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-fa:. ' ' THE PITTSBURG DISPATCH, SUNDAY, MAT. .26, 1889: I 5
TPTIDTIT TJrr'UTTATP 1701
II Ullill riVJUlllAVJ X Uit.
Inside Tacts Concerning the Famous
Stewart Will Contest.
AMOUNT OF PKOPERTr IKVOLVED.
It is the Most Complicated Case of the
Kind Ever in Court.
POSSIBLE EUIX FOE JUDGE HILTON
tCOBKESPOMJEI.CE OP THE DISPATCH.)
ITcvr Yoke, May 25 The great Stewart
will contest with its distinguished and cost
ly lawyers, its pretentious and wealthy prin
cipals, its hidden millions and its mystery
will within two weeks again be iu the courts
and ia the nexrspapera. The rumors of a
settlement that have been going the rounds
of the press appear to have no foundation in
fact and the chances are against this only
mode of taking the estate out of the courts
within a number of years. June has been
set as the time for the beginning of the sum
ming up in the suit of Hiss Rosalie Butler
against the will, and for weeks the Sur
rogate's Court will resound with the elo
quent and ingenious arguments of the lead
ers of the New York bar. As is always the
case when these great lawyers cross swords,
the large court room will not hold the
crowds who will assemble day after day to
listen to Joseph HXhoate, ex-Judge Russell,
Elihu Boot and ex-Surrogaie Collins. One
majestic figure only, that of Boscoe Oonk-
Img, will be missing.
Some highly interesting information has
not yet come into the public press regarding
this wonderful case, and it was only within
the past few days, while grnbbing through
the records, that your correspondent came
across it. The exact value of the Stewart
estate has never been correctly stated. It
has been to the interest of Judge Hilton to
have it underestimated, and the contestants,
Mrs. Sarah 2. Smith, Rosalie Butler and
Prescott Hall Butler, have erred just as
much on the other side in their published
estimates. Twelve millions, say the counsel
for Judge Hilton, is the entire value of the
estate. Pshaw! reply the Butlers, Mrs.
Smith and the other members of the Stew
art combine, that is only another of Hilton's
lalse and misleading statements. Multiply
his figures by the number of fin gers on your
right hand and you will be nearer the truth.
DIFFEBEfCE OF OPINION.
Following carefully the evidence on di
rect and cross-examination of the expert ac
countants who - have testified in this case
and we find that there are two widely di
vergent values to this estate. If the will is
upheld it is worth, as Judge Hilton says,
512,000,000. If the will is broken it is
worth from $35,000,000 to 540.000,000. The
explanation for this apparent mystery is
this: If the will stands then the transfers of
property to Judge Hilton during Mrs. Stew
art's lifetime 'will stand also; if, on the other
hand, the allegations of fraud and undue
influence prevail, then these transfers will
undoubtedly be set aside as fraudulent also,
and Hilton will have to account for some 20
odd millions that are now held by him.
There is no question, therefore, as to the
amount of money which is in dispute it is
the larger and not the smaller sum. Thirty
five millions (to take a low estimate) is a
sum worth fighting for, and the services of
the big lawyers retained for the parties in
terested are well paid for. Three yearsof
hard work has already made some slight in
road into the ready money of the various
principals, and, according "to all appear
ances, the contents have only begnn.
"Whether Judge Hilton is, or is not upheld,
there is every indication that these suits, al
ready the most remarkable and lenetby in
the records of the will courts of this country,
will be before the public for years to come.
lrr-ill be a bitter fight with sensational de
velopments, and the lawyers will have
abundant reason to feel happy before they
bid a final adieu to the romance and the
tragedy of the Stewarts.
There are three contests pending at the
present moment, that of Rosalie Butler, a '
niece of Mrs. Stewart, and a legatee, that of
Prescott Hall Butler, an heir-at-law, and
that of Mrs. Smith, an heir-at-law and next
of kin. The suits of the Butlers are both in
the Surrogate's Court and bear directly
upon the validity of the will. That of Mrs. '
Smith attacks the transfers of the Stewart
business and the real estate made to Judge
Hilton by Mrs. Stewart and makes unpleas
ant allegations as to nis mnuence on tneoia
and feeble woman. This is in the Supreme
Court. There is a side issue, at present re
garded as of minor importance, before the
Court of Appeals. It relates to the answer
set up by the Butlers as party defendants in
Mrs. Smith's suit. The general term of the
Supreme Court has held that snch part of
these answers as attacks the validity of Mrs.
Stewart's will must be stricken out, and the
Butlers have appealed from this decision.
How long this issue may retard the ultimate
settlement of the estate' is problematical.
The abrupt ending of the suit of Rosalie
Butler surprised nearly everyone, includ
ing Joe Choate. That remarkable and
astute lawyer had taken but little part in
the case up to that time, having left the
court work to a junior partner. Occasionally
he wonld come into the court room and
listen with a sardonic smile upon his mask
like countenance that was almost mephis
tophelian in character. He was waiting
for two things, and he was disappointed in
each. He expected to get a chance to cross
examine the witnesses introduced by Hil
ton's side, and he also thought he wonld
have an opportunity to fish out testimony
from Hilton himself which might be of
valne in theother pending cases
Hilton, however, did not go on the stand,
nor did he put on any witnesses except the
six subscribing witnesses to the will. Prom
the standpoint of the disinterested observers
this was a pitv, as there would unques
tionably have been some highly interesting
developments under the relentless cross-ex
amination of Choate and some dark-colored
views of the relations between the wealthy,
aristocratic Hilton and the lame, old woman
buried in her magnificent Fifth avenue
mansion, would have been added to the pres
It was with a clear idea of these possibil
ities that Hilton and atl his counsel agreed
unanimously not to introduce any evidence
other than the proof of the will. If it had
not been for the highly important discovers
bv ex Judge Leslie W. Russell of the com
bine by the Smiths, the Clinch girls and the
Butlers, .this plan on the part of Hilton
could not have been carried out. The
agreement of these heirs to stand by each
other whether the will stood or fell, had
been made secretly, and Hilton's counsel
had not the slightest suspicion of its exist
ence until Mrs. Prescott Hall Butler went
on the witness stand. She had a lecacy of
$200,000 under the will, and had filed an
answer in each of the suits sustaining it.
Her examination had been almost concluded
when it struck Judge Russell that she
would never voluntarily have given her tes
timony, which was damaging to Hilton and
the will, unless she was indemnified against
possible loss by the breaking o! the will.
In the minds of Hilton's counsel, at
least, this proved the crisis of the case.
Some of the contestant's most important
witnesses wtre ruled out as interested par
ties and the standine of the contestant her
self was altered. "While, however, Hilton
mav congratulate himself upon this ad
vantage, the agreement aIso makes possible
a result less favorable to him. In the first
place, it nullifies that clanse or the will
which declares that any legatee who con
tests the will shall thereby lor.'eit his or her
legacy. All the legatees.but the Cathedral,
-which means Judge Hilton and Charles J.
Clinch. Mrs. Stewart's favorite nephew.
being included Jn
the agreement, sucn I
1 snares as tlie contestants might lose will be
i made good out of the larger shares that will
fall ttia!.. .-......! tA av.fnfnt
BUIN FOE HILTON.
If, on the other hand, the will Is broken,
Judge Hilton will be probably completely
ruined. He will not only have to surren
der his prospective share "in the estate, but
will have, eventually, to make restitution
for the properties which, the contestants al
lege, he cajoled the confiding Mrs. Stewart
out of. As he would have to pay interest
since the time the properties came into his
possession, all his private fortune would be
swept away and he would be left in debt
to a large extent besides. That Judge Hil
ton's lot is by no means a happy one can be
further seen by the fact that even if he
should at the end of a long term of years
emerge successfully from the present con
tests there will still lie upon his fortune
the troublesome shadows of other claims,
that now flicker almost unnoticed.
Ever since the death of Alexander T.
Stewart there have at odd times been vari
ous claimants to his estate. Stewart had
told his wife and friends repeatedly that he
had no relatives. "When his will was
offered for probate, therefore, no relatives
were cited to appear. If there were rela
tives this was a serious blunder, as the law
requires that they should be notified before
a will is probated. Since that time Judge
Hilton has been constantly receiving letters
from persons claiming to be relatives of
Alexander T, Stewart. Every person on
the globe whose name sounds like Stewart
appears to have been smitten with the idea
that he was a relative of the drygoods
prince, and that he was therefore entitled to
a share or the whole of his property. Let
ters have been received in every language
of the elobe. and one Russian has written
at, various times to know why he hasn't re
ceived the millions that are due him. His
letters have assumed a very threatening
tone, too. His name is not Stewart,
but typical, unpronounceable Russian.
XTa AflWil 4h A inAaniAllfl 1 A A "U Av
xic v auvC3 hue luaUiwua jjjcffa iiu -
ever, that Alexander T. Stewart changed
his name when he emigrated to this country.
At first glance of course these letters
wonld seem to be unimportant; minor
nuisances on a par with the bejrging epistles
which every wealthy man receives, but some
of them are more. There are among these
claimants men who, in the hands of in
genious lawyers, might make out cases
btrong enough to give them a standing be
fore the courts. Once they get that and they
can make lile miserable for all the present
heirs of the Stewart estate and lor Judge
Such was the suit of Alexander Stewart,
of Vermont, which, after dragging along
in the courts for four years, was finally
withdrawn. Judge Horace Russell, Hil
ton's son-in-law, said to me, in regard to
this: "Any man can come into court with a
complaint charging this or that against a
wealthy man and put him to endless trouble
in employing counsel to enter his defense."
But there is something more iu some of
these cases. It is only necessary for a claim
ant to produce family registers, burial or
marriage certificates to cive him a lesal
V standing wnieh would endanger the disposi
tion o: tne enure btewarc property as le:t by 1
a. x. Stewart. j.i sucn a claimant snould
prove his case it would nullify a large part
of Mrs. Stewart's will. That this is not a
fanciful danger is recognized by Hilton,
and its threatening shadows do not add to
his peace of mind. It is not so improbable
that Stewart had some distant direct rela
tive of whom he had never heard and who
may yet tnrn up to oust all the present war
ring heirs. There are several cases of such
claimants held in abeyance at the present
time, and some have been pending for 13
One curious and interesting result of the
present contests and the publication of the
Stewart agreement is the enmity that has
arisen between the Butlers, who are rela
tives of Mrs. fctewart of the half blood, and
the Smiths, who are relatives otf the fnll
blooJ. This enmity was caused,' curiously
THE BECENT DEATH
of one of the maiden Clinch sisters. After
her death it was fonnd that her will left her
entire property to the Butlers, thus be
queathing to them also her share in the
Stewart property. It then came out, too,
that the two remaining Clinch women had
made similar wills because of some secret
understanding. This makes the Butlers
sure to win a large proportion of the estate.
If the will is broken they will eventually
come in for four-filths of the entire estate,
and if it is sustained they will secure four
fifths of one-half of the estate. The pro
portion that will go to the Smiths, on the
other hand, will be only one-fi.th. The bit
terness that "has arisen out of this condition
of affairs bids fair to make new and in
teresting complications before long. It has
been kept secret, hitherto, and I only
stumbled upon it by chance.
Up to the present time there are 18,000
folios of testimony in the case of Rosalie
Butler against the wilL Printed it will
make ten volumes of 700 pages each. There
never has been a will contest in this country
in which the evidence was so voluminous,
and yet the proponents introduced only six
witnesses, who all testified briefly to one
fact. Although Judge Hilton's counsel
profess a desire to have the cases disposed of
speedily, that iswtthinthreeorfouryears.yet
the indications are that it will pass into legal
history as another interminable case, with
a goodly share of the property in the hands
of the lawyers. More delicate legal ques
tions have already arisen than in anv will
case ever before the courts of this country.
"Whether the true'story of the causes that
led lonely, innocent Mrs. Stewart to make
her peculiar testament will ever be divulged
is another question which time alone can
answer. John Hoe.
A Danfferona Lethnrcrr.
The forerunner of a tram of evils, which too
often culminate fatally.is inactivity or lethargy
of the kianeya. Not only is Bri?ht's disease,
diabetes, cravel, or some other dangerous in
tecral disease of the organs themselves to be
apprehended, but dropsical diffusions from the
blood, rheumatism and gout, are all traceable
to the non-removal f r m the blood by the kid
neys of certain impurities. Hostetter's Stom
ach Bitters depurates the blood, renders the
kidneys active and prevents their disease
' Diamond at Bnrsnlns.
It will pay to buy now and keep till you
1, 1, 1-16. ... f. ... ..$150
X, A5"2, X ll. ............ ............... XtiU
1, , lyi, X-1D.. ..........a.............. 100
., s 1Om, I-tra. ......... ...... ....... olO
x, -. x xu. ...........a...... ......... iu
1,114, 1-16 275
They are all fine, just been bought at a
small margin and will sell at such. They
can be mounted in pins, studs, earrings or
anvthing else in our house.
H. Teeheyden, Ko. 630 Smithfield st.
Decoration Day on tbe Beautiful Monongn
lieln. The steamer .Tas. G. -Blaine, Captain
Adam Jacobs, will leave the company's
wharf boat, foot of Smithfield street, at 8:30
A. M. Decoration Day, going 40 -miles up
me river to Xioi-k x o. t, anu returning ar
rive here at 8 P. m. Pare, round trip, 5125;
with dinner, 51 65; with dinner ana supper,
$2. After arriving here the Blaine will
leave on her regular trip for Geneva. Por
all inlormation call on Z. W. Cannack,
Fare Rjo Whiskies
Por sale by Geo. H. Bennett & Bro., No.
135 Pirst ave., second door below "Wood st.
New patterns that prove more desirable
and less in cost than goods offered in pre
vious seasons. P. C. Schoeneck,
711 Liberty, street
Smoke the best La Perladel Pnmarxlear
Havana Btey "West cigars Three Io25c.
G. W. Schmidt, 95 and 97 Fittlraveaue.
J. H. JOHNSTON'S enn itarft rminr.il in
vuo tomitntieia street.
Iryoa want to be satisfied 'in cabinet
photos co to Pearsons raAlenea. 69 FiftlS
ave., and 43 .federal st., Allegheny, rsu
. ii . i . i
WEALTHY TURF MEN.
Eicli Individual's Who Enn Horses
for rieasure or for Profit.
SOME YEEY CELEBEATED NAMES,
And the Characteristics of Their Owners
When on the Track.
A UTILE K0NSENSE NOW AUD THEN
rcoBBxsroNnxMci or Tint disfatck.1
New Yoek, May 25. ""What a reck
less,, rushing crowd mixes and mingles at
the race tracks these days," remarked an
bid theatrical friend last night after an aft
ernoon at the Brooklyn Jockey Club meet
ing. He has now turned from the play
houses, which are his winter resorts for
pleasure, to outdoor sports for recreation.
"It seems almost incredible," he continued,
"that so many men and women every day
of the racing season haunt the tracks and go
half mad over the dissipations that are in
separably connected with almost all kinds
of trials of soeed and endurance. There is
something in,the chase, the ball, the struggle
of beautiful steeds in the white heat of en
deavor and in fact, in all phases of heroic
competition which warms the blood, fires
the veins and makes both men and women
intoxicated with the spirit and enthusiasm
of the moment.
"Men of-affairs asrwell as men of leisure
seek this kind of amusements. "Women of
education, wealth and fashion mix in the
same throng with the flashy, speedy girl of
the period iu this desire to watch men and
animals play with each other in reckless
effort and back their favorites with money.
Think of 20,000 people enduring an hour and
a half of travel over ferries and by rail to
witness the Brooklyn handicap. Probably
30,000 will go to the same trouble even in
the most discomforting hot weather to
watch the greatest horses in the world com
pete for the suburban handicap on the 13th
of June. Not only do men and women of
wealth and leisure follow the racing meet
ings, but many staid and methodical men of
business own and run horses as their disi
pation." LOVEBS OP SPOBT.
Sitting the other night with A. J. Cassatt,
"William L. Scott and two or three other
men of like character, I was surprised to
find what a deep interest they took in horses
and horsemen. This led me to run over in
my mind the wealthy men of my pleasant
acquaintance who own "racing stables. "What
for I do not know. .As a rule they cost a
great deal of money. Even when they are
moderately successful they are very expen
sive, but when they do not win they are ex
ceedingly extravagant luxuries.
Think of the staid old banker, Augustus
Belmont, owning a racing stable, which he
has to hire others to attend to. The pleasure
now and then of reading that one of his
horses has won a race, or of occasionally go
ing down to the track and looking his string
over with an air of pleasant assumption, is
abont all he gets out'of it. Only the other
day he invited me to accompany him, and
the veteran sportsman and shrewd financier
took as much interest in talking about his
horses with his trainer as a young man
would in extolling the merits'of his best
"We took an early train for the track. He
was eager to look the animals over before
the racing began. A carriage was waiting
our arrival; we were driven to the stable as
quickly as possible, and the stern old
banker, whom people as a rule never
imagine thinks of anything but financial
affairs, grew as chipper as a boy among the
stable men, with whom he is a favorite. He
has spent hundreds of thousands of dollars
on and about his horses, and isn't tired yet.
He takes as much interest in the sport as
ever and follows the horses with his field
glass in every Jash. Singular, isn't it, that
his sons do not take much interest in what
so delights the father?
AT7GVST BELMONT'S LIMP.
By the by, I notice that Mr. Belmont
limps rather more than usual. This fact re
calls to my mind a striking incident in his
remarkable career. I believe it was as far
back as 1847. He was at tha theater one
night when a friend of his from South Caro
lina maue some sngntmg remarks about a
lady of their mutual acquaintance. Mr.
Belmout resented it. The fiery South Caro
linian slapped him in the face. Mr. Bel
mont challenged him and they fought a
duel at Bladeusbnrg. the dark and bloody
ground of so many hostile meetings. Mr.
Belmont was wounded and I believe Mr.
Hayward was also. That battle with fire
arms left Mr. Belmont with a lame leg,
which does not improve with age.
George Lorillard, while living, devoted a
good portion of his vast wealth to his racing
stable, and Mrs. George Lorillard was
ambitious to continue in her own name the
stable which her husband left She did
run some horses the same season and still
keeps a few, but having married a titled
gentleman on the other side of tbe water,
she does little more than keep the old stock
farm in shape and retain a lew of tbe old
favorite horses for breeding purposes as a
matter of sentiment.
Pierre Lorillard sold his stable a couple
of years ago to devote himself to Tuxedo
Park, one of his pet hobbies. This is the
scheme that was to be fenced in and made
exclusive for people who had money and
were willing to pay for a high toned home.
I think the experiment has been somewhat
of a disappointment to Mr. Lorillard, for he
is buying more horses and his colors, which
were once so familiar, will again be seen on
the turf next season, if not this year.
""Who will not remember the late M. H.
Sandford? He was a very wealthy man of
business, yet kept one of the most extensive
and expensive racing stables ever on the
American turf: In the racing days of ten
years ago he was one of the most conspicu
ous patrons oi the turf in this country. He
ranked with Mr. Belmont in all such mat
ters. Governor Bowie is another striking ex-,
ample of how rich and influential men fre-'
quently turn to the horses lor their pleas
ures. "While he was a railroad President
and the Governor of Maryland he had a
racing stable that was known from one end
of the land to theother. Nothing pleased
him more than to sit in the Judges' stand or
hold the watch over fleet-footed horses. Age
has not dimmed this desire.
That strict disciplinarian and ardent busi
ness man, Henry G. Davis, when he was a
United States benator irom West Virginia,
had a stock farm and running horses. He
was too conservative to have it handled in
fiis own name, so it stood with his brothers,
T. B. and W. R. But the staid old Senator
used to take erfat interest in the stakes and
purses in which the Davis- horses were en
tered. They were rarely successful and cost
a great deal of money, but it was given up
without a murmur, while loss on any legiti
mate transaction would be received with
scowls of regret.
Senator Hearst, of California, has a large
stable which must cost him 550,000 a year
more than it earns. He keeps it in good
style, and an expensive citizen by the name
of" JpeCIark, an old sporting man, is its
superintendent. The Senator does not often
have the pleasure even oi seeing his horses
rfnf ?rt u mno ffw til sTtsno!i.A tnL--
start in a race, for his extensive business in.
terests in California keep him there a good
deal of the time.
Many rich men from the Golden Gate
spend a good slice of their big incomes in
race horses. Senator Stanford turns to
trotting Tatlier than running steeds. He
has a fine stock farm near San Francisco
and buys and sells trotters for very extrav
agant "prices. Lucky Baldwin, as he is
called on account of his phenomenal success
iu all sorts .of financial operations, has a
great penchant tor running horses. Be
tween his hotel, banking operations,tbeater,
big vineyards, where he makes fine wines J
and brandy, and a racing stable, he imana
ges to keep irom getting lonely.
J. B. Haggins, another Pacific coast citi
zen, has one of the largest strings of horses
on the turf, but it costs him a great deal
more money than it earns. His legitimate
pusiness is hop raising and he probably
gathers and sells more of this beer-making
material than any man in the United States.
Yet his enthusiasm and pleasure is with his
horses. It is a strange penchant, for very few
of these Pacific coast sportsmen have au op
portunity of seeing their horses run. "West
ern men, as a rule, run to the hazards of
life more readily than Eastern capitalists.
But we have plenty of citizens of wealth
and position who turn for their pleasure or
dissipations to field sports.
Commodore Kittson, who at the time of
his death had a stock larm near Philadel
phia, was an important figure in racing
matters. He had verylarge material inter
ests both East and west, yet he loved to
talk abont his horses better than anything
else, and would rather be interviewed about
them than any other affair of life. He was
fond of both trotters and runners and raised
and raced each with equal pleasure.
OUB OWN CAPTAIN.
Captain Sam Brown, of Pittsburg, who
owns Troubadour, the winner of the sub
urban handicap of two years ago, spends
probably 550,000 a year on his running horses
and yet theyare not overly often in the lead
at the finish. Yet he never complains at
the expense, and the pleasure of having a
horse start in a race does not seem to be
marred with him, no matter what its posi
tion under the wire.
"A. J. Cassatt, of the Pennsylvania Rail
road, is probably the most successful man
of all the rich men who rnn horses for luii.
He has been exceedingly lucky in having
such prime ones as the Bard, Taragon,
Earns, etc. Mr. Huggins, his trainer, is
regarded as one of the most capable men iu
the business, and to his watchful care and
intelligence is due much of the success that
has followed this stable. Prominent horse
men tell me that it does not cost Mr. Cassatt
anything, but pays him a fair dividend on
his investment. This is probably due to the
fact that he has it handled like any other
business in which he engages. Horse-racing
is like everything else; if done in a business
like way it is apt to pay, but most rich men
leave everything to their employes, and the
result is loss and disappointment.
The Dwyer Brothers are the most success
ful men that ever ran horses in this country.
They are both practical horsemen, and they
cive their stable their earnest and un
divided attention. "While they still keep
their butcher business intact, that is left to
employes, while their racing stable is looked
upon by them as their regular occupation.
They buy colts, raise horses and race them
unon strict business principles. They watch
the training of their animals, and know
just how they are being handled.
' SOME BIQ WINNINGS.
The result is that they have for two
seasons won at least a quarter of a million
of dollars in stakes and purses, to say
nothing of what they have taken out of the
poolbox by betting. William L. Scott,
another Pennsylvanian, and like Mr.
Cassatt, a railroad man, has not been so
successful. For a season or two when he
had Quito, Charity and one or two other
good ones his colors were often seen in front
at the end of a race, but for the past two
seasons he has probably spent $50,000 a
year in endeavoring to get a horse to tbe
front at the finish.
He got disgusted last year and concluded
to quit this sort of dissipation forever. But
like a man who swears off drinkingand then
goes and treats his resolution, he could not
stay ont of the game. He went this year
and bought more horses, and himself and
his colors are again to be seen at the present
great meeting at Gravesend, where he hopes
to see his 2-year-olds give a good account of
Captain Connor, who'keeps the St James
Hotel, is one of the best known turfites in I
this country, and although younger than I
many otner men of means who turn to horses ,
for recreation, his name as a Datron of the
turf can be found farther back on the records
thau almost any man who is now prominent
in racing circles. He has owned and raced
some of the best horses in the country. Just
now he hasabont20 head of youngsters.J
some oi wnicn ne expects to see at the iront
during the present season.
Mr. D. D. "Withers, is another notable
horseman who has grown very wealthy in
legitimate business enterprises. He spends
his entire summer season on the race track,
and his word is good for a million at any
time and in any place. He manages tlje
Monmouth Park Association, of which Mr.
Cassatt is the President. His word is re
garded as his bond in all things, and,he is
one oi tne severest and most capable judges
on the race track. I have often heard Cap
tain Connor, who is himself high up on all
turf matters, say that Mr. Withers is the
best authority in this country on all rules
and law, written and unwritten, that gov
erns horse racing.
A NEW TEACK.
John A. Morris, who is perhaps one af
the richest of all the turf patrons, is building
a mile race track on his farm out in "West
chester county. I was out there the other
day and he is going to have a splendid
course. Bace meetings are to be held, and
as big stakes and purses given by this single
individual as any of the associations will
offer. Besides this stock farm in "West
chester county, Mr. Morris has a breeding
establishment in England, where he sends
American brood marcs and raises his own
colts from English thoroughbreds. He ap
pears to have started in to devote the balance
of bis life to raising and racing runners.
All of these men are interesting and force
ful characters. There are others of greater
or less note whom I could recall. But these
are the leading names. They are also the
leaven that make tolerable the rude loaf of
humanity which inevitably gathers about
all kinds of field sports. Men such as I
have named run horses for pleasure. No
element of unfairness would be tolerated by
them, and it is this character ofiraeu who
force all -those who follow racing to run
their horses fairly and give the turf a stand
ing among all classes.
Itseems strange, however, to a man whose
inclinations not run in that direction to
see these rich men, staid and even stern
in business association, loving to mix
with the rough element about the stables
and race tracks. Por the moment their
"whole nature seems to change and they are
youne again. In looking them over and
watching this phase of their lives, I am re
minded how true is the old adace: "A little
nonsense now ana then is relished by the
best of men." FRANK A. Buer.
Wbnt Brnndr-ib'n PIHa vni) Do.
In Brandreth's Pills the trno life medicine
has been found, composed as they are of nu
merous vegetables so combined that each mul
tiplies the virtues of the rest. They never can
do any barm. Their action is always the siuie,
no matter how long or in what doses they aro
taken. They nurge away the masto panicles of
the system. They recruit tho animal vigor
and arrest the progress of decav. Thev punfi
the blood. Thoy stimulate the liver. The in
yicorato digestion. They open the pore. They
roako the bnuclsdo the wrk of ihe kidnejs
thus giving those organs an ottimes needed
rest. Ono or two at night for a week will dem
nn&trate their power and Is generally sufficient
to cure ordinary diseases. au
It is now, during"thc hot spell, that we
think of furnishing our homes to be cool
and inviting. Chairs, rockers and settees
made especially for the summer trade now
on exhibition. P. C. Schoeneck,
711 Liberty street
Smoke the best La Perladel Fumar clear
Havana Key West cigars. Three for 25c.
G. W. Schmidt, 05 and 07 Fifth avenue.
Seines, nets, tents, fishing tackle largest
assortment lowest prices. Call or write for
price list. J. H JonxsiON",
tissu 706 Smithfield street
Pearson's cabiuet photos are the cheap
est and the best. Everybody is satisfied who
has them made at his galleries. rsu
Treoanowan's Art Store is the cheap
est place to get your pictures framed. Large
stock nf pnpmvinErg- Knlni nvtnt. .f.i,: .
etc 152 wylie ave. ' uso. '
Wonderful Growth and Sapid De
velopment of tbe South.
LONGEVITY OP THE HUMAN EACE,
The Importance of Definite Standards in
SCIENTIFIC AND INDUSTBUL K0TES
rPEEPARED FOR THE DISPATCH. 1
Headers of The Dispatch who desire
information on subjects relating to indus
trial development and progress in mechani
cal, civil and electrical engineering and the
sciences can have their queries answered
through this column.
The awakeningand progress of the South
during the last few years forms a record of
wonderful growth and rapid and far-reaching
development. Its immense mineral
resources are, as yet, comparatively un
touched, but there are abundant signs of
energy and movement in that field. At
Mossback, abont nine miles from Arbacoo
chee, a sensational gold find has lately been
roude. it is ju a vein of soft and partially
decomposed sandstone and slate, with
stringers of quartz running through it.
The vein near the surface is 8 to 0 feet
thick, and is expected to assay 525 to 530,
and perfectly free milling. The cotton
industry, too, is rapidly on the increase,
and a strong tendency on the part of the
Northern manufacturers to gravitate to the
South has been manifested for some time.
Many of the Northern mills located in
well-developed manufacturing centers are
in course of pulling up stakes and remov
ing their machinery and plant to the cot
ton fields of Georgia and South Carolina, or
have already done so, and the building of
Southern mills is going on rapidly. The
development of the iron manufacturing
industry in Alabama, which is fairly taking
the lead in the production of all kinds of
iron manufacture, is another sign of the
times, and there is every reason to believe
that the South will, in time, become a very
formidable competitor with the North in
all our domestic markets. A large propor
tion of the capital which is being invested
in these new enterprises is furnished by the
Importance of Standards.
Mr. See, in his recent paper on standards,
read before the mechanical engineers at
Erie, shows that many of our fundamental
units are vague, indefinite, and of no
record. Many of the arts require units
which have never been established, and
many of the arts use units which are differ
ently constructed by different persons. In his
list of proper subjects for standards he gives
gloves as an excellent illustration of the lack
of record. Gloves are commonly supposed
by the trade to be graded in size by knncfcle
girth in inches. The dealer, acting on such
belief, measures the customer's haud with a
common measuring tape, or with a more con
venient tape known as a glove measure. If
the hand measures 7 inches he provides the
customer with a glove marked 7, and thinks
he has done his duty. The mistake of this
procedure lies iu the fact that 7 of the glove
scale does not mean 7 inches; a fact which
a n w nlAirA m.lrn. c and staalAva ca&ot. tn a
entirely ignorant of. The glove measure is
not the same as a common inch measure, but
is considerably, longer in each number.
Among other instances, too, of ine'onsfctency
and lack of system, it is noted that there
never seems to have been any community of
thought between the candlestick maker and
the chandler; candles will go into candle
sticks, but have never been known to'fit.
Dr. Todd, President of the Georgia State
Medical Society, gives some interesting sta
tistics on tbe results of modern medical and
sanitary science and a more rational mode
of life in prolonging the average of hnman
life. The United States, having a doctor o f
medicine for every 600 population, shows
,the lowest death rate in the world. Its avr
'erage life expectancy is 55 years, and in
England, which comes next the expectancy
among the urban population is 50, and
among the ruralists 54 years. Russians
have a life expectancy of but 28 years, aud
Chilians of the same, while in the Soudan
the rate is 23 years. The average life in the
Borne of the Caesars was 18 years; now it is
over 40. Within 50- years tbe average iu
France has increased from 28 to 45, and in
the days of Queen Elizabeth tbe English
average was but 20 years. Among the
causes of this great change, Dr. Todd men
tions better drainage and diet, greater
cleanliness, vaccination and the use of an
esthetics, quinine and the like. He thiuks
that quinine alone has added two years to
the average life of civilized man. To these
agencies should be added the decrease of
war, the more lenient laws, and the greater
temperance of our day.
Amateur PhotoErnpfay and Its Fosulbllltieg.
Laura M. Marquand, in a recent article,
advises amateur photographers to "take
some fine head painted bjr an old master,
study the light and shade upon it, the char
acter of the face and the quality of the back
ground. Then choose Irom among your
friends one whose type is something like the
one in the picture and arrange with great
carp the light on the head and face and neck
and shoulders. The arrangement of each
detail of the drapery is also important, and
with such care there is nothing to prevent
your getting an interesting negative. If
there is a dimness over the picture, ana you
want to carry out even that idea, yrfu can
do o by putting your lens slightly out of
i"oeus. That will eliminate some oi the de
tail aiid produce tbe desired softness and
dimness." Alter giving other valuable
hints with relerence to the arrangement of
lights and poses, Miss Marquand adds: "If
you are an art student, vo'u can help jour
art very much 'by studying pictures in this
way. You will learn how persons far wiser
than you have mauaged their light and
shade, how beautifully they have posed
their subjects, how they have taken thought
of every important line."
A New Explosive.
A new explosive has been invented which
combines two important and long-desired
essentials, efficiency and entire freedom
from danger. The idea occurred to 3Ir.
Muller, of Cologne, the inventor, to intro
duce water into the explosive itself, but in a
solid form. Certain salts possess the prop
erty of holding in combination, in the state
of water of crystallization, a portion of the
liquid in which they form. and are depos
ited, the quantity of water varying with the
salt. When heated, such salts dissolve in
their water of crystallization, and that, too,
usually, at quite a low temperature. Upon
being lurther heated, they lose this water
very easily, and in most oases without the
salt being altered. With a proper explo
sive, carbonate of soda, which has ten equiv
alents of water, or sulphate of magnesia,
which has seven, is incorporated in a very
finely divided state, and the result is named
by its inventor "gnstontite." By a special
safety match, all danger of setting fire to the
gas that may exist in the surrounding at
mosphere is obviated.
Onclllntlon of Hlah Structures.
Tall church steeples built of stone aro
known to have considerable oscillation in
high winds, and chimneys partake of this
motion in a degree proportionate to tbe sta
bility of their design, and in the proportion
of diameter to height. A chimney near
Marseilles, France, 115 feet ia height and ;
4 feet outside diameter at the top,. showed
a maximum oscillation of 20 inches during
a severe gale. A chimney near Vienna 164
feet high, of good proportions, having a GJ
foot flue, was found to oscillate 6 inches
during the severest storms. The form of
the Eiffel tower offers tbe least area to the
forre of the wind, but its height and ma
terials encourage oscillation, and it will be
interesting to have a record of its behavior
in storm winds.
Compressed Gas nail Cautery-
Dr. Benjamin W. Eichardson, who a
little over 20 years ago introduced ether
spray as a means of producing local anaes
thesia, now makes a novel suggestion, viz,,
to use a jet of highly compressed air as a
cautery. He points out its advantages over
the cautery, heated wire or knife, m that it
is less alarming and for the moment pain
less, as cold is an anaesthetic. He mentions
chlorine as a suitable gas for the purpose,
but prefers carbonic anhydride as most man
ageable, cheap, almost inodorous, not un
wholesome and not inflammable, so that it
can be used with artificial light.
H. M. Stanley lost several of his follow
ers while traveling on tbe Lower Congo
from poisoned arrows, and was at a loss to
know what poison was used by the natives.
The mystery was solved by his finding a
packet of dried red ants. The bodies of
these insects were dried, grduud into
powder, cooked in palm oil and smeared on
the points of (the arrows. It is well knovrn
that formic acid exists in the free state in
red ants, as well as iu stinging nettles, and
in several species of caterpillars, and in its
pure state it is so corrosive that it produces
blisters on the skin.
Tbe Llclit of Shooting Stars.
M. Cornu gives it as his opinion that the
light emitted from shooting stars is not due
to conflagration or the heat of impact.1 In
those high regions the atmosphere is too
unsubstantial to render the explanation ac
ceptable. It is much more likely, he says,
that the phenomenon is one of static elec
tricity developed by simple friction, and it
is well known that ntrified gases can he
made to glow intensely with but very little
The Portelectrio system devised by Prof.
Dolbear, ")1 Boston, for the carrying of
parcels and mails, has been very favor
ably commented on iu electrical circles. He
proposes to transmit packages from New
York to Boston in two hours, or say at the
rate of two miles a minute, by electricity.
There appears to be every prospect that the
scneme can ne successiuiiy accompiisnea.
a Prevention of Lend PoUonlnc.
To prevent lead poisoning painters should
wash their bands frequently in a strong de
coction of oak bark, have short hair and
beard, and dnring work wear a cloth cap.
The hands should be cleansed and the mouth
rinsed with cold water before eating. The
food should contain a large proportion of
fat, and milk should be taken in great
Dlnklng Paper Touch.
By mixing chloride of zinc with the paper
pulp in the process of manufacture, paper
can be made as tough as wood or leather.
The greater the degree of concentration in
the zinc. solution, the greater will be tbe
toughness of tbe naper. The toughened
paper can be used for roofing, making boats,
boxes, and a multitude of other purposes.
Nott Use for the Poppy.
The poppy forms a network of roots that
cannot be exterminated without .great diffi
culty, and is therefore admirable lor keep
ing embankments iu place. French engi
neers are now sowing newly-constructed
railway embankments with poppies, with a
view to prevent their destruction by heavy
A new method of preparing paper for
wrapping metallic articles to prevent tar
nishing is said to consist in incorporating
with the paper, or applying to its surface, a
fine powderof metallic zinc
' Electric Brake.
An electric brake, which has been put
through a series of very severe tests, is said
to be more effective than the air brakes now
Coal dust, flour dust, starch and flour are
all explosives, when mixed with certain pro?
portions of air.
FOR NERTOUS DISEASES
Use Horsfbrd's Acid Phosphate.
Dr. F. G. Kelly, Alderton, "W. T.. says: "I
have prescribed it in a large number of cases of
restlebsness at night, and nervous diseases gen
erally, and also in cases of indigestion caused
by lack of sufficient gastric j nice of the stomach,
with marked success, and consider it one of tbe
best remedies known to the professional world."
One Thousand Miles of Transportation and
One Week's Board for $12 OO.
The Pittsburg and Cincinnati packet line.
Steamers leaving Pittsburg as follows:
Steamer Katie Stockdale, Thomas S. Cal
houn, Master.leaves everv Monday at 4 p.m.
Steamer Hudson, J. F. Ellison, Master,
leaves every Wednesday at 4 P. M.
Steamer Scotia, G. W. Bowley, Master,
leaves ever Friday at 4 p. m.
First-class fare to Cincinnati and return,
512 00, meals and stateroom included; or,
down by river and return by rail, 512 50.
Tickets'good until used.
For further information apply to James
A. Henderson, Superintendent, 04 Water
P. fc Ii. E. R. It Allqdlppa.
On May 30, Decoration Day. trains will
leave3 Pittsburg for Aljquippa as follows:
.5:25 A. M., 7:30
A. M., 7:40 a. m.. 0:30 A.
M., 1020 A. M.
330 P. M.
1230 p.m., 1:20 p. m. and
Returning leave Aliquippa 1130a. m.,
12:12 P. I 4 P. M., 450 I1. M. aud 630
Central time one hour slower than city
FOR a finely cut, neat-fitting suit leave
your order with "Walter Anderson, 700
Smithfield street, whose stock of English
suitings and Scotch tweeds is the finest in
the market; imported exclusively for his
It is now, during the hot spell, that we
think of lurnishing our homes to be cool
and inviting. Chairs, rockers and settees
made especially lor the summer trade now
on exhibition. P. C. Schoeneck,
711 Liberty street.
California sherry, full quart"!, 50c.
California port, full quarts, 50c.
For sale by G. "W. Schmidt, Nos. 95 and
97 Fifth avenue, city.
Guns and revolvers carefully repaired,
guns for hire, tents for sale, at J. H.
Johnston's Great Western Gun Works, 706
Smithfield st. ttssu
"While the weather is nice take the baby
to Pejrson'a for cabinet photos of it and you
are sure to be pleased. rsu
For finest photos and crayons at lowest
prices, patronize Anirecht's Elite Gallery,
516 Market st., Pittsburg.
TAYLOR A: DEAN':.
303 nnd 305 Dlarbet Street,
Is headquarters for adjustable window
screens, which will fit any -window. Price
from 30c to 60c each. Also for fencing of
every description; . eod
A CREDITABLE EXAMINATION
Passed by tbe Naval Cadets Who Have Been
st Sen for Two Years.
ISMCIXL TXLIOKXJI TO THZ DISrATCH.
Anitapolis, Ms., May 25. The final
examination of the class ot naval cadets
that graduated two years ago and recently
returned from sea has been concluded at the
Naval Academy. The merit roll, showing
the standing of each cadet. Is be
ing prepared, and will be announced
in a day or two. The class
numbers 42 members, alt of whom were
examined except naval cadets Frank W.
Hibbs, Minnesota, and Ben "Wade Stearns,
of Iowa, who are sick at their homes. The
former completed the academic course No.
2, and the latter No 10, and they will proba
bly retain relative standing in the class in
the examination to which they will be sub
jected later op. Of those examined it is
thought all have passed successfully.
At presest there are 21 vacancies, which
number may be increased before the date
for making the assignments, June 30. In
the vacancies already created 18 are among
the line of officers, two in the engineer
corps and one iu the marine corps. In the
examination of candidates tor admission to
the naval academy, just closed, out of 61
applicants 28 were successful in both men
tal and physical examinations and eight
were physically disqualified. Among the
latter were M. H. Wayne, of Pennsylvania,
and T. B, Smith, of New "York. Color
blindness caused the rejection of several.
WON A TWO TEARS' FIGHT.
A Nctt fork Veteran fomrs Oat Ahead In a
Irfinff I.rffal Baltic.
rSrXCUI. TZLXOEAMTO TIIE DISPATCH.
New York, May 25. Police Captain
George Wasburn, after two years' retirement,
has won his fight against the police com
missioners. In June, 1887, he was retired
on a pension, although he was an able
The law of 1885 required retirement at 60,
and he was 60, but the captain was a vet
eran soldier, and the Supreme Conrt held
to-day that he was thereby relieved from the
operation ol the law of 1885.
One of the greatest toilet luxuries is a
pure and fragrant powder. You can buy
At&inson's "Wb.iteP.ose, Heliotrope, Jockey
Club, etc., and always pure. su
CTOTETj NORMANDIE, ATLANTIC CITY,
Under new manacement.
T. C. GILLETTE, Prop'r.
my22 Lata of Colonnade Hotel, Fhilada.
LONGVIEW SCHOOL-FORMERLY HO
TEL Longvlew will be opened for tbe
reception of summer boarders by July 1, 1889.
For circulars and information apply to
REV. JOHN G. MULHOLLAND.
my2-03-TT3u Lpngview School, Brookville, Pa.
CRESSON bPRlNGS. PENNA., MAIN
line Pennsylvania. Railroad, on top of
THE MOUNTAIN HOUSE
Will open June 25. All trains stop st Cretion.
For circulars, etc., address
WJI. R. DUNHAM. Snpt,
my7-2-isu Qresson. Cambria Co., Pa.
Hotel and Cottages.
On Panhandle Railroad.
OPEN MAY 3a
Prior to opening, the proprietor will be on
tbe premises every Taesday and Friday to
meet those wishing to look at rooms or cot
tages. Take the 2.55 p. x. train at Union station on
the above days. It Is onlv20 minutes' rida to
Idlewood. W. S. JACKSON, Proprietor.
On tbe M ot fe illegtais;,
3,000 Fast Abpyo TIdswstsr.
Season Opens June 22, 1889.
These famous mountain resorts, situated at
the summit of the Alleghcnles, and directly
upon the main lino of tbe Baltimore and Ohio
Railroad, hive tbe advantage of its through
train service both east and west, and are there
fore readily accessible irom all parts of the
country. All Baltimore and Ohio trains stop
at Deer Park and Oakland dnring the season.
With dne regard for the safety of guests in
case of accident. Are escapes of the most re
cent and approved design have been added to
the hotel buddings at both resorts.
Electric lights hare been introduced through
out the houses and grounds; Turkish and Rus
sian baths andlarge swimming pools provided
for ladies and gentlemen; suitable grounds for
lawn tennis; bowling alleys and billiard rooms
are bcre; fine riding and driving borses are
kept for hire, in short, all tba necessary ad
juncts for the comfort, health or pleasure of
Rates, SCO, S75 and (90 a month, according to
All communications should be addressed to
GEORGE D. DeSHIELDS, Manager Balti
more ana Ohio Hotels.Cumberland, Md., up tr.
June 10: after that date, either Deer Park or
Oakland, Garrett county, Md. myl2-62su
DILL :-: PARK,
Formerly Lake View,
WORTH EAST, PA.
This beautiful place has been -entirely
renovated and refurnished in tf rst-class
order, and will bo opened for (guests on
MONDAY. JUNE 3, 1839. as a family
summer resorL This hotel Is situated
on the shore of Lake Erie, Tilth a beau
tiful sandy beach, which maJces as fine
a place for bathing as the sashore;also
fine fishing. Will have small boats on
tbo grounds. The place Consists of a
fine larm, and it is tho intention of
raising everything lor tabJo use. Also
have fine herd of cattle, and will make
a specialty of good. pure, milk and but
, ter. A livery, consisting of Shetland
ponies, for children, and single and
double rigs, on the premises.
Address all communications to
ROBERT DHL, Prop,,
V08 S-ba-be S"b.
I AM ZJSl
Thd secret of hit luppincsA fa I bsto Grows
xs7 old iw.-tf-.nnj anap, ana cavo
Prodnee a polish without tho old brash, and Ms
will latt a mde on ', and Istm m women's that.
TThr stick to old wj ia thus days cf progress J
Sold by Shoo Stares, Grocers, Drssgfets, etc.
WOLFF & RANDOLPH, phiuklphuu
While it is impossible to avoid attacks of
illness, and to finally conquer tbe great de-j
stroyer, Death, there is abundant evidence'
to prove that there are agencies w ithin tho
reach of skill and science capable of cor
recting the tendencies of disease and re
storing enfeebled energies to their healthy
iunctions. Life certainly cannot be mada
perpetual; but it can doubtless be prolonged
by judicious treatment, and misery and suf-1
fenng can be prevented. Tbe idea that dis
ease will spend itself without the aid of
medical skill is as absurd as to suppose thai,
the laws of nature are without purpose ant
direction. It is the same in the animal 4 a '
in the vegetable kingdom. "When ataje
shows sfgns "of weakness or decay it Is by
care that its vitality is restored. Ler v3 it
alone and the process of decay wi'd ad
vance, and in a short time a .'dead
trunk only will remain. But) at-
tend to it, water its rots, protect it
trombligbting winds etc., and it wilji again
flourish as if it had never given evidence of
feebleness. So it is with the human, being;
for if nothing be done to contxel colds,
fevers, lung, liver and kidney affections,
and a thousand and one other d.wcases to
which flesh is heir, they are certain to ob
tain headway, break down the rrlost vigor
ous constitutions, and, after a longer or
shorter time of wretchedness and suffering,
end life. Thousands die eveiy year from
neglect resulting from carelessness, preju
dice, or some other blameable rcsuse. Fam
ilies are depleted, fond ties revered, tortur
ing anxieties produced, and yndless miseries
protracted from one generation to another by
reason of overlooking tht commencement of
disease and delaying medical treatment.
Fatal bevond conception id this carelessness
in regard to health anli life, for without
health there can be no happiness, andibea
life ends all is darkness and mystery.
After carefully considering these circum
stances every one will recognize the import
ance of consulting a klllful and experi
enced physician as soon ss tbe existence of
any disease is detected. To delay is always
dangerous, and may inrove fatal. The prin
cipal point to decide is the choice of a doc
tor. Advanced medical science alone, as
practised by Dr. Woods, can meet ithe de
mands of the case, and he wishes to impress
upon young and od alike the importance of
retaining, if possessed, and regaining.iflost,
the tull torce ofnhysical and nervous ener
gy. Dr. Woods thoroughly understands
the treatment off such cases, as is proved by
the fact that a large number of young peo
ple who consulted him when in a state ot
debility have regained p werful constitu
tions. He likewise rives attention to people
advanced in age whose systems have lost
vitality. Bmken down constitutions coma
within one of his greatest specialties as a
practicing physician, and the amount of
good he has done in restoring ftealth and
strength -if. simply incalculable. The first
principle rf his treatment is to stop the dis
ease and then restore tbe vital organs to
their proper functions. He repairs and
builds up the constitution, so that the whols
system 3s made new. The truth of this is
shown by tbe fact that his patients gain
from It) to 50 pounds iu from one to three
Dr. Woods can refer to hundreds of well
known and infiuentialitizens whom'he has
restored to perfect health alter their diseases
were considered incurable, and in many in
stances they bad given up all hope of ever
realizing the sense of good health again.
When possible the doctor prelers to see
hij patients; but when this is impossible bis
successlul system ot treatment by cor
respondence enables tbe nfSicted in all parts
of the world to avail themselves of tbe bene
fit of his skiil af a very small cost. Send 4
cents in stamps for question list. All com
munications sacredly confidential. No
charge for advice. Examinations are also
free to those who desire treatment.
Db. K. A. Woods, Hotel Albesiaklx,
PESfir Avenue ajtd Sixth Stbeet,
Office hours, 10 to 12 a. m., 2 to 5 and 7 to
8 p. ar. my26
READ THIS CARD.
IF YOU WANT
THE PLACE TO BUT IS
DA1N & DASGHBACH.
THE TIME NOW.
To appreciate the quality and beantyof
our Furniture, seo that displayed by all
other reliable dealers of Pittsburg and Al
legheny before calling on us.
To gain tbe full value of the bargains we
arc offering, price the articles you want
elsewhere, then see ours. We have the
stock, guarantee per rect satisfaction, and wa
will sell you anything you require in our
line at prices bound to please.
DA1N ii DASGHBACH,
111 Smithfield St, Pittsburg, Ptv.