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THE PITTSBURG- DISPATCH. SUNDAY, JULY 14, 1889.
The Centennial Anniversary of the
Fall of the Paris Bastile
COMMEMORATED BY ANARCHISTS.
Rev. Hugh 0. Pentecost Makes a Decidedlj
JOHNSTOWN, IIOMEbTEAD, BRAIMYOOD
Cited as Eiansplrs of Instances Where TVronjs Yfased
War With Mi-ht.
New York Anarchists yesterday cele
brated the fall oftheBastileinl789. One of
the features of the occasion was a speech by
Kev. Hugh O. Pentecost, who, while he
denied that he was a Socialist, made a very
rfrrCIALTELECKAM TO THE DISPATCIt. I
New York. July 13. Ked was the pre
vailing color to-day a rhocnix Park. 5Ior
risania, where the Anarchists had gathered
to celebrate the one hundredth anniversary
ofthefallof the Bastile. They could not
have their jubilee to-morrow, because Capt
ain Brooks, of the Morrisania precinct,
would not allow any beer sold there on Sun
day. Big red flags were hung around the
hall, and there was a picture ot the storming
of the Bantile on one of the walls.
It was 4 o'clock before the Anarchists
began to arrive, but by 8 o'clock there were
over 1,000 people in the grounds. The men
wore bits of red ribbon in their button
holes, or a red flower, while their wives and
sweethearts showed their allegiance by
bright red flowers in th'r hats, or red
(ashes around their waists. Johnnn Most,
in an alapaca coat and light derby, was on
hand, but he was not bristling with anarchy.
Justus Schwab was there too.
SO OCCASION VOK POLICE.
Captain Brooks was present a good part
of the day and evening with ten of his
men in uniform and citizens' dress, but
there was not the slightest disturbance all
dav, and the 50 reserves waiting around the
corner iu the station house were not called
Inspector Conlin was around during the
altcrn'oon. He said the police were there to
protect the Anarchists as much as to keep
an eye on them. The members of the Si
Ging Society sang in the hall during the
evening, and there were to have been some
speeches, too. The audience was too apa
thetic to listen apparently, and up to 10
o'clock Most had not had'the opportunity
of saying a word. His harangue was to
have been on the effect of the French lievo
lution. The prospect for a congress of Anarchists
at Phniuix Park to-morrow appears to have
fallen through. The police ay they haven't
forbidden the meeting, but the proprietor
nys he won't rent the grounds on Sunday
AN EVENING MASS MEETING.
The red silk banners bung at the back of
the stage in the big hall of Cooper Union
to-night, and above them was draped the
tri-color. It was a mass meeting to cele
brate the anniversary of ihe fall of the
Bastile. The big hall was filled to over
flowing with a good-natured, enthusiastic
audience. The enthusiasm seemed to be
evoked mostly by patriotic airs of
France and Germany, played by a full
breasted, energetic orchestra called the Ad
vance Association of Scientific Musicians.
The red flags on the ttae were contributed
by the Framers, Waiters and Carpenters'
Tjnion No. 4, the railing and iurniture
makers, and the Scandinavian section of
the Socialistic-Labor party. Francis
Schraider introduced the Kev. Hugh O.
Pentecost, uhosaiu, in substance:
KEV. PENTECOST'S REMARKS.
I am not a Socialist or Revolutionist, though
there is no ditgrace to the name of Socialist.
If! were a Socialist I would be proud to hear
that name. I do not believe In fighting A
voice I do.l. I believe in peace, almost to
the point of non-resistance. I have seen force
so infernally used by governments and the
police that 1 don't believe in it. I don't be
lieve in king1!, or council or in parliaments.
1 do not believe in upholding govern
ments by force, yet every government is
upheld by force alone, and the time comes
Mhen the people do rise and overthrow gov
ernmeiits. To free tlio slaves in America by
giving up 1,000.000 lives, and by doing that to
establish white slavery, was the worst public
wrong. I don't believe in the French Revolu
tion. Vet I believe some good came out of it.
Why do I speak to you tbcu? Because jou are
discontented, and you have a right to be dis
contented. It looks as though the masses are
robbed out of that whien they produce, and
we know that there is being formed hero a
shaip distinction between classes, as in the
We have gut to understand that the laws are
made to make one man rich and another man
a pauper helote we willkuow how to change
the condition of thing. The disparity is so
great that the result will be
SLAVERY OR ANOTHER REVOLUTION.
Let us hone that a remedy will be found be
fore that time comes. There are signs of a
forceful revolution in this country. In Braid
wood. 111., children died of hunger in a strike
recently, and the parents hadn't the manhood
or the womanhood to throw a brick to break a
window, though they wo ild have been justified
in doii.g so. The danger point with the Ameri
can wurkingmen is not when they are starving,
bnt when they rind they are being fooled with.
That's where thry are like the French.
At Johnstown. Pa, the workmen struck for
over 100 a d.iy for digging out dead bodies,
and the militia were summoned, not to
protest against the starvation wajrc, but to
put down the wnrkingmt-n. It was jurt so at
Carnegie's works receutly Carnegie, who
wrote ""Triumphant Democracj," and who re
duces the wage of his workmen enough to pay
hi expenses to Europe.
The Lord knows how this thing is going to
end. Why, Thomas Jefferson wrote that every
goernment ought to be shaken up every ten
years on general principles. Applause, I Our
Got eminent uas itself
ESTBLISHED BY' A EEVOLTJTION
If jou ask me what we all want, I reply:
"Jlore." If jour neighbor has more than you
have, all the reighbors ought to be dissatisfied
until they get more too. So long as there is a
lnillionaiic yon ought to tin dissiti-fled. I
want to inflame our discontent, to obtain
5 our rights uy Socialism or some how. There
I enough money in the country to give every
man S-VM) a j eir. I do not say there should bo
a bloody revolution, butI hope there will be a
retoiiitiou, even it suouiu uea bloody one.
"The Marseillaise" was played by the
orchestra and the Socialistic Liedertalcl
sang "Liberty." Sergius E. Shevitch spoke
in German, reviewing the history of the
French Revolution, and he called on Ameri
can workingmen to rouse themselves and
move on the Bastile of capital. Mr. Shev
itch received a good deal of applause. The
proceedings were concluded bv singing by
tlie Socialistic Liedertafel, and by the reci
tation ot a poeni, "Dcr Commune," by a
tall, slender young man with blonde hair.
BUYING EVERYTHING IX SIGHT.
An Enslfoh Symlienlo Gelling Options Ou
Lots of American Properly.
ICriX! L TELEC11AU TO THE DISrATCH.l
Saratoga, N. Y., July 12. Among the
guests of the hotel is Mr. James Marix,
manager and part owner of the London
Financial Times, and sole proprietor of the
lJ7n'e7iaH J.en'etr, a well-known society
paper published in London. In conversa
tion with a Dispatch reporter Mr. Marix
I viitcd New York City for the purpose of
examining the linotype machine, which is in
use in the New York TVidunr and the Wash
ington I'oxt offices, with a view of intro
ducing it In Europe. With a party of English
capitalists accompanying me to America, 1
have, purchased the patent rights for
the whole world, the company retain
ing only America. The cost approximated
500,000. Our party nmnbercd 25 per
sons, representing $50,000,000 or capital.
AVe nought a number of breweries in Duluth
and Buffalo, and several granaries In Chicago.
All these purchases were made on options for
an English syndicate."
Mr. Marix and his associates will return
on Saturday, via the Servia.
A COLD WATER CROWD.
Plenty orProhlhition Resolution! Offered In
the Norlh Dakota Convention Siring.
ent Regulation of Rnllrond nnd
Other Corporations The
Bismarck, Dak., July 13. At to-day's
session of the convention a number of pro
posed articles were presented. Messrs.
Flemington, Itowe, Pollock and Haiger in
troduced articles providing for con
stitutional prohibition of the manufac
ture and sale of intoxicating liquors.
Mr. Johnson offered a compact with the
United States providing toleration of re
ligious beliefs; disclaiming all right to un
appropriated public lands within the limits
of the State; exempting United States lands
from taxation; assuming a.due proportion of
the dcht and liabilities of the Territory of
Dakota previous to the adoption of tliis Con
stitution, and ordering the establishment
and maintenance of public non-sectarian
Mr. Johnson introduced a long article
with 19 sections relating to corporations.
Among other provisions in this proposed
article is the following:
No corporation should be created, or have its
charter extended, exchanged or amended by
special laws, except those for charitable, edu
cational or reformatory purposes which arc to
remain under the patronage and control of the
State, hut the Legislature shall provide by gen
eral laws for the organization of all corpora
tions hereafter to be created: exclusive privi
leges not taken advantage of are declared in
valid: property and franchises of Incorpora
tions arc made subject to public use: no stocks
or bonds shall be issued by any corporations
except for money, property or services
actually rendered; the Legislature is
empowered to alter or annul charters if no in
justice is thereby done: no official or employe
of any railroad is permitted to furnish supplies
or material of said corporation; annual re
ports to the public officials are required; rail
ways are declared to be common carriers, and
subject to legislative con-.ro,: discrimination
and extortion in rates shall be prevented by
legislative enactment, and just compensation
mut be rendered for public use ot private
Mr. C. P. Parsons, of Roumette county,
offered an article making Bismarck the
temporary capital; providing for its per
maHentlocatiou by a vote of the people, and
forbidding any expenditure for buildings
until the permanent location has been de
SHAKERS SELL OUT.
Their Settlement Near Cleveland Dwindle!
nnd They Will Joln.Olhcr Brethren.
ISr-FCIAI. TELSGHAM TO THX DISPATCH.l ,
Cleveland, July 13. The Quaker set
tlement of North Union, just east of this
city, is to be abandoued and its broad acres
gobbled by an Eastern syndicate.
The colony was formed in 1827,
and has always been considered an inter
community is technically known as the
Church and United Society of Believers.
Its land consists of 1,375 acres
of tarm, meadow and wood, with grist mills
and a stone quarry. Negotiations are now
going on with New fork people to
sell the property. Mathias D. Carter and
John It. Slingerford, trustees for the colony,
have authority to sell the present property
and buy new lands within the "Watervilet
Community's domains in Warren county, 22
miles south of Dayton. That community
owns 4,000 acres and is prosperous and
The society here has fallen off three-quarters
within the past 20 years. They
have Ueeti most careful with applications
for membership. To become a member
applicants were compelled to present iron
clad recommendations. Not many years
ago the colony had three large families
containing over 200 members, while now
there are but two families, with but
33 members. The farming land has been
allowed to go to waste, and through Bishop
G. B. Avery, of New York.the local colony
will be allowed to join their prosperous
brethren near Dayton.
CATTLE THIEVES IN 7A1L.
Trying to Keep Off Moaqulloes They
Jlcven! Themselves to the Sheriff".
rSI'ECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE DISPATCH.
Chetenn'e, July 15. Two cattle thieves
named George and James Perry were car
tured in the Horse creek country to-day and
brought to Cheyenne late last night and
lodged in jail. A trap was laid
to catch the thieves and sever
al cattle of different brands. On
Friday morning the thieves started for
Cheyenne with their beef, but they were
stopped and arrested. In their capture a
desperate struggle ensued and one of the
sheriffs and posse in hand-to-hand encounter
tell over an embankment when assistance
arrived and after a furious fight the thieves
A dispatch from Boulder, Col., says: Two
horse-thieves who have been giving consid
erable annoyance in Gilpin county, were
captured last evening by the Sheriff of
Boulder and a posse, ns they were coming
down left hand with their plunder. "When
about half a mile away a spark from a
smudge made by the robbers to drive away
mosquitoes revealed their camping ground
to the Sheriff, who had started from Boul
der to head them off. Dismounting his
company he advanced stealthily on foot and
covered the men before they were aware of
the presence of the officers. Both were
armed to the teeth, and one showed fight by
drawing his six-shooter, of which he was
A FATAL ENGINE TEST.
Terrible Collision on a Rnllrond Curve 7
Miles From Oil City.
JSPECIAI. TELEOKAU TO THE DISrATCn.l
Oil City, Pa., July 13. This afternoon
about 5 o'clock a terrible collision occurred
on the Western New York and Philadelphia
Railroad, on a sharp curve near
Petroleum Center, about seven miles
from this city. Master Mechanic
Newman, of that company, with Engineer
Stone, were trying the speed of an engine
wheu they suddenly collided with a freight
coming south. Brakeman Martin
Timlin, of the freight, was caught
between a fiat car and an oil tank,
and was horribly mangled, dying in a few
minutes. He resided in Albany, N. Y.,
and was the only support of a "widowed
mother, his father having been killed in a
railroad accident recently.
Engineer Stone, ot the" single engine, had
his nose severed from his face by being
dashed through the cab window. Master
Mechanic Newman had his hand badly
crushed. Engineer Van Dresser and his
fireman, ot the treight. were both painfully,
but not seriously, injured. Both engines
and several cars were completely demol
ished. HE EXPECTED SOMETHING BETTER.
Hon. Itosivcll G. Ilorr Led to Believe Ho
Would be a Big Man.
ISrECIAI. TELEGRAM TO THE DISPATCH.l
"Washington, July 13. Persons in this
city who know the Hon. Roswell G. Horr
are not surprised at his rejection of his ap
pointment as Consul at Valparaiso. They
generally agree that it would have
been better to have not of
fered him, anything than a petty
consulship, in view of his prominence as a
leading Ilcpublican in Congress and his
high national reputation as a1 campaign
orator, who had well served his party.
Mr. Horr has spent much ot his
time in this city for some months,
and from the manner of his treatment
at the White House it is said he was
justified in assuming that-he wojild be
offered, at the very least, some one of the
more lucrative consul generalships, an'd
not a consulship worth only $3,000 in South
Mr. Horr's friends say that be has good
reason V feel insulted when he sees many of
these places going to young fellows of no
ability or reputation, and who merely want
to pay their way handsomely during a resi
dence for pleasure abroad.
ONE OF THEIR SCHEMES.
Detective Who Instigate Bnrglnrlei In
Order to Secure Reward for Cap
ture Ilnrd Lack of a Citizen
Who Recently Tried to
I SPECIAL TELKOHAU TO TUB DISPATCU.3
New YonK, July 13. John Dunne and
John Grace pleaded not guilty in the Court
of Sessions, Brooklyn, to-day to a charge of
burglary, and Dunne followed up the plea
by making a remarkable statement: "Your
Honor, there is a man in New
York named Cowan, who is paid to
entice men to come over here and csmmit
burglaries and then to give them away."
Taken in conjunction with a similar state
ment made in court on Friday by one of an
other pair of burglars, caught under
circumstances almost identical by
Roche and Ryan, the declaration of Dunne
caused a sensation in court. A reporter of
The Dispatch to-night visited some of
the men in their cells in the Raymond street
"We were caught dead to rights," said
Dunne, "but it was all on account of a third
party who gave us away to the police. I
had just got back from Pittsburg. To tell
you the truth, I was 'working Johnstown,
but had no luck and struck New
York dead broke. I met Grace
and this third person, whose name I
think is Eddie Cowan, on Park Row. He
knew I was out of money and said he'd put
me on a good thing. He agreed to meet us
at the Catherine ferry at midnight. Then
lie took us uji to Greene avenue to this
"On our way there I tumbled to the two
men who seemed to be following us. I
spoke about it, but Cowan said it was all
right. When we got to the house we were
to work, Cowan used the jimmy on the
window. Suddenly he said: 'Wait
here until I "see if the coast
is clear.' He skipped out and
the next moment we were grabbed by the
officers, who shoved their pistols in our
faces." Grace told almost exactly the same
story, and gave some further information
about the "stool pigeon," whose name he
explained was not Cowan, but Eddie Cur
ran, an old timer who hangs out in the
HOW A CASHIER WAS CADGHT.
The President of the Bank Accidentally
Stumbled Over One of His Transactions.
ISPECIAL TELEOBAM TO THE DISPATCH.l
PouGHKEErsiE, N. Y., July 13. The
city was startled to-night by a published
charge of dishonesty against Zebulon
Ruddy, who lately resigned as cashier of the
First National Bank. It is ac open secret
that President Robert Slee, of the bank
named, made the charges some time ago,
and that Mr. Rudd's resignation was tend
ered and accepted, to take effect on July 1.
It was understood at the time that this
was becanse Mr. Rudd, while an officer of
of the bank, was selling securities and pock
eting the commissions, and the President
held that the profit ot all such business
transactions would accrue to the bank.
When the directors met, on July 1, an
election occurred for a cashier in place of
Mr. Rndd. Mr. John P. Adriance, Vice
President of the bank and a brother-in-law
of Mr. Rudd, nominated Mr. Rudd for
re-election, but he was beaten, whereupon
Mr. Adriance and his son, J. R. Adriance,
withdrew from the board and took their de
posits away lrom the bank. Mr. Robert
Slee, President of the bank, being inter
viewed to-day, said:
It came to the knowledge of the President of
the bank, who reported it to the Board of Di
rectors, that the customers of the bank who
came there with their securities to
be sold for their own account, were
not credited with the amounts received
for tliokc securities. The sale of securities by
the cashier of the bank does not come under
tho supervision of the President or Board of
Directors. It however, came to my knowledge
one day in the sale of securities for
an aged woman, who ordered the proceeds
to be placed to her credit In the bank, that she
was credited some flOO short. As President of
the bank, I at once ordered the account to be
rectified, and it was. On investigation, this
proved to be only one of numerous cases of
a similar character.
HE WAS A VENTK1L0QTJIST.
When He lias a Cold and 'Talk Load lie
Loses Control of His Voice.
A few mornings since Secretary of State
N. C. Barne tt, while riding on a Capitol
avenue street car, gave Prof. Vanstatvoren
10 cents change. The driver returned
two tickets. The Secretary objected and the
professor opened the front door of the car and
yelled at the driver:
The professor's voice had a peculiar and
unnatural sound to it.
The driver put on brakes quickly and the
car came to a stop.
"It's me asking you for change," yelled
the professor in the same queer voice.
The driver jumped off his car and looked
down the street.
Passengers caught on and there was a
The professor ran out at the driver and
told him what was wanted.
As the car started off the professor said to
his fellow passengers.
"In my younger days I was a ventrilo
quist, aud I have a cold this morning and
when I talk loud I lose control of my
The Secretary of State got his nickel.
UAIBRELLAS WITH GLASS WINDOWS.
Something to Let Yon See Where Yon Are
Clothier and Furnlshcr.l
There need be no further excuse for allow
ing your umbrella to drip down the neck of
your dearest friend in a rainstorm, or run
ning amuck of the hurrying wayfarer com
ing from the opposite direction. The rainy
day collision is one of the greatest profan
ity provokers of wet weather, and the En
glishman who invented the glass window
by which one's course in a storm may- be
sighted, deserves the thanks of Christian
men throughout the world. The window
consists of a small aval piece of glass with
a brass or silver frame which is easily
mounted in a rib of the umbrella, while it is
fixed to the silk by sewing it through the
little perforated holes in the frame. These
windows can be placed in new or old um
brellas in a manner which will not injure
the fabric in the least. As to whether the
umbrella will roll up tightly has not, how
ever, been made apparent.
A SPIKE IN HIS EYE.
A Man Who Failed lo lilt His Kali on the
John Neff, a Carpenter, attempted to'drive
a spike into a board yesterday. In striking
it he missed the head, and the spike hit
him in the eye and cut that organ eo that
the vitreus humor ran out, and Neff will
lose the sight of that eye. He lives on
Barkbammer street, Southside.
A New Method of Collecting.
Thomas Love, who lives on Grant street,
made an information before Alderman
Eeilly yesterday, charging Henry Thorn
ton with assault and battery. It is alleged
bv Love that Thornton borrowed some
money from him, and "because he conld not
repay him he struck him on the head with a
club, knocking him down. Thornton was
arrested and committed to jail in default of
$300 bail for a hearing Monday.
,. The Eliot Bible.
Hartford Post. I
Prof. T. Hammond Trumbull of this city
is the only American now living who can
read the Eliot Indian Bible, conies of
wbiah are prized very highly by collectors.
It is doubtful if one person in a thousand,
even in so thoroughly trained and educated
a commnnity as" Hartford, has seen one of
these noted works.
SOLD TO A SYNDICATE
A Mammoth Iron and Steel Works of
Cleveland Bought by the British.
CONFIRMATION OF A BIG DEAL.
The Otis Company Sells Its Plant for Four
and a Half Millions.
NO PRESENT CHANGE OF MANAGEMENT.
The Trice Paid for the Institution Total as a Desened
The Otis Iron and Steel Company, of
Cleveland, has been sold to a syndicate of
English capitalists. The officers of the
company admit the transaction. The price
paid for the works was 54,500,000. Cleve
land iron and steel men consider the deal
an adventitious one. Mr. S. T. Wellman,
one of the founders of the Otis Company,
is spoken of as a man well up in his busi
ness. He sold out of the company just be
fore its transfer to the British.
fsrxciAL TXLxonui to the Disr-ATcn.1
Cleveland, O., July 18. The announce
ment from London of the sale of the Otis
Iron and Steel .Company, of this city, to an
English syndicate, is verified by the officers
of the company. Negotiations leading up to
the sale have been going on for months
past, and President Charles A. Otis and
Treasurer Thomas Jopling visited London
The price paid for the works is ?4,500,000.
The deal does not include tbe American
Wire Works, of this city, nor the Solid
Steel Company, of Alliance, two other con
cerns owned by Mr. Otis and his associates.
The securities of the new company will
consist of 6 per cent debenture bonds, 51,
600,000 of 8 per cent preferred shares, and
51,500.000 common shares. The affairs of
the company will for the present be con
ducted by tbe old management, although
extensive developments maybe expected.
A GIGANTIC CONCERN.
Although in operation but a few years, the
Otis Iron and Steel Company is generally
admitted -to be one of the greatest con
cerns ot its kind in this country.
The plant has been employing more
than 1,000 men for some time past,
and its usefulness has been widening
since the erection of the first small melting
house. Its boiler plate is required in speci
fications everywhere, and the general steel
output is of the highest order. Everything
in the way of locomotive steel, boiler plate
and ship plate is looked upon as standard.
In connection with Messrs. Charles A. Otis,
Thomas Jopling and J. K. Bole, it is
probable that no man has had more to do
with advancing the big steel works to its
present standing than Mr. S. T. Wellman,
who is known among the leading steel men
abroad as well as in this conntrv. Mr.
Wellman retired fromthesuperintendencyof
the works a short time ago, and it is
understood that he sold his interest
previous to the opening of negotiations for
the sale. He is now consulting engineer
for the Illinois Steel Company, recently
made up of a consolidation of three Western
mills in the vicinity of Chicago.
VERY WELL SPOKEN OP.
Although not as actively engaged in the
affairs of the Western mills as he was here,
Mr. Wellman has already inaugurated a
number of changes in them, and his work is
spoken of very highly.
Private opinion among the few people
who have been aware of the sale for a short
time past is inclined to favor it. The own
ers and managers of the works have labored
wonderfully toward its improvement, and
the price paid for it U a reward.
For several weeks past inquiries have
been received from Boston and New York,
by prominent iron men here, regarding the
standing ot the company and the extent of its
operations. Certain movements on the part
ot the officers of tbe company and the myste
ious visit of Messrs. Otis and Jopling to
London, also led to the suspicion of a new
move of some kind, but tbe announcement
ot the sale will be a surprise, even to the
extensive iron men, on account of the close
policy ot the corporation.
THIEVING RED MEN.
Armed With a Hunting Permit They Ravage
n Section of Colorado.
ISrECIAI. TELEGRAM TO TUB DISPATCH.l
Rico, Col. July 13. There is much
complaint among ranchmen and prospectors
living near the heads of Hermosa and Las
Animas Valleys over the appearance of a
band of about 100 Indians, who are
terrifying families, robbing them of
their supplies, and wantonly slaughtering
the game of that section. A band of bucks
the other day invaded-the home of Dan
Murnan in Hermose Valley during his
absence, frightened his wife and ate up and
carried away all the supplies the family
In hunting further up the valley they
divided in numerous bands, and practically
corraled and killed all the deer and elk in a
section of country 12 miles square.
The large game is slaughtered simply for
the hides and a number of ponies loaded
with green hides are daily seen returning
to the reservation. The people in the
section who have shown a deference to the
game laws of the State are greatly exercised
over the wasteful execution by these tres
passing Indians and their dastardly depre
dations. The Indians are armed with a
permit from the agent at Los Pinos, but it
is doub'ful if that will save their hides if
they remain long off their reservation and
in this section of the State.
MDCH MORE THAN SATISFIED,
Commodore Schley Oellshted With
Work of tho Cmlser Baltimore.
Washington, July 13. Commodore
Schley, Chief of the Bureau of Equipment
and Recruiting, returned to the city this
morning from Philadelphia,, where he had
gone to accompany the' new steel cruiser
Baltimore on her first run out to sea. He
was in a high state of satisfaction over the
achievement of the new craft, which he will
command as soon as she is put in commis
sion. He calls her a "magnificent ship,"
and cays that she will be one of the most
formidable vessels afloat, when fully
equipped and armed. The run lasted three
days, and was taken by the contractor: for
the purpose of ascertaining how the
machiuery worked in a seaway.
The trial, said the commodore, was a com
plete success. The vessel was taken out
side, and was run through a heavy swell.
She was unequipped, and the guns were not
compensated for. by extra weights. Every
thing worked beautifully, and pointed to a
complete fulfillment of the -contract re
quirements. Commodore Schley said that
he did not want to give ' any ot the figures
of the three days' run, as he thought they
should come from the Messrs. Cramp. He
adds that he is thoroughly satisfied with his
A CLODDBDRST IN NEBRASKA.
IHnny Lives Supposed to Have Been Lost In
iho Fcarfal Waves.
srXCIAL TELEGRAM TO TnB DtSPATCn.1
" Fort Robinson, Neb., July 13. A
cloudburst occurred in Soldier Creek Valley
about daylight to-day., Some ot the waves
were six feet high. Four people, Marsh
Duncan and three of his children, are
known to have been drowned. It is feared
that many other lives have been lost
Colonel Tilford has sent out a company of
the Eighth Infantry to search for the dead
and carry assistance to the sufferers.
THINKS SHE'S MAEEIED.
lUndarae Diss Debar Answer n Lending;
Question Rather Amusingly Glad to
Gain Some Additional Notoriety
How It Came to Iter.
rsrxciAt. txlioram to tiik dispatch.!
New York, July 13. Editha Diss De
bar, the spook manipulator, seemed glad of
an opportunity to-day to bring her name
once more before the public. She has been
gaining flesh at Newpoit. To-day she
answered a summons to appear before Judge
Holme, of the City Court, and be examined
as to her possessions. Ryerson & Brown,
the livery stable men, are suing her for
5120 which she owes them for the use of
"I have just come from Newport," she
gasped, "and just received your summons.
This examination will be a godsend to me,
as it will enable me to get my property,
which was taken from me by Inspector
Byrnes and others, alter my arrest in April,
Leopold Leo, who appeared for Ryerson
& Brown, conducted the examination.
Mme. Diss Debar announced that she was
her own lawyer in this case. She had a
frank statement to make, and she only
wanted to tell the truth.
"Where do you live?" asked Mr. Leo.
"I rent two" furnished floors at 138 Wa
verly place. I have no real estate of my
"Are vou married?"
"Well, yes, I am," answered Mme. Diss
Debar, hesitatingly, "but I do not live with
niyhusband. I say I am married, but I
believe there is some legal squabble about
it. At any rate, in law I am married."
Mme. Diss Debar said that she had con
siderable personal property, all of which was
in this State. This property consisted of
paintings, brie a-brac and wearing apparel.
She said that 42 paintings belonging to her
and eight owned by J. H. Diss Debar were
at police neadquarters, wnere they have
been since Inspector Byrnes seized them. At
tbe next examination she promised to have
a catalogue of these paintings, giving the
value of each. Some of her property, she
thought, was still in Mr. Marsh's house, at
166 Madison avenue. Some of her paint
ings had probably been removed with Mrs.
Marsh's effects to Chautauqua county.
Mme. Diss Debar agreed to be present
with an inventory of her personal property
next Saturday morning, when the examina
tion will be continued.
Thieves Ransack J. D. Jones' Homo While
tlie Famlljr Are Asleep.
The house of John D. Jones, an employe
in the copper works at Soho, living on
Lawn street, Fourteenth ward, was entered
by burglars early yesterday morning. Five
hundred dollars in money and a quantity
of jewelry were stolen. When the family
awoke it was discovered that everything
was turned topsy turvy. Bureaus had
been ransacked and their contents tnrned
out. In the yard was found a quantity of
wearing apparel which had evidently been
carried out there and searcned by the light
of the moon. The money fonnd to have
been stolen was a 550 bill, 5280 in smaller
bills, two 520 gold pieces and a quantity of
coin, amounting in all to 5500. In addi
tion one gold bracelet, two silver bracelets,
a set of earrings and two breastpins were
Round holes in the window frames showed
where the thieves had pried open the shut
ters. Burnt matches traced their course
through the house. Mr. Jones and his fam
ily slept soundly throughout the nocturnal
visit, and the first they knew of it was when
they woke up in the morning. The police
were notified, but as yet no clew has been
obtained to the thieves.
PATIENT WAITING NO LOSS.
Alfonso Dart, of Ohio, nt Lnst Secures His
rsriCIAL TELEQKAM TO THE DISP ATOII.3
Washington, July 13. At last, after
months of waiting nobody seemed to know
for what Alfonso Hart, of Ohio, 'was to
day given his appointment as Solici
tor of the Treasury. It will
be remembered that Mr. Hart was the bone
of contention which caused Senator Quay
to make his famous, aud it mitrht almost be
said historical, attack ou Senator Sherman;
for it is embalmed in Capital history as one
of the most remarkable attacks on record,
in view of the relations of Quay and Sher
man at Chicago.
It is assumed that the delay was to let the
matter blow over as completely as possible.
Hon. Frank Gilkeson, for whom this posi
tion was wanted by Senator Quay, has been
comfortably installed for some time in the
office of Second Comptroller, and likes the
place, and it is .therefore scarcely an inci
dent to annonnce the appointment of Mr.
ENTITLED TO THE LOWEST RATES.
Mr. Wanamaker Doesn't Want Uncle Sam
Overehnrsed bj Jar Gould.
Washington, July 13. The Post
master General gives out the following, con
cerning the report that he made an order re
ducing the rate on Government telegrams
from 1 cent to 1 mill per word. He says
that he had suggested this rate, and notified
the telegraph companies to this effect. To
some of the companies objecting to the rate,
he had written a letter, which stated among
I desire to say that the rate proposed was
fixed upon information furnished to this de
partment, that year company has been making
rates to various large corporations that are, in
some instances, as low as tbe figure now pro
posed for tho Government service, with
the notice cf this fact I would not
be justified in making for the
Government a new contract at higher rates
than were charged other patron', especially so
In view of privileges and benefits extended to
your company by acts of Concress. I submit to
your own sense of right that the Government,
nnder existing conditions, is entitled to the
BEADY FOR TROUBLE.
The Governor of Arknnsns Wilt Not Have
Ihe militia at an Election.
Little Rock, Abk., July 13. In view
of serious trouble which has been expected
in St. Francis countv on next Mondav. the
day for the holding of the election of Sheriff
and .Assessor (the former place made va
cant by the killing of Sheriff D. M. Wilson
while the Forest City riot was in progress),
the Governor issued a special order to-day,
in which he ordered tbe disbandment of the
six militia companies recently organized in
that county, and the surrender of the arms
and equipments by the Forest City Rifles.
A BIG CAYE-1N.
Three Men Bnrled Bcnenth n Mass of Earth
at tbe Red Pond.
At a late hour last night a message was
received at police headquarters that three
men had been killed by a cave-in at the
Jled Pond on Center avenne.
Owing to tbe lateness of the hour their
names could not be learned. The patrol
wagon from the Eleventh ward was sent to
the scene of the disaster.
Gentlemen, n Word With Yon.
Are youwilling to earn 520 in a few min
utes? It so, here is your opportunity. Com
mencing to-morrow Ivautmauns will make
suits and pants to order in their custom tai
loring department at two-thirds regular
prices. Their reason for doing it is twofold.
First To get rid of the balance of their
stock of fine imported suitings and trouser
ings. Second To keep their cutters and
tailorrbusy during July and August. Now,
then, come in and leave your measure. You
know the first-class, perfect-fitting garments
turned out by Kaufmanns,andthe lowprices
they are sold for. Well, this week they are
one-third lower than ever before.
WHEAT IN DANGEB.
The Dancerons Dlseaso Discovered on
This Grain In Indiana An InvestU
rntton by nn Expert The Na
ture of the Trouble.
Indianapolis, July 13. Horace E.
Stockbridge, Ph. D., Director of the Gov
ernment Agricultural Experiment Station
for Indiana, located at Perdue University,
near Lafayette, has been investigating a
wheat disease that has appeared in certain
sections of the State, particularly in La
Grange county, and which is seriously af
fecting the wheat crop over considerable
areas. The damage likely to be wrought
by it and the rareness with which it occurs
in this county, seem to render a brief de
scription of the infection of importance to
the agricultural community.
The disease is a fungoid growth, known
as "bunt," or "stinkingsmut," on account
of its strong and disagreeable odor.. It is
rarely found in America, but is not uncom
mon in England. The wheat head, on ripen
ing, -may possess a very nearly normal ap
pearance, but on shelling the grains are
found to be filled with a black, greasy pow
der, the result of the growth of the fungus,
beginning with the very germination of the
seed and'keeping pace" with the growth of
the plant. The action is no more harmful
than that of common smut, but its odor ren
ders it more objectionable.
Where not very abundant, it may be
separated from the good grain either by
fanning or by washing. It is very apt to
occur so abundantly, however, .as to render
the entire crop well-nigh worthless.
THE FLINTS' CONVENTION.
Committee on Grievances Hold a
Lengthy and Significant Session.
rSFECIAL TELEOBAM TO TUX DISFATCH.1
The Flint Glassworkers' Convention in
session at Bellaire yesterday did not make
the progress anticipated, and adjourned
till Monday morning. The Auditing Com
mittee and the Chimney Committee re
ported, and the discussion of those reports,
together with a portion of the mouldmakers'
report, occupied all the time of the conven
tion. Secretary Dillen says there have been no
changes adopted that the manufacturers
will object to, but rather indorse, as part of
the changes made were suggested bv them.
It is certain that the convention is very
animated at times, and it has been pro
longed beyond the expectation of any of the
officers. The committees on shades, pre
scription ware, pressed ware, iron moulds
and grievances have not been heard from by
The Grievance Committee has been dodg
ing and had not heard but two minor cases
until last night. It was in session until a
late hour. The Shade and Pressed Ware
Committees were the only ones that have
been feared all along, and the delay in
making up the report confirms, in a meas
ure, the suspicions. The convention will
not adjourn before Tuesday night, and on
Wednesday a conference will be held with
the prescription manufacturers at Pittsburg
relative to the list and moves.
SHOULD BE INDORSED.
The Exposition Directors Will Issne Bonds
to Raise S-J00.000.
The Exposition project needs 5200,000 at
once. The directors met yesterday and pro
posed a plan to issue 2,000 bonds of 5100
eacb to raise the money. The object is to
give those who hold life memberships
another chance to invest. The bonds will
be secured by mortgages on the property of
the Exposition Society. The following
resolutions were drawn up and will be sub
mitted to the stockholders for approval:
Resolved, That this association Issues 2,000
bonds of tbe denomination of 100 eacb. paya
ble in ten years from date, with the right to an
ticipate the payment of the same. Such bonds
to have attached coupons for the payment of
annual Interest at tbe rate of 5 per cent, each
coupon to be redeemable at the election of the
holder In admission tickets to tbe Exposition
held in the year preceding Its maturity of the
face value of Sfl.
Resolved, That a mortgage be executed to a
trustee, selected by the board, to secure the
payment of said bonds and conpons. said mort
gage to cover all the land, real estate, build
ings, machinery and franchise of tbe associa
tion. Resolved. That the proper officers be author
ized to take all steps necessary to make and
Issue said bonds and mortgages as required by
IN A STORM TO GET DRY.
People Under a Circus Tent Sieve Become
The rain last night ran through the can
vas tent of Davis & Carlisle's circus, which
is exhibiting at the corner of South Twenty
second and Carson streets, in about the same
way it is alleged to percolate through a
sieve. A large crowd was inside at the
time, and, to keep from getting wet, they all
rushed out into the rain. Some excitable
person outside thonght the tent was on fire,
and created a sort of panic. Officer Boyd
investigated, found no fire, and quieted the
A LITTLE GIRL UNCONSCIOUS.
She Falls and Fnlnts While at Flay Upon a
Officer Miller, of the Twelfth ward police
station, found Nellie Eodinger, a little girl
whose parents live on Smallman street, near
Twenty-third street, in an insensible con
dition, near her home, last nignt. .The girl
had an ugly gash on her head, made by
falling from a boiler on Twenty-third street,
upon which she had climbed. She at
tempted to walk home, but, from loss of
blood, sank unconscious to the ground. The
condition of the girl is daugerou3, but not
FLAT-HEADED BT A FLATIR0N.
John Dagemeyer'a Little Episode and Knto
John Dagemeyer called at the Fourteenth
ward station last night with a badly cut
head, and reported that a girl named Katie
Handly had assaulted him with a flatiron.
After leaving the station Dagemeyer acted
very disorderly on the street and was ar
rested. The officers investigated the story
of the assanlt, and the girl admitted strik
ing the man, but claimed she had sufficient
NEARLY KILLED BY A BRAKE.
A Street Car Driver Who Met With a Really
Yesterday afternoon theratchet on car No.
9, of the Birmingham line, broke, and the
handle of tbe brake flew round and struck
Driver John Smith in the neck and knocked
him senseless. The blood spurted from his
month and ear in a way that caused the be
holders to think he had" been killed.
He was taken to his home, on Cabot way,
near South Thirty-first street, where a phy
sician attended him. He will not be able
to work for several days.
Still Another Storm.
SDSQrrpHANNA, July 13. A violent and
destructive wind and rain storm visited this
place this afternoon, lasting an hour. The
rain fell in torrents, and tbe wind blew
down large trees and outbuildings. Some
streets were made impassable by the debris.
Cornfields were ruined. No lives were lost.
Much damage is reported in the suburbs.
Stick n Fin Right Here.
When Kaufmanns do a thing they don't
do it by halves, and their great 512 suit sale
this week (see "ad" in this issue) is no ex
ception to the rule. K yon know a good
thing when yon see it, you'll not miss this
sale. Here is the essence and substance of
the sale: All of Kaufmanns' former 518,
519. 520 and 521 suits are at your disposal
for 512. Can you afford to ignore this offer?
LOCAL ITEMS, LIMITED.
Incidents of a Day In Two Cities Condensed
for Ready Readlnc
Db. J. O. Flower left for Chicago.
Joseph O'Donnell fell from a stepladder
yesterday and broke his leg.
The directors of the Southside hospital will
meet to-night to accept the charter.
AN Ice wagon ran over little FredPalden
heiser's foot. It was badly crushed.
The lake coal trade has commenced for tbe
season, and the demand is unusually good.
Louis Ackerm an, aged 5 years, fell from
a second-story window on Cliff street. He was
Ex-Buildino Inspector Martin Frank
charges Jesse Clinton with tho larceny of a
Captatn J. K. Dorinoton went to Du
rango. Mexico, last evening to look after the
opening of a silver mine.
The miners at O'Nell & Patterson's mines
at Bunold are on a strike on account of the
discharge of one if tbeir men.
Tnu conductors and gripmen donned white
caps yesterday. The men don't like the
price, 1 5a They think it is too high.
Officer Charles Tkmme, of Patrol Com
pany No. 2, Allegheny, has left with his wife
and family for Uniontown, to spend a pleasant
The Pennsylvania read has made arrange
ments for a quick connection at Huntingdon
for Bedford. The 1 P. 31. train will connect
with an express for Bedford.
The Pennsylvania road has Issued an order
to disinfect the passenger cars once a week.
Where the water suuply is impure it must be
boiled before pnt into the coolers.
The McKeesport and Bellevernon road to
Monongahela City will bo opened with a
grand excursion on Monday, eiven to the town
officials and press representative.
Acting Chief Robert Jones, of the Alle
gheny Fire Department, Is an applicant for the
position made rasant by the death of Chief
Crow, with every prospect of his election.
An alarm from box 86 last evening about 620
o'clock was caused by a slight tire on the roof
of Louis Kehoe's house. Ho. Mi Fifth avenue.
Tho fire caught from the chimney; Damage
A little German boy was found yesterday
by Officer Charles Cauhey on Fulton street,
Allegheny. Tbe child could not tell its name
nor where its parents lived. The patrolmen of
Station No. 2, Allegheny, have charge of tbe
Emma Yaegeb charges Oeorge Datz, be
fore Alderman Succop, with assault and bat
tery and surety of the peace, and Dats enters
a counter charge ot assault and battery against
Miss Yaeger. The suits are tbe results of a
John Hcqiies was injured internally yes
terday by a cave-in of the embankment ot a
trench on Forty-fifth street, in which he was
working. He was removed to his home nearby
and was attended by Dr. Clark. Hrs injuries
are not serious.
Arrangements are being made for the
establishment of a large glass factory at
Blairsville. Natural gas will be used and
satisfactory freight rates for shipping the
product were made with the West Penn Rail
road officials yesterday.
The remains of John Gerlach, who was
drowned at New Geneva while at fishing camp,
were brought to his late home. No. 73 Union
alley, Southside. The funeral will be at 2
o'clock this afternoon, conducted by Iron City
Council. Jr. O.U.AM.
Marct 8ntder. the engineer of the Alle
gheny Electric Light Company's works, on
East Diamond street, Allegheny, was severely
burned about the body and face yesterday
afternoon by a flash of natural gas-lrom the
boilers. He was removed to tho General Hos
pital for medical attention.
' Barnet Golden, a diminutive boy, 8 years
of age, was arrested and lodged in the Seven
teenth ward station last night on a rbargc of
larcenv. He was caught by Officer Smith at
Fifty-first street. On the person of the boy
was found a handsome gold watch which he is
said to have stolen from a neighboring store.
THE hearing of John Hurler, charged with
shooting Charles Llmegrover, to have taken
place before 'Squire Samuel Creelman,
Wilklnsburg, yesterday, was postponed until
next Saturday, on account of tbe feeble con
dition of Limecrover. Dr. J. R. Yincent fears
that Hemorrhage may set in and prove fatal.
The Ladles of the G. A. R. held a meeting
last night in the old University building anil
appointed a committee to visit Johnstown.
This committee consists ot Mrs. Carrie V.
Sheriff and MreJRachael Doran. who will go
there and personally look after tbe families ot
old soldiers. They will also establish head
quarters, to which all goods will be shipped and
ALMOST FATAL RUNAWAY.
A Little Girl Knocked Down and Tery Se
A horse attached to the grocery wagon be
longing to It. A. & H. Smith, of No. 716
Fifth avenue, became frightened yesterday,
and ran down Fifth avenue to Moultrie
street, where the wagon struck a telegraph
pole. The horse broke the shafts from the
wagon and started down Moultrie street,
and at the corner of Ann street knocked
down the 5-year-old daughter of Thomas
Grogan, who happened to be standing on
pavement. She was 'severely brnised about
the head and body and was carried to her
home near by, where Dr. Scott dressed her
The horse was caught ou Forbes street,
near Brady street.
Appointments by Governor Benver.
ISrr-CIAt. TXLSQBAM TO THE PlSPATCn.!
Harrisbubg, July 13. Appointments
have been made as follows by Governor
Trustees of Warren Hospital, George N.
Parmlee, of Warren; H, B. Stone, Bradford,
and J. J. Smiley, Tltusville. State Boaid of
if lealth. Dr. S. T. Davis, Lancaster. Trustee
Norristown Hospital, Dr. Joseph Thomas,
Bucks county. State Pharmaceutical Examin
ing Board, A J. Tafcl, Philadelphia.
Tie Acknowledge TJU Guilt.
Jersey City, N. J., July 13. Frank C.
Hoyt, recently teller of the First National
Bank of Hoboken. from which institution
he purloined $18,000, has been released on
bail. The bank will be reimbursed and he
will plead guilty when arraigned before
the United States District Couit.
For Western Penn
sylvania and IVett
Virginia, fair Sun
day and 3Ionday,with
no decided change in
erly. For Ohio and
warmer, northerly winds.
Pittsburo, July 13, 1SS3.
Tbe United "States Signal Borneo officer la
this city furnishes tho following:
Maximum temp.... 86
Minimum temp 71
Kantre .... 15
3.0 feet, a fall of 0.2 feet In
Gentlemen, n Word With Yon.
Are you willing to earn $20 in a few min
utes? It so, here is your opportunity. Com
mencing to-tnorrow, Kaufmanns will make
suits and pants to order in their custom
tailoring department at two-thirds regular
prices. Their reason for doing it is two
fold. First, to get rid of the balance of
their stock of line imported suitings and
trouserings. Second, to keep their cutters
and tailors busy during July and August.
Now, then, come in and leave your measure.
You know the, first-class, perfect-6tting gar
ments turned out by Kaufmanns, and the
low prices they are sold for. "Well, this
week they are one-third lower than ever
8 .-00 A. U 71
12:00 H 76
2 .-OOP. M S3
SrCOF. M 81
Ulrerat Jr. n 3.0 ;
AN END TO THE OIL
The Petroleum Supply in This Conn
try Eapidly Falling Off.
OPINIONS OF THE SCIENTISTS.
A Kumuer of the Leading Geoloslsts Saj
That the Fields
WILL BE EXHAUSTED IS A FEW YEAES,
One Is Fonnd, Howeier, Who Asserts That the Amount
Prof. Geslie, of the State Geological
Survey, indorses the opinion that the oil
wells will become dry in a few years. Ha
backs up this statement with an imposing;
array of figures. Another scientist, how
ever, vigorously takes nn opposite view.
Philadelphia, July 13. The
prediction has been made by severer -eminent
geologists who have made a stndy
of the oil deposits of Pennsylvania, that all
the oil field of this State will be exhausted
in a comparatively few years. In an inter
view, Prof. J. P. Lesley, of the Second Geo
logical Survey of Pennsylvania, expressed
himselt as being entirely iu accord with this
'I do not hesitate," he said, "to express
my opinion in the strongest terms that the
amazing exhibition of oil, which has char
acterized the last 20 years, and may proba- ''
bly characterize the next 10 years, is, never
theless, not only geologieally, but his
torically, a temporary and vanishing phe
nomenon one which young men will live
to see come to its natural end. I do not
entertain this opinion in any loose or un
reasonable form; it is the result of both an
active and a thoughtful acquaintance with
N ATUBE NOT REPRODUCING.
"I am sadly mistaken if it be true that
the manufacture of oil in the laboratory of
nature is still going on at the hundredth or
the thousandth part of the rate of its ex
haustion. The science of geology may as
well be abandoned as a gnide if events prove'
that such a production of oil in Western..
Pennsylvania as our statistics exhibit can "'
continue for successive generations."
Prof. Lesley has based his prediction
upon the oil statistics of the Geological
Survey of Pennsylvania, which show an
unmistakable decline in the natural pro
duction of oil. Not only do they exhibit
the approaching extinction of this great
industry, but the immense increase in the
quantity of shipments is draining tbe oil
fields to the very dregs. In 1876, when
many of the present oil fields were opened,
the total production was 8,968,906 bar
rels, and the shipments were 9,740,461 bar
rels. In the following year the oil fields yielded
a much better supoly, the production being
13,133,671 barrels while the shipments
reached 12,739,902. The next witnessed a
more prolific prodnction, the amount being
15,163,462 barrels and the shipments 13,879,
MAXIMUM REACHED IN 1882.
This steady increase in the production
continued up to 1882, when the maximum
was reached. In that vear the total produce ,
tien amounted to 30,467,000 barrels, which
far exceeded the shipments of 21,883,092 bar
rels. Since that year to the present time the
statistics show a steady decrease in the pro
duction, while the shipments have become
greater and greater, thus necessitating a
drain upon the great quantity
of oil which had been stocked in
the market up to 1882, which at
that time reached 34,596,612 barrels. In
1883 the production fell to 21,226,864 bar
rels, but the stocks and the shipments rose,
to 22,096,612 barrels. The following year'
was marked by an increase of shipments to
23,300,000 barrels, and a diminution of tbp
quantity of production to 23,333,844, but
the stocks reached the largest aggregated
amount of any previous year (save in 1883), '
the total being 36,800,000 barrels.
In 1885 the production declined to 20,
891,992 barrels and the shipments rose to
23,900.000 barrels, while the stocks were de
pleted to 33,800,000. In 1886 tbe shipments
were 25,890,000 barrels, and the production
25,080,460 barrels, the stocks falling to 32,
990,460 barrels. . In 1887 the production was
only 21,286.560 barrels, the shipments 26,
280,000 barrel, and the stocks were drained
down to -'i.yJi.u-U barrels. -More phenome
nal has been the decrease in the production
last year. The total amount that all the oil
fields yielded was only 16,126.580 barrels,
and the shipments jumped to 25,850,000 bar
rels, while of the 27,997,020 barrels left in
the stocks at the close of 1887 only 18,273,600
barrels remained becanse of the inability of
tbe productive yield to meet the demands
EXHAUSTED IN A FEW YEAES.
Professor Lesley has taken this phenom
enal decrease in the oil production last vear
as a proof positive that it will take only a
few years more to completely exhaust all the
oil fields in this State as well as that of
New York. The principal oil-producing
aieas, which, taken as a whole, are thus be
ing exhausted, comprise the Venango oil
sand groups, the white and gray sands in
Warren and Forrest counties, the Oil Creek,
Pit Hole, Central Alleghany, Bullion, Cla
rion, Butler, Armstrong and Beaver dis
tricts and portions of the Bradford district
Prof. Hcilprin, of the Academy of Nat
ural Sciences, of this city, an eminent
paleontologist and geologist, does not coin
cide with Prof. Lesley's views. In an in
terview yesterdav, Prof. Heilprin said: "In
my opinion, we cannot rely bn the present
statistics as a proof positive that all our oil
fields will soon be exhausted, either in 5,
10, 20 or 50 years, or longer still. While
tbe approaching exhaustion of many fields
has surprised the various geoKgists and oil
speculators, they have also been as greatly
surprised at tbe great number of very pro
ductive fields which have been and are now
being opened from time to time. So where
one oil area is being exhausted another
springs up to snpply the want.
"We are not yet sufficiently conversant
with the conditions that make up an oil
field as to designate with any degree of ac
curacy at what time they will become ex
tinct. Oil, we know, is the result of th
disintegration and decomposition of vegeta
ble matter. The.volatile fluid is fonnd in
certain strata, in the subcarboniferons, the
Devonian and Silurian. But, while this is
true, oil may come from the later strata, and
thus an almost inexhaustible production
might be the consequence."
TOE BREWERY SYNDICATES.
What an English Capitalist Says Aboat the
Pnii.ADEi.rinA, July 13. A member of the
English syndicate wliich'recently bought the
Betz brewery in this city, and which has
endeavored to buy other J establishments,
said yesterday: '-I think that it is only a
question of time when tbe great industrial con
cerns of the country will combine and the se
curities representing them will be dealt in at
tbe stock exchanges. The brewery properties
in this country are verr tempting to investors,
and all tbe stocks and bonds bring hbrh prices.
Of course, if the brewers form combinations
among themselves, the Enclisbmen will then
be better enabled to purchase the properties.
Tbe work of organization will be practically
completed and exhaustive apprabemeuts will
not be necessary."
Since tho purchase of the Betz brewery by
the English syndicate four Brooklyn. I. Y.
brewers bare combined and the new corpora
tion has a capital of f3,O0O,00U. A member of
the firm wbirli projected and carried out tbe
scheme of consolidation says that the inten
tion is to follow the plan of the English cap
italists In baying uo breweries, farming them
into limited liability compautes and placing
the stock in tbe open market. In tbe case of
the present consolidation each ot tbe brewers
has agreed to manage his own brewery from
three to fire years. This Is said to be another
step toward bringing the capital of all Urge
Industrial concerns into a form in which It cxa
be handled by stock exchanges.
. .!& V J i'ak