Pittsburg dispatch. (Pittsburg [Pa.]) 1880-1923, June 30, 1889, SECOND PART, Page 10, Image 10

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ENGLISH STATESMEN.
pHow Some of the Great Parliamen
tary Leaders Look and Act.
CHAMBERLAIN AflD HIS ORCHID.
-' Gladstone Drinkin? Egr-Nocr "While Speak
ing in tnefloo.se.
OTflEE GIAKTS OP BRITISH POLITICS
ICORF.rErOSEEKCI OP THZ DISrATCS.1
London, June 20. The personal pecul
iarities of English statesmen are often
amusing.
Of late years Mr. Gladstone has developed
an astonishing war of emphasizing his re
marks by assanlting an unoffending brass
bound box on the table of the house. To
reach it requires no little effort, but for all
that the "Grand Old Han" is not to be de
nied the pleasure of hammering that box.
Trembling in every nerve with intensity of
conviction, and entirely regardless of the
pain that must follow, he stretches across
the sea of blue books and brings down his
clenched fist on the lid wjth all his force
when he wishes to emphasize the climax of his
speech. When lie is excited he stands a
pace back from the table with feet spread
ont fanwise, and beats one hand upon the
other for 'several moments, turning round
every now and then to address his own fol
lowers. Of course his voice is not what it
wasj but by reserving it, and by a discreet
habitof never sitting out a debate, "he has
husbanded a strength that puts many of
hii younger colleagues to shame. On great
occasions he invariably arms himself with a
phial of eggnog, which he drinks at con
venient intervals, to the infinite diversion
of an -astounded gallery. Unlike .Lord
Beaconsfield, who was always noted for his
dandified getup, Mr. Gladstone is rather
careless about his attire, but he seldom ap
pears without a pink rose in his buttonhole.
THE GOVEBNMENT LEADEB.
Mr. Smith, the Government leader, sits
on the very edge of the treasury bench as
though he were not quite certain whether
he had a right to be there or not. He ap
proaches the table timidly and deferentially,
nervously clutching hold of it with both
hands, and never once releasing his grip
until he resumes his seat. He is not a
genius, and will never dim by comparison
the fame of Pitt nor overshadow the great
sess of Fox. He is simply an honest, plod
ding, good-natured old soul with no .non
sense about him. He is essentially British.
His oratory is of the plain, dry, commercial
order, and he has a dreary, mechanical
emile which he can conjure up under the
iost trving circumstances. He is alto
gether as eminently respectable as tney
make them, and he has never once been
known to lose bis temper or the respect of
His opponents. x.ven the more rama .rar
xellites are credited with a sneaking kind
ness lor "Uld Morality."
Mr. Balfour has a tendency to sprawl all
over the place. During those 11 long years
that he occupied a seat below the gangway
his elongated frame, stretched halt way
across the house, was one of the most
familiar figures in a debate. "When he first
became Irish secretary he had a weakness
for putting his feet on the table, but the
Parnellites have since worked together to
assist him in overcoming this undignified
tendency. He has no time to lounge now,
for if after each question he were to resume
his seat in this elaborately languid attitude,
he would in all probability have to be car
ried out on a shutter before qnestion time
was half over. As a speaker Mr. Balfour
affects that air of supercilious indifference
Lord Melbourne used once to make
fashionable, and his most scathing retorts
are delivered with an air of frivolous
half-amused cynicism which makes them all
the more cruel. Half leaning on the table
and Epeafcing in a subdued drawl, as though
his victims were not of sufficient importance
to inspire either declamation or gesticula
tion, he lets fall a gleam of irony that is not
always charged -with tacts. On the other
hand, in private life he is one of the
cheeriest and most charming of men; highly
. intelfectual, cultivated and amiable. It is
the old story ot Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
over again. He does not take life too
seriously, yet he has views of his own on
the doctrine of causality and the music of
the future. He has also a pretty turn for
art, and is an expert at the noble game of
golf, but he has hitherto successfully eluded
the match-making schemes of the primrose
dames.
CHA2tBEELATN AND HABTINGTON.
'Joe" Chamberlain affects the lower end
of the front opposition bench, and is usually
to be seen with his head thrown slightly
back, one leg curved over the other, and his
arms folded, gazing steadily at the gallery
opposite through the traditional eye-glass.
There he sits, smart and shrewd, biding his
time, a man to be reckoned with, among
the most unpopular in the house. He
rarely speaks, but when he does, he usually
knows exactly what he wants to say. His
--. speeches are polished and clean cut," and he
" is on the whole a finished debater, but the
impression that he lacks sincerity kills it
all. He is singularly youthful in appear
ance, and his wiry figure is shown off to
good advantage by the best fitting frock
coat in the House of Commons. The only
occasion on record of his having deviated
from his favorite orchid was on the day of
his marriage to Miss Endicott when he
sported a bontoniere of white violets.
On "Joe's" left sits the Marquis of Hart
ington his hands sunk deep in his trousers
pockets; his chin resting on his chest and
his hat gracefully balanced on the edge of
una suse. .luis is uia aiuiuue. xLe occas
ionally lounges into debate, and anything
he has to say is usually worth listening to.
His isa mind not given to speculation. It
is a mind of the good old-fashioned "look
before you leap" order. He makes no pre
tense to soar to those supreme intellectual
heights where so many lose themselves His
manner of speaking is heavy and he is apt
to fall into that sing-sing intonation which
- is so condncive to sleep, the tail-end of his
sentences being hopelessly lost somewhere
in the vicinity of the middle button of his
. -waistcoat
10BD BANDOLPH CHX7ECHH.Ii.
Lord Bandolph Churchill looks quiet
and harmless enough as he sits in his corner
seat placidly twirling his mustache, but
when he poses as the candid friend of the
Government, he comes ont so strong that
Minister instinctively prepare for the
worst. From the very first Lord Bandolph
.Churchill framed himself upon the model
of Disraeli and as leader of the House lre
quently recalled in a comio way the famil
iar figure of Vivian Grey in his favorite
attitude, the drooping head, the folded arms,
the half closed eyes and the coat tail
brought carefully forward and covering the
knees. Lord Bandolph did it all religiously,
even to the orderly arrangement ot the coat
tails, struggling with himself, often ineffect
ually, to prevent his hands going up to cnrl
his mustache. His peculiar style of oratory
too is strongly suggestive of "Dizzy" in his
youncer days, although lacking the polish
of the astute gentleman. When Lord
Beaconsfield spoke his audience was per
petually on the qui vive lor some some
smart personal thrust at some mutual
friend, and they were not often disap
pointed. This is why the House of Com
mons fills up to hear the disjointed talk of
Lord Bandolph. His andacity is reckless
and he hits out right and left, and generally
-wounds somebody. On ordinary occasions
he speaks in a low, confidential manner,
and in momenta of repose his gestures sug
gest that he is about to perform some sleight-cf-hand
trick, but when he gets excited he
-waves his hands violently above nis head,
signaling Mr. Speaker as though he were a
horse car or an omnibus and yells at the
very top of his voice, which is singularly
hard and unmusical. He does not mince
his words, but very plainly calls a spade a
spade, and he often hits a nail pretty hard
on the head. He is altogether a very orig
inal character, and he endeavors by a bot-iem-like
versatility to draw ail eyes to hia-
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self, and to be pointed out in the streets
with admiring finger as the coming man.
ME. 2IOBLEV.
John Morley is generally to be fonnd
gracefully reclining by the side of Mr.
Gladstone, his head carefully fixed on a
level with the top of the bench ; his
hands clasped and his nose in the air.
His voice is clear and admirably pitched,
and his intense earnestness of manner in
spires confidence and carries conviction.
During the short time he has been in the
House he has done much to raise the tone of
its debates to a higher level of thought and
feeling than characterized them before, and
although he has greatly improved in readi
ness and force, there is'still a fatal tendency
to make a set speech carefully written out
before hand and committed to memory.
His literary training is shown by his group
ing of facts and marshalling of arguments.
He very rarely makes an error of statement.
His speeches, as a rule, are addressed to the
intellect rather than to the emotions, and be
has a telling way of accentuating his points
by a characteristic nod of the head. He
suggests perhaps a savant and preacher
rather than a debater, but his words carry
weight a hundred-fold.
SIB WILLIAM HABCOITET.
Of a very different turn of mind is Mr.
Gladstone's other right hand man, Sir "Will
iam Harcourt, commonly called "Jumbo."
As "heavy father" of his party, he occa
sionally deems it his duty to deliver long
winded and ponderous harangues, in the
course of which he puts everybody straight
and settles everything generally. He has a
habit, too, of dropping in at the House in
the middle of a debate and without having
time to gather any idea of what is going for
ward, is on his elephantine feet, summing
up the whole cause, pronouncing judgment
and sentencing somebody to exterior
darkness. He can make old jokes
look almost as good as new, and can
even make new jokes which are
never likely to becomeold. He can also be
obstreperously virtuous on occasions, and
as he sways to and fro in the frenzy of his
eloquence and to the imminent danger of
members on either side of him, the house
goes off in spite of itself. But Sir William
is not to be put down with laughter, and
the more the house declines to hear him the
more he insists that it shall. He is perhaps
best at skirmishing attacks. On these oc
casions he answers the trenchant attitude of
a bantam, and having applied the match he
throws himself upon the bench and with
folded arms and a pleased expression of
conscious power survey the scene before
him with apparent gusto.
This is not all. Sir. Goschen's tendency
to wash his hands during a debate and hug
the bench with the calves of his legs is
worth noticing, and so is the Home Secre
tary's painful habit of catching imaginary
flies buzzing within an inch of his nose, and
of continually changing the poise of his
body from one foot to the other, as though
he were standing on redhot plowshares. Lord
George Hamilton has a weakness for fold
ing and unfolding a sheet of note paper, and
there are many other tricks of manner and
speech among members of the Commons
which, although trifling enough in them
selves, nevertheless help to relieve the bore
dom of an assembly which is above every
thing else divinely dull.
BLAKELY TTat.t.,
BTEUCK THE RIGHT PLACE.
A Traveler DUcovera the Ideal Summer
Reaort on the Jersey Shore.
New York Sun.l
I was tramping along a Jersey highway
in seach of a farmhouse where they took
summer boarders, when an old farmer came
along in his two-horse wagon and asked me
to ride. As soon as ne discovered what my
errand was, he exclaimed:
"Land-o-goshen, but you've jist hit the
right man. I'll take yon myself. Got one
of the resorterest resorts on the hull coast.
You shall live on the fat of the land and
gain a pound a day."
"What do you ask for board?"
"Well, that's according. Want much
sweets?" i
"No."
"Care about a carpet in your room?"
"No."
"Eat with the family?"
"Yes."
"Very big eater?"
"No."
"Willing to live on meat and taten and
sich like, eh?"
"Yes."
"Any objection to working in the garden
an hour or two before breakfast to get your
appetite up?"
"Not the slightest"
"Help load hay or stack wheat on a
pinch?'1
"Yes."
"Purty good at chopping wood?"
"That's my best hold."
"Kin ve milk?"
"I can."
"And when night comes you won't object
to playing on that guitar and singing."
"No."
"Willing to payfor washing, I suppose?"
"Oh! yes." r
"And for extra trouble, if you git sick?"
"Yes. How much will you charge me a
week lor board?"
"Cash in advance?"
"Yes."
"Agree to stay all summer?"
"Yes."
"Wall, stranger, I'll have to ask the old
woman. I've thought of everything I
could, but she's a great thinker, and will
probably think of lots of other things, sich
as only changing the sheets once a week,
washing yourself at the cistern, being sat
isfied with husk pillers, and so on. Come
and see me to-morrow and we'll talk it all
over, and if I don't beat any hotel on the
shore you can have my hat You'll know
my place by the sign on the gate. 'Old
fashioned Home.' Don't fail to close with
me to-morrow, as we may be crowded this
season."
INTOXICATION BY INDUCTION.
Instance of Men Who Bare Become
HI.
larloun From Contusion.
The builders of lines of wires and cables
are not the only sufferers from induction, it
seems. Nor is electricity the only element
that generates induction, for now comes its
first cousin sometimes known as "Jersey
lightning" with strong claims for recog
nition in this very extensive and always
yexatious field, as the following from the
Popular Science Monthly evidently proves:
"A prominent military man who had
drunk moderately during the war, and had
abstained from that time on, while attend
ing a dinner with his old comrades, 'where
most of them were intoxicated, suddenly
became hilariousrmade a foolish speech,
and settled back in his chair in a drunken
state, and was finally taken home quite
stupid.
"He had not drunk any spirits, and had
only used coffee and water, and yet he had
all the symptoms of the others, only his
was intoxication from contagion the favor.
ing soil had been prepared long ago in the
army.
"Another case was that of a man who
had been an inebriate years ago, but had re
formed. He was recently elected to office and
gave a dinner to some friends. Among
them was a physician who has been greatly
interested in these studies. He sent me a
long report, the substance of which was
this:
"On the occasion referred to many of the
company became partially intoxicated, and
the host, who drank nothing but water, be
came hilarious, and finally stupid with
them. He was put to bed with every sign
of intoxication, but recovered, and next
morning had only confused notion of these
events.
"The third case occurred four years ago.
A reformed man, of 12 years sobriety, went
on a military excursion with a drinking
company, and, although he drank nothing
but lemonade, became as much intoxicated
as the others. ,
"This event was the subject of much com
ment and lots to him, socially and other
wise, although he protested, and others con
firmed his statements, that he did nbt take
any spirits at this time."
THE'
BUTTON SETS!
Tlio
Faihlon of Collecting Them Mrs.
Cleveland's Carved" Cameos.
New York Correspondent ChlcagoKewM
To collect "button sets" is becoming the
fashion. Young women whose beauty, cash
or American chic gets them into the London
swim have been writing home wonderful
stories within the last two months of valu
able old sets of Florentine mosiao buttons,
and buttons with crests and monograms in
repousse work, and brilliant paste buttons
which go back to Cromwell, and pearl and
topaz buttons of a period even earlier. These
are old family buttdns, prized as highly fit
jewels and kept in cases of velvet and satin.
A young woman who is traveling with Mrs,
Frank Leslie is authority for the statement
that that lady is picking up .abroad a but
ton set which shall rital her diamonds. Fine
old Louis XV. buttons in --silver, painted
after the designs of Fragonsrd, are the ob
ject of Mrs. Leslie's desire, au object not
easily attained. The beautltul miss cham
berlain, whom the international gossips
married offhand before her engagement was
announced fairly, will have an exquisite
set of Dauphine buttons in paste in her
trousseau. A pretty American girl who has
seen them writes that they are very valu
able, being undoubtedly genuine and ex
quisitely mounted in silver. ,
Not many American- women have suc
cumbed as yet to the "button-set" mania.
Mrs. A. M. Palmer, the wife of the theatri
cal manager, has worn with a directory
evening dress this spring a set of really
beautiful flower buttons In incrusted ivory.
Mrs. Cleveland appears occasionally in a
Louis XV. coat of dark brocade, with 4six
large, exquisitely carved cameo buttons,
which were a gift to her on her last birth
day. Some of the most artistic buttons seen
in New York have been worn by the Prin
cess Marthe Fugalitcbieff, whose imposing
family name and high-bred St Petersburg
manners have enabled her essays on social
life in Bussia to draw much cash into the
exchequer. The Princess Eugalitchieff has
family buttons which rival those in pearls
and diamonds possessed by the Countess of
Leicester. One beautiful set which she
wears with evening dress occasionally, con
sists of ten good-sized coral buttons set in
gold, and another which has appeared on a
directory redingote of gray siifc with black
revers is made up of buttons three inches in
diameter of old Bnssian repousse work,
the beauty and value of which are famous.
ENGLAND'S OIL FIELDS.
A Company to Operate In Bnrmnb, Canada,
Aiutralla and New Zealand.
According to London Engineering, the
reproach long leveled at England that she-
had done nothing to open up the vast oil
deposits of the Empire is likely to be soon
removed, a number ot projects being on foot
for the development of the petroleum re
sources of Burmah, Canada, Australia,New
Zealand, etc.
In the United States the business of pros
pecting for oil is mostly done by small pi
oneering companies, many of which carry
on a flourishing business in Pennsylvania,
Ohio and elsewhere. As a rule the refining
of the oil is done by a totally different set of
companies, and until recently the piping of
the oil from the wells to the refineries on
the coast was also accomplished by a num
ber of independent corporations, distinct
from the oil-well producers and the refiners.
Sometime will probably have fo elapse be
fore hundreds ot companies flourish on the
petroleum resources ot our Empire, bnt
it is not impossible that once the
"boom" commences the .industry will
develop a speed as Temarkable as the
recent gold mining enterprise in South
Africa. Meanwhile a start has been made
by the formation of the British Empire Pe
troleum Company, which is intended to
prospect for oil in the various parts of the
cujpixc, ttuu xj- hue luuuuitLiuus, uy JUttl-
cions surveys and experimental borings, for
larger enterprises.
Considering the beneficial influence likely
to be exercised on various branches of the
engineering industry by the Opening up of
the Burmese oil fields, it is impossible not
to wish well of the enterprise. With a lit
tle support from the Indian authorities it
ought to be easy to attract British capital
on a large scale to Burmah, where
there are no difficulties in regard to trans
port such as the Russians have had to en
counter at Baku. The Canadian Govern
ment as well might manifest more sympathy
toward the vast oil fields of the Mackenzie
basin, reported on so favorably by the Cana
dian Senate a year ago.
COST OF GOVERNING CANADA.
She Ha Flftj-SIx Lecislator More Than
the Mother Country.
Boston Journal. , ,
Some person with a taste for statistics has
been examining the salary list of the Do
minion, and finds that the small population
nf PnTtnjl. Yiftvs nnpmnnvlv A ennnA.f a
cumbersome official machine, of which its
more liberal people are gradually becoming
very weary. It is often laughingly remarked
in England that Canada must have a vast
deal of legislation to attend to. since she finds
it necessary to have 56 legislators more thai.
buc uiubuu cuuubrjr, wiu ixi mnuy ucpart
roental heads that no Canadian outside of
politics can tell their number.
The Canadian Commons consists of 215
members, who draw $1,000 each per session,
and the Senate, which has little to do ex
cept to look wise, has 80 members, who re
ceive $10,000 each annually. The Speakers
of each house of this immensely overpaid
national Legislature receive 3,000 an
nually; the Ontario members and Speakers,
$56,000; the Quebec Legislative Council,
Legislature and the two Speakers, $75,000.
Then the country is saddled with a Gover
nor General, who receives nearly $85,000
annually and spends as little as possible in
the country, sending to England lor even
the smallest articles of daily wear and con
sumption. His chief business seems to be
not to comply with the wishes of the people
whenever he has a chance to show his
authority. There are also Lieutenant Gov
ernors of Quebec and Ontario and Mani
toba, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, the
Northwest Territory and Prince Edward
Island, each of whom receives a larger sal
ary than is given to the Chief Justice of the
Supreme Court of the United States. And
as a fringe around this ciicle of costly of
ficials, many of whom -are utterly use'less,
there is a small army of paid aids-de-camp,
secretaries, etc, who have abundant per
quisites. The idea of a country like the
Dominion having 47 political "Ministers"
is certainly somewhat absurd.
- -
THE CUEFEW AT ALBANY.
An Old Custom Which Astonishes
Travelers.
New York Star.;
There is a custom in Albany which has
been maintained for 200 years, -which I pre
sume isn't known in any other city of its
size in the Union. The'cnrfew tolls prompt
ly and to the half-eighth of a second at 9
each night The City Hall tower has a
deep-sounding bell, connected by electric
wires with Dudley Observatory, and it
strikes a stroke of one at 9 o'clock night and
morning. Ail private clocks apd watches
are set by it, and it is a curious revelation
to the theatrical companies that visit here
to see nearly everybody in the audience
pun out nis or ner watcn at apparently a
preconcerted moment and look at it. The
effect is very novel. It nearly upset- John
McCnllougn and Mary Anderson when they
played here together some years ago. Mc
Cullough had just seen the air-drawn dag
ger and he thought the audience were all
going to ring the chestnnt bell on him.
The effect is also very fnnny in the churches.
But the same bell also tolls the fire alarm
and by numbers of strokes signals the dis
trict where the fire is. , It Is customary on
these occasions for the good pastors to re
mark: "If any one feels called by that
warning there will be no objection to his
now withdrawing." and there have been oc
casions when a number do so..
- PITTSBURG; DISEATOH,
THE MMIFMEIICO,
It is an Institution Which is Con
spicuous on AU Occasions.
DIFFICULTIES TO BE MET WITH
By the Traveler Who Attempts to See
Everything in the land.
A PICTURE OF 2IIKACDL0US ORIGIN
rWEITTIH TOIt THE DIS PATCH. 1
The Mexican army is omnipresent in
squads. It turns out in the morning, in the
middle of fie day and in the afternoon;
parts of it seem to be always on the march.
It has drums, but no fifes that I could dis
cover; bugles there are in abundance. ' The
bugle call has the air of a jig tune with a
halt in it The "rnb-e-duh" or the snare
drum is abbreviated, and lacks the exhilar
ation so inspiriting to the Yankee soldier.
The men are small, bnt look neat in their
blue uniforms.
My first introduction was early in the
morning. Hearing the bugles I turned out
of bed and made for the window. The peo
ple on the street paid no attention whatever
to the -passing display; the street car excited
as much interest The pageant corisisted of
12 drummers, 12 buglers, 4 officers and
8 privates. The officers marched on the
sidewalk and the others in the street The
bugle call rang ont shrilly and when it
ceased the drums endeavored to cheer the
way, and so, alternately. The street car
Iriver going to the Yiga tooted a single
blast on the brass horn by way of a refrain,
and I enjoyed this performance every morn
ing. A military funeral one afternoon
brought out abont 3,000 men, so I learned
that they could muster in squads of more
than a dozen. The people, however, did not
considei the regiments of any greater im
portance than the corporal's guard.
There is another division of the army
which goes in rawhide sandals and linen,
scantily trimmed with red. I understood
that the army is recruited, in a measure,
from the criminal ranks; that when a man
is convicted of any offense not of, a very
grave oharacter, he is given his choice o"f
playing soldier or going to prison; and the
prisons are not overcrowded. Some 200,000
men in the republic march and draw ra
tions and maintain a fair state of health.
A SHALL AEMT OP POLICEMEN.
In the City of Mexico there are 2,500 po
licemen, who stand around and keep order
at a dollar a day per man, and there is
economy in it, to say nothing of the enjoy
ment that a sense of seenrity brings to the
citizen. During the night these guardians
stand on the street corners and whistle to
each other every 15 minutes, a slow, plaint
ive whistle that bos an "all's well" sound
about it and reminds one of the days we
have heard our fathers talk over with sly
jointy.
The courts have a way of their own in
meting out justice. I understand that the
newspapers may not, with impunity, com
ment on the proceedings, when a party
charged with an offense is convicted the re
porter may so state it and stop there; sensa
tional head lines and interesting details are
not in the fashion. I learned of the pro
ceedings in one instance of a petty theft,
that indicates the course pursued to insure a
wide dissemination of the law s influence.
A boy was arrested on a charge of stealing
, a quarter at one of the public baths. During
his incarceration a prisoner is not permitted
to receive visitors; even his own father may
be thrown into prison without bail should
he attempt to see or relieve his own offspring.
The near relations must have implicit faith
in the proper administration of justice and
in the exalted character of the officers of the
law, they must understand that no innocent
person can by any possibility be convicted
by these guardians, who take as deep an
interest in the supposed offender as .his own
father can. " '
The boy in question was, upon examina
tion, found to be innocent of the theft, and
the oSense was fastened upon another lad.
The guilty boy was given the full penalty
of the law, and the innocent .one, beside
spending two days in prison pending his ex
amination, was fined $2 50 tor keeping bad
company. The constitntion of the republic
is modeled after onr own, and in this in
stance possibly the Judge "went on his
own head," as I have known Judges to do
nearer home, and indulged in a little legis
lation. SOME AMERICAN INNOVATIONS.
The'street car system of Mexico is excel
lent and affords the best means of getting
about if one is not inclined to walk. From
one point further South in .the Bepnblic one
may make a trip of 60 and odd miles with
relays of mules. All, or nearly all, the
suburban towns are reached by this method.
The Mexican mule is but little larger than a
pNewfoundJand dog.
These little fellows
are kept in good condition and a pair
of them will trnndle a load of passengers
over the smooth track at a gallop. Two,
three or four cars, each with a pair of mules,
will start for the same destination at once.
some carrying first-class, some second-class
fares, others freight Besides looking at
tne country one may watcn with amuse
ment, under the car ahead, the twinkling
feet of the little hybrids as they send along
without impediment With any other car
riage you would think they were running
away. Four miles is about the ordinary
stage, and if the final destination exceeds
this distance a fresh pair is bronght into
service.
We concluded to take in Guadalupe bv
this method. Guadalnpe has a picture, a,
miraculons spring, a cathedral, a graveyard I
auu legious ui various quality ana mysteri
ous origin. These attractions would make
the neighborhood uncanny at midnight, but
on a clear afternoon one need have no fear
ot ghosts. The mules did their part toward
making the trip enjoyable over a perfectly
flat country, with mountains in the dis
tance, and the broad, ancient causeway, with
its many shrines, running parallel. Fine
trees in many places along the road, and
banks ot flowers, are set off by a ditch cov
ered with frog spittle or something worse,
and, as there is no current, it is suggestive
of stagnation and fever.
Guadalupe is as much mixed with the
history of important events as the metropo
lis itself, and to tonch upon these matters
would be a temptation to bookmaking. We
are only skimming overthe country and our
mission is symbolized by our method of
transit; to gather in everything of interest
would takevmonths instead of hours. We
would see the church. There-it is in plain
sight, with piles of debris barring the en
trance; it is undergoing repairs and we are
shut off from the solid silver railing and all
that sort of thing, said to be interesting.
A MIBACULOTJS PICTURE.
HJhe picture of miraculous origin coming
next, its location is discovered to be as mys
terious as its birth. In one bnilding, which
proves to he a chapel, we are permitted to
peep through a bit of glass in a door, 3
inches square (he glass, I mean, not the
door. The door is a common one. and we
see a picture, unsatisfactorily. Besides be
ing hindered by the door and the poverty of
the glass, the picture is 60 feet away. Is it
the picture? We inquire of the Indians and
the Mexicans, and are ss much enlightened
after half an hour's conversation as if we
had asked no questions. But the spring is
here, grated over s if its guardians were
apprehensive that some vandal might carry
it off or the too thirsty exhaust it There is
plenty of fluid, however, of a yellow color
and detestable in flavor. Not being afflicted
with any disorder, warranted to snecumb to
its influence, I find that a taste and a whiff
afford satisfaction.
Others coming in, the water is pronounced
"queer," "delicious," "fnnny," as the pal
ates or aspirations of the tipplers suggest
One of our fair countrywomen takes the
rusty Iron cup daintily in her gloved fingers,
turns up her pretty nose at the odorTfol
lowed by such a contortion of her pretty
mouth that I am apprehensive lest the bars
atmosphere of the place is working its
SUtfAT,' JJJNE 30,
charm on her. She sets the enp down with
out tasting its contents, brushes off the damp
contamination from her finger tips, says.
"its abominable," and thus satisfies me that
she has properly no aspirations beyond the
gratification of her own correct taste. Were
I younger I might fall in love with her; I
am already delighted with her independ
ence. She will not drink salts to be in the
fashion.
A MEXICAN CEMETEET.
After going through a nnmber of back
ways, we find the steps leading to the sum
mit of the hill, where there is a cemetery.
Arriving at an iron gate a clapping of the
hands brings ont a man, and a real opens
the gate. It is jnst such a place as a North
American Indian wonid select for a burial
place. It commands a magnificent view ot
the country lor miles, and as we were not
required to make any inquiries on this head,
we enjoyed it without assistance. The live
people have an economical and labor-saving
method of adorning the last homes of those
deceased so that the latter may look down
upon their resting places at any time of day
and discover fresh flowers made of wire.
Whether any ghost has detected the subter
fuge in the dark has not transpired; it did
not seem Mexican-like, possessing ingenuity,
and I caught the impression that the device
savored ot irreverent Yankee enterprise. I
considered it as taking a mean advantage of
the dead.
In our wanderings we discovered the
modest last resting place, if he rests, of
Santa Ana. I thought of the Alamo and
several other matters, and failed to experi
ence any regret on looking down at the in
scription on his modest tomb. There were
no wire wreaths or other indications of re
cent visits by mourning relatives, but some
vandal had hacked a tree which stood at a
corner of the little inclosure allotted to the
dead man. and I wondered while I honed
thai if he he had not been caught in the act
and punished he had cut his finger; if he
failed to do so it wonld have pleased me to
render that service. He was not a Mexican,
I dire be sworn.
From tnis hill one may look down on the
roof of the church, with its old weather
stained dome. It might be a thousand or
two years old from its appearance, but it can
boast of only a century or so. As an addi
tion to the novelty of the ancient roof,
moved by the spirit of modern enterprise,
an electric light stands paramonnt What
would the founders say to this innovation!
In another direction may be seen in the dis
tance a large lake. As the country is quite
level this may account for the miracle of
the spring.
A BEIOHT LITTLE INDIAN BOY.
By the time we were prepared to descend
we were encountered by an Indian lad who
insisted on guiding us to see a monkey.
For the monkey I have a special regard;
there is always in his look an appeal to me
for recognition, as if he would communicate
a secret, bnt, like Hamlet's lather, is ham
pered by circumstance; he is always on the
point ot informing me how he happened to
slough off "in the race from the original
molecule to the present perfection of myself
and fellows. If he could only reveal him
self he might, with our assistance, get bade
into the high road to happiness, and enjoy
life like the rest ot us.
We followed this lad, who talked all the
way. through a labyrinth of bad smelling
places, up a nnmber of steps and apparently
into someone's residence built out of the
ordinary style. He conducted us into a
"grotto," or half a dozen of them, carved
out of the hillside, where some artist with
little to do and possessed of a long life, had
decorated the walls with bits of broken glass
and chinaware. There were representations
of flowers, birds, beasts and virgins worked
into those walls with an ingenuity and a
necessary patience that bordered on the
maryelons We were grateinl to the little
Indian, who was in search of a real, and won
dered what ths artist might have achieved
with his taste and perseverance is a country
ot broader possibilities.
Bnt where was the monkey? Under the
lad's inspiration we recognized the picture
ot our possible relative, done in broken bot
tles and probable remnants from my lady's
toilet stand or my lord's dinner dishes, en
joying a meal ot abraided pottery.
"We thought he was a live monkey7"
"No live deadl Monkey!" and the
little barbarian pat his hand upon the im
age to assure us of its identity .and inoffen
sive temper.
THE DEACON AND HI3 SEAL.
Could this lad show1 us the miraculous
picture of the Virgin of Guadalupe, about
which we were unsettled? Certainly he
could, and he start&dofi as if with the par
pose of producing the mystery out of hand.
Learning that he was outrunning his source
ot revenue, he came back to a more sedate
pace, but assured us all the while that we
should see the picture. He halted in front
of the mounds of old plaster and stones in
front of the church and. pointing at the im
passable entrance, vociferated "Picture."
"But the picture of the Virgin?"
"Si. Senor."
The Deacon, thinking of only one way to
reach the boy's comprehension, produced a
real and repeated his inquiry. The lad eyed
the coin wistfully and snook his head, still
pointing toward the closed doors. The
Deacon put up the temptation. Then this
quick-witted imp was seized with sudden
animation and started away, beckoning us
on over-hand.
"He will take us in by a side entrance,"
was the Deacon's assumption as we fol
lowed. The boy led the way to the chapel
of the spring, glued his eye to the glass in
the door to assure himself, perhaps, that
something was in sight, and triumphantly
invited us to an inspection. We declined,
and a more disappointed and bewildered
looking Indian boy could not have been
found in Gaudalupe. The Deacon's heart
was touched and he surrendered uncondi
tionally, and said it was "worth the money
L. B. Fbancz.
LOCUSTS IN ALGEK1A.
Zonavci With Dry Straw Sent Ont to De
stroy the Invading- Insects.
Algeria is suffering from a plague of
locusts, and from cyclones. Some interest
ing details are supplied by the Paris cor
respondent of the London Daily News. A
hundred Zouaves have been sent -with dry
straw to Aumale to destroy the invading
insects. They make waron them by spread
ing the straw on the ground where the in
sects alight, and setting it on fire. At
Setif 1Q5 soldiers are engaged in this work,
and colonists and agricultural laborers are
being requisitioned to help them. At Sed
rata a long line of fires was kept up to pre
vent the invasion, but the fuel was exhaust
ed before the mass of invaders, which had
an unbroken front of six miles. The Gov
ernor General has been to Massowab, Ben
Mustapba, and other localities, to see that
the civil and military authorities do what
lies in their power to drive back this ene
my. It would appear that a south wind
has carried a cloud of Algerian locusts as
far north as the region of Dunkirk. No
similar phenomenon has taken place in
France since 1825, when North Europe was
invaded by locusts from Africa.
A FIERCE TOfiTLE'S HEAD.
It Shovra Flcht Fortr-Elebt Honra After
Brine Cat 00".
Philadelphia Kecord. I
John Heitlinger, a farmer of Deep Creek
Valley, Pa., went pickerel fishing a few
days since and caught a 46 pound snapping
turtle, which he got into his rickety boat.
The creature then turned on him savagely. It
would draw its head back in the carvernous
shell and then shoot it out to the full extent
of the neck with a noise like the cracking
of a coach whip. It thus kept Mr. Heit
linger dancing from end to end of the boat
till he nearly dropped from exhaustion.
Then he yelled for help. His aunt jumped
into another boat,paddled ont to him,caught
up his anchor rope and strnck the turtle
with it, and like a flash the turtle closed its
jaws on it It would not relax its grip and
was dragged ashore by the rope. There the
aunt chopped its head off, and next morning
its head was as savage, as ever and the
eyes glared fiercely. The jaws held on to
the" rope for 48 hours.
x1889..,
HOWAWIFEWASWOtf
A Father's Decree That His Son Should
Wed a lady He Bever Saw.
A CHANCE MEETING FOLLOWS,
Then Conies Love at First Sight, a Quarrel
and a Happy Sequel.
EBMINISCEITCES OP NOTED ACTOES
rwairaar ros the dispatch.!
Everybody knows Bob Mantell, the
famous Loris, with Fanny Davenport, and
his charming young wife, but everybody
does not know the condition nnder which
they first met, a decidedly romantic one by
the way. It appears that when young
Bobert was winning his theatrical honors in
England, he was not the moral young man
he now is a condition of things which
caused considerable uneasiness to his pater
nil relative, a sturdy old descendant of
Cromwellian stock and theories, who, after
various attempts to relorm him, decided
that the boy's only salvation was in mar
riage. This decision he confided to Bob and
mentioned as his choice of a wife the daugh
ter of an old friend, j retired sea captain.
Bob had never seen the lady, and this off
hand disposal of his heart by no means de
lighted the handsome youth. Still he had
no preference himself, and did not want to
cause the old gentleman any more grief
than necessary. So, after a vain argument
TO PEBST7ADE HIS PABENT
To leave him to his bachelor pleasures a
few years longer, has finally stipulated that
he should have the coming summer to him
self, and then if he did not find a woman
whom he could make his wife, he would re
turn in the fall and wed the daughter of his
friend providing, such was his modest con
clusion, "she will have me."
To this the old gentleman agreed he
could do nothing else; and in a few days
young Bob fonnd himself away in the
country, at the home of an old schoolmate
of his mother, and who had been his
own foster parent. Now it ap
pears that the daughter of the
sea captain aforesaid, on being informed by
her sire of his intended disposal of her hand,
entered a most decided negative, and pack
ing her trunks in company with her maid,
departed for the home of an old country
friend, who, by one of those strange dispen
sations which fate sometimes reserves for
her favorites, proved to be the same to
whom young Bob had already hied him
self. While seated near an open window on the
day of her arrival, he overheard her relate
her sorrows and reasons for leaving home,
discovered that she was the young lady, so
kindly selected by his father, and that she
had apparently as great an antipatny to the
proposed watch as he himself. This was
something new. It was all very well to run
away from a young lady, but to have a
young lady run away from him was a dif
ferent thing.
A BIT OP STBATEG7.
Bob could not tell why.bnthefelt strangely
nuru ne. However, aeierminea to see it
through, so atthefirstopportunityhe songht
his hostess and by threats of an immediate
departure, persuaded her to present him by
his two first names only.
They met first at the tea table and it was
a case of love at first sight Bob mentally
decided that he could oblige the old gentle
man without any serious difficulty. Deli
cious days followed; they became insepara
ble companions, and so the time wore on un
til summer was about gone, when one day
the old lady inadvertently betrayed Bob's
own name. What a tempest there was.
The lady sought him instantly, taunted him
with his deception, and altogether exhibited
"more temper than even before or since,
thank heaven," always adds happy Bob.
Then she left him, obstinately refusing his
proffered explanation. A tew 'moments
afterward he heard the hostess tell her not
to go too far into the woods, as Gipsy
tramps had been seen hanging around.
"So," he mused, "going to the woods.
Wonder when she'll come back?" The
morning slowly dragged away and no sign
of her return. The hostess called Bob to
dinner, but he declines; he conld not eat
When the afternoon was half spent he could
stand it no longer; he must go in search of
his Ioye. A horrible yet undefinable feeling
of dreadful things that might happen
almost overwhelms him. Securing his gun
he starts out.
THE LOST ONE rOTOD.
Hour after hour passes and he finds no
trace of her. Again and again he called,
and only an echo mockingly answered.
Darker and darker it grew, and still no
trace. He was well nigh desperation when
he was startled by a smothered shriek
"Help, Bob, help!"
With a gasp of horror, strongly mingled
with a tinge of joy, that in her peril she
should call.on him, her dashed madly toward
the spot whence the sound proceeded. Again
and again came the piteons cry; "Help,
Bob, help."
The nowthoroughlv frightened lover tried
to answer as he rnshed on, bnt his voice
wonld not obey him. Nearer and nearer he
came, and now the sounds of a struggle
broke upon his ears. Suddenly he came
upon a scene that for an instant actually
made his heart stand still. In the center of
a leafy inclosnre he saw his sweetheart
struggling with two swarthy ruffians, one of
whom seemed trying to tear the ear-rings
from her ears. ,Not a moment did he
hesitate: he raised his gun and
fired at the larger of the two. The scoun
drel's arm dropped to his side, and with a
horrible oath he sprang into the forest and
disappeared, followed by his companion.
The young girl gave one glance at her
rescner and then, woman-like, fainted. An
instant later Bobert was beside her. When
she opened her eyes her first words were:
"Oh, Bobl I am so glad it was you," and
he knew he was forgiven.
What more is there to tell? The whole
world knows what a model couple they are.
Many years have passed since then, and
neither regrets the summer when to oppose
parental authority they took their destinies
into their own hands.
A GREAT ACTOB DEAD.
What statecraft has lost in Cameron, the
histrionic art has lost with the demise of
that sterling actor, John Gilbert, for so
many years connected with Wallack's
Theater, New York. Although Mr. Gilbert
nas never attacked by the-fever of "star
ring," which his great love of home life
precluded, and passed that greater part of
his professional career in the East, he was
exceedingly well known throughout the
country.
Born in Boston in 1810. he devoted the
best 60 years of his life to . his chosen pro
fession. There was not an actor or actress
ot American fame with whom he had not.
been artistically associated; not an old.
comedy or tragedy in which he had not
essayed a role. Two generations of play
goers have been charmed by the beauty and
humor of his impersonations, and from him
we may form our opinions of the best tradi
tions of the older stage. He was a great
stickler for the old form of stage etiquette,
upon which he always insisted, and he
never lost an opportunity of chiding a de
linquency. The light musical and farcical
comedies, so popnlar in the present day,
were
HIS SPECIAL DETESTATION,
and he wonld sit for hours and bemoan the
decline of the ancient drama, and the mor
bid taste of the people who conld tolerate
this modern trash. The great desire of his
life was the accumulation of wealth, in
which he was ioirly successful, having a
fortune approximating 300.000. Mr. Gil
bert was by no means a'popular man, either
with members of his profession or outsiders
with whom he come in contact He bad
few friends, and took no pains to keep
them or to make others. His manner, while
always courtly and deferentially polite,
had all the elements of repulsion. People
would often lea his presence with an in
definable feeling of injury. They conld
not tell what it was nor when it came, but
they felt that it was there. With all his
great wealth of theatric knowledge, he
never aided by word or deed the struggles
ot a young artist, never spoke a kindly word
of encouragement, never extended a helping
hand. '
He was often quoted as a man without
the vices of his profession,. by those to whom
the lack of vice is greater than the posses
sion of virtue. His life was what the world
calls, exemplary; even religion could not
pick a flaw; yet, with all his great opportu
nities, he leaves behind him but one mem
ory to win onr grief. His great ability as
an artist that is alL
GENEB0TJ8 WILLIAM H-AEBEN.
How different the life of his greatest co-
temporary, William Warren. It is proba
ble that very few who read this ever heard
of this superb artist and thorough gentle
man, and yet his name in Boston
to-day is one to conjure with. His
death a year or so ago bronght a
genuine grief into thousands of homes,
whose inmates knew him only as an artist,
and who probably never saw him save be
hind the footlights at the Boston Mnseum,
that resort of aristocratic Boston, where his
qnaint humor or his marvelous pathos won
their laughter or commanded tears. Than
he no kinder, truer man even honored the
profession. No more thorough artist ever
faced an audience.
To him all things were possible in his art
If he was a master of low comedy so was he
of high. There was no character of drama
he could not portray, while in the heavy
Shakesperian roles his equal could scarcely
be found. With all his gilts William War-
'ren had no ambition to shine above his fel
lows. If he studied hard, it was only that
he might attain perfection in his art; that
he might, perhaps, discover something new,
not for himself for I who knew him so
well do not believe he ever had a selfish
thought but that he might help others.
one of nattjbe's noblemen.
How many prominent actors of to-day
owe their start in life to him? If it were
not for the proverbial ingratitude of the
profession dozens, nay hundreds, wonld
answer "I." No young actor ever sought
of him a favor and was denied. And how
exquisitely delicate was his manner in giv
ing advice; how charmingly he conveyed to
others his suggestions! He never gave- ad
vice unasked, bnt a desire did not have to
he put into words for his comprehension, so
quickly did he intuitively read a glance.
His wardrobe was to all intents and pur
poses practically unlimited. He was a nat
tural costumer, and difficult indeed must be
the part he could not dress. It was his cus
tom to go to "the theater early, and after
finishing his dressing pass the intervening
time before the performance to "making
up" his less skillful confreres. This was
no sinecure, I can assure you.
For years before his death he was proba
bly the best known man in Boston the
friend and favorite of all. On the comple
tion of his 50 years of service on the stage,
which occurred -but a short time before his
death, he was tendered a testimonial by the
theatrical management, which took the form
of a perfect ovation. Never was actor so
honored before. The leaders of New En
gland's wealth and talent vied with each
other to do him honor. And when he died
around his bfer gathered the brightest minds
of to-day, to pay the last tribute ot respect
to one whom Oliver Wendel Holmes char
acterized "the noblest man I ever knew."
Mobton.
A GOOD WAY TO BUI SPONGES.
The Stronger Yon Are the Leu Too Will
Bave to Pay Try It.
Newlrork Evening Sun.J
"Say, how mnch fs this sponge?" called
a man in Perry's drug store 'yesterday, to
one of the clerks, at the same time holding
up a good-sized sponge which he had picked
out of a basketful. The clerk was behind
the connter busying himself with something,
and he surveyed the sponge critically lrom
a distance and then answered:
"Seventy-five cents."
The man dived into the basket again and
pretty soon held up a smaller sponge for
the clerk to see.
"How much is this one?" he asked.
"Oh 60 cents," said the clerk.
Again the man fished around in the
basket In a few moments he held up a
sponge smaller than either of the others.
"How much for this one?" he inquired.
'Ton can hay that one for 45 cents,"
said the clerk as he sized it up.
Then there was a roar of laughter from the
would-be sponge purchaser, and two men
who had been watching him. The clerk
looked mystified for a moment. Then he
discovered what they were laughing at
The man had been holding up the same
sponge each time. By squeezing it he had
diminished its size. If he had had enough
strength in his hand and could have kept
his face straight he would have run the
price of that sponge down to 15 cents before
the clerk saw through the game.
QUEEB THINGS THAT ABE PATENTED.
Some of tbe Cariosities of Invention That
Are Recorded In the Patent Offlce.
Louisville Courler-Joarnal.l
There is a claim in the patent office for a
patent on the Lord's prayer, the specifica
tions being that the repetition of the same
"rapidly and in a loud tone of voice" will
cure stammering.
Among the odd inventions are "chicken
hopples," which walk with the chickens
right ont of the garden when she tries to
scratch; "the bee moth excluder,"" which
automatically shnts up all the beehives
I when the hens go to roost; "the tapeworm
hsh-hooK, which speass lor itself; the
"educational balloon," a toy balloon with
a map of the world on its surface; "side
hill annihilators" stilts to fttoa the down
hill legs of a horse when he is ploughing
along a hill side; and the "hen surpriser,"
a device that drops the newly-laid eggs
through the bottom of the nest with intent
to beguile and wheedle tbe hen into at once
laying another.
foneof the latest patents is an automatic
bath tub, which starts the hot and cold
water at a given moment in the morning to
which it has been set, maintains exactly the
right temperature of it by graduating the
flow of water, rings a hell, when all is
ready, and, two minutes later, suddenly
drops the sleeper's pillow abont a foot.and
turns him out
HIS" FATAL BLEMISH.
How a Tonne Jinn lUUsed a Wife by Being
Bow-Lessed.
Chicago Tribune, j
He had taken a vacant seat in the car by
the side ot a-lovely young girl with whom
he had some acquaintance already, and
whom he was ardently desirous of impress
ing favorably. Under the spell of his bril
liant conversationaTpowers and the glance
of his dark hazel eye the tell-tale blnsh
had risen to her cheek and bore mute yet
eloequnt testimony to the progress tbe per
sumptuous youth was making in her good
graces. Carelessly handing the train boy a
quarter of a dollar and requesting the worth
of it in caramels,he was about to resume the
conversation that had been interrupted lor
the moment, when he saw the Ansa die out
oftheyonng lady's face and a cold, indif
ferent, wearied look take its place, and he
knew a blight had fallen forever on his
budding hopes.
On what trifles hang the destinies of two"
human livesl As the boxes of caramels were
thrown by the train boy on the young man's
lap they fell to tbe floo'r, and his fair com
panion had seen them fall and noted the
reason.
"I can never marry a man," she had said
to herself, "ap bow-legged as he is."
One Citizen Who Mar Kick.
Culcsgo Tribune.:,
John Bull (to Uncle Sam and Bismarck)
Well, gentlemen, if you both desire it
and your people will abide by my decision
I will act in this Samoan matter as umpire.
Uncle Sam (doubtfully) I think my
people generally -will agree to that but I
can't answer, of course, for Captain
Anson.
'-
GIELS IN THE E17E&
Under the Eye of a Teacher, Thej
Paddle and Swim and Dire.
OSE EOAD TO HEALTH AND BEAUTY
Big Bath Tabs in the Obio, the Potomac
and the Mississippi.
SOCIAL BATBEES AT THB CAPITA
lWUlrix.1 TOK TBI DISPATCH.!
"St Louis is ahead ot us; Washington la
ahead of us; Cincinnati is ahead of ns; but
the Pittsburg girls began last year, and now
that they have learned the stroke, this sea
son will see them go right ahead, and before
next fall we will out-swim and ont-dive
every other inland city."
He emphasized his remarks by tapping
the palm ot his left hand with the fore
finger of his right, and a nod of his head
which said plainly our girls are no slouch
when they get started. It was yesterday
afternoon. The place was one of the swim
ming schools on the river front Imagine ft
long hall, the floor of which had been cat
away in the center, the sides smoothly
boarded np and the ends cut ont so as to ad
mit the free passage of the river throughout
the hall's entire length, forming a big bath
tnb full of running water.
Flying rings, trapezes, and sliding boards
extend out over the water wherever they
can find space, and a hundred dressing
rooms like the staterooms opening in a
steamboat's cabin are ranged upon either
side oi the basin. Thirty or 40 boys in a
complete state of undress were splashing
about, swinging from the rings lika
monkeys, sliding down the boards into the
water with a shock which sent the spray
flying, and all the time shouting and laugh
ing with the uproar which characterizes
none other than the human animal at play.
A SEW THING HEBE.
"In St Louis," continned the gentleman
who knew, and who was telling The Dis
patch all abont it, "In St Louis they
have had these bath houses on the Missis
sippi open to ladies for years. Last year
was the first year in which the idea was put
into practice in Pittsburg, and the success
was such that I anticipate that ladies' days
which will be on the mornings of each
Tuesday and Friday will be the busiest days
of the week. Cincinnati has several classes
of a hundred who have learned to swim in
the Ohio, and who take their dips regular
ly twice a week, and in exclusive Washing
ton the exercise has reached the proportions
of a tad.
Prof. Odium, who killed himself by a
jnmp from Brooklyn bridge a few years ago,
had a swimming school in Washington,
which was patronized by the younger mem
bers of President Garfield's family, among
others, and I believe he had the honor
there of introducing something new into
Western society, namely, bathing parties.
St Louis followed in the lead qf Washing
ton and introduced them, and Cincinnati
had one or two, but the idea strikes me as
being a little too daring just yet for local
conservative ideas. Certain evenings in the
week were set aside for bathers of both
sexes, gentlemen and ladies being in the
water together, as at the near shore ths
stipulation being that all the parties were
to be known, through reference, to the Pro
fessor, and that each gentleman was to be
accompanied by one lady, all entering the
water at the same time and remaining in it
No lounging about the promenades and
criticising the bathers was allowed.
IT "WILL ALL COME.
"But that will all come in due time. Us
accustoms to eyerything. Just now the
girls are averse even to having a bathing
master in the water with them, and on their
days the teachers and assistants are ladies.
Bnt it is mere prejudice. They are all
completely clothed from neck to knee in a
bine flinnel costume, consisting of blonss
waist and shirt and a pair of Turkish
trousers."
"Can a lady learn to swim in a season?"
"Yes. Many of them learn to swim in
two lessons; the average is three. Why, it
is as easy as walking. After the beginner
has gotten over her nervousness and really
gives her mind to tbe master she can learn
in ten minutes. The system pursued with
ladies is identical with that going on with
the boy in the basin now."
The boy was not altogether lovely.
Nature had made up for a deficiency of adi
pose tissue with a job lot of illy-assorted
bones which did not seem to hinge at ths
joints; but all the same tbe boy meant to bs
a swimmer and obeyed instructions with
alacrity.
He pnt himself face downward upon ths
water, with his chest supported by the mas
ter's hand, his bead held well up; then after
placing his left hand beneath his right, both
parallel with the surface of the water and
abont an inch below it, he carried his hands
away from each other as far as his shoulders
would permit, bringing tbem both to their
original position with what is known as ths
sailor's stroke, at the same time industrious
ly pushing the water behind him with his
feetirog fashion.
HIS MISTAKE.
At times the supporting hand would be
partly withdrawn, and invariably when
that was done the boy would cease his regu
lar stroke as soon as he felt himself sinking
and wildly clutch at the water, with the re
sult that the center ot gravity wai displaced
and his head would have been submerged
had not the teacher's supporting hand in
terposed. The system pursued in teaching
the soldiers in the Prussian army to swim is
in vogue in some of the schools for girls as
well as boys, lower down the Ohio. A short
cotton rope is fastened to a belt and the belt
girded about the waist ot tne oeginner.
The end of tbe rope is secured to a pole,
and with the pole in his hands the teacher
walks to the edge of the basin. The pnpil
wades into the water waist deep, and then
at the word lies chest downward, the rops
holding him upon the surface securely and
snugly. At the word "one," he brings his
hands around before his head with ths
hands togetherr"two," the hands are drawn
in to the chest and the feet drawn np;
"three," and the hands are rapidly straight
ened out, while the feet kick backwarcL
These three simple motions gone through
with a number of times, so that the beginner
can time them and make them come to
gether, soon make him a swimmer, and
after a time the rope is slackened more or
less, until finally rope and pole are dis
pensed with altogether.
HOW TO BE HEALTHT.
The hygienic influences of a plunge bath
in the river are probably more beneficial. to
the system of the average girl than thosa
exerted by any other form of exercise, when
tbe bath is taken in congenial company, is
not prolonged beyond a reasonable limit
and is followed by plenty of rubbing with
a rough towel. Jnst now the temperature
of the river is such that the first contact
with the water makes the blood vessels of
the skin contract and subsequently relax
with an increased flow of blood into their
caliber which double action is increased
by the friction until a good amount of
blood Is fixed in the skinj'as may be readily
seen by tbe glow following tbe bath. Thus
congestion of the internal organs is antagon
ized by an increased action ot the skin, and
the nervous system is soothed or stimulated,
taking away languor, giving new vigor to
the mind and limb.
As tbe summer advances the baths will
lose their present character and become
tepid instead ot cold, and the bather can
remain in the water longer than at present
Tbe unseasonable weather has delayed onty
door bathing beyond its usual season this .
year, but next week all the bathhouses wm
be open, and our girls and boys have all thej
privileges of seaside residents.
A Sessltlva Soak
Jllennds Blsctter J
iittt-11 i j-i-.i- i . m nn
nuter, a ueeiiieax oat out Hah
one: I am so terribly servons tfcitsjtry
lime taiag npaets me."
' SPMnWS"
IsssWf TMJsTi"