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A Glacier Forty Miles long WMch
ilores Sixty Feet ia a I)aj.
PBESSI5G TOWARD THE OCEAH.
Bnpe Masses Dropping From its Beetling,
JASPEE, CHALCEDONY AND P0EF1IBI
The most notable of the glaciers in South
eastern Alaska is the Muirnamed from
3Pro John JIuir, a geologist of some repu
tation, since he gave the first uncolored de
scription of it It is 40 miles long, andback
on the land, in a basin of the mountains.
Being reinforced by 15 tributaries coming
down the glens from different points ot the
compass, it swells to an icy sea 25 miles tn
diameter. Thence it moves with resistless
power, bearing roots and long lines of
detritus on its billowy surface. Just before
it reaches the bay it is compressed by two
sentinel mountains into and is forced through
a gorge one mile in width.
Emerging irom this narrow gateway it
mores on, at the rate of 40 to 60 feet a day,
to the waters whence it originally came,
buttressing the bay with a perpendicular
wall 800 feet high, 300 feet of ultramarine
crystals tipped with pnrest white being
above the surface, and, being pushed be
yond its support in the. underlying rocs,
a battle begins between cohesion and
gravity. The latter force always prevails,
and vast masses break from the glacial
torrent with the combined crash of falling
walls and heavy thunder, a tumble into the
bay with a 'dash and a shock that agitates
the waters miles away, making navigation
perilous to cralt of all sizes. The almost
deafening roar made when these masses are
rent away, the splashing baptism they re
ceive in their fall and the leaping waters
are lively witnesses to the birth of an ice
berg, which henceforth, as an independent
existence, goes on its mission of girding the
shores, butting against its fellows and of
A "WOIfDERFUI. APPAEIIIOS.
"While the ship was resting unmoored near
the front of this icy barrier, we were startled
by the sudden appearance of a mass of dark
crystal, vastly larger than our own ship,
shooting up from the depths and tossing onr
steamer as if it were an egg-shell. As the
vessel careened the frightened passengers
were sent whirling against her, over chairs,
or prostrate upon the deck. This strange
visitor had doubtless been broken off from
the roots of the icy mountain, hundreds of
ieet below the surface, and hence had unex
pectedly appeared upon the scene. Had it
struck the ship iairly nothing but a miracle
could have saved us.
Having recovered somewhat from our
dumb amazement, about 20 of us were sent
on shore in the captain's gig. Landing
some distance below the ice wall, we climbed
70 feet up a lateral moraine, crawled shoe
deep in wet gravel down into the valley of
a glacier, mud-covered with shingle just
deep enough to hide the creamy pools;
slipped prostrate on the ice made treacher
ous by a thin disguise of detritus, and J
Darcea our suns ana cat oar saoes ou me
sharp angular blocks of granite and basalt
strewn for two miles in great profusion
along our perilous route.
Blocks of the finest marble hedged our
pathway; trod upon chips of jasper and
chalcedony, the product of different moun
tains far up on the peninsula, and we passed
two exquisitely beautiful boulders of veined
porphyry, weighing 200 or 300 pounds each,
rounded and polished by centuries of attri
tion. They were of arVxmrple, streaked
with quartz spotlessly white, very desirable
specimens fpr a cabinet, or for out-of-door
ox as- ICE XOXTSTJOS.
rlfger more than an hour of plunging and
sprawling, and of pulling each other out of
gray mire, about half of ournumber reached
the uncovered glacier,and at the first glance
we felt that here we should stand with un
covered heads, for we were in the presence of
the marvelous manifestations of superhuman
power in action, and looked with unveiled
eyes upon the potent agencies by which
much of this planet has been fashioned.
Away in the distance was the white'lake
fed by numerous frozen rivers, and these
rivers were born of mountain snows 50
miles distant. The white-robed mountains
themselves, cons in the past, were smoothed
and grooved far up their flinty sides when
this same glacier was threefold deeper and
many times more ponderous and mightier
than it is to-day.
( Stretched along the base of the mountains
till they are only alice in the distance were
the records of those gray old years in the
form of moraines. 100 feet high, and appear
ing like a range of hills.
The larger portion of this crystal river,
perhaps an eighth of a mile in width, is
heaved into rounded hills and beetling
precipices, quite resembling the sea in a
storm; while the middle and much the
wider part is splintered into countless spires
and needles and pinnacles, 10, 20, 30 feet in
. height, and of a beautiful ultra-marine at
the base, shaded to a dead white at the
THE 6liciEB'S MABCH.
In the onward march of theclacier these
pinnacles are occasionally wrenched from
their seats in the solid ice beneath thev
nod, then totter, into a cloud of acicular
crystals that sparkle like the frosted snow
under a full moon of a winter's night,, only
with more of color they are diamonds on
Again the whole surface is riven by a
thousand crevasses, alone the bottom of
which streams of clear water find their
way. often broken by waterfalls that plnnge
further down intp the dark blue abysses out
of sight. These chasms are frightrnl gaps
to one peering down a hundred feet between
their turquoise walls. A slip, a frail Al
penstock, a feeble grasp of the guide's rope,
and gravity would close the scene without
The molecular structure of the glacier is
continually changing, adjusting itself to the
elevations ana aepressionsoi its rocty Deo, best American saUnes only lie, choice pat
and hence there is an incessant clinklngandT trrn
crackling, interrupted here and there by an
explosion-fr " oer every inch of the snr-
The whole. i
. weird and fitr&nffA in
ieai ana souna-
-in the voices that rise to
the air from the azure depths fascinating
because every step is perilousmajestic from
its massiveness and awful because its march
Consider what a force in wearing away
mountains and glens an icy torrent must be,
one mile wide. 800 feet deep, and in the
middle flowing 60 feet a day; it goes grind
ing and groaning and cracking in startling
explosions, all mingled in a loud wail like
that from the Titans imprisoned under Mount
Now let anyone in fancy frame for him
self this picture: Snow-capped mountains
in the background, two of them. Fair
weather and Crillon, more than 15,000 feet
high, thick Set with glittering beaks and
clear-cut as silhouettes on a dark sky; the
great -glacier, child of Arctic snows, tur-
retea and pinnacled and splintered into a
thousand strange forms upon which Iris has
flung the varied hues of amethyst and tur
quoise and sapphire; huge masses riven
"from the crystal river with a thunder
ing roar, reeling and toppling into an
amber sea, thickly dotted with new-born
and vagrant icebergs; and all this scene
' glorified and transfigured by the setting
sun. Looking upon this picture through
the creative power of imagination one can
readily conceive that the enraptured tourist,
standing in the presence of the realities,
would call that day spent with the Muir
jlacier the day of all days he ever passed Jn
gazing upon and listening to the wild won-
jders of our planet '
But harkl That was not an explosion of
, . vtheglacier's artillery; It was the echo of the
i-f steamers wnisue ringing along the glen of
the mountains, softened, indeed, by distance,
as are the notes of the Alpine horn.
In just one hour we must be .on the ship
or be left without couch or food or fire in
these wild and awful solitudes, 90 miles
from the nearest habitation, and we made it
in time, regardless of shoes or shine. Prof.
Horace W. Briggs, in (he Sitka Matleen,
The List of Patents Issued to Flttshwi aad
The following is the list of patents issued
to Pittsburg, "Western Pennsylvania, Ohio
and "West Virginia inventions, on Tuesday,
May 28, as furnished by O.D. Levis, Patent
Attorney, No. 131 Fifth avenue, Pittsbnrg:
John 'W. Abrahams. Allegheny, sheet metal
roofing; George W. Barns, FhUippL. W. Va,,
brake lever; John 8. Bartlett, Akron, 0 direct
acting engine: John Carmody. Osborn,
O- swing; John P. Coleman, Swiss-
vale, Pa., electrical signaling apparatus;
Bently B. Oxe, Dritton, Pa screening ma
chine; Isaac E. Cratg, Camden, O., die lor ham
mering sheet metal; LockwoodS. Crane, Cleve
land, O., surface blow-off; Isaac N. Davis. West
Elizabeth, P& combined cooking stove and
crate; Protenox It. Day, Cleveland. O., guide
box: Boland F. Dulany, Waynesburg, Pa.,
holdback tor vehicles: William Dunbar, Larra
bee. Pa., lumber trimmer; John Dowling,
Wilkesbarre, Pa., water bit; Charles
T. Gloekler, Pittsburp, Ta., meat rack:
Adam Harter, Apple Creek. O., car coupler;;
Charles H. Irwin, Wilmington, O., anger bit:
William W. McCalllp, Columbus. O., fence
riveting machine; Samuel T. Russell, Spring
field, O., pump; Amos J. Schaff, Marion, Pa.,
plno joint; Albert SmltlLAllegheny City, Pa.,
electric converter box; Harry Semple, Steu
benville. O., jars, eta; William Btubblebme,
Bethlehem. Pa., Metallurgical furnace; Joseph
H. Thomas, Alliance, O., floor bin and sifter;
George Westlnghonse, Jr.. Pittsburg, system
of electrical distribution; Gotleib wilkening,
Dayton, 0M musical game wheel: James 8.
Zerbe, Zanesrille, O., cotton seed separator;
Ablza Wallace, Btroudsburg, Pa., bade of a
TO PAY EXPENSES.
Bow the Wife of a Wit Proposed to Par for
The wife of a wit has often as hard a time
as the wife of a philosopher. It is an old
story about the wife or Emerson enduring
the sight of her husband breaking the teeth
out of her back-comb, thinking, absent
mindedly, that they were matches which he
was presently to light; but it is quite a
new story that bf a famous modern hu
morist who really gets a great many of his
best and funniest ideas from his wife.
"We live from month to hand instead of
from hand to mouth," said he, in telling
the story. "Her mouth utters the words of
nonsense, and my hand writes them down.
Sometimes she rebels at my receiving the
checks in payment of her jokes, though I
promptly turn most of them over to her,
and she wouldn't sign her own name to one
of the jokes for a farm.
"Well, one time I was going on a little
Southern trip, and she took a notion she
wanted to go along. "We had just been
paying for a new carriage-house, and there
wasn't enough ready money in the family
exchequer to take us both.
-" 'If you go I shall have to stay at home,
said I, trying to reason with her.
" 'No, "no," said she. 'I'll make jokes
enough to pay all onr current expenses.
I'll get up early every morning, and joke
just as hard as I can for 15 or 20 minutes
SOFTER THAN EATING.
3Iore People Are Choked to Death, Than
Are Killed on the Railways. ,
In 1SS2 the Chairman of the London and
Northwestern stated that there bad not
been a single passenger killed on their line
within the previous three years. Sir John
Hawkshaw, speaking of safety on railways
generally, said "that only one passenger
was injured for every 4,000,000 of miles
traveled; and on an average a person may
travel 100,000 miles each year for 40 years
and the chances are in favor of not receiv
ing the slightest injury." Again, Sir E.
"Watkin "maintained that railway travel
ing was safer than eating, because it is a
fact that more people choke themselves in
England than are killed. on all the railways
in the United Kingdom."
A Palaco of Beautiful Furniture, '
You can imagine what six floors filled
with all kinds of beautiful furniture, up
holstered in different colored silks and
plushes, would be like. But that is only
imagination. Ton should satisfy your
taste of love for the beautiful by calling
upon us, and allowing ns to show you a
palace of beauty in reality by taking you
through our establishment. Each floor is a
separate and distinct department, and to
describe each separately would take a page
ot this paper. So, call your wife's attention,
take a'day off, and we will take pleasure in
showing you all we speak of.
M. SEIBEET & CO.,
Cor. Lacock and Hope sts., Allegheny, near
What the Public Idkes.
"Whitmyre & Co. are meeting with an
amount of success that daily increases in
their efforts to legitimately introduce and
advertise the "Iron Cfty Brand" of flour.
The large amount now sold shows, beyond a
doubt, that the best-selling brands carry
their advertisement with their use. "Iron
City Brand" has come to stay and the pub
lic takes kindly to that class of goods which
shows for itself what it is made of and how'
a trial brings out its excellencies.
Anheuser-Busch St. Louis, Budweiser
aud Anhenser beers in quarts and pints.
Liberal allowance for return of empties.
Schlitz Milwaukee export beers; extra stout,
extra pale and Pilsner; quarts, and pints.
Allowance for return of empties.
ScnuzTZ, Renziehatjses- & Co.,
100 and 102 Market st, cor. First ays'
A CABLE CAR HERO &Sf&2
ted sketch by JVuV in to-morroufc Dispatch
of a brave JfiUsburg boy who spends his days
... aWK.f.y I.VC4. j
Summer Pre Goo
French Satines marked down to 25c aud
30c, bestxoods; large line tot select from;
Aethue, Sohondelmteb & Co.,
68 and 70 Ohio st, Allegheny.
A Gold Mine.
Histed, the famous young photographer,
hasfound a gold mine in the photograph
business. Everybody goes to him for fine
photos. E. Histed,
Popular Gallery, 41 Fifth ave.
Dresa Good! Dress Goods!
Immense bargains in embroidered robes,
combination suits. French cashmeres, serges,
henriettas, challis, mohairs and plaids, at
H. J. Lynch's, 438 and 440 Market street
Ladlem' Salt Parlor.
Exclusive styles of India silk gowns and
house robes. Just the things tor comfort and
hot weather. Pabcels & Jokes,
xhs 29 Fifth ave.
Pateonize home industry and drink
Frauenheim & Vilsack's Pittsburg beer.
Gseat "Western Gun "Works removed
706 Smithfield street
Mek's flannel shirts for dress, boating,
fishing, etc James H. Aiken & Co.,
100 Fifth ave.
THE CAPTIVE MAIDEKK?
an Indian camvaian in California. U etoauent-
compute tn to-morrofs Dbpatch. J
lu described tn Joaquin Millcr't thrilling to-
The Catholic University at Washing
ton Will Throw Its Doors
0PEH TO STUDENTS IN N0VEMBIE,
An Outline of What Directors and Faculty
Hope to Accomplish.
EETIEW OP THE PBOGEESS THUS FAR
Philadelphia, May 31. Bishop
Keane, the rector of the Catholic Univer
sity of America, was in the city
yesterday. The purpose of his visit
was to confer with the Archbishop,
who is one of the members of the
Board of Directors, in regard to the comple
tion of the last element of their work, the
selection of a body of students for the uni
versity, "With that object in view, Bishop
Keane visited the seminary at Overbrook,
on Tuesday night, aud discoursed to the
seminarians upon the portion of the work
that mainly concerns them, namely, the
studies of the divinity department, which
is to be opened next November.
Speaking of the university yesterday, its
progress thns far and what is proposed to be
accomplished in connection with it, Bishop
"Quite a number bt the ablest young men
in the seminary who haye completed their
course and will be ordained this year will
be sent to finish their studies in the univer
sity. Similar results have attended the
visits I have paid to several other semi
naries of the country, and it is already evi
dent that there will be as many students at
the opening of the classes in November as
the university will accommodate. This
completes the "last of the work of prepara
tion, and makes the success of the university
an assured fact
"The corps of professors already brought
together from the principal universities of
Europe are men who hare been trained for
many years in exactly this kind of work.
One of our very first aims was to secure the
scvices of tne celebrated Jesuit Jfatner Xiem-
kuhl, who is one of the greatest professors
of moral theologj in the whole world. "With
this object I visited the Father General of
the Jesuits, at Fiesole, Italy, and the Pope
himself wrote a letter to the Father General,
urging that the request of the university
should be granted, but, to the great regret of
both myself and General of the Jesuits, who
would be glad to have one of their best men
in so distinguished a position, Father Lem
kuhl has been for a couple of years past ut
terly incapacitated for the task of teaching,
and, it is feared, can never again fill the
chair of a professor.
"Too much bralnwork has broken his
health completely. The corps of professors
are, therefore, thus far composed entirely of
distinguished members of the secular clergy,
though it is well known that the chairs of
the university will be open to men of dis
tinguished learning, no matter what maybe
their position in the church, whether in
the laity or clergy, whether religeuse or
THE COUBSE OP STTTDT.
"The course of study that.will be opened
next November will comprise profound
studies of dogmatic theology, of moral
theology, of the philosophical controveries
of the day, and of Biblical science, with
special attention to training in English lit
erature. These various branches will be de
veloped by the addition of other professor
ships in the same proportion as the advance
of the studies and the accumulation of
means will render these practicable.
"It is calculated that within two years
the faculty of philosophy and letters will be
open not only for profounder studies for
ecclesiastics, but also for lay graduates from
the colleges of the country. Opportunity
will then be given for acquiring the pro
foundeit scholarship in metaphysical, theo
logical, historical, scientific and social
studies, and through that facnlty will nat
urally develop the faculties of law and medi
cine in the future.
"The demands for admission to the
studies ot the divinity department have al
ready .surpassed the expectations of the
Board ot Directors. They have calculated
upon the admission of only 60 students for
the first year, and alreadv applications have
'been made for more than two-thirds ot that
number. All of these have already com
pleted the ordinary seminaty course which
fits them for ordination and the work of the
"Several of them are young priests, who,
after years of experience in the ministry,
comeback to their studies in order to per
fect themselves in one or another line of
ecclesiastical learning, which will make
their lives of greater utility to the church
and to the people. Nearly all of these will
reside at the university, but it is contem
plated that many mav reside in the city of
Washington, or in the adjacent neighbor
hood, and attend the classes of the univer
sity. The same policy will be pursued in
regard to lay students. It is calculated
that for tne nrst year or two alter tbeir
j : .. -ii- ,-t :n . .iti.i. ..
have them in the university colleges tinder
. UK..i tmt m.i ,.nntUl
irr -2 l..l :. .i-js.. .v 11...!... f
xiaier uu iufcucirBbuuie9,wi4cii tueirmjlft
ly characters have been better formed,! is
expected that it will be freejorthem, ac
cording to the advice of tbtfr parent and
guardians, either to continue to live in the
university or to havequarters outside of it
In this the directors of the university will
endeavor-to profit by the experience of the
universities in Germany and the Catholic
University of Louvain, adopting that mid
dle course suggested by common sense and
suited to the character of the youth of
America. In fact, iu the preparation of the
laws and constitution of the university these
two objects have constantly .been borne in
mind by the directors first, to have around
the students such safeguards of faith and
morals as will make them good Christians,
and second, to give to them all that liberty
which is naturally connected with the idea
of an American.
"Since landing three -weeks ago I have
been engaged in visiting the seminaries of
the country and the bishops who have
students in them. I will continue this
course of visitation of the various semi
naries up to the beginning of the summer
vacations toward the end of Jane.
FUNDS AND ENDOWMENT.
"While pursuing my quest for students I
will continue the work of soliciting contri
butions toward the full endowment of the
university. Sufficient funds have already
been received to endow the divinity faculty
in its present stage of development, but
more funds will be required for the addi
tional divinity chain called for by tbe com
plete development of divinity studies, and
then still larger snms for the endowment of
the professorships in the subsequent facul
ties, and for the erection of the academic
structures and the dormitory buildings
which will be needed for them.
"The total amount for construction and
endowment thus far received is 800.000.
of which f500,000 will be devoted to endow
ments of professorships. The endowment of
free scholarship is a most important object,
to which the liberality of the Catholics of
the country Is now invited. This has for
its oblect the support of students endowed
with talents, but not possessed of pecuniary
means. The sum .of $6,000 will form a capi
tal, the income of which will support a stu
dent lorever. 'Several bequests have alreadv
been made to the university for the founda
tion of scholarships, and it is trusted that as
the wore becomes more widely appreciated
similar legacies will become more and more
"Another feature of endowment will be
fellowships, for the support' or graduates of
lives to learned pursuits without the obli-
Batjnof labor for their support, a necessity
whwa has hindered so many brilliant minds
from tmrnime tiM bieher ktelleetua
flights to which Previdsoee scorned to oeli
them. The ram of 30,000. properly in
vested, will srive the support of a fellow of
the university in perpetuity. None of these
has as yet been established, but when the
demand for then will eome it is confidently
expected that the supply will also be found
A DISXCTCXIVB FEATTSE.
'In comparison with the other initi rations
of higher learning throughout the country,
the divinity studies of the Catholic Univer
sity will be the specially distinctive feature.
The clearly defined and positive character
of the divinity teaching that will be there
imparted will enable the university to rival
the great "seats of learning in the Old World,
and to stand simply above comparison with
other institutions of the country. Owing to
the intimate connection between theological
and philosophical studies, it is expected that
in the philosophical department the studies
will be broader and deeper and more posi
tive and definite than in any other institu
tion in America.
"It is likewise contemplated to make the
school of biblical studies in the university
the principal institution of the kind in the
country. As to merely scientific studies, it
is is not contemplated to put tne university
into competition with the scientific and
polytechnic schools of the country. For
practical purposes of that sort tha institu
tions already existing will probably be left
in their present acknowledged snperiorty,
It is in those matters which concern scholar
ship, properly so-called, that the Catholic
University will aim at taking the lead. As
a bulwark of the Christian faith, it hopes to
stand among the very first institutions of
Postmaster General Wanamaker Appoints
n Commission for New York.
Washington, May 31. Postmaster
General Wanamaker to-day appointed a
commission to investigate and report upon
the condition and needs of the New York
City Postoffice. This commission is the re
sult of a conference recently held between
Postmaster Van Cott and the officials of the
Postoffice Departmentand is composed of
the following named:
James N. Tyner, assistant "attorney gen
eral for the Postoffice Department; W. P.
Edgerton, division inspector railway mail
service at Philadelphia; General H. S.
Hnidekoper, ex-postmaster at Philadelphia;
Henry H. Mullen, assistant, postmaster at
Cincinnati; Samuel Smith, assistant post
master at Brooklyn; John T. Metcalf, chief
clerk of the money order system, Washing
ton; Nebina Moses, chief of the registry di
vision, third assistant postmaster general's
omce; Ji. -t. Bpangier, inspector oi tne iree
WALT WHITMAN IK NEED.
Good Gray Poet Quietly Celebrates
His Seventieth Birthday.
Camdek, N. J., May 31. Walt Whit
man celebrated the seventieth anniversary
of his birth -to-day. A dinner in honor of
the day was served in Morgan's Hall. The
poet was nnable to attend, but not less than
200 of his friends and admirers graced the
occasion. The committee having the dinner
in charge announced that "Walt Whitman
is now so well recognized as a poet that sueh
an occasion for doing him honor, and at the
same time conferring a substantial benefit
upon him, is likely to be eagerly seized by
those who know his merits and his needs."
This means that the poet who has many
friends, both in America and Europe, needs
help in his rapidly declining years and
needs it no w. For considerably over a year
the old gentleman has been confined to his
room and bed, but always 'has a kind wel
come for all who call, and1 they are not few.
To all such he appears happy and resigned
in spite of his infirmities. Only hopeful,
cheery words escape him-,andthus he awaits
the coming oi the final messenger.
PUSHING HIS POLICr,
Secretary Tracy HnstHngf to Completion the
Vessels Be hue Bntlt.
Washington. May 31. SecretaryTracy
is vigorously pursuing his policy, declared
at the beginning of his administration, of
pushing to rapid completion the vessels now
under construction or authorized to be built
The Puritan was recently taken to New
York to be completed, and orders have now
been issued to make ready the Amphitrite
another uncompleted double-turreted moni-'
tor lying at the Harlan & Hollingsworth
shipyards at Wilmington, Del., to be towed
to Leagne Island. . ,
The Amphitrite will be completed at that
navy yard, greatly to the disappointment of
the Virginia people, whoiave been endeav
oring to have the worlr done at Norfolk to
make good the loss o&the Puritan.
THE nciiES ALL OCT.
Board of Tradr Official Quotation Taken
Frotn All bat Members.
CHlCAGOjtfay 31. In accordance with
previons announcement, official quotations
of the Boird of Trade will be cut off to-morrow
from about 600 correspondents who are
non-nrembers of the board. Arrangements
havebeen made in most Instances by com
minion merchants to keep their customers
informed of market changes and an in-
: TK? 0,1?raf he-re wUI be pnt oa
''the floor to handle the business.
Emploves of the Gold and Stock Tele
graph Company were sent ouf this afternoon
to remove all the tickers from the offices of
persons and corporations not members of
THREE TIMES LICENSED.
Tne Coveted Document Twice Destroyed,
Bat tbe Third One Worked.
Ibonton, O., May 31. Last June a mar
riage license was issued to William Mc
Comas and Miranda J. Ellis. May 10 a
second license was issued to the same par
ties, and to-day the would-be groom again
applied for and received the license to wed
the long-expectant bride.
On both former occasions the twain fell,
out destroyed the license and declared the
- . . . . .
SUFFOCATED BY GAS.
A Man and Bis Wifo Fonnd Dead In Bed la
Baltimore, May 31. Joseph D, Grant,
aged 36 years, and wife, Sophie Grant, aged
30 years, both colored, were suffocated by
gas yesterday in the new clubhouse of the
Jefferson Democratic Association, No. 839
North Entaw street Grant and his wife
had been engaged as servants. They went
to bed Wednesday night about 9:30 o clock.
On opening the door of the room the gas
was found so dense that it was overpower
ing. It is not known whether the gas was
blown out or improperly turned off.
its magnificent bou
levards, touara anil
jarks are described by Benry JHaynie in an
MlUfirtucu unme i v-7iurrvur L'iSA'AXUU.
BELIEVE IN THEIE BADGE.
Why Tito Brother Charged Willi Murder
Thlnlc They Wilt be Acquitted.
Portsmouth, O., May 31. The Nickels
brothers, whq were captured in the hills
back of Buena Vista, and who are charged
with murder in the first degree, are members
of the Brothers of Liberty and Justice, a
sort of White Cap. organization in Adams
county. They wear tbe badge of the order,
and say that its members Will aid them in
Sheriff Yeager has taken every precau
tion to prevent tools being passed to them.
A GREAT STORY, WSS&
interest to early CaMfornia pioneers, xcriitenby
Joaauin Miller, entitled "For Fortu-eiaM
Dayt," will be published complete in to-fnor-rout
..-."tfrt6Sf" -.7 "-ii '- - 'iS r '
The Steps That Must be Taken to
i . Become an Esiabli&ed X. D,
PLENTY OF MONEY IS NEEDED
To Procure the Long Coarse of Prelimi
IIABS OF HABB W0K AEE EEQOIEED
The London Saturday Etview says that
probably those who' choose medicine as a
profession are the most sanguine of the
human race. Thelreasons that dictate their
choice are generallysentimeotaL There is
a certain glamor which, in the opinion of
the adolescent, attaches' to the name of
medical student. There is the supposed,
freedom from cares., As the old student's
How gallantly and merrily the student's days
No cares hath he, but on tbe spree ho gaily
spends his tin;
No creditors oppress him, and his governor is
His letters haven't .yet commenced to fail to
raise the wind.
In fact, the beau-ideal medical student,
the medical student of novels, is simply an
idle careless spendthrift How very far
Mr. Bobert Sawyer and Mr. Ben Allen are
from the real medical student of to-day it is
ueedless to insist. The two or three years'
lounging in Loudon or Edinburgh, followed
by a .sharp "grind" with a medical tutor
and a single examination, which, in their
day, at once put the ignorant tyro in the
ranks of the qualified, U now replaced by a
curriculum of from ' four to eight years.
During that time the medical student is
harassed by continual examinations, official
and non-omciai. xne average curriculum
bf the general practitioner may be taken at
Z years; and, unless he be exceptionally
industrious during that period, he has to
maintain himself at an expense of at least
160 a year. The cost, then, of a medical
practitioner's qualifications maybe taken
Sii years' maintenance at 150. 825
Hospital fees for lecture and practice 100
Minimum fees for examination 20
as expensive BEannairo.
Roughly speaking, the medical student
does not become a qualified practitioner at
all until he has expended 1.000. generally
much more. It will probably be granted
that a medical man will not succeed in earn
ing bread and cheese unless he is provided
with an average share of brains and a more
than average amount of tact We wonld
ask whether there is any trade, business or
profession where, five and a half years hav
ing been expended, and 1,000 having been
paid awav, the result is so very small? For
now the fully qualified medical man, as an
assistant, is in a position to earn from 75
to 100 a year. This is the successful man,
the man who "passes." The minimum of
study is four vears.
If the' aspirant for medical honors has
been apprenticed to a medical man, one
year ot that apprenticeship is allowed to
count toward the four, aud three years only
have to be spent at a hospital. But the ten
dency of the present day is to doaway with
apprenticeship. And, as a rule, the medi
cal student commences his career by pass
ing some preliminary examination, and
then entering at once upon his hospital
studies. The result is that, on his becom
ing qualified, the young doctor finds him
self Ignorant of the minor details of his pro
fession; and, as a rule, though crammed
full of theories, he has never even seen a
case of smallpox.
The old system of apprenticeship obviafed
this; the tyro often was disgusted with the
drudgery of his new profession, which he had
the opportunity ot seeing in its least attrac
tive form; and he was able to abandon it
gracefully, on the ground of distaste, and
before tne pockets of his friends had severely
suffered. In the present -day, as seen
through the rose-colored spectacles of the
medical student at tbe outset of bis hospital
career, the glamor of the profession we
can use no. other term Is strong upon him.
His teachers, men of mark in the profession,
drive up in their well appointed broughams;
and the Btudent forgets that these are not
the rank and file, but the giants, of medi
cine. A PARAGON NEEDED.
There are no less than 20 examining
boards from which the student may choose
his qualification. The London University,
which heads the list, unless he be man of
talent and industry, may be said to be prac
tically closed to him.- I'f he elect to attempt
to obtain his qualification here, he must be
prepared to expend more money than the
.sum stated, and tti occupy more than
the average of five and a half years in ob
taining his diplomas; he must be able, too,
to pay special 'tutors, to attend special
classes; and he must, above all, be provided
with an amount of brains that would have
secured snecess, cceteris paribus, in any pro
fession. He must not only be an enthusiast
and a worker, to pass the jealously-guarded
portals at Burlington House, but be must
also be a highly educated man.
. In a less degree the membership of the
College of Physicians is also unattainable.
It is almost prohibitive to the poor man of
talent; for to practice as a pure physician,
the yonng doctor must be able to maintain
himself for say at least 16 years. As a rule,
the average general practitioner contents
himself with the membership of the College
of Surgeons and the license ot the Apothe
caries' Company (though this latter qualifi
cation is yearly becoming less popular); or
he obtains the license of the Boyal College
of Physicians, which is a qualification In.
both medicine and surgery, and eminently
respectable. Then, if he be desirous of the
title of doctor, and he be neither wealthy
J -h, fof
Why? Because PEARLINE takes the drudgery right out of house-cleaning do'
the work better quicker and with less labor than anything known. Saves the w
of the wear by doing away with the rubbing. Cleans furniture paint carpets,
out taking them up pictures glass-r-marble bath tubs everything sjiothi'
coarse, nothing too fine for
.... r . 1 tJT 1
if a iair tnai. nousc-meaniHg iime win jass so sin
SUSOect ltS Oresence,
- 'V .
nor Isaroed, he can be dabbed M.D. (btlsg
qualified msn) by a'stort raidesw a4'a
iairly moderate examination" at one of tie
Scotch universities, or he oan obtain a
Having then become legally qualified
man, the practitioner, having apeat 1,000,
or mere usually 2,060, is prepared to
seriously attempt to gain his living., His
choice lies between: An assistancy to
another practitioner A surfeoaey in t&e
army or navy or merchant service An ap
pointment in some institution or hospital
A dispensary Buying a practice Buying
a partnership Waiting for practice Emi
grating, HIS EABLT OAEEEE.
With the first choice the young prac
titioner closes, If he be a wise man; for he
has tbe opportunity of acquiring, under the
apspices of Another, that necessary expe
rience of the maladies of everyday life of
which in his hospital career he may have
seen nothing. True, his salary is small
75 and board, or 100 outdoor. But with
out this initiation into the arcana of prac
tice he can never succeed as a general prac
titioner., Here he has to learn the preju
dices ot tha British public. He has to try
to bow to these prejudices, ifpossible, with
out losing his seir-respect. He has to learn
when to treat a patient, when to administer
a judicious placebo.- He has, in fine, to:
master the drudgery of the profession and
its sordid details.
And now comes the turning-point in the
career of tho young practitioner. Will he
remain a professional man, or will he become
a tradesman in disguise? All depends on,
the influence of his employer. Avounr
man may devote himself with enthusiasm to
his profession in the intervals of the uncon
genial occupations of dispensing medicines
and keeping the books. The treatment of
the poor and the care of the club patients1
that may fall to his share may be carried on
by him with wisdom and integrity, or it
may be slurred over, in a perfunctory man
ner. He may devote his whole attention to
the earning oi half-crowns for his employer,
and he may neglect his parochial and club
patients in the spirit of a very Bumble. His
choice of an assistancy is in any case a wise
one; he earns his bread and gains experience.
Or he may choose the medical service cf
the army, navy, or merchant marine. In
the two former cases he sees the world and
risks his life in war-time. After an ex
amination, in either case he become entitled
to pay at' tbe rate of from 8s to 10s a day,
and there are opportunities in after life; it
is a career, and he has a certain social posi
tion. He may confidently look forward to
half-pay, or a pension which will keep him
as a lrugal bachelor.
OTHEE PATHS OPEN TO SOME,
If the young practitioner can support
himself, and has talents of a high order and
a great capacity for work, especially tutorial
work, he may "hang on" at his hospital, or
at a provincial one, in the hope of filling
some vacancy, first in the teaching, after
ward on the medical or surgical staff. But
his course supposes the possession of talent
money and indomitable industry. If the
young practitioner has not distinguished
himself during his hospital studies, or has
no friend at court, this line of life is hardly
open to him. For he may "hang on,"
holding numerous honorary appointments,
till he has expended his means in vain, and
he finds himself reluctantly compelled, with
his last remaining 1,000, to join the
crowded ranks ot tne general practitioners.
As to poor-law appointments, there are
first the workhouses and .dispensaries; the
salaries are from 80 to 100 a year. For
these appointments there are usually from
30 to 200 candidates and nepotism rules the
roost It is generally known beforehand
who will win; and the nominally .open ap-
S ointment is usually transferred' much as
vings are in the church namely, by pur
chase or arrangement Or tbe Guardians
take turns to elect, and the man without
local interest has no chance. There
are a few, a very few, prises
in this branch of the profession.
Marylebone is worth 500 a year; Shore
ditch, 300; Greenwich, 250, with resi
den6e and rations. If a man is fond of the
hard work of his profession, and is content
to remain all his life an ill-paid enthusiast,
he can seek these appointments. The next
class are the parochial appointments; they
are worth from 12 to 50 a year, the prac
titioner having to find drugs. These ill
paid positions are either held by very needy
men or are merely looked on bv country
practitioners as a means of" keeping off op
position. ONE, PEATUBE.
In, tact, they go towards paying
the salary of the dispensing
assistant, who often does all the work. As
a rule, these appointments are held by es
tablished practitioners, who look upon them
in the same light as "clubs" namely, as
"feeders" to a practice. "Kubbish recom
mends rubbish," and "Paupers send you
paupers," are well-known sayings among
practitioners of medicine, but it is not so in
fact The poor, and particularly the provi
dent poor, are the advertisements of their
medical men. whether for sood or for evil.
It is the poor who draw attention to kind
Dr. A. or rough and drunken Dr. B. And
the poor, as a rule, call a spade a spade, and
do not stint praise or blame.
Waiting for practice is only adopted by
the man of property: while the man who
emigrates had better have kept his 1,000
or 2,000 to start with in the colony of his
choice in another sphere than that of a med
ical man, and thus nave saved also his five
or more years of hospital work. But, if the
intending emigrant is fond of heavy out
door work, he need not cross the seas. Let
him buy a country practice, and he will
learn what hard work is.
The Usual Exception.
Nebraska State Journal. 1
Customer You sell cracked eggs at half
price, do you not?
Clerk Yes'm, we always make a 0 per
cent reduction on cracked goods. Anything
Customer Yes, you may give me a dol
lar's worth of cracked wheat, and here's
your 50 cents. v
TTTTTllW STDEVn?!? contributes to the
LULL t All OiJCiilliMl columns of to-mor-rote
Dispatch an interesting letter from Ha
vana, descriptive of the palatial homes in Cuba.
PEARLINE. -You'll appreciate this lact best o;
i i Mt v JSvMtr V.o man flb-n
J- .' S . I . " !' - "
A POLITIOAJ, HflHT.
Tap Struggle to Enforce tbe Saaday Law at
Vt. Wayne CoBsell Reduce lbe
Mayor's Salary From 84,68
ta 82,5W-Se Test
Cases WW be
Ft WAysk, Xay 3L 3fce vigaww
policy adopted by Mayor Harding- la en
forcing the Sunday Jaw and the 11. o'clock
saloon law has commenced to bear political
fruit. The.Councll, which Js almost solidly5
Democratic, met test night for the parpoee
ofiixinjr salaries for the ensuing year. The
Mayor's salary, heretofore, has been $1,700.
together with numberless fees, making the
total revenue derived from tbe office about
4,000. The Council last ,night fixed his
salary at $2,800, but took away all fees,
which hereafter must be paid into tbe city
treasury. Tbe fees of policemen and police officers
were also made payable into the treasury.
The Druggists1 Association has split upon
the rock of Sunday closing, and part of
bem will next Sunday defy the Mayor's
orderj and will keep open house all day.
The Mayor says that all persons vio
lating his order regarding drug
stores must suffer the consequences,
but that, other persons fol
lowing their usual avocations on the Sab
hath will not be molested. This dictatorial
proceeding on the part of the Mayor is not
much relished, and it is not unlikely that
test cases will be made next Sunday.
Since the Mayor included in his proclama
tion all drinkintr places within two miles
of the city, the Centlivre brewery, a
pleasure resort just outside the city limits,
has been, closed each Sunday- Theorewery
is situated on the St. Joe river, only a few
rods above what is known as the Budisill
dam. Several hundred boats are owned by
the brewery, and are liberally patronized
by pleasure-seekers from the city, on week
days as well as Sundays.
Some time since the Centlivres built a
street-car line from the brewery to the cen
ter of the city. This line the Citizens'
Street Bailway Company is, and has been,
quite anxious to buy, but the Centlivres
refuse to sell except at a figure twice the
actual value of the property. It so hap
pens, however, that John H. Bass, the Pres
ident of the street railway company, is
also President of a company which owns
the Budisill dam and contingent water
privileges. Accordingly, the water has
been let out of the dam, and in consequence
Messrs. Centlivre's boats are left high and
dry, and a very profitable source of revenue
has been cut off, besides reducing their
street car line to a non-paying basis. Should
the brewery folks consent to sell their rail
road at a reasonable figure, the water in the
dam will speedily rise to its usual level.
TWO CIGARS A DAY.
FIsmrei by Iac-wliton Scholars en an Inter
eitlnsr Question of Economy.
In the interest of economy and to incul
cate the idea of prudence, Superintendent
Stuart, of the city schools, gave the Gram
mar school pnpils in Lewiston, recently, the
"Suppose each pupil in each room should
save 10 cents a day, depositing the amount
every six months for ten years, what would
be the accumulated sum in ten years, also
what would be the accumulated sum in 50
The answer has been sent in and the re
sult shows a sum more than enough to buy
one-half the cityof Lewiston.
The figures are: Amount in ten years,
each pupil (18 25 semi-annually), t490 80;
amount (each pupil), in 50 years, $11,082 93.
The Grammar school wonld save in ten
years $246,(501 14, and in CO years $5,574,
Taking the number of pupils attending
public schools according to the census of
1888, the ten-year amount wonld be $1,337,
756 64, and in 50 years would be $30,234,
According to the censns of 1888, the pu
pils between 4 and 21 would save in ten
years $3,325,266 78, and in 60 years $75,153.
Only two cigars a day!
HE MISSED I0TS OP PON.
A Hooiler Uvea 94 Years and Never Used
Tobacco or Alcohol.
Gkeensbubg, Ind;, May 31. Mr. Ira
Grover died yesterday at the home of his
daughter, Mrs. Martha Stevans, after a
short Illness, aged 94. He never nsed
tobacco in any form or alcoholic liquors,
and has enjoyed excellent health during his
About five years ago he had a most diffi
cult operation performed on his eyes, some
thins very unusual for one of his age, and
since that time he has been able tortad
AN INTERESTING ETENT.
The President's .Granddaughter Christened
by Her Great- Grandfather.
WashiNQIOK, May 31. The President's
granddaughter, Mary Lodge McKee, was
christened this afternoon at the White
House, by her great-grandfather, the Bev.
Br. Scott, in-the presence of the family, the
members of the .Cabinet and General and
Mr. and Mrs. McKee will start for home
Afflicted With Mnmps.
EiPLrsr, O., May 31. Several hundred
cases of mumps are now prevalent in Rip
ley and vicinity, and the number is being
daily augmented, so far as to become epi
demic, in fact.
THE CAPTIVE MAIDM,?S
an Indian campaign in California, is eloquent
ly described in Joaquin Milter's thrilling ro
mance, "for Jforsy-exgni jjays,- puunsnci
complete in tp-morrovfs Disfach.
oothly the men folks
by JAMES PYLE, New "i
SERIES OF RESOLD
Another Link in the Chain of Loral
GIVEN BY TWO WITNESSES,
"Yes," said Mr. Loftus, 'put it down
veryplainly.jastasltell you, for every
body that knows me knows in what bad
shape I was, that I had to quit work I
was a molder by trade that the doctors '
advised light outdoor work, that-X. fol
lowed that nntll I was taken to ray bed,
and that my people all thought I had con-.
The gentleman talking W3S MrSJoha
Loltns, dealer in groceries on Higjjpe
and living at2To. 25 of the same streetHa
is well known in that- neighborh55?ai
well as among steel and iron workssiag-
whora, before his health failed hlssT
a fellow craftsman.
"That is why I am in the groceryiBWt
ness now," Mr. Loftus continued. "Thasr.
felt that I could never do active work agaiSJtA
when I finally broke down,I about madeap
my mind it was for good. 'i-
"jTou must remember it didn't come oa
all at once. I had dizzy spells, and dark
spots floating before my eyes, especially
when I would stoop over. There would -
be headaches a dull pain across
my forehead over my eyes. My nosa
wouldget stopped up, first one nostril and .
then the other. There would be ringing
and buzzing sounds in my ears.' The
trouble in my head, while it was annoying,
didn't worry me very much.
"But by and by I noticed, I was contin
ually hawking and hemming. A dry kind
of a cough fastened itself on me, and do
what I would I could not get rid of
it. I was continually sick at my
stomach. After eating there ;would be
distress and nausea. What I ..would eat
would seem a rest like a Ioa'-there. I
Mr. John Loflus, !S Sigh Street.
would go to the table feeling as it I had a
good appetite, and when I would sit down
I could hardly eat anything: Food did not
seem to have the proper taste. Sometimes
the very smell of food would make me sick.
I couldn't eat, and yet I was always hnnery.
"Breathing became difficult. Sometimes it
would be accompanied with a wheezing sound.
When I would lie down I wonld choke all up
and I would have to sit up In order to get any
air into my lungs. Tbe slightest effort or exer
tion would put me all ont of breath.
"My nights wonld be restless. The coughing
and the pains In the chest and hard breathing
kept me awafte, and I would eet up In tha
morning miserable. Sharp pains would cateh
me in tbe chest, running through to the shoulder-blades.
"I lost steadily in weight and strength, and it
was no wonder people tboughtl had consump
tion. Sometimes I wonld have a hot, feverish,
spell and then chills, and my body andlimba
would feel as cold as ice. Palpitation of tho.
heart was frequent. It would beat fast, and
this wonld be followed by slow and unsteady
beating: I was despondent about myself, ana
Indeed didn't look to ever eet any better. . 4
My brother-in-law readme from thepap
an account of a case like mine that had be i ft
treated andcured by Drs. Copelasd 4 Blair.
He urged me to go and see them, and finally I
went. I fonnd their charges reasonable, and
while they would hold oat no promises tome,
i made up my mind that they could help me, if
"Well, I placed myself under their cars and
Improved steadily from the start. I gained in
welsh r. My head became clear, breathing
easy. The coach and the pains in the chest
pxssed away. I got a hearty appetite, slept
well and pained gradually, but surely. I feel
like another man now, am able to wort, ana I
am very thankful for my restoration. This Is
what Drs. Copelandi Blair have, dons for me,
and I am gratef nl for it, and very clad to giro
my statement of it for publication."
FOLLOWING HIS SISTER.
Fimllv History tn ihe Case Ciusad
of the Fear.
Mr. Morris Meany, living at 2908 Mul
bury street, in conversation with the writer,
said: "It had extended so far that I had
little strength or ambition left. How did
it begin? Well, I can hardly say. It was
my head in the first place. My nostrils
would stop up; first one, then the other.
Sometimes they would discharge. There
would be adullpainfnmyforeheadrmy eyes
would get dim and watery.
"My throat gave me no epd of trouble. I
would be constantly hawking and hemming
to clear it of the mucus and phlegm. It
would feel raw and inflamed, and my voice
would get husky.
"I could see that I was getting weaker
and thinner every day. I worked as long
as I could, but my strength gave out en
tirely at last, and I had to give up. An
ugly hacking cough got hold of me". Sharp
pains would take me in the chest, running
through my shoulder blades.
"Jly nights were the worst I couldn't sleep.
1 had to be continually raisin? to clear my
throat The matter that
would drop down would
almostchoke me. Some
thing wonld seem to
stick there that I could
not get up or down. I
congbed and congbed,
and could get no rest
from sheer coughing
"Night sweats cams
on and weakened nts
terribly. When I wow?
get np in the morning I
would feel weak and
lek and miserable. For
a half hour I wonld do
nothing but couch and
raise, and I wonld be so
-ress myseii. 3
"Sometimes, when I would be lying down,
my heart would beat bard and fast, palpitate
for a few moments, and then It wonld neat alow
and Irregular, and there would be a sensation
of falntness and dizziness. Sharp pains wonld
seize me in the region ot the heart. I was get
ting very pale and thin. My friends all told me
that I bad lung trouble. 1 had lost a sister
from a similar disease, and I was very de
spondent and low SDlrited about myself. I had
tried almost everything without getting any
"Well, it was In this condition that twent to
Drs. Copeland and Blair at 66 Sixth avenue. I
found their charges were not exorbitant; that
they were within my means. Tbey didn't prom
Iso anythinc. but I felt sure they understood
my case, and I placed myself under their care."
'In tbe second week I commenced to feel,
better, and from that on I steadily grew strong
er and better. Tbe cough, the night sweats and
the pains in my chest disappeared, mj
head and throat became clear and wen. In tne
third week I was able to go to work ajrain. In
three weeks 1 gained over four pounds la
flesh. I am worklnr re?nlarlv now. I feel
strong and well, as If I bad taken a new lease
Ara located permanently at
66 SIXTH AVF
jWbere they treat with success
i? umce hours) to 11 a. atr
J'.'-K. (Sunday Included).
EASES ot tho EYF
JSTlli inm NiRVIn
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