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ESTABLISHED FEBRUARY 8. 1818.
Vol. 44, o. 130. EntereC : Pittsburg Postofflce,
November 14, 1SS7, as second-class matter.
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PITTSBURG. MONDAY, JUNE 17. 1S89.
THE PBOJECT EEVTVED.
Prom the Philadelphia special published
in our telegraphic columns, it appears
that the project of a new competing line
from the western terminus of the Heading
road to Pittsburg will not down. The
scheme as now outlined comprises an alli
ance between Western Maryland and Head
ing corporations to open up the Cumberland
Valley district and thence extend their line
This is the South Penn in a new form. It
aims at the same purpose, runs through the
same section, if not over the same route,
and comprises theHeading as the important
Eastern link, with the addition of the West
ern Maryland, giving the new project an
outlet to Baltimore. The revival of the
project, under new auspices, after the old
one has been strangled, prove;1, as The
Dispatch has always contended, that it
contains the basis of a sound enterprise. If
the new project avoids the vice of stock
watering and steers clear of the entangling
alliance of the Vanderbilts, it has every
element or success.
The vitality of the project should sug
gest to the Pennsylvania Railroad that the
costly railway wars and the nullifications
of the Constitution which it bas committed
to maintain its monopoly of Pennsylvania
traffic were thrown away, and should now
TOO MUCH COMMITTEE.
The speck of war which is arising be
tween the committees respectively presided
over by Senator Cullom, of Illinois, and
Senator Hoar, of Massachusetts, illustrates
one of the difficulties that is likely to arise
between the jurisdiction of Senate junket
ing committees. Senator Cullom's commit
tee was authorized to investigate therelation
of the Canadian railroads to American
commerce, and Senator Hoar's committee
was authorized to investigate the commer
ial relations of the United States with
Canada. It was evident at the start that
these two subjects were likely to overlap each
other. ..Senator Cullom claims that Senator
Hoar agreed that he would not interfere
with the subject where it touched upon the
railroad side of the case. Yet Senator Hoar's
committee has been taking testimony upon
the railroad question in St. Paul, and Sena
tor Cullom is consequently aggrieved.
The fact is that the supply of subjects for
Senatorial investigation, which can keep
the committees traveling around the coun
try during the summer, was not equal to the
demand. The subject in this case was not
sufficient for one able-bodied committee,
and the division of it among two rendered it
inevitable that they should cross each other.
Senator Cullom should accept this natural
result of too little subject and too much
committee with the philosophical placidity
that the occasion demands.
THE USUAL PE0BLEM.
It is rather interesting to find that the re
port of the National Furniture Manufac
turers' Association states that the factory
owners realized only three per cent profit
last year on a hundred million dollars'
worth of stock. This sounds rather unpros
perous; but when we reflect that this profit
may be turned over several times in a year,
it is quite possible that three per cent mar
gin on stock may yield 9 to 12 per cent
profit on capital actually invested. As the
report also makes an earnest appeal for the
solution of the problem how to deal with
fraudulent debtors, it is a fair inference
that this small profit was caused by bad
debts. In that case, we are very glad to
give our fnrniture friends the solution of
their troublesome problem. The only way
to deal with fraudulent debtors is to make
them pay cash for their goods.
The habit of eating pickles does not keep
exact pace with the mortality lists. That ib to
say the number of persons who eat pickles
and of people who die, may not be precisely
identical; but the difference between them
is not anything to speak of. The method of
killing men by electricity has not been
properly tested, while the deadly qualities
of the pickle are only too well known. We
sre surprised that New York State when it
started in to abolish the ancient method of
hanging a man with a hempen rope did not
prefer pickles to electricity.
Some of our cotemporaries hare affected
to wonder why a Chicago faith-healer re
fused to treat longer a man who had dyspep
sia because he would keep on eating pickles.
to us the laitn-neaier seems to cave pos
sessed more sense than most of her sisters
have. If her patient had merely had an
appetite for chewing carpet tacks or swal
lowing linoleum which he would not
give up, the faith-healer might have
been blamed for refusing to treat
him. But she knew donbtless that not even
the strongest faith could wrestle with the
india-rubber pickle. The pickle is not open
to persuasion, neither have the gastric juices
the slightest effect upon it if it gets its back
up, as it were, and starts in to make a
viper's nest of a man's stomach.
The faith-healer perhaps had in her bread
and butter days absorbed a pickle or two,
and the cicatrices upon her wounded spirit
reminded her that neither faith nor physic
could avail against the petrifaction soaked
in vinegar. So with honesty and wisdom
she told the dyspeptic to abandon pickles
or leave her door. That he stuck to pickles
and died subsequently in short order, shows
first that he was an obstinate fool, and
secondly that Chicago has a faith-healer
who has not allowed her hobby to kick out
her common sense.
THE SEC0HD STAGE.
The consultations with regard to the re
lief work at Johnstown, yesterday, show
that work to be progressing from the first
stage of relieving the inhabitants of the
destroyed town from the dangers of want
and disease to the second stage of aiding
them to restore their buried city. The first
work was imperative and was discharged
promptly by the Pittsburg organiza
tion. The second is no leas charitable, and
will be materially aided by the generous
contributions of houses from other cities.
The furnishing of a hundred temporary
dwellings for the homeless is anindication of
the way the relief work is tending; and that
is hacked up by the promise of temporary
store buildings to be furnished those who
may wish to go into business. With such
aids as this the inhabitants of Johnstown
can proceed more at their leisure to recon
struct their town in a substantial and cred
itable manner. It is a good indication that
this final work will be done well and wisely,
that it is already determined to rebuild the
better part of the city on the higher ground
as much as possible.
The most creditable feature of the Johns
town work has been the promptness and gen
erosity of the relief. That bids fair to be
equaled by the good judgment displayed in
A MAKKEl) C0NTEAST.
A remarkable illustration of the differ
ence between the delays of justice under
certain circumstances and its promptitude
under others was furnished by the sentence
of a man by the name of Templeman in
New York last week, for concocting a story
which impugned the official honesty of the
District Attorney of New York and the
Inspector of Police. This criminal was
indicted on May 21, and would have been
tried on May 22, if the press had not asked
what was the need of such hurry. Public
opinion having called a halt he was tried on
June 3 and sentenced on June 13, to three
years and fnine months imprisonment at
Such promptness in the action of justice
would be encouraging, if it were not for
some remarkable contrasts that it provokes,
r.ir instance in the same courts and under
the same officers cf justice the boodle trials
have been dangling along for nearly four
years; Ives and Staynor have been under
indictment for the better part of a year
without any movement toward trying them;
and Jay Gould and Russell Sage were per
mitted to secure a prompter disposition of a
case against them, by sending their counsel
into the grand jury room to argue against
Is it the case that New York justice is
swift and severe when the officers of the
law are aggrieved and somnolent when only
the interests of the people are attacked?
SEBVIA'S DIV0ECE EEC0ED.
As all the world knows it is easy enough
to get a divorce in America too easy a great
many of us think but it is not so easy to
have a decree of divorce annulled without
the consent of both parties. In the latter
respect the two-cent kingdom of Servia un
doubtedly has the advantage of the United
States. It seems to be no difficult matter to
secure a divorce, and still less difficult to
procure the annulment of a decree of di
vorce in the kingdom which was ruled by a
dissipated imbecile named Milan. An il
lustrious example of the workings of the di
vorce machine in Servia has just been fur
nished by the spouse of that country's
unworthy monarch, Queen Natalie.
It will be remembered that King Milan
procured a divorce from his wife last win
ter. Queen Natalie has now had this de
cree set aside; and the fair but frail Queen
having been summarily divorced in the first
place is now undivorced with equal
promptitude. What the next act in
this domestic drama will be nobody
knows. Obviously the logical step forKing
Milan to take is to have the divorce re
affirmed by his subservient church, if
he recovers power once more. Per
haps he may make a compromise with his
wife, and obtain a new divorce. 'Natalie
wants power and money, and not a worthless
scamp like Milan lor a husband.
Another thing worth noting in the latest
crisis in Servian affairs is that Queen Nat
alie returns to rule the domestic roost at
Belgrade with the mighty arm of Russia be
hind her. All through her troubles Natalie
has received the Czar's support, and in the
audacious mood which at present controls
the ruler of Bussia he is not taking any
pains to conceal his intention to take a hand
in Servian politics. Natalie's return in
triumph bodes evil for the peace of Europe.
Commenting on the action of Governor
Bulkier, of Connecticut, in vetoing the
ballot reform bill, the New York Tribune
remarks that it would not insult the Govr
ernor "by the suspicion that he has acted
under the stress of the ignoble motives
which controlled Governor Hill." Of course
not. Governor Bulkley is of the Tribune's
own party; and it is against the constitution
of party organs to attribute ignoble motives
to any but the members of the opposite
party, even when the act and motiTes are
palpably the same on both sides.
Otjb esteemed Democratic cotemporaries
will miss a point if they fail to point oat
that the Indian ontbreak in Minnesota was
due to the passionate protest of the
aboriginal brethren at the removal of Bishop
Oberly's fostering care from them.
A Western cotemporary says that
"nothing can be more desperately unfunny
than a comic weekly in an off year in pol
itics. Look at Puck and Judge for in
stance." This is a mistake. The time
when these publications really are funny is
in the off years; and the best part of it is
that they do not know how funny they are.
That cartoon of Judge's, for example, rep
resenting Harrison as taming those wild
beasts, Sherman, Cullom, Allison, Hoar,
Evarts and Ingalls, is the best example of
the involuntary joke omrecord.
It sounds like meteorological irony to ob
serve in the Minneapolis papers that crops
in Southern Minnesota and South Dakota
are suffering from the drought We could
easily give the dry sections a liberal share
of our over-stock of humidity.
Whether Mr. Alexander Sullivan was
an accessory to the murder of Cronin or not,
seems to be doubtful; but there is not much
qnestion that the disclosures concerning an
organization which can try its members for
"treason" and djrect their "removal," with
out regard to the laws of this country, will
produce a demand that the leaders of that
order be instructed as to the fact, that the
laws of this land are. superior to those of
any organization of foreign character and
The public may not be in a frame of
mind to worship Jupiter Pluvius, which
makes it all the more remarkable that the
city authorities are sacrificing to that deity
up at the corner of Center-avenue and Soho
The New York electric company which
claimed that a boy who was killed by com
ing in contact with a stray electrio wire was
negligent, evidently thinks that negligence
is inexcusable when committed by private
persons. Bnt the unsympathetic Judge
held that a corporation which lets its wires
become dangerous is negligent; which shows
the vital difference it makes whose toes are
pinched by the negligence.
That Indian trouble at Mille Lacs reser
vation on investigation proves to have the
usual source in the attempt of white settlers
to go at the Indian lands and lumber with
out even saying: "By your leave."
The declaration of Colonel Elliott F.
Shepard that "the war is coming again"
conveys also the reassuring fact that the
gallant Colonel is prepared for it With
due foreknowledge of the fact that pious
warrior will be able to rally to the defense
of the country more promptly than he did
in the earlv sixties.
If Attorney General Miller goes on the
Supreme Bench it will ba interesting to
know what the policy of the administration
will be which he is to carry out in that
When the English press goes into ecsta
cies of approval over such a string of
amiable common places as that after-dinner
speech of Robert Lincoln's, the other day,
it at once reveals a remarkable standard of
after-dinner oratory in England, and dis
plays a determined desire to be friendly
with Mr. Lincoln.
Yesterday tried to be the exceptional
day without a rain storm, but the force of
bad habit was too much for it,
PEOPLE OP PE0MLSMCE.
Sir Julian Patjncefote is an inveterate
It is thought that Roger Q- Mills will run for
Governor of Texas, rather than try again for
Robert P. Porter, Chief of the Census
Bureau, has consented to make a tariff speech
In Lancaster on July 4.
Saratoga has been rejoicing in the pres
ence of Senator Eyarts. Senator Hiscocic
sticks close to the White House.
President Harrison insisted upon paying
the fare of his wife and party from Washing
ton to Cape May. He said that the inter State
commerce law made this necessary.
General Butler is set down on the Colby
University commencement programme for the
anniversary oration on Jul; 2. It is just 51
years since the General was graduated from
"People wonder," said Chauncey Depcw
the other day, "about what they call the om
niscience I display in my after-dinner speeches.
Why, it's simply by hunting up men and things
in cyclopedias and frescoing them in my mind
in my own way that I have become the know
everything fellow they're making so much fuss
about," and the great; good man laughed
heartily at the thought
It is not known to all who know Mr. Tracy,
the Secretary of Navy, that he was a news
paper writer in New York a quarter o a cen
tury ago, though he was a Brooklynite even
then and kept a law office. An old-timer who
worked with him in the editorial line on a
morning paper at that period says that he took
up only very weighty themes in politics when
be sat down with his pen in hand, that he was
very exact in his phraseology, and that he took
the utmost care in preparing his manuscripts
tor the printer. Mr. Tracy was a close friend
of Mr. Raymond, who was then editor of the
Times, and he was at one time spoken of as Mr.
Raymond's snecessor in tie editorial chair.
A CAMPAIGN LIE.
It 1 Not Necessary to Go to Europe to Write
From the Chicago News. J
It is reported that Mr. Thomas Bailey Al
drich, the gifted poet, is about to go to Europe
for the purpose of completing a poem upon
which he has been engaged for some time. We
cannot understand this at alL Boston has just
that atmosphere which, we are told, is neces
sary to the conception, engendering, and par
turition of a great intellectual work; without
this atmosphere genius cannot produce; in
short this Boston atmosphere is fully as es
sential to the poet and the author as, according
to mythology, the west wind was to the
Is it likely that Mr. Aldrich really thinks of
going away from Boston far the purpose of
writing a poem? Why, of course it isn't This
is a campaign lie a wretcnea campaign lie
concocted and disseminated by envious New
Ko Monument, Flense.
From the New Orleans Picayune.
Sitting Bnll is slowly sinking away. He was
a great soldier, considering the fact that he did
not have the advantages of a West Point edu
cation. The City of New York, if necessary;
should be enjoined .from erecting a monument
to Sitting Bull.
Opportunities for Experimenting.
From the Minneapolis Tnbune.2
How nicely things even themselves up in this
world, to be sure. Just as the young doctors
begin to graduate and the undertakers bring
out their spring styles, pie parties and short
cake soirees are announced as the popular fads.
We Congrntnlnte the Tribune.
The first number of the Johnstown Tribune,
issued since the flood, reached this office yes
terday. It looks neat and newsy, and we are
glad to See its familiar face again.
What He Ought to Do.
from the Chicago Inter-Ocean. 1
Wiggins says the ocean is drying up, and an
unappreciatlve paragrapher advises the Cana
dian weather prophet to go and do likewise.
THE GRANDMOTHER'S DREAM.
Be quiet, heart my lover comes.
Ills feet 1 hear upon the stair,
And know the lightly springing step
That marks a spirit free from care.
To meet him blushing at the door
Is well, ah well, for life Is sweet
Yet who would paint the tender grace
That fills the hoar when lovers meet
We wander down the orchard lane.
Past fruitage blooms and leafy wood,
'Where singing birds and blooming flowers
Bnt hymns our joy to God the Good.
The pansy spreads beside the way,
Uer innocent upturning eyes,
The lowing cows, the lambs at play,
Bnt make a dream of paradise.
Be quiet, heart my husband comes,
To hear his step npon the street
Our children leave their careless play,
And hasten out their sire to greet
Bat baby waits npon my lap.
And laughs and coos with baby grace,
To tell for me the silent joy
That fills my heart to see his face.
The years glide on in 6hlne and shock,
And toll is sweet for love is strong,
To soothe the trying scenes of life,
And fill our hearts with happv song.
Life that though burdened yet la love,
With rays from heaven filtering through
The canopy that half conceals
The good to be from mortal view.
He comes again, my husband comes;
His head is gray, his step Is slow,
The same sweet grace bis presence brings
That filled my heart so long ago.
We sit together by the hearth.
Our children tread lire's busy way,
"We closer clasp our trembling hands
And journey toward life's closing day.
He comes not comes not now again
I sit beside the hearth and wait; v
No more, no more his step 1 hear,
it or list his whistle at the gate.
A river dark between us rolls,
But God is good and love Is strong;
He waits me on the other side.
Be quiet, heart he waits not long.
uajman zayiaruututT vcttm.
THERE WERE PROTESTS.
An Important Letter From General Manager
John Fnlton Warnings Written by Him
nnd John Worrell in 1880 Why They
Thought the Dam Was Unsafe Then, and
Mr. John Fulton, now general manager of the
iron and steel works of the Cambria Iron Com
pany, Johnstown, writes to The Dispatch a
letter, inclosing copies of other letters written
in the year 1S80, throwing a good deal of clear
light upon the condition of the South Fork
dam in tbafyear, as officially called in question
nine years before the recent disaster. Mr.
Fulton's letter follows, with the others ap
pended: Caubkia Iron Com pakt, )
John Fulton, general manager, v
Johi stows, Jnne is, 1889. )
The Editor or The Dispatch:
Dear Sib I have been quite busy during the
days that have passed since the great calamity
that wrecked this part of the Conemaugh Valley.
I have only Just learned that some adverse
criticisms have been made, from an incorrect
basis, that the writer in a report gave his assur
ances of the stability of the Sonth Fork dam,
about the year 18S0, at the close of the repairs then
being made. Such Is not the fact.
I condemned the method of repairs as clearly as
I could do so In plain English language. To show
this I have copied the original report with the
criticisms of Colonel Knff on my report; also the
letter of the late Hon. D. J. Morrell, General
Manager of the Cambria Iron Company, at the
time these reports were made.
I have been unable to put my hands on the re
ports of A. J. 'Whitney, Esq., who was at the time
Kesldent Engineer of the 1'ennsylvania Canal
Company, and who is an expert In these matters.
The material facts, however, are given in my
report. It Is well to understand, in this time of
excitement, that the main cause leading to the
breaking of the dam was the choking by lumber,
brush and logs of the overflow on the north side
ol the dam, which was originally 70 feet wide.
This caused the water to flow over the central por
tion of the dam the portion that had been re-
j aired making the break that has caused sucn a
terrible disaster to the Conemaugh Valley.
After 1 had submitted my report to Mr. Morrell
the matter was considered here, and I think it
was decided that we had no legal means of arrest
ing the repairs of the dam. I may add that Colonel
linger appreciated the value of the report which I
had made, and had very considerable work done
afterward in strengthening the part of the bank
that had been assumed to be completed.
Johnstown. November 28, 1880.
Hon. 1). J. Morrell, General Manager Cambria
Iron Company, Johnstown:
Bra: As yon instructed, I met a representative
delegation of the "bportsmen's Association of
Western Pennsylvania, " at the old reservoir dam
fork of the Conemaugh River, two and a half
mUes southeast from South Fork station on the
This delegation, consisting of Colonel Unger. C.
A. Carpenter, Esq., Secretary of the Board of Di
rectors, and a number of gentlemen, broughtwlth
them N. M. McDowell, Esq , C. K, or Pittsburg,
to examine the dam In company with your en
gineer. This dam is 70 feet high and 834 feet long. It was
originally constructed by State authorities, dur
ing the canal epoch, as a reservoir for storing
water, for use during the dry season of boating.
It Is designed to hold a body of water 60 feet deep,
covering abont GOO acres of land, aud containing,
at an average depth of 30 feet nearly 6,000 millions
of gallons of water.
It was built mainly with rocks and faced with
earth on Its upper or pool slope, and covered with
a riprap of stones. About the middle of the dam
a cut stone, arched culvert was constructed In
which a large discharge pipe was placed with con
nections with a wooden oulkhead. On the north
end an ample overfall has been cut through the
root. 70 feet wide, to discharge surplus water dur
ing ralnv seasons, i The Dispatch engravings.
republished Saturday, June 15, 1839, from the
Engineering Record, show the situation both as it
was and Is, very accurately .John 1 ulton.
After the disuse of this reservoir, the wooden
bulkhead was burned down and the dam neglect
ed. The consequence was that the water, under
Its full pressure, with no repairs to dam, found its
way through the masonry of the culvert and the
result was the washing out of a triangular notch
of the dam, 200 feet wide at the top and401eet
deep. The resultant flood past South Fork and
down the Conemaugh did some damage, the ex
tent of which I have been unable to learn. The
break occurred during a time of low water In the
streams, which very creatly modified its action.
During the past season the Sportsmen's Associa
tion or Western Pennsylvania, which now owns
this property, has put a torce at work to repair the
breach in the dam, so as to raise the water to its
maximum height of 60 feet. The repair force be
gan by placing large rocks In the breach, lacing
these with hemlock coughs and hay, and covering
the whole with earth and shale. The facing of
earth is being made with carts, the material
dumped down a slope from thellneofthetopof
the dam, thus gravitating the coarsest materials to
the lowest depths Just the opposite of the result
demanded in this case.
It did not appear to me that this work was being
done In a caretul and substantial manner, or with
the care demanded in a large structure of this
When this work shall be completed to the full
section of the old dam the entire embankment will
contain 62,241 cubic yards, or 316,094 gross to-s.
The pressure of water 60feetdeep on the slope
of this dam Is 73,782 gross tons. The weight of the
dam is, therefore, 4 2-W times that of the pressure
of the water against it.
It is evident, therefore, thar the water cannot
overturn, or slide, tho dam en masse.
There appear to me two serious elements of
danger In this dam : First, the want ot a discharge
pipe to reduce or take the water out of the dam lor
needed repairs. Second, the nnsubstantlal method
of repair, leaving a large leak, which appears to
be cutting the new embankment.
' As the water cannot be lowered, the difficulty
arlseB ol reaching the source of the present de
structive leaks. At present there is 40 feet of
water in the dam Y hen the full head of 60 leet is
reached. It appears to me to be only a question of
time until the former cutting it repeated. Should
this break be made during a season of flood, it is
evident that considerable damage would ensue
along the line of the Conemaugh It is difficult to
estimate how disastrous this flood would be, as its
force would depend on the size of the breach in
the dam with proportional rapidity of discbarge.
The stability of the dam can only be assured turn
thorough overhauling of the present lining on the
upper slope, and the construction of an ample
discharge pipe to reduce or remove the water to
make necessary repairs.
General Mining Engineer Cambria iron (jo.
Pittsburg, December 2, 1S80.
Daniel I. Morrell. General Manager:
Dbab Sm I have had vour lavor with report of
your engineer for some days, and they would have
received attention sooner, but 1 have been sick.
Knowing your large Interest In the Conemaugh
Valley, 1 am not surprised that you feel some
anxiety, and shall therefore briefly review your
in the first place he was not met by a delegation
of tho Sportsmen's Association of estern Penn
sylvania, nor do they own the property. It Is
owned by the South Fork Fishing and Hunting
In the second place he is wrong in saying that
the dam was originally built mainly of stone; ex
actly the reverse being true. The face on the lake
was not rlprappcd, but covered with a slope wall.
In tbe'thlrd place the largo arched culvert did
not contain a single pipe, but three conduits, and,
instead of terminating in a wooden bulkhead
were embraced within the base of a wooden
tower, which stood out in the lake, extending
above the highest water level, to protect rods
from ice and drift connected with valves on the
conduits, by which the flow of water was regu
lated. lie is In error in saying the burning of the
wooden bulkhead was the primary cause of the
destruction of the dam. Its destruction by fire,
while the dam stood, wassimnlv.lmnossible. and
It stood many years afterward, and only has been
burnt a few years. The dam was destroyed by the
arch culvert giving way about the center of the
embankment. This danger we have avoided by
making it solid throughout He is grossly In
error in saying that it resulted in carrying away
a notch 200 feet long and 40 leet deep. The fact Is
that it swept it clear to the bottom, carrying
everything before it, slope wall, embankment and
all tne arch but a section of about 30 feet long,
embraced in the riprap on the lower
side. Von can have some Idea of
Its extent when I tell you it took over 22,
CO0 yards of material to fill it We did not put
hemlock boughs and hay on the rock. We put
them in the notch, but put more than 10, 000 vards
of material over them before using the hay, etc.
lie objected to our throwing material
over the face of our embankment be
cause tho coarser went to the bottom.
This isjust what we wanted to do, and were put
ting a riprap of coarse material over our earth
face, to protect It from the action of the water di
rect. We poltlvcly deny that there are danger
ous leaks in our new work. lie makes tho amount
of water in our lake about 2,000, COO gallons more
than It really contains, lie says we have am Die
overfall, also more than four tunes the weight
necessary to resist the pressure it was to sustain.
"U'c know we have the first and six times Uie lat
ter. We consider his conclusions as to our only
safe course ot no more value than his other asser
tions. I submit herewith the report of onr engi
neer, feeling certain you and jour people are In
no danger from our enterprise.
Very respec fully,
B. F. Burr, President
Cameeia Iron com pant, 5
JOniiSTOWN, December 22, jsso. J
D. F. Ruff. Esq., President South Fork Fishing
and Hunting Club, Plltsburgi
DEAR BiB-Your esteemed favor of the 2d Inst,
with accompanying report of your engineer, Mr.
N. M. McDowell, was duly received and handed
to our engineer, Mr, John Fulton, for considera
tion and report.
Mr. Fulton handed me, some time since, his let
ter of the 13th, with the communication marked
"Ai" from Mr. A. Whitney, engineer, to which
he refers, and also a report made to hlmbv bis
assistant Mr. Walter A. Fellows, who bad inorc
recently examined the South Fork dam. Pressure
of business and absence from home has prevented
my sooner writing you. I note your criticism of
Mr. Fulton's former report and indge that in
some of his statements be may have been in error;
bnt think that his conclusions In the main were
correct. We do not wish to put any obstructions
in the way of your accomplishing your object '
the reconstruction of this dam; but we must t
test against the erection of a dam at that plate,
that will be a perpetual menace to the
lives and property of those residing In this
upper valley of theuonemaugh, from Its insecure
constrnctton. In my Judgment there should have
been provided some means by which the water
would be let out of the dam la case of trouble, aud
1 think that you will find It necessary to provide
an outlet pipe or gate before any engineer would
S renounce the Job a safe one. if this dam could
e securely reconstructed with a safe means of
driving off the water la ease any waakneH mani
MONDAY, JUNE 17,
fests itself, I should regard the accomplishment of
this work as a very desirable one, ana If some ar
rangement could be made with your association
by which the store of water In this reservoir could
be used in time of great drouth in the mountains,
this company would be willing to co-operate with
you In the work, and would contribute liberally
toward making the dam absolutely safe.
I herewith return Mr. McDowell's report pre
suming that you will wish to preserve It.
D. J. Mobbell, General Manager.
CQIONQ BACK WADED.
Workmen Who Went Penniless to Johns
town and Were Relieved.
Special Telegram to The Dispatch.
Phixli? sbtog, June 18, It anything
wero really wanting to show mistakes
in the distribution ol relief had prevailed at
Johnstown for the past ten days it coula be
found at the depot in this place during the last
two days on tho arrival of overy train bringing
workmen from that place.
On the announcement 12 days ago that work
men were needed at Johnstown, from ISO to 200
miners and others left here, taking with them
nothing but what they had on their backs, and
many of thera coatless. Now they are return
ing with two and three suits of clothing each,
and carrying bundles containing women's and
children's wearing apparel, beside other arti
cles. It is related of two men that thoywore'so
weighted down with bundles of clothing that
they were compelled to secure a wagon to haul
their goods from the station to their homes.
Not only have they brought clothing, but other
articles, the property, no doubt of some of the
sufferers by the flood.
One of our jewelers yesterday was offered,
for a song almost, a gold headed cane, a heav
ily plated silver caster and a solid gold ring.
It all who went to Johnstown to work fared
as well as many from this vicinity, who were
compelled to return after the chance went Into
effect last Wednesday, the wonder Is that the
the relief supply was not wholly exhausted.
Fifteen large boxes of goods were sent from
this place on Thursday for the flood sufferers
at Willlamsport and Lock Haven, and, besides
these, several hundred dollars in money will
also be sent in tho same direction. Several
boxes of clothing, etc., were sent to Johnstown
COAL SHIPMENTS EESUMED.
Several Northern Tier Minos, Tied Up by
tho Flood, Are Open
Special Telegram to The Dispatch.
Philmpsbdrg, June 16. Coal shipments
from the Clearliold region were resumed last
Snnday, when 00 cars were sent over the
Tyrone and Clearfield Railroad, thence east via
the Bold Eagle Valley and Philadelphia and
Erie Railroads. Daily shipments of from 200
to 300 curs have since been made.
in the Beech Creek region, except at mines
so located that they could ship by the Pennsyl
vania Railroad, resumption has not yet taken
E lace, though if the report is true that tho
;cech Creek and Fine Creek Railroads will
be openjto Williamsport by Monday, it will be
but a few days until that region will also be at
Austin King, formerly in the employ of one
of the large coal companies at Connellsville,
and recently apoointed mine Inspector of the
Eighth bituminous coal district arrived here
and assumed control of his office.
A Congressman as Bridge Repairer.
(E FECIAL TELIOUAMTO THE DISPATCH.
Phillipsburg, June 10. So great was
the destruction of bridges by the disastrous
flood in Clearfield county, and the matter of
obtaining competent persons to take charge of
the construction of the most important bridges
so difficult that James Kerr, Congressman
elect from this district, has undertaken the
work of superintending the building of a tem
porary bridge across Clearfield creek at Schrey
ver's. ODIi MAIL jVUCCJL
To the Editor of The Dlspatcn:
I have read with pleasure your editorials, as
well as the communications lately published in
Tiie Dispatch, in reference to single tax.
Permit me to say a word in reference to the
term speculative value, the scope of which, to
my mind, vou misapprehend.
As I understand it speculative value is that
excess above true economio value which is
added by the speculator in anticipation of the
growth of population and the necessities of the
people, pushing the price always just beyond
what a purchaser can afford to pay for it at the
time that is, what he can pay for it and get a
fair return on his investment by use. It is a
value entirely apart from true or economic
Value. In reality it is a mere scheme of fore
stalling a game in which greed plays against
The single tax contemplates the appropria
tion, not only of speculative values, but of eco
nomic values also; not only the values which
the speculator adds, but those wbicn the com
munity creates and are therefore entitled to.
Pittsburg, June 15, J. B. S,
The Tax Qualification.
To the Editor of The Dispatch;
Very little Is being said by public speakers,
or through the press in regard to the proposed
second amendment to the Constitution. The
present suffrage article in the Constitution was
framed after careful study by as wise a body of
men as could be found In the State of Pennsyl
vania. It was framed to guard against fraud,
colonization, etc and it has worked well for
the lost 15 years. The fourth article of the
proposed amendment makes a different qualifi
cation for electors in municipal elections than
is required in county or State elections. It is a
change that opens wide the door to fraud,
whether it was through inadvertence or design
on the part of the Legislature.
Purity of the ballot is the only safeguard in a
government by the people. Then let us defeat
the proposed second amendment by a majority
that will settle the suffrage question for the
next 15 years. H. 0. C,
Allegheny, June 15.
It is Illegal.
To tho Editor of The Dispatch:
Does the fish law allow fishing with night,
"trot" or set lines, as they aro called ? H.W.
Pittsburg, June 15.
Bothered by Bees and Rainbows.
From the Baltimore American.l
A big Vice Presldental bee is said to be buzz
zing at a lively rate in Cal Brice's bonnet Per
haps be has accepted the Chairmanship of the
National Committee in order that he may get
a better view of the political rainbow from that
MECHANICAL AND INDUSTRIAL.
A plait for rendering paper as tough as
wood or leather, it is said, bas been recently
introduced on the continent It consists in
mixing chlorida of zinc with the pulp in the
course of manufacture. It has beon found
that the greater the degree ot concentration
of the zinc solution the greater will be the
tonghness of the paper. It can be used for
making boxes, combs, for roofing, and even for
It is predicted that the cultivation of the
sweet cassava, from which is made starch, glu
cose and tapioca, will at no very distant date
become one of the important industries of
Florida. If all that is claimed by those who
advocate its introduction be true, it is one of
the most productive, easily cultivated and re
munerative of crops, and its cultivation will
add much to the resources of the State, it is
excellent for feeding. stock, and it is also valu
able as an addition to the list of vegetables for
West Virginia bas a new industry, the
making of "Spanish cedar cigar boxes" oat of
poplar, dyed with an extract that gives proper
color and smell.
Paper pulp is now made from forest leaves.
If it prove equal to wood fiber it will be a great
saving of timber, fortbepulpers have been
running a close race with the lumbermen in
deforesting the honest face of this good eartfi.
A hew industry has been invented by a
clever English girl. She calls herself an ac
countant and auditor for large households.
Sbe finds plenty of employment in looking
after tho business of a few families of large
expenditure wbose heads have not taste for the
FBENcnengineers have lately been testing
boiler tubes with ribs or flanges on the inside,
tho invention of M. Jean Serve. A larger sur
face for absorbing the fire's beat is presented,
and a saving of fuel ranging from one-third to
one-seventh has been indicated. In experi
ments on a Rhone steamboat it was found that
with ordinary copper tubes the combustion of
one pound of coal evaporated seven pounds of
water, and the 8vmoke Issued from the boiler at
a temperature of 680 Fahrenheit; but when
the tubes were taken out and the flanged ones
inserted the evaporation immediately rose to
nice and one-third pounds of water per ponnd
or coal, and the heat of the escaping gases fell
to480 . v v V
-- -.. ' . -. .. .'j-
Tho Senate Chamber Daring: a Reeess A
Historic Gavel and lis Careful Custo
dian A Disappointed Newipnner Man
Tho President's Caution In Making Ap
pointments. ICOHEESrONDENCE OF THE DISPATCH. 1
Washington, June 15. The Senate cham
ber has been cleared of all its furniture, and it
presents a very bare appearance to the sight
seer who strays, through the Capitol. The only
adornment that the floor knows is the, disks of
metal that cover air-shafts which have their
upper termini under the desks of Senators.
There will be eight new desks in the chamber
when Congress meets. The Senate carpenter
is now at work fashioning them after the pat
tern which has been followed in the Senate for
more than fifty years. The desks are made of
mahogany. They are high and narrow, and
the tops con be raised when access to the inte
rior is desired, A shelf below each Is intended
tq bold the file of the Congressional Record and
the books ot reference each Senator keeps at
hand. These desks never wear out They are
occasionally patched where vandals shave
pieces from them for relics. In the House lit
tle metal tags designate the desks) by number
and each member is numbered to correspond
with the number of his desk; but in the Senate
the name of each Senator is engraved on a
metal plate and his desk is thns designated.
The desks that Webster and Clay used are still
part of the Senate furniture. There is only
one person who can identify them Captain
Bassett the veteran Chief of the Senate Pages
and be would not point out one of tbem for
any consideration. Captain Bassett has been
an employe of the Senate since 1831 and be has
a great veneration for anything connected with
the memory of Daniel Webster. It was Web
ster who had him appointed to the position
that he first held in the Senate that ot a page.
The Growth of the Senate.
When these mahogany desks were first intro
duced in the Senate there were only 52 Sen
ators. Their number has been increased with
the addition of each new State, until now there
are 76 desks. Beginning with the next Congress
there will be 84. The eight new mahogany
desks for the Senators from the four new
States will ranged along the back row of the
Senate. The side of the chamber, on which
they will be placed will depend upon the polit
ical complexion of the new Senators. It seems
likely now that six of the new Senators will sit
on the Republican side of the chamber and two
of them on the Democratic side. Senator Blair
will be left alone in his glory, the only Republi
can on the Democratic side of the chamber.
At the time of the war, when the Southern
Senators left the Senate chamber and there
were only six Democrats left the ReDUblicans
sat indiscriminately on either side of the
chamber. Since the war Senator Blair is the
first Republican Senator to sit on the Demo
cratic sido of the chamber.
A Carefully Guarded Gavel.
The furnishing of the Senate chamber bas
changed but little since Webster and Clay and
Calhoun were here. The same desks remain
and the same chairs. The desk on which the
presiding officer taps with his gavel is tho same
and the gavel itself bas not changed. This
gavel is something of a curiosity. It is a piece
of ivory cut in about the form of an hour
glass. It was made in 1S31, when John C. Cal
houn presided over the deliberations of the
Senate Ever since that time Captain Bassett
has made this gavel his especial charge. It
remains in his possession during the session of
Congress and before the day's session of the
Senate begins, he has it In his pocket At 11.55
each morning he steps to the presiding officer's
desk and deposits it there. As soon as the
Senate adjourns he returns it to bis pocket.
Where he deposits it for the night nobody
knows. So many questions have been asked by
the curious concerning this historic article that
he is in constant dread of it being stolen. It
is in some safe place of concealment now.
When the Senate is called together again. Cap
tain Bassett will be on band with the zavel in
time for the presiding officer to use it to call
the Senate of tho Fifty-first Congress to order.
The gavel has no intrinsic value. Its only
value is historic. The Senate gavel is not as
heavy as that which is used in the House. The
Speaker's gavel bas a heavy handle, and it is
used with such vigor in calling members to
order that the top of the Speaker's desk: bas
to be renewed at least once during the session
of each Congress. The woodpecker's tap and
the blow of the sledgehammer are in no
greater contrast than the tapping of the Presi
dent of the Senate and the vigorous pounding
of the Speaker's gavel.
A Work of Art.
Eighteen months ago an attempt was made
to supplant the historic gavel of the Senate.
Alex. M. Kenaday, Secretary of the National
Association of Veterans of the Mexican War,
sent to the Senate in December, 3837, a gavel
which had been made by one of the veterans,
a pensioner under the law of January 29, 1887,
named Charles Ufferbusto. The gavel was
made of 850 separate pieces of wood, taste
fully inlaid, the different colors blending har
moniously. It had been sent to Mr. Kenaday
by the pensioner as a Christmas gift and it was
offered to the Senate through Senator Butler.
It was Inclosed in a case which was almost as
much of a curiosity in workmanship as the
gavel itself. At the suggestion ot Senator
Butler a resolu.lon was adopted referring: the
gavel to the Committee on Rules. Ever since
that day it bas lain in a cupboard in the office
of the Financial Clerk of the Senate. Occa
sionally the Financial Clerk, Air. Nixon, takes
it out to show it to someone, and then returns
it to that shelf to which the Senate con
A Disgusted Newspaper Man.
The most thoroughly disgnsted man in Wash
ington to-day is Frank Hatton, ex-Postmaster
Mr. Hatton is one of the survivors of the
Johnstown disaster. He was a passenger on the
Chicago limited which so narrowly escaped
destruction at Sonth Forks. As soon as it was
learned at Washington that Mr. Hatton was a
passenger on this train the great public keyed
itself up to the highest pitch of expectancy,
and began to watch the Washington Post for
graphic word -pictures of the awful scene. But
day followed day, and the JPost continued to
come out with the excellent reports of the
United Press and the American Press, and
nothing whatever from "Our Special Corre
spondent on the Field." Mr. Hatton's friends
became uneasy. They feared that the horror
of the event bad overcome him; that he was
lying sick at some little station of the Penn
sylvania Railroad. The President, sharing in
the natural alarm, sent messages of inquiry.
On Friday of last week Mr. Hatton stepped
quietly into the city. He refused to be inter
viewed, out after 24 hours of perfect quiet he
sat down and wrote a thrilling account of the
way in which he was not drowned or crushed
to death. I found Mr. Hatton somewhat re
covered from the shock of recent occurrences,
sitting at his desk in the editorial room of the
Post, a few nights ago, and he explained to me
the causes of his apparent recreance to the
great reading public.
"The first dispatch about this disaster was
tiled for the Washington Post," he said gloom
ily. "1 wrote the story and It was a god story.
There was no telegraph station within 13 miles
of us, and I hired a man with a horse for $16 to
ride to the nearest telegraph office and file my
dispatch. He rode; he filed; ho returned be
fore the train started and reported what he
had done. 1 settled back in my seat assured
that the world would know all about the way
we were not drowned and that my family and
friends would have assurance of my safety
within 12 hours. Before long we started u p the
road and eventually arrived In Altoona. What
was my disgust to learn that my beautiful
story ot the flood had been sent only as far as
Altoona and there had become "pocketed" by
the storm. Tearfully I took it out of the tele
graph office and turned it over to the Altoona
Tribune. At the same time William Henry
firaith consigned to the tender care of tho Al
toona Times the story of the disaster which he
had prepared for the Associated Press. We
had the pleasure of reading thoso stories the
next day and of assuring each other that tbov
were good stories. But I cannot help feeling
that they were lost on the Inhabitants of Al
toona. They were written for other readers."
The President's Caution.
The care which the President Is exercising in
the choice of persons to fill responsible offices
is well illustrated by an incident, the story of
which is being freely told about the hotel cor
ridors here. A gentleman who had indorsed
for a position of some valne a man in whose in
tegrity he bad every reason to place faith was
approached by a stranger who took him asldo
and said to him: "You indorsed Mr. for
the position of , did you not?" He re
sponded in tho affirmative. "He is not the sort
of man you want to indorse," said the stran
ger. "Look st this check. It is forged, and
the man who forged it is yonr friend."
"And what is your interest in this matter?"
was the instant query.
The reply, which came as quickly, was the
exhibition ot a detective's shield and the an
nouncement that tho wearer bad received his
instructions from the Executive Mansion. In
this caso it happened that tho applicant could
prove his Innocence, and It is said that the dis
covery was afterward made that there was a
plot to prevent his appointment However that
may-be, this caso may prove a salutary warning
to those people who are in the bablt of signing
papers indorsing men with whom they are not
acquainted, or of whom they have but a casual
Auwntufjei M v -,(
A PINE NUMBER.
Brief Summary of Leading Features of Yes
terday's 20-Page Dispatch.
A very complete and newsy number of The
Dispatch, consisting of 20 pages, was issued
yesterday. Its choice literary matter and its
reports of the leading events now attracting
attention at borne and abroad were flrst-clasa
in every particular.
The Cronin murder case continues to develop
sensational features. A late statement of the
prisoner. Woodruff, implicates Coughlfu more
directly in the crime. A staff correspondent
of The Dispatch interviewed prominent
Fhila'delpbiana on the coming election. Most
of the political leaders who are not Prohibi
tionists seem to think there will be a light vote
and a large majority against the amendment
A canvass of 10,000 Philadelphia workingmen.
made by the Press ot that city, shows that 6Q
per cent of them, are opposed to prohibition.
The Philadelphia JtecoroVs returns indicate a
majority of 91.000 for liquor in the State. A
Yankee genius has established a weather bu
reau, and is1 furnishing predictions that Massa
chusetts people consider far more accurate
than those of the Government Work on the
ruins at Johnstown is progressing favorably.
By the use of immense quantities of dynamite
a channel bos at last been cut through the
gorge above the railroad bridge.
The result of the Samoan negotiations is re
garded la Berlin as a victory for Americans.
William Walter Phelp3 is looked upon as the
coming Minister to Oermany. Newspapers
talk of an impending struggle between Ger
many and Russia. Gladstone bas been mak
ing many speeches, and arousine enthusiasm
for the liberal canse. Great preparations are
being made for the reception of the Shah of
Persia in England. Other minor cable news
was of a highly interesting character,
Local anti-amendmentites claim that their
success in the State is certain. They estimate
that there will be I50.00Q majority against pro
hibition. The Citizen's Relief Committee has
closed its office, and though they will continue
their work, they will not devote their whole
time to it as heretofore. The Soho pond is
causing much uneasiness among residents of
that portion of the city. Proceedings are to
be instituted jn court against those accused of
importing foreign gloss blowers. The new
city directory shows an increase in the popula
tion of Pittsburg and Allegheny of over 16,000
for the year.
The spring meeting of the Coney Island
Jockey Club opened Saturday. The Pittsburgs
were defeated by Indianapolis, 11 to 16. Base
ball, pugilism, turf events and the general re
View of sports occupied several columns.
In part second a staff writer contributes an
entertaining article on ancient- and modern ar
chitecture. It was entitled "Homes of All
Ages," and was finely illustrated. G. W. Childs
furnished pleasing reminiscences of General
Grant Blakely Hall wrote of the poor out
casts of London, Mary J. Holmes of the women
of Egypt and Peregrine Quill of Irish landlord
ism. Interesting facts for apiarians were fur
nished by J. W. A. Henry Norman, L. B.
France and others also contributed papers that
were full of interest
"My Heart's Delignt," a complete novelette
by the noted writer, Louise Stockton, was a
leading feature of the third part of the paper.
Frank Carpenter told of hl3 experiences on
railroads in British 'India. "Haunted New
York" was the subject of a bright letter from
Olive Harper. Lillian Spencer gave a pen
picture of a Cuban carnival. Bill Nye, In his
own peculiar way, told how he and other
writers think and reduce their thoughts to
manuscript form. E. H. Heinricbs furnished
one of his entertaining stories. Other special
articles wero contributed by Rev. George
Hodges, Shirley Dare, Bessie Bramble, "A
Clergyman," Jake Morse and Clara Belle. It
was a great paper, full of good, wholesome
DEATH OP A HEfiMIT.
An Educated But Eccentric Character Who
Lived the Life of a Reclase.
Dennison, Tex., Jnne 16. An eccentric
character named Joseph Grove died southeast
of the city the other night Grove bas led the
life of a recluse for a period of over 40 years.
He was a Virginian by birth, and was edncated
at Union College, New York. After graduating
he engaged m the practice of law at Richmond,
Va. Being disappointed in love be left his
home and lived in the fastnesses of the Cum
berland range of mountains until the War of
the Rebellion broke out when he enliste 1 in
Kemper's command of the Army of Nortuern
Virginia. After the surrender Grove returned
to the mountains, living in a rude log cabin,
the nearest neighbor being 15 miles distant
Once a year he returned to civilized life and
laid in a stock of provisions, clothing, eta B e
received a yearly remittance of several hun
dred dollars from a sister whose residence was
at Petersburg, Va.
While in the mountains he divided his time
between hunting and reading. Hef translated
a portion of the Iliad and committed to memory
copious extracts from the works of Shakespeare
and Milton. Grove came to Texas several
years ago and bas been doing farm work, bnt
always lived isolated, putting up a little shanty
of boards to protect him from the rigor of the
weather. He bad a great aversion to the oppo
site sex, and it was rarely that he noticed or
spoke to a woman. He wonld receive men in
the most cordial manner, and his acquirements
made him always companionable to intelligent
callers. When be saw a woman coming toward
bis.babltation he would either bar the door or
rush rapidly to the brush or woods. The de
ceased was about CO years of age, and diedap
Sarently with heart disease. Since he came to
exas his sister died and the remittance was
cut off, and he was obliged to perform manual
THE LATEST IN J7BENCH.
Specimens of Parisian Conversations Likely
to be Pat In Books.
From the Chicago News, j
The new French conversation books will con
tain brief colloquies, such as this:
"Have you been to behold the long hair Of
William of the Buffalor
'.'Yes, and also beheld the shooting of the
balls of glas3. How superb was it!"
"The infants of the cow, did you not them
"Of a truth. The entanglement of the steer
with the rope was most skillful. Let us now of
the absinthe to take a little."
Where Credit Was Due.
The Dispatch endeavors to treat Its co
temporaries fairly and give credit where His
due. Bnt in a Philadelphia dispatch which ap
peared on the seventh page yesterday, our
good Intentions wero frustrated, and the result
of the prohibition canvass among the laboring
men of that city was credited to the Mecord in
stead of to the Press, which furnished the
A yotoq lady in Wheeling claims to have
refused 40 offers of marriage daring the past
AN Akron plumber found 16 dead rats in a
house which, the owner said, "smelt of sewer
Two young ladles of York, while playing
"ring," ran their heads together, so violently
that they knocked each other unconscious for
An Easton piper says Charles Zinc has an
amorphophallus plant, the only one of the kind
in that section. The odor of the flower is that
of stale raw meat, bnt Its color is beautiful.
On the death of Jacob Kimes, of Columbia,
lately, his bunting dog would touch no food
until the funeral was over, and his parrot
which bad been garrulous, has not spoken a
Conductor Esterly, of a Reading horse
car, assisted a lady and two children aboard,
and picking up a third little gill, lilted her in,
despite her kicks, and struggles. When he
tried to collect fares for three children from
the lady, ha was told the kicker did not belong
to her. The only thing he could do was to take
ber back to the starting point and she re
ceived a free ride of about four miles.
Catching frogs to sell tbem to restaurants
is a brisk industry around Chambersburg. The
hunter carries a torch which he flashes on the
stream, and if a frog is there it sits dazed, and
with a dexterous thrust of a spear he pins it
A Scbanton mother whose son had tooth-
ache took htm to a faith-healer "Look me in
tho eyes." said the doctor, fixing a fascinating
gaze on tho weeping youth. "Now your tooth
ache has entirely disappeared. You haven't a
bit of toothache about you." "You lie! I
have," yelled the boy, with a fresh bowk. Tho
BWtBW the took-Ww to wWHittr
At Huntaville, Ala., a pink and whits
chicken was hatched a short time ago.
A small boy killed a blue racer at Ben
ton Harbor. Mich., the other day, by cutting
off its head with a hatchet The snake was
fully 6 feet In length.
There are five girl & 01e of the
Humphries families of eming county, Ky,
and their names are Arkansas, Louisiana, Ten
nessee, Florida and Virginia.
An Australian who jra hanging to the,
beam of abridge and realized that he must
fall made a verbal will to a companion, dispos
ing of about $50,000 worth of property, ana tne
courts have sustained it.
Ten thousand eight hundred and ten
persons ascended to the top of the Washington
Monument last month, making a total of 110,
882 since October 9, 1888, when the structure
was opened to the public
John "Williams, a bachelor in Augusta,
Me., was told that a certain widow had set her
cap for him, and John was so afraid that ha
might be roped Into marriage that he went to
the barn and hanged himself.
A boy in Meriden. Conn., broke the
handle off a teacnp belonging to a neighbor,
and the trifle has not only made enemies of 'a
dozen people, bnt led to several assault and
battery cases and three lawsuits.
It is said of a Canadian mother who
died the other day: "She was a true wife, a
fond mother, and so managed affairs as to
marry off her nine girls before any other fe
male m the neighborhood could even get a
The jawbone of a huge monster has
been unearthed recently at the Wauchnla,
Fla., phosphate beds. It measures 18 inches in
length and about 7 in width. Some of the
teeth are 0 or 7 inches long and 2or 3 Inches in
A Connecticut woman issuingher neigh
bor for damages for putting np fly screens. She
claims that the flies which cannot get into the
neighbor's house on this account will tome to
hers, and she will thereby have double the
An Iowa man advertised in Western
papers that he wanted good reliable men to
send him $1 each, for which he would send "5
ones, 3 twos, 2 lives and I ten." He kept his
agreement but sent postage stamps instead of
dollars. Now he is in jalL
A test bas been made in France to see
whether the color of a horse had anything to
do with his characteristics. It has been dem.
onstrated that any such idea is all nonsense.
Pedigree and early training have all to do with
it. and color nothing whatever.
They have a new way of planting orange
trees near San Diego. Cak They bore a small
hole and drop in a dynamite cartridge, the ex
plosion of which makes a hole big enough for
the tree, and, loosening the soil to a depth of
several feet, enables the tree to take root
A New York physician names these
among other evils to be guarded against at
summer resorts: Overfatigue and undue ex
posure to the snn, irregular eating, over feed
ing on food to which one Is unaccustomed, sit
ting or lying on the ground, and unnecessary
exposure to the dew and dampness after night
fall. A Maine paper bas discovered that
many of the alleged new potatoes that people
are buying and eating nowadays are not new at
all. and nave not been since a year ago. Some
fellow has discovered a way of making old
potatoes look new by soaking them in a prep
aration that makes the rough, outer skin peel
off, and leaves only a smooth inner skin like
that of a new potato.
Tom Fuller, of Geneva, Ga., says that
he saw a rabbit whip and kill a snake a few
days ago. The snake had caught a young rabbit
and was trying to swallow it The old rabbit
rushed by the snake and bit it as it passed.
It then ran by the snake again and bit it and
repeated the run several times, biting the
snake each time. The snake finally dropped
the young rabbit, crawled off a short distance,
Among the most interesting feles dur
ing the French exhibition will If the interna
tional gymnastic least at Vincennes. It will
be a monster athletic demonstration, no fewer
than 12,000 gymnasts, French and foreign, tak
ing part in it They will be lodged In tents ex
tending from the chateau to the Polygons.
France will be represented by 450 societies,
.Belgium Dy az, ana awitzenana ov w. wane
Italy, Denmark. Holland, Sweden and Norway,
Luxembourg, and other nations wUlsnd their,
Friday was the one hundred and
twelfth anniversary of the adoption of the Start
and Stripes as the flag of the United States.
The flag used as early as January, 1776, by the
Continental army, had 13 alternate red and
white stripes, with the united St George and
8t Andrew crosses in, into the Union. This
was changed by act of Congress. June M, 1777,
by retaining the stripes ana placing 13 stars in
the blue field. An act of 1701 provided that there
should be as many stripes as stars, bnt on April
4, 1818, it was determined that the flag should
be as it is at present the 13 alternate red and
white horizontal stripes, representing the inde
pendent 13 original States, and provision being
made tbat there should be as many stars in the
field as there are States in the Union, one star
to be added on the admission of each new
State on the 4th of July succeeding the admis
sion. A flock of goats were browsing and
looking for stray oyster cans, sardine boxes
and the like in North Dallas, when all at once
there was a commotion among; the foremost
ones, which beat a hasty retreat An old billy
who had been fetching up the rear with the
solemnity of a deacon, walked to the front
paused and began to strike the ground right
hard in an odd sort of way with his fore feet
and at the same time to shake his bead as if
going through some sort of superstitions incan
tation. He then walked back in the direction
he had come, for a few yards, and, taking a
running start, made a long jump, alighting with
bis legs bunched, and immediately on hitting
the ground, made a second long jump far out
to one side. The gentleman who witnessed this
strange performance, prompted by curiosity,
went up to tee what the trouble was, and there
lay a big rattlesnake cut nearly in two writhing
in the throes of death.
THE LAUGHING PHILOSOPHERS.
No Engagement "I am like a tree," ha
observed, as the clock struck 11. "I am rooted at
'Yea, but you never leave, do you?"
And then he "pnt forth." Harper's Bazar.
"A Difference. Mrs. Bland How good
your little boy is, and how much he resembles his
Mrs. Testy Tfe; bnt I brought np the boy. I
didn't bring up his father. -Veto Xork Meekly. ,
Quite a Kaise. Friend King Kalakua is
so poor that he can't raise S10.C00 to go to the Paris
Member of Congress I once knew of S10.000 be
ing raised by a kln. but I had the other three to
my hand. Texas Sitings.
How He Saved Money. "Can't I take
your name for this new encyclopedic diction
ary!" asked the bookazent "It is an encyclo
pedia and a dictionary all in one. "
"No, sir," said the man addressed; "I hare no
use for It whatever. Vou see, 1 married a Boston
Grammatical Instruction Free. ""Will
these soods wash?"asked a Chicago lady In a Bos
ton drygoods store.
"Ho, madam," said the clerk, solemnly. "I
cannot assure you that they will; but I am credit
ably Informed tbat with proper care and the nse
of salt they may bo washed successf uUy." Somsr
Up to Bnnff. Golucky As I'm the
special summer correspondent of the New Yorlc
Daily Blow hard, I suppose your terms to me will
be somewhat different from your terms to regular
Summer Hotel Clerk (brlskly)-Yes, sir; yes. sir;
of course. Our terms to you will be cash in ad-yance.-A'ne
Tramp Mister, give me something to
eat: I'm hungry and out of work.
Practical Party, In suburbs-What do you work
Tramp (speaking first thing that comes to mind)
I'm a wood engraver, sir.
P. P. (dcllghted)-Ab,. very goofl! Just walk
around behind the back kitchen; you'll find a saw,
wood-horse and some wood. Will you be kind
enough to engrave & cord or so while I see about
But the cloud of dust disappearing down the
road answereth not Washington Post.
THE MAIDEN'S REPARTEE.
Ah, he was a giant both brawny and braTe,
And she was the bello of the beach.
And he was o'erthrown by a seventeen-lnclt,
While she swooned away with a screech.
That eve In the ballroom the maiden appeared;
Be tenderly asked of her if
She fainted that morning because she had feared
Jfor his life. Her reply was a sola;
And, "2o, it was ifot for your life that 1 feared1
But I was oppressed by the notion- J -
une.way you openeayourmuuuj wmn ncirtt.
xou tsreirwoma swauow tne occaa.ua
4 wSi.- r V!. lo.-ri.-l
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