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TBDjT " PITTSBTJRGT DISPATCH; STJNDAY, tflJKE '5, .1889.'
CROSSING THE HNE.
A Day Spent in Seeing the Sights in
Unique Old San Antonio
PLEUTY OP MILITARY TITLES.
A little Experience With Mexico Custom
FEATUEES OF OUB SISTEE BEPUBLIC
iwmiTUi fob the dispatch.
claims to be, and is,
with color of title,
one of the three old
est cities within the
limits of our glorious
republic I possess a
lj reverence for ancient
til and holy things, ani
mate and inanimate,
hence I must notice
them. There is suffi
cient modern vitality
in the place to give it
spice to those who
have a weakness for mixed drinks. Ton
can,, being ot this generation, be at
home in it and away from home. You may
adhere to its business streets and live in the
present, or you may wander off a few blocks
and revel in the environments of two cen
turies ago, or, again, among some of its
modern homes of mixed architecture you
recognize the domicile of your nearest neigh
bor, Jones or Smith, it you happen to live
in town or in the suburbs.
There is nothing like style, and style has
no limits either in bonnets or houses, and as
if changes withthe moon it is not surprising
that the minds of the builders as well as the
on-lookers are tortured. Think of moving
once a month to be in the fashion and thus
keep peace in the family. And as forhomes
well, San Antonio has them, ancient,
HOMES OP AIJJ KEfDS.
But they are surrounded with flower beds
und bread galleries, overshadowed by
mirhtv trees that compel a plainsman 'to
take o"ff his hat in reverence; they are not
over one story high, as a rule, these homes,
and one experiences a nestled .down feeling,
a protection from bustle and money-getting,
as one looks on them; there is a sacredness
about them that the monthly changes in
peaks and gables, and the taste for being in
the fashion cannot aspire to. One of these
exploits, not in San Antonio, without any
cornice and mostly of shingles, and occu
pied by an estimable gentleman of wealth,
always remind me of a man who has been
I have thought sometimes that the de
signers have been attempting to imitate
something and have met with failure, the
most lamentable of all failures. And again,
looking up and wondering at the irrecon
cilable angles of some one of these modern
achievements, I have gone on wondering
mycdvility in that direction is greeted with
STREET 'SCEXEINS SAN AUTON10.
Moving on, along astreet paralleled by a
dead Avail and an ancient, lattice-windowed
building on one side and some ot the modern
marvel s on the other, I am more forcibly re
minded' than ever of the incongruity ot the
prevailing craze. It.is a good deal like at
temptin e to patch an old garment with sew
cloth. .Still the fragrance of the flower, the
songs o.f the birds and the grand trees
dampen one's disposition to cavil and force
one to cheerfulness. The strangers I meet
salnte me cordially and that has a neigh
borly, non-Tnetropolitan influence which
induces a home feeling. Finally, I en
counter a G eneral taking bis constitutional,
or perhaps, on the way to that indulgence,
from other tJian a New England standpoint.
The effect attending his numerous social
duties of the night previous still lingers
about him and attests their rigid perform
ance. Our acyuaintance is slight, but suf
ficient to comm and recognition on this occa
sion. Had I visited the "West End? I had. San
Pedro. Yes. The Alamo and the other
missions? CertaJnly. I would not miss the
missions in any circumstances. The military
post? No, not vet. .
"Great Gad. sir" I The most attractive
feature of our city i You must not omit it,.
I admitted, while I deprecated the pos
sible necessity of soldiers, and my indiffer
ence to military posts as a rule. My ex
planation was lacking in tact; the General
glowered and the pain ful effect oi his stock,
as he bade me a ponderous good morning,
dilated his neck, reddened and expanded his
cheeks and I realized the loss of an invita
tion to join him in his constitutional, while
I pursued my own.
BOEDEE OF THE TW'O BEPUBLICS.
In the afternoon we are on the road
asrain speeding toward the border between
the two republics. The i-ountry presents
the same appearance of prairie, with patches
of chapparaland groves of live oak. The
houses of upright boards 'disappear and
wickiups take their places: A line of fence
along the edge of a Celt of tinyber discloses
lessly subject to the imperious will's of tin
reasonable Mexican Custom Honse officials.
A LITTLE EXPERIENCE.
This was to be a new experience with me,
odious to the average free thinking .Ameri
can, accustomed to having his own way. I
expected to be jailed over night and exe
cuted at sunrise ceremoniously, but with
celerity, because of an unbroken package of
smoking tobacco in my possession. National
pride hindered my throwing the peril out of
the window, and while I silently debated
the matter, at one time feeling regret at
leaving my gun at home, the gofd-hued por
ter of the Pullman Company announced:
"Ladies and gentlemen will now have
their baggage revised at the Custom
In passing I inquired of this descendant
of several races, touching the first proof.and
verily he grinned, having passed a brief ap
prenticeship in a printing office.
I presented my open grip of collars and
cuffs and the fateful tobacco box to an affable
gentleman two shades darker than the porter.
He smiled when he encountered the box,
and said something to a bystander which I
failed to comprehend, but supposed it to be
an order for my immediate arrest, delivered
in Spanish. The bystander relieved my
anxiety by assuring me that the officer con
sidered my luxury "the stall of life." The
brother republican motioned me to close the
grip and he then plastered a white paper
upon it with a cabalistic and incomprehensi
ble legend supportingthe talismanic device,
"itevisado, m large letters. J. shall pre
serve it as long as the grip holds together as
a reminder of the Mexican's urbanity and
the porter's pedantry. But I have lost faith
in the general acumen and knowledge of
customs possessed by the average New York
tourist Ii. B. France,
BDBMHG A MRQUIS.
The Progress of the Cremation Move
ment in Great Britain.
FOUfi POUHDS OP WHITE ASHES
All Thai is Left of the Lover of a Princess
of the Blood.
OffE ENTHUSIAST IB HEAELI LTHCHED
THE EETE5GB OF THE APES.
The Old Alamo Mission.
The Burro Hoy.
whether itconld have any possible connec
tion with the birth of the'baby, or with that
other mystery of unspeakable sorrow, when
the elaborate door is thrown open to let out
the sweet little ray of sunlight that will
never come back again.
IHXS GE2TEBAXIOX AND THE PAST.
San Antonio has her Generals, her Col
onels and Majors nothing beneath in titles
worth mentioning gentlemen who stalk
about heavily with canes, their old-fashioned
necks manacled in old-fashioned
stocks; they bow stiffly, and make one think
that they were Worn grown up; men who, in
ordinary moments, say "Yes, sir," with em
phasis, and in moments not ordinary, "Yes,
sir, by Gad, sir." They live in the memory
of the good old days, and one feels glad to
have been born later. But it is a pleasure
to meet them, they loom over one and im
press us with the dignity of the old school
and the importance of a small part of the
human race when civilized.
And then, too, she has her brisk man ol
business in a Derby hat and cutaway coat.
Think of a Quaker in a Derby, and a stiff
shirt collar with a brilliant necktie and a
Then there is the Mexican in one scale,
but whom we shall no doubt find further on
in several scales, considered from a social
standpoint. Here he is serene and moves
slowly ifancient ruts, ont of which he mav
- be- neither coaxed nor dragged. His ambi-
uuu eeeius uuiiieu vo acquiring a uauy liv
ing peddling pecan candy, temallas and
chele con came. He looks pleadingly ont
of his great dark eyes and greets you with a
conciliatory smile a remnant, perhaps, is
mat iook ot tne hospitality that character
ized at least one side of the house of his an
cestors not quite four centuries ago.
a gate and a not frequently traveled road
winding picturesquely through the woodij
n.i.trtieii!l.ii TVo..,tM,VT,w!.i;mT, him with offerings of fruits and nuts, when
of the road and the gate as we rush by, but 4 he awoke he found his wants so provided
. . .. . II frtv nnW (man caimnnta am W a a &- nl Hint l
now They Pat to Death tbe Man Who
Wanted tobe Their Kin?.
Adele II. Flelde, In Harper's Young People. 3
A thriftless man who had a scolding wife
resorted to ' woods to hang himself; but
after he h. lied the noose his courage
failed, and ho went home. His wife, on
seeing him, said he had been gone so long
that she had begun to hope he would never
come back. This so wounded his feelings that
he declared his intention of ending his life,
and again betook himself to the forest.
There he passed from tree to tree and de
ferred the act from hour to hour, till he
entered a strange gorge and sat down in the
attitude of a musing Buddha under a
branch on which he decided to fix his rope.
Being exhausted by fasting and fatigue,
he fell into a deep sleep, and was presently
discovered by a wandering ape, who re
ported to his tribe that he had 'found their
ancestor. A council of the elders was then
called around the sleeping man, and after
due inspection they unanimously decided
that he was indeed their ancestor,- and
should be their king. So they carried
him to their stronghold in a wooded glen,
enthroned him in an arbor, and surrounded
sufficient to learn that the rate sags in can
sequence of a broken hinge, and the elliptic
rnt in the ground proves that the accident
is not recent.
At dusk we were halted for supper, but
I had no appetite. It was rumored we
should have a good supper. Twenty min
utes later I was ready to be qualified touch
ing the truth of the report. The tablecloth
was a wonder in whiteness; so were the nap
kins. The glass shone even under a kero
sene glow. There were bountiful bouquets
of iresh flowers, and drawing my fingers
across my white plate it left no trail behind.
Dark aunties in bright calico gowns and
gay kerchiefs on their heads waited on us.
There were biscuits no larger round than a
silver dollar that melted in the mouth;
dainty salads of, to me, novel but exqnisite
zest, coSee that rivaled the color of newly
minted gold and of a fragrance I had
deemed unattainable, eggpone and fried
chicken tender fried chicken, that wonld
have tempted the censorious palate of old
Xucullus after a square meal in the Apol
linarian Hall; the jellies and cakes were
Do not cavil that I thought of the preacher
and the threadbare joke; but it could have
been no such fried chicken that gave birth to
that chestnut; a taste of it would make the
preacher wish to spend the remainder of his
iife here and, when he deceased, unlike the
gallant "Little Phil" (peace to his ashes), to
live in Texas, or within hail of that paragon
in -the kitchen. But think of 20 minutes to
devote to such a marvel 1
AN ETJB TO BUSINESS.
Coming out. the deacon said he had a
mind to stop over tin the next train.
"Is it the egg-pone, deacon, or the chick
en?" "Neither," and my susceptible friend de
sisted picking his teeth to wipe his lips, and
walked with me in silence to the train.
After half an hour he said to me:
"Do you know tnat ham commands 75
cents a pound in Mexico and lard in pro
portion?" "I have heard so."
"Why wouldn't it be a good idea to drive
THE SOUTHERN MAX XF COLOR.
And then there is the colored brother,
with the dearly bought prize that was pre
sented to him and which, unfortunately, he
seems unable to manage, and we seem as
weak as he in the solution of the problem.
There is something of the old deference lin
gering about the aged ones that lias nothing
of servility in it It seems to me as cordial
under the present gray hairs, as under the
white ones of nearly a naif a century ago. It
may be the dignity of inborn politenecs, only,
out that is always beautiful. It canx'ot pos
sibly detract from one's self respect or
lower one's standing to yield one-half of the
narrow sidewalk to another passing by. But
the gallant young fellow in a red necktie
and cane does not so consider it. He treads
the earth as though it were created for his
especial behoof and he has no hesitation in
crowding the white stranger into the mtid;
it is done with an air of lordly indifferen ce
tnat ceases to De annoying Decanse it is lu
dicrous. The ancient negro seems to consider hit'.
rights assured, the young one thathe is only
on the threshold ot their attainment, and
hence, in his mind, every white man is
eager to dispute his claim. He seems to
cultivate a life of defiance and aggressive-
" " ' "'-tiny of -the tact that made the
-ay of his father smoother than
ind his. What he considers
mav never reach, while su-
ossible to him outside of the
parlor. It may perhaps be
ch him, in the course of time,
l hindrance to his rise is him-
seems imbued with the same
Adam that tinctures the rest of
-ays someone else rather than
oiiit is to blame for all errors. T
jhave irrf yet failed to observe that when
ja man made himself needed, the place was
t , jready lor him.
Mnrll of till" of tr4iic rif T-vrfatr
i '(life, as well as its misery and the droll inci
dents, are maae up or contrasts. 1. don my
"blackfeltto Miss Blanche and Mr. Abraham
.Lincoln Carroll, whom I encounter in an
4 .early morning stroll. I take off my hat
5 jCwith a purpose when I learn the young
"f '-Sady's name there is barely a shade differ-
$. nee,ia the color one is a (lead black and
'-" She other shines. Miss Blanche is 3 years
old, perhaps, the bearer of a corncob doll
imd of little else, the we?"' it not being
cool. "Young Mr. Carroll a rollicking
t.efln,and thenars of the' gamin, and
mF .. m . .r - ''jiit.Mjr .u, --. r- .u j. j
for and his servants so deferential that he
thought he might greatly enjoy lire among
the apes. They continued to bring
as tribute to him the best of
It eir gleanings in the neighborhood and
ail, the treasures they collected in their
excursions to distant regions. He saw
whore they had stowed the valuable ar
ticles accumulated during past years, and
at his leisure he examined and assorted
One J day, when the apes were away he
took aVl their portable wealth and made
his way, out of the forest and back to his
own ddor. His wife, seeing him more
shabby than ever, poured reproaches
upon hirt,i, but he silenced her by put
ting a piece of gold in her hand. Hav
ing enougih to live comfortably upon for
many yearr. the woman became companion
able. She soon told her intimate friend
that her hos)and went awny to kill himself
and came baak rich, and this friend urged
her own huiband to do likewise. He in
turn importuned his lucky neighbor to
disclose to htm the method by which
he got his fortune. Having promised
secrecy and a' share of the plunder,
he was intrusted with the story of election
to headship amon!? the apes, and was given
direction how to veach their retreat He
then set off, followed the same route, sat in
the same attitude under the same tree, and
awaited the arrival bf the scout who should
call the tribe to carry their returned chief
into their fastnesses. V
The apes had meantime deliberated, and
had concluded that a being who had de
serted them, taking with him their goods,
was neither their sire (nor sovereign. So
when a young ape foraging for provisions
saw this second man under tbe tree he re
turned home and notified the tribe, where
upon the apes, moved to1 indignation and
anger, surrounded him in force and tore
him to pieces.
THE BEST TEAES OF LIFE,
A JJcxican Caballero.
hogs over there there is no duty on them."
"Some enterprising American'has already
engaged in that business."
"Nolyou don't say I" His tone was one
of disappointment and he relapsed into
"Did you notice those two pretty black
eyed girls in the halJ, where we had sup
per?" "Yes; one has a squint."
"That's a see here, old fellow, that's
a slander," and the deacon in dudgeon left
me alone with my cigar, and to wonder
where this inclination of his toward black
eyes might lead him, perhaps myself, being
SO WAGS THE TVOELD.
Presently there came two of onr fellow
passengers for a smoke and the discussion
of investments. They were away from
home seeking rest, but they might as well
have remained in Boston or New York and
suffered with dollars and nephritis. They
hammered at general finances and the pros
pects of Texas investments until I was con
strained to ascertain by manual investiga
tion whether or not the few dollars in my
possession were melted. I found my pit
tance safe. But the whole country was on
the Tiigh road to the devil, and in New
York, where I had supposed every man a
financier, I learned of more "fools" to the
acre than I thought the entire Union could
tolerate and yet hope to exist.
In fact, the country had been ruined and
reorganised a dozen times in the last four
hours, an d the conviction has been forced
upon me hat we have but a sprinkling of
great men left We have had a war with
Germany o n account of Samoa, Bismarck
was at one .time court marshalled, ordered to
be shot or h;inged,bnt by the interposition of
Divine Providence or Mr. Ochiltree, was
rescued at th e sublime moment. At one
time it was in timated that Ben Butler would
look askance i nto the mess. If he should
"then looke on t!" But it was too dark to
see anything. . .Pending the discussion of
these weighty m atters we crossed the Eio
Grande and weaf upon & foreign coll,? lp-
Woman Can Pt-operlr Mold
From AU the Year Arouno.1
Prom 21 to 25 might be the Ibest years of
life, but upon one condition only that seems
possible. The condition is, thaf. the man be
in bonds of noble servitude of admiration
to a noble woman. There will be much of
disquiet attendant upon such a service; but
it will be the restlessness of sure ana certain
growth, and growth in the highest direc
tion. Ah I but the woman must be of exalt
ed mold little short, indeed, of a Aiv inity.
Otherwise, it were diabolical.
The Greeks had more than an inklin g of
this method, although, as a rule, they ct'uld
not rear such high-soulcd women as it is the
privilege ot modern .Europe to excel .in.
With them the philosophers played tt'ie
part of the woman. Often they played :it
detestably, but not always. The rare excep -
tions were tnose unsexed men who had,
attained to the state of pure contemplative
spirits, to whom the world isbutthe shadow
of a world. They made Greece.
Similarly, the woman of our age who,
from the most unselfish motives, devotes
herself to others whether to individuals, or
classes, or enure nations has in her to
make the'man in his early manhood. This
is well known, but it is worth Iteration. If
only we could keep colleges of tried women
for the finishing of the education of our
boys! I warrant the result would be aston
ishing. His Only nope.
Sew Tfoik SnnO
Henry (married six months) I fear my
wife's love is growing cold. She used to
come to the office two or three times a day,
but she never comes now. "What shall I do?
Prank Have you a typewriter?
"No, but I can get one cheap."
"Do- so. Then get a pretty girl to operate
it, and your office will be full of your wife."
A Summer Arrangement. "
Omha "World. Z
Jones So you and Katie have fallen out.
Can't you make up with her?
Brown Not till the ice-cream season is
past. I've no money to waste on that lux
ury, so I turn my cold shoulder toward her
during the summer. It is the best I can
afford to do.
A Haughty Spirit.
"Halice Hann, are -you a-going to get up
from that sidewalk or not?"
"Don't yer point yer finger at mel I
won't take that from no one, an' I want .yer
tcr understant oncet for all yer kin coax but
Kianoi anve mei , JAjt.
I . ., j .- J. Ml
tCOBBISFOHDZKCX OT im SISPATCB.I
London, May 22. About 15 years ago
London society was greatly interested in a
report, apparently well founded, that a hus
band was to be found for the Queen's
youngest daughter, Princess Beatrice, in
the ranks of the British aristocracy, instead
of scouring Europe for an eligible young
German prince. There was no inherent
improbability about the story, because the
Princess Louise, an elder sister of Beatrice,
had already wedded the Marquis of Lome,
who had not even the recommendation of
being rich. Society, therefore, set itself to
work to fix the identity of the lucky young
man. -Kunior nually settled upon tne .mar
quis of Ely, and for onco rumor was right.
The Marquis "was young, rich and hand
some, and a favorite at court, where his
mother, the dowager marchioness of Ely,
was the chief lady of honor, and one of Her
Majesty's few pvrsonal friends.
Things were going smoothly when it was
suddenly announced that Princess Beatrice
had no intention of marrying the Marquis
of Ely of anyone else, as she preferred to re
main her royal mother's companion. The
Marquis was seen no more at court. In De
cember, 1875, he contracted a nnion, des
tined to be fruitless, with Lady Caroline
Anne Caithness, and thenceforward lived
HIS MOETATj remains.
Shortly after 5 o'clocjc on the afternoon of
April 13, 1889, Mr. Lethbridge, a grave
elderly gentleman, entered a first-class car
riage at Woking station on the London and
Southwestern Bailroad, carrying in his
hand a beautifully polished brass-mounted
oaken casket, which he carefully placed on
the seat beside him. The tiasket bore' a brass
plate upon which was engraved the follow
John Henry Wellington
4th Marquis of Ely,
Born 20tfi Nov. 181
Died at Nice, 3d April,
Cremated at Woking;
13tn April, 18S9.
"Within the casket was an urn ,15 inches
high by six inches broad at the bjise. The
urn contained about four ponndai of snow
white ashes, similar in appearance to a
sample of the best brand of Minneapolis
flour, and two or three small pieces f beau
tiful, silver-like frosted bone.
The white ashes and the frosted bones
were the mortal remains of the Bight Hon
orable and Most Noble John, fourth Mar
quis of Ely, the rich, handsome youqg npblo
who 15 years previously had been within an
ace of becoming the husband of a princess
of the royal house of England.
The casket at the present moment occupies
a corner in Mr. Lethbridge's study, pend-
int n decision as to which of flip fnflr rasllna
belonging to the house of Ely shall finally
The Marquis was staying at Nice for the
benefit of his usually delicate health, when
he was prostrated by a terribly painful in
ternal complaint. He bore his sufferings
with fortitude, and when informed that he
could not live he wnte with his own hand
directions for the cremation of his body,
ordering at the same time that there should
be no funeral procession or display.
London society was grieved in a placid
way to hear of the sudden death of the
amiable nobleman, but that grief was soon
turned to indignation when his unorthodox
testamentary instructions became known.
But the Marquis' relatives and personal
friends in London loyally resolved to carry
ont his last wishes, and a special agent was
sent to the continent to arrange for the cre
mation at Gotha, where the best crematory
in Europe is situated, it was lound, how
ever, that the formalities of crossing the
Prench and German frontier with the
corpse and recrossing with the ashes
would be so numerous and vex
atious that it was decided at
the last moment to bring the re
mains to England. But before cremation
could be carried out many formalities had
to be observed. Two certificates had to be
obtained and sent in to the cremation soci
ety, the first signed by the physicians who
attended the Marquis in his last illness, and
the second of a separate and independent
medical expert who examined the body
alter death, inquired into the circumstances
connected with the demise and certified that
there were no reasons for supposing that ex
humation of the body would be thereafter
necessary. This done, formal application
was made to the cremation society to under
take the cremation.
The body was brought bv the agent to
England in an ordinary coffin and placed
in an ante-room at the Woking Crema
torium, and on April 13 tbe final rites were
carried out in tbe presence ot one or two
friends and the usual officials. It had been
arranged to hold a funeral service in the
little chapel near the crematorium. The
chapel was unfinished, but it had been con
secrated and no difficulty was anticipated.
The bishop of the diocese, however, per
emptorily refnsed to allow the service of
the church tobe read bei'oic carnation,
although for some reason equally inexplic
able he did not object to according religious
rites to the ashes aiterwaru. lint the
majority of the mourners were in a hurry
to get back to town, and finding the
doors of the chapel unlocked, they entered.
EELIGIOUS .KITES. . -
Among the mourning relatives was a
clergyman, and forthwith he produced a
prayer book and read the service for the
dead. Then all save two or three faithful
friends returned to London and the coffin
was removed in solemn silence to the crema
torium. The body was placed upon an iron
plate, just within the open iron doors of the
crematorium, the doors were closed and the
remains were slowly drawn within the heat
ed chamber. There was no perceptible heat
at first, but within a quarter of an hour the
furnace had attained a heat of 1,200 Fahr
enheit, and it was impossible to stand with
in six foet of the doors, although the actnal
furnace was as many ieet within. There
was absolutely no odor, and no smoke could
be seen issuing from tbe crematorium.
Within an hour and a half the attendant
announced that the body had been com
pletely consumed. An hour later the fur
nace had cooled down, the doors were opened
and the iron plate again brought into view.
The iron, it was afterward discovered, had
broken in several places with the intense
heat to which it had been subjected. All
'that the fire had left of the fourth Marquis
of Ely were the few small pieces of bone and
a rift of white ashes which covered the iron
plate like snow. The attendant, with a pair
of tongs, picked out the bones, which, with
the ashes carefully swept from the plate.
'were placed in an urn.
une crematorium at vvocing was at first
built upon strictly utilitarian lines. Bnt in
I course of time it was found that people were
repelled Dy tne piain Dries lurnace block
and faotory-like chimney.
A COMPLETE OUTFIT.
Not even a hearse was provided for the
conveyance of the bodies from the railroad
.depot to the crematorium, and down to with
in a lew weeks ago the coffins were huddled
unceremoniouslyiinto a light spring van. It
was resolved, in consequence of numerous
complaints, to introduce a little more senti
ment into the arrangements. Last Novem
ber the erection ot a hall, waiting rooms
and a chapel was commenced, and these
have now been completed, with the excep
tion of the chapel. The system in use at
Woking is kuownon tbe Continent as the
Cremstorjo Xioaiglirjo and was invented by
Prof. Gorini. V
The body is introduced Into the cremator-
lhaBjberxnd when tie door which separates I
the fuel combination chamber from the
crematory chamber, has been drawn back,
the flames from the furnace play over the
body, which is placed with the head to the
flames, and these and tbe products of both
combustions descend the flue, and then as
cend by side flues to the chimney. Not an
atom of organic matter is allowed to escape
into the atmosphere.
When the cremation society had finished
the Woking crematory they were disgusted
to find that they were unable to use it.
Bishops and lawyers denounced it as irre
ligious and illegal, and for nearly ten years
the big furnace remained cold save for occa
sional experimental cremations of the lower
animals. But in 1884 the question of legal
ity was settled in an unexpected and sensa
tional manner. Dr. William Price, an 'ec
centric oiu gentleman living nearUardifi, in
Wales, claimed to be a descendant of the
Druids, and when his five-months old child
died he decided to dispose of its remains in
what he considered the orthodox Druidical
fashion by cremating it.
ALMOST A 1YNCHINO.
Dr. Price could not afford to send the lit
tle corpse several hundred miles tnWntinir
even had he been sure that the society would
receive it. He therefore fixed up a rude
crematorium of his own on the top of a
lovely Welsh hill, and one fine Sunday
afternoon commenced operations. His cre
matorium consisted chiefly of a pile of wood
and. a ten-gallon cask of petroleum upon
which the little body was placed. After
some preliminary Druidicalincantations the
old man himself applied the torch and soon
there was a blaze which attracted all the
people of the valley.
The simple folks, having no sympathy
with cremation or modern Druids, saw only
a poor little baby's body being scandalously
treated. Porthwith they heaped earth on
the flames, rescued the balfconsumed corpse
and proceeded earnestly to lynch the in
human parent. The opportune arrival of
the rural police saved tbe life of. Dr. Price,
but he was put in prison and charged with
misdemeanor in having attempted to burn
the child's body. At the trial at Cardiff in
February, 1884, however, Mr. Justice
Stephen ruled that the cremation of a body,
if effected without eausing a nuisance, was
perfectly legal, and Dr. Price was acquit
ted. Since then the cremation system has
slowly but steadily grown in publio favor.
The Marquis ot Ely was the first noble
man to be cremated, Dut among' the distin
guished persons who have given orders that
their corpses shall be so treated are the
Duke ot Bedford, Lord Bramwell, Sir
Henry Thompson and Sir Spencer Wells.
It is believed by shrewd observers of pub
lic sentiment in England that the system
of disposing of the dead by cremation is
at last well under way.
CHBisnANiTY forbids no conceivable good
motive, and permits no conceivable bad motive.
Sunday School Times.
The American Baptist Missionary Union cel
ebrated Its seventy-fifth anniversary in Boston
last week, Francis Wayland presiding. It rep-
icum a vuuaubucimj oj 4uv,vwmemDers.
The British Bible Society, of which the Earl
of Harrowby is President, reports an expend
iture for 1888 of 226,164, and receipts of 212,
615, against 226,fc63 for 1887. The distribution
of Bibles also fell )0.000, from 4,000,000 to 3,500.
000. They were in 287 languages.
Bishop Pabet confirmed recently, at St.
John's Chapel, Washington, a class which was
unique. It consisted of nine colored candidates,
and the sister-in-law of Postmaster General
Wanamaken the daughter of the late Justice
Matthews, of tbe Supreme Court; the daughter
of Secretary of State James G. Blaine, and
Justice Gray, of the United States Supreme
A gentleman in New England has given
$100,000. and Japanese gentlemen have sub
scribed about $70,000, to found a Christian uni
versity in Japan, according to a plan proposed
by tbe Bev. Joseph Neeslma, of the American
Board. The collegiate institution which Mr.
Neeslma has been building up for several
years, contains more than 9i0 students.
Church of To-Day.
Less than CO years ago the Lutheran Church
of onr country numbered 200 pastora and 900
congregations. At present it numbers 4,200
pastors and 7,400 congregations, and upward of
1,000,000 communicant members, among whom
tbe gospel is preached in eight different lan
guages. The Lutheran Church has 32 theo
logical seminaries, 25 colleges, 37 academies
and other high schools, 32 orphans' homes, 8
hospitals, 3 deaconesses institutions, 1 deaf and
dumb asylum, and 4 emigrant homes. It pub
lishes so periodical?. vnruitan jiavocale.
Thibet is the only known country on earth
not open to missions. It has an area of 760,000
square miles, about as large as the United
States east of the Mississippi river. The great
est length from cast to west is 1,500 miles, and
the population Is estinrated at 8,000,000. It Is
the stronghold of Buddhism. Lbassa, tbe
capital, is the "Rome" of the Bnddhists, and
the Dalai Lama is tbe Buddhist pope. He is
supioino in both temporal and spiritual tilings.
One monastery has aboat5.000Buildhist priesrs.
and there are about 60,000 in the country.
Thibet is virgin soil for missions. Tbe country
is tribntary to China. Illustrated Christian
In tbe felicitations following the completion
of tho first hundred years of oar national life
altogether too littlo attention has been paid to
onr religious progress as a natiou, which has
been, in many respects, even more marked than
our material progress. It is too well known to
be repeated that our professedly Christian
population has far moro than kept pace with
tbe total population. This is the layman's age,
and cvory preacher's i oico is supplemented by
a hundred pairs of brethren's hands. This is
the century which has seen tho development of
the prayer rocetrne, the Christian association.
tho missionary society, tho Sunday school, and
tbe" Christian endeavor society. As the Christ
ian thinks of these things he may well tbank
God, and take courage in looking lorward to a
now century of relieiou3 nrosress. If he is
not an optimist he cortainly ousbttobe. The
The Church is nothing if It is not the Church
of Christ that is, founded by and drawing its
right to exist and its authority from Christ.
He came to establish a visible kingdom on tho
earth, and the Church is that vUibleTclngdom.
Its historical unity is, in our judgment, neither
liturgical clerical, nor theological; it is vital
a unity of spiritual life. But the unity is real.
The Church Is not a mere group of disjointed
corporations, oUTering from other rhirterod
corporations only in having a higher, or at least
a more mystical, cause to serve; nor a mere so
ciety in which philanthropic and devout mo
tives are Intermixed in varying proportions,
and which fulHlls its whole duty to man If ic
takes care of its own geographically limited
constituency; and. above all, it is not a mere
social club, which Is to be measured, like tho
theater, by its power to draw, and differs from
the theater chiefly in its inability to attract
and entertain an audience as effectively. It is
a real incarnation of Christ; a body in which
He lives. Christian Union.
A CUBAN GIRL'S HOME.
Tlie Unchangeable Social law Which
Compels a Young Lady
TO LEAD THE LIFE OP A BECLUSE.
The American an Enigma That the Spaniard
Is Unable to Solve.
LILUAN SPENCEE ON HATANA HOTELS
ICOBBXSPOHTEUCJ! OT THE UISPATCn.l
?Z HAVANA, May 15.
The laws of a nation
are not more stringent
than the laws which
govern and hold in ab
ject submission the so
cial status of the Cuban
code. Society here has
for its basis the rigor
ous conformity which
has characterized it
since the discovery of
the island. It is as it
was in the beginning,
and ever will be in the
time to come. One
can form no idea of
Cuban home life by
AnAmerlcaninCuba.lmng in a hotel. The
reason for this is obvious. The hotels are,
without exception, execrable.
And they are execrable without an ex
cuse for being so, unless it is that the con
servatism of the country is both inherent
pattern probably in vogue a hundred or
more years ago.
A OIKI, EECLI7SE.
With charming grace, both host and
nostess conducted me over the establishment,
tne iormer ouering me his arm with old
fashioned gallantry, the latter following;
speaking when snoeen to. bnt vouchsafing
no single observation of her own. Etiquette
demands this of mademoiselle, and made
moiselle is a slave to etiquette. She was
very pretty, very petite, very timid, and she
blushed a little each time I spoke to her.
She had never been to school, never played
with other children, never tfalked through
the streets, and yet tshe was 15 years old.
There was ample space in her father's house
for exercise, and there was no occasion
for her to brave the peril of an out-door
promenade. Sunday a priest said mass in
the chapel which adjoined her boudoir, and
she had not even an excuse to go to church.
She drove away every day with her father
in the family carriage, and sometimes sat in
his box at the opera. She occasionally ac
companied him to a dinner or reception, but
this was all. No other amusements or
pleasures had she ever known. Soon her
father would provide her with a husband,
and. as was her duty, she would cheeriully
approve his choice. There was no trace o"f
the monotony of her life in her sweet, girlish
face. Its tranauillitr shone with a stronir.
steady light from her soft, dark eyes.
Her father was a tall, stately man of 50 or
thereabouts, who treated her with great
deference and addressed her as mademoi
selle. He had the manners of a Chester
field and the bearing of a prince. On the
occasion of my admiring a very handsome
piece of bric-a-brac, he immediately said in
Prench (we conversed in that language),
"C'est a votre disposition," meaning that
since I admired it I might consider it my
THEIB. MTIYE LAND.
When Hungarian Immigrants Hayo
Saved a Small Sam of Money,
TflEI EETBM TO THEIR H0HES,
Where They live in Peace and Plenty the
Ucat of Theif laves.
SCENES IN THE COAL 3IININ6'EEGI0N3
Benor Hernandez's Some.
and hereditary. Questioning the proprietor,
we learn that no objection is ever offered to
the established rate of charges, which is
exorbitant in the extreme. We are told that
the average American, while he grumbles
at the surroundings and is at no pains to
conceal his contemptuous opinion of much
that passes on around him, rarely makes
any outcry about the items in his bill, though
they are strung in a line to the very bottom
of tbe long page. Five dollars is about the
price charged a single person for a sing
room, in which is neither hair mattress,
window glass or carpet. This being the
case, there is no apparent excuse for the
hotel to continue in its primitive state ot
discomfort and mismanagement. But it
does so notwithstanding, having no doubt
imbibed the general air of changelessness so
characteristic of the people. They say of
the Chinaman that he is as fixed as a rock;
that you may send out y'onr missionaries
and convert nim to your heart's content.but
be will still worship his hideous deity in
the Joss house, as he will go on eating with
his chopsticks forever.
THE CHAXGEIiESS CUBAN.
Born a heathen he will live a heathen and
die a heathen, in spite of ail the churches
this side of Christendom. So it is with the
Cuban. Custom does sometimes prevail on
him to change an old cut of clotbes for a
new one, but an idea he holds to and never
relinquishes. Society, like everything else,
bartakes of this conservatism. The laws
"of the Medes and Persians were not more
Etiquette has for generations prescribed
thai a foreigner, to be admitted into a pri
vate house, must be vouched for and accom
panied by some member of Cuban society
known to the family. In this case the
Cuban hospitalitv is overwhelming. The
best the house affords is spread belore the
Through the ingenuity of an American
THE AMEEICAK AX EJTIGMA.
I believe it is customary in Cuba to nre-
sent a guest with anything he or she may
honor with praise. Hence, "C'est a votre
disposition" is a common expression, which
I fancy has very little weight in the mouth
of the average Cuban. My own idea is that
an attemnt td carry off any of the articles
thus proffered would be frustrated by the
timely arrival of the police. Of course I
may be mistaken, but experience hastaught
me that it does not do to take these people
too literally. They talk too much to mean
all they say, or so I am inclined to think.
There is this, however, to be said: If tho
Cuban is a curious study for the American,
the American, on his part, la to the Cuban
nothing less than a phenomenon.
r A man who actually loves cold weather.
cjiwho has an utter disregard for draughts
a-iiuoan avoids a breath ot air as he does a
pestilence who smokes cigars in lieu of
cigarettes, who has made all his money him
self, who never gesticulates or flies into a
passion, who grumbles at his bill but pays
it to a penny, and scatters all the loose coin
in his pockets among the street Arabs, who
hangs around the iron-barred windows; aman
who takes in the whole city in single day,
and knows all about it, too; who acquires a
smattering of Spanish in a month that he
never improves or forcrets. who whistles as
he walks through the streets, and who loves
his wife and is true to her, on general prin
ciples, if nothing else, is a mystery to the
Cuban gentleman. Liixian Spencee.
Bnt Probably Loss.
Namby I just lent $10 to Pamby; I wish
you would make an item of it, Mr. Book
keeper. Bookkeeper Shall I debit it to cash?
"I guess you don't know Pamby very
well. Put it in the profit and loss account."
' Frightened Away.
Burlington Free Press.
Beal Estate Agent I can let yon a very
pretty cottage on Piano street for only
House Seeker What did you say the
name of the street was?
Eeal Estate Agent Piano street.
House Seeker Thanks; I believe I will
look a little further.
THE MISTEEY OP DEATH.
A State of Cataleprr. Sometimes lasts for
Days or Week.
Eew events have given rise to so mnch
general-comment as the recent dissection of
Mind-reader Bishop only a few hours after
he was supposed to be dead. The pending
examination into his death has shown that
the medical experts, as usual, are much at
sea on the nature of death and the certain
evidences of its actnal occurrence as or
Man has a natural and a spiritual body.
The suspension of activity in the natural
body implies the release of tbe spirit. But
just when the action of the physical body
is entirely suspended is a matter of specula
tion, tiH the final evidence of decomposition
u auppiieu. j.uis nos Deen practically ad
mitted by the physicians called upon to
testify in the Bishop case.
In the disease of catalepsy, or deep trance,
the action of the nerves of volition and sen
sation is suspended, while a weak action of
the heart and lungs is continued for some
times many days. 'That this action may
become entirely imperceptible and life yet
remain seems to he proved in the case of
uishop. At any rate tbe doctors are not
able to agree to the contrary.
All the burrowing animals are in a state
of catalepsy and live for months in a state
of apparent death. Frogs have been taken
from solid sandstone, after being imbedded
for many vears, and resuscitated. How
many men are cataleptic in the last stages
of life is a matter which the doctors know
scarcely more about than other people.
rcosxEsr o.iuln cjs or ihi DiSPJiTcai.,
Newt Yoek, June 1. During one of his
campaign .speeches at Indianapolis last
summer, Benjamin Harrison said: "Tha
gates of Castle Garden swing inward; they
never swing outward." That was practi
cally true. Yet one of the curious sights of
to-day around this, city is the crowdof
Hungarians constantly embarking for their
om nome. i.he tide of immigration is ebbing
and the tide of emigration is flooding with
It was the observation of several hundreds
of these foreigners huddled together at ona
of our railroad wharfs, awaiting transfer to
the steerage of an outgoing steamer tha
other day, that caused your correspondent
to investigate the matter. There is just qna
man to consult about a problem of this sort.
That is Hugh Kiiigore, the leading "Emi
grant runner," as they are called in this
He is a middle-aged man who for six
years had handled thousands of emigrants of
all nationalities. He does this for one of
the railroad companies that makes a point of
shipping newly arrived foreigners to tha
West and South. His attention was called
to the crowd above mentioned.
MADE THEIE PILE.
He said they were really going home,
having got out of the United Stales all they
wanted. They never expected to return.
They had saved enough within a few years
to enable them to purchase or lease a littla
property in their native land, on which ther
could live comfortably the remainder o'f
their lives. Asked to go more into details.
Mr. Kiiigore said:
"This is the third batch of foreigners that
I have shipped home this season. These
people are Hungarians who icame to this
country two and three years aco, though a
few may have been here about five years.
The majority belong tobatchesthatlsteered
from Castle Garden to different places in
Pennsylvania within three years. Since
then tney have been employed in the coal
mines, and in some mysterious manner have
been enabled to save enough money, not
only to take them home, but also a littla
capital to work upon when they get there.
"During the coal mine strikes a hr years
ago agents of the coal companies visited
Castle Garden and enirajred hundreds nmn
hundreds qf Hungarians to take the places
of the English, Irish and Welsh miners
who were on strike. The immigrants were
paid one-third less wages than were paid
the mora intelligent miners. As far as I
could learn the Hungarians averaged about
1 30 a month in wages. Many of them got
less than that, and a few who were luckier
or more intelligent than their fellpw coun
trymen got a little more. The point of the
thing is that these people, most of whom
had tamilies, were able to save from $200 to
$500. There'is not a man in that crowd
who has not at least S200 over and above his
passage money to his native country,
"This isn't what I expected," said the
new arrival in Guthrie. "I was told I
would find riot and bloodshed on every
corner. It seems quiet enough."
"Quiet?" howled ' the thirsty-loosing
Texan who had been in the place 24 hours.
"When yon can't even get water for less
than 10 cents a drink, how in thunder can
It be anything else? I'm going on to Wich
ita, b' goshl"
Courtyard in Senor Hernandez's House.
An Infant Hercnles.
"Is the baby strong?"
"Well, rather. You know what a tre
mendous voice he has?"
"Well, he lifts that five or six times an
It Baa Reached tbe Cannibal Isles.
Chief (to missionary) Are you lookin'
for, your braddsx ? He's in de soup! Life. I
acquaintance of mine, to whom nothing
seemed Impossible, I was invited to the
magnificent residence of Senor Vincent
Hernandez, one of Havaca's best-known
citizens. His house, or palace to more
properly designate it stands in the heart
of the city, directly opposite to that of the
American Consul, and occupies one whole
block. It is built of marble and is en
circled by balconies. As through a ponder
ous iron gateway I entered the square,
stone-paved court yard of Senor Hernan
dez's home, a garden of palms and various
other tropical plants spread belore me.
Here and there I caught sight of an orange
tree. Looking up, I perceived that the
building was erected after the style of a
church, inasmuch as its roof consisted of a
great dome, tinted in aznrc to represent the
blue of the heavens. On this first floor I
was shown the stables, the horses, carriages,
bright metal harnesses, hung inclosed glass
cases, and the marble baths.
FASHIONS THAT ENDUEE POBEVEE.
Ascending the wide staircase which led
to the first story, paved also in marble, I
found myself in a lofty circular hall, on
which opened some 20 or more beautiful
apartments, finished in the rare and costly
wood for which the island is famous.
Willow, rattan and ebony formed the furnl
ture. The floors were of inlaid mosaic; the
hangings, Japanese. The size and splendor
of the rooms can scarcely be conceived.
One after another they extended the whole
length of the house. Mademoiselle Her
nandez, the daughter of tho host, accom
panied me through the sleeping apartmeuts
(innc of which was an iron safe-in which
were kept the family jewels) to a sewing
room, where five black women were en
gaged working on her linen. Some "were
mending, others embroidcrim. Each articlo
when completed was -consigned to a hand
somely carved case, where they were ar
ranged with prim regularity and order.
About SO or more servants are retained by
this family. In a closet were hung the silk
dresses left to mademoiselle by her deceased
mother and grandmother. These gowns
may ba worn, but they mnst not be altered.
Nothinz BBSt bdaltered in Cnb. not even
KftdHsoiMlIe'i lwn, whieh is made torn a I
Tbe Grclono Record.
Detroit Free Press.!
Kansas has had 14 cyclones in 6 years,
and if any other State in the Union can
show more wind than that let the record be
The Prtsser locomotive, just Invented at
Chicago, is said to bo noiseless, smokeless, and
wonderfully economical ot fuel and of power.
A botanical congress bas been called by the
Botanical Society of France, to be held in Paris
in August, for tbe presentation and discussion
of treatises "on botanical subjects, pure or
applied. Particular attention will be given to
conslderins; tbe usefulness of establishing joint
action looklnc to the Drcoaratlon of mini
showing the distribution of species and genera
over the globe, and to the characters for classi
fication furnished by anatomy.
Mount Vesuvius has been in a state of mild
eruption for some time past, the most violent
commotion being from about April 29 to May 2.
The cone which bas been forming for the last
ten months has fallen in, and a considerable
outpour of lava took place from a fissure on
the southeast side of tho crater. The outnour
forms a long tongue of lava reachlne down the
mountain; but It is not expected tbat it will
reach cultivated ground. The eruption Is In
many respects similar to that of Slay 2, 1&S5.
and, it is hoped, will prove as harmless.
bikce the beginning of February, the
Babylonian expedition sent out by the Uni
versity of Pennsylvania has been exploring the
ruins of NIffer, whose site la. marked by an Im
mense mound, about 0 miles southwest of
ancient Babylon, and bordering on tbe Afflosch
swamps, so-called from the tribe of Afflk
Sf.lou S8Dn.at,awe" Tbr. Nifteris identical
with old Babylonian Nipplrn, founded about
3,000 years before the Christian era. In its
ruins lie buriedithe remains of the famous Bel
temple, which will be systematically exulored
and doubtless yield splendid resulls.-JoriiA
Few educational enterprises have yielded
larger results for tho amount invested than the
Egypt Exploration Fund. Expendlngannnally
since 18S3 between J7.000 and $8,000, it has dis
covered or disclosed tho following interesting
?ilC8A Flttrom (the treasure city of Exodns i,
II). Qoshen Tabpanhes (the Dapbns of tbe
breaks), the city of Onia, Zoan. Am, Nau
kratls, and. latest of all, Bnbastis (the Pi
Besetti of tbe Scriptures). These discoveries
have been conducted in a thoroughly scientific
manner and have yielded rich results regarding
tbe sciences, arts, aad industries of,r' -
the early soaroesJofKJreekiihlatorT
tlcnlftrlr.'ISlbllaalfcxul umb-- -
ITT It.. Jl if I
xiuw viicy uiuuugeu 10 save mas amount 1
is a mystery to everybody except those who. 1 n
are familiar with the manner in which theyi
lived. There are men in that crowd whosJ
wages for the past two years has not beer
more than ?350 a year or 5700 in oil, and je
they are taking home with them J500. Tha .
seems incredible, yet it is so. These peopi. '
lived amid squalor and dirt, and subsisted
on food stuff that would be rejected by any
"They lived in huts and hovels provided
by the coal companies, for which they paid
less than $30 a year rent. A frame house
such as would be used by an intelligent
miner, whose rent would be $8 or 10 a
mdnth, wonld be occupied by two, three
and oftentimes four Hungarian families,
who wonld divide ud the rent amon? them.
"The unmarried men and those without
families were boarded for $2 and $3 a week.
Many of them had bunks down in the
mines, and did not come up to the surface
excepting once a week, and then it was to
lay in a stock of black and rye bread, on
which they would snbsist Tor days with no
more nourishment other than water. This
may sound like exaggeration, but anyone
familiar wittoitfe in the Huncarian colonies
in the coal mines will iell you that it is but
a mild picture."
THE SA3IE CLOTHES STTLl.
Mr. Kiiigore called attention to the fact
that while these Hungarians had been in
this country for two years, and some of them
longer, not one of them wore any clothing
of American make. Prom their slender
heeled boots to the rough caps on their
beads, their ciotning was tbe same tbat they
wore when they arrived in this country. In
a few instances their boots had succumbed
to the wear of time, but otherwise their
clothing was old, dirty and greasy Hunga
rian material. None of them conld speak
English intelligently, beyond a few profane
expressions. Many of the men could under
stand English amazingly well, yet they
could not reply in that language.
Mr. Kiiigore is very emphatic in his be
lief that such people ought to be prohibited
from coming to this country. He said they
never assimilated with other foreigners and
did not appreciate the advantages of a free
country. They could not be Americanized
and were a greater drawback to intelligent
workingmen than even the Chinese, because
they were very powerful and muscular and
could do any of the manual labor that the
Americans. Germans or Irish did. and lived
on so little that workmen of the latter na
tionalities could not successfully compete)
against them. U. S. M,
The Wrona House.
"You all remember the words of Web.
ster," shouted the orator. "No, we don't,"
interrupted a man in the gallery. "He has
so many words I can't remember more than
half of 'em."
Nebraska State Journal.
"My son, the only advice I can give you
is to start at the bottom and work: np, no
matter what may b.e your calling."
"But, father, I intend to ba a well digger."
MA Ii dp
' ATacfcjIeavensI What's the Batter witk
ow j.-.ve eeuK a iBree-riMr air&ati-..
SjBSJBHfSSUdKi3 OttKKBBdt &
JOiu, iifc ,. ieJ-JWa--Vgtfinifai-J-