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Will bo reaped by all who
adrertise in THE Dispatch:
It reaches every home and
is read by everybody. If
yon are in business the
ubllc know it throuehXius
A BOON TOTHE CITY.
J Rates on Iron Ore From the
Lakes Reduced to a Fair
ALL THREE ROADS AGREE,
Through Presidents Oliver and lTew-
ell and Vice-President
TO THROW OFF JDST 20 CENTS A TON.
Ore From the Three 1nke Ports to Flits-
bare farSl 03 Instead of SI 25 How
It Wni Brought About Piltsburc Gains
600,1)00 a Year by It Competition
With the Valley Furnaces of Ohio Made
Possible at Last Sir. Oliver Credited
t With' Forcing the More Mr. A. M.
"Byers Says Labor Will Koir bee the
Great Necessity of Also Making a Con.
' . cession A Comparison With Chicago
Coke Most Come Next.
The Pennsylvania, Jhe P. & L. E. and
the P. & "W. have -come gracefully in
line, and given Pittsburg her just reduc
tion in iron rates. Mr. Andrew Car
negie's words were true. Bumor gives
Harry Oliver the credit of neutralizing
the opposition of the Pennsylvania. Pitts
burg' supremacy in the Iron world is
once more asserted for good and all.
A move has been made in railroad circles
that most vitally affects the interests of
Pittsburg; and, fortunately, the move has
been made in her favor.
At a meeting yesterday afternoon at 4
o'clock between Vice President McCul
longh, of the Pennsylvania Company; Presi
dent Oliver, of the Pittsburg and "Western,
and President John Newell, of the Pitts
burg and Lake Brie, it was decided that the
roads, carrying ore from the lake points to
Pittsburg should reduce the rate from 51 25
per ton as at present to 51 05 per ton, a
clean reduction of 20 cents per ton.
The change in rates cannot be made until
after the regular three days' notice, and the
official announcement has not yet been
made; but The Dispatch has received re
liable information to the effect that the re
duction has been definitely settled npon,and
the official announcement will be made
public in a day or two.
Late events nave not been without their
significance, and to those who havo been
watching-nfliirs closely there were surface
'Jmaiciuons that' a reduction of this sort
wpuld come. Indeed, there were some ex
peclations among the shrewd ones that even
s larger reduction than that mentioned
would be made.
Merely AsKed Justice.
The iron manufacturers, it seems, had
asked flatly for a reduction from $1 25 to 90
cents, instead of $1 05, and this 90 cents
they claimed would place them on an equal
ity with points in the Hocking Valley that
received such favorable rates from the Ohio
railroads; so the reduction .granted was not
only expected, bnt almost assured to the in
siders. In his last interview with The Bis
patch, Mr. Andrew Carnegie expressed
the expectation that iron ore would be car
ried from the lakes to Pittsburg as cheaply
at from the lakes to the Ohio furnaces, and I
his words have come nearly true, at a most
Matters have been greatly delayed by the
railroad officials, and this delay has caused
the fear that perhaps a mistake has been
made, and that there would be no reduction
.to give this city her due; but, happily, this
feeling was in error. This delay-showed di
verging views among the railroad officials,
no doubt, but the conclusion was reached at
last, and, lucky for Pittsburg, the rate of
$1 05, instead of $125, per ton was decided
While all the negotiations and inner
workings of the affair are not attainable "by
the press, by putting two and two together
and by combining this and that point, it is
not hard to reach certain conclusions.' It
was expected that this reduction would
hare been made sooner; but the death of
President Callery caused a delay, and the
reduction did not come until the election, of
Mr. Harry Oliver as his successor.
An Inside View.
But, a few weeks ago, there was a rapid
.advance in the stock of the Pittsburg and
vTesternrosa. The inference' was plain:
Some heavy and determined interest was
buying the stock, and it all pointed to the
election of Harry Oliver as President of the
Pittsburg and "Western!
President Oliver is very well known as a
warm supporter of Pittsburg, and as being
closely allied with, and interested in, her
prosperity. His business and social, and in
fact friendly, interests all lean toward this
city, and the deduction is easy. , Connect
this with other straws in the railroad situa
tion, and they at least give color to the inti
mation that the influence of the Pittsburg
and "Western was not only in favor of this
reduction named, but was in favor of the
more decided reduction expected by Pitts
Then, beyond that, there is a theory in
certain circles that. If ihe other roads had
not agreed to this reduction the Pittsburg.
and "Western would nave made it, regard
less of their wishes, and the conclusion is
reached' that the figures named are but a
compromise with the other lines on the one
side (probably the Pennsylvania) and the
extreme views of the Pittsburg and "Western
on the other This seems the more reasona
ble, since gossip credits the Pennsyl
Tania with the most pronounced oppo
sition. Thus another victory is placed on
the glowing side of opposition and compe
tition, and one more fight won shows the
value of competition, especially if the cem-
Jpeting lines represent the interests of the
shipping point, which lines thus are bound
ftp look out for its welfare. '
.Now as to the actsal redvetioS, though
not all that could be. wished for, it estab
lishes a Material improvement in Pittsburg's
position In the iron industry, and a few fig
ures to clinch this statement will 'not ba ont
Some Idea of the Benefits.
It takes one and six-tenths tons of ore to
make a ton of .pig iron, so a reduction of 20
cents per ton on ore, means a decrease of 32
cents per ton in the cost of manufacturing a
ton of pig Iron. There were 890,000 tons of
pig iron made last year in Allegheny coun
ty, and the reduction or rather the savi ng
by this freight item alone, would have been
5218,000. Then again, in actual practice it
requires about one and one-half tons of pig
iron, and about 600 pounds of ore, to make
one ton of finished iron, so that by this
break there is an actual reduction of 56
cents per ton.
As for steel rails, the reduction to come
in force will make it from 45 to CO cents per
ton, and on blooms it will amount to from
40 to 45 cents. The leading reduction, of
course, is in the cost of manufacture; the
actual cold, hard cash paid fox material,
and the effect cannot but be felt. There
were over 600,000 tons of finished iron made
in this booming Allegheny county last'year,
and about an equal amount of steel (cal
culated in rails), while the production o!
steel, if figured in blooms, would reach over
700,000 tons. Therefore, without any more
details in tiresome fignring.these reductions
in freights should make a total economy or
saving to iron and steel manufacturers of
about $600,000 per year.
Where Wo Distance Chicago.
At onetime Chicago could and did under
bid this bustling city on contracts and other
building jobs that 'should not have been
lost; nevertheless they were lost because, on
account of freight rates, the "Windy City of
the "West could and did underbid Pittsburg,
and of course money and business drifted
away toward the setting sun.
Now, however, with hardly equality
granted and not even favor asked, Pittsburg
will be amply able to correct these little
contracts, if not reverse the situation. "With
a margin of 30 cents on pie iron and 50
cents per ton on finished iron and steel,
Pittsburg will not only recover, but tran
scend, her former supremacy in the iron
world; and a corresponding expansion in the
output of her mills should follow this most
welcome and undeniably, just reduction in
A EUBMOEMAFS TIEW.
Mr. A. M. Byers Bars Labor Must Yield a
Little Also Railroads Forced .to See
the .Necessity That Workmen
Are Asked to See Com
Calls were made last evening by reporters
for this paper at the residences of Hon. B.
P. Jones, Mr. John "W. Chalfant and Mr.
A. M. Byers, for interviews setting forth
the significance of the ore freight reduction.
Only Mr. Byers, the iron manufacturer who
has some furnace interests, could be seen,
however, and that gentleman was interro
gated in regard to the matter. Mr. Byers
"Last week all the furnacemen of this
city addressed a petition to the Presidents
I ot tne rauroaas carrying ore irom tn&iaKcs
I to this -vicinity asking them to take up the
matter of freight rates on that commodity
aid give them some relief from the existing
charges which were considered to be exces
sive. It was stated that the rates were
higher from the lake ports to Pittsburg in
proportion to the number of miles hauled,
than they were from the same points to the
furnaces in the Mahoning and Shenango
Valleys. "The-Pittsburg men claimed that
they were thus unable to compete with the
others, whose plants were more favorably
"It is a well known fact that the prices
the Pittsburg manufacturers received for
their pig iron barely covered the cost of
production, and they have been losing
money for some time. Owing to the high
price of labor, and the discriminating rates
on coke, ore and other materials, it was ab
solutely necessary to do something, and
they asked the "Western jailroads for relief.
"The rates on coke from, the ovens to the
valleys are more objectionable to the furn
acemen there than the ore rates from -the
lakes were to thePittsburg manufacturers.
"I do not know whether the reduction to
$1 05 per ton will more nearly equalize the
rates as between Pittsburg and Chicago
manufacturers. The latter get their ores
direct by water from the Lake Superior
mines, while the Pittsburg furnacemen have
to get theirs via" Cleveland, Ashtabula and
Fairport. The inland freight rates they
pay are over and above what it costs the
Chicago men by lake. These freight charges
make the cost of production greater to the
Pittsburg and the Valley furnaces than, it
would be to their competitors.
"By the reduction the officers of the local
railroad companies have shown that their
intention is todo anything that will enable
the Pittsburg iron manufacturers to com
pete with others where pig iron does not
cost as much as it does in this city."
f- "Will the reduction have any effect on
the labor market?
"I think it will have the effect of making
the officers of the labor organizations see the
necessity of acceding to a redaction of
wages. If the railroad companies recognize
the necessity of giving the iron manufacv
turers some relief, the workmen should do
FORTIFYING THE PACIFIC.
Canada U Preparing to Monnt Some Cans
on That Coast.
Ottawa, Ont., Mar 20. The Canadian
Government has received a cablegram from
the imperial authorities stating that work
on the Pacific coast .defenses will be begun
this summer. The home government has
alwavs been keenly alive to the importance
of fortifications on the Pacific coast,
especially at and about the Esquimault
terminus of the Canadian Pacific Bailway,
as well as the arsenal of the British navy on
Hon. G. P. Foster. Minister of Finance,
speaking to a reporter to-uay regarding a
statement published in a San Francisco
paper to the effect that the British Govern
ment was contemplating a scheme for the
transformation of the entrance to Paget
Sound into s second Gibraltar, said the ex
pression "second Gibraltar" was too strong,
but it was the intention of the Canadian
and imperial authorities to make great im
provement in the defenses of the Pacific sea
board ports, especially Esquimault
"If the Americans object," he said, "to
our establishing batteries commanding the
entrance to Puget Sound, why let them
build forts on the opposite side of the
Dlxey Will Not Travel Any More.
New Yobk, May 20. Henry Dixey, the
actor, will travel no more. Business ar
rangements were closed to-day nnder which
he 'will henceforth make the Standard
Theater the home of .burlesque,, opening
with a new piece. Mr. Duff will be aasoci-
....9 f.I. Tt.. ' "
BfrVU ItUH JSJC. 1
- JENKS WAS JILTED,
And to Get Even With Bis Scboolmnrm
Sweetheart, He and His Friends Boy
cott Her School She May be
Compelled to Shut Up
rgraaix. ixtraiuit to the dispatch.1
Pbovidence, E. L, May 20. There is a
queer fight going on at Chapel Pour Cor
ners, which comprises what is known as
School district No. 3, in the town of Cum
berland, and it has resulted in the boycott
of Miss Evans, who teaches the little dis
trict school. A young fellow named Tenks,
son of a prominent farmer in the district,
had been paying attention to Miss Evans,
who has taught the school acceptably for
two yean. The- young man seemed to be
getting along in his suit all right until last
winter, when for some reason or other Miss
Evans shut him off, and since then young
Jenks has been trying to down the fair
schoolmarm who toyed with his affections.
Old man Jenks and the neighbors took
up the case on young Jenks' side and tried
to get Miss Evans replaced, but trustee
"Watterson sided 'with her. At the annual
school meeting, last month, the Jenks peo
ple tried to oust the trustee and failed.
Then they set to work to boycott the school.
There were some 15 pupils under Miss
Evans rod. Seven of them did not live in
the district, and these were promptly in
structed to go to school in their own district.
Then a family with one child moved out of
town. Of the six remaining two were rela
tives of young Jenks, and these were with
drawn, and only four are now left
As the law requires at least five pupils in
a school to secure the town's support Miss
Evans' educational honse is likely to be
closed, and the trustee is hustling, without
any success so far,to find another youngster
about the .Four Corners who will go to
school. He says he has a good mind to at
tend himself. The whole town is getting
excited over the matter, and friends of the
trustee and. Miss Evans who are blessed
with children think of moving into No. 3
district and sending their youngsters to
A WOMAN INDICTED FOR LIBEL.
She Makes a Peculiar Affidavit to Prevent a
ISrECXiL TELEQEAM TO THE DISPATCH.!
Philadelphia, May 20. Sarah A.
Poole was indicted to-day for libel because
in last December she made, an affidavit be
fore Magistrate Baird that Henry J.
"Woodhouse had two years ago deceived
her by a bogus marriage. "Woodhouse
and Mrs. Poole, who was a widow, were
nurses at the Pennsylvania Hospital. On
January 13, 18S6, she accompanied him, so
she declares in her affidavit, to what he told
Jier was the private residence of Magistrate
Brown, where a marriage ceremony, which
she afterward learned was bogus, was per
formed. "Woodhouse subsequently, after a trip to
Europe, married a Miss Goodenough. The
widow was enraged by this marriage, and
sought to do "Woodhouse harm. He had be
come a student at Jefferson College. She
called on the dean, Dr. Holland,
and divulging "Woodhouse's re
lations with her, asked him to prevent
the latter' graduation. Dr. Holland said
he conld not consider her story unless it was
backed by an affidavit. Therefore Mrs.
Poole went before Magistrate Baird on the
14th of last December and made oath to her
charges against "Woodhouse. He, however;
much to Mrs. Poole's chagrin, got his
.diploma, or JDr .Holland refused the
widow's declaration, even flavored with the
But Mrs. Poole was resolved on bringing
shame and sorrow on the new doctor who
she professed had wronged her. Friends of
"Woodhouse began to receive anonymous
notes intimating that he was not as upright
as he might be. One of these caught'his
eye, and upon inquiry he learned of her
affidavit, and therefore brought suit against
the widow for libel.
THE CLEMSON WILL CASE CLOSED,
And nn Agricultural nnd Mechanical College
Will be Founded.
rSPECIAL TE1EOHA1I TO THE DISPATCH.1
Charleston, S. C, May 20. The great
Clemson will case has virtually come to a
close,although the court has not yet rendered
a decision,and the Clemson Agricultural and
Mechanical College may ba regarded as al
ready an established fact. The State takes
about $80,000 snbject to the terms of the
Clemson will. When the argument com
menced on Saturday Chief Justice Fuller
interrupted the regular order of the argu
ment by intimating that he wonld prefer
first to hear all the contestants' council. It
was expected that the council for the State
would be heard, but upon the meeting of
the court it was passed over and another
taken up. The inference is that the conrt
had made up its mind, and it is said that
the Chief Justice is engaged to-night in
writing out a decision in iavor of the State
and sustaining the Clemson will. It is
doubtful if the case will be carried to the
This decision gives the Fort Mill proper
ty, the birthplace of John C. Calhoun, to
the State for the establishment of an Agri
cultural and Mechanical College. The en
tire property is variously estimated to be
worthirom$80,QP0to?100,000. Under the will
there are to be seven trustees appointed by
Clemson's executors and six by the State.
The Legislature at its last session made pro
visions for carrying ont the provisions of the
MELBOURNE AND FANNY.
They Are Enjoying Their Honeymoon, bnt
Already Preparing for the Stage.
rsria.M.TELioBiJi to the dispatch.!
New Yoek, May 20. Fanny Daven
port, the actress, and Melbourne McDowell,
the leading man in the "La Tosca" Com
pany, who were married on Sunday, are
staying at the St. Cloud Hotel. Mr. Mc
Dowell said to-day to a reporter:
"Well, we are married at last The
newspapers have wedded us half a dozen
times already, but this time it's a dead fact
It was not a secret wedding, only a private
one. v e am not want any puniicity about
the affair. Are we going to
quit the stage? Gracious me, nol
After we have made sufficient
preparation for another season of 'La
Tosca,' which, by the way, is paying im
mensely well, we are going to California.
My wile needs a new wardrobe, which we
shall have to attend to before leaving the
city. Miss Davenport, I mean my wife,
never looked better. It would do your
eyes good, yonng man, to see her.
After a pause he added: "I was awfully
nervons during the ceremony. This is the
first time I have gone through it My
former wife, oh, that was only a piece of
boyish folly. I was 21 then. I am 31
FATAL WRESTLING MATOfl.
A Canal Boat Cnptaia Who Was Thrown
by a Woman.
Cleveland, May 20. Arthur Frazier,
an Ohio canal boat captain, went to visit
Edward Howe and wife, near Hawkins
Summit county, Sunday. In the course of
conversation Mrs. Howe said: "There never
has been a man here that I couldn't throw."
Frazier told her she could not throw him.
They clinched and after few moments tug
Mrs. Howe threw Frazier on his back on a
lounge and the next minute he was a corpse,
supposedly'from' rupture of an artery.
PITTSBURG, TUESDAY, HAY' 21, 1889
PKEPARED TO PLOW;
A Fertile, Fruitful Field Spread Out
Before the Charitable.
THE MISSION FOR THE FREEDMAN.
The Old Tet'Ever-NewSubject of Evolution.
Causes a Southern -How, ,
AN OLD NEGRO'S INTERESTING SPEECBV
He Gives the Kelson Why Eis Bace Are 2t Better
An interesting question was brought up
in the Presbyterian General Assembly yes
terday. It was the topic of the negro and
how he shall be educated. Colored preachers
in attendance on the Presbytery added their
mite to the fund of information on the sub
ject Home missions will be discussed to
day. There was another outbreak of the
row in the Southern Assembly over the
composition of Adam's body.
'SPECIAL TEKEGBAM TO THE DISPATCII.1
New York, May 20. The General As
sembly of the Presbyterian Church in the
United States settled down to,-day for a
week's business in the Key. Dr. Howard
Crosby's Fourth Avenue Presbyterian
Church." Beports of the work the Presbyte
rian Church, through its Board of Missions
for Freedmen, is doing in the South, con
sumed the greater part ol to-day. President
Harrison's pastor in "Washington, the Bev.
Dr. Tennis S. Hamlin, had objected to the
adoption of a report which declared that
"the fidelity, patience and devoted service
of the officers and members of the board be
heartily commended, and that with full
confidence in their ability, the details of
management and administration, under the
instructions of the assembly, shall be left to
Dr. Hamlin's criticism, so far as he let it
be known, was that the Secretary of the
board, the Bev. E. H. Allen, ' had not at
tended strictly to the business, and that the
machinery had consequently been clogged.
THE WOBK AMONG THE XEGBOE3.
There is. he said, a lack of means to sup
port schools. Secretary K. H. Allen spoke
at length on the necessity of sending more
ministers and more nfoney to the South.
The church had been asleep on the
subject, he said. Dr. Allen pic
tured the necessity for Christianiz
ing Southern negroes. They are increasing,
he said, in numbers and in ignorance every
dav. It is impossible to send them to
Africa, because the Government could not
build ships fast enough to to take them.
Over 600 negro children ore born every day
in the Southern States. ' The race'has come
to stay, and the only safety for the South
and for the whole United States is to edu
cate the blackfenan and put into his hand, -with
the primer, the Sermon on the Mount
and the Lord's prayer.
Mr. Taylor introduced to the, .assembly
Uncle Joe "Williams, of Knox Presbytery, a
negro preacher. The Bev. Mr. "Williams is
84 years old. His head is bald, with a nar
row frinze of white hair around the back of
'the head, apaLatuft on the chim. "Uncle
Joejoined the Presbyterian church in lszu,
when he was a slave in Georgia. This is a
specimen of the old gentleman's speech.
UNCLE JOE'S STXLE.
A brudder spoke de udder day bout Iowerin'
down de standard ob Presbyterian Church.
Lemmo say dis, f m an old colo' Presbyterian,
don't let down dat standard one ito. Laughter
and applause. I didn't hear de brndder who
made da report say anythin' 'bont Geo'gia.
By the Moderator That was left for you to
Uncle Joe Don't know 'bont dat I couldn'
say as much as he ought to say. Laughter.
Weil, brcd'ren, cnilud people don' like de
Presb'ter'n doctrine. Dey kyarn't hoi' it It
takes eddication. my bred'ren, un'stan' Preb'
ter'n doctrine 1'anghter and applause, bnt
the's in de Bible, prase de Lord, an' what de
Bible reveals common sense must accept it as a
solemn tact Applause. I have concluded
I'm ign'unt in a good many ways, an' I'm goln'
to carry my ic'nce to the Judgment seat an'
toll do blessed Lord I jes' did what I could.
Then the question arose whether the
Board of Freedmen should be commended.
The Bev. Dr. Crosby said that Dr. Dickey,
who proposed the resolution commending
the board, and Dr. Hamlin, who criticised
it, were conferring, and that a compromise
would be reached.
A COMPEOMISE POSTPONED,
The two ministers appeared at that mo
ment walking up the aisle. On Dr. Ham
lin's motion action on the dispnted resolu
tion was postponed until to-morrow morning.
The Bev. Dr. Hall was called on to report
on tne condition ot resbytenanism on the
continent ot Europe. "But I never heard
that I had been assigned to snch a duty,
Moderator," said the Bev. Dr. Hall, with
astonishment pictured on his face. "I was
never notified of it"
''The Secretary says the notificati'on was
sent by mail," said Moderator Bobets.
"We shall have to call Buling Elder John
"Wanamaker to account" Laqghter. Post
master General "Wanamaker has not at
tended any of the sessions.
In the afternoon the Bev. L. S. Coffin, of
Iowa, for five years a Ballroad Commis
sioner in that State, said on the topic of ob
servance of the Sabbath that he was as
tounded at the death rate of brakemen on
the railroads. Every year in the United
States 2,700 brakemen are killed and 20,000
are crippled. No legislation reaches the
THE NEW EULE DISLIKED.
Dr. Chauncey M. Depew had told him
that he had received many letters from
stockholders who were inquiring with con
siderable severity why their stock should be
depreciated in value because all but neces
sary Snnday travel had been doneawtty
wjth on the New York Central Bailroad.
Yet, added the speaker, all railroad officers
know that there is no necessity for the great
slaughter of brakemen. They should be
pressed in every State to observe the Sab
bath. Dr. Hamlin, .Chairman of the Committee
on Ministerial Belief, reported that 5150,000
is needed for the ensuing year. Into this
subject of assembly' housekeeping the Bev.
Dr. Cot tell, formerly President of Lafavette
College, plunged further. He compared
ministers to Aristides the Just, who died in
such poverty that he did not leave enongh
monev to pay for his funeral. Becently Dr.
Cottell had received a letter from a minister
93 years old, who said that if he died the
needed expenses for his funeral would be
ANOTHEB VISIT MADE.
The Assembly adjourned early in the af
ternoon to accept an invitation by the Bev.
Dr. Thomas S. Hastings to visit the Union
Theological Seminary on Park avenue.
On the invitation of Prof. Duffield, of
Princeton Theological Seminary, the min
isters and elders and their families will go
to Princeton, the "Jernsalenvof Presbyteri
anism.in America," the professor called it
on Saturday next The Assemby accepted
There waff a large attendance this evening
in the Madison' Avenue Church, of which
the Bev. Dr. Thompson, is pastor, to hear
addresses on the condition ot Presbyterian
mission work among the Freedmen. The
Bev. Drv Pulton ot Philadelphia, made a
short address. The other speakers were
colored ministers who are" delegates to .the
Presbytery., They werft.theJSev. Mr. Sav
age and the Bev. D.'J.JSkndeje from Cape
Pear, the Bev. Lewis Johnston, of Arkan
sas, and the'Ber. Joel "Williams.
To-morrow the assembly will djscuss home
missions, and there will be apop'ular meet
ing in the evening, in the Fifth Avenue
Presbyterian Church. ' I
' DISCUSSING EY0LUTI0N.
The Southern Assembly Ha a' Warm De
bate on the Snbject.
Chattanooga, May 20. The General
Assembly of Southern Presbyterians met
this morning at 9 o'clock? Bev. J. E. Latham
presented the report of the committee ap
pointed to examine the minutes- of the
8ynod of South (Carolina. This report pre
cipitated a warm discussion on Dr. "Wood
row and evolution, which has been brewing
ince the beginning of the session. This
committee recommended that the minutes
be approved with one exception, and this
related to the Synod's action with referenee
to the Presbytery of Charleston.
This Preshvtery, after the meeting of the
last General Assembly at Baltimore, passed
a resolution announcing that the assembly
had declared the views heldhy Dr. Wood
row as to the origin of Adam's body to be
contrary to the standards of the church;
that the decision of the assembly was con
clusive; and that all furthur public con
tending against that decision should be
ceased. A warm debate ensued on the re
port, which was still in progress when the
assembly adjourned for the day.
ODD FELLOWS' SESSION.
Opening; of the Pennsylvania GrnndEncamp-
ment at York Chances in the Constitu
tion Proposed The Election of
Officers for the Ensnins Year.
rSPECIAI. TELEGRAM TO TUE,DISrATCrt.l
Yoek, EA., May 20. The Grand Encamp
ment of Odd Fellowship of Pennsylvania
opened its session in the city this morning,
Grand Patriarch Wiley presiding. After
the ceremonies of the opening were over, the
Committee on Credentials made its report,
and 32 Past Chief Patriarchs were admitted.
The GrandPatriarch advised the appoint
ing of a committee to revise 'the constitu
tion, as the year 1890 closes the limit for
such changes. Grand Scribe Nicholson's
report showed an increase, of 618 patriarchs
the past year; that 549,484 39 was paid for
the relief of patriarchs, which with other
forms of relief increased the disbursements
to 65,234 18. The ctftnmittee reported a
balance of $323 87.
The question of reducing the age of ad
mission of candidates from 21 years to 18
years was lost. The officers elected for the
ensuing year are: Grand Patriarch, Amos
H. Hall; Grand High Priest. Edward O.
Deans; Grand Scribe, Jas. B. Nicholson;
Grand Treasurer, John Heiss; Grand Senior
Warden, B. H. Graham; Grand Junior
"Warden, F. "V. Van Artsdalen; Outside
Sentinel, G. C. Hoster; Inside Sentinel,
Jas. H. Avery; Grand Marshal, Ed. L.
'THE T0BIN MYSTERY DEEPENS.
A Physician Asserts Positively That the
Girl Was Not Drowned.
rSPZCIAL TELEGBAM TO TOE DISPATCH.1
New Yoek, May 20. A sensation in the
Tobin case to-day was the statement of Cor
oner J. "Walter Wood, of West Brighton,
made on the conclusion of the inquest "I
was present," said Dr. "Wood to a reporter,
at the autopsy, and I say to you that Mary
Tobin was not drowned." His reputation
as a-physician in West Brighton is very
hisi-and his words will go far to make
many persons almost absolutely certain that
the girl was murdered. Dr. Loom's and
Dr. Feeny were not present at the inquest
to-night, and it was said that Dr. Loomis
had not concluded 'his analysis oT the
stomach. His report is .expected at the re
sumption of the inquest to-morrow evening.
Coroner Hughes, in conducting the in
quest this evening, called as the first wit-,
TiAa T.ivinnotnn Rnoinl'np ft Mnnrfpf nf
West New Brighton. He was asked whether
he knew any person wno naa seen miss
Tobin since April 15. Snedeker replied
that his daughter, Mrs. W. J. Hasbrouck,
had told his wife that she had seen Miss
Tobin the day of the naval parade, April
29.. His wife ha'd repeated this to him.
This evidence, though hearsay, is in sub
stantiation of 'the declaration of Mrs.
Horace Hillyer that she also saw Miss
Tobin on that day.
Mr. Bryan was subjected to an exhaustive
cross-examination without" eliciting any
thing new. A reporter ascertained to-night
that Dr. Bryan has failed to account for an
hour and forty minutes of his time after he
says he parted from Miss Tobin.
ALL. QUIET AT FOREST CITY.
Thcro Havo Been No People Killed for at
Lenst 24 Hours.
Little Bock, May 20. There are no
new developments in the Forest City
riot to-day, trnd it is believed
that qniet has been restored. At mid
night all was serene, though men
were still on guard to protect the town from
nn assult by the negroes, none of whom are
to be seen or found. Governor Eagle re
turned from there to-night and says he does
not anticinaie any further trouble. He
spoke to the citizens and urged them to pre-'
serve peace and let tne law take its course.
He expresses great confidence in this being
Yoong Ed. Neely.was released to-day,
and it is said his father; Henry Neely, will
be released on bond to-morrow. It now
comes to light that when Americns Neely
was discovered'under the floor of the Advo
cate building he fired two shots 'at his dis
'coverers and was then 'riddled with bullets,
though he lived a half hour afterward. The
military will not be needed, and all prepa
rations are being made for their return.
. A REWARD FOR CR0NIN.
S3,000 Offered for Bis Murderers and
82,000 for Him If He is Alive.
Chicago, May 20. The man Woodruff,
who confessed some days ago to carrying
away a body from a barn on the night that
Dr. Cronin disappeared, said to-day that.
tne(Ooay was taKen irom a cellar nnaer tno
tarn. Detectives were sent to the place and
found the cellar as described, and in
it a bundle of blood-stained rags. Blood
stains were also found in the barn. James
F. Boland, Chairman of a committee of Dr.
Cronin's friends, issued a circular this even
ing narrating the circumstances of the
doctor's disappearance, reasserting the belief
that he was murdered, and adding:
I hereby offer a reward of 5000 lor any in
formation that may lead to tho arrest and con
viction of any of the princinals in, accessories
to, ox instigators of, this crime. I am also
authorized to offer a farther reward of 52,000
for any satisfactory evidence that will prove
that he is not dead and would lead to the dis
covery of his whereabouts.
SOMETHING OF A DJFFJ3RENCE,
A Man Who WiU'ciiango "$50 a Month for
850,000 a Year.
ST. Patjl, May20.--John Wilkin Low
rey, or "Jack" Lowrey," as he is more
familiarly known in this city, has during
the past three days blown in something like
$200 for cablegrams,, and is still keeping the
wires hot. The cause of Mr. Lowrey's re
cently developed penchantfor cabling is to be
found in the difference between $50,000 per
annum and 'of the finest estate in Cumber
land, and 550 permonth as an auctioneer in
a srnall way in St Paul.
In an English newspaper he discovered an
advertisement for him, with the statement
that the estate must be claimed by May 21.
Since "then he has been making matters
General Bonlanger's Friepd Conies Off
With Flying Colors.
HE WAS; CHEERED BY THE CROWD.
The Proprietor of the Aristocratic Gambling
SETTLING THE STRIKE IS GERMANY.
Borne Soldiers Involved in the latest Plot Against
Henri Sochefort was placed on trial in a
London court yesterday. "He was speedily
released on his promise to keep the peace.
The evidence showed that his antagonist had
acted in a very cowardly manner, and
Bochefort was cheered by those present
The proprietor ot the gambling club which
was raided the other night did not fare so
well. The coal mining strike in Germany
is nearly adjusted.
fBT CABliTOTHE DISPATCH.
LONDON, May 20. Copyright Mr.
Pilotel, who failed in the effort to slap Mr.
Bochefort in the face on Saturday evening,
and Mr. Bochefort, the chief supporter of
General Boulanger, who got into trouble
for pointing a revolver in a leather case at
Pilotel, were both in the Marlborough Street
Police Court this morning. Mr. Lewis,
Pamell's solicitor, was there to look after
Bochefort, and did it properly. The whole
affair turned out rather uncomfortable for
Pilotel, the artist, who appears to have
started the row partly for advertisement and
partly because of the chaffing ot friends.
The fact was brought out, as cabled to you
on Satnrday, that Pilotel, in his haste to get
away from the revolver, fell headlong on
the sidewalk and trembled very much with
fear; also that he had been in prison in
France, and in England, too, for six months,
and was not exactly the sort of man that
Bochefort would be apt to fight a duel with.
The Court thought it was wrong for the
fiery editor of the Instranstgeant to frighten
people with a pistol, and made him
promise not to do it again.. He
also mado him undertake not to
attack Pilotel again for six months. He
assured the Court that he had no desire to
get nearer Pilotel than was absolutely neces
sary. His revolver was given back to him
and he was not fined,' as it was thought he
wonld be, and he went off in triumph.
The fact that the noblemen and others ar
rested at the Field gambling club were in
court this morning had collected a very
large crowd, which cheered Bochefort and
I-then followed Pilotel, making very un
complimentary remarks aoout that tali,
long haired individual. The incipient duel,
which has been talked about in London a.
great deal, is now closed.
NOBLE GAMBLERS ARRAIGNED.
All Escaped bnt the Proprietor, Who Was
Fined Quito Heavily.
LONDONj-May 20. The hearing in tha
case of the person arrested far-gambling at
the time of the raid by the police last week
upon the Field Club was continued to-day,
and resulted in the cbnyictionof Mr. Seaton,
the proprietor of the club, who was-fmed
500. The players were' discharged.
Counsel for the Countess of Dudley, whose
son, Lord Dudley, was among those irrested,
denied that she had had any communica
tion with the police concerning the charac
ter of the Field club, or that she instigated
the raid. The pnblic prosecutor announced
that it was the intention of the authorities
to suppress all gambling clubs, hundreds of
which at present exist in London.
STRIKERS RETURNING TO WORK. '
If the Employers' Promises Are Not Kept
They Will Go Ont Again.
BebLin, May 20. The striking miners
atBochum gave in to-day. A resolution
was adopted declaring that the miners
wonld adhere to the terms of the .Berlin
agreement The strikers will return to
work, but if the provisions of the agree
ment are not put into effect in two months
they will strike again.
The Emfteror, in answering a toast at a
dinner in Brunswick, said: "I hope God
will permit me to lead the Fatherland in
the way of peace to which the policy of my
SOLDIERS IN THE PLOT.
The Agents of Ihe Czar are Unearthing the
London, May 20. Advices from St.
Petersburg state thatjthe police, in their en
deavors to discover the full extent of the
recently discovered plot against the Czar,
learned that the ringleaders of the con
spiracy belonged to the garrison at Cron
stadt. It is reported that the Czar will dismiss
General Gourk from the Governorship of
Warsaw owing to his unpopular system of
Killing Off tho Irish Membors.
Belfast, May 20. James Lawrence
Carew, 'member of Parliament for North
Kildare, who has been imprisoned here for
offenses under the crimes act has been lib
erated a month in advance of the expiration
of his sentences account of ill-health.
AN ARTIST'S FATAL LOYE.
He Kills Himself Because His Sweetheart
Kefuses to Blarry Him.
rSFXCTAI. TET.EOEAX TO TBS DISPATCH.
St. Louis, May 20. The romance of a
poor young artist came to a bloody end in
front of 2922 Chestnut street at 10 o'clock
to-night. His name was Louis Gabrilliot,
and he courted a young music teacher,
Marie Boquet He called at the Chestnut
street home of his 'sweetheart and asked
her to marry him. She refused and he
grew frantic "If you don't marry me I
will kill myself' ho said.
She was obdurate, and the artist stepped
out to the sidewalk and presenting a pistol
at his head killed himself before the eyes
of the woman who rejected him. Then
there was a shriek, an unconscious woman,
and to-morrow there will be an inquest
A LYNCHING IN KENTUCKY.
The Very Summary Janice Meted Oat to a
"Wickliete, Ky., May 20. At 2 o'clock
this morning a, mob of about-100 masked
men entered the jail and demanded the keys
to the cell in which was confined
Joe Thornton, the negro who so
brutally assaulted little Minnie Brown,
some ten days since. The demand for the
keys was not complied with, and a rope was
quickly placed about the neck of the
Sheriff, when he weakened and handed over
The mob then took Thornton from his
cell, conducted him to a convenient tree
and hanged him. An effort was made to
lynch the negro on last Friday, but owing
to the vigilance of the authorities it failed.
The Motber-ln-Law of Ex-President Cleve
land Becomes aBrldo Again -A Little
Michigan Town Excited by ,
the ETent Mrs. Cleve
" land Present.
Jackson, Mich., May 20. A very per
ceptible flutter of excitement ran through
this1 city yesterday 'when it became known
early in the afternoon that Mrs. Emma C.
Folsom, mother of Mrs. Grover Cleveland,
was about to wed Henry E. Perrine, a mer
chant of Buffalo, N. Y., and that Mrs.
Cleveland would be present at the ceremony.
Hardly, had the rumor found credence be
fore corroborating testimony came in the
person ot Mrs. Cleveland herself, who ar
rived on the fast express at 4:50 and was
immediately driven to the residence of her
aunt, Mrs. John W. Cadman, on Francis
street, where the ceremony was to take
Extraordinary precautions had been
taken to keep the affair quiet Mrs. Fol
som arrived here on the 8th to be with her
relatives, and to escape the publicity which'
might attach at the East, and so cleverly
had the matter been planned that very few
were cognizant of it until the last moment.
Mr. Perrine came on, and has 'remained
quietly at the Hibba'rd House since Wednes
day last It is stated that considerable tele
graphing has been going on between the
Jackson relatives and Mrs. Cleveland in
New York concerning details, and that the
telegrams have been sent to third parties
that the newspapers might get np inkling of
The wedding was solemnized at 9 o'clock
this evening, Bev. B. B. Balcom, of St
Panl's Episcopal Church, officiating. The
bride was attired in her traveling costume.
The guests present besides Mrs. Cleveland
and the family of Mr. Cadman were Mr.
and Mrs. Harry Bitch, the latter a daugh
ter of the groom, and their two sons, from
Buffalo; Mr. and Mrs. Elisha Flinn, of
Detroit; M. Harm an and Mrs.Frank Welsh,
of Jackson, the two latter near relatives.
Mr. and Mrs. Perrine left on the night
train for Chicago and the West for a trip
before returning to Buffalo to.reside. Mrs.
Cleveland will remain. for a few days, the
guest of Mrs. Cadman, before leaving for
home. The' other guest will depart for
home to-morrow. The city is in a state of
pleasurable excitement over the advent of
West VIrglnlaiDetcctlves and Desperadoes
Have a Bloody Encounter X Num
ber of Persons Wounded Tho
Community Much Ex
cited Over the
tSTXClU. TSXZOBAM TO THE DISPATCB.l
Pabkebsbtjbg, May 20. For some time
detectives have been working clews on the
Jacob Morgan case, in Tyler cousy. Mor
gan's mnrder, which was reported at the
time, was cold-blooded and premeditated.
His wife and neighbors were arrested, hut
released because the evidence was not suffi
cient to hold them.
Detectives Burnett and Gale and Con
stable TJnnememsetter recently obtained
more evidence, and last Friday went into
the Morgan neighborhood to make arrests.
On Saturday night while stopping at the
residence of a Mrs. Wyke, they were notified
they rrould be attacked before morning. The
detectives made preparations to receive the
attacking party, and about 3 o'clock in the
morning a number of men surrounded the
house and demanded the surrender of the
officers, who replied by firing at the party.
The mob returned the fire and riddled the
house with bullets, wouading Gale in the
One of the assailants was reported mor
tally wounded and two others badly hurt,
before they retired. In the morning the
officers found blood marks in the woods,
showing that several had been hurt and
carried off, but did not succeed in capturing
any of the gang. They then sent for rein
forcements and returned to the scene of the
fight and are hourly expecting another at
tack. The alleged murderers are reported,
as desperate and determined, and it is be
lieved will make a hard fight before they
surrender. Great excitement is reported in
that,part of Tyler countyover the affair.
NOW THE LAFFERTI LAW.
The Governor Signs the Bill Eclating to
Streets and Sewers.
rSPECIAI. TELZOBAK TO THE DISPATCH.1
Haebisburg, May 20. The- Governor
to-day signed the bill relating to streets and
sewers in cities of the second class, intro
duced by Mr. Lafferty. The bill repeals the
act of 1887 authorizing councils to "provide
for the improvement of streets, lanes and al
leys, publio highways, sewers and side
walks, requiring plans of streets, providing
for boards of viewers ot streetimprovements,
prescribing their duties granting appeals to
councils and court, providing for the assess
ment of damages and benefits, authorizing
the use of private property, providing for
the filling of Hens and regulating proceed
ings thereon, prohibiting the use of -pnblic
property without the authority of councils"
except in so far as may be necessary to con
summate the proceedings and collect the as
sessments nnder said act
Six Philadelphia Street Bailway Compan
ies were chartered to-day, making 12 from
that city incorporated under the act ap
proved on the 14th inst
QUAY IS LOOKING WELL;
And Is Preparing for Rushing In a New
rSPECUL TEUQSJX TO TUX PISFATCB.
"Washington, May 20. Senator Quay
arrived in the city to-day and prepared him
self for another onslaught on the President
to accomplish the appointment of a post
master for Pittsburg. He will' see the
President to-morrow, but confesses that he
doesn't expect any immediate result from
his visit He.will discuss; with the Presi
dent all of the Pennsylvania appointments,
as a matter of duty, and. unless he is de
tained unexpectedly, will leave for home
within a day or two.
The Senator J!looking remarkably well
after his brief contest with the fish in open
ocean, and declares that he hasn't fell in
better health for years. ,
AN UNSUCCESSFUL SNAKE CHARMER.
A New York Museum Star la Bitten by a
Rattlesnake While Performing.
ISriCIAL TZXEOSAX TO THE SISPATCH.I
New Yobk, May 20. The police of the
West Forty-seventh street station were in
formed to-night that John McConnell,
a young Pennsylvania, who was ex
hibited as a snake charmer at the Star
Museum, 531 Eighth avenue, to-day for
the first time had been bitten in the palm
of the right hand by a young rattlesnake,
while on exhibition. The hand began to
swell and he was filled up with whisky to
counteract the poison. As this failed to re
lieve him he was taken to a physician for
Fleming Has Gained Fonr Totes.
SPXCIAI. TILIOnAM TO THE DISPATCH.
Chableston, "W. Ya, May 20. The
Legislative Committee investigating the
Gubernatorial-contest has decided on Bar
bour and Berkley counties. So far there is
a net gain of four votes for Fleming.
can best be
A DEN OF ASSASSINS.
The Awful Tales Unfolded Concern"
ing the Chicago Asylum.
INMATES DELIBERATELY KILLED 1
Or Cruelly Maimed so That They Will Sever
SOME STARTLING SWOBS TESTI3I0NT. 1
A Big Sensation Caused by the Xridenee of a Railroad
Tales of incredible cruelty concerning tha
Chicago Insane Asylum continue to come to
light At the investigation yesterday one
witness revealed a more horrible state of
affairs than was yet suspected. His arm
was broken by the brutal attendants.
Another man was beaten to death because
he did not eat to suit his keepers. This
evidence created a great sensation.
Chicago, May 20. The most horrible
revelation yet made in Judge Prendergast's
investigation of the management of the Chi
cago Pnbliclnsane Asylum was that reached
to-day in the testimony of George Hill, a
locomotive engineer now running an engine
for the Lake Shore and Michigan Southern
Mr. Hill is a shrewd-looking man, with
black hair and mustache, and a straightfor
ward mannerthat carried conviction with it.
He said he was admitted to the institution at
Dunning January, 1883, and was discharged
as enred the following May. He was par
tially insane when he went to the asylum,
and on his arrival was asked by an at
tendant named Lott if he was insane. Ha
said he was not
" 'Well,' was replied.J'we will make yott
a sight insaner than you are now!' "
. bbtjtal tbeatment.
"Then another attendant named Julian t
ordered me to sweep out the room. I re- Jl
plied that I was notsent there for that pur- i b
" "You aint, eh?' he said. We will see
about that' "
"Then he knocked me down and kfeked
me in the body and mouth and kicked two
-teeth out I tried to cover my face by get
ting my head beneath a bench. My arm
was over it and through a space in the back
of the bench. Julian turned the bench over
to get another kick at my face. In doing
this my arm was broken."
Hill rolled up his right coat sleeve and
showed about three inches below the elbow
a huge lump where the ends of the broken
bones, illy joined, stuck out
"They knocked me down again," contin
ued Hill, "and broke one of my ribs.
NO STJBOICAL AID.
"My arm caused me great pain, and I
had;no proper treatment One day Julian
said, 'Let me see that arm,' and he tore my
coat off. Then he rubbed the arm with lin
iment That was the only attendance I had.
I tried to see the doctor, but Julian told me
if I dared to speak he would kill me right
"I told Supervisor Jones that I was
badly treated, and he said he would send
me to another ward. Then LocJcaoctaE
other attendant from "Ward 'D. "W. J.' held
me down while Julian kicked me, in tha
head and breast 1 got up bleeding, and
said I would have justice some day.
"'You ,' said Julian, we will
give you all the justice you. want; and he
struck me in the face and knocked me down
-"That was all that was done to me. My "
arm and rib healed up in a kind of a way,
and I got along all right. One day a poor
fellow named Levi was brought in. He did
not know enongh to go to the dining room.
and I was showing bin the way when Lock:
asked me what I was doing. Julian came
np, and Lock saidr The won't
eat I'll show him how to eat,' said Julian,
and he grasped Levi by the hair and, throw
ing his head back, jammed a big piece of
bread into his mouth. Levi tried to run
away and hid in one of the rooms. a
A HOEBIBLE TALE.
There he was caught by Julian aDd Lock.
They struck him in the face, knocked him
down and jumped on his stomach. Levi's
face turned black. 'Get up,' they said, but
he couldn't move, and they picked him up
and threw him on the bed. The poor fel
low died that night."
The court room was as still as death durv
ing the awful recital. Tne witness was told
to bring in his wife to- corroborate his story,
and Dr. Harold Moyer was instructed by
Judge Prendergast to examine Hill's arm
and rib. Farther evidence was Taken to the
effect that the attendants were brutal in
their treatment of patients. One inmate?
was cruelly beaten for going to bed with his
socks on, and it was a common thing for tho
attendants to come into the wards with dabs
and drive the patients to bed, using their
sticks with freedom.
It was further in evidence that the food
was insufficient in quantity and that the
clothing and bedding furnished were entire
ly inadequate for the comfort of the patients
in cold weather. County Physician Todd
testified that Eobert Burns, who was beaten
to death by attendants in the. asylum, did
not die of consnmption, as was stated by Su
perintendent Kiernan in the certificate of
FIRED THEM RIGHT OUT.
The New York State Board of Underwriters
Acta With Decisions
ISFXCIAX. TXX.XOBAU TO THE DISPATCH.1
Bondotjt, May 20. An eruption has
arisen in the ranks of the insurance men of
this city and vicinity, and as a consequence
the officials of the New York State Board
of Insurance and Underwriters has just
given notice of its discontinuance of further
interest. in the tester County Board of
Underwriters. The action is the outcome
of lack of harmony and a determination on
the part of some agents to write business
below established rates.
For some time past strifa between local
agents to write policies has created consid
erable dissension in the board. Members
were arraigned and hauled over the coals,,
conferences were held between officials of
State and local boards, and members dp
barred for cutting rates. The action of tha
State board practically dissolves the local
A SALOON KEEPER.SENTENCED.
One Seat to the Works at Cincinnati for
Resisting an Officer.
Cincinnati, May 20. The saloon
keepers arrested yesterday1 for keeping their
saloons open Sdnday were not tried to-day,
counsel agreeing to postpone the trials until
Thursday. Louis Martin, who resisted the
officers who were making the arrests, was
tried and found guilty. In passing sentence
the Judge took occasion to say that he
wonld be severe in cases like this. He said
furthermore that he would support in every
possible way the organization of citizens
now endeavoring to enforce, the law.
With this emphatic announcement from
the court, the prospect is that there will be
hereafter general compliance with thelaw
as no saloon keeper cares to do business on
Snnday in violation of law when conviction
involves a certainty of imprisonment in tha
workhouse. .Martin was fined $10 and seat
to the workhouse for tea days.