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iCHB PITTSBURG DISPATCH; SATUBDAYT JUNE- 15,
ESTABLISHED FEBRUARY 8, 1S16.
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PITTSBURG. SATURDAY, JUKE 15, 1SS&
The deliberation which marked the
actions of Governor Bearer in coming to
the relief of Johnstown, appears to be re
produced with some of its typical features
in the action of the commission which he
has instituted. Promptness is not so vital a
necessity now as it was two weeks ago, and
therefore we may take a philosophical in
terest in observing this example of trans
It took the Governor the best part of a
week to find out that there had been any
catastrophe. Then, in view of the fact that
others had been before him at Johnstown,
he made a display over the fact that he had
got supplies to Williamsport, which city
Lad lost a good deal of lumber and 1)i per
cent of the mortality at Johnstown. The
second week was occupied in getting up his
loan scheme, which, palpably unconstitu
tional on its face, was rejected, as shown by
a dispatch elsewhere, the moment it was
presented to the man who is responsible for
the State funds.
Having got an acceptable substitute for
the loan idea, the Governor organizes his
commission to take charge of the relief
work. The Pittsburg members of it were
notified of their appointment yesterday, but
the commission, we are informed, has de
cided to put itself in motion on Monday
next It is going to copy the Governor's
plan of going to "Williamsport first, where
the losses in comparison to those at Johns
town are as a flea bite, and the Johnstown
sufferers can rest in the hope that the com
mission will reach that place three or four
weeks after the date of the calamity.
In the meantime Pittsburg can continue
its work of supplying the stricken valley
and getting the cold shoulder from the offi
cial world for doing so. It is fortunate there
was some one to take hold of the relief work
; i promptly, without waiting for red tape,
'consultations and visits, so that supplies
were started.on the road to Johnstown be
fore any one had reached the place from
like outside world.
DUE TO HAED PAH PRICES.
The trade reports show an improvement
in the iron and steel trade, and a growing
confidence in the situation. This is accom
panied by a larger railway demand for Bteel
rails and iron; but it is a comfortable feature
of the situation that the iron trade is now
independent of the railway demand, which,
oy its increase or diminution, used to make
.jthe difference between activity and de
pression. There has been such an expansion
in the uses of "iron that for the last two
years, while railroad construction has been
materially curtailed, the output of iron has
teen very large. It is notable that this
growth in the application of iron to new
uses has been in an era of low prices. To
gether with the consideration that these
hard pan prices have preserved the iron
trade from anything like panic, the way in
; which they have also encouraged the devel
opment of new fields for that staple ought
to he full of instruction for the iron interest.
THE STRONGEST QUALIFICATION.
. -The selection ot Calvin S. Brice, for
Chairman of the National Democratic Com
mittee, after the large number of other
names that were suggested for it, proves
that the qualification which is regarded as
.most esseutial in practical politics on the
V 'Eepublican side, holds an equal supremacy
lamong the Democrats. The Democratic
choice in this case is evidently based upon
the hope that Mr. Brice's experience will
make him less liable to chase rainbows, hut
will place at the disposition of the Demo
cratic managers the pot of gold which the
fable of nursery lore locates at the end of
In other words, Mr. Brice's qualification
to take charge of the Democratic campaign,
consists in his ability to draw a very large
v check, gained by a career of railroacfmanip
nlation and stock watering. For a party
which professes antagonism to corporate
abuses and the prominence of egregious
wealth in politics, the Democratic organiza
tion shows a rather singular affection for
men of the Scott, Brice and Tilden stamp.
Big bank accounts and the power to secure
them through corporate jugglery are about
as potent in one political organization as
EXECUTIONS MUST BE PUBLIC,
i New York State is having considerable
trouble over the enforcement of its electric
execntion law, and before a murderer is ex
ecuted under its provisions its constitutional
ity is to be examined in the courts. The
law seems to have been drawn very care
ij lessly. There is no doubt about the nncon
' stitutionality of the section of the law
which says: "No account of any details of
any such execution beyond the statement of
the fact that such convict was on the day in
question duly executed according to law at
the prison shall be published in any news
paper." This point is not the one on which the
appeal on behalf of Eemmlcr, a convicted
murderer has been made. Eemmler's coun
sel hope to save their client on the plea that
"death by electricity is one of those punish
ments prohibited by the Constitution as un
usual and cruel. All the same the clause
making or aimed to make executions by elec
i .tricky secret is so ridiculous, and, if a possi---'bility
of its enforcement existed, so harmful
ithat it will surely be excised from the law
' afat'the next meeting of the Legislature.
fg)Il is a fact, doubtless, that the printing of
,the;nauseons details of an execution serves
; no'good. purpose; but infinitely more harm
wonlot'bedoae by the exclusion of all re-
ports of the conclusion of the law's decree.
The newspapers have the authority of the
Bill of Bights to sustain them in publish
ing accounts of capital executions, and there
is really nothing to hinder them in so doing.
In the case of the application or a new sys
tem of killing it is especially manifest that
a full account of the process is demanded by
the public and is rightly due them.
If Kemmler is finally, executed by elec
tricity it may be expected with confidence
that every newspaper in the country will
publish a fnll accountof it. The Legislature
cannot successfully defy the Constitution of
the Government or the constitutional prin
ciples of the American press.
THE OBNOXIOUS STOBE OBDEB.
The "store-order" system of paying
miners has always been a thorn in the side
of that class of labor. It is not surprising
that they back up the strike on which they
tnter to-day by a strong appeal to the pub
lic, and that some of the employers who do
not unite trading with mining are ready to
join them. As in speaking of the efforts or
the Amalgamated Association to have the
Eastern and Western wages made the same,
TnE DisrATCH in respect to the agitation
against the "store-order" system must recog
nize that the miners' move is entitled to the
consideration which is due to an effort to
secure equal terms for all employers. The
man who pays in cash for his work is cer
tainly at a disadvantage compared with him
who pays in clothes or groceries on which
there is a greater or less profit.
Of course the public will hear of the
"liberty ot contract,"and all that upon the
other side but whether considered from the
standpoint of labor organizations, or of the
interests of those operators who do not run
stores the strike is one which cannot be re
garded as improvident or without cause.
The mining industry has been reduced to
far from its old-time prosperous condition,
both for operators and hands. It is made
tolerably plain that store-order payments
have played an efficient part in this by
enabling the store owner to sell coal at a
rate to shut out the operator who paid cash
for mining; they, in turn, compelling the
latter to ask reduction after reduction of
The strike will by no means solve the dif
ficulty of dullness in the market; but if the
"store order" is abolished, and capital in
different hands can operate on equal terms,
it is clear at least that one prolific cause of
bitter and perennial dispute will be re
moved. INDOMITABLE STANLEY.
The receipt of news from Henry M. Stan
ley indicates that the intrepid explorer has
again confounded the people who make a
practice of killing him whenever he disap
pears into the wilds of Africa, by prac
tically completing another march across
that great and comparatively unexplored
continent The news comes from Usiri, a
town to the southeast of Lake Victoria, and
350 miles from the eastern coast of Africa.
The details which are published, concern
ing his arrival there, are so confused and
contradictory that they would throw doubt
upon the authenticity of the report, if they
were not accompanied by a letter from the
explorer himself to Sir Francis Vinton.
This makes it practically certain that Stan
ley has come within reach of the eastern
coast of Africa, and is bringing Emin
Pasha with him away from the equatorial
Thus Stanley will victoriously accom
plish the work which he set out upon some
years ago of relieving the heroic Governor
of Equatorial Africa. The abandonment of
the workof civilization at thehead waters of
the Nile, is to be regretted, but it is certain
ly better so han to leave the pioneer whose
work has been so self-sacrificing and suc
cessful, to the fate of Gordon. The success
which Stanley has secured in the face of
predictions and reports of failure, adds
another to the list of his great achievements
in African work.
The work of civilization in Africa now
seems to lie along the line of the Congo. If
Stanley can complete his work by freeing
that valley from the depredations of the
slave traders, he will have accomplished a
a life-time's task, which will be rivaled by
few men in the history of civilization.
BOBBING THE HOUSEHOLD.
The public issues which are involved in
an artificial enhancement of the price of
sugar, are very well stated by the New
York Evening Sun. That journal asserts
that "high sugar means misery to every
civilized race," and goes on to explain that
high-priced sugar means more costly coSce,
tea and other household beverages, higher
priced cakes, more expensive desserts, pre
serves, pies, and all such delicacies. These
may be regarded as luxuries; but the delib
erate cutting off of the luxuries of the com
mon peoole for the benefit of a clique of
speculators may very well take rank as a
crime against the public interest.
Our cotempprary which puts the case in
this terse and lucid manner, says that pres
ent indications are that "the present scarcity
will continue with corresponding prices un
til a new beet root crop gives the world a
fresh supply." It is possible that the sup
plv of raw sugars is somewhat diminished,
but that is not the only, nor indeed the
main, cause for the present high price of
this household staple. The real cause is the
combination ot the refiners which imposes a
double or triple charge for refining the
sugars that are used by the people of this
country. They thus at once diminish the
rewards which stimulate production of raw
sugars and levy an unnecessary and unjust
tax upon the consumers of refined sugars.
It is a vital part of the problem that this
illegal tax upon the consumers of the whole
country is levied in defiance of the law.
The decision of the New York Court against
the sugar tax is conclusive upon this point.
Ought not the public to find some method
of protecting itself against illegal extortions
of this sort more prompt in its operation
than waiting until increased production
rectifies the wrong?
, AN OUTLAWED PLEDGE.
The officials in charge of the Postoffice
Department seem to be fully convinced that
the President's assertion in his letter of ac
ceptance, that "only the interests of the
public service should suggest removals from
office," is a barren ideality. Their opinion
to that effect finds a concrete expression in
their action on the appointment of a post
master at Huntsville, Ala. The postoffice
there was held by a lady who was appointed
on the flth of last January. When it was re
ported that she was to be removed in favor
of a leading Republican politician, the peo
ple of the town, both Bepublicans and
Democrats, united in & petition to the Presi
dent that she should be retained in office for
the full term indicated by the date of her
commission. This petition, which was in
dorsed by the Eepublican newspaper of the
town, set forth her efficiency and careful
discharge of the duties of the office. The
Postoffice Department, however, called for
her resignation, first on the alleged grounds
of unfitness to discharge the duties, and
when she demanded specification of the de-
tails, replied by removing her peremptorily.
This is spoils politics, pure and simple, and
may be taken to indicate the political prin
ciple that campaign pledges are outlawed
after election day.
The ability of the American character to
rise superior to storms and floods is illus
trated by the fact that as the excitement
over the Johnstown disaster subsides, Sena
tor Quay is once more observed to have been
serenely at work getting the important
Pennsylvania offices at Washington.
Is- the death of "William Semple, the
community loses one of its representative
business men. As a merchant he won sig
nal success under such conditions as con
clusively showed his ability. One of the
first of our local business men to grasp to
the full the value of advertising exten
sively and always, Mr. Semple not only
used printers' ink effectively in making1 his
own large fortune, but taught others 'its
vast importance. The quick apprehension
which he showed in this particular was not
less displayed in other respects. The mer
cantile prosperity of Pittsburg, and more
particularly yet of Allegheny, owes a great
deal to the individual force and to the ex
ample of "William Semple.
The Society of Dunkards has prohibited
the wearing of gold watches as productive
of pride on the part of the wearer. This
also contains the additional religious pur
pose of inflicting discipline in patience and
mortification on the Dunkards who have to
Ik connection with the prominence which
our own General Beaver has recently
assumed, it is interesting to observe that the
sentence of Captain George A. Armes, who
made an assault upon the Gubernatorial
nose in Washington, is that he is to be con
fined within a 50-mile radius from the Dis
trict of Columbia for the period of five
years. A large sized army of office holders
would be glad to receive the same sentence.
Captain Armes' punishment will be due
notification to the Governor that he can pre
serve the integrity of his nose by remaining
at a distance of 60 miles from the National
Fbance pays a compliment to the United
States by selecting the fourth of July as the
date for unveiling the statue of Liberty at
Paris. But what day the Monarchist party
will select for pulling the statue down again
when they get into power is yet an unsettled
The new rules for representation in the
Oil Exchanges seem to be based on the
legitimate foundation of giving the largest
exchanges the more votes. But when the
size is fixed by dealings which may repre
sent a considerable proportion of washed
sales, the situation is ripe for the rumor
that this is the first step in forcing "future"
trading into that business. Well, it is
doubtful whether the lambs will yield up
their fleeces any more promptly to that
form of speculation than to the present one.
It is remarked by the Denver News that
"Pay Templeton seems to be making a
reputation." The inference might be that
the gay actress can manufacture a reputa
tion to replace the one she has lost. But it
seems to be the same old reputation.
Me. Dana reports from his Southern
trip that all traces of the civil war have
disappeared. He must have omitted to call
upon the Southern Confederacy residing at
Beauvoir, or to note the revivals of that de
funct cause in the speeches of General Jubal
Early and the editorials of the Atlanta
Constitution, which speak about "Confeder
ates who deserted their cause since the war
The papers are now kept busy in pub
lishing dispatches sho wine first that Hippo
lyte was whipped and next that Legitime is
the conqueror of Hayti. Cannot they get a
reliable referee to go down and decide who
Me. John C. New writes to his paper,
the Indianapolis Journal, and after askincr
himself the question, "Do I like London?"
replies in the affirmative, with the assertion
that strangers generally likeLondonthe bet
ter the longer they stay there. Mr. New might
have added especially that those like it who
are able to lay up from 517,000 to 525,000 a
year by remaining in the huge metropolis.
Palmer, of Illinois, has just undergone
retirement from politics by means of Presi
dental nomination from the brilliant but,
as regards such nominations, unreliable
Sun, of New York.
A new idea in the line of drinking facil
ities has just been started in Berlin, where
for 5150 a man can obtain all the drinks he
wants for a year, with monthly subscrip
tions in proportion. If a place of that sort
could obtain license in Pittsburg, some of
our old drinkers would undertake to send it
into bankruptcy before the year was up.
Stanley has again defeated the corres
pondents who persist in killing him every
time he starts out to cross the Dark Con
tinent. The experience of General Early and
General Bosser, of the late Southern Con
federacy, was very discouraging 25 years
ago when they attacked General Sheridan.
They have discreetly omitted to renew the
attempt until Sheridan's death. It is much
easier to beat a dead man than a live one of
Sin Chables Russell's sister was the first
Sister of Mercy in California.
THE young king of Bervia is feeling very
much nattered at the discovery of a plot to de
Tub Duke of Portland's marriage removes
the last really desirable English peer from the
Secretary Rusk has been visiting his
Wisconsin neighbors for the first time since he
was made a Cabinet Minister.
Hobatio Gates Jones, of Philadelphia,
wants the paper manufacturers of the countrv
to celebrate thebl-centennlal of the erection ot
the first paper mill on this continent in 1690.
Miss Dallas Yobke had her wedding gown
made by a woman who has dono most of her
sewing since her childhood, and all her ward
robe was prepared on an economical scale.
As Duchess of Portland she will now not have
to be so careful about her shopping bills.
The will is published ot Auguste Maquet
the co-laborer of Dumas, the elder, who died
last year. He directs his executors to defend
his dignity as a writer, and to show to the
public what an immense share he had in the
works of Dumas, who "never paid him either
in friendship or in gratitude, and took to him
self all the honor."
Mrs. Henby B. Flan n eb, of Cleveland, has
given to Marietta College, Ohio, a fine her
barium of 15,000 specimens, gathered and ar
ranged by herself and her late husband. The
collection was made chiefly in the Ohio Val
ley, Missouri, Georgia, Michigan and the Upper
Mississippi region, and was enlarged by ex
changes with botanists in all parts of the
world. , "
THE TOPICAL TALKER.
The Newspapermen's 8burc--HoTvnnElltor
Was Nearly Drowned-. Gossip of Several
Eveby newspaperman in the city, from
editor-in-chief to the newest reporters, have
known what it is to work double turn during
the last two weeks. The consequence is that
most of them are decidedly the worse for
wear. Naturally those who were assigned to
duty at Johnstown had the greatest hardships
to undergo. I have not yet met a man with
one exception to whom tfie experience in
Johnstown has not done considerable damage.
Most of the reporters in the devastated dis
trict complain of acute dyspepsia or stomach
disorders. "The diet of hard tack, salt beef.ham
and such things, and the irregularity of meals
in fact in the first few days after the flood the
reporter who got a meal a day was considered
lucky very naturally played havoc with diges
tions. Almost every reporter in the field will have
something m the way of physical distress by
which to remember the first two weeks of
June, 1SS9, for several years to come. But they
earned a heap of glory, and most of them have,
practical evidence in tljeir pocketbooks of their
The men who worked in the newspaper
offices in Pittsburg did not taste somuch glory,
but then they didn't acquire dyspepsia, rheu
matism, or pneumonia, either. But they
worked very hard 1 know they did in one
office, and the appearauco of my friends in the
other offices told the same story.
So tired was a certain managing editor when
be arrived homo a day or two after the birth of
the greatest sensation Pittsburg has ever
known, that lie almost drowned himself. Mind
you, he did not attempt to commit suicide. He
simply filled up the bath tub with moderately
hot water and laid himself down in it, to soak
out the tired feeling in his limbs and bring the
joys of cleanliness to his epidermis. No sooner
had he sighed one sigh as the languorous sense
of Intense comfort crept oyer him, then his eyes
closed. He slept As ho slept he slipped gradu
ally down the sloping end of the tub. First his
chin was under water, then his mouth, and at
last bis nose disappeared.
It was a dollar even whether he would wake
and livo or sleep and drown. Happily the taste
of water was unfamiliar to him. His aston
ished palate sounded the alarm. His lungs
seconded it weakly,-and spluttering and kick
ing with excited life the editor arose from a
watery grave, with vivid visions of the Johns
town flood crowding upon his mind.
There has been somo remarkable speed
shown in all sorts of work for tho relief of
For instance, on Tuesday at noon, the Cham
ber of Commerce Committee notified Mr. Hop
per the lumber man, of this city, that he'could
have the contract for delivering 25 carloads of
lumber at Johnstown to -their order, if he
would have the whole amount shipped and in
order for transmission by Wednesday at noon.
Although Mr, Hopper is no longer a young
man he is half way between 60 and 701 think
he took the contract, and working all
through that night had the 2o cars loaded up as
required by 11:30 on Wednesday morning.
The gentleman who told me this said that the
time made by Mr. Hopper, considering the dif
ficulty in getting cars, was most remarkable, i
An actor In New York writes to me to say
that the story of the engagement of Miss Min
nie Maddern to Mr. Harrison Grey Fiske is
founded on solid facts. According to my in
formant the courtship has principally occurred
since Miss Maddern has been playing the lead
ing character in "Featherbrain" at tho Madison
Square Theater. But no public announcement
has been made by either of the contracting
parties of their approaching alliance for life.
Miss Maddern is hardly likely to leave the
stage if united to such a stalwart admirer and
ally of the stage as the talented editor of the
New York Dram atie Mirror. They will make
a very remarkable couple. Miss Maddern is
one of the greatest actresses we have, and it is
pleasant to know that she is not going to throw
herself away as so many of her sisters in the
profession have done.
MEDICINE BY CONTRACT.
The Scheme of a Louisville Physician to In
crease His Practice.
LouisyrLLE. June 11 A unlquo contract,
which furnished a lawsnit for Dr. B. F. Mc
Cawley against A. Schammerhorn, a legal knot
for 'Squire W. F. Miller, of the Wet Woods
district an appeal for the defeated defendant
and amusement for a number of physicians
and attorneys, came up for the consideration
of Judge Toney and a jury to-day. The doctor
is a practicing physician, and brought the ac
tion for S35, services rendered in the usual way
under the unusual contract The defendant
declines to pay, and it remains to be seen
whether or not he will be forced to liquidate.
The case is still on trial.
The contract has been recommendedby those
who have seen it to doctors who wish a big
practice and men who have large families. Dr.
McCawley was not unsuccessful with it as he
secured between SO and 40 signatures of the
best people in the neighborhood. The com
prehensive document is as follows:
"In anticipation of the advent of cholera into
tho United States this year, and a repetition of
the scodrgo of typhoid fever and dysentery of
last summer, I propose to offer my professional
services to my old patrons at the nominal sum
of $1 per month for one year, beginning Feb
"First I bind myself to visit all the families
who may enter into this contract and furnish
medicines that physicians usually carry in
saddle-pockets in a country practice.
"Second My practice will be allopathic
"Third Will render surgical aid, perform
ing surgical operations, such as amputating
limbs, tlneers, toes, adjusting fractures, open
ing abscesses and carbuncles, and their after
treatment; will also treat gunshot wounds.
"Fourth Will look after the sanitary con
dition of the family residences and their sur
roundings, and will suggest plans and means to
ward off diseases, such as occur as epidemic or
"Fifth That I will answer all calls as speed
ily as possible.
"Sixth Heads of families and single persons
entering into this contract bind themselves to
pay over to their employer, or some person
whom I may suggest the sum of SI on the 1st
of each month and every month during tho
"Seventh If 1 should not have in my pos
session such medicine as I may require for the
treatment of any particular case, then said
head of family, or single person, shall procure
said medicine at his own cost on my pre
scription; and the heads of families and single
persons will furnish such nurses and diet as I
The contract was to remain in force a year,
and any violation was to nullify it
TflE BRAVE KEPOETERS.
Tbo Service They Performed for the World
In Getting; Flood News.
From the Hew Tort Graphic.3
The value of the modern press service has
been nowhere so strongly emphasized in late
years as in the tragedy of the Conemaugh Val
ley. Looking backward half a century and
conceiving, if possible, the occurrence of such
a disaster, when the stage ooach was the prin
cipal means of communication with the coun
try, it can be readily understood that the hor
rors of Johnstown would have remained almost
unknown and unmitigated for weeks and
months. Tbo country would have been slow to
rouse Itself to a knowledge of the emergency of
required relief, and the untold horrors would
thereby have been increased ten-fold.
The telegraph has brought every part of the
country and of the civilized globe into close
contact The transmission ot intelligence has
becomeas rapid as the lightning itself and the
press is the reflection of this intelligence.
Newspaper men were the first to risk their
lives on the slender rope over the Conemaugh
by which communication was established with
the ruined town. Correspondents for the great
papers pictured the scenes in such graphic pen
portraiture that almost before the maddened
waters had subsldedtbe great heart of a mighty
nation bad been touched with sympathy and
pocketbooks and check books made quick re
sponse to the cry for help and succor.
The correspondents who went to Johnstown
have not bad an easy task. Indeed, many of
them suffered from deprivation and want quite
as much as the citizens themselves. But they
were sustained by the knowledge that they
were performing a great duty Ho a- stricken
people and the public at large. These earnest
workers ot the press deserve hearty commenda
tion of the people of the country. Tbey have
shown not only tneir own merit but tho power
and force of the profession which they dignify
and make great
The Study of Heraldry.
from tho New York World.!
There is an 'organization in Baltimore, Md.,
devoted to the study of heraldry. Its coat of
arms should be a codfish rampant in a field of
HANSEN, TflE ARCTIC EXPLORER.
Successful End of Ills Trip Across tbo
Flatenns of Greenland.
Chbistiana, June li On their return to
their native country the members of the Nan
sen Greenland expedition were tendered a re
ception such as no King ever received in Nor
way within the memory of the oldest now
living. As will be remembered. Dr. Fr. Nansen,
a young Norwegian scientist athlete an'd ex
pert on "skis-' (Norwegian snowshoes) last
year organized an expedition for the purpose
of exploring the interior of the great iceplateau
of Greenland. The party consisted of six men,
all expert and daring ski-runners.
This expedition was the fourth organized
in recent years for the purposo of exploring
the ice desert of Greenland, and the only
successful among the four. Dr. Nansen and
his men effected a landing on the eastern coast
of Greenland, in August last year, and by the
middle of that month were ready for the diffi
cult march across the icy plains. Nothing was
beard of the daring adventurers for months,
and great anxiety was felt regarding their
safety, when the last Government steamer
from Greenland last fall brought the glad
tidings that, after a most perilous journey, they
had reached the western coast of Greenland by
the end of September, and that they were all
safe. They were too late to catch the last
steamer, however, and thus were compelled to
spend the winter at Godthaab, the principal
Danish city or colony in Southwestern Green
land. They took the first Government steamer
this spring, and arrived at Copenhagen on the
21st of May, Mr. Gamel, a wholesalo merchant
of that city, having defrayed the expenses of
For the pxy Danish capital tho explorers
were literally loaded down with receptions,
dinners, balls, royal orders and bonorsof every
description. The denizens of Christiana per
ceived that they would have to exert them
selves If they should hone to eclipse Copen
hagen, and it must be admitted that they have
reason to feel proud of their achievements to
day. The reception committee included the
leading men in scientific, government financial
and business circles in Christiauia. The
grandest and most original feature of the re
ception proceedings was the scenes enacted on
the beautiful waters of the Christianlafjarden
tho soft lines of which reminds one of the
graceful maidenly beauties of Lake Minne
tonka. The steamer having the explorers on-board
was met in tho middle of the fjord by a fleet
consisting of 15 steamboats and hundreds of
sloops, schooners, yachts and smallerpleasure
crafts, all gaily decorated with an abundance
of flags and buntingln the national colors, red,
white and blue. Tho day was beautiful. The
sky was clear and bright and the fleet pre
sented a grand and majestic sight as it headed
toward the harbor of the Christiania, the
sailing vessels carried on the wings of a mod
The quays and Btreets lining the harbor were
black with people, and on landing the explor
ers were greeted with a tremendous "hurrah."
which fairly shook the foundations of tho old
town. Of course, the inevitable speech-making
had to be gone through, but people cared little
about the speakers. The day was made a holi
day, practically, and business was all but sus
pended. The people felt that the explorers
had conquered laurels for old Norway, and
that Dr. Nansen had won himself a name as one
of the most daring and successful among tho
explorers of modern times. They were bound
to celebrate. A great people's festival in the
evening closed the proceedings of this memor
An American Sailor Who Was Within a
From the Philadelphia Press.l
J. W. Kiesler. late Commander's clerk. United
States Navy, now a resident of Hcmesdale, Pa,,
tells the following story of a very remarkable
experience of an American sailor with a whale.
He says: George Leonard, an acting master in
the United States Navy during the Civil War,
and stationed on board the gunboat Katahdin,
West Gulf blockading squadron, in 1863, told a
story of heroism, and exhibited marks on his
body that corroborated his words. Th year
1850 found Leonard, as one of the crew of tho
ship Enterprise, a whaler In the North Pacific.
One day he was stationed in the bow of a whale
boat a long distance from the ship, with a brave
crew who had sighted a whale and made for
the monster with all possible dispatch. When
within proper distance Leonard threw his har
poon, striking the fish hard and deep. In somo
manner the line as it was running out caught
the body of one of tho men in such a way as to
throw him overboard. The man suddenly sank,
whereupon Leonard transferred his line to a
boatmate and sprang into the ocean in aid of
the drowning sailor.
The whale. -now maddened by his fast-flowing
blood, made a rush tor the boat Remarkable
and horrible to relate, Leonard's friend bad
managed to regain the boat, while he himself
was caught by the whale between his jaws, his
position being inside the monster's mouth, with
nothing protruding but one of his arms. In
this manuer thp man was in reality within the
jaws of death itself. The whale instantly
plunged down into the deep, and, in the words
of Leonard himself, "The fish seemed to bo
going down, down into eternity itself."
The imprisoned man, after all this, had not
lost his presence of mind. He mustered his
entire bodily strength and he was a powerful
man actually bracing himself in such a posi
tion as to compel the fish to spread his jaw: at
the same time, with his arm that was free, he
grabbed the sheath knife out of its socket cut
ting right and left No sooner was there a
sufficient opening made than Leonard forced
his body outside.
Up to the surface he swam, when, most
strange to say, he found himself within an
arm's lengtn oi nis Doat. He was saved. The
marks of the whale's violence and the dents of
Its teeth were very plainly visible on Leonard's
arms, and he was always pointed out by his
brother naval officers as "The Second Jonah."
AN INTERESTING DECISION.
The Payment of a United Stntes Liquor
Tnx Not nn Evidence of Snlc.
Belfast, Me., June 11 An interesting
liquor case has been decided by the Law Court
of Maine. The amended liquor law of Maine
says that the payment of a United States
liquor tax, as a retail liquor dealer, is prima
facie evidence of sale. At tho April term of
the Supreme Judicial Court In Belfast Dame
O'Connell was convicted as a common seller of
intoxicating liquors. The principal witness
was a Stato constable, who produced a copy
from the records of the Internal Revenue Col
lector at Portsmouth, N. H., showing that tho
respondent had paid the United States tax.
The presiding Judge ruled that tho payment
of a United States tax was prima facie evidence
that the person paying the same was a liquor
seller. O'Connell was couvlctcd, bat his coun
sel took exceptions to tho ruling, and the caso
went to the Law Court. The opinion of the
Court has just been received, and the excep
tions sustained. Iu other words, tho Court
holds that tho payment of a United States
liquor tax is not prima facie evidence of sale.
HIS JOKE DID NOT W0E1T.
A French Walter Who Passes Himself Off
as Admiral Blair.
Newbubg, N. Y.. June 11 A few days since
a slick-looking, well-dressed individual arrived
here and represented himself at the Riverside
Hotel tobe Rear Admiral Blair, of the French
navy, who had come here to secure information
and endeavor to settle up the Van Nostrand
troubles at Nice, in which three .American
ladies, relatives of Gardiner Van Nostrand, of
this city, were the parties Interested.
He treated all with whom he came in contact
with the greatest civility and ran a good-sized
bill at the bar for drinks. Finally suspicion
was aroused that he was a fraud and the pro
prietress of the hotel had him arrested. He
confessed that his name was PclterLulgerson,a
French waiter, and was only carrying out a
joke, tie was sent to jan ior au uays.
UEW OSES OP PHOTOGRAPH!.
It Is Employed on nn English Railroad for
From the New Tort Mall and Express.l
One of the officials of the Midland Railway,
England, is the company's photographer-ln
ordinary. The name of his functions is legion.
When engines or carriages of a new pattern are
constructed he takes a record of their features.
If it is reported to the engineer that a viaduct
shows signs of giving way. or a wall is cracked.
or an embankment has slipped, if tho damage
is only slight, instead of going himself to see
the state of affairs, he sends the photographer
to see and record it for him. If an accident
has happened there can thus be no subsequent
dispute as to how the engine was lying, or
whether the carriages left the rails.
MRS. HARRISON DESIRES PRIVACY.
The President's Wife Dislikes Llvlnir Under
the Public Eye.
Mrs. Harrison recently said to a friend: "It
may be that after a time I shall get used to the
unpleasant features of my present position, but
just now I am not in a contented frame of
mind. I don't like the White House as a place
of residence. I detest the publicity which per
tains to our home life, and I regret that I am
obliged to see so little of my husband, is it
net absurd that my father and the .babies
should be gossiped about all over the country?
My husband is President but that is no reason
wliy'tne rest oi ua unoum pe maaepuDuc
The Prerogatives of Mayors Discussed by
One Well Posted.
To the Editor of The Dispatch:
It seems to the writer that thsre was a great
oversight at the meeting at City Hall, called by
he Mayor for the relief of the Johnstown suf
ferers, on June 1. The Mayors of Pittsburg
and Allegheny were ignored all through. The
Mayor of Pittsburg should have been put at
the head and front in respect to his position as
the representative of the people. He should
have been Chairman of the Executive Commit
tee, with the Mayor of Allegheny City Vice
Had this been done. Mayor Grant, of New
York, in all probability would have sent the
money collected by him to Mayor William Mc
Callln and not to Governor Beaver. Keeping
the Mayors ot PittSbnrg and Allegheny City in
the background was a slight not to Major Mc
Callln and Mayor Pearson alone, but to their
fellow citizens who elected them.
Mayor McCallin, of Pittsburg, is a respect
able, responsible man, who has beeu honored
by Pittsburg and Allegheny county. Coroner
of the county many years ago, afterward Its
Treasurer, and quite lately its Sheriff, and now
Mayor of Pittsburg. A man like Mayor McCal.
lin, who has thus been honored by tho people
of bis native city and county, is certainly en
titled to more respect than was shown to him
by the Executive Committee for the Johnstown
We make no reflection on the committee.
They are first-class men, and havo worked hard
for the relief. Yet there is a prerogative be
longing to the Mayor, which he Is entitled to.
and If a respectable man as Mayor McCallin
the people delight to see him honored before
the whole country.
The Mayor of a great city, at the head of its
affairs, always commands more attention from
the dignitaries or other cities than a commit
tee without him. Had the Mayor of Pittsburg
been head of the Executive Committee, Gover
nor Beaver would have known that Pitt3burg
had rights which must be respected, as well as
Philadelphia, and Its committee with Mayor
Fitler at the head of it Contributor.
PrrrsBCBO, June 11
TO EEEP STAMPS PROM STICKING.
A Novel Method Adopted by a Woman of a
I saw a nice-looking woman buy SO cents
worth of stamps last week, says a New York
reporter, and after she got them she opened
them out, and deliberately rubbed the backs
of them over her back hair. I regarded with
insatiable curiosity this ceremony, and when
the other woman with her also looked as
tounded, and said:
"What on earth are you doing?"
I listened for the reply. It was:
"Oh, if you do that vour stamps won't ever
stick together. There is oil enough on your
hair always to keep them from getting in
the tight wad to which they Incline in hot
"And I suppose," said number two, sarcasti
cally, "that ft keeps them from sticking to
your letters too, and they are shipped off on
all sides to the Dead Letter Office because the
stamps have dropped off."
"I haven't lost a letter in ten years nor a
stamp either; the stamps won't come off: there
isn't oil enough to keep them from stlckip-;
when you wet them, unless you are a dirty
thing and put pomatum on it"
Thinking that personalities were now likely
to triumph over science in this conversation!
ceased to follow it but I've since been testing
the hair-rubbing business as a preventive of
stamp sticking, and find it works perfectly. It
is a little embarrassing to go through tbe opera
tion in the teeth o( grinning postofllce officials
and staring drug clerks, and once when I
bought them from a pretty cashier I omitted it,
and 14 out of the 20 stamps stuck together.
A HUSBAND'S NAME.
Judge Beach Gives His Opinion ns to a
Widow's Right in It.
New York, June 11 Judge Beach, of the
Supreme Court has decided an interesting
question regarding tho use of a trade name, in
which it was claimed that a widow, although
she had remarried, was entitled to use her for
mer husband's name. Mr. Kurzman conducts
a millinery business at Grand and Eldridge
streets. Next door is the house of Corkery,
Dowling & Co., and over their building, which
was similar to tbe other, was also placed the
name Kurzman. Mr. Kurzman brought suit
at Special Term for an injunction restraining
the use of the name.
Mrs. Rachel Bebrens, whose name was Kurz
man until two years ago, a member of the de
fendant firm, claimed she had a right to use
the name, especially as it had been used by her
former husband in the same business. Justice
Beach takes a contrary view, saying:
The right to it was ended by bis death, and
his widow lost it in her marriage with Behrens:
but had not that event happened the law would
not permit her to use her own name in a man
ner misleading the public to believe her busi
ness was that of another person bearing alike
cognomen. The evidence leads to the irresist
ible conclusion that defendant used the name
of Kurzman with intent and purpose to im
pose their establishment upon the public as
DON'T WANT TO BE LIKE MEN.
The Benson Women Never Head News-
papers on the Street Cars.
From the Detroit Free Press.
"Anyone riding much on the street cars will
notice one peculiarity in regard to women
passengers." said an old conductor; "they never
read a newspaper on the cars. I often stop the
car for some woman to get a paper of a news
boy. She'll be in the greatest hurry till she
gets It, and then she'll fold it up kind of small
and tuck it away in her workbeg."
"What do you think is the reason of it?"
asked a passenger.
"I guess they think it would look too much
like the men kind of strong-minded to read it
I've seen one or two take a sly look at the head
lines, but they never read to amount to auy
thlng then. And I'm mortal glad they don't
If all the women in the cars took to reading
we conductors would never get tbe fares col
lected. Only tbe other day a man took a but
ton out of his vest pocket and gavo it to me
while ho was reading his paper, and they sit up
behind them sheets and never see their own
wives standing up 'longsldo of them. There is
one woman that reads a paper just like a man
when she rides down town, but then she is a
politician and has to I guess."
A Ship's Speedy Trip.
New Yobk, Juno 14, Captain Nickels, of
the ship State of Maine, of New Castle, Me., is
a proud man to-day. He feels sure that hi3
ship has made the quickest voyage on record.
The vessel arrived yesterday from Hong Kong,
with a cargo of tea, silk and other merchan
dise, after a voyage of 92 days. The best trip
previous to this was that of the Great Admiral
three years ago. Sho made the voyage in 93
days. Captain Nickels believes that if he
hadn't missed tbe northeast monSDOn be might
have been here sooner. The State of Maine
was built in 1878. Sho is of 1.4CT tons burthen,
213 feet long, 40 feet beam and 24 feet deep.
Bow Ho Displayed Bis Sorrow.
From the Chicago Inter-Ucean.l
A New York dude whose aunt died put a lit
tle band of crape on each of his cigarettes.
FOUNDATIONS OP P0RTUNES.
Wanamakeb's first salary was $1.25 a yeek.
A. V. Stewart made his start as a school
teacher. Jut Keens drove a milk-wagon in a Cali
Ctbus Field began life as a clerk in a New
Pulitzer once acted as stoker on a Missis
"LrCKY" Baldwin worked on his father's
farm in Indiana.
MosesTaylok clerked in Water street,New
York, at ?2 a week.
Dave Swinton sold sugar over an Ohio
counter for $1 a week.
George W. Chiles was an errand boy for a
bookseller at $4 a month.
J. C. Flood, the California millionaire, kept
a saloon in San Francisco.
P. T. Babnuk earned a salary as bar-tender
in Niblo's Th'eater, New York.
Jat Gould canvassed Delaware county,
New York, selling maps at SL50 apiece.
C. P. Huntington sold butter and eggs for
for what he could get a pound or dozen.
Andbew Carnegie did his first work in a
Pittsburg telegraph office for $3 a week.
Whitelaw Reid did work as correspondent
of a Cincinnati newspaper for $5 a week.
Adah Fobepaugh was a butcher in Phila
delphia when he decided to go into the show
Senator Jos Brown made his first money
by plowing his neighbors' fields with a pair of
ter from England, publUhed in tomorrovft
Dispatch, in which he tells of the work of
ricA. and educated young men in London',
slum. . . ....
. -? ..' s t t. . . . . ,v 'A t ' t 4
- 6EEAT GOTHAM'S GOSSIP.
Slnlcted n Boblnll Car Company.
I TORS BOBEJin SPECIALS.!
New Yobk, June 11 Mrs. Angelia Lock
wood tried to alight from a bobtail car while it
was. being swung on a turn-table. She was
thrown to the floor and received severe Internal
injuries. A jury to-day directed tbe bobtail
car company to pay her $10,000 damages.
movements of Oar Navy.
Bear-Admiral Gberardi this morning trans
ferred ;hls flag from tbe Galena to the Kear
sarge, which 13 to go to Hayti. Tbe Kearsarge
will leave for Port-au-Prince on Sunday.
There was a rumor to-day that she Is sent to
protect American interests, which bare been
imperiled by a renewal of the fight between the
factions there. It was said that one of the
factions had seized a steamship of the Clyde
line. With favorable weather the old ship
may get to Hayti in a week. .The cruiser Bos
ton will sail to-morrow for the city she is named
after, to take part in the celebration -of tbe
one hundred and thirteenth anniversary of
tho battle of Bunker Hill.
Will Honor tbe Party Leaders.
Chief Justice Fuller has had the old mansion
known as Leland Castle, at New Bochelle, re
paired and renovated throughout, and will oc
cupy it this summer. He expects Grover
Cleveland will be his guest during July, and
the banner Democratic town ot Westchester
county is preparing to honor both distinguished
How Marlon Mauola Was Left.
Miss Marion Manola is sorry that shileft the
McCaulI Opera Company a few days ago In a
huff, because Eugene Oudin, the tenor, pushed
her on the stage. She told the manager to-day
that she was ready to resume her part, which
has been filled by Josephine Knapp since Miss
Manola's defection. All her penitence did not
help her, however. The manager refused to
take her back, and laughed at her excuse that
she had been ill. Miss Manola's next contract
with Colonel McCaulI goes Into effect on Sep
SHE SEEKS RELIEF.
A Mother Whose Daughter Suffered at Bald
To tbn Editor of Tbe Dlspatcn:
Why is it that the .Relief-Committee won't
help any of the sufferers from tbe floods except
the Johnstown sufferers? My son-in-law and
my daughter were flooded out in Bald Eagle
Valley, one mile above Ridgeway, and lost all
they had, and, besides, she sprained her back
trying to save her things. So they are in dis
tress. Well. I was down to town trying to get
some relief for them. I got nothing but my
feelings hurt I am so nervous and confused I
can scarcely write. I was at the Chamber of
Commerce. They asked me if my daughter had
a husband, said he ought to be able to support
her, and said a woman of my appearance ask
Well. I got so weak I could scarcely walk, so
I staggered down to the Relief Committee and
stated my case. They told me Imust get anote
from tbe Chamber of Commerce. I was so
weak I asked for a cup of coffee and offered to
pay for it, but was refused, to my very great
mortification. If this is what you call charityl
I wasn't asking for chanty only for assistance
to get them down here and to help them to
some wearing apparel. Will yon please answer
this and tell me where it is best to go for relief?
Yours very respectfully,
Anna M. Meddock,
Laweenceville, Ravine Street, Thir
teenth Ward, June 11
SATED BI A PET DOG.
A Young Lady Who Owes Her Life to a
Faitbfal Black and Tan.
FEOM A STATE COBBEHFONDXXT.l
Johnstown, June 14. Outside of U minor
cases of surgery performed on patients whose
wounds were received while clearing the wreck,
there were only two sufferers brought
to the Bedford street hospital to
day. Bridget Nailor, CS years old. Is
suffering intensely from pneumonia, contracted
by exposure in the water, and is in a very low
condition. The other case is that of James
Claussen, 21 years old. who was brought from
Nineveh. He was afflicted with measles, and
transferred to the Bed Cross Hospital, where
all contagious diseases are treated.
A young lady named Emma Morgan, whose
life was saved bya pet black-and-tan dog. is
an inmate of tbe Bedford hospital She was
fastened under a log when the flood swept her
house down, and the dog clnng to her, barking
and whining, uutil his cries attracted the at
tention of Mr. Morgan, who was searching for
his daughter. Miss Morgan was rescued in
tbe nick of time and is now being treated for
injuries received by the falling debris.
. i Bahueb.
THAT BURIED LITTLE FLOATER.
A Portrait That Is Very Closely Scanned by
QIany In Johnstown.
IFBOJI a statp cobrespondent.i
Johnstown, June 11 An unknown little
girl, aged about 5 years, was found in the Ohio
river at Vanport, near Rochester, Pa., on the
day after tbe flood. There was nothing on the
body to identify her, and she was buried in
Beaver Cemetery. As a means of ascertaining
to whom she belongs, a photograph was taken
of her, and copies will be distributed through
out the devastated district m the hope ot reach
ing some friend or relative. A copy was sent
from llearer to-day by Undertaker Alkins and
exhibited at.the rooms of the Children's Aid
It attracted the attention of many callers,
who scanned the face closely to see if tbey
couiu recognize any laminar leatures; out
none have identified her yet The pictures are
sold for 23 cents each to pay for a tombstone.
Milking: It Easy.
From the New York World. I
It is rumored that certain Chicago capitalists
are about to place a "nlckel-in-the-slot suicide
machine" on the market
The laziest man In Beaver county, Pennsyl
vania, is said to reside in Rochester township,
near the borough line. He is a husband and
father, and is said to be so lazy that when he
comes in for dinner, instead of going to tbe
pump, which Is only a few feet from tbe door,
he will pour the water off tbe potatoes which
are cooking on the stove, and wash his hands
in it This is vouched for by those who know.
A NUMBER of Bellefonte, Pa., women sensi
bly put on masculine attire to clean up after
Mks. A. L. Martin, of Little Beaver town
ship, Lawrepce county, Pennsylvania, recently
discovered a needle protruding from one of her
lower limbs, and succeeded in removing it
from the flesh. Thirty-eight years ago, whilo a
little girl, she was playing with ber dolls and
bad a needle in her mouth. An older person
coming into the room playfully picked her up
and laid her in tbe open drawer of a bureau,
causing her to swallow tbe needle. This cir
cumstance had been forgotten, but was re
called to her mind by the reappearance of the
needle. In Its devious wanderings the little
piece of steel has caused many unpleasant
symptoms, from which medical skill failed 'to
The latest swindle practiced on housekeep
ers in New Castle, Pa., is the sale of what is
purported to be a chemical article for cleaning
wall paper. It is sold for 25 cents per box, and
at nrst appearance when sold seems to clean
paper admirably, but when laid away it will
dry up as bard as a rocK. An examination of
a box recently sold shows It to be nothing more
than flourand water.
A besident of South Williamsport, Pa.,
who had put hl3 two pigs in his parlor to shield
tLom from the flood soon after missed them,
and concluded they bad got out and drowned.
At bedtime, on going upstairs to his room, he
found the two stowed in his bed, and fast
Mb. Peeling states as a peculiarity that
preceded'' tho late flood at Lock Haven, Pa.,
that large earth worms crawled up the side of
A little girl down in Preston county, West
Virginia, has a pet rabbit which for some time
past has been leaving the house at night and
returning In the morning, Her brother fol
lowed it the other night and found that It went
about two miles from the house to a rockery
and disappeared into ops' of the openings. He
went home and the next day, with some of his
companions, returnedto the place. On remov
ing several of the rocks where the rabbit was
seen to enter, tbey came upon a nest of snakes,
some 10 or 13 In number, queer companions for
Of sixteen applicants for charity who
were followed about by an officer in Chicago,
every one proved to be a base impostor, and
12 of them bad stolen articles from houses
where money had been given them.
A prominent citizen of Parsons, Kan.,
determined to sup with a party of friends
against the will of his wife. He was resolved
that he would, and she that he should not go.
His friends missed him, and just for fun in
vaded bis residence, where they found him and
his wife sitting in their chairs fast asleep. He
had given her an opiate that lie might slip
away, and she had given him one that he might
This story comes from Boston: A lady
opposed to corporal punishment visited a
school, not in a fashionable part of the city.just
as a boy was being flogged. Before going away
she spoke to the culprit and asked him to come
and see her on a certain evening, promising to
make it pleasant for him. At tbe appointed
hour a boy, dressed in his best came, and for
an hour and more the lady and her daughter
laid themselves out to jmnw him Then the
lady began to speak of the importance of good
behavior and obedience to rules, when the boy
interrupted her: "Oh, I ain't that feller I He
gi'me 10 cents to tome Instiderhim."
The French Court of Appeal has con
firmed a judgment annulling the will of
Frenchman named Louis August Travers, who
died in 1883, and left his money to the London
Workhouse or poor. He instructed his execu
tor to consign bis body to the deep just off the
English coast declared that France had always
oppressed him. that the French were a nation
of dastards and fools, and that be only wished
that he might give them to the English, the
born enemies of stupid France. The Court
held that the London poor and workhouses had
no legal representatives, and that such anti
patnotic sentiments indicated insanity.
Front of Macedonia Church,in Columbia
county, Georgia is a quivering tree. Years ago,
the negroes of the neighborhood say, a murder
was done under its branches. Two men had
accompanied a woman to church and after she
had entered the edifice they quarreled about
her, and one cut the other to death. The mur
derer escaped, and ever sincer every limb, small
and large, on the tree trembles as if in fear or
as a suffering animal would quiver. This oc
curs when not a breath or air is stirring. No
negro in Columbia county can be Induced to
pass the so-called haunted spot alone at night
Prominent gentlemen say they have noticed
the phenomenon, but no explanation of it baa
ever been volunteered.
Probably the queerest character that haa
been received in the asylum at Milledgeville,
Ga., recently, is a young fellow brought from
Walker county. The subject of bis derange
ment is spelling, and it is said he went crazy
during the spelling bee craze several years ago.
He uses the same letters for spelling any word
given him. and invariably pronounces the re
sult of his babbling ''asafetlda." When given
a word to spell he throws open one corner of
his mouth and yells at tbe top of his voice:
"B-a ba, y-a ya, g-a ga, f-a fa, d-f di, asafetida."
He can be seen most any time about tbe yard
spelling for tbe amusement of the crowd, who
generally award him a chew of tobacco for his
There is an old man working on the
farm of a gentleman living in Augusta, Ga., by
the name of Stearns, who sees all sorts of su
pernatural things. He is a Bostonian. and has
not been successful on Southern fanna. He
claims to commune with spirits,and hold3many
midnight conferences with them in the lonely
swamps on the farm which he works. He is
dreaded by the negToes of tbe neighborhood.
His gesticulations and ejaculations at times,
when spirits appear to him, are weird and un
earthly, and fear of their recurrence causes
people to shun him. He addresses his negro
farm hands as Mr. and Mrs. and miss, and is
thoroughly hated by them. The farm which he
works is about six miles from Augusta.
The relative hardness of woods is calcu
lated by the hickory, which is the toughest
Estimating that at 100, we get for pignut hick
ory, 86; white oak, 84; white ash. 77; dogwood,
74; scrub oak, 73; white hazel, 72; apple tree, 70;
red oak. 69: white beecb, 63; black walnur, 63;
black birch. 62; yellow and black oak. 60; hard
maple, 68; white elm, 58; red cedar, 68; cherry,
53; yellow pine, 53; chestnut 52; yellow poplar,
61; butternut and white bircb, 43; and white
pine, 35. According to this formula, woods
possessing a degree of hardness equal to only
about 40 per cent or less than that of bickorv,
should not be classed as hard woods. Such
woods are, however, limited in quantity, and
are not of sufficient Importance to justify a
classification, and the trade will continue to
construe hard wood to mean everything except
Some parties down South had been fish- j
ing and brought In some very fine trout, some-
of which fell Into the hands of a certain doc
tor. Upon cleaning and dissecting them be
found upon the inside lining of the swimming
bladder tbe perfect picture of a tree displayed
in crimson hue, as perfect and as distinctly as
the most delicate and skilled hand of the artist
painter could delineate. To find thus upon the
fine and delicate body of a fish a beautiful
picture of the different trees of the forest is
something new and an advanced step in natural
history. In this case there was a post mortem
made upon two fish. In one was found the
picture of a pine tree, with trunk and branches
remarkably distinct In tho other, a ma
ple tree was seen as satisfactory as could be de
sired. Naturalists say that the imprint thus
appearing is made from the shade of tbe tree
reflected in the water In which the fish con
stantly remain. If the fish lives in a lake over
which the boughs of the maple extend, then we
find In the fish tha picture of the maple, and so
of any other tree and in every other instance.
This is true only of the trout and found in no
MEANT TO BE FUNNY.
Speech is not always silver. It is some?
times sounding brass. Bolton-Gazette.
Namby I hear, Pamby, that you pos
sess an eitlmable wife. Famby (sadly) No, ihe
posseBiea me.Xankec Blade.
Mr. Younghusband Darling, yon have
been weeping. What Is it my sweetest love.'
Mrs. Touaghosband Horseradish. Detroit fret
Algernon Say, grandpa, here's a picture
of a Roman banquet, and they are all lying down
to eat. They don't do that way now do they?
Grandpa ErweU, yes, there Is more or less
lying done at public dinners still. Orip.
Tbe Last Chance Miss Lillie And so
Mr. Flutterby proposed to you last evening?
Really, what did you think of It at the t me?
Miss Rose (with firmness) That It should be the
last evening fce'd propose to anybody. Didn't 1
It Comes Too Late. Mr. Morris Towne
1 tee Edison has invented a far-sighted ma
chine. Mr. Harlem Rhodes Tes: I wish he had put it
on the market betore I began to build a Queen Anns
cottage in a suburban "1'ark." Puck.
Wickwire I wish to goodness somebody
would Invent a way to distinguish between a type
writing machine and the girl who runs It. Taba
ley I should think a man of ordinary sense would
have no trouble In doing so. Wickwire V, you
idiot I mean In writing. I received a bill stating
that I was Indebted to Blank 4 Co. for "ribbon
for typewriter," and my wife got hold of it and
raised a dickens ofa row for about an boor before
she'd let me explain. Terre uaute M-xpress.
A Last Besort Mr. JobLott John, send,
me a boy.
Mr. Avredge-The boys are all out sir.
Mr. Lott-King for a district messenger.
31r. Avredge Very sorry, sir; but the messen
ger call Is oat of order.
Mr. I.ott-I mast get a message to Blank
Blank somehow, and I can't spare time to run
around and tee them. Are the under clerks at
Mr. Avredge Tes, sir.
Mr. Lott (despairingly) Then I will have to usa
the telephone. Puck.
No Account Distinguished Foreigner
I am told that the moment a little English flag was
hung from a private residence In New York on
tbe Queen's birthday the street was filled with a
howling mob, and the flag bad to be taken down.
American Official Vis, sorr.
Distinguished Foreigner And yet the Irish flag
waved from tbe City Hall all St. Patrick's Day
without a ripple or excitement?
American Official Vis, sorr. The Englishhadn't
backbone enough ter say wan wor-r-d, sorr.
Distinguished Foreigner How about the Amer
icans? American Official Begorry, who cares far
A MODEST MAID.
Young Lochinvar came from the West,
By affection deep Incited,
To claim the maiden most mod -est
To whom his troth was plighted.
"Ob, Mary, mine 1 My matchless maid!
You know I love yon madly.
And I have built a home," he said.
Which needs yonr presence sadly."
"Tl j but a mod est little nest . -
The rooms are two In number
One room to cook in. one for rest ,
All built of undressed lumber." -,
VbrJobnl" cried she. Her burning faeerV
She bid upon his breast - T
"Bow can one build a modest place . -vJ'''iL
With lumber all undressed?" .t-tUOen
rV J- ", J- . Y