Newspaper Page Text
THE PITTSBURG DISPATCH, SATURDAY, JULY
Better Then b Vacetinn.
Read the Mammoth Issue of
The Pittsburg Dispabah
To-Morrcw (Sunday), July
It will carry you on the wings of fancy to for
eign lands, where yon may jostle Prince and
Peasant, view Palaces and Cathedrals and
roam through jungle and desert. It will take
you to the boundaries of Old Neptune's do
mains, where you can hear the breaking of
billows on the rockbound shore, and feel the
salt spray upon your cheek. It will bear you to
the mountain resort, where the odor of the
pine trees is borne to you on the breeze, and
the songs of the birds mingle with the soft
Toices of beautiful women.
To-morrow's Dispatch will contain contri
butions from the brightest writers of the age,
and the articles will be beautifully illustrated
by competent artists. Among its more im
portant features will be Edgar Fawcett's in
tensely interesting American romance, entitled
:,A DEAD MAN'S VENGEANCE."
E. Berry Wall, the Kins; of the Dudes,
Describe the Troper Caper
In Men's Dress.
Shirley Dare talks of Platonic Friendships,
and tells why men and women of the present
day are not eager to marry.
The other contributions aro fully up to the
standard. The cable report is unexcelled, and
CTerything of interest at home and abroad will
be fully chronicled in its pages.
A perusal of this issue will be as instructive,
amusing and infinitely less expensive, if not
Better Than s Vflcatinn.
ESfABLISHED FEBRUARY 8, 1848.
Vol.44, &!-Entered at Pittsburg l'ostofflce,
Kocuibcrl4, 1837, off second-class matter.
Business Office-- 97 and 99 Fifth Avenue.
News Rooms and Publishing; House 75,
77 and 79 Diamond Street;
Eastern Advertising Office, ltoom 43, Tribune
Average net circulation of the dally edition of
TUEDisrATCUfortlx months ending June X, 1889;
Copies per Issue.
Average net circulation of the Sunday edition of
THE DIS1UTC1I for three months ending June 30,
Copies per issue.
TERMS OF THE DISPATCH.
rOSTAOE FREE IN THE UNITED STATES.
DAILY Dispatch. One Year 8 09
Daily Dispatch, Per Quarter 2 00
Daily Dispatch. One Month 70
Daily Dispatch. Including Sunday, 1 year. 10 00
1JAILY DISPATCH Including Sunday, Sm'ths. 2 SO
Daily Dispatch, including Sunday.l month to
Sunday Dispatch, One Year 2 60
Weekly Dispatch, One Year 125
The Daily Dispatch Is delivered by carriers at
15 cents per week, or Including Sunday edition, at
20 cents per week.
PITTSBURG, SATURDAY. JULY 13. 18881
ACTS OUTSIDE OF THE LAW.
The dispute between the employers and
workmen at the Homestead Steel "Works,
while long delayed in the opening, has sud
denly developed the worst and most threat
ening phases of such disputes, short of tha
actual riots such as this city experienced in
1877. The workmen, according to report,
hare assumed a position of defying the law,
by assaulting non-union men and prevent
ing the Sheriffs deputies from performing
their legal duties; while the employers are
also reported to have adopted the usual ob
noxious step of resorting to urmed men, sup
plied by a detective agency, to guard their
The latter step is one which is not to be
approved. The county and State are re
sponsible for the protection of property aDd
the preservation of order. If they do not
discharge that duty the public will have to
pay for the incompetence of its government.
We do not think that the preservation of
order is likely to be properly maintained by
the abandonment of constitutional authori
ty and the resort to mercenary guards,
brought from other parts of the country,
whose acquaintance with the law is of the
slightest and whose only care is to serve
those who foot the bill.
On the other hand, it is no less necessary
to say that workmen who attack other work
men, congregate to interfere with the ac
tions of the employes, or try to prevent the
officers of the law from guarding the mill,
thus making a forcible seizure of the firm's
property, are guilty of a most wanton viola
tion of all law and order. The individual
rights of rich and poor and the protection
of the whole public are broken down when
such acts are committed. Labor is its own
worst enemy if it assume the attitude of
maintaining its interests by mob law.
It is certainly to be regretted that both
sides have made such haste to resort to
methods outside the law, in waging their
dispute. For the grave consequence which
may follow upon such acts, the public will
be likely to hold both responsible.
SHOOTING WIDE OF THE MASK.
The partisan clamor about the adminis
tration of the Pensions Bureau can amount
to nothing, in so far as it is directed against
Commissioner Tanner, until something be
shown which has not yet been even charged.
There has been a good deal said about the
large increase of pensions, and criticism is
free on the subject of rulings and ratings.
But there is no pretense that the Commis
sioner has in any case traveled outside of
the law. His decisions are subject to review
in the Interior Department. The statutes
governing pensions are not hidden lore. If
the rulings or ratings which result in an in
crease of pensions were without authority,
or not made in good faith, then the Commis
sioner would be censurable; but candor com
pels the observation that there is not even
nn honest pretense that Commissioner Tan
ner has in any instance transcended the
functions of his office.
As to some of the pension laws there may
be a diversity of opinion. If in their appli
cation they are found extravagant, it is en
tirely in order to urge the rectification of
whatever will not stand the test of scrutiny
and experiment. But that is entirely a dif
ferent matter from the criticism of the Com
missioner, most of which is decidedly as
stupid as it is malignant. Commissioner
Tanner, himself a veteran of the war who
lost both feet by the bursting of a shell, and
who has always been a conspicuous figure
among the veterans, may naturally enough
feel disposed to take a liberal view of what
the. country owes to them. It would be
strange, indeed, if he did not. That he
feels so is certainly not a cause for re
proach; nor can it by auy possibility reflect
discredit on his administration so long as
he Keeps within the law. There are thou
sands who do not agree with Corporal Tan
ner's views as to what Congress should
enact, who will still recognize that there is
neither fairness nor point in condemning
Commissioner Tanner for carrying out those
provisions which Congress has already-
For these reasons the reports of censure of
the Commissioner by the President or Sec
retary Noble can safely be discredited. To
censure an official for carrying out the law
as he finds it would not only be an act of
singular cowardice, of which it may reason
ably be assumed neither the President nor
Secretary would seriously think, but it
would inevitably prove a source of great
future embarrassment. If there'ls anything
wrong with the pension laws, it is Congress,
not the Commissioner, or even the Presi
dent, who must make the correction.
THE JOHNSTOWN BELIEF EXPENDITDEES
The expected criticism which broke out
yesterday over a statement that $1,700,000
had been expended in the Johnstown relief
work, seems to have been based upon a
partial and not very perspicuous statement
of the work. The further statements indi
cate that this embraces all the relief of any
sort that has been sent into the Conemaugh
Valley, and that the expenditures which
bare been made by the Belief Commission
or its branches are but little over half that
sum. This preserves the integrity of the
expenditures,but indicates a rather weak at
tempt, on the part of some one, to make a
The remark attributed to a member of the
commission that all they ask is a little
patience certainly makes no unjust claim.
The character of the members of that body
warrants the public in believing that the
money will be honestly applied to the pur
poses for which it was contributed. The ex
pectation may also reasonably include the
making of full and detailed statements, at
the proper time, showing how the money
has been used and the relief applied.
At the same time, the statement quoted
from another member of the Commission that
some of the bills sent in for supplies
furnished "were outrageous," indicates that
there are those who are ready to make a dis
honest profit out of a public calamity. That
those bills were cut down is satisfactory;
but that such tendencies have been appar
ent warrants the public in demanding that
the contributions of charity shall not be per
mitted to be made the objects of such unscru
pulous money-seeking. The business
character of the Commissi n is the best guar
antee that it will shut off such schemes.
The public sensitiveness to the possibility
of both undue delay and undue carelessness
in the expenditure of the relief iunds, is on
the whole salutary. It indicates that the
expenditures will be closely watched and
that any divergence from the proper policy
will be sharply corrected. But justice to
those in charge of the work is no less nec
essary; and some of the recent criticisms seem
to have overlooked the importance of the
W0EN OUT BY THE SPOILS SYSTEM.
Now the information is widely circulated
that President Harrison is worn out physic
ally, and his nervous system reduced to a
wreck, by the strain to which he has been sub
jected in receiving and adjusting the con
tinuous and conflicting demands of office
seekers as the reward for their services in
the late campaign. Although the party or
gans do not seem generally able to perceive
it, this is more of the strongest practical evi
dence against the system of distributing
Government offices as a reward for political
The President's physical prostration is
due solely to the worry and labors required
by the necessity of dividing the spoils so as
to satisfy ten or twelve times as many
office seekers as there are offices. Mr.
Chauncey M. Depew has recently given
testimony that the public business, which
is supposed to be the main purpose of the
Presidental office, is left undone because
the President has not had time to consider
questions of public policy during the rush
tor the division of the spoils. Could there
be any more complete evidence of the fail
ure of a system of government for the wel
fare of the public than the spectacle of the
chief magistrate of a great nation unable to
give his consideration to questions of public
policy or to study the duties which arise out
of his position as the executive of the laws,
bnt worn down to a physical wreck by the
never-ending and almost impossible task of
distributing spoils among the hack politi
cians? In contrast with this, what superiority
would attach to a system which would select
office holders solely on account of their ca
pabilities? Such a plan would relieve the
statesmen, who should give their exclusive
attention to the duties of the Government,
of deciding between the respective merits of
petty place seekers. It should select ap
pointees, first, by stated tests of intel
lectual fitness, and afterward govern promo
tions by the record of ability, integrity,and
industry. That any such perfect system
has yet been devised, can hardly he affirmed.
But it is by no means certain that it can
not be perfected when the nation gets ready
to discard altogether the idea of making
public office theplunderof political victory,
and to practically enforce the idea that
nothing but the good of the public service is
to govern either appointments or removals.
Object lessons on the spoils system are
coming in rather abundantly just at the
LET THE LAW.SE BESPECTeD!
The efforts which the Sheriff is making to
preserve the peace and maintain legal rights
at Homestead, should receive the support
of every good citizen, and of the laboring
men in particular. That official, as re
quired by his duty, is using all his powers
to keep order. If he succeeds, as he will
with proper support, he will show the Heed
lessness of resorting to hired detectives, and
will keep the guardianship of the law where
it belongs in the hands, of the proper legal
authorities. The laboring men should keep
these facts in mind. "When they interfere
with the Sheriff's officers in discharge of
their duty, they place themselves in antago
nism to good order, and affoid the excuse
for capital to employ Pinkerton guards.
There should be no more resistance of the
Sheriff at Homestead.
The report that the Dakota wheat crop-is
likely to prove short on account of droughts
conveys the Consolation that that cause is
not likely to prove injurious anywhere in
this section of the country.
A bepobt comes from the far Dakota
Constitutional Convention that it Is con
templating a new departure from govern
ment by having only one legislative body
and discarding the upper chamber or Sen
ate as aristocratic and unpopular in its
tendencies. It may be asked how a State
Senate is more aristocratic than a State
House of representatives; but in view of
recent experience with ourJegislative bodies,
it is not surprising that the innovating
West should be in favor of cutting down
the number of legislative bodies. Indeed,
a little reflection upon the record of the last
Congress and the recent Pennsylvania Leg
islature would almost justify some inventor
in political systems trying to solve the
problem of self-government without any
legislative branches at all.
The workmen at Homestead should bear
constantly in mind the fact that, with ft se
vere struggle before them, they have the
right to resort to every lawful means to sus
tain their cause; but the resort to violence
and disorder, and the assault upon individ
ual rights, will injure themselves more than
The bright New York Eveninq Sun casts
its rays in the direction ot Editor Taylor,
of Wisconsin, who has just been appointed
Commissioner of Bailroads by President
Harrison, making him appear in the light
of "one more muzzled editor." It is worthy
of suggestion, in this connection, that the
appointment may not have been so power
ful in muzzling this representative of the
press, from the obvious fact that if there
was any muzzling in connection with this
favored editor, it probably tool: place as a
condition a long way antecedent to the
Allegheny county is now paying
taxes because her working men, in an hour
of desperation, saw fit to resort to mob law
and riots. The result enables the peo
ple of the county to tell the people
of Homestead that defiance to law cannot be
permitted by any portion of the com
munity. IT is a rather remarkable assertion that is
attributed to one of the attorneys of the ap
plicants for retail liquor license, that the
Supreme Court was affected by the an
tipathy to saloons, and that, as "the senti
ment has changed," the Supreme Court will
decide the other way now. If unbridled
and licentious newspapers should intimate
that the Supreme Court gives decisions ac
cording to sentiment rather than law, and is
ready to flop around when pnblic sentiment
changes, it might expect to get severely
handled in its next suit far libel.
Tejs moderate weather of yesterday per
mits the hope that the ruling meteorological
influences have undergone a change and
will henceforth permit us to have weather
in some other than the superlative degree.
Although the peach crop predictors
were a little late in getting in their work,
they are following their usual custom by
adopting a very gloomy tone at this stage of
the season. This is areassuiing indication
that the regular forces of nature are at work
in producing the peach crop. If July was
ushered in without intimations that there
was going to be a decided scarcity of
peaches, we should feel that something out
of the usual order of events was at work in
the peach district.
Another American heiiessis announced
as about to marry another English lord, and
still another of our fair compatriots is to
marry a descendant of Murat, the great
French cavalry leader. The business of ex
changing wealth for titles seems to be expe
riencing the most positive boom among all
the financial enterprises.
Intelligence from Mr. Sullivan since
the fight places ; beyond doubt that, hav
ing vanquished his recent biped antagonist,
his ambitious soul is now aspiring to per
form the impossible task of conquering the
liquor champion that has knocked him out
so many times before. But his effort is in
discreet. Mr. John Barleycorn is the cham
pion who can always paralyze Mr. John L.
PROMINENT PEOPLE PAfiAGEAPHED.
Ms. Robert Gakrett is at Bar Harbor.
Mr. Gladstone has a poor memory of
Russell B. Haerison was recently the
guest of Lord Salisbury.
Julian Hawthorne's five daughters bear
the names Hildegarde, Gwendolen, Gladys,
Beatrice and Imogen.
Prtnce Bismarck and Count von Moltko
have become honorary members of the commit
tee for the institution of a Beethoven house at
Bonn. Herr Joachim Is Honorary President
Queen Victoria is said to own the costliest
china in the world. The china in tho Windsor
and Buckingham palaces is worth more than a
million of dollars. The Sevres desert set is val
ued at 500, (XX).
Mr. Gladstone has increased his allow
ance of wine for dinner, rarely drinking, less
than a pint of his favorite port now. He says
that quantity affects him less than a half pint
did a generation ago.
Major S. S. Rockwood, Chief Clerk of the
Agricultural Department, who has been visit
ing bis family in Wisconsin for a month, re
turned to Washington and resumed the dis
charge of his duties yesterday.
DUKJ3 George, of Mecklenburg-Strclitz, is
at the head of a movement to celcJrate tho fif
tieth anniversary of Anton Rubinstein's musi
cal career. This interesting commemoration
will occur at St. Petersburg on November 13
(old style) of the present year.
Two American girls who will shortly wed
titled foreigners aro Miss Gwendolen Caldwell,
foundress of the Catholic University at Wash
ington, and Miss Caroline Fitzgerald, of New
York. The former will wed Prince Murat, tho
latter Lord Edmund Fitzmaurice.
Under the provisions of tho last appropri
ation bill for the Agricultural Department,
Prof. J. B. Dodge, statistician, lias been de
tailed by Secretary Rusk to investigate the
agricultural statistics of the States and Terri
tories of the Rocky Mountain region. He will
leave Washington for that purpose next week.
The Duke Charles Theodore, of Bavaria, who
mastered the subject of eyo diseases and their
treatment in order that he might serve the
poor, has returned home from a long sojourn at
Meran, where he treated overl,000 cases,includ'
ing nearly 200 In which operations were
necessary, among patients of tho hVtmbler
classes. His wife accompanied him and acted
Count Ladislas Plater, who recently
died in Switzerland at the age of S3, was onse
mercilessly ridiculed by Caroline Bauer. In
her memoirs she speaks ot him as 'a sort of
spoony youth, to whom his mamma was not
very liberal as regards pocket money, and who
himself evinced an uncommon talent for econ
omy." Yet she afterward became his wife.
The true inwardness of Hadje Hassein
Gbooly Khan's rather undignified exit from
this country comes to light In the statements
of a friend of his in Washington. The fact is
that Hadje is homesick. He is a married man
and is anxious to return to' his family. Ho
found in Washington a civilization to which he
was not accustomed, and instead of sending for
his wife and children, as be had at first intend
ed, he began to lay schemes whereby he might
gracefully return to his native land. He hit
upon the very worst device possible to effect his
Or be Fired.
Fro the Sew York World.)
France has kindly granted 'permission to our
Massachusetts riflemen to enter that country
armed. We hope they won't leave there loaded.
THE TOPICAL TALKEK.
The Expirrsrator at Work Out of Season
Some Theatrical rTotes.
It Is rather amusing to find Messrs. Ginn &
Co., publishers, of Boston, Issuing an edition of
Thomas Hughes' "Tom Brown's Schooldays."
adapted for the use of American schoolboys.
The healtblost and best account of an English
boy's life at a public school needs no sort of
adaptation for American boys. There is not a
line In "Tom Brown's Schooldays" to hurt any
one. I cannot think of a better book to put in
any boy's hands.
No wonder Mr. Hughes exploits Messrs.
Glnn & Co.'s efforts to get him to re-write the
book to suit some alleged American tastes. In
a letter to the London Timet Mr. Hughes says:
"Messrs. Glnn & Co. expressed at the same
time a wish that certain passages, which they
did not specify, should be omitted or altered so
that the book might be brought into accord
with the moral atmosphere of America, espe
cially in the matter of temperance. They also
wished me to furnish materials for oi to write
a short memoir of myself to be prefixed to tho
Of course Mr. Hnghes declined both pro
posals. But an expuigated and specially
adapted edition of 'Tom Brown" has appeared
with a memoir of Mr. Hughes, which that
gentleman says is full of astonishing mis
statements, one or two of which he cites.
From tho cool shores of Lake Mahopac,
New York, Mr. R. M. Gulick writes to me to
say that he has secured for the coming season
what be truly believes to be the strongest lino
of attractions the Bijou bis ever been blessed
with. It is a long list, containing such names
of stars and companies and plays as "Little
Lord Fauntleroy." "Paul Kauvar." Clara Mor
ris, J. K. Emmet, J. M. Hill's "A Possible
Case" Company, the Boston Ideals, Margaret
Mather, "The United States Mail," by George
Jenks, of this city; Kiralfy's new spectacular
sensation, "Antiope," the McCaull Opera
Company in "Clover" and other operas, the
Casino Company in "The Brigands," "N ad jy"
and other operas, and many others of. equal
Mr. Gulick puts at the head of his list almost
the name ot Mrs. James GM Blaine, Jr.. and
from a financial point of view I guess he is
justified. Young Mrs. Blaine is likely to cre
ate a sensation here, even if she should prove
to be no actress.
W. H. Crane has sensibly enough resolved
to rehearse his company tor next season, not in
New York, where it is difficult and ofttlmes
Impossible to secure a theater whose stage is
unoccupied at the necessary tlme,butin Boston
where there are not so many companies eagerly
striving to secure a few hours use daily during
tho months of August and September of the
various stage. Another advantage of the plan
naturally is.that the climate of the more north
erly city is more adapted to the strenuous work
of rehearsing new plays during the dog days.
Boston also. Is but an hour's journey from
Cohasset, where Mr. Crane has for years pitched
his summer tent, and where this summer he is
enjoying himself on board his steam yacht.
The company are called for rehearsal on
August 19, and will be under the direction not
only of Mr. Crane himself, but also of William
Seymour, whose abilities as a stage manager
are as well known hero as in Boston. Mr.
Crane has been able to avail himself of Mr.
Seymonr's services, owing to the kindness of
Henry E. Abbey,the stage of whose new theater
Seymonr Is to control. About a month later
on, September 16, namely. Crane and his com
pany will appear in one of the new plays with
which be ia provided in Chicago, where his
A Long Clipper Ship Race.
tlJEW YORK ELT.IAC SPECIALS. 1
New York, July 12. Two fine half-clipper
ships, the Baring Brothers and the Sterling,
have begun a race from Sandy Hook to the
Golden Gate. Both are loaded with full cargoes
of merchandise. Each skipper was instructed
to put his ship on her mettle. The voyage will
last about 100 days. The Baring Brothers is a
ship of 2,000 tons; the Sterling a ship of LG00
Gcorso Law Flacked Once More.
George Law, the wealthy club man and man-about-tuwn,
is said to have been plucked again
by the gang of sharpers who follow him around
the country to fleece him whenever he gets
drunk. Monday night he got drunk with the
gang, and played faro at Phil Daly's place.
When be finished playing he was told that he
owed the bouse 30,000, which be paid.
A Cotton Broker In Tronblc
Axford Hicks, a cotton broker of Houston,
Tex., was arrested this morning by a private
detective at the instance of Edward J. Carrl
gan, manager for Blaisdell & Co., of Chicopec.
Mass. This firm bought large quantities of
cotton, by sample, off Hicks some time ago.
Hicks shipped the cotton and drew upon Blais
dell & Co. for tne amouut of tho purchase
money. They honored his drafts. When they
examined and weighed the cotton they found it
to be of an Inferior grade and of short weight.
They lost about $8,000 in this way. Hicks made
good to them about 2,700 of this amount, and
now Blaisdell & Co. claim he has defrauded
them to the extent of $5,413.
Accident to a Freight Train.
Eight freight cars broke away from an Erie
train on the Cedar street hill in Paterson, N. J.,
to-day. They ran down the Incline to the sta
tion, crashed into a snitch engine and tele
scoped three passenger cars. Joseph Borden,
fireman on the switch engine, was mortally
injured. The wreck caught fire from the fur
nace of the switch engine, and the cars were
badly damaged before the fire department ex
tinguished the flaucs. The accident was due
to defective brakes on the freight cars. The
damage to the railroad property is about
Iler Recreant Lsver In Prison.
Three weeks ago Richard Allen promised to
marry Mrs. Jennie Woods, a widow of 27 years.
For the ostensible purpose of furnishing a flat
he borrowed f 1.400 of her. Instead of getting
furniture with the money, however, ho got
drunk with it, purchased several hundred dol
lars' worth of clothes and jewelry for himself,
and rolled Into the widow's quiet and respecta
ble flat at 4 o'clock In the morning, beastly
drunk. She had a policeman lock him up. and
tho next day accused him in court of larceny.
To-day Allen was sentenced to four years in
FADS IN PUIZE FIGHTING.
The Heart BioTr AVI II be the Rage Daring
tho Coming Season.
From the New York Evening Sun.t
The blow over the heart will be the rago
during tbo coming season. Sullivan has set
tho example In his recent uispute witn juiraiii.
During the contest at Richbnrg, the big fellow
got in at least six of his mule-kicks over Kil
rain's cardiac territory, and thereby developed
the constitutional ailment from which the Bal
tlmorean Is said to hare suffered. Among the
other fads in fighting introduced as specialties
of recent times was the Mitchell stomach blow,
with which he disposed of Mike Cleary. This
was superseded ty the swinging right-hand
jugular blow, a la Sullivan. This has bceu fol
lowed by minor pugilists for the past three
years with more or less success. Ana now look
out for the heart blow. The delicate machinery
of tho force pump will be sadly interfered
with until the great I Am of pugilism conde
scends to set up another mark in human
anatomy as a target.
Three Questions for the Doctor to Solve.
from the Philadelphia Press.
Tho latest success attributed to Dr. Brown
Sequard is bis experiment with alkaloid mi
crobes, ft deadly poison, obtained by con
densing the watery vapor exhaled from the
human lungs. Having, In addition to this,
already discovered the elixir of life, there re
main; but three other questions of the ages for
the distinguished scientist to solve, namely:
Peroeraal motion, the composition of the
philosopher's stone, and who struck Billy Pat
The Great Art f Modern Pugilism.
From the Nrw York Herald.
To kno bow to fight 75 rounds without
getting hurt yourself or hurting your oppo
What a Fiiy.
From the Chicago Tribune, t
What a pjty the English sparrow is not as
sensitive to xewspaper criticism as the Per
sian Minister 1st
THE COST OP E0IALTT.
Something of a Birden to England Most of
Them Bender no Service for the Money
Fnld Them The British Mind Averse to
From the Louisville Courier-Journal, t
No doubt the mass of loyal Britons are
greatly disgusted at the resistance offered by
Messrs. Labouchcre, Bradlaugh and others to
the proposed nuptial settlements on Prince Al
bert Victor and tho Princess Louise. When
the usual forms have been complied with and
the minority have had their opportunity to
growl the grants will be made, if not with prac
tical unanimity, at any rate by a decisive ma
jority. Royalty is something of a burden, but
John Bull has not made up his mind to do with
out it; so ho must pay roundly for the luxury.
A glance at the figures will show that the
growlers have some cause for their discontent.
Queen Victoria's children, grandchildren and
great grandchildren have reached a total of
53, of whom 45 are still living. Of her children,
Louise, wife of the MarquW of Lorne, is the
only one that has not helped to swell the num
ber of the grandchildren. All these descend
ants have to be provided for, sooner or later, at
public expense. The annual payroll at present
is as follows:
What They Get for Doing Nothing.
The Queen, $1,925,000; Prince of Wales, $200,
000, with an additional sum of 350,000 to his
wife; Victoria, widow of Frederick, late Em
peror of Germany, $40,000; Duke of Edinburgh
(Alfred), 1125,000; Princess Christian (Helena),
$30,000; Princess Louise, $30,000; Duke of Con
naught (Arthur), $125,000; Princess Beatrice,
$.50,000; Duke of Cambridge, cousin of the
Qoeen. 160,000; Duchess of Tecfc, another
cousin, iwo.ouu; Duchess oi Albany, jwu,uuu;
Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, the Queen's
cousin, 815.000: total, $2,715,000.
To this munificent sum it is now proposed to
add $50,000 per annum for Albert Victor, oldest
son or the Prince ot Wales, until his marriage,
and $125,000 earlv thereafter: and $15,000 a year
for the Princess Louise, daughter of the Prince
of Wales, until her marriage, and a considera
bly larger sum thereafter.
It should be remembered that most of the
recipients of this bounty render no public
services whatever to earn the money paid them.
The Queen herself Is no longer a ruler, except
in name. George HI. was tho last King of
Great Britain who seriously undertook to gov
ern, and a pretty mess he made of it, as every
body remembers. William IV. tried once to
make a stand against the House of Commons
by refusing his consent for the creation of new
peers, in order to secure the passage of the re
form bill through the House of Lords; but his
ministers were resolute, and the mutterings of
discontent from tho country intimidated the
King, and he yielded a reluctant consent.
Tho Queen Ha Saved 820,000,000.
The time has passed when any British sov
ereign dares to resist the wishes ot a Cabinet
that has the confidence of the country, so that
now the Queen is only a figure head. She
maintains a court, indeed, and holds drawing
rooms at which the votaries of fashion love to
appear; but her executive duties are purely
formal. Her salary, however, is paid with
commendable regularity, and, being of a
thrifty turn of mind, she has contrived to save
some $20,000,000. Being thus in rather easy cir
cumstances, she is blamed by some of her sub
jects for not providing for her own family; but
it has never been the custom in Great Britain,
and a precedent of that kind would no doubt
be rather embarrassing to Albert Edward when
he comes to the throne, a3 he has not shown
himself possessed of the frugal disposition of
Why They Are Tolerated.
How long the people of Great Britain will be
content to support a grcatand growing army of
deadheads, it is difficult to conjecture. Mr.
Justin McCarthy discusses the subject in a re
cent article, but is unable to discover any indi
cations that the throne is soon to fall, though
be does not doubt that royalty will bo abol
ished at some time. The British mind is averse
to violent changes. Were the throne to fall,
it would not fall alone; the nobility would go
with it, and a senate would have to be pro
vided to succeed the hereditary House of
Lords. The members of the latter House some
times provoke the indignation of the country
by opposition to proposed reforms; but being
aware that their hereditary privileges exist
only by the sufferance of the nation, they are
Sure to yield when they see the people are
thoroughly resolved. For this reason tbey, as
well as the royal family, are tolerated by con
servative people, who are afraid of the conse
quences of a change.
oun MAIL ruuca
A Word In Favor of the Noble Red Man by
One Who Has Studied Him.
To the Editor of The Dispatch:
Will you kindly permit me to draw your at
tention to certain facts relative to the Chlri
nahua Apache Indians, mentioned in your
Washington dispatch of July 5, in order that
your readers may better understand why the
Indian Rights Association has been actively
interested in the fate of this baud of
Indians? It is true that Geronimo
has been a most desperate cut-throat,-and
that all of the Indians associated
with him have been at one time or another en
gaged in warfare with our troops, and in mur
derous forays upon the frontier. But it is also
true that a large number of this particular
band of Indians, after tbey surrendered to
General Crook In the Sierra Madre Mountains
In 1883, have been employed as scouts and have
rendered valuable services to the Government
In connection with military operations in Ari
zona. These scouts, some of whom were instru
mental In securing the surrender of Geronimo
himself, were placed on an equality with the
hostile Indians and were confined as prisoners
of war with them. They were originally con
fined in Fort Marion, St. Augustine, Fia.
Through the efforts of the Indian Rights Asso
ciation the Injustice to which these men were
subjected was made known through the press
of the country, and a temporary improvement
in their condition was effected by their re
moval to Mount Vernon barracks, Ala.; but
this did not afford tbcm an opportunity for the
cultivation of the soil and for support through
their own independent efforts.
Our society has pressed this Question uoon
the Government in season and out of season,
until recently, through the prompt and cordial
action of the present Secretary of War, Cap
tain John G. Bourke, of the Third Cavalry, and
Prof. Painter, the Washington agent of tho
Indian Rights Association, were sent to find
some suitable place as a permanent home for
these people. These gentlemen have made
their report to the War Department, and it
seems that the solution of the difficulty after
more than two years of incessant effort has
been arrived at.
We are not sentimentalists in regard to In
dians, but we believe. In view of the fact that
large numbers of them have been reclaimed
from savage to civilized life and induced to
make their own living by honest labor, that it
is only just and wise to present such an oppor
tunity to these peonle. It is the opinion of
such distinguished officers as Generals Crook
and Miles that Indians, when offered a fair re
ward as the fruit of their industry, when
treated with strict justice, and in certain cases,
when removed from old temptations, can be
induced to behave themselves and to work like
other people. Surely it is both just and
economical to follow this plan with them rather
than to keep them as Government paupers and
Anyone who dispassionately examines the
facts of this case cannot deny that a grave in
justice, and one unworthy the po-srer and dig
nity of the United States Government, was in
flicted upon these Indians when tbey were first
permitted to enter our military service and
npon the completion of a successful campaign
were punished along with those whom they had
helped to conquer.
Respectfully, Herbert Welsh,
Cor. See. Indian Rights Association.
Philadelphia, July il.
THE CHAMPION ORATION.
A Rnnl Old-Faakloned Faarth of July
m the Chicago Tribune.!
They had an old-fashioned Fourth of July
celebration at Monteagle, Tenn., and Dr. O. P.
Fitzgerald, who was the orator of the day, let
the eagle loose In the following manner:
Boar high, proud bird of rreedom! No longer
crippled by sectionalism, let both wings move
with simultaneous beatings upon the air, not a
feather soiled by political corruption, his flight
widening until from his outstretched pinions,
dipped In the fountain of freedom, the nations of
the earth shall be sprinkled with the dews or lib
erty! Let the star-spangled banner Boat In free
dom from a million flagstaff: let the eagle-bird of
liberty scream and flan It mighty wings. Let
Young America shout with in the limits of the con
stitution, the resolutions or 'BS-'SO. and the Fif
teenth Amendment: let everybody do as be pleases
to-day. Hurrah for liberty! Hurrah ror Amer
ica, every Inch ot ltt Hurrah for Monteagle!
Hurrah for the new eagle which Is the spread
eagle, which, like the angel la Apocalyptic vision,
flying in the midst of heaven, preache the clad
gospel of liberty unto them that dwell on the
earth, and to every nation and kindred, and
tongue and people!
From the Philadelphia Press.
Says Jonathan to Britain:
"I will lick the chap who steals.
It's gold that seals a bargain;
You must bargain for my seals."
THE STANDARD LAKD-GRABBING.
The Big Oil Monopoly Tet Working for the
OH - Producing Territory Employes
Sfnstn't Operate After Joe Crnlg.
The Standard OH Company ispatiently, per
sistently and systematically continuing Its ef
forts td"ausorb all tho oil-producing territory of
Pennsylvania. Its two newest agencies to this
end are the South Penn Oil Company and the
North Penn Oil Company; the former designed
to operate in what is known as the Southern
Pennsylvania oil Holds, and the letter designed
to work in the Northern Pennsylvania oil fields.
The incorporators of these companies aro all
well-known Standard mem, some of them of
long standing. The principal office of the
South Penn Oil Company is in Pittsburg, and
tho active manager UN. F. Clark, whoa few
months ago disposed of his extensive oil inter
ests to the Standard for something like $250,000,
his partner, J. E. Foster, receiving a like sura.
Mr. Clark has been identified with the oil busi
ness almost from the finding of petroleum
along Oil creek, and his experience makes
him one of the most valuable managers in the
Standard's employ. Connected with tbo South
Penn Oil Company under Mr. Clark are gentle
men whose practical and theoretical knowledge
of the oil-producing business is hardly second
to his own. All receive liberal salaries and on
each the condition is Imposed that he must not
engage in the oil business for himself. Especi
ally is he prohibited from leasing land and ac
quiring producing property.
The Old and tho New roller.
This, of course, is merely a business-like pre
caution to prevent employes becoming com
petitors of the concern from which they draw
salaries. A grocer who would impose on
an employe the similar condition would not be
a subject of criticism. Employes of oil firms,
or of individual oil producers, and even of
Standard oil corporations and companies, have
hitherto been so tree to indulge side specula
tions of their own In lands and leases and oil
producing properties, that the prohibition now
imposed will attract a great deal of attention.
In tho past it has been the policy of the big con
cern to bind to itself men whose enterprise was
indicated in their individual ventures, but now
the policy seems to have changed, and, accord
ing to roport, will be applied to all depart
ments. Of course it is well known that the
Standard has always prohibited its employes
from going into the business of refining or
transporting.- Those from the first were the
fields in which its pecnliar monopolizing
genius was displayed. The one other field of
production of the crude article and dealing in
oil lands has, as a rule, been open to employes
as well as outsiders.
Gntherlnc it All In.
The Standard, having decided to gather the
oil producing regions into the big trust, lays its
prohibition on emplojes who would swell their
income by private ventures in oil wells and oil
territory. Its many superintendents and offi
cials are or have been oil producers, but they
willsoon find it to their in tercst to sell these prop
erties to the Standard's land department, and
if they value their salaries they will thereafter
abstain from similar investments, for the pro
hibition imposed on officers and employes of
the land department will in time be extended,
or perhaps is being extended at this moment,
to all other divisions of the trust. Independ
ent or "outside" oil producers are gradually
being induced to dispose of their properties.
Pressure in this direction has been going on
for a long timo and is bearing fruit. In time it
will be just as dangerous to his financial peace
for a man to own a piece of oil producing prop
erty as it has been for him to own au oil refinery
or an independent pipe line. The late shut
down movement in the oil fields has made it
much easier for the Standard to carry out this
policy. The gathering of the oil producers into
a compact organization and their alliance with
the Standard, from which they received an as
sured profit on some millions of barrels of oil,
has disarmed criticism from that quarter and
largely sileuced opposition, professional and
real. In the Pennsylvania oil fields the Stand
ard is virtually supreme.
One Competitor to Wipe Out.
It has but one competitor of magnitude,
familiarly known as "Joe" Craig, whose firm
produces, transports and refines petroleum.
It is said to be the hope of the Standard to
cripple this firm by obtaining control of all the
oil producing property from which tho firm
obtains its supply, except, of course, the prop
erty actually owned by it. Then when its wells
play out, as wells do, it will be unable to secure
oil to keep its pipe line and refinery business
going, except on such terms ss the Standard
people may see fit or feel safe to dictate. Un
less the plans of the Standard fail, it will soon
f have a grip on the oil business beside which its
former oft-admired and oft-execrated grip will
appear weak. In former times it controlled
the business largely by a species of gambling
that played man against man and one interest
against another, and by the ability of the man
agers to manipulate the oil market against
equally greedy, but less clear-beaded, gam
blers. Now it is rapidly progressing toward
absolute ownership. Suipson.
An enterprising Philadelphia bootblack has
attracted a great deal of attention during the
past week by this sign, which he puts on his
operating chair, "Boots Blacked Yellow." He
has a sort of mayonnaise dressing for russet
A Philadelphia girl who was troubled
with an envelope that wouldn't stick, took a
wad of chewing gum from her mouth and
sealed it with that.
A Philadelphia conductor who got a day
off to attend a funeral only restrained himself
with difficulty from crowding the mourners at
the cemetery, and once checked himself in the
act of calling: "Please move up therein front."
Producixg a finger-bowl with a great flour
ish and accidentally giving it a silvery knock
with his finger-nail, says a Philadelphia paper.
Is the seashore waiter's latest tinkle for re
minding his patients of the delicate subject of
A child of Henry Bossinger, of Granville
Run, Mi film town. Par, while running about
with bare feet a few days ago was bitten by a
copperhead snake. A chicken was cut open
and applied to the wound, and it drew out so
much of the poison that a, cat which ate it
while another was applied fell dead. The child
Air Easton, Pa., lad caught a lot of frogs, as
be supposed, and took them home for his
father to eat. The father was Indignant on
finding they were toads, and when one of them
splashed into a pitcher of lemonade he bad just
made the son was driven out of doors for his
In Erie, Pa., night before last a young gen
tleman calling upon a lady attempted to turn
down the lamp, which was heating the parlor
unnecessarily, when it exploded. He boldly
flung it into the street, and escaped with badly
MRS.LENTZ,wifeof Rev. George Lentz, of
Hamlin, Lebanon county. Pa., Is critically ill
from a scratch on the knuckle by a kitten's
Coal gas from a Pottstown, Pa., brick kiln,
being unable to rise, owing to the heavy atmos
phere, has blighted flower yards, gardens and
fruit trees in its vicinity.
A State exchange, alluding to the prize
fight, says: "We give an admirable account of
the disgusting affair on our first page."
A Colorado man named House wrote to the
Johnstown Bureau of Information recently in
quiring about his brother. He said he had a
brother in the East somewhere named Hulbert,
and he thought he bad noticed tho name of
Hulbert House In the list of the .dead. He was
informed that "Hulbert House" was the big
hotel destroyed by the flood.
One of the horrors of living on the Ohio is
told by a gentleman of Reynoldsville: An
Ohio river mosquito is osaiarge as a spring
chicken. Baring the night They often pull the
clothes from you and fly out of the window
with them. I wouldn't mind that, but one bit
me in Cincinnati last week and I have been in
the house ever since. Indeed I may have to get
my toot amputated yet.
A Wonderful Railroading Fear.
From the Baltimore American.
A comet is probably the only motive power
that can keep ft train running on time after it
has been telescoped.
Cable cars are run at the rate of 14
miles an hour in parts of .Chicago.
A small yellow dog of New York wa
owned by 20 different urchins in three days.
A large Newfoundland dog a day or
two ago saved two Newark boys from drowning.
A bad nickel, easily identified by cer
tain marks, has worried the street car drivers
of Rome, Ga., for two years.
The name of a prominent San Francisco
attorney is Coffee. Wheu asked to enter suit
he invariably asks "on what grounds f"
A Flint, Mich., girl named Clara Bnl
lock, bos been arrested for bold and persistent
glas3 smashing. She delights in going about
nights and smashing windows.
The new riflo tor the Russian army is
not a magazino gun, but is a small caliber
breech loader, capable of penetrating at 6,000
feet three one-inch boards two feet apart.
A Salem, Ore., newspaper recently
printed the following personal: "If John Jones,
who 20 years ago deserted his wife and babe,'
will return, said babe will lick the stuffin' oat
That sincere and amiable end-of-the-world
crank, the Rev. Mr. Baxter, of England,
has revised the date for the great smashup. He
now declares that it will occur on the 11th of
On the birthday of a "Western editor
who was fond of writing extremely long arti
cles, he received an anonymous gift of a can ot
condensed milk, with the words "Verb, sap."
scratched on it.
A fine young trotting colt belonging to,
John Deaver, of Paris, Ky stuck its head
through a hole in the barn and threw its feet
from under itself, deliberately committing
suicide. He was valued at $500.
A dispatch from Georgia reports that
workmen, whilo opening a road ud the side of
Pigeon Mountain, found beneath a large flat
rock an iron not contalng $2,000 in specie. Tbe
supposition is that the money was hidden
during war times.
The largest body of fresh water on the
globe is Lake Superior. It is 400 miles long. 1GU
miles wide at Its greatest breadth, and has an
area of 32,000 qnare miles. Its mean depth is
said to be 200 feet, and Its greatest about 800
fathoms. Its surface is 635 feet above tbe sea.
-The largest library is the Bibliothequa
National, in Paris, founded by Louis XIV. It
contains 1,490,000 volumes. 300,000 pamphlets,
173,000 manuscripts, 300,000 maps and charts
and 150,000 coins and medals. The collection of
engravings exceeds 1,300,000, contained in some
The aggregate wheat acreage this year
Is the largest since 1SS4, and that of spring
wheat alone is greater than it was in that year.
There is some reason still to hope that tho
Yield, too. this year will bo as heavy as that ot
1884513.000,000 bushels which was the largest
wheat crop ever grown in this country.
"Jake" Morris, janitorof the City Hall,
New Orleans indulged in a prolonged laugh
the other night over the predicament Into
which a friend had got. Next morning he was
fonnd dead In his room. The theory advanced
is that his death was caused by palpitation of
the heart, brought on by the unmoderato
Important discoveries have been made
by the Italians on the site of Adulis, in Africa,
where, in the sixth century, the monk Cosmas
Indicopleustes found the Marmor Adulitanum,
which records the conquests ot Ptolemy
Euergetes. So far the columns of somo publio
building and a number of ancient coins havo
been brought to light.
At Stillwater last week the 5-year-old
daughter of John Carl, of Oak Park, fell into a
barrel of rain water and was drowned. There
was only one foot of water in the barrel, and it
is believed tbe girl had been reaching over the
edge of the barrel trying trying to dip ont water
with a tin cup, and fell in and was unable to
give an alarm or extricate herself.
Mary Burns, one of the few survivors of
the Pemberton (Mass.) mill disaster in 1SG0. in
which she was injured, died Sunday at her res
idence In Lawrence. Mass., aged 61 years.
When the mill fell her father and two brothers
were working there, and were buried in tho
rums, but were rescued before the fire oc
curred, which burned upward of 100 of tbe im
This is the way a Detroit paper pub
lishes tbe finding of a dead body in the river:
Somebody tied some chunks of boiler iron
about somebody else's neck and threw him into
the Saginaw river. Just when it happened or
wuo it was noooay Knows, dui euD-.ianno
Biver Reynolds has fished up tbe skeleton. To
make sure of the victim, it seems that a pile
driver was planted through him.
According to Nature the Russian Acad
emy of Sciences offers a prize of $2,500 for the
best Inquiry Into the nature and effects of tho
poison which develops In cured fish. The ob
jects of competitors must be: (1) "To deter
mine, by means of exact experiments, tha
physical and chemical nature of the poison
which develops in fish; (2) to study, by exper
iments on animals, its action upon the heart,
the circulation of the blood, the organs of di
gestion and tbe nervous system; (3) to deter
mine the rapidity of its absorption by the di
gestive organs, and (4) to study and describe
tbe characteristics which may serve to dis
tinguish contaminated fish from such as are
not contaminated." The fifth and sixth ques
tions relate to the means of preserving flh
from the development of the poison, and to
tbe question of counter-poisons and the medi
cal treatment of poisoned persons. The com
petition Is open to all. The memoirs must bo
sent in,' either In manuscript or printed, beforo
January 1, 1893, and may be written in any one
of tbe following languages: Russian, Latin,
French, English, German.
MEANT TO BE FUNNY.
"Style," says a writer on literary tonics,
"means everything." "Yes," said Ullson, whoso
wire Is a devotee to taihlon, "It means everything
man's got." Wathington Critic.
"Our'greatest glory is not in never falling,
but rising every time we fall," said Confucius. but
that was long ago. Nowadays most men seem to
find their greatest glory la tripping, other people,
up. Eomeroille Journal.
Said Kilrain, in the words of Hood,
When Sully laid him low,
I've met with many a breeze before.
Hut never such a blow."
Oh, That He Were a Mouse. Mrs. Jason
What a poor-spirited creature you are, Jehel. t
wish you would be either a man or a mouse.
Mr. Jason I wish I was a mouse. I'd make you
climb the bedpost In a minute. Terre Haute Ex
preet. A Sagacious Dog. Yes, my Caro is a
thoroughly sensible creature. Every night ha
fetches me ray sausage from the pork butcher's,
and If a strange dog offers to take It from btm
what do you think he does? Why, he gobbles It
up himself. Fliegende Blatter.
A Controlling Feature. Brown The fa
clal features plainly Indicate character and dlspo-
sltlon. In selecting your wife were you governed;
by her chin?
Jones No. but I have been ever since we mar
rled. Lawrence American.
The Rev. Mr. "Wilgus I am pained to see
your paper deotlng so much attention So thli
brutal prize light. Brother Slfterce.
Editor Sheeree-lt is possible that youhave failed,
to read my naif-column editorial condemning the'
whole affair In unmeasured terms. Terr MautS,
Hi's Spreading Garments. English tour
ist (to passenger In omnibus) Heg pahdon, bu
yo are sitting on my-my trousers.
Passenger, sitting next to him (indignantly)-
English tourist Beg pahdon, bnt I am speaking
to the gentleman on the otberslde of you. Chicago
He Did the Best He Could Why do yon
poison yourself with that vile stufff asked the
Prohibitionist of the tramp.
"Cause it's the best 1 kin afford. You don't
expect a poor workln' man to be a-blowln' hlsself
again champagne cocktails, do ye!" Terre liautu
His Revision. Snnday School Teacher"
Now. Johnny Cumso, It is your turn. Beclto your
Johnny (reciting) A certain man went down
from Jerusalem to Jericho and fell among thorns,
and the thorns sprang up and choked him.
"Did you learn that verse out of the Bible,
"Nome. Pop taught It to me." Huntty
Delays Are Dangerous. Mrs. Da Ille
John, my dressmaker arrived to-day, and I must
have the materials to-morrow.
Mr, Dn llle Eh? What? You said you had
written to her not to come until next month.
Mrs. Uu llle Yes, 1 did. but she never got the
Mr. Da llle (clasping his hand to his pocket
book) Woman! This Is a plot a vile plot! I J
you had rtially wanted her to stay away you would
have handed that letter, to the postman yourself!
you wouldn't havs given It tame to mail.-A't