Newspaper Page Text
An Array of Legal Talent to
Arpe in Payor of Edison
IN A YITAL ELEOTEIO SUIT.
His Personal Attorney Tells How the
Inventor Sticks at Work,
SLEEPING DRESSED, IN HIS, SHOP.
lie Single Word Fibrous Causes All This
WESTIKGHOUSE AND HIS MEN MOM
The great Westinghouse-Edison patent
cnit will be argued this week in the United
States Court, before Mr. Justice Bradley in
all probability, and Judges HcKennan and
Acheson. Mr. Justice Bradley is expected
to be here, but this is not definitely settled.
The proceedings in the case will commence
Mr. T. B. Eaton, the personal attorney of
Edison, and the general counsel of the Edi
son Electric Light Company, will hare
charge of the case on that side. He arrived
yesterday at the Duquesnc, and engaged 12
rooms for the lawyers and assistants in the
case. The others came in on the limited.
Mr. Eaton stated that Edison's time was so
valuable that he (rill not come until he is
needed. Neither will E. H. Johnson,
President of the Edison company, be on
hand until Mr. Eaton telegraphs for him.
HOW THE BOW BEGA2T.
The history of the big case is very inter
esting. The first proceedings were insti
tuted one year ago by the Westinghouse
Consolidated Company against the Mc
Keesport Light Company for infringement
of the patent on the loop in the incandescent
lamp. The latter company is one of Edi
son's, and, as the case involved the validity
of an important patent, the Edison com
pany relieved the McKeesport people, and
the case has been in preparation ever since.
Abont 4,000 papes of printed testimony
lave been taken on both sides, the number
of pages being equally divided between
them. The arguments will be made before
the judges from this mass of printed testi
mony enough to keep a judge occupied for
the summer in reading it
The Edison Company has secured a fine
array of legal talent to prosecute that side
of the case. The arguments will be made
by T. P. Lowrey, of Hew York, tor a num
ber of years attorney of the "Western Union
Telegraph Company, and at present retained
Ty the Government in
THE GBEAT TELEPHONE CASES;
"W. K. Griffin, of New York, a patent attor
ney, who collected part of the testimony;
B. F. Thurston, of Providence, one of the
foremost patent lawyers in the country, and
2t "W. Dyer, Edison's patent lawyer; Mr.
Eaton, of course, personally having charge
of the entire case for his side. Magnus
Pflaum, of McKeesport, is retained as the
attorney of record. The home, or Westing
Inuse, side of the case has been repeatedly
alluded to in local publications. The other
side's interesting claims have not. In
'speaking of the case, Mr. Eaton yesterday
said to the reporters:
1 hops that the press of Pittsburg will give
the truth on both sides. So far, the reports
sent out to the New York dailies from this city
have been one-sided, and I can easily see how
that happened. There was no one here who
could furnish information for Mr. Edison.
Now the case is simply this: For a number
of years Mr. Edison has been making the loop
in his incandescent lamp out of carbon and
other vegetable materials. Some electricians
use paper, and others something else. About
nine years ago Mr Sawyer secured a patent on
a loop, made also of vegetable material, but
the patent itself was made to cover anything of
a fibrous nature. The word "fibrous," you see,
is broad, and they try to make it apply to the
entire vegetable kingdom. Mr. Sawyer offered
his patent for sale to Mr. Edison; but the latter
concluded he didn't need it, and so no purchase
WESTINGHOUSE rTJECHASED IT.
He finally sold it to an Eastern company, and
from them it drifted into the hands of the
Westinghouse people It is on this patent that
the suit is brought, to restrain Edison from
making his loop out of vegetable material, on
the ground that the Sawyer patent gives them
a monopoly of tlie entire vegetable kingdom.
Mr. Edison answers: First, that the patent is
too broad and general; second, that it was is
sued through fraud, and third, that the word
fibrous" does not relate to and cover the whole
vegetable kingdom. This is, we think, a fair
statement of the case in a nutshell, and we
leel very connuent that we can soon convince
the Court that Mr. Edison is not infringing
any patent in making his loop, and therefore
cannot be restrained.
Is there any possibility of the Edison and
Westinghouse companies combining? Well, I
would rather not talk about that; but I will
uay "No, there is not" Mr.- Edison has .always
been averse to snch a proposition, and, even if
his managers and financial friends were willing
lie would never consent. The Edison Com
pany never made any advances to the Westing
house people in this connection. Almost every
company in the country has tried to consoli
date with them, but the Edison Company
EDISON'S GOOD HEALTH.
You ask what is the condition of Mr. Edi
'ton's health. It is quite good at present; but
he has had a very hard winter. He has been
working at the phonograph to make it a com
mercial success. He has a strong constitution,
and he takes better care of his health than
leople imagine. Not long ago I called at his
borne, expecting to see him. He wasn't there,
and Mrs. Edison told me she hadn't seen him
lor three days.
I soon found he was at his old tricks work
ing night and davin his laboratory, ha vine his
.meals sent to him and sleeping on the floor
with his clothes on and a stick of wood under
'his head for a pillow. When worting,
lie never leaves his laboratory, and he
i seems to think that by keeping his
clothes on, he can better preserve the nervous
'tension after he has started to work. Then he
'perseveres until he has accomplished his
.purpose. His time he regards as very valuable,
and this is the reason he doesn't want to come
here until it is neceBsary. His deafness has
.not improved any, remaining abont the same.
THAT $250,000 SUIT.
With regard to the recent phonograph suits,
I instituted them myself against Gillinder and
Thomas. Theyare the general agents of Edi
son, and should have paid in 750,000 instead of
$500,000 for the sale of phonographs. Mr. Edi
son now sues for the other 1230,000, and that is
all there is in the suit. Edison is working at
the phonographs, and is turning out about CO
tt day at his factory in New Jersey.
Mr. Lowrey, one of Mr. Edison's lawyers,
is said to be a very entertaining talker,' and
bis argument is looked forward to by many
as an intellectual legal treat. He has the
reputation of making the dryest subjects
most interesting. The whole week will be
taken up with the arguments and possibly
more time will be consumed; but it all de
pends on how long Justice Bradley will re
main on the bench. Mr. Eaton said the
lawyers could talk for months on the testi
mony that has been prepared.
There is probably no man in the country
who places a higher value on time than
Edison. He has always been a hard worker,
and he cannot be enticed from his work
shop. THEY MUST COME TO HIM.
At Menlo Park, electricians have often
ttried to induce him to go to various conven
tions ana meetings, but he considers life too
short to be wasted in this manner. Like
Kant and Carlyle, those who wish to see him
f tustgo to him at Menlo Park, .where he can
nearly always be fonnd at work. When the
convention of his companies was held last
year in Chicago. Edison reluctantly laid
aside his work for a few days to make the
trip to the Windy Oity at.tbe earnest solici
tation ot his friends. He has a fine, expres
sive face, large, well-shaped bead, covered
with dark hair, but he is more like a big in
nocent child than a man. His hearing is
impaired, and it is interesting to watch his
efforts trying to catch the drift of conversa
tion around him.
TflE OTHER SIDE IS HUH.
Neither Sir. Avestlnslionse Nor Dii At
torneys Will Talk Now.
The attorneys who will prosecute the
Westinghouse side of the case are a formid
able lot, and represent the best legal talent
of the East. They arrived last evening,
and stopped at the Duquesne. In the party
were Edward Wetmore, Hugh E. Garden,
J. E. Bull, Amos Broadnax, X. E. Curtis,
F. L. Pope.
George Westinghouse, Jr., was at the
hotel waiting for them, and they held a
short consultation. Mr. Westinghouse was
seen by a reporter, but he said there' was
nothing to say. Nothing now remained to
be done but to try the case.
The general impression is that no matter
which side wins little will be gained except
the prestige of success. An appeal will
doubtless be taken, and by the time a final
decision is reached the patents will be run
MOST DISPOSE -OF IT.
John ninrtin Gives Away Two-Thirds of
135 Gallons of Milk-He Sells tho Best
Contracts tho Cnuse.
John Martin, "Milk Shake" Martin, or
Honest John Martin, as he is severally
known, seems to have the courage of his
convictions, and announced that' he would
sell buttermilk and sweetmilk yesterday.
A visit to his place on Smithfield street de
veloped the fact that heVas giving awayabout
three times as much as he was selling. His
generosity was taken advantage of by the
poorer class living in the back alleys, and
it was no exaggeration to say that fully 300
families enjoyed the blessing of pure sweet
milk, not half of which cost them one
Little tots would come in with buckets as
big as themselves and go away in open
eyed amazement and so pleased at getting
something for nothing they even forgot "to
say "thank yon." Many poor women came
in who were also cheerfully served, while
only the better class who could afford it,
paid lortne mils:.
"Here is the thing in a nutshell," said
John. "I am not antagonizing the Law
and Order, and I hope they will not object
to my getting rid of my milk on Sunday. I
have contracts with farmers to take milk
seven days in the week, as they can't afford
to lose one day's supply, nor can I afford to
jose me revenue, x must lane me mubi,
and, as it sours over Sunday this warm
weather, I must dispose of it, and if we are
obliged to go back on the farmers, it will
make more enemies for temperance than a
score of our meetings can gain.
"I was left with 135 gallons of milk on
hands, and have given away, free, -fully
two-thirds of it. I am not selling lemonade
or milk shakes; but there has been a good
demand for buttermilk at 5 cents a glass.
I hear a lot of places are open to-day out
Penn avenue; but even if they are
sued, I don't think they will give me any
trouble for disposing of my goods. If they
do I shall be obliged to pour into the
streets fiftv or one hundred gallons of milk
every week, and I can't afford to do that;
besides it would be a crying shame."
Mr. Martin had poll boxes arranged, and
his visitors were requested to cast a straw
vote for or against the amendment. It was
his intention to carry the result to the
Opera Honse meeting last night, but the
result of the vote was so discouraging he
changed his mind. The votes were cast by
young and elderly men alike, some of his
callers being the best-known business men
in the city. The result showed fully 4 to 1
"against" the amendment.
A PHOTOGRAPHER'S CHAT.
Scientists and Professional Men
the Amateur's Art.
The rapid growth of amateur photography
is something marvelous. Among the so
ciety folks it has become a perfect craze,
and scientific people have long recognized
Mr. W. S. Bell, who is a practical pho
tographer, said to a reporter yesterday:
"Engineers, physicians and scientists in
general are beginning to learn the science
of photography. A number of the hos
pitals in the city are supplied
with the necessary outfit, and some
others are about to introduce the camera.
When the instrument is kept near by pho
tographs of various parts of the anatomy
can easily be obtained without much trouble
and at little cost
"One can see at a glance how the pro
fession at large is benefited by these views.
From them the doctors prepare drawings to
illustrate articles in the medical magazines,
and the profession is improved.
"In a similar manner engineers can often
save themselves a great deal of trouble by
taking their own pictures of the topography
of the country, or some building or other
object, the outlines of which they wish to
preserve. It is surprising indeed bow many
doctors and professional men are learning
the business, and using the camera.
"Evenschoolgirlsand those who spend the
summer in the country, the mountains or at
the seashore are supplying themselves with
photographic outfits. It is not a craze but
a healthy indication. A number of views
of pretty spots can easily be taken, and
much good actually done."
AN AMALOXG AA'IHOW.
Tho Remains of That Suicide Affaln Identi
fied, nnd by a Uclative.
The remains oi the man who committed
suicide by shooting himself through the
heart, in Beltzhoover, on Friday morning,
have again been identified as those of John
Amalong, but not Jacob Amalong, a well
known character with whom the deceased
was confounded. Yesterday afternoon
Richard C. Amalong, an employe of Wolf
& Howard's Glass Works, on the South
side, called at the morgue and positively
identified the body as that of his cousin,
who was a nephew of the Jacob Amalong it
was at first thought he was. The deceased
lived until recently at Bellevernon with his
mother, but, getting out of work, came to
this city to work at coal mining.
Richard Amalong said, in explanation of
his tardiness in making his appearance,
that he had been misled by the report that
the remains had been taken to Bellevernon
the day alter the suicide for interment He
came to the morgue as soon as he learned
the body was there, and will probably make
arrangements to have it interred at Belle
ON A STREET T0DR.
ritubnrg's Chiefs Will Inspect Hlchwnys
In Other Cities.
Last night Chief Brown, of Public Safety;
Chief Bigelow, of Public Works, and Chief
Elliot, of the Department of Public Chari
ties, comprising the Department of Awards,
left for Cincinnati on a tour of street in
spection, with a view of gaining informa
tion that will be of value to them in their
department Mayor McCallin, Chairman
of the department, could not go with the
party on account of business engagements.
After examining the streets of Cincinnati
the gentlemen will visit Detroit, Rochester,
Buffalo, New York, and other cities before
Tin Ullne Titles.
George H. Thurston and Prank Smith,
Esq., left for New York last evening to
make a deposition before the Mexican Con
sul for the purpose of perfecting the title to
a tin mine in Mexico. Mr. Thurston will
also sell some of the stock of the company. J
THEY WILL STRIKE.
Carnegie, Phipps & Co.'s Employes
Denouncing the Sliding Scale.
A LARGE MEETING IESTEEDAT.
The Matter Has Now Gone Before the Amal
0TEE 3,500 MEN DIRECTLY IRTERESTED
The thriving" borough of (Homestead wore
a troubled look yesterday. What was con
sidered by the shopkeepers and others in
terested to be the first step taken in a strike
which may prove to be one of the greatest
contests between labor and capital ever
waged in this country, saw its inception.
The employes of the large iron and steel
mills of Carnegie, Phipps & Co. adopted
resolutions protesting against the new slid
ing wage scale of the firm, and, in the
event of the employers trying to enforce the
reduction, the men say the mills will beleft
idle after June 30. The m en are thoroughly
organized and have a large amount of
money to carry on the strike.
The meeting, advertised to take place in
the afternoon in Monitor Hall, was held in
the morning on account of the rink being
engaged for the afternoon. In response to
the call nearly 800 men tamed, out. They
represented all the departments in the mills
and the six Amalgamated lodges of the
borough. As per the request of the men,
who say they will fight the firm, no names
will be given.
"WHAT "WAS AIMED AT.
The object of the meeting was not to ac
cept or reject Mr. Carnegie's sliding
scale proposition, but to get a
full discussion on the matter. The
principal speech was made by
a well-known employe of the converting
mill, who presented enough statistics to fill
a page oi The Dispatch. yHe advised the
men not to accept the proposition, and gave
comparisons and figures to show that they
were being paid less wages than the men in
other mills whose owners have to compete
with Mr. Carnegie. This was in direct con
tradiction ot the statement of the firm, that
they were paying more for labor than was
being paid by other mills. The following
figures were given and compared. Under
the present Amalgamated scale the wages
paid at the Homestead mills are:
Metal and spiegel wheelers, eight men, SI 42
per gross ion, oasea on an average output oi
100 tons per day; at Jones & Laughlins' the
men get S2 11; coke wheelers, SI 30; at Jones it
Laughlins'. SI 91; first regulator, SI 64; at the
other mill, 1227; second regulator. SI 26, against
SI 73: cupola man, 82 78, against S3 81; two help
ers. SI 69 each, against $2 50 for the first helper
and Si 87 for the second; cinder tapper, SI 33,
against SI fc7: snappers, SI 0, against Si 87: ves
selmen, $2 71, against S3 74; pitmen, $215,
against $2 93: steel pourers, S2 71, against S3 74;
ladle liners. SI 86, against S2 80; helpers, SI 26.
against S2 32.
HOW THEY TTXTLAIH IT.
The reason for the large difference is that
in the converting mill of Jones & Laugh
lins' the men have all the latest and most
improved machinery, while in the Home
stead mill they say they have not. In
the latter it requires 22 more men than in
the former to turn out the same amount of
product. To equalize the cost of produc
tion, the Amalgamated Association agreed
to accept lower wages than paid in other
The speaker was interrupted a number of
times by the applause of the men as he
began to pile up his statistics. He reviewed
the actions of Mr. Carnegie in his alleged
attempts to break down labor organizations,
and said if the men accepted the scale Mr.
Carnegie would he the orator at the funeral
of the Amalgamated Association. The
speaker referred to the connection Mr. Car
negie had with the Union Pacific Railroad
Company two years ago, when he took an
order for 3,000 tons of steel rails at the rate
of $23 per ton. At that time the syndicate
price was $32. To enable him to make the
rails at a profit Mr. Carnegie had to re
duce expenses. He first began to reduce
the wages of men employed in his coke in
terests, and forced the cost of production
down. He broke the coke syndicate, and
smashed the pig metal combination. After
curtailing expenses in all directions, he in
troduced the sliding scale to his employes at
Braddock last May. Thin further reduced
the cost of production and enabled him to
THE TVOEKEE'S CONCLUSION.
"To-day," the speaker said, "Mr. Car
negie can make more money at selling rails
for 528 than he could previously for 34.
He has done more to break the price of
labor and reduce the cost of production of
iron and steel than any other man in the
The speaker urged that the scale be re
pudiated, especially the clause which re
ferred to "all jobs not taken to be declared
vacant after June 1." He also objected to the
basis of wages being fixed upon the price of
steel blooms. This was considered unfair,
and the speaker said it should be fixed upon
the basis of the finished product Blooms
are now quoted at $27 25 or $27 50, and are
the cheapest basis upon which wages conld
be placed. In the Homestead mill the aver
age cost of producing a ton of steel blooms,
on account of old machinerv, is 13 cents
more than fn Jones & Laughlins' mill, the
objectors say. If Mr. Carnegie enforces the
sliding scale in the Homestead mills, the
men argue, he can undersell all competitors,
and, as a natural result, wages must come
down iu all the Amalgamated mills.
Mr. Carnegie was reported as saying that
he had no quarrel with the Amalgamated
Association, but he wanted to deal with bis
men as individuals. The speaker then
stated that, under those circumstances, the
Association would soon become disrupted
on account of their being no further use for
it. The firm was roundly denounced for
asking the men to Jweak away from this
THEY "WILL FIGHT.
The men decided to stick to their laws
and refuse to treat individually with the
firm. If they cannot sign a scale as an as
sociation they will not sign one at all. As
soon as the present scale expires, at mid
night June 30, the men will quit working
in the mill, they say. By that time the asso
ciation will have ended its annual conven
tion, and a fight will be outlined. There
are over 2,000 members of the association in
the mills. This iqcludes nearly every
skilled mechanic in them. If the men do
not apply for their positions under the new
scale by June 1 their positions will be
declared vacant and other men hired. The
employes of the mill say the firm can never
get this large number of non-union men to
take their places. In addition to the Amal
gamated men there are over 1,500 other em
ployes in the mills, a large number of whom
will also go out
At the conclnsion of the meeting it was
decided to lay the matter before the Vice
President of Division No. 1, in which the
Homestead mill is located, and have him
turn it over to the executive officers of the
association, who will act upon it The Vice
President went up from the city yesterday
and had a conference with a number of the
men. The following is the resolution
adopted at the meeting:
Resolved, That the workingmen of the Home
stead Steel Works recognize that by the
adoption of the sliding scale, as proposed by
the company, will be giving np everything that
is dear to tho heart of every true workingmap.
Bach a proposition as presented by the com
pany is absolutely absurd, there being no foun
dation in fact for said notice.
Resolved, That the firm of Carnegie, Phipps
& Co. have misrepresented the case in the said
notice and given broadcast to the public, the
statement that they had to pay more in their
works 1n Homestead than their competitors
did for the same work elsewhere, when the
reverse is the case. One hundred tons of steel
cost them no more than at any other union
Resolved, That the action of the firm of Car
negie, Phipps it Co. be condemned for their in
tentions of declaring the various positions of
their employes vacant, one month previous to
the expiration of the present agreement.
Resolved, That the whole matter be referred
to the proper official for adjustment
BAIL MAKING GOES ON
At Duquesnc, let the Strikers Say They
Still Hopo to Win.
A telegram from Braddock last night said
that Duquesne seemed to be a desolate spot,
so far as labor is concerned. Yesterday
something was being done in the big mill
of the Allegheny Bessemer Steel Company,
for smoke was issuing from a dozen different
stacks, and the Clink of the rails as they
were being handled by the Italian laborers
proved corroborative. An attache of the
works says they are making hundreds of
finished rails daily.
The strikers still deny that anything like
this is possible, as they have no men in the
finishing department who are capable of
turning out rails ready lor tne marset.
So far but two of the strikers have re
turned to work. Theyare Ed ward Williams,
son of one of the superintendents, and Pat
rick Crawford, of Port Perry. The Gil
hooley brothers are still at work, but they
are forced to take their meals and sleep in
the same department of the company's board
ing house with the Italians. They cannot
secure rooms with any of the families at
A report that some of the machinists had
returned to work is incorrect Anew bat
tery of boilers recently pnt in by the firm
was burnt out yesterday. This bad streak
is attributed to the green hands, who are
said to have allowed several other things to
happen equally disastrous.
A striker said, when spoken to in regard
to Duqnesne's depopulation on Sunday,,
"They get away from here whenever oppor
tunity presents itself, as there is nothing
here bnt poverty and hard knocks. Nine
deputies are all there are at the place now.
Contributions continue to come in, and the
men think they will have won the strike
beiore the latter end of next week. The
mill is reported to be full of scrap and cob
blesr made so by the inexperienced work
men, and the men say, even if they should
get to work soon, it would take a week to
rid the mill up and put it in order."
PATTERN MAKERS' OFFICERS.
How the Convention In Pittsburg Wonnd Up
The Pattern Makers' National League of
North America, which was in convention
here all last week, wonnd np its business on
Saturday last by the election of officers. The
following named members were chosen:
General President, T. J. McGonnell, of this
city. This makes the gentleman's third term,
the election being unanimous. Vice President;
G. H. Hokanson, of Kansas City; General
Secretary Treasurer, P. F. Duchemin, Boston,
Mass.; General Executive Board at Large,
William Miller, Philadelphia; W. H. Lose,
Pittsburg, Thomas Moon, Philadelphia.
New York was chosen as the place for
holding the next annual convention.
A PECULIAR CA8E.
A Woman Claiming Money Which, the
Police Say, Was Stolen.
Mrs. Mollie Moran, a resident of Poplar
alley, Eighth ward, is a prisoner in the Cen
tral station under somewhat peculiar cir
cumstances. Last Thursday morning four
small boys, Charlie Gallagher, Stephen
Burns, Willie Talbot and Leo Burns, while
playing ball on Bedford avenue knocked
their ball down Poplar alley, where it rolled
under the steps at Mrs. Moran's front door.
In getting it out the boys found a package
containing a lot of money. The boys ran
home with the cosh and told their mothers,
who, after talking the matter over, divided
the money and decided to say nothing about
it to anyone.
The package contained $1,015, so that
each of the women got a pretty good sum.
The possession of so much wealth was too
much for some of them, however, and they
had to tell the secret to their neighbors. In
this way the news reached the ears of Mrs.
Moran, under whose steps it had been
found, and she immediately notified the
women that the money belonged to her, she
having hid it away under the steps for safe
keeping while she went to market on the
day the boys found it. She notified Con
stable Clair and Deputy Constable Charles
Boyle, who went among the women and
succeeded in getting most of it together,
just how much is not known.
On Saturday morning Mrs. Burns, one of
the women who had divided the money, gave
the police notice of the affair and a detective
was put to work on the case. The first step
was the arrest of Mrs. Moran. The money
cannot be fonnd and Mrs. Moran refuses to
tell where it is, and when asked where she
got she says that is her business. The
police officials say she has been keeping a
very bad resort. They say she has proven
by her actions and conversation that she
knew nothing abont the money being under
the steps until it had been found, and they
are of the opinion that some of the fre
quenters of the house have stolen it and hid
it there. In fact they have about decided
where the money was stolen from as they
have a report in their possession of a rob
bery that took place recently in this vicinity
in which about that sum was stolen. They
decline to say at present where the robbery
A peculiar feature of the case is the Dart
taken by Deputy Constable Boyle. After
Mrs. Moran's arrest he called at the station
several times to see her, and finally was ad
mitted by the Inspector, who thonght Boyle
was trying to help straighten the matter out.
To the Inspector's surprise Boyle stepped
up to the woman's cell and said: "Don't
say a word to anyone about that money.
Don't give up a word." Then he left The
matter will be fully investigated by the
police at once.
CONFIRMED AT THE SYNAGOGUE.
A Bright 13-Year-Old Boy a Fall-Fledged
Member of the Church.
Harry Diamond, 'the 13-year-old son of
J. Diamond, the well-known optician, was
confirmed Saturday in the Jewish Syna
gogue, according to the old orthodox style
of circumcision. The exercises were very
interesting, and somewhat out of the usual
After the ceremony the young lad, who
is particularly brilliant, made an address
which was qn'ite lengthy. It contained all
the principal points of the Hebrew creed,
and was delivered in a clear, masterly
manner by the bright boy. Many friends
of the family were present
Harry Diamond is the youngest of five
sons, and his educational qualifications are
CONTESTS, BUT NO GRADUATES.
Interesting Annual Exercises to be Held nt
The elocutionary contest of the pupils at
the convent of the Ursnline Sisters will be
held at the convent on Fifth avenue, Oak
land, the latter part of next week. There
will be no graduating class this year. There
will be two "contests," one for the Senior
class, and one for the Junior. There are
about 25 pupils in the Senior class, and in
the Junior about 20.
The Mother Superior has not yet an
nounced the principal contestants, bnt will
do so next week. Bishop Phelan and other
church officials will be present, and will
take a prominent part in the exercises.
HIS EAR SEWED ON.
A Man Ran Over nnd Mutilated by a Train,
Henry Garlach was taken to the Mercy
Hospital last night with one of his ears torn
off, both his handsi crushed and suffering
from internal injuries. He had been run
over by a train on the Cleveland and Pitts
burg Railroad. The 'physicians sewed his
ear on, but they do not think ho will recover.
MONDAY, MAT 20,
BY MO MEANS A JOKE.
No Outlet for Center Avenue's Pond,
and It is Steadily EisimJ.
THE PEOPLE BECOMING ALARMED.
Tnrtine Won't Work, and the
Floods Cellars and Floors.
SOME CITIZENS THREATEN BAITS
About 300 people last evening sat around
the edge of that flooded pond out Center
avenue', and indulged in guessing how high
the water was going to rise, and in sarcastic
bits of wit and advice to the toiling workers
as to how a threatened disaster might be
It was the old story of snuffing the candle
or poking the fire: Every man can; do it
better than the man who is doing it, and no
doubt Engineer Lowry is doing the best he
can at the pond; but, up to late last night,
the famous turbine pump hadn't pumped.
Water rose in the pond about 5 inches
yesterday, and will rise about the same by
to-night, unless the pump pumps, when the
fears of the neighborhood and the surging
bosom of Red Pond are allayed.
There are two boilers on the ground to
supply steam for the turbine, and every 15
minutes their asthmatic wheeze broke the
silence and the Sabbatb, and that's about
WHAT IS KEALLY EEQUIEED.
An engineer standing by volunteered the
information that the turbine required a 120
pound steam pressure before it could raise
the water in the 10-inch main 15 or 20 feet
over the hill. The rickety boilers showed a
pressure of 60 pounds each. This seemed to
make a pressure apparently of 120 pounds;
but it didn't get above the,40y of course.
It is scarcely possible such a practical
man as Lowry would attempt to raise him
self by his bootstraps; bnt he may have been
misinformed as to the requisite power for
the turbine. Anyway, the stranger's words
seemed to oe true, ana all day yesterday,
and up into the night, not one drop bf
water passed through the big main, and the
water crawled up inch byinch, the vexation
of the workers and the fears of the inhabit
ants increasing in proportion.
The floor of the big rink is away under
water, and the half dozen houses along
Center avenue, owned by E. P. Jones, have
from three to six feet of water in the cellars.
J. Glosser, of Spencer & Glosser, lives in
one; Thomas Graham in another, and the
grocery and dwelling of F. C. Grove is the
third.' The others are unoccupied. The
props of the back porches have begun to
give way, and, if something isn't soon done,
they will all move out Mr. Glosser is. in
dignant, and wades into the city officials
and threatens to sue them, and says the
others will follow.
WHY HE GRUMBLES.
He said if the officials had listened to the
advice of men who knew what was coming
it never would have happened; that the
ground had fallen in around the sewer drop
until it was level with the mouth; that the
officials were notified, but took no action
until too late to bnild up the sewer above
the ground surrounding.
Mr. Graham was in an equally sarcastic
mood. He said he had offered to take the
contract to clear the way for 1,000; but was
refused. His intention" was to sink a coffer
dam abont the drop, clear away the debris
and let her go.
Another plan, and a very feasible one,
was that a trench be dug to below the sur
face of the dam, and let it run into the
other valley. This looks easy, as only about
50 feet separate the valleys, and a trench 10
feet deep has already been dug for the big
If.was impossible to learn why these
things were not done, and perhaps there are
good reasons. Meanwhile the flood is
rising, and those living on the edge of the
pond are thoroughly frightened
lest the water percolate the banks
and threaten the buildings. Affairs
looked very gloomy, also, because the sky
threatened rain; and, if that comes before
some effective steps are taken, what ap
peared to be a joke at first may even threaten
losiof life, as the pressure against the banks
is already tremendous, and something must
give way if the creek gets on a rampage.
There is no doubt the authorities are do
ing all they can. The job is far bigger
than it seems to the uninitiated, and it did
look hopeless last night with those two
An Old Soldier Bnrled.
James Swales, a member of Post 128, G.
A. R., who died at his home on Squirrel
Hill, was buried yesterday afternoon in the
TJniondale Cemetery. The Grand Army
Band and about 200 members of the Post
attended the funeral.
K0TES AMD NOTIONS.
Many Mntters of Much nnd Little Moment
The early mosquito catches no net
Thermometer's oft its hook falling,
Ulster or duster ? That's the question.
A. B. Pullman was in tho city for a short
The Moorhead Union, W. C. T. U., con
ducted services in the jail yesterday.
Mercury jnst saw the top-knot of 79 yes
terday, as he had seen the soles of 77 Satur
day. JoSEPn Jefferson and his company passed
through the city yesterday, bound for Da Bois
in a special car.
Cool beer wasn't half the luxury during
chilly yesterday that a parched Saturday had
cracked it up to be so they say.
About $4,000 will be spent by the Department
of Public Safety to remodel and improve the
No. 10 engine house in tho West End.
Commercial Agent Passavant, of the
Union Pacific road, went to New York last
night to attend a transcontinental meeting.
The parents of little 4-year old Willie Mason,
of Jones avenue, are very much concerned be
cause the child has strayed away from home.
EX-Conoressman DUNHAM, of Chicago,
passed through the city last night en route
West He had been to Philadelphia, and was
not posted on national politics.
President Spalding, of the Chicago
Baseball Club, was a passenger on the limited
for the Windy City last night He still has
faith in the Chicagos' ability to get there.
The employes of the road department of the
Lake Erie presented the retiring assistanfen
gincer, W. F. Patterson, with a gold wa,tcb.
Charles Bager made the presentation speech.
Some miscreant yesterday upset a shanty on
the New Brighton road, in Allegheny, which is
used to store gasoline for the lamps in thffsu
burbs. Several barrels of gasoline were rolled
down the hilt.
AN attack of delirium produced murderous
Sropensitles on John Diebold yesterday, and
e threatened to kill his wife. He saw the rest
of his snakes in the Eleventh ward station
house last night
""An unsafe scaffold at the Edgar Thomson
Steelworks precipitated Edward Gorman a
depth of 15 feet to the ground, where he frac
tured his skull. The Mercy Hospital took
cbargo of him.
"Milk Shake Lemonade" is a sign exposed
over some tropical fruits in front of a city store.
The same dealer might polish off consistency,
the jewel, by offering to a longing public sweet
vinegar, hot Ice cream and frozen pancakes.
WHEN a landmark becomes a monument it's
all right For example, the 75-year-old Kal
blng's House, on Arlington avenue, Knoxville,
is to be torn down and Its site added to St.
Peter's Cemetery. -The beer that can't get
license thus gives place to the bier that needs
Galveston invites Pittsburg to a celebra
tion of "the semi-centennial of the organiza
tion of the city government of the city of Gal
veston." Ana yet it isn't so very lone since the
aforesaid city of G. was menaced with litiga
tion that seriously threatened its title to the
very land on which it was semi-centennially
built The obsequies that is, the celebratiod
will occur from June 4 to 15, Inclusive, and It
will not be at all exclusive.
TflE STBEET CAR CODE.
Tho Drivers' Signal System Ho He Tele
srapus With His Eyes and Hands Tho
Street Car.Horseraan Posted.
"I suppose you do not know that there is
a recognized, well-defined and regular code
of signals in vogue among all the street car
drivers and conductors?" was a remark
made to a reporter on a Southside street car
by an ex-conductor yesterday.
"No," was the rejoinder. "What do they
want with a signal code?"
"Well, you must be green not to know
that! and you have been going back and
forward on street cars for years! I suppose
you know that every street car company
employs inspectors or 'spotters as they are
called in New York or else there are the
Superintendent, the directors of the
company or even the President at it
All these people naturally watch the driver
and the conductor of the car while they are
oil it But an employe very soon gets on to
these fellows, and he learns to know them
before he is two weeks on the car; and at
last he has things down so fine that I will
bet yon anything a driver can tell you, at
almost any time, who is out on the line
"Bnt how is it possible ?"
"It is very easy if you are initiated. Jnst
watch the driver on the next car coming np
the street when he is alongside of us. There
he goes. Did you notice him close his left
"Well, that means: Be on your guard.
No, the neit driver will probably close his
right eye, and our driver immediately rec
ognizes by that that somebody is watching
in the succeeding car. A motion of the
lower lip, which draws up the chin, in
dicates that 'all is serene.' A lifting
of the right hand while pass
ing means that the driver ' who
makes that sign has the President on the
car; the left hand tells or the superintend
ent's presence; a crack of the whip an
nounces a spotter, and so on. There are a
lot of signs which are exchanged all the
time, and while the passenger sits and
tbinks,Uhese people are always on the alert
and watching things.
"The man who thinks that a street car
driver or a conductor has got a position that
can be filled by anybody makes a great mis
take. A street car employe has got to be
wide awake or he will not be a street car
driver for long."
"Is that the reason yon had to qnit your
job?" the voluntary information bureau was
asked. But the man did not answer, be
cause the driver on the passing car lifted
right hand at that moment.
"Good-bye!" he said, jumping off. "I
am going into the car returning, and I will
ask the boss whether he will take me on
A FLOATING CHURCH.
A Qneer Boat In Which a Religions and
musical Family Travels.
The John A. Wood towed a peculiar
looking boat np the river irom Vicksburg
to this city. It is owned by the Bev. J. B.
B. Church; is 20x50 feet, and is a floating
place of worship. "Exhibition" is painted
on one side, and on the other, "Remember
the Sabbath Day and Keep it Holy."
The reverend gentleman is accompanied
by his wife and five daughters, beside two
theological students, and carries a tent that
can be pitched in short order. He is here
to speak for the amendment, and in a few
weeks will float the boat down the Ohio,
stopping at intervals to hold religious
services. The family is very musical, and
services are brightened greatly by their
IS IT BRICK OR STONE?
A Denial of the Statement That tho Former
Is a Sonrco of U. S. Delay.
A gentleman who has had something to
do with the building of the new Government
building here takes exception to the state
ment made in Washington City by Superin
tendent Malone, that "the reason of the de
lav in the work was due to failure of the
brick manufacturers to supply brick
It is asserted here that the direct cause of
the tardiness is on the part of men who fur
nish the stone.
A SUDDEN DEATH.
A Stranger In the City Expires While Sitting;
In a Chnlr.
Edward Coyle, aged 56 years, who
boarded at Mrs. Carry's house on Sarver
street, East End, died suddenly at
10 o'clock last night He was a
stranger in the city and but little is known of
his past life. He was sitting in a chair
when he expired. Apoplexy is supposed to
have caused his death. His body was taken
to the morgue.
Escorting the Bishop.
The Polish Hussars and an immense civic
parade escorted Bishop Phelan from his res
idence in Allegheny yesterday to the Catho
lic church on the corner of Twenty-second
and Smallman streets, where the Bight
Beverend gentleman confirmed 100 children
during the afternoon.
A Quiet Sunday.
Yesterday was an unusually quiet day in
Allegheny. Not a single arrest was made
all day and evening, and not a drunken
man was seen on the streets. A number of
"speak easies" did a good business, but no
trouble whatever occurred.
Oar Parlor Fnrnltnro
Is to be eavied by every other retailer of
furniture In the city, as it is the largest.best
assorted and most reasonable in price. It
is also the' most artistic, and comprises
divans, couches, easy chairs, rockers and
full suits. 31. Seibeet & Co.,
Cor. Hope and Lacocksts., Allegheny.
Near railroad bridge. s
Pennsylvania rye whiskies of all
brands, seven years old, by the quart, gal
lon or barrel, at Max Klein's, 82 Federal
St., iuiegneny, jra., at rocs Doiiont prices,
Vntinfnrthn Mnv tfjtl vnl.d
5c to ?50 all sorts here.
Jos. Hobne & Co.'s
Penn Avenue Stores.
B. tB. 1
See our greatest of all-silk bargains 200
pieces, 10,000 yards, choice India silks, 22
inches wide, at 40 cents.
Bogcs & Buhl.
Fine Baby Carriages. I
New styles, neat and handsome designs.
03 styles and choice selections of) linings,
J.sG. Latjek's Toy House, 620 Liberty st
Fans far the May Festival;
5o to 50 all sorts here.
Jos. Hobne & Co. s
Penn Avenue Stores.
Pine black, pure silk gloves 38c, worth
uoc, aiso nne colored silK gloves, tan, urau,
etc., very cheap at Bosenbaum & Co s,
Printed India silks. 27 inches wii
regular $1 goods, reduced to 75c a yard to
Close qmctciy. HUGUS & HACke.
A festival in the silk department three
great offers of India silks at SJMc, 40c and
65c goods worth twice the money.
Boggs & Buhl.
$nonsnnds of Dollars Worth of Aetnal
In this nig silk department this is the bar
gain festival sure enough for silk buyers.
Jos. Hobne Ss Co.'s
Penn Avenue Stores.
CAN THIS BE SO?
Mr. MeCraeken Thinks the Camp eetin Is
on the Decline The Growth of Churches
Has Superseded It.
Is the campmeeting declining? Manager
MeCraeken, of the Methodist Protestant
book concern, says it is; Dr. Smith, of the
Christian Advocate, says it is not
"The campmeeting, "said Mr. MeCraeken,
"was held in the early days of Christianity
when there were few churches. You know
Bryant says that "the groves were
God's first temples." Some years
ago when there were pot many
meeting houses the Christian people
gathered together for worship in the woods,
on the street corners, or at any convenient
place in the open air. Hence arose the bush
meetings and the original campmeeting
idea. Within recent years the number ot
churches has increased, and to-day the meet
inghouses are ample and sufficient enough
to supply the people, and the ancient camp
meeting is fast dying out except in the
Western States, where the conditions are
now similar to what they were when our an
cestors were alive.
"But the modern campmeeting as a sort
of snmmer resort has sprung np. In the
strictest sense this is not a campmeeting at
all, bat where numbers of people collect in
one place to spend the summer, it is bnt
natural that theyshould havesome spiritual
"The principal objections to be raised
against campmeetings are the unavoidable
running of Sunday trains, taking money at
the gates and selling refreshments. These
are evils that the church is fighting, and
every year Christian people are taking less
interest in campmeetings.
On the other hand, Dr. Smith did not be
lieve the summer institntion is dying out
He admitted that money is taken at the
gates very often on Sunday, and some ob
jections have been raised to it Nothing is
sold on campgrounds but what is absolutely
necessary to sustain life. The Tarentum
campmeeting may not be as well attended
as formerly, for the reason that two are
held where there used to be only one. Camp
meetings were first introduced by the Pres
byterians when churches were scarce.
"When it becomes necessary to employ
an alcoholic stimnlant to sustain life in
disease, I know of no better one than Max
Klein's 'Silver Age.' I have examined it,
and find it chemically pure." So says one
of our prominent physicians. Hiw
Clothe tho Boya Well and Cheaply
By getting their suits at the People's Store.
Two piece suits, from 4 to 14 years, J3 to $6;
3 piece suits, irom 10 to 14 years, $4 75 to
$10; kilts,' from 2 to 4 years, ?2 25 to 55.
Loner's Toy Honse, 620 Liberty Street.
Boys' velocipedes, girls tricycles, lawn
swings, hammocks, hammock chairs, croquet,
baseball goods, etc.
Ladies' Salt Parlor.
Positively the best assortment of ready
made suits in the city; in India silk, chalfis
and mohair. Pabcels & Jones,
29 Fifth ave.
Fans for the Mar Festival,
5c to $50 all sorts here.-
Jos. Hobne & Co.'s
Penn Avenue Stores.
The Nobby Boys Always Ask For
Lord Pauntleroy salts. See what is offered
for their satisfaction at the People's Store.
Campbell & Dick.
Elegant cabinet photos, any style, $1 50
per doz. Panel picture with each doz. cabi
nets. Lies' Populab Gallebt, 10 and 12
Sixth st suhwt
10,000 yards of fine French satines at 18c
choice from a full variety of styles and
colors. Boggs & Buhl.
BosENBAtrar &"Co. shoxrthe largest HnC
of pure silk mitts ever shown. Nice goods
from 24c to 75c. Examine them.
Amebican Challis An immense as
sortment of these desirable summer wash
fabrics; all prices from 5c to 30c a yard.
MWESU HUGTJS & HACKE.
A COUGH IS THE FIKST WH1SPERLNG
of approaching disease.
Tickling throats develop into conghs.
Coughs lead to the great enemy consumption.
A stitch in time often saves life itself.
COUGHS, COLDS, SOBETHBOAT,
INFLUENZA and HOARSENESS.
PLEASANT AND ABSOLUTELY
SAFE FOB CHILDEEN.
FOR SALE BY ALL DRUGGISTS.
FLEMING BROS., PITTBBURG, PA.
T. T. T.
109 Federal Street,
Kramer & Redman, Lim.,
G. T. Herrick & Co.'s
snowrooms win be formally opened
ay 20. 21 and 22 with the finest display
ardwood mantels, fine fire places, brass
s, nies, etc., in wis city, at
JDB. HDRNE I'-EDB
PT7.WM ATTCMTTT?" GaWDVCS '-
A week of melody and bargains. "Visit tho
Exposition building for the first article and&
our big stores for tho latter. A hearty welcoma -..
to all our usual and unusual customers during
this week. Every department has Items of in
terest for yon, especially tho
' CLOAK BUILDING,
onr last addition to our already bis plant As
for Silks, the prices and qualities are a contin
ual advertisement that daily, almost, Increases
the number of customers. Bnt remember you
are invited specially to come In and see what
is here, and we think you will admit our claims
to largest stock and assortment and best values
correct A specially Interesting; feature will
be found in the special large lots of seasonable
goods bought at greatly reduced prices-,
"drives" the name they go by that are hers
this week. Silks first of all; then
Especially the snmmer kinds, wool fab
rics and cotton too, from the Paris robe
patterns we are selling at one-half; tho
by-the-yard bargains of many weaves to the
Ginghams, Satines and other wash dress stuffs.
Cream White Woolens, 25c a yard; Printed
Wool Challis, 20c; a vast array that are all
new and all low enough to make buying quick
and easy. , ,
A special purchase of 'f
LACE FLOUNCINGS '
That will be sold very much undar price. J 1
fancycblored 'Drapery Njs.lni'sama ffef -v"
ment that are handsome, yetcheap. BlacK
Fish Net Draperies in plenty.
Onr millinery show of Trimmed fHats is la
its fall glory, while tho stock of Untrimmed
Hats for ladies and children includes all the
FLOWERS AND WREATHS
In profusion. Some new TrimmisgBlbbons
that are bargains.
The Parasols area great show, and include
every latest novelty of handles and covering
SI 0 to HO the prices that Include this wonder
folly large variety of son deflers.
Hot Weather Underwear,
Corsets, Wraps in lace and silk,. evening eai
Shawls, Flannel and Silk Blouse Waists, made
np Suits for ladles in Ginghams, Satines,
White Lawns, Black Lace, Cashmeres, Chillis,
INDIA SILKS, BLACK SILK,
Black Net Cloth, Cashmere undoubtedly the
largest variety to be seen in any suit depart,
ment Complete snmmer outfits for infants,
small children and girls in Children's Depart
ment in all qualities.
Summer importation of housekeeping Linens,.
now In stock. Come and see the extra good
values In .
And Napkins, also in Bed Linens and Towels.
We had almost overlooked the Fans they're
here in thousands.
JDS. HDRNE k LTL'Hv
PENN AVENUE STORES.' -
! - C&