Newspaper Page Text
" SECOND PARI I M L
- PAGES 9 TO 12. f
A YEKY DULL SEASON
Fourth of Jnly Take3 All the Ee
niaining Life Out of Trade.
IRON AKD STEEL GOING UPWARD.
The Prospect for the Next Six Months Is
EXrOBTS OP GOLD STILL CONTINUE
rsrxciAt. telegram to tir eispatch.i
New Yokk, July 5. General trade
throughout the country, as reported by wire
to Bradstrett's, has been quite as inactive as
is customary during the week in which the
Fourth of July holiday occurs. Semi-annual
stock takings, settlements and a per
sistent and widespread rainstorm tended to
further check trade. In Texas and Geor
gia rains are said to have done some dam
age to the crops. Contradictory reports
come from the spring wheat region, but no
evidence has arrived yet of serious disaster
to that crop.
The business outlook for the remaining
half year is regarded as brighter, with high
pricesjmd more active demand for iron.
steel, wool and cotton. Bear pressure and
lower prices have ruled in stock trading at
Hew York. Railroad differences at the
"West, fears of s reorganization of Atchison
and the too rapid'advance of trust securities
seem to be the basis for this action, which is
accompanied by beavy bear manipulation.
Bonds are strong and steady, with a good
reinvestment demand. Honey at New
York is becoming easier, and call loans are
down to 34 per cent. Foreign exchange
is easier, and demand sterling is 54 87
I BOX AXD,STEEI.
The iron and steel business for the half
year compares favorably with 1888. Prices
show an upward tendency in all markets,
and demand appears to justify this, as stocks
are very light. The visible supplies of cop
per afloat and abroad declined only 2,000
tons in June less than expected. The May
15-cent acreement of American producers
has been terminated, which inclines to
threaten the 12-cent rate, as several compa
nies can sell at seaboard at 10 cents or less
at a good profit.
Cotton goods for fall wear and woolens
are lairlv active. Midsummer trade with
jobbers is very quiet. Prices for print
cloths and low grade bleached goods tend
upward. Baw wool sales at seaboard are
limited by light stocks and hiph prices.
Baw cotton is one-eighth cent higher on
Reports of damage to the domestic spring
wheat crop, to the wheat crop in
Kussia, together with small stocks
of good quality on hand, more than
supported prices, and both wheat and flour
tend upward. Indian corn, too, is higher.
Pork and lard both declined on limited de
mand at Eastern centers. Hogs and cattle
at the West are selling higher. San Fran
cisco sent 73,000 bushels of wheat to Bio
Janeiro July 2, bnt expects the Australian
and South American demand to disappear
soon. Stocks of wheat at about 900 points
of accumulation and in transit, east of the
Eockv Mountains. July 1, as reported to
Braditreet's, aggregate 20,384, 000 bushels, a
quantity less than has been held at the
points referred to on a like date for seven
STJOA.B STH.1 riEM.
Baw sugar has been in less active request,
but is just as confidently held at one-eirhth
cent advance for centrifugals.'' Befined
maintained the high rate of last week.
Coffee reacted somewhat alter the heavy de
cline of last week, but relapsed into heavi
ness on a report that Brazil would carry
over 1,700,000 bags of coffee into the new
crop year, beginning July 1.
There were 349 strikes in the United
States, involving 93,258, reported to Brad
ttreet's for six months of the year, against 436
strikes and 172,432 strikers in the first half of
1888, and 554 strikes and 222,023 strikers in
1887. The failures among commercial and
industrial traders in the United States since
January 1 have numbered 5,918, or 12 per
cent more than in the first half of 1888.
With a dozen failures eliminated, this re
port contains only favorable features, as the
recent gro-rth of general business has not
been fully reflected in the higher commer
cial death rate. Bank clearings at 37 cities
for six months aggregate $27,097,480,956, or
18 per cent more than in 1888, 7 per cent in
excess of 1887 and 17 per cent more than in
Business failures repoited to Bradttrtet't
number 1C2 in the United States this week
against 211 last week and 149 this week
last year. Canada had 13 this week against
35 last week. The, total of failures in the
United States from January 1 to date is
6,037 against 6,401 in 1888.
DUN'S "WEEKLY SE7UW.
B. G. Dun & Co.'s weekly review of trade
says: Business has been fairly maintained
in volume, and is gradually Improving in
prospects. June has been a month of ex
ceptionally large trade transactions. Prices
of commodities, in spite of the rising mar
kets, have on the whole, during the month,
decreased about 2 per cent, and are now
hardly 1 percent above the lowest average
ever recorded. But there are signs of sub
stantial improvement in the most important
branches of industry. The monetary situa
tion remains undisturbed.
Nevertheless the stock market, by many
considered an indicator of the inture, has
been sinking. The wars ot Western, and to
some extent of Eastern railroads, Have dis
heartened many investors and caused much
selling. It is felt, too, that the rise stim
ulated by sudden advances in trust stocks
was not of a substantial character. But
there has been much confidence that the
enormous half yearly disbursements by
Government and corporations would cause a
new demand and advance in securities, and
while the movement thus far in July has
not answered expectations, holders are still
COLLECTIONS A. FEATUBE.
Reports from interior points are generally
favorable. Collections are now a seriouslv
disturbing feature. The half-yearly re
turn of failures shows a relatively larger
increase in New England than in any other
section about 28 per cent and next jn the
trans-Mississippi region, this side of the
Rockjr Mountains, about 20 per cent In
the Middle States the increase has been but
4J per cent, thence to the Mississippi about
5 per cent, and at the South about 3 per
cent. Against a general increase of 8 per
cent in numbers, there is a decrease of Z
per cent in aggregate liabilities.
The markets have not changed greatly
during the broken week. Wheat is about
2fc higher, owing to; accounts of injury
from prolonged drought and beat in Dakota
and Minnesota, where heavy rains have just
improved the outlook considerably. Other
crop prospects continue favorably. Pork
products are weaker and dairy products are
coming forward in immense quantity so
that prices are depressed. Leather 'does
not change, but the revised quotations of
wool for the first of July show an average
advance oi about lo per pound, and it is
becoming a serious question whether the
hopes of improvement in the manulactura
may not be defeated by an advance in tha
material, which may keep many of the mills
The price of cotton has advanced three
sixteenths, in part because of scanty supply
of desirable grades. The Iron market re
mains strong in tone. Southern iron is
still offered in large quantity at $16 50 for
No. 1. and the demand for manufactured
iron is less active. Sales of about 10,000
tons of steel rails appear to have been on a
basis of 28 at Eastern miJs.
EXPOETS OF GOLD.
The monetary prorpect is clouded by tho
exports of "81,707.640 gold and $1,135,464
silver from New York alone since Jnne 1.
In consequence, the circulation of all kinds
have been reduced $17,000,000 in June, and
though the aggregate is even now $8,000,000
larger than a year ago, it is felt that a con
tinued outgo in July would be apt to cause
pressure in September. The New York
banks reported last week a surplus of only
$7,600,000, and the actual surplus probably
was not over $6,000,000, which is not a large
proportion for an active fall demand.
Exports for five weeks exceed last year's
by 17 per cent at New York, while theim
poris show an increase of 4 per cent. Unless
grain exports are hastened by the cut in
east-bound rail rates, or foreign holders
cease to realize on securities, the outgo of
gold may continue. Thus far the Treasury
disbursements for the week have exceeded
receipts by only $300,000, but will be much
larger ior the week to come.
The business failures number 203 as com
pared with a total of 215 last week and 220
the week previous. For the corresponding
week of last year the figures were 214.
.THAT HAMPTON SCHOOL.
Dr. Child Seitei-ates Ills Statements Con
cerning; the PanUhment Cell A
Caustic Reply to Gen
Washin otox, July 5. To General
Armstrong's last statement through the
press, Dr. Childs replies:
My fall statement In this case Is my letter to
General Fisk. Not one of the statements of
that letter has been disproved. I gave the di
mensions of the dungeon as given me by an of
ficer ot the school, as follows:
Six feet 6 inches long, S feet 3 Inches wide
and 9 feet 8 Inches high. I then added: If the
officer was somewhat in error, and the present
estimate of your committee of 217 cubic feet is
correct. It does not change at all the essential
facts. The cell had no window or means of
light whatever, and when the door was closed
was absolutely dark. The only ventilation
visible or pointed out to me by the officers was
br some small holes in the side wall at the ton
ot the cell. These holes did not connect with
the fresh air from without, but simply with the
sir of the area around the celL
On the pavement or floor of the cell was a
bed sacking with apparently a little straw or
some such material in it; it could In no proper
sense be called a bed. The time of confine
ment of the boys there varied, I was told, from
s ict uj ni more una sireec in one or two
cases I understood it to be admitted that it
might have been ten days or two weeks. Gen
eral Armstrong insists that the boys were
taken out several times a day. General Arm
strong says that my representation that the
Eunishment was such as is not inflicted in oar
tates prisons "is a characteristic exaggera
tion." Let me quote again from my letter to
"The warden of the Massachusetts prison
says: 'I have no hesitation in saying that man
or Doy onght not to be confined in a room of
those dimensions for a slnglo day.' The war
den of the Eastern Penitentiary of Pennsyl
vania says: There are no cells in this institu
tion for the purpose ot Bpecial punishment.
All the cells or rooms are for permanent occu
pancy and are 8 feet by 16, 12 feet high, with
skylight ventilation and light.' "
These cells, it will be remembered, are for
prisoners convicted of the highest crimes (ex
cept capital offenses) robbery, burglary, man
slaughter, murder in the second degree, etc
Will General Armstrong still claim that it Is
an "exaggeration" for me to say that "the
cbilden of the wards of the nation" have had
severer treatment at Hampton than is in
flicted in our State prisons on abandoned
THE LADIES BEST OP ALL
Says Treasurer Thompson of Relief
Work Done for Johnstown.
W. R. Thompson, Treasurer of the Johns
town relief lund, yesterday received the re
port of W. H. Cain and A. G. Boenigk,
who composed the committee on receiving
and assorting the clothing contributions for
the Jobnstown sufferers, tormerly at Old
City Hall, and then at the Exposi
tion building. Mr. Thompson said
that the report was a very patisfactory one.
The committee reported that on the first
day they had charge of the contributions
they received fonr carloads from the Ameri
can Express Company, and three cars con
tained clothing and one contained groceries.
The groceries were sent to General Hastings
at Johnstown and the clothing was assorted
by the committee.
Mr. Thompson said be thought the ladies,
whom the committee thanked in the report,
deserved especial mention for the excellent
service they had rendered in aiding the
committee. The names of the ladies are as
follows: The Misses Ida Smith, Martha
Greggs, Misses Stoney, Mary Kellv,
Harper, e Moore, Sadie Moore, McElroy,
Kitty Llppincott, Bhinehart, America Wal
lace and Grace Williams, Mrs. Acre, Mrs.
Wightman and Mrs. Lenhart The com
mittee also thanked John H. Haney for
hauling done, and the men at the Duquesne
depot for aiding in the work.
PURELY A POLITICAL MOTE.
Labor Organization In Alnbama Forming; a
rsnCTU. TXHaEAM TO TUX DISr-ATCH.1
BiBMINGruLSi, Ala., July 5. A meet
ing of representatives ot all the labor organ
izations in the State was held here to-day
to perfect the organization of a Trades
and Labor Council, or Federation of
Labor. This is regarded as a political
movement, the purpose of which is the
control of the next Legislature. Labor
organizations of the State expect to
hold conventions and put straight labor
tiekets in the field in every county in the
State. They express confidence in their
ability to elect their ticket in several of the
counties, if they can hold the workingmen
A constitution was prepared to-day, and
a meeting of delegates from the various
labor organizations will be held here on
next Sunday, to adopt the constitu
tion and elect permanent officers. The
color line has been drawn, and no colored
man will be admitted to the federation.
Most of the labor organizations have de
clared themselves in favor of eight hours
for a day's work.
HARPER WANTS A PARDON. .
ni Friendi Trying- to Influence tha Admin
istration In HIa Debate
rsrxcxu. telegbau to Tax our atcs.i
Washington, July 5. The Attorney
General has received a package of petitions
weighing several pounds for the pardon of
E. L. Harper, the convicted Vice President
of the wrecked Fidelity National Bank, of
Cincinnati. The signers of these petitions
are national bank men, merchants and per
sonal friends of Harper all over the country.
A small numberof protests against Harper's
pardon have also been received. As Har
per is believed by the Government officials
connected with his prosecution to have been
the instigator 'and promoter of the broken
bank's unlucky speculation, he is not likely
to get much sympathy from the adminis
tration. Harper was sentenced to ten years' im
prisonment. He has served about two years
of this in the Columbus, Penitentiary,
where he is allowed to manage an immense
private factory outside.
Swindled Out of $100.
Fonr swindlers, who represented them
selves as c firm who wanted a collector in
their business, caught a young man named
George Strong and got $100 out of him as a
supposed security for his honesty. The
young fellow had been gulled by an adver
tisement in an afternoon paper.
182S, Imperial Amontillado Sherry,
full quarts -w $3 00
1828, Imported Brown Sherry, full
4ufl.ru, ... 3 00
Pemartln 8herry, full quarts. 2 00
Choice Old Brown Sherry, full quarts. 2 00
Harmony Sherry, full quarts 1 60
Fine Old Topaz Sherry, lull quarts 1 00
For sale by G. W. Schmidt, M and 97
THE FUTURE .OF LO.
A Satisfactory Solution- of a Vexed
Problem Probably in Sight.
THE GOVERNMENT'S WAY BEST.
Yanishlng Tribes of Indians That Hare Al
ways Held Too Much Land.
THE ABORIGINEES AS APT PDPILS
tCOimiSFONDEXCB Or THE DISPATCH.!
Lawbence, Kan., July 3. -"What is
to be become of the American Indian?" is
an oft-propounded question. "What holds
the future for the few remaining tribes of
the race that once owned and ruled the
greater portion of the continent?" These
are questions made more prominent than
heretofore by the opening up to settlement
of Oklahoma, and the present outlook for
an early release of the Cherokee lands by
the Government After having made ex
tensive investigations regarding the condi
tion of the various tribes, I can see no rea
son to doubt that the course taken by the
Government is the most prudent 'one, and in
the end will lead to a satisfactory solution
of the Indian problem.
While the Indians are losing some of
their lands, they are being well paid for
them, and it is a fact that they have all
along had much more territory than they
needed or knew what to do with.. The Gov
ernment has always been indulgent with
them, and without the intention did
in many instances derive poorer
results from having made Indians rich than
their poverty would have produced. The
Indian is naturally adverse to toil, and the
more he is given the greater his capacity be
comes, and ne will oftentimes spoil it all by
attempting to trade and barter with shrewd
whites who make it a business to prey upon
this ignorance. In this way the Govern
ment has indirectly given much to schem
ing whites that was intended for Indians.
THE OLD EULE CHANGED.
Nowthat rule has changed and the policy
of the Government is to reserve enough land
to give each Indian an estate and then to
turn the remainder over to the home seek
ers. This is a satisfactory system with those
Indians who have any sort of education, and
will in time be looked upon with favor by
the entire race. Jnst now some of the
chiefs and heavy land-holders are jealous of
the march being made by civilization, but
that is only a temporary feeling it must
go with the present generation.
Passing from their savage homes in a day
to a large school, such as is located here, a
wonderful transformation is seen. In both
the school and wigwam the same caste and
features are seen, but the difference that
education and civilized association has ren
dered is so perceptible that it is hard to be
lieve that those who are now obedient and
studious scholars a year ago roamed the
Western wilds in a savage condition. In
deed, the children themsclyes wonder at the
great change in their lives, and most of
them long to go deeper and deeper into the
knowledge of the whites, whom they all
look upon as a wonderful people.
NEXT TO CARLISLE.
About ore mile east of this citv, which is
the seat of learning of the "Sunflower"
State, is Haskell Institute, the second largest
industrial Indian school on the American
continent. The largest school of this char
acter in the country is located at Carlisle,
Pa. Haskell Institute came into existence
as the result of oersistent labor on the part
of Congressman Haskell, of Kansas, who
lived just long enough to see the beginning
of its usefulness.
At the time it was founded and for several
yean previous the Western people were dis
satisfied with the results being achieved in
the matter of Indian education, and clam
ored loudly for an institution somewhere in
the Western country near the frontier.
The cause of this dissatisfaction was not
on account of the methods of teaching or the
manner of training employed in the schools
at Carlisle, Pa., and Hampton, Ya., as
might be supposed, but because it was far
more difficult to gain the ronrent of Indian
parents, and to arouse the desire of their
children to go to the far-away East to
school, than would be the 'case if the school
was situated nearer the "trail and "hunt
ing ground." It is true that there were
A NUMBER OP INDIAN SCHOOLS
in the West at that time, but not snch insti
tutions as were desired. The need of a
school from which the child would come a
proficient scholar, tradesman or mechanic
was keenly felt, and in 1881, on September
14, when Haskell Institute was thrown open
to the juvenile redikins, that long-deferred
hope of the ranchman, farmer and trader
throughout the West was realized.
Among people who know that the Govern
ment feeds, clothes and schools Indian
youths free of charge, no matter what the
circumstances of themselves or their parents
may be, the belief prevails that those
parents and children would be uniform! v
eager to take advantage of "Uncle Sam's''
generons proposition. In this particular
the general public is in error. Indian chil
dren love the wigwam and the wilds just as
their parents ao. xney nave all beard
countless stories ot the ravages made on their
domain by the "pale laces," and dread
with common accord the dawn of the future
that is to wipe out forever the existence of
THE nrWAKD BELIEF.
Down deep in their hearts the oil war
riors believe that the time rapidly ap
E roaches when no savage Indians will in
abit America. This the children have
learned, and they look upon the acquisition
of an education as a sad farewell to all that
the Indian heart holds dear, as viewed from
an uneducated, Indian standpoint.
It cannot be wondered at, that these chil
dren reluctantly leave their homes and go
away to school, believing that they will be
taught to forget, to disregard all the lessons
oi youth, home and parents. It is no light
task, though one be of an inferior race, to
cast away the traditions, traits, anticipa
tion, inclinations, hopes and everything
that birth has given, and then to take up
the thread of life extended by a race of peo
ple who ride the rapid wave of progress so
graceiuijy m uu iuc Americans.
But they are making the effort, and right
bravely, too. It is plain to be seen that
they will succeed, lor there is no alternative.
They must succeed; if not in this generation
in the next or the succeeding one, for in
that day savagery will have ceased to be an
American wonder. Year after year, their
territory grows smaller and the inducements
for idleness and nomadic life diminish in
like manner. And as they look to the
North, South, East and West, and survey
their surroundings, the fact is made plain
that the "pale lace" hold sway, and that
their will is the only law of the land.
THE FIRST STEP GAINED.
Thus the initiatory step in Indian educa
tion has been gained. It is not nearly so
difficult to secure pupils now as was the
case a few years ago. The reason is clear.
Ot late years-a great many Indian boys and
girls have returned home educated to be
useful and accomplished men and women.
Their advancement has pleased the better
class of savage parents, and a spirit of emu.
lation is thns aroused Jn the hearts of the
children. These influences and the exist
ence of a great institution like Haskell so
near their homes has induced hundreds to
seek an education.
Before an Indian child can be cdmjtted
into one of tho industrial schools, the Super
intendent must have secured the consent or
its parents, of the agent who is in charge of
the tribe and of the child. 'The first is rare
j done without coaxing, and the second' is
PITTSBURG, SATURDAY, JULY ' 6, 1889.
frequently an up-hill task-, from the fact
that acrents. as a rule, are desirous of hav
ing the children of the tribes they have In 1
charge attend tne reservation scnoots. ui
course they are only primary schools of an
ordinary character, still the agents want to
make as much of a showing as possible, and
are jealous of any person or influence that
seems to lessen their prestige or autnority.
THE CHILD ALWAYS WILLING.
When the consent oi parents and agents
has been secured it rarely occurs that a
child stands in the way. So far from it,
they seem to possess the faculty of seeing
that their best interests lie in the course
outlined by the Government. It is an ex
ceptional case, however, that a child ex
presses a willirgness to leave home nntil
the consent of parents and agents has been
granted. They are exceedingly cautious,
which is accounted for by the knowledge
that in most instances they nave been taught
to regard the whites and the propositions
made by them with suspicion.
TheTchiefs, warriors and soothsayers all
agree that they have traversed as far toward
the setting sun as they can go, and while
some think it worth while to fight for their
possessions still, the majority await the final
summons to civilization with dogged and
restless impatience, wnicn nothing snort ci
education or death will make obsolete.
Of the present generation it may be said
of school age will receive a general educa
tion. The coming generation will increase
that ratio twofold, and the middle of the
twentieth century will be an age in which
tho history of the last of the American
aboriginees will be written.
TOO OLD TO LEABN.
The grown Indian can be rendered peace
able by intercourse with whites and brought
to understand that the laws must be obeyed,'
but ne will never Decome educated. ue is
too shiftless and careless. Too idle and vil
lainous to work or to own an ambition
above that which is inborn, which leads
only to the pursuits of reckless and easy
living without asking why and wherefore.
In the different nations composing the
Indian Territory I frequently came upon
youngsters whom I readily perceived had
learned the ways of the world;. They are the
educated ones and It is gratifying to see
how proud an Indian is he, who is a black
smith, a shoemaker, a wood worker or a
tailor in his own country. The girls having
had similar advantages are clever house
keepers and the young men who marry them
are the most fortunate of the lucky ones on
THE STAS OF FORTUNE SHINES.
Occasionally one sees such proofs of the
the incalculable benefits of education among
the tribes of tho far West, though not near
so frequently as in the Territory.
There is a vast difference in the capabili
ties and ambitions, or rather inclinations,
of the children of different tribes. One
would naturally suppose that being Indians
they had common likes and dislikes and
aspirations of a similar nature, but that is
not the case. I know a Pawnee boy who is
a very clever sketch artist, and was in
formed that his was an accomplishment not
rare among the youths of his tribe.
Up to that time I had never seen an In
dian possessed of a soul that could be in
spired to produce any design above the
hideons. excepting the 'Tlinkets, of British
Columbia and Alaska. The Pawnee girls
are quite clever, too, many of them who
have had school advantages have become)
artful at needle and fancy wort, and nearly
all good cooks and housekeepers.
A PBACTICAL SET.
The Cheyennes, as a rule, have a me
chanical eye, and they are as practical as
any I know, The Wyandottes are crafty
and the Comanches are treacherous beyond
conception. A hundred other traits are
suggested when the various tribes are called
jo mind. Put that wouidgive no general
idea of them, consequently are valueless in
this connection, the foregoing serving as an
Index to the remainder.
There are now in the United States 270
Indian schools, including the reservation
class, which are for the most part primary
In all there are 12 industrial schools and
they are located as follows: Carlisle, Pa.;
Hampton, Va.; Albuquerque, N. Mex.;
Chilocco, Ind. T.; Arkansas City, Kan.;
Ft. Stevenson, Dak.; Salem, Ore.; Ft
Yuma, Col.; Genoa, Neb.; Grand Junction,
CoL; Keanis Canon, Ariz., and Lawrence,
The tribes represented in these and the
Reservation schools are chiefly: Apache,
Arapahoe. Cheyenne, Chippewa, Chicka
saw, Creek, Crow, Comanche. Cherokee,
Caddo, Delaware, Iowa, Kaw, Kickapoo,
Muncie, Osage, Ottawa, Omaha, Pawnee,
Peoria, Ponce, Piute, Pottawatomie, Qua
paw, Seneca, Seminole, Sac and Fox, Shaw
nee, Sioux, Ute, Wyandotte and Wichita,
and perhaps a few 'Tlinkets and mayhap a
straggler from a tribe of no particular prom
inence. A FBEQCTENT QUESTION.
The question is frequently asked by per
sons who do not understand the Indian
question, "Why doesn't the Government let
them alone give them a domain and per
mit them to live as they like?"
That such a plan is bad has been prac
tically and satisfactorily demonstrated, and
now the only reasonable solution to the
problem is thought to be education. This
will analyze, but the former plan will not
Educate the savage and you can figure on
what he will do lor himself and his sur
roundings, but leave him to his native and
wicked ways, untutored and unmolested, as
some will have it, and, you have a type of
humanity that no dependence whatever can
be placed in. In their native state Indians
are all dangerous and naturally bad-hearted
toward the whites. Educated, they can be
made useful, at least to one another, and
thus be rendered respectable and
WORTHY OF CONFIDENCE,
a result that could be produced in no other
way. Besides, if the whites owe them any
thing for the soil they were driven from
(and there seems no room for doubting that
the debt is large) it seems but proper tbat
an effort should be made to render their
condition better, otherwise there would be
no virtue, consequently no justice in what
wonld be nothing short of parloining their
God-given estates. As the present genera
tion witnessed the decadence of negro slav
ery, so will they who live in the twentieth
century observe and note the decline of
savage ignorance and superstition, and the
trinmph of education.
THE SQUIRREL HILL ROAD.
The Directors Have Not Yet Decided Upon
the System of Motive Power.
The Board of Directors of the Squirrel
Hill Electric Railroad held their regular
meeting yesterday morning in the Hamilton
building and the contract for the rails of the
road was let The Committee on Motive
Power was asked to report, but Mr. Henry
Brown, tha Chairman of the committee was
absent, and there will not be a decision made
as to what electric motive power is to be
used on the road until the next meeting.
There are two systems for electric street
csr motive power under the consideration of
the directors and one or the other will be
decided upon next week. The one is the
Daft and the other tha Thomson-Houston
system. From a talk with-one of the di
rectors it is likely that the latter will be
the one selected, and the contract will be let
within ten days.
The County Controller III.
County Controller Speer has been confined
to his home in Elizabeth lor several days with
a seven attack of cholera morbus His
condition was considerably improved yester
day, but he will be unable to be about for
BELLK8 OF THE SHORE fS
fun Jrolict andoiblt of (he throngs at ifa
ragantet Pier are ptguantty portrayed in to
tmrrovf Dispatch fy Santera.
Have Invented a Novel System of
Street Car Motive Power and
WILL TEST IT ON CAES0N STEEET.
The System Has 2To Blot Sail and Over
Head Wires Are Not Used.
A PEW CHARACTERISTIC FEATURES
During the next ten days ground will
likely be broken by Booth Ss Flinn on the
line of the West End Street Bailway on
Carson street, Southslde, for the introduc
tion and trial of a new electric railway sys
tem. This system is the result of the joint
efforts and inventions of several well-known
Pittsburg gentlemen Three patents have
already been granted, and three more are
pending in the Patent Office, covering the
system fully. The inventors and patentees
are Messrs. John D. Nicholson, John H.
Dalzell.W. J. MaElroy and T. J.McTJghe,
the two latter being well-known electricians
of this city. These gentlemen were the in
coi potato rs of the National Electric Bail
way Company, chartered in 1888, and
during the early spring of the present year
a deal was made by which their patents
were transferred to the Dnqnesne
Electric Bailway Company of Pennsyl
vania, for which company an application
for incorporation under the special act of
1887 is now pending. Among the leading
members of tho Duquesne Company are W.
J. Hammond, the iron manufacturer, and
Superintendent J. V. Patton, of the Balti
more and Ohio Bailroad Company, and an
arrangement has been made with the West
End Company for a thorough trial of the
system as above stated.
The method to be employed is so radically
different from anything that has yet been
tried, and possesses so many advantages,
that great interest is manifested in the mat
ter by street railway companies contemplat
ing an improvement of their service. The
main principles of the new invention were
explained to a Dispatch reporter yesterday
by Mr. McElroy, the principal inventor.
SOLVING A PBOBLEM.
The problem on electrio railways is and
has been to establish and maintain an un
interrupted electrical connection between
the generating .dynamos, located in the
power house, and the moving cars along a
line of road which may extend for two or
three miles on either or both sides of the
station; to insure such economy of power in
the transmission of current as is possible
only with the highest insulation; and above
all, to guard the public against the dangers
of injury to life and property, always inci
dent to the use of powerful currents of elec
tricity. Two general methods of transmit
ting the current to the car are in nse in this
country, viz, the overhead or trolley system,
and the conduit, with continuous open slot
similar to the slot of a cable road. Both
The Duquesne Company's system consists
of a large copper conductor, insulated in
and protected by an iron pipe laid two feet
below the surface of the street At inter
vals of 18 or 20 feet along this pipe, are set
heavy cast-iron air-tight boxes containing
an electro-magnetic switch, which, as ex
plained hereafter, controls the supply of
current from the main conductor to the sur
face plates. Near the box is placed upright
in tho ground a section of heavy, cast-iron
pipe, or Dost, with a narrow flange at the
top and a very broad flange at the bottom.
This post is three feet long, is embedded in
concrete, and is so placed as to bring the
upper snrface of the top flange even with
the pavement An insulated iron bolt in
the center of the post holds the street con
tact plate in position and serves to conduct
the current to the plate at the proper time.
The street plates closely resemble an in
verted saucer; they are six inches in diam
eter, oval on top and are the pbints from
which the car receives the current; contact
with the plate being established by a long
bar which swings from the car truck and
rides over the contact plates with just
enough friction to insure good contact, and
keep both bar and plates continually bright
The plates are so distanced along the
track that the contact bar is always in con
tact with one of them; the bar being long
enough to span and cover two plates at the
same time, necessarily catches a plate in
front before it leaves the preceding one.
HOW IT CONNECTS.
If the surface plates were cermanentlv
connected to the main conductor the acme
of simplicity would be reached, but such
ermanent connection would be dangerous,
ecause of the possibility of shock to any
one coming in contact therewith.
In the NichoIson-McElroy svstem there
is absolutely no connection between the
charged main conductor and the exposed
surface plates, only during such times as
the plates are covered and protected by the
csr, and bsToro the car passes off any one
plate that plate must be disconnected from
the main conductor, otherwise the car can
not proceed. The connecting and discon
necting of the street plates with the main
conductor is entirely automatic, and in three
years' operation of the model constructed by
Mr. McElroy hasnotonce been known to rail.
The mechanism for controlling the connec
tion is placed, as stated, in the iron boxes,
and is thoroughly protected from dampness
and consequent loss of insulation. The
boxes are air tight, and being joined in
series by the, two inch iron pipe which con
tains the main conductor, form a continuous
open subway. A slight air pressure is
maintained therein by a small air pump in
the power station, and a gauge is arranged
to show any loss ol this pressure caused by
a leak along the line. Notice is thereby
given of such defect, and during the time
necessarily occupied in locating such leak
age and repairing the same, no water, the
great enemy of underground insulation, can
enter against the escaping volume of air.
The switches in the boxes are actuated bv
a current of electricity sent into them from
the car, and no currcntcan be received from
any given plate nntil enough current has
been transmitted from the car down through
the surface plate and connecting wires to
cause the magnet to act and close the
THE MAT0R HASN'T DECIDED.
Ha Will Nt Tell About tho Diamond Street
Mayor McCallin has done nothing so far
in regard to the Diamond alley opening
ordinance. He was busy yesterday signing
warrants, and said that he hadn't read the
ordinance yet He said that anyone who
said that he had said that he wonldn't sign
the ordinance spoke without authority. He
wouldn't tell anyone, and hadn't told any
person, what he would do until he had read
BOTH CONGRESSMEN INVITED,
1'ogether With Hon. B. F. Jons, to Advise
on Tbat Inlernatlanal Conorr.
The Legislative Committee of the Cham
ber of Commerce has been called by Chair
man George H. Andrews to meet at 3
o'clock this afternoon to take action in re
gard to the International American Con
gress which is to be held at Washington
October 2. Hon. B. F. Jones, Hon. John
Dalzell and Hon. Thomas M. Bayue have
been especially invited to' be present to con
fer wjth the committee.
E0H0 OP THE FOURTH.
Tho Bailees Portion of a Thriving- Town
In Wathlnstoa Territory Wiped Out
by Fire Aid Needed to Cara
for the Homeless Ten
Ellensbubo, Wyo. T., July 5. Ten
blocks of the best portion of this city are in
ashes. Nearly 100 families are homeless,
and what was yesterday a thriving and im
posing business center is now a mass of
ashes and burning cinders. Owing to the,
excitement and confusion tbat prevails at
this hour it is impossible to ascertain how
the fire originated, but it is presumed that
it was a result of the celebration of the na
tional holiday, as it was started soon after
the inauguration of the display of fireworks
last evening. The flames started on the
north side ot the city about JO o'clock in the
evening, with a very strong wind blowing
from the northeast
The fire department, which was promptly
called out could do nothing sto check the
rapid advance of the conflagration, which,
within an hour, spread to the business
center. Help was telegraphed for from the
neighboring towns, but long before it could
reach the scene the flames had literally
wiped out the heart of the city and had
commenced to spread among the residences
on the south side. It was not until the main
portion of the food for the fire had been con
sumed, that there were any signs of abate
ment, and it was nearly morning before the
firemen secured any result from their tire
The cessation of the winds had a tendency
to aid the firemen in checking the progress
of the fire, and at this hour it is thought
tbat the flames are under control, or that
they will be confined to the buildings now
burning. While it is impossible to lorm a
close idea of the amount of loss, it is esti
mated tbat the sum will run up to many
many hundreds of thousands of dollars. All
of the leading hotels, the handsome Nash
Opera House block, the City Hall, the
Board tof Trade building, Snipe & Co.'s
Bank, in fact, all of the business blocks on
Pine and Pearl, and Third, Fourth and
Fifth streets are consumed, excepting only
the First National Bank building. Bloomer
& O'Connor's drygoods house, H. Golsien's
boot and shoe store, one saloon and one gen
eral store. Only these latter concerns re
main standing to mark the spot where flour
ished yesterday a beautiful and prosperous
The number of residences destroyed can
not now be estimated, hut it is known that
over 100 families are homeless, penniless,
and with nothing left save the few scant
clothes with which they escaped in flying
from the advancing flames. Help has been
asked and is badly needed, not only in sup-
Iiressing the fire, but in caring for the hone
esa victims oi the conflagration.
JUNE DEADLY TO J0VMILES.
All tho Hecent Records In Allegheny Broken
by the Death Sate of Last Month Some
The great mortality of children in large
cities has been brought forcibly to mind
among all who have watched statistics oa
this subject, and a means to check this con
stant flow of human lives to the beyond is
now, more than ever. In the minds of public
men having any humanitarian inclination.
Last year was a bad one for the little ones,
and the mortalitv in Allezhenv in June of
children under 10 years ot age reached thft:,
astounding total of 128 oyer 4 per day, and
a little over 60 per cent of the total mor
tality. In Allegheny last year, during the month
of May and June, and up to July 5, the
mortality of children under 10 vears reached
197. This year the figures in tne same time,
and months reach 174, but 23 less than last
year, though the weather has been cooler
and more favorable for a decrease.
In May, 1888, the death rate of children,
1 year and under, was 21; from 1 to 10 years,
19; total 40, or a little over 26 per cent of
the total mortality. In 1889, 1 year and
unaer, is; irom j. to iu years, 42; total 161,
or about 44 per cent of the total number.
In June, 1888, all previous records were
broken, and the list of deaths of children
under 1 year of age reached 77; 1 year, 2;
from 1 to 10 years, 49, and a total of 128
over SO per cent of the total number of
BETTERING THE HIGH SCHOOL.
Estimate for Its Improvement Submitted
and Teacher Re-Elected.
The High School Committee met last
night Prof. Wood presented the report of
annnal examinations, as previously pub
lished. It was ordered to be filed. The
faculty of the High School was re-elected,
withont any change in any department A
resolution was adopted which provides that
hereafter no teacher shall be added to the
force at the High School without a profes
The janitor was re-elected and his salary
fixed at .1,500, on condition that he devote
all his time to the school. Out of this
money the janitor must pay all his help and
buy all supplies required.
Secretary Belsfar submitted estimates for
an addition to the High School by Archi
tect C. M. Bartberger. For altering the
present building to gain two school rooms,
the cost would be 5,083. To build a stone
wing between the building and the bluff,
two stories in height, would cost 36,789 70;
three stories, 47,589 70. To put up the
same building in pressed brick, two stories
would cost 28,649 CO,- three stories, 34,393.
OYER ?2,000 MORE
Received Testerday by the Local Johns
town Relief Fond.
Treasurer Thompson reports the relief fund
to have reached $728,212 95. The contributions
yesterday were: Walter Osborne and, others,
Winnebago, M., 12 50; ladles of the G. W.
Club, Georgetown, Cal., 850; citizens of Battle
Creek, Mich., M5 23; Glenn Falls, N. Y., per
6tar (add.). KB; J. W. Starkweather. tO,
Mr. Myra Wadsworth, $3, Chatham, N. Y.
Reformed Church, Ghait N. Y, $21; cash. 25
cents; employes Oliver Iron and Steel Com
pany, $1,1166 65; Danville, Pa., proceeds of a
The Exposition a Suro Go.
Manager Johnston, of the Exposition So
ciety, returned from the East yesterday, and
he said that the Exposition would open as
originally decided on, September 4. Kearly
all the available spaces in the building have
been disposed of, and Mr. Johnston says
that Ko-is afraid some of the home manu
facturers will have to be disappointed in
their spaces because they did not make
their applications in time.
Prof. Campboll to Com- Here.
Bev. E. B. Donehoo returned from En
gland yesterday, where he had been to con
ier with the Bev. J. F. Campbell, of the in
stitution for the blind in London, about the
methods to be adopted for the comfort and
government of the Western Pennsylvania
Institute for the Blind. The result bos been
tbat Prof. Campbell will come to Pittsburg
in a short time, and he will then give his
personal advice in the matter of teaching
One Handred Grateful Orphan.
The Fourth of Jnly, as celebrated at the
Orphans' Homo'at Butler, was a pronounced
success, and Bev. D. Prugh, the Superin
tendent, says his 100 children are extremely
thankful to the newspapermen, bankers and
merchants of Pittsburg, who made the cele
TIV T,OVK'S 1IAIK ?fa.cinaHn!;Mprv
it" " auuivu) oy Jiaurtc
Thompton.tciU be publUhed complete n to,
moi-roto1 DrspATcn. It U the (dillle novelette
or tumjner reading.
FHE CUP ipf S HOIffii
A Tale of
By (3-- -A..
"Under Drake's Flag,"
SYNOPSIS OF PREVIOUS CHAPTEBa
Chapteb L Lieutenant Golston, of H. M.
8. Tenebrense, while on a brief visit to the
Carne's Arms Inn, Cshine In the neighboring
river, is toid tho story of the Curse ot Carne's
Hold. In the days of the First Charles, Sir
Edgar Carne, the occupant of Carne's Hold, a
honte on tho neighboring hill, fights for his
king, and brines home from Spain a yonng and
beautiful bride. They lired unhappily and
frequently quarreled. At last one day she, in a
paroxysm of madness,stabbed her child to death.
After this none except the inmates of the Hold
ever saw Lady Came again, bnt a few days be
fore she died she cursed the Carnes.her hus
band, the bonse and her descendants. The
curse subsequently worked in her descendants,
several laying violent bands upon their rela
tives and themselves. The present Squire,
though moody and reticent, seemed, however,
to have escaped the taint of madness with which
tho Spanish ancestress had endowed them. The
Hon, Mrs. Mervyn, aunt ot the Squire and bis
sister, resides in the neighborhood, and Golston
is Invited there to a ball, which he accepts.
CHAPTER IL The ball at Carne's Hold was
a brilliant affair, and Lieutenant Gulston
was struck with Miss Margaret Carne, the sis
ter to the Squire. Ronald Mervyn and the
Squire both appear to be more or less affected
by the curse ot Carne's Hold, an Incipient taint
of insanity being manifest in both. He is
warned of this family trait by the ship's doc
tor. Meanwhile, Ruth Powlett, the miller's
danehter, maid to Miss Carne, falls in love with
George Forrester, the son of a neighboring
farmer, a wild young scaperrace who becomes
entangled in a poaching fray. She is cautioned
by her mistress and urged to give blm up.
Chapter III. As Kuth Powlett was return
ing from church on the following Sunday
through the wood, there was a little rustle
among the trees, and George Forrester sprang
out suddenly. It was a sharp, brief Interview,
daring which Ruth tells him that she has re
solved, to give him up. Muttering an oath, be
dashes her to the eronnd, and, bearing voices,
he sprints into the woods. Bhe is taken home,
bleeding and crushed, and the story that she
has fallen on a stone is not contradicted. She
ultimately recovers, however, and returns to
the Hold. Ronald Mervyn, suspecting the at
tachment between Gulston and herself, whom
he looks upon as his promised bride, upbraids
her with the fact and a quarrel ensues.
Margaret Carne's message as to her ina
bility to come down to dinner was scarcely
a veracious one. She was not given to head
aches, and had not so far a&nhe could re
member, been once laid up with them, but
after what had been said, she did not feel
equal to going downstairs and facing Charlie
Gulston. She bad never quite admitted to
herself that she loved the young sailor who
had for the last few weeks been so much at
the house, and of whose reason for so com
ing she had bet little doubt; but now, as
she sat alone in the room, she knew well
enough the answer she should give to his
question when it came.
At present, however, the discovery of her
own feelings caused alarm rather than
fileasure. There had been no signs of tear
n her face when her cousin raged and
threatened, but she did not believe that the
threats were empty ones; he had often
frightened her when she was a child by
furious ' bursts oi passion, and although it
was many years now since she had seen him
thus, she felt sure that he would do as he
had threatened, and that he was likely
enough to take any step that might occur
to him in his passion, to carry out his threat.
Although she had put a bold front on it
Margaret felt at heart tbat his reproach was
not altogether unjustified. There had been
a boy and girl understanding between
them, and although it had not been form
ally ratified oi late years, its existence was
tacitly recognized in both families, and
until a few months before she herself had con
sidered that in the natural coarse of events
she should some day be Bonald Mervyn's
Had he reproached her gently, she would
have frankly admitted this, and would have
asked him to forgive her for changing her
mind, now tbat vears had wrought a change
in her feelings, but the harshness and sud
denness of his attack had roused her pride,
and driven her to take np the ground that
there was no formal engagement between
them, and that as he had not renewed the
subject for years, she was at perfect liberty
to consider herself, free. She bad spoken
but the truth in saying that their near re
lationship was in her eyes a bar to their
marriage. Of late years she had thought
much more than she had when a girl over
the history ot the family and the Curse ot
the C&rnes, and although she had tried her
best to prevent herself from brooding over
the idea, she could not disguise from her
self that her brother was at times strange
and unlike other men, and her recollections
of Bonald's outbursts of temper, as a boy,
induced the suspicion that he, too, had not
aiiogemer escaped tne latal taint Bull,
had not Charlie Gulston come across her
path, it was probable that she would have
drifted ou as before, and wonld, when the j
.... VH.v,M,w wvvi.tjMv mvuwu ACtyu OS
The next morning, when Euth Powlett
went as usual to call her mistress, she
started with surprise as she opened the
door, for the blind was already up and the
window open. Closing the door behind her.
she went in and placed the jug of hot water
she carried by the washstand,and then turned
round to arouse her mistress. As she did
so a low cry burst from her lips, and she
grasped a, chair for support The white
linen was stained with blood, and Margaret
lay there, white and stilj, with her eyes
wide open and fixed in death. The elothe-
1 were drawn a short way down in order that
mo muraerer might strike at ber heart
Scarce had she taken this In, when Buth
felt the room swim round, her feet tailed
her, and shefell insensible on the ground,
In a few minutes the cold air streaming
in through the open window aroused her.'
Feebly she recovered her feet and sopporU
l Ing herself aealnst the wall, stairrcred to.
j .ward thfl door,' As fee did re hr eye fell'
. s ww iicr-"! w
"vw Hxxmji iiw,--r h jw u u .
"With Clive in India," etaetc
on an object lying by the side of the bed. -She
stopped at once with, another gasping '
cry, pressed her hand, on her forehead and
stood as if fascinated, with her eyes' fixed -upon
it Then slowly and reluctantly, as if
forced to act against her will, she moved
toward the bed, stooped and picked np the
object she had seen.
She had recognized it at once. It was a
large knife with a spring blade, and a silver
plate let into the buckhorn handle, with a
name, G. Forrester, engraved upon it It
was a knife she herself had given to her
lover a year belore. It was open and stained
with blood. For a minute or two she stood
gazing at in blank horror. What should
she do, what should she do? She thought of
the boy who had been her playmate, of the
man she had loved, and whom, though sha ,
had cast him off, she had never quits ceased "
to love. She thought of his father, the old
man who had always been kind to her. If
she left this silent witness where she had
found it there would be no doubt what
would come of it For some minutes she
"God forsrive me," she said at last "I
cannot do it" She closed the knife, put it '
into her dress, and then turned round again.
She dared not look at the bed now, for she)
felt herself in some wav an accomplice in
her mistress' murder, anil she made her way
to the door, opened it, and then hurried
downstairs into the kitchen, where the ser
vants who were jnst sitting down to break
fast rose with a cry as she entered
"What is it Bnth? What's the matter?
Have von seen anything?"
Buth's lins moved, but no sound came
from them, her face was ghastly white, and
her eyes full of horror.
"What is it, child?" the old cook said,
advancing and touching her, while the oth
ers shrank back, frightened at her aspect
Miss Margaret is dead," came at last
slowly from her lips. "She has been mur
derea in the night," and she reeled and
would have fallen again had not the old
servant caught her in her arms and placed
v j n a ha,r- -A- Cfy of horror and surprise
had broken from the servants, then came a
hubbub of talk.
..tTI(t.,Can'tbe,.trne-" "" " impossible."
Buth must have fancied it" "It never
could be," and then they looked in each
other s faces as if seeking a confirmation of
"I must go up and see," the cook said,
fcusan and Harriet, you come along with
me; the others see to Euth. Sprinkle some
dTeifmC."6' faCe- Sh" mUSt haTe
Affecting a confidence which she did not
feel, the cook, followed timidly by the two
frightened girls, went upstairs. She stood
for a moment hesitating before she opened
the door; then she entered the room, the
two girls not daring to follow her. She
went a step into the room, then gave a little
cry and clasped her hands.
"It is true," she cried; "Miss Margaret
has been mntderedl"
Then the pent-up fears of the girls found
vent in loud screams, which were echoed
from the group ot servants who had clus
tered at the foot of the stairs in expectation
of what was to come.
A moment later the door of Reginald
Carne's room opened, and he came oat
"What is the matter? What is aH this
"Miss Msrgaret is murdered, sir," the
two girls burst out, pausing for an instant
in their outcry.
'"Murdered." he repeated, in low tones.
"You are mad; impossible!" and pushing
past them he ran into Margaret's room.
"Ahl" he exclaimed, in along. low noteof
pain and horror. "Good God, who can have
done this?" and he leaned against the wall
and covered his face with his hands. The
old servant had advanced to the bed, and
lsid a hand on the dead girl. She sow
touched her master.
"You had better go away now, Mr. Regi
nald, for you can do nothing. She is cold,
and must have been dead hours. We must
lock the door up till the police come."
So saying, she gently led him from the
room, locked the door and closed it Regi
nald Carne staggered back to his room.
"Poor master," the old servant said, loos
ing after him; "this will be a terrible blow
for him; he and Miss Margery have always
been together. There's no saying what may.
come ot it," and she shook her bead gravely;
then she roused herself and turned sharply
on the girls.
"Hold your noise, you foolish things;
what good will that do? Get downstairs at
Driving them before her, she went dowa
to the kitcnen, and on to the door leading to
the yard, where one of the maids was at the
moment telling tha grooms what had hap-
"Joe, get on a horse and ride off asd
fetch Dr. Arrowsmith. He can't be of any
good, but he ought to come. Send np JoS
H.TCtn. fli. lun.t.lil. ..! 41.A.. wS.3a .. A.
., m., mb vuiuwwie, Kuii mu img va ,
Mr. Volkes; he is the nearest magUtrate,aa6T'
win now wnat to ao."
Then she went back into the kitchen.
"She has come to, Mrs. Wilson; bnt she
don't seem to know what she is doing."
"So wonder," the cook said, "after saek.
a shock as she has had; and she only just
cihuk weu alter ner uines. xwo OI yea
run upstairs and get a mattress off her bed'
and two pillows, and lay them down ia the '
servants' hall: then take her in there ad.:
put her on them. Jane, get soae brandy '
spoonful of that will do her good." ' v
.a. uttie orana j ana water. was mixed, sod
the cook poured H between Bath's lips, fer
she did not seem to know what wm Mid te
her. and remained still and lmnul :.-
short sobs bursting at timw frosa her linaTt
The two,emats half lifted btr, aa4 &&