't fonnd, nor was he ever heard from
Northern enterprise and capital are about
to change this vast wilderness into a
hundred farms. A railroad has been run
from the sound across its entire width, con
necting with towns on the opposite side, and
with the Norfolk Southern Railroad at
E'denton. An immense mill has been built
that saws up 500 of the largest pine logs
daily. The lumber, after being thoroughly
kiln-dried, is loaded upon cars and shipped
to Baltimore, Philadelphia and other mar
kets. The juniper is turned into shingles
and coopers' timber. Quite a town is
springing up around the mill and hundreds
of native men are finding ready employ
ment al good wages. The snort and whistle
of the steam engine now Btartles the bear
prowling through the undergrowth, and
deer are frequently seen flying down the
long stretches of railroad track. Soon their
haunts will know hem no more. All will
be changed. The timber once taken off,
canals will be dug, completely draining- the
land, and thousands of acres will be turned
into fertile farms and smiling gardens. The
President of the company carrying forward
this work is John L. Boper, Esq , now re
siding at Norfolk, Va., bnt a native of
Pennsylvania. W. Cotton Downing.
Ton Want TUero, Other Get Them.
' 13 cabinetphotos for one dollar at Stewart
& Co.'s, 90 Federal st, Allegheny.
81. Cabinet of Children. $1.
At 516 Market st, Pittsburg, Pa. "Use
elevator. Aufrecht's Gallery.
Patronize Hendricks & Co., 68 Federal
tt, Allegheny; it is the "standard gallery"
ef the two cities.
Cabinet photos, 69c per dot Lies Pop
ular Gallery, 10 and 12 Sixth w. xwrsu
DIVORCE RUNS RAMPANT.
Eleven Cases. Iocladins tbe Nlibet Salt, At.
tract the Attention of the Courts How
Homes Go to Wreck.
J. M. Shields, Esq., attorney for Mrs.
Virginia Nisbet yesterday filed her answer
to the charges of W. W. Nisbet, the well
known Councilman from the Thirty-first
ward, who In Jnne last sued for divorce,
charging his wife with infidelity and naming a
Bouthslde physlcianju her paramour. In the
answer Mrs. Nisbet denies that her husband
was kind and affectionate. On the contrary,
she says, he was unkind, vexatious and cruel,
and made her unhappy and miserable.
8he alleges they were married February 23,
1888, and he took her home, where be bad two
maiden sisters, aged respectively 48 and ou
years. These sisters are alleged to bare sub
jected the wife to petty and disagreeable an
noyances, and thesa were encouraged by her
husband. On one occasion, in July, 18S8, she
alleges, her husband struck and choked her.
She alleges that her husband gave her cer
tain drugs lor an unlawful purpose. These
drags threw ber Into spasms and greatly in
jured her physical health. On October II, 1888,
while stiinil, her husband tooK her to her
parents' home and left her $12. He called
twice to see ber the first week; but after that
his visits ceased, and be never contributed a
cent for her support. She denies the charges
of infidelity, and claims that ber husband has
property belonging to ber, valued at 2,000.
Mrs. Nisbet also enters a salt for divorce. In
which she makes tbe charees given above, and
asks for a jury trial, so that the chaiges made
by her husband may be refuted. She asks for
such alimony as the husband's circumstances
will admit .
Ten new suits for divorce were entered yes
terday, in addition to the Nisbet case. Mrs.
Mary Woolensack asked for a divorre from
Florlan Woolensack, for beating and abusing
ber. threatening ber life and trying to kill her
with a hatchet, a hammer and an ax; com
pelled to leave him for safety. Mrs. Emma J.
Robinson vs Hucb A. Eobinson, for infidelity;
desertion was the ground in the cases of Caro
lino Whitehead against Richard Whitehead.
Catharine E. Pinkerton against James Pinker
ton, Julia Rummer against Joseph Hummer,
Cline E. Harkness against Mary A. Harkness,
inirEmma Edwards against Peter Edwards.
Balina May Pastories asked for a dlrorce;
would leave William W. Pastories for infideli
ty, abuse and indlenities to the person; Annie
Green would leave Mathew, and Annie L.
Byers be divorced lrom Alex for the same
Divorces were granted Mrs. Barah Walker
from Joseph C. Walker, and Margaret Dobbins
from Thomas Dobbins, for desertion. H. B.
Herron, Esq . was appointed commissioner in
the divorce case of Emma J. Snead against
George W. Snead; Thomas Patterson in tbe
case of William M. Brown against Sarah J.
Brown. The divorce suit of Nettie Florence
against John Florence was allowed to be with
drawn. 13 A 600D ENOUGH SIGNATURE.
Jndgs Over Thinks a Christian Name as
Legal a a simple Mark.
Judge Over.of the Orphans' Court, yesterday
handed down an opinion m the case of the con
tested will of the late Harriet Knox. Mrs.
Knox had separated from her husband, and
bad an aversion to bis name. She left her prop
erty to her sister and signed the will simply
"Harriet." Sue also directed tnat -iiarriev
be tbe only inscription on her tombstone.
Her husband appealed to court from the de
cision of Register Connor, admitting the will to
probate. He held that the will was not valid,
not being properly signed.
Judge Over, in bis opinion, said that tbe
whole document was In the handwriting of the
testator, and showed the intent of her mind. A
document signed by a mark was legal, and in
this case tbe name Harriet could be taken for
the testator's mark. He sustained tbe Reg
ister, and declared the will valid.
TOO ATTENTIVE FRIENDSHIP.
That Was What Landed Edward McAfee In
Edward McAfee yesterday petitioned the
Quarter Sessions Court for a reversal of tbe
decision of Magistrate McKenna. McAfee was
arrested on July 21 for disorderly conduct and
in default of bis fine was committed 30 days to
the workhouse. McAfee claims the penalty
imposed was unjust. He stated that he was a
gersonal friend of James Renziebansen, the
mlthfiela street merchant and Councilman.
On tbe day in question he alleges his friend
had been drinking. He was trying to persuade
him to go home, but the friend refused and
started down' street McAfee followed, and
Renziebansen accosted an officer and told bim
he did not want the man following bim. Tbe
officer spoke to McAfee and he replied that he
wanted to take his fnend home. He was told
to leave, bnt persisted in taking Renziebansen
borne and was arrested.
AN order of conrt yesterday fixed the fee of
M. A. Woodward, Esq., as master in tbe boy
cott case of Brace Bros, against Joseph LEvans
and others at $600,
Judge Ewraa yesterday dismissed the ha
beas corpus case of the Rev. E. F. Flemon.
This leaves Flemon in the hands of the Sheriff,
to await tbe Governor's disposal.
AnauxxNT was had before Jndge Collier
yesterday In the case of the Union Line Com
pany against tho -Observatory Hill Passenger
Railway Company, to restrain the latter from
laying tracks on Irwin avenue, Allegheny.
Judge Collier reserved his decision.
Suit was filed in Common Pleas Conrt yes
terday by J. A. Langfitt Esq., in behalf of
Hannah Phillips against the city of Allegheny
and W. J. Rfchter for $2,000 damages. Mrs.
Phillips alleges that on tbe night of Jannary
13, 1SS8, while passing along Ingless street,
Tenth ward, Allegheny, she fell lntoan excava
tion over which there was no danger signal
and knocked ont her teeth and dislocated her
wrist arm and shoulder.
AX.FHED Scheix, Esa., representing A.
Elchler, of New York, entered suit in Common
Pleas Court yesterday against Valentine
Greeawald, of this city, for 12,000 damages. The
plaintiff alleges that he Is the agent of a book
called "Hid From the World," and that the
defendant circulated bills, alleging that pur
chasers of the book would be given a premium
of in album, table ware, pictures, etc. These
goods were never given, and as a result the
ook has been damaged to tbe amount
Oatgrown His Father.
Mr. Hawbeck You ain't seen ay son
afore, have yer?
City Visitor Why, no. Very likely boy,
isn't he ? Takes after his father.
Mr. Hawbeck You bet he does, when he
gits riled. Took after me four times 'round
th' barn this mornin' 'cause I spoke kind 'r
irritated to him. Judge.
Enterprises of Great Pith and Moment
Have, ere now, had their currents "turned
awry." as Hamlet says, by an an attack of dys
pepsia. Napoleon failed to Improve his ad
vantage at Austerlftz in consequence, it Is said,
of Indigestion brongbt on by some Indiscretion
in eating. In order to avoid dyspepsia abstain
from overindulgence, and precede the meal by
awlneglassful of Hostetters Stomach Bitters,
more effective than any dietetic In Improving
tbe tone of the stomach. Liver complaint,
chills and fever and rheumatism are annihi
lated by the Bitters.
Jim aa Natural
Is the universal remark made by those who
get Stewart & Co.'s cabinet photos, 13 for a
dozen for one dollar. The place is 90 Fed
eral st, Allegheny.
Cabinet photos, 89o per doz. Lies' Pop
alar Gallery, 10 and 12 Sixth st Mwrsu
Hendbioks &Co's., 68 Federal st, Alle
gheny, is the "standard gallery" of the two
cities. Cabinets only SI a dozen.
fcl. Cabinets of Children. 91.
At 616 Market st, Pittsburg, Pa, Use
elevator. Aufrecht's gallery.
ILiijpn & Keenan repair and upholster
furniture xt all kinds. Turkish mattresses
and spring beds repaired or mads to order.
33 ana i water w. raoae iwv
SUNDAY, JULY 28,
HARYEST FIELD FUN.
The Country Lads' Campaign Against
tho Humble Bees' Hive.
MEETING A VERY HOT RECEPTION.
An Insect That Has Solved a Mathemat
THE BAD BOX'S JOKE ON All OLD HOESE
IWBITTZX rOS TBX DISPATCH.!
THE boy that has
grown up in the cities
without taking peri
odical trips to the
country has missed a
'great many things
that go to round up a
boy's experience, and
that is pleasant to
look back upon in
after years, while from
this close communion
with Nature he will
get a love for her
which books will never inspire. Boys like
to exercise their combative faculties, or, as a
pseudo phrenologist would say, his "com
bative bunions," which no doubt from his
habit of wearing an old weather-beaten cap,
have become irritated and swollen by the
abrasion of his cap where it fits so tight
back of his ears, and being nulled down so
far as to force his ears down until they lop
over, and are scorched and blistered and
freckled by the sun until they resemble a
lragment of a canned lobster.
'lis a day in July, hot, sweltering in the
sun, but just air enough stirring to make it
comfortable lying in the snade ot some early
apple trees along an old fence row, where
three boys are lying munching harvest ap
ples and lazily
WATCHING THE HAEVESTEES
toiling in the field, the air is heavy with the
fragrance of sun-dried clover, while the
drowsy hum of insects has almost soothed
them into slumber, when they are quickly
brought to their feet bv the signal from one
of the mowers that he found a bumble bees'
nest Tbe boys had previously made ar
rangements with the mowers to mark all the
nests lound by driving a stick in the ground
or by giving the signal if they were in
How their young blood tingled as they
rushed "pell-mell" over the meadow, leap
ing over windrows, dodging around hay-
A JZapid Retreat.
cocks, each one eager to be first on the spot.
What capital sport it will be; the day is
hot, and the bees will be very active and
not all in the nest, so that tbev will have
to keep a sharp lookout for those that are
coming in loaded up and not get their
If their purpose was merely to rob the
nest of its nectarous store, and did not de
sire a spirited combat, tbey would have to
wait until evening or some morning when
the dew lavs heavy on the grass, and every
blade is diamond tipped; then the bees are
not yet on wing, or on some cool day when
they are benumbed with cold and not bo
active; but that is cowardly. A fair fight
and no quarter, say we all, yelled the boys
in a chorus.
THE OPENING ATTACK.
Arming themselves with a bunch of
strong weeds or slender rods in each hand,
the battle begins, one boy at either side of
the nest, and as fast as tbey make their
appearance they are stunned or killed
outright by the blows that are
rained down upon them, while the
other boy stands guard to keep off the in
comers. But look out they don't get the
start of you; whale it to them till yonr
arms ache and tbe perspiration streams from
every pore. Look outl there is one behind
you. Too late. Before he could turn and
switch him to the ground he had lit on the
back of the boy's neck and drove his stiletto
to the hilt. With a howl of pain he is
brushed off and trampled under loot But
all this time the buzzing fellows were pour
ing out of the nest, and every other one was
getting on the wing. Now the excitement
was at fever heat, and it took the combined
efforts of two boys whoso muscles would not
flag to drive them off, while the other lad
kept thrashing them at a g.eat deal livelier
rate of speed than if he was flailing buck
wheat. Finally one of the boys is attacked
furiously by a squad that he is unable to
cope with, and cs they begin to drive it into
him, now on this siuc and then on that, his
cries for reinforcement are loud but ot no
avail, as each boy now has as much as he
could possibly manage.
AN IGNOMINIOUS BETBEAT.
His nerves began to waver, and in spite
of bis efforts to brace himself up he found
his knees weakening, and finally his cow
ardly legs put off with him as fast as they
could go, while his arms kept up a con
tinuous motion, whirling the brush over his
head, giving him the ludicrous appearance
of an old-fashioned windmill being carried
away by a cyclone. Upon reaching a wind
row he gathered up an armful of hay, and.
covering his head and hands, lay down
until the red-hot varmints had all left him,
thinking he was laid ont for good. The at
tack is renewed when he gets his conrage
screwed up again, and the bees who had de
fended their home with gallantry were at
last wiped out and their nest robbed of its
The honev of the humble bee is very
sweet and finely flavored, as it is procured
from blossoms which the hive bee can
not reach, especially red clover. This gives
it a differentflavor, and I think far superior,
but this may be accounted for by boyish im
pressions which are sometimes reverted to
as the good old times when I was young, or
by the adage that "stolen fruit is sweetest"
THE BUMBLE BEE.
No insect is more widely diffused, as it
ranges from the limits of floral vegetation to
the equator. They live in much smaller so
cieties than the hive bee and are less pro
lific. Iu size the workers are the smallest,
tbe males larger and. the females
largest of all; their nest is a wide cavity in
the earth, the bottom covered with leaves
and moss and the sides and top lined with
wax. The entrance is sometimes a simple
hole, but is often covered up by a circuitous
path under the moss or rotten bark around
an old stump. The larvm live together
until about to change into nymphs when
they epin a silken cocoon, in which they
are placed head downward and from which
it is said they come out in four or five days
in May or June. The males and
neuters die off, in the fall, but
the females live in a torpid state
until spring witbont food, when each
starts a new colony, which never consists of
more than 60, and they do not ocenpy the
same nest in successive years. Many species
abound in America. The lapidary ia usu
ally found in stony places.' They collect
honey with great industry, are more numer
ous than other kinds, and also better fight
M03T VALUABLE SEBYICE
toman is tho fertilization of plants by carry
ing pollen from one flower to another. It'is
a well known fact that no red clover seed
could be raised In Australia until humble
bee were imported. They.are of a variety
of colors, bat wtly . lustretu bl&ek, aad
.-jr" t? .n-i. .;- .'.... -.ifr-Sj ;. k . , ." r .-, - . . .... v.?., ..? r.
when powdered with pollen are a beautiful
The comb oi the humble bee is very
rudely constructed, they using theold silken
cocoons for storing the honey, sometimes
adding a short tube of wax. forming a strik
ing contrast to tbe comb of tbe hive bee,
the exquisite structure of which no person
can examine without enthusiastic admira
tion. Mathematicians say the hive bee has
practically solved a recondite problem, by
making the cells fohold the greatest amonnt
of honey with the least possible consump
tion of wax. It has been proved by experi
ment that 12 to 15 pounds of dry sugar are
consumed by a hive of bees for the secretion
of one ponnd of wax, thus as Darwin 'says,
"the most wonderful oi all known instincu
ia that of the hive bee, the comb being ab
solutely perfect in economizing labor and
A BAD BOY'S TBICK.
The sharp-witted boy with a streak of
meanness in him about as thick as the lean
in a side of bacon comes in for his share of
A Joke on the Bone.
the fun. Having found a nest so strong in
numbers that he was unable to capture it,
he deliberately and heartlessly drove an old
blind mare that haunted the pasture right
into their nest, after having excited them
until they were in good fighting condition.
Well, it was amusing tbe way she would
kick np her heels and strike a gait across
the pasture, making better time tban she
had done since her youth, and then, when
the poor old mare had taken all the bees
with her, the grinning lad would dig up the
nest and run off with the honey.
The humming noise made by the humble
bee in its flight from which it derives its
name, is said to be pitched on a minor key,
making a discord in nature, but to my ear
not so mnch of a dissonant as a small boy
will make if he finds, on tearing open their
nest after a hard-fought battle, with numer
ous stings, and reaching for tbe honey,
nothing but some squirming larva, as is
often the case. This is calculated to make
a boy givo forth a most discordant yell.
J. W. A.
LATE NEWS IN BEIEP.
Since June 1 the General Land Office has
issued 7.663 land patents.
C. V. Jaqnltb.of Blinois, a special examiner
in tbe Pension Office, has resigned.
O. J. Bixby, of Dakota, has been reap
pointed Postofflce Inspector on mall depreda
tions under Rule 10 of the Civil Service Com
mission. William Hortz was arrested by the Sheriff
last night in his bedroom at a hotel in Dabuque.
He is wanted at Lewiston, Pa for forgeries ag
A true bill has been returned against Mrs.
Florence Elizabeth Maybrick, the American,
on tbe charge of having poisoned her husband.
James MTbrick, who was a wealthy cotton
broker of Liverpool.
A dispatch was received atthe Marine Hos-
Sital Bureau yesterday from Dr. J. L. Pnsey, at
lainesvills, Fla., In which he says that there Is
no dengue fever at that place. He adds that
there have been some cases of typhoid and
Tbe annual retreat of tbe Dominlcian Bis
ters began last evening at St Clara Academy,
the mother house at Binslnawa Mound, Wis.
One hundred members of the orderfrom all
parts of the United States are In attendance.
The retreat closes August 4.
Charles Gee, a prominent Republican of
Virginia, has been appointed a timber agent of
the General Land Office, and has been assigned
to duty at Bltka, Alaska, where he will co
operate with the United Btates District At
torney In suppressing depredations on valuable
Government timber land.
Attorney General Wm. PInckney Whyte,
whom President Harrison appointed a delegate
to the Congress of American Republics, has
declined to serve, as be Is so busy aiding the
Btate in tbe prosecution of tbe numerous mur
der trials in Baltimore and also with his other
The west-bound passenger train on the
Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad, due at Mem
phis at 1:05 A. xwas wrecked yesterday morn
ing at Brighton, Term., SO miles north of Mem
phis, by tbe switch being left open. Tbe killed
aro the engineer, fireman, baggage master and
mail agent All the passengers were badly
shaken up, but none were seriously Injured.
At Columbus, Christ Weinman murdered
his wife at an early hour yesterday morning,
then shot himself In the head, and the physi
cians say he cannot recover. He blew the
front portion ot his wife's head off with a shot
gun, then fired a shot into his own head with a
revolver. Domestic trouble was the cause of
the traced. Preparations had been made by
tho wife toflle a petition for divorce.
Mr. Ticbenor, Assistant Secretary of the
Treasury, says that it is not a fact that the de
partment has rendered a decision in the matter
of Canadian cars, as was stated fn a New York:
paper. He has come to an individual conclu
sion in the matter, bnt be does not know
whether the Secretary of the Treasnry will ap
prove lr. His conclusion Is thatloaded cars en
gaged in International traffic between tbe
United States and Canada shall not be taxed.
The State Department has received advices
from onr representative inHayti up to the 15th
Inst, but they contain nothing new. Min
ister Thompson makes no allusion In his com
munication to the request of Legitime that he
(Thompson) nse his good offices with Hip
polyte to bring about a cessation of hostilities,
which leads the department officials to infer
either that Mr. Thompson declined to act or
that nothing came of his efforts wtth Hip
polyte. The negotiations of the English syndicate
for the Indianapolis breweries have terminated
in a failure to agree on terms. The syndicate's
agents express a willingness to invest $5,000,000
in the Indianapolis breweries, but they most
have all of them at that price. One of the
firms peremptorily refused to sell, while tbe
principal proprietor of another is now In Ger
many and cannot be communicated with. The.
agents of the syndicate hare abandoned efforts
to purchase the property.
Joseph A. Buret, ticket agent at Easton,
Fa., for the New Jersey Central Railroad Com
pany, was discovered short In his accounts, and
yesterday morning committed suicide by
shooting himself In tbe left temple. The deed
was committed in an outbuilding at the resi
dence of Mrs. Dr. J. F. HotT, whose hnsband
is in tbe Norristown asylum. Starck left a
note giving a description of jewelry belonging
to himself and Mrs. Hoff, and stating they
could be found at Rosenfelt's pawn shop.
A United States Marshal arrived at Sulli
van, 111., Frlda v trom Springfield and arrested
Joe and Lewis Freeman for making and pass
ing counterfeit silver coin. A few months ago
a neighbor while felling some trees on Free
man's property fonnd some molds for the mak
ing of small silver coin with other evidences of
illegal work. He at once made his discovery
known to the State's Attorney and he in turn
to the United 8tates Grand Jury, whose inves
tigations resulted as above.
Tbe following Is an extract from a letter to
United States Consul Taylor, at Winnipeg,
from Sitka, Alaska, dated Jnlr 11: "Please be
on tbe lookout for any news about the loss of a
young man. Brace by name, from Nebraska, on
the Pacific glacier, near tbe Slulr glacier.
Glacier Bav. Alaska. He was correspondent
f er a syndicate and Is supposed to be lost In a
crevasse, ma companion, a yonng man. carae
on board while we were at the Mnlr elacier.
He had been missing three days then. His
companion was getting Indians then to help
him In his search. Th?re is little chance that
even bis body can be recovered."
Postmaster General Wanamaeer has ap
pointed a commtssion to visit tbe Chicago post
office, examine the postal service of that city
and to receive and consider any recommenda
tions for its reorganization. The following
named persons constitute the commission: J.
S. Clarkson, First Assistant Postmaster Gen
eral; Henry C. Payne, formerly Postmaster,
Milwaukee, Wis.; J, F. Bates, General Super
intendent Free Delivery; Albert H. ScottChief
of Salary and Allowanoe Division Postofflce
Department and J. E. Stuart, Chief Division
Inspector, Cblcuo. The commission will begin
its Investigation In about one week.
Bxcnraton to Atlantic CItr
Via tbe B. & O. E. E. next Thursday,
August 1. Bate $10 for tbe round trip;
tickets rood for ten davs: cood to storj at
Washington City returning. Trains of
jasuaze eoacaes aaa ruuman paiaee ears
will leave depot at 8 A. x. aa430 p. x,
IN NAZARETH HALL
Moravian Boarding Sehool tor Boys at Naza
reth, Pa. Founded 1785. Reopens September
HOLY GHOST COLLEGE
Complete preparatory, commercial and
coiiegiaie aeparimenia, reopens wjU-
DAY. SEPTEMBER!; new students examined
Mondav. September 2. Aonlv to Rev. John
.. ' r.. .- - . ..
r. J oil
T. ilCRPHY, u. B. op., i-rcaiaenr.
CHELTENHAM ACADEMY. OGONTZ,
Pa. Unexcelled location and surround
ings. New school equipment Gymnasium,
military drill, etc Thorough preparation for
college or scientific school. For circular, etc.,
address JNO. CALVIN RICE, A. M., Principal.
NEW YORK MILITARY ACADEMY,
Cornwall-on-Hndson. Courses of study In
civil engineering, English and classics, labor
atory, drawing room and field work. Beautifnl
Dulldinirs, grounds, location. COL C J.
WRIGHT, B. 8., A. M, Supt; BELDUN F.
HYATT. Comd't of Cadets. jelO-U
PITTSBURG ART SCHOOL, ESTAB
LISHED 1SS1, oilers advantages of a
thorough Academic School of Art combined
with private instruction; each pupil under
joint direction of George Hetzel (Dnsseldorf
Academy), John W.Bcatty (Munich Academy).
Stndents who cannot attend dally may enter
for limited number of days or week.
For prospectus address
JOHN W. BEATTY.
jy27-68 413 Wood street Pittsburg.
St. Mary's Seminary,
For boys between the ages of 4 and 12 years,
In charge of Bisters of Charity.
SETON HILL, GREEN 8BURG. PA.
The object of this school is to provide for boys
of tender years a place where they may enjoy
the comforts of home and care of parents, to
gether with the benefits, of salutary discipline
and careful teaching In the usual English
Terms: Board, tuition, washing, mending and
bedding per session, ten months, tlfiO.
Music etc, extra charges.
N. 11 This seminary is sltnated on same
gronnds with St Joseph's Academy for Yonng
Session opens first Monday In September.
For prospectus aUdress
jy28su MOTHER SUPERIOR.
ST. JOSEPH ACADEMY
FOR YOUNG LADIES,
BETON BULL, GREENSBURG. PA.
In charge of tbe Sisters ot Charity.
This academy, chartered with rights and
privileges equal to the first academic institu
tions in the btate. Is situated on the highest
point of a tract containing 00 acres, in view of
tbe Pennsylvania Central Railroad, 30 miles
east of Pittsburg; and one-fourth of a mile
from Greensbnrg station.
Tbe plan of instruction is systematic and
thorough, embracing all that could be desired
for the highest culture. Besides the graduat
ing departments, a special coubsx meets
the wants of young ladles, who, not wishing to
go tbrongh tbe courses of graduation, are
anxious to obtain a good practical education.
Terms, board, tuition, bed and bedding, per
session, ten months, $200. The languages,
music, drawing, painting, shorthand and type
writing form extra charge. Elocution, vocal
music In chusand fancy work taught free.
Tbe Edison phonograph has been introduced
as an anxillary In training the voice in elocution
and vocal music Domestic economy is taught
in each department and opportunities for cul
inary practice, at the option of narents and
guardian, afforded young ladles who wish to be
come versed in housekeeping;
N. B. This academy Is situated on the same
grounds with St Mary's Seminary for small
Session opens first Monday In September.
For prospectus address
jy2S-M MOTHER SUPE RIOR, as above.
MT. DE CHANTAL,
Near Wheeling, W. Va.,
(SISTERS OF THE VISITATION.)
A school of more than national reputation,
offers exceptional advantages for thorough ed
ucation of yonng ladies in all departments. Li
brary of 6,000 volumes. Fine philosophical,
chemical and astronomical apparatus.
Musical department specially noted. Corps
of piano teachers trained by a leadlngprofessor
from Conservatory of Stntgart Vocal culture
according to the method of the old Italian mas
ters. Location unsurpassed for beauty and health.
Ten acres of pleasure grounds. Board excel
lent For catalogues and references to patrons fn
all the principal cities, address
69-qfeaa THE DIRECTRESa
The Most Coxplxts
Stock in the city.
BED ROCK PRICES.
We also manufacture this
STEVENS CHAIR CO.
No. S SIXTH ST..
TO EUROPE WE SELL TICKETS FOR
the leading lines, seenre berths and pass
ports. Issue drafts, letters of credit and money
orders, and sell foreign com at N. Y. rates.
MAX 8CHAMBERG 4 CO 527 Smithfleld st,
HTC1issW 1 as.
rHSTsssFlll ( H-S
Have you used
Notwithstanding the fact that we yet' have about two months of hot weather we have
made a bonafide reduction of 20 per cent on every Refrigerator and Baby Carriage In the
bouse. Remember these goods must be cleared off, as our fall stock is constantly arriving
and we must have the room they occupy. Now, even if you do not actually need either
of these articles, take advantage of the bargain we offer, for who knows but that it may
come in handy early next summer. And now a few words in regard to our stock of .-
Carpets and Curtains, all the newest and best designs in Velvets, Hoquettes, Body and
Tapestry Brussels, Ingrain and Cotton Carpets, and we are going to surprise some people
by showing the most complete line, and really the lowest prices in the city.
Lace Curtains and Portieres from 81 to $40 per pair. We now have about 3,000 pair ia
stock. So yon may depend on a choice selection.
Bedroom, Dining Room, Kitchen and Office Furniture, all grades, all woods and all
the very latest designs.
OUR PARLOR ROOM
Has agaid resumed its old look, and is now complete. We are showing a finer line of
Suits and frames than ever. Remember when yon buy these goods we guarantee them
perfect, as we make them ourselves and know what they are. You ean buy from ns
CASH OR CREDIT,
And we are noted for our VEBX EASY TEEMS.
HOPPfcR PROS, & GO,,
307'-"W"OO3D ST.-307 -
OPEKfJATTrRDATIViaTINSTnffTrLia O'CLOCK. j
Atlantic CUT. -
ATLANTIC CITY, N.J.
Largest and most prominently located hotel,
with a new and first-class Restaurant attached.
SSOebaln. Open all the year. Coaches to and
from Beach and Trains. Brophy's Orchestra.
je2a-51 CHARLES McGLADE.
LONGVIEW SCHOOL-FORMUKLY HO
TEL Longview will be opened for the
reception of summer boarders by July 1, 12S8.
For circulars and Information apply to
REV. JOHN G. MULHOLLAND.
my2TSu Longview School, Brookville, Pa.
MORAN HOUSE AT EMLENTON, P.&-,
on the Allegheny river: beautiful loca
tion; lawn tennis and croquet; scenery delight
f al; pure air and water; first-lass accommoda
tions: rates reasonable; 89 miles from Pittsburg
vlaA.V.R.R. N.MACKLN.Prop'r. jy28-75
4BBURY PARK HOTEL BRUNSWICK
A leading hotel In every respect Beauti
y situated near the beach. All rooms com
mand an unobstructed view ot tbe ocean. Ap
pointments unsurpassed. Drainage and Sani
tary arrangements perfect For Information
address MORGAN & PARSONS. jel5-35
LONG BRANCH, N. J
HEXBY WAiTKK,PrOp'r., JNO. B. SCKLOSSXS,
Manager, late of Hotel Duquesne. Fitubnrg.
Thomson House, Kane, .
MCKEAN CO, PENNSYLVANIA.
2,000 feet above ocean IeveL Open all the
year. Now prepared for tbe reception of sum
mer visitors. Rates. 2 00 per day and from
$7 00 to SU 00 per week. Write for circular.
JyJMl-MWTsn C. H. KEMP, Prop.
RENOVO, Clinton Co., Pennsylvania. 1,200
feet above ocean IeveL Open all the year.
Now prepared for the reception of summer
visitors. Rates. J2 00 per day and from 57 OU
to $14 00 per week.
Write for circular.
jy9-42-MWTSn C. H. KEMP. Prop.
Shorts' Palace Hotel,
NORTH EAST, PA
One of the leading and most pleasantly located
houses on the Lake shore, between Buffalo
and Cleveland. FIrstlas accommoda
tions for summer boarding at low
est reasonable rates. Send
for circulars. jy7-58-Su
CHAUTAUQUA LAKE, N. Y.
The Lenhart Cottage is situated a minute's
walk from boat landing and postofflce It has
a nicely-shaded beach and lawn, which are
always cool and refreshing. We have a beau
tifnl view of tbe lake from all the rooms In the
bouse. Tbe rates for rooms and board are rea
sonable. For particulars address the proprie
tor. I. L LENHART, Bemn3 Point Chant. Co
N. Y. je30-77-su
' LONG ISLMD, H. Y.
Unexcelled as a Summer Home. Its famous
beaches are without equal.
Frequent trains from New Yorkand Brooklyn to
MANHATTAN BEACH, LONG BEACH,
FAR ROCKAWAY, ARVERNE,
BABYLON (Fire Island), THE HAMPTONS,
GREENPORT (Shelter Island),
And all the Popular Resorts. For Illustrated
Book, descriptive of Long Island and Its Pop
ular Resorts and Pamphlet List of Hotels and
Boarding Cottages send 5c stamp for book or
2c stamp for pamphlet to
TRAFFIC MANAGER L. I. R. R..
jyq-54-wsn L. L City. N. Y.
SUNDAY, JULY 28,
Leaving foot Wood sr. at 2 p. t, returning at
10 P. M. Round trip 50 cents. Jy2S-12
WEEK COMMENCING JULY 29, '89
Great Dramatic Production of
HIS NATURAL LIFE,
Next week, The Money Lender.
31 BAMPSON ST., ALLEGHENY, PA,
Specially Adapted for Cemetery Lots.
1 - ' iT .' S
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