Pittsburg dispatch. (Pittsburg [Pa.]) 1880-1923, May 26, 1889, THIRD PART, Page 17, Image 17
x 'i m YVi P1. ?.- A ' m .Ay- s. 8- ,"S . THE PITTSBURG DISPATGS m 1 t . THIRD PART. PAGES ,17 TO 20. $-J "MEHCEKffiALPAEK ; William and the Other Wild Animals f Are Thrown in Contact. . A TALK OS THE FLORA MD FAUNA. ,He Thinks the Elephant Should Shorten Up His Suspenders. '.TEE KANGAROO AND THE LAME LIONESS nntrrmr fob nut xsp.itch.i IT is indeed a great delight to the busy truck drivers and other brain workers of ITew York, on a quiet Sabbath afternoon, to stroll about our great free menage rie and congress of living wonders near the Sixty-fourth street and Fifth avenue entrance to Central Park. Here the great breakers of civiliza tion along the celebrated avenue break upon the shores of an artificial -wilderness. A few paces from the wealth and refinement of the great thoroughfare the great gray rocks and spreading elms of the primeval forest extend themselves, as one may say, while the roar of the Fifth avenue stage and the rattle of the silver harness and the trappings of swollen prosperity mingle with the sweet songs of the parakeet and the low plunk of the hippopotamus. Here the worn husbandman and stock grower from "Wall street may be discovered on a quiet afternoon engaged in Keeping off the grass. Here you may see the weary and illpaid plumber, who has been engaged all the week in stopping gas leaks with bar soap and chareing war prices for it with freight added. Here you will find the glad chil dren improving their minds by studying the works of nature. IX A CTJBSORT "WAT. Last Sabbath I spent the afternoon look ing over, in a cursory way, our wealth of animals at the park, also our plantigrades, quadramana,marsupiais and graminivorous mammalia. At first I strolled along the as phaltnm walk beneath the wide-spreading beech, fagus sylvatica &nd fagus ferruginea, or listened to the sough of the glorious elm, vlmus campestris, also ulmus Americana, also u fonts Fulma or the slippery elm of the pharmacopea. As I strolled on watch ing the nimble squirrel, the small rodent animal of the genus Sciurut, I was attracted by the distant sonnd or the dracovalans calling to the dewflicker or eattcus vulgar US, as we say in scientific circles. Judging that the sound came from the menagerie I moved off in that direction. Then I found a large number of people, mostly of the working classes and trades people, perusing the elephant las Lucas, as we say, the tiger being called the bos eaticus or Carnttera Virtuoso. We have the JEle phas Africanus, both of -which are quadru peds. This peculiarity they retain even in captivity. We all stood looking atthe huge pachyderm for some time, and X heard a Baxter street man say that if he couldn'tfit yapl elephant better than the man who made nil overalls for him, he would never try to seS another snit of clothes as long as he lived. I think myself that if the average ios Indicus would shorten his suspenders about four feet and get his trousers pressed lie would call forth less adverse criticism. COKFUSED ET THE SIOBNING. When the elephant wakes up in the morning he calls in some disinterested per son to tell him which end to wear in front during the day. No matter how sober he goes to bed after eating a carload of hay, he is always more or less confused in the morn ing about which extremity to use as a prow. Numerous entertaining true anecdotes are told ot the sagacity of the elephant, many of which are lies. I could tell a few myself, but it is bad enongh, I think, for school books to do that, without allowing snch things to creep into literature. Next I went over to see the bear cave or home of the Ursus Maritunus, the white or polar bear, the black bear, or Ursus Ameri canut and the grizzly bear of the Rocky Mountains, or ttrstu horribillis or bos biteacus. The black bear of Central Park in this State is of a darkish black color while the polar bear or white bear is of an opaque drab or soiled white color, with dark trimmings. The bear has a pungent odor, which holds its own against the sharp competition of the entire aggregation of ammaU now in the park, and has a good working majority in this great congress of wild beasts. The bear is better as an outdoor amusement, 1 think, than otherwise. He would make a poor parlor entertainer, especially while mouth ing. The odor of the bear keeps the crowd back somewhat from the cave, but -when a gentleman from Castle Gar den, on Sunday, wearing seven suits The Inspector From Cattle Garden. of clothes and a crochetted lap robe around his neck, walked up to the iron fence and began eating his lunch, the polar bear fainted. PUKE AS THE SNQW. The polar bear inhabits the frigid zone north and south of a given point, where he subsists on frapped relief expeditions. Once he was pnre as the beautiful snow, but now, by a careful scrutiny of his plumage, he finds that he is not so. He looks like a de jected doormat, and, on a hot day, his pants are checked somewhat by the heat. We now pass on. to the kangaroo annex, where ire find also the coon, botn American and African. The kangaroo is a ruminat ing raaruspiaL But it is hereditary and therefore not so reprehensible as it might be otherwise. There are two or three varie ties of this pleasing beast, and all of the genus micropus, I think, though I would not have any one take my word for it on such a matter as that, involving as it does the peace of so many people. There are the vticropus giganteus, the yellow footed kan garoo, also the rat kangaroo and the kanga roo itselC The kangaroo has been so sedentary all and Aj.a c tuut nis leading vihub bccui ia uave settled into the base of his system. He is vi a luug waistea turn oi mina anu springs with great agility from place to place, like r.)DOtlH fTnhlpmaTt rtMilrinir fnwl tivMn Rnmn ssss r r. "" -"?" . - ; v-, .-v-. ".".r" k.KUL-aruufjgrans4uutaeuiiaaits, HiUA fitful mWHL M-.flr ft if - can be done for it or not I do not pretend to say. I am not here to moralize. My duties simply embrace a terse description of the animal itself. The only cases, however, where the kangaroo has not been gregarious are isolated. A DEAD ISSUE. We here see the American opossum, or didelphus Tirginlana. He ought to be the crest of the civil service reform party, for to the casual observer he is extremely dead. We next pass to the flat occupied by the hippopotami or the genus pacnyuercn, The onr best English fcwu uipiWJi!bauiu&c3, writers give the plural, the other style given above being the Latin plural, are extremely amphibious and pachydermatous is no name for it. Ton can "make almost any kind of damaging statement about a hippo potamus and Drove it. The hippopotamus at Central Park always has a large and enthusiastic audience. He has all the various and versatile beauties of the morgue with none of its drawbacks. The hippo potamus has a massive brain, which he nses more for the purpose of digestion than med itation. He has a broad muzzle, and when he opens his mouth visitors get but an im perfect view of the park. The hippopotamus grows to the length, sometimes, of 17 feet, but is practically bald. He loves to insert himself in his neat little tank jnst so that his brows and organ of self-esteem will ap pear above the surface and "suffer himself to be admired." The puma is in the house with the two horned rhinoceros. He is called fetid con color by the zoologists, who have studied him at a distance of several miles. The puma is also called the monntain lion by those who have associated with him. X saw one of these animals side track himself in order to let our train go past in Utah once. He went up a telegraph pole and peered in at the window as I went by. The puma does not care for asparagus. Spring lamb and little children make a good style of removes for him- He rarely eats a person who smokes cigarettes or eats raw onions. Near the puma we find some delightful snakes. They are on an elevated floor of a plain, unfurnished cage. The moccasin snake is there, the beautiful but disagreea ble Toxicophis pisciioris of the Southern States. The boaconstrictor is also resting in a corner looking longingly and hungrily at the two horned rhinoceros on the other side of the aisle. ESSENTIALLY A HUMORIST. So much has been said of the late Mr. Crowley and his sorrowing-widow that I will not refer to them here at length, for other and abler pens than mine have covered the ground. Suffice it to say that though essen tially a humorist, Mr. Crowley had his own sorrows to contend with, and thouch hn "brought manv smiles to the faces of those who were sad, he suuered mentally and physically all his life. Matrimonially he was not happy, having been forced into an alliance which was distasteful to him, yet Mr. Crowley respeoted his marriage vows, even while hating the bondage to which he was subjected. No one will ever know how his heart Looks Into Mis Soulful Eyes. ached when he thought of the petite cbim nanzee he had left in his faraway home or how her image was in his heart when he died and left his life insurance to the one who now bears his name. Though his humor was rather broad and. therefore, objectiona ble to the more refined, he got a great many good press notices, and with a little better voice could have succeeded as a lecturer. Dying in New York as he did, he will not get a monument, of course, but he richly de serves it. It would be impossible to enlarge upon the almost numberless specimens ot animal life scattered about through the park, from the wakeful weazel to the moth eaten buffalo, from the little birdling up to the large portable emu, the little smooth Zebu or Bos Indicus, the pensive stork, the Yak, the Kooroo, the wart hogs of the wilderness and the war togs of the massive lion and the lame lioness who limps abouthcr cage and eats nothing but frog's legs and ragouts of beef. CLOSE TOT7B EYES. Sitting down near the lion's cage one can almost fancy be is about to discover the sources of the Nile. In, the distance, as he half closed his eves, he hears the cluck of the dodo which nas jnst come off her nest, with two little new dodos. He also hears the lilt of the Scaroo and the sleepy voice of the high behind. The burnished moon seems to shimmer a little bit through the almost opaque jungle. The yum yum tree seems to sigh in the trentle zephyr. The tutti frntti palm swaysln the soft starlight, while far away in the deep recesses of the pungent night one can almost hear Emin Bey. In the murky depths of the bush, the scorbutic murmurs its lnllabv to its vouutr and the lalatinks to rest with a low cry. " Hist! What is that? I do not know what it is. A VIVID I2IAGIUATI0IT. Is it the croupy moan of the dewdad rubs its hot back against the gum an tree, or is it the valedictory of the ove: citizen as he drops from his tree into vestibule of a straw colored lion wit gums? Again it is still until the sleepy voioof the hippopotamus is heard as he yaraSs a little and obscures the face of nature. Also his own. Then as silence comes the is a crush ing blow in the back of the explorer,a harsh voice tells him to wake up dad move on or get a moss agate over theye "and 30 days on thoiland." He awake with'a wild start to find himself in the clntiches of a "sparrow cnaser. central x'ark, tncludihg the menagerie and the mouth of the hinpopotamus, will be open each day until further notice. Lohen- fnnjbsMijrUl ooanxt frith yrkj JVtre Visits the Hippopotamus. lf . - iKs "" " Him Vx r JVjs caterpillars off the trees and and try to do everything in their power to make the occa sion a success. Bxxti Nye. OFFICIAL COSTUMES. Something Abont the Court Dress of Dif ferent Countries New German Attire. The young German Emperor is resolved not only that his realm shall be unrivaled in military prowess, says the Youth's Com panion, but that his court shall be showy and brilliant He has jnst made a decree commanding that a new court costnme shall be adopted, or rather, an old one revived. And this .costume is to be worn by the per sonages of his conrt for the first time on the occasion of the visit of the Czar to Ber lin. The attire to be adopted is taken from that worn on the occasion of the coronation of the first King ot Prnssia, Frederick the First, in 1701. Its main features are knee breeches, a three-cornered hat, silk stock ings, buckled shoes, a sword, and a periwig. Some of the great officials of state will, moreover, wear velvet tunics under flowing tunics, and their hats will be adorned with lone, swaying ostrich feathers. The contrast between these gorgeous cos tumes worn at the cotfrt of the first Freder ick, and the dress in which his successor, the greatest of Prussian Hings, always ap peared, is amusing. Carlyle describes Frederick the Great as wearing "no crown, but an old military cocked bat; no scepter, except a walking stick cut from the woods, and for royal robes a mere soldier's blue coat, with red facings, and with a good deal of Spanish snuff on the breast of it, and high, over knee, military boots, brushed and oiled, but not permitted: to be blackened or varnished. At the same time that the old royal cos tumes are adopted in Berlin, a much sim pler costume is worn by the French Sena tors, sitting as a High Court of Justice on the trial of General Boulanger. These ap pear in their places, not in the robes and quaint, high, square hats worn iby French Judges, but in what is known the world over as "evening dress," That is, they wear dress coats, black waistcoats and trousers and white ties. The French Republic has deemed it best to discard the ostentation and show of roy alty, and has carried the simplicitv which is thought to be republican into social mat ters, and thus into the habits of attire. Under the monarchy and the empires, the Senators of France had distinct and bril liant costumes. The Senators of the first empire wore gaudily embroidered coats and waistcoats, powdered heads, pigtails and silk stockings, while those of the restored monarchy appeared in blue velvet doublets, plumed hats, and shoes ornamented with rosettes. While England has been growing, in the march of years, more democratic in politics, and even in costumes, the costumes worn at the conrt of Victoria and by British officials have remained pretty much unchanged. It is still necessary for pentlemen who are presented to the Queen to wear short clothes and a sword, and ladies must appear before the sovereign in full evening attire. The Judges and barristers of the courts of justice still wear wigs and gowns. The bishops always appear in the House of Lords in white robes and lawn sleeves, while on the street they wear a distinctive dress, always of black, with knee-breeches and "shovel" hats. It mav .probably be said with truth that every official in En gland, national or local, has some distinction of dress pertaining to lys office,. , In this country the official costumes are very few. Of c ur national officials, only the Judges of the United States Supreme Court wear any distinctive costume, and that is a plain, long silk robe. The Presi dent has none whatever. It is a law that no American Minister or Consul abroad shall wear any unusnal dress, except that those who have held rank in the army may appear in military dress. EEPLECTION OP LIGHT. Some Interesting; Results of Experiment! With Yurioai Metali. Dr. Reubens, of Berlin, has for some time past been engaged in experimenting on the selective reflection of light by metals, and at the last meeting of the German Physical Society he detailed to his brother members the results of his investigations. The light emitted by an incandescent plate ot zir conium was concentrated by a lens on to a mirror-surface of the metal nnder investiga tion, and the reflected rays were then al lowed to fall into a spectroscope with flint glass prism, whose1 ocular had btn replaced by a bolometer. In this way the intensity of each part of the spectrum could be determined. The L results obtained Showed that silver possesses, even lor bine ravs, a very considerable re flective power, which gradually increase and reaches its maximum in the red, at which maximum the intensity of the reflected light then remains constant, even for rays of the greatest wave length. Gold possesses a much smaller reflective power for blue and green rays; thefcurve then rises very rapidly to a maximum' in the yellow and falls again toward the red. Copper reflects the blue and green rays even less than gold does; its reflective power then increases rapidly into the red, and, then somewhat more slowly until in the ultra-red it reaches a value equal to that of silver. Iron and nickel gave similar curves, rising at first somewhat rapidly, brit subsequently more slowly and continuous-ly into the ultra-red, without, however, reaching the values observed for copper or silver. A DOCTOfi'S HELPPDL DOG. He Trlei to Hurt People to GIre HU Master I Business. lanxnuywney Spirit. J Rover, Dr. Beyer's Newfoundland dog, is getting a little too cute for ordinary pur poses. He has, on one or two occasions, seen people fall and tret hurt, and he also ob served that they were taken into the doctor's office for repairs. Yesterday was a wet day, and'Rover felt ithis duty to go out and drum up business. He stood in the door a moment as if, in deep meditation. Presently a young ladvvcame along, and Rover, taking a good start in order to secure all the momentum possible, ran violently against the young lady, inocking her down. Then, Rover stood and looked anxiously, first atthe girl and then at the office door, as if to sav: "Why don't you carry her in there?' But, fortunately, the young lady was no ; hurt, and Rover sneaked away with an air of disappointment and dejection. As Deadly ns tbo Upas. ranclsco Chronlcle.J e ill repute ot the upas is almost naled by that of the manchineel, a West idian tree. It is asserted that to sleep be neath its shade is fatal, and that the land crabs found in its groves become poisonous from feeding on its seeds. Although there is mnch exaggeration in these stories, no douht exists of the deadly effects of man chineel juico when introduced into the system, or that a single drop causes instant pain if it touches the human skin. He Wanted a Tronblesomo Timepiece. Washington Critic. I At the clockery: Purchaser What kind of time does this watch keep? Dealer Oh, very excellent time, sir. Purchaser Always? Dealer Always. Purchaser Then I guess it won't suit, for some of the time it will have to keep on me won't be so rood as it micht be. Havea't i g&tMVjthat.keep .aoBkey ,. aad Sanlj 1 PITTSBURG, SUNDAY, MY 26, 1889. POE'S FAMOUS FIGHT. The Celebrated Battle Between Pi oneers and Indians, When BEAVE BIGF00T WAS WORSTED. The Scene of the Desperate Encounter Located Definitely, SETTLIKG A HISTORICAL DISPUTE THERE are few more thrilling stories in pioneer history than that of the des perate fight between Andrew Poe and Big foot, the Wyandotte Indian. It has had such widespread no toriety that to many a schoolboy this excit ing tale is more fa miliar and more en trancing than the classio orations of Cicero and Demosthenes, or the modern eloquence of Webster and Patrick Henry. An elderly gentleman who formerly at tended district school not far from the scene of this celebrated fight, recently told the writer that it nsed to be a never failing pas time of the boys in snmmer, during recess or before or after school, to go to the river's brink and then re-enact, according to the best of there resources, this tragic saene. It was somewhat difficult to secure a boy who would consent to assume the part of Big foot, the giant Indian who was worsted. Boys, like men, enjoy being on the win ning side, and consequently more Poes than Bigfoots would volunteer. This was the Where Foe and Bigfoot Fought. difficulty one afternoon chosen for the mock fight, but it was solved by their inducing a raw Irish boy; a newcomer, to assume the unenvied roll. Pants were rolled np and superfluous clothing discarded. Sticks of various sizes and shapes answered for guns, knives and tomahawks, and wet brick dust made excellent Indian paint It is the unexpected which often happens in modern as well as in ancient fights. All went well with the boys, and according to the old programme, until, in the heart of the conflict in the water, the Irish lad en acting the role of Bigfoot wouldn't drown, and was fast drowning Poe, producing con sternation in the minds of participants and spectators alike. In this instance Irish blood in Indian veins wouldn't go under, and Poe, instead of the Indian, suffered an inglorious defeat in the schoolboy's battle. SOLVINO PIOHEEK PHANTASMS. In pioneer times and border life early set lers often journeyed from place to place on foot, on horseback or in wagons, in search of some rumored or imagined Eden just be yond their limited horizon. Thus a roving life was inaugurated, with the habit its only fixture and the love of change its leading motive. Homeless and houseless, without local habitation or name, ties or duties, the backwoodsman drifted into a distant, an un known or an uncertain grave. Some such fate as this seems to have overtaken this tale of the Poe and Bigfoot fight, for it has shared in the vicissitudes of those early times, even as human events are ever colored, enhanced or embarrassed by the circumstances of hu man contact. Like the ghost of some unavenged mur der, or of some great and nnrighted wrong, the spirit presence of the conflict in ques tion has hovered and flitted for a hundred years about the different alleged scenes of this combat, now here and now there, with out either the spirit or the bones of the shad owy skeleton ever finding rest. It even took possession of the perturbed hearts of other wise reliable and ditrnifipd lnonl hicrinn driving them to conclusions as unsettled and varied as its own. From these it seized every opportunity to leap into the minds of A. . .. . SC Ridge Down Which the Indians Were Chased, and Where John Cherry Was Killed. the chance tourist, the unsuspicious trav eler or the susceptible newspaper correspon dent, and great was the havoc which its un rest wrought thereby throughout the length and breadth of the land, in the matter of scenes and dates, facts and figures. , In vain the blood of the Poes, in many a worthy scion and descendant, cried aloud against thisoutrage. In vain did manv a local historian strive to voice his indigna tion and right this wrong; but, alas! only ended in writing the wrong, but after a fashion so crooked at the spirit's distracted dictation, as to fail of accomplishing the dearest purpose of his heart, and so the spirit tore madly on adown the ages to the present day. Even the shifting waters of the ever changing Ohio frequently uncovered the scene of the fray, but to no purpose, for peo ple didn't see it right; historians couldn't get it right; newspaper men were dreadfully near-sighted, taking everybody else's view but their own, and accordingly the river in a fit of passion overleaped its ordinary bounds and buried the secret in its own bosom for a long, long time. DEFINITELY LOCATING THE TIGHT. But the secret leaked out, as all secrets will, and to the boys and girls be it whis pered that the kind fairies are supposed to have certainly had a hand in it. Evidence that they did is perhaps found in the fact that the Rev. John Cowl, D.D., who now owns the farm where this fight took place, was taken and shown the spot where it oc curred at the river brink by Mr. John Brown, its former owner, who told Dr. Cowl that the situation was shown him by Poe himself. It was Dr. Cowl who pointed out the place to me the day the photographs were taken from which to make the cuts which illustrate this article. Both Dr. Cowl and Mr. Brown said that during the intervening years the river has eaten into the bank a good manv yards from where the struggle actually was"; but where Tomlinson's1 run empties into the Ohio, above liexington, Hancock county, W.Ya., and off the bank just north of the run, lies the scene of the incident we have been con sidering. The writer found a small stone Indian ax and several flint arrow heads .within, the, area of a few reds thereabouts. WMMMinniaiifitiiWsATr- - - "TTIM ginia shore extended down nearly opposite the mouth of thexun. It was in the boshes at the mouth of the run that the Indians secreted their rafts or canoes, and it was for this point that they wera, making when they were overtaken and the fight ensued. Soma accounts state that it was Adam Poe who grappled with BlgTbot and had the celebrated hand-to-hand conflict from the bank into the river; but other and better authorities agree that it was Andrew, and that Adam was the one who finally shot Bigfoot. This Is the prevailing view, al though it is often spoken of differently, and upon one of the Ohio river atlases the spot is erroneously designated as "the place where Adam Poe and Bigfoot fought." SOURCES Or rNFOEMATIOK. If Pittsburg or Allegheny children want to personally inquire into the subject any farther, there is little doubt but that one of Dr. Cowl's sons, who is pastor of a church in Allegheny, would be a source of infor- fe. The Cowl Farm, mation for them. They will find different accounts of the fight in the various editions of Howe's Historical Collections of Ohio, under the head of Colnmbiana Connty; in McKnight's "Onr Western Border;" in Doddridge's "Notes," and elsewhere. Within the writer's acquaintance, one of the best informed gentlemen upon local and Indian history, and particularly upon the Poe and Bigfoot fight, which he has made a special study, is Colonel William M. Far rar, Eq., of Cambridge, O. Various authorities have located the scene of the fight loosely and at widely separated points. For instance, we read of-its having happened on the Ohio river above Wheel ing, and again, some distance below Ft. Pitt, also of its occurring at the mouth of Raccoon creek? opposite Yellow creek, at the mouth of King's creek and of Harmon's creek. Colonel Farrar, who personally visited all these places and talked with old residents and examined all records, places it unmistakably at Tomlinson's Run, and in September, 1781. This, taken in connection with Dr. Cowl's direct and connected line of testimony, together with the weight of other evidence, seems to settle its location beyond question. Colonel Farrar also con siders that it was here that John Cherry was killed during the running fight down the hill and ridge, leading back toward Pngh town (now Fairview), and Burgettstown. The Indians had been up the hill on a raid and were then retreating, pursued by the Poes and their party. It is with peculiar interest that one re views the records of the -life and incidents of the pioneer history of this locality. To many it is a part of their own family record and the soil a part of their own home acres. O. M. S. CfllNESE HABITS. They're Been Groaalr libelled with 'Ke Bard to Tbeir Animal Food. The notion that the Chinese drink noth ing but weak tea is partly dispelled in Peking, where the youngergeneration of men who have the means at their command consume a considerable quantity of cham pagne and spirituous liquors;'but the popu lation at large cannot, even if they desired to do so, indulge largely in alcohol, the opium pipe being, as a rule, their only in toxicating pleasure. The Chinese -people certainly, as a race, differ from the Europeans in their ideas of the uses of soap and water in combinations, and those prettily-tinted squares which are to be obtained in England under the name of Chinese soap are apparently not in any such extraordinary demand in China that there need be any serious difficulty in meet ing it. But on one important point the Ce lestial has been grossly libelled, and that is with regard to his animal food. Of course the poorest classes in China, as in anv other country East or West are compelled by hard fate to eat many things -which a man of larger means would reject; but the impression often entertained that the Chinaman is a disgusting person because he eats puppies, rats, slugs, etc., appears, when the facts are stated, illogical and unjust. Dogs and rats are eaten, but they are specially bred for the table, the rats being fed solely on farinaceous food and carefully brought up by hand, so that agooddog or rat is as expensive as the best venison or turtle in London. The rodents in question are far cleaner than our American pig, and no one is called disgusting in this country for eating a slice of ham at breakfast. JIOEEIBLE MUEDERS. Bow They Tortnre People for Supposed Witchcraft In India. A horrible case of murder for supposed witchcraft is reported from the Deccan. At a village in Chennar, Jaluho, certain shepherds were suspected by the villagers, and these suspicions were accentuated in consequence of a severe epidemic of chol era. Two of the suspected men were seized, solemnly tried and condemned for witch craft by the village commission, and sentenced to be tortured to death. There, in presence of all the villagers, their teeth were extracted with pinchers, and their heads were shaved. Subsequently they were buried up to their necks, wood was piled round their heads, a fire was kindled, and the skulls were roasted into powder. Some 30 persons have been convicted and sentenced to various terms of imprison ment. A similar case was recently tried at Bombay. The accused imputed the death of his father and mother, and the illness of certain members of his family, to the arts of an old woman, and beat her to death with a thick, heavy 6tick. These cases are common,but are rarely brought to the notice of the British authorities. SIR JULIAN A HDSICIAN. The New English Minister n Good Pianist nnd a Fine Singer. JTrom the Philadelphia News.l Sir Jnlian Pauncefole, the new English Minister, is seen to the best advantage after dinner, when the strains of music are heard in the drawing room. He Is a technical musician of high quality for an amateur. In his younger days, while waiting for work, he used to compose and played the piano with considerable skill and talent. He has a sonorous baritone voice, and used to sing, but of late he has not been induced to try his vocal powers. Whether the ladies of Washington will break down his reserve remains to be seen, but certain it is that Sir Julian looks forward with mnch pleas ure to his term ot residence in a country where he has already many close friends. Mnllinttau Left in the Shade. Detroit Free l'rcss.1 A yarn comes from Vancouver that must make all the Mulbattans pf the rod and fly hesitate to strain their Ingenuity in vain competition. It is to the efiect that the S-year-old son of a citizen was missed from his home, and after a lone and anxious search hv the fflmilv. toddled Into the house carrying a sfcriai of 48 trout, which , wit . METAMORPHOSIS; Being an Account of a Strange Experiment Psychology, Recently Conducted by a Physician. Written for The SEDSfE'E' XVTJBIKA. Leopold Benary, an old New York physician, prer nts Louise Masarte, a beautiful young woman, from suiciding In the East river at midnight The woman says she has neither friends, relatives nor money, and she is haunt ed by the memory of her past. She resists the doctor's Interference, but finally agrees to go to his home, where he engages to show her a better way out of her trouble or to release her within an hour. There sho tells the physician that Bhe has been gmlty of a crime that cannot be outlived. The physician tells her that he can, by means of an opeVation, obliterate her memory of all past events; that mentally she will be as a newly-born babe. He offers to per form the operation, and with the aid of his sis ter Josephine, educate her in her new life. She accepts the offer, and the next morning the op eration Is successfully performed. The physi cian and his sister educate her. and introduce her to their friends as their niece, Miriam. Four years later the doctor Is saved from the blizzard by Henry Falrchlld, a young sculptor. Dr. Benary insists upon the sculptor remaining at his house for the evening, and Introduces his niece Miriam. The sculptor falls in love with Miriam and marries her. without knowing her history, but supposing her to be the niece of Dr. Benary. The wedded pair go to Europe to spend the honeymoon. CHAPTER XII. Of course we watched the papers for an announcement of the Touraine's arrival. A fast steamer, ordinarily accomplishing the passage within seven days, shn ought to have reached Havre on the 22d. She was not reported, however, until Monday the 24th, being then two days overdue. It was on Friday, the 4th of January, that we at last got a letter. The envelope was superscribed not in Miriam's hand, but in Fairchild's; and when we tore it open we saw that the letter itself had been written by the groom and not by the bride. This struck us as rather odd, and made us a lit tle uneasy. We hastened to read: "Hotel de la Ghandb Beetaone, ) "Hatee, December25, 1888. ) "Deab Db. Benaet Christmas Day, and such news as I have to give you I I should put off writing until we reach 'Paris, in the hope that when we are there the face of things may have altered for the better; only I know if you don't receive a line sooner than you would in that case, you will be alarmed. "What I have to tell you is so horrible in itself, it must shock you dreadfully, what ever way I put it. I can't hope to make it any less painful for you by mincing it, or beating about the bush. Yet it seems bru tal to state the hideous fact downright Miriam has become blind, totally blind. "Whether incurably so or not, we do not yet know. Of course, we hope for the best; but we can be sure of nothing until we get to Paris, -where we shall cansutt-the bestoc-'tillst'no--oiiadr-MBsntline.'-yaa- may" imagine our state of mind. "We had a most frightful passage, and that was the cause of it. We ran into a storm directly we left Sandy Hook, and it followed usallthe way across. Badenoughat the outset, it seemed to get steadily worse and worse until we reached port. It had only this mitigation, that it was behind ns and moved in the same direction with us. Therefore we were delayed but abont 48 hours. If it had been against us, there's no telling when we should have got ashore. "For six consecutive days (from the 17th to the 23d) the hatches were battened down, no passengers were allowed on deck, and not only were the port holes kept per manently closed, but the inneriron shutters were screwed up, lest the sea should break through the glass and swamp us. The sky lights were also covered. Thus daylight was excluded, as well as fresh air. Then the electric lighting machine got out of or der and we had to fall back upon candles and kerosene. The atmosphere in the cab ins became something unendurable. Much of the time, owing to the violent motion, it was impossible to keep even the candles or the kerosene lamps burning, and we were condemned to total darkness. At last, however, they got the electrio machine into running gear again, so that we had light. "At intervals of five seconds, day and night, the sea broke over uswith a roar like the discharge of cannon, making every timber of the ship creak and tremble. It was enough to drive one frantic, that ever lasting rythmic thunder. And all the time we were tossed up, down and around, us if that giant vessel were a cockle-shell. Standing erect or walking was not to be thought of. I had to creep from place to place on hands and knees. And then the never ending motion, and the incessant noise; the howling of the wind, the pound ing of the water, the creaking of timbers, the snapping of cordage, the clanking of chains, the crashing of loose things being knocked about, the shouts and the tramp ing of the sailors overhead, the groans of seasick people, the shrieks of scared women and children. I tell you it was frightful; it was like hell gone mad; the memory of it is like the memory of a nightmare. "Miriam suffered excrutiatingly from sea sickness. It was the most heart-rending sight I ever witnessed, the agony she en dured. I had never dreamed that seasick ness could be so terrible. What made it worse, of course, was the hopelessness of her obtaining any relief until we reached shore, unless the storm abated. There was nothing anyone could do. I just sat there beside her and held her hand, while she either lay exhausted or started up and went through the torments of the damned. I can give you no idea of what she suffered. It was hard work to sit still there and watch her sufferings, and realize that I was utterly powerless to help her in any way. From Monday, the 17th, until last night, when she had been ashore some hours precisely one week she did not taste food. Once in a while she would drink a little water with a drop of brandy in it, but even that distressed her cruelly. On the 20th she was seized with convul sions, awful beyond description. From then on until we left the ship, she simply alternated between terrible paroxysms and utter prostration. Four days! I thought she was going to die, her convulsions were so violent, the prostration that ensued was so death-like. The ship's surgeon himself said there was great danger that death might result from exhaustion. For those four days (from the 20th to the 24th), he kept her almost constantly under tbo influ ence of opiates. On Saturday she seemed a little better. That is, her convulsious came scldomer, and were of shorter dnration. When not in convulsions she lay in a stup or, like sleep, only most of the time her eyes were naif open and sho would groan. But on Sunday she was worse again; and it was on Sunday night, about 10 o'clock, that after she had lain perfectly quiet for an hour or so, all at once she started up and cried out: "I can't see you, Icon'tsee anything. It is all dark.- What has hap pened? I believe I am blind." "Of coursel thoughf it mtlst become hal lucination caused by her sickness. I could not believe that she had really become blind. Bnt the ship's surgeon came and made an examination and discovered that It was so. He could attribute it only to a par alysis of the optic nerve, the consequence of shock and exhaustion. What the danger of its being permanent was he could not say, "Yesterday, thank God.. that hellish vov- ge ew to im wtd.jTlw iaiMt,wg mefced in Dispatch by (Henry norland). this hotel I got'her into bed and sent off for tho best medical men this town holds. They simply corroborated the judgment ot the ship's doctor that she is suffering from shock" and exhaustion: and that her blind ness is due to a paralysis of the optic nerve. They think it will probably not be perma nent She must keep" her bed here until she is thoroughly rested, which will take several days, and then we must go to Paris nnd put her under the treatment of Dr. Geoffrey Desessalres, who, it seems, is the great French specialist in diseases of the eye. "She is in bed now in the next room sleeping. She sleeps most of the time, or rather dozes. Her convulsions are now over, I hope fer good. But all last night they occurred from time to time, very much less violently, however, than when we were on shipboard. She has not yet been able to take much nourishment, but as often as she wakes I give her a little beef tea "That is about all there is to tell down to the present moment, fou will understand that I am in no condition of mind to write at greater length than is necessary, having gone without sleep for the better part oi a week,to say nothing of anxiety and distress. When she wakes she talks of you, and bids me say how she loves you, and of course you means always yourself and Miss Jose phine. "I pray God that in my next letter I may have more cheering news to write you. "Always yours, "Heuey Faiechild." The dismay which the foregoing epistle occasioned Joseohme and myself the sym pathetic reader will conceive without my telling. But it was nothing to that with which we were filled when we read the next and considered its purport: STARTLING NEWS Hotel de la BotrsBOirirAOE, ) Pabis, January 1, 1889. ) Deab De. Benabt "Miriam im proved rapidly alter I posted my letter of Christmas day. Best, quiet, and nourishment were what she needed; and those she had. The doctors gave us permis sion to leave Havre yesterday, which we did, arriving here in the afternoon. She is pale and weak, and has lost 15 pounds in weight; but she does not suffer any more in body, though what her agony of mind must be it is not difficult for those who love her to imagine. However, that will soon be over. "I telegraphed in advance to Dr. Deses saires, requesting him to call upon us at our hotel last evening. He came at 8 o'clock and put Miriam through a thorough exam ination. He confirmed what all the other doctors had said, that it was a paralysis of the optic nerve. He inquired all about her health in the past, and asked particularly whether she had ever had any trouble of the brain or spine. Of course we then told him of that accident she met with in 1884, which had deprived her of her mem ory. " 'Ah,' said he, 'that gives me the key to the whole difficulty.' He proceeded very carefully to examine her head; and whenhe had finished he said there was a depression of the bone at the point where she had been hurt at that time. and a consequent pressure upon the brain, and it was that which accounted for the extraordinary violence of her seasick ness and the resultant blindness. Finally he said that an operation to relieve that pressure would, if made at once, restore her sight; but unless that operation was per formed, she must'remain perpetually blind. He assured us that the operation was not a dangerous one; that it wonld consist in the removal of a minute section of the bone what is called trephining. Of coarse there was nothing for us to do but consent to having the operation performed, and then he went away, saying he wonld return this morning. "At 11 o'clock this morning he arrived, accompanied by four other physicians, Dr. CIdolt, also an oculist; Dr. Gouet, the alienist; Dr. Marsac, a general practitioner of very high standing, and Dr. Larquot, said to be the most skillful surgeon in France. They- made a long examination and then withdrew to consult together. At the end of nearly two hours they came to me with their report, which was simply a repetition of what Dr. Desessalres had al ready said, that trephining would be neces sary; that it would be effective, and that it would be as free from danger as such an operation ever is. The operation must be performed as soon as possible, so that atrophy of the optic nerve may not have time to set in; but before they can safely operate Miriam must be perfectly recovered in general health. They have set the 14th of this month as probably a favorable day. Meanwhile she is under the care of Dr. Marsac. Dr. Larquot is to conduct the operation. "The brave little woman I Bhe supports her calamity so patiently; and she looks forward to that dreadful ordeal with an amount of nerve and courage that a man might be proud of, God grant that all may go well. "There is nothing more for me to write at present. Alwavs yours, " "Hexey Faiechild." At the close of Fairchild's letter this postscript was added, in a hand that we recognized for Miriam's, though it was cramped and irregular, as if she had writ ten with her eyes shut: "Deab Ones I cannot see to write to you, but I love you, and lore you with all my heart. Miriam." When my sister Josephine read that, she burst out crying, like a child. CHAPTER XLTI. I waited till she had dried her tears. Then, "Well, my dear sister,-' J questioned, "do you realize what that letter means?" "What it .means? Why, that her blind mm k .oaly-twagewgy, asieM, WtMnd., I I m '(t"i ijMjsf yMiTKLfe&yi- 1 That she will recover her sight. Whas else?" "What else! This else, and Z am snr prised that you do not see it for yourself,' the same operation which will restore her sight will also restore her memory; do yoa understand? She wilt become lionise Mas. sarte again. Bhe will begin at the precise) point where she left off. She will forget everything that has occurred daring the past four years, and will recall what oo- enrred before. It is that same pressure of the bone upon the brain, to which they at tribute her blindness, which keeps Louisa Massarte in quiescence, and makes Miriam, Benary possible. Believe that pressure, re move that point of bone and instantly Lou ise Massarte will come to life again, whila at the same moment Miriam Benary will cease to exist." "Good heavens, brotherl" Josephine gasped, holding np her hands in helpless dismay. "But but surely but what what is to be done?" "Which in your opinion would be tEa lesser of the two evils to have her remain Eermanently blind, or to have her regain er memory? She would recollect all that she is happiest in forgetting, she would for get all that she is happiest in remembering. The four years during which she had lived with us as our niece would be utterly ob literated and undone. She would rise from that operation in mind and spirit exactly where she was, exactly what she was, just before you and I put her under the influence of ether on the 14th day of June, 1884. Which, X want you to tell me, would be tho lesser evil the blindness of Miriam Benary or the resurrection of Louise Massarte?" "Oh, there is no room for question about it. Better a thousand limes that she should never see the light of day again than that she should cease to be herself, and retnrn to her dead personality. Why.it is it is Miriam's very life which is at stake." "Precisely. To cure her blindness br tha means which they propose would simply ba to kill her; " to abolish Miriam, and to re vive Louise Massarte. It is infinitely better that she should remain blind. Therefore I am going to prevent that operation if I can." "If you can, indeed! But how? How can you?" "Well, let us see. To-day to-day Is tha 12th, is it not?" "Yes. to-day is Saturday the 12th. Well?" "Well, the day set for the operation is thd FROM MIRIAM. 14th that is, the day after to-morrow-Monday." "Yes." Well, I shall go at once and cable Fair child to postpone the operation until I ar rive in Paris. I shall then engage passaga aboard the first swift steamer that sails. The South German Clyde steamers sail on Mondays. They make the passage in seven days, and touch at Cherbourg. Do yon, then, prepare my things so that I may taka ship day after to-morrow. Once arrived in Paris, I will persuade Fairchild to relin quish the idea of the operation for good. I will convince him that Miriam's life will ba imperilled. Or, failing in that, I may find myself compelled to tell him the truth about Louise Massarte. Anything will be better than to have her regain her memory." "Yes, anything. God grant that he may not disobey your telegram. But you must engage passage for me as well as for your self. I cannot stay at home here idle. Yoa must let me go with you. I should die of anxiety alone here at home." I went to the nearest telegraph office and sent the following; cable dispatch: "Fairchild, Hotel de la Bourbonnags, Paris. "At all costs postpone operation till I ar rive. Miriam's life endangered. Sail Monday. Bekaby." Then I hastened down town to the steam ship company's office on Bowling Green and engaged berths for my sister and myself aboard the Egmont. which was to sail promptly at noon on Monday, January 14. Yet, despite these precautionary meas ures, a heavy load of anxiety lav upon my heart. What if Mr. Fairchild should suffer the operations to proceed notwithstanding my protest? I could not banish that con tingenoy from my mind, nor its ghastly corollaries from my imagination. CHAPTER XEV. Though by no means so stormy as that de scribed by Fairchild, our voyage was an unconscionably long one." To saji nothing of fogs and head winds, an accident befell our machinery whereby we were compelled to lie to for 16 hours, while the damage was repaired. We did not make Cherbourg un til the afternoon of Friday January 25. Ashore, my first act was to inquire whea the earliest train would leave for Paris. A train would leave at 10 o'clock that night, dua at the capital at half pasVjiine the fol lowing morning. My next act waJ'to-tftle- graph Fairchild, informing him of our ar rival, and warning him to expect us on tha morrow. At half-past nine to tha minute, Saturday morning, we drew into the Gare de L'Ouest. We were a little surprised not to find Fair child there to meet us, and perhaps also a little disturbed. Was Miriam so ill that he dared not leave her. We got into a cab, and were driven to the Hotel da la Bourbon nage.' I inquired for Mr. Fairchild. "Monsieur Fairchild is in his room, Moa sieur." v "Show us thither at once," said I. "Pardon, Monsieur. If Monsieur will have the goodness to send up his card." "Josephine," I exclaimed, "how do yoa account for this? Apparently, we are 'not expected. He does not meet us at the rail way station; and here at his hotel we ara required to send up our card." "Well, send it np, brother. We shall soon have-an explanation," Josephine said; and I acted upon her advice. In two minutes Fairchild appeared. "What I Arrived i" he cried, seizing each ofusbyahand. "Your steamer was over due, when did you get in? Why didn't you telegraph from Cherbourg?" "Why didn't I telegraph? But I did. Do you mean to say you haven't received my message?" ""Not the ghost of one. If I'd known to were coming this morning but wait." He stepped into te office of the hotel. Issuins: thence in a moment, "TkereP ka cried, exhibiting a bloa envelope. "Haw's yosr teleeMSSj. IaAssarieal sfceM,km IKUMW.HIi. ..'