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THE PITTSBURG- DISPATCH, . '" THURSDAY, ' JOLT 18, 1889f
ESTABLISHED FEBRUARY 8, 1846.
Vol.44, A'altL Entered at Pittsburg rostomce,
November 14, 18S7, as second-class natter.
Business Offlce97 and G9 Fifth Avenue.
News Rooms and Publishing House 75,
77 and 79 Diamond Street.
Eastern Advertising Office, Koom 43, Tribune
Building-, New York.
Average net circulation of the dally edition of
Tux DlSrATCU for tlx montbi ending June 30, 1689,
Copies per Issue.
Average net circulation of the Sunday edition of
Tux DiSFATCn for three months endlsg June 30,
Copies per Issue.
TER3IS OF THE DISPATCH.
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Daily Dispatch, l'cr Quarter 2 00
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Daily Disfatcc Including Sunday. 1 year. 10 00
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PITTSBURG. THURSDAY. JULY 18.1SSa.
BEACHING TOE BUSINESS.
I The arrangement which is reported else
where lor a solid train between Chicago and
Pittsburg over the Chicago and Atlantic
and Pittsburg and Western roads,is another
evidence of the manner in which the young
est of Pittsburg's Western connections is
reaching out for business.
' The Pittsburg and Western has heretofore
demonstrated its importance as a factor in
the freieht business of the city. The
starting of a train which will shorten
the time between here and, Chi
cago by some honrs will give it an
equal value in the passenger business It
seems wisely determined to take the place
which some of its predecessors have aban
doned of the railroad that particularly
looks alter Pittsburg's interests.
This is a comfortable demonstration of
the fact that, Ijowever trunk line negotia
iions may strive to attain that end, it has
not ret been possible to shut ont competi
tion from our city.
THE JANGLE 0VEB AWARDS.
The note of dissension which was sounded
between Messrs. Bigelow and Brown, at the
Board of Awards some weeks ago, came out
with renewed strength at the meeting of the
same body yesterday. The merits of the
dispute can be looked at from both sides.
It is undoubtedly the right of a member of
the board to, vote on each contract separate
ly; while, on the other hand, the motion of
Mr. Bigelow to award the Forbes street
contract to the lowest bidder, will strike the
public as a decidedly legitimate action on
the part of the Chief of the Department of
Public Works. The net result of the row
seems likely to be that Forbes street may
have to get along with cobblestone pave
ments until next year.
POSSIBILITY OF PLUTOCRACY.
A New York newspaper which is some
what notorious for its support of corporate
and monopolistic interests, in replying to
the talk about plutocratic tendencies of the
day, asks the lollowing question with the
evident belief that it is a poser: "Ip a
country of popular suffrage how can there
be a rule of the rich?"
This is very much like the argument of
Mr. S. C. T. Dodd, the solicitor of the
Standard Oil Tiust, a 'year of two ago,
which demonstrated, with convincing legal
logic, that as the law of this country does
not permit monopolies, and as the Standard
Oil Company is operating under the laws
of t his country, therelore it was conclu
sively demonstrated that the Standard Oil
Trust could possess no monopoly of the
petroleum business. Both of them are
strongly akin to the case of a lawyer who,
when informed by a client of the legal ag
gressions of his opponents, assured him re
peatedly that his antagonists could not do
what they had done The client finally lost
patience, and declared somewhat wrathfnlly
that, as they had done it, they could do it;
and what he wanted was to know how to
There can be no monopolies in this coun
try if the laws are maintained and supported
in their integrity; neither can there be
a rule of the rich if the popular suffrage is
preserved in its purity, and thus made to
support the popular rights. But a few such
gigantic facts as the Standard Oil Trust,
and the defiance of the courts and law by
the great combinations, iurnisn evidence
enough to the effect that inch things can be
in this country, because thoy are.
THE APPBECIATION OF HTM0B.
The disgust with which the Hon. B, G.
Horr, of Michigan, has rejected thebffer of
tbeconsulate at Valparaiso, is taken by a
nnmber of our esteemed cotemporaries as
an indication that political wit, of which
Mr. Horr is regarded as the leading expon
ent, is not appreciated by this administra
tion. The inference is hardly a justifiable
one. As the position offered Mr. Horr is
stated to pay 53,000 a year.it appears that the
administration's estimate of Mr. Horr's mer
it is not without positive value, although
it may be very much below Mr. Horr's esti
mate. Another evidence of the administra
tion's valuation of humor is furnished by
the fact that the services of the publisher of
Judge in last year's campaign, has been re
warded by getting ltusscll Harrison for a
partner. The general conclusion is likely
to be that Mr. Horr has the better of it, al
though both Mr. Horr and the administra
tion seem unable to appreciate the fact.
While there maybe an inability on the part
of the administration to estimate the literary
value of humor, it seems clear that it has
rather exaggerated appreciation of its polit
KOBE TEBBISLE THAN FICTION.
That interesting person, the Ripper, fur
nished another twelve hours of excitement
to London yesterday if not the real "Eip
per," then at least some skillful imitator,
who selects his victims from the same class,
and butchers in the same fashion, as the
original sensationalist. Public interest in
these "Kipper" tragedies throughout En-'
gland can hardly be appreciated through
any mere account of it. The andacity of
the crimes, the invariable escape of the
assassin, leaving not a clue .behind, the
helplessness of the police, and the terros
among the common people at the idea of
scch a skillful assassin as the(Bipper stalk
ing amonc them unrecognized', and waiting
opportunities for ftewvictims, make a situa
tion which, for a good month or more follow
ing each of these murders, is very straining
on the London mind.
It was supposed that Gaborlau and Bois
gobey, the French dealers in criminal ro
mance, had composed plots so astounding
that some of their novels should be dis
missed as wildly extravagant. But they
never invented a possibility equaling the
"Kipper" and theories of tragedies which
go by his name. Besides, they always or
generally showed vice punished, the crim
inal in irons, and the detective triumphant
for a closing tableau. Hut the reverse of
that is true of the affairs of the "Kipger,"
who still continues a mysterious unknown,
respecting whose identity or motives the po
lice of celebrated Scotland Yard are com
pletely in the dark. The butcheries occur
with a regularity and fullness of horror
which make the "penny dreadfuls". and
"shilling shockers" of London's light liter
ature seem very tame indeed by comparison
with the real.thing in Whitechapel.
AN TJNNECESSABY OUTCBY.
The large amount of outcry which has
been raised by our esteemed cotemporaries
over the reduction by Postmaster General
Wananiaker of rates on the Governmental
"telegraph business makes it necessary to
remark that it is decidedly ill-founded.
As the adverse criticism has been without
regard to party, we are forced, in the light
of the facts, to attribute it to a remarkable
prevalence of ignorance in the editorial
rooms of onr cotemporaries as to the usual
rates on telegraphing on large contracts, or
to relations between them and the telegraph
company which is the interested party in
It is certain that any of them could have
ascertained by a liltle inquiry that the usual
contract rates on telegraphing, in quantities
much less than that of the Government, is
one-third of a cent per word. Before 'the
absorption of the Baltimore and Ohio Tele
graph by the Western Union it was one-
fourth of a cent. That there are favored
corporations which get the rate of one mill
per word, as the Postmaster General alleges,
is quite possible, but is matter for farther
Under these facts it is easy for any un
prejudiced mind to see that while the new
rate-which Mr. Wanamaker has fixed may
be too low, it is not as much so as the old
rate was too high. If the new rate is too
low, or if there is any such difference in the
business that the Government is not entitled
to as low rates as private patrons on large
contracts, the onus is on the telegraph com
pany to show the fact. Until then the out
cry against the Postmaster General's action
can be attributed only to ignorance or in
terest. There Is no justification for the idea that
the Government should pay three or four
times the rate given to private contract
patrons; and Mr. Wanamaker ideserves the
public approval for putting a sharp stop to
a rate of charges that approached perilously
close to the line of public scandal. .
SHOULD BE STABTING NOW.
Contracts were yesterday given out for
several additional city streets. Now, push
the workl Pittsburg should rise next win
ter from the mud. The ordinances are
passed, the appropriations made, and every
thing and everybody waiting for the pave
ments! When the improvements so far ordered
shall have been made the comforts of resi
dence will be greatly enhanced. -But do
not let them lag until fall, or defer hope till
another summer comes.
The vigorous attempt of Governor Lowiy,
of Mississippi, to secure the arrest of the
prize fighters has evoked the criticism from
Northern newspapers that he could do more
good by securing the punishment' of the
prominent citizens of Mississippi, who aided
and abetted in the fight, including the rail
road officials who furnished special trains
for that occasion, and the various officers
who were present at the fight, and are re
ported to haye afforded protection and coun
tenance to the" fighters. The criticism would
have been exceedingly jnst if it were not
for the later report that this is exactly what
Governor Lowry has done.
It is stated that the rich lumberman who
owned the field where the fight took place,
the referee and the other local celebrities
who abetted the violation of law, have all
been arrested and bound over for trial. In
additicn, the Governor announces his in
tention to secure the forfeiture bf the char
ter of the railroad which ran special trains
for the purpose Of making the violation of
the law profitable. While it may be
doubted whether a corporation's charter can
be taken away for the performance of its
duty of transportation, there is no doubt
that the railway officials who took such
pains to make the fight a success can be in
dividually punished for their action.
It certainly seems as though the Governor
of Mississippi is using impartial and vigor
ous methods to punish the violators of the
law. While he may not succeed in captur
ing the fighters, who have escaped to the,
North, lie has certainly cut short the lion
izing which they had promised themselves
as the usufrnct of their professional law
DOWN WITH THE DANCE,
Atlanta, Georgia, does not travel upon
her shape, as the ungodly would put it,
neither does she content herself with the
reputation of being connected with a certain
"march to the sea," bnt plumes and prides
herself upon the abounding .measure of her
righteousness. She Is dreadfully good. No
city in the Union is in the race at all with
Atlanta in this regard. .
The other day it was proposed to -give a
ball in the new State Capitol at Atlanta on
the occasion of the. dedication of the buildr
ing. The godly citizens of Atlanta took
down their dictionaries, and among the B's
they found the word ball defined as "a
social assemblage of persons of both sexes
for the purpose of dancing, either at the in
vitation and expense of an individual or at
the cost of those attending it, in which case
the ball is said to be public." 4There was
no need to go further than this definition.
Dancing was a device of the evil one that
could not be tolerated in a State building.
It probably appeared more dangerous be
cause it was to be public within the mean
ing of the dictionary definition. Anyhow,
the ball was promptly squelched. No idle
foot will trip in 'mazy measure over the
Now that Atlanta has1 vanqnished the
daring-invaders of her virtue, her citizens
may have time to look into the infamous
ill-treatment of which convicts in Georgia
It sounds rather significant to learn from
the Republican organs of Philadelphia that
Collector Cooper has determined to respect
the.civil service law and the rules under it,
but that this will not prevent him from
making removals for the good of the service.
The sanguine, field marshal is evidentlypre
pared to make the most of Democratic pre
cedents for reforming the civil service
strictly upon a partisan pattern.'
The commencement ot prosecutions in
London against the owners of overcrowded
apd -unhealthy tenements Indicates a possi
bility that in some things the Old Country
may still be able to ret an example to' this
glorious land of tbejree. We have not yet
heard of any landlords of rookeries in this
countiy being hauled into court.
It is interesting, as well as surprising, to
learn from the esteemed Chicago 2fewt that
"the people of Pittsburg, with a few excep
tions, have grown bow-legged for some mys
terious reason." We hasten to assure our
Chicago cotemporary that the bow-legged-ness
of Pittsburg- 'consists entirely in the
obliquity of vision with which Chicago
newspapers are too apt- to regard anything
that comes from "the Iron City.
Possibly the School Book Trust, which
is announced as the latest development in
that line, may succeed in convincing the
public that the project of having the States
publish their own school books is not with
out its recommendations.
No one cares to deny th'e assertion of
William Muldoon, Esq., who trained Sulli
van for the prize fight, that he is a "gentle
man," and probably no one will undertake
to dispute his assertion that Sullivan "has
no brains." But, the facts being conceded, it
seems necessary to gently hint to Mr. Mul
doon that neither gentlemen nor brains have
anything to do with prize fighting.
DbT Bbown-Sequaed's elixir of life is
tersely defined to be "extract of dogs." This
is likely to do used by the habitual imbibers
as justifying an attempt to prolong their
lives by'tbeold resort to a hair of the dog
that bit them.
Oue esteemed Democratic cotemporaries,
who were so much worked upoverthe-strlke
at the Homestead works of Carnegie, Phipps
& Co., are now exhibiting more than corre
sponding wrath at the fact that it is settled
in a manner satisfactory to the workmen. It
is extremely exasperating to have the raw
I material for campaign capital taken righ
out of your mouth, as it were.
The question of the wages of engineers on
the Pittsburg and Western system has been
wisely settled by conceding them the same
wages as on other lines. This clears the
labor horizon in Pittsburg once more.
Ax enterprising publisher of a directory
in St. Paul, Minn., has figured out that city
to have a population of 193,000 inhabitants.
It may be wondered why he let a little mat-'
ter of 7,000 prevent him from giving St
Paul a round 200,000 population; hut that
it will be recognized, is wholly at variance
with the recognized ethics of the directory
Whejt they get to shooting at that pro
gressive old monarch'the Emperor of Brazil,
it is no wonder that some other monarchsdo
not enjoy the smell of powder.
Sib Julian Pauncetote, the British
Minister at Washington, has expressed 'his
admiration for the national gome of draw
poker. Having previously shown a gener
ous appreciation of America's justly famous
mixed drinks, it is evident that the British
Minister is' fully qualified to mingle in the
social amusements ot the national capital.
PEOPLE OP PEOMINUKCE.
Senatob Quay is In Washington loosing
f,or a suitable residence for his family next
Pbivatb gECBETABY 'Haltobd is some
thing o( a Methodist in his. way and when he
goes to church 'joins In the singing as heartily
as any of the congregation.
Fbeddy Gebhabd will leave Long Branch
for California next Wednesday. He has one of
the best located and completely furnished
ranches in the State, 100 miles east of San
Francisco. Contrary to general belief. Mr.
Gebbard is richer now than ever, and this is
said to be the result of the good advice given
to him by the prominent actress who-recently
sailed for Europe. s
Lady Colin Campbell is writing a novel.
Mas. Maby J. Holmes, the American nov
elist, is in Italy, accumulating material for a
Mbs. Kmilt Cbawtobs, the most famons of
women journalists, has lived In Paris for more
than 30 years. ' N
"Sydney Paoe," the novel Mrs. Margaret
Del and is now writing, will not be published
until next year.
Mbs. Helen Ainslie Smith will contribute
stories of 'The Thirteen Colonies" to Putnam's
series of "Stories of the Nations."
Rhoda Bbotjqiiton, the English novelist, is
48 and a highly intelligent looking woman, with
features hard and rather masculine.
Jean Jnoelow has the poet's love of flowers
and her low, rambling, cream-colored- stone
house at Kensington stands in a mass of bloom.
Mbs. Frances Hodgson Uubnett is re
ported to have remarked recently that If she
had known the penalties of fame she would
never have written a line.
Mbs. Mae.eline Vinton pAHx,aBZN, the
widow of Admiral Dahlgren, and one of the
busiest women,in Washington, b'as written 16
short stories in six months and finished her
longest novel In two. ,
ILLINOIS MINES AND MINING.
A Bad State of Affairs nt Braldwood and a
Foor Outlook Generally.
La Saile, III., July 17. The investigation
of the coal mining difficulties . here yesterday
developed a bad state of affairs at. Braldwood
n the part of the miners, who enduro all the
evils of the trnck stow system, are hampered
In their work at some of the mints by reason
of not being adequately supplied with timber
for propping up the roof, contrary to the State
mining law, and are in jeopardy of their lives.
The coal cars, according to the testimony, were
not properly constructed, so that much coal
fell off while being hauled to the mouth of the
mine, all of which Is, confiscated by the com
pany, and which some days aggregates upward
of 25 tons. The mines are very Wet, and the
miners had their clothes constantly soaked.
Often the air is insufficient and bad.
Complaints from Bracoville and Streator
were not so great. Miners' wages averaged
only 827 to s30 a month, with deductions for
powder, repairing, tools, etv, of several dol
lars each month. L. H. Plumb, a Streator
operator, feund competition so sharp that he
said he saw little hope for the Northern Illinois
operators. He had submitted his case to a
Board of Arbitration. If be could not operate
his mine at the rate of wages awarded he would
close it If the miners would not work for the
wares that might be named, they were to be
under no obligations to do so.
Fresldent Pepper Resigns.
Portland, lis, July 17. At a" meeting of
the trnstees of Colby University this afternoon,
the resignation of Iter. G. ,Bv B. Pepper as
President of the college, tendered.at the late
commencement but not previously announced,
was accepted and Prof. Albion W. Small, Ph.
D., Professor of History at Colby since 1831,
was chosen President in Dr. Pepper's place.
Begs Mast Stay In Jail.
Chicago, July 17. Still another application
for the release of John F. Beggs was made toJ,
day. Beggs Is Senior Warden of Camp 20,Clan-na-Gael,
and Is in jail on an ' Indictment chain
ing him with conspiracy to rriurder Dr. Cronm.
The application to-day was made to Jndge Alt
gelt, of the Criminal Court, and was refused.
An Eaormon Eye-Tooth.
West Liberty, O, July 17. Last evening
Dr. C. A Thatcher extracted a tooth for Mrs.
Oliver Parks, which Is supposed .to be the
largest ever extracted In the county. It is an
upper right cuspid, or eye-tooth, and measured
In length over Vt inches, and accordingly in
Ho Female Troop la Haiti.
New Yobx. July 17. The steamer Caroline
Millar arrived here to-day from Haytlan ports.
Her commander. Captain O'Brien, said that all
was quiet at nortnera nayuan ports wmn nis
vessel left. He denies the story that Legitime
had found It necessary to enlist female troops.
THE TOPICAL TALKEfi.
The. Summer Exodns The Saleswoman at
Beit Holidays of the Fait and Present.
Ir the figures of the railroad accounts In this
city conld be seen they would show beyond a
doubt that the exodes of Fittsburgers this sum
mer is in excess of any previous record. .The
outflow has been tremendous. Most of those
I' who bare left Pittsburg for a holiday have bad
the seashore for a destination, bnt the mountain
resorts and merely rural places have taken a
great many. . , ,
Cresson, Chautauqua, Bedford and the rest
of the well-Known surrounding spots within
easy reach of Pittsburg are filling up rapidly.
As soon as the weather becomes very hot again
there will not be an empty room in the hotels
and cottages at these places.
The seashore, to judge from the reports that
have reached'me from eye-witnesses at Atlantic
City, Cape May and 'other popular resorts, Is
also crowded to an unparalleled extent. And
all these features of tba holiday season point
to the prosperity of the nation at large. Holi
day trips are not feasible unless the cash la at
The fate of the young woman who stands be
hind a counter 12 or 13 hours a day and per
suades us to buy what wo don't want ought al
ways to be a matter of concern to ns all.
It Is bard enough to keep the brain In an ag
gressive attitude toward work In this weather,
and the body Is still less eager to grapple with
the day's tasks. The girl or woman who stands
through long honrs In a hot store, and under
goes the torments of serving men and women,
especially women, who are irritable and frac
tious because the thermometer is 90 in the
shade this girl, who is generally called a sales
lady in the affected slang, of the shop, always
seems to me pitiable. Even after an honr's en
forced shopping I could not help feeling sorry
that the world conld not fclve np business in
hot weather, send the shop girls to the country
and the shoppers to Jericho.
But I was surprised on Inquiry at one great
store in this city, where women are employed
by hundreds, that the saleswomen are allowed
a month's vacation If theycare to take it Not
all of them can afford to miss a month's wages,
but a good many go. My impression was that
the holidays of a saleswoman were not many.
How useless holidays are to some men.
When July 4 came around this year a coach
man employed in a city family asked for leave
to have the day to himself. His request was
granted. It was to be supposed he would go
out and enjoy himself. But he didn't. On the
3d he brought to the stable two bottles of
whisky. On the Fourth, the glorious Fourth,
he simply emptied both bottles and lay down
in the straw drunk and insensible. He didn't
wake up till the next day.
The holidays we get In after life never equal
in flavor those of our school days.
The schoolboy enjoys the holiday before it
comes, when he has it, and after it is a thing of
the past. Especially If he be sent away from
home to school. As soon as he gets there he
tfegins to calculate how long it is to the vaca
tion, blotting off each day In a thumb-marked
list as it slides from under him.
It used to be a source of trouble to me to de
cide, the morning after I reached home for the
holidays, whether I was as supremely happy as
I had. when at school, assured myself I would
be. Possibly the joys in anticipation exceeded
the realization sometimes. The last week at
school before the holidays always seemed to
me to be an intensely delicious period. Discip
line was relaxed. Trunks appeared in the pass
ages and bedrooms. Letters containing checks
for railroad fares arrived. The results of the
examinations came out tq,relieve everybody,
though not always to bring tidings of great joy.
A sort of fever of excitement seized npon
everyone about the great school, and time, a
sluggard earlier in the term, broke into a cal
lop. At the end of this pleasant vista came
the actual holidays, with the. return of a young
scapegrace to his family.
There's nothing like it in the after years.
The vacation comes ,to ward off illness, to lift
the harness off the tired animal, to prepare the
man for more labor, bnt not as a season of
almost supernatural joys. Not as a fairy tale,
in fact; but a chapter of sober earnest dished
up to look like a bit of pleasant fiction.
$500,000 FOE THE KANAWHA.
That Bum Is Asked to Provide a Uniform
Depth of Six Feet Moooy for the James.
Washington, July 17. The Improvement
of the great Kanawha. Elk and Ganley rivers.
West "Virginia, and New river, Virginia, and
West Virginia, was under chargo of Colonel
Cralghlll until March 30, 1889, and for the rest
of the fiscal year in temporary charge of Cap
tain Thomas Tattle. The object of the great
Kanawha improvement Is to give a depth of
not less than six feet the year round, the whole
length of the river 96 miles. For the current
year $500,000 is needed. Nothing was done for
Elk river and $2,600 is now asked for. For the
Improvement of Oauley river $12,000 is recom
mended. Operations on New river have been
confined to that part of the stream between
Ivanhoo Furnace, In Wytbe county, and tne
mouth of Wilson creek. To complete the ex
isting project (159,000 will be required, but for
the current year no appropriation Is recom
mended. On the improvement of James river, Vir
ginia, Congress has expended (1,091,540 and the
city of Richmond $500,000. The project under
which present operations are being carried on
contemplates a channel of 22 feet depth at
mean, low tide from Richmond to the sea. This
will require $3,938,070 to complete and $400,000
is asked for next year. The total number ot
vessels that entered at and cleared from Rich
mond last vear was 891. with a tonnaco of 618.-
101. The value of imports was $23,670, and of
A telegram from Parkershurg, W. Va., says:
Hon. V. B. Archer, of this city, and William
Beard.of Wirt county, filed the papers in a suit
to-day for the county of Wirt against the Little
Kanawha Navigation Company to recover $11,
000 Interest paid by that county on bonds is
sued by it when the navigation scheme was
proposed. The plaintiff claims that the navi
gation company sold bonds and Issued a first
mortgage on all its works and tolls for 145,000,
and that it has paid 10 per cent interest on the
same since 1873, contrary to the statutes under
which the Wirt county subscription was grant
ed. The plaintiff also asks for a receiver to
take charge of the company's works and to re
ceive all the tolls, etc
This suit is the final outcome of theMemand
for a free river made by every stcainboatman
and every one Interested in the river business
of the important' stream, and it will probably
eno xn me uoTernmcut laiung cnarge ot tne
BEE TONGUE TOO T0LDBLE.
A Jersey Woman Found Guilty of Being- n
Jersey City, July 17. Mrs. Mary Brady, of
tats city, Is a common scold, according to a ver
dict rendered to-day by a jury in the Hudson
Court of Sessions. It is the first time in that
county, and, as far as Prosecutor Winfleld
knows, that a jury has pronounced a woman a
public nuisance because of the volubility of
lierionKue. unuer luocuuiuuu law luc pen-
al ty was ducking in a pond.
Mrs. Bradv has bad vision
ira. Brady has bad visions lately of the duct
ing stool and a compulsory bath In the' presence
of a crowd of curious neighbors, bnt she was
relioved during her trial to-day by the Informa
tion that the present law of liew Jersey relat
ing to common scolds does not countenance the
old common Jaw penalty, bnt prescribes im
prisonment not exceeding two years or a fine,
in the discretion of the Courtf It took the jury
only about five minutes to find her guilty. Mrs.
Brady is about 55 years old.
All Are Not So Particular.
From tn.8t. Louis Globe-Democrat.-.
Roswell G. Horr .explains his declination of
the Valparaiso Consulate by saying: "If I can't
be tablecloth. 1 won't be dlshrag." Fortu
nately, the waiting throng of office-seekers
includes an ample number of patriots who are
not so fastidious.
, Modest bat Great.
From the Akron Telegram.!
There Is only one thing about Lije Halford
which marks him as a great man. He does not'
think he Is President when General Harrison
Easy to Dispose of It.
From the Chicago News.;
"What shall we do with our silver?" pathetic
ally asks the Springfield Republican. What's
the matter with backing the Chlcagos to win a
DKATUS OF A DAY.
'J. XV. Znhnlzer. I
J. W. Zahnlser died earlr Tnesdav raominnf I
Bs was a contractor until seven -years aro, wh I
'he retired from active -work. 'Mr. Zahnlzer Was I
wv.m iuiuvef uu iuic w xriusuarK wnen oeite
7ung- man. a wui bs sonea to-morrow
v .1 i miauuLauic ra -i - n1- Vr. - i -j.r.aon,HijiafioauuDL I jHoae& t I
' .. . ItFll nmM T T lS, ?. . U. ar. ,,.... V-..T -... .. . ..j . .m.--.. ... .1
THE HABB0E OF ERIE.
Not in Its Proper Condition, Owing to a
Lack of Funds For Ir. ,
rsrrciAt. tiugsau to the nisrATca.1
Washington, July 17. Captain Mabao. the
engineer officer in charge of the improvement
of the harbor at Erie, has made bis repirt to
the War Department He reports the north
pier about half in good condition, and the
other half In very bad condition. The south
pier is all right, bnt the south breakwater is
old and liable to be damaged or destroyed with
every storm. The catebsand jetty, which was
almost destrojed in November, 1SS3, hasn't
be'en rebuilt. Of the peninsula he states that
the defense of the shore line has been almost
destroyed and has bad no attention op account
of the lack of appropriations. He speaks In
warm terms of the harbor, saying that It is un
doubtedly the best natural harbor on the lake,
but that it has been sadly neglected, and .that
the Improvements made are often destroyed
because of the failure of Congress to make
firovision for the continuation of the work. It
s difficult to ascertain the condition of the
channel on account of the constant shifting of
the sands. Once within the barbor there is
ample space for vessels, bnt the movement of
the sands of the channel with the action of the
west and northwest wind, is a constant menace
to the security of the harbor, and as a conse
quence, vessels often run aground and great
Captain Mahan recommends the construction
of a strong catch-sand jettyas the most effect
ive and economical method of remedying the
chancing condition .of the channel, and says
this jetty should be constructed as soon as pos
sible. The short line of the peninsula, he rec
ommends, should be protected by the construc
tion ot a wall which has been almost ruined by
the storms, and for the rebuilding of which
tbero was no appropriation, and that this pro
tection extend three feet above the mean level
of the lake. The balance available for the Im
provement ot the harbor Is $62,000. The amount
required for the completion of the existing
project Is $24,000. The amount that could
profitably be expended during the present fis
cal year is 550,000. In regard to the work on the
shore protection of the peninsula, the last ap
propriation of $60,000 will be exhausted by ex
isting contracts, so that there Is no balance
available. -The amount estimated for the com
pletion of the existing project Is $113,000, and
the amount that could profitably be expended
during the current fiscal year 13 $75,000
. A GAS WELL'S FEEAKS.
It Refuses to Flow When the Wind Blows or
the Weather Is Cold.
Columbus, Ind., July 17. The most pecu
liar natural gas well In this section of the great
natural gas belt is located at North Vernon, 20
miles south of this city. It has several remark
able and unaccountable features. The well
was drilled nearly two years ago.and at a depth
of only GOO feet a good flow of the fluid was
struck, which, when lighted, burned to a height
of several feet The proprietors, however,
thought that the output would be increased by
going deeper, and. acting upon their advice,
the ponderons drill penetrated terra firma to a
'depth of 1,500 feet. The well extended Into
Trenton rock several feet, but not the slightest
signs of gas w,ere found in that formation.
The drill was then withdrawn and the water at
the bottom of the well cased out. The "pock
et" gas was given an unobstructed passage out
ot the hole, and active operations were begun
at piping the town with it. This was finally
completed, and the fluid was turned into the
mains. It was then that the strange actions of
the well were first observed. It seems to be
greatly affected In the flow by the weather.
Whenever there Is a strong gale blowing
from the north or east the flow almost entirely
ceases, while a breeze from the south or west
causes It to "escape in an exceedingly great vol
ume. In cold weather there Is also a great
diminishing in the flow, and whenever the mer
cury records zero there Is a complete cessation,
and owing to this unreliableness those who use
the fuel for cooking and beatlne purposes are
provided with a coal or wood stove In addition
to tne one in which the gas is burned. The
strange phenomenon is exciting great interest
among scientists, but none who have yet exam
ined the natural curiosity hare been able to
explain its "breathing spells.
EELIGI0N AND EDUCATION.
A Joint Debate Between a Catholic Bishop
and a Protestant Layman.
Nashville, July H Before the National
Educational -Association to-day-Bishop Keane
read a paper on "Should Americans Educate
Their Children in Denominational Schools T"
He took the position that Christianity was the
basis of all true government, and should be in
culcated "during the period when children were
attending school. If the influence of the church
was beneficial in the family It was also in the
Mr. Edwin, of Boston, followed in a lengthy
paper, in which he said that the arguments ad
vanced by Cardinal Gibbons in the favor of
non-interterence of the State with the family
in the matter of education wns only a device to
damage the State's authority in public opinion
to the end that the Roman Catholic church
could take charge when possible. He said the
Elan of the Romish church was to compel all
athollcs to withdraw their children from the
pnblic schools to parochial schools where they
would be taught the doctrines of the church.
Such systems, be said, would not be tolerated
Bishop Keaue replied and denied Mr. Mead's
asssertion tha.t the Pope of the Roman Catho
lic cnurco was seeKinc temporal power and the
control of the Government. Both addresses
were forcible and were heartily applauded.
Bishop Keane regretted Cardinal Gibbon's in
ability to be present to speak on the same sub
ject. STEEL VESSELS FOE THE LAKES.
A New Departure of the Bis Iron and Steel
Combine of Chicago.
Chicago, July 17. The statement is pub
lished here that the Illinois Steel Company,
recently incorporated as a consolidation of
three great iron and steel companies in this
neighborhood, has decided to go into the busi
ness of building steel vessels for employment
in lake commerce. It is understood that the
shipyards to be created are to be located at
At Duluth on the 10th Inst, the Minnesota
Iron Company voted to place its $1,500,000 sur
plus in the hands of the directors. This com
pany is controlled by the Illinois Steel Com
pany, and the voting of this surplus was to put
it at that company's disposal W. L Babcock,
Superintendent ot the Union Dry Dock Com
pany of Buffalo, has been selected as the head
of the mechanical department ot the proposed
GEACE'S C0NTEACT IS SAFE,
As the Annual Payment to the British Bond
holders Is Approved.
Lima, July J7 (via Galveston). The first
seven clausesot the Grace-British bondholders'
contract with Peru have been approved by the
Chamber of Deputies. The most Important of
these articles is the seventh, which requires
the Peruvian Government to pay to the British
bondholders' commltteo 80,000 annually for
33 years. This money is to be paid in cash ont
of the funds received at the custom bouse.
The article received the most strenuous oppo
sition, anu was unuer uiscussion ior lour clays.
To-day a vote
udod It was taken, which re
suited in its adon
us adoption Dy a vote ot as to zi. As
the only doubt of the approval of the contract
rested upon this clause. It is believed that the
acceptance of the remaining articles and of
the entire contract Is assured.
How Wales Coald Slake Money.
From the Chicago Hcrald.l
And now a British syndicate Is said to have
paid $5,000,000 for an Americanpatent medi
cine business. This opens a new field ot in
come for the members of the royal family, as
they can write testimonials and boom the sale
of the cure-all in the United Kingdom. If the
fact should be published that the Prince of
Wales bad taken a pill the patent medicine
mill would be obliged to work overtime to sup
ply the demand. v t
Social Castotnln Topeka.
From the Minneapolis Tribune. 3
A society lady of Topeka, Kan., Issued invi
tations to a "breakfast" and three-fourths of
ber guests put in an appearance before she
was np. Either the Topekans are away off in
the matter of social usages or else the lady in
timated in her invitations that her sideboard
would contain a drop of something in the way
of an appetizer.
Export Duties Reduced.
Washington, July 17. The Secretary of
State has been Informed by the United States
Consul at Kingston, Jamaica, of the reduction
of export duties on sugar, rum and coffee, as
follows: Sucar. from bl 89 to 42 cents cer hors-
I hfad; rum from $1 09 to SO cents per puncheon;
I pollee from $1 46 to 8 cents per 112 pounds.
ProsTM In the New South,
from the Conner-Journal. I
If a girl In Alabama really did say, "I should
Jump np and tiptoe to caekle," our Northern
friends will not despair of the "New South."
'There are soma signs ot progress that are nn-
misia&auie. , -j - - ."A ;.
EMPIRE CITY GOSSIP.
Sent Back Home to Her Hasbnnd.
!KXW TOMC 8UBZAU SPECIALS.
New Yosk, July 17. Mrs. Emma Kottman,
23 years old and fairly good looking, arrived at
Castle Garden by the Red Star steamer Penn
land. She frankly confessed-that she had left
her hnsband and three children on the other
side without saying a word to them of ber in
tention, and proposed to live for the f nture
with her brother-in-law, Feter Nederlander, at
Troy, N. Y. The only reason she could give
for her action was that she was tired of her
family cares. She had no money with her, her
passage having been paid by ber married sis
ter, and she was in delicate health. The Com
missioners of Emigration detained the woman
and Collector Erhardt ordered her to be sent
back. She left forhonio again this morning
on the same steamer which brought her over.
Xavier Binder, a farm laborer, 63 years old, was
also returned. Binder bad bnt 17 francs and an
unknown asset In a nephew, living somewhere
Awaiting- the Champion's Coming.
A 'florist In this city has completed a large
floral rooster to be presented tb John L. Sulli
van on his arrival. It is three feet high and
three feet long. The body is of white carna
tions, the wings of brown carnations, the tail of
dark chenille, and the legs of yellow chenille.
The comb and beard are of red satin.
- OInch More Talk Than Action.
It was reported to-day that there was a prob
ability of Jay Goulcrwithdrawi'ng the Missouri
Pacific from the Inter-State Commerce Rail
way Assoc&tion, and that ha was in favor of
the formation of a railroad trust. It is alleged
to have been his desire to see a trust formed
at the time of the creation of the association.
It was also stated that G. H. H. Clark, of the
Missouri Pacific, has been In town urging npon
Mr. Gould the desirability of withdrawing,
while other prominent railroad men were in
sisting that he remain and help to tfarce the
Alton back into the association. George Gould
said to-day: "Yon may put it down for a fact
that the Missouri Pacific will never be a dis
turbing or disintegrating factor In any of the
railroad problems. We have got our money,
and it is foolish to say we would do anything
but build up and make more valuable any rail
road properties which we control. It Is impos
sible for me to say just what my father thinks
of the proposed railroad trustf You must see
him about that. I have not heard of the
Missouri Pacific going out of the Inter-State
Railway Association. In fact, no such question
has been discussed in my presence."
Belief In American Cnpltal.
Commander H. T.,Slavin let t on the Saale to
day for Paris. His mission Is to convince the
French people that the Panama Canal can be
built at an expense of $200,000,000. Mr. Slavin,
says that he has built 15 miles of the canal, and
thinks the rest of It can be done if money is
forthcoming. The Culebra cut lias no terrrfrs
for him, and it is said that his mission to France
is to get the contract for this part of the work.
No contractor has yet been found willing to
take the job without a guarantee. The canal,
Commodore Slavin thinks, can be completed
inside of four years from January L 1890. He
fully believes that the canal will be flnhfhed by
Americans and with American capital.
Moving; for the Next World's Fair.
Mayor Grant to-day issued an invitation to
300 prominent citizens and business men to meet
him at the City Hall, Thursday, the 25th instant,
to consider the advisability of holding an inter
national exposition In this city In 1393, the
quadri -centennial anniversary of the discovery
of America. The wealth , of the citizens in
vited to the meeting foots np folly $1,500,000,000.
Shoe for Trying; to Earna Living.
The police are engaged in endeavoring to
ferret out the persons who for the past two days
have been shooting 'longshoremen while at
work on the Ocean Steamship Company's wharf
at Pier 35, Nortb rlwr. This morning Frank
Myeta, while moving some frnlt on the dock,
received a pistol shot in the thumb. He quit
his work and went down to Chambers Street
Hospital and hatl his wound dressed. A few
minutes later another 'longshoreman named
Edward Fanning came Into the hospital. He
had been shot in the thigh. The wound was
dressed and he left. This afternoon James
Egan, a 'longshoreman, limped into Chambers
Street Hospital with three bullets in his body
two in the thigh and one in the groin. He, too.
hadbeen shot while at work. The bullets were
extracted and be was taken away. From what
could be learned tfi the hospital, it appears that
some time ago certain 'longshoremen weru dis
charged, and among the men who took their
places were the injured men.
Wby Mrs. Blaine Goes on the Stage.
Mrs. James G. Blaine, Jr., who Is spending
the summer at Point Lookout. L.L, is studying
bard these warm days, preparatory to making
her debnt In October. She said to a Dispatch
reporter: "My going on the stage is no new
idea. I bad signed contracts with Madam
Modjeska.and Mr. Frohman for four years'
work on the stage before I was married. When
I first met my husband and he learned that I
was going on the stage he made a'strong pro
test against It. .rinally we decided to marry
in haste and then annul the contracts by bis
refusing, as my husband, to fulfill them. When
Mr. Blaine wrote on a Pittsburg paper I took
his place for a week while he was on a visit to
his home, because I felt that we needed the
week's salary. But I do not care to talk about
these matters. I only want people to know
that tne reason I have turned to the stage is
because I consider it the best occupation I can
adopt to earn a living for myself and my son.
When the proper time comes I will talk about
my unfortunate marriage episode."
To Be a Mammoth Bulldlnc
All of the $1,500,000 stock of the company
organized last year,to erect ttys much-talked-of
"Amusement Temple" on the site of the pres
ent Madison Square Garden has been sub
scribed, and the' new building will be com
pleted by next. April. The plans for the build
ing wero made by Architect Stanford White.
They provide for an absolutely fireproof build
ing, with an immense arched dome of glass.
which is to be Si feet in height at the center of
the arch. The assembly room will have a seat
ing capacity for 12,000 people, and will be so ar
ranged that 6,000 of the seats can be removed,
transforming the assembly chamber into a
great amphitheater. One of the officers said to
day that the demolition of the present struct
ure wonld begin on August L
Better Than Knocking Oat Kilrnln.
From the New Orleans Times-Democrat. j
Two little girls were talking about the prize
fight on Monday. Their mother was asked 'if
one of the men might not be killed." She an
swered "Yes.-' The elder girl said: "Well. I
don't believe he'll go to heaven." Whereupon
the younger responded. ' Then if Sullivan goes
to tha( other place, he'll whip Satan and every
body will be glad."
The Old Mi Id a Myth.
From the Philadelphia l'ress. J s.
An English magazine has decided that a
woman cannot be called an old maid until she
bas passed the age of iX So there 'are no old
THE VOYAGE TO BLI7MBERLAND.
She sails away on the sea of dreams
This little skipper with eyes ofbrown.
As tbe firefly's torch In the twilight gleams.
And the garish snn goes down;
Her bark floats over the grimy town
To Slumberland and Its silver sea:
The spotless folds of her slumber gown
Are no whit fairer than she.
There are angel birds In the warm, still sir,
And the skipper laughs with ber eyes ofbrown,
As they sing to her old songs, sweet and rare,
While her bark billows np and down;
They sing of a prince of high renown,
And a princes ever so young and lair;
Bnt where Is the princess had ever a crown
Like the crown of bersoft browntalr.
Cometh a storm over the sliver sea.
That ebbs on the dreamer's land.
And the angel birds fade ont to the lee
Of this singular slumber strand;
Is there a harbor by angels planned,
From all storms, whatever they be.
From the wicked talrles of Slumberland
And the waves In Its silver seal
Up, ltkcaflash, come the little brown hea,
. And the brown eyes bnlr see
A billowy blanket of silk outspread
On an ocean of dimity:
But It's fearlessly the skipper will flee,
With a soft little barefoot tread.
By the chart she learned on .ber bended knee,
To the haven of mother's bed,. ' .
. P.-Hnrrx. in Saltan alaln.
Gentlemen Who Hope to Snceeed Messrs.
Newmyer and Cooper and the Late
Senator Stebman Fllnn,- KaaQoian.
Baker Jind Boblnson.
There are now three Senatorial vacancies In
Pennsylvania. The first was created by the
appointment of Senator Newmyer to the posi
tion of Frothonotary of the Supreme Court for
the Western district of Pennsylvania, The
second was created by the appointment of
Senator, Cooper, of Delaware county, to the
Philadelphia Collectorshlp of Customs. The
third has just been created by the death of
senator Stebman, of Lancaster, whose illness
antedates the last session of the Legislature,
and who, though In his seat the greater part of
the session, suffered greatly and was but a
shadow of his former self. Senator Newmyer's
successor is as good as elected, in the person of
William Fllnn. In Delaware county there Is a
hot contest between Hon. Jesse M. Baker and
Hon. Jqfan Robinson, who was Mr. Baker's
predecessor In the Legislature. The fact that
Mr. Baker defeated Mr. Robinson for a renom
ination to the lower branch does not make the
present contest any the less Interesting. Sena
tor Stehman's successor, unless all sums fall,
will be Hon. C. C. Kauffman. of Columbia,
Lancaster county, a place famous for planked
shad and good fellowship.
Stebuian'a Probable Successor. -Hon.
C. C Kauffman is a young man, only
32 years having passed over his bead, but In
spite of that fact be has already made bis
mark in politics, winning tor himself more
than a local reputation. He is a lawyer with
good practice, and is also engaged In the iron
business. In the last session of the Legisla
ture Mr. Kauffman brought to the attention
of the House the necessity for having all the
appropriation bills reported from committee
by some fixed date. His idea was to have the
money bills before the Legislature in sufficient
time to have them carefully considered. He
was unable to carry bis point, though the cor
rectness of bis position was generally recog
nized, and the baste with which appropriation
bills were crowded through In the closing days
of the session was a further vindication of his
wisuom. .Late m the session. leading members,
who feared the action of the Governor on cer
tain Important appropriations, wished Mr.
Kauffman's resolution had been adopted, as
then the bills would have been In the bands of
the Governor in time to force him to act on
them before adjournment.
KaaUman and the Orphans.
Mr. Kauffman was more successfnl in another
effort at reform a reform the people at large
can more fully appreciate than they can the one
first' mentioned. It was on Mr. Kauffman's
motion that a joint committee of the Legisla
ture, composed of ex-soldiers, was appointed to
deal with the vexed question of the soldiers
ornhans' schools, to ascertain whether it was
advisable to close them so soon as the law pro
vided, and whether if continued they should be
continued under existing management. His
resolution to leave the matter entirely to mem
bers who were ex-soldiers was a politic one. It
indicated that his intention was not to make
himself ucdnly prominent as the champion of
the orphans, or the opponent of the syndicate,
but to have the Legislature place the whole
matter In the hands of men who might be pre
sumed to bare the welfare of the orphans of
the veterans nearer their hearts than any other
class of people. The joint committee consulted
him continually during its deliberations, but
he added that finishing touches to
its work on the floor of the
House of Representatives' when he offered an
amendment to the bill for the continuance of
the schools, and the bill providing an appro
priation, forbidding any contract for the care
of soldiers' orphans to be made with the so
called syndicate or any of its managers, etc
In spite of Influential opposition he forced the
Din inrongn Dotn House ana senate, and It
was signedby the Governor. In recognition of
the prominent part taken by Representative
Kauffman In this matter, the Governor ap
pointed him a member of the pesnanent com
mission to take charge of the soldiers' orphans.
The Fight for Cooper's Place.
Hon. Jesse M. Baker, representative from
Delaware county, is a West Pointer and a law
yer, and has served two terms as District At
torney of his county. He is a Quartermaster
in the National Guard, and served with honor
on the commissary staff when the Commissary
Department of the National Guard had charge
of the distribution of relief at Johnstown. Mr.
Baker served with conspicuous ability In the
last session of the Legislature. He was one of
the most fearless members on the floor, and
bad to be assured on all occasions that a bill
was right In every particular before be would
vote for ft. His-opposition never degenerated
into opposition for Its own sake, however. The
same spirit that moved him to oppose bills bo
deemed. wrong made him as warm a champion
ot measures he deemed proper and necessary.
He was severely condemned by the Philadelphia
papers during the session for an attack he
made on General Hartranft in connection with
some legislation. It was one of the few mis
takes hb made, for whether General Hartranft
was or was not guilty ot the matter alleged.it
did not appreciably affect the merits of the
bill before the House. This attack on the ex
Governor will doubtless be used against Mr.
Baker by bis opponent. It is to Mr. Baker's
credit that he opposed the bill, passed by a
narrow majority, that gives oil prodncing cor
porations the neht to purchase stock in similar
corporations. The passage of this bill will
greatly aid the Standard Oil Company In its
present efforts to absorb the oil Droducln? ter
ritories of the State. Sir. Baker's independence
is indicated in the fact that he opposed the
seating of the Republican candidate In the
Pailadelphia legislative contest, though every
other Republican voted for It.
Mr. Baker's competitor, ex-Representative
Robinson, spent a great deal of his time at
Hamsburg last session disguised ns a corre
spondent for a Philadelphia newspaper. He is
a lawver, and in the Legislature of 18S7 was
considered one of the finest speakers In the
body. He is a shrewd and able politician.
Fllnn No Novice In Lesialatlon.
William Fllnn will be no novice in the Sen
ate, as, aside from his experience In practical
politics, he served something more than an ap-
Erenticeshjp In the lower branch of the Legis
tture from this county in years agpne.
Nothing has yet been said ot Democratic op-
Sosition to the gentlemen mentioned. The
enatorlal districts they desire to repre
sent are too strongly Republican to make suc
cess seem even remotely probable for the
The Enullnh to tbe Front.
from the Detroit Journal. I
Rev, Mr. Baxter, of England, who is on speak
ing terms with the powers that know all things,
scoops all bis cotemporaries by annonncing
that the end of tbe world will positively take
place April 11, 1E91, An English syndicate will
probably buy up all the front scats.
TKI-STATE TE1FLES. .
A motheb and daughter llvine near Weston,
Pa., were resting in a woods one day recently
when the daughter exclaimed that she heard
tbe rattle of a snake close by. The mother
giving a quick glance around was horrified to
find she was sitting on the reptile. She
jumped away with a yell that seemed to scare
it, as it wriggled out of sight immediately.
South EastoN boys have been caught steal
ingchickens from farmers In a new way,
having fished for them with a grain of cprn on
a small hook. Somo chickens that tore loose
from tho hooks were so badly injured that they
died. A hook in one chicken's throat revealed
An offensive trunk raised an excitement in
the depot at New Oxford, Adams county, Pa
a few days ago. On being opened it was found
to bold ladles' wearing apparel well stocked
with naphthaline to keep off moths.
A Huntisodok paper says: There are vil
lages in this county, of 200 or 300 Inhabitants,
where it would be Impossible to find a soul
astir on Sunday afternoon. It is a universal
custom to "nap."
The American raven, which naturalists
thought extinct, is still found in Columbia and
Sullivan counties, in this State.
A Washington countt, O., farmer 90
years old assists the hands in the harvest field.
Odd appeal to a Wheeling druggist: "Say,
gimme a patent medicine almanac Pre got a
sort of stiffness In tbe small ot my back, and I
want to see If It's a disease."
A SNAKE got Into the pfllplt at Chester
Heights on Sunday and caused a commotion
among tbe dangbters.of Ere. A son of Adam
bruised the head of the serpent with his No. U
A Kanawha river fisherman caught a jack
salmon that had swallowed one bass and had
another half way down its throat.
GRimrH WiixiAKSand a family of eight
bare left for Wales. They are survivors of
the Johnstown flood. One of the children, who
was born in the attio of a house that was float-
John Hamilton, who died recently in
Peoria, officiated as a notary public at the first
marriage In Chicago.
Frank Staab, of Louisville, was at
tacked by a 350-pound black bear in that city
and nearly torn to pieces. The animal was a
pet and belonged to his neighbor.
It is estimated that the money used in
a single year to foot the salary and expense
bills of the traveling salesmen of the United
States woul pay off the entire national debt
and leave a few dollars over.
B. F. Eay. of Mitchell county, Ga.,
comes to the front with tbe largest cucumber
of the season. The encumber measured UK
inches In length and 8 inches in circumfer
ence, and weighed two pounds.
A sea turtle 10 feet lone, 5 feet wide
and weighing 1,000 pounds, was caughtrecently
in a trap off South Harwich, Cape Cod. This
monster Is estimated to be fully 200 years old.
As It stands the distance between its fore flip
pers is over 10 leet,
Lightning struck the house of Colonel
L. N. Edwards, of Oxford. Me-, knocking
kerosene lamp Into a thousand pieces and tak
ing a metal clock from the wall of the roonx
and hurling it under tbe Colonel's bed. Noth
ing else in the house was disturbed. '
A New Yorker went into a Broadway
store and asked to see some trousers. One of
them went Into a dressing room, and when be
emerged the salesman noticed that be had
suddenly become "humpbacked. Running hi
hand up the man's back, tbe clerk pulled out
four pairs of trousers and the deformity disap
peared. The news comes from the University of
Padua that Prof. Gravenlgo has sneceeded in
grafting the cornea of a barndoor fowl on the
eye of a human subject. The operation is
spoken of as most successful, the transplanted
cornea being transparent, glossy and convex.
If It be as is said there is a new hope for many
An interesting table exhibited at the
Paris Exposition shows the relative civiliza
tions of tbe several countries from the post
office standpoint, by showing the number of
letters per capita passing through them. Great
Britain leads with 40 per head. Australia is
next with 35. and Switzerland with 3a The
unitea mates, uermany and Holland nave M
and Beleinm leads them at 25. The other conn
tries of Europe gradually descend in the scale
till tbe zero mark is almost reached In Russia,
which reports only two letters a year per head.
" Mrs. Baker, of Richford, Vt, went into
her dining room the other day, and discovered
a snake coiled snugly under Xhe table. She
naturally objected to a boarder of that sort,
and. securing a kettle of boiling water, pro
ceeded to persuade the snake to leave. When
she approached, his snakeship rebelled against
the hot water treatment, and made ready to
spring upon her. But Mrs. Baker, noting tbe
snake's open mouth, gave him a generous dose
of the kettle's contents and scalded him to
Thursday Mr. Segui and another fish
erman of St. Angustme, Fla.. were spreading
their nets at the mouth ot the little channel on
tbe east side of the marsh island just across
tbe river when a monster sawfish, which was
coming down with the tide, became entangled
in tbe meshes of tbe net. In the attempt to
secure him he got underneath the fishing
canoe, nearly capsizing It. He was finally cap
tured and brought to the corner of tbe old fort
and landed. Tbefish measures 14 feet in
length and had a formidable-looking saw with
a row of 23 teeth on either side.
An average of five feet of water is esti
mated to fall annually over the whole earth,
and, assuming that condensation takes place at
an average height of 3.0CO feet, scientists con
clude that the force of evaporation t supply
such rainfall must equal tbe lifting of 322.000,
000 p6unds nf water 3.000 feet In every minute,
or about 300.000.000,000 horse power constantly
exerted. Of this prodigious amount of energy
thus created a very small proportion Is
transferred to the waters that run back
through rivers to tbe sea, and a still smaller
fraction is utilized by man; the remainder is
dissipated In space.
Arthur Elmer Hatch, who recently
graduated from Bates College, in Maine, bag
been blind from childhood. His lessons were
learned by tbe aid of bis mother and his fe!-
low students. His mother read his English
stndies to him nntil he bad them firmly fixed
In his memory, and bis Latin and Greek bs ,
learned with the assistance of tbe other boys. I
When his turn came to recite, instead of read
ing the text from tbe book himself, the teacher
would read a passage and he would then trans
late and give Its grammatical "construction.
Geometry he mastered by means of a cushion
upon which be ontlined the propositions with
pins and twine.
The sexton of the chapel atBudd's Lake,
N. J., was badly stung by bees tbe other day.
While the chapel bell was ringing on a Sunday
evening some time ago, the Dolt which held it
to the framework Droke. and tbe bell clattered
down tbe roof to tbe ground. The next day it
was fonnd to be right side up and uninjured.
Later, when tbe sexton pried it over to one
side, preparatory to having it raised by a der
rick, hundreds of honey bees flew out. sur
rounded him and drove him Into the lake,
whence he was rescued when nearly drowned.
His head was covered with stings, and bis
-hands and arms suffered severely. Tbe bell
was found to be nearly filled with honey. The
bees had obtained ingress and egress through a
small hole in the top.
At the recent meeting of the American
Philosophical Association in Easton J. H. Hall
narrated some legends from a Syriac maun
scri'p: received from Persia a few weeks ago.
The manuscript contains an account of Moses'
colloquy with the Lord on Mount Sinai; of the
letter which fell from heaven upon the bands
of Athenasias, patriarch of Great Home (which
in documents of thij sort means Constantino
ple or Byzantium), about the year 740 A. D.; of
Christ finding tbe skull of Arsenius, King of
Egypt, making it talk and tell all his experi
ences in death, and going down to Gehenna. It
concludes with Christ raising Arsenius to life
and proscribing a course of eight years' good
conduct to fit him for heaven.
AMONG TOE JESTERS.
An exchange has an article "On Getting
Ahead." Almost anybody can do that. Tbe dif
ficulty Is with the hat. Burlington lYtt Prat.
Kindness may be the "golden chain by
which society Is bound together," as Scott says,
hut there la always some fellow trying to borrow
your particular link to pawn. Texas Sifting t.
One Way of Putting It. Bobby had
never seen the moon before when It was In Its first
Look!" he said tohis nurse, "dod has broken
bis lamp shade. Judge.
Good One on Boston. Tot, a Chicago girl,
en route to Europe with her mother, drives through
Boston going to her hotel.
Tot Mamma, why doesn't that stupid driver go
through the streets, Instead of up the alleys?
How to Get There. First stranger (in
Boston) Can you tell me how to reach Washing
Second Stranger That's Jnst where I want to go.
Let's work together. You go south and I'll go
north, and we'll report progress every time we
Class in Physiology. Omaha teacher;
Will some member of the class explain how we
Bright Sprig Somebody tells pa something
down town, then pa tells It to ma as a profound
secret, then ma tells It at the sewing society meet
ing, and then we all hear It. Omaha World.
So ex-Congressman Horr declines to ac
cept the Valparlaso consulate, eh?" said a Missouri
politician to a Michigan man at the bbltt House
"Ol course he does." (
"WaaL I should think myseir he'd rather have
some place In his own State than to go over Into
Injlany. Waehlngfn Pott.
Boys Will be Boys. Country magistrate)
(genially, to complainant) Oh, boys will be boys!
1 wouldn't prosecute 'em. If 1 was you. That cut
over y'r eye will soon heal, ana ye know they
wouldn't 'a stoned ye If ye hadn't got mad when
they sassed ye. Jest remember ye was a boy once
Magistrate's wire (rushing In) Bllasl Sllast
Them boys Is In our orchard ag'nt
Magistrate (darting up) Conjara erat Where's
my shotgun? Pue.
A BONO rOB SUMMER B:S0RT3.
Eyes were made to flirt.
Tongues were made to spoon.
.Hearts were made to beat all day. -
With other hearts la tune.
Hands were made to bold)
Arms were made Just right,
Waists were ditto, and lipsoh. myt
Try guessing. If, you're bright.
It Was Explainable. "Weigh -me,
please?" said Brlggs, as he stepped on the grocer's
scales. .. ,
The man who manipulated theVclghts looked at
blnv In astonishment. Brlggs looked as though
he ought to weigh abont ISO pounds, but the beam
balanced at 5B-. i
"Yon meat have something heavy abont yont
clothes, " said the grocer, ' .v.-,. .
"Oh, that's it," rejoined Brlggs;- 'I have my
summer's lee bill Is my pocket. Pew Tors Kw. $
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