Newspaper Page Text
THE PITTSBURG DISPAT
!H, SUNDAY, MAT 26, 1889.
BURIED IN FLOWERS.
Strange Migious Rites of a Singular
and Mystical Sect,
ECOKOMITES' DECOKATM DAI.
their Peculiar Motions as to the Remem
brance of the Dead.
IHE GREAT YIETUE OF OBEDIEKCE
iwmiTjLN toe Tint bispatch.j
Ecojtomt, Hay 25, 1689. Of all the
inany peculiar customs of that most singular
Sect of German communists, celibates and
pietist mystics the Harmonists or Econo
mites, none is fraught with deeper interest
than their annual ceremonies, performed at
this time of the year, in honor of the dead
and culminating in the complete covering
of their grave with flowers. Often as the
Economies, o more properly, the Harmon
ists, have been "written up" in newspapers
Bnd magazines, none of those numerous
sketches have given any account of their
quaint ideas end customs in connection
with death, nor have they told anything of
their religious creed beyond the fact that its
two most disti nctive features are the hold
ing of all propurty in common and the prac
tice of celibacy.
To fully understand the singular cere
monies and observances of to-day it is neces
sary for the reader to know something of
these things. The Harmonists have no fear
of death. They believe that for all who
have been good and faithful members of the
Harmony Society eternal happiness is cer
tain. They reject the doctrine of everlast
ing punishment. On the contrary, they
hold that as the purpose of nearlv all the
punishment inflicted by man is largely the
reformation of the offenders, so God's pun
ishment of the wicked is designed to make
them good and fit them for heaven, where
thev will ultimately be received.
ONE CHEISTIAN DTJTT.
Complete submission to the will of their
temporal governor and spiritual leader
they regard as one of the highest and most
imperative lorais of Christian duty. One
good old Economite sister told me only yes
terday that a blessing could not fail to fol
low implicit obedience to the commands of
"Father Henrici, who for more than 20
years past has been the absolute head of the
Eocietv its prbphet, priest and king, and
the dictator of all its rules and regulations.
xhere is a well equipped doctor s omce
in Economy, supplied with drugs and med
icines of ali kinds. It is visited daily by a
physician from the town of Baden, who is
engaged by the year to attend the entire
community. If a Harmonist falls sick,simple
home remedies, in the composition of which
many of the olii women possess rare skill,
are first tried. Should these fail, the doc
tor is summoned. His efforts are assisted
by the united prayers of the whole society,
for, though the Harmonists are not faith
curers, yet theyl believe the efficacy of prayer
to be absolutely 'without limit.
"When death ensues word is quickly
passed from house to house, that all who de
sire to do so may look once more upon the
features of the deceased. The last farewell
is taken, the corpse is wrapped in a winding
sheet and placed in a plain pine coffin. In
this, as in everything else pertainins to
their social usages, the Harmonists simply
follow the customs that prevailed in the
little town of Ipingen, in the kingdom of
"Wurtemberg, Germany, when the founders
of this sojiety emigrated from it to this
country in 1805. The style of dress they
wear to-day is identical with that worn in
provincial towns of the "Faderland" 84
SO DISMAT MADE.
"Women are not permitted to attend the fu
neral services. Only the nine elders, of
whom Jacob Henrici and Jonathan Lcnz
are the leaders, and la few of the more inti
mate friends of the deceased assemble at the
honse where the bodj lies. Xo hearse with
sodding plumes and showy trappings con
veys dead Harmonists to their last resting
place. Opposed as they are to display and
ostentation in everything, they deem it most
reprehensible of all' in connection with
death. After a few brief remarks by Father
Henrici, the coffin is borne out upon the
shoulders of three or four stalwart men and
placed in an ordinary wagon.
Ever since the Harmonists settled in
their present location they have been accus
tomed to bury their dead in their orchard, a
large inclosnre of many acres, made beau
tiful by exquisitely kept velvety lawns and
graceful peach and pear trees. Almost in
the center of this place there is a large ter
raced mound some 20 Jeet in height, which
was there lonjr before the recollection of the
oldest inhabitant of Beaver county. It is
believed to be an Indian burial mound.and
the Harmonists have been often urged to ex
cavate its contents.but hare' always refused,
saying that since they would not wish the
last resting place of their loved ones to be
desecrated they cannot so violate the golden
rule as to disturb even that of a savage.
"Within the orchard, a short distance from
this Indian banal place, a neat, plain fence
of white palings incloses a space of about
an acre and a half, now almost filled with
graves. There, beneath the '.umbrageous
shadows of the countless varieties of apple,
pear and peach trees,which stand in length
ening rows throughout the orchard, Father
Bapp, the founder of this strange sect of
Harmonists, and hia peaceful German fol
lowers calmly sleep the"r last sleep within a
few feet of the Indian braves and warriors
who rest beneath, the terraced, mound.
Truly; death is a wonderful leveler and
The graves of the Harmonists are wholly
undesignated by mark of any kino", and
there is no means of distinguishing that of
the great Father Bapp from those of the
humble brethren who sleep around him. A
register and ground plan of this primitive
cemetery are strictly kept, however, and the"
aged Harmonist who has charge of it can
give, from memory, the name and point out
the grave of every individual buried there.
To this quaint place of interment the Jew
attendants at a Harmonist funeral follow on
foot the wagon that contains the corpse. At
the newly-made grave a praver is offered by
Father Henrici and a hymn is sung, tlie
latter Theinw EMtW fmm a etM...... J1A
g hyma-uook which Father Bapp compiled in
xouj eijjretsiy lur me society s use. it con
tains some hymns from the old "Wurtemberg:
collection, while the others are of Father
"Bapp's own composition.
After the hymn the coffin is lowered into
the grave, each person present advances and
casts down flowers upon it until it is com
pletely covered. Then the earth is shoveled
in and the simple ceremonies are ended.
Much that seems strange in the faith and
practice of the Harmonists is readily ac
counted for when it is taken into considera
tion that ever since the formation of their
society in 1805 they have daily expected the
visible, personal second coming of the Be
deemer. The sun never rises upon a new
day that they do not expect to see in the
heavens the signs of His glorious advent
and to read therein the to them joyful
news that the end of the world is at hand.
They hold all flowers in trreat veneration
and invest them with a special mystic mean
ing, believing them to have been designed
by God as direct types of the resurrection,
and regarding their rising in the spring
from the earth in which, during the winter,
they seem to have been buried, as directly
typical of Christ's rising from the dead.
2X0VV1SUS A. PBOIUJTEOT FEATUBE.
It is for this reason that flowers bear so
prominent a part in all their religions and
social observances, and that thev are tt
E' down upon the coffin when it is lowered into
we grave, ana are annually placed upon
the craves themselves. The Harmonists
f have no fixed date upon, which: they observe
wis oesuiiiox custom or aecoracicg the
graves of their dead. with, flowers. The
ration day retsts entirely with Father Jacob
Henrici, their civil and religious head. He
invariably chooses a day in the latter part
of May, and a.? in addition to other gifts of
prophecy ascribed to him he possesses great
skill in fortel.Iing the weather, he is gen
erally fortunaU enough to select one whose
sky is fair and cloudless. His choice is
announced to bis people the night before,
and the longhours of darkness which follow
are devoted to meditation and prayer.
Throughout this strange community a
solemn vigil is maintained. Old relics and
mementos of the loved and lost are brought
forth from the old oaken chest, with which
every house is supplied, and are wept and
mourned over. .Reminiscences of by-gone
days are fondly recalled, and the good qualK
ties of those whose graves are to be decorated
on the moirow are freely descanted upon. It
is only their personal belongings by which
the Harmonists can recall their dead, as they
have conscientious scruples against the
taking of ptctures, which they believe to be
expressly forbidden by the terms of the Sec
With the dawn of their decoration day
peace and joy seem to come into every heart.
The prayers and meditations of the preced
ing night have filled the good Harmonists
with pious fervor, ond they feel more strong
ly than ever that death is not a thing of
gloom to be shunned and dreaded, but a
most desirable and happy translation from
earthly sorrow to endless bliss.
A JOXTUL DAT.
Just as the first rosy hues of dawn are
visime in the heavens, the excellent mili
tary baud of the Harmonists awakens the
town with its music, and the whole popula
tion sallv forth to gather flowers from the
large gardens attached to every house. At
2 o'clock in the afternoon the people as
semble in the great public halL Elder
Henrici marshals them into a quaint pro
cession, which marches through the streets
behind the band.
This procession was a most unique sight.
All were clad after the fashion of provincial
Germany in 1805. Both men and women
wore garments of a peculiar blue cloth man
ufactured here in Economy years ago. The
women all wear high pointed caps of blue
satin. The Orchard Cemetery reached, there
are prayers, Scripture readings, remarks and
singing, and then all deposit their flowers
ana garlands till tne graves are covered.
Then the procession marches back to the
great public hall for dismission, and the
Economies' Decoration Day is at an end.
WRITING FOR PROFIT.
A Few Scraps of Literary History
liecalled by the Sight of
STACKS OP DUST? VOLUMES.
Works of a Famous Authoress Who Wrote
for Tears Without Pay.
PHENOMENALLY SUCCESSFUL BOOKS
Why Oar Hour is Divided Into Sixty min
utes nnd lUIoutea Into Sixty Seconds.
"Why is our hour divided into 60 minutee,
each minute into 60 seconds, etc? Simply
and solely because in Babylon there existed,
by the side of the decimal system of notation,
another system, the sexagesimal, which
counted by sixties. "Why that number
should have been chosen is clear enough,
and it speaks well for the practical sense
of those ancient Babylonian characters.
There is no number which has so many
divisors as 60. The Babylonians divided
the sun's daily journey into 21 parasangs,
or 720 stadia. Each parasang, or hour,
was subdivided into 60 minutes. A para
sang is about a German mile, and Baby
lonian astronomers compared the progress
made by the sun during one hour at the
time of the equinox to the progress made by
a good walker during the same time,both ac
complishing one parasang. The whole course
of the sun during the 14 equinoxial hours
was fixed at 24 parasangs, or 720 stadia, or
340 degress. The system was handed on to
the Gresks, the Hipparchus, the great
Greek philosopher, who lived about 150 B.
D., introduced the Babylonian hour into
Europe. Ptolemy, who wrote about 150 A.
C, and whose name still lives in that of
Ptolemaic system of astronomy, gave still
wider currency to the 'Babylonian way of
reckoning time. It was carried alone- on
the quiet stream of traditional knowledge
through the middle ages, and, strange to
say, it sailed down safely oyer the Niagara
of the French Revolution.
For the French, when revolutionizing
weights, measures, coins, and dates, and
subjecting all to the decimal system of
reckoning, were introduced by some unex
plained motive to respect our clocks and
watches, and allowed our dials to remain
sexagesimal that is Babylonian each
hour consisting of 60 minutes. Here we
see the wonderful coherence of the world,
and how what we call knowledge is the re
sult of an unbroken tradition of a teaching
descending from father to son.
rCOBHESPONDESCE Or TOE DISPATCH.!
Washington, May 24. In the National
Library a few days agol came across a stack
of bound volumes of newspapers as high as
one's head almost. Among them were the
volumes of the National Era, covering the
period from 1847 to 1860. It was an avowed
anti-slavery paper, and it may well be be
lieved that its appearance at the National
Capital and the "Institution's" stronghold
created more or less of a sensation. Scarcely
had its first issue come wet from the press
before a certain Mr. Jones, of the City Coun
cil of Georgetown, introduced a resolution
in that body declaring that the publication
of an abolition paper in the city of "Wash
ington would be calculated to ''arouse the
worst feelings of our peaceful population,"
and appointing a committee of three to in
quire into the propriety of legislative action
in the premises.
Sounds strange, does it not, in these
piping days when we are all Abolitionists
The first number was issued January 7,
1847, with the names of G. Bailey as editor
and John G. "Whittier as corresponding
editor. A corresponding editor in those
days was not a mere figure-bead, as is so
commonly the case now as aglance through
those time-stained pages will show. From
the very first there is scarcely an issue with
out a letter, an essay or a poem from the
Quaker poet's graceful pen. On May 20,
1847, appeared his poem, "The Angels of
Buena Vista," the theme being furnished by
an incident at the battle of that name,
which had occurred only a short time before.
A GALAXY OF TALENT.
newspaper correspondent of facile peri, of
unbounded vocabulary, and of a fame and
reputation that give his writings currency
wherever newspapers are known. His para
graph are often like a string of epigrams,
his weightier thoughts are sometimes clothed
alter the similitude of Browning's poetry,
and what he does not know of men and
events of the quarter of a century just
passed is not worth knowing.
Of rfcent years he hat been established in
Western Maryland, perhaps in the region
of South Mountain, where he employs a
corps or trained assistants, wno put his
thoughts upon paper, and send off his copy
to the various publications with which he
has standing contracts. He probably enjoys
a larger income derived from newspaper
correspondence pure and simple, than Buy "I
other living man. JJut tnis is not the
strongest evidence of his genius.
AN AMBITIOrB AUTHOR,
Other men have evolved vulgar dollars
and cents from the alchemio depths of an
ink bottle; but no other newspaper man,
from the days of Ben Franklin down, ever
monopolized the fiont page of a leading
"Democratic daily paper, week after week,
with three-column installments of the very
soundest kind of "Republican doctrine. And
that, too, mind you, at a price that would
cause the eyes of the ordinary penny-a-liner
to stick out an inch, more or less.
Upon reflection, the statement is not here
with made that the versatile genius from
the Eastern shore did perform this literary
gymnastic feat, but many disgruntled pa
trons of the leading paper aforesaid were
ready, not many moons ago, to solemnly
aver that he could and did. But all this
is not what I saw in the library.
Stuck away in one of the alcoves was,a
little nest of books, all bearing the name of
Gath as their author. I tasted them, and
they were Gathy to a degree here an epi
gram, bright, pointed, sparkling; striking
elbows with a thought so profound that it
needed a diagram of explanation. The
thought that grew out of it all was this: "We
are never satisfied with what we can do
best. If success comes to us in a line for
which we may have more or loss talent, we
straightway begin to reach out for some
thing else. The world knows Gath as a
newspaper correspondent; he longs to be
known as a writer of books.
Milton T. Adkin3.
ONE CENTURY AHEAD.
The Population of the United States
a Hundred Years Hence.
SOME BIG FIGURES CALLED DOWK.
Two Hundred and Fifty Million Will he an
A BECEEASE IN THE RATE OF GROWTH
FASTEE THAN THE SWALLOW.
Point In Her Petition.
San Francisco Chronicle.
She had done something naughty and her
mother had sent her off to bed a little earl
ier than usual, and told her she would
punish her for it in the morning. The child
knelt down to say her prayers and she pnt
in this interpolation: "Please God won't
you take mamma up to heaven not for al
together, but just for to-morrow?"
But his was not the only poetic voice up
litted in freedom's cause. Those gifted
daughters of Ohio, Alice and Phcebe Cary,
were both regular contributors to the
columns of the new paper. Many of their
rarest poetic gems first saw the light in these
pages. The prose sketches of Alice, over
the pen name of Patty Lee, first drew at
tention to the young sisters.
And these were by no means all of that
brilliant tralaxv of writers who made the
Era such in literature as well as in politics.
There were Grace Greenwood, Mrs. M. L.
Bailey, Kobert Dale Owen, L. Maria Child.
Lucy Lacorm, Mrs. E. D. E. N. South
worth and Mrs. H. B. Stowe, who all con
tributed with more or less regularity. Of
the two latter a more extended notice is
Mrs. Southworth was, at that time, a
young teacher in the city schools of "Wash
ington. She had written a few short stories
for the Baltimore Visitor, a paper which
had a brief existence in that city under the
management of Br. Snodgrass. The latter
sold out to the proprietors of the Era, and
in January, 1849, appeared in the latter the
first installment of her story entitled
"Retribution," which she expected .to con
clude in the following number. But she
did not; it grew upon her, and ran on and
on, week alter week. It attracted wide
spread attention: diawing a letter from Mr.
"Whittier himself, in which he predicted
that it would set a thousand pens to going.
It was the first story published serially in
a weekly newspaper in this country, and
very narrowly missed being the first in the
world. Dickens had probably published
his "Dombey and Son" in this form in
1847-8, but his previous works had probably
all appeared in the form of weekly or
The Usual Wny.
Dansvllle Breeze. 1
If you drop your collar button, there is
one sure method of finding it. After you
have hauled the bureau across the room to
look under it, then replace the heavy furni
ture and pnt on a heavy pair of shoes, start
to walk across the room, and before you
have taken three steps you will step on the
collar button and smash it all to pieces.
KT. grve ui WJCiir ueau. wiia. xunrers. j,ne 1
ffc Selection of tfce date for, their siaaal dwo-1
The Sunday-School Year Book of the Meth
odist Episcopal Church reports 25,095 schools,
with 2,080.848 scholars.
The voluntary contributions to the Dises
tablished Irish Church for 1SSS amounted to
148,030, an increase of 11,400 oyer the previous
The yearly increase ot ordained men in the
Anglican Church seems to be in excess of re
quirements. The clencaf deaths last year were
460, and there were but TO new churches built,
while there were 734 ordinations. The unbene
ficed clergy in England now number from 10,000
At the world's quadrennial conference of
the United Brethren Church recently held at
York, Pa., the openimr address of Senior
Bishop Weaver showed an increase in the past
quadrennial of -40.000 members, 143 organized
societies, nearlv $200,000 in benevolent inter
ests, over $500,000 in church property valuation,
and a gam in the Sunday Ecnool attendance of
Tlrs statistics read at the recent conference
In the Tabernacle, Salt Lake City, report that
the "Church of Jesns Christ of Latter Day
Saints ' has at present 12 apostles. 70 patri
archs 8,919 high priests, 11.805 elders, 2,069
priests. 3,292 teachers, 11,610 deacons, 81,899
families. 119,915 officers and members, -49,803
children under 8 Tears of age, a total Mormon
population of 153,911.
The annual report of the American Sea
men's Friend Society, just Issued, contains
many interesting facts about the work of this
ancient and excellent association among the
sailors. 'About $35,000 has been spent in the
past year in missionary work, publications.
Joan libraries, and other aids. Altogether 9,221
libraries have been given out to vessels; over
10,000 have been reslnpped, making In all near
ly 800,000 books, which have been pnt within
reach of about 350,000 men. Church of To-day.
Is" 1S28 the First Presbyterian Church, Wash
ington City, removed to the present site on
Foui -and-a-half street. In 1859 the church was
remodeled to Its present form. In this church
four Presidents and a larce number of the
most distinguished men of the country, in the
earlier councils of the Republic, have regu
larly -worshiped. The church has bad only
seven pastors. The last and the present one.
Rev. Byron Simderland. D. D., is now In the
thirty-seuenth year of his pastorate.
iTi'iKit an uncommon occurrence for an
East lndiaman from Liverpool, just from the
lied Sea land the shadows of Sinai, to tonch at
Madras andCaloutta, then lie up at Rangoon,
at each wharf landing a missionary from her
cabin and a crate of craven images from her
hold. The, English nation continues to derive
an income of some 40,000,000 from the excebscs
and miserifsof the richer part of the Chinese
people, white the poorer classes of Chinese are
creatine au euiinu ior a cneaper nome grown
On. the contrary, the British and
'oreism Bib? Sndetv has issued, dnrtnir the
past year, 4,306,080 conies of Bibles, Testaments,
sod portions of the Scripture?, alargernumber
man ev.r &"' owthh bus
TEAKS OF UNPAID LABOE.
It may not be without interest to young
writers of the present day to know that Mrs.
Southworth wrote continuously for two or
three years without receiving one cent of
pay, and that the first compensation she did
receive was at the rate of 1 per column,
which was the current price at that time.
After a time she was engaged by Henry
Petewon to write for the old Saturday Even
ing Post, and for a long time she wrote reg
ularly for the two, running a story in each
alternately. Of late years, until very re
cently, she has written exclusively for Bon
ner s Meager, but ol the 67 novels coming
from her pen, she never wrote a line upon a
yearly salary. '
Of Harriet Beechcr Stowe, it need only be
said thfit she wrote "Uncle Tom's Cabin,"
and of the iVationai Era, that the immortal
story first saw the light in its columns. All
unheralded it grew upon the world week bv
week. Dr. Bailey indulged in no flamingj
jieau iiucs ur euitunui exultation over me
most powerful ally the most potent influ
ence, that bad hitherto enlisted under his
banner, June 5, 1851, the first installment
appeared, and it ran continuously until the
following April. Nothing appears in these
dim and musty pages, printed 40 years ago,
to indicate the immediate effect of the re
markable work. Perhaps it was not very
marked, for the tradition jroes, that when in
1852f the author was negotiating for its pub
lication in book form, her husband declared
that he would be satisfied if she realized
enough from the proceeds to buy herself a
PHENOMENALLY SUCCESSFUL 'WORKS.
And lol in four years more than 300,000
copies were sold in the United States, and
as many more in ureat .Britain. In ten
years it had been translated into French,
German, Dutch, Danish, Swedish, Portu-
fuese, Spanish, Italian, "Welsh, Bnssian,
'olisb, Hungarian, "Wendish, "Wallachian,
Armenian, Arabic, and Romaic. It is safe
to say that no other book ever made so pro
found impression. None other ever wielded
such influence. In molding and crystal
izing public opinion it outweighed the death
of Lovejoy, the eloquence of Phillips, and
the tragedy of Harper's Perry.
In another alcove I found many of the
books of Mrs. P. H. Burnett As all . the
world knows, she is an author whose success
has been abundant, not to say phenomenal.
Her writings have brought her both fame
and fortune, and she is an exception to the
general rule. Between 15 and 20 years ago,
I should say from memory, she began her
remarkable career, doing most of her work
for Peterson's Magazine, at that time nnder
the control of the veteran editor and man of
letters, Charles J. Peterson. Some of her
strongest work was done for his publication,
and many of the serials thus published re
mained comparatively unknown to the
great publie that now reads her, until her
later fame brought them out in book form.
After some experience she wrote the storv,
"Surly Tim's Trouble," and offered it to the
Century, then known as Scribner's Maga
zine, and edited by the late Dr. Holland.
That story was her introduction the world
that now knows her. It marked the corner
stone of her success. There has probably been
notning stronger proaucert by the present
generation of writers, herself included.
"WKITINGS THAI PAID WELL.
The sum of $15,000, for which she con
tracted last winter to write a new story, has
perhaps not been equaled, in this country,
as the price of a single work since the days
when Robert Bonner drew by installments
from the great and busy Beecher his cele
brated "Norwood." The success of her
"Little Lord Fauntleroy" as a book has
been great, but its drawing powers as a play
have been simply wonderful. During the
past season it has had a continuous run in
New York, and it has been stated in the
press that the author's share of the receipts
nas Deea at me rate or i,oou per week.
Who has not heard of Gath, the genius of
the Eastern shore, sometimes Known by the
alias of George Alfred Townsend? The
word genius is used advisedly; that's Just
what he is. Heh, as mortpwlekasw. I.Xif.,.
An Application of Electricity That la Dei.
lined to Annihilate Space.
New Tore Commercial Advertiser.:
The new and beautiful application of
electricity for the purposes of rapid transit,
described in a special dispatch, is destined
to work a revolution in methods of overland
travel, if upon further test it shall prove
successful. By this process, in which the
momentum of a car passing between mag
netic coils is utilized for the attainment of
speed greater than that of a swallow and
equal to that of a swift, which goes through
the air at the rate of 200 miles an hour, the
the distance between Boston and New York
can, it is claimed, be covered in about an
hour, and.it will be possible to send parcels,
and ultimately passengers, from this city to
Albany in 45 minutes.
This seems to be incredible, hut there ap
pears to be good reason to believe that it is
true. Experts in electricity who have ex
amined, the invention say that it will d
even more than is now claimed for it. The
cost is small when compared with that of
transportation of railroads, and the conven
ience will be much greater, especially in
summer, when the lives of travelers are now
made a burden to them by smoke and flyinz
cinders, jar aud noise. The invention seems
almost too simple and beautiful to be be
lieved in. Yet there it is, and alter elec
tricity, what? It is a long stretch from the
time when it took months to carry the news
of Nelson's victory at the battle of the Nile
to London to the present time, when travel
is promised and seemingly assured, at this
It may be interesting to compare this
speed with others. A grey hound can, for
a short time, cover ground at the rate of 75
miles au hour. In 1881 Count Caroly's
carrier-pigeons flew from Pesth to Paris at
the rate of 114 miles per hour. Swallows
go at the rate ot 150, and swifts at that of
200 miles in the same time. A surface
tempest wave on the ocean moves but 50
miles, and a good ice boat skims along at
70 miles say a third of the rate promised
by the new invention and the swiftest
running now made inHnglish railways is
that attained on the Great Northern, over
which cars are sent at a speed ot 105 miles
in 100 minutes, though it is said that trains
have been driven 100 miles in an hour on
this road. All these speeds are trifling when
compared with that which we are now
promised. Surely electricity is destined in
time to "annihilate space" and to disprove
the saying of Ecclesiastes that there is no
new thing under the sun.
fWBITTSIt FOB THE DISPATCH. 1
In a recent publication the Hon. "William
E. Gladstone quotes the eminent statistician,
Barham Zincke, as authority for the state
ment that in one century hence the popula
tion of the United States will be 800,000,
000. This i palpably absurd. Eight hun
dred millions is two-thirds of all the inhab
itants upon the face of the globe at present.
By what process of reasoning, or from what
data Mr. Zincke makes his calculations, or
draws his inferences, we do not know.
Dr. Jedidiah Morse, in his "American
Geography," in 1796, assuming the popula
tion of the United States at that time to be
5,000,000, calculated that in 1890 the popu
lation would be 160,000,000 "We see how
wofully he missed it, "We are now within
a year of the time for taking the tenth
census, and the best authorities anticipates
return oi about 60,000,000 much less than
one-half of the population predicted by Dr.
Morse. A hundred years is not a great
while. There are men living who have
lived 100 years
It is preposterous to suppose that within
the probable lifetime of children now liv
ing, the population of this country will run
up from 60.000,000 to 800,000,000. This is a
population 13 times as great as the pres
ent. The population in 1790 was nearly
BOMB BIO FIOUEES.
Our present population, ft is true, is a
little more than 13J4 times what it was in
1790, but by a parity of reasoning the popu
lation in 2090 would be 13 times 800,000,000,
which would give us more than 10,600,000,
000 of people more, perhaps, than have
lived on the face of the globe in the last
1,000 years. "We say we do not know by
what process of reasoning or calculation
Mr. Zincke has reached his conclusion, but
anybody can see the utter absurdity ot it.
"What are the facts of the growth of our
In 1800 the total was 6,810,520.
In 1810 the total was 8,617,6s9, gain per cent 86.
In 1820 the total was 11,405,478, gain per cent J2.
In 1830 the total was 15.191.662, gam per cent 33.
In 1840 the total was 19,943,101, cain per cent 31.
In 1850 the total was 20,830,684, gain per cent 34.
In 1860 the total was 35,625 514. sain per cent 33.
In 1870 the total was 43,436,052, iraln per cent22.
In 1860 the total was 50,162,866, gain per centltt.
The average increase for the period from
1860 to 1880, was 17 percent; call it 20 per
cent; at the same rate of increase, and we
have no reason to believe that it will ever
be greater than this, the populetion in 1890
will be 60,183,439; in 1900 it will be 72,
220,126; and in 1990 it will be 372,639,981
Sharpen Who fleece Passeo en Oat of
Largo gams ol Money.
Joe Howard in the Boston Globe.
In this connection it is of interest to know
that professional gamblers are now travel
ing to and from Europe on our best lines,
practicing on the ignorance or freshness of
their fellow-passengers. One xf the best
known steamship men in this city says of
the gambling for big and little stakes which
is carried on while crossing the ocean:
"I don't believe that anvlarfe steam shin
crosses the Atlantic now without more or
less gambling going on on board. Only a
few weeks ago, to my certain knowledge, a
club man ot this city was fleeced ont of
54,000 between Queeiistown and New York.
He was what is known as a man of the
world and a cosmopolitan who would will
ingly give another 1,000 rather than have
his losses made public. He thrashed one of
the gamblers just outside of Sandy Hook,
and the matter was hushed up for fear of
Mr. Gibson, an agent of one of the lines,
admitted that only last week he had refused
to sell tickets to a pair of sleek-looking
gamblers who brought letters of intro
duction from a prominent politician asking
for the best staterooms in the ship.
"It's impossible to tell gamblers from
honest men," said Mr. Gibson, "but the
regulations on shipboard should always be
strict regarding games where money is
played for with cards."
Occasionally, however, the biter is bitten,
as will be shown by the following Btory told
by a clerk employed by a large steamship
"A few days aeo." said he. "a vounp man
apparently none too bright, came in and
bought a first-class ticket. He was eoing to
the Paris Exhibition. After I had sold
him a ticket he told
over a few weeks ago,
inveigled him and
a lriendly game
started in early
A FORTUNE IN AIARM.
Descripjion of Senator McFherson's
Agricultural Estate, . -
MT THE COUNTEI.
A Tillage of Farm Buildings, With 1,300
Acres of the Eichest Land.
me that on his way
two gamblers bad
two friends into
of poker. They
in the even-
played nntil close noon
All three young men won large
COWS WORTH THEIR WEIGHT IN MOSiil
Where Vanity Displays Itself.
If men will be mighty then they must
make up their minds to be laughed at; and
with reason, for when a plain shrewd
man speaks of performing his ablutions
when he washes his hands, or tells you that
Phoebus was but coloring the Orient when
he means to say the sun was rising, or re
turns to the parental domicile when he
goes home, be sure with all his shrewd
ness he has a weakness somewhere, and that
weakness is vanity.
AN END SOMEWHERE.
That is assuming this rate of increase to
go on continuously; but this it will not do.
Nature regulates itself. The apeed of a lo
comotive has been increased from 8 or 10
miles an hour to 60 or even 100 miles an
hour; but this rate of speed cannot be ac
celerated indefinitely. The resistance of the
air, the friction of the parts, and even the
strength of the materials, have established
limits beyond which it is not possible for a
locomotive to go.
"We may believe that no locomotive will
ever travel 250 miles an hour. A tree grows
to a certain size in 100 years; in 600 years it
does not grow five times as large. After a
certain time, if it grows at all, its growth is
but little. A nation attains a certain
growth, after which it does not seem to in
crease at the same rate. The whole history
of the world shows this to have been the
fact in the past, and it will prove to be the
case in the future.
"We see the tame thing already develop
ing itself in our own history, in the falling
off from an average rate of increase of 33 per
cent in the first 60 years of the century to 22
per cent for the next decade, and to only 16
per cent for the period from 1870 to 1880.
WHAT WILL PEEVENT IT.
Various influences will operate to prevent
the future rapid growtli of our population.
"We may mention the restriction of the pres
ent indiscriminate immigration from Eu
rope. This is a measure that sooner or later
will be forced upon the United States in
self-defense. "We see the tendency already
in the restriction of Chinese immigration.
The final absorption of the public lands, an
event not far in the future, and the compe
tition for the means of livelihood, will tend
to put a veto to the overproduction of the
human species in our country.
China, with a territory larger than the
United States, a favorable soil and climate,
a civilization and Government' dating from
remote antiquity, in a period of 3,000 years
has acquired a population of less than one
half that predicted for us by Mr. Zincke,
only a century hence. The obscurity of
such a prediction rises into the grotesque.
"We think it a larse allowance to say that
we shall have 250,000,000 of a population in
the year 1990. T. J. Chapman.
sumsofmonev and decided to stoD. The
gamblers bemoaned their losses, but agreed
to renew the game the next day. Two of
the young men went back and resumed the
friendly game. The other quietly re
mained on deck with a lady acquaintance.
He did not gamble for'therest of the voyage,
but was obliged to loan his friends money
for cab hire when the steamship reached
Poker is the most popular game on steam
ships, although it is related that a gambler
quite recently tried to start a game of faro
in his stateroom. Gambling among steer
age passengers is also quite common, but far
less disastrous. The professional gambler
never invades the steerage.
FREE TXT BOOK SYSTEM.
How the Five Tenrs'Trial In Dlnssachnietti
The free text book system which was
adopted by the last Maiue Legislature, has
had a five?years' trial in Massachusetts and
has operated to the eatire satisfaction of the
people of that Commonwealth. The elev
enth! annual report of the committee of
supplies, recent! submitted to the Boston
School Board, enters at some length into
this subject and presents several facts well
The cost for furnishing books, drawing
materials and stationery, during five years,
has amounted to $272,239 55; to ofiset which
the city has on hand books estimated to be
worth 570,109 55, From these figures it is
apparent that the average cost for such sup
plies is about ?30,226 per year, or at the rate
oi oi cents lor each or the 62,000 pupils.
The average cost in Lewiston per capita has
been found to be about 70 cents yearly, or
less than 2 cents a week for the school year!
The cost in other Maine towns, which are
now compelled by law to adopt the system,
probably will not exceed this insignificant
The remarkably good care taken of these
supplies is shown by the committee's report.
The total number of books reported lost
during the past year was 749, of which
number more than 60 per cent here in the
primary and evening schools, were the
books used are inexpensive. Bnt ta'iine
the entire enrolment as a basis of calcula
tion, we find that the proportion of books
reported lost, is to the number of pupils
who had books, as less than one to eighty
one. The same evidence of honesty and
carefulness is furnished by the statistics of
books returned as worn out. The total for
the past year was 25,397, or only about 8
per cent of the whole number in use. The
committee's estimate, on the basis of five
years' experience, that the average duration
of textbooks loaned to pupils will be six
years and the average annual expense for
replacing those worn-out will be 50 cents
for each scholar.
rCOEKESPOITDENfeE OT THE DISIMTCH. J
Teenton, N. J., May 25. John B. Mc
pherson, the rich United States Senator
from this State, has one of the finest farms
in the world. The best Holstein and Jersey
cows in America are the property of the
Senator. The farm is known asBelle Mead,
after a famous Kentucky homestead. It is
situated on the direct line of the Philadel
phia and "Beading road, between New York
and Philadelphia. It is in Somerset county,
and only a few miles from this city. The
steeples and turrets of Princeton College can
be seen from the central farmhouse. There
are 1,300 acres of magnificent land, he till
ing of which cost the Senatora small fortune.
There are a dozen farmhouses and more
than a dozen enormons barns.
There are 10,000 peach trees, hundreds of
other fruit trees, and a game preserve. Bab
bits, ducks, partridges, guinea fowls, car
rier pigeons and domestic animals of every
description abound in the woods. Chickens
are fed scientifically in winter with heated
loocJ, and the incubator is in constant use.
"While Belle Mead is admitted by experts to
surpass any farm in the land, it is not con
ducted merely for pleasure or pride on the
contrary, it yields a substantial profit every
year and is paying a moderate percentage
on the enormous sntn that it originally cost.
A.PEOUD AND CONTENTED PAEMEE.
Assemblyman Jacob Klotz. is the mana
ger ot the farm for the Senator. "Last win
ter he left the cattle and granaries long
enough to come to fhe Legislature and put
in one of the votes that returned his propri
torto the United States Senate for the third
successive term. Klotz is a thorough far
mer. He will point with pride to the kine
standing knee deep in the luxurious green
grass, to the trim tences and hedges and the
thousand and one details of rustic beauty
and thrift. He will tell of the 100 acres of
growing wheat, of the 100 of oats, of the 100
acres of peach trees and of pasturaee for 300
head of cattle until you wish you were a
But the chief pride, botn of the Senator
and his manager, are the cows. As already
mentioned, the farm contains the finest Jer
seys and Holsteins in America. It is a
good cow that give3 18 or 20 quarts of milk
a day. De Bless, the queen of the Belle
Mead Holsteins, is running a race with the
world's record. She gives over 40 quarts a
day, and it is expected that during this year
she will give 12,500 quarts or 25,000 pounds
of lacteal fluid. The record is 30,000 pounds
of milk a year. The animal is worth $3,500,
but $5,000 wouldn't bny her.
WOETH THEIB WEIGHT IN DOLLAES.
De Bless wanders around in clover with a
small herd of Holsteins that are almost
worth their weight in silver. A man is with
them almost constantly. They are never
driven faster than a walk; no one is allowed
to speak unkindly to them or to strike them,
and they are milked three times a day. The
milker's finger nails must be carefully
trimmed for fear of injuring them and in
winter they are fed scientifically on food
heated with steam. A steam pipe takes the
chill off the wntr that they drink in cold
weather, and, altogether, they receive more
care than many human beings.
Each of the" Holsteins has a pedigree as
long as that of a prince. Their yield of
milk is carefully marked dqwn on a black
board in pounds and added up each week,
and it takes a whole set of 'hooks to keep the
record of their yield and of the calves' re
lations in the bovine elite directory.
BOVINE BLUE GRASS BEAUTIES.
The Jerseys are cared for almost as tender
ly. Mr. Klotz has a long stretch of Ken
tucky blue grass for tbem to graze on. No
cow is driven in from the pasture and
milked immediately. They are permitted
to chew their cud an hour in the stable be
fore they are turned over to the milking
boys. Eight hundred quarts of lacteal fluid
are shipped from the Belle Mead depot
every day. It increases in quantity after It
gets to New York. The Kentucky blue
rass is not blue. It is just as green as-the
lades in Central Park. It is going to be a
success in New Jersey, Mr. Klotz thinks. It
is thick and rugged, and it does not run ont
in four or five years. "When once the ground
is seeded with it it is calculated that it will
"When Senator McPherson returns from
Europe he expects to go to Colorado and the
far West in search of more cattle for his
Jersey farm. He is also thinking of im.
porting some fine race horses and raising the
finest breed of stallions in the world.
THE LATEST SW1SDLB.
He Han a Bojrn Hotel to Get His GaestV
A remarkable dodge for obtaining money
has, according to the Paris correspondent
of the London Telegraph, been adopted by
a "knight of industry," who is said by the
police to be a pickpocket of British nation
ality. This person arrived in Paris a few
weeks ago and bought a little hotel, or de
tached residence, in the Avenue Bosquet
for 25,000. The "knight," however, did
not pay down the sum in cash; he only de
posited 80 with the landlord on account,
and succeeded in inducing a verdant up-
holsterer to furnish and carpet his rooms.
Then he called the place by a high-sounding
name and distributed prospectuses in
all the railway stations, setting forth the
comforts, conveniences, and luxuries to be
found at moderate cost at his establishment,
which was near the great exhibition.
People came to him in scores, and the
house was soon filled. The tenants, how
ever, were terribly frightenedy the elabo
rate notices pasted up all over the place,
cautioning them to be aware of pickpockets,
who obtain entries into hotels, and inform
in? them that the manager of thir Paris
home would only be responsible for the
property intrusted to his temporary keep
ing. Several guests handed over money
and jewelry to the industrial knight-errant,
who, after he had received about 30,000 fr.,
or 1,200, "bolted." He did not go far,
and was captured on the Champ de Mars in
the act of plying the pocket ot a visitor to
the exhibition. The amateur hotel keeper
is now under lock and key at the depot, or
principal police station.
A WOMAN'S SPRAUGE TlSTB.
A Yankee Matron Who Prefer Chewlasf
Slate Pencil to Candr.
Auburn (Me.) Gazette. 2
"How "much are slate pencils?" asked
woman as she stepped into a stationery
store yesterday morning.
"Ten cents a dozen."
"Give me one dozen."
Then, unwrapping the package, she de
liberately began to eat the pencils. Yes,
eat them, not just chip the ends with her
teeth as do school children, but biting off
substantial quarter-inch pieces and crush
ing and swallowing them with infinite
relish. This was quite a remarkable
achievement for a staid, matronly person,
such as she appeared to be, and naturally
she wasquestioned concerning this strange
propensity. From what she had said in
replying it seems that this unusual system
of diet was by no means confined to slate
pencils. Gravel is a staple article of food
with her, properly strained and assorted;
oyster and clam shells and friable sand
stone she masticates as a man eats a soda
cracker, and asks for more.
A Petrified Bible.
.From the Indlanxnolls Journal.
"While cfeafihg-aa, old swirmpTaA jteei,''
Mr. Martin Plush, living near Pleasant,
Valley, discovered quite a curiosity. Sev
eral feet beneath the leaves and muck he
unearthed what appeared to be a stone
book. Close inspection showed it to be a
family Bible, bearing the date 1773 plainly
lettered. It is now solid limestone. Thoie
who have examined the book state that it
was originally a real book and is now petrified.
BILE POISONED BLOOD.
Detroit Free Press.
Stranger Can you tell me who that gen
tleman with the long hair and heavy mus
tache is, sitting over there in the corner?
I'd bet a dollar he's made his mark in this
Citizen That fellow? Yes, you'd win.
He's made it a good many times. I saw it
on a mortgage once. It's straight, about a
a quarter of an inch long. He always gets
someone to write over the top of it. "Bill
Jones his mark."
A Syllable Slip.
Dr. Carpenter was noted for the quick
ness of his wit, and it was a common say
ing in the town in which he lived that he
always had an answer ready when it was
required. He was once introdnced as "Dr.
Carter." Immediately his friend saw his
error, and corrected himself.
"Never mind," said the doctor; "it's only
a slip of the pen."
A Questionable Success.
Angelina And now that you have visi
ted her school, Edwin, what is your decision
regarding Madame Prancais for onr child
ren? As to discipline, does she give that
Edwin Indeed she does, my dear. I
was there the whole morning, and madam e
seemed to devote the entire time to preserv
Remits of the Spaldins Tour.
Excited Natives (to shipwrecked sailor
just washed ashore) For heaven's sake, tell
us, quick! Is a man out if he doesn't tonch
first base when he makes a home run?
Ex-Peesident AndeetD. White recently
sent to Cornell University a papyrus found in
the tomb of a priest of the Ptolemaic period.
The inscriptions, which are partly hieroglyphic,
represent certain chapters of the ''Book of the
Dead." With the papyrus was sent also a col
lection of 140 large nhotographs to illustrate
.Egyptian art. The Epoch.
THE statement of Dr. Spitzka, apropos to
the case of Bishop, that there is no absolute
proof of death except decomposition, will be
apt to create disqaiet in some mind'. The con
jecture is often made whether many people are
not buried alive, or, at any rate.frozen to death
by the undertaker. The period between disso
lution and sepulture is generally brief, and in
the excitement, distress and hurry; it may be
tnat premature interment is sometimes the re
sult Baltimore News.
DR. Von DcHEnta reports to the British
Medical Journal a case of tuberculosis which
was contracted by wearing a pair of earrings.
The patient, a girl of 14 years, removed the ear
rings from the ears of a young girl who died of
consumption, and wore them in her own ears.
Soon after, an ulcer formed iu the left ear, the
discharge from 'which, when examined, was
found to contain tubercle bacilli, and a gland
in the necu aiso eniargea ana,niceratea. Tlie pa
tient developed pulmonary consumption, and
at the date of the report was sinking rapidly.
The efficacy of filters has been questioned
and denied in many professional quarters. A
Now York doctor has recently called attention
to the fact that, so far from lessening the
number of bacteria, a filtering snbstance may
allow a more rapid multiplication of micro
organisms than unfiltered water would ordi
narily undergo, and that even In the best of
filters the germs of disease may be bred. The
old-fashioned but not yet effete theory that
chemical agens act aa effective cerm destroyers
no longer holds water. And mankind in gen
eral is coming to learn that if drinking watir is
to be purified it must bo on some grand co
operative scale, and not through the instru
mentality of a little patent reversible, dnnbls
back action machine in his kitchen. Philadel
THE British Medical Journal has this to say
about the intemperance of boys and girls in
Austria: "So serious and widespread has in.
ebriety been of recent years among school chil
dren that the Vienna School Board have,
though hitherto ineffectually, been making
strenuous efforts for the prohibition of the sale
of intoxicating drinks to children. The board
has just resolved to invoke the intervention of
the Government, and a bill is to be laid before
Parliament during the present session to pro
hibit the sale of intoxicants to bos and sirls
under 15 years of age. So alarming is the pres
ent state of matters that the appearance o a
boy at school in a state of drunkenness is by no
means a rare sight. During the winter poor
children are often sent to school with only a
glass of tne cheapest spirits for breakfast,
partly to allay hunger and partly to 'keep ont
the cold' that venerable delation which still
Miasm la MMak
THE IHVENTION OP HASH.
The Compound Snpposed to Havo Origi
nated Daring a Hurricane.
Kichmond Stale. 1
"Who invented hash, who was its p rimary
artificer? is as much a mystery as the com
pound itself. There has been ratiocinated,
however, the conclusion that the first at
tempt in the process of invention were ac
cidental rather than designed. It is sup
posed that in one of the wild and devastat
ing hurricanes of the tropics a herd of cat
tle, riven by the thunderbolts and dismem
bered by the storm, was found by hungry
and weather-beaten natives "when the
clouds rolled by," and steak ribs and all
other porfs being lost in the conglomerate
mass, tnen and there hash, marvelons bash,
had its origin.
The dish was passed around the civilized
globe, gathering in potatoes in Ireland.pep
per in the "West Indies, and the entieinsr
'flavor of (the onion in Mexico. The whole
sale character of its composition made it a
peculiarly suitable food for the use of those
who, not cirenmscribed by the family
circle, with its favorite child and consequent
aeniana lor special tid-bits, undertake to
multitude of strangers at so much a
A YEEX SLICK GA2IE.
A Thief Personates a Tailor and Secnrei a
Iiot of Good Clothes.
From t le New York Sun.l
A be arder in a fashionable up-town house,
who h: ,d been delayed one night last week, ar
rived heme as a seedy.looking individual came
down the- front steps with an armful of spring
overcoats. The boarder recognized somo of
these as the property of Mends in the house,
and stepped the man.
"Where did you get those!" ke demanded.
A light smile Hashed over the man's face as
"I'm a tailor around the corner, and the gen
tlemen! sent for rap to press and fix their coats."
The boarder suddenly remembered that his
own coat needed repairing, so be gave it to tbe
man with instructions to fix it with the others
and return it. When he got down to the table
he said) to one ot the boarders:
'Jones, I met the tailor with your coat as I
was coining in-, and I gave him mine, too."
Jones looked up wonderfngly.
"What are you talking about?" he asked.
The) boarder explained, aud in a moment
there was a panic. Several of tbe coats were
afterward recovered in a pawn shop, but the
thief is Btill at large.
pE IMPATIENT POTATO BUG.
He Doesn't Walt for tbe Plant This Year
but DIrs Torlt.
tbe Philadelphia Record.)
voracious potato bug has already mad e
ppearanco In the country in Immense
ers, thanks to the hoc weather, and all
thisStato and New Jersey the farmers
started In to fight him. The dealers In
) week ailing orders for destroyers of tbe
farmirs' sapnllca in this city have been busy
inner from Berwvn stated yesterday that
on his farm the bugs had dug down into the
ground lor the potato plants, a proceeding un
heard of before. In soma portions of the State
. which attack grapevines and rose
Nearly every one is occasionally troubled
with bilious attacks, more especially in the
spring months, after the svstem has been sur
feited with hearty food during the winter. Tbe
action of the Liver Is interfered with, causing
an overflow of bile into the blood. The blood
carries this bile into every part of the system,
causing yellow skin, yellow eyes, liver spots,
etc., and often serious cases of bilious fever
originate from this bile poisoned blood. A
few doses of Burdock Blood Bitters, taken on
appearance of bilious symptoms, will remove
them and protect the system from a probable
Run Down in the Spring.
I am nsl'ig Burdock Blood Bit
ters for Sick Headache and Bil
iousness. It is the best medicine 1
ever took. I was so run down this
spring from overwork that my
husband urged me to see a doctor.
I was scarcely able to stand and
concluded to try B. B. Bitters first;
the first bottle is not yet finished,
bnt I can go about mv work with
pleasure already. I shall take an
Mrs. Johk Donnelly,
care of Edward Doolet,
15 Lyman btreet, Springfield,
I tell you for the benefit of oth
ers what Burdock Blood Bitters
has done for me. I have been a
sufferer for years from Liver Com
plaint and weak stomach. At
times I was so bad that I would
apply to our family physician for
relief, which would be bnt tempor
ary.Last falll bad an nmisuall v bad
spell. Jly mother bought a bottle
of Burdock Blood Bitters, and it
Pivfl Tnn frrpat relipf. It hfflnoH
me more than anything I have""
ever tasen. It Is also excellent
for constipation. Mrs. Lizzie
Ububu, Ickesburg. Perry Co., Pa.
Last spring my health became very poor. I
had no appetite and my liver tronbled me. I
used several medicines, bnt obtained no relief
until I was finallv persntded to try Burdock
Blood Bitters. This medicine enred me.
Flachville. N. Y.
If you suffer from Headache, Nausea, Dizix
ness, Faintncss, Alternate Costiveness and
Diarrhoea, Yellow Complexion, Weakness, Ach
ing Shoulders or any other symptom of bilious
ness or Liver Complaint, procure a bottle of
B. B. B., which will correct the clogged condi
tion of the Liver, cleanse the blood of all fan.
purities and tone up the entire system. It is
an acknowledged fact by all who have used
BURDOCK BLOOD BITTERS THAT ONE
BOTTLE CONTAINS MORE CURATIVE
PROPERTIES THAN GALLONS OP ANY
OTHER MEDICINE KNOWN.
A Horrible -Condition.
I was in a horrible condition from
dyspepsia and a combination of other
complaints. In the morning when I
got out of bed It seemed as if I could
not stand up on account of dizziness.
Hearing Burdock Blood Bitters high
ly recommended, I am now using tho
first bottle, and, although not having
used quite a full bottle, the dizziness
has entirely disappeared and I am
mnch better of my other complaints.
I have tried many other medicines,
with no relief.
25 E. Ransom st, Kalamazoo. Mich,
I had been troubled with Liver
Complaint, Indigestion and Palpita
tlon of the Heart for five or six veirs
and could get nothing to do me any
good until I tried B.B.B. I used 13
ootties anu now 1 am a sound man. X
feel better than I ever did in my life.
My digestion became all right and I
have no more trouble with my heart.
I feel very cratefnl toward B. B. B.
and feel like recommending It every
where. Yours resDcctfnllv. Franz
Hickman, New Straitsville. Perry
I have been taking Bnrdock Blood Bitters
and using it in my family this spring. For
three years I have had the dyspepsia. I got a
bottle or two of your Bitters and they have
cured me, and I never felt better In my life. It
is a Bure core for dyspepsia, and best medicine
I know of. H. BCHTH.ETH. Covert. Mich.
WHO IS THIS MAN?
He ia the man with the greatest and best record o!
any man in his class. He served the U. S. Govern
ment twenty-two and a half years, aa
SCOOT, GDIDE AHD HTORETER,
In 1866 he conquered the largest savage tribe of In
dians west of the Bockies; in 1873 he killed and
captured all of the hostile Modocs, accomplishing
more effectual service for the Government than any
man, living or dead. He introduced Ka-ton-ka to
Donald MoKay. the whito people In 1676, and this simple Indian
medicine has accomplished more cure3 than any filmltnx medicine known
to civilization. The
OREGON INDIANS -
first used it to eradicate the Poisonous Blood Taints contracted from tin t
white adventurers. It cures
DYSPEPSIA, LIVER COMPLAINT AND DISEASED KIDNEYS,
All druggists kevep it. It has been imitated and counterfeited.
The genuine has the name blown in the bottle and a cut, of the greatest'